BT

Typical G.C. analysis

achillea millefolium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.70  bicyclogermacrene
264.00  bornyl acetate
30.40  camphene
164.90  camphor
24trace  carvone
250.40(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
924.501,8- cineole
231.00  cuminaldehyde
82.80para- cymene
270.60beta- elemene
287.20  germacrene D
100.80  limonene
150.70(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
200.60  myrtenal
221.60  myrtenol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
51.10beta- pinene
170.50trans- pinocarveol
181.10  pinocarvone
45.40  sabinene
1210.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
144.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
195.60  terpinen-4-ol
71.10alpha- terpinene
111.80gamma- terpinene
211.20alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from leaves and flowers of Achilea millefolium L. ssp. millefolium. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 219-222 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil hungary
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.30  borneol
100.80  bornyl acetate
141.00gamma- cadinene
1111.90beta- caryophyllene
1521.20  caryophyllenol I
1612.50  chamazulene
41.701,8- cineole
70.20  citronellol
122.50alpha- humulene
94.40  lavandulyl acetate
31.60  limonene
81.30  linalyl acetate
137.40gamma- muurolene
14.10alpha- pinene
220.80beta- pinene
60.30alpha- terpineol

E. Lemberkovics and G. Verzar-Petri, Gas chromatographic characterization of frequently occurring sesquiterpenes in essential oils. J. Chromatogr., 318, 125-131 (1985).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

acorus calamus root oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
2714.40  acorenone
320.90  acorone
315.70iso acorone
131.00alpha- bergamotene
204.60  bornyl acetate
171.30delta- cadinene
280.70alpha- cadinol
301.40  calamendiol
2512.10preiso calamendiol
290.50  calamusenone
20.50  camphene
181.50  camphor
81.101,8- cineole
120.30alpha- copaene
140.50beta- elemene
110.50delta- elemene
151.00(E)-beta- farnesene
71.10  limonene
191.30  linalool
260.80(E)- methyl isoeugenol
50.70  myrcene
100.80(E)-beta- ocimene
90.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.20alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.90beta- pinene
160.70alpha- selinene
230.50  shyobunone
223.706-epi-shyobunone
2413.10iso shyobunone
211.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.40alpha- terpinene

M. N. Todorova, I. V. Ognyanov and S. Shatar, Chemical composition of essential oil from Mongolian Acorus calamus L. rhizomes. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 191-193 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

agathosma betulina leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.23(E)-2-acetoxyisomenthone
340.21(E)-2-acetoxymenthone
26trace  carvone
84.431,8- cineole
110.16para- cymene
200.12(E)- dihydrocarvone
190.21(Z)- dihydrocarvone
3022.30  diosphenol
2718.584-diosphenol
350.671-hydroxy-4-diosphenol
360.404-hydroxydiosphenol
240.46(E)-2-hydroxymenthone
290.37(Z)-2-hydroxymenthone
280.128-hydroxymenthone
611.64  limonene
150.50  linalool
139.82  menthone
1419.91iso menthone
310.53(E)-8- mercapto-para-menthan-3-one ((E)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol)
322.33(Z)-8- mercapto-para-menthan-3-one ((Z)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol)
40.61  myrcene
100.25(E)-beta- ocimene
70.08beta- phellandrene
10.37alpha- pinene
20.29beta- pinene
250.06  piperitone
210.94  pulegone
160.54(E)-iso pulegone
170.40(Z)-iso pulegone
30.15  sabinene
180.90  terpinen-4-ol
50.13alpha- terpinene
90.34gamma- terpinene
230.28alpha- terpineol
220.23delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
M. A. Posthumus, T. A. van Beek, N. F. Collins and E. H. Graven, Chemical composition of the essential oils of Agathosma betulina, A. crenulata and an A. betulina x crenulata hybrid (buchu), J. Essent, Oil Res., 8, 223-228 (1996). P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)
agathosma crenulata oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 6.83(E)-8-acetyl thio-para-menthan-3-one ((E)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol acetate)
 0.37(Z)-8-acetyl thio-para-menthan-3-one ((Z)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol acetate)
 0.22  carvone
 1.191,8- cineole
 0.41para- cymene
 0.18(E)- dihydrocarvone
 0.21(Z)- dihydrocarvone
 1.038-hydroxy-para-menth-4-en-3-one
 trace(Z)-2-hydroxyisomenthone
 4.678-hydroxymenthone
 11.70  limonene
 0.76  linalool
 trace  menthofuran
 2.91  menthone
 3.58iso menthone
 1.01  myrcene
 0.06(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.07beta- phellandrene
 0.73alpha- pinene
 0.44beta- pinene
 trace  piperitone
 53.75  pulegone
 2.77(E)-iso pulegone
 2.78(Z)-iso pulegone
 trace  sabinene
 0.77  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05alpha- terpinene
 0.09gamma- terpinene
 0.43alpha- terpineol
 0.08delta- terpineol

M. A. Posthumus, T. A. van Beek, N. F. Collins and E. H. Graven, Chemical composition of the essential oils of Agathosma betulina, A. crenulata and an A. betulina x crenulata hybrid (buchu), J. Essent, Oil Res., 8, 223-228 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

aloysia triphylla oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.54  aromadendrene
350.10epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene
480.15beta- bisabolene
310.56beta- bourbonene
520.24delta- cadinene
530.26gamma- cadinene
660.97T- cadinol
290.05alpha- campholenic aldehyde
570.36trans- carveol
590.12cis- carveol
500.50  carvone
373.49beta- caryophyllene
614.87  caryophyllene oxide
340.43alpha- cedrene
1110.071,8- cineole
260.17  citronellal
280.58alpha- copaene
544.93ar- curcumene
160.11para- cymene
420.11(E)-beta- farnesene
4911.93  geranial
580.04  geraniol
560.21  geranyl propionate
461.50  germacrene D
120.17(E)-2- hexenal
180.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
430.51alpha- humulene
1018.59  limonene
240.22(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
230.47(Z)-1,2-limonene epoxide + 1-octen-3-ol
320.38  linalool
220.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
400.41(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
10.35  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
620.08  methyl eugenol
40.102- methyl-3-buten-2-ol
190.016- methyl-3-heptanol
360.086- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
171.406- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
670.19T- muurolol
70.40  myrcene
445.99  neral
550.12  nerol
630.73  nerolidol
510.72  neryl acetate
151.41(E)-beta- ocimene
130.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
200.06  perillene
300.40(E,E)-photocitral
270.22(Z,Z)- photocitral
210.14  photocitral B
21.42alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
600.07  piperitenone
390.31  rosefuran epoxide
62.83  sabinene
250.80(E)- sabinene hydrate
330.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
654.30  spathulenol
380.31  terpinen-4-ol
80.08alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
452.00alpha- terpineol
30.20alpha- thujene
90.051,3,3-trimethyl bicyclo(2,2,2)oct-5-ene
640.08  viridiflorol
470.27  zingiberene

T. Ozek, N. Kirimer, K. H. C. Baser and G. Tiimen, Composition of the essential oil of Aloysia triphylla (l’Herit,) Britton grown in Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8,581-563 (1896).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

alpinia galanga oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2410.70alpha- bergamotene
3016.20beta- bisabolene
12trace  borneol
172.50  bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
230.90  caryophyllene
332.50  caryophyllene oxide
160.20  chavicol
191.00  chavicyl acetate
75.501,8- cineole
201.60  citronellyl acetate
220.70  copaene
281.90ar- curcumene
14tracepara- cymen-8-ol
60.80para- cymene
291.50  eugenyl acetate
2618.20(E)-beta- farnesene
215.10  geranyl acetate
250.60alpha- humulene
81.60  limonene
11trace  linalool
50.70  myrcene
311.90  pentadecane
321.60beta-sesqui phellandrene
110.20alpha- pinene
41.60beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
270.80 santalene
130.30  terpinen-4-ol
9tracealpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
18trace  tridecane

H. L. De Pooter, M. Nor Omar, B. A. Coolsaet and N. M. Schamp, The Essential Oil of Greater Galanga (Alpinia galanga) from Malaysia, Phytochem.,24, 93-96 (1985).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

alpinia officinarum root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
390.10alpha- amorphene
370.03  benzyl acetone
271.60(E)-alpha- bergamotene
410.21beta- bisabolene
260.50  bornyl acetate
440.02  butyl benzoate
50.21iso butyl isovalerate
332.50delta- cadinene
342.10gamma- cadinene
360.11  calacorene
350.21  calamenene
44.60  camphene
231.00  camphor
310.40  caryophyllene
460.15  caryophyllene oxide
949.601,8- cineole
220.41  copaene
130.01beta- copaene
200.04alpha- cubebene
111.60para- cymene
290.30beta- elemene
150.08gamma- elemene
160.75(E)-beta- farnesene
210.51alpha- fenchyl acetate
280.72alpha- guaiene
400.22delta- guaiene
180.11alpha- humulene
84.00  limonene
240.32  linalool
3trace  methyl isovalerate
320.92gamma- muurolene
70.62  myrcene
380.04  nerolidol
450.342- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.022- phenethyl isobutyrate
25.80alpha- pinene
66.60beta- pinene
250.10alpha- santalene
140.48beta- santalene
420.08alpha- selinene
301.90  terpinen-4-ol
100.22gamma- terpinene
195.00alpha- terpineol
170.10delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
10.09alpha- thujene

B. M. Lawrence, J. W. Hogg and S. J. Terhune, Essential Oils and Their Constituents. Part II. The Oil of Alpinia officinarum Hance. Perfum. Essent, Oil Rec., 60, 89-96 (1969).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.20  camphene
100.40  camphor
712.701,8- cineole
61.50para- cymene
160.30  dihydrocarvone
910.50  fenchone
40.30  myrcene
1312.70  myrtenal
1516.10  myrtenol
170.30  perillaldehyde
181.70  perillyl alcohol
50.40alpha- phellandrene
13.20alpha- pinene
315.90beta- pinene
1110.90trans- pinocarveol
120.70  terpinen-4-ol
80.20gamma- terpinene
143.00alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 86, (2001)
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.48iso amyl 3-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
60.93iso amyl acetate
270.07  amyl angelate
2517.54iso amyl angelate
123.13iso amyl isobutyrate
181.53iso amyl methacrylate
110.06iso amyl propionate
320.02  benzaldehyde
440.10  benzyl isobutyrate
400.20  borneol
430.08isobutyl 2-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
20.02iso butyl acetate
230.37  butyl angelate
194.03iso butyl angelate
70.04iso butyl butyrate
50.75iso butyl isobutyrate
90.33iso butyl methacrylate
340.03iso butyric acid
40.39  camphene
330.02  camphor
130.121,8- cineole
42tracear- curcumene
460.05para- cymen-8-ol
500.01  decanoic acid
80.08 ethyl angelate
1trace  ethyl isobutyrate
370.10beta- farnesene
300.172-methyl butyl tiglate
220.193- methyl pentanol
480.663-methyl pentyl 3-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
140.943- methyl pentyl acetate
3122.693- methyl pentyl angelate
2112.543- methyl pentyl isobutyrate
260.042-methyl pentyl isovalerate
200.102- methyl pentyl propionate
170.152- methyl-2-butenyl isobutyrate
2413.142- methyl-2-propenyl angelate
100.882- methyl-2-propenyl isobutyrate
160.812- methyl-2-propenyl methacrylate
290.802- methyl-2-propenyl tiglate
360.67  myrtenal
450.38  myrtenol
410.05  myrtenyl isobutyrate
490.04  nonanoic acid
280.051- octen-3-ol
31.05alpha- pinene
384.36trans- pinocarveol
352.37  pinocarvone
151.04  propyl angelate
390.03alpha- terpineol

E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammnerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Flower scent of some traditional medical plants. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 282-296. ACS Symposium Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
2623.02  bornyl acetate
390.17alpha- cadinol
42.02  camphene
320.10cis- carvyl acetate
330.66beta- caryophyllene
380.67  caryophyllene oxide
400.26  chamazulene
105.101,8- cineole
250.93  cuminaldehyde
91.55para- cymene
160.06alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
150.06  eucarvone
310.07  eugenol
360.26(E)-beta- farnesene
340.11(Z)-beta- farnesene
350.08alpha- humulene
182.00  linalool
300.14para- menth-1(7)-en-9-ol
240.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-7-ol
280.24para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
71.08  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
110.06(Z)-beta- ocimene
270.20  perillyl acetate
31.24alpha- pinene
60.69beta- pinene
54.61  sabinene
140.29(Z)- sabinene hydrate
200.59  safranal
218.15  terpinen-4-ol
81.55alpha- terpinene
132.08gamma- terpinene
224.80alpha- terpineol
170.75  terpinolene
290.09alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
190.29beta- thujone
10.10  tricyclene
232.47  verbenone
370.41  viridiflorene

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Artemista obsinthum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 87-89 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
160.4(Z)-thuj-2-en-4-ol
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil poland
In 1993, Kalemba et al. compared the composition of oils obtained from Artemisia absinthum (absinthe) grown in Poland, using GC and GC/MS as their method of analysis. Oils produced from plants harvested at the pre-flowering stage, in full bloom and after flowering were found to possess quantitative differences in their compositions as shown in Table XI. In addition, the authors found that the oil was strongly toxic to Rhizopertha dominca (lesser grain boror), mildly toxic to Tribolium confusum (darkling grain beetle) and Sitophilus granarius (grain weevil). Also, it was repellent to S. granarius. Only the full-flowering analysis will be shown here.
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.74alpha- bisabolol
10.95  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
112.74beta- caryophyllene
136.95  chrysanthenyl acetate
612.661,8- cineole
70.77para- cymene
166.31 dihydrocarvyl acetate + alpha-terpineol
18trace  geranyl acetate
120.91  linalool
20trace  nerol
170.56  neryl acetate
190.52  neryl propionate
80.12beta- phellandrene
23.23alpha- pinene
30.39beta- pinene
45.67 sabinene + myrcene
1520.13  sabinyl acetate
141.73  terpinen-4-ol
98.03alpha- thujone
1016.91beta- thujone

D. Kalemba, J. Gora, A. Kurowska, T. Majda and Z. Mielnizuk, Analysis of essential oils in respects of their influence to insects. Zeszyty Nauk. Politechnik. Lodz., No. 589, 5-14 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia afra oil kenya
#%LeftshiftComponents
375.09  borneol
260.23  bornyl acetate
50tracealpha- cadinol
10.12  camphene
450.58beta- caryophyllene oxide
967.371,8- cineole
40trace  cuminaldehyde
43tracepara- cymen-8-ol
122.30para- cymene
60.06  dihydro-1,8-cineole
17tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
38trace  germacrene D
80.27  limonene
23trace  linalool
21trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
18trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.76(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
300.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42trace(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
44trace(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
132.003- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
15trace3- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
7trace3- methyl butyl isobutyrate
470.243- methyl butyl phenyl acetate
29trace  myrtenal
41trace  myrtenol
48trace(E)- nerolidol
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
191.141- octen-3-ol
4tracealpha- phellandrene
46trace2- phenethyl butyrate
20.16beta- pinene
31tracetrans- pinocarveol
24trace  pinocarvone
340.32(E)- piperitol
30.09  sabinene
200.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.63(Z)- sabinene hydrate
16trace7-alpha- silphiperfol-5-ene
490.09  spathulenol
276.50  terpinen-4-ol
28trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
50.62alpha- terpinene
111.64gamma- terpinene
36tracealpha- terpineol
33tracedelta- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
350.94alpha- terpinyl acetate
341.07(E)- verbenol
32trace(Z)- verbenol

