EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

propyl alcohol
propan-1-ol

Sponsors

Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:propan-1-ol
CAS Number: 71-23-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:200-746-9
FDA UNII:96F264O9SV
Nikkaji Web:J1.422B
Beilstein Number:1098242
MDL:MFCD00002941
CoE Number:50
XlogP3:0.30 (est)
Molecular Weight:60.09596000
Formula:C3 H8 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:82 propyl alcohol
JECFA Food Additive: Propan-1-ol
FLAVIS Number:02.002 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:02.002 propan-1-ol
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:propan-1-ol
FEMA Number:2928 propyl alcohol
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: PROPYL ALCOHOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.210 Defoaming agents used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1200 Cellophane.


FDA PART 573 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FEED AND DRINKING WATER OF ANIMALS
Subpart B--Food Additive Listing
Sec. 573.880 Normal propyl alcohol.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.80000 to 0.80500 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.657 to 6.698
Refractive Index:1.38300 to 1.38800 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point:-127.00 to -126.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 97.00 to 98.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 52.00 to 53.00 °C. @ 100.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:26.316999 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:2.1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 59.00 °F. TCC ( 15.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 0.250
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 ether
 water, 2.715e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: alcoholic
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
alcoholic fermented fusel musty
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. alcoholic fermented fusel musty
alcoholic fermented fusel tequila musty yeasty sweet fruity apple pear
Odor Description:at 5.00 %. Alcoholic, fermented, weak fusel and tequila like, musty and yeasty, with a slightly sweet fruity nuance of apple and pear
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 26, No. 3, 80, (2001)
Flavor Type: alcoholic
alcoholic earthy fermented fusel peanut nutty fruity apple pear bubble gum
Taste Description: at 25.00 - 250.00 ppm. Alcoholic, earthy, fermented, fusel-like, with peanut nutty nuances as well as fruity nuances of apple, pear, bubble gum
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 26, No. 3, 80, (2001)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antifoaming agents
solvents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
PROPYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Alcoholic
Alfrebro
n-PROPYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
Odor: Alcoholic, Ripe, Fruity
Ambles Nature et Chimie
ALCOOL PROPYLIQUE NAT
Aromiens International
Propanol Natural
Augustus Oils
Propanol
Services
Aurochemicals
PROPANOL, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
N-PROPYL ALCOHOL Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
BASF
N-propanol
Berjé
Propyl Alcohol Natural
Happening at Berje
Berjé
Propyl Alcohol
Charkit Chemical
PROPANOL NATURAL N8400 FEMA 2928
Covalent Chemical
Propanol
Eastman Chemical
Eastman™ n-Propanol
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
1-Propanol
Excellentia International
Propyl Alcohol Natural
Grau Aromatics
PROPANOL-1
Kunshan Sainty
Propanol, Natural
Lluch Essence
PROPYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
M&U International
NAT.PROPANOL, Kosher
Natural Advantage
Propanol Nat
Naturamole
propanol 98% natural EU
Penta International
PROPYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
Penta International
PROPYL ALCOHOL, NATURAL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
Propyl Alcohol Natural natural
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Propanol, ≥99%, FG
Odor: alcohol; apple; musty; fruity; peanut; pear; sweet; earthy
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Propanol, natural, ≥98%, FG
Odor: alcohol; apple; musty; fruity; peanut; pear; sweet; earthy
Silver Fern Chemical
Propanol
Odor: characteristic
Use: Pronaol has many uses including organic synthesis and chemical intermediate, solvent for waxes, vegetable oils, natural and synthetic resins, cellulose esters and ethers, polishes, brake fluids, degreasing solvent, and antiseptics.
SRS Aromatics
PROPANOL-1
Sunaux International
nat.Propanol
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
1-Propanol >99.5%(GC)
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
N-PROPANOL
Odor: characteristic
Use: It is formed naturally in small amounts during many fermentation processes and used as a solvent in the pharmaceutical industry mainly for resins and cellulose esters. 1-propanol has high octane numbers and it is suitable to engine fuel usage. However, production of propanol has been too expensive to be a common fuel.
Vigon International
Propanol Natural
Vigon International
Propanol Synthetic
Odor: Alcoholic fermented fusel musty
Wedor Corporation
PROPYL ALCOHOL
WEN International
N-PROPANOL Natural
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 11 - Highly flammable.
R 41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R 67 - Vapours may cause frowsiness and dizziness.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24 - Avoid contact with skin.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 39 - Wear eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 1870 mg/kg
AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. Vol. 10, Pg. 61, 1954.

