rosemary oil spain
essential oil obtained from the flowering tops and leaves of the rosemary, rosmarinus officinalis l., lamiaceae spain
 
Notes:
Rosemary Oil is steam distilled from the flowers, leaves and twigs of wild growing Rosmarinus Officinalis A which is found in numerous forms and subvarieties. The plant grows wild in abundance in Spain, France, Corsica, Italy, Sardinia Yugoslavia, the U.S.S.R., Turkey, the Middle East, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco. isolated from rosmarinus officinalis l. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. rosmarinum officinalis, labiatae.
  • Albert Vieille SAS
    • Albert Vieille SAS
      Naturally Inspiring!
      Our objective is to inspire the creative minds in the realm of beauty with exceptional ingredients!
      Based on more than a century of experience in Vallauris, France, Albert Vieille SAS has crafted exceptional savoir-faire in the realm of perfume plants. Albert Vieille SAS is a venerable company specializing in 100% pure and natural aromatic raw materials for professionals working in the perfumery, cosmetics, food and aromatherapy markets. We have more than 200 aromatic products – essential oil, floral water, scented water, absolute, concrete, resinoid, gum resin – for use in formulating scented and flavored creations. Albert Vieille offers only aromatic products that are 100% pure, meaning they are from botanically identified plants of single geographic origin. The products are also 100% natural, as they are obtained through physical processes, undergoing no chemical modification or denaturation by petrochemical-derived molecules.
      Email: Elisabeth Campana
      Voice: +33 (0)4 93 64 16 72
      Fax: +33 (0)4 93 64 80 07
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      Product(s):
      Rosemary Essential oil Spain
      Rosemary is an elegant, very leafy shrub that grows about a meter high. The erect branches are covered with dark-green, needle-shaped leaves with a silvery underside. They emit a powerful, bracing, very aromatic smell when crushed. The plant's small flowers are pale-blue to lilac in color with tiny purple dots on the insides. The flowering branches are sickle-harvested in the wild. Rosemary flowers throughout the year, but the most intense blooming periods are spring and autumn. The cut plants are then left to dry in the shade for a day or two prior to distillation. Rosemary has two different chemotypes: the Spanish camphor chemotype and the cineole chemotype from Morocco and Tunisia. The Spanish chemotype exudes a potent, medicinal, camphoraceous fragrance with herbaceous and green notes.
       
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      Rosemary Oil Spanish
       
  • Bontoux
    • Bontoux S.A
      Major international supplier
      Major international Producer of aromatic ingredients for the production of fragrances, flavors, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and Aromathopy.
      Bontoux Inc. was established in 1993 to directly service our North American clientele. The facility primarily serves as a Sales Customer Service, Repacking and Distribution Center for our customers in North America.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: + 33.(0)4.75.28.64.64
      Fax: + 33.(0)4.75.28.60.32
      US Voice: + 1.908.755.4800
      US Fax: + 1.908.755.4844
      Product(s):
      ROSEMARY SPAIN ESSENTIAL OIL
       
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 203-299-3220
      Fax: 203-299-1355
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      Product(s):
      ROSEMARY OIL SPANISH TYPE
       
  • Elixens America
    • Elixens America, Inc.
      Sharing What Nature Inspires
      US affiliate supplying Conventional and Certified Organic Essential Oils since 1998; specializing in French Essential Oils.
      Elixens America, Inc. has been supplying bulk Essential Oils to the Flavor & Fragrance Industry since 1998. We are the US affiliate of ELIXENS SA (Paris, France) and are your direct contact for bulk Essential Oils in North America. Our specialties are Lavandin and Lavender Essential Oils originating from the Provence Region of France as we have long-term partnerships with growers and farmers from the area. Our catalogue of items range from about 150 to 200 different Essential Oils depending on availability and crop season. In addition to our group’s production we also import various Essential Oils directly from source from around the world.
      Email: Jean-Pascal Abdelli (France)
      US Email: Adam Roman
      Email: Barbara Keen (UK)
      Voice: 33 (0) 1 34 48 57 57
      Fax: 33 (0) 1 34 64 94 27
      US Voice: 1.732.388.3555
      US Fax: 1.732.388.3565
      Cell1.201.674.3603
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      Information and News
      Product(s):
      Rosemary Oil (Camphor) Spain Certified Organic
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      Rosemary Oil Spanish Type
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      ROSEMARY SPAIN OIL
       
  • Esencias Martínez Lozano
    • Esencias Martinez Lozano S.A.
      Natural essential oils
      High quality essential oils and constant improvementing service and attention to our Customers, being our maxim the full satisfaction of them.
