EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

bovolide
4-hydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-2,4-nonadienoic acid gamma-lactone

Supplier Sponsors

Name:(5E)-3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidenefuran-2-one
CAS Number: 774-64-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Nikkaji Web:J3.124.569I
Beilstein Number:1343514
CoE Number:11873
XlogP3:2.90 (est)
Molecular Weight:180.24692000
Formula:C11 H16 O2
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
At least 93%; secondary component 1-2% 3,4-dimethyl 5-ketobutanoic acid gamma-lactone. (EFSA)
Category:flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:2002 4-hydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-2,4-nonadienoic acid gamma-lactone
FLAVIS Number:10.042 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:10.042 3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidenefuran-2(5H)-one
FEMA Number:4050 4-hydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-2,4-nonadienoic acid gamma-lactone
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):774-64-1 ; 4-HYDROXY-2,3-DIMETHYL-2,4-NONADIENOIC ACID GAMMA LACTONE
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 93.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.93000 to 0.98000 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.739 to 8.155
Refractive Index:1.56000 to 1.57500 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 302.00 to 303.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.002000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 244.00 °F. TCC ( 117.78 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.029 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water
 water, 194.2 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength:medium
spicy herbal minty
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. spicy herbal minty
Flavor Type: buttery
buttery
Taste Description: buttery
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
2(5H)-Furanone, 3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidene-, (5Z)- 95%
Parchem
bovolide
Soda Aromatic
Bovolide
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents
Recommendation for bovolide usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.01 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: III
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 21
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 3.000006.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 1.000002.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 1.000002.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 5.0000010.00000
condiments / relishes: 1.000002.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 2.000004.00000
fruit ices: 1.000002.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 1.000002.00000
hard candy: 2.000004.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 1.000002.00000
milk products: 1.000002.00000
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: 1.000002.00000
soft candy: 2.000004.00000
soups: 1.000002.00000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

List of apha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones representative of FGE.19 substances for Genotoxicity Testing [1] - Statement of the Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 217: alpha,beta-Unsaturated ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 4.1 of FGE.19: Lactones[1]
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 217, Revision 1 (FGE.217Rev1). Consideration of genotoxic potential for a,-unsaturated ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 4.1 of FGE.19: Lactones
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 217 Revision 2 (FGE.217Rev2), consideration of genotoxic potential for a,-unsaturated ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 4.1 of FGE.19: lactones
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :6433214
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
(5E)-3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidenefuran-2-one
Chemidplus:0000774641
 
