citronellal
(▒)-3,7-dimethyl-6-octenal
 
Notes:
aldehyde of citronellol; found in citronella oil. Isol. from essential oils, esp. citronella oils. Also present in citrus peel oil, kumquat peel oil, parsley seed oil, ginger, pepper, cocoa, lovage root and other foods. Prod. synthetically by hydrogenation of 3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienal JGH37-H or hydrogenation of 3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol JRJ33-M. Flavouring ingredient Major component (85%) of oil of the lemon-scent gum (Eucalyptus citriodora)
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      Citronellal
       
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Sustainability
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      230700 CITRONELLAL Natural Kosher
       
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
      News
      Product(s):
      10757 Citronellal
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      Citronellal 85/90% ex Eucalyptus Citriodora
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL SocietÓ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
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      Company Profile
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      Citronellal, Natural
      Citronellal
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      Citronellal Natural
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      citronellal natural
      citronellal
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      A0476 CITRONELLAL
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      105944 CITRONELLAL
      105945 CITRONELLAL Natural
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      03-31300 CITRONELLAL FCC, NATURAL, Kosher
      03-31310 CITRONELLAL FCC, SYNTHETIC, Kosher
       
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
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      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      Product(s):
      4CR00115 Citronellal
      BLENDS WITH - Citrus-notes
       
       
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Global Reach
      Product(s):
      Citronellal
       
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      Made in Grasse
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
      Email: Info:
      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
      Fax: (33) 4 22 13 07 38
      New Catalog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      CITRONELLAL SUM OF CITRONELLAL + ISOMER > 96
       
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE, SEED TO SCENT
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia,ů Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      Email: Flavor:
      Email: Fragrance:
      Voice: 33 4 93 40 33 66
      Fax: 33 4 93 70 68 09
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      +1 212 710 4600Robertet New York Creative Center
      +1 212 245 4092Robertet New York Creative Center
      Facebook
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      Vimeo
      Crop Calendar
      Product(s):
      103265 Citronellal naturel
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
      Twitter
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      Product(s):
      CITRONELLAL EXTRA
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
      Facebook
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      Citronellal
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal (Click)
CAS Number: 106-23-0Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 203-376-6
FDA UNII: QB99VZZ7GZ
Nikkaji Web: J3.239E
Beilstein Number: 1720789
MDL: MFCD00038090
CoE Number: 110
XlogP3-AA: 3.00 (est)
Molecular Weight: 154.25266000
Formula: C10 H18 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains: 1,8-cineole
 pulegol
 linalool
 citronellyl acetate
EFSA/JECFA Comments: Racemate. Secondary components: 1,8-cineole, 2-isopropylidene-5-methylcyclohexanol, linalool and citronellyl acetate (EFFA, 2010).
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1220  citronellal
Flavis Number: 05.021 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 05.021  citronellal
FEMA Number: 2307  citronellal
FDA Mainterm: CITRONELLAL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 85.00 to 100.00 % sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.85000 to 0.85800 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.073 to  7.139
Specific Gravity: 0.85100 to 0.85900 @  20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 7.089 to 7.156
Refractive Index: 1.44600 to 1.45300 @  20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation: -1.00 to -11.00
Boiling Point: 206.00 to  207.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 106.00 to  108.00 °C. @ 15.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 3.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.280000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 5.3 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 169.00 °F. TCC ( 76.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.297 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 38.94 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 glycerin
Stability:
 non-discoloring
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 sweet  dry  floral  herbal  waxy  aldehydic  citrus  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
sweet dry floral herbal waxy aldehydic citrus
Luebke, William tgsc, (1984)
 sweet  floral  rose  waxy  citrus  green  
Odor Description:
Sweet, floral rosy waxy and citrus green
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 14, No. 6, 47, (1989)
 floral  green  rose  citrus  lemon  
Taste Description:
at 10.00 ppm.  
Floral, green, rosy and citrus lemon
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 14, No. 6, 47, (1989)
Substantivity: 16 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
CITRONELLAL NATURAL
85% min.
Augustus Oils
Citronellal
Services
Axxence Aromatic
CITRONELLAL Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
BASF
Citronellal
Odor: Citrus, green, fruity, rose
Use: It shows an intensive citrus-like odor but seems to be less sweet and fruity than Citral. The quality of this Aroma Chemical is very good and comparable to Citronella oil.