      Since 1960 in Esencias Martinez Lozano S.A. we have been dedicating to cultivation, harvest and distillation of the different Spanish aromatic herbs, and trading a high quantity of first quality essential Oils. We are located in the South-East of Spain, exactly in Caravaca de la Cruz, region of Murcia, which is the main area in Spanish essential oils production. At present, we have own plantations, where we cultivate Spike Lavender, Red Thyme, Oregano, Cypress, Sage, Lavender, and Lavandins. We also harvest wild herbs such as Cistus, Fennel, Rosemary, Marjoram, Oregano, Thymes, Rue, etc...
      Email: José Antonio Martínez
      Email: Sales: José Antonio Martínez
      Voice: +34 968 72 53 86
      Fax: +34 968 72 55 55
      Twitter
      Product(s):
      Rosemary - Camphor Type Oil
      Rosemary - Camphor Type Oil Organic
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      233251 ROSEMARY EO SPAIN
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      18-31000 ROSEMARY OIL, SPANISH, Kosher
       
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Global Reach
      Product(s):
      Rosemary Oil Spanish
       
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE, SEED TO SCENT
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia,… Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      Email: Flavor:
      Email: Fragrance:
      Voice: 33 4 93 40 33 66
      Fax: 33 4 93 70 68 09
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      +1 212 710 4600Robertet New York Creative Center
      +1 212 245 4092Robertet New York Creative Center
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      Product(s):
      R50388 Rosemary Colorless Spain
      Rosmarinus officinalis is first processed through volatile solvents and then codistilled on thriethyl citrate.
       
       
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      History
      Product(s):
      Rosemary Oil, Spanish
       
  • The Lebermuth Company
    • The Lebermuth Company
      Mother Nature's Finest Products
      We Make The World Smell & Taste Better.
      Our family & company culture echo our founders ideals, in America's heartland. Our legacy, passion, & rich history contribute to who we are. Today Lebermuth is still owned and operated by Rob Brown and his brothers and sister. In the past few decades Lebermuth has been committed to employing internationally renowned chemists and formulators. The facilities have also grown to house some of the most advanced processing equipment in the industry. We go to the ends of the earth to bring you the finest mother nature has to offer. Being “green” has always been and will always be, the true essence of The Lebermuth Company.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 1-574-259-7000
      Fax: 1-574-258-7450
      US Voice: 1-800-648-1123
      US Fax: 1-800-852-4722
      Product(s):
      50-6230-01-01 Rosemary Spanish
      50-6230-05-01 Rosemary Verbenone Organic Oil
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
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      Product(s):
      Rosemary Oil, Spanish P&N - AV
      Rosemary Oil, Spanish N & A
       
  • Ultra International
    • Ultra International
      Driven by a mutual passion for excellence.
      Ultra International is one of the leading company in the Flavors and Fragrance industry.
      Ultra International is one of the leading company in the Flavors and Fragrance industry with a vision to be the Essential Source of Sensory Innovation for customers, driven by a mutual passion for excellence. Through unique sensory expertise and consumer insight, Ultra provides customers with the taste and smell profiles that are key to their products' success. Our passion for Perfumes and Flavors, our Creativity and Innovation, together with our exceptional understanding of sensory perceptions and trends, have forged our world-class reputation.
      Email: Bhuvana Nageshwaran
      US Email: Ravi Sanganeria
      Email: Prasenjit Mazumdar
      US Email: Lisa Piccininni
      Email: Jonpaul Howarth
      Email: Colin Ringleib
      Voice: +91-9810011601 (Bhuvana Nageshwaran)
      Fax: 91-11-4151 7050
      US Voice: +91-981008844
      Ravi Sanganeria:91-11-41517010
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      Product(s):
      Rosemary Oil Spain
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name: rosmarinus officinalis l. leaf oil
CAS Number: 8000-25-7 
FDA UNII: 8LGU7VM393
MDL: MFCD00148234
CoE Number: 406
Also Contains: rosmarinus officinalis extract
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
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US Patents: Search
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NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 2992  rosemary oil spain
FDA Mainterm: ROSEMARY, OIL (ROSEMARINUS OFFICINALIS L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.89800 to 0.92200 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.472 to  7.672
Specific Gravity: 0.89300 to 0.91600 @  20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 7.439 to 7.631
Refractive Index: 1.46600 to 1.47000 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 175.00 to  176.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Saponification Value: 1.50
Vapor Pressure: 2.000000 mm/Hg @ 20.00 °C.
