EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

farnesol
3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrien-1-ol

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
CAS Number: 4602-84-0Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:225-004-1
FDA UNII:EB41QIU6JL
Beilstein Number:1763926
MDL:MFCD00002918
CoE Number:78
XlogP3-AA:4.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:222.37142000
Formula:C15 H26 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
CASrn does not specify stereoisomers. According to JECFA: Min. assay value is "96 % of C15H26O (sum of isomers)". Mixture of (Z)- and (E)-isomers for both C=C double bonds (EFFA, 2010). 10-15 %( 2Z,6Z); 20-25 % (2E,6Z); 20-25 % (2Z,6E); 40-50 %
Category:cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1230 farnesol
FLAVIS Number:02.029 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:02.029 3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrien-1-ol
FEMA Number:2478 farnesol
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: FARNESOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.88400 to 0.88900 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.356 to 7.397
Refractive Index:1.48700 to 1.49200 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 149.00 °C. @ 4.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 263.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.000370 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:>1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 205.00 °F. TCC ( 96.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.828 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 1.287 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 cream
 hair spray
 lipstick
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
 soap
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength:low
Substantivity:400 hour(s) at 100.00 %
fresh sweet linden flower floral angelica dry
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. mild fresh sweet linden floral angelica
Luebke, William tgsc, (1985)
Odor sample from: Berje Inc.
Flavor Type: floral
floral juicy green tropical plum pear peach cilantro metallic
Taste Description: floral juicy green tropical plum pear peach cilantro metallic
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
FARNESOL ≥96.0% (sum of isomers), FCC, Kosher
Odor Description:A delicate, fresh, green muguet note
Used in rose and other floral compositions.
Taste Description:Floral, woody, dry
Woody, dry notes for cranberry, tea.
Sigma-Aldrich
Farnesol, mixture of isomers, ≥95%, stabilized, FG
Odor Description:anise; apricot; balsam; clove; grapefruit; oily; orange; floral; peach; pear
Symrise
Farnesol special
Odor Description:very mild and delicate green floral odor with typical lily of the valley character
Stable in: body lotion (very good), shampoo (good), soap (good), ap roll-on (poor), powder (poor), cleaner citric (poor), cleaner apc (very good), bleach (poor).
Taste Description:sweet, flowery, juicy
Useful in: mint, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, fruity others, sweet others, alcoholics.
Symrise
Farnesol
Odor Description:characteristic
Farnesol is a nature identical deodorizing agent that has specific anti-bacterial activity against grampositive microbes responsible for body odor.
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: deodorants
perfuming agents
solvents
soothing agents
 
Suppliers:
Aceto
Farnesol
Associate Allied Chemicals
Farnesol P
About
Augustus Oils
Farnesol
Services
Aurochemicals
FARNESOL, Natural
Bedoukian Research
FARNESOL
≥96.0% (sum of isomers), FCC, Kosher
Odor: A delicate, fresh, green muguet note
Use: Used in rose and other floral compositions.
Flavor: Floral, woody, dry
Woody, dry notes for cranberry, tea.
Berjé
Farnesol Synthetic
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
FARNESOL FCC 96.0% (sum of isomers)
CG Herbals
Farnesol Special
CG Herbals
Farnesol Synthetic
Odor: Mild, Fresh, Sweet Linden floral angelica
Use: It gives delicate, fresh, green muguet note. It can be used in rose and other floral compositions. It is very mild and delicate green floral odour with typical lily-of-the-valley character. It also enhances the odour of sweet florals.
