EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

isophorone
3,5,5-trimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-one

Sponsors

Name:3,5,5-trimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-one
CAS Number: 78-59-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:201-126-0
FDA UNII:2BR99VR6WA
Nikkaji Web:J1.954B
Beilstein Number:1280721
MDL:MFCD00001584
CoE Number:11918
XlogP3-AA:1.60 (est)
Molecular Weight:138.20978000
Formula:C9 H14 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:adhesives for food packaging
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1112 isophorone
FLAVIS Number:07.126 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:07.126 3,5,5-trimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-one
FEMA Number:3553 isophorone
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: ISOPHORONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.91900 to 0.92700 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.647 to 7.714
Refractive Index:1.47400 to 1.48100 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -8.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 213.00 to 215.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.150000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:4.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 184.00 °F. TCC ( 84.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.700
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 3010 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 1.20E+04 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 0.10 % solution or less
cooling woody sweet green camphoreous fruity musty cedarwood tobacco leathery
Odor Description:at 0.10 % in propylene glycol. cooling woody sweet green camphor fruity musty cedarwood tobacco leather
cooling woody sweet green camphoreous fruity musty
Odor Description:Cooling, woody, sweet, green, camphoreous, fruity and musty
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 18, No. 5, 39, (1993)
Flavor Type: green
sweet green waxy woody cooling pulpy citrus
Taste Description: at 30.00 ppm. Sweet, green, waxy, woody, cooling pulpy mouthfeel and citrus
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 18, No. 5, 39, (1993)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: not used anymore
 
Suppliers:
Arkema
Isophorone
Odor: characteristic
Use: IPHO, an unsaturated cyclic ketone, is a raw material in many chemical synthesis: IPDA/IPDI (isophorone diamine / isophorone diisocyanate), PCMX (antimicrobial derivatives of 3,5-xylenol), Trimethylcyclohexanoneů
Berjé
isoPhorone
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
isoPhorone 98%
Inoue Perfumery
isoPHORONE
Penta International
ISOPHORONE, Kosher
Sigma-Aldrich
Isophorone, ≥97%, FG
Odor: berry; woody; nutty; citrus; herbaceous; sweet; waxy; camphoraceous; green; tobacco; vegetable; wine-like
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
isoPhorone 97%
Silver Fern Chemical
Isophorone
Odor: characteristic
Use: Isophorone is used as a solvent in some printing inks, paints, lacquers, adhesives, copolymers, coatings, finishings and pesticides. It is also used as a chemical intermediate and as an ingredient in wood preservatives and floor sealants.
Synerzine
isoPhorone
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
isoPhorone >97.0%(GC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 21/22 - Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 36/37 - Irritating to eyes and respiratory system.
R 40 - Possible risks of irreversable effects.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 13 - Keep away from food, drink and animal feedingstuffs.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 46 - If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 1870 mg/kg
Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 11/15/1971.

oral-guinea pig LD50 700 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535380.

oral-mouse LD50 2690 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 17, Pg. 498, 1970.

oral-rabbit LD50 1420 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535380

intravenous-dog LD > 10 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD CARDIAC: PULSE RATE LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY STIMULATION
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535380

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 1500 ul/kg
Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 11/15/1971.

skin-rat LD50 1390 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0526403.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LC50 7000 mg/m3
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0572861

inhalation-guinea pig LC50 4600 ppm/8H
"Prehled Prumyslove Toxikologie; Organicke Latky," Marhold, J., Prague, Czechoslovakia, Avicenum, 1986Vol. -, Pg. 290, 1986.

inhalation-mouse LC > 3500 mg/kg/6H
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535380

inhalation-human TCLo 25 ppm
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: CONJUNCTIVE IRRITATION: EYE
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 28, Pg. 262, 1946.

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: adhesives for food packaging
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for isophorone usage levels up to:
 PROHIBITED: Should not be used as a fragrance ingredient.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 4.60 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 0.10 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: II
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 11
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -10.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -10.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -1.00000
condiments / relishes: -1.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -4.70000
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: -50.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: -1.00000
snack foods: --
soft candy: -50.00000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 212: alpha,beta-Unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.6 of FGE.19
View page or View pdf