Flash Point: 114.00 °F. TCC ( 45.56 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 ethyl alcohol, 1 to 10 vol. of 80% alcohol
 paraffin oil
 water, 1186 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 bath foam
 cream
 hair spray
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 shampoo
 soap
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 herbal  camphoreous  woody  balsamic  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
herbal camphor woody balsam
Luebke, William tgsc, (1989)
 rosemary  
Taste Description:
rosemary
Substantivity: 4 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
skin conditioning
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Albert Vieille SAS
Rosemary Essential oil Spain
Odor: medicinal
Use: Rosemary is an elegant, very leafy shrub that grows about a meter high. The erect branches are covered with dark-green, needle-shaped leaves with a silvery underside. They emit a powerful, bracing, very aromatic smell when crushed. The plant's small flowers are pale-blue to lilac in color with tiny purple dots on the insides. The flowering branches are sickle-harvested in the wild. Rosemary flowers throughout the year, but the most intense blooming periods are spring and autumn. The cut plants are then left to dry in the shade for a day or two prior to distillation. Rosemary has two different chemotypes: the Spanish camphor chemotype and the cineole chemotype from Morocco and Tunisia. The Spanish chemotype exudes a potent, medicinal, camphoraceous fragrance with herbaceous and green notes.
Harvest Calendar
Berjé
Rosemary Oil Spanish
Happening at Berje
Bontoux
ROSEMARY SPAIN ESSENTIAL OIL
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Rosemary essential oil, Bulk
Odor: characteristic
Use: Might antidote homeopathic remedies. Clears the head and aids memory, good for mental strain. Helps ease gout and tired, overworked muscles, tired or weak legs and circulatory problems of extremities, as well as cold feet. Since it stimulates blood circulation, it is a good remedy for low blood pressure. It is an excellent tonic for the liver and gall bladder. Said to help lower high blood sugar. Used in shampoo and hair treatments, it helps stimulate blood circulation to the scalp; thus, it is being beneficial for promoting hair growth.
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Rosemary essential oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Rosemary EO has a strong, clear, penetrating, camphoraceous and herbaceous aroma. It is said to be analgesic, antidepressant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, cicatrisant, digestive, diuretic, hypertensive and rubefacient. This EO may not be suitable for people with epilepsy or high blood pressure. Avoid in pregnancy since it is an emmenagogue.
Charkit Chemical
ROSEMARY OIL SPANISH TYPE
Elixens America
Rosemary Oil (Camphor) Spain
Certified Organic
Ernesto Ventós
ROSEMARY OIL, SPAIN
Odor: STRONG, FRESH, WOODY, HERBACEOUS
Esencias Martínez Lozano
Rosemary - Camphor Type Oil Organic
Esencias Martínez Lozano
Rosemary - Camphor Type Oil
Excellentia International
Rosemary Oil Spanish Type
George Uhe Company
Rosemary Oil Spain
Available in FCC
Indukern F&F
ROSEMARY OIL BIO SPAIN
Odor: CHARACTERISTIC, CAMPHORATED, WILD
CROP CALENDAR
Indukern F&F
ROSEMARY OIL SPAIN
Odor: AROMATIC, BALSAMIC, CAMPHORATED
Liberty Natural Products
ROSEMARY CAMPHOR TYPE SPAIN
Lluch Essence
ROSEMARY SPAIN OIL
Moellhausen
ROSEMARY EO SPAIN
Odor: fresh, herbaceous, balsamic, eucalyptol
Flavor: aromatic, fresh, camphoraceous
Penta International
ROSEMARY OIL, SPANISH, Kosher
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Rosemary Oil Spanish
Robertet
Rosemary Colorless Spain
Odor: The final liquid orange-yellow extract is developing the aromatic, woody, balsamic and very natural typical odor of the plant, without the camphor connotation in the background
Use: Rosmarinus officinalis is first processed through volatile solvents and then codistilled on thriethyl citrate.
Takasago
Rosemary Sureste TICO
Odor: Herbal, camphoraceous, eucalyptus, woody
Use: Used in soap/technical products. Also serves as an ingredient in rubefacients and liniments. Used in spice and seasoning applications.
The Fragrance Museum
The John D. Walsh Company
Rosemary Oil, Spanish
The Lebermuth Company
Rosemary Spanish
Odor: Camphor, woody balsam, herbal, minty
The Lebermuth Company
Rosemary Verbenone Organic Oil
Odor: Rosemary
The Lermond Company
Rosemary Oil, Spanish N & A
The Lermond Company
Rosemary Oil, Spanish P&N - AV
The Perfumers Apprentice
Rosemary (Spain) J.Steele
Ultra International
Rosemary Oil Spain
Crop Calendar
Ungerer & Company
Rosemary Oil FCC
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Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
R 68 - Possible risk of irreversible effects.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24 - Avoid contact with skin.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 977, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 10000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 977, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for rosemary oil spain usage levels up to:
  10.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -6.30000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -3.60000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -2.90000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 0.500004.00000
fruit ices: 0.500004.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -7.50000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -40.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med: search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8000-25-7
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 1993
WGK Germany: 2
 rosmarinus officinalis l. leaf oil
Chemidplus: 0008000257
RTECS: VL0445000 for cas# 8000-25-7
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References:
 rosmarinus officinalis l. leaf oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8000-25-7
Pubchem (sid): 135307489
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
 Typical G.C.
