BT

Typical G.C. analysis

abies balsamea needle oil canada
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.31-2.07  borneol
194.89-16.22  bornyl acetate
250.02-0.21delta- cadinene
53.49-9.72  camphene
180.04-0.56  camphor
80.00-27.27delta-3- carene
200.00-0.27alpha- cedrene
150.03-0.16para- cymene
220.06-0.60alpha- humulene
121.83-15.63  limonene
100.71-2.28  myrcene
170.00-0.691- octen-1-yl acetate
90.03-0.19alpha- phellandrene
134.39-12.64beta- phellandrene
46.18-14.29alpha- pinene
628.10-56.10beta- pinene
70.02-0.23  sabinene
10.30-1.41  santene
210.06-0.29  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.11alpha- terpinene
140.06-0.31gamma- terpinene
230.56-4.48alpha- terpineol
160.17-1.68  terpinolene
30.00-0.21alpha- thujene
260.00-2.89  thymol
20.56-1.69  tricyclene

J. M. Regimbal and G. Collin, Essential Oil Analysis of Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 229-238 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

achillea millefolium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.70  bicyclogermacrene
264.00  bornyl acetate
30.40  camphene
164.90  camphor
24trace  carvone
250.40(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
924.501,8- cineole
231.00  cuminaldehyde
82.80para- cymene
270.60beta- elemene
287.20  germacrene D
100.80  limonene
150.70(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
200.60  myrtenal
221.60  myrtenol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
51.10beta- pinene
170.50trans- pinocarveol
181.10  pinocarvone
45.40  sabinene
1210.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
144.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
195.60  terpinen-4-ol
71.10alpha- terpinene
111.80gamma- terpinene
211.20alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from leaves and flowers of Achilea millefolium L. ssp. millefolium. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 219-222 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
121.00  artemisyl ketone
170.50  borneol
63.10  camphene
1636.90  camphor
200.30trans- carveol
22trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
114.301,8-cineole + limonene
105.40para- cymene
240.10  germacrene D
10.20  hexanal
30.10  hexanol
20.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
152.70(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
91.70alpha- phellandrene
57.70alpha- pinene
81.10beta- pinene
212.60  piperitone
71.20  sabinene
230.10ana streptene
181.60  terpinen-4-ol
130.20gamma- terpinene
192.00alpha- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
40.20  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 723, (2000)
acorus calamus root oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
2714.40  acorenone
320.90  acorone
315.70iso acorone
131.00alpha- bergamotene
204.60  bornyl acetate
171.30delta- cadinene
280.70alpha- cadinol
301.40  calamendiol
2512.10preiso calamendiol
290.50  calamusenone
20.50  camphene
181.50  camphor
81.101,8- cineole
120.30alpha- copaene
140.50beta- elemene
110.50delta- elemene
151.00(E)-beta- farnesene
71.10  limonene
191.30  linalool
260.80(E)- methyl isoeugenol
50.70  myrcene
100.80(E)-beta- ocimene
90.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.20alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.90beta- pinene
160.70alpha- selinene
230.50  shyobunone
223.706-epi-shyobunone
2413.10iso shyobunone
211.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.40alpha- terpinene

M. N. Todorova, I. V. Ognyanov and S. Shatar, Chemical composition of essential oil from Mongolian Acorus calamus L. rhizomes. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 191-193 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

alpinia galanga oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2410.70alpha- bergamotene
3016.20beta- bisabolene
12trace  borneol
172.50  bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
230.90  caryophyllene
332.50  caryophyllene oxide
160.20  chavicol
191.00  chavicyl acetate
75.501,8- cineole
201.60  citronellyl acetate
220.70  copaene
281.90ar- curcumene
14tracepara- cymen-8-ol
60.80para- cymene
291.50  eugenyl acetate
2618.20(E)-beta- farnesene
215.10  geranyl acetate
250.60alpha- humulene
81.60  limonene
11trace  linalool
50.70  myrcene
311.90  pentadecane
321.60beta-sesqui phellandrene
110.20alpha- pinene
41.60beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
270.80 santalene
130.30  terpinen-4-ol
9tracealpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
18trace  tridecane

H. L. De Pooter, M. Nor Omar, B. A. Coolsaet and N. M. Schamp, The Essential Oil of Greater Galanga (Alpinia galanga) from Malaysia, Phytochem.,24, 93-96 (1985).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

alpinia officinarum root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
390.10alpha- amorphene
370.03  benzyl acetone
271.60(E)-alpha- bergamotene
410.21beta- bisabolene
260.50  bornyl acetate
440.02  butyl benzoate
50.21iso butyl isovalerate
332.50delta- cadinene
342.10gamma- cadinene
360.11  calacorene
350.21  calamenene
44.60  camphene
231.00  camphor
310.40  caryophyllene
460.15  caryophyllene oxide
949.601,8- cineole
220.41  copaene
130.01beta- copaene
200.04alpha- cubebene
111.60para- cymene
290.30beta- elemene
150.08gamma- elemene
160.75(E)-beta- farnesene
210.51alpha- fenchyl acetate
280.72alpha- guaiene
400.22delta- guaiene
180.11alpha- humulene
84.00  limonene
240.32  linalool
3trace  methyl isovalerate
320.92gamma- muurolene
70.62  myrcene
380.04  nerolidol
450.342- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.022- phenethyl isobutyrate
25.80alpha- pinene
66.60beta- pinene
250.10alpha- santalene
140.48beta- santalene
420.08alpha- selinene
301.90  terpinen-4-ol
100.22gamma- terpinene
195.00alpha- terpineol
170.10delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
10.09alpha- thujene

B. M. Lawrence, J. W. Hogg and S. J. Terhune, Essential Oils and Their Constituents. Part II. The Oil of Alpinia officinarum Hance. Perfum. Essent, Oil Rec., 60, 89-96 (1969).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.20  camphene
100.40  camphor
712.701,8- cineole
61.50para- cymene
160.30  dihydrocarvone
910.50  fenchone
40.30  myrcene
1312.70  myrtenal
1516.10  myrtenol
170.30  perillaldehyde
181.70  perillyl alcohol
50.40alpha- phellandrene
13.20alpha- pinene
315.90beta- pinene
1110.90trans- pinocarveol
120.70  terpinen-4-ol
80.20gamma- terpinene
143.00alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 86, (2001)
angelica archangelica root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
500.03gamma-atlantone
350.19  borneol
271.78  bornyl acetate
80.48iso butyl benzene
400.07delta- cadinene
620.06alpha- cadinol
610.04T- cadinol
51.88  camphene
90.20delta-2- carene
1016.24delta-3- carene
420.21  carvyl acetate
480.04  caryophyllene oxide
54tracealpha- copaen-11-ol
560.24alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.57alpha- copaene
280.16beta- copaene
520.04  copaenol
430.03  cuparene
640.85  cyclopentadecanolide
460.23meta- cymen-8-ol
450.65para- cymen-8-ol
196.39para- cymene
360.42delta- elemene
440.06gamma- elemene
630.05  elemol
330.41  eucarvone
600.49beta- eudesmol
40.05alpha- fenchene
370.64  germacrene D
650.37  heptadecanolide
320.54alpha- humulene
510.39  humulene oxide
490.09  humulenol
146.56  limonene
250.14  linalool
230.07  longicyclene
300.09(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
201.57para-mentha-2,8-diene
220.08  menthone
55trace methyl tridecanolide
380.10alpha- muurolene
580.08alpha- muurolol
590.03T- muurolol
125.28  myrcene
18trace(E)-beta- ocimene
160.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
470.10  perillyl alcohol
112.02alpha- phellandrene
151.26beta- phellandrene
232.19alpha- pinene
61.54beta- pinene
390.28(E)- piperitol
70.46  sabinene
410.15  sabinyl acetate
570.14  spathulenol
290.08  terpinen-4-ol
130.26alpha- terpinene
173.07gamma- terpinene
340.40alpha- terpineol
210.87  terpinolene
30.13alpha- thujene
10.04  tricyclene
530.56 tridecanolide
310.39  verbenyl acetate