intraperitoneal-guinea pig LD50 1208 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 3125 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intravenous-mouse LD50 697 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

oral-mouse LD50 6800 mg/kg
Proceedings of the European Society for the Study of Drug Toxicity. Vol. 9, Pg. 276, 1968.

intravenous-cat LDLo 4008 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 16, Pg. 1, 1920.

oral-dog LDLo 3000 mg/kg
BLOOD: HEMORRHAGE GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES
Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances, Academie des Sciences. Vol. 81, Pg. 192, 1875.

intraperitoneal-hamster LD50 2338 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intraperitoneal-rabbit LD50 515 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intravenous-rabbit LD50 483 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

oral-rabbit LD50 2825 mg/kg
Industrial Medicine and Surgery. Vol. 41, Pg. 31, 1972.

unreported-rabbit LDLo 4500 mg/kg
Therapeutische Monatshefte. Vol. 6, Pg. 327, 1892.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 2164 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intravenous-rat LD50 590 mg/kg
EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 61, Pg. 321, 1985.

intravenous-cat LDLo 4008 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 16, Pg. 1, 1920.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 5040 mg/kg
AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. Vol. 10, Pg. 61, 1954.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 4700 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 18, Pg. 185, 1971.

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 3000 mg/kg
"Zur Pharmakologie Ungesattigter Alkohole, Dissertation," Bock, H., Pharmakologischen Institu der Universitat Breslau, Poland, 1930Vol. -, Pg. -, 1930.

subcutaneous-dog LDLo 4000 mg/kg
BLOOD: HEMORRHAGE GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES
Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances, Academie des Sciences. Vol. 81, Pg. 192, 1875.

subcutaneous-mammal (species unspecified) LDLo 5000 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SPASTIC PARALYSIS WITH OR WITHOUT SENSORY CHANGE BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC
Archiv fuer Toxikologie. Vol. 16, Pg. 84, 1956.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-mouse LC50 48000 gm/m3
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 18(3), Pg. 48, 1974.

inhalation-mouse LC50 4000 ppm/4H
AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. Vol. 10, Pg. 61, 1954.

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
Recommendation for propyl alcohol usage levels up to:
  2.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -0.65000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 0.500005.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.50000
fruit ices: -0.50000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -0.50000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 1, Revision 1 (FGE.01Rev 1): Branched-chain aliphatic saturated aldehydes, carboxylic acids and related esters of primary alcohols and branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 3, Revision 1 (FGE.03Rev1): Acetals of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and branched- and straight-chain saturated or unsaturated aldehydes, an ester of a hemiacetal and an orthoester of formic acid, from chemical groups 1, 2 & 4 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) [1] - Scientific Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)on a request from the Commission
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 5, Revision 1 (FGE.05Rev1):Esters of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and of one secondary alcohol, and branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids from chemical groups 1, 2, and 5 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) [1] - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 2, Revision 1 (FGE.02) : Branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and related esters of primary alcohols and straight-chain carboxylic acids and one straight-chain aldehyde from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 1 (FGE10 Rev1)[1] - Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 5, Revision 2 (FGE.05Rev2): Branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters of these with aliphatic saturated alcohols from chemical groups 1, 2, 3 and 5
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 01 Rev2 (FGE.01 Rev2): Branched-chain aliphatic saturated aldehydes, carboxylic acids and related esters of primary alcohols and branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical groups 1 and 2
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
ECHA (ESR):View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):71-23-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :1031
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1274
WGK Germany:1
propan-1-ol
Chemidplus:0000071238
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:71-23-8
 