Flavor: Pungent, fresh, green, citrus, slightly woody
Due to the rather unstable character of this aldehyde and intensity it is generally only used in traces for citrus flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Citronellal
Berjé
Citronellal 85/90% ex Eucalyptus Citriodora
Happening at Berje
CG Herbals
Citronellal
Citrus and Allied Essences
Citronellal 85/90% FCC (natural)
Market Report
Diffusions Aromatiques
CITRONELLAL NATUREL
ECSA Chemicals
Citronellal, Natural
Company Profile
ECSA Chemicals
Citronellal
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Citronellal
Ernesto Ventós
CITRONELLAL BASF
Odor: CITRUS, CITRONELLA, HERBAL, ROSE
Excellentia International
Citronellal Natural
Fleurchem
citronellal natural
Fleurchem
citronellal
Fuzhou Farwell
Citronellal
George Uhe Company
Citronellal 85%
Available in FCC
Indukern F&F
CITRONELLAL NATURAL
Odor: CITRUS, LEMON, GREEN, ROSE
CROP CALENDAR
Indukern F&F
CITRONELLAL
Odor: CITRUS, LEMON, GREEN, WOODY
Lluch Essence
CITRONELLAL NATURAL EX-CITRONELLA 85%
Lluch Essence
CITRONELLAL SYNTH. 95%
Lluch Essence
CITRONELLAL SYNTH. 96%
M&U International
CITRONELLAL
Moellhausen
CITRONELLAL Natural
Odor: fresh, citrus, floreal
Flavor: green, aldehyde, fruity
Moellhausen
CITRONELLAL
Odor: fresh, citrus, floreal
Flavor: green, aldehyde, fruity
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
Citronellal 95%
Payand Betrand
Citronellal China, Natural Isolated Constituent
Penta International
CITRONELLAL FCC, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
CITRONELLAL FCC, SYNTHETIC, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Citronellal
Odor: fresh citrusy-green fruity-floral-herb
Use: BLENDS WITH - Citrus-notes
Perfumery Laboratory
Citronellal
Odor: Powerful, fresh, citrus with green notes
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Citronellal
Privi Organics
Citronellal
Prodasynth
CITRONELLAL
SUM OF CITRONELLAL + ISOMER > 96
Odor: CITRUS, CITRONELLA, HERBAL, ROSE
Reincke & Fichtner
Citronellal natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Citronellal
Robertet
Citronellal naturel
Sigma-Aldrich
(±)-Citronellal, ≥85%, FG
Odor: cherry; lemon; green; rose; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
(±)-Citronellal, natural, ≥85%, FCC, FG
Odor: cherry; lemon; green; rose; sweet
SRS Aromatics
CITRONELLAL EXTRA
Odor: Sweet, Floral, Rosy, Waxy, Citrus Green
Takasago
Citronellal Extra
≥85% as Citronellal
Odor: Powerful, fresh, green-citrusy, slightly woody
Use: Mainly used in citrus-lemongrass type fragrances.
The Fragrance Museum
Takasago
Citronellal Natural
≥85% as Citronellal
Odor: Powerful, fresh, green-citrusy, slightly woody
Use: Mainly used in citrus-lemongrass type fragrances.
The Lermond Company
Citronellal
The Perfumers Apprentice
Citronellal (Natural)
Odor: Powerful fresh green citrusy, slight woody odor/musky rose
The Perfumers Apprentice
Citronellal
Odor: Powerful fresh green citrusy, slight woody odor/musky rose
Treatt
Citronellal Natural
Vigon International
Citronellal FCC Natural
Odor: INTENSE, LEMON-CITRONELLA-ROSE
Vigon International
Citronellal Synthetic
Odor: Citrus, green, fruity, rose
Xiamen Doingcom Chemical
For experimental / research use only.
Citronellal Ex-Citronella Oil
Xiamen Doingcom Chemical
For experimental / research use only.
Citronellal Ex-Eucalyptus Citriodara Oil
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 63 - Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  2420 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0557726

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  > 200 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535480

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 2500 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 755, 1975.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for citronellal usage levels up to:
  3.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 810.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 324.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -4.70000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -4.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -0.30000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.30000
fruit ices: -1.30000
gelatins / puddings: -0.60000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -4.50000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 3, Revision 1 (FGE.03Rev1): Acetals of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and branched- and straight-chain saturated or unsaturated aldehydes, an ester of a hemiacetal and an orthoester of formic acid, from chemical groups 1, 2 & 4 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) [1] - Scientific Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)on a request from the Commission
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 72 (FGE.72): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids. Esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2 (2010)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 95 (FGE.95): Consideration of aliphatic, linear or branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids and related esters evaluated by JECFA (69th meeting) structurally related to esters of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and of one secondary alcohol, and branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 72, Revision 1 (FGE.72Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids, esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of non-conjugated and accumulated unsaturated straight-chain and branched-chain, aliphatic primary alcohols, aldehydes, acids, acetals and esters belonging to chemical group 4 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 106-23-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 7794
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 3082
WGK Germany: 1
 3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal
Chemidplus: 0000106230
RTECS: RH2140000 for cas# 106-23-0
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
Leffingwell: chirality
 3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 106-23-0
Pubchem (cid): 7794
Pubchem (sid): 134971626
Flavornet: 106-23-0
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C17384
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB35841
FooDB: FDB019943
Export Tariff Code: 2912.19.000
Haz-Map: View
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
purity: not less than 85%
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
9-decenalFL/FR
 nonanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
 TMH aldehydeFR
(E)-2-tridecenalFL/FR
2-tridecenalFL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
citrus
 lime octadienalFR
(Z)-linalool oxide (pyranoid)FL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
alpha-methylene citronellalFR
 nonanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 waxy nitrileFR
earthy
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
2-decen-1-olFL/FR
 methyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
floral
isoamyl undecylenateFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 butyl benzyl etherFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl ethyl etherFR
 citronellyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 citrus propanolFR
 coranol (Firmenich)FR
(Z)-alpha-damasconeFL/FR
gamma-damasconeFR
9-decen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-decen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 dihydrocarvyl acetateFL/FR
 dihydrocitronellyl ethyl etherFR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 dimethyl octanolFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 farnesyl acetateFL/FR
 floral pyranFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium rose-scented oil cubaFR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
(E)-geranyl linaloolFL/FR
 globulol 
 hawthorn ethanolFR
 ho leaf oilFR
 ho wood oilFR
 hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
2-methyl octanalFL/FR
 musk acetateFR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 neryl isovalerateFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde digeranyl acetalFR
 rhodinolFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
 styralyl propionateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
