EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

ethyl isobutyrate
isobutyric acid, ethyl ester

Supplier Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:ethyl 2-methylpropanoate
CAS Number: 97-62-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:202-595-4
FDA UNII:9A9661LN4H
Nikkaji Web:J3.222K
Beilstein Number:0773846
MDL:MFCD00009165
CoE Number:288
XlogP3-AA:1.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:116.16004000
Formula:C6 H12 O2
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:186 ethyl isobutyrate
FLAVIS Number:09.413 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.413 ethyl isobutyrate
FEMA Number:2428 ethyl isobutyrate
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):97-62-1 ; ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.86200 to 0.86800 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.173 to 7.223
Refractive Index:1.38500 to 1.39100 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -88.00 to -87.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 112.00 to 113.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 40.00 to 41.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:25.400000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density:4.01 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 57.00 °F. TCC ( 13.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.648 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 3172 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sweet ethereal fruity alcoholic fusel rummy
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. sweet ethereal fruity alcoholic fusel rummy
sweet ethereal fruity pungent alcoholic fusel rummy
Odor Description:Sweet, etherial and fruity with pungent, alcoholic, fusel and rummy nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 22, No. 2, 69, (1997)
Flavor Type: ethereal
pungent ethereal fruity alliaceous egg nog
Taste Description: at 12.50 ppm. Pungent, etherial and fruity with a rum-and egg nog-like nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 22, No. 2, 69, (1997)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Frutarom
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
Odor Description:Citrus, Fruity, Sweet
Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Apricot, Bakery, Cherry, Dairy Products, Hard Fruits, Kiwi, Mango, Pineapple, Soft Fruits
Alfrebro
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE NATURAL
Odor Description:Citrus, Buttery, Cherry, Strawberry
Moellhausen
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
Odor Description:sweet, fruity, ethereal, with a rum like nuance
Taste Description:fruity, sweet
Blue Marble Biomaterials
Ethyl Isobutyrate - Natural ≥98%
Odor Description:Fruity, sweet: Alcoholic: rum
Taste Description:Fruity, pungent: rum
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Fruity
Alfrebro
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE NATURAL
Odor: Citrus, Buttery, Cherry, Strawberry
Ambles Nature et Chimie
ISOBUTYRATE ETHYLE NAT
Apple Flavor & Fragrance
Ethyl isobutyrate
Astral Extracts
Ethyl Isobutyrate
Augustus Oils
Ethyl Iso Butyrate
Services
Aurochemicals
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Ethyl isobutyrate
Berjé
Ethyl Iso Butyrate
Happening at Berje
Blue Marble Biomaterials
Ethyl Isobutyrate - Natural ≥98%
Odor: Fruity, sweet: Alcoholic: rum
Flavor: Fruity, pungent: rum
Charkit Chemical
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE FEMA 2428
ECSA Chemicals
Ethyl Isobutyrate
Company Profile
Elan Inc.
ETHYL ISO BUTYRATE
(natural), Kosher
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Isobutyrate
ENNOLYS
Ethyl isobutyrate
Natural (EU,US), Kosher & Halal
Odor: ethereal, sweet, fruity
Ernesto Ventós
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
Odor: FRUITY AND AROMATIC
Excellentia International
Ethyl Isobutyrate Natural
Fleurchem
ethyl isobutyrate natural
Frutarom
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
Odor: Citrus, Fruity, Sweet
Use: Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Apricot, Bakery, Cherry, Dairy Products, Hard Fruits, Kiwi, Mango, Pineapple, Soft Fruits