Creatingperfume.com
Farnesol Symrise
Odor: Delicate, fresh, green muguet note
Diffusions Aromatiques
FARNESOL
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Farnesol
Ernesto Ventós
FARNESOL
Odor: FLORAL, SWEET, GREEN
Excellentia International
Farnesol Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Farnesol
Indukern F&F
FARNESOL
Odor: GREEN, FRESH, FLORAL
Jiangyin Healthway
Farnesol
New functional food ingredients
Lluch Essence
FARNESOL
Moellhausen
FARNESOL
Odor: delicate, fresh green; floral, muguet-note
Natural Advantage
Farnesol Nat
Pell Wall Perfumes
Farnesol
Penta International
FARNESOL FCC, Kosher
Penta International
FARNESOL, NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Farnesol
Perfumery Laboratory
Farnesol Symrise
Odor: gentle, sweet, fresh fragrance with shades of lime and lily-of-the-valley flowers
Prodasynth
FARNESOL
SUM 4 ISOMERS > 96
Odor: FLORAL, SWEET, GREEN
Reincke & Fichtner
Farnesol
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Farnesol ≥97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Farnesol, mixture of isomers, ≥95%, stabilized, FG
Odor: anise; apricot; balsam; clove; grapefruit; oily; orange; floral; peach; pear
Certified Food Grade Products
Symrise
Dragosantol®
Bisabolol and Farnesol
Odor: characteristic
Use: Dragosantol® contains at least 85 % of d,l-alpha-bisabolol, a monocyclic unsaturated sesquiterpene alcohol. Ingredients of secondary importance are mainly farnesol isomers. Dragosantol® has been shown to possess soothing properties for stressed and sensitive skin. Moreover, body odor control effectiveness has been demonstrated both for d,l-alpha-bisabolol and for Dragosantol®. Dragosantol® is suitable for use in cosmetic products due to its stability and good compatibility to the skin. The main areas of application for Dragosantol® are skin care cosmetic preparations, in particular lotions and creams for sensitive skin. Unlike Azulen or camomile oil, Dragosantol® does not alter its color after long storage periods nor diffuse through plastic containers; therefore it can be used without problems.
Symrise
Farnesol Plus
Odor: characteristic
Use: Farnesol Plus is a nature identical, synergistic complex of active ingredients with deodorising properties. Farnesol Plus is composed of Farnesol, Phenoxyethanol, Glycerine monolaurate.
Symrise
Farnesol special
Odor: very mild and delicate green floral odor with typical lily of the valley character
Use: Stable in: body lotion (very good), shampoo (good), soap (good), ap roll-on (poor), powder (poor), cleaner citric (poor), cleaner apc (very good), bleach (poor).
Flavor: sweet, flowery, juicy
Useful in: mint, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, fruity others, sweet others, alcoholics.
Synerzine
Natural Farnesol
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Farnesol (mixture of isomers)
Vigon International
Farnesol
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H401
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H411
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramenvironment.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H401 - Toxic to aquatic life
H411 - Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statement(s)
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P391 - Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 6000 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC
Therapie. Vol. 27, Pg. 893, 1972.

oral-mouse LD50 7400 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC
Therapie. Vol. 27, Pg. 893, 1972.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 443 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC
Therapie. Vol. 27, Pg. 893, 1972.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Therapie. Vol. 27, Pg. 893, 1972.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:  0.08 % (1)
Category 2:  0.11 %
Category 3:  0.40 %
Category 4:  1.20 %
Category 5:  0.60 %
Category 6:  2.00 % (1)
Category 7:  0.20 %
Category 8:  2.00 %
Category 9:  5.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 7.70 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 2.60 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -1.70000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.76000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.40000
fruit ices: -0.40000
gelatins / puddings: -0.10000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -1.40000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 202: 3-Alkylated aliphatic acyclic alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes and precursors with or without additional double bonds from chemical subgroup 1.1.3 of FGE.19[1]
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 72 (FGE.72): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids. Esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2 (2010)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 95 (FGE.95): Consideration of aliphatic, linear or branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids and related esters evaluated by JECFA (69th meeting) structurally related to esters of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and of one secondary alcohol, and branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 72, Revision 1 (FGE.72Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids, esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of a,▀-unsaturated straight-chain and branched-chain aliphatic primary alcohols, aldehydes, acids and esters belonging to chemical group 3 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):4602-84-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :3327
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WGK Germany:2
3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
Chemidplus:0004602840
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:JR4979000 for cas# 4602-84-0
 
References:
 3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:4602-84-0
Pubchem (cid):3327
Pubchem (sid):134986027
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C01126
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB04305
FooDB:FDB014891
Export Tariff Code:2905.22.5050
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
iso
butyraldehyde
FL/FR
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
6,7,8-
decen-1-ol
FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
lily pentanal
FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
3-
methyl-4-hexyl oxybutyraldehyde
FR
muguet undecadienal
FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
iso
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
amber
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
animal
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