(E)-2-undecen-1-olFL/FR
2-undecen-1-olFL/FR
fruity
(E)-alpha-damasconeFL/FR
 decyl butyrateFL/FR
 geranyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 methyl anthranilateFL/FR
(E)-2-nonen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 2FL/FR
green
isodecanalFL/FR
2,6-dimethyl octanalFL/FR
(Z)-beta-farnesene 
 green carbaldehydeFR
 green carboxylateFR
2-heptyl tetrahydrofuranFR
 octanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
herbal
 linalyl formateFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
honey
 phenyl acetic acidFL/FR
spicy
 cubeb oilFL/FR
waxy
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 ethyl nonanoateFL/FR
1-undecanolFL/FR
(E)-2-undecen-1-yl acetateFR
 waxy acetateFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
isoamyl undecylenateFL/FR
 butyl benzyl etherFL/FR
 citronellyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-alpha-damasconeFL/FR
isodecanalFL/FR
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
9-decen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-decen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
9-decenalFL/FR
2,6-dimethyl octanalFL/FR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
(Z)-beta-farnesene 
(E)-geranyl linaloolFL/FR
 globulol 
 hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
(Z)-linalool oxide (pyranoid)FL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 methyl acetoacetateFL/FR
2-methyl octanalFL/FR
 nonanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 nonanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
(E)-2-nonen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
2-undecen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-undecen-1-olFL/FR
aldehydic
 nonanolFL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
2-tridecenalFL/FR
1-undecanolFL/FR
citrus
 linaloolFL/FR
 styralyl propionateFL/FR
fatty
2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
 dimethyl octanolFL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 dihydrocarvyl acetateFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 farnesyl acetateFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetic acidFL/FR
 rhodinolFL/FR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
(E)-alpha-damasconeFL/FR
 decyl butyrateFL/FR
 geranyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl anthranilateFL/FR
 neryl isovalerateFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 2FL/FR
green
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
(E,E)-2,6-nonadienalFL
 octanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
herbal
2-decen-1-olFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
honey
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
spicy
 cubeb oilFL/FR
waxy
 ethyl nonanoateFL/FR
 methyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
(E)-2-tridecenalFL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
woody
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 basilFL/FR
 citronellaFL/FR
 citrusFR
 cologneFR
 eucalyptusFL/FR
 fruit punch 
 geraniumFR
 gingergrassFR
 greenFR
 honey mielFR
 lemonFR
 lemongrassFR
 mandarinFR
 melissa balmFL
 orangeFR
 plum mirabelleFR
 roseFR
 tangerineFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 artemisia vestita wall. flower oil @ 1.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.005-0.030%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.045%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.027%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.038%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom plant
Search Trop  Picture
 cassinia laevis flower oil australia @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassinia laevis leaf oil australia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 celery shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 cherry brazilian cherry leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella
Search  Picture
 citronella oil ceylon @ 6.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil china @ 35.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil java @ 34.79%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil zimbabwe @ 1.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citrus fruits
Search  Picture
 cocoa
Search Trop  Picture
 currant fruit
Search  Picture
 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ 80.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus dalrympleana maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 7.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil brazil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grape
Search  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper
Search  Picture
 lemon balm
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon balm shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil california @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon pericarp oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon petiole
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 0.38%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil egypt @ 0.79%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil guatemala @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil yunnan @ 0.65%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lime fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 litsea cubeba oil china @ 0.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage plant
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil avana @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil japan @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melissa oil @ 13.32%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melissa oil slovak republic @ 11.31%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikan peel oil @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 orange oil terpeneless @ 2.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.035%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.045%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.048%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.058%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.060%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. florida @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. valencia @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper oil black india @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain bergamot oil @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain combava oil @ 81.49%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 3.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain lemon oil @ 2.36%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain lime oil @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.25%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain sweet oil @ 1.52%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 pitanga leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tomato
Search  Picture
 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 4.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.28-0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
(+)-citronellal
(±)-citronellal
 citronellal (natural)
 citronellal 80
 citronellal 85/90% FCC (natural)
 citronellal china, natural isolated constituent
 citronellal ex eucalyptus citriodora 85/90%
 citronellal ex-citronella oil
 citronellal ex-eucalyptus citriodara oil
 citronellal extra
 citronellal FCC natural
 citronellal FCC, natural
 citronellal FCC, synthetic
 citronellal natural
 citronellal natural FCC
 citronellal naturel
 citronellal synthetic
2,3-dihydrocitral
3,7-dimethyl-6-octen-1-al
(±)-3,7-dimethyl-6-octenal
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenal
3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal
6-octenal, 3,7-dimethyl-
 rhodinal
D-rhodinal
dextro-rhodinal
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Alkaline ionic liquids applied in supported ionic liquid catalyst for selective hydrogenation of citral to citronellal.
J-Stage: Synthesis of All the Stereoisomers of 6-Methyl-2-octadecanone, 14-Methyl-2-octadecanone, and 6,14-Dimethyl-2-octadecanone, Sex Pheromone Components of the Lyclene dharma dharma Moth, from the Enantiomers of Citronellal
PubMed: An isomer of citronellal.
