(E)-2-dodecenal
trans-2-dodecenal

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name: (E)-dodec-2-enal
CAS Number: 20407-84-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 243-797-2
FDA UNII: 1D55O81P4E
Nikkaji Web: J280.586C
Beilstein Number: 2434537
MDL: MFCD00014674
CoE Number: 124
XlogP3-AA: 4.80 (est)
Molecular Weight: 182.30654000
Formula: C12 H22 O
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
At least 93%; secondary component 2-3% 2-dodecenoic acid. (EFSA)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Flavis Number: 05.144 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 05.144 dodec-2(trans)-enal
FEMA Number: 2402 trans-2-dodecenal
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.84900 25.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 73.00 to 74.00 °C. @ 0.50 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 125.00 to 128.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.010000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: > 212.00 °F. TCC ( > 100.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.510
Shelf Life: 6.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 7.259 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Stability:
 APC: traces - 1%
 candle: traces - 1%
 detergent: traces - 1%
 fine fragrances: traces - 0.5%
 shampoo: traces - 0.5%
 shower gel: traces - 0.5%
 soap: traces - 0.5%
 softener: traces - 1%
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
Substantivity: 72 hour(s) at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol
 citrus metallic mandarin orange waxy aldehydic
Odor Description:
at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol.
citrus metallic mandarin orange waxy aldehydic
Luebke, William tgsc, (1986)
Flavor Type: waxy
 waxy citrus peel aldehydic orange bitter orange mandarin cilantro fatty herbal
Taste Description:
waxy citrus peel aldehydic bitter orange mandarin cilantro fatty herbal
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
2-DODECENAL (HIGH TRANS) ≥93.0% (trans), FCC, Kosher
Odor Description: waxy, mandarin orange
Useful as a topnote to achieve a mandarine-orange, waxy effect.
Taste Description: Fatty, waxy, citrus peel notes with cilantro and similar types of herbal notes
Citrus flavors, specifically orange and tangerine. Excellent for cilantro and similar herbal type flavors. Can be used to impart fatty notes of melon & cucumber.
Firmenich
MANDARINE ALDEHYDE 10% CITR
Odor Description: Powerful complex odour of bitter orange, mandarin and coriander
A uniquely long-lasting citrus mandarin note with superior diffusion that is versatile in a wide range of fragrance types.
Frutarom
trans-2-DODECENAL ≥98.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor Description: Citrus, Mandarin, Orange
Suggested Uses: Citrus Fruits, Coriander, Dairy Products, Mandarin, Orange, Tangerine
Symrise
Mandarin aldehyde 10% in TEC
Odor Description: powerful, clean citrus note, reminiscent of an unsaturated aldehyde and freshly squezzed mandarin and orange skin
Stable in: body lotion (good), shampoo (good), soap (good), ap roll-on (very good), powder (good), cleaner citric (poor), cleaner apc (very good), bleach (poor).
Moellhausen
Trans-2-DODECENAL
Odor Description: strongly fatty, on dilution somewhat citrusy, mandarin, orange-like
Taste Description: sulphurous, meaty, aspects of roasted coffee; meaty, roasted, savory, beef and popcorn
Pell Wall Perfumes
Aldehyde Mandarin
Odor Description: Citrus-mandarin, spicy-coriander, fatty, metallic. Very powerful
Arctander says this of it: “Powerful citrusy odor, unpleasant gassy, choking at high concentration, but interestingly natural, Orange-Mandarin-like in extreme dilution.” he goes on to say that it has “some use in perfumery, but it takes quite some experience and skill to fully utilize the character of this aldehyde without having its unpleasant notes dominating the composition.”
Taste Description: fatty waxy citrus peel cilantro herbal
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
A.C.S. International
Mandarine Aldehyde 10% in TEC
Odor: fatty waxy citrus peel cilantro herbal
Operational Capabilities
Apiscent Labs
T2 DODECENAL
Odor: Powerful citrus odor, fatty
Apple Flavor & Fragrance