Global Essence
Ethyl Isobutyrate
Grau Aromatics
ETHYL-iso-BUTYRATE FCC
NI, Kosher
H. Interdonati, Inc.
Ethyl isobutyrate Natural, Kosher
Featured Products
Indenta Group
Ethyl Isobutyrate
Indukern F&F
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
Odor: SWEET, FRUITY, ETHEREAL
Jiangyin Healthway
Ethyl Isobutyrate
New functional food ingredients
Kunshan Sainty
Ethyl Isobutyrate, Natural
Lluch Essence
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE NATURAL
Lluch Essence
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
M&U International
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
M&U International
NAT.ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE, Kosher
Mane
Ethyl Isobutyrate
Odor: Fermented Wine lees Apple
Moellhausen
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
Odor: sweet, fruity, ethereal, with a rum like nuance
Flavor: fruity, sweet
PCAS
Ethyl Iso-butyrate, Kosher
Pearlchem Corporation
Natural Ethyl Isobutyrate
Penta International
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE FCC, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE, NATURAL, Kosher
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Ethyl Isobutyrate
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Iso Butyrate natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Isobutyrate
Robertet
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE
Pure & Nat (EU)
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl isobutyrate, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: citrus; strawberry
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl isobutyrate, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: citrus; strawberry
SRS Aromatics
ETHYL ISO BUTYRATE FCC
Sunaux International
nat.Ethyl Isobutyrate
Taytonn
Ethyl Isobutyrate
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Isobutyrate >99.0%(GC)
Ungerer & Company
Ethyl Iso Butyrate
Vigon International
Ethyl Isobutyrate FCC
Vigon International
Ethyl Isobutyrate Natural FCC
WEN International
ETHYL ISOBUTYRATE Natural
WholeChem
Ethyl isobutyrate
Wujiang CIYUN Flavor & Fragrance
Ethyl Isobutyrate ≥99.0%
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 10 - Flammable.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
8 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1975b)

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 800 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 16, Pg. 741, 1978.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for ethyl isobutyrate usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 640.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -200.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -10.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -25.00000
fruit ices: -25.00000
gelatins / puddings: -6.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -73.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 1, Revision 1 (FGE.01Rev 1): Branched-chain aliphatic saturated aldehydes, carboxylic acids and related esters of primary alcohols and branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 01 Rev2 (FGE.01 Rev2): Branched-chain aliphatic saturated aldehydes, carboxylic acids and related esters of primary alcohols and branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical groups 1 and 2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of straight-chain primary aliphatic alcohols/aldehydes/acids, acetals and esters with esters containing saturated alcohols and acetals containing saturated aldehydes (chemical group 1) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):97-62-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7342
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 2385
WGK Germany:2
ethyl 2-methylpropanoate
Chemidplus:0000097621
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:NQ4675000 for cas# 97-62-1
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 ethyl 2-methylpropanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:97-62-1
Pubchem (cid):7342
Pubchem (sid):134970639
Flavornet:97-62-1
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB31248
FooDB:FDB003278
Export Tariff Code:2915.90.5050
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
alcoholic
3-
hexanol
FL/FR
propyl alcohol
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl pyruvate
FL/FR
caramellic
ethyl cyclopentenolone
FL/FR
chemical
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
decyl propionate
FL/FR
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
methyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
(E)-
methyl tiglate
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
iso
propyl acetate
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
fermented
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
iso
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
butyl alcohol
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-crotonate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
2-
pentanol
FL/FR
floral
ethyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
fruity
acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FL/FR
allyl hexanoate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl butyrate
FL/FR
butyl formate
FL/FR
cyclohexanone diethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
fruity carboxylate
FR
3-
hexanone