References:
 (5E)-3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidenefuran-2-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:774-64-1
Pubchem (cid):6433214
Pubchem (sid):134978557
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB39159
FooDB:FDB018683
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
EFSA Update of results on the monitoring of furan levels in food:Read Report
EFSA Previous report: Results on the monitoring of furan levels in food:Read Report
EFSA Report of the CONTAM Panel on provisional findings on furan in food:Read Report
FAO:4-Hydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-2,4-nonadienoic acid gamma-lactone
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
arnica montana flower extract
FL/FR
butter starter distillates
FL/FR
acidic
acidic
2-
methyl butyric acid
FL/FR
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
anise
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
cinnamyl benzoate
FL/FR
bready
coffee furanone
FL/FR
buttery
acetoin
FL/FR
acetoin dimer
FL/FR
acetoin propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
acetyl propionyl
FL/FR
butter oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
iso
butyl lactate
FL/FR
butyl octanoate
FL/FR
2,3-
heptane dione
FL/FR
3,4-
hexane dione
FL/FR
camphoreous
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
caramellic
alpha,alpha-
dimethyl anisyl acetone
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeric acid
FL/FR
coconut
delta-
decalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
coumarinic
epsilon-
decalactone
FL/FR
creamy
waxy lactone
FL/FR
earthy
3-
octen-2-one
FL/FR
fatty
butter esters
FL/FR
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
(Z)-
ethyl oleate
FL/FR
perillaldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
fermented
butyl laevo-lactate
FL/FR
floral
cassie absolute replacer
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
linalyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
fruity
acetoin acetate
FL/FR
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
ethyl lactate
FL/FR
2-
nonanone
FL/FR
prenyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
green
holy
basil leaf oil
FL/FR
sec-
butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioate
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute replacer
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
carvacryl methyl ether
FL/FR
celery ketone
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
lavender absolute france
FL/FR
para-
menthane-3,8-diol
FL/FR
1-para-
menthen-9-yl acetate
FL/FR
T-
muurolol
FL/FR
3-
nonanol
FL/FR
3-
octanon-1-ol
FL/FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley leaf oil
FL/FR
piperitone
FL/FR
rosemary oil africa
FL/FR
rosemary oil tunisia
FL/FR
licorice
sweet
basil oleoresin
FL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
mentholic
cornmint oil india
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
dextro-
piperitone
FL/FR
minty
agathosma crenulata leaf oil
FL/FR
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
laevo-
carvone
FL/FR
(+)-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
homo
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
pennyroyal herb oil america
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil fractions
FL/FR
peppermint oil special fractions
FL/FR
tetrahydrocarvone
FL/FR
nutty
2-
ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
oily
butter acids
FL/FR
soapy
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
spicy
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
carvacryl ethyl ether
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
cuminyl alcohol
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
white
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
saffron oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tropical
delta-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoate
FL/FR
glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoate
FL/FR
vanilla
vanillyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
waxy
5(6)-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
woody
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
arnica montana flower extract
FL/FR
holy
basil leaf oil
FL/FR
benzyl crotonate
FL
butter nut rum flavor
FL
butyl octanoate
FL/FR
4-
butyl thiazole
FL
sec-
butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioate
FL/FR
carvacryl ethyl ether
FL/FR
carvacryl methyl ether
FL/FR
cassie absolute replacer
FL/FR
cinnamyl benzoate
FL/FR
6-
decenoic acid
FL
(+)-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
(±)-(cis+trans)-1,2-
dihydroperillaldehyde
FL
alpha,alpha-
dimethyl anisyl acetone
FL/FR
fleabane oil (erigeron canadensis)
FL
2-
heptyl cyclopropane carboxylic acid
FL
para-
menthane-3,8-diol
FL/FR
3-(
methyl thio) hexanal
FL
T-
muurolol
FL/FR
3-
nonanol
FL/FR
3-
octanon-1-ol
FL/FR
perillaldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
prenyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
sodium 4-methyl-2-oxovalerate
FL
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
hexyl 3-mercaptobutanoate
FL
aldehydic
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
alliaceous
3-
tetrahydrothiophenone
FL
anise
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
bitter
glyceryl tributyrate
FL
buttery
acetoin propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
apple butter flavor
FL
butter almond flavor
FL
butter brickle flavor
FL
butter cream frosting flavor
FL
butter crème flavor
FL
butter enhancers
FL
brown
butter flavor
FL
creamy
butter flavor
FL
butter flavor
FL
sweet
butter flavor
FL
butter honey flavor
FL
butter lemon flavor
FL
butter maple flavor
FL
butter nut vanilla flavor
FL
butter oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
butter onion garlic flavor
FL
butter pecan flavor
FL
butter praline flavor
FL
butter starter distillates
FL/FR
butter toffee flavor
FL
butter vanilla nut flavor
FL
iso
butyl lactate
FL/FR
butyl laevo-lactate
FL/FR
butyroin
FL
diacetyl
FL
ghee flavor
FL
2,3-
heptane dione
FL/FR
3,4-
hexane dione
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeric acid
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenoic acid
FL
camphoreous
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
rosemary oil tunisia
FL/FR
caramellic
butter caramel flavor
FL
butter rum toffee flavor
FL
butterscotch cream flavor
FL
butterscotch flavor
FL
butterscotch toffee flavor
FL
3-
methyl butyl 2-furyl butyrate
FL
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
2-
nonanone
FL/FR
chocolate
chocolate butter cream flavor
FL
citrus
butter lemon orange flavor
FL
coconut
delta-
decalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
cooling
homo
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
creamy
acetoin
FL/FR
acetoin butyrate
FL
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl ethyl carbinol
FL
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
butter esters
FL/FR
butter fat enzyme modified with added butyric acid
FL
cream enhancers
FL
5(6)-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
divanillin
FL
delta-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoate
FL/FR
glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoate
FL/FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
3-
octen-2-one
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
waxy lactone
FL/FR
dairy
acetoin dimer
FL/FR
buttermilk flavor
FL
cream flavor
FL
milk flavor
FL
fatty
butter acids
FL/FR
diacetyl trimer
FL
(Z)-
ethyl oleate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
undecadienal
FL
floral
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
linalyl butyrate
FL/FR
fruity
acetoin acetate
FL/FR
acetyl isovaleryl
FL
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute replacer
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
ethyl lactate
FL/FR
1-para-
menthen-9-yl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyric acid
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
green
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
celery distillates
FL
celery ketone
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
herbal
2-
acetoxy-1,8-cineole
FL
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
lavender absolute france
FL/FR
oregano oleoresin
FL
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley leaf oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley oleoresin
FL
rosemary oil africa
FL/FR
licorice
sweet
basil oleoresin
FL/FR
minty
agathosma crenulata leaf oil
FL/FR
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
laevo-
carvone
FL/FR
cornmint oil india
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
pennyroyal herb oil america
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil fractions
FL/FR
peppermint oil special fractions
FL/FR
dextro-
piperitone
FL/FR
piperitone
FL/FR
tetrahydrocarvone
FL/FR
nutty
almond butter flavor
FL
butter pecan cake flavor
FL
coffee furanone
FL/FR
2-
ethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
hazelnut flavor
FL
hazelnut paste
FL
macadamia nut flavor
FL
spicy
sweet
bay oleoresin
FL
spiced
butter rum flavor
FL
cinnamon butter flavor
FL
cinnamon butter pecan flavor
FL
cinnamon nut butter rum flavor
FL
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
cuminyl alcohol
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
white
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
saffron oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sweet
honey distillates
FL
vanilla butter nut flavor
FL
toasted
acetyl propionyl
FL/FR
vanilla
vanillyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
waxy
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
epsilon-
decalactone
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
winey
5-
ethyl-2-methyl pyridine
FL
woody
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FLbutter
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 beef
Search PMC Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop Picture
 peppermint oil
Search Trop Picture
 soybean
Search Trop Picture
 tea
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidene furan-2(5H)-one
3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidene-2(5H)-furanone
(5E)-3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidenefuran-2-one
3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidenefuran-2(5H)-one
2(5H)-furanone, 3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidene-
4-hydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-2,4-nonadienoic acid gamma-lactone
5-pentylidene-3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-one
 
 
Notes:
Constit. of peppermint oil
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