J-Stage: Citronellal Ingestion Decreases the Appeal of Male Mouse Urinary Pheromone for Female Mice
PubMed: Dose-Dependent Behavioral Response of the Mosquito Aedes albopictus to Floral Odorous Compounds.
PubMed: Enantioselectivity of the bioconversion of chiral citronellal during the inhibition of wheat seeds germination.
PubMed: Fumigant antifungal activity of Corymbia citriodora and Cymbopogon nardus essential oils and citronellal against three fungal species.
PubMed: Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of plant essential oils from Benin against Anopheles gambiae (Giles).
PubMed: Chemical composition, cytotoxicity and in vitro antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activity of the essential oils of four Cymbopogon species from Benin.
PubMed: Differential expression of olfactory genes in the southern house mosquito and insights into unique odorant receptor gene isoforms.
PubMed: Biotransformations of terpenes by fungi from Amazonian citrus plants.
PubMed: Use of olfactory training in post-traumatic and postinfectious olfactory dysfunction.
PubMed: Synergistic interaction and mode of action of Citrus hystrix essential oil against bacteria causing periodontal diseases.
PubMed: Formulas of components of citronella oil against mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti).
PubMed: Enantioselective effects of (+)- and (-)-citronellal on animal and plant microtubules.
PubMed: Herbivory by the insect diaphorina citri induces greater change in citrus plant volatile profile than does infection by the bacterium, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus.
PubMed: Molluscicidal and larvicidal activities and essential oil composition of Cymbopogon winterianus.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon nardus citronella essential oil against systemic bacteria of aquatic animals.
PubMed: Citronellal, a monoterpene present in Java citronella oil, attenuates mechanical nociception response in mice.
PubMed: In vitro and in vivo anti-tobacco mosaic virus activities of essential oils and individual compounds.
PubMed: Olfactory training in patients with Parkinson's disease.
PubMed: Cytosolic monoterpene biosynthesis is supported by plastid-generated geranyl diphosphate substrate in transgenic tomato fruits.
PubMed: Behavioural and electroantennogram responses of the stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans L.) to plant essential oils and their mixtures with attractants.
PubMed: Synthesis of palmyrolide A and its cis-isomer and mechanistic insight into trans-cis isomerisation of the enamide macrocycle.
PubMed: Preliminary analysis of several attractants and spatial repellents for the mosquito, Aedes albopictus using an olfactometer.
PubMed: A 3-D open-framework material with intrinsic chiral topology used as a stationary phase in gas chromatography.
PubMed: Essential oils and their compositions as spatial repellents for pestiferous social wasps.
PubMed: Evaluation of the masking of dimethyl sulfide odors by citronellal, limonene and citral through the use of trained odor sensor mice.
PubMed: Selective monoterpene-like cyclization reactions achieved by water exclusion from reactive intermediates in a supramolecular catalyst.
PubMed: Phytochemical composition of Cymbopogon citratus and Eucalyptus citriodora essential oils and their anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties on Wistar rats.
PubMed: Chiroptical sensing of citronellal: systematic development of a stereodynamic probe using the concept of isostericity.
PubMed: Synthesis of all the stereoisomers of 6-methyl-2-octadecanone, 14-methyl-2-octadecanone, and 6,14-dimethyl-2-octadecanone, sex pheromone components of the Lyclene dharma dharma moth, from the enantiomers of citronellal.
PubMed: Toxicity of Zanthoxylum piperitum and Zanthoxylum armatum oil constituents and related compounds to Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae).
PubMed: Citronellal ingestion decreases the appeal of male mouse urinary pheromone for female mice.
PubMed: Functional characterization of SlscADH1, a fruit-ripening-associated short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase of tomato.
PubMed: Influence of extraction methodologies on the analysis of five major volatile aromatic compounds of citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) grown in Thailand.
PubMed: Comparative molecular docking analysis of essential oil constituents as elastase inhibitors.
PubMed: Thymol nanospheres as an effective anti-bacterial agent.
PubMed: Contact and fumigant toxicity of Cyperus rotundus steam distillate constituents and related compounds to insecticide-susceptible and -resistant Blattella germanica.
PubMed: The synergistic effects of insecticidal essential oils and piperonyl butoxide on biotransformational enzyme activities in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: Variation in the volatile oil composition of Eucalyptus citriodora produced by hydrodistillation and supercritical fluid extraction techniques.
PubMed: Prokaryotic squalene-hopene cyclases can be converted to citronellal cyclases by single amino acid exchange.
PubMed: Plant terpenoids: acute toxicities and effects on flight motor activity and wing beat frequency in the blow fly Phaenicia sericata.
PubMed: A piperidine chiron for the Veratrum alkaloids.
PubMed: Nature-inspired total synthesis of (-)-fusarisetin A.
PubMed: MOFs as multifunctional catalysts: one-pot synthesis of menthol from citronellal over a bifunctional MIL-101 catalyst.
PubMed: A dual catalyst system provides the shortest pathway for L-menthol synthesis.
PubMed: In silico analysis of enzyme involved in enrichment of citronella oil.
PubMed: Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass).
PubMed: Activation-independent cyclization of monoterpenoids.
PubMed: Concise formal synthesis of (-)-7-deoxyloganin via N-heterocyclic carbene catalysed rearrangement of ╬▒,╬▓-unsaturated enol esters.