indole
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum herb oil
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzophenone
FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cinnamyl butyrate
FL/FR
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
clover nitrile
FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
linalyl cinnamate
FL/FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
tolu balsam
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
caramellic
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
immortelle absolute
FL/FR
chemical
propyl propionate
FL/FR
chocolate
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
citrus
benzyl anthranilate
FR
bergamot oil
FL/FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citrus floral green fragrance
FR
citrus ocimenol
FR
(Z)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanyl acetate
FR
grapefruit pentanol
FR
myrmac aldehyde
FR
nonanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
tetrahydromyrcenol
FR
earthy
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
2-
decenal
FL/FR
floral
acetaldehyde dibutyl acetal
FL/FR
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
anisyl propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
boronia concrete
FL/FR
alpha-
butyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
4-iso
butyl cyclohexane propanal
FR
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl ethoxalate
FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
coranol (Firmenich)
FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
coriander seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
para-
cresyl propionaldehyde
CS
cumin carbinol
FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
cyclamen homoaldehyde
FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propanol
FR
2-
decalinol
FR
9-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
dictamnus hispanicus oil
FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
(±)-2,3-
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
dihydroisojasmonate methyl ester
FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
6,8-
dimethyl-2-nonanol
FR
3,6-
dimethyl-3-octanol
FL/FR
4-
ethyl cyclohexane propanal
FR
ethyl linalool
FR
ethyl linalyl acetal
FR
ethyl linalyl acetate
FR
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
ethyl phenoxyacetate
FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
floral butanal
FR
floral pyranol
FR
floral undecenone
FR
freesia acetate
FR
gardenia absolute
FR
gardenia acetal
FR
gardenia concrete
FR
gardenia decalone
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil
FL/FR
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
geranyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
geranyl nonanoate
CS
hawthorn ethanol
FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
hepten-2-yl salicylate
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hexyl lactate
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
ho wood oil
FR
hyacinth ether
FR
hyacinth oil
FR
hydrangea fragrance
FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
hydroxycitronellal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellol
FL/FR
jasimia
FR
jasmin cyclopentanol
FR
jonquil absolute
FR
leerall
FR
leerall / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
lilac absolute
FR
lily fragrance
FR
lily propanol
FR
lilyall
FR
lilyall / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
linalool
FL/FR
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
linalyl benzoate
FL/FR
linalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
lotus fragrance
FR
magnolia cyclohexanol
FR
magnolia decadienal
FR
magnolia indene
FR
(2-
methoxy-1-methyl propyl) benzene
FR
(3-
methoxy-2-methyl propyl) benzene
FR
methoxycitronellal
FR
1-(2-
methyl allyl oxy)-2-methyl butane
FR
4-
methyl cyclohexane propanal
FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
2-
methyl octanal
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
muguet butanal
FR
muguet butanol
FR
muguet carbaldehyde
FR
muguet carbinol
FL/FR
muguet carboxaldehyde
FR
muguet ethanol
FR
muguet nitrile
FR
muguet octadienol
FR
muguet propanol
FR
muguet shiseol
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neroli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
ocean propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
(Z)-beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute tunisia
FL/FR
orchid specialty
FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
peony alcohol
FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl butyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dicitronellyl acetal
FR
phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetal
FL/FR
phenyl glycol diacetate
FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde ethylene glycol acetal
FR
4-
propyl cyclohexane propanal
FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
rhodinyl formate
FL/FR
rose absolute pentanol
FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
rose pyran
FR
styralyl formate
FL/FR
sweet pea absolute
FR
alpha-
terpinyl anthranilate
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
5-
tricyclodecenyl acetate
FR
(S,E)-3,7,11-
trimethyldodeca-6,10-dienal
FR
verdyl acetate
FR
violet methyl carbonate
FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
fresh
3-(3-
propen-2-yl phenyl) butanal
FR
fruity
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
benzyl butyrate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
iso
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl crotonate
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrate
FR
alpha,alpha-
dimethyl benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
peach pivalate
FR
propyl hexanoate
FL/FR
styralyl butyrate
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
fungal
jasmin nonane
FR
green
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
amyl 3-(2-furan) propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
chrysanthemum oxide
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
diphenyl methane
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
earthy acetal
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
flower hexene
FR
green cyclopropionate
FR
(Z)-4-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetoacetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl angelate
FR
hexen-1-yl oxypropane nitrile
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
hexyl (Z)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hyacinth absolute
FL/FR
ivy dioxolane
FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
(2-
methoxy-1-methyl butyl) benzene
FR
[(4E,4Z)-5-
methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzene
FR
methyl cyclocitrone (IFF)
FR
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
4-
methyl-4-phenyl pentanone
FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
octanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
octyl oxyacetaldehyde
FR
pelargonium graveolens stem leaf extract
FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde solution
FL/FR
phenyl hexyl acetate
FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
chrysanthemum ketone
FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
dihexyl (E)-fumarate
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FR
marine
ozone propanal
FR
medicinal
kunzea ericoides leaf oil
FR
melon
(Z)-6-
nonenal
FL/FR
watermelon ketone
FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
muguet
4-iso
butyl 1-(3-methoxy-2-propen-1-yl) benzene
FR
4-
ethyl 1-(3-methoxy-2-propen-1-yl) benzene
FR
4-
methyl 1-(3-methoxy-2-propen-1-yl) benzene
FR
4-
propyl 1-(3-methoxy-2-propen-1-yl) benzene
FR
naphthyl
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
cubeb oil
FL/FR
iso
cyclogeraniol (IFF)
FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
spicy carbonate
FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
tea
camellia oleifera leaf extract
FL/FR
terpenic
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tonka
coumarin
FR
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
3-
decanone
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
woody
amber carbinol
FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
gurjun balsam oil
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
santall
FR
tobacarol (IFF)
FR
woody acetate
FR
woody propanol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde dibutyl acetal
FL/FR
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
boronia concrete
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
(±)-2,3-
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
earthy acetal
FL/FR
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetoacetate
FL/FR
hexyl (Z)-tiglate
FL/FR
hyacinth absolute
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
linalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
2-
methyl octanal
FL/FR
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde solution
FL/FR
styralyl formate
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl anthranilate
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
iso
amyl 3-(2-furan) propionate
FL/FR
alpha-
butyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
iso
butyraldehyde
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
amber
iso
butyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
animal
indole
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
apple
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
aromatic
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
tolu balsam
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
caramellic
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
cooling
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
fatty
2-
decenal
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil
FL/FR
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
linalyl benzoate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
muguet carbinol
FL/FR
muguet shiseol
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neroli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute tunisia
FL/FR
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
apple essence concentrate
FL
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl butyrate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
iso
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
alpha,alpha-
dimethyl benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
2,4-
hexadien-1-ol
FL
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hexyl lactate
FL/FR
linalyl cinnamate
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL
phenethyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl hexanoate
FL/FR
rhodinyl formate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
styralyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
chrysanthemum oxide
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
3,4-
dimethoxystyrene
FL
diphenyl methane
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
immortelle absolute
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-undecynoate
FL
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL/FR
nonanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonenal
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
octanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetal
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
coriander seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
3,6-
dimethyl-3-octanol
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum herb oil
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
medicinal
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
melon
hydroxycitronellal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
phenolic
para-
cresyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
powdery
hydroxycitronellol
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
spicy
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
cubeb oil
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
tea
camellia oleifera leaf extract
FL/FR
terpenic
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
propyl propionate
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
9-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
winey
cinnamyl butyrate
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRacacia
FRapricot
FRbanana
FLbrandy
FRcabreuva wood
FRcastoreum
FRcitronella
FRcranberry
FRcurrant
FRcyclamen
FRfloral
FRgooseberry
FRgreen
FRlemon
FRlemongrass
FRlilac
FRlily of the valley
FRlinden flower
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe
FRneroli
FRorange blossom
FRoriental
FRpalmarosa oil replacer
FRpeach
FRperu balsam
FRraspberry
FRreseda
FRrose
FRspring rain
FRtea green tea
FRthyme oil white replacer
FRtolu balsam
FRtuberose
FRviolet
FRylang ylang
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 ambrette seed
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 ambrette seed concrete @ 0.22%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise seed oil star china @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil plant
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 beet oil
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 bergamot oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blueberry fruit
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 brandy
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 cabreuva
