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citronellal
(▒)-3,7-dimethyl-6-octenal

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal
CAS Number: 106-23-0Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:203-376-6
FDA UNII:QB99VZZ7GZ
Nikkaji Web:J3.239E
Beilstein Number:1720789
MDL:MFCD00038090
CoE Number:110
XlogP3-AA:3.00 (est)
Molecular Weight:154.25266000
Formula:C10 H18 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains:1,8-cineole
 pulegol
 linalool
 citronellyl acetate
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
Racemate. Secondary components: 1,8-cineole, 2-isopropylidene-5-methylcyclohexanol, linalool and citronellyl acetate (EFFA, 2010).
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
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Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1220 citronellal
FLAVIS Number:05.021 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:05.021 citronellal
FEMA Number:2307 citronellal
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: CITRONELLAL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 85.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.85000 to 0.85800 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.073 to 7.139
Specific Gravity:0.85100 to 0.85900 @ 20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 7.089 to 7.156
Refractive Index:1.44600 to 1.45300 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-1.00 to -11.00
Boiling Point: 206.00 to 207.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 106.00 to 108.00 °C. @ 15.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 3.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.280000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density:5.3 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 169.00 °F. TCC ( 76.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.297 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 38.94 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 glycerin
Stability:
 non-discoloring
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:16 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sweet dry floral herbal waxy aldehydic citrus
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. sweet dry floral herbal waxy aldehydic citrus
Luebke, William tgsc, (1984)
Odor sample from: CA Aromatics Company Inc.
sweet floral rose waxy citrus green
Odor Description:Sweet, floral rosy waxy and citrus green
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 14, No. 6, 47, (1989)
Flavor Type: floral
floral green rose citrus lemon
Taste Description: at 10.00 ppm. Floral, green, rosy and citrus lemon
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 14, No. 6, 47, (1989)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Takasago
Citronellal Natural ≥85% as Citronellal
Odor Description:Powerful, fresh, green-citrusy, slightly woody
Mainly used in citrus-lemongrass type fragrances.
Moellhausen
CITRONELLAL
Odor Description:fresh, citrus, floreal
Taste Description:green, aldehyde, fruity
PerfumersWorld
Citronellal
Odor Description:fresh citrusy-green fruity-floral-herb
BLENDS WITH - Citrus-notes
Prodasynth
CITRONELLAL SUM OF CITRONELLAL + ISOMER > 96
Odor Description:CITRUS, CITRONELLA, HERBAL, ROSE
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
CITRONELLAL NATURAL
85% min.
Augustus Oils
Citronellal
Services
Axxence Aromatic
CITRONELLAL Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
BASF
Citronellal
Odor: Citrus, green, fruity, rose
Use: It shows an intensive citrus-like odor but seems to be less sweet and fruity than Citral. The quality of this Aroma Chemical is very good and comparable to Citronella oil.
Flavor: Pungent, fresh, green, citrus, slightly woody
Due to the rather unstable character of this aldehyde and intensity it is generally only used in traces for citrus flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Citronellal
Berjé
Citronellal 85/90% ex Eucalyptus Citriodora
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Citronellal
CG Herbals
Citronellal
Citrus and Allied Essences
Citronellal 85/90% FCC (natural)
Market Report
Diffusions Aromatiques
CITRONELLAL NATUREL
ECSA Chemicals
Citronellal, Natural
Company Profile
ECSA Chemicals
Citronellal
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Citronellal
Ernesto Ventós
CITRONELLAL BASF
Odor: CITRUS, CITRONELLA, HERBAL, ROSE
Excellentia International
Citronellal Natural
Fleurchem
citronellal natural
Fleurchem
citronellal
Fuzhou Farwell
Citronellal
George Uhe Company
Citronellal 85%
Available in FCC
HDDES Group
Citronellal
Natural
Indukern F&F
CITRONELLAL NATURAL
Odor: CITRUS, LEMON, GREEN, ROSE
Indukern F&F
CITRONELLAL
Odor: CITRUS, LEMON, GREEN, WOODY
Kanta Enterprises
Citronellal
Lluch Essence
CITRONELLAL NATURAL EX-CITRONELLA 85%
Lluch Essence
CITRONELLAL SYNTH. 95%
Lluch Essence
CITRONELLAL SYNTH. 96%
M&U International
CITRONELLAL
Moellhausen
CITRONELLAL Natural
Odor: fresh, citrus, floreal
Flavor: green, aldehyde, fruity
Moellhausen
CITRONELLAL
Odor: fresh, citrus, floreal
Flavor: green, aldehyde, fruity
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Citronellal
Natural
Odor: Sweet, dry, floral, herbal, waxy, aldehydic citrus, green, rosy and citrus lemon
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
Citronellal 95%
Payand Betrand
Citronellal China, Natural Isolated Constituent
Penta International
CITRONELLAL FCC, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
CITRONELLAL FCC, SYNTHETIC, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Citronellal
Odor: fresh citrusy-green fruity-floral-herb
Use: BLENDS WITH - Citrus-notes
Perfumery Laboratory
Citronellal
Odor: Powerful, fresh, citrus with green notes
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Citronellal
Privi Organics
Citronellal
Prodasynth
CITRONELLAL
SUM OF CITRONELLAL + ISOMER > 96
Odor: CITRUS, CITRONELLA, HERBAL, ROSE
Reincke & Fichtner
Citronellal natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Citronellal
Robertet
Citronellal naturel
Sigma-Aldrich
(±)-citronellal, ≥85%, FG
Odor: cherry; lemon; green; rose; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
(±)-Citronellal, natural, ≥85%, FCC, FG
Odor: cherry; lemon; green; rose; sweet
SRS Aromatics
CITRONELLAL EXTRA
Odor: Sweet, Floral, Rosy, Waxy, Citrus Green
Takasago
Citronellal Extra
≥85% as Citronellal
Odor: Powerful, fresh, green-citrusy, slightly woody
Use: Mainly used in citrus-lemongrass type fragrances.