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
amber
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
anisic
para-anisyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin absoluteFL/FR
siam benzoin resinFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
1-benzoyl acetoneFL/FR
dextro,laevo-borneolFL/FR
dextro,laevo-isoborneolFL/FR
laevo-borneolFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
 bornyl formateFL/FR
isobornyl methyl etherFL/FR
isobornyl propionateFL/FR
 brachyleana hutchinsii wood oilFR
 conifer acetateFR
 fir carboxylateFR
 fir needle oil canadaFL/FR
 fir needle oil terpeneless canadaFL/FR
 frankincense absoluteFL/FR
 guaiyl butyrateFR
 hemlock western oil (tsuga heterophylla) canadaFR
 juniper berry absoluteFL/FR
 myrrh absoluteFL/FR
 terpinyl butyrateFL/FR
 tolu balsam absoluteFL/FR
 tolu balsam resinoidFL/FR
camphoreous
dextro-camphorFL/FR
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
 herbal ethanoneFR
citrus
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 ocimene quintoxideFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
earthy
2-octanoneFL/FR
floral
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 anise indeneFR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
 karo karounde absoluteFR
abrialis lavandin oilFL/FR
 lavandula angustifolia flower oilFL/FR
 lavender oil franceFL/FR
 lavender oil greeceFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 nonisyl propionateFR
 petitgrain bigarade oilFL/FR
 petitgrain lemon oilFL/FR
 prenyl salicylateFL/FR
fruity
3-benzyl-4-heptanoneFL/FR
green
isocyclocitral (IFF)FL/FR
 galbanum absoluteFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
herbal
1-allyl-2,2,7,7-tetramethyl cycloheptanolFR
 balsamite oil 
 barosma betulina leaf oilFL/FR
 bornyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 bornyl butyrateFL/FR
beta-bourboneneFL/FR
delta-cadinene 
alpha-cadinolFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 chamomile oil moroccoFR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 costmary oil (chrysanthemum balsamita)FR
 dimethyl cyclormol (IFF)FR
2,10-epoxypinaneFR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 geranic oxideFL/FR
 herbal dioxaneFR
 herbal undecanoneFR
 hyssop oilFL/FR
 immortelle flower oilFL/FR
 lavandin concreteFL/FR
spike lavender absoluteFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 methyl cyclogeranateFR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
 origanum oilFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
curled parsley leaf oilFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 tea leaf absoluteFL/FR
white thyme oilFL/FR
 thyme oil (thymus zygis gracillis) spainFL/FR
 thyme oil wild or creepingFL/FR
 tricyclodecenyl propionateFR
mentholic
 peppermint cyclohexanoneFL/FR
minty
 pennyroyal oilFL/FR
(R)-(+)-pulegoneFL/FR
mossy
 treemoss absoluteFR
spicy
 carvacrolFL/FR
 cinnamon acroleinFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 cumin seed oilFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
 laurus nobilis leaf oilFL/FR
 mace oilFL/FR
 nutmeg absoluteFL/FR
 origanum majorana oilFL/FR
 origanum majorana oil cubaFL/FR
4-isopropyl-2-cyclohexenoneFL/FR
terpenic
 pine needle oil dwarfFL/FR
thujonic
 armoise oilFR
 cedarleaf oil terpenelessFR
 sage oil dalmatianFL/FR
common tansy flower oil argentinaFL/FR
common tansy leaf oil dutch 
 thuja occidentalis leaf oilFL/FR
 woody ketoneFL/FR
tonka
 coumarinFR
woody
2-tert-butyl cyclohexanoneFR
(R)-gamma-cadinene 
 campheneFL/FR
(+)-campheneFL/FR
 cistus twig/leaf absoluteFR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
 gurjun balsam oilFR
 hinoki root oilFR
 marine formateFR
gamma-muurolene 
 myrtenyl formateFL/FR
 polylimoneneFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 vetiverolFL/FR
 woody acetateFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
para-anisyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 balsamite oil 
1-benzoyl acetoneFL/FR
dextro,laevo-isoborneolFL/FR
laevo-borneolFL/FR
dextro,laevo-borneolFL/FR
 bornyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
 bornyl butyrateFL/FR
 bornyl formateFL/FR
isobornyl methyl etherFL/FR
isobornyl propionateFL/FR
beta-bourboneneFL/FR
(R)-gamma-cadinene 
delta-cadinene 