List of apha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones representative of FGE.19 substances for Genotoxicity Testing [1] - Statement of the Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 212 Revision 1 (FGE.212Rev1): alpha,beta-Unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.6 of FGE.19.
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 51, Revision 1 (FGE.51Rev1): Consideration of alicyclic ketones and secondary alcohols and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (59th meeting) structurally related to alicyclic ketones secondary alcohols and related esters in FGE.09Rev3 (2011)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 212 Revision 3 (FGE.212Rev3): a,▀-unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.6 of FGE.19
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 51, Revision 2 (FGE.51Rev2): Consideration of alicyclic ketones and secondary alcohols and related esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) structurally related to alicyclic ketones secondary alcohols and related esters in FGE.09Rev6 (2015)
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of secondary alicyclic saturated and unsaturated alcohols, ketones, ketals and esters with ketals containing alicyclic alcohols or ketones and esters containing secondary alicyclic alcohols from chemical group 8 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA-Iris:IRIS
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):78-59-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :6544
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WGK Germany:1
3,5,5-trimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-one
Chemidplus:0000078591
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:78-59-1
 
References:
 3,5,5-trimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:78-59-1
Pubchem (cid):6544
Pubchem (sid):134970915
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C14743
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB31195
FooDB:FDB003216
Export Tariff Code:2914.29.1000
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
purity: 98.0% by wt., min.
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
(E)-
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
amber
amber
amber naphthofuran
FL/FR
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
animal
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
6-
methyl quinoline
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
betula pubescens bud oil
FL/FR
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
brachyleana hutchinsii wood oil
FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
fir carboxylate
FR
spruce needle absolute
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
camphoreous
beta-homo
cyclocitral
FL/FR
cereal
bran absolute
FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
citrus
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
earthy
(Z)-
linalool oxide (furanoid)
FL/FR
ethereal
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
hexyl pivalate
FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
fermented
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetal
FR
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
boronia absolute
FL/FR
boronia butenal
FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
gamma-
damascone
FR
6,8-
dimethyl-2-nonanol
FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
ho wood oil
FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
karo karounde absolute
FR
lily propanol
FR
linalool
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
2-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
tobacco flower absolute
FR
fruity
acetaldehyde dihexyl acetal
FL/FR
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl isovalerate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
cyclohexanone diethyl acetal
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
(R)-gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-cyclohexyl propionate
FR
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoate
FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
heptanal cyclic ethylene acetal
FR
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-pentenoate
FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl propionate
FL/FR
linalyl hexanoate
FL/FR
menthyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
methyl nonanoate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
nerolidyl isobutyrate
FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl tetrahydrofuran
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-2-butyl acetate
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenol
FL/FR
prenyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
rhubarb undecane
FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
tropical indene
FR
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
fungal
methyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde methyl hexyl acetal
FR
iso
amyl formate
FL/FR
butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
cognac heptanone
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
green dioxolane
FR
iso
green methanoindene
FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
3-
hexenal
FL/FR
2-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
alpha-iso
propyl phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
propylene acetal
FL/FR
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
violet dienyne
FR
hay
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
hay absolute
FR
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
woodruff absolute
FR
herbal
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
delta-
elemene
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
hexanol
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
methyl nicotinate
FL/FR
nonisyl formate
FR
3-
octanone
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
saffron indenone
FL/FR
safranal
FL/FR
tagete oil india
FL/FR
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
tricyclodecyl acetate
FR
yerba mate absolute
FL/FR
honey
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
medicinal
quinoline
CS
mentholic
dextro,laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss concrete
FR
musty
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
orris
iso
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
beta-
methyl ionone
FL/FR
phenolic
2'-
hydroxyacetophenone
FL/FR
popcorn
2-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
spicy
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
N,N-
diethyl octanamide
FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
methyl heptadienone
FL/FR
safrole
CS
white
sassafras oil
FL/FR
spicy carbonate
FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
tobacco
para-
cresyl isovalerate
