EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

(E)-citral
trans-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 141-27-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:205-476-5
FDA UNII:758ZMW724E
Nikkaji Web:J2.026E
Beilstein Number:1721873
CoE Number:109
XlogP3-AA:3.00 (est)
Molecular Weight:152.23672000
Formula:C10 H16 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
Geranial is the trans-isomer of 3,7-Dimethylocta-2,6-dienal. Neral and geranial can only be distinghished based on GC properties (different Kovats retention index) (EFFA, 2012b).
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
FLAVIS Number:05.188 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:05.188 trans-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.88500 to 0.89100 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.364 to 7.414
Refractive Index:1.48600 to 1.49000 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 228.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.071000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 215.00 °F. TCC ( 101.67 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.450
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 84.71 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength:medium
citrus lemon
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. citrus lemon
Flavor Type: citrus
citrus lemon
Taste Description: citrus lemon
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
trans-Citral 95%
Parchem
(E)-Citral
Chemical Sources Association
Need This Item for Flavor/Food?: You can contact the Chemical Sources Association
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 500 mg/kg
French Demande Patent Document. Vol. #2448856

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:  0.04 % (1)
Category 2:  0.05 %
Category 3:  0.20 %
Category 4:  0.60 %
Category 5:  0.30 %
Category 6:  1.00 % (1)
Category 7:  0.10 %
Category 8:  1.40 %
Category 9:  5.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1600.00 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 69000 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 22.2900033.55000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): --
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 173.78000209.70000
Processed fruit (04.1): --
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 950.000001000.00000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): --
Bakery wares (07.0): 132.82000177.55000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 1.000002.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): --
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 10.0000010.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): --
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 17.3300027.72000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 3.000006.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): --
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 202: 3-Alkylated aliphatic acyclic alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes and precursors with or without additional double bonds from chemical subgroup 1.1.3 of FGE.19[1]
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 06, Revision 4 (FGE.06Rev4): Straight- and branched-chain aliphatic unsaturated primary alcohols, aldehydes, carboxylic acids and esters from chemical groups 1, 3 and 4
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):141-27-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :638011
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
(2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal
Chemidplus:0000141275
 
