EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

alpha-terpinene
p-mentha-1,3-diene

Sponsors

Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
CAS Number: 99-86-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:202-795-1
FDA UNII:I24X278AP1
Nikkaji Web:J4.975A
Beilstein Number:1853379
MDL:MFCD00001534
CoE Number:11023
XlogP3-AA:2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.23752000
Formula:C10 H16
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
According to the JECFA: Min. assay value is "89 %" and secondary components "1,4- and 1,8-cineole; Minimum assay value may include traces of limonene, alpha- and beta-pinene and other common C10H16 terpenes". Composition of mixture to be specified. At least 89 % alpha-terpinene; secondary components 3-5 % 1,8- and 2-3 % 1,4-cineole (EFFA, 2014).
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1339 p-mentha-1,3-diene
FLAVIS Number:01.019 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:01.019 alpha-terpinene
FEMA Number:3558 p-mentha-1,3-diene
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: ALPHA-TERPINENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 89.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.83300 to 0.83800 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.931 to 6.973
Refractive Index:1.47500 to 1.48000 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 173.00 to 175.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:1.638000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:4.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 115.00 °F. TCC ( 46.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.250
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 5.915 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity: > 2 hour(s) at 100.00 %
woody terpenic lemon herbal medicinal citrus
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. woody terpene lemon herbal medicinal citrus
Luebke, William tgsc, (1986)
Odor sample from: SCM Organic Chemicals
citrus woody terpenic camphoreous thyme spicy juicy citrus
Odor Description:at 10.00 %. Citrusy, woody, terpy with camphoraceous and thymol notes. It has spicy and juicy citrus nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Flavor Type: terpenic
terpenic woody pine citrus lemon lime spicy minty
Taste Description: at 5.00 - 100.00 ppm. Terpy, woody, piney, citrus lemon and lime with spice and mint nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Takasago
Terpinene Alpha ≥80% as alpha-Terpinene
Odor Description:Refreshingly herbaceous-citrusy
Widely used in flavor and fragrance for the reconstitution and extension of citrus oils.
Moellhausen
alpha-TERPINENE
Odor Description:sharp, terpenic, lemon
Taste Description:terpene, citrus
Prodasynth
TERPINENE ALPHA > 85
Odor Description:CITRIC, LEMON, REFRESHING
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Augustus Oils
Terpinene Alpha
Services
Aurochemicals
alpha-TERPINENE, Natural
Beijing Lys Chemicals
alpha-Terpinene
Berjé
Terpinene Alpha
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
p-Mentha-1,3-diene
CG Herbals
alpha-Terpinene
De Monchy Aromatics
alpha-Terpinene
Odor: lemon
Diffusions Aromatiques
TERPINENE ALPHA
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINENE ALPHA
Odor: CITRIC, LEMON, REFRESHING
Excellentia International
alpha-Terpinene
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
alpha-Terpinene (GC) ≥95%
Foreverest Resources
alpha-Terpinene 99%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Alpha Terpinene is isolated from cardamom and marjoram oils, one of the group in isomeric hydrocarbons. Which is a flavoring and fragrance chemical used in the personal care and cosmetic and food industries. Also used in the pharmaceutical and electronics semi-conductor manufacturing industries.
Fuzhou Farwell
Alpha-terpinene,Natural
Indenta Group
alpha-Terpinene
Indukern F&F
ALPHA TERPINENE 90% NATURAL
Odor: LEMON, WOODY, TERPENIC, CITRUS
Indukern F&F
ALPHA TERPINENE NATURAL
Odor: LEMON, WOODY, TERPENIC, CITRUS
Indukern F&F
ALPHA TERPINENE
Odor: WOODY, TERPENIC, LEMON, CITRUS
Lluch Essence
alpha-TERPINENE 90%
Moellhausen
alpha-TERPINENE
Odor: sharp, terpenic, lemon
Flavor: terpene, citrus
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
alpha-Terpinene 80% up
Penta International
alpha-TERPINENE, Kosher
Penta International
alpha-TERPINENE, NATURAL, Kosher
Prodasynth
TERPINENE ALPHA > 85
Odor: CITRIC, LEMON, REFRESHING
Reincke & Fichtner
alpha-Terpinene
Renessenz (Symris)
Alpha-Terpinene 90% min
Odor: Citrus, Green, Herbal
Use: Used in a wide variety of flavor and fragrance compositions.