FL/FR
3-
ethyl pyridine
FL/FR
methyl benzoxole
FL/FR
tobacco concrete
FR
(E,E/E,Z)-
tobacco cyclohexenone
FL/FR
veltonal (Bedoukian)
FR
tonka
deertongue absolute
FR
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
mint lactone
FL/FR
saffron resinoid
FL/FR
tonka undecanone
FR
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
genet absolute
FL/FR
vanilla
propenyl guaethol
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
woody
amber decatriene
FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
alpha-
cedrene epoxide
FR
dihydro-beta-ionol
FL/FR
iso
longifolene ketone
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tobacarol (IFF)
FR
tobacco nonene
FR
verdoxan
FR
woody acetate
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
woody dioxolane
FR
woody ether
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
allyl tiglate
FL
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
betula pubescens bud oil
FL/FR
butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
capsicum oleoresin
FL
cyclohexanone diethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
dihydro-beta-ionol
FL/FR
(R)-gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
delta-
elemene
FL/FR
ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoate
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
fig leaf absolute
FL
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
heptadien-1-ol
FL
2-
hexenal
FL
2-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL
2-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL
hexyl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-
linalool oxide (furanoid)
FL/FR
linalyl hexanoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 4-pentenoate
FL
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
methyl nicotinate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
methyl-2-octenal
FL
2-
methyl-2-octenal
FL
3-
methyl-3-pentanol
FL
(E,E)-3,5-
octadien-2-one
FL
2-
phenyl propyl tetrahydrofuran
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-2-butyl acetate
FL/FR
prenyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
alpha-iso
propyl phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
propyl pyridine
FL
propylene acetal
FL/FR
white
sassafras oil
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
(E)-
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
beta-
damascone
FL/FR
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
alliaceous
alliaceous
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
amber
amber naphthofuran
FL/FR
animal
6-
methyl quinoline
FL/FR
aromatic
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
balsamic
spruce needle absolute
FL/FR
berry
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
brown
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
camphoreous
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
caramellic
3-
ethyl pyridine
FL/FR
methyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
chemical
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
citrus
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
cognac heptanone
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
cooling
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
beta-homo
cyclocitral
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
corn
2-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
creamy
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
mint lactone
FL/FR
earthy
1-
hexen-3-yl acetate
FL
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
fatty
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenoic acid
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
undecadienal
FL
floral
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
beta-
methyl ionone
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl isovalerate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
boronia absolute
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
furfuryl propionate
FL
2-
furyl pentyl ketone
FL
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
menthyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-nonenoate
FL
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenol
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
grassy
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde dihexyl acetal
FL/FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl formate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadienal
FL
hexanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
3-
hexenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-undecynoate
FL
methyl heptadienone
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
hay
genet absolute
FL/FR
herbal
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
saffron indenone
FL/FR
tagete oil india
FL/FR
yerba mate absolute
FL/FR
honey
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
leafy
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
mushroom
3-
octanone
FL/FR
naphthyl
2'-
hydroxyacetophenone
FL/FR
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
nutty
methyl benzoxole
FL/FR
(E,E/E,Z)-
tobacco cyclohexenone
FL/FR
oily
2-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
phenolic
para-
cresyl isovalerate
FL/FR
rummy
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
smoky
dextro-
xylose
FL
sour
3-
methyl valeric acid
FL
spicy
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
paprika oleoresin
FL
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
sweet
saffron resinoid
FL/FR
tea
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
vanilla
propenyl guaethol
FL/FR
vegetable
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
whiskey
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
winey
methyl nonanoate
FL/FR
woody
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
safranal
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FLcitrus
 fruit
FLgrapefruit
FLmint
FLorange
FLpapaya
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cabbage
Search Trop Picture
 cranberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. oil cuba @ <0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 filbert roasted filbert
Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit juice
Search Trop Picture
 kohlrabi stem
Search Trop Picture
 labdanum oil @ 0.35%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 macadamia nut
Search Trop Picture
 mushroom
Search PMC Picture
 mustard white mustard
Search Trop Picture
 osmanthus
Search Trop Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop Picture
 patchouli oil china @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pea
Search Trop Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop Picture
 plumcot fruit
Search PMC Picture
 saffron stigma
Search Trop Picture
 tobacco burley tobacco
Search Picture
 wine
Search Picture
 