PubMed: Microencapsulation of citronella oil for mosquito-repellent application: formulation and in vitro permeation studies.
PubMed: Characterization of biofumigated Ralstonia solanacearum cells using micro-Raman spectroscopy and electron microscopy.
PubMed: Microwave-assisted partial hydrogenation of citral by using ionic liquid-coated porous glass catalysts.
PubMed: Repellent constituents of essential oil of Cymbopogon distans aerial parts against two stored-product insects.
PubMed: Chemical composition analysis of the essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. from Kurdistan, Iran by HS/SPME method and calculation of the biophysicochemical coefficients of the components.
PubMed: Terpenoids inhibit Candida albicans growth by affecting membrane integrity and arrest of cell cycle.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of essential oils from Eucalyptus and of selected components against multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens.
PubMed: Antinociceptive action and redox properties of citronellal, an essential oil present in lemongrass.
PubMed: Antifungal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus jowitt ex bor against Candida albicans.
PubMed: Comparison of Eucalyptus cinerea essential oils produced by hydrodistillation and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed: Aliphatic C-H to C-C conversion: synthesis of (-)-cameroonan-7╬▒-ol.
PubMed: Enhanced repellency of binary mixtures of Zanthoxylum armatum seed oil, vanillin, and their aerosols to mosquitoes under laboratory and field conditions.
PubMed: Seasonal variation in the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile oils of three species of Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) grown in Brazil.
PubMed: On the synergistic catalytic properties of bimetallic mesoporous materials containing aluminum and zirconium: the Prins cyclisation of citronellal.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory and redox-protective activities of citronellal.
PubMed: Alteration of mouse urinary odor by ingestion of the xenobiotic monoterpene citronellal.
PubMed: The effects of high hydrostatic pressure treatment on the flavor and color of grated ginger.
PubMed: Towards preparative-scale, biocatalytic alkene reductions.
PubMed: Drosophila TRPA1 channel is required to avoid the naturally occurring insect repellent citronellal.
PubMed: Antinociceptive effects of citronellal in formalin-, capsaicin-, and glutamate-induced orofacial nociception in rodents and its action on nerve excitability.
PubMed: Antinociceptive effect of citronellal in mice.
PubMed: The cobalt way to angucyclinones: asymmetric total synthesis of the antibiotics (+)-rubiginone B2, (-)-tetrangomycin, and (-)-8-O-methyltetrangomycin.
PubMed: Pyrrolidinyl-camphor derivatives as a new class of organocatalyst for direct asymmetric Michael addition of aldehydes and ketones to beta-nitroalkenes.
PubMed: One-step microwave-assisted asymmetric cyclisation/hydrogenation of citronellal to menthols using supported nanoparticles on mesoporous materials.
PubMed: Volatile organic components of fresh leaves as indicators of indigenous and cultivated citrus species in Taiwan.
PubMed: Biological activity of essential oils from Aloysia polystachya and Aloysia citriodora (Verbenaceae) against the soybean pest Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae).
PubMed: Comparative anticonvulsant activities of the essential oils (EOs) from Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt and Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. in mice.
PubMed: A divergent approach to the diastereoselective synthesis of several ant-associated iridoids.
PubMed: Bioactivity against Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) of Cymbopogon citratus and Eucalyptus citriodora essential oils grown in Colombia.
PubMed: High loading fragrance encapsulation based on a polymer-blend: preparation and release behavior.
PubMed: Semiochemical-mediated oviposition avoidance by female house flies, Musca domestica, on animal feces colonized with harmful fungi.
PubMed: Solution to spectroscopy challenge 14. Citronellal.
PubMed: Synthesis, structural characterization and antiproliferative and toxic bio-activities of copper(II) and nickel(II) citronellal N4-ethylmorpholine thiosemicarbazonates.
PubMed: Chemical composition of Eucalyptus spp. essential oils and their insecticidal effects on Lutzomyia longipalpis.
PubMed: Citral and carvone chemotypes from the essential oils of Colombian Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Brown: composition, cytotoxicity and antifungal activity.
PubMed: In vitro larvicidal activity of geraniol and citronellal against Contracaecum sp (Nematoda: Anisakidae).
PubMed: Catalytic conjugate additions of geminal bis(sulfone)s: expanding the chemistry of sulfones as simple alkyl anion equivalents.
PubMed: Laboratory evaluation of products to reduce settling of sweetpotato whitefly adults.
PubMed: Repellent activity of essential oils: a review.
PubMed: Characterization and antioxidant activity of essential oils from fresh and decaying leaves of Eucalyptus tereticornis.
PubMed: Grape waste extract obtained by supercritical fluid extraction contains bioactive antioxidant molecules and induces antiproliferative effects in human colon adenocarcinoma cells.
PubMed: Essential oil of Lindera neesiana fruit: chemical analysis and its potential use in topical applications.
PubMed: Coupling reactions of catechins with natural aldehydes and allyl alcohols and radical scavenging activities of the triglyceride-soluble products.
PubMed: Chemical compositions and antioxidant/antimicrobial activities of various samples prepared from Schinus terebinthifolius leaves cultivated in Egypt.
PubMed: Reactivity in the confined spaces of zeolites: the interplay between spectroscopy and theory to develop structure-activity relationships for catalysis.
PubMed: A tin-tungsten mixed oxide as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for C-C bond-forming reactions.