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
a-Terpinene
Sigma-Aldrich
a-Terpinene, ≥89%, FCC, FG, contains BHT as stabilizer
Odor: berry; lemon; sweet; camphoraceous; vegetable; pepper; medicinal; woody
Certified Food Grade Products
SRS Aromatics
alpha-TERPINENE
Odor: Woody, Terpene, Lemon, Herbal, Medicinal, Citrus
Takasago
alpha-Terpinene
Biobased 100%
The Fragrance Museum
Takasago
Terpinene Alpha
≥80% as alpha-Terpinene
Odor: Refreshingly herbaceous-citrusy
Use: Widely used in flavor and fragrance for the reconstitution and extension of citrus oils.
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
alpha-Terpinene >90.0%(GC)
Treatt
alpha-Terpinene
Vigon International
TERPINENE ALPHA NATURAL
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 51/53 - Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
5 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 1680 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1973ah)

oral-rat LD50 1680 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 873, 1976.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for alpha-terpinene usage levels up to:
  5.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 28.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 93.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 11
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -21.50000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -12.00000
beverages(alcoholic): -10.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -11.50000
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: -12.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -20.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: -17.80000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance terpenoid blend QRD-460
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):99-86-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7462
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WISER:UN 2319
WGK Germany:2
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
Chemidplus:0000099865
RTECS:OS8060000 for cas# 99-86-5
 
References:
 1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:99-86-5
Pubchem (cid):7462
Pubchem (sid):134972061
Flavornet:99-86-5
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C09898
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB36995
FooDB:FDB015967
Export Tariff Code:2902.19.0050
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
amber
ambroxan
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
balsamic
abies alba needle oil
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
juniper berry absolute
FL/FR
mastic oil
FL/FR
mastic resinoid
FR
citrus
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
crithmum maritimum oil
FR
dipentene
FL/FR
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lime pyran
FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
trimethyl cyclohexene
FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
floral
citronellal
FL/FR
melaleuca ericifolia leaf oil
FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
green
elemi absolute
FL/FR
herbal
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
1,4-
cineole
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
D-(+)-alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
minty
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
beta-
phellandrene
FL/FR
spicy
angelica oil
FL/FR
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
mace oleoresin
FL/FR
myrcene
FR
myrtenal
FL/FR
nutmeg absolute
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
nutmeg oleoresin
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
tea tree oil
FR
zvoulimba leaf oil
FR
sulfurous
mango thiol
FL/FR
terpenic
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
para-
cymene
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
frankincense oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,6-allo
ocimene
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
(R)-(-)-alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
woody
(-)-
camphene
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
lariciu
pine needle oil
FR
sabinene
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
(-)-
camphene
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
chavicol
FL
dipentene
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,6-allo
ocimene
FL/FR
beta-
phellandrene
FL/FR
(R)-(-)-alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
D-(+)-alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
2,4,4-
trimethyl-1,3-oxathiane
FL
amber
amber
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
juniper berry absolute
FL/FR
mastic oil
FL/FR
camphoreous
pinocarveol
FL/FR
citrus
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
cherry lemon lime flavor
FL
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
kiwi lemon lime flavor
FL
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
lemon lime flavor
FL
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
orange lemon lime flavor
FL
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
cooling
1,4-
cineole
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
floral
citronellal
FL/FR
fruity
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
lilikoi float flavor
FL
green
angelica root oil
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
herbal
hyssop oil
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
medicinal
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
minty
myrtenal
FL/FR
pine
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
spicy
angelica oil
FL/FR
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
mace oleoresin
FL/FR
nutmeg absolute
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
nutmeg oleoresin
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
sulfurous
mango thiol
FL/FR
terpenic
abies alba needle oil
FL/FR
para-
cymene
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
woody
ambroxan
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
frankincense oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRbergamot
FRcardamom oil replacer
FLcarrot
FRcitrus
FL/FRcoriander
FRlemon
FRlime
FRmandarin
FRmint
FRnutmeg
FRorange
FRspice
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 agathosma crenulata oil @ 0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ajowan seed oil turkey @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 allspice fruit
Search Trop Picture
 allspice leaf
Search Trop Picture
 allspice seed
Search Trop Picture
 alpinia galanga oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 angelica root oil @ 0.26%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise oil
Search Trop Picture
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop Picture
 anise star anise seed
Search Trop Picture
 armoise oil morocco @ 0.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia vestita wall. flower oil @ 7.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil @ 5.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 basil oil
Search Trop Picture
 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 bay leaf oil @ 0.02-0.19%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.081-0.282%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ 3.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil turkey @ 0.07%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot plant wild
Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.004%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.002%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.007%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boldo leaf oil italy @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boldus leaf oil chile @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 buchu leaf oil @ 0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cabbage shoot
Search Trop Picture
 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cajuput oil @ 0.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cajuput oil vietnam @ 0.6%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamintha nepeta (l.) savi subsp. glandulosa oil greece @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamus leaf oil @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamus root oil mongolia @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga fruit oil @ 3.7%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga odorata oil java @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop Picture
 cardamom
Search Trop Picture
 cardamom fruit
Search Trop Picture
 cardamom root oil
Search Trop Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 0.96%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ trace-0.29%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia plant
Search Trop Picture
 cassis bud oil @ trace-1.32%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cedarleaf oil canada @ 0.16-0.45%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cedarwood oil lebanon @ >0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery leaf
Search Trop Picture
 celery leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 celery leaf oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 1.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark oil
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon plant
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil china @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil java @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil france @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clocimum oil india @ 0.43%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coriander
Search Trop Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop Picture
 coriander oil
Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil @ <0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil cuba @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 1.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cumin
Search Trop Picture
 cumin seed
Search Trop Picture
 cumin seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop Picture
 curry fruit oil india @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curry leaf oil india @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cypress cone oil egypt @ 0.4%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cypress oil @ 0.22-0.26%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 dill leaf
Search Trop Picture
 dill oil
Search Trop Picture
 dill seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 dill shoot oil
Search Trop Picture
 dill weed oil cuba @ 0.34%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 dill weed oil reunion @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ 0.22%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil zambia @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus nitens (deane et maiden) maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ 2.98%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fennel
Search Trop Picture
 fennel plant
Search Trop Picture
 fennel seed
Search Trop Picture
 fennel seed oil
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 fennel seed oil bitter lithuania @ 1.90%
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 ferula cupularis flower oil @ 0.71%
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 ferula cupularis leaf oil @ 1.25%
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 fir korean fir
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 fir needle oil canada @ 0.02-0.11%
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 fir needle oil siberia @ 0.10%
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 frankincense oil somalia @ trace%
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 geranium stem oil india @ 0.11%
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 gingergrass oil @ 0.02%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.03%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.04%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.24%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.01%
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 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.03%
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 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 0.22%
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 hinoki leaf oil @ 1.11%
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 hinoki root oil @ 0.41%
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 hinoki wood oil @ 0.15%
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 horsemint shoot
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 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ 0.20%
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 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ 0.30-0.40%
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 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 0.60-0.90%
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 hyssop leaf
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 juniper berry oil @ 0.50%
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 juniper berry oil CO2 extract @ 4.10%
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 juniper branch oil @ 1.10%
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 juniper needle oil @ 1.90%
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 kewda oil @ 0.09-0.22%
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 labdanum leaf oil @ 0.10%
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 labdanum oil @ trace%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 1.30%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.09%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.05%
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 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.33%
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 layana oil kenya @ 0.62%
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 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ 0.10-1.10%
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 layana oil zimbabwe @ 0.3%
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 lemon oil
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 lemon oil california @ 0.16%
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 lemon oil expressed italy @ 0.21%
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 lemon pericarp
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 lemon petiole
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 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.08%
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 lemongrass oil morocco @ 0.10%