Synonyms:
isoacetophorone
 cyclohex-2-en-1-one, 3,5,5-trimethyl-
2-cyclohexen-1-one, 3,5, 5-trimethyl-
2-cyclohexen-1-one, 3,5,5-trimethyl-
isoforon
isooctopherone
a-isophoron
isophorone
3,5,5-trimethyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
3,5,5-trimethyl cyclohex-2-enone
3,3,5-trimethyl cyclohex-5-en-1-one
1,5,5-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-3-one
3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one
3,3,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexene-1-one
3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexenone
1,1,3-trimethyl-3-cyclohexene-5-one
3,3,5-trimethyl-5-cyclohexen-1-one
3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohex-5-en-1-one
3,5,5-trimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-one
3,5,5-trimethylcyclohex-2-enone
3,3,5-trimethylcyclohex-5-en-1-one
3,5,5-trimetil-2-cicloesen-1-one
 

Articles:

US Patents:4,010,205 - Process for the preparation of a diketone derivative
PubMed:Performance behavior of modified cellulosic fabrics using polyurethane acrylate copolymer.
PubMed:Cytocompatibility and osteogenesis evaluation of HA/GCPU composite as scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.
PubMed:[Non-taxoid chemical constituents from needles of Taxus cuspidata].
PubMed:Integrating open-source software applications to build molecular dynamics systems.
PubMed:Diisocyanate mediated polyether modified gelatin drug carrier for controlled release.
PubMed:Sampling of respirable isocyanate particles.
PubMed:Testing of glove efficacy against sprayed isocyanate coatings utilizing a reciprocating permeation panel.
PubMed:Cross-sectional survey of workers exposed to aliphatic diisocyanates using detailed respiratory medical history and questions regarding accidental skin and respiratory exposures.
PubMed:Fabrication and evaluation of physical properties and cytotoxicity of zein-based polyurethanes.
PubMed:Interactions between fluorinated cationic guar gum and surfactants in the dilute and semi-dilute solutions.
PubMed:Quasi-double-blind screening of semiochemicals for reducing navel orangeworm oviposition on almonds.
PubMed:Understanding factors that influence protective glove use among automotive spray painters.
PubMed:Silver(I) supramolecular complexes generated from isophorone-based ligands: crystal structures and enhanced nonlinear optical properties through metal complexation.
PubMed:Identification of saffron aroma compound ╬▓-isophorone (3,5,5-trimethyl-3-cyclohexen-1-one) in some V. vinifera grape varieties.
PubMed:Simultaneous interpenetrating silicone hydrogel based on radical/addition polymerization for extended release of ocular therapeutics.
PubMed:Dry sampling of gas-phase isocyanates and isocyanate aerosols from thermal degradation of polyurethane.
PubMed:Development of semiochemical attractants for monitoring and controlling Chlorophorus caragana.
PubMed:Contact allergy to isocyanates after accidental spillage.
PubMed:Associating and rheological behaviors of fluorinated cationic guar gum in aqueous solutions.
PubMed:Preparation and antibacterial property of waterborne polyurethane/Zn-Al layered double hydroxides/ZnO nanocomposites.
PubMed:Allergic skin inflammation induced by chemical sensitizers is controlled by the transcription factor Nrf2.
PubMed:Preparation and characterization of poly(pluronic-co-L-lactide) nanofibers for tissue engineering.
PubMed:Substituent group variations directing the molecular packing, electronic structure, and aggregation-induced emission property of isophorone derivatives.
PubMed:Versatile fabrication of nanocomposite microcapsules with controlled shell thickness and low permeability.
PubMed:Microbial transformations of isophorone by Alternaria alternata and Neurospora crassa.
PubMed:Physicochemical studies on polyurethane/siloxane cross-linked films for hydrophobic surfaces by the sol-gel process.
PubMed:Compatible compositions based on aqueous polyurethane dispersions and sodium alginate.
PubMed:The degradation of Isophorone by catalytic wet air oxidation on Ru/TiZrO4.
PubMed:Synthesis and evaluation of antibacterial polyurethane coatings made from soybean oil functionalized with dimethylphenylammonium iodide and hydroxyl groups.
PubMed:Preparation of water-resistant antifog hard coatings on plastic substrate.
PubMed:Transferability of aliphatic isocyanates from recently applied paints to the skin of auto body shop workers.
PubMed:Synthesis and preliminary in vivo evaluations of polyurethane microstructures for transdermal drug delivery.
PubMed:Aerobic oxidation of ╬▓-isophorone catalyzed by N-hydroxyphthalimide: the key features and mechanism elucidated.
PubMed:Migrating components in a polyurethane laminating adhesive identified using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Preparation and characterization of self-emulsified waterborne nitrocellulose.
PubMed:Applicability and robustness of the hen's egg test for analysis of micronucleus induction (HET-MN): results from an inter-laboratory trial.
