EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

phenyl acetic acid
phenylacetic acid

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:2-phenylacetic acid
CAS Number: 103-82-2Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:203-148-6
FDA UNII:ER5I1W795A
Nikkaji Web:J10.117F
Beilstein Number:1099647
MDL:MFCD00004313
CoE Number:672
XlogP3:1.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.15016000
Formula:C8 H8 O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1007 phenylacetic acid
FLAVIS Number:08.038 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:08.038 phenylacetic acid
FEMA Number:2878 phenylacetic acid
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: PHENYLACETIC ACID
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Heavey Metals:<10.00 ppm
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: 76.00 to 78.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 265.00 to 266.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 142.00 to 143.00 °C. @ 10.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point:75.80 °C.
Vapor Pressure:0.005000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:4.0 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 212.00 °F. TCC ( 100.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.410
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 fixed oils
 glycerin
 water, 1.348e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 bath foam
 cream
 hair spray
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: honey
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:400 hour(s) at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol
sweet honey floral honeysuckle sour waxy civet
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. sweet honey floral honeysuckle sour waxy civet
Luebke, William tgsc, (1987)
Odor sample from: Berje Inc.
sweet floral honey rose chocolate tobacco powdery animal
Odor Description:Sweet, floral, honey, rose, chocolate, tobacco and powdery with animal nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 4, 51, (1996)
Flavor Type: floral
sweet floral chocolate honey tobacco
Taste Description: at 30.00 ppm. Sweet, floral, chocolate, honey and tobacco
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 4, 51, (1996)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
PHENYL ACETIC ACID NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Honey, Rose
Alfrebro
PHENYL ACETIC ACID NATURAL
Odor: Disagreeable, Rose
Aromiens International
Phenyl Acetic Acid, Natural
Artiste
Phenyl Acetic Acid Natural
Aurochemicals
PHENYL ACETIC ACID, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
PHENYL ACETIC ACID Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bell Flavors & Fragrances
Natural Phenyl Acetic Acid
Berjé
Phenyl Acetic Acid
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Phenylacetic Acid >98%
CG Herbals
Phenyl Acetic Acid Ex Benzyl Cyanide
Diffusions Aromatiques
ACIDE PHENYLACETIQUE NATUREL
Diffusions Aromatiques
ACIDE PHENYLACETIQUE
Ernesto Ventós
PHENYL ACETIC ACID FG
Odor: SWEET, HONEY-LIKE
Ernesto Ventós
PHENYL ACETIC ACID
Odor: SWEET, HONEY-LIKE
Excellentia International
Phenyl Acetic Acid Natural
Fleurchem
phenyl acetic acid natural
Indukern F&F
PHENYLACETIC ACID
Odor: SWEET, HONEY, FLORAL
Keva
PHENYL ACETIC ACID FLAKES
Lluch Essence
PHENYLACETIC ACID NATURAL
Lluch Essence
PHENYLACETIC ACID
M&U International
NAT. PHENYLACETIC ACID
M&U International
PHENYL ACETIC ACID
Moellhausen
PHENYLACETIC ACID 10% DPG
Moellhausen
PHENYLACETIC ACID
Naturamole
phenylacetic acid 98% natural EU
OQEMA
Phenyl Acetic Acid
Pearlchem Corporation
Natural Phenyl Acetic Acid
Penta International
PHENYLACETIC ACID, Kosher
Penta International
PHENYLACETIC ACID, NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Phenylacetic acid 10% in DPG
PerfumersWorld
Phenylacetic acid
Odor: Powerful phenolic honey sweet-animalic malt vanilla Sweet animal-honey
Use: Blends-well-with - Animal-notes Civet
Reincke & Fichtner
Phenylacetic Acid natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Phenylacetic Acid
Robertet
PHENYLACETIC ACID
Pure & Nat (EU)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenylacetic acid, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Odor: honey; floral; green; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenylacetic acid, natural, ≥99%, FG
The John D. Walsh Company
Phenyl Acetic Acid
Treatt
Phenyl Acetic Acid
Vigon International
Phenyl Acetic Acid Natural
Vigon International
Phenyl Acetic Acid Pure FCC
WEN International
PHENYLACETIC ACID Natural
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
Reproductive toxicity (Category 2), H361
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
H361 - Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
Precautionary statement(s)
P201 - Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 - Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P302 + P352 - IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P308 + P313 - IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P332 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P403 + P233 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
2 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
(Keating, 1972c)

gavage-guinea pig LD50 [sex: M,F] 2250 mg/kg
(Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

gavage-mouse LD50 [sex: M,F] 2250 mg/kg
(Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

gavage-rat LD50 [sex: M,F] 2250 mg/kg
(Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

oral-guinea pig LD50 2250 mg/kg
Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 2270 mg/kg
Farmaco, Edizione Scientifica. Vol. 13, Pg. 286, 1958.

