EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

isobutyl acetate
acetic acid, isobutyl ester

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:2-methylpropyl acetate
CAS Number: 110-19-0Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:203-745-1
FDA UNII:7CR47FO6LF
Nikkaji Web:J1.972K
Beilstein Number:1741909
MDL:MFCD00008932
CoE Number:195
XlogP3:1.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:116.16004000
Formula:C6 H12 O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:137 isobutyl acetate
FLAVIS Number:09.005 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.005 isobutyl acetate
FEMA Number:2175 isobutyl acetate
FDA Mainterm: ISOBUTYL ACETATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.86200 to 0.87100 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.173 to 7.248
Refractive Index:1.38900 to 1.39200 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -99.00 to -98.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 116.50 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 45.00 to 46.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:17.800000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density:4.0 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 60.00 °F. TCC ( 15.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.780
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 propylene glycol
 water, 6300 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity: < 4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sweet fruity ethereal banana tropical
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. sweet fruity ethereal banana tropical
Luebke, William tgsc, (1983)
Odor sample from: Harrmann & Reimer Corporation
sweet fruity ethereal apple banana
Odor Description:Sweet, fruity, etherial with an apple banana nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 6, 35, (1990)
Flavor Type: fruity
sweet fruity banana tutti frutti
Taste Description: at 30.00 ppm. Sweet fruity with a banana tutti frutti note
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 6, 35, (1990)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Symrise
Isobutyl acetate natural
Taste Description:sweet, estery, fruity, banana-like
Useful in: fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, fruity others, alcoholics.
Frutarom
ISOBUTYL ACETATE ≥98.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor Description:Etheral, Floral, Fruity, Pear
Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Apple, Cherry, Chocolate, Dairy Products, Hard Fruits, Peach, Raspberry, Soft Fruits
Moellhausen
isoBUTYL ACETATE Natural
Odor Description:terpeny, coniferous, pine woody
Taste Description:diffusive fruity, resembling rum; banana-like on dilution
Moellhausen
IsoBUTYL ACETATE
Odor Description:terpeny, coniferous, pinewoody
Taste Description:diffusive fruity, resembling rum; banana-like on dilution
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
solvents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
ISO BUTYL ACETATE NATURAL
98% min.
Alfrebro
ISOBUTYL ACETATE NATURAL
Odor: Sweet, Fruity, Ethereal, Apple, Banana
Astral Extracts
IsoButyl Acetate
Augustus Oils
isoButyl Acetate
Services
Aurochemicals
isoBUTYL ACETATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
isoBUTYL ACETATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Berjé
isoButyl Acetate Natural
Happening at Berje
Berjé
isoButyl Acetate
CG Herbals
isoButyl Acetate
Charkit Chemical
ISOBUTYL ACETATE FEMA 2175
Charkit Chemical
ISOBUTYL ACETATE NATURAL N7300 FEMA 2175
Citrus and Allied Essences
isoButyl Acetate (natural)
Market Report
Diffusions Aromatiques
ACETATE ISOBUTYLE
Eastman Chemical
Eastman™ Isobutyl Acetate
Odor: characteristic