PubMed:Airborne isocyanate exposures in the collision repair industry and a comparison to occupational exposure limits.
PubMed:Identification of aroma-active compounds in Jiashi muskmelon juice by GC-O-MS and OAV calculation.
PubMed:Utilizing peptidic ordering in the design of hierarchical polyurethane/ureas.
PubMed:Occupational contact allergy to monomeric isocyanates.
PubMed:New biobased high functionality polyols and their use in polyurethane coatings.
PubMed:Volatile organic compounds in headspace over electrical components at 75 to 200┬░C - part 1. identification of constituents and emission rates.
PubMed:Activation of boron nitride nanotubes and their polymer composites for improving mechanical performance.
PubMed:Biodegradable polyesterurethanes with shape-memory properties for dexamethasone and aspirin controlled release.
PubMed:Toxicity ranking and toxic mode of action evaluation of commonly used agricultural adjuvants on the basis of bacterial gene expression profiles.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of waterborne polyurethane/Cu(II)-loaded hydroxyapatite nanocomposites with antibacterial activity.
PubMed:Electrospun polyurethane fibers for absorption of volatile organic compounds from air.
PubMed:Progesterone 5╬▓-reductase of Erysimum crepidifolium: cDNA cloning, expression in Escherichia coli, and reduction of enones with the recombinant protein.
PubMed:Special susceptive aqueous ammonia chemi-sensor: extended applications of novel UV-curable polyurethane-clay nanohybrid.
PubMed:Comparisons of three polyethyleneimine-derived nanoparticles as a gene therapy delivery system for renal cell carcinoma.
PubMed:[PEGylation of polyamidoamine dendrimer and the properties for gene vectors].
PubMed:Elimination kinetics of diisocyanates after specific inhalative challenges in humans: mass spectrometry analysis, as a basis for biomonitoring strategies.
PubMed:Polyurethanes as supports for human retinal pigment epithelium cell growth.
PubMed:Enhanced gene delivery using biodegradable poly(ester amine)s (PEAs) based on low-molecular-weight polyethylenimine and poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-pluronic-poly(epsilon-caprolactone).
PubMed:Biological monitoring for isocyanates.
PubMed:Shape-memory anchoring system for bladder sensors.
PubMed:Development of a permeation panel to test dermal protective clothing against sprayed coatings.
PubMed:Properties of small molecular drug loading and diffusion in a fluorinated PEG hydrogel studied by H molecular diffusion NMR and F spin diffusion NMR.
PubMed:Predicting water sorption and volume swelling in dense polymer systems via computer simulation.
PubMed:The synthesis and spectral properties of a stimuli-responsive D-¤Ç-A charge transfer dye.
PubMed:Composition of sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L.) honey solvent extractives determined by GC/MS: norisoprenoids and other volatile organic compounds.
PubMed:Volatile composition screening of Salix spp. nectar honey: benzenecarboxylic acids, norisoprenoids, terpenes, and others.
PubMed:Signalling pathway of isophorone diisocyanate-responsive interleukin-8 in airway smooth muscle cells.
PubMed:PEG- and PDMAEG-graft-modified branched PEI as novel gene vector: synthesis, characterization and gene transfection.
PubMed:Liquid chromatography method to determine polyamines in thermosetting polymers.
PubMed:Adsorption efficiency of respirator filter cartridges for isocyanates.
PubMed:Influences of hydraulic loading rate on SVOC removal and microbial community structure in drinking water treatment biofilters.
PubMed:Contact allergy to epoxy resins--a 10-year study.
PubMed:Airborne allergy to isophoronediamine and epoxy resin.
PubMed:Application of prepared waterborne polyurethane extended with chitosan to impart antibacterial properties to acrylic fabrics.
PubMed:[Determination of nitroaromatics and cyclo ketones in sea water' by gas chromatography coupled with activated carbon fiber solid-phase micro-extraction].
PubMed:Microwave irradiation as a versatile tool for increasing reaction rates and yields in synthesis of optically active polyamides containing flexible L-leucine amino acid.
PubMed:Heterogeneously catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of C=C bonds directed by surface-tethered chiral modifiers.
PubMed:[Determination of isophorone in air of work places with thermal desorption-gas chromatography].
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of a sterically stabilized polyelectrolyte using isophorone diisocyanate as the coupling reagent.
PubMed:An oilwell cement slurry additivated with bisphenol diglycidil ether/isophoronediamine--kinetic analysis and multivariate modelings at slurry/HCl interfaces.
PubMed:Contact and respiratory sensitizers can be identified by cytokine profiles following inhalation exposure.
PubMed:Conveniently synthesized isophorone dyes for high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells: tuning photovoltaic performance by structural modification of donor group in donor-pi-acceptor system.