References:
 (2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:141-27-5
Pubchem (cid):638011
Pubchem (sid):134975410
Flavornet:141-27-5
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C01499
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB35078
FooDB:FDB013702
Export Tariff Code:2912.19.1000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•citral has a strong, lemon-like, odor and a characteristic bittersweet taste. commercially, the product is a mixture of two geometric isomers - alpha-citral and beta-citral, each exhibiting cis- and trans-isomers because of the position of the double bond. geranial (trans-) and neral (cis-). •citral from natural sources is a 2:1 mixture of two geometric isomers geranial and neral •commercial material is a mixture of alpha and beta isomers. •grade: technical; pure; fcc
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
zanthoxylum acanthopodium fruit oil
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit extract
FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal dimethyl acetal
FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
citronella
4,8-
dimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FR
citrus
abronia fragrance
FR
acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetal
FR
aldehydic nitrile
FR
backhousia citriodora leaf oil
FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
(Z)-
citral
FL/FR
citral / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral ethylene glycol acetal
FR
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
citronellyl nitrile
FR
citrus limon extract
FL/FR
citrus limon flower/leaf/stem extract
FR
citrus limon fruit extract
FL/FR
citrus limon fruit oil
FL/FR
citrus limon fruit water
FL/FR
citrus limon juice extract
FL/FR
citrus limon juice powder
FL/FR
citrus limon peel extract
FL/FR
citrus limon peel oil c.p. florida
FL/FR
citrus limon peel oil expressed
FL/FR
citrus limon peel tincture
FL/FR
(E)-
citrus nitrile
FR
crithmum maritimum oil
FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
citrus
floral fragrance
FR
homo
geranyl nitrile
FR
geranyl nitrile
CS
lemon absolute replacer
FR
lemon balm fragrance
FR
lemon essence (oil phase)
FL/FR
lemon essence (water phase)
FL/FR
lemon fragrance
FR
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
citral-less
lemon oil
FL/FR
lemon oil
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. africa
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. argentina
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
meyer
lemon oil cold pressed
FL/FR
lemon oil decolorized
FL/FR
lemon oil folded
FL/FR
lemon oil folded argentina
FL/FR
lemon oil folded brazil
FL/FR
lemon oil folded california
FL/FR
lemon oil folded italy
FL/FR
lemon oil italy
FL/FR
lemon oil replacer
FR
lemon oil residues
FL/FR
lemon oil terpeneless
FL/FR
lemon oil terpenes
FL/FR
lemon oil washed
FL/FR
lemon specialty
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil guatemala
FL/FR
lime oil fractions
FR
lime pyran
FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
litsea cubeba oil terpeneless
FL/FR
mandarin lemon fagrance
FR
(Z+E)-2-
methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) cyclopropane carbaldehyde
FL/FR
alpha-
methylene citronellal
FR
ocimenol
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain combava oil
FR
lemon scented
tea tree oil
FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
trimethyl cyclohexene
FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
verbena oil replacer
FR
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
verbena specialty
FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
floral
acetophenone
FL/FR
aeolanthus graveolens oil
FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
amyl geranate
FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellal
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
lemon oil distilled
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenyl amyl alcohol
FL/FR
fruity
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
eucalyptus staigeriana oil
FR
green
citral / diisotridecyl acetal
FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
green dioxolane
FR
neogall
FR
herbal
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
alpha-
dihydroterpineol
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
medicinal
kunzea ericoides leaf oil
FR
spicy
cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
iso
eugenol
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
terpenic
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
woody
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
balm leaf powder
FL
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
citrus limon juice powder
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
lemon oil residues
FL/FR
lemon specialty
FL/FR
melissa oil
FL
4-
mercapto-4-methyl-2-pentanol
FL
(Z+E)-2-
methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) cyclopropane carbaldehyde
FL/FR
ocimenol
FL/FR
phenyl amyl alcohol
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
butter lemon orange flavor
FL
cherry lemon lime flavor
FL
citral
FL/FR
(Z)-
citral
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
citrus enhancer
FL
citrus limon extract
FL/FR
citrus limon fruit extract
FL/FR
citrus limon fruit oil
FL/FR
citrus limon fruit water
FL/FR
citrus limon juice
FL
citrus limon juice extract
FL/FR
citrus limon peel extract
FL/FR
citrus limon peel oil c.p. florida
FL/FR
citrus limon peel oil expressed
FL/FR
citrus limon peel tincture
FL/FR
curacao flavor
FL
kiwi lemon lime flavor
FL
lemon carbonyls
FL
lemon essence (oil phase)
FL/FR
lemon essence (water phase)
FL/FR
meyer
lemon flavor
FL
pink
lemon flavor
FL
lemon flavor
FL
bitter
lemon flavor
FL
italian
lemon flavor
FL
lemon fractions
FL
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
lemon juice concentrate
FL
lemon juice flavor
FL
lemon lime flavor
FL
lemon oil
FL/FR
citral-less
lemon oil
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. africa
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. argentina
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
meyer
lemon oil cold pressed
FL/FR
lemon oil decolorized
FL/FR
lemon oil distilled
FL/FR
lemon oil folded
FL/FR
lemon oil folded argentina
FL/FR
lemon oil folded brazil
FL/FR
lemon oil folded california
FL/FR
lemon oil folded italy
FL/FR
lemon oil italy
FL/FR
lemon oil sesquiterpeneless
FL
lemon oil terpeneless
FL/FR
lemon oil terpenes
FL/FR
lemon oil washed
FL/FR
lemon verbena distillates
FL
lemon zest flavor
FL
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil guatemala
FL/FR
lemonless lemon key
FL
limoncello flavor
FL
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
orange lemon lime flavor
FL
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
verbena oil france
FL
verbena oil morocco
FL
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
zanthoxylum acanthopodium fruit oil
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellal
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
fruity
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
lilikoi float flavor
FL
green
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
lemon
balm essence
FL
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
lemon honey mint flavor
FL
lemon mint cream flavor
FL
lemon
litsea cubeba oil terpeneless
FL/FR
powdery
acetophenone
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
spicy
benzylidene acetone
FL
cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
iso
eugenol
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
terpenic
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
woody
alpha-
dihydroterpineol
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRacacia
FRapple
FRapple green apple
FRapricot
FRbasil oil replacer
FRbayberry
FRbergamot
FRblackberry
FRblueberry
FRbutterscotch
FRcedrat
FRcherry
FRcitronella
FRcitrus
FRcoconut tropical coconut
FRcoffee
FRcologne
FReucalyptus oil replacer
FRfern
FRfir needle oil replacer
FRfloral
FRfresh and clean
FRgeranium
FRginger
FRgrapefruit
FRlemon
FRlemongrass
FRlime
FRmace
FRmagnolia
FRmandarin
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe
 my sin
FRneroli
FRorange
FRorange blossom
FRpassion fruit
FRpeach
FL/FRpetitgrain lemon petitgrain
FRpineapple
FRplum
FRraspberry
FRrose
FRrose red rose
FRrose white rose
FRsassafras
FRstrawberry
 topnotes
FRvanilla
FRverbena
 zibeline
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apricot oil
Search Trop Picture
 backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil @ 48.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop Picture
 bay leaf oil @ 0.00-0.22%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bay leaf oil clove @ 0.3%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bay leaf oil lemon @ 40.3%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blackberry fruit - up to 0.05 mg/kg
Search PMC Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.082%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.073%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.085%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boysenberry fruit - up to 0.05 mg/kg
Search Trop Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 0.89%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.14-0.32%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia plant
Search Trop Picture
 cassie absolute @ 5.57%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 champaca absolute (michelia alba dc.) @ 0.14%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cherry brazilian cherry leaf
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil zimbabwe @ 0.91%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil greece @ 2.15%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil spain @ 0.93%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove bud
Search Trop Picture
 clove fruit
Search Trop Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop Picture
 coriander oil
Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil cuba @ 0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 corn husk oil
Search Trop Picture
 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. oil cuba @ 19.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil zambia @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium leaf oil india @ 1.17%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium oil rwanda @ 2.17%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium petiole oil india @ 3.31%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium stem oil india @ 3.41%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger
Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop Picture
 ginger root oil china @ 2.93%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger root oil CO2 extract australia @ 25.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grape - 0.002 mg/kg
Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.07%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.09%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.17%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.15%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ 0.10-0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 0.10-0.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon
Search Trop Picture
 lemon balm shoot
Search Trop Picture
 lemon leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop Picture
 lemon oil california @ 1.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon pericarp oil
Search Trop Picture
 lemon petiole
Search Trop Picture
 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 9.9%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 11.93%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 22.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 49.64%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil cameroon @ 45.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil egypt @ 43.56%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil guatemala @ 37.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil morocco @ 39.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil rwanda @ 50.48%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil yunnan @ 36.69%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime fruit
Search Trop Picture
 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.02%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ 2.3%
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 litsea cubeba oil china @ 37.86%
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 macadamia nut - 0.03 mg/kg
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin oil @ 0.74%
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 mandarin oil @ trace%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.07%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.08%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.05%
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 mandarin oil italy @ trace%
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 mandarin oil japan @ trace%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ trace%
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 mangrove bark red oil cuba @ trace%
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 marjoram oil spain @ 0.40%
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 melissa oil @ 26.80%
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 melissa oil slovak republic @ 33.60%
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 myrtle lemon scented leaf oil australia @ 0.30%
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 neroli bigarde oil france @ 0.04%
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 orange fruit
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 orange oil c.p. brazil @ 0.04-0.16%
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 orange oil terpeneless @ 5.60%
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 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ 0.06%
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 orange peel oil bitter china @ trace%
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 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.11%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.082%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.122%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.127%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.133%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.134%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. egypt @ 2.87%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. florida @ 0.08%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. valencia @ 0.10%
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 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
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 palmarosa oil @ 0.20%
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 peppermint leaf
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 petitgrain bergamot oil @ 3.15%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 0.60%
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 petitgrain lemon oil @ 38.97%
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 petitgrain lime oil @ 40.00%
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 petitgrain oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain sweet oil @ 1.72%
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 pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon @ 41.30%
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit - up to 0.05 mg/kg
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 0.50%
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 tamarind oil
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 tamarind seed
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 tangerine oil america @ 0.03%
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 tea - up to 0.7 mg/kg
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 tea leaf
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 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.47%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.35%
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 tomato - up to 0.24 mg/mg
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 verbena oil france @ 19.90%
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 watermelon fruit
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 watermelon fruit juice
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 wormseed oil spain @ 5.00%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 0.30%
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 zingiber officinale root oil china @ 0.15%
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Synonyms:
(E)-citral
trans-citral
(E)-3,7-dimethyl octa-2,6-dienal
(E)-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal
trans-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal
(2E)-3,7-dimethyl-octa-2,6-dienal
3,7-dimethyl-trans-2,6-octadienal
(2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal
(E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal
trans-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienal
 genanial
(E)-geranial
2,6-octadienal, 3,7-dimethyl-, (2E)-
2,6-octadienal, 3,7-dimethyl-, (E)-
 

