EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

dextro,laevo-borneol
borneol

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:(1R,2S,4R)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ol
CAS Number: 507-70-0Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:6627-72-1
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:208-080-0
FDA UNII:M89NIB437X
Nikkaji Web:J9.305J
Beilstein Number:2038056
MDL:MFCD00066426
CoE Number:64
XlogP3:2.70 (est)
Molecular Weight:154.25266000
Formula:C10 H18 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
Racemate () = DL-Borneol (EFFA, 2010a). CASrn refers to (1R,2S,4R)-rel. Register name to be changed to DL-Borneol (EFFA, 2011m). According to JECFA "Min. Assay value may incl. Isoborneol, other isomers of borneol, trace amounts of fenchyl alcohol & other C10H18O compounds".
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1385 borneol
FLAVIS Number:02.016 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:02.016 borneol
FDA Mainterm: BORNEOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 202.00 to 208.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 212.00 to 213.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 135.00 to 136.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.035000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 150.00 °F. TCC ( 65.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.690
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 738 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: balsamic
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
pine woody camphoreous balsamic
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. pine woody camphor balsamic
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
BORNEOL CHIRAL NATURAL
Advanced Biotech
BORNEOL NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Bornyl Alcohol, Camphor
Augustus Oils
Borneol Crystals
Services
Berjé
Borneol Crystals
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
dextro,laevo-Borneol
Diffusions Aromatiques
BORNEOL CRISTALLISE
Ernesto Ventós
BORNEOL 100%
Odor: DRY WOODY, SLIGHTLY CAMPHORACEOUS
Ernesto Ventós
BORNEOL 65%
Fuzhou Farwell
Borneol Flakes
Global Essence
Borneol
Indenta Group
Borneol flakes
Indukern F&F
BORNEOL 60/40
Odor: CAMPHORATED, FRESH, MENTHOLATED
Kunshan Sainty
Borneol Flakes, Kosher
Lluch Essence
BORNEOL FLAKES
Odor: CAMPHORACEOUS, FRESH, MINTY
M&U International
BORNEOL FLAKES, Kosher
Moellhausen
BORNEOL
Odor: camphoraceous, fresh, conifers, menthol
Flavor: fresh, menthol
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
n-Borneol
Penta International
DL-BORNEOL
PerfumersWorld
Borneol
Odor: fresh cool camphoraceous minty coniferous Natural : fresh cool herb camphor coniferous sassafras borneol
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Borneol Flakes
Prodasynth
BORNEOL
BORNEOL: 60-65%; ISOBORNEOL 30-40%
Odor: CHARACTERISTIC, DRY, CAMPHORACEOUS
Reincke & Fichtner
Borneol
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Borneol ≥70%
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Borneol ∼75%
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Borneol >70.0%(GC) (contains ca. 20% Isoborneol)
The John D. Walsh Company
Borneol Crystals
The Lermond Company
Borneol 60/40
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 22 - Do not breath dust.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 500 mg/kg
French Demande Patent Document. Vol. #2448856

oral-mouse LD50 1059 mg/kg
Shika Gakuho. Journal of Dentistry. Vol. 75, Pg. 934, 1975.

oral-rabbit LDLo 2000 mg/kg
Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 113, Pg. 47, 1990.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for dextro,laevo-borneol usage levels up to:
  3.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 130.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 23.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -5.10000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 0.250001.40000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -0.30000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.40000
fruit ices: -1.40000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -3.70000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 47, (FGE.47)[1] - Bicyclic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters from chemical group 8 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 87, (FGE.87)[1] - Consideration of bicyclic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to bicyclic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.47 (2008) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 43: Thujyl alcohol from chemical group 8
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 87 Revision 1 (FGE.87Rev1): Consideration of bicyclic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to bicyclic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.47 (2008)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 87, Revision 2 (FGE.87Rev2): Consideration of bicyclic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to bicyclic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.47Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of secondary alicyclic saturated and unsaturated alcohols, ketones, ketals and esters with ketals containing alicyclic alcohols or ketones and esters containing secondary alicyclic alcohols from chemical group 8 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):507-70-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :6552009
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1312
WGK Germany:3
(1R,2S,4R)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ol
Chemidplus:0000507700
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:ED7000000 for cas# 507-70-0
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 (1R,2S,4R)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:507-70-0
Pubchem (cid):6552009
Pubchem (sid):134976836
Flavornet:507-70-0
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C01411
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB34976
Export Tariff Code:2906.19.5000
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
grades: technical.