PubMed:Porous bioactive scaffold of aliphatic polyurethane and hydroxyapatite for tissue regeneration.
PubMed:Fabrication and characterization of ophthalmically compatible hydrogels composed of poly(dimethyl siloxane-urethane)/Pluronic F127.
PubMed:New attractants for males of the solanaceous fruit fly Bactrocera latifrons.
PubMed:The respiratory local lymph node assay as a tool to study respiratory sensitizers.
PubMed:Validation of transferability of DBA derivatization and LC-MS/MS determination method for isocyanates via an interlaboratory comparison.
PubMed:Contact sensitization to 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane and to isocyanates among general dermatology patients.
PubMed:Micromorphology and phase behavior of cationic polyurethane segmented copolymer modified with hydroxysilane.
PubMed:Quality and functionality of saffron: quality control, species assortment and affinity of extract and isolated saffron compounds to NMDA and sigma1 (sigma-1) receptors.
PubMed:The influence of isocyanurate content on the bioperformance of hydrocarbon-based polyurethanes.
PubMed:Skin exposure to aliphatic polyisocyanates in the auto body repair and refinishing industry: II. A quantitative assessment.
PubMed:Model of drug-loaded fluorocarbon-based micelles studied by electron-spin induced (19)f relaxation NMR and molecular dynamics simulation.
PubMed:Preparation of polyurethane nanocapsules by miniemulsion polyaddition.
PubMed:Comparison of the volatile composition in thyme honeys from several origins in Greece.
PubMed:Model fluorous polyurethane surface modifiers having co-polyoxetane soft blocks with trifluoroethoxymethyl and bromomethyl side chains.
PubMed:Th2 Cytokines in Skin Draining Lymph Nodes and Serum IgE Do Not Predict Airway Hypersensitivity to Intranasal Isocyanate Exposure in Mice.
PubMed:[Studies on chemical constituents of phenols in fresh Houttuynia cordata].
PubMed:Use of telechelic cis-1,4-polyisoprene cationomers in the synthesis of antibacterial ionic polyurethanes and copolyurethanes bearing ammonium groups.
PubMed:Development of a biodegradable bioadhesive containing urethane groups.
PubMed:Synthesis, characterization, shrinkage and curing kinetics of a new low-shrinkage urethane dimethacrylate monomer for dental applications.
PubMed:Determination of isophorone in food samples by solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Mechanistic insights into the proline-directed enantioselective heterogeneous hydrogenation of isophorone.
PubMed:[Study of pyrolysates of beta-carotene in tobacco].
PubMed:A variety of volatile compounds as markers in unifloral honey from dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis L.).
PubMed:Water makes it hydrophobic: contraphilic wetting for polyurethanes with soft blocks having semifluorinated and 5,5-dimethylhydantoin side chains.
PubMed:A method of test for residual isophorone diisocyanate trimer in new polyester-polyurethane coatings on light metal packaging using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection.
PubMed:Enantiomerically pure isophorone diamine [3-(aminomethyl)-3,5,5-trimethylcyclohexylamine]: a chiral 1,4-diamine building block made available on large scale.
PubMed:Stability studies on colloidal suspensions of polyurethane nanocapsules.
PubMed:Hybrid materials covalently incorporated with isophorone-based dyes through sol-gel process for nonlinear optical applications.
PubMed:Inconsistencies between cytokine profiles, antibody responses, and respiratory hyperresponsiveness following dermal exposure to isocyanates.
PubMed:Generation of saffron volatiles by thermal carotenoid degradation.
PubMed:Modification of the biopolymer castor oil with free isocyanate groups to be applied as bioadhesive.
PubMed:[Determination of isophorone in air in working places].
PubMed:NMAM methods update: a laboratory response to concerns about technologically outdated and problematic methods.
PubMed:Solid-state linear-dichroic IR-spectroscopy of isophorone derivatives with potential non-linear optical application.
PubMed:Heterogeneously catalyzed asymmetric C=C hydrogenation: origin of enantioselectivity in the proline-directed Pd/isophorone system.
PubMed:An FTIR investigation of isocyanate skin absorption using in vitro guinea pig skin.
PubMed:Syntheses and odor of "bulky group"-modified sandalwood odorants: isophorono-beta-santalol analogues.
PubMed:Use of SPME-GC-MS in the study of time evolution of the constituents of saffron aroma: modifications of the composition during storage.
PubMed:Generation of aroma compounds from Ditaxis heterantha by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Determination of airborne isocyanates generated during the thermal degradation of car paint in body repair shops.
PubMed:Polyurethanes containing oxetane-derived poly(2,2-substituted-1,3-propylene oxide) soft blocks: copolymer effect on wetting behavior.
PubMed:Chemical analysis of 2,4-toluene diisocyanate, 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate and isophorone diisocyanate in petrolatum patch-test preparations.
