EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

curacao peel oil
extract of the peel of the bitter orange, citrus aurantium l. var. amara l., rutaceae

Supplier Sponsors

Name:citrus aurantium l. peel oil
CAS Number: 68916-04-1
Also Contains:citrus aurantium peel extract
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
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Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2345 curacao peel oil
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:olive green clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength:medium
fresh grape citrus peel
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. fresh grape citrus peel
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
refreshing agents
skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
Ernesto Ventós
ORANGE BITTER, BRAZIL
Odor: ORANGE PEEL, CITRICO, FRESCO
SRS Aromatics
ORANGE BIGARADE OIL MD
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 735, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 10000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 735, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Phototoxicity
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 d-, l-and dl-Limonene and natural products containing substantial amounts of it, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practical level, for instance by adding antioxidants at the time of production. Such products should have a peroxide value of less than 20 millimoles peroxides per liter, determined according to the FMA method, which can be downloaded from the IFRA website (see Analytical Methods).
IFRA: View Standard
limits in the finished product for - "leave on the skin contact":
  1.2500 % Restriction.
Recommendation for curacao peel oil usage levels up to:
  12.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 4.00000100.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -33.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 0.8000020.00000
fruit ices: 0.8000020.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -43.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):68916-04-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
citrus aurantium l. peel oil
Chemidplus:0068916041
 
References:
 citrus aurantium l. peel oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:68916-04-1
Pubchem (sid):199345
 
Other Information:
Export Tariff Code:3301.19.0000
MedlinePlusSupp:View
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
citrus
dimethyl octenone
FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanyl acetate
FR
grapefruit indene
FR
grapefruit nitrile
FR
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil CO2 extract (citrus paradisi macf. var. falvedo)
FL/FR
grapefruit oil terpeneless
FL/FR
grapefruit pentanol
FR
(+)-
nootkatone
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl methyl ether
FL/FR
(±)-2,4,8-
trimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FL/FR
valencene
FL/FR
floral
magnolia indene
FR
waxy
tetradecanal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
For Flavor
aldehydic
2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
citrus
dehydronootkatone
FL
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil CO2 extract (citrus paradisi macf. var. falvedo)
FL/FR
grapefruit oil terpeneless
FL/FR
(+)-
nootkatone
FL/FR
(±)-2,4,8-
trimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FL/FR
valencene
FL/FR
fatty
(E,E)-2,4-
dodecadienal
FL
tetradecanal
FL/FR
waxy
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
woody
alpha-
terpinyl methyl ether
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRgrape
FRlime
FRpetitgrain
 skin conditioning
FLtonic
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 citrus aurantium
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 citrus aurantium peel oil
 curacao peel oil
 extract of the peel of the bitter orange, citrus aurantium l. var. amara l., rutaceae
 orange bigarade oil MD BHT
 orange bigarade oil MD SCFC
 
 
Notes:
Curacao Peel Oil which is generally offered under the above name is the hand pressed oil from the peel of green bitter oranges. The green peels are also dried and sold to botanical and pharmaceutical houses under the name of Jacmel or Jacmal orange peels. These peels are produced in the West Indies, particularly in Jamaica where also the ordinary bitter orange oil is produced. The true Curacao peel is derived from a variety of the bitter orange tree, the varietas curassaviensis. This tree is cultivated in the tiny island of Curacao, off the north coast of South America. The island is part of the Dutch West Indies. The true Curacao peel is slightly smaller than the jacmal peel and the Curacao peel is much stronger in aroma. It is doubtful, however, if any essential oil at all is produced from the true Curacao peel. The larger part of the production of Curacao and Jacmal peels are shipped to Europe and the U.S.A. for preparation of tinctures and flavor extracts. These are used in flavor compositions for liqueurs of the Curacao type, Triple Sec and Grand Marnier. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. citrus aurantium, var. amara, citrus.
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