J. C. Chalchat and R. P. Garry, Essential oil of Angelica roots (Angelica archangelica L.). Optimization of distillation, location in plant and chemical composition. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 311-319 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

angelica archangelica seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.30ortho-allyl methyl phenol
140.30  bornyl acetate
30.30  camphene
152.30alpha- copaene
81.10para- cymene
161.30alpha- humulene
180.50alpha- muurolene
170.90gamma- muurolene
62.10  myrcene
100.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.302- penten-1-ol
72.00alpha- phellandrene
961.00beta- phellandrene
25.20alpha- pinene
50.50beta- pinene
40.60  sabinene
120.30  sabinol
190.70  spathulenol
111.204,4,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one

S. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gaset, Etude des proprietes bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles preamblement analysees. Rivista Ital., EPPOS, No. 16, 3-12 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.48iso amyl 3-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
60.93iso amyl acetate
270.07  amyl angelate
2517.54iso amyl angelate
123.13iso amyl isobutyrate
181.53iso amyl methacrylate
110.06iso amyl propionate
320.02  benzaldehyde
440.10  benzyl isobutyrate
400.20  borneol
430.08isobutyl 2-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
20.02iso butyl acetate
230.37  butyl angelate
194.03iso butyl angelate
70.04iso butyl butyrate
50.75iso butyl isobutyrate
90.33iso butyl methacrylate
340.03iso butyric acid
40.39  camphene
330.02  camphor
130.121,8- cineole
42tracear- curcumene
460.05para- cymen-8-ol
500.01  decanoic acid
80.08 ethyl angelate
1trace  ethyl isobutyrate
370.10beta- farnesene
300.172-methyl butyl tiglate
220.193- methyl pentanol
480.663-methyl pentyl 3-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
140.943- methyl pentyl acetate
3122.693- methyl pentyl angelate
2112.543- methyl pentyl isobutyrate
260.042-methyl pentyl isovalerate
200.102- methyl pentyl propionate
170.152- methyl-2-butenyl isobutyrate
2413.142- methyl-2-propenyl angelate
100.882- methyl-2-propenyl isobutyrate
160.812- methyl-2-propenyl methacrylate
290.802- methyl-2-propenyl tiglate
360.67  myrtenal
450.38  myrtenol
410.05  myrtenyl isobutyrate
490.04  nonanoic acid
280.051- octen-3-ol
31.05alpha- pinene
384.36trans- pinocarveol
352.37  pinocarvone
151.04  propyl angelate
390.03alpha- terpineol

E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammnerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Flower scent of some traditional medical plants. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 282-296. ACS Symposium Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
2623.02  bornyl acetate
390.17alpha- cadinol
42.02  camphene
320.10cis- carvyl acetate
330.66beta- caryophyllene
380.67  caryophyllene oxide
400.26  chamazulene
105.101,8- cineole
250.93  cuminaldehyde
91.55para- cymene
160.06alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
150.06  eucarvone
310.07  eugenol
360.26(E)-beta- farnesene
340.11(Z)-beta- farnesene
350.08alpha- humulene
182.00  linalool
300.14para- menth-1(7)-en-9-ol
240.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-7-ol
280.24para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
71.08  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
110.06(Z)-beta- ocimene
270.20  perillyl acetate
31.24alpha- pinene
60.69beta- pinene
54.61  sabinene
140.29(Z)- sabinene hydrate
200.59  safranal
218.15  terpinen-4-ol
81.55alpha- terpinene
132.08gamma- terpinene
224.80alpha- terpineol
170.75  terpinolene
290.09alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
190.29beta- thujone
10.10  tricyclene
232.47  verbenone
370.41  viridiflorene

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Artemista obsinthum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 87-89 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil poland
In 1993, Kalemba et al. compared the composition of oils obtained from Artemisia absinthum (absinthe) grown in Poland, using GC and GC/MS as their method of analysis. Oils produced from plants harvested at the pre-flowering stage, in full bloom and after flowering were found to possess quantitative differences in their compositions as shown in Table XI. In addition, the authors found that the oil was strongly toxic to Rhizopertha dominca (lesser grain boror), mildly toxic to Tribolium confusum (darkling grain beetle) and Sitophilus granarius (grain weevil). Also, it was repellent to S. granarius. Only the full-flowering analysis will be shown here.
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.74alpha- bisabolol
10.95  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
112.74beta- caryophyllene
136.95  chrysanthenyl acetate
612.661,8- cineole
70.77para- cymene
166.31 dihydrocarvyl acetate + alpha-terpineol
18trace  geranyl acetate
120.91  linalool
20trace  nerol
170.56  neryl acetate
190.52  neryl propionate
80.12beta- phellandrene
23.23alpha- pinene
30.39beta- pinene
45.67 sabinene + myrcene
1520.13  sabinyl acetate
141.73  terpinen-4-ol
98.03alpha- thujone
1016.91beta- thujone

D. Kalemba, J. Gora, A. Kurowska, T. Majda and Z. Mielnizuk, Analysis of essential oils in respects of their influence to insects. Zeszyty Nauk. Politechnik. Lodz., No. 589, 5-14 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia afra oil kenya
#%LeftshiftComponents
375.09  borneol
260.23  bornyl acetate
50tracealpha- cadinol
10.12  camphene
450.58beta- caryophyllene oxide
967.371,8- cineole
40trace  cuminaldehyde
43tracepara- cymen-8-ol
122.30para- cymene
60.06  dihydro-1,8-cineole
17tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
38trace  germacrene D
80.27  limonene
23trace  linalool
21trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
18trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.76(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
300.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42trace(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
44trace(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
132.003- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
15trace3- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
7trace3- methyl butyl isobutyrate
470.243- methyl butyl phenyl acetate
29trace  myrtenal
41trace  myrtenol
48trace(E)- nerolidol
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
191.141- octen-3-ol
4tracealpha- phellandrene
46trace2- phenethyl butyrate
20.16beta- pinene
31tracetrans- pinocarveol
24trace  pinocarvone
340.32(E)- piperitol
30.09  sabinene
200.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.63(Z)- sabinene hydrate
16trace7-alpha- silphiperfol-5-ene
490.09  spathulenol
276.50  terpinen-4-ol
28trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
50.62alpha- terpinene
111.64gamma- terpinene
36tracealpha- terpineol
33tracedelta- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
350.94alpha- terpinyl acetate
341.07(E)- verbenol
32trace(Z)- verbenol