alpha-cadinolFL/FR
(+)-campheneFL/FR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
isocyclocitral (IFF)FL/FR
 fir needle oil canadaFL/FR
 laurus nobilis leaf oilFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
1-methyl pyrroleFL
gamma-muurolene 
 myrtenyl formateFL/FR
 peru balsamFL
 polylimoneneFL/FR
4-isopropyl-2-cyclohexenoneFL/FR
common tansy leaf oil dutch 
 tea leaf absoluteFL/FR
 terpinyl butyrateFL/FR
 thuja occidentalis leaf oilFL/FR
 vetiverolFL/FR
 woody ketoneFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 fir needle oil terpeneless canadaFL/FR
 juniper berry absoluteFL/FR
 myrrh absoluteFL/FR
 tolu balsam absoluteFL/FR
 tolu balsam resinoidFL/FR
camphoreous
 campheneFL/FR
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
 geranic oxideFL/FR
citrus
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 petitgrain bigarade oilFL/FR
 petitgrain lemon oilFL/FR
dairy
2-octanoneFL/FR
fruity
3-benzyl-4-heptanoneFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 galbanum absoluteFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 ocimene quintoxideFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
herbal
 barosma betulina leaf oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 hyssop oilFL/FR
 immortelle flower oilFL/FR
 lavandin concreteFL/FR
abrialis lavandin oilFL/FR
 lavandula angustifolia flower oilFL/FR
spike lavender absoluteFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 lavender oil franceFL/FR
 lavender oil greeceFL/FR
 origanum majorana oilFL/FR
 origanum oilFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
curled parsley leaf oilFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 prenyl salicylateFL/FR
white thyme oilFL/FR
 thyme oil (thymus zygis gracillis) spainFL/FR
 thyme oil wild or creepingFL/FR
medicinal
dextro-camphorFL/FR
 frankincense absoluteFL/FR
mentholic
 peppermint cyclohexanoneFL/FR
minty
 pennyroyal oilFL/FR
(R)-(+)-pulegoneFL/FR
pine
 pine needle oil dwarfFL/FR
spicy
siam benzoin absoluteFL/FR
 carvacrolFL/FR
 cinnamon acroleinFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 cubeb oleoresinFL
 cumin seed oilFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
 galangal root oleoresinFL
 mace oilFL/FR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
 nutmeg absoluteFL/FR
 origanum majorana oil cubaFL/FR
thujonic
 sage oil dalmatianFL/FR
common tansy flower oil argentinaFL/FR
woody
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
 aldehydicFR
 alpine bouquet 
 amberFR
 aromatic 
 balsamFR
 cedarFR
 cologneFR
 coloniaFR
 eucalyptusFL/FR
 fern fougereFR
 fir needle pine needleFL/FR
 florida soap 
 herbalFR
 hungery water 
 lavenderFR
 lavender waterFL/FR
 mintFR
 muskFR
 orientalFR
 pennyroyalFL/FR
 rain springFR
 rosemaryFR
 thymeFL/FR
 windsor soap 
 woodyFR
 yewFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 rosemary
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Synonyms:
 essential oil obtained from the flowering tops and leaves of the rosemary, rosmarinus officinalis l., lamiaceae spain
 rosemary colorless spain (Robertet)
 rosemary EO spain
garden rosemary oil (rosmarinus officinalis) spain
 rosemary oil FCC (rosmarinus officinalis) spanish
 rosemary oil spain
 rosemary oil spanish
 rosemary oil, spanish
 rosemary spain ess
 rosemary spain essential oil
 rosemary sureste TICO (Takasago)
 rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil spain
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Rosmarinus officinalis L. extract and some of its active ingredients as potential emulsion stabilizers: a new approach to the formation of multiple (W/O/W) emulsion.
PubMed: The influence of purge times on the yields of essential oil components extracted from plants by pressurized liquid extraction.
PubMed: Chemical composition of Rosmarinus and Lavandula essential oils and their insecticidal effects on Orgyia trigotephras (Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae).
PubMed: Transdermal absorption enhancing effect of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis on percutaneous absorption of Na diclofenac from topical gel.
PubMed: Rosemary oil vs minoxidil 2% for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia: a randomized comparative trial.