PubMed: Effects of olfactory training in patients with olfactory loss.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the defensive secretion of the longhorned beetle, Chloridolum loochooanum.
PubMed: Cyclisation of citronellal over heterogeneous inorganic fluorides--highly chemo- and diastereoselective catalysts for (+/-)-isopulegol.
PubMed: Zr-zeolite beta: a new heterogeneous catalyst system for the highly selective cascade transformation of citral to (+/-)-menthol.
PubMed: Larvicidal and oviposition-altering activity of monoterpenoids, trans-anithole and rosemary oil to the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: Synthesis of a dialuminum-substituted silicotungstate and the diastereoselective cyclization of citronellal derivatives.
PubMed: Effects of chemopreventive citrus phytochemicals on human P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance protein 1.
PubMed: Activity of essential oils and individual components against acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase.
PubMed: The promoting effect of a dicyanamide based ionic liquid in the selective hydrogenation of citral.
PubMed: Melissa officinalis oil affects infectivity of enveloped herpesviruses.
PubMed: Feasibility of detection and quantification of gas-phase carbonyls in indoor environments using PFBHA derivatization and solid-phase microextraction (SPME).
PubMed: Essential oil composition of three accessions of Dracocephalum heterophyllum Benth. cultivated at Palampur, India.
PubMed: Oxidation of citronellal to citronellic acid by molecular oxygen using supported gold catalysts.
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. from Romania.
PubMed: Host-seeking and blood-feeding behavior of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) exposed to vapors of geraniol, citral, citronellal, eugenol, or anisaldehyde.
PubMed: Citral derived amides as potent bacterial NorA efflux pump inhibitors.
PubMed: Anti-inflammation activity of fruit essential oil from Cinnamomum insularimontanum Hayata.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of terpenoids on multidrug resistance-associated protein 2- and breast cancer resistance protein-mediated transport.
PubMed: First asymmetric total syntheses of cernuane-type Lycopodium alkaloids, cernuine, and cermizine D.
PubMed: Synthesis and catalysis of di- and tetranuclear metal sandwich-type silicotungstates [(gamma-SiW10O36)2M2(mu-OH)2]10- and [(gamma-SiW10O36)2M4(mu4-O)(mu-OH)6]8- (M = Zr or Hf).
PubMed: Polar intermetallic compounds as catalysts for hydrogenation reactions: synthesis, structures, bonding, and catalytic properties of Ca(1-x)Sr(x)Ni4Sn2 (x=0.0, 0.5, 1.0) and catalytic properties of Ni3Sn and Ni3Sn2.
PubMed: Efficient and selective synthesis of (S,R,R,S,R,S)-4,6,8,10,16,18-hexamethyl-docosane via Zr-catalyzed asymmetric carboalumination of alkenes (ZACA reaction).
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity and potential use of monoterpenes as tropical fruits preservatives.
PubMed: Expression of two old yellow enzyme homologues from Gluconobacter oxydans and identification of their citral hydrogenation abilities.
PubMed: Phythochemical screening and anticonvulsant activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt (Poaceae) leaf essential oil in rodents.
PubMed: Screening of antibacterial activities of twenty-one oxygenated monoterpenes.
PubMed: Differences in (-)citronellal binding to various odorant receptors.
PubMed: Structural determinants of odorant recognition by the human olfactory receptors OR1A1 and OR1A2.
PubMed: Evaluation of phototoxic properties of fragrances.
PubMed: Toxicity of Myristica fagrans seed compounds against Blattella germanica (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae).
PubMed: Enantioselective total synthesis of isishippuric acid B via intramolecular Michael reaction.
PubMed: High-performance liquid chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of 24 fragrance allergens to study scented products.
PubMed: Repellence of the red bud borer Resseliella oculiperda from grafted apple trees by impregnation of rubber budding strips with essential oils.
PubMed: Antibiogram and GC analysis of Euphorbia hirta leaf extract.
PubMed: Assessment of sensitization potential of monoterpenes using the rat popliteal lymph node assay.
PubMed: Comparison of three lychee cultivar odor profiles using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-sulfur detection.
PubMed: Authenticity control of essential oils containing citronellal and citral by chiral and stable-isotope gas-chromatographic analysis.
PubMed: First enantiospecific synthesis of (-)-parvifoline and (-)-curcuquinone.
PubMed: Antimicrobial effect of trans-cinnamaldehyde, (-)-perillaldehyde, (-)-citronellal, citral, eugenol and carvacrol on airborne microbes using an airwasher.
PubMed: Chemical composition and phytotoxicity of volatile essential oil from intact and fallen leaves of Eucalyptus citriodora.
PubMed: Inhibition of P-glycoprotein-mediated transport by terpenoids contained in herbal medicines and natural products.
PubMed: Probing the Lewis acidity and catalytic activity of the metal-organic framework [Cu3(btc)2] (BTC=benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate).
PubMed: Phytotoxicity of the volatile monoterpene citronellal against some weeds.
PubMed: Foot odor due to microbial metabolism and its control.
PubMed: Enthalpy change on mixing a couple of S- and R-enantiomers of some chiral compounds at 298.15 K.
PubMed: Lipolytic effects of citrus peel oils and their components.
PubMed: Chemical composition and inhibitory activity of essential oil from decaying leaves of Eucalyptus citriodora.
PubMed: Acaricidal activities of paeonol and benzoic acid from Paeonia suffruticosa root bark and monoterpenoids against Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Acari: Acaridae).