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
amber
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
anisic
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
abies alba cone oil
FR
abies alba needle oil
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-iso
borneol
FL/FR
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl methyl ether
FL/FR
dextro-
fenchone
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
myrrh oil
FL/FR
camphoreous
2,6-
dimethyl-3-oxatricyclo(4.2.1.0*2,4*)nonane
FR
fenchol
FL/FR
laevo-
fenchone
FL/FR
earthy
(-)-alpha-
fenchol
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil estonia
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil yugoslavia
FL/FR
floral
acetophenone
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
bois de rose oil peru
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
fruity
3-
allyl oxy-1,4-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
herbal
1-
allyl-2,2,7,7-tetramethyl cycloheptanol
FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
dimethyl cyclormol (IFF)
FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
herbal dioxane
FR
herbal specialty
FR
methyl cyclogeranate (Firmenich)
FR
myrtenol
FL/FR
nopyl acetate
FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
rosemary absolute
FL/FR
rosemary oil
FL/FR
rosemary oil africa
FL/FR
rosemary oil morocco
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
rosemary oil tunisia
FL/FR
terpineols (unspec.) (mixed isomers)
FL/FR
honey
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
mentholic
peppermint cyclohexanone
FL/FR
minty
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
mossy
veramoss (IFF)
FR
pine
evergreen fragrance
FR
white
pine bark oil
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
ayou wood oil
FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
outdoors specialty
FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
white
sassafras oil
FL/FR
terpenic
frankincense oil
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
D-(+)-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
thujonic
armoise oil
FR
cedarleaf oil terpeneless
FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
tonka
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
vanillin
FL/FR
waxy
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
woody
2-tert-
butyl cyclohexanone
FR
atlas
cedarwood oil
FR
cedarwood oil port orford
FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
gurjun balsam oil
FR
hinoki root oil
FR
juniper berry oil terpenes
FR
para-
menth-3-en-1-ol
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
myoporum crassifolium wood oil
FR
myrtenyl formate
FL/FR
nopyl aldehyde
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
cis-2-
pinanol
FR
santall
FR
woody acetate
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl methyl ether
FL/FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
para-
menth-3-en-1-ol
FL/FR
myrtenyl formate
FL/FR
white
pine bark oil
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil estonia
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil yugoslavia
FL/FR
D-(+)-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
white
sassafras oil
FL/FR
terpineols (unspec.) (mixed isomers)
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
balsamic
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
myrrh oil
FL/FR
camphoreous
dextro,laevo-iso
borneol
FL/FR
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
(-)-alpha-
fenchol
FL/FR
fenchol
FL/FR
laevo-
fenchone
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
rosemary oil tunisia
FL/FR
cooling
dextro-
fenchone
FL/FR
iso
menthol
FL
floral
bois de rose oil peru
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
green
angelica root oil
FL/FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
rosemary absolute
FL/FR
rosemary oil
FL/FR
rosemary oil africa
FL/FR
rosemary oil morocco
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
medicinal
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
mentholic
peppermint cyclohexanone
FL/FR
minty
myrtenol
FL/FR
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
powdery
acetophenone
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
spicy
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
white
pepper oleoresin
FL
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
terpenic
abies alba needle oil
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
vanilla
vanillin
FL/FR
waxy
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRagate
FRbalsam
FRbayberry
FRbouquet
FRcardamom oil replacer
FLcarrot
FRcastoreum
FRcedar
FRcedar forest
FRcedarwood
FRchristmas
FRcinnamon
FRcitronella
FL/FRcoriander
FRearth
 fir
FRfir balsam
FRfir needle oil replacer
FRfrankincense
FRgeranium
FRginger
FRherbal
FRhollyberry
FRjuniper berry
FRlavandin
FRlavender
FL/FRlavender spike lavender
FRmace
FRmoss
FRmyrrh
FRnutmeg
FRpeppermint
FRpine
FRsage
FRspice
FRspruce
FRsweet grass
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 0.50%
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 alpinia galanga oil @ trace%
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 angelica root oil @ 0.19%
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 anise seed oil star china @ 0.04%
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 armoise oil morocco @ 0.7%
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 artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran @ 0.50%
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 artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran @ 0.50%
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 artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran @ 2.60%
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 ayou wood oil @ 2.80%
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 basil absolute sweet @ 0.20%
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 calamus leaf oil @ 0.11%
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 calamus rhizome oil @ 0.11%
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 calamus root oil @ 0.04%
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 carrot seed oil spain @ trace-0.35%
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 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.94%
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 castoreum
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 chamomile oil @ 0.20%
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 chamomile oil morocco @ 1.00%
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 champaca concrete @ 0.10%
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 cinnamon fruit oil india @ 0.3-0.4%
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 cistus oil @ 2.0%
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 citronella oil ceylon @ 5.23%
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 citronella oil china @ 0.06%
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 citronella oil java @ 0.05%
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 citronella oil zimbabwe @ 0.90%
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 clary sage oil spain @ 0.12%
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 coriander seed oil @ 0.30%
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 coriander seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.07%
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 coriander seed oil cuba @ 1.55%