Use: Eastman™ Isobutyl Acetate is a medium boiling solvent with a typical mild, fruity, ester odor. It resembles n-butyl acetate and methyl isobutyl ketone in solvent performance and can be used as a replacement for these solvents in many formulations. Its combination of good solvent activity, desirable evaporation rate, and pleasant odor enables it to be used in a wide range of coating applications.
Elan Inc.
isobutyl acetate
(natural), Kosher
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
isoButyl Acetate
Ernesto Ventós
IsoBUTYL ACETATE, NATURAL
Odor: DIFFUSIVE, ETHEREAL, RUM, FRUITY
Ernesto Ventós
IsoBUTYL ACETATE
Odor: DIFFUSIVE, ETHEREAL, RUM, FRUITY
Excellentia International
isoButyl Acetate Natural
Fleurchem
isobutyl acetate natural
Frutarom
ISOBUTYL ACETATE
≥98.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor: Etheral, Floral, Fruity, Pear
Use: Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Apple, Cherry, Chocolate, Dairy Products, Hard Fruits, Peach, Raspberry, Soft Fruits
Frutarom
NATURAL ISOBUTYL ACETATE
≥97.00%, natural, Kosher
Odor: Etheral, Floral, Fruity, Pear
Use: Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Apple, Cherry, Chocolate, Dairy Products, Hard Fruits, Peach, Raspberry, Soft Fruits
H. Interdonati, Inc.
isoButyl Acetate Natural, Kosher
Featured Products
Indenta Group
isoButyl Acetate
Indukern F&F
ISOBUTYL ACETATE
Odor: FRUITY, SWEET, ETHEREAL, APPLE
Inoue Perfumery
isoBUTYL ACETATE
Jiangyin Healthway
isoButyl Acetate
New functional food ingredients
Keva
ISOBUTYL ACETATE
Kunshan Sainty
isoButyl Acetate, Natural
Lluch Essence
isoBUTYL ACETATE NATURAL
Lluch Essence
isoBUTYL ACETATE
M&U International
isoBUTYL ACETATE
M&U International
NAT.ISOBUTYL ACETATE, Kosher
Moellhausen
isoBUTYL ACETATE Natural
Odor: terpeny, coniferous, pine woody
Flavor: diffusive fruity, resembling rum; banana-like on dilution
Moellhausen
IsoBUTYL ACETATE
Odor: terpeny, coniferous, pinewoody
Flavor: diffusive fruity, resembling rum; banana-like on dilution
Pearlchem Corporation
Natural isoButyl Acetate
Penta International
ISOBUTYL ACETATE, Kosher
Penta International
ISOBUTYL ACETATE, NATURAL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
isoButyl Acetate natural
Reincke & Fichtner
isoButyl Acetate
Robertet
IsoBUTYL ACETATE
Pure & Nat (EU)
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
isoButyl Acetate
Sigma-Aldrich
Isobutyl acetate, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: apple; banana; ethereal; pear; pineapple; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Isobutyl acetate, natural, ≥97%, FCC, FG
Odor: apple; banana; ethereal; pear; pineapple; sweet
Silver Fern Chemical
Isobutyl Acetate
Odor: characteristic
Use: Isobutyl Acetate is mainly used as a solvent for nitrocellulose, in thinners, sealants, topcoat lacquers, perfumery, and as a flavoring agent.
Silverline Chemicals
isoButyl Acetate
Sunaux International
nat.isoButyl Acetate
Symrise
Isobutyl acetate natural
Flavor: sweet, estery, fruity, banana-like
Useful in: fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, fruity others, alcoholics.
Taytonn
isoButyl Acetate
Odor: Floral, Diffusive, Fruity, Etheral
Taytonn
Natural Isobutyl Acetate
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
isoButyl Acetate >99.0%(GC)
Treatt
isoButyl Acetate
U. K. Aromatics and Chemicals
ISO BUTYL ACETATE
Ungerer & Company
isoButyl Acetate natural
Ungerer & Company
isoButyl Acetate
Vigon International
isoButyl Acetate FCC
Odor: FRUITY, BANANA ON DILUTION
Vigon International
isoButyl Acetate Natural FCC
Odor: FRUITY, BANANA ON DILUTION
WEN International
ISOBUTYL ACETATE Natural
Wujiang CIYUN Flavor & Fragrance
isoButyl Acetate ≥99.0%
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 11 - Highly flammable.
R 66 - Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 25 - Avoid contact with eyes.
S 29 - Do not empty into drains.
S 33 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
2 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 1763 mg/kg
Industrial Medicine and Surgery. Vol. 41, Pg. 31, 1972.