J. W. Mwangi, K. J. Achola, K.A. Sinei, W. Lwande and R. Laurent, Essential Oil Constituents of Artemisia afra Willd. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 97-99 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

artemisia afra oil wild zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
22trace-0.30  artemisyl alcohol
166.30-14.90  artemisyl ketone
19trace-0.10  artemisyl acetate
330.20-0.50  bicyclogermacrene
310.60-3.40  borneol
260.30-1.50  bornyl acetate
350.50-0.80delta- cadinene
380.10-0.90  calamenene
40.30-3.90  camphene
238.50-27.10 camphor + alpha-copaene
270.50-2.30beta- caryophyllene
39trace-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
110.10-27.901,8- cineole
36trace-0.50  cuminaldehyde
140.30-2.00para- cymene
90.10-0.20  dihydro-1,8-cineole
30.20-1.00alpha- fenchene
42trace-0.40  intermedeol
100.10-0.50  limonene
290.20-0.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
250.20-0.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
40trace-0.10  methyl linolenate
41trace-0.50T- muurolol
70.10-1.10  myrcene
37trace-0.10  myrtenol
120.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
50.10-0.70beta- pinene
20.40-1.10alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
340.10-0.70(E)- piperitol
60.10-2.60  sabinene
241.80-4.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.20-0.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
173.10-10.10  santolina alcohol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.10-1.10alpha- terpinene
130.30-1.90gamma- terpinene
320.10-0.70alpha- terpineol
300.10-2.50delta- terpineol
150.10-0.50  terpinolene
181.00-2.90alpha- thujone
20tracebeta- thujone
10.10-0.20  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia afra oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.1  artemisyl ketone
252.8  borneol
220.5  bornyl acetate
280.2delta- cadinene
310.1  calamenene
48.0  camphene
1950.3 camphor + alpha-copaene
320.1cis- carveol
231.2beta- caryophyllene
330.1  caryophyllene oxide
1110.71,8- cineole
290.2  cuminaldehyde
350.1para- cymen-8-ol
140.8para- cymene
90.1  dihydro-1,8-cineole
31.4alpha- fenchene
340.1  germacrene D-4-ol
370.1  intermedeol
100.9  limonene
210.8(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
360.5T- muurolol
71.6  myrcene
300.3  myrtenol
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
50.4beta- pinene
20.3alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
271.8(E)- piperitol
60.2  sabinene
203.5(E)- sabinene hydrate
180.4(Z)- sabinene hydrate
80.3alpha- terpinene
130.7gamma- terpinene
260.4alpha- terpineol
240.7delta- terpineol
150.3  terpinolene
170.7alpha- thujone
1trace  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia annua herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.00-11.05  artemisyl alcohol
2111.91-55.02  artemisyl ketone
250.00-0.07  artemisyl acetate
140.00-0.152-oxabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-6-ene
490.16-1.28  bicyclogermacrene
450.00-0.16  borneol
40.00-0.29  bornylene
100.00-0.14  butyl isovalerate
510.00-1.05delta- cadinene
61.20-7.28  camphene
270.00-0.66alpha- campholenic aldehyde
291.58-11.52  camphor
590.10-1.10  carvacrol
361.63-10.87beta- caryophyllene
540.10-1.64  caryophyllene oxide
530.04-0.39iso caryophyllene oxide
570.00-trace  cedrol
165.07-11.651,8- cineole
280.00-1.33alpha- copaene
330.09-2.17beta- cubebene
19trace-1.23para- cymene
520.08-0.676,6- dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-2-en-2-methanol
500.00-0.41(E)-(3,3-dimethyl) cyclohexylidene acetaldehyde
50.00-0.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
440.00-1.00(E)-beta- farnesene
430.00-1.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
471.99-18.54  germacrene D
482.24-14.73alpha- guaiene
310.00-trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
41trace-0.97alpha- himachalene
420.00-0.74alpha- humulene
150.09-0.57  limonene
90.00-trace3-methyl bicyclo(3.1.2)oct-2-ene
220.00-0.313- methyl-3-buten-1-yl isovalerate
120.00-3.34  myrcene
38trace-0.42  myrtenal
560.00-0.82  nootkatone
180.00-0.27(E)-beta- ocimene
110.00-tracealpha- phellandrene
24.20-15.66alpha- pinene
70.93-3.35beta- pinene
320.00-0.32  pinocamphone
400.35-1.81trans- pinocarveol
350.24-2.19  pinocarvone
80.43-2.80  sabinene
260.00-0.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.11-0.83(Z)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.22  santolina alcohol
550.00-0.49  spathulenol
370.13-0.38  terpinen-4-ol
130.00-0.18alpha- terpinene
170.07-0.34gamma- terpinene
460.00-0.65alpha- terpineol
200.00-0.33  terpinolene
390.00-2.163- thujen-2-ol
30.00-0.90alpha- thujene
580.00-0.83  thymol
10.01-0.35  tricyclene
240.06-0.64  yomogi alcohol

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 261-268 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua herb oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.67  artemisyl alcohol
84.42  artemisyl ketone
190.63delta- cadinene
21.78  camphene
1123.75  camphor
176.29beta- caryophyllene
715.441,8- cineole
160.97alpha- cubebene
205.59beta- cubebene
64.08para- cymene
189.59beta- farnesene
151.01  geranyl acetate
102.93  limonene oxide
90.46  linalool
122.91para-mentha-1(7),8-2-ol
54.38  myrcene
10.74alpha- pinene
40.44beta- pinene
31.10  sabinene
142.27  terpinen-4-ol

N. X. Dung, P. A. Leclercq, D. H. Kiet and N. M. Tu, Chemical composition of Vietnamese Artemisia annua L. essential oil. Tap Chi Duoc Hoc, (2) 11-13 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.50  borneol
130.80  bornyl acetate
11.00  camphene
615.70  camphor
311.801,8- cineole
21.20para- cymene
177.50  davanone
161.00  geranyl acetate
50.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
70.90(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
111.40  piperitol
1251.80  piperitone
40.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
141.40(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
90.40  terpinen-4-ol
102.00alpha- terpineol
150.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 30, (2001)
artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.50  borneol
102.00  bornyl acetate
24.60  camphene
757.50  camphor
47.501,8- cineole
31.00para- cymene
50.80iso phorone
10.40alpha- pinene
96.50  piperitone
613.00  verbenone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 30, (2001)
artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
82.60  borneol
124.30  bornyl acetate
10.70  camphene
63.50  camphor
140.30  caryophyllene oxide
110.80(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
336.501,8- cineole
22.80para- cymene
130.70(Z)- jasmone
93.10  terpinen-4-ol
100.70alpha- terpineol
70.50delta- terpineol
48.90alpha- thujone
528.40beta- thujone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 330, (2000)
artemisia herba-alba herb oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.1  artemisyl alcohol
90.7  borneol
160.1  bornyl acetate
27tracedelta- cadinene
28tracegamma- cadinene
31.8  camphene
2110.3  camphor
12trace  carvacrol
230.8beta- caryophyllene
224.2  chrysanthenone
17trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1414.01,8- cineole
40.1para- cymene
261.7beta- elemene
243.1alpha- guaiene
25tracealpha- humulene
10trace  myrtenol
18trace  myrtenyl acetate
11.5alpha- pinene
20.8beta- pinene
50.2alpha- terpinene
71.5gamma- terpinene
85.3alpha- terpineol
150.1alpha- terpinyl acetate
60.1alpha- thujene
1923.9alpha- thujone
2020.1beta- thujone
11trace  thymol

A. Ouyabya, R. Negre, J. Viano, Y. F. Lozano and E. M. Gaydou, Essential oils from Moroccan Artemisia negrei, A. mesatlantica and A. herba-alba, Lebensmitt. Wiss u Technol., 23, 528-530 (1990).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

artemisia santolina schrenk oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
130.90  camphor
120.30  chrysanthenone
415.901,8- cineole
210.60  geranyl acetate
1537.20  lavandulol
199.50  lavandulyl acetate
1113.60  linalool
90.10  linalool oxide
50.20  myrcene
181.80  nerol
140.30  nerol oxide
202.80  neryl acetate
20.70alpha- pinene
40.20beta- pinene
162.90  terpinen-4-ol
80.90gamma- terpinene
61.76alpha-terpinene + para-cymene
172.10alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 330, (2000)
asarum canadense root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20  aristolene
290.90  aristolone
150.40(E)-beta- bergamotene
410.10  borneol
91.50  bornyl acetate
240.20delta- cadinene
160.30  camphene
170.301,8- cineole
360.10  copaene
180.30para- cymene
81.70  elemicin
300.90(E)-iso elemicin
340.60  eugenol
230.20(E)-beta- farnesene
111.30  geraniol
53.90  geranyl acetate
200.30gamma- guaiene
370.10beta- gurjunene
101.40  junenol
280.90  limonene
214.90  linalool
44.00  linalyl acetate
390.10  methyl chavicol
141.80  methyl eugenol
190.30(E)- methyl isoeugenol
42trace  methyl thymol
400.10alpha- muurolene
71.70  myrcene
121.20  nerol
62.40  neryl acetate
140.40(E)-ocimene
320.60(Z)- ocimene
130.90alpha- pinene
270.90beta- pinene
250.10  sabinene
220.20  seychellene
330.60  terpinen-4-ol
260.10alpha- terpinene
310.80gamma- terpinene
35.90alpha- terpineol
350.40  terpinolene
380.10 vetiselinene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 11, No. 6, 39, (1986)