The Fragrance Museum
Takasago
Citronellal Natural
≥85% as Citronellal
Odor: Powerful, fresh, green-citrusy, slightly woody
Use: Mainly used in citrus-lemongrass type fragrances.
The Lermond Company
Citronellal
The Perfumers Apprentice
Citronellal (Natural)
Odor: Powerful fresh green citrusy, slight woody odor/musky rose
The Perfumers Apprentice
Citronellal
Odor: Powerful fresh green citrusy, slight woody odor/musky rose
Treatt
Citronellal Natural
Vigon International
Citronellal FCC Natural
Odor: INTENSE, LEMON-CITRONELLA-ROSE
Vigon International
Citronellal Synthetic
Odor: Citrus, green, fruity, rose
Xiamen Doingcom Chemical
For experimental / research use only.
Citronellal Ex-Citronella Oil
Xiamen Doingcom Chemical
For experimental / research use only.
Citronellal Ex-Eucalyptus Citriodara Oil
Zanos
Citronellal
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 63 - Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 2420 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0557726

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 > 200 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535480

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 2500 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 755, 1975.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for citronellal usage levels up to:
  3.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 810.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 324.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -4.70000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -4.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -0.30000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.30000
fruit ices: -1.30000
gelatins / puddings: -0.60000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -4.50000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 3, Revision 1 (FGE.03Rev1): Acetals of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and branched- and straight-chain saturated or unsaturated aldehydes, an ester of a hemiacetal and an orthoester of formic acid, from chemical groups 1, 2 & 4 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) [1] - Scientific Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)on a request from the Commission
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 72 (FGE.72): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids. Esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2 (2010)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 95 (FGE.95): Consideration of aliphatic, linear or branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids and related esters evaluated by JECFA (69th meeting) structurally related to esters of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and of one secondary alcohol, and branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 72, Revision 1 (FGE.72Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids, esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of non-conjugated and accumulated unsaturated straight-chain and branched-chain, aliphatic primary alcohols, aldehydes, acids, acetals and esters belonging to chemical group 4 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):106-23-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7794
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 3082
WGK Germany:1
3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal
Chemidplus:0000106230
RTECS:RH2140000 for cas# 106-23-0
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:106-23-0
Pubchem (cid):7794
Pubchem (sid):134971626
Flavornet:106-23-0
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C17384
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB35841
FooDB:FDB019943
Export Tariff Code:2912.19.000
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
purity: not less than 85%
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
aldehydic fragrance
FR
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
9-
decenal
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
dodecenal
FL/FR
geranyl oxyacetaldehyde
FR
3-
methyl-4-(1-methyl hexyl oxy) butyraldehyde
FR
3-
methyl-4-heptyl oxybutyraldehyde
FR
muguet undecadienal
FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
nonanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
TMH aldehyde
FR
N/i-
tridecanal
FR
2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
N-/i-
undecanal
FR
(Z)-8-
undecenal
FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
balsamic
benzyl benzoate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclohexyl benzoate
FL/FR
burnt
lepidine
FL/FR
citrus
acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetal
FR
aldehydic nitrile
FR
aldenal C-10
FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronellyl nitrile
FR
citrus limon peel oil expressed
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel extract
FL/FR
curacao specialty
FR
(Z)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
(Z)-7-
decenal
FR
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lime octadienal
FR
(Z)-
linalool oxide (pyranoid)
FL/FR
mandarin specialty
FR
marine decadienal
FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
alpha-
methylene citronellal
FR
nonanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
orange fruit oil
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
waxy nitrile
FR
earthy
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonenal
FL/FR
floral
ortho-
acetyl-para-cresol
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
amyl undecylenate
FL/FR
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl pivalate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
butyl benzyl ether
FL/FR
butyl tiglate
FR
cassie absolute replacer
FL/FR
cassis cyclohexene
FR
citronellol
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
citronellyl ethyl ether
FR
citronellyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
citrus propanol
FR
coranol (Firmenich)
FR
cymbopogon validus leaf oil
FR
(Z)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
gamma-
damascone
FR
9-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrocitronellyl ethyl ether
FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dihydromyrcene
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanol
FR
3,6-
dimethyl-3-octanol
FL/FR
eau de brouts absolute
FR
ethyl linalool
FR
ethyl linalyl acetal
FR
ethyl linalyl acetate
FR
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
floral pyran
FR
gelsone (IFF)
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium rose-scented oil cuba
FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
geranyl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl linalool
FL/FR
hawthorn ethanol
FR
heather fragrance
FR
heliotrope absolute
FR
herbal pyran
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
ho wood oil
FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellol
FL/FR
ilex paraguariensis oleoresin
FL/FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
karo karounde absolute
FR
lavandin concrete decolorized
FR
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavandula angustifolia flower oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute replacer
FR
lavender oil
FL/FR
lavender oil bulgaria
FL/FR
lavender oil france
FL/FR
lavender oil greece
FL/FR
lavender oil replacer
FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
2-
methyl octanal
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
muguet butanal
FR
musk acetate
FR
neroli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
nonisyl propionate
FR
(Z)-beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
octyl acetate
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
pelargonium graveolens flower water
FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenethyl butyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde digeranyl acetal
FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
phytol
FL/FR
prenyl salicylate
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
sambucus nigra flower oil CO2 extract
FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalyl acetate
FR
(E)-2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
fruity
acetaldehyde dihexyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
decen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
prenyl acetate
FL/FR
sambucus canadensis fruit absolute
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde di-(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
butyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
2,6-
dimethyl octanal
FL/FR
green carbaldehyde
FR
green carboxylate
FR
heptyl formate
FL/FR
2-
heptyl tetrahydrofuran
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl angelate
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl oxyacetaldehyde
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
marigold pot absolute
FL/FR
octanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
phenethyl tiglate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
calendula officinalis flower oil CO2 extract
FR
cananga fruit oil
FR
carrot seed oil (daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil.) spain
FR
chamomile isobutyrate
FR
chrysanthemum ketone
FR
coriander seed absolute
FL/FR
beta-
elemene
FL/FR
inula root oil
FR
lavandin flower water
FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
lavender oil terpeneless
FL/FR
lavender stem oil lithuania
FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
marigold pot flower oil
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl propionate
FL/FR
methyl cyclogeranate (Firmenich)
FR
methyl ortho-anisate
FL/FR
myrtle oil morocco
FL/FR
nonisyl acetate
FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
rosmarinus officinalis extract
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
honey
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
spicy
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
bayberry fragrance
FR
carnation absolute
FR
cubeb oil
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
waxy
aldenal C-9
FR
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl nonanoate
FL/FR
orris rhizome oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FR
waxy acetate
FR
woody
sandal cyclopentane
FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
zdravetz absolute
FR
zdravetz oil
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde di-(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetal
FL/FR
ortho-
acetyl-para-cresol
FL/FR
iso
amyl undecylenate
FL/FR
benzyl pivalate
FL/FR
butyl benzyl ether
FL/FR
cassie absolute replacer
FL/FR
cyclohexyl benzoate
FL/FR
(Z)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
9-
decenal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
dodecenal
FL/FR
beta-
elemene
FL/FR
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl linalool
FL/FR
ilex paraguariensis oleoresin
FL/FR
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
(Z)-
linalool oxide (pyranoid)
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
marigold pot flower oil
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl propionate
FL/FR
methyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl octanal
FL/FR
methyl ortho-anisate
FL/FR
myrtle oil morocco
FL/FR
nonanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-4-
undecenal
FL
zdravetz oil
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
amber
iso
butyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
aromatic
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
balsamic
benzyl benzoate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
citrus limon peel oil expressed
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel extract
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
orange fruit oil
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
fatty
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
heptyl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
lepidine
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
neroli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
decen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranyl hexanoate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
phenethyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
prenyl acetate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
sambucus canadensis fruit absolute
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde dihexyl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
2,6-
dimethyl octanal
FL/FR
gelsone (IFF)
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadienal
FL
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
hibiscus distillates
FL
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
marigold pot absolute
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL
nonanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonenal
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
octanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl tiglate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
coriander seed absolute
FL/FR
3,6-
dimethyl-3-octanol
FL/FR
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavandula angustifolia flower oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
lavender oil
FL/FR
lavender oil bulgaria
FL/FR
lavender oil france
FL/FR
lavender oil greece
FL/FR
lavender oil terpeneless
FL/FR
prenyl salicylate
FL/FR
rosmarinus officinalis extract
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
medicinal,
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
oily
iso
phytol
FL/FR
powdery
hydroxycitronellol
FL/FR
ripe
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
spicy
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cubeb oil
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
terpenic
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
9-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
ethyl nonanoate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
octyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
woody
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
orris rhizome oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRbasil oil replacer
FRcitronella
FRcitrus
FRcologne
FReucalyptus oil replacer
FLfruit punch
FRgeranium
FL/FRgingergrass
FRgreen
FRhoney
FRlemon
FRlemongrass
FRmandarin
FRmelissa oil replacer
FRorange
FRplum mirabelle plum
FRrose
FRtangerine
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 artemisia vestita wall. flower oil @ 1.60%
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 backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil @ 0.30%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.005-0.030%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.02%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.045%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.027%
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 blood orange oil italy @ 0.038%
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 cardamom plant
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 cassinia laevis flower oil australia @ 0.40%
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 cassinia laevis leaf oil australia @ 0.50%
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 celery leaf
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 celery shoot
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 cherry brazilian cherry leaf
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
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 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.07%
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 citronella
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 citronella oil ceylon @ 6.09%
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 citronella oil china @ 35.27%
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 citronella oil java @ 34.79%
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 citronella oil zimbabwe @ 1.02%
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 citrus fruits
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 cocoa
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 currant fruit
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 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 0.10%
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 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ 80.10%
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 eucalyptus dalrympleana maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 7.60%
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 fennel seed oil
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 ginger root oil brazil @ 0.30%
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 grape
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.03%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.04%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.04%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.06%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.06%
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 grapefruit oil california @ 0.11%
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 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.12%
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 juniper
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 lemon balm
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 lemon balm shoot
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 lemon leaf oil
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 lemon oil
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 lemon oil california @ 0.08%
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 lemon pericarp
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 lemon pericarp oil
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 lemon petiole
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 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.17%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.10%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.38%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.80%
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 lemongrass oil egypt @ 0.79%
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 lemongrass oil guatemala @ 0.90%
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 lemongrass oil yunnan @ 0.65%
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 lemongrass plant
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 lime fruit
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 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.1%
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 litsea cubeba oil china @ 0.17%
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 lovage plant
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 mandarin
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.02%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.04%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.03%
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 mandarin oil japan @ 0.10%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.01%
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 melissa oil @ 13.32%
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 melissa oil slovak republic @ 11.31%
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 mikan peel oil @ 0.03%
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 nutmeg seed
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 orange fruit
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 orange oil terpeneless @ 2.60%
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 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.01%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.035%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.045%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.048%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.058%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.060%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. florida @ 0.04%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. valencia @ 0.05%
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 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.03%
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper oil black india @ 0.10%
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 petitgrain bergamot oil @ 0.02%
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 petitgrain combava oil @ 81.49%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 3.10%
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 petitgrain lemon oil @ 2.36%
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 petitgrain lime oil @ 0.50%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.25%
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 petitgrain sweet oil @ 1.52%
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 pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon @ 0.04%
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 pitanga leaf
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.17%
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 tomato
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 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 4.05%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.28-0.30%
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Synonyms:
(+)-citronellal
(±)-citronellal
 citronellal (natural)
 citronellal 80
 citronellal 85/90% FCC (natural)
 citronellal china, natural isolated constituent
 citronellal ex eucalyptus citriodora 85/90%
 citronellal ex-citronella oil
 citronellal ex-eucalyptus citriodara oil
 citronellal extra
 citronellal FCC natural
 citronellal FCC, natural
 citronellal FCC, synthetic
 citronellal natural
 citronellal natural FCC
 citronellal naturel
 citronellal synthetic
2,3-dihydrocitral
3,7-dimethyl-6-octen-1-al
(±)-3,7-dimethyl-6-octenal
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenal
3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal
6-octenal, 3,7-dimethyl-
 rhodinal
D-rhodinal
dextro-rhodinal
 

Articles:

PubMed:Alkaline ionic liquids applied in supported ionic liquid catalyst for selective hydrogenation of citral to citronellal.