trans-2-Dodecen-1-al
Associate Allied Chemicals
Mandarin Aldehyde
About
Azelis UK
ALDEHYDE MANDARINE 10% CITR
Services
Bedoukian Research
2-DODECENAL (HIGH TRANS) FCC, NO ANTIOXIDANT
≥95.0% (sum of isomers), Special Order
Odor: waxy, mandarin orange
Use: Useful as a topnote to achieve a mandarine-orange, waxy effect.
Flavor: Fatty, waxy, citrus peel notes with cilantro and similar types of herbal notes
Citrus flavors, specifically orange and tangerine. Excellent for cilantro and similar herbal type flavors. Can be used to impart fatty notes of melon & cucumber.
Bedoukian Research
2-DODECENAL (HIGH TRANS)
≥93.0% (trans), FCC, Kosher
Odor: waxy, mandarin orange
Use: Useful as a topnote to achieve a mandarine-orange, waxy effect.
Flavor: Fatty, waxy, citrus peel notes with cilantro and similar types of herbal notes
Citrus flavors, specifically orange and tangerine. Excellent for cilantro and similar herbal type flavors. Can be used to impart fatty notes of melon & cucumber.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
trans-2-Dodecenal
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
(E)-2-Dodecenal
Charkit Chemical
TRANS-2-DODECENAL FEMA 2402
ECSA Chemicals
trans-2-Docecenal
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
MANDARIN ALDEHYDE 10% CITR. FIRMENICH 965765
Odor: BITTER ORANGE, MANDARIN, CORIANDER
Ernesto Ventós
MANDARIN ALDEHYDE TOTAL 10% CITR. FIRMENICH 965766
Odor: BITTER ORANGE, MANDARIN, CORIANDER
Ernesto Ventós
TRANS-2-DODECENAL
Odor: CITRIC,MANDARIN,ORANGE,MILKY
Flavor: MANDARIN LIKE
Firmenich
MANDARINE ALDEHYDE 10% CITR
Odor: Powerful complex odour of bitter orange, mandarin and coriander
Use: A uniquely long-lasting citrus mandarin note with superior diffusion that is versatile in a wide range of fragrance types.
Frutarom
trans-2-DODECENAL
≥98.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor: Citrus, Mandarin, Orange
Use: Suggested Uses: Citrus Fruits, Coriander, Dairy Products, Mandarin, Orange, Tangerine
Indukern F&F
MANDARIN ALDEHYDE 10% TEC
Indukern F&F
TRANS-2-DODECANAL
Odor: FATTY, MANDARIN, ORANGE
Jinan Enlighten Chemical Technology(Wutong Aroma )
trans-2-Dodecenal
Lluch Essence
trans-2-DODECENAL 93%
Odor: FATTY, MANDARINE
M&U International
trans-2-DODECENAL
Moellhausen
Trans-2-DODECENAL
Odor: strongly fatty, on dilution somewhat citrusy, mandarin, orange-like
Flavor: sulphurous, meaty, aspects of roasted coffee; meaty, roasted, savory, beef and popcorn
Natural Advantage
trans-2-Dodecenal Nat
Pell Wall Perfumes
Aldehyde Mandarin
Odor: Citrus-mandarin, spicy-coriander, fatty, metallic. Very powerful
Use: Arctander says this of it: “Powerful citrusy odor, unpleasant gassy, choking at high concentration, but interestingly natural, Orange-Mandarin-like in extreme dilution.” he goes on to say that it has “some use in perfumery, but it takes quite some experience and skill to fully utilize the character of this aldehyde without having its unpleasant notes dominating the composition.”
Penta International
trans-2-DODECEN-1-AL FCC, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
trans-2-Dodecenal
Riverside Aromatics
trans -2-DODECENAL, NATURAL
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
trans-2-Dodecenal
Sigma-Aldrich
trans-2-Dodecenal, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Odor: orange; fatty; herbaceous.
Certified Food Grade Products
Sunaux International
trans-2-Dodecenal
Symrise
Mandarin aldehyde 10% in TEC
Odor: powerful, clean citrus note, reminiscent of an unsaturated aldehyde and freshly squezzed mandarin and orange skin
Use: Stable in: body lotion (good), shampoo (good), soap (good), ap roll-on (very good), powder (good), cleaner citric (poor), cleaner apc (very good), bleach (poor).
Synerzine
trans-2-Dodecenal
Taytonn
Trans-2-Dodecenal
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
trans-2-Dodecenal >90.0%(GC)
The Perfumers Apprentice
Mandarine Aldehyde 10 (F)
Odor: Powerful complex odor of bitter orange, mandarin and coriander
Treatt
Mandarin Aldehyde
Halal
Vigon International
Mandarine Aldehyde 10
Odor: Powerful complex odour of bitter orange, mandarin and coriander
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
1 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 5000 mg/kg