J. W. Mwangi, K. J. Achola, K.A. Sinei, W. Lwande and R. Laurent, Essential Oil Constituents of Artemisia afra Willd. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 97-99 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

artemisia afra oil wild zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
22trace-0.30  artemisyl alcohol
166.30-14.90  artemisyl ketone
19trace-0.10  artemisyl acetate
330.20-0.50  bicyclogermacrene
310.60-3.40  borneol
260.30-1.50  bornyl acetate
350.50-0.80delta- cadinene
380.10-0.90  calamenene
40.30-3.90  camphene
238.50-27.10 camphor + alpha-copaene
270.50-2.30beta- caryophyllene
39trace-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
110.10-27.901,8- cineole
36trace-0.50  cuminaldehyde
140.30-2.00para- cymene
90.10-0.20  dihydro-1,8-cineole
30.20-1.00alpha- fenchene
42trace-0.40  intermedeol
100.10-0.50  limonene
290.20-0.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
250.20-0.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
40trace-0.10  methyl linolenate
41trace-0.50T- muurolol
70.10-1.10  myrcene
37trace-0.10  myrtenol
120.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
50.10-0.70beta- pinene
20.40-1.10alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
340.10-0.70(E)- piperitol
60.10-2.60  sabinene
241.80-4.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.20-0.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
173.10-10.10  santolina alcohol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.10-1.10alpha- terpinene
130.30-1.90gamma- terpinene
320.10-0.70alpha- terpineol
300.10-2.50delta- terpineol
150.10-0.50  terpinolene
181.00-2.90alpha- thujone
20tracebeta- thujone
10.10-0.20  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia afra oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.1  artemisyl ketone
252.8  borneol
220.5  bornyl acetate
280.2delta- cadinene
310.1  calamenene
48.0  camphene
1950.3 camphor + alpha-copaene
320.1cis- carveol
231.2beta- caryophyllene
330.1  caryophyllene oxide
1110.71,8- cineole
290.2  cuminaldehyde
350.1para- cymen-8-ol
140.8para- cymene
90.1  dihydro-1,8-cineole
31.4alpha- fenchene
340.1  germacrene D-4-ol
370.1  intermedeol
100.9  limonene
210.8(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
360.5T- muurolol
71.6  myrcene
300.3  myrtenol
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
50.4beta- pinene
20.3alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
271.8(E)- piperitol
60.2  sabinene
203.5(E)- sabinene hydrate
180.4(Z)- sabinene hydrate
80.3alpha- terpinene
130.7gamma- terpinene
260.4alpha- terpineol
240.7delta- terpineol
150.3  terpinolene
170.7alpha- thujone
1trace  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia annua flower oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.06allo- aromadendrene
92.10  artemisyl alcohol
756.00  artemisyl ketone
200.61  benzyl 3-methyl butyrate
270.37beta- cadinene
82.09  camphene hydrate
1110.50  camphor
233.30beta- caryophyllene
293.26  caryophyllene oxide
67.701,8- cineole
210.31alpha- copaene
220.94beta- cubebene
260.11gamma- elemene
170.02para-ethyl camene
180.03iso eugenol
252.60beta- farnesene
240.01alpha- humulene
190.10 longipinene
140.40  myrtenal
160.14  myrtenol
30.24alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
120.23  sabinaketone
42.60  sabinene
100.72  sabinol
10.16  santolinatriene
131.10  terpinen-4-ol
150.09alpha- terpineol
20.13alpha- thujene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, M. Gorunovic and D. Stosic, A contribution to chemotaxonomy of Artemisia annua L., Asteraceae Acta Pharm. Jugoslav., 41, 233-236 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.00-11.05  artemisyl alcohol
2111.91-55.02  artemisyl ketone
250.00-0.07  artemisyl acetate
140.00-0.152-oxabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-6-ene
490.16-1.28  bicyclogermacrene
450.00-0.16  borneol
40.00-0.29  bornylene
100.00-0.14  butyl isovalerate
510.00-1.05delta- cadinene
61.20-7.28  camphene
270.00-0.66alpha- campholenic aldehyde
291.58-11.52  camphor
590.10-1.10  carvacrol
361.63-10.87beta- caryophyllene
540.10-1.64  caryophyllene oxide
530.04-0.39iso caryophyllene oxide
570.00-trace  cedrol
165.07-11.651,8- cineole
280.00-1.33alpha- copaene
330.09-2.17beta- cubebene
19trace-1.23para- cymene
520.08-0.676,6- dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-2-en-2-methanol
500.00-0.41(E)-(3,3-dimethyl) cyclohexylidene acetaldehyde
50.00-0.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
440.00-1.00(E)-beta- farnesene
430.00-1.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
471.99-18.54  germacrene D
482.24-14.73alpha- guaiene
310.00-trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
41trace-0.97alpha- himachalene
420.00-0.74alpha- humulene
150.09-0.57  limonene
90.00-trace3-methyl bicyclo(3.1.2)oct-2-ene
220.00-0.313- methyl-3-buten-1-yl isovalerate
120.00-3.34  myrcene
38trace-0.42  myrtenal
560.00-0.82  nootkatone
180.00-0.27(E)-beta- ocimene
110.00-tracealpha- phellandrene
24.20-15.66alpha- pinene
70.93-3.35beta- pinene
320.00-0.32  pinocamphone
400.35-1.81trans- pinocarveol
350.24-2.19  pinocarvone
80.43-2.80  sabinene
260.00-0.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.11-0.83(Z)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.22  santolina alcohol
550.00-0.49  spathulenol
370.13-0.38  terpinen-4-ol
130.00-0.18alpha- terpinene
170.07-0.34gamma- terpinene
460.00-0.65alpha- terpineol
200.00-0.33  terpinolene
390.00-2.163- thujen-2-ol
30.00-0.90alpha- thujene
580.00-0.83  thymol
10.01-0.35  tricyclene
240.06-0.64  yomogi alcohol

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 261-268 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua herb oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.67  artemisyl alcohol
84.42  artemisyl ketone
190.63delta- cadinene
21.78  camphene
1123.75  camphor
176.29beta- caryophyllene
715.441,8- cineole
160.97alpha- cubebene
205.59beta- cubebene
64.08para- cymene
189.59beta- farnesene
151.01  geranyl acetate
102.93  limonene oxide
90.46  linalool
122.91para-mentha-1(7),8-2-ol
54.38  myrcene
10.74alpha- pinene
40.44beta- pinene
31.10  sabinene
142.27  terpinen-4-ol

N. X. Dung, P. A. Leclercq, D. H. Kiet and N. M. Tu, Chemical composition of Vietnamese Artemisia annua L. essential oil. Tap Chi Duoc Hoc, (2) 11-13 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

artemisia annua leaf oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
312.02-8.45allo- aromadendrene
110.72-1.90  artemisyl alcohol
926.85-35.60  artemisyl ketone
230.90-0.36  benzyl 3-methyl butyrate
300.18-0.50beta- cadinene
100.14-2.31  camphene hydrate
140.00-20.48  camphor
265.00-5.60beta- caryophyllene
320.95-1.75  caryophyllene oxide
88.70-28.101,8- cineole
241.10-1.55alpha- copaene
251.80-4.43beta- cubebene
290.40-0.66gamma- elemene
200.04-0.33para-ethyl camene
210.04-0.11iso eugenol
280.84-3.80beta- farnesene
270.03-0.71alpha- humulene
220.15 longipinene
60.71-0.94(E)-6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
170.20-0.50  myrtenal
190.10  myrtenol
30.40-0.50alpha- pinene
50.80-1.40beta- pinene
150.14-0.55  sabinaketone
41.10-3.80  sabinene
120.28-0.33(Z)- sabinene hydrate
130.00-1.70  sabinol
10.04-0.20  santolinatriene
160.14-1.84  terpinen-4-ol
70.22-0.40alpha- terpinene
180.08-0.12alpha- terpineol
20.01-0.10alpha- thujene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, M. Gorunovic and D. Stosic, A contribution to chemotaxonomy of Artemisia annua L., Asteraceae Acta Pharm. Jugoslav., 41, 233-236 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
21trace  aromadendrene
2714.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.90 bisabolene endoperoxide
397.00alpha- bisabolol
421.70alpha-bisabolol oxide
220.10iso borneol
30tracedelta- cadinene
440.50alpha- cadinol
320.20  calamenene
2trace  camphene
18trace  camphor
430.90  carvacrol
340.30  caryophyllene oxide
371.00  cedrol
70.201,8- cineole
170.40alpha- copaene
310.20ar- curcumene
110.10para- cymene
285.00(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
241.50(E)-beta- farnesene
290.10  geranyl acetate
268.00  germacrene D
401.00  globulol
230.40beta- guaiene
140.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
251.40alpha- humulene
63.00  limonene
353.70  methyl eugenol
450.40T- muurolol
511.20  myrcene
200.40  myrtenal
360.80(E)- nerolidol
82.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
130.10allo- ocimene
105.40(E)-beta- ocimene
12.60alpha- pinene
319.00beta- pinene
40.30  sabinene
410.90  spathulenol
190.90  terpinen-4-ol
90.40gamma- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene
15tracealpha- thujone
16tracebeta- thujone
380.90  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.50  borneol
130.80  bornyl acetate
11.00  camphene
615.70  camphor
311.801,8- cineole
21.20para- cymene
177.50  davanone
161.00  geranyl acetate
50.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
70.90(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
111.40  piperitol
1251.80  piperitone
40.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
141.40(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
90.40  terpinen-4-ol
102.00alpha- terpineol
150.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 30, (2001)
artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.50  borneol
102.00  bornyl acetate
24.60  camphene
757.50  camphor
47.501,8- cineole
31.00para- cymene
50.80iso phorone
10.40alpha- pinene
96.50  piperitone
613.00  verbenone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 30, (2001)
artemisia dracunculus herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
8trace1,8- cineole
11tracepara- cymene
21trace  elemicin
192.1  eugenol
17trace  geraniol
70.8  limonene
13trace  linalool
1586.4  methyl chavicol
180.8  methyl eugenol
20trace  methyl isoeugenol
50.1  myrcene
160.1  nerol
93.2(Z)-beta- ocimene
103.3(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
1tracealpha- pinene
3tracebeta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
14trace  terpinen-4-ol
6tracealpha- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene

E. Werker, E. Putievsky, U. Ravid, N. Dudai and I. Katzir, Glandular hairs, secretoy cavities and essential oils in leaves of tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L.), J. Herbs, Spices Med. Plants, 2(3), 19-32 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
82.60  borneol
124.30  bornyl acetate
10.70  camphene
63.50  camphor
140.30  caryophyllene oxide
110.80(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
336.501,8- cineole
22.80para- cymene
130.70(Z)- jasmone
93.10  terpinen-4-ol
100.70alpha- terpineol
70.50delta- terpineol
48.90alpha- thujone
528.40beta- thujone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 330, (2000)
artemisia herba-alba herb oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.1  artemisyl alcohol
90.7  borneol
160.1  bornyl acetate
27tracedelta- cadinene
28tracegamma- cadinene
31.8  camphene
2110.3  camphor
12trace  carvacrol
230.8beta- caryophyllene
224.2  chrysanthenone
17trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1414.01,8- cineole
40.1para- cymene
261.7beta- elemene
243.1alpha- guaiene
25tracealpha- humulene
10trace  myrtenol
18trace  myrtenyl acetate
11.5alpha- pinene
20.8beta- pinene
50.2alpha- terpinene
71.5gamma- terpinene
85.3alpha- terpineol
150.1alpha- terpinyl acetate
60.1alpha- thujene
1923.9alpha- thujone
2020.1beta- thujone
11trace  thymol

A. Ouyabya, R. Negre, J. Viano, Y. F. Lozano and E. M. Gaydou, Essential oils from Moroccan Artemisia negrei, A. mesatlantica and A. herba-alba, Lebensmitt. Wiss u Technol., 23, 528-530 (1990).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

artemisia santolina schrenk oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
130.90  camphor
120.30  chrysanthenone
415.901,8- cineole
210.60  geranyl acetate
1537.20  lavandulol
199.50  lavandulyl acetate
1113.60  linalool
90.10  linalool oxide
50.20  myrcene
181.80  nerol
140.30  nerol oxide
202.80  neryl acetate
20.70alpha- pinene
40.20beta- pinene
162.90  terpinen-4-ol
80.90gamma- terpinene
61.76alpha-terpinene + para-cymene
172.10alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 330, (2000)
artemisia variabilis flower oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.40  acenaphthalene
240.70  bicyclogermacrene
331.00alpha- bisabolol
26tracedelta- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
2trace  camphene
16trace  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
27tracear- curcumene
300.101H-cyclobutano(de)naphthalene
120.40para- cymene
3977.301,2-dihydroacenaphthlene
280.501,4- dimethyl naphthalene
250.10  geranyl acetate
230.30  germacrene D
340.20  globulol
20tracebeta- guaiene
15trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
210.10alpha- humulene
400.102- hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxyacetophenone
71.00  limonene
17trace  linalool
29trace  methyl eugenol
50.20  myrcene
19trace  myrtenal
310.30(E)- nerolidol
95.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
14traceallo- ocimene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.80alpha- pinene
33.60beta- pinene
40.10  sabinene
351.00  spathulenol
180.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.10alpha- terpinene
103.20gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
13trace  terpinolene
360.80  thymol
320.20  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
artemisia vestita wall. flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1110.80  aromadendrene
126.00  cadinene
131.40  chamazulene
36.401,8- cineole
89.80  citral
71.60  citronellal
92.20  citronellol
106.20  geraniol
18.60  hexanal
215.60alpha- phellandrene
47.00alpha- terpinene
51.50beta- thujone
63.20  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
910.70  aromadendrene
106.00  cadinene
111.30  chamazulene
34.001,8- cineole
713.30  citral
88.00  geraniol
18.70  hexanal
217.40alpha- phellandrene
45.30alpha- terpinene
52.70beta- thujone
62.00  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

asarum canadense root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20  aristolene
290.90  aristolone
150.40(E)-beta- bergamotene
410.10  borneol
91.50  bornyl acetate
240.20delta- cadinene
160.30  camphene
170.301,8- cineole
360.10  copaene
180.30para- cymene
81.70  elemicin
300.90(E)-iso elemicin
340.60  eugenol
230.20(E)-beta- farnesene
111.30  geraniol
53.90  geranyl acetate
200.30gamma- guaiene
370.10beta- gurjunene
101.40  junenol
280.90  limonene
214.90  linalool
44.00  linalyl acetate
390.10  methyl chavicol
141.80  methyl eugenol
190.30(E)- methyl isoeugenol
42trace  methyl thymol
400.10alpha- muurolene
71.70  myrcene
121.20  nerol
62.40  neryl acetate
140.40(E)-ocimene
320.60(Z)- ocimene
130.90alpha- pinene
270.90beta- pinene
250.10  sabinene
220.20  seychellene
330.60  terpinen-4-ol
260.10alpha- terpinene
310.80gamma- terpinene
35.90alpha- terpineol
350.40  terpinolene
380.10 vetiselinene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 11, No. 6, 39, (1986)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

bois de rose leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.62-0.79  benzyl benzoate
11trace  camphor
190.80-0.95  caryophyllene oxide
40.03-0.041,8- cineole
101.40-2.70  cyclosativene
7trace-0.03para- cymene
164.50-6.00  eremophilene
140.40-0.54  hotrienol
30.10-0.15  limonene
1273.00-78.00  linalool
91.00-1.54(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
81.20-1.80(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.04(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
170.13-0.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
20.06-0.10  myrcene
60.03-0.05(E)-beta- ocimene
5trace-0.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
1trace-0.03beta- pinene
150.10-0.50gamma- selinene
200.35-0.62  spathulenol
130.14-0.53  terpinen-4-ol

S. T. Ohashi, L. dos S. Rosa, J. A. Santana and C. L. Green, Brazilian rosewood oil: sustainable production and oil quality management. Perfum. Flav., 22(2), 1-5 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

boldea fragrans leaf oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3538.63  ascaridole
50.38  camphene
240.06  camphor
90.25delta-3- carene
390.01  carvacrol
400.08trans- carvyl acetate
100.921,4- cineole
1438.631,8- cineole
330.18  cuminaldehyde
129.51para- cymene
40.02alpha- fenchene
150.01  fenchone
320.06alpha- fenchyl acetate
200.40alpha- fenchyl alcohol
340.09  geraniol
10.062- heptanone
420.32  ledol
130.07  limonene
18trace  linalool
70.02  myrcene
28trace  myrtenal
300.36  myrtenol
310.07  nerol
19trace2- nonanol
160.102- nonanone
80.04alpha- phellandrene
30.02alpha- pinene
221.20trans- pinocarveol
290.78  sabinaketone
60.04  sabinene
384.28  sabinyl acetate
261.37  terpinen-4-ol
170.03  terpinen-4-yl acetate
110.04alpha- terpinene
270.25alpha- terpineol
250.13beta- terpineol
20.06alpha- thujene
21tracebeta- thujone
370.07  thymol
410.03  thymyl acetate
23trace(Z)- verbenol
360.14cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

cajuput leaf oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
49trace  bulnesol
370.4  cadina-1,4-diene
35tracedelta- cadinene
34tracegamma- cadinene
47tracealpha- cadinol
44traceT- cadinol
38trace  calamenene
2trace  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
232.5beta- caryophyllene
410.3  caryophyllene oxide
1041.11,8- cineole
20tracealpha- copaene
270.5gamma- curcumene
156.8para- cymene
170.2para- cymenene
220.3beta- elemene
18tracedelta- elemene
25tracegamma- elemene
42trace  elemol
480.7beta- eudesmol
450.6gamma- eudesmol
310.3alpha- farnesene
390.4  geraniol
290.3beta- guaiene
431.2  guaiol
281.6alpha- humulene
94.1  limonene
213.6  linalool
40tracealpha- maaliene
46tracealpha- muurolol
60.1  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.5alpha- phellandrene
110.2beta- phellandrene
36tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
13.2alpha- pinene
30.8beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
331.5alpha- selinene
321.5beta- selinene
241.5  terpinen-4-ol
80.6alpha- terpinene
134.6gamma- terpinene
308.7alpha- terpineol
165.9  terpinolene
26trace  thujopsene
190.3alpha- ylangene

O. Motl, J. Hodacova and K. Ubik, Composition of Vietnamese cajuput essential oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 39-42 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

camomile sauvage oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.30  artemisyl alcohol
282.50  bisabolene
191.00  borneol
202.20  bornyl acetate
261.30  bornyl butyrate
230.30iso bornyl propionate
300.80delta- cadinene
3340.50 cadinol
40.40  camphene
330.70  caryophylladienol
271.50beta- caryophyllene
320.80  caryophyllene oxide
90.501,8- cineole
240.30alpha- cubebene
160.302,7-dimethyl octa-3,6-dien-2-ol
220.70delta- elemene
295.00 germacrene
210.20  hexyl tiglate
100.80  limonene
150.30  linalool
71.00  myrcene
310.30  nerolidol
60.101- octen-3-ol
315.00alpha- pinene
173.00trans- pinocarveol
180.50  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
113.20  santolina alcohol
10.40  santolinatriene
250.30beta- selinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
140.25  terpinolene
20.04  tricyclene
82.40  yomogi alcohol

B. Toulemonde and D. Beauverd, Contribution a l’etude d’une camomille sauvage du Maroc: L’huile essentielle d’Ormenis mixta. Parfium, Cosmet. Aromes, 60, 65-67 (1984).