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 levisticum officinale flower oil @ trace%
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 levisticum officinale seed oil @ trace%
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 lime fruit
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 lime oil distilled mexico @ 2.84%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 2.35%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.3%
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 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 1.90%
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 lovage flower oil @ 0.70%
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 lovage leaf oil @ 0.80%
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 lovage root
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 lovage seed oil @ 4.80%
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 mace oil @ 3.90%
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 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.70%
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin oil @ 2.62%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.24%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.40%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.44%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ trace%
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 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ 0.10%
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 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ 0.10%
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 marjoram leaf
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 marjoram leaf oil
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 marjoram oil
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 marjoram oil spain @ 0.10%
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 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 3.32%
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 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 4.70-6.50%
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 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.95-1.27%
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 marjoram plant
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 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.39-2.31%
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 marjoram wild marjoram plant
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 mastic fruit oil @ 0.04%
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 mastic leaf oil @ 0.02%
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 mastic oil @ 0.05%
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 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia @ 0.50%
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 mikan peel oil @ 0.41%
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 myristica fragrans fruit oil @ 2.20%
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 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.04%
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 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 0.40%
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 nutmeg flower oil @ 3.67%
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 nutmeg leaf oil @ 2.51-6.48%
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 nutmeg oil
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 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 2.2%
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 nutmeg oil india @ 1.24%
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 nutmeg seed
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 nutmeg seed oil
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 ocimum gratissimum l. oil brazil @ 0.14%
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 orange fruit
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 orange oil c.p. brazil @ trace%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.002%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.003%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.005%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.007%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.011%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. egypt @ 0.12%
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 oregano oil mexico @ 0.34%
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 oregano plant
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 oregano plant
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 oregano shoot
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 oregano shoot oil
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 origanum oil greece @ 0.03%
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 papaya fruit
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 parsley fruit oil
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 parsley leaf
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 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 0.17%
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 parsley seed oil
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 parsnip root
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 pennyroyal oil spain @ trace%
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 pepper
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit oil
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 pepper black pepper seed oil
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 pepper oil black india @ 9.90%
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 pepper tree leaf oil @ 0.02%
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 peppermint
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 peppermint oil america @ 0.43%
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 peppermint plant
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 petitgrain combava oil @ 0.03%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 10.70%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.26%
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 petitgrain oil @ 0.30%
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 pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon @ 0.02%
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 pimento berry oil @ trace%
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 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ trace%
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 pine
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 pine needle oil dwarf @ 0.13%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.20%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 0.20%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.80%
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 pomelo
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 0.50%
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 pteronia oil @ 0.20%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 2.98%%
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 rosemary leaf
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 rosemary leaf oil
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 rosemary oil corsica @ 0.70%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 0.27%