oral-mouse LD50 2250 mg/kg
Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 1600 mg/kg
Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutico. Vol. 112, Pg. 53, 1973.

oral-rat LD50 2250 mg/kg
Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 901, 1975.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 1500 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 116, Pg. 154, 1958.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for phenyl acetic acid usage levels up to:
  2.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 240.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 60.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -12.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -1.80000
beverages(alcoholic): -0.10000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 5.4000011.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -5.30000
fruit ices: -5.30000
gelatins / puddings: -27.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -5.90000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 55 (FGE.55): Consideration of phenyl-substituted aliphatic alcohols and related aldehydes and esters evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters and related phenylacetic acid esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.14 (2005) and aryl-substituted saturated and unsaturated primary alcohol/aldehyde/acid/ester derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.15 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 53 (FGE.53): Consideration of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid and related acetals and esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) structurally related to phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters and related phenylacetic acid esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.14 (2005) and one phenoxyethyl ester evaluated in FGE.23 (2006) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 33 (FGE.33)[1] - Six Tetrahydrofuran Derivatives from Chemical Groups 13, 14, 16 and 26 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 14, Revision 1 (FGE.14Rev1): Phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acetals, carboxylic acid and related esters from chemical group 15 and 22 [1] - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 53, Revision 1 (FGE.53Rev1): Consideration of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid and related acetals and esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) FGE.23Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):103-82-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :999
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 3335
WGK Germany:1
2-phenylacetic acid
Chemidplus:0000103822
RTECS:103-82-2
 