P&F 11, No. 2, 75, (1986)

cananga odorata flower oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
451.46alpha- amorphene
280.17(E)- anethole
620.02(Z)- asarone
40.59  benzaldehyde
186.15  benzyl acetate
120.04  benzyl alcohol
6411.97  benzyl benzoate
710.04  benzyl cinnamate
673.66  benzyl salicylate
520.02  bisabolene
590.61alpha- bisabolol
470.133- buten-2-yl benzoate
530.19delta- cadinene
540.01gamma- cadinene
423.96beta- caryophyllene
430.21alpha- cedrene
600.02  cedrol
92.731,8- cineole
300.02  cinnamic alcohol
260.21  cinnamic aldehyde
412.28  cinnamyl acetate
370.93alpha- copaene
140.53para- cresol
82.00para- cresyl methyl ether
400.60beta- cubebene
230.101,4- dimethoxybenzene
210.043,4- dimethoxytoluene
690.02  eicosane
380.02delta- elemene
550.02  elemol
190.02  ethyl benzoate
340.03  eugenol
440.54iso eugenol
5114.63(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
631.39(E,E)- farnesol
662.00  farnesyl acetate
351.00  geranyl acetate
4920.03  germacrene D
720.04  hexacosane
700.23  hexadecanoic acid
10.113- hexen-1-ol
70.013- hexen-1-yl acetate
570.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
460.99alpha- humulene
310.13  indole
110.04  limonene
1616.47  linalool
200.012- methoxy-4-methyl phenol
290.04  methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
330.02  methyl anthranilate
250.074- methyl benzaldoxime
152.42  methyl benzoate
480.14  methyl eugenol
220.04  methyl salicylate
20.182- methyl-3-butenol
560.03alpha- muurolene
500.02gamma- muurolene
610.06alpha- muurolol
60.05  myrcene
580.02  nerolidol
130.02(E)-beta- ocimene
240.162- phenethyl acetate
680.022- phenethyl benzoate
100.03  phenyl acetaldehyde
270.102- phenyl-1-nitroethane
30.19alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
320.024-(2- propenyl) phenol
650.01  tetradecanal
390.53  tetradecane
360.02alpha- ylangene

E. E. Stashenko, W. Torres and J. R. Martinez Morales, A study of the compositional variation of the essential oil of ylang ylang (Cananga odorata Hook. fil. et Thomson, forma genuina) during flower development. J. High Resol. Chromatogr., 18, 101-104 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cananga odorata fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.2beta- caryophyllene
90.71,8- cineole
17tracealpha- humulene
80.9  limonene
180.2gamma- muurolene
524.7  myrcene
110.3(E)-beta- ocimene
102.0(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.2alpha- phellandrene
211.1alpha- pinene
43.4beta- pinene
334.3  sabinene
148.0  terpinen-4-ol
73.7alpha- terpinene
125.6gamma- terpinene
15tracealpha- terpineol
130.8  terpinolene
12.8alpha- thujene

F. Fekam Boyom, P. H. Amvam Zollo, C. Menut, G. Lamaty and J. M. Bessière, Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXVII. Comparative study of the volatile constituents of five Annonaceae species growing in Cameroon. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 333-338 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cananga odorata leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.4alpha- amorphene
250.6  bicyclogermacrene
273.0delta- cadinene
260.8gamma- cadinene
300.8alpha- cadinol
290.9T- cadinol
2026.3beta- caryophyllene
280.6  caryophyllene oxide
9trace1,8- cineole
172.9alpha- copaene
180.7beta- cubebene
191.4beta- elemene
151.1delta- elemene
2311.7  germacrene D
410.2  hexanol
12.0(E)-2- hexenal
30.2(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
23.1(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
226.3alpha- humulene
80.4  limonene
121.9  linalool
241.1alpha- muurolene
70.6  myrcene
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
514.0alpha- pinene
64.5beta- pinene
13trace  terpinen-4-ol
140.3alpha- terpineol
11trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- ylangene

F. Fekam Boyom, P. H. Amvam Zollo, C. Menut, G. Lamaty and J. M. Bessière, Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXVII. Comparative study of the volatile constituents of five Annonaceae species growing in Cameroon. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 333-338 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cardamomum officinale seed oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
527.001,8- cineole
100.40  geraniol
120.60  geranyl acetate
42.30  limonene
63.90  linalool
91.50  linalyl acetate
131.50  nerolidol
10.70alpha- pinene
24.30beta- pinene
32.80  sabinene
72.00  terpinen-4-ol
85.90alpha- terpineol
1140.90alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. Gopalakishnan, Studies on the storage quality of CO2 extracted cardamom and clove bud oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 796-798 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

carum carvi fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20trace-0.05delta-3-carene epoxide
240.01-1.15trans- carveol
250.00-0.40cis- carveol
1852.30-54.40  carvone
300.00-0.15 carvone epoxide
270.00-0.05  caryophyllene oxide
6trace1,8- cineole
22trace  citronellol
7trace-0.01para- cymene
130.05-0.10(E)- dihydrocarvone
140.05-0.10(Z)- dihydrocarvone
230.05-0.254-hydroxy-para-menth-1-en-6-one
17trace-0.10  limonen-4-ol
536.90-44.60  limonene
110.25(E)-1,2,8,9-limonene diepoxide
100.05-0.30(Z)-1,2,8,9-limonene diepoxide
90.05-1.00(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
80.05-1.50(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
120.05  linalool
290.00-0.20para- menth-1-en-8,9-diol
280.00-0.15para- menth-8-en-1,2-diol 2 isomers
190.01-0.15para-menth-8-en-7-al
2tracecis-para- menth-8-ene
260.00-0.05para-mentha-1(7),8-dien-6-ol
150.05-0.60para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
160.05-0.55para-mentha-2,8-dien-6-ol
40.05-0.30  myrcene
210.10  perillyl alcohol
10.05alpha- pinene
30.05  sabinene

J. C. Chalchat, R. Ph. Garry, A. Michet and M. Gorunovic, Huiles essentielles Carum carvide Yougoslavie. Rivisita Ital. EPPOS, (Special Issue), 466-470 (1991).

cassinia laevis flower oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.10  bicyclogermacrene
300.40  bulnesol
172.40delta- cadinene
292.50T- cadinol
102.10beta- caryophyllene
42.801,8- cineole
60.40  citronellal
91.90alpha- copaene
123.60beta- copaene
130.90  germacrene D
201.20  globulol
110.30alpha- guaiene
222.20  guaiol
250.70  humulene oxide I
271.00  humulene oxide II
2419.30  ledol
34.30  limonene
167.70alpha- muurolene
280.40alpha- muurolol
180.70  palustrol
113.60alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
210.40  rosifoliol
50.70(Z)- sabinene hydrate
152.20beta- selinene
198.00  spathulenol
70.90  terpinen-4-ol
81.00alpha- terpineol
311.20 unknown a
230.40  viridiflorol
265.30  widdrol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 78, (2001)
cassinia laevis leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.10  bicyclogermacrene
280.90  bulnesol
170.70delta- cadinene
270.10T- cadinol
102.30beta- caryophyllene
41.101,8- cineole
60.50  citronellal
91.60alpha- copaene
124.30beta- copaene
130.60  germacrene D
200.40  globulol
110.50alpha- guaiene
211.30  guaiol
231.30  humulene oxide I
250.70  humulene oxide II
2239.50  ledol
30.80  limonene
169.60alpha- muurolene
260.30alpha- muurolol
181.20  palustrol
19.80alpha- pinene
20.20beta- pinene
50.10(Z)- sabinene hydrate
153.50beta- selinene
194.00  spathulenol
70.50  terpinen-4-ol
80.70alpha- terpineol
243.80  widdrol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 78, (2001)
chrysanthemum balsamita oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.46  bornyl acetate
20.01  camphene
60.01delta-3- carene
180.36cis- carveol
1551.51  carvone
90.631,8- cineole
190.15alpha- copaene
214.72beta- cubebene
70.11para- cymene
140.50  dodecane
200.39(E)-beta- farnesene
30.02 fenchene
82.57  limonene
230.36  pentadecane
160.43  perillaldehyde
10.04alpha- pinene
50.03beta- pinene
40.24  sabinene
100.05  terpinolene
130.78alpha- thujone
120.19beta- thujone
110.12  undecane
220.49  zingiberene

H. J. Bestmann, B. Classen, U. Kohold, O. Vostrowsky, F. Klingauf, H. Strobel and K. Knobloch, Pflanzliche Insektizide II (1.) Das atherische Ole aus Blattern das Balsamkrautes, Chrysanthemum balsamita L. Insektizide Wirkung and Zusammensetzung, Z. Naturforsch., 39c, 543-547 (1984).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

cinnamomum angustifolium rafin. oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
273.00  bicyclogermacrene
290.30delta- cadinene
40.10  camphene
180.10  camphor
71.80delta-3- carene
390.10  carvacrol
206.20beta- caryophyllene
331.00  caryophyllene oxide
129.701,8- cineole
340.20(E)- cinnamaldehyde
280.90(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
380.40(E)- cinnamyl acetate
320.30para- cymen-8-ol
1617.60para- cymene
30.30alpha- fenchene
300.30  geranyl acetate
261.80  germacrene D
360.40  guaiol
220.20alpha- humulene
111.80  limonene
193.30  linalool
310.20para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
92.60  myrcene
350.40(E)- nerolidol
151.10(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
823.40alpha- phellandrene
14.80alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.00  sabinene
230.20  salicylaldehyde
371.40  spathulenol
210.70  terpinen-4-ol
100.30alpha- terpinene
140.50gamma- terpinene
252.10alpha- terpineol
170.30  terpinolene
21.90alpha- thujene
240.40  viridiflorene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-cadina-1,4-diene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
270.20beta- bisabolene
281.60delta- cadinene
290.70  calamenene
30.10  camphene
1912.70beta- caryophyllene
301.20  caryophyllene oxide
1028.101,8- cineole
150.40alpha- copaene
32traceepi- cubebol
132.40para- cymene
18tracebeta- elemene
23trace(E)-beta- farnesene
225.20(Z)-beta- farnesene
251.30  germacrene D
210.90alpha- humulene
96.30  limonene
162.20  linalool
260.20alpha- muurolene
330.10epi-alpha- muurolol
72.40  myrcene
310.70(E)- nerolidol
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
18.00alpha- pinene
49.70beta- pinene
55.60  sabinene
201.40  terpinen-4-ol
81.20alpha- terpinene
112.20gamma- terpinene
241.00alpha- terpineol
140.60  terpinolene
21.00alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum tamala oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.20  benzaldehyde
20.10  camphene
110.70  caryophyllene
60.901,8- cineole
73.20para- cymene
1578.00  eugenol
141.20  eugenyl acetate
120.10  geraniol
50.70  limonene
80.20  linalool
130.50  methyl eugenol
40.30  myrcene
11.50alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
100.30alpha- terpineol

B. C. Gulati, Essential oils of cinnamomum species in Cultivation and Utilization of Aromatic Plants. Edit. C. K. Atal and B. M. Kapur, R. R. L., Council of Scientific & Indust. Research (1982).

P&F 8, No. 4, 65, (1983)

cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.02-0.03  benzaldehyde
230.78-1.63  benzyl benzoate
40.02-0.10  camphene
100.71-2.221,8- cineole
1777.24-81.47  cinnamaldehyde
215.27-6.58 cinnamyl acetate + beta-caryophyllene
90.36-0.78para- cymene
201.82-2.31  eugenol
221.51-2.02  eugenyl acetate
180.00-0.12  geraniol
110.17-0.42  limonene
140.84-1.61  linalool
70.00-0.02  myrcene
30.06-0.21alpha- pinene
60.03-0.11beta- pinene
50.02-0.03  sabinene
190.00-0.02  safrole
80.04-0.23  salicylaldehyde
150.14-0.19  terpinen-4-ol
120.01-0.03gamma- terpinene
160.19-0.35alpha- terpineol
130.01-0.04  terpinolene
10.01-0.08alpha- thujene

F. Tateo and F. Chizzini, The Composition and Quality of Supercntical CO2 Extracted Cinnamon. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 165-168 ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 3, 59, (1994)

cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil india
In 1989, Variyar and Bandyopadhayay used retention time data of authentic compounds on a packed GC column to determine the composition of bark and twig oils of Cinnamomum zeylanicum of Kerala (India) origin. The compounds characterized in these oils can be seen in Table VIII. Only the bark oil will be shown here:
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.90beta- caryophyllene
30.261,8- cineole
882.11(E)- cinnamaldehyde
100.95(E)- cinnamyl acetate
97.69(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
110.41  coumarin
120.76  eugenol
70.28alpha- humulene
20.18  limonene
42.48  linalool
10.18alpha- pinene
60.80  terpinen-4-ol

P. S. Variyar and Bandyopadhayay, On some chemical aspects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum. PAFAI, (Oct/Dec), 35-38 (1989).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cinnamomum zeylanicum twig oil india
In 1989, Variyar and Bandyopadhayay used retention time data of authentic compounds on a packed GC column to determine the composition of bark and twig oils of Cinnamomum zeylanicum of Kerala (India) origin. The compounds characterized in these oils can be seen in Table VIII. Only the twig oil will be shown here:
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.73beta- caryophyllene
30.641,8- cineole
876.07(E)- cinnamaldehyde
100.43(E)- cinnamyl acetate
99.55(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
110.32  coumarin
124.03  eugenol
70.19alpha- humulene
20.14  limonene
43.05  linalool
10.21alpha- pinene
60.50  terpinen-4-ol

P. S. Variyar and Bandyopadhayay, On some chemical aspects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum. PAFAI, (Oct/Dec), 35-38 (1989).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cistus ladaniferus oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.80alpha- amorphene
470.97allo- aromadendrene
231.45  borneol
352.40  bornyl acetate
523.00delta- cadinene
591.32alpha- cadinol
580.81T- cadinol
530.31alpha- calacorene
540.37beta- calacorene
210.74  camphene hydrate
12trace  camphenilone
170.78alpha- campholenic aldehyde
202.92  camphor
360.21  carvacrol
311.22cis- carveol
330.31  carvone
45tracebeta- caryophyllene
7trace1,8- cineole
410.79alpha- copaene
380.30alpha- cubebene
420.19beta- cubebene
571.71  cubenol
320.77  cuminaldehyde
250.19para- cymen-8-ol
40.30ortho- cymene
130.43para- cymene
160.572,6- dimethyl cyclohexanol
2trace3,5- dimethyl phenol
30tracealpha- fenchyl acetate
340.35  geraniol
440.42alpha- gurjunene
460.19beta- gurjunene
43traceiso italicene
500.45  ledene
550.42  ledol
5trace  limonene
110.15(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
510.62alpha- muurolene
480.18gamma- muurolene
28trace  myrtanol
271.35  myrtenal
60.25beta- phellandrene
370.06 phenyl propionic acid
10.37alpha- pinene
150.23alpha- pinene oxide
192.47trans- pinocarveol
221.11  pinocarvone
180.16(E)- rose oxide
240.70  terpinen-4-ol
3tracealpha- terpinene
90.35gamma- terpinene
260.30alpha- terpineol
140.43  terpinolene
100.353,5,5- trimethyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
80.752,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
490.16  valencene
290.19  verbenone
5612.81  viridiflorol
390.80alpha- ylangene