aydendron barbeyana mez. wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
413.70  benzyl benzoate
421.60  benzyl salicylate
192.50(E)-beta-bergamotene + beta-curcumene
230.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
340.704-epi-beta-bisabolol
408.30beta- bisabolol
112.80  borneol
390.60  cadalene
251.80gamma- cadinene
275.80gamma-cadinene + furopelargone A
284.00alpha-calacorene + (E)-sequisabinene hydrate
33.20  camphene
100.10  camphor
180.60beta- caryophyllene
311.10  caryophyllene oxide
170.10alpha- cedrene
242.90sesquicineole + beta-bisabolene
162.20alpha- copaene
8tracepara- cresol
151.40alpha- cubebene
220.90epi- cubebol
262.10 cubebol + (E)-calamenene
382.10  cubenol
352.701-epi- cubenol
6tracepara- cymene
331.101,10- di-epi-cubenol
216.601,11-oxidocalamenene + ar-curcumene
374.90beta-eudesmol + alpha-cadinol
323.40  guaiol
201.20alpha-humulene + beta-farnesene
70.70 limonene + 1,8-cineole
9trace  linalool
296.50(E)- nerolidol
22.80alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
302.00(Z)-sequi sabinene hydrate
140.50  safrole
361.30  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
120.10  terpinen-4-ol
130.10alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall-Weyerstahl and C. Christiansen, Constituents of Ayou essential oil (Aydendron barbeyana Mez.). Flav. Fragr. J., 4, 93-98 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

baccharis genistelloides oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
22.60  camphene
46.80  carquejol
569.20  carquejyl acetate
16.40alpha- pinene
38.40beta- pinene

L. Bauer, G. A. de A. Brasil e Silva, N. C. S. de Siqueira, C. T. M. Bacha and B. M. S. Sant’Ana, 0s Oleos Essenciais de Baccharis dracunculifolia DC e Baccharis genistelloides Pers, do Rio Grande do Sul. Rev. Centro Cienc. Saude, 6, (3/4), 7-12 (1978).

P&F 11, No. 6, 39, (1986)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

boldea fragrans leaf oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3538.63  ascaridole
50.38  camphene
240.06  camphor
90.25delta-3- carene
390.01  carvacrol
400.08trans- carvyl acetate
100.921,4- cineole
1438.631,8- cineole
330.18  cuminaldehyde
129.51para- cymene
40.02alpha- fenchene
150.01  fenchone
320.06alpha- fenchyl acetate
200.40alpha- fenchyl alcohol
340.09  geraniol
10.062- heptanone
420.32  ledol
130.07  limonene
18trace  linalool
70.02  myrcene
28trace  myrtenal
300.36  myrtenol
310.07  nerol
19trace2- nonanol
160.102- nonanone
80.04alpha- phellandrene
30.02alpha- pinene
221.20trans- pinocarveol
290.78  sabinaketone
60.04  sabinene
384.28  sabinyl acetate
261.37  terpinen-4-ol
170.03  terpinen-4-yl acetate
110.04alpha- terpinene
270.25alpha- terpineol
250.13beta- terpineol
20.06alpha- thujene
21tracebeta- thujone
370.07  thymol
410.03  thymyl acetate
23trace(Z)- verbenol
360.14cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

bombycilaena erecta oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.50  arteannuic alcohol
69.10  artemisyl alcohol
1010.70  artemisyl acetate
260.30beta- bisabolol
140.70iso bornyl acetate
250.40alpha- cadinol
33.60  camphene
818.80  camphor
92.60trans- carveol
110.30cis- carveol
120.40  carvotan acetone
150.90cis- carvyl acetate
191.00beta- caryophyllene
210.20  caryophyllene oxide
1312.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
183.80isocomene
200.30gamma- curcumene
270.407- ethyl-1,4-dimethyl azulene
242.00alpha- eudesmol
230.20  guaiol
290.80  hexadecanoic acid
171.50  italicene
161.20beta- maaliene
70.20  nonanal
20.40alpha- pinene
40.10beta- pinene
280.30  tetradecanoic acid
10.90  tricyclene
514.90  yomogi alcohol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 360, (2000)
camomile sauvage oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.30  artemisyl alcohol
282.50  bisabolene
191.00  borneol
202.20  bornyl acetate
261.30  bornyl butyrate
230.30iso bornyl propionate
300.80delta- cadinene
3340.50 cadinol
40.40  camphene
330.70  caryophylladienol
271.50beta- caryophyllene
320.80  caryophyllene oxide
90.501,8- cineole
240.30alpha- cubebene
160.302,7-dimethyl octa-3,6-dien-2-ol
220.70delta- elemene
295.00 germacrene
210.20  hexyl tiglate
100.80  limonene
150.30  linalool
71.00  myrcene
310.30  nerolidol
60.101- octen-3-ol
315.00alpha- pinene
173.00trans- pinocarveol
180.50  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
113.20  santolina alcohol
10.40  santolinatriene
250.30beta- selinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
140.25  terpinolene
20.04  tricyclene
82.40  yomogi alcohol

B. Toulemonde and D. Beauverd, Contribution a l’etude d’une camomille sauvage du Maroc: L’huile essentielle d’Ormenis mixta. Parfium, Cosmet. Aromes, 60, 65-67 (1984).

P&F 11, No. 2, 75, (1986)

carrot seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.08(E)- anethole
210.73(E)-alpha- bergamotene
201.08(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
380.23beta- bisabolene
430.21alpha- bisabolol
420.273- butyl phthalide
20.44  camphene
395.68  carotol
350.23  carvomenthone
153.56beta- caryophyllene
371.09  caryophyllene oxide
400.29 cedrene oxide
140.17alpha- copaene
100.41para- cymene
130.39  daucene
410.14  daucol
180.42alpha- farnesene
230.60beta- farnesene
310.89  geranial
3234.17  geranyl acetate
301.13alpha- humulene
70.48  limonene
120.11  linalool
191.24  longifolene
250.18para- mentha-1,3-dien-7-ol
51.87  myrcene
290.53  neral
331.01  nerol
81.92(E)-alpha- ocimene
19.09alpha- pinene
34.49beta- pinene
49.44  sabinene
340.14  sabinene hydrate
170.40alpha- santalene
220.67beta- santalene
440.13  sedanenolide
450.40  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
280.44alpha- selinene
270.23beta- selinene
160.31  terpinen-4-ol
60.96alpha- terpinene
90.36gamma- terpinene
241.65alpha- terpineol
110.28  terpinolene
262.34  verbenol

F. Perineau, L. Ganou and A. Gaset, Etude de la production d’huile essentielle de fruit de carotte. Ind. Aliment. Agric., 108, 357-366 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)

carum petroselinum herb oil
This same year, a sample of Egyptian parsley herb oil was subjected to analysis by CC and CC/MS (El-Nikeety et al. 1998). This oil was found to contain:
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20 apiole
170.21beta- bisabolene
20.06  camphene
150.05beta- caryophyllene
130.82para- cymene
145.35alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
190.15  elemicin
160.53alpha- humulene
65.36  limonene
106.20para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
220.404- methyl pyridine amine
1123.75  myrcene
208.79  myristicin
51.46alpha- phellandrene
719.47beta- phellandrene
16.94alpha- pinene
34.57beta- pinene
40.63  sabinene
80.17alpha- terpinene
180.13alpha- terpineol
92.78  terpinolene
120.065- undec-5-yne