References:
 2-phenylacetic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:103-82-2
Pubchem (cid):999
Pubchem (sid):134972411
Flavornet:103-82-2
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
Metabolomics Database:Search
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C07086
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB00209
FooDB:FDB010558
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB00891
Export Tariff Code:2916.34.1500
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
grades: technical; fcc.
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
(Z)-
oleyl alcohol
FR
acidic
acidic
cyclohexyl acetic acid
FL/FR
aldehydic
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
amber
amber furan
FR
ambergris naphthol
FR
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
alpha-
ambrinol
FL/FR
ambrinol
FR
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
animal
animal carbolactone
FR
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
civet absolute
FL/FR
costus valerolactone
FR
para-
cresyl caprylate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
indolall
FR
indole
FL/FR
indoletal
FR
6-
methyl quinoline
FL/FR
para-
methyl tetrahydroquinoline
FL/FR
piperidine
FL/FR
skatole
FL/FR
1-oxa
spiro-4,7-dodecane
FR
1,2,3,4-
tetrahydroquinoline
FR
anisic
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
para-
anisyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
balsamic
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
guaiacyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
guaiyl butyrate
FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
opoponax resinoid (balsamodendron kafal)
FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
caramellic
cyclotene
FL/FR
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
immortelle absolute
FL/FR
maltol
FL/FR
strawberry furanone
FL/FR
cereal
bran absolute
FR
chocolate
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
cocoa pentenal
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
earthy
muscogene
FR
ethereal
propyl valerate
FL/FR
fatty
delta-
juniper lactone
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
boronia butenal
FR
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
cardamom absolute
FL/FR
citronellyl isovalerate
FL/FR
citronellyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl valerate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl acetate
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
decyl formate
FR
ethyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
genet concrete
FR
geranyl anthranilate
FR
geranyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
honeysuckle absolute
FR
hyacinth acetals
FL/FR
hyacinth ether
FR
kewda fragrance
FR
kewda oil
CS
linalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
linden flower absolute
FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
narcissus specialty
FR
octyl isovalerate
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute morocco
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenethyl benzoate
FL/FR
phenethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl propionate
FL/FR
phenyl glycol diacetate
FR
3-
phenyl propyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
phenyl-1(2)-propene-1-yl acetate
FR
iso
propyl anthranilate
FL/FR
iso
propyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
rhodinyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa centifolia) morocco
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
rose carboxylate
FR
rose concrete (rosa centifolia)
FR
tilia cordata flower oil CO2 extract
FR
tobacco flower absolute
FR
(E)-2,5,9-
trimethyl-4,9-decadien-1-al
FR
tuberose absolute (from concrete)
FL/FR
tuberose absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
wallflower absolute
FR
fruity
allyl phenoxyacetate
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cyclohexanone diethyl acetal
FL/FR
beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
linalyl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
osmanthus flower absolute
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
fungal
methyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
green
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
4-
methyl-4-phenyl pentanone
FR
(Z,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract china
FL/FR
hay
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
hay absolute
FR
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
woodruff absolute
FR
herbal
artemisyl ketone
FL/FR
american
elder flower absolute
FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
methyl nicotinate
FL/FR
petitgrain heptane
FR
saffron indenone
FL/FR
safranal
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil china
FL/FR
yerba mate absolute
FL/FR
honey
allyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl furoate
FL/FR
phenyl pyruvic acid
FL/FR
propyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
leathery
castoreum absolute
FL/FR
marine
marine pyridine
FR
melon
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
musk
(3alpha,5alpha)-
androst-16-en-3-ol
FR
(Z)-
civet decenone
FL/FR
ethylene dodecanoate
FR
exaltone (Firmenich)
FR
juniper lactone
FL/FR
delta-
muscenone
FR
dextro,laevo-
muscone
FL/FR
musk amberol
FR
musk dimethyl indane
FL/FR
musk lactone
FR
musk nonane
FR
(Z)-
musk pentane
FR
omega-
pentadecalactone
FL/FR
musty
cocoa butenal
FL/FR
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
phenolic
2'-
hydroxyacetophenone
FL/FR
popcorn
2-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
carnation absolute
FR
N,N-
diethyl octanamide
FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
eugenyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
honey extract
CS
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
terpenic
frankincense oil
FL/FR
thujonic
cistus cyclohexanone
FL/FR
tobacco
para-
cresyl isovalerate
FL/FR
3-
ethyl pyridine
FL/FR
methyl benzoxole
FL/FR
tobacco concrete
FR
(E,E/E,Z)-
tobacco cyclohexenone
FL/FR
veltonal (Bedoukian)
FR
tonka
deertongue absolute
FR
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
mint lactone
FL/FR
saffron resinoid
FL/FR
tonka bean absolute
FR
tonka undecanone
FR
tropical
genet absolute
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
propenyl guaethol
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
dihydrocitronellyl acetate
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy acetate
FR
woody
amber decatriene
FR
alpha-
cedrene epoxide
FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
iso
longifolene ketone
FR
santall
FR
santalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
tobacarol (IFF)
FR
tobacco nonene
FR
woody dioxolane
FR
woody ether
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
1-
acetyl cyclohexyl acetate
FL
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
artemisyl ketone
FL/FR
capsicum oleoresin
FL
cistus cyclohexanone
FL/FR