N. Mrabet, S. Zrira, M. M. Ismaili-Alaoui, H. Lahloa and B. Benjilali, Essential oils and resin gum from Moroccan Cistus, “Cistus ladaniferus L." Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 622-630 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
#%LeftshiftComponents
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
1010.06epi-alpha-bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
400.034,8-epoxy-para-menth-1-ene
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
840.181,1,3a,7-tetramethyl-1H-1a,2,2,3a,4,5,6,7b-octahydrocyclopropa(a)naphthalene
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantium var. bergamia wright et arn. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02  borneol
70.641,8- cineole
110.02  citronellal
233.27  citronellol
150.42  citronellyl acetate
213.15  geranial
252.77  geraniol
220.08  geranyl acetate
190.90alpha- humulene
51.21  limonene
1222.39  linalool
1351.64  linalyl acetate
100.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.63  myrcene
160.07  neral
241.21  nerol
200.27  neryl acetate
81.54beta- ocimene
60.04beta- phellandrene
10.09alpha- pinene
21.00beta- pinene
30.15  sabinene
142.53  terpinen-4-ol
174.21alpha- terpineol
90.31  terpinolene

Y. S. Cheng and C. S. Lee, Composition of leaf essential oils from ten Citrus species. Proc. Natl Sci. Count. B. ROC, 5, 278-283(1981).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus junos sieb var. tanaka peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.80-1.52  bicycloelemene
25tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
210.01-0.02  carvone
150.13-0.17beta- caryophyllene
56.15-8.251,8- cineole
24tracear- curcumene
70.21-0.40para- cymene
12trace  decanal
19trace  dodecanal
110.01-0.02delta- elemene
171.21-1.96beta- farnesene
27trace  juniper camphor
460.41-71.29  limonene
131.64-2.00  linalool
14trace  linalyl acetate
31.41-1.43  myrcene
10trace  nonanal
9trace  octanal
230.01-0.02  perillaldehyde
10.95-1.11alpha- pinene
20.32-0.35beta- pinene
20trace  piperitone
16trace-0.02  terpinen-4-ol
67.59-7.78gamma- terpinene
180.10-0.25alpha- terpineol
80.23-0.51  terpinolene
280.12-0.21  thymol

M. Sawamura, T. Kuriyama, Z-F. Li and H. Kusunose, Composition of peel oil components of yuzu (Citrus junos Tanaka) extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide and those of traditional ones. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gaikkaishi, 36, 34-38 (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus junos sieb var. tanaka peel oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.90-1.65  bicycloelemene
25trace-0.01trans- carveol
26trace-0.01cis- carveol
210.01  carvone
150.02-0.19beta- caryophyllene
53.70-5.801,8- cineole
24tracear- curcumene
70.11-0.48para- cymene
12trace-0.03  decanal
19trace-0.02  dodecanal
110.01-0.02delta- elemene
171.41-3.49beta- farnesene
27trace-0.05  juniper camphor
461.91-75.74  limonene
131.19-7.94  linalool
14trace  linalyl acetate
31.05-1.63  myrcene
10trace-0.04  nonanal
9trace  octanal
23trace-0.05  perillaldehyde
10.64-0.90alpha- pinene
20.28-0.37beta- pinene
20trace-0.07  piperitone
160.01-0.33  terpinen-4-ol
67.43-10.49gamma- terpinene
180.16-0.84alpha- terpineol
80.17-0.34  terpinolene
280.24-1.10  thymol

M. Sawamura, T. Kuriyama, Z-F. Li and H. Kusunose, Composition of peel oil components of yuzu (Citrus junos Tanaka) extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide and those of traditional ones. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gaikkaishi, 36, 34-38 (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus unshiu peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
54trace  bornyl acetate
230.012- butanol
200.86delta- cadinene
65trace  carvacrol
32tracetrans- carveol
34tracecis- carveol
49trace  carvone
120.07  caryophyllene
71trace1,8- cineole
440.03  citronellal
310.02  citronellol
370.03  citronellyl acetate
110.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cuminaldehyde
33tracepara- cymen-8-ol
80.22para- cymene
400.08  decanal
43trace(E)-2- decenal
380.01  decyl acetate
48trace  dihydrocarvone
420.03  dodecanal
62trace  dodecyl acetate
13tracebeta- elemene
10tracedelta- elemene
360.01beta- elemol
220.02  ethanol
51trace  ethyl propionate
180.53(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
570.11  geranyl acetate
60trace  geranyl propionate
150.46  germacrene D
52trace  heptyl acetate
140.10alpha- humulene
72trace  indole
290.01  limonen-4-ol
688.39  limonene
70trace(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
69trace(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
270.82  linalool
67trace(E)- linalool oxide
68trace(Z)- linalool oxide
59tracepara- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
610.03para-menth-1,8(10)-dien-9-yl acetate
350.01para- mentha-1,8(10)-dien-9-ol
47trace  methyl heptenone
41.00  myrcene
560.03  neryl acetate
39trace  nonanal
550.01  nonyl acetate
500.03  nootkatone
19trace  octanal
530.03  octyl acetate
26trace  pentanol
250.012- pentanol
24trace3- pentanol
45trace  perillaldehyde
630.01  perillyl acetate
66trace  phenol
10.64alpha- pinene
20.16beta- pinene
30.24  sabinene
17tracealpha- selinene
16tracebeta- selinene
280.03  terpinen-4-ol
50.41alpha- terpinene
74.80gamma- terpinene
300.21alpha- terpineol
90.13  terpinolene
64trace  thymol
410.01  undecanal
21trace  undecane
58trace  undecyl acetate

I. Yajima, T. Yanai, M. Nakamum, H. Sakakibara and K. Hayashi, Composition of the Volatiles of Peel Oil and Juice from Citrus unshiu, Agric. BioI. Chem., 43, 259-264 (1979).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.30  borneol
30.20  camphene
138.90  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
72.60para- cymene
182.30  geraniol
191.70  geranyl acetate
91.40  limonene
1267.50  linalool
150.30(E)- linalool oxide
110.30(Z)- linalool oxide
50.6  myrcene
170.10  nerol
21.80alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
6<0.10alpha- terpinene
104.50gamma- terpinene
160.40alpha- terpineol
1<0.10alpha- thujene
F. Chialva, G. Gabri, P. A. P. Liddle and F. Ulian, Quantitative evaluation of aromatic herbs by direct headspace (GC)2 analysis Application of the method and composition with the traditional analysis of essential oils, In: Aromatic plants, basic and applied aspects, Edits., N. Margaris, A. Koedam and D. Vokou, pp. 183-195, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague (1982). P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)
coriandrum sativum fruit oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.07  borneol
11.20  camphene
90.30beta- caryophyllene
40.301,8- cineole
71.20  decanal
140.40  geraniol
34.70  limonene
860.10 linalool + camphor
100.70  menthol
61.00  menthone
130.06  nerol
21.10beta- pinene
520.05gamma-terpinene + alpha-terpinene
110.23alpha- terpineol

A. S. Reis Machado, E. Gomes de Azevedo, M. Nunes da Ponte and R. M. A. Sardinha, High pressure carbon dioxide extraction from coriander plants. Headspace analysis. J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 645-649 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

croton eluteria bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
1211.78beta-cedren-10-ol
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
1300.513,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-isopropyl-1(2H)-naphthalenone
79trace2,5-dimethoxy-meta-cymene
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
980.04para-menth-2-en-1-ol
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
830.15(Z)-5-tridecen-2-one
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.30allo- aromadendrene
241.20  borneol
320.20  bornyl acetate
280.50  bornyl formate
390.30beta- bourbonene
511.20delta- cadinene
41.70  camphene
220.30  camphene hydrate
19tracealpha- campholenal
20trace  camphor
449.30iso caryophyllene
110.101,8- cineole
380.60alpha- copaene
360.20alpha- cubebene
487.90ar- curcumene
101.70para- cymene
420.50  cyperene
270.102- decanone
430.202,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
40trace2- dodecanone
410.80beta- elemene
350.30delta- elemene
490.30  germacrene D
450.80alpha- gurjunene
461.50alpha- humulene
121.30  limonene
180.40  linalool
16trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.20  longicyclene
8trace4- methyl anisole
300.10  methyl carvacrol
29trace  methyl thymol
70.60  myrcene
520.40(E)- nerolidol
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.50alpha- phellandrene
316.00alpha- pinene
60.70beta- pinene
21.020trans- pinocarveol
230.10  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
534.50  spathulenol
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.20gamma- terpinene
260.10alpha- terpineol
17trace  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
34trace  thymol
10.20  tricyclene
500.302- tridecanone
330.502- undecanone
310.60trans- verbenyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 667, (2000)
cuminum cyminum fruit oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  benzyl cinnamate
100.2  bornyl acetate
110.1beta- caryophyllene
50.41,8- cineole
1518.7  cuminaldehyde
825.2para- cymene
60.3  limonene
9trace  linalool
13trace  methyl chavicol
31.5  myrcene
162.4  perillaldehyde
40.2alpha- phellandrene
11.2alpha- pinene
219.9beta- pinene
12trace  terpinen-4-ol
729.1gamma- terpinene
14tracealpha- terpineol

P. Borges and J. Pino, The isolation of volatile oil from cumin seeds by steam distillation. Nahrung, 2, 123-126 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.20alpha- bergamotene
250.50beta- bisabolol
181.30  borneol
164.50iso borneol
21.70  camphene
911.20  camphor
140.20beta- caryophyllene
230.50  caryophyllene oxide
66.001,8- cineole
2111.20beta- curcumene
2228.10ar- curcumene
267.10  curzerenone
132.80beta- elemene
80.20delta- elemene
240.30  germacrone
50.40  limonene
100.40  linalool
40.20  myrcene
70.102- nonanone
10.40alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
190.60beta- selinene
200.50alpha- selinene
280.30  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
170.80alpha- terpineol
270.20  zerumbone
111.40  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 63, (2001)
curcuma longa rhizome oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
70.02  borneol
80.06  camphor
1611.58 cardione
42.921,8- cineole
1012.17ar-curcumene + gamma-curcumene
171.19 curzerendioine
122.13 curzerenol
132.04  curzerenone
90.21  eugenol
30.20  limonene
60.16  linalool
10.53alpha- pinene
20.27beta- pinene
52.72gamma- terpinene
1424.07 turmerone
1518.38ar- turmerone
118.14  zingiberene

Y-H. Chen, J-G. Yu and H. J. Fang, Studies on Chinese curcuma III. Comparison of the volatile oil and phenolic constituents from the rhizome and tuber of Curcumalonga. Zhongyao Tongbao, 81, 27-29 (1983).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

curcuma longa root oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.20beta- bisabolene
70.90beta- caryophyllene
20.101,8- cineole
121.50ar- curcumene
171.00  curzerenone
30.05para- cymene
60.05beta- elemene
80.50alpha- humulene
10.05  limonene
113.00beta-sesqui phellandrene
50.05  terpinen-4-ol
40.90  terpinolene
130.15alpha,alpha,para- trimethyl benzyl alcohol
1430.00alpha- turmerone
1610.00ar- turmerone
1510.00beta- turmerone
91.50  zingiberene

T. S. Phan, N. H. Van, X. D. Nguyen and S. B. Luong, Chemical composition of the essential oil from rhizome Curcuma longa Linn. of Vietnam. Tap Chi Hoa Hoc, 25(1), 18-21 (1987).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil ivory coast
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.60-0.80(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
12trace-0.10  bornyl acetate
160.40-0.60gamma- cadinene
270.30-0.40alpha- cadinol
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
9trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
210.20-0.70  elemol
250.10alpha- eudesmol
260.10-0.20beta- eudesmol
70.40 geigerene
1530.50-34.00  geranial
206.20-7.70  geraniol
172.10-3.50  geranyl acetate
220.10-0.20  germacrene D-4-ol
3trace  limonene
101.20-1.30  linalool
82.40-2.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.10-0.20T- muurolol
230.10alpha- muurolol
218.10-22.60  myrcene
1423.60-26.30  neral
190.10  nerol
50.30-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.20-0.30  sabinene
111.10-1.20  verbenone
cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.10-0.30(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
11trace-0.30  bornyl acetate
150.10-0.30gamma- cadinene
16trace-0.10delta- cadinene
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
8trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
1445.30-56.20  geranial
203.00-5.60  geraniol
170.20-0.40  geranyl acetate
30.10-0.20  limonene
90.60-0.90  linalool
71.20-2.306- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
26.20-9.10  myrcene
1321.30-32.50  neral
190.20-0.40  nerol
50.20-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
1trace-0.10  sabinene
100.70-1.90  verbenone
cymbopogon citratus leaf oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
240.40trans- carveol
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
51.001,8- cineole
210.50  citronellol
300.10ar- curcumene
14trace(Z)- dihydrocarvone
330.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
280.10alpha- fenchol
1839.80  geranial
261.40  geranic acid
253.30  geraniol
200.70  geranyl acetate
230.20  geranyl isobutyrate
40.20  limonene
101.30  linalool
80.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
70.20(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.20  menthone
170.60  methyl geranate
62.206- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.80  myrcene
130.30  myrtenyl acetate
1632.00  neral
270.10  neric acid
190.50  neryl acetate
11trace  octanal
9trace3- octanol
10.40alpha- pinene
290.30iso pulegol
150.90  pulegone
30.10alpha- terpinene
220.402- undecanone

A. Il. Idrissi, J. Bellakhbar, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R. Vila, Composition de L'huile essentielle de la citronelle (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf.) acclimatee et Maroc. Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 274-277 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil rwanda
#%LeftshiftComponents
41.271,8- cineole
80.97  citronellol
30.06para- cymene
1150.48  geranial
104.37  geraniol
130.96  geranyl acetate
120.60  lavandulyl acetate
51.48  linalool
60.35iso menthone
10.426- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
22.34  myrcene
932.17  neral
70.60alpha- terpineol
140.322- tridecanone
P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)
cymbopogon laniger extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
9trace-0.40iso amyl hexanoate
232.60-3.70trans- carveol
240.40-0.70cis- carveol
170.10-2.90  carvone
20.10-1.101,8- cineole
16trace-1.20  cuminyl alcohol
50.10-0.20para- cymene
120.20-2.00(Z)- dihydrocarvone
110.10-0.50(E)- dihydrocarvone
10.50-13.20  limonene
80.70-1.20(E)- limonene oxide
6trace-0.40(Z)- limonene oxide
40.40-1.60para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
3trace-0.10para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
2124.00-35.20(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
2516.00-24.00(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
148.20-10.20(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
1313.30-16.20(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
193.20-6.00para- methyl acetophenone
150.10-1.60  myrtenol
200.30-0.80  perillaldehyde
26trace-0.80  perillyl alcohol
7trace-0.10(Z)-2- phenyl but-2-ene
181.30-3.80 piperitenol
220.10-0.20iso piperitenone
100.10-0.50iso pulegone
daucus carota sativa leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
267.38  bisabolene
30.11  bornylene
151.99  camphor
289.85  carotol
238.77  carvone
80.301,8- cineole
253.50  daucene
165.92alpha- dihydro-alpha-terpineol
93.00  elemol
120.76alpha- fenchol
133.08beta- fenchol
110.61  fenchone
212.00  geraniol
242.00alpha- humulene
61.60  limonene
1414.90  linalool
188.35  linalyl acetate
240.69  methyl cinnamate
101.336- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
57.49  myrcene
174.022- nonenal
70.65beta- phellandrene
21.42alpha- pinene
410.93  sabinene
191.60  terpinen-4-ol
201.08alpha- terpineol
225.33alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.06alpha- thujene