M. M. A. El-Nikeety, A. T. M. El-Alek, M. M. I. A. El-Hady and A. Z. M. Badei, Changes in physical properties and chemical constituents of parsley herb volatile oil during storage, Egypt. J. Food Sci., 26-28 (1998).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

cassia leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.54  benzaldehyde
 1.82  benzyl benzoate
 1.58  camphene
 2.60  camphor
 2.90delta-3- carene
 6.24beta- caryophyllene
 46.52(E)- cinnamaldehyde
 2.64(E)- cinnamyl acetate
 1.40alpha- copaene
 4.18para- cymene
 3.63  eugenol
 0.30  eugenyl acetate
 0.85alpha- humulene
 2.98  linalool
 0.79ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
 0.07  myrcene
 9.16beta-phellandrene + limonene
 3.47alpha- pinene
 1.02beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- terpineol

L.-F. Zhu, Y.-H. Li, B.-L. Li, B.-Y. Lu and N.-H. Xia, Aromatic Plants and Essential Constituents. South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publish. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co. Ltd., Hong Kong (1993).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

cedrus libanensis wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.80 atlantone
382.80(E)-alpha- atlantone
340.60(E)-gamma- atlantone
370.30(Z)-alpha- atlantone
360.60(Z)-beta-atlantone
330.40(Z)-gamma- atlantone
220.40(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
27>0.10alpha- calacorene
1>0.10  camphene
14>0.10  camphor
3>0.10delta-3- carene
170.20alpha- cedrene
211.40 chamigrene
7>0.10para- cymene
240.80alpha- dehydro-ar-himachalene
261.40gamma- dehydro-ar-himachalene
280.60oxido himachalene
9>0.10  fenchone
320.10  guaiazulene
10>0.10alpha- gurjunene
13>0.10beta- gurjunene
1814.20alpha- himachalene
2031.30beta- himachalene
196.90gamma- himachalene
300.50 himachalene oxide
292.20beta- himachalene oxide
5>0.10  limonene
310.80  longiborneol
160.50  longifolene
110.10alpha- longipinene
395.60  manool
2>0.104- methyl-3-penten-2-one
230.80 occidentalol acetate
150.10  sativene
4>0.10alpha- terpinene
6>0.10gamma- terpinene
8>0.10  terpinolene
250.40beta- vetivenene
12>0.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 763, (2000)
chamaecyparis obtusa leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
131.23  borneol
177.15  bornyl acetate
361.70 cadin-10(15)-4-ol
272.76delta- cadinene
280.53gamma- cadinene
204.71beta-cadrene
300.41  calamenene
20.23  camphene
380.65  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
181.65(Z)- caryophyllene
190.28beta- caryophyllene
320.93  cedrol
250.48beta- cubebene
90.82para- cymene
211.47alpha- elemene
290.39gamma- elemene
3114.78  elemol
345.39alpha- eudesmol
356.54beta- eudesmol
338.28gamma- eudesmol
102.09alpha- fenchol
240.30beta- guaiene
63.05  limonene
120.41  longicyclene
370.73 longicyclenyl aclohol
150.72  longifolene
110.37alpha- longipinene
263.81alpha- muurolene
225.71gamma- muurolene
11.01alpha- pinene
42.77beta- pinene
31.61  sabinene
51.11alpha- terpinene
71.77gamma- terpinene
141.11alpha- terpineol
81.00  terpinolene
239.09alpha- terpinyl acetate
160.89  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

chamaecyparis obtusa root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.54  borneol
170.65  bornyl acetate
321.18 cadin-1(10)-en-4alpha-ol
384.95 cadin-1(10)-en-4beta-ol
273.82delta- cadinene
282.12gamma- cadinene
395.28alpha- cadinol
355.88T- cadinol
200.68beta-cadrene
291.55  calamenene
20.50  camphene
421.26  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
180.55(Z)- caryophyllene
190.52beta- caryophyllene
302.61beta- caryophyllene alcohol
160.40  copaene
80.53para- cymene
210.44alpha- elemene
90.71alpha- fenchol
250.39alpha- guaiene
220.39alpha- humulene
50.55  limonene
4019.73 longi-alpha-nojigiku alcohol
338.43 longi-beta-camphenilan aldehyde
110.65  longicyclene
414.84 longicyclenyl aclohol
140.64  longifolene
362.15 longiisohomocamphenilone
100.48alpha- longipinene
311.27 longiverbanol
346.23 longiverbanone
261.71alpha- muurolene
230.84gamma- muurolene
374.53T- muurolol
10.73alpha- pinene
30.61beta- pinene
40.41alpha- terpinene
60.45gamma- terpinene
133.53alpha- terpineol
70.50  terpinolene
240.79alpha- terpinyl acetate
152.44  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

chamaecyparis obtusa wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.33  borneol
170.40  bornyl acetate
310.97 cadin-1(10)-en-4alpha-ol
346.76 cadin-1(10)-en-4beta-ol
2710.82delta- cadinene
2812.47gamma- cadinene
3520.51alpha- cadinol
3210.61T- cadinol
200.07beta-cadrene
290.03  calamenene
20.18  camphene
370.83  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
180.12(Z)- caryophyllene
190.05beta- caryophyllene
301.49beta- caryophyllene alcohol
160.06  copaene
80.22para- cymene
210.04alpha- elemene
90.42alpha- fenchol
250.12alpha- guaiene
220.03alpha- humulene
50.21  limonene
110.05  longicyclene
360.94 longicyclenyl aclohol
140.61  longifolene
100.10alpha- longipinene
265.78alpha- muurolene
231.65gamma- muurolene
3316.44T- muurolol
10.44alpha- pinene
30.21beta- pinene
40.15alpha- terpinene
60.15gamma- terpinene
130.14alpha- terpineol
70.19  terpinolene
240.19alpha- terpinyl acetate
150.29  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

chenopodium ambrosioides oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
154.1 aristolenol
20.2  camphene
174.2  carvacrol
122.0para- cymen-8-ol
618.0para- cymene
114.0 dihydropinocarvone
76.0  limonene
90.6  linalool
142.8  methyl thymol
50.7  myrcene
110.0alpha- pinene
40.3beta- pinene
103.9  pinocarveol
30.2  sabinene
80.1gamma- terpinene
131.9alpha- terpineol
162.0  thymol
chenopodium ambrosioldes var. anthelminthicum oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
211.98  ascaridole
50.14  camphene
80.03delta-3- carene
230.04  carvacrol
191.06trans- carveol
200.25cis- carveol
182.28  carvone
158.09para- cymene
170.09(E)- dihydrocarvone
10.01  dimethyl sulfide
40.02alpha- fenchene
1242.32  limonene
160.09(E)- limonene oxide
90.01  myrcene
100.01alpha- phellandrene
130.09beta- phellandrene
30.82alpha- pinene
60.18beta- pinene
70.01  sabinene
1117.54alpha- terpinene
140.58gamma- terpinene
220.02  thymol
20.22  tricyclene