PubMed: [Extraction and determination of volatile constituents in leaves of Eucalyptus citriodora].
PubMed: Domino-cyclisation and hydrogenation of citronellal to menthol over bifunctional Ni/Zr-Beta and Zr-beta/Ni-MCM-41 catalysts.
PubMed: Effects of citronellal, a monoterpenoid in Zanthoxyli Fructus, on the intestinal absorption of digoxin in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed: Insecticidal activity of selected monoterpenoids and rosemary oil to Agriotes obscurus (Coleoptera: Elateridae).
PubMed: Volatile constituents of redblush grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) and pummelo (Citrus grandis) peel essential oils from Kenya.
PubMed: A highly selective, organocatalytic route to chiral dihydro-1,2-oxazines.
PubMed: Photochemical release of aldehydes from alpha-acetoxy nitroveratryl ethers.
PubMed: Pectin gel vehicles for controlled fragrance delivery.
PubMed: Investigation of factors affecting the adsorption of functional molecules onto gel silicas. 1. Flow microcalorimetry and infrared spectroscopy.
PubMed: Type 4 phosphodiesterase inhibition impairs detection of low odor concentrations in mice.
PubMed: Inhibition of P-glycoprotein-mediated transport by extracts of and monoterpenoids contained in Zanthoxyli fructus.
PubMed: Identification of specific ligands for orphan olfactory receptors. G protein-dependent agonism and antagonism of odorants.
PubMed: Repellency of essential oils of some Kenyan plants against Anopheles gambiae.
PubMed: Micelle-hosted palladium nanoparticles catalyze citral molecule hydrogenation in supercritical carbon dioxide.
PubMed: Synthesis of the four stereoisomers of 7-acetoxy-15-methylnonacosane, a component of the female sex pheromone of the screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax.
PubMed: Differences in the volatile components and their odor characteristics of green and ripe fruits and dried pericarp of Japanese pepper (Xanthoxylum piperitum DC.).
PubMed: Ir-Beta zeolite as a heterogeneous catalyst for the one-pot transformation of citronellal to menthol.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) essential oil.
PubMed: Utilisation of on-line acoustic irradiation as a means to counter-effect catalyst deactivation in heterogeneous catalysis.
PubMed: Variability in the content and composition of essential oil from lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) cultivated in Poland.
PubMed: Sn-Beta zeolite as diastereoselective water-resistant heterogeneous Lewis-acid catalyst for carbon-carbon bond formation in the intramolecular carbonyl-ene reaction.
PubMed: Synthesis of the enantiomers of 21-methyl-7-hentriacontanone and a stereoisomeric mixture of 5-acetoxy-19-methylnonacosane, candidates for the female sex pheromone of the screwworm fly Cochliomyia hominivorax.
PubMed: Receptor contributions to configural and elemental odor mixture perception.
PubMed: Biotransformation of citronellal by Solanum aviculare suspension cultures: preparation of p-menthane-3,8-diols and determination of their absolute configurations.
PubMed: Assessing the separation of neutral plant secondary metabolites by micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
PubMed: Identification of aroma active compounds in orange essence oil using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Catalyst-controlled inverse-electron-demand hetero-Diels-Alder reactions in the enantio- and diastereoselective synthesis of iridoid natural products.
PubMed: Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov x C. sinensis Osbeck) x C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed: Inhibition of citrus postharvest pathogens by vapor of citral and related compounds in culture.
PubMed: Synthesis of the four stereoisomers of 3,12-dimethylheptacosane, (Z)-9-pentacosene and (Z)-9-heptacosene, the cuticular hydrocarbons of the ant, Diacamma sp..
PubMed: Improved hardware and software for quick gas chromatography-olfactometry using CHARM and GC-"SNIF" analysis.
PubMed: Effects of storage conditions on the composition of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (hyuganatsu) essential oil.
PubMed: Characteristic odor components of Citrus sphaerocarpa Tanaka (Kabosu) cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed: Susceptibility of the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and its parasitoid Dinarmus basalis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to three essential oils.
PubMed: Comparison of extraction methods for marker compounds in the essential oil of lemon grass by GC.
PubMed: The influence of the harvest cut height on the quality of the herbal drugs Melissae folium and Melissae herba.
PubMed: Volatile components of peel and leaf oils of lemon and lime species.
PubMed: Isolation of a deet-insensitive mutant of Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae).
PubMed: New Lewis-Acidic Molybdenum(II) and Tungsten(II) Catalysts for Intramolecular Carbonyl Ene and Prins Reactions. Reversal of the Stereoselectivity of Cyclization of Citronellal.
PubMed: Evaluation of vetiver oil and seven insect-active essential oils against the Formosan subterranean termite.
PubMed: Local anaesthetic activity of monoterpenes and phenylpropanes of essential oils.
PubMed: Synthesis and absolute configuration of Stellettadine A: a marine alkaloid that induces larval metamorphosis in ascidians.
PubMed: A threshold-like measure for the assessment of olfactory sensitivity: the "random" procedure.
PubMed: Changes in essential oil during enzyme-assisted ensiling of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.) and lemon eucalyptus (Eucalyptus citriodora Hook).
PubMed: Specific structural determinants are responsible for the antioxidant activity and the cell cycle effects of resveratrol.