R. K. Khanna, O. S. Sharma and A. Singh, The essential oil from the leaves of Daucus carota Linn var. sativa. In: Proceedings of 11th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, New Delhi, Nov. 1989. Edits. S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, Vol. 4, 173-176, Oxford & IBH Publ. Co., New Delhi (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

elettaria cardamomum seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
538.801,8- cineole
100.20  geraniol
120.80  geranyl acetate
44.00  limonene
65.70  linalool
91.00  linalyl acetate
13trace  nerolidol
12.30alpha- pinene
26.20beta- pinene
34.20  sabinene
72.00  terpinen-4-ol
83.40alpha- terpineol
1124.60alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. Gopalakishnan, Studies on the storage quality of CO2 extracted cardamom and clove bud oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 796-798 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

eucalyptus citriodora oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.39beta- caryophyllene
5trace1,8- cineole
980.10  citronellal
164.18  citronellol
140.02  citronellyl acetate
6tracepara- cymene
80.08alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
17trace  geraniol
18trace  globulol
4trace  limonene
100.66  linalool
3trace  myrcene
10.14alpha- pinene
20.36beta- pinene
113.41iso pulegol
128.51iso(iso) pulegol
200.10  spathulenol
150.02alpha- terpineol
7trace  terpinolene
19trace  viridiflorol

D. J. Boland, J. J. Brophy and A. P. N. House, Eucalyptus leaf oils. Use, chemisty, distillation and marketing. Inkata Press, Melbourne (1991).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

eucalyptus dalrympleana maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
97.40iso borneol
21.50  camphene
74.00alpha- campholenic aldehyde
519.301,8- cineole
87.60  citronellal
110.40  citronellol
63.10alpha- fenchyl alcohol
46.00  limonene
126.20alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
1012.10alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.80  carvacrol
941.601,8- cineole
1517.60  cryptone
175.00  cuminaldehyde
141.20para- cymen-8-ol
70.90  limonene
40.50  myrcene
55.60alpha- phellandrene
813.00beta- phellandrene
20.90alpha- pinene
30.50beta- pinene
132.50  terpinen-4-ol
60.30alpha- terpinene
102.10gamma- terpinene
160.80alpha- terpineol
110.20  terpinolene
10.30alpha- thujene
120.10beta- thujone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus delegatensis r. baker leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
134.10iso borneol
20.70  camphene
120.40alpha- campholenic aldehyde
160.40  carvacrol
726.401,8- cineole
110.80alpha- fenchyl alcohol
55.00  limonene
100.60  linalool
60.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.40alpha- phellandrene
128.30alpha- pinene
30.50beta- pinene
818.00gamma- terpinene
148.30alpha- terpineol
91.60  terpinolene
150.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
95.57  aromadendrene
121.56allo- aromadendrene
160.09  borneol
100.22alpha- bulnesene
200.17delta- cadinene
180.16  carvone
368.821,8- cineole
230.09para- cymen-8-ol
50.27para- cymene
310.12alpha- eudesmol
320.26beta- eudesmol
282.75  globulol
80.55beta- gurjunene
21.57  limonene
110.11(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
220.25(E)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
240.08(Z)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
210.97(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
250.24(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
170.51alpha- muurolene
151.62  neral
260.12  palustrol
270.212- phenethyl propionate
11.90alpha- pinene
132.14trans- pinocarveol
70.92  pinocarvone
190.07(E)- piperitol
300.13  spathulenol
40.15gamma- terpinene
140.17delta- terpineol
60.98  terpinolene
330.25  torquatone
290.73  viridiflorol

C. M. Bignell, P. J. Dunlap, J. J. Brophy and J. F. Jackson, Volatile leaf oils of some southwestern and southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus Part XII. A. Subgenus Eudesmia: B. Subgenus sumphyomyrtus: (a) section Exsertaria; (b) series globulares. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 145-151 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

eucalyptus globulus bud oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.05iso amyl isovalerate
1816.57  aromadendrene
201.88allo- aromadendrene
151.57beta- bourbonene
190.34 bulnesene
310.10delta- cadinene
300.26gamma- cadinene
340.08trans- carveol
736.951,8- cineole
130.10alpha- copaene
210.11  cryptone
120.27alpha- cubebene
350.37para- cymen-7-ol
98.04para- cymene
410.18beta- eudesmol
37tracegamma- eudesmol
393.05  globulol
380.12epi- globulol
280.29alpha- guaiene
14tracealpha- gurjunene
17tracebeta- gurjunene
22tracegamma- gurjunene
23tracealpha- humulene
430.045-epi-neointermedeol
250.10  ledene
63.10  limonene
330.10cis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
50.07  myrcene
32trace  nerol
360.07  palustrol
40.01alpha- phellandrene
20.30beta- pinene
160.10  pinocarvone
27trace  piperitone
30.54  sabinene
290.29alpha- selinene
8tracegamma- terpinene
264.66alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
111.95alpha- thujene
420.14  thymol
240.36  viridiflorene
400.53  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.46iso amyl isovalerate
2123.33  aromadendrene
233.32allo- aromadendrene
172.40beta- bourbonene
220.44 bulnesene
410.62delta- cadinene
40tracegamma- cadinene
580.20alpha- cadinol
550.28T- cadinol
18trace  carvenone
270.16  carvotan acetone
715.311,8- cineole
150.08alpha- copaene
240.13  cryptone
140.34alpha- cubebene
19tracebeta- cubebene
44tracepara- cymen-7-ol
116.44para- cymene
520.84beta- eudesmol
470.55gamma- eudesmol
36trace  germacrene D
5014.98  globulol
493.10epi- globulol
340.39alpha- guaiene
16tracealpha- gurjunene
200.47beta- gurjunene
260.20gamma- gurjunene
28tracealpha- humulene
590.225-epi-neointermedeol
313.63  ledene
46trace  ledol
61.10  limonene
43tracecis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
38tracegamma- muurolene
540.12T- muurolol
40.21  myrcene
420.10  nerol
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
450.16  palustrol
32.11alpha- phellandrene
80.50beta- phellandrene
48trace2- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
13.61alpha- pinene
20.10beta- pinene
25tracetrans- pinocarveol
33trace  piperitone
350.30alpha- selinene
37tracedelta- selinene
39tracegamma- selinene
530.20  spathulenol
57traceiso spathulenol
50.22alpha- terpinene
90.18gamma- terpinene
322.27alpha- terpineol
120.20  terpinolene
560.28  thymol
29tracebeta- vetivene
300.66  viridiflorene
512.17  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1512.31  aromadendrene
182.90allo- aromadendrene
220.06  borneol
160.40alpha- bulnesene
260.42delta- cadinene
100.11alpha- campholenic aldehyde
540.721,8- cineole
120.06alpha- copaene
90.25alpha- cubebene
300.15para- cymen-8-ol
70.86para- cymene
380.26alpha- eudesmol
390.40beta- eudesmol
370.09gamma- eudesmol
344.37  globulol
110.44alpha- gurjunene
140.84beta- gurjunene
44.24  limonene
170.07(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
290.12(E)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
280.18(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
310.24(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
240.18alpha- muurolene
30.16  myrcene
270.23  myrtenol
200.30  neral
320.18  palustrol
330.172- phenethyl propionate
112.49alpha- pinene
20.36beta- pinene
190.66trans- pinocarveol
130.34  pinocarvone
250.14(E)- piperitol
230.19beta- selinene
360.52  spathulenol
60.17gamma- terpinene
213.65alpha- terpineol
80.15  terpinolene
400.23  torquatone
351.12  viridiflorol

C. M. Bignell, P. J. Dunlap, J. J. Brophy and J. F. Jackson, Volatile leaf oils of some southwestern and southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus Part XII. A. Subgenus Eudesmia: B. Subgenus sumphyomyrtus: (a) section Exsertaria; (b) series globulares. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 145-151 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

eucalyptus globulus maidenii f. muell oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1212.04  aromadendrene
152.95allo- aromadendrene
130.32alpha- bulnesene
230.27delta- cadinene
210.15  carvone
458.601,8- cineole
80.07alpha- copaene
270.13para- cymen-8-ol
60.35para- cymene
70.12alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
340.10alpha- eudesmol
350.12beta- eudesmol
100.07alpha- fenchol
314.01  globulol
110.63beta- gurjunene
30.96  limonene
140.15(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.25(E)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
280.07(Z)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
250.94(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
291.05(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
200.40alpha- muurolene
240.08  myrtenol
50.23(E)-beta- ocimene
300.16  palustrol
13.65alpha- pinene
20.12beta- pinene
162.23trans- pinocarveol
90.82  pinocarvone
220.11(E)- piperitol
330.19  spathulenol
191.05alpha- terpineol
170.34delta- terpineol
360.22  torquatone
180.08  viridiflorene
321.09  viridiflorol

C. M. Bignell, P. J. Dunlap, J. J. Brophy and J. F. Jackson, Volatile leaf oils of some southwestern and southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus Part XII. A. Subgenus Eudesmia: B. Subgenus sumphyomyrtus: (a) section Exsertaria; (b) series globulares. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 145-151 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

eucalyptus globulus oil burundia
In 1994, Dethier et al. screened the leaf oils ofBururidian Eucalyptus species for their compositions using both CC and CC/MS. The components characterized in the oil of E. globulus were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
173.60  aromadendrene
180.80allo- aromadendrene
120.20  borneol
200.10gamma- cadinene
210.30  caryophyllene oxide
663.801,8- cineole
150.20alpha- copaene
50.80para- cymene
251.70alpha- eudesmol
241.30beta- eudesmol
230.60gamma- eudesmol
221.30  globulol
160.60alpha- gurjunene
73.90  limonene
110.20  linalool
30.30  myrcene
80.10(E)-beta- ocimene
40.10alpha- phellandrene
18.80alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
190.20alpha- selinene
130.80  terpinen-4-ol
90.10alpha- terpinene
145.80alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene

M. Dethier, A. Nduwimanna, Y. Cordier, C. Menut and G. Lamaty, Aromatic plants of tropical Africa. XVI. Studies on essential oils of five Eucalyptus species grown in Burundi. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 469-473 (1994).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan
Saeed and Sabir (1997) screened eucalyptus oil for their antimicrobial characteristics. As part of their study, the authors reported that a pakistani e. globulus oil contained the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.20  borneol
30.40  camphene
1616.70beta- caryophyllene
723.601,8- cineole
1013.60  citronellol
118.60  cryptone
170.10beta- cubebene
1trace  cumene
60.60para- cymene
181.90  linalool oxide
131.80  linalyl acetate
150.60alpha- phellandrene
193.60beta- phellandrene
20.30alpha- pinene
40.40beta- pinene
140.20iso pulegol
51.20gamma- terpinene
92.90alpha- terpineol
120.50  terpinolene

M. A. Saeed and A. W. Sabir, Antimicrobial studies of the constituents of Pakistani Eucalyptus oils. J. Fac. Pharm. Gazi, 12(2), 129-140 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda
Also in 1997, Chalchat et al. (1997) examined the com position of a lab-distilled oil of E. globulus leaves produced from trees found in Rwanda using CC/MS. The composition of the oil was found to be as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.10allo- aromadendrene
40.04  camphene
310.03trans- carveol
240.03beta- caryophyllene
1171.201,8- cineole
190.03alpha- cubebene
320.07para- cymen-8-ol
158.23para- cymene
180.05alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
390.05alpha- eudesmol
400.11beta- eudesmol
370.01gamma- eudesmol
30.01alpha- fenchene
350.11  globulol
340.04epi- globulol
200.02alpha- gurjunene
230.06beta- gurjunene
120.13(E)-2- hexenal
170.18(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
103.10  limonene
22trace  linalool
300.05(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
330.03(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
80.09  myrcene
130.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.01alpha- phellandrene
16.23alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
270.20trans- pinocarveol
210.04  pinocarvone
60.02  sabinene
251.46  terpinen-4-ol
90.02alpha- terpinene
143.20gamma- terpinene
280.11alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
293.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.03alpha- thujene
38trace  thymol
360.03  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, A. Muhayimana, J. B. Habimana and J. L. Chabard, Aromatic plants of Rwanda II. Chemical composition of essential oils of ten Eucalpytus species growing in Ruhande Arboretum Butare, Rwanda. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 159-165 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil zambia
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.60  aromadendrene
770.101,8- cineole
110.80para- cymene
260.20alpha- eudesmol
270.40beta- eudesmol
250.10gamma- eudesmol
220.10  geranial
230.30  geraniol
14trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
13trace hexen-1-yl acetate
65.70  limonene
16trace  linalool
40.70  myrcene
20trace  neral
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
8trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
214.00alpha- pinene
30.70beta- pinene
190.30trans- pinocarveol
15trace  pinocarvone
180.40  terpinen-4-ol
5tracealpha- terpinene
90.50gamma- terpinene
211.90alpha- terpineol
12trace  terpinolene
10.60iso valeraldehyde
240.50  viridiflorol

E. Chisowa, Chemical composition of essential oils of three Eucalyptus species grown in Zambia. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 653--655 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus subsp. pseudoglobulus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
131.16  aromadendrene
160.28allo- aromadendrene
220.07  borneol
270.25delta- cadinene
280.13gamma- cadinene
80.17alpha- campholenic aldehyde
260.31  carvone
120.99beta- caryophyllene
350.13  caryophyllene oxide
452.411,8- cineole
90.09alpha- copaene
320.16para- cymen-8-ol
61.60para- cymene
70.09alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
410.95alpha- eudesmol
428.65beta- eudesmol
400.73gamma- eudesmol
110.10alpha- fenchol
370.36  globulol
190.55alpha- humulene
32.33  limonene
140.13(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
310.45(E)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
330.07(Z)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
300.59(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
340.64(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
150.11  myrtenal
290.11  myrtenol
50.08(E)-beta- ocimene
360.082- phenethyl propionate
112.27alpha- pinene
20.33beta- pinene
172.73trans- pinocarveol
102.84  pinocarvone
200.07(Z)- piperitol
250.31alpha- selinene
240.28beta- selinene
390.13  spathulenol
210.84alpha- terpineol
180.22delta- terpineol
430.12  torquatone
230.18  verbenone
380.13  viridiflorol

C. M. Bignell, P. J. Dunlap, J. J. Brophy and J. F. Jackson, Volatile leaf oils of some southwestern and southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus Part XII. A. Subgenus Eudesmia: B. Subgenus sumphyomyrtus: (a) section Exsertaria; (b) series globulares. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 145-151 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

eucalyptus grandis w. hill ex maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.70allo- aromadendrene
20.80  camphene
62.701,8- cineole
90.60alpha- fenchyl alcohol
142.10  globulol
45.60  limonene
50.20beta- phellandrene
144.70alpha- pinene
330.50beta- pinene
130.50  spathulenol
100.90  terpinen-4-ol
70.30gamma- terpinene
115.40alpha- terpineol
80.80  terpinolene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus nitens (deane et maiden) maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.70allo- aromadendrene
1054.701,8- cineole
74.30  limonene
40.60  myrcene
90.70(Z)-beta- ocimene
52.50alpha- phellandrene
80.30beta- phellandrene
221.70alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
60.20alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
129.40alpha- terpineol
13.00alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus saligna smith leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.70  carvacrol
610.601,8- cineole
94.10  cryptone
130.70  globulol
43.30  limonene
21.40  myrcene
35.00alpha- phellandrene
512.20beta- phellandrene
138.50alpha- pinene
129.20  spathulenol
83.60  terpinen-4-ol
70.90gamma- terpinene
102.70alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus tereticornis smith leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.50  camphene
742.701,8- cineole
57.30  limonene
43.80alpha- phellandrene
61.10beta- phellandrene
124.40alpha- pinene
33.50beta- pinene
122.30  spathulenol
94.00  terpinen-4-ol
81.00gamma- terpinene
106.30alpha- terpineol
111.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
131.20iso borneol
150.20iso bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
171.10beta- caryophyllene
190.20  caryophyllene oxide
834.501,8- cineole
120.70alpha- fenchyl alcohol
200.50  globulol
59.80  limonene
110.20  linalool
76.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.60alpha- phellandrene
60.20beta- phellandrene
113.30alpha- pinene
39.10beta- pinene
180.50  spathulenol
90.20gamma- terpinene
145.60alpha- terpineol
100.50  terpinolene
1611.60alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus viminalis labill. leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
102.20allo- aromadendrene
90.50beta- caryophyllene
111.20  caryophyllene oxide
650.901,8- cineole
125.10  globulol
44.30  limonene
30.40  myrcene
50.30beta- phellandrene
128.20alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
70.30  terpinen-4-ol
81.40alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
foeniculum vulgare mill. var. dulce d.c. oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
1987.08(E)- anethole
183.47(Z)- anethole
2trace  camphene
140.04  camphor
90.371,8- cineole
70.12para- cymene
122.12  fenchone
84.70  limonene
13trace  linalool
16trace  menthol
15trace  menthone
50.17  myrcene
11trace(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
10.25alpha- pinene
4tracebeta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
17trace  terpinen-4-ol

R. Piccaglia and M. Marotti, Characterization of several aromatic plants grown in Northern Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 8, 115-122 (1993).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

frankincense oil somalia
#%LeftshiftComponents
221.10  bornyl acetate
30.70  camphene
301.40  cembrene
291.80iso cembrene
111.601,8- cineole
23trace  citronellyl acetate
90.50para- cymene
180.40  decanol
270.30  decyl acetate
250.30  geranyl acetate
80.10  hexyl acetate
260.10  hexyl hexanoate
280.20  hexyl octanoate
322.70 incensol
310.80isoincensol
101.70  limonene
172.00  linalool
60.20  myrcene
24trace  neryl acetate
131.30(E)-beta- ocimene
120.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
1412.70  octanol
2160.00  octyl acetate
23.50alpha- pinene
50.40beta- pinene
40.30  sabinene
190.20  terpinen-4-ol
7tracealpha- terpinene
160.10gamma- terpinene
200.10alpha- terpineol
150.10  terpinolene
11.40alpha- thujene

S. M. Abdel Wahab, E. A. Aboutabl, S. M. El-Zalabani, H. A. Fouad, H. L. De Pooter and B. El-Fallaba, The essential oil of olibanum. Planta Med., 382-384 (1987).