J-Stage:Synthesis of All the Stereoisomers of 6-Methyl-2-octadecanone, 14-Methyl-2-octadecanone, and 6,14-Dimethyl-2-octadecanone, Sex Pheromone Components of the Lyclene dharma dharma Moth, from the Enantiomers of Citronellal
PubMed:An isomer of citronellal.
J-Stage:Citronellal Ingestion Decreases the Appeal of Male Mouse Urinary Pheromone for Female Mice
PubMed:Dose-Dependent Behavioral Response of the Mosquito Aedes albopictus to Floral Odorous Compounds.
PubMed:Enantioselectivity of the bioconversion of chiral citronellal during the inhibition of wheat seeds germination.
PubMed:Fumigant antifungal activity of Corymbia citriodora and Cymbopogon nardus essential oils and citronellal against three fungal species.
PubMed:Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of plant essential oils from Benin against Anopheles gambiae (Giles).
PubMed:Chemical composition, cytotoxicity and in vitro antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activity of the essential oils of four Cymbopogon species from Benin.
PubMed:Differential expression of olfactory genes in the southern house mosquito and insights into unique odorant receptor gene isoforms.
PubMed:Biotransformations of terpenes by fungi from Amazonian citrus plants.
PubMed:Use of olfactory training in post-traumatic and postinfectious olfactory dysfunction.
PubMed:Synergistic interaction and mode of action of Citrus hystrix essential oil against bacteria causing periodontal diseases.
PubMed:Formulas of components of citronella oil against mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti).
PubMed:Enantioselective effects of (+)- and (-)-citronellal on animal and plant microtubules.
PubMed:Herbivory by the insect diaphorina citri induces greater change in citrus plant volatile profile than does infection by the bacterium, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus.
PubMed:Molluscicidal and larvicidal activities and essential oil composition of Cymbopogon winterianus.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon nardus citronella essential oil against systemic bacteria of aquatic animals.
PubMed:Citronellal, a monoterpene present in Java citronella oil, attenuates mechanical nociception response in mice.
PubMed:In vitro and in vivo anti-tobacco mosaic virus activities of essential oils and individual compounds.
PubMed:Olfactory training in patients with Parkinson's disease.
PubMed:Cytosolic monoterpene biosynthesis is supported by plastid-generated geranyl diphosphate substrate in transgenic tomato fruits.
PubMed:Behavioural and electroantennogram responses of the stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans L.) to plant essential oils and their mixtures with attractants.
PubMed:Synthesis of palmyrolide A and its cis-isomer and mechanistic insight into trans-cis isomerisation of the enamide macrocycle.
PubMed:Preliminary analysis of several attractants and spatial repellents for the mosquito, Aedes albopictus using an olfactometer.
PubMed:A 3-D open-framework material with intrinsic chiral topology used as a stationary phase in gas chromatography.
PubMed:Essential oils and their compositions as spatial repellents for pestiferous social wasps.
PubMed:Evaluation of the masking of dimethyl sulfide odors by citronellal, limonene and citral through the use of trained odor sensor mice.
PubMed:Selective monoterpene-like cyclization reactions achieved by water exclusion from reactive intermediates in a supramolecular catalyst.
PubMed:Phytochemical composition of Cymbopogon citratus and Eucalyptus citriodora essential oils and their anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties on Wistar rats.
PubMed:Chiroptical sensing of citronellal: systematic development of a stereodynamic probe using the concept of isostericity.
PubMed:Synthesis of all the stereoisomers of 6-methyl-2-octadecanone, 14-methyl-2-octadecanone, and 6,14-dimethyl-2-octadecanone, sex pheromone components of the Lyclene dharma dharma moth, from the enantiomers of citronellal.
PubMed:Toxicity of Zanthoxylum piperitum and Zanthoxylum armatum oil constituents and related compounds to Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae).
PubMed:Citronellal ingestion decreases the appeal of male mouse urinary pheromone for female mice.
PubMed:Functional characterization of SlscADH1, a fruit-ripening-associated short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase of tomato.
PubMed:Influence of extraction methodologies on the analysis of five major volatile aromatic compounds of citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) grown in Thailand.
PubMed:Comparative molecular docking analysis of essential oil constituents as elastase inhibitors.
PubMed:Thymol nanospheres as an effective anti-bacterial agent.
PubMed:Contact and fumigant toxicity of Cyperus rotundus steam distillate constituents and related compounds to insecticide-susceptible and -resistant Blattella germanica.