References:
 propan-1-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:71-23-8
Pubchem (cid):1031
Pubchem (sid):134972136
Flavornet:71-23-8
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Metabolomics Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C05979
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB00820
FooDB:FDB008280
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01395
Export Tariff Code:2905.12.0010
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
di(propylene glycol) (mixture of isomers)
CS
dipropylene glycol
CS
polysorbate 60
CS
polysorbate 80
CS
alcoholic
alcoholic
fusel oil
FL/FR
3-
hexanol
FL/FR
iso
propyl alcohol
FL/FR
balsamic
2-
phenoxyethyl formate
FR
creamy
butyl lactate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
fermented
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
iso
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
butyl alcohol
FL/FR
butyl laevo-lactate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
2-
pentanol
FL/FR
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
fruity
acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
butyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
geranyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
methyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl acetate
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde methyl hexyl acetal
FR
herbal
white
cognac oil
FL/FR
hexanol
FL/FR
pungent
4-
methyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FL/FR
acetyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL
butyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
geranyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
4-
methyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
alcoholic
alcoholic
3-
hexanol
FL/FR
iso
propyl alcohol
FL/FR
buttery
butyl laevo-lactate
FL/FR
coffee
diisoamyl thiomalate
FL
dairy
butyl lactate
FL/FR
estery
propyl acetate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
fermented
methyl thio isovalerate
FL
fruity
amyl formate
FL/FR
butyl alcohol
FL/FR
fusel oil
FL/FR
fusel
iso
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
white
cognac oil
FL/FR
methyl butyrate
FL/FR
green
hexanol
FL/FR
musty
2-
pentanol
FL/FR
propionaldehyde
FL
whiskey
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
winey
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 antifoaming agents
FRapple
FRbanana
FLbrandy
FRcognac
FRfruit
FRpear
FRsaffron
 solvents
FLtequila
FLtomato
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple plant
Search Trop Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop Picture
 banana fruit
Search Trop Picture
 beer
Search PMC Picture
 cognac
Search PMC Picture
 corn silk
Search Trop Picture
 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop Picture
 gin
Search PMC Picture
 ginger oil
Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop Picture
 honey
Search PMC Picture
 mushroom giant puffball mushroom
Search PMC Picture
 onion bulb
Search Trop Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop Picture
 pear fruit
Search Trop Picture
 pineapple fruit
Search Trop Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop Picture
 rum
Search PMC Picture
 sherry
Search PMC Picture
 tea
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 albacol
 alcohol, propyl
 alcool propilico
 alcool propylique
 ethyl carbinol
 ethyl carbinol (natural)
 hydroxypropane
1-hydroxypropane
 optal
 osmosol extra
 propan-1-ol
N-propan-1-ol
 propane-1-ol
 propanol
1-propanol
N-propanol
nat.propanol
 propanol natural
N-propanol natural
 propanol synthetic
 propanol-1
1-propyl alcohol
N-propyl alcohol
 propyl alcohol natural
N-propyl alcohol natural
N-propyl alkohol
N-propylalkohol
 propylic alcohol
 propylowy alkohol
 
 
Notes:
a colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate. Present in the natural odours of apple, cognac and rum. Flavouring agent Propyl alcohol or 1-propanol is a colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate. Propan-1-ol is a primary alcohol with the formula CH3CH2CH2OH. It is also known as 1-propanol, 1-propyl alcohol, n-propyl alcohol, or simply propanol. It is an isomer of propan-2-ol. It is used as a solvent in the pharmaceutical industry, and for resins and cellulose esters. It is formed naturally in small amounts during many fermentation processes and small amounts are produced by gut microflora.
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