P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)

geranium oil rwanda
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.10iso borneol
220.54beta- bourbonene
310.24delta- cadinene
290.21gamma- cadinene
390.35T- cadinol
240.39beta- caryophyllene
50.401,8- cineole
1511.41  citronellol
320.18  citronellyl butyrate
190.10  citronellyl formate
270.39  citronellyl propionate
410.14  citronellyl tiglate
210.39alpha- copaene
30.10para- cymene
383.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
350.10 furopelargone
182.17  geranial
1750.56  geraniol
430.56 geranyl 3-methyl valerate
230.33  geranyl acetate
330.64  geranyl butyrate
200.20  geranyl formate
300.35  geranyl isobutyrate
370.20  geranyl isovalerate
281.03  geranyl propionate
422.49  geranyl tiglate
400.18  geranyl valerate
263.31  guaia-6,9-diene
250.45alpha- guaiene
40.15  limonene
73.36  linalool
120.29iso menthol
90.23  menthone
117.49iso menthone
160.87  neral
140.22  nerol
60.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.05alpha- phellandrene
361.152- phenethyl tiglate
10.03alpha- pinene
80.11(E)- rose oxide
340.22  spathulenol
130.15alpha- terpineol

L. Ntezurubanza, G. Collin, F. X. Avobangria, H. Deslauriers and J-B. Nizeyimana, Composition chemique de L’huile essentielle de Pelargonium graveolens, Mentha sacchalinensis, Cymbopogon citratus et de Ocimum canum cultivés au Rwanda. In: Valorisation de la Biomasse végétale par les produits naturals. Actes du colloque de Chicoutimi 22-25 Aug. 1993, Edits., F-X Garneau and G. J. Collin, pp. 317-320, Centre Recherches pour le Developpment International, Ottawa (1995).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40  borneol
70.401,8- cineole
62.90para- cymene
231.60  decanal
245.003,7-dimethyl-1-octene-3,7-diol
210.403,7- dimethyl-1,5-octadiene-3,7-diol
260.50  geraniol
91.20  limonene
1424.50  linalool
120.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
130.80(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.40(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
190.50(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
160.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
15trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
271.1para-menthane-1,8-diol hydrate
50.40  myrcene
250.40  nerol
41.20  octanal
111.00  octanol
80.20beta- phellandrene
12.10alpha- pinene
36.00beta- pinene
23.80  sabinene
2019.20  terpinen-4-ol
100.60gamma- terpinene
224.20alpha- terpineol
287.001,2,4- trihydroxy-para-menthane
290.601,2,4- trihydroxy-para-menthane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 471, (2000)
heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
582.50(E)- anethole
870.10  angelicin
54<0.10para- anisaldehyde
860.10para-anisyl 2-methyl butyrate
91<0.10para- anisyl hexanoate
70<0.10 benzyl 2-methyl butyrate + phenethyl isobutyrate
88<0.10  benzyl benzoate
65<0.10  benzyl butyrate
830.10  benzyl hexanoate
59<0.10  benzyl isobutyrate
93<0.10  bergapten
300.20  butyl 2-methyl butyrate
190.102- butyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.30iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
310.10  butyl 3-methyl butyrate
230.10iso butyl 3-methyl butyrate
200.20  butyl butyrate
130.20iso butyl butyrate
48<0.10iso butyl hexanoate
120.20  butyl isobutyrate
90.20iso butyl isobutyrate
44<0.10  butyl senecioate
36<0.10iso butyl senecioate
14<0.10  camphene
62<0.01  carvacrol
27<0.101,8- cineole
260.20para- cymene
520.90  decanal
490.20(Z)-4- decenal
740.20  decyl acetate
73<0.10  dodecanal
89<0.10  geranyl hexanoate
67<0.10  heptyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.10  heptyl acetate
61<0.10  heptyl butyrate
81<0.10  heptyl octanoate
2<0.10  hexanal
6<0.10  hexanol
553.20  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
560.60 hexyl 3-methyl butyrate + (Z)-anethole
241.30  hexyl acetate
5017.00  hexyl butyrate
715.20  hexyl hexanoate
472.40  hexyl isobutyrate
60<0.10 hexyl pentanoate + (Z)-4-octen-1-yl propionate
400.40  hexyl propionate
28<0.10  limonene
390.40  linalool
410.102- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
42<0.012- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
32<0.103- methyl butyl butyrate
330.402-methyl butyl butyrate + (Z)-4-octen-1-ol
570.102- methyl butyl hexanoate
250.102- methyl butyl isobutyrate
16<0.102- methyl butyl propionate
45<0.01  methyl octanoate
820.10  myristicin
38<0.10  nonanal
64<0.10  nonyl acetate
211.00  octanal
350.30  octanol
750.20(Z)-4-octen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrate
760.10(Z)-4-octen-1-yl 3-methyl butyrate + phenethyl butyate
515.60(Z)-4- octen-1-yl acetate
690.60(Z)-4-octen-1-yl butyrate
840.50(Z)-4-octen-1-yl hexanoate
660.10(Z)-4-octen-1-yl isobutyrate
90<0.10(Z)-4-octen-1-yl octanoate
790.30(Z)-4-octen-1-yl pentanoate
772.20  octyl 2-methyl butyrate
780.20  octyl 3-methyl butyrate
5331.50  octyl acetate
723.20  octyl butyrate
46<0.01  octyl formate
8510.20  octyl hexanoate
681.30  octyl isobutyrate
920.10  octyl octanoate
630.20  octyl propionate
800.202- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
100.10alpha- pinene
18<0.10beta- pinene
1<0.10  prenol
37<0.10  prenyl butyrate
70.50iso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
11<0.10  propyl 3-methyl butyrate
80.40iso propyl 3-methyl butyrate
4<0.10iso propyl butyrate
29<0.01iso propyl hexanoate
5<0.10  propyl isobutyrate
30.20iso propyl isobutyrate
150.10isopropyl senecioate
17<0.10  sabinene
340.30gamma- terpinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 385, (2000)
ho leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.16  borneol
160.18  bornyl acetate
130.47  camphor
171.99beta- caryophyllene
80.211,8- cineole
230.25  citronellol
150.11alpha- copaene
110.01para- cymene
300.11beta- eudesmol
240.03  geranyl acetate
310.02  guaiol
210.17alpha- humulene
70.01  limonene
1490.57  linalool
270.11  methyl eugenol
290.05  methyl isoeugenol
50.08  myrcene
250.19  nerol
280.46(Z)- nerolidol
90.09beta- ocimene
60.05alpha- phellandrene
20.12alpha- pinene
30.05beta- pinene
40.05  sabinene
260.88  safrole
180.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.30gamma- terpinene
200.53alpha- terpineol
120.02  terpinolene
220.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.07alpha- thujene

W-Y. Shi, W. He, G-Y. Wen, D-H. Guo, G-Y. Long and Y-G. Liu, Essential oil of Cinnamomum camphora: composition and classification of types. Zhiwu Xuebao, 31, 209-214 (1989).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

hyacinthus orientalis absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.21-0.27  benzaldehyde
4736..84-44.24  benzyl acetate
521.78-1.95  benzyl alcohol
732.94-3.06  benzyl benzoate
630.80-0.13  benzyl tiglate
33trace2-sec- butyl-3-methoxypyrazine
35trace2-iso butyl-3-methoxypyrazine
20.01-0.05  camphene
390.02beta- caryophyllene
110.011,8- cineole
59trace  cinnamaldehyde
650.21-0.32  cinnamyl acetate
703.46-4.04(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
67trace(Z)- cinnamyl alcohol
560.02-0.04  creosol
170.05-0.56para- cymene
320.01-0.02  decanal
680.29-0.32  elemicin
440.05-0.09  ethyl benzoate
661.57-1.68  eugenol
420.00-trace(E)-beta- farnesene
46trace-0.03(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
30.02  hexanal
230.03-0.04  hexanol
250.76-2.66(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.02(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
240.03-0.08(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
210.02-0.05(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
64trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
310.00-0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
150.04-0.19(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl formate
430.32-0.48(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
16trace-0.01  hexyl acetate
483.80-3.94 hydroquinone dimethyl ether + (E,E)-alpha-farnesene
720.05-0.08  indole
90.53-1.00  limonene
360.03  linalool
710.00-trace2-(4- methoxyphenyl) ethyl alcohol
40.012- methyl (E)-2-butenal
600.01-0.10  methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
270.01-0.024- methyl anisole
690.02-0.03  methyl anthranilate
400.09-0.10  methyl benzoate
571.12-1.40  methyl eugenol
62trace  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
490.04-0.07  methyl salicylate
220.01-0.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
71.80-2.05  myrcene
260.01-0.03  nonanal
1313.72-14.93(E)-beta- ocimene
120.75-1.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
190.02-0.05  octanal
370.04  octanol
140.02-0.033- octanone
300.66-1.301- octen-3-ol
200.011- octen-3-one
60.01-0.021- penten-3-ol
8trace-0.01alpha- phellandrene
100.01beta- phellandrene
511.62-2.482- phenethyl acetate
538.96-16.392- phenethyl alcohol
740.40-0.532- phenethyl benzoate
50trace2- phenethyl formate
410.02-0.05  phenyl acetaldehyde
550.05-0.063- phenyl propyl acetate
580.81-0.863- phenyl propyl alcohol
10.08-0.16alpha- picoline
50.05-0.06gamma-picoline
29trace2-iso propyl-3-methoxypyrazine
450.00-0.04alpha- terpineol
180.01  terpinolene
611.12-1.261,2,4- trimethoxybenzene
380.16-0.172- undecanone
E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Head-space analysis of hyacinth flowers Fla.. Fragr J., 9, 56-69 (1994). P&F 20, No. 6, 35, (1995)
hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
12trace-0.10  amyl 2-methyl butyrate
25trace-0.10  aromadendrene
200.10-0.20beta- bourbonene
3trace-0.10  camphene
190.10-0.20 campholenol
35trace-0.10trans- carveol
2323.50-27.20beta- caryophyllene
360.10-0.20iso caryophyllene oxide
373.80-6.30  caryophyllene oxide
93.90-6.201,8- cineole
18trace-0.20beta- cubebene
380.10-0.201-epi- cubenol
110.20-0.30para- cymene
340.10-0.20beta- elemene
26trace-0.30gamma- elemene
390.10-0.20  elemol
310.10-0.20  geranial
323.00-3.80  germacrene D
14trace-0.103- hexen-1-ol
81.70-3.00  limonene
13trace-0.10  limonene oxide
22trace-0.20  linalool
21trace-0.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.10-0.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
330.10-0.20para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
30trace-0.10(E)-para-mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
60.10-0.40  myrcene
240.20-0.60  myrtenol
283.00-3.40  neral
160.20-0.403- octen-1-ol
15trace-0.203- octanol
16.00-14.00alpha- pinene
46.70-13.40beta- pinene
270.10-0.30  pinocarveol
51.90-4.70  sabinene
400.20-0.50  spathulenol
70.30-0.40alpha- terpinene
10trace-0.20gamma- terpinene
290.20-0.40alpha- terpineol
20.10-0.20alpha- thujene
hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
482.20-4.00ar- abietatriene
39trace-0.20  aromadendrene oxide
2612.00-18.80(E)-alpha-bergamotene + beta-caryophyllene
461.60-2.50(Z)-alpha-bergamotol
471.80-3.00(E)-alpha- bergamotol
34trace-0.60delta- cadinene
450.30-0.70alpha- cadinol
50.10-0.30delta-3- carene
370.10-0.30iso caryophyllene oxide
380.90-1.90  caryophyllene oxide
90.50-0.801,8- cineole
21trace-0.10alpha- cubebene
22trace-0.20beta- cubebene
350.20-0.40para- cymen-8-ol
140.30-1.30para- cymene
180.10-0.40para- cymenene
40trace-0.10  elemol
25trace-0.20beta- fenchol
330.10-0.90  geranial
360.10-0.30  geraniol
16trace-0.10  hexanol
170.10-0.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.70-1.80alpha- humulene
82.00-4.90  limonene
240.10-0.20  linalool
10trace-0.10para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
320.20-0.50alpha- muurolene
43trace-0.10T- muurolol
420.10-0.30alpha- muurolol
60.20-0.50  myrcene
290.20-1.00  neral
13trace-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
11trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
190.30-0.901- octen-3-ol
11.80-2.60alpha- pinene
33.70-6.00beta- pinene
430.40-37.10  sabinene
20trace-0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
410.30-0.70  spathulenol
440.10-0.30epi-spathulenol
272.10-5.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.60-0.90alpha- terpinene
121.00-2.10gamma- terpinene
300.10-0.30alpha- terpineol
154.00-7.20  terpinolene
2trace-0.10alpha- thujene
310.60-1.00  valencene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 55, (2001)
illicium verum fruit oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
2387.89(E)- anethole
210.20(Z)- anethole
220.28para- anisaldehyde
250.06  anise ketone
340.16allo- aromadendrene
310.14beta- bergamotene
350.22beta- bisabolene
160.04  borneol
150.05iso borneol
20.03  camphene
140.02  camphor
70.58delta-3- carene
290.35beta- caryophyllene
280.31iso caryophyllene
100.201,8- cineole
260.10alpha- copaene
80.29para- cymene
270.04beta- elemene
300.50gamma- elemene
390.05  elemol
330.42(E)-beta- farnesene
380.03  farnesol
360.89  foeniculin
92.38  limonene
130.73  linalool
190.57  methyl chavicol
320.32  methyl isoeugenol
50.41  myrcene
370.12  nerolidol
60.39alpha- phellandrene
120.03beta- phellandrene
10.49alpha- pinene
40.03beta- pinene
240.194-iso propyl tropolone
30.03  sabinene
200.14  safrole
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
180.28alpha- terpineol

L-F. Sun, Studies on the Chemical constituents of the volatile oil of Illicium verum Hook. f grown in Shangyou. Youji Huaxue, 10, 183-186 (1990).

P&F 17, No. 2, 39, (1992)

jasminum grandiflorum absolute china
#%LeftshiftComponents
40.02  benzaldehyde
1223.92  benzyl acetate
180.10  butyl benzoate
60.461,8- cineole
260.09  dendrolasin
50.012,7- dimethyl octane
1trace  ethyl formate
177.28  eugenol
2328.94(E)-iso eugenol
210.24(Z)-iso eugenol
240.16alpha- farnesene
300.09(E,E)-2,6- farnesol
293.06(Z,E)-2,6- farnesol
313.02(E,E)-2,6- farnesyl acetate
160.05  geranyl acetate
220.36  geranyl acetone
280.13  hexadecane
30.05(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
20.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
270.50(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
100.23(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
94.13  linalool
70.17  linalool oxide
132.812-methoxy-para-cresol + para-menthan-3-yl salicylate
390.57  methyl 16-methyl heptadecanoate
360.21 methyl 4-methyl hexadecanoate
383.22  methyl 9,12,15-octadecatrienoate
190.19  methyl cinnamate
371.64  methyl linoleate
320.136- methyl octadecane
335.51  methyl palmitate
112.333- methyl phenol
344.762-methyl propyl phthalate + butyl phthalate
250.70  nerolidol
350.17  palmitic acid
143.172-phenethyl acetate + nerol
150.16  tridecane
80.052,4,6- trimethyl octane
200.13  vanillin

Z-G. Zhang, Studies of volatile constituents of Jasminum officinule var. grandiflorum L. In: Proceedings International Conference on Essential Oils, Flavors, Fragrances and Cosmetics Oct.