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 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ trace%
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 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 1.20%
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 curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil india @ 1.30%
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 cypress cone oil egypt @ 0.3%
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 cypress oil @ trace%
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 davana oil @ 0.5%
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 erigeron graveolens l. oil iran @ 60.70%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 3.80%
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 eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil @ 0.09%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil @ 0.06%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 0.20%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 0.20%
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 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 0.07%
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 featherfew leaf oil @ 0.60%
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 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ 1.0%
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 fir needle oil canada @ 0.31-2.07%
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 fir needle oil siberia @ 1.66%
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 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 0.10%
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 ginger root oil brazil @ 0.70%
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 ginger root oil china @ 0.48%
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 ginger root oil CO2 extract @ 0.60%
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 ginger root oil CO2 extract australia @ 0.60%
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 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india @ 0.40%
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 guava fruit headspace reunion @ 0.50%
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 hinoki leaf oil @ 1.23%
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 hinoki root oil @ 0.54%
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 hinoki wood oil @ 0.33%
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 ho leaf oil @ 0.16%
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 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ 0.70%
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 kachur oil @ 4.90%
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 kewda oil @ 0.17-0.20%
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 labdanum leaf oil @ 0.80%
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 labdanum oil @ 1.45%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.30%
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 lavandin absolute grosso @ 1.50%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 3.65%
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 lavandin oil china @ 0.89%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 2.89%
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 lavandin water (lavandula hydrida) @ 1.35%
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 lavandula officinalis flower oil @ 1.60%
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 lavender oil @ 1.85%
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 lavender oil CO2 extract france @ 2.30%
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 lavender oil spike @ 2.50%
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 lavender oil spike france @ 1.69%
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 lavender oil spike spain @ 1.13%
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 lavender spike water @ 2.26%
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 lavender water bulgaria @ 2.20%
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 layana oil kenya @ 5.09%
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 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ 0.60-3.40%
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 layana oil zimbabwe @ 2.8%
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 lemon oil california @ 0.01%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.05%
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 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 3.25%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.82%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ trace%
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 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 0.50%
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 mace oil east india @ 0.16%
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 mangrove bark red oil cuba @ trace%
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 marjoram oil @ 0.52%
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 marjoram oil spain @ trace%
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 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.00-0.64%
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 mastic fruit oil @ 1.44%
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 mastic leaf oil @ 0.10%
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 mastic oil @ 0.12%
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 myrtle lemon scented leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
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 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ trace%
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 nutmeg flower oil @ 0.14%
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 nutmeg leaf oil @ 0.00-0.09%
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 nutmeg oil india @ 0.25%
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 oregano oil mexico @ 0.09%
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 origanum oil greece @ trace%
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 peppermint oil mongolia @ 0.05%
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 petitgrain bergamot oil @ 0.02%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.01%
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 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 0.4-0.7%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.30%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 0.10%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 0.21%%
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 rosemary oil china @ 1.71%
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 15.56%
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 rosemary oil corsica @ 3.20%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 1.69%
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 rosemary oil france @ 3.24-6.53%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 3.00-4.51%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 9.0%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 17.50%
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 sage oil albania @ 8.70%
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 sage oil cuba @ 3.81%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 1.20%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 2.95%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 8.40%