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
methyl propionate
FL/FR
2-
pentanone
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
prenyl formate
FL/FR
propyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
propyl propionate
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl acetate
FL/FR
green
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
penten-1-ol
FL/FR
herbal
white
cognac oil
FL/FR
hexanol
FL/FR
honey
allyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
jammy
ethyl 2-methyl-2-pentenoate
FR
roasted
2-
methyl-1-butanol
FL/FR
rummy
rum extract
FL/FR
spicy
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
waxy
ethyl nonanoate
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
amyl pyruvate
FL/FR
butyl formate
FL/FR
cyclohexanone diethyl acetal
FL/FR
decyl propionate
FL/FR
ethanol
FL
ethyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
2-
heptenoic acid
FL
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
3-
methyl cyclohexanol
FL
S-(
methyl thio) hexanoate
FL
(E)-
methyl tiglate
FL/FR
2-
methyl-1-butanol
FL/FR
prenyl formate
FL/FR
alcoholic
alcoholic
3-
hexanol
FL/FR
propyl alcohol
FL/FR
brown
tetrahydrofurfuryl acetate
FL/FR
caramellic
pyruvaldehyde
FL
chemical
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
earthy
1-
hexen-3-yl acetate
FL
estery
propyl acetate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
propyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl hexanoate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl acetate
FL/FR
butyl alcohol
FL/FR
iso
butyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
3-
hexanone
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
methyl allyl butyrate
FL
methyl propionate
FL/FR
2-
pentanone
FL/FR
iso
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
iso
propyl propionate
FL/FR
fusel
iso
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
amyl alcohol
FL/FR
white
cognac oil
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butanol
FL
green
2-
ethyl butyraldehyde
FL
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
hexanol
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
penten-1-ol
FL/FR
herbal
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
honey
allyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
jammy
ethyl cyclopentenolone
FL/FR
musty
ethyl (E)-2-crotonate
FL/FR
2-
pentanol
FL/FR
oily
tetrahydrofurfuryl propionate
FL
pungent
acetaldehyde
FL
rummy
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
rum
FL
rum extract
FL/FR
spicy
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
vegetable
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
waxy
ethyl nonanoate
FL/FR
whiskey
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRapple
FRapricot
FRbanana
FLbeer
FRberry
FRblackberry
FRcherry
FLegg nog
FRgrape
FRhoney
FRkiwi
FRmango
FRpear
FRpineapple
FRraspberry
FRsaffron
FRstrawberry
FL/FRvalerian
FRwine
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple fruit
Search Trop Picture
 apple juice
Search PMC Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop Picture
 beer
Search PMC Picture
 chamomile oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Picture
 fig fruit
Search Trop Picture
 grape concord grape
Search PMC Picture
 honey
Search PMC Picture
 kiwi fruit
Search Trop Picture
 lychee canned lychee
Search Trop Picture
 mango fruit
Search Trop Picture
 molasses
Search PMC Picture
 olive
Search Trop Picture
 pineapple fruit
Search Trop Picture
 quince fruit
Search Trop Picture
 rum
Search PMC Picture
 spearmint oil
Search Trop Picture
 strawberry juice
Search Picture
 wine port wine
Search Picture
 
Synonyms:
isobutyric acid ethyl ester
isobutyric acid ethylester
isobutyric acid, ethyl ester
 ethyl 2-methyl propanoate
 ethyl 2-methyl propionate
 ethyl 2-methylpropanoate
 ethyl 2-methylpropionate
 ethyl 2,2-dimethyl acetate
 ethyl 2,2-dimethylacetate
 ethyl iso butyrate
 ethyl isobutanoate
nat.ethyl isobutyrate
 ethyl isobutyrate 99%, (naturals)
 ethyl isobutyrate FCC
 ethyl isobutyrate FCC natural
 ethyl isobutyrate natural
 ethyl isobutyrate, natural
 ethyl methylpropanoate
 ethyl-iso-butyrate FCC
 ethylisobutyrate
2-methyl propanoic acid ethyl ester
2-methyl propionic acid ethyl ester
2-methylpropanoic acid ethyl ester
 propanoic acid, 2-methyl ethyl ester
 propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, ethyl ester
 propionic acid, 2-methyl-, ethyl ester
 

Articles:

PubMed:In situ Metabolic Characteristic Analysis Reveals the Key Yeast in the Spontaneous and Solid-state Fermentation Process of Chinese Light-style Liquor.
J-Stage:Comparative Volatile Profiles in Soy Sauce According to Inoculated Microorganisms
PubMed:Comparative volatile profiles in soy sauce according to inoculated microorganisms.
J-Stage:Recyclable Polymeric p-Acid Catalyst Effective on Mannich-Type Reaction in Water
PubMed:Potential aromatic compounds as markers to differentiate between Tuber melanosporum and Tuber indicum truffles.
J-Stage:Odor-Active Constituents in Fresh Pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) by Quantitative and Sensory Evaluation
PubMed:Influence of phenolic compounds on the sensorial perception and volatility of red wine esters in model solution: an insight at the molecular level.
PubMed:Poly[tri(ethylene glycol) ethyl ether methacrylate]-coated surfaces for controlled fibroblasts culturing.