citronellyl isovalerate
FL/FR
citronellyl valerate
FL/FR
cyclohexanone diethyl acetal
FL/FR
dihydrocitronellyl acetate
FL/FR
2,6-
dimethoxy-4-vinyl phenol
FL
ethyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
eugenyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
fig leaf absolute
FL
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl hexanoate
FL/FR
linalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl cyclohexanone
FL
methyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
methyl nicotinate
FL/FR
para-
methyl tetrahydroquinoline
FL/FR
octyl isovalerate
FL/FR
osmanthus flower absolute
FL/FR
phenethyl furoate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl formate
FL/FR
piperidine
FL/FR
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
iso
propyl anthranilate
FL/FR
2-
propyl pyridine
FL
propyl valerate
FL/FR
santalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
skatole
FL/FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
beta-
damascone
FL/FR
amber
amber
alpha-
ambrinol
FL/FR
animal
civet absolute
FL/FR
para-
cresyl caprylate
FL/FR
indole
FL/FR
6-
methyl quinoline
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
aromatic
para-
cresyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hyacinth acetals
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
brown
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
caramellic
caramel furanone
FL
cyclotene
FL/FR
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
3-
ethyl pyridine
FL/FR
maltol
FL/FR
methyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
strawberry furanone
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
cocoa
iso
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
cooling
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
corn
2-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
mint lactone
FL/FR
fatty
delta-
juniper lactone
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
cardamom absolute
FL/FR
citronellyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
cocoa pentenal
FL/FR
geranyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute morocco
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenethyl benzoate
FL/FR
phenethyl propionate
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa centifolia) morocco
FL/FR
tuberose absolute (from concrete)
FL/FR
tuberose absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
fruity
allyl phenoxyacetate
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl isovalerate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
methyl 4-phenyl butyrate
FL
(Z)-3-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil china
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract china
FL/FR
grassy
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cocoa butenal
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexenoic acid
FL
immortelle absolute
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
hay
genet absolute
FL/FR
herbal
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
saffron indenone
FL/FR
yerba mate absolute
FL/FR
honey
allyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
propyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
propyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
lactonic
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
leafy
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
leathery
castoreum absolute
FL/FR
musk
(Z)-
civet decenone
FL/FR
juniper lactone
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-
muscone
FL/FR
musk dimethyl indane
FL/FR
naphthyl
2'-
hydroxyacetophenone
FL/FR
nutty
methyl benzoxole
FL/FR
(E,E/E,Z)-
tobacco cyclohexenone
FL/FR
phenolic
para-
cresyl isovalerate
FL/FR
para-
cresyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
guaiacyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl pyruvic acid
FL/FR
roasted
ethyl 3-(furfuryl thio) propionate
FL
soapy
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
sour
2,4-
dimethyl-2-pentenoic acid
FL
3-
methyl valeric acid
FL
spicy
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
paprika oleoresin
FL
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
sweet
cyclohexyl acetic acid
FL/FR
saffron resinoid
FL/FR
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
omega-
pentadecalactone
FL/FR
propenyl guaethol
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
phenethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
rhodinyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
woody
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
safranal
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FLabsinthe
FRacacia
FRamber
FRanimal
FRapple blossom
FRarnica flower
FRbeeswax absolute replacer
FRbouquet
FLcappuccino
FRcastoreum
 chocolate cocoa
FRcivet
FRclover
FRdate
FRdeertongue absolute replacer
FRelder berry
FRelder flower
FRfig
 fixer
FRfloral
FRgenet
FRgeranium
FRgraham cracker
FRgrape
FRheliotrope
FRhoney
FRhoneysuckle
FL/FRimmortelle
FRjasmin
FRkewda
FRlicorice
FRlilac
FRmusk
FRnarcissus
FRneroli
FRorange blossom
FRpassion blossom
FRpumpkin pie
FRrose
FRrose red rose
FRsweet pea
FRtobacco
FRtoffee
FLtropical
FRvanilla
FRviolet
FRwallflower
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 almond flower
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 cacao bean
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 champaca concrete @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cheese swiss cheese
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 cichorium intybus l. root extract @ 2.49%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cocoa bean
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 corn pollen
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 mango fruit
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 neroli
Search PMC Picture
 pea
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper oil
Search Trop Picture
 pepper black pepper seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 peppermint leaf
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 rose bulgarian
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 sake
Search PMC Picture
 sherry
Search PMC Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop Picture
 tobacco
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 tomato
Search Trop Picture
 walnut black walnut nut
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 wine white wine
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Synonyms:
 acetic acid, phenyl-
 benzenacetic acid
 benzene acetic acid
 benzeneacetic acid
 benzeneaceticacid
 benzeneacetiic acid
 benzyl carboxylic acid
 benzylcarboxylic acid
 benzylformic acid
omega-phenyl acetic acid
 phenyl acetic acid natural
 phenyl acetic acid pure FCC
 phenyl ethanoic acid
 phenylacetic acid
2-phenylacetic acid
 phenylacetic acid natural
 phenylaceticacid
2-phenylethanoic acid
 phenyllacetic acid
a-toluic acid
alpha-toluic acid
a-tolylic acid
 