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 sage oil england @ 4.10%
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 sage oil germany @ 3.12%
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 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 1.90%
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 sage oil lithuania @ 2.04%
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 sage oil sardinia @ 3.00%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.8%
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 sage oil spain @ 1.5-6.4%
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 sage oil spain @ 2.10%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil @ 1.50%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil spain @ 2.20%
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 salvia officinalis oil cuba @ 3.81%
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 salvia officinalis oil reunion @ 1.87%
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 salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia @ 3.54%
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 salvia plebeia oil @ 0.55%
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 salvia sclarea oil @ 0.64%
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 santolina oil @ 4.78%
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 savory oil winter @ 1.60%
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 savory oleoresin winter @ 1.60%
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 snake root oil canada @ 0.10%
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 tanacetum annum l. oil marocco @ 2.70%
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 tansy flower oil canada @ 12.49%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 2.10%
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 thyme oil portuguese @ 1.0%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 0.02%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 0.44-0.45%
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 thyme oil spain @ 1.63%
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 thyme oil spain @ 4.06%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 0.20%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 3.13%
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 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ trace%
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 turmeric oil china @ 0.02%
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 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 1.08%
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 valerian root oil @ 0.1-0.6%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.47%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.00-0.16%
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 wormwood oil italy @ trace%
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 yarrow oil @ 2.50%
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 yarrow oil hungary @ 0.30%
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 zingiber officinale root oil china @ 0.20%
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 zingiber zerumbet (l.) sm. root oil india @ 4.90%
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Synonyms:
 bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-ol, 1,7,7-trimethyl-, (1R,2S,4R)-rel-
 bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ol, 1,7,7-trimethyl-, (1R,2S,4R)-
 borneol
(1R,2S,4R)-borneol
dextro,laevo-borneol
DL-borneol
N-borneol
 borneol 60/40
 borneol crystals
 borneol flakes
 borneol natural
bhimsaim camphor
borneo camphor
dextro,laevo-1,7,7-trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-ol
DL-1,7,7-trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-ol
(1R-endo)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-ol
(1R,2S,4R)-rel-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-ol
(1R-endo)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ol
(1R,2S,4R)-1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ol
 

Articles:

PubMed:Phytochemical study of Cistus libanotis L.
PubMed:Synergistic apoptosis-inducing effects on A375 human melanoma cells of natural borneol and curcumin.
PubMed:Assessment of antioxidative, chelating, and DNA-protective effects of selected essential oil components (eugenol, carvacrol, thymol, borneol, eucalyptol) of plants and intact Rosmarinus officinalis oil.
PubMed:Phytochemical and physical-chemical analysis of Polish willow (Salix spp.) honey: identification of the marker compounds.
PubMed:Mechanical, rheological and release behaviors of a poloxamer 407/ poloxamer 188/carbopol 940 thermosensitive composite hydrogel.
PubMed:Natural borneol, a monoterpenoid compound, potentiates selenocystine-induced apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells by enhancement of cellular uptake and activation of ROS-mediated DNA damage.
PubMed:Identification of 1,8-cineole, borneol, camphor, and thujone as anti-inflammatory compounds in a Salvia officinalis L. infusion using human gingival fibroblasts.
PubMed:Chemical composition and anticancer activity of essential oils of Mediterranean sage (Salvia officinalis L.) grown in different environmental conditions.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of Artemisia indica Willd.
PubMed:Synergistic combinations of high hydrostatic pressure and essential oils or their constituents and their use in preservation of fruit juices.
PubMed:Borneol alleviates oxidative stress via upregulation of Nrf2 and Bcl-2 in SH-SY5Y cells.
PubMed:Volatiles of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum K.
PubMed:Inhibition of morphine glucuronidation in the liver microsomes of rats and humans by monoterpenoid alcohols.
PubMed:Synthesis, acute toxicity and anti-inflammatory effect of bornyl salicylate, a salicylic acid derivative.
PubMed:Preparation of natural borneol/2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin inclusion complex and its effect on the absorption of tetramethylpyrazine phosphate in mouse.
PubMed:Velamo do campo: its volatile constituents, secretory elements, and biological activity.
PubMed:Formation of β-cyclodextrin inclusion enhances the stability and aqueous solubility of natural borneol.
PubMed:Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oil From the Seeds of Artemisia aucheri Boiss.
PubMed:Selective extraction of oxygenated compounds from oregano with sub-critical water.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity and GC/MS analysis of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Origanum vulgare ssp. viride growing wild in north-west Iran.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Satureja kitaibelii essential oil against pathogenic microbial strains.
PubMed:Development of quality assessment method for optically active food flavor chemicals.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal effects of essential oil of Blumea martiniana against Anopheles anthropophagus.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils of Thymus algeriensis, Eucalyptus globulus and Rosmarinus officinalis from Morocco.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of Blumea densiflora essential oils against Anopheles anthropophagus: a malarial vector mosquito.
PubMed:Essential oil composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the aerial parts of Salvia eremophila Boiss. from Iran.