PubMed:Airborne molds and bacteria, microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOC), plasticizers and formaldehyde in dwellings in three North European cities in relation to sick building syndrome (SBS).
PubMed:Characterization of the major odor-active compounds in Thai durian ( Durio zibethinus L. 'Monthong') by aroma extract dilution analysis and headspace gas chromatography-olfactometry.
PubMed:Identification of aroma-active compounds in Jiashi muskmelon juice by GC-O-MS and OAV calculation.
PubMed:Automated ARGET ATRP Accelerates Catalyst Optimization for the Synthesis of Thiol-Functionalized Polymers.
PubMed:Comparative metabolic profiling to investigate the contribution of O. oeni MLF starter cultures to red wine composition.
PubMed:Main odorants in Jura flor-sherry wines. Relative contributions of sotolon, abhexon, and theaspirane-derived compounds.
PubMed:Experience influences elemental and configural perception of certain binary odour mixtures in newborn rabbits.
PubMed:A novel attractant for Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae) from a Concord grape product.
PubMed:Proportion of odorants impacts the configural versus elemental perception of a binary blending mixture in newborn rabbits.
PubMed:Comparison of fermented soybean paste (Doenjang) prepared by different methods based on profiling of volatile compounds.
PubMed:Characterization of odor-active compounds in guava wine.
PubMed:Responses of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus adults to selected synthetic palm esters: electroantennographic studies and trap catches in an urban environment.
PubMed:Characterisation of the most odour-active compounds of bone tainted dry-cured Iberian ham.
PubMed:Identification of odor impact compounds of Tagetes minuta L. essential oil: comparison of two GC-olfactometry methods.
PubMed:Nitrogen addition influences formation of aroma compounds, volatile acidity and ethanol in nitrogen deficient media fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae wine strains.
PubMed:Examples of perceptive interactions involved in specific "red-" and "black-berry" aromas in red wines.
PubMed:Characterization of volatile compounds contributing to naturally occurring fruity fermented flavor in peanuts.
PubMed:Defining the typical aroma of sherry vinegar: sensory and chemical approach.
PubMed:Characterization of the key aroma compounds in an american bourbon whisky by quantitative measurements, aroma recombination, and omission studies.
PubMed:Synthesis, alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist activity, and SAR study of novel arylpiperazine derivatives of phenytoin.
PubMed:Characterization of the key aroma compounds in soy sauce using approaches of molecular sensory science.
PubMed:Comparison of the odor-active compounds in unhopped beer and beers hopped with different hop varieties.
PubMed:Quantification of selected aroma-active compounds in Pinot noir wines from different grape maturities.
PubMed:Recyclable polymeric pi-acid catalyst effective on Mannich-type reaction in water.
PubMed:Identification based on quantitative measurements and aroma recombination of the character impact odorants in a Bavarian Pilsner-type beer.
PubMed:Odor-active constituents in fresh pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) by quantitative and sensory evaluation.
PubMed:Aroma extract dilution analysis of cv. Meeker (Rubus idaeus L.) red raspberries from Oregon and Washington.
PubMed:Identification of fruity/fermented odorants in high-temperature-cured roasted peanuts.
PubMed:A study on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by tropical ascomycetous yeasts.
PubMed:Aroma extract dilution analysis of Cv. Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Cv. Evergreen (R. laciniatus L.) blackberries.
PubMed:Chemical and sensorial aroma characterization of freshly distilled Calvados. 2. Identification of volatile compounds and key odorants.
PubMed:Gas-phase reactivity of the O=P(OCH3)2+ phosphonium ion with aliphatic esters in a quadrupole ion trap. Spontaneous elimination of ketenes.
PubMed:Evaluation of aroma differences between hand-squeezed juices from Valencia late and Navel oranges by quantitation of key odorants and flavor reconstitution experiments.
PubMed:Evaluation of key aroma compounds in hand-squeezed grapefruit juice (Citrus paradisi Macfayden) by quantitation and flavor reconstitution experiments.
PubMed:Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds.
PubMed:Comparison of the most odor-active compounds in fresh and dried hop cones (Humulus lupulus L. variety spalter select) based on GC-olfactometry and odor dilution techniques.