PubMed:The synergistic effects of insecticidal essential oils and piperonyl butoxide on biotransformational enzyme activities in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Variation in the volatile oil composition of Eucalyptus citriodora produced by hydrodistillation and supercritical fluid extraction techniques.
PubMed:Prokaryotic squalene-hopene cyclases can be converted to citronellal cyclases by single amino acid exchange.
PubMed:Plant terpenoids: acute toxicities and effects on flight motor activity and wing beat frequency in the blow fly Phaenicia sericata.
PubMed:A piperidine chiron for the Veratrum alkaloids.
PubMed:Nature-inspired total synthesis of (-)-fusarisetin A.
PubMed:MOFs as multifunctional catalysts: one-pot synthesis of menthol from citronellal over a bifunctional MIL-101 catalyst.
PubMed:A dual catalyst system provides the shortest pathway for L-menthol synthesis.
PubMed:In silico analysis of enzyme involved in enrichment of citronella oil.
PubMed:Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass).
PubMed:Activation-independent cyclization of monoterpenoids.
PubMed:Concise formal synthesis of (-)-7-deoxyloganin via N-heterocyclic carbene catalysed rearrangement of ╬▒,╬▓-unsaturated enol esters.
PubMed:Microencapsulation of citronella oil for mosquito-repellent application: formulation and in vitro permeation studies.
PubMed:Characterization of biofumigated Ralstonia solanacearum cells using micro-Raman spectroscopy and electron microscopy.
PubMed:Microwave-assisted partial hydrogenation of citral by using ionic liquid-coated porous glass catalysts.
PubMed:Repellent constituents of essential oil of Cymbopogon distans aerial parts against two stored-product insects.
PubMed:Chemical composition analysis of the essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. from Kurdistan, Iran by HS/SPME method and calculation of the biophysicochemical coefficients of the components.
PubMed:Terpenoids inhibit Candida albicans growth by affecting membrane integrity and arrest of cell cycle.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of essential oils from Eucalyptus and of selected components against multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens.
PubMed:Antinociceptive action and redox properties of citronellal, an essential oil present in lemongrass.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus jowitt ex bor against Candida albicans.
PubMed:Comparison of Eucalyptus cinerea essential oils produced by hydrodistillation and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed:Aliphatic C-H to C-C conversion: synthesis of (-)-cameroonan-7╬▒-ol.
PubMed:Enhanced repellency of binary mixtures of Zanthoxylum armatum seed oil, vanillin, and their aerosols to mosquitoes under laboratory and field conditions.
PubMed:Seasonal variation in the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile oils of three species of Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) grown in Brazil.
PubMed:On the synergistic catalytic properties of bimetallic mesoporous materials containing aluminum and zirconium: the Prins cyclisation of citronellal.
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory and redox-protective activities of citronellal.
PubMed:Alteration of mouse urinary odor by ingestion of the xenobiotic monoterpene citronellal.
PubMed:The effects of high hydrostatic pressure treatment on the flavor and color of grated ginger.
PubMed:Towards preparative-scale, biocatalytic alkene reductions.
PubMed:Drosophila TRPA1 channel is required to avoid the naturally occurring insect repellent citronellal.
PubMed:Antinociceptive effects of citronellal in formalin-, capsaicin-, and glutamate-induced orofacial nociception in rodents and its action on nerve excitability.
PubMed:Antinociceptive effect of citronellal in mice.
PubMed:The cobalt way to angucyclinones: asymmetric total synthesis of the antibiotics (+)-rubiginone B2, (-)-tetrangomycin, and (-)-8-O-methyltetrangomycin.
PubMed:Pyrrolidinyl-camphor derivatives as a new class of organocatalyst for direct asymmetric Michael addition of aldehydes and ketones to beta-nitroalkenes.
PubMed:One-step microwave-assisted asymmetric cyclisation/hydrogenation of citronellal to menthols using supported nanoparticles on mesoporous materials.
PubMed:Volatile organic components of fresh leaves as indicators of indigenous and cultivated citrus species in Taiwan.
PubMed:Biological activity of essential oils from Aloysia polystachya and Aloysia citriodora (Verbenaceae) against the soybean pest Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae).
PubMed:Comparative anticonvulsant activities of the essential oils (EOs) from Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt and Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. in mice.
PubMed:A divergent approach to the diastereoselective synthesis of several ant-associated iridoids.
PubMed:Bioactivity against Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) of Cymbopogon citratus and Eucalyptus citriodora essential oils grown in Colombia.
PubMed:High loading fragrance encapsulation based on a polymer-blend: preparation and release behavior.
PubMed:Semiochemical-mediated oviposition avoidance by female house flies, Musca domestica, on animal feces colonized with harmful fungi.
PubMed:Solution to spectroscopy challenge 14. Citronellal.
PubMed:Synthesis, structural characterization and antiproliferative and toxic bio-activities of copper(II) and nickel(II) citronellal N4-ethylmorpholine thiosemicarbazonates.
PubMed:Chemical composition of Eucalyptus spp. essential oils and their insecticidal effects on Lutzomyia longipalpis.
PubMed:Citral and carvone chemotypes from the essential oils of Colombian Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Brown: composition, cytotoxicity and antifungal activity.
PubMed:In vitro larvicidal activity of geraniol and citronellal against Contracaecum sp (Nematoda: Anisakidae).
PubMed:Catalytic conjugate additions of geminal bis(sulfone)s: expanding the chemistry of sulfones as simple alkyl anion equivalents.
PubMed:Laboratory evaluation of products to reduce settling of sweetpotato whitefly adults.
PubMed:Repellent activity of essential oils: a review.
PubMed:Characterization and antioxidant activity of essential oils from fresh and decaying leaves of Eucalyptus tereticornis.
PubMed:Grape waste extract obtained by supercritical fluid extraction contains bioactive antioxidant molecules and induces antiproliferative effects in human colon adenocarcinoma cells.