PubMed:Non-targeted multi-component analytical surveillance of plastic food contact materials: Identification of substances not included in EU positive lists and their risk assessment.
PubMed:Polyurethane biocidal polymeric surface modifiers.
PubMed:Biotransformation of racemic diisophorone by Cephalosporium aphidicola and Neurospora crassa.
PubMed:Antifungal activity and biotransformation of diisophorone by Botrytis cinerea.
PubMed:Mechanism of the formation of a dehydrated ion by an unusual loss of oxygen at the 4'-carbonyl group of abscisic acid methyl ester in electron ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed:[Determination of isophorone in foods].
PubMed:Identification of natural dyes used in works of art by pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry combined with in situ trimethylsilylation.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from isocyanates among sculptors.
PubMed:Cytokine mRNA profiles for isocyanates with known and unknown potential to induce respiratory sensitization.
PubMed:An attempt to improve diagnostics of contact allergy due to epoxy resin systems. First results of the multicentre study EPOX 2002.
PubMed:Synthesis of core-shell polyurethane-urea nanoparticles containing 4,4'-methylenedi-p-phenyl diisocyanate and isophorone diisocyanate by self-assembled neutralization emulsification.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of novel polyurethane cationomers with dipeptide sequences and alkylammonium groups.
PubMed:Pulmonary irritant potency of polyisocyanate aerosols in rats: comparative assessment of irritant threshold concentrations by bronchoalveolar lavage.
PubMed:Determination of amines as pentafluoropropionic acid anhydride derivatives in biological samples using liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Determinants of isocyanate exposures in auto body repair and refinishing shops.
PubMed:Sonochemical asymmetric hydrogenation of isophorone on proline modified Pd/Al2O3 catalysts.
PubMed:Common shoe allergens undetected by commercial patch-testing kits: dithiodimorpholine and isocyanates.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of polyurethane and poly(ether urethane) nanocapsules using a new technique of interfacial polycondensation combined to spontaneous emulsification.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from dicyclohexylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate.
PubMed:Evaluation of denuder sampling for a mixture of three common gaseous diisocyanates.
PubMed:Old Yellow Enzyme from Candida macedoniensis catalyzes the stereospecific reduction of the C=C bond of ketoisophorone.
PubMed:Thresholds of carcinogenicity of flavors.
PubMed:Semiochemical strategies for sea louse control: host location cues.
PubMed:Combinations of microphase separation and terminal multiple hydrogen bonding in novel macromolecules.
PubMed:Diisocyanate emission from a paint product: a preliminary analysis.
PubMed:Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in surface sediments of Donghu Lake, Wuhan, Hubei, China.
PubMed:Airborne thermal degradation products of polyurethene coatings in car repair shops.
PubMed:Occupational epoxy resin allergic contact dermatitis.
PubMed:Spill-induced sensitization to isophoronediamine.
PubMed:Linear type azo-containing polyurethane as drug-coating material for colon-specific delivery: its properties, degradation behavior, and utilization for drug formulation.
PubMed:Polyurethanes based on dihydroxamic acids. Synthesis, chemical characterization, and biological activity.
PubMed:Cutaneous sensitization to some polyisocyanate prepolymers in guinea pigs.
PubMed:Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from isophoronediamine (IPDA) in operative-clothing manufacture.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls, organochlorine insecticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated hydrocarbons and polynitrohydrocarbons in spiked samples of soil, water and plasma by selected-ion monitoring gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of segmented polyurethanes based on amphiphilic polyether diols.
PubMed:Re-evaluation of chromosomal aberration induction on nine mouse lymphoma assay "unique positive' NTP carcinogens.
PubMed:Detection of in vitro clastogens and spindle poisons by the mouse lymphoma assay using the microwell method: interim report of an international collaborative study.
PubMed:Alpha 2u-globulins in the urine of male rats: a reliable indicator for alpha 2u-globulin accumulation in the kidney.
PubMed:Contact dermatitis due to 3-amino-methyl-3,5,5-trimethylcyclohexylamine (isophoronediamine; IPD)
PubMed:Total IgE antibody production in BALB/c mice after dermal exposure to chemicals.
PubMed:Occupational airborne allergic contact dermatitis due to 3-amino-methyl-3,5,5-trimethylcyclohexylamine.
PubMed:Test chamber exposure of humans to 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate and isophorone diisocyanate.