PubMed:Similarities in the aroma chemistry of Gew├╝rztraminer variety wines and lychee (Litchi chinesis sonn.) fruit.
PubMed:Total Synthesis of Bafilomycin A(1).
PubMed:Ethyl propionate: Synergistic kairomone for african palm weevil,Rhynchophorus phoenicis L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
PubMed:Inhibition of lipogenesis in rat brown adipose tissue by clofibrate.
PubMed:[Impact of odor hedonics on sensory odor intensity--physiological intensity and sensory intensity].
PubMed:Enhanced peroxisomal beta-oxidation of fatty acids and glutathione metabolism in rats exposed to phenoxyacetic acids.
PubMed:Hypolipidemia and peroxisome proliferation induced by phenoxyacetic acid herbicides in rats.
PubMed:Xanthone analogues of clofibrate / Synthesis and biological evaluation as antagonists of lipolysis in vitro.
PubMed:The mouse as a model for evaluation of hypotriglyceridemic drugs effects of nicotinic acid, clofibrate and ethyl 2-(4-dibenzofuranyloxy)-2-methylpropionate on plasma lipoproteins.
PubMed:The spontaneously hyperlipidemic old rat as a model for evaluation of hypolipoproteinemic drugs. Effects of nicotinic acid, clofibrate and ethyl 2-(4-dibenzofuranyloxy)-2-methylpropionate on plasma lipoproteins.
PubMed:Larval osmeterial secretions of the swallowtails (Papilio).
PubMed:[On the uricosuric activity of etofylline clofibrate (author's transl)].
PubMed:[Therapeutic experiences in the treatment of hyperlipoproteinaemia with etofylline clofibrate (author's transl)].
PubMed:[Effect of etofylline clofibrate on the composition of lipoproteins in hyperlipidaemia type IIb and IV (author's transl)].
PubMed:[On the effect of etofylline clofibrate on serum lipids and lipoproteins in patients with hyperlipoproteinemia of various degrees (author's transl)].
PubMed:[Clinical effects and tolerance of etofylline clofibrate].
PubMed:[Metabolism and pharmacokinetics of etofylline clofibrate, new antilipemic].
PubMed:Effect of etofylline clofibrate on experimental thrombosis and platelet function.
PubMed:[Evaluation of the antilipaemic potential of etofylline clofibrate, its metabolites and clofibrate in dietary-induced hyperlipidaemia in the rat (author's transl)].
PubMed:Evaluation of the hypolipaemic activity of etofylline clofibrate, a new ester of etofylline and clofibric acid, and comparison with effects of known hypolipaemic agents.
PubMed:Hypolipaemic activity of 1-(theophyllin-7-yl)-ethyl-2-[2-(p-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpropionate] (etofylline clofibrate) and its analogues in normolipaemic rats.
PubMed:[Pharmacology and toxicology of etofylline clofibrate].
PubMed:Biopharmaceutic evaluation of etofylline clofibrate and its drug formulation.
PubMed:Clofibrate-induced increase in coenzyme A concentration in rat tissues.
PubMed:Potential hypolipidemic agents. XVII. Synthesis and plasma lipid-lowering properties of compounds related to ethyl 2-(4-dibenzofuranyloxy)-2-methylpropionate and ethyl 2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpropionate.
PubMed:1-(Theophyllin-7-yl)-ethyl-2-[2-(p-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpropionate] (ML 1024), a new hypolipemic agent.
PubMed:Potential hypolipidemic agents. XIV. Synthesis and plasma lipid-lowering properties of substituted biphenyls, diphenyl ethers and benzofurans related to ethyl 2-(4-dibenzofuranyloxy)-2-methylpropionate.
PubMed:Hypolipemic activity of clofibrate-related compounds.
PubMed:Increase in hepatic catalase and glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase activities on administration of clofibrate and clofenapate to the rat.
PubMed:Ethyl-2-(p-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpropionate (clofibrate) in experimental fat embolism in rats.
 
Notes:
Present in many fruits, e.g. apple, banana, orange, wine grape, strawberry, nectarine. Flavouring agent
Please share your Comments.
Email Address:
Top of Page Home
Copyright © 1980-2018 The Good Scents Company (tgsc) ™ Disclaimer Privacy Policy