PubMed:Essential oil of Lindera neesiana fruit: chemical analysis and its potential use in topical applications.
PubMed:Coupling reactions of catechins with natural aldehydes and allyl alcohols and radical scavenging activities of the triglyceride-soluble products.
PubMed:Chemical compositions and antioxidant/antimicrobial activities of various samples prepared from Schinus terebinthifolius leaves cultivated in Egypt.
PubMed:Reactivity in the confined spaces of zeolites: the interplay between spectroscopy and theory to develop structure-activity relationships for catalysis.
PubMed:A tin-tungsten mixed oxide as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for C-C bond-forming reactions.
PubMed:Effects of olfactory training in patients with olfactory loss.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the defensive secretion of the longhorned beetle, Chloridolum loochooanum.
PubMed:Cyclisation of citronellal over heterogeneous inorganic fluorides--highly chemo- and diastereoselective catalysts for (+/-)-isopulegol.
PubMed:Zr-zeolite beta: a new heterogeneous catalyst system for the highly selective cascade transformation of citral to (+/-)-menthol.
PubMed:Larvicidal and oviposition-altering activity of monoterpenoids, trans-anithole and rosemary oil to the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Synthesis of a dialuminum-substituted silicotungstate and the diastereoselective cyclization of citronellal derivatives.
PubMed:Effects of chemopreventive citrus phytochemicals on human P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance protein 1.
PubMed:Activity of essential oils and individual components against acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase.
PubMed:The promoting effect of a dicyanamide based ionic liquid in the selective hydrogenation of citral.
PubMed:Melissa officinalis oil affects infectivity of enveloped herpesviruses.
PubMed:Feasibility of detection and quantification of gas-phase carbonyls in indoor environments using PFBHA derivatization and solid-phase microextraction (SPME).
PubMed:Essential oil composition of three accessions of Dracocephalum heterophyllum Benth. cultivated at Palampur, India.
PubMed:Oxidation of citronellal to citronellic acid by molecular oxygen using supported gold catalysts.
PubMed:Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. from Romania.
PubMed:Host-seeking and blood-feeding behavior of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) exposed to vapors of geraniol, citral, citronellal, eugenol, or anisaldehyde.
PubMed:Citral derived amides as potent bacterial NorA efflux pump inhibitors.
PubMed:Anti-inflammation activity of fruit essential oil from Cinnamomum insularimontanum Hayata.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of terpenoids on multidrug resistance-associated protein 2- and breast cancer resistance protein-mediated transport.
PubMed:First asymmetric total syntheses of cernuane-type Lycopodium alkaloids, cernuine, and cermizine D.
PubMed:Synthesis and catalysis of di- and tetranuclear metal sandwich-type silicotungstates [(gamma-SiW10O36)2M2(mu-OH)2]10- and [(gamma-SiW10O36)2M4(mu4-O)(mu-OH)6]8- (M = Zr or Hf).
PubMed:Polar intermetallic compounds as catalysts for hydrogenation reactions: synthesis, structures, bonding, and catalytic properties of Ca(1-x)Sr(x)Ni4Sn2 (x=0.0, 0.5, 1.0) and catalytic properties of Ni3Sn and Ni3Sn2.
PubMed:Efficient and selective synthesis of (S,R,R,S,R,S)-4,6,8,10,16,18-hexamethyl-docosane via Zr-catalyzed asymmetric carboalumination of alkenes (ZACA reaction).
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity and potential use of monoterpenes as tropical fruits preservatives.
PubMed:Expression of two old yellow enzyme homologues from Gluconobacter oxydans and identification of their citral hydrogenation abilities.
PubMed:Phythochemical screening and anticonvulsant activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt (Poaceae) leaf essential oil in rodents.
PubMed:Screening of antibacterial activities of twenty-one oxygenated monoterpenes.
PubMed:Differences in (-)citronellal binding to various odorant receptors.
PubMed:Structural determinants of odorant recognition by the human olfactory receptors OR1A1 and OR1A2.
PubMed:Evaluation of phototoxic properties of fragrances.
PubMed:Toxicity of Myristica fagrans seed compounds against Blattella germanica (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae).
PubMed:Enantioselective total synthesis of isishippuric acid B via intramolecular Michael reaction.
PubMed:High-performance liquid chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of 24 fragrance allergens to study scented products.
PubMed:Repellence of the red bud borer Resseliella oculiperda from grafted apple trees by impregnation of rubber budding strips with essential oils.
PubMed:Antibiogram and GC analysis of Euphorbia hirta leaf extract.
PubMed:Assessment of sensitization potential of monoterpenes using the rat popliteal lymph node assay.
PubMed:Comparison of three lychee cultivar odor profiles using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-sulfur detection.
PubMed:Authenticity control of essential oils containing citronellal and citral by chiral and stable-isotope gas-chromatographic analysis.
PubMed:First enantiospecific synthesis of (-)-parvifoline and (-)-curcuquinone.
PubMed:Antimicrobial effect of trans-cinnamaldehyde, (-)-perillaldehyde, (-)-citronellal, citral, eugenol and carvacrol on airborne microbes using an airwasher.
PubMed:Chemical composition and phytotoxicity of volatile essential oil from intact and fallen leaves of Eucalyptus citriodora.
PubMed:Inhibition of P-glycoprotein-mediated transport by terpenoids contained in herbal medicines and natural products.
PubMed:Probing the Lewis acidity and catalytic activity of the metal-organic framework [Cu3(btc)2] (BTC=benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate).
PubMed:Phytotoxicity of the volatile monoterpene citronellal against some weeds.
PubMed:Foot odor due to microbial metabolism and its control.
PubMed:Enthalpy change on mixing a couple of S- and R-enantiomers of some chiral compounds at 298.15 K.