1968, IFEAT, London (1990).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

juniperus sabina oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.10  cadinene
30.10  camphene
100.201,8- cineole
190.20  citronellol
130.20para- cymene
200.20  elemol
81.50  limonene
53.40  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
90.20beta- phellandrene
11.60alpha- pinene
423.50  sabinene
170.30(Z)- sabinol
1645.50(Z)- sabinyl acetate
153.10  terpinen-4-ol
70.50alpha- terpinene
111.30gamma- terpinene
120.80  terpinolene
20.90alpha- thujene
141.10beta- thujone

G. Fournier, N. Pages, C. Fournier and G. Callen, Contribution to the study of the essential oil of various cultivars of ]uniperus sabina. Planta Med., 57, 392-393 (1991).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

lallemantia peltata (l.) fisch. et mey. oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
125.10  bicyclogermacrene
86.90beta- bourbonene
107.30beta- caryophyllene
2trace1,8- cineole
612.00  geijerene
93.70pregeijerene
1127.40  germacrene D
38.30(Z)-3- hexenal
7trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
19.20  limonene
520.10(E)-beta- ocimene
4trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 689, (2000)
laurus nobilis bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.3  camphene
150.7beta- caryophyllene
937.71,8- cineole
110.5para- cymene
191.7  eugenol
71.8  limonene
136.6  linalool
183.1  methyl eugenol
51.0  myrcene
60.2alpha- phellandrene
80.6beta- phellandrene
14.0alpha- pinene
34.3beta- pinene
47.6  sabinene
146.8  terpinen-4-ol
100.3gamma- terpinene
160.3alpha- terpineol
120.2  terpinolene
1717.3alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. A. Kekelidze, Essential oils of the bark, wood and stem of Laurus nobilis. Khim, Prir. Soedin., (3), 457-459 (1987).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.7  camphene
818.51,8- cineole
101.4para- cymene
71.4  limonene
114.0  linalool
142.1  methyl eugenol
60.7  myrcene
22.1alpha- pinene
43.4beta- pinene
53.4  sabinene
1226.8  terpinen-4-ol
90.8gamma- terpinene
1318.2alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.3alpha- thujene

W. G. Pruidze, S. G. Tukvadze and N. A. Kekelidze, The change in essential oil composition on storage of the leaves of Laurus nobilis. Tr. Gruz. Nauch-Issled. Inst. Pishch. Prom., (5), 151-155 (1971).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.8  camphene
932.71,8- cineole
103.8para- cymene
152.6  eugenol
72.0  limonene
114.9  linalool
143.8  methyl eugenol
51.8  myrcene
60.5alpha- phellandrene
80.9beta- phellandrene
15.8alpha- pinene
35.4beta- pinene
48.8  sabinene
125.7  terpinen-4-ol
1316.8alpha- terpinyl acetate

W. G. Pruidze, S. G. Tukvadze and N. A. Kekelidze, The change in essential oil composition on storage of the leaves of Laurus nobilis. Tr. Gruz. Nauch-Issled. Inst. Pishch. Prom., (5), 151-155 (1971).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
210.201,8-epoxy-2-para-menthene
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1410.20laevo-junenol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
480.10(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
430.10isopinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
laurus nobilis stem oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.2  camphene
150.4beta- caryophyllene
932.81,8- cineole
110.4para- cymene
192.2  eugenol
71.5  limonene
136.6  linalool
183.2  methyl eugenol
50.8  myrcene
60.1alpha- phellandrene
80.4beta- phellandrene
13.5alpha- pinene
33.6beta- pinene
48.7  sabinene
147.0  terpinen-4-ol
100.2gamma- terpinene
160.5alpha- terpineol
120.1  terpinolene
1720.5alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. A. Kekelidze, Production of Laurus nobilis leaf oil from fresh material. Maslo-Zhir. Prom., (10), 28 (1985).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.1  camphene
150.7beta- caryophyllene
97.91,8- cineole
110.1para- cymene
195.0  eugenol
70.1  limonene
136.2  linalool
183.8  methyl eugenol
50.2  myrcene
60.1alpha- phellandrene
80.1beta- phellandrene
11.0alpha- pinene
30.3beta- pinene
415.3  sabinene
148.4  terpinen-4-ol
100.1gamma- terpinene
161.9alpha- terpineol
120.1  terpinolene
1744.8alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. A. Kekelidze, Production of Laurus nobilis leaf oil from fresh material. Maslo-Zhir. Prom., (10), 28 (1985).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

lavandin grosso oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1trace  acetone
46tracebeta- bergamotene
620.10  bisabolene
780.40beta- bisabolol
592.89  borneol
490.24  bornyl acetate
180.04  butyl butyrate
100.01  butyl isobutyrate
350.10  butyl tiglate
660.25gamma- cadinene
770.20T- cadinol
70.33  camphene
4312.16  camphor
110.05delta-3- carene
64trace  carvone
522.73beta- caryophyllene
750.12beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1710.221,8- cineole
76trace  cubenol
680.02  cuminaldehyde
710.02para- cymen-8-ol
250.16para- cymene
690.03  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.12beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.08iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
700.23  geraniol
631.19  geranyl acetate
601.06  germacrene D
300.02  hexanol
19trace2- hexenal
380.05  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.17  hexyl acetate
340.28  hexyl butyrate
290.04  hexyl isobutyrate
280.02  hexyl propionate
530.13  hexyl tiglate
560.17alpha- humulene
550.84  lavandulol
502.27  lavandulyl acetate
730.02  lavandulyl butyrate
74trace lavandulyl epoxide
160.93  limonene
4422.53  linalool
410.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.16(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
65trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4526.18  linalyl acetate
72trace  linalyl hexanoate
20.05  methoxyhexane
150.145- methyl-3-heptanone
121.50  myrcene
670.05  nerol
610.13  neryl acetate
220.52(E)-beta- ocimene
201.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
27trace  octanal
230.043- octanone
360.121- octen-3-ol
310.261- octen-3-yl acetate
42trace  octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.61alpha- pinene
80.44beta- pinene
480.19  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
90.14  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.21alpha- santalene
513.34  terpinen-4-ol
140.05alpha- terpinene
210.40gamma- terpinene
571.18alpha- terpineol
580.43gamma- terpineol
260.26  terpinolene
50.12alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil abrialis
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetone
460.39beta- bergamotene
620.05  bisabolene
740.24beta- bisabolol
593.65  borneol
170.03  butyl butyrate
10trace  butyl isobutyrate
350.15  butyl tiglate
650.30gamma- cadinene
730.21T- cadinol
70.55  camphene
42trace  camphenilone
4312.20  camphor
110.13delta-3- carene
506.03beta- caryophyllene
710.11beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1610.281,8- cineole
570.05  cryptone
72trace  cubebol
690.05para- cymen-8-ol
230.22para- cymene
670.09  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.09beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.09iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
680.10  geraniol
631.22  geranyl acetate
601.20  germacrene D
290.05  hexanol
380.12  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.24  hexyl acetate
340.30  hexyl butyrate
280.14  hexyl isobutyrate
270.06  hexyl propionate
510.19  hexyl tiglate
70trace  hotrienol
560.43alpha- humulene
550.55  lavandulol
482.64  lavandulyl acetate
151.50  limonene
4419.59  linalool
410.11(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
640.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4518.58  linalyl acetate
20.06  methoxyhexane
121.24  myrcene
66trace  nerol
610.20  neryl acetate
204.22(E)-beta- ocimene
182.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
25trace  octanal
31trace3- octanol
210.143- octanone
360.331- octen-3-ol
300.491- octen-3-yl acetate
26trace3- octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.89alpha- pinene
80.87beta- pinene
90.38  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.67alpha- santalene
52tracebeta- santalene
491.23  terpinen-4-ol
140.09alpha- terpinene
190.26gamma- terpinene
580.98alpha- terpineol
240.48  terpinolene
50.07alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene
530.135,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandula angustifolia flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
111.08beta- caryophyllene
123.74  caryophyllene oxide
23.321,8- cineole
101.95  geranyl acetate
95.49  lavandulyl acetate
520.98  linalool
41.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
32.44(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
62.76 linalool oxide pyranoid + borneol
826.54  linalyl acetate
11.08  myrcene
74.34alpha-terpineol + methyl chavicol

P. R. Venskutonis, Essential oil composition of some herbs cultivated in Lithuania. In: Flavours, fragrances and essential oils. Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of Flavours, Fragrances and Essential Oils, Istanbul, Turkey, October 1995, Edit., K. H. C. Baser, Vol. 2, pp. 108-123, Anadolu Univ. Press, Eskisehir, Turkey (1995).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.20  borneol
 0.20  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 1.15  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.14  caryophyllene oxide
 3.951,8- cineole
 0.19  coumarin
 0.13para- cymene
 0.68  ethyl amyl ketone
 1.92(E)-beta- farnesene
 4.55  geraniol
 0.08  geranyl acetate
 0.07  hexanol
 2.87  lavandulol
 1.28  limonene
 58.86  linalool
 0.61(E)- linalool oxide
 0.76(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.11  linalyl acetate
 0.07  myrcene
 1.44  nerol
 0.20  neryl acetate
 0.313- octanol
 0.25beta- pinene
 0.06alpha- santalene
 6.68  terpinen-4-ol
 6.06alpha- terpineol
 0.05  terpinolene
lavandula angustifolia herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.15(E)- anethole
181.85  borneol
20.76  camphene
123.67  camphor
50.11delta-3- carene
162.67beta- caryophyllene
84.311,8- cineole
101.06para- cymene
200.44  geraniol
72.06  limonene
1344.44  linalool
1422.04  linalyl acetate
60.29  myrcene
110.48(E)-beta- ocimene
91.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.68beta- pinene
40.13  sabinene
155.39  terpinen-4-ol
171.22alpha- terpineol
11.53alpha- thujene

T. Bernard, F. Perineau, M. Delmas and A. Gaset, Extraction of essential oils. Part III. Two-stoge production of the oil of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 261.267 (1989).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

lavandula angustifolia herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
50trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
292.76 borneol + linalool oxide pyranoid
380.06  bornyl acetate
70.18  butyl isobutyrate
59trace  cadalene
530.56gamma- cadinene
580.99T- cadinol
40.13  camphene
260.59  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
491.08beta- caryophyllene
563.74  caryophyllene oxide
480.05alpha- cedrene
123.321,8- cineole
430.22  citronellyl acetate
46tracealpha- copaene
110.33para- cymene
19tracepara- cymenene
42tracedelta- elemene
510.97(Z)-beta- farnesene
60trace(Z,E)- farnesol
36trace  geraniol
451.95  geranyl acetate
520.14  germacrene D
570.10  hexadecane
91.96  hexyl acetate
320.25  hexyl butyrate
280.12 hexyl isobutyrate + pinocarvone
405.46  lavandulyl acetate
130.59  limonene
2220.98  linalool
201.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
182.44(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
3726.54  linalyl acetate
410.12  linalyl propionate
35trace  methyl thymol
81.08  myrcene
341.02 nerol + citronellol + carvone
550.08(E)- nerolidol
54trace(Z)- nerolidol
441.02  neryl acetate
151.15(E)-beta- ocimene
140.86(Z)-beta- ocimene
61trace  octadecane
250.093- octen-1-yl acetate
231.341- octen-3-yl acetate
330.12  octyl acetate
30.14alpha- pinene
60.51beta-pinene + 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.07cis- pinene hydrate
270.16trans- pinocarveol
50.05  sabinene
170.11(E)- sabinene hydrate
301.52  terpinen-4-ol
160.07gamma- terpinene
314.34alpha- terpineol
210.29  terpinolene
47trace  tetradecane
2tracealpha- thujene
39trace  thymol
1trace  tricyclene

P. R. Venskutonis, A. Dapkevicies and M. Baranauskiene, Composition of the essential oil of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) from Lithuania. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 107-110 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia herb oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
195.50  camphor
60.04delta-3- carene
242.15beta- caryophyllene
310.15  caryophyllene oxide
913.101,8- cineole
130.09para- cymene
300.45  geranyl acetate
280.80  germacrene D
260.25alpha- humulene
253.09  lavandulol
2316.01  lavandulyl acetate
80.25  limonene
2020.18  linalool
180.06(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2118.60  linalyl acetate
70.45  myrcene
290.87  neryl acetate
122.84(E)-beta- ocimene
103.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.083- octanol
170.531- octen-3-ol
20.58alpha- pinene
40.25beta- pinene
50.08  sabinene
221.05  terpinen-4-ol
110.07gamma- terpinene
271.29alpha-terpineol + borneol
140.09  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene

K. Adam, A. Sivropoulou, S. Kokkini, T. Lanaras and M. Arsenakis, Antifungal activities of Origanum vulgare subsp. hiritum, Mentha spicata, Lavandula angustifolia and Salvia fruticosa essential oils against human pathogenic fungi. J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1739-1745 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
331.02  aromadendrene
310.19  bergamotene
362.09alpha- bisabolol
192.30  borneol
40.22  camphene
187.90  camphor
301.86beta- caryophyllene
115.831,8- cineole
100.14ortho- cymene
273.083,7- dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl acetate
322.23(Z)-beta- farnesene
25trace  geraniol
290.71  geranyl acetate
90.15  hexyl acetate
230.35  hexyl butyrate
200.31  lavandulol
1725.29  linalool
160.91(E)- linalool oxide
150.83(Z)- linalool oxide
2634.69  linalyl acetate
140.30para-menth-2-en-1-ol
10.722- methyl cyclopentanol
340.84gamma- muurolene
350.54alpha- muurolol
81.19  myrcene
24trace  nerol
280.33  neryl acetate
130.72(E)-beta- ocimene
120.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
6trace1- octen-3-ol
30.27alpha- pinene
70.21beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
213.79  terpinen-4-ol
220.46alpha- terpineol
2tracealpha- thujene

E. Reverchon, G. Della Ports and F. Senatore, Supercritical CO2 extraction and fractionation of lavender essential oil and waxes. J, Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1654-1658 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

lavandula angustifolia stem oil lithuania
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.15beta- caryophyllene
 3.73  caryophyllene oxide
 9.311,8- cineole
 1.45  geranyl acetate
 4.10  lavandulyl acetate
 26.45  linalool
 1.49(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
 1.93(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 3.37 linalool oxide pyranoid + borneol
 7.07  linalyl acetate
 0.97  myrcene
 5.76alpha-terpineol + methyl chavicol
P. R. Venskutonis, Essential oil composition of some herbs cultivated in Lithuania. In: Flavours, fragrances and essential oils. Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of Flavours, Fragrances and Essential Oils, Istanbul, Turkey, October 1995, Edit., K. H. C. Baser, Vol. 2, pp. 108-123, Anadolu Univ. Press, Eskisehir, Turkey (1995). P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)
lavandula hydrida flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.35  borneol
 0.09  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 0.81  camphor
 0.10  caryophyllene
 1.571,8- cineole
 0.08  coumarin
 0.10  cryptone
 0.10(Z)-ortho-cymene
 0.08  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.17(E)-beta- farnesene
 5.25  geraniol
 0.10  geranyl acetate
 0.10  hexanol
 1.36  lavandulol
 0.57  limonene
 68.49  linalool
 0.64(E)- linalool oxide
 0.80(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.12  linalyl acetate
 0.09  myrcene
 1.69  nerol
 0.06  neryl acetate
 0.063- octanol
 0.10beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- santalene
 4.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05gamma- terpinene
 8.98alpha- terpineol
lavandula latifolia herb oil spain
In 1996, Guillen et a!. analyzed an oil of spike lavender produced from plants cultivated in northeastern Spain. The components identified in this oil on using GC and GC/ MS as the analytical procedures were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.11  bergamotene
390.13  bergamotene
430.22  bergamotene
500.24beta- bisabolene
560.23alpha- bisabolol
550.02alpha-bisabolol oxide
171.13  borneol
300.10  bornyl acetate
260.11  bornyl formate
350.17iso bornyl isovalerate
370.19beta- bourbonene
420.01beta- cadinene
510.12gamma- cadinene
540.08T- cadinol
50.56  camphene
1513.60  camphor
410.47beta- caryophyllene
521.59  caryophyllene oxide
1031.311,8- cineole
380.02beta- cubebene
490.01ar- curcumene
190.07  epoxylinalool
450.03  farnesene
470.06  farnesene
460.11  farnesene
530.03  farnesol
480.08  germacrene A
250.05 hexen-1-yl butyrate
270.42  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.37  hexyl butyrate
330.03  hexyl hexanoate
230.15  hexyl isobutyrate
320.10  hexyl tiglate
280.19  hexyl valerate
440.30alpha- humulene
1436.94  linalool
130.05(E)- linalool oxide
120.77(Z)- linalool oxide
290.10  linalyl acetate
340.03  linalyl butyrate
70.15  myrcene
310.02  neryl acetate
31.11alpha- pinene
41.48beta- pinene
160.04  pinocamphone
60.47  sabinene
110.61(Z)- sabinene hydrate
180.19  terpinen-4-ol
80.33alpha- terpinene
210.79alpha- terpineol
90.69  terpinolene
20.02alpha- thujene
10.05  tricyclene
200.241,1,3- trimethyl-2-oxobicyclo(2.2.2)octan-5-one
220.12  verbenone
360.02alpha- ylangene

