EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

ethyl benzoate
benzoic acid, ethyl ester

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:ethyl benzoate
CAS Number: 93-89-0Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:202-284-3
FDA UNII:J115BRJ15H
Nikkaji Web:J3.220D
Beilstein Number:1908172
MDL:MFCD00009109
CoE Number:261
XlogP3:2.60 (est)
Molecular Weight:150.17710000
Formula:C9 H10 O2
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:852 ethyl benzoate
FLAVIS Number:09.726 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.726 ethyl benzoate
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:ethyl benzoate
FEMA Number:2422 ethyl benzoate
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: ETHYL BENZOATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:1.04310 to 1.04600 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.680 to 8.704
Refractive Index:1.50200 to 1.50600 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -35.00 to -34.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 212.00 to 214.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 95.00 to 96.00 °C. @ 15.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.267000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density:5.17 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 190.00 °F. TCC ( 87.78 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.640
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 propylene glycol
 water, 720 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 glycerin
Stability:
 non-discoloring in most media
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: minty
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:12 hour(s) at 100.00 %
fruity dry musty sweet wintergreen
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. fruity dry musty sweet wintergreen
Luebke, William tgsc, (1994)
Odor sample from: Ungerer & Company, Inc.
sweet wintergreen fruity medicinal cherry grape
Odor Description:Sweet, wintergreen, fruity, medicinal, cherry, grape
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 5, 71, (1991)
Flavor Type: medicinal
sweet medicinal green minty fruity wintergreen
Taste Description: at 30.00 ppm. Sweet, medicinal, green, minty, fruity, birch beer and wintergreen like
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 5, 71, (1991)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Symrise
Ethyl benzoate
Odor Description:mild, sweeter than methyl ester
Taste Description:wintergreen, tar-like, green, minty, honey, phenolic
Useful in: brown nuts, vanilla, savory spices, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others, alcoholics.
Frutarom
ETHYL BENZOATE
Odor Description:Dry, Fruity, Musty, Winter Green
Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Cherry, Cocoa, Cranberry, Kiwi, Peach, Soft Fruits, Strawberry
Taste Description:sweet medical green minty fruity birch beer wintergreen
Moellhausen
ETHYL BENZOATE
Odor Description:aromatic, balsamic, phenolic, wintergreen
Taste Description:honey, mint, medicinal, fruity
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
preservatives
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
ETHYL BENZOATE NATURAL
99% min.
Odor: Fruity
Alfrebro
ETHYL BENZOATE NATURAL
Odor: Heavy, Floral, Fruity