PubMed:Lipolytic effects of citrus peel oils and their components.
PubMed:Chemical composition and inhibitory activity of essential oil from decaying leaves of Eucalyptus citriodora.
PubMed:Acaricidal activities of paeonol and benzoic acid from Paeonia suffruticosa root bark and monoterpenoids against Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Acari: Acaridae).
PubMed:[Extraction and determination of volatile constituents in leaves of Eucalyptus citriodora].
PubMed:Domino-cyclisation and hydrogenation of citronellal to menthol over bifunctional Ni/Zr-Beta and Zr-beta/Ni-MCM-41 catalysts.
PubMed:Effects of citronellal, a monoterpenoid in Zanthoxyli Fructus, on the intestinal absorption of digoxin in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed:Insecticidal activity of selected monoterpenoids and rosemary oil to Agriotes obscurus (Coleoptera: Elateridae).
PubMed:Volatile constituents of redblush grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) and pummelo (Citrus grandis) peel essential oils from Kenya.
PubMed:A highly selective, organocatalytic route to chiral dihydro-1,2-oxazines.
PubMed:Photochemical release of aldehydes from alpha-acetoxy nitroveratryl ethers.
PubMed:Pectin gel vehicles for controlled fragrance delivery.
PubMed:Investigation of factors affecting the adsorption of functional molecules onto gel silicas. 1. Flow microcalorimetry and infrared spectroscopy.
PubMed:Type 4 phosphodiesterase inhibition impairs detection of low odor concentrations in mice.
PubMed:Inhibition of P-glycoprotein-mediated transport by extracts of and monoterpenoids contained in Zanthoxyli fructus.
PubMed:Identification of specific ligands for orphan olfactory receptors. G protein-dependent agonism and antagonism of odorants.
PubMed:Repellency of essential oils of some Kenyan plants against Anopheles gambiae.
PubMed:Micelle-hosted palladium nanoparticles catalyze citral molecule hydrogenation in supercritical carbon dioxide.
PubMed:Synthesis of the four stereoisomers of 7-acetoxy-15-methylnonacosane, a component of the female sex pheromone of the screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax.
PubMed:Differences in the volatile components and their odor characteristics of green and ripe fruits and dried pericarp of Japanese pepper (Xanthoxylum piperitum DC.).
PubMed:Ir-Beta zeolite as a heterogeneous catalyst for the one-pot transformation of citronellal to menthol.
PubMed:Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) essential oil.
PubMed:Utilisation of on-line acoustic irradiation as a means to counter-effect catalyst deactivation in heterogeneous catalysis.
PubMed:Variability in the content and composition of essential oil from lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) cultivated in Poland.
PubMed:Sn-Beta zeolite as diastereoselective water-resistant heterogeneous Lewis-acid catalyst for carbon-carbon bond formation in the intramolecular carbonyl-ene reaction.
PubMed:Synthesis of the enantiomers of 21-methyl-7-hentriacontanone and a stereoisomeric mixture of 5-acetoxy-19-methylnonacosane, candidates for the female sex pheromone of the screwworm fly Cochliomyia hominivorax.
PubMed:Receptor contributions to configural and elemental odor mixture perception.
PubMed:Biotransformation of citronellal by Solanum aviculare suspension cultures: preparation of p-menthane-3,8-diols and determination of their absolute configurations.
PubMed:Assessing the separation of neutral plant secondary metabolites by micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
PubMed:Identification of aroma active compounds in orange essence oil using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Catalyst-controlled inverse-electron-demand hetero-Diels-Alder reactions in the enantio- and diastereoselective synthesis of iridoid natural products.
PubMed:Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov x C. sinensis Osbeck) x C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed:Inhibition of citrus postharvest pathogens by vapor of citral and related compounds in culture.
PubMed:Synthesis of the four stereoisomers of 3,12-dimethylheptacosane, (Z)-9-pentacosene and (Z)-9-heptacosene, the cuticular hydrocarbons of the ant, Diacamma sp..
PubMed:Improved hardware and software for quick gas chromatography-olfactometry using CHARM and GC-"SNIF" analysis.
PubMed:Effects of storage conditions on the composition of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (hyuganatsu) essential oil.
PubMed:Characteristic odor components of Citrus sphaerocarpa Tanaka (Kabosu) cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed:Susceptibility of the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and its parasitoid Dinarmus basalis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to three essential oils.
PubMed:Comparison of extraction methods for marker compounds in the essential oil of lemon grass by GC.
PubMed:The influence of the harvest cut height on the quality of the herbal drugs Melissae folium and Melissae herba.
PubMed:Volatile components of peel and leaf oils of lemon and lime species.
PubMed:Isolation of a deet-insensitive mutant of Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae).
PubMed:New Lewis-Acidic Molybdenum(II) and Tungsten(II) Catalysts for Intramolecular Carbonyl Ene and Prins Reactions. Reversal of the Stereoselectivity of Cyclization of Citronellal.
PubMed:Evaluation of vetiver oil and seven insect-active essential oils against the Formosan subterranean termite.
PubMed:Local anaesthetic activity of monoterpenes and phenylpropanes of essential oils.
PubMed:Synthesis and absolute configuration of Stellettadine A: a marine alkaloid that induces larval metamorphosis in ascidians.
PubMed:A threshold-like measure for the assessment of olfactory sensitivity: the "random" procedure.
PubMed:Changes in essential oil during enzyme-assisted ensiling of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.) and lemon eucalyptus (Eucalyptus citriodora Hook).
PubMed:Specific structural determinants are responsible for the antioxidant activity and the cell cycle effects of resveratrol.
PubMed:Acute, sublethal, antifeedant, and synergistic effects of monoterpenoid essential oil compounds on the tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Lep., Noctuidae).