A. O. Tucker and M. J. Maciarello, Some toxic culinary herbs in North America. In: Food Flavors, Formation, Analysis and Packaging Influences. Edits., E. T. Contis, C-T. Ho, C. J. Mussinan, T. H. Parliament, F. Shahidi and A. M. Spanier, 401-414, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1998).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

chrysanthemum balsamita oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.46  bornyl acetate
20.01  camphene
60.01delta-3- carene
180.36cis- carveol
1551.51  carvone
90.631,8- cineole
190.15alpha- copaene
214.72beta- cubebene
70.11para- cymene
140.50  dodecane
200.39(E)-beta- farnesene
30.02 fenchene
82.57  limonene
230.36  pentadecane
160.43  perillaldehyde
10.04alpha- pinene
50.03beta- pinene
40.24  sabinene
100.05  terpinolene
130.78alpha- thujone
120.19beta- thujone
110.12  undecane
220.49  zingiberene

H. J. Bestmann, B. Classen, U. Kohold, O. Vostrowsky, F. Klingauf, H. Strobel and K. Knobloch, Pflanzliche Insektizide II (1.) Das atherische Ole aus Blattern das Balsamkrautes, Chrysanthemum balsamita L. Insektizide Wirkung and Zusammensetzung, Z. Naturforsch., 39c, 543-547 (1984).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

cinnamomum angustifolium rafin. oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
273.00  bicyclogermacrene
290.30delta- cadinene
40.10  camphene
180.10  camphor
71.80delta-3- carene
390.10  carvacrol
206.20beta- caryophyllene
331.00  caryophyllene oxide
129.701,8- cineole
340.20(E)- cinnamaldehyde
280.90(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
380.40(E)- cinnamyl acetate
320.30para- cymen-8-ol
1617.60para- cymene
30.30alpha- fenchene
300.30  geranyl acetate
261.80  germacrene D
360.40  guaiol
220.20alpha- humulene
111.80  limonene
193.30  linalool
310.20para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
92.60  myrcene
350.40(E)- nerolidol
151.10(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
823.40alpha- phellandrene
14.80alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.00  sabinene
230.20  salicylaldehyde
371.40  spathulenol
210.70  terpinen-4-ol
100.30alpha- terpinene
140.50gamma- terpinene
252.10alpha- terpineol
170.30  terpinolene
21.90alpha- thujene
240.40  viridiflorene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-cadina-1,4-diene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
cinnamomum cassia bark oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.54  benzaldehyde
201.82  benzyl benzoate
31.58  camphene
102.60  camphor
62.90delta-3- carene
166.24beta- caryophyllene
1246.52(E)- cinnamaldehyde
152.64(E)- cinnamyl acetate
141.40alpha- copaene
74.18para- cymene
133.63  eugenol
180.30  eugenyl acetate
170.85alpha- humulene
92.98  linalool
190.79ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
40.07  myrcene
89.16beta-phellandrene + limonene
23.47alpha- pinene
51.02beta- pinene
110.07alpha- terpineol

N. Bouzid, K. Toulgouate, G. Villarem and A. Gaset, Analyse quantitative des fractions d’huile essentielle pouvant co-exister lors d’hydrodistillation & plants aromatiques. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (April), 15-25 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
270.20beta- bisabolene
281.60delta- cadinene
290.70  calamenene
30.10  camphene
1912.70beta- caryophyllene
301.20  caryophyllene oxide
1028.101,8- cineole
150.40alpha- copaene
32traceepi- cubebol
132.40para- cymene
18tracebeta- elemene
23trace(E)-beta- farnesene
225.20(Z)-beta- farnesene
251.30  germacrene D
210.90alpha- humulene
96.30  limonene
162.20  linalool
260.20alpha- muurolene
330.10epi-alpha- muurolol
72.40  myrcene
310.70(E)- nerolidol
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
18.00alpha- pinene
49.70beta- pinene
55.60  sabinene
201.40  terpinen-4-ol
81.20alpha- terpinene
112.20gamma- terpinene
241.00alpha- terpineol
140.60  terpinolene
21.00alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum tamala oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.20  benzaldehyde
20.10  camphene
110.70  caryophyllene
60.901,8- cineole
73.20para- cymene
1578.00  eugenol
141.20  eugenyl acetate
120.10  geraniol
50.70  limonene
80.20  linalool
130.50  methyl eugenol
40.30  myrcene
11.50alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
100.30alpha- terpineol

B. C. Gulati, Essential oils of cinnamomum species in Cultivation and Utilization of Aromatic Plants. Edit. C. K. Atal and B. M. Kapur, R. R. L., Council of Scientific & Indust. Research (1982).

P&F 8, No. 4, 65, (1983)

cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.02-0.03  benzaldehyde
230.78-1.63  benzyl benzoate
40.02-0.10  camphene
100.71-2.221,8- cineole
1777.24-81.47  cinnamaldehyde
215.27-6.58 cinnamyl acetate + beta-caryophyllene
90.36-0.78para- cymene
201.82-2.31  eugenol
221.51-2.02  eugenyl acetate
180.00-0.12  geraniol
110.17-0.42  limonene
140.84-1.61  linalool
70.00-0.02  myrcene
30.06-0.21alpha- pinene
60.03-0.11beta- pinene
50.02-0.03  sabinene
190.00-0.02  safrole
80.04-0.23  salicylaldehyde
150.14-0.19  terpinen-4-ol
120.01-0.03gamma- terpinene
160.19-0.35alpha- terpineol
130.01-0.04  terpinolene
10.01-0.08alpha- thujene

F. Tateo and F. Chizzini, The Composition and Quality of Supercntical CO2 Extracted Cinnamon. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 165-168 ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 3, 59, (1994)

cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil sri lauka
Using GC (retention indices) Bouzid et al. (1997) analyzed an oil of cinnamon bark. The compounds identified were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
11trace-0.05  benzaldehyde
250.40-1.00  benzyl benzoate
20.04-0.05  camphene
40.01-0.02delta-3- carene
19trace-0.12  caryophyllene
131.00-2.00beta- caryophyllene
2072.00-82.15(E)- cinnamaldehyde
170.12-0.98(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
213.24-3.65(E)- cinnamyl acetate
230.50-0.60(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
100.04-0.05alpha- copaene
90.25-0.35para- cymene
221.07-13.30  eugenol
140.20-0.62alpha- humulene
70.09-0.10  limonene
120.70-1.06  linalool
50.06para-menthene
180.09-0.15ortho- methoxybenzaldehyde
240.30-0.80ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
60.07-0.08  myrcene
80.40-0.64beta- phellandrene
160.10-0.70  phenyl propionaldehyde
10.04-0.07alpha- pinene
30.02-0.03beta- pinene
150.35-0.62alpha-terpineol + borneol
cinnamomum zeylanicum leaf oil
The seasonal variation in the composition of cinnamon leaf oil produced from leaves harvested at different times of the year was studied by Kaul et al. (1996). They found that oil produced from leaves harvested either in the summer or in the winter possessed comparable chemical compositions, whereas an oil produced from leaves harvested in the rainy season had a reduced level of eugenol and an increased level of eugenyl acetate (Table VIII). Note: this page will only include the summer harvest.
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.43  benzyl benzoate
200.06delta- cadinene
30.12  camphene
170.48beta- caryophyllene
210.26  caryophyllene oxide
130.17(E)- cinnamaldehyde
160.19(E)- cinnamyl acetate
90.07  citronellal
60.36para- cymene
150.34beta- elemene
1493.94  eugenol
191.07  eugenyl acetate
180.12alpha- humulene
70.31 limonene + 1,8-cineole
80.86  linalool
50.23alpha- phellandrene
20.33alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
120.07  piperitone
100.09  terpinen-4-ol
110.10alpha- terpineol
10.03alpha- thujene