Allan Chemical
Ethyl Benzoate
Augustus Oils
Ethyl Benzoate
Services
Aurochemicals
ETHYL BENZOATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
ETHYL BENZOATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bell Flavors & Fragrances
Ethyl Benzoate
Berjé
Ethyl Benzoate
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Benzoate > 95%
Charkit Chemical
ETHYL BENZOATE FEMA 2422
Diffusions Aromatiques
ETHYL BENZOATE NATUREL
Elan Inc.
ETHYL BENZOATE
FCC, Kosher
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Benzoate
Ernesto Ventós
ETHYL BENZOATE
Odor: FRUITY, MEDICINAL, CHERRY, GRAPE
Flavor: SWEET,MEDICINAL,GREEN,FRUITY,MINTY
Excellentia International
Ethyl Benzoate Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Benzoic acid ethylester (GC) ≥99%
Fleurchem
ethyl benzoate natural
fnfsurplus.com
Ethyl Benzoate, Ester
Frutarom
ETHYL BENZOATE
Odor: Dry, Fruity, Musty, Winter Green
Use: Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Cherry, Cocoa, Cranberry, Kiwi, Peach, Soft Fruits, Strawberry
H. Interdonati, Inc.
Ethyl Benzoate Natural, Kosher
Featured Products
Indenta Group
Ethyl Benzoate
Indukern F&F
ETHYL BENZOATE
Kunshan Sainty
Ethyl Benzoate, Natural
Lluch Essence
ETHYL BENZOATE NATURAL
Lluch Essence
ETHYL BENZOATE
M&U International
ETHYL BENZOATE
M&U International
NAT.ETHYL BENZOATE, Kosher
Moellhausen
ETHYL BENZOATE
Odor: aromatic, balsamic, phenolic, wintergreen
Flavor: honey, mint, medicinal, fruity
Pearlchem Corporation
Natural Ethyl Benzoate
Penta International
ETHYL BENZOATE FCC, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL BENZOATE, NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Ethyl Benzoate
Odor: fruity dry musty sweet wintergreen Warm floral-fruity somewhat heavy
Use: Blends-well-with - +Ylang Labdanum Gums
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Benzoate natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Benzoate
Robertet
ETHYL BENZOATE
Pure & Nat (EU)
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Benzoate
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl benzoate, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Odor: anise; banana; berry; cherry; grape; floral; plum; vanilla; minty
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl benzoate, natural, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Odor: anise; banana; berry; cherry; grape; floral; plum; vanilla; minty
Sunaux International
nat.Ethyl Benzoate
Symrise
Ethyl benzoate
Odor: mild, sweeter than methyl ester
Flavor: wintergreen, tar-like, green, minty, honey, phenolic
Useful in: brown nuts, vanilla, savory spices, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others, alcoholics.
Taytonn
Ethyl Benzoate
Odor: Fruity, Floral, Dry, Musty, Warm
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Benzoate >99.0%(GC)
The John D. Walsh Company
Ethyl Benzoate
Treatt
Ethyl Benzoate
Ungerer & Company
Ethyl Benzoate Natural
Ungerer & Company
Ethyl Benzoate
Vigon International
Ethyl Benzoate Natural
Vigon International
Ethyl Benzoate
Odor: HEAVY, FLORAL, FRUITY
WEN International
ETHYL BENZOATE Natural
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
8 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 2100 mg/kg
(Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