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 cananga odorata oil java @ 1.24%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga oil china @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia plant
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 chamomile garden chamomile plant
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 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
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 citronella
Search PMC Picture
 clove bud oil @ 0.77%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove leaf oil @ 0.61%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove stem oil india @ 0.47%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 1.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cranberry fruit
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 cubeb oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cumin fruit
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 cumin seed
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 davana oil @ 0.5%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
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 ginger root
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 grapefruit oil california @ 0.12%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava fruit oil reunion @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete india @ 0.22-0.44%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil france @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass plant
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 neroli bigarde oil france @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.44%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orangeflower absolute morocco @ 3.6-15.4%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orangeflower water absolute @ 0.0-1.9%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 oregano shoot
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 osmanthus absolute @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 palmarosa
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 plumcot fruit
Search PMC Picture
 raspberry red raspberry plant
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 rose absolute morocco @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 sage plant
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 sideritis scardica l. oil bulgaria @ 4.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 sideritis syriaca l. oil bulgaria @ 3.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 spearmint leaf
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 tea leaf
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 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 1.92%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tolu balsam
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 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 0.14%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 wine
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 ylang ylang
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 zingiber officinale root oil china @ 0.34%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
2,6,10-dodecatrien-1-ol, 3,7,11-trimethyl-
 dragosantol (Symrise)
 farnesol FCC
 farnesol special
 farnesol synthetic
 farnesyl alcohol
3,7,11-trimethyl dodeca-2,6,10-trienol
3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrien-1-ol
2,6,10-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrien-12-ol
3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrienol
3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
 

Articles:

PubMed:Effects of farnesol and the off-flavor derivative geosmin on Streptomyces tendae.
PubMed:Changes in volatile compound composition of Antrodia camphorata during solid state fermentation.
PubMed:Improved production of isoamyl acetate by a sake yeast mutant resistant to an isoprenoid analog and its dependence on alcohol acetyltransferase activity, but not on isoamyl alcohol production.
PubMed:Differential neural responses evoked by orthonasal versus retronasal odorant perception in humans.
PubMed:Characterization of the odor-active volatiles in citrus Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed:Development of a multianalyte method based on micro-matrix-solid-phase dispersion for the analysis of fragrance allergens and preservatives in personal care products.
PubMed:Assessment of the antioxidant and antiproliferative effects of sesquiterpenic compounds in in vitro Caco-2 cell models.
PubMed:A new source of elemol rich essential oil and existence of multicellular oil glands in leaves of the Dioscorea species.
PubMed:Hepatoprotection of sesquiterpenoids: a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach.
PubMed:Characterization of essential oil from Citrus aurantium L. flowers: antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.
PubMed:Determination of E,E-farnesol in Makgeolli (rice wine) using dynamic headspace sampling and stir bar sorptive extraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory effects of 27 selected terpenoid compounds tested through modulating Th1/Th2 cytokine secretion profiles using murine primary splenocytes.
PubMed:╬▓-ionone induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human prostate tumor cells.
PubMed:Novel antibiofilm chemotherapy targets exopolysaccharide synthesis and stress tolerance in Streptococcus mutans to modulate virulence expression in vivo.
PubMed:Chemoprevention of hepatocarcinogenesis with dietary isoprenic derivatives: cellular and molecular aspects.
PubMed:Analgesic potential of intrathecal farnesyl thiosalicylic acid and GW 5074 in vincristine-induced neuropathic pain in rats.
PubMed:Identification, functional characterization, and regulation of the enzyme responsible for floral (E)-nerolidol biosynthesis in kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis).
PubMed:Alcohol-based quorum sensing plays a role in adhesion and sliding motility of the yeast Debaryomyces hansenii.
PubMed:Food components with anticaries activity.
PubMed:Increasing intake of long-chain n-3 PUFA enhances lipoperoxidation and modulates hepatic gene expression in a dose-dependent manner.
PubMed:Farnesol, an isoprenoid, improves metabolic abnormalities in mice via both PPAR╬▒-dependent and -independent pathways.
PubMed:Changes in volatile compound composition of Antrodia camphorata during solid state fermentation.
PubMed:Chemical composition, cytotoxicity effect and antimicrobial activity of Ceratonia siliqua essential oil with preservative effects against Listeria inoculated in minced beef meat.