M. D. Guillen, N. Cabo and J. Burillo, Characterization of the essential oils of some cultivated aromatic plants of industrial interest. J. Sci. Food Agric., 70, 359-363 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

lavandula officinalis flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.80alpha- pinene
20.30  camphene
30.301- octen-3-ol
40.40beta- pinene
50.70  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
75.201,8- cineole
82.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.40(E)-beta-ocimene
1029.50  linalool
110.901- octen-3-yl acetate
123.50  camphor
131.60  borneol
142.90  terpinen-4-ol
152.50alpha- terpineol
1641.50  linalyl acetate
172.00  lavandulyl acetate
180.20  neryl acetate
190.30  geranyl acetate
202.40beta- caryophyllene
211.20beta- farnesene
220.40  germacrene D
G. Milhau, A. Valentin, F. Benoit, M. Mallié, J-M. Baslide, V. Pellissier and J-M. Bessière, In vitro antimalarial activity of eight essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 329-333 (1997).
lavender oil spike
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.11  acetone
490.02beta- bisabolol
381.69  borneol
430.18gamma- cadinene
480.06T- cadinol
41.08  camphene
282.17beta- caryophyllene
470.20  caryophyllene oxide
1022.901,8- cineole
350.07  cryptone
460.09para- cymen-8-ol
151.39para- cymene
310.31beta- farnesene
450.35  geraniol
390.20  germacrene D
180.01  hexanol
19trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
210.06  hexyl 3-methyl butyrate
200.02  hexyl butyrate
17trace  hexyl isobutyrate
290.02  hexyl tiglate
340.16alpha- humulene
330.50  lavandulol
93.18  limonene
230.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
420.18(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
41trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
25trace6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
70.80  myrcene
320.07  myrtenol
440.69  nerol
400.88  neryl acetate
130.08(E)-beta- ocimene
110.47(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.053- octanone
220.091- octen-3-ol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
34.77alpha- pinene
54.10beta- pinene
26trace  plinol (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
240.37  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
60.37  sabinene
270.36  terpinen-4-ol
120.15gamma- terpinene
362.67alpha- terpineol
370.53gamma- terpineol
160.07  terpinolene
2trace  tricyclene
300.475,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavender-Lavandin-A Composition. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 364-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

lavender oil spike
An oil of L. latifolia produced in France was found by Canaud and Martineau (1996) to possess the following composition:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.80alpha- pinene
 2.00beta- pinene
 0.80  camphene
 0.60  sabinene
 0.60  myrcene
 0.30  limonene
 25.501,8- cineole
 18.50  camphor
 27.30  linalool
 2.90  linalyl acetate
 0.30  lavandulyl acetate
 0.70  terpinen-4-ol
 1.60beta- caryophyllene
 0.30  lavandulol
 1.00alpha- terpineol
 2.50  borneol
leptospermum scoparium branch/leaf oil new zealand
Porter and Wilkins (1998) reported the results of a GC and CC/MS analysis of manuka oil produced in New Zealand. The components identified in this somewhat uncommon oil were found to be:
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.33alpha- amorphene
293.81gamma- amorphene
110.05iso amyl 2-methyl butyrate
120.13iso amyl isovalerate
170.09iso amyl tiglate
252.09  aromadendrene
280.80allo- aromadendrene
385.94  cadina-1,4-diene
264.88  cadina-3,5-diene
366.02gamma- cadinene
3514.42  calamenene
242.63beta- caryophyllene
410.25  caryophyllene oxide
60.221,8- cineole
215.86alpha- copaene
270.37beta- copaene
193.95alpha- cubebene
50.16para- cymene
220.55beta- elemene
340.84alpha- farnesene
374.91  flavesone
231.02alpha- gurjunene
430.23  ledol
4515.54  leptospermone
444.62iso leptospermone
70.10  limonene
100.10  linalool
130.052- methyl butyl isovalerate
330.77alpha- muurolene
40.24  myrcene
390.24(E)- nerolidol
21.31alpha- pinene
30.12beta- pinene
140.24iso prenyl isovalerate
180.03isoprenyl tiglate
313.67beta- selinene
324.35alpha-selinene + viridiflorene
400.52  spathulenol
150.04  terpinen-4-ol
80.16gamma- terpinene
160.09alpha- terpineol
90.05  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
420.46  viridiflorol
200.32alpha- ylangene

N. G. Porter, P. E. Smale, M. A. Nelson, A. J. Hay, J. W. van Klink and C. M. Dean, Variability in essential oil chemistry and plant morphology within a Leptospermum population. New Zealand J. Bot., 36, 125-133 (1998).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

leptospermum scoparium var. eximium oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20trace  aromadendrene
220.30allo- aromadendrene
280.80  bicyclogermacrene
21tracealpha- bulnesene
290.90gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
181.70beta- caryophyllene
320.30  caryophyllene oxide
100.101,8- cineole
14tracepara- cymene
170.10beta- elemene
3911.50alpha- eudesmol
4013.80beta- eudesmol
3813.60gamma- eudesmol
2tracealpha- fenchene
300.50  geraniol
353.30  globulol
230.40alpha- humulene
81.40  limonene
164.40  linalool
34trace(E)- methyl cinnamate
60.30  myrcene
330.40(E)- nerolidol
130.80(E)-beta- ocimene
110.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
310.40  palustrol
9tracebeta- phellandrene
118.10alpha- pinene
40.70beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
270.30alpha- selinene
260.30beta- selinene
371.80  spathulenol
190.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
240.30  viridiflorene
364.30  viridiflorol

J. J. Brophhy, B. J. Goldsack, A. R. Bean, P. I. Forester and B. J. Lepschi, Leaf essential oils of the genus Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) in eastern Australia. Part 5. Leptospermum continentale and allies. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 98-104 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

leptospermum scoparium var. rotundifolium oil australia
In 1979, Flynn et al. reported that L. scoparium var. rotundifolium contained the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.60  aromadendrene
181.00allo- aromadendrene
140.90iso borneol
130.50beta- caryophyllene
725.401,8- cineole
210.30  cuminyl alcohol
92.30para- cymene
274.50alpha- eudesmol
287.10beta- eudesmol
262.70gamma- eudesmol
221.60  geraniol
241.10  globulol
61.20  limonene
110.40  linalool
230.50gamma- muurolene
4trace  myrcene
190.30  myrtenol
200.10  neral
230.80alpha- pinene
31.90beta- pinene
121.30  terpinen-4-ol
50.10alpha- terpinene
80.30gamma- terpinene
154.70alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
161.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.10alpha- thujene
252.00  viridiflorol

T. M. Flynn, E. V. Lassak and M. P. Smyth, The volatile leaf oils of three species of Leptospermum. Phytochemistry, 18, 2030-2031 (1979).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.50  aromadendrene
201.60  bicyclogermacrene
100.50  borneol
210.10delta- cadinene
1438.40  carvacrol
165.00beta- caryophyllene
230.80  caryophyllene oxide
62.101,8- cineole
514.50para- cymene
180.50alpha- humulene
191.403-hydroxymethyl carvacrol
70.40  limonene
91.20  linalool
126.00  methyl thymol
32.30  myrcene
20.60alpha- pinene
220.80  spathulenol
110.80  terpinen-4-ol
41.90alpha- terpinene
810.60gamma- terpinene
11.30alpha- thujene
138.00  thymol
150.40  thymyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 295, (2000)
lippia alnifolia schau. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.30beta- bisabolene
41.501,8- cineole
80.30gamma- himachalene
547.20  limonene
30.30 methyl anisole
20.40  myrcene
100.70  pentadecane
61.70  piperitenone
744.60  piperitenone oxide
10.40  sabinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 295, (2000)
lippia citriodora cymbopogon oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
182.00beta- caryophyllene
232.10  caryophyllene oxide
170.20alpha- cedrene
64.901,8- cineole
115.90 citronellol + nerol
150.60  citronellyl acetate
212.40ar- curcumene
1419.90  geranial
136.60  geraniol
161.00  geranyl acetate
190.20alpha- humulene
513.50  limonene
81.20  linalool
22.30  methyl heptenone
40.40  myrcene
1214.40  neral
220.70(E)- nerolidol
71.70(E)-ocimene
10.60alpha- pinene
31.80  sabinene
90.60  terpinen-4-ol
102.10alpha- terpineol
200.20  thujopsene

Ph. Morin, M. Caude, H. Richard and R. Rosset, Semipreparative Separation of Terpenoids from Essential Oils by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Their Subsequent Identification by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatog,, 363, 57-59, (1986).

P&F 13, No. 3, 29, (1988)

lippia citriodora oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
460.5allo- aromadendrene
280.4  bornyl butyrate
430.8beta- bourbonene
480.1delta- cadinene
500.6gamma- cadinene
590.9T- cadinol
410.1  carvacrol
320.4trans- carveol
400.8  carvone
450.4beta- caryophyllene
52traceiso caryophyllene
555.5  caryophyllene oxide
581.0iso caryophyllene oxide
530.4alpha- cedrene
1412.41,8- cineole
420.6alpha- copaene
470.6beta- cubebene
51trace  cuparene
494.6ar- curcumene
70.2para- cymene
360.6  fenchone
269.9  geranial
350.7  geranic acid
330.5  geraniol
291.6  geranyl acetate
300.9  geranyl isobutyrate
310.3  geranyl propionate
440.1alpha- gurjunene
130.4(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
120.3  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
43.7  limonene
191.3  linalool
180.1(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
17trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
540.2  longifolene
240.7  methyl geranate
97.46- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
560.5alpha- muurolol
370.2  myrtenal
236.9  neral
571.2  nerolidol
270.6  neryl acetate
100.33- octanol
110.71- octen-3-ol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
11.4alpha- pinene
20.3beta- pinene
390.7trans- pinocarveol
210.7iso pulegol
15trace rose oxide
30.2  sabinene
380.6(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.3(Z)- sabinene hydrate
605.2  spathulenol
221.0  terpinen-4-ol
61.0gamma- terpinene
252.3alpha- terpineol
8trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- thujone
340.3  thymol
610.1  viridiflorol

J. Bellakhdar, A.IL. Idrissi, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R.Vila, Analysis de L'huile essentielle dela verveine odorante (Lippia citriodora H, B, and K). Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 269-273 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

lippia graveolens oil mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.84  aromadendrene
190.20beta- bisabolene
260.09  borneol
200.08delta- cadinene
210.16gamma- cadinene
220.06  calamenene
30.34  camphene
3116.50  carvacrol
143.40beta- caryophyllene
280.33  caryophyllene oxide
231.841,8- cineole
130.06alpha- copaene
98.12para- cymene
120.08alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
180.34  eremophilene
162.10alpha- humulene
290.12  humulene oxide
80.70  limonene
240.41  linalool
170.12gamma- muurolene
51.10  myrcene
60.56alpha- phellandrene
20.56alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
250.33  terpinen-4-ol
70.34alpha- terpinene
100.54gamma- terpinene
270.48alpha-terpineol + methyl thymol
110.08  terpinolene
10.08alpha- thujene
3046.30  thymol

J. Pino, A. Rosado, R. Baluja and P. Borges, Analysis of the Essential oil of Mexican Oregano (Lippia graveolens HBK). Nahrung, 3, 289-295 (1989).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

malpighia glabra fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
62.102- acetyl furan
200.10  butyl hexanoate
130.101,8- cineole
291.20(E)-beta- damascenone
330.10  dihydroactinidiolide
301.108(E)-4,7-epoxymegastigma-5(11),8-diene
251.80(8,E)-2,5- epoxymegastigma-6,8-diene
240.40(8,Z)-2,5- epoxymegastigma-6,8-diene
180.10  ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
150.30  ethyl furoate
120.20  ethyl furyl ketone
111.40  ethyl hexanoate
210.10  ethyl octanoate
356.802- furfuraldehyde
1721.50  heptanoic acid
140.60gamma- hexalactone
50.30  hexanol
40.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
190.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
280.303- hexen-1-yl hexanoate
10.103- hydroxy-2-butanone
271.20(E,E)-pseudo- ionone
263.30(E,Z)-pseudo ionone
310.80(E)-beta- ionone
320.10(8,Z)- megastigma-5,8-diene-4-one
80.205- methyl furfural
90.10  methyl furoate
70.70  methyl hexanoate
20.30(E)-3-methyl-2-butenol
230.20  nonanoic acid
220.10  octanoic acid
100.201- octen-3-ol
160.10iso prenyl butyrate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 678, (2000)
marjoram oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
12.63alpha- pinene
22.45  camphene
32.70beta- pinene
41.92  myrcene
51.35  limonene
639.901,8- cineole
72.20gamma- terpinene
81.37  camphor
919.41  linalool
100.43beta- caryophyllene
114.04alpha- terpineol
120.52  borneol
130.71  geraniol
140.51  thymol
15trace  carvacrol
marjoram oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
26trace  borneol
37tracealpha- cadinol
30.40  camphene
18trace  camphor
36trace  carvacrol
210.40beta- caryophyllene
310.30  caryophyllene oxide
942.601,8- cineole
290.10  citronellol
130.30para- cymene
330.30  elemol
270.40  geranial
300.10  geraniol
280.20  geranyl acetate
82.10  limonene
1932.80  linalool
170.80(E)- linalool oxide
150.80(Z)- linalool oxide
200.50  linalyl acetate
61.40  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.00alpha- pinene
42.60beta- pinene
52.20  sabinene
160.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.20  spathulenol
220.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
241.10gamma- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene
35trace  thymol
230.10(Z)- verbenol
320.35  viridiflorol

M. C. Soriano, J. A. Sotomayor, E. Correal, P. Sanchez Gomez and C. Garcia-Vallejo, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Thymus x arundanas Willk. and its parents T. mastichina L. and T. baeticus Boiss ex Lacaita. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 593-594 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

matricaria chamomilla flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.39  artemisyl alcohol
130.51  artemisyl ketone
220.64  bicyclogermacrene
250.51alpha- bisabolol
2757.68  bisabolol oxide A
234.35  bisabolol oxide B
244.10  bisabolone oxide A
180.09beta- caryophyllene
2623.35  chamazulene
70.341,8- cineole
100.07para- cymene
20.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
192.92(E)-beta- farnesene
201.48  germacrene D
150.10(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
140.51(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
11trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
6trace  limonene
12trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
5trace  myrcene
90.70(E)-beta- ocimene
80.08(Z)-beta- ocimene
1tracealpha- pinene
4trace  propyl 2-methyl butyrate
30.22  sabinene
21tracebeta- selinene
17trace  terpinen-4-ol

E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Flower scent of some traditional medicinal plants. In: Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants, Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttey and H. Sugisawa, pp. 282-296, ACS Symposium Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

melaleuca alternifolia leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
390.29alpha- amorphene
331.61  aromadendrene
350.69allo- aromadendrene
400.13  bicyclogermacrene
360.511-epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene
320.19alpha- bulnesene
440.30  cadina-1,4-diene
421.86delta- cadinene
430.27  calamenene
310.44beta- caryophyllene
11trace1,4- cineole
163.041,8- cineole
250.17alpha- copaene
260.09alpha- cubebene
490.52  cubenol
27tracepara- cymen-8-ol
94.96para- cymene
170.17alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
480.80  globulol
460.18epi- globulol
280.45alpha- gurjunene
29tracebeta- gurjunene
340.15gamma- gurjunene
8trace(-)- limonene
100.51(+)- limonene
18trace(-)- linalool
19trace(+)- linalool
30tracebeta- maaliene
38trace  methyl eugenol
370.26alpha- muurolene
40.46  myrcene
450.06  palustrol
5trace(-)-alpha- phellandrene
120.22(-)-beta- phellandrene
6trace(+)-alpha- phellandrene
130.36(+)-beta-phellandrene
20.18(-)-alpha- pinene
31.68(+)-alpha- pinene
20trace  sabinene hydrate
470.15  spathulenol
2213.13(-)- terpinen-4-ol
2124.73(+)- terpinen-4-ol
79.90alpha- terpinene
1421.15gamma- terpinene
230.69(-)-alpha- terpineol
242.03(+)-alpha- terpineol
153.18  terpinolene
10.44alpha- thujene
411.75  viridiflorene
50