oral-rat LD50 [sex: M,F] 6480 mg/kg
(Smyth et al., 1954)

oral-rabbit LD50 2630 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

oral-rat LD50 2100 mg/kg
SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-cat LDLo 10000 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
limits in the finished product for - "leave on the skin contact":
  0.5000 % Recommendation.
limits in the finished product for - "wash off the skin contact":
  0.5000 % Recommendation.
limits in the finished product for - "no skin contact":
  8.0000 % Recommendation.
Recommendation for ethyl benzoate usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 96.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 110.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -10.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.80000
beverages(alcoholic): -0.50000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -59.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -2.80000
fruit ices: -2.80000
gelatins / puddings: -0.06000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -9.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 20 (FGE.20): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 54 (FGE.54)[1] - Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 54, Revision 1 (FGE.54Rev1): Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):93-89-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7165
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
ethyl benzoate
Chemidplus:0000093890
RTECS:DH0200000 for cas# 93-89-0
 
References:
 ethyl benzoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:93-89-0
Pubchem (cid):7165
Pubchem (sid):134970793
Flavornet:93-89-0
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C01839
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB33967
FooDB:FDB012197
Export Tariff Code:2916.31.5000
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
balsamic
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
citrus
curacao peel oil
FL/FR
lime oil distilled terpeneless
FL/FR
floral
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
citronellal diisotridecyl acetal
FR
ethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil
FL/FR
fruity
allyl salicylate
FR
para-
anisyl propionate
FL/FR
benzaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
benzaldehyde glycrol acetal
FL/FR
iso
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
cherry oxyacetate
FL/FR
cherry propanol
FL/FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
lilac lactone
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
methyl formyl anthranilate
FL/FR
meta-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
tolualdehydes (mixed o,m,p)
FL/FR
green
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
herbal
barosma betulina leaf oil
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
myrtenol
FL/FR
licorice
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
medicinal
ortho-
cresyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
hydroxybenzaldehyde
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
ethyl salicylate
FL/FR
methyl salicylate
FL/FR
peppermint absolute
FL/FR
peppermint oil america
FL/FR
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
spearmint absolute
FL/FR
wintergreen oil
FL/FR
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
spicy
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
myrtenal
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
tonka
(±)-
dihydromint lactone
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
para-
anisyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ortho-
cresyl acetate
FL/FR
curacao peel oil
FL/FR
dihydronootkatone
FL
ethyl 2-phenyl-3-furoate
FL
lilac lactone
FL/FR
limonen-10-yl acetate
FL
methyl formyl anthranilate
FL/FR
methyl furfuracrylate
FL
anise
anise
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
aromatic
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
citrus
lime oil distilled terpeneless
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil
FL/FR
cooling
peppermint oil america
FL/FR
floral
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
fruity
benzaldehyde glycrol acetal
FL/FR
iso
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
cherry oxyacetate
FL/FR
cherry propanol
FL/FR
ethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
furfuryl butyrate
FL
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
meta-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
tolualdehydes (mixed o,m,p)
FL/FR
green
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
herbal
barosma betulina leaf oil
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
lactonic
(±)-
dihydromint lactone
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
ethyl salicylate
FL/FR
methyl salicylate
FL/FR
myrtenal
FL/FR
(1R)-(-)-
myrtenal
FL
myrtenol
FL/FR
peppermint absolute
FL/FR
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
spearmint absolute
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
wintergreen oil
FL/FR
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
spicy
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
2-
hydroxybenzaldehyde
FL/FR
4-
methyl biphenyl
FL
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
woody
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRalmond
FRbanana
FRcastoreum
FRcherry
FRcherry black cherry
 chocolate cocoa
FRcranberry
FRcurrant
FRdate
FRgooseberry
FRgrape
FLgrenadine
FRhay new mown hay
FRhuckleberry
FRkiwi
FRleather
FRmeadowsweet
FRorange
FRpeach
FRstrawberry
FRtobacco
FRvanilla
FRwintergreen
FRylang ylang
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 allspice plant
Search Trop Picture
 apple fruit
Search PMC Picture
 banana fruit
Search Trop Picture
 beer
Search PMC Picture
 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cherry sour cherry plant
Search Trop Picture
 cherry sweet cherry
Search Trop Picture
 clove bud
Search Trop Picture
 clove fruit
Search Trop Picture
 clove plant
Search Trop Picture
 cranberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop Picture
 elder black elder leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 eschweilera coriacea (a. p. dc.) mori flower oil brazil @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grape
Search Trop Picture
 hyacinthus orientalis absolute @ 0.05-0.09%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 kiwi fruit
Search Trop Picture
 milk
Search PMC Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop Picture
 peach fruit
Search Trop Picture
 plumcot fruit
Search PMC Picture
 raspberry red raspberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 rum
Search PMC Picture
 star fruit oil cuba @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tea black tea
Search Trop Picture
 vanilla
Search Picture
 wine
Search Picture
 ylang ylang oil @ 1.46%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 benzoic acid ethyl ester
 benzoic acid ethylester
 benzoic acid, ethyl ester
 benzoic ether
 benzoyl ethyl ether
 ethyl benzene carboxylate
 ethyl benzenecarboxylate
nat.ethyl benzoate
 ethyl benzoate (natural)
 ethyl benzoate FCC
 ethyl benzoate natural
 ethyl benzoate, natural
 ethylbenzoate
 
 
Notes:
Found in various fruits, e.g. apple, banana, sweet cherry. Also present in milk, butter, wines, black tea, bourbon vanilla and fruit brandies. Flavouring agent As with many volatile esters, ethyl benzoate has a pleasant odor. It is a component of some artificial fruit flavors.; Ethyl benzoate is the ester formed by the condensation of benzoic acid and ethanol. It is a colorless liquid that is almost insoluble in water, but miscible with most organic solvents.
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