oral-rat LD50 > 13400 mg/kg
(Smyth et al., 1962)

oral-rabbit LD50 4763 mg/kg
Industrial Medicine and Surgery. Vol. 41, Pg. 31, 1972.

oral-rat LD50 13400 mg/kg
Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 8, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 17400 mg/kg
Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 8, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LCLo 8000 ppm/4H
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 23, Pg. 95, 1962.

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for isobutyl acetate usage levels up to:
  5.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1200.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -35.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -11.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -860.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: -5.50000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -16.00000
fruit ices: -16.00000
gelatins / puddings: -170.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -36.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 2, Revision 1 (FGE.02) : Branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and related esters of primary alcohols and straight-chain carboxylic acids and one straight-chain aldehyde from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):110-19-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :8038
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1213
WGK Germany:1
2-methylpropyl acetate
Chemidplus:0000110190
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:110-19-0
 
References:
 2-methylpropyl acetate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:110-19-0
Pubchem (cid):8038
Pubchem (sid):134974179
Flavornet:110-19-0
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB31246
FooDB:FDB003275
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB00572
Export Tariff Code:2915.34.0000
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•grades: technical; solvent; perfume; fcc food chemicals codex. •grade or purity: 95-99+%
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
alcoholic
fusel oil
FL/FR
chemical
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
earthy
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetal
FL/FR
butyl acetate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
methyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
iso
propyl acetate
FL/FR
propyl valerate
FL/FR
iso
valeraldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
fermented
iso
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
floral
butyl tiglate
FR
alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
ethyl linalool
FR
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
nonan-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FL/FR
allyl benzoate
FR
iso
amyl acetate
FL/FR
amyl acetate
FL/FR
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl propionate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
butyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl valerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl valerate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl acetate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
furfuryl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl 4-methyl valerate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl cyclohexyl acetate
FR
methyl hexanoate
FL/FR
methyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
2-
pentanone
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenyl acetate
FL/FR
propyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
propyl propionate
FL/FR
green
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
cognac heptanone
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hepten-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
penten-1-ol
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FL/FR
butyl methyl ketone
FL
ethyl 2-methyl-2-(methyl thio) propionate
FL
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
geranyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hepten-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
2-
heptenoic acid
FL
heptyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL
(E)-2-
hexenal dimethyl acetal
FL
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl isobutyrate
FL
2-
methyl butyl propionate
FL
S-(
methyl thio) hexanoate
FL
nonan-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
propyl valerate
FL/FR
chemical
chemical
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
citrus
cognac heptanone
FL/FR
estery
furfuryl acetate
FL/FR
propyl acetate
FL/FR
ethereal
butyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
propyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
amyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
amyl acetate
FL/FR
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl propionate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
butyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl valerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl valerate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
fusel oil
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl 4-methyl valerate
FL/FR
2-
methyl allyl butyrate
FL
2-
methyl butyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl hexanoate
FL/FR
2-
pentanone
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
propyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
valeraldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
fusel
iso
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
methyl butyrate
FL/FR
green
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyraldehyde
FL
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
penten-1-ol
FL/FR
nutty
acetal
FL/FR
pungent
acetaldehyde
FL
rummy
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
solvent
cyclohexyl acetate
FL/FR
vegetable
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRapple
FRapricot
FRbanana
FLbeer
FRbutter
FRcherry
 chocolate cocoa
FRcurrant
FRhyacinth jacinthe
FRpeach
FRpear
FRpineapple
FRplum mirabelle
FRraspberry
FRrose
FRsaffron
FRstrawberry
 topnotes
FL/FRvalerian
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple fruit
Search PMC Picture
 apple juice
Search PMC Picture
 apple plant
Search Trop Picture
 banana fruit
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop Picture
 beer
Search PMC Picture
 cacao bean
Search Trop Picture
 cantaloupe petiole
Search Trop Picture
 chamomile oil @ 0.02%
Data GC Search PMC Picture
 cocoa bean
Search Trop Picture
 fig fruit
Search Trop Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop Picture
 pear fruit
Search Trop Picture
 pear plant
Search Trop Picture
 pineapple fruit
Search Trop Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop Picture
 raspberry red raspberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 rosemary plant
Search Trop Picture
 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 wine
Search PMC Picture
 