P. N. Kaul, A. K. Battacharya and B. R. Rajeswara Rae, Seasonal variation in the composition of the essential oil of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume) leaves. Indian Perfum., 40(2), 36-38 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

cinnamon bark oil ceylon
Using GC (retention indices) Bouzid et al. (1997) analyzed an oil of cinnamon bark. The compounds identified were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.54  benzaldehyde
201.82  benzyl benzoate
31.58  camphene
102.60  camphor
62.90delta-3- carene
166.24beta- caryophyllene
1246.52(E)- cinnamaldehyde
152.64(E)- cinnamyl acetate
141.40alpha- copaene
74.18para- cymene
133.63  eugenol
180.30  eugenyl acetate
170.85alpha- humulene
92.98  linalool
190.79ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
40.07  myrcene
89.16beta-phellandrene + limonene
23.47alpha- pinene
51.02beta- pinene
110.07alpha- terpineol

N. Bouzid, K. Toulgouate, G. Villarem and A. Gaset, Analyse quantitative des fractions d'huile essentielle pouvant co-exister lors d'hydrodistillation de plants aromatiques. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (April), 15-25 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cistus ladaniferus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.20  acetophenone
45trace15-acetoxylabdan-8-ol
211.90allo- aromadendrene
290.80  borneol
260.20iso borneol
183.10  bornyl acetate
340.80delta- cadinene
350.40gamma- cadinene
22.10  camphene
140.80alpha- campholenic aldehyde
38tracetrans- carveol
330.30  carvone
390.40  caryophyllene oxide
130.80alpha- copaene
120.70  cyclosativene
91.70para- cymene
440.50beta- eudesmol
24trace(E)-beta- farnesene
360.30  geranyl acetate
410.30  globulol
150.30alpha- gurjunene
25tracealpha- humulene
310.90  ledene
403.30  ledol
61.70  limonene
270.40gamma- muurolene
200.50  myrtenal
370.40  myrtenol
280.40  myrtenyl acetate
70.40beta- phellandrene
139.00alpha- pinene
30.50beta- pinene
160.50iso pinocamphone
221.90trans- pinocarveol
170.90  pinocarvone
40.80  sabinene
430.50  spathulenol
191.10  terpinen-4-ol
50.10alpha- terpinene
80.40gamma- terpinene
300.50alpha- terpineol
100.20  terpinolene
110.902,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
320.30  verbenone
4211.80  viridiflorol

J. P. Mariotti, F. Tomi, J. Cassanova, J. Costa and A. F. Bernadini, Composition of the essential oil of Cistus ladaniferus L. cultivated in Corsica (France). Flav. Fragr. J., 12, 147-151 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citronella oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
480.65T-amorphol + bulnesol
200.05  borneol
350.10beta- bourbonene
441.17delta- cadinene
421.74gamma- cadinene
40.04  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
370.22beta- caryophyllene
1834.79  citronellal
260.13  citronellic acid
2411.19  citronellol
281.88  citronellyl acetate
340.08alpha- copaene
392.25beta- cubebene
230.10  decanal
361.96beta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
433.16  elemol
460.1710-epi-gamma- eudesmol
292.45  eugenol
490.08(E)-alpha-farnesol
450.10(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2523.18  geraniol
325.07  geranyl acetate
10.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
380.13alpha- humulene
122.81  limonene
170.72  linalool
140.09  melonal
330.09  methyl eugenol
60.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
400.46alpha- muurolene
410.67gamma- muurolene
470.53T- muurolol
80.09  myrcene
300.04  neryl acetate
150.19(E)-beta- ocimene
130.37(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.07beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
30.05alpha- pinene
70.01beta- pinene
190.22iso(iso) pulegol
50.07  sabinene
210.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.01alpha- terpinene
220.05alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
270.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.01  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil CO2 extract mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.18  aromadendrene
351.91(E)-alpha- bergamotene
213.25  borneol
50.37  camphene
90.57delta-2- carene
341.46beta- caryophyllene
390.40beta- chamigrene
103.361,4- cineole
24tracepara- cymen-8-ol
113.07para- cymene
262.80  dihydrocarveol
320.13beta- elemene
40.03alpha- fenchene
27trace  geranial
31trace  geranyl acetate
450.21  germacrene B
380.45gamma- gurjunene
33trace(Z)- jasmone
1215.97  limonene
182.30  linalool
400.26gamma- muurolene
80.34  myrcene
290.52  nerol
300.17  neryl acetate
140.08(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.03alpha- pinene
70.17beta- pinene
60.28  sabinene
10.02alpha- santalene
370.35epi-beta- santalene
440.39alpha- selinene
413.15beta- selinene
225.31  terpinen-1-ol
235.72  terpinen-4-ol
162.46gamma- terpinene
204.52(E)-beta- terpineol
194.59(Z)-beta- terpineol
2527.66alpha- terpineol
175.28  terpinolene
150.15alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
420.10  valencene
280.60  verbenone
430.29  viridiflorene

G. Della Porta, E. Reverchon, D. Chouchi and D. Barth, Mandarin and lime peel oil processing by supercritical CO2 desorption : deterpenation and high molecular weight compound elimination. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 515-522 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus bigaradia oil
An oil produced from the flowers of the bitter orange tree was analyzed by a combination of GC/MS and retention indices (Lin et al., 1986). The oil was found to possess the following composition.
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.02  camphene
250.13beta- caryophyllene
29trace  farnesol
170.04  geranial
15trace  geraniol
232.15  geranyl acetate
26tracealpha- humulene
69.13  limonene
950.46  linalool
80.15(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.09(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
210.07(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
1618.39  linalyl acetate
19trace  methyl anthranilate
27tracegamma- muurolene
56.26  myrcene
140.50  neral
13trace  nerol
301.09(E)- nerolidol
280.64(Z)- nerolidol
221.09  neryl acetate
24trace  nonanal
73.91beta- ocimene
20.28alpha- pinene
40.53beta- pinene
12tracetrans- pinocarveol
100.11  terpinen-4-ol
114.75alpha- terpineol
20tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

Z-K. Lin, Y-F. Hua and Y-H. Gu, The chemical constituents of the essential oil from the flowers, leaves and peels of Citrus aurantium. Zhiwu Xuebao, 28, 635-640 (1966).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus bigaradia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
80.04para- cymene
350.44(E,Z)- farnesol
220.40  geraniol
271.17  geranyl acetate
140.04  hexyl acetate
310.45  indole
280.15(Z)- jasmone
911.50  limonene
1734.60  linalool
160.16(E)- linalool oxide
150.22(Z)- linalool oxide
2323.60  linalyl acetate
320.98  methyl anthranilate
290.03(Z)- methyl jasmonate
61.11  myrcene
210.23  nerol
341.21(E)- nerolidol
260.79  neryl acetate
114.54(E)-beta- ocimene
100.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
240.182- phenethyl acetate
180.642- phenethyl alcohol
20.46alpha- pinene
58.79beta- pinene
41.10  sabinene
190.14  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
120.06gamma- terpinene
201.13alpha- terpineol
130.16  terpinolene
250.14alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

M. H. Boelens and H. Boelens, Differences in chemical and sensory properties of orange flower and rose oils obtained from hydrodistillation and from supercritical CO, extraction. Perfum, Flavor., 22(3), 31-35 (1997).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus limon peel oil c.p. california
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.03(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
320.38(E)-alpha-bergamotene + citronellyl propionate
360.55beta- bisabolene
520.04alpha- bisabolol
160.01  borneol
30.06  camphene
510.03  campherenol
460.008  camphor
310.22beta- caryophyllene
230.08  citronellal
190.06 citronellol + nerol
380.03  citronellyl acetate
90.14para- cymene
240.05  decanal
470.01exo-(Z)-4,7-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-3-en-6-one
500.032,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
290.01 dodecanal + decyl acetate
330.03(E)-beta- farnesene
261.18  geranial
200.03  geraniol
400.52  geranyl acetate
420.01  geranyl propionate
340.02alpha- humulene
1065.65 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
440.007(E)- limonene 1,2-oxide
450.006(Z)- limonene 1,2-oxide
370.007  methyl geranate
61.58  myrcene
250.74  neral
490.004  nerolidol
390.60  neryl acetate
410.007  neryl propionate
220.12  nonanal
110.09(E)-beta- ocimene
210.08  octanal
270.03  perillaldehyde
70.04alpha- phellandrene
21.75alpha- pinene
511.13beta- pinene
480.004  piperitone
41.85  sabinene
150.13(Z)-sabinene hydrate + linalool
140.01(E)-sabinene hydrate + octanol
350.01beta- santalene
170.11  terpinen-4-ol
80.16alpha- terpinene
128.32gamma- terpinene
180.16alpha- terpineol
130.34  terpinolene
10.38alpha- thujene
280.03  undecanal
430.009  undecyl acetate