PubMed: Acute, sublethal, antifeedant, and synergistic effects of monoterpenoid essential oil compounds on the tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Lep., Noctuidae).
PubMed: Biotransformation of constituents of essential oils by germinating wheat seed.
PubMed: The use of linear expressions of solute boiling point versus retention to indicate special interactions with the molecular rings of modified cyclodextrin phases in gas chromatography
PubMed: Effects of the sniffing port air makeup in gas chromatography-olfactometry.
PubMed: Effects of branched cyclodextrins on the solubility and stability of terpenes.
PubMed: In vitro evaluation of the sensitization potential of weak contact allergens using langerhans-like dendritic cells and autologous T cells.
PubMed: Solid phase microextraction of volatile constituents from individual fresh Eucalyptus leaves of three species.
PubMed: Ethnobotany, volatile oils and secretion tissues of werneria poposa from Argentina.
PubMed: Odor suppression of voltage-gated currents contributes to the odor-induced response in olfactory neurons.
PubMed: Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time.
PubMed: Sex steroids and odorants modulate gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion in primary cultures of human olfactory cells.
PubMed: Potentiation of GABAA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes by perfume and phytoncid.
PubMed: Early changes in murine epidermal cell phenotype by contact sensitizers.
PubMed: Identification of ligands for olfactory receptors by functional expression of a receptor library.
PubMed: Preparation, Characterization, and Catalytic Properties of Polymer-Stabilized Ruthenium Colloids.
PubMed: The poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778): current situation and future prospects for control.
PubMed: [Study of the olfactory effects of citronellal in the environmental air].
PubMed: Comparative repellency of commercial formulations of deet, permethrin and citronellal against the mosquito Aedes aegypti, using a collagen membrane technique compared with human arm tests.
PubMed: Mutagenicity testing (+/-)-camphor, 1,8-cineole, citral, citronellal, (-)-menthol and terpineol with the Salmonella/microsome assay.
PubMed: Effect of urine-derived compounds on cAMP accumulation in mouse vomeronasal cells.
PubMed: In vitro inhibition of CYP2B1 monooxygenase by beta-myrcene and other monoterpenoid compounds.
PubMed: Coupling of Metabolism and Bioconversion: Microbial Esterification of Citronellol with Acetyl Coenzyme A Produced via Metabolism of Glucose in an Interface Bioreactor.
PubMed: Decomposition of Terpenes by Ozone during Sampling on Tenax.
PubMed: In vitro primary sensitization of hapten-specific T cells by cultured human epidermal Langerhans cells--a screening predictive assay for contact sensitizers.
PubMed: The aphid sex pheromone cyclopentanoids: synthesis in the elucidation of structure and biosynthetic pathways.
PubMed: Chemical ecology of astigmatid mites--XLV. (2R, 3R)-epoxyneral: sex pheromone of the acarid mite Caloglyphus sp. (Acarina: Acaridae).
PubMed: Insecticidal properties of several monoterpenoids to the house fly (Diptera: Muscidae), red flour beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), and southern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa mutants deficient in the utilization of the terpenoid citronellic acid.
PubMed: Studies of new short-period method for delayed contact hypersensitivity assay in the guinea pig. (2). Studies of the enhancement effect of cyclophosphamide.
PubMed: Vapour toxicity & repellence of some essential oils & terpenoids to adults of Aedes aegypti (L) (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: Studies of new short-period method for delayed contact hypersensitivity assay in the guinea pig. (I). Development and comparison with other methods.
PubMed: Quantitative analysis on odor intensity and quality of optical isomers in turtle olfactory system.
PubMed: Studies of the reductive biotransformation of selected carbonyl compounds by whole cells and extracts of baker's yeast, Saccharomyces carevisiae.
PubMed: Catalysis by cytochrome P-450 of an oxidative reaction in xenobiotic aldehyde metabolism: deformylation with olefin formation.
PubMed: Effect of selected chemicals on mosquito larval orientation behaviour using a new apparatus.
PubMed: Olfactory sensitivity of two sympatric species of rice leaf folders (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to plant volatiles.
PubMed: Cinnamyl derivatives and monoterpenoids as nonspecific ovipositional deterrents of the onion fly.
PubMed: Value of the cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity (CBH) response for distinguishing weak contact sensitization from irritation reactions in the guinea pig.
PubMed: Terpenoid biotransformation in mammals. V. Metabolism of (+)-citronellal, (+-)-7-hydroxycitronellal, citral, (-)-perillaldehyde, (-)-myrtenal, cuminaldehyde, thujone, and (+-)-carvone in rabbits.
PubMed: Application of response surface methodology to evaluation of bioconversion experimental conditions.
PubMed: [Chemical composition of the essential oil from melissa].
PubMed: A new one-step synthesis of hexahydrocannabinoid analogs.
PubMed: Microbial transformation of terpenoids. I. Identification of metabolites produced by a pseudomonad from citronellal and citral.
PubMed: Effect of various essential oils isolated from Douglas fir needles upon sheep and deer rumen microbial activity.
PubMed: Chemotherapy of human carcinoma with citronellal and citral and their action on carcinoma tissue in its histological aspects up to healing.
PubMed: [Clinical effect of d-Rhodinicacid and d-Citronellal on pulmonary tuberculosis].
PubMed: Experiments on the chemotherapeutic treatment of carcinoma with citral and citronellal and those combined with PCMB.
PubMed: [Direct action of citral and citronellal on cancer cells].
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