Synonyms:
 acetic acid 2-methyl propyl ester
 acetic acid isobutyl ester
 acetic acid isobutylester
 acetic acid, 2-methylpropyl ester
 acetic acid, isobutyl ester
nat.isobutyl acetate
isobutyl acetate (natural)
isobutyl acetate FCC
isobutyl acetate FCC natural
isobutyl acetate natural
isobutyl ethanoate
isobutylacetate
2-methyl propyl acetate
2-methyl propyl ethanoate
beta-methyl propyl ethanoate
2-methyl-1-propyl acetate
2-methylpropyl acetate
2-methylpropyl ester of acetic acid
2-methylpropyl ethanoate
 

Articles:

PubMed:In vitro determination of volatile compound development during starter culture-controlled fermentation of Cucurbitaceae cotyledons.
PubMed:Studies on volatile organic compounds of some truffles and false truffles.
PubMed:Expanding ester biosynthesis in Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Measuring real-time concentration trends of individual VOC in an elementary school using a sub-ppb detection μGC and a single GC-MS analysis.
PubMed:Furry pet allergens, fungal DNA and microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) in the commercial aircraft cabin environment.
PubMed:Metabolic responses of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to valine and ammonium pulses during four-stage continuous wine fermentations.
PubMed:Influence of processing on the volatile profile of strawberry spreads made with isomaltulose.
PubMed:In-line reaction monitoring of entacapone synthesis by Raman spectroscopy and multivariate analysis.
PubMed:A comparison of laboratory and pilot-scale fermentations in winemaking conditions.
PubMed:A new irreversible enzyme-aided esterification method in organic solvents.
PubMed:The effect of inhaling thinner and/or cigarette smoke on rat kidneys.
PubMed:Paint thinner exposure inhibits testosterone synthesis and secretion in a reversible manner in the rat.
PubMed:Influence of volatile compounds produced by yeasts predominant during processing of Coffea arabica in East Africa on growth and ochratoxin A (OTA) production by Aspergillus ochraceus.
PubMed:Vapor-phase analysis of isobutyl acetate, isopropyl acetate, n-propyl acetate and their respective alcohols using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography with a mass selective detector.
PubMed:Production of volatile organic sulfur compounds (VOSCs) by basidiomycetous yeasts.
PubMed:A study on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by tropical ascomycetous yeasts.
PubMed:Expression levels of the yeast alcohol acetyltransferase genes ATF1, Lg-ATF1, and ATF2 control the formation of a broad range of volatile esters.
PubMed:Effect of wild strains of Lactococcus lactis on the volatile profile and the sensory characteristics of ewes' raw milk cheese.
PubMed:Aromatic profile of aqueous banana essence and banana fruit by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O).
PubMed:Integrated bioprocess for enhanced production of natural flavors and fragrances by Ceratocystis moniliformis.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of isoamyl acetate-hydrolyzing esterase encoded by the IAH1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae from a recombinant Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Examining the noncompetitive antagonist-binding site in the ion channel of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in the resting state.
PubMed:Gas chromatographic determination of volatile congeners in spirit drinks: interlaboratory study.
PubMed:Application of tryptamine as a derivatizing agent for the determination of airborne isocyanates. Part 7. Selection of impinger solvents and the evaluation against dimethyl sulfoxide used in US NIOSH Regulatory Method 5522.
PubMed:Serum proteins of rats exposed to organic solvents examined by horizontal two-dimensional electrophoresis with an immobilized pH gradient in the first dimension.
PubMed:Contaminant breakthrough: a theoretical study of charcoal sampling tubes.
PubMed:Preparation of spherically agglomerated crystals of aminophylline.
PubMed:Nasal symptoms and histopathology in a group of spray-painters.
PubMed:STUDIES ON ENZYME ACTION : XXXV. LIPASE ACTIONS OF EXTRACTS OF TISSUES OF RABBITS AT DIFFERENT AGES.
 
Notes:
Topnote for spring flowers and tea rose. Found in fruits, brandies and fortified wines. Used in flavouring agents
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