PubMed: Comparative and synergistic activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil constituents against the larvae and an ovarian cell line of the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
PubMed: Study of quantitative and qualitative variations in essential oils of Sicilian Rosmarinus officinalis L.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities and chemical characterization of essential oils of Thymusvulgaris, Rosmarinus officinalis, and Origanum majorana from northeastern México.
PubMed: Enhancing stability of essential oils by microencapsulation for preservation of button mushroom during postharvest.
PubMed: In vitro susceptibility of Brazilian Pythium insidiosum isolates to essential oils of some Lamiaceae family species.
PubMed: Effect of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) extracts on the oxidative stability and sensory acceptability of soybean oil.
PubMed: Active monoterpene ketones isolated from Rosmarinus officinalis with fumigant and contact action against Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank).
PubMed: In vitro biological evaluation of eight different essential oils against Trypanosoma cruzi, with emphasis on Cinnamomum verum essential oil.
PubMed: Protective Effect of Lavandula stoechas and Rosmarinus officinalis essential oils against reproductive damage and oxidative stress in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed: Effect of bioclimatic area on the composition and bioactivity of Tunisian Rosmarinus officinalis essential oils.
PubMed: Dairy matrix effect on the transference of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) essential oil compounds during cheese making.
PubMed: Effects of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil on germ tube formation by Candida albicans isolated from denture wearers.
PubMed: Antifungal activity and inhibition of fumonisin production by Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil in Fusarium verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg.
PubMed: Oxidative stress modulation by Rosmarinus officinalis in creosote-induced hepatotoxicity.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) essential oil and its hepatoprotective potential.
PubMed: Assessment of antioxidative, chelating, and DNA-protective effects of selected essential oil components (eugenol, carvacrol, thymol, borneol, eucalyptol) of plants and intact Rosmarinus officinalis oil.
PubMed: Microwave-assisted hydrodistillation of essential oil from rosemary.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity against Clostridium genus and antiradical activity of the essential oils from different origin.
PubMed: Effects of Rosmarinus officinalis on the survivability of random-patterned skin flaps: an experimental study.
PubMed: Combined effects of gamma-irradiation and modified atmosphere packaging on quality of some spices.
PubMed: Secondary metabolites isolation in natural products chemistry: comparison of two semipreparative chromatographic techniques (high pressure liquid chromatography and high performance thin-layer chromatography).
PubMed: Solvent-free microwave extraction of essential oil from aromatic herbs: from laboratory to pilot and industrial scale.
PubMed: Systemic administration of Rosmarinus officinalis attenuates the inflammatory response induced by carrageenan in the mouse model of pleurisy.
PubMed: Effectiveness of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil as antihypotensive agent in primary hypotensive patients and its influence on health-related quality of life.
PubMed: Microbiological quality and other characteristics of refrigerated chicken meat in contact with cellulose acetate-based film incorporated with rosemary essential oil.
PubMed: The potential of use basil and rosemary essential oils as effective antibacterial agents.
PubMed: Effects of inhaled rosemary oil on subjective feelings and activities of the nervous system.
PubMed: Increased seizure latency and decreased severity of pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures in mice after essential oil administration.
PubMed: Biogenic amines as freshness index of meat wrapped in a new active packaging system formulated with essential oils of Rosmarinus officinalis.
PubMed: Effect of the dietary supplementation of essential oils from rosemary and artemisia on muscle fatty acids and volatile compound profiles in Barbarine lambs.
PubMed: Larvicidal activity of essential extract of Rosmarinus officinalis against Culex quinquefasciatus.
PubMed: The Antibacterial Activity of Selected Labiatae (Lamiaceae) Essential Oils against Brucella melitensis.
PubMed: Efficacy of plant essential oils on postharvest control of rots caused by fungi on different stone fruits in vivo.
PubMed: Transfer of metals and metalloids from soil to shoots in wild rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) growing on a former lead smelter site: human exposure risk.
PubMed: In vitro and in vivo antifungal activity of some essential oils against feline isolates of Microsporum canis.
PubMed: Seasonal variations in the composition of the essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, Lamiaceae).
PubMed: A herbal antifungal formulation of Thymus serpillum, Origanum vulgare and Rosmarinus officinalis for treating ovine dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
PubMed: An in-depth review on the medicinal flora Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of antioxidants from rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) leaves for use in edible vegetable oils.
PubMed: Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil and its majority compound 1,8-cineole at sublethal amounts induce no direct and cross protection in Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538.
PubMed: Antidepressant-like effects of fractions, essential oil, carnosol and betulinic acid isolated from Rosmarinus officinalis L.
PubMed: Antioxidant capacity and inhibitory effect of grape seed and rosemary extract in marinades on the formation of heterocyclic amines in fried beef patties.