Articles:

PubMed:Antimicrobial constituents and synergism effect of the essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus and Alpinia galanga.
PubMed:Assessment of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf Essential Oil as Herbal Preservatives Based on Antifungal, Antiaflatoxin, and Antiochratoxin Activities and In Vivo Efficacy during Storage.
PubMed:A dual catalyst system provides the shortest pathway for L-menthol synthesis.
PubMed:Encapsulation of citral isomers in extracted lemongrass oil with cyclodextrins: molecular modeling and physicochemical characterizations.
PubMed:Chemical composition analysis of the essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. from Kurdistan, Iran by HS/SPME method and calculation of the biophysicochemical coefficients of the components.
PubMed:Essential oil of Lindera neesiana fruit: chemical analysis and its potential use in topical applications.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antifungal activity of the essential oils of three species of Artemisia on some soil-borne phytopathogens.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of some essential oils against microorganisms deteriorating fruit juices.
PubMed:Synthesis, crystal structure, and catalytic properties of MgCo6Ge6.
PubMed:Carotenoid pigmentation affects the volatile composition of tomato and watermelon fruits, as revealed by comparative genetic analyses.
PubMed:Investigation of antimicrobial activity of essential oils of several Macedonian Thymus L. species (Lamiaceae).
PubMed:The main citral-geraniol and carvacrol chemotypes of the essential oil of thymus pulegioides L. growing wild in vilnius district (Lithuania).
PubMed:Genetic analysis of essential oil variants in Perilla frutescens.
PubMed:Propheromones that release pheromonal carbonyl compounds in light.
PubMed:Nasonov pheromone of the honeybee.Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera, Apidae) : IV. Comparative electroantennogram responses.
PubMed:Nasonov pheromone of the honey bee,Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera, Apidae). part III. : Regulation of pheromone composition and production.
 
Notes:
Blends well with acetals, aldehydes and alcohols to give fresh top notes. Occurs in lemon grass oil (Cymbopogon citratus), lemon, orange and many other essential oils; flavouring ingredient
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