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for (E)-2-dodecenal usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -2.80000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.90000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -3.10000
fruit ices: -3.10000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -2.80000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes and related substances used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF)
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 20407-84-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 5283361
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 1760
WGK Germany: 2
 (E)-dodec-2-enal
Chemidplus: 0020407845
RTECS: JR5150000 for cas# 20407-84-5
 
References:
 (E)-dodec-2-enal
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 20407-84-5
Pubchem (cid): 5283361
Pubchem (sid): 134984196
Flavornet: 20407-84-5
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB31020
FooDB: FDB003014
Export Tariff Code: 2912.19.5000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
adoxal (Givaudan)
FL/FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
dodecenal
FL/FR
geranyl oxyacetaldehyde
FR
green hexanal
FL/FR
mandarine undecenal
FL/FR
3-
methyl-4-heptyl oxybutyraldehyde
FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
TMH aldehyde
FR
2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
N-/i-
undecanal
FR
8-
undecenal
FR
(Z)-8-
undecenal
FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
citrus
aldehydic nitrile
FR
citronellyl nitrile
FR
citrus paradisi peel extract
FL/FR
citrus reticulata blanco var. tangerine oil
FL/FR
citrus unshiu peel oil
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
(Z)-7-
decenal
FR
4-
decenal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decenal diethyl acetal
FR
dodecane nitrile
FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lime octadienal
FR
clementine
mandarin fragrance
FR
mandarin oil
FL/FR
mandarin oil italy
FL/FR
marine decadienal
FR
2-
methyl decanal (aldehyde C-11 MOA)
FL/FR
myrcenyl acetate
FL/FR
(+)-
nootkatone
FL/FR
octanal glycol acetal
FR
orange fruit oil
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
alpha-
sinensal
FL/FR
beta-
sinensal
FL/FR
tangerine acetate
FR
tangerine nitrile
FR
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
tangerine oil california
FL/FR
tangerine oil terpeneless
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
waxy nitrile
FR
creamy
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
fatty
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
dodecadienal
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
floral
citronellal
FL/FR
laevo-
citronellol
FL/FR
ethyl ethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
muguet butanal
FR
nonanol
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower water absolute
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil terpeneless
FL/FR
rhodinyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
octyl formate
FL/FR
2-
undecenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
green
2,6-
dimethyl octanal
FL/FR
green carbaldehyde
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl oxyacetaldehyde
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
herbal
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
cardamom liquid resin
FR
2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
spicy
zanthoxylum piperitum fruit absolute CO2 extract
FL/FR
waxy
decanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
waxy undecadienol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
citrus unshiu peel oil
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
4-
decenal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
dodecenal
FL/FR
ethyl ethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
mandarine undecenal
FL/FR
alpha-
sinensal
FL/FR
beta-
sinensal
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
citrus
citrus paradisi peel extract
FL/FR
citrus reticulata blanco var. tangerine oil
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
mandarin oil
FL/FR
mandarin oil italy
FL/FR
2-
methyl decanal (aldehyde C-11 MOA)
FL/FR
myrcenyl acetate
FL/FR
(+)-
nootkatone
FL/FR
orange fruit oil
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
tangerine oil california
FL/FR
tangerine oil terpeneless
FL/FR
creamy
2,4-
heptadienal
FL
fatty
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,4-
decadienal
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
dodecadienal
FL
2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
1-
methyl thio-3-octanone
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
nonadienal
FL
2,4-
nonadienal
FL
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
citronellal
FL/FR
laevo-
citronellol
FL/FR
pseudo
ionone
FL
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower water absolute
FL/FR
rhodinyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil terpeneless
FL/FR
green
2,6-
dimethyl octanal
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
dodecadienal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonenal
FL/FR
2,4-
octadienal
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
octadienal
FL
octyl formate
FL/FR
herbal
green hexanal
FL/FR
meaty
12-
methyl tridecanal
FL
ripe
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
spicy
zanthoxylum piperitum fruit absolute CO2 extract
FL/FR
waxy
adoxal (Givaudan)
FL/FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
2-
undecenal
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 citrusFR
 cologneFR
 corianderFL/FR
 fern fougereFR
 greenFR
 mandarinFR
 orangeFR
 orange bitterFL/FR
 spiceFR
 tangerineFR
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 carrot
Search Trop Picture
 coriander leaf oil @ 15.60-21.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed
Search Trop Picture
 eryngium foetidum
Search Trop Picture
 eschweilera coriacea (a. p. dc.) mori flower oil brazil @ 1.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger
Search Trop Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.01-0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 milk
Search PMC Picture
 orange bitter orange
Search Trop Picture
 peanut
Search Trop Picture
 peanut roasted peanut
Search Trop Picture
 rice
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 aldehyde mandarin 10%
 aldehyde mandarine 10%
(E)-dodec-2-en-1-al
(2E)-dodec-2-enal
(E)-dodec-2-enal
 dodec-2(trans)-enal
(2E)-2-dodecen-1-al
(E)-2-dodecen-1-al
trans-2-dodecen-1-al
trans-2-dodecen-1-al FCC
T2 dodecenal
trans-2-dodecenal
2-dodecenal (high trans)
2-dodecenal (high trans) FCC, no antioxidant
2-dodecenal, (2E)-
2-dodecenal, (E)-
 mandarin ald 10% tri eth citr
 mandarin aldehyde 10% (Firmenich)
 mandarin aldehyde 10% TEC (Firmenich)
 mandarine aldehyde 10 (Firmenich)
 mandarine aldehyde 10% (Firmenich)
 mandarine aldehyde 10% CITR (Firmenich)
(E)-3-nonyl acrolein
 