Articles:

PubMed:Identification and characterization of the aroma-impact components of thai fish sauce.
PubMed:Identification of the key odorants in Tahitian cured vanilla beans (Vanilla tahitensis) by GC-MS and an aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed:Production of aromatic compounds by metabolically engineered Escherichia coli with an expanded shikimate pathway.
PubMed:Characterization of the key aroma compounds in rape honey by means of the molecular sensory science concept.
PubMed:The FEMA GRAS assessment of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid, and related acetals and esters used as flavor ingredients.
PubMed:Characteristic volatiles from young and aged fruiting bodies of wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr.
PubMed:Characterization of aroma compounds responsible for the rosy/floral flavor in Cheddar cheese.
PubMed:Synthesis of flavor and fragrance esters using Candida antarctica lipase.
PubMed:Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk.
PubMed:Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Key differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality Spanish aged red wines.
PubMed:Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk.
PubMed:Conversion of phenylalanine to benzaldehyde initiated by an aminotransferase in lactobacillus plantarum
PubMed:Identification and characterization of the aroma-impact components of thai fish sauce.
PubMed:Separation and characterization of soluble esterified and glycoside-bound phenolic compounds in dry-blanched peanut skins by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Study of the principal constituents of tropical angico (Anadenanthera sp.) honey from the atlantic forest.
PubMed:Microbial catabolism of procyanidins by human gut microbiota.
PubMed:Analysis of particle-borne odorants emitted from concentrated animal feeding operations.
PubMed:Chemometrics as a tool of origin determination of Polish monofloral and multifloral honeys.
PubMed:In vitro transformation of chlorogenic acid by human gut microbiota.
PubMed:Urinary excretion of phenolic acids in rats fed cranberry, blueberry, or black raspberry powder.
PubMed:Effect of high oxygen and high carbon dioxide atmosphere packaging on the microbial spoilage and shelf-life of fresh-cut honeydew melon.
PubMed:Comparison of postprandial phenolic acid excretions and glucose responses after ingestion of breads with bioprocessed or native rye bran.
PubMed:Identification of the key odorants in Tahitian cured vanilla beans (Vanilla tahitensis) by GC-MS and an aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed:Bioactive microconstituents and antioxidant properties of wild edible mushrooms from the island of Lesvos, Greece.
PubMed:Characterization of the key aroma compounds in rape honey by means of the molecular sensory science concept.
PubMed:An olfactory receptor for food-derived odours promotes male courtship in Drosophila.
PubMed:Analytical and sensorial characterization of the aroma of wines produced with sour rotten grapes using GC-O and GC-MS: identification of key aroma compounds.
PubMed:Colonic metabolites of berry polyphenols: the missing link to biological activity?
PubMed:Profiling of phenols in human fecal water after raspberry supplementation.
PubMed:Urinary excretion of phenolic acids in rats fed cranberry.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of triglycerides and ester oligomers from partial degradation of potato suberin.
PubMed:Relationship between grazing lamb growth rate and blood plasma analytes as profiled by gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF/MS).
PubMed:Acrylamide decreased dopamine levels and increased 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) levels in PC 12 cells.
PubMed:Quantification of phenyllactic acid in wheat sourdough using high resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Investigation of the accumulation of aromatic compounds during biogas production from kitchen waste.
PubMed:Secondary metabolites from the mycelia of the fungus Monascus pilosus BCRC 38072.
PubMed:The cannabinoid antagonist SR 141716A (Rimonabant) reduces the increase of extra-cellular dopamine release in the rat nucleus accumbens induced by a novel high palatable food.
PubMed:Crocin bleaching assay (CBA) in structure-radical scavenging activity studies of selected phenolic compounds.
PubMed:Influence of peptide supply and cosubstrates on phenylalanine metabolism of Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis DSM20451(T) and Lactobacillus plantarum TMW1.468.
PubMed:Use of the pig caecum model to mimic the human intestinal metabolism of hispidulin and related compounds.
PubMed:Characterization of aroma compounds responsible for the rosy/floral flavor in Cheddar cheese.
PubMed:Phenylacetic acid-producing Rhizoctonia solani represses the biosynthesis of nematicidal compounds in vitro and influences biocontrol of Meloidogyne incognita in tomato by Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0 and its GM derivatives.
PubMed:Peripherally administered growth hormone increases brain dopaminergic activity and swimming in rainbow trout.
PubMed:Comprehensive study on vitamin C equivalent antioxidant capacity (VCEAC) of various polyphenolics in scavenging a free radical and its structural relationship.
PubMed:Identification and antimicrobial activity of phenylacetic acid produced by Bacillus licheniformis isolated from fermented soybean, Chungkook-Jang.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of green tea polyphenols on the production of a virulence factor of the periodontal-disease-causing anaerobic bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis.
PubMed:Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of selective phenolic acids on T47D human breast cancer cells: potential mechanisms of action.
PubMed:Leptin decreases plasma paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity and induces oxidative stress: the possible novel mechanism for proatherogenic effect of chronic hyperleptinemia.
PubMed:Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk.
PubMed:Identification and quantification of impact odorants of aged red wines from Rioja. GC-olfactometry, quantitative GC-MS, and odor evaluation of HPLC fractions.
PubMed:Characterization of Volatiles in Rambutan Fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.).
PubMed:Formation of aroma-active strecker-aldehydes by a direct oxidative degradation of Amadori compounds.
PubMed:Quantitative model studies on the formation of aroma-active aldehydes and acids by strecker-type reactions.
PubMed:Acid hydrolysis of 1,6-dihydro-4-amino-3-methyl-6-phenyl-1,2, 4-triazin-5(4H)-one (1,6-dihydrometamitron).
PubMed:Conversion of phenylalanine to benzaldehyde initiated by an aminotransferase in lactobacillus plantarum
PubMed:Indigo formation by microorganisms expressing styrene monooxygenase activity.
PubMed:Possible regulatory role for nonaromatic carbon sources in styrene degradation by Pseudomonas putida CA-3.
PubMed:Ethylbenzene degradation by Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CA-4.
PubMed:Gut flora and the origin of some urinary aromatic phenolic compounds.
PubMed:Effect of excess phenylacetate diet during pregnancy on fetal brain growth in rats.
PubMed:Identification of metabolites from the degradation of fluoranthene by Mycobacterium sp. strain PYR-1.
PubMed:Sucrose feeding at weaning alters the preference for sucrose in adolescence.
PubMed:[Circadian rhythm of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxymandelic acid and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid in the urine].
PubMed:Investigation of drug absorption from the gastrointestinal tract of man. IV. Influence of food and digestive secretions on metoprolol jejunal absorption.
PubMed:Effect of food on pharmacokinetics of chlorambucil and its main metabolite, phenylacetic acid mustard.
PubMed:Gas-liquid chromatographic determination of benzoic acid and sorbic acid in foods: NMKL collaborative study.
PubMed:The origin of urinary aromatic compounds excreted by ruminants. 4. The potential use of urine aromatic acid and phenol outputs as a measure of voluntary food intake.
 