PubMed: Degradation study of carnosic acid, carnosol, rosmarinic acid, and rosemary extract (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) assessed using HPLC.
PubMed: The effects of thyme (Thymus vulgaris) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) essential oils on Brochothrix thermosphacta and on the shelf life of beef packaged in high-oxygen modified atmosphere.
PubMed: Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil and the related compound 1,8-cineole do not induce direct or cross-protection in Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 cultivated in meat broth.
PubMed: Environment-related variations of the composition of the essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) in the Balkan Penninsula.
PubMed: Comparative molecular docking analysis of essential oil constituents as elastase inhibitors.
PubMed: Composition and biological activity of essential oils against Metopolophium dirhodum (Hemiptera: Aphididae) cereal crop pest.
PubMed: Hybrid magnetite nanoparticles/Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil nanobiosystem with antibiofilm activity.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity and anticancer activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil compared to that of its main components.
PubMed: Effects of extract and essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. on TNBS-induced colitis in rats.
PubMed: Application of ionic liquids based microwave-assisted simultaneous extraction of carnosic acid, rosmarinic acid and essential oil from Rosmarinus officinalis.
PubMed: Inhibitory activity of Asian spices on heterocyclic amines formation in cooked beef patties.
PubMed: Acaricidal effect of essential oils from Lippia graveolens (Lamiales: Verbenaceae), Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiales: Lamiaceae), and Allium sativum (Liliales: Liliaceae) against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae).
PubMed: Antioxidant and antigenotoxic effects of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) extracts in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and HepG2 cells.
PubMed: Larvicidal and repellent properties of some essential oils against Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles and Anopheles subpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils of Thymus algeriensis, Eucalyptus globulus and Rosmarinus officinalis from Morocco.
PubMed: Evaluation of antileishmanial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of essential oils extracted from plants issued from the leishmaniasis-endemic region of Sned (Tunisia).
PubMed: Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil inhibits in vivo and in vitro leukocyte migration.
PubMed: Effect of distillation waste water and plant hormones on spearmint growth and composition.
PubMed: Control of the myiasis-producing fly, Lucilia sericata, with Egyptian essential oils.
PubMed: Investigation of the volatile fraction of rosemary infusion extracts.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of the essential oil from Rosmarinus officinalis and its major components against oral pathogens.
PubMed: Comparative larvicidal activity of essential oils from three medicinal plants against Aedes aegypti L.
PubMed: Genotoxicity and mutagenicity of Rosmarinus officinalis (Labiatae) essential oil in mammalian cells in vivo.
PubMed: Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil: antiproliferative, antioxidant and antibacterial activities.
PubMed: In vitro and in vivo antifungal activities of the essential oils of various plants against tomato grey mould disease agent Botrytis cinerea.
PubMed: Essential oils composition in two Rosmarinus officinalis L. varieties and incidence for antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.
PubMed: Essential oil composition and larvicidal activity of six Mediterranean aromatic plants against the mosquito Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: Biodegradable gelatin-chitosan films incorporated with essential oils as antimicrobial agents for fish preservation.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant and anti-Listeria activities of essential oils obtained from some Egyptian plants.
PubMed: Healing potential of Rosmarinus officinalis L. on full-thickness excision cutaneous wounds in alloxan-induced-diabetic BALB/c mice.
PubMed: Bioactivity of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oils against Apis mellifera, Varroa destructor and Paenibacillus larvae related to the drying treatment of the plant material.
PubMed: Antidepressant-like effect of Salvia sclarea is explained by modulation of dopamine activities in rats.
PubMed: Rosmarinus officinalis L.: chemical modifications of the essential oil and evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: Testing and enhancing the in vitro bioaccessibility and bioavailability of Rosmarinus officinalis extracts with a high level of antioxidant abietanes.
PubMed: In vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of commercial rosemary extract formulations.
PubMed: Protective effect of supercritical fluid rosemary extract, Rosmarinus officinalis, on antioxidants of major organs of aged rats.
PubMed: The antimicrobial activity of four commercial essential oils in combination with conventional antimicrobials.
PubMed: Antinociceptive effect and GC/MS analysis of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil from its aerial parts.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil in experimental animal models.
PubMed: In vitro activity of essential oils extracted from plants used as spices against fluconazole-resistant and fluconazole-susceptible Candida spp.
PubMed: Antioxidant activities of rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis L.) extract, blackseed (Nigella sativa L.) essential oil, carnosic acid, rosmarinic acid and sesamol.
PubMed: Phytotherapeutic prevention of dental biofilm formation.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) oil from Turkey.