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 rosemary oil france @ 0.39-0.46%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.52-0.66%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 3.29%
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 rosemary plant
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 rosemary shoot oil
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 saffron stigma
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 sage leaf
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil
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 sage oil albania @ 0.20%
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 sage oil cuba @ 0.12%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.20%
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 sage oil england @ 0.20%
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 sage oil germany @ 0.21%
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 sage oil lithuania @ 0.24%
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 sage oil reunion @ trace%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.0-0.1%
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 sage plant
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil @ 0.10%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil spain @ 0.40%
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 salvia officinalis oil cuba @ 0.12%
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 santolina oil @ 0.65%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ trace%
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 savin oil @ 0.50%
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 savory oil summer @ 4.45-4.69%
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 savory summer savory plant
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 savory winter savory plant
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 snake root oil canada @ 0.10%
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 spearmint
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 0.40%
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 sunflower flower
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 tagete oil turkey @ 0.02%
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 tanacetum annum l. oil marocco @ 0.90%
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 tangerine oil america @ trace%
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 tansy flower oil canada @ 0.23%
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 tansy flower oil dutch @ 0.20%
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 tansy leaf oil dutch @ 0.30%
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 tansy oil argentina @ trace%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 0.40%
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 tarragon oil @ trace%
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 tea tree oil australia @ 9.90%
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 thevetia peruviana (pers.) k. schum. flower oil brazil @ 1.20%
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 thyme absolute @ trace%
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 thyme oil
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 thyme oil portuguese @ 1.0%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 0.07%
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 thyme oil red india @ 1.4%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 1.67-2.34%
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 thyme oil spain @ 0.02%
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 thyme oil spain @ 1.91%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 0.30%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.67%
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 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 3.10%
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 turmeric leaf
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 turmeric rhizome
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 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 0.20%
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 vassoura oil @ 0.10%
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 wormseed
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 wormseed oil america @ 17.54%
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 wormseed oil spain @ 0.83%
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 wormwood leaf oil annus america @ 0.22-0.40%
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 wormwood oil america @ 0.16%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.00-0.18%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 1.55%
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 wormwood oil italy @ 0.3%
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 yarrow leaf oil @ 1.10%
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 yarrow oil @ 0.60%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 7.00%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.08-0.12%
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 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ trace%
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Synonyms:
1,3-cyclohexadiene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-
1,3-cyclohexadiene, 1-methyl-4-isopropyl-
p-mentha-1,3-diene
para-mentha-1,3-diene
1,3-p-menthadiene
1,3-para-menthadiene
4-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-1,3-cyclohexadiene
1-methyl-4-(1-methyl ethyl)-1,3-cyclohexadiene
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-1,3-cyclohexadiene
1-methyl-4-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexa-1,3-diene
1-methyl-4-isopropyl-1,3-cyclohexadiene
1-methyl-4-isopropylcyclohexadiene-1,3
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
4-isopropyl-1-methyl-1,3-cyclohexadiene
1-isopropyl-4-methyl cyclohexa-1,3-diene
1-isopropyl-4-methyl-1,3-cyclohexadien
1-isopropyl-4-methyl-1,3-cyclohexadiene
1-isopropyl-4-methylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
a-terpinene
alpha-terpinene natural
alpha-terpinene P&F
 

Articles:

PubMed:The compositions of volatiles and aroma-active compounds in dried omija fruits (Schisandra chinensis Baillon) according to the cultivation areas.
PubMed:Flavor characterization of sugar-added pennywort (Centella asiatica L.) juices treated with ultra-high pressure and thermal processes.
PubMed:Comparison of Gas-Sampled and SPME-Sampled Static Headspace for the Determination of Volatile Flavor Components.
PubMed:Vibrational spectroscopy as a rapid quality control method for Melaleuca alternifolia cheel (tea tree oil).
 
Notes:
Constit. of many essential oils e.g. Citrus, Eucalyptus and Juniperus spp. Oil of Litsea ceylanica is a major source (20%). Flavouring agent The terpinenes are three isomeric hydrocarbons that are classified as terpenes. They each have the same molecular formula and carbon framework, but they differ in the position of carbon-carbon double bonds. alpha-Terpinene has been isolated from cardamom and marjoram oils, and from other natural sources. beta-Terpinene has no known natural source, but has been prepared synthetically from sabinene. gamma-Terpinene is natural and has been isolated from a variety of plant sources. (Wikipedia)
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