PubMed:Development of a novel PPAR╬│ ligand screening system using pinpoint fluorescence-probed protein.
PubMed:Effect of Matricaria chamomilla L. flower essential oil on the growth and ultrastructure of Aspergillus niger van Tieghem.
PubMed:In vivo and in vitro skin absorption of lipophilic compounds, dibutyl phthalate, farnesol and geraniol in the hairless guinea pig.
PubMed:d-╬┤-Tocotrienol-mediated suppression of the proliferation of human PANC-1, MIA PaCa-2, and BxPC-3 pancreatic carcinoma cells.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on farnesol.
PubMed:Biphenylalkylacetylhydroquinone ethers suppress the proliferation of murine B16 melanoma cells.
PubMed:Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy for the study of juvenile hormones-recombinant protein interactions.
PubMed:Evaluation of an alcohol-based surgical hand disinfectant containing a synergistic combination of farnesol and benzethonium chloride for immediate and persistent activity against resident hand flora of volunteers and with a novel in vitro pig skin model.
PubMed:Effect of a short contact time with lees on volatile composition of Airen and Macabeo wines.
PubMed:Farnesol and geraniol chemopreventive activities during the initial phases of hepatocarcinogenesis involve similar actions on cell proliferation and DNA damage, but distinct actions on apoptosis, plasma cholesterol and HMGCoA reductase.
PubMed:Differential neural responses evoked by orthonasal versus retronasal odorant perception in humans.
PubMed:Chemical compounds of the foraging recruitment pheromone in bumblebees.
PubMed:Some advances in the knowledge of grape, wine and distillates chemistry as achieved by mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Modulation of hepatic and renal drug metabolizing enzyme activities in rats by subchronic administration of farnesol.
PubMed:Stir bar sorptive extraction applied to volatile constituents evolution during Vitis vinifera ripening.
PubMed:Studies of the isoprenoid-mediated inhibition of mevalonate synthesis applied to cancer chemotherapy and chemoprevention.
PubMed:Sensitization of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli to antibiotics by the sesquiterpenoids nerolidol, farnesol, bisabolol, and apritone.
PubMed:Juvenile hormone biosynthesis in larval and adult stick insects, Carausius morosus.
PubMed:Characterization of the odor-active volatiles in citrus Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed:Influence of plant growth stage on the essential oil content and composition in Davana (Artemisia pallens wall.).
PubMed:[Reproductive and developmental toxicity study of prednisolone farnesylate (PNF)--study of subcutaneous administration of PNF during the perinatal and lactation periods in rats].
PubMed:[Reproductive and developmental toxicity study of prednisolone farnesylate (PNF)--teratogenicity study in rabbits by subcutaneous administration].
PubMed:[Reproductive and developmental toxicity study of prednisolone farnesylate (PNF)--study by subcutaneous administration of PNF during the period of fetal organogenesis in rats].
PubMed:[Reproductive and developmental toxicity study of prednisolone farnesylate (PNF)--study by subcutaneous administration of PNF prior to and in the early stages of pregnancy in rats].
PubMed:Activity of the corpora allata of adult female Leucophaea maderae: effects of mating and feeding.
PubMed:[The effect of a controlled gas atmosphere on farnesene dynamics and the development of sunburn in apples].
PubMed:Model studies in terpene biosynthesis.
PubMed:Superficial scald, a functional disorder of stored apples. IV. Effect of variety, maturity, oiled wraps and diphenylamine on the concentration of alpha-farnesene in the fruit.
 
Notes:
Enhances the odor of sweet florals. a colorless liquid extracted from oils of plants such as citronella, neroli, cyclamen, and tuberose. it is an intermediate step in the biological synthesis of cholesterol from mevalonic acid in vertebrates. it has a delicate odor and is used in perfumery. (from mcgraw-hill dictionary of scientific and technical terms, 5th ed) Component of many flower absolutes [CCD] Farnesol is a natural organic compound which is an acyclic sesquiterpene alcohol found as a colorless liquid. It is insoluble in water, but miscible with oils. It is the building block of most, and possibly all, acyclic sesquiterpenoids and is an important starting compound for organic synthesis. [Wikipedia]
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