PubMed: Variation of the chemical profile and antioxidant behavior of Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Salvia fruticosa Miller grown in Greece.
PubMed: Effect of some essential oils on rheological properties of wheat flour dough.
PubMed: Antioxidative activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil compared to its main components.
PubMed: Inhibitory effect of Turkish Rosmarinus officinalis L. on acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase enzymes.
PubMed: Antibacterial efficiency of Spanish Satureja montana essential oil against Listeria monocytogenes among natural flora in minced pork.
PubMed: Antimycotoxigenic characteristics of Rosmarinus officinalis and Trachyspermum copticum L. essential oils.
PubMed: Investigation of antibacterial activity of rosemary essential oil against Propionibacterium acnes with atomic force microscopy.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of rosemary and sage (Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Salvia officinalis L., Lamiaceae) essential oils.
PubMed: Relative characterization of rosemary samples according to their geographical origins using microwave-accelerated distillation, solid-phase microextraction and Kohonen self-organizing maps.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of clove and rosemary essential oils alone and in combination.
PubMed: [The virtue of that precious balsam...: approach to Don Quixote from the psychopharmacological perspective].
PubMed: Characterization of topical antiinflammatory compounds in Rosmarinus officinalis L.
PubMed: Efficacy and persistence of rosemary oil as an acaricide against twospotted spider mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) on greenhouse tomato.
PubMed: The psychopharmacology of European herbs with cognition-enhancing properties.
PubMed: Effect of Rosmarinus officinalis in modulating 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene induced skin tumorigenesis in mice.
PubMed: Influence of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, L.) on plant sterol oxidation in extra virgin olive oil.
PubMed: Liquid chromatograpic-mass spectrometric analysis of phenolics and free radical scavenging activity of rosemary extract from different raw material.
PubMed: Comparative toxicity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil and blends of its major constituents against Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) on two different host plants.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of various plants against tomato late blight disease agent Phytophthora infestans.
PubMed: [Influence of extraction methods on the composition of essential oils].
PubMed: Insecticidal, repellent and oviposition-deterrent activity of selected essential oils against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus.
PubMed: Composition and insect attracting activity of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil obtained via supercritical fluid extraction.
PubMed: Antifungal effect of various essential oils against Candida albicans. Potentiation of antifungal action of amphotericin B by essential oil from Thymus vulgaris.
PubMed: Antiviral activity of medicinal plants of Nilgiris.
PubMed: chemical composition, plant genetic differences, antimicrobial and antifungal activity investigation of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L.
PubMed: Antioxidant activities of rosemary, sage, and sumac extracts and their combinations on stability of natural peanut oil.
PubMed: Essential oils from Mediterranean lamiaceae as weed germination inhibitors.
PubMed: Essential oil formulations useful as a new tool for insect pest control.
PubMed: Roles of human CYP2A6 and 2B6 and rat CYP2C11 and 2B1 in the 10-hydroxylation of (-)-verbenone by liver microsomes.
PubMed: Anti-Aspergillus activities of plant essential oils and their combination effects with ketoconazole or amphotericin B.
PubMed: Main agronomic-productive characteristics of two ecotypes of Rosmarinus officinalis L. and chemical composition of their essential oils.
PubMed: SPME determination of volatile aldehydes for evaluation of in-vitro antioxidant activity.
PubMed: GC-MS analysis of essential oils from some Greek aromatic plants and their fungitoxicity on Penicillium digitatum.
PubMed: Allied studies on the effect of Rosmarinus officinalis L. on experimental hepatotoxicity and mutagenesis.
PubMed: Comparative evaluation of the antimicrobial activities of essential oils of Artemisia afra, Pteronia incana and Rosmarinus officinalis on selected bacteria and yeast strains.
PubMed: GC evaluation of flavour compounds sorption from water solutions by corn starch cryotextures obtained by freezing.
PubMed: Hyperglycemic and insulin release inhibitory effects of Rosmarinus officinalis.
PubMed: Use of a programmed temperature vaporizer for off-line SFE/GC analysis in food composition studies.
PubMed: Relaxant effect of the volatile oil of Rosmarinus officinalis on tracheal smooth muscle.
PubMed: In Vitro Production of Essential Oil from Proliferating Shoots of Rosmarinus officinalis1.
PubMed: Quantitative variations of some components of the foliage volatile oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. in the spring. Terpenes and related compounds. XIX.
PubMed: [Composition of etheric oil in the leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis L. 1. Monoterpenchydrocarbons. Terpenes and related materials VI].
PubMed: Comparison of rumen microbial inhibition resulting from various essential oils isolated from relatively unpalatable plant species.
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