Notes:
associated with the inhibition of p21(ras) isoprenylation. Found in essential oils, e.g. neroli, rose oil, free and as esters. Also present in grapes, raspberry, strawberry, cherimoya, other fruits, cheddar cheese, Swiss cheese, wine, black tea, peated malt and other foodstuffs. Flavouring ingredient Phenyl acetate (or phenylacetate) is a carboxylic acid ester that has been found in the biofluids of patients with nephritis and/or hepatitis as well as patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). Excess phenylalanine in the body can be disposed of through a transamination process leading to the production of phenylpyruvate. The phenylpyruvate can be further metabolized into a number of products. Decarboxylation of phenylpyruvate gives phenylacetate, while a reduction reaction gives phenyllactate. The phenylacetate can be further conjugated with glutamine to give phenylacetyl glutamine. All of these metabolites can be detected in serum and urine of PKU patients. Phenyl acetate is also produced endogenously as the metabolite of 2-Phenylethylamine, which is mainly metabolized by monoamine oxidase to form phenyl acetate. 2-phenylethylamine is an "endogenous amphetamine" which may modulate central adrenergic functions, and the urinary phenyl acetate levels have been postulated as a marker for depression. (PMID: 17978765, 476920, 6857245). Phenylacetate is also found in essential oils, e.g. neroli, rose oil, free and as esters' and in many fruits. As a result it is used as a perfumery and flavoring ingredient.; Phenylacetic acid (abr. PAA and synonyms are: ?-toluic acid, benzeneacetic acid, alpha tolylic acid, 2-phenylacetic acid) is an organic compound containing a phenyl functional group and an acetic acid functional group. It is a white solid with a disagreeable odor. Because it is used in the illicit production of phenylacetone (used in the manufacture of meth/amphetamines), it is subject to controls in the United States.
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