Articles:

Perfumer & Flavorist: Molecule of the Month: trans-2-Dodecenal
PubMed: Eryngial (trans-2-dodecenal), a bioactive compound from Eryngium foetidum: its identification, chemical isolation, characterization and comparison with ivermectin in vitro.
PubMed: Eryngium foetidum L.: a review.
PubMed: Variations in the essential oil composition from different parts of Coriandrum sativum L. cultivated in Tunisia.
PubMed: The combination of gas chromatography-olfactometry and multidimensional gas chromatography for the characterisation of essential oils.
PubMed: Identification of character-impact odorants in coriander and wild coriander leaves using gas chromatography-olfactometry (GCO) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC x GC-TOFMS).
PubMed: Aroma evaluation of an aquatic herb, Changpo (Acorus calamus Var. angustatus Bess), by AEDA and SPME.
PubMed: Changes in volatile compounds of gamma-irradiated fresh cilantro leaves during cold storage.
PubMed: The essential oil of Ducrosia anethifolia (DC.) Boiss. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: TRANS-2-DODECENAL AND 2-METHYL-1, 4-QUINONE PRODUCED BY A MILLIPEDE.
 
Notes:
Present in many foods including citrus peel, ginger, carrots, milk, roast peanuts, roast beef and cured pork. Flavouring agent
 
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