PubMed:Biotransformation of constituents of essential oils by germinating wheat seed.
PubMed:The use of linear expressions of solute boiling point versus retention to indicate special interactions with the molecular rings of modified cyclodextrin phases in gas chromatography
PubMed:Effects of the sniffing port air makeup in gas chromatography-olfactometry.
PubMed:Effects of branched cyclodextrins on the solubility and stability of terpenes.
PubMed:In vitro evaluation of the sensitization potential of weak contact allergens using langerhans-like dendritic cells and autologous T cells.
PubMed:Solid phase microextraction of volatile constituents from individual fresh Eucalyptus leaves of three species.
PubMed:Ethnobotany, volatile oils and secretion tissues of werneria poposa from Argentina.
PubMed:Odor suppression of voltage-gated currents contributes to the odor-induced response in olfactory neurons.
PubMed:Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time.
PubMed:Sex steroids and odorants modulate gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion in primary cultures of human olfactory cells.
PubMed:Potentiation of GABAA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes by perfume and phytoncid.
PubMed:Early changes in murine epidermal cell phenotype by contact sensitizers.
PubMed:Identification of ligands for olfactory receptors by functional expression of a receptor library.
PubMed:Preparation, Characterization, and Catalytic Properties of Polymer-Stabilized Ruthenium Colloids.
PubMed:The poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778): current situation and future prospects for control.
PubMed:[Study of the olfactory effects of citronellal in the environmental air].
PubMed:Comparative repellency of commercial formulations of deet, permethrin and citronellal against the mosquito Aedes aegypti, using a collagen membrane technique compared with human arm tests.
PubMed:Mutagenicity testing (+/-)-camphor, 1,8-cineole, citral, citronellal, (-)-menthol and terpineol with the Salmonella/microsome assay.
PubMed:Effect of urine-derived compounds on cAMP accumulation in mouse vomeronasal cells.
PubMed:In vitro inhibition of CYP2B1 monooxygenase by beta-myrcene and other monoterpenoid compounds.
PubMed:Coupling of Metabolism and Bioconversion: Microbial Esterification of Citronellol with Acetyl Coenzyme A Produced via Metabolism of Glucose in an Interface Bioreactor.
PubMed:Decomposition of Terpenes by Ozone during Sampling on Tenax.
PubMed:In vitro primary sensitization of hapten-specific T cells by cultured human epidermal Langerhans cells--a screening predictive assay for contact sensitizers.
PubMed:The aphid sex pheromone cyclopentanoids: synthesis in the elucidation of structure and biosynthetic pathways.
PubMed:Chemical ecology of astigmatid mites--XLV. (2R, 3R)-epoxyneral: sex pheromone of the acarid mite Caloglyphus sp. (Acarina: Acaridae).
PubMed:Insecticidal properties of several monoterpenoids to the house fly (Diptera: Muscidae), red flour beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), and southern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa mutants deficient in the utilization of the terpenoid citronellic acid.
PubMed:Studies of new short-period method for delayed contact hypersensitivity assay in the guinea pig. (2). Studies of the enhancement effect of cyclophosphamide.
PubMed:Vapour toxicity & repellence of some essential oils & terpenoids to adults of Aedes aegypti (L) (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Studies of new short-period method for delayed contact hypersensitivity assay in the guinea pig. (I). Development and comparison with other methods.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis on odor intensity and quality of optical isomers in turtle olfactory system.
PubMed:Studies of the reductive biotransformation of selected carbonyl compounds by whole cells and extracts of baker's yeast, Saccharomyces carevisiae.
PubMed:Catalysis by cytochrome P-450 of an oxidative reaction in xenobiotic aldehyde metabolism: deformylation with olefin formation.
PubMed:Effect of selected chemicals on mosquito larval orientation behaviour using a new apparatus.
PubMed:Olfactory sensitivity of two sympatric species of rice leaf folders (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to plant volatiles.
PubMed:Cinnamyl derivatives and monoterpenoids as nonspecific ovipositional deterrents of the onion fly.
PubMed:Value of the cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity (CBH) response for distinguishing weak contact sensitization from irritation reactions in the guinea pig.
PubMed:Terpenoid biotransformation in mammals. V. Metabolism of (+)-citronellal, (+-)-7-hydroxycitronellal, citral, (-)-perillaldehyde, (-)-myrtenal, cuminaldehyde, thujone, and (+-)-carvone in rabbits.
PubMed:Application of response surface methodology to evaluation of bioconversion experimental conditions.
PubMed:[Chemical composition of the essential oil from melissa].
PubMed:A new one-step synthesis of hexahydrocannabinoid analogs.
PubMed:Microbial transformation of terpenoids. I. Identification of metabolites produced by a pseudomonad from citronellal and citral.
PubMed:Effect of various essential oils isolated from Douglas fir needles upon sheep and deer rumen microbial activity.
PubMed:Chemotherapy of human carcinoma with citronellal and citral and their action on carcinoma tissue in its histological aspects up to healing.
PubMed:[Clinical effect of d-Rhodinicacid and d-Citronellal on pulmonary tuberculosis].
PubMed:Experiments on the chemotherapeutic treatment of carcinoma with citral and citronellal and those combined with PCMB.
PubMed:[Direct action of citral and citronellal on cancer cells].
 
Notes:
aldehyde of citronellol; found in citronella oil. Isol. from essential oils, esp. citronella oils. Also present in citrus peel oil, kumquat peel oil, parsley seed oil, ginger, pepper, cocoa, lovage root and other foods. Prod. synthetically by hydrogenation of 3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienal JGH37-H or hydrogenation of 3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol JRJ33-M. Flavouring ingredient Major component (85%) of oil of the lemon-scent gum (Eucalyptus citriodora)
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