PubMed:Biological monitoring of hexamethylene- and isophorone-diisocyanate by the determination of hexamethylene- and isophorone-diamine in hydrolysed urine using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Biocompatible polyurethane-based hydrogel.
PubMed:Occupational airborne allergic contact dermatitis in parquet layers.
PubMed:Differences in alpha 2u-globulins increased in male rat kidneys following treatment with several alpha 2u-globulin accumulating agents: cystein protease(s) play(s) an important role in production of kidney-type-alpha 2u-globulin.
PubMed:Variable effects of chemical allergens on serum IgE concentration in mice. Preliminary evaluation of a novel approach to the identification of respiratory sensitizers.
PubMed:Contact sensitization due to isophoronediamine.
PubMed:Occupational asthma caused by a hardener containing an aliphatic and a cycloaliphatic diamine.
PubMed:Characterization of murine immune responses to allergenic diisocyanates.
PubMed:Erythema multiforme after contact dermatitis in response to an epoxy sealant.
PubMed:NCI-Black-Reiter (NBR) male rats fail to develop renal disease following exposure to agents that induce alpha-2u-globulin (alpha 2u) nephropathy.
PubMed:Characteristics of chemical binding to alpha 2u-globulin in vitro--evaluating structure-activity relationships.
PubMed:Rapid toxicity testing based on mitochondrial respiratory activity.
PubMed:Lysosomal degradation of alpha 2u-globulin and alpha 2u-globulin-xenobiotic conjugates.
PubMed:Adrenal-dependent leucopenia after short-term exposure to various airborne irritants in rats.
PubMed:Effects of selected chemicals on the glutathione status in the male reproductive system of rats.
PubMed:DNA binding study of isophorone in rats and mice.
PubMed:Contact hypersensitivity response to isophorone diisocyanate in mice.
PubMed:Isophoronediamine (IPD) dermatitis in Spain.
PubMed:[Contact dermatitis caused by isophorone diamine].
PubMed:Mutagenicity studies on ketone solvents: methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and isophorone.
PubMed:Responses of the L5178Y tk+/tk- mouse lymphoma cell forward mutation assay: III. 72 coded chemicals.
PubMed:Mechanical properties and biocompatibility of two polyepoxy matrices: DGEBA-DDM and DGEBA-IPD.
PubMed:Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of isophorone in F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice.
PubMed:NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Isophorone (CAS No. 78-59-1) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies).
PubMed:[Spectrophotometric determination of alpha-isophorone in water].
PubMed:Mutagen production by chlorination of methylated alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones.
PubMed:Vapour and liquid diffusion of model penetrants through human skin; correlation with thermodynamic activity.
PubMed:Correlation of thermodynamic activity and vapour diffusion through human skin for the model compound, benzyl alcohol.
PubMed:Quantitative variation of pheromone components in the spruce bark beetleIps typographus from different attack phases.
PubMed:Quantitative evaluation of sensory irritating and neurobehavioural properties of aliphatic ketones in mice.
PubMed:Intrinsic color of isophorone polyurethane for maxillofacial prosthetics. Part II: Color stability.
PubMed:Intrinsic color of isophorone polyurethane for maxillofacial prosthetics. Part I: Physical properties.
PubMed:Toxicity of acenaphthene and isophorone to early life stages of fathead minnows.
PubMed:Exposure to isophorone and other organic solvents in a screen printing plant.
PubMed:Early life stage toxicity tests with a saltwater fish: effects of eight chemicals on survival growth, and development of sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegatus).
PubMed:Isophorone diisocyanate induced respiratory disease (IPDI).
PubMed:[Dismutation as a metabolic pathway : transformation of the trimethyl 3,5,5, cyclohexanone (author's transl)].
PubMed:Cross-sensitivity between isophorone diamine (IPD) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI).
PubMed:[Metabolic transformations of the trimethyl - 3,5,5, cyclohexene-2, one-1 (isophorone) (author's transl)].
PubMed:Occupational allergic contact dermatitis to isophorone diamine (IPD) used as an epoxy resin hardener.
PubMed:[Occupational dermatoses due to polyurethane drugs].
PubMed:[Metabolic transformations of 3,5,5-trimethyl-cyclohexanone (dihydro-isophorone). Demonstration of a new metabolic pathway: dismutation].
PubMed:[Toxicity of an industrial solvent, isophorone: irritation power vis-à-vis teguments and mucosa].
PubMed:[1st results of the study of metabolism in rabbits of an industrial solvent: the isophorone].
PubMed:[Vinylogous aminomethylation of isophorone].
PubMed:Determination of small quantities of isophorone in air.
 
Notes:
Blends well with woody floral notes. Flavouring ingredient. Present in cranberries (Vaccinium microcarpa) and saffron (Crocus sativus)
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