PubMed:Chemical composition of hydrodistilled essential oil of Artemisia incana (L.) Druce and antimicrobial activity against foodborne microorganisms.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Mentha (longifolia L. and viridis) essential oils.
PubMed:Investigation of anti-oxidative, cytotoxic, DNA-damaging and DNA-protective effects of plant volatiles eugenol and borneol in human-derived HepG2, Caco-2 and VH10 cell lines.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil obtained from roots and chemical composition of the volatile constituents from the roots, stems, and leaves of Ballota nigra from Serbia.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antibacterial and antioxidant activities of leaf essential oil and extracts of Metasequioa glyptostroboides Miki ex Hu.
PubMed:Chemical and biomolecular characterization of Artemisia umbelliformis Lam., an important ingredient of the alpine liqueur "Genepi".
PubMed:Effects of borneol on the level of DNA damage induced in primary rat hepatocytes and testicular cells by hydrogen peroxide.
PubMed:Influence of borneol on primary mice oral fibroblasts: a penetration enhancer may be used in oral submucous fibrosis.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on l-borneol.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on borneol.
PubMed:The monoterpenoids citral and geraniol are moderate inhibitors of CYP2B6 hydroxylase activity.
PubMed:Tunisian Salvia officinalis L. and Schinus molle L. essential oils: their chemical compositions and their preservative effects against Salmonella inoculated in minced beef meat.
PubMed:Inhibition of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene induced mouse skin carcinogenesis by Artemisia capillaris.
PubMed:Screening of antibacterial activities of twenty-one oxygenated monoterpenes.
PubMed:Bismuth subgallate/borneol (suile) is superior to bacitracin in the human forearm biopsy model for acute wound healing.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Salvia macrochlamys and Salvia recognita essential oils.
PubMed:Composition, enantiomeric distribution, and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Achillea ligustica All. from Corsica.
PubMed:Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of compounds with antimicrobial activity from Origanum vulgare L.: determination of optimal extraction parameters.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antifungal activities of the essential oil of Achillea ligustica all.
PubMed:Effects of antimicrobial components of essential oils on growth of Bacillus cereus INRA L2104 in and the sensory qualities of carrot broth.
PubMed:Isolation of antioxidant compounds from the methanolic extract of the roots of Decalepis hamiltonii (Wight and Arn.).
PubMed:Harvest regimen optimization and essential oil production in five tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.) genotypes under a northern climate.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil obtained via supercritical fluid extraction.
PubMed:[Measurement of borneol based on near infrared spectroscopy].
PubMed:Screening of chemical composition and antifungal and antioxidant activities of the essential oils from three Turkish artemisia species.
PubMed:The effect of applying a pipe-joint lubricant to connect ductile iron pipe on off-flavors in drinking water distribution systems.
PubMed:chemical composition, plant genetic differences, antimicrobial and antifungal activity investigation of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L.
PubMed:Analysis of the essential oils of the leaves, stems, rhizomes and roots of the medicinal plant Alpinia galanga from southern India.
PubMed:Essential oils from Mediterranean lamiaceae as weed germination inhibitors.
PubMed:Chemical composition and in vitro evaluation of antioxidant effect of free volatile compounds from Satureja montana L.
PubMed:High-affinity monoclonal antibodies for detection of the microbial metabolite, 2-methylisoborneol.
PubMed:Common herbs, essential oils, and monoterpenes potently modulate bone metabolism.
PubMed:Bacterial susceptibility to and chemical composition of essential oils from Thymus kotschyanus and Thymus persicus.
PubMed:Fungicidal property of Curcuma longa L. rhizome-derived curcumin against phytopathogenic fungi in a greenhouse.
PubMed:Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Thymus pectinatus Fisch. et Mey. Var. pectinatus (Lamiaceae).
PubMed:Attractiveness of 79 compounds and mixtures to wild Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in field trials.
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Micromeria cristata subsp. phrygia and the enantiomeric distribution of borneol.
PubMed:Production of yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) in Norway: essential oil content and quality.
PubMed:Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps pamp.).
PubMed:[Stereochemical structure of d-borneol in "the Japanese Standards of Food Additives"].
PubMed:Cloning and expression of a rat liver phenobarbital-inducible UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (2B12) with specificity for monoterpenoid alcohols.
PubMed:Mutagenicity and antimutagenicity testing of six chemicals associated with the pungent properties of specific spices as revealed by the Ames Salmonella/microsomal assay.
 
Notes:
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