T. S. Chamblee, B. C. Clark. G. B. Brewster, T. Radford and G. A. Iacobucci, Quantitative analysis of the volatile constituents of lemon peel oil. Effects of silica gel chromatography on the imposition of its hydrocarbon and oxygenated fractions. J. Agric, Food Chem., 39, 162-169 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 1, 45, (1992)

citrus limon peel oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
1924.50(E)-alpha- bergamotene
172.70(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
280.40(E)-gamma- bisabolene
260.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
2537.10beta- bisabolene
40.06  camphene
9tracedelta-3- carene
1813.80beta- caryophyllene
230.70gamma- curcumene
110.27para- cymene
270.40(E)-beta- farnesene
211.60(Z)-beta- farnesene
201.20alpha- humulene
1269.93  limonene
71.51  myrcene
140.16(E)-beta- ocimene
130.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.04alpha- phellandrene
31.90alpha- pinene
612.40beta- pinene
51.99  sabinene
221.30(Z)-beta-santalene
100.21alpha- terpinene
1510.56gamma- terpinene
160.43  terpinolene
20.43alpha- thujene
10.01  tricyclene
241.70 valencene + unknown

GC profile belongs to sesquiterpene hydrocarbon fraction of lemon oil.

L. Mondello, P. Dugo, K. D. Bartle, G. Dugo and A. Cotroneo, Automated HPLC/HBGC: A Powerful Method for Essential Oil Analysis Part V. Identification of Terpene Hydrocarbons of Bergamot, Lemon, Mandarin, Sweet Orange, Bitter Orange, Grapefruit, Clementine and Mexican Lime Oil by Coupled HPLC-HRGC-MS (lTD). Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 33-42 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus paradisi leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
76.10delta-3- carene
280.90beta- caryophyllene
223.10  citronellal
351.40  citronellol
141.40para- cymene
230.10  decanal
21tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
32trace  dodecanal
26tracebeta- elemene
290.70beta- farnesene
340.60  geranial
380.30  geraniol
17trace  hexanol
110.30(E)-2- hexenal
19trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
180.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.50alpha- humulene
96.40  limonene
244.40  linalool
64.90  myrcene
311.20  neral
370.30  nerol
20trace  nonanal
134.60(E)-beta- ocimene
16trace(Z)-2- penten-1-ol
102.30beta- phellandrene
12.40alpha- pinene
43.10beta- pinene
250.60iso pulegol
518.50  sabinene
361.20beta- selinene
270.80  terpinen-4-ol
810.70alpha- terpinene
1212.00gamma- terpinene
300.30alpha- terpineol
152.20  terpinolene
24.00alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI Composition of leaf oils from ten Citrus taxa and some intragenetic hybrids, Bull. Brew, Sci., 16, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus paradisi var. CO2 extract falvedo
co2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.07alpha- bergamotene
430.52delta- cadinene
30.02  camphene
230.03  carveol
371.42beta- caryophyllene
180.12  citronellal
310.04  citronellyl acetate
330.34alpha- copaene
350.36beta- cubebene
210.63  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.11  elemol
420.09alpha- farnesene
400.40beta- farnesene
470.08(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.15  geranial
260.18  geraniol
340.26  geranyl acetate
410.11  germacrene D
390.31alpha- humulene
984.06 limonene + para-cymene
160.43  linalool
61.40  myrcene
250.15  neral
240.05  nerol
450.15(E)- nerolidol
320.05  neryl acetate
170.05  nonanal
485.19  nootkatone
110.28(E)-beta- ocimene
100.09(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.47 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.11  octanol
220.09  octyl acetate
280.05  perillaldehyde
20.21alpha- pinene
50.06beta- pinene
40.17  sabinene
130.01(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.31beta- sinensal
190.07  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.74gamma- terpinene
200.32alpha- terpineol
150.06  terpinolene
300.02alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.02alpha- thujene
290.09  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. falvedo oil
hydrodistilled
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.01alpha- bergamotene
430.02delta- cadinene
30.01  camphene
230.05  carveol
370.13beta- caryophyllene
180.03  citronellal
310.01  citronellyl acetate
330.13alpha- copaene
350.04beta- cubebene
210.19  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.01  elemol
42tracealpha- farnesene
400.02beta- farnesene
470.01(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.04  geranial
260.02  geraniol
340.08  geranyl acetate
41trace  germacrene D
390.03alpha- humulene
994.98 limonene + para-cymene
160.16  linalool
61.65  myrcene
250.05  neral
240.04  nerol
450.02(E)- nerolidol
320.12  neryl acetate
170.03  nonanal
480.26  nootkatone
110.13(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.03 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.16  octanol
220.03  octyl acetate
280.03  perillaldehyde
20.50alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
40.24  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.04beta- sinensal
190.05  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.01gamma- terpinene
200.07alpha- terpineol
150.04  terpinolene
30tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
290.10  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. biondo comune c.p. blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.028delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.039delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.016beta- caryophyllene
220.035  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.023alpha- copaene
410.027beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.321  decanal
430.004  decyl acetate
420.050  dodecanal
510.025(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.026(E)-beta- farnesene
310.133  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.010  limonene
210.019(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.653  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.826  myrcene
290.088  neral
280.021  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.070  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.011  nootkatone
130.044(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.329  octanal
160.023  octanol
260.006  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.058alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.046beta- pinene
40.928  sabinene
150.022(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.042alpha- sinensal
570.044beta- sinensal
230.008  terpinen-4-ol
100.003alpha- terpinene
140.004gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.014  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.016  undecanal
490.067  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. moro oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.030delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.147delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.038  citronellal
370.006  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.031beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.161  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.031  dodecanal
510.021(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.022(E)-beta- farnesene
310.085  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.019  geranyl acetate
480.023  germacrene D
450.008alpha- humulene
1194.772  limonene
210.014(E)- limonene oxide
200.009(Z)- limonene oxide
180.542  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.008gamma- muurolene
61.859  myrcene
290.055  neral
280.024  nerol
550.006(E)- nerolidol
380.010  neryl acetate
190.035  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.022  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.008(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.142  octanal
160.027  octanol
260.005  octyl acetate
320.010  perillaldehyde
70.060alpha- phellandrene
20.480alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.596  sabinene
150.016(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.031alpha- sinensal
570.036beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.055alpha- terpineol
170.033  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.177  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. navelina c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.012  bornyl acetate
530.022delta- cadinene
520.007gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.407delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.060  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.018alpha- copaene
410.022beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.431  decanal
430.007  decyl acetate
420.062  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.006(E)-beta- farnesene
310.134  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.012  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1193.713  limonene
210.013(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.369  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.865  myrcene
290.089  neral
280.022  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.013  neryl acetate
190.064  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.018  nootkatone
130.033(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.517  octanal
160.026  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.091alpha- phellandrene
20.482alpha- pinene
50.038beta- pinene
40.785  sabinene
150.027(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.023alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.077  terpinolene
360.002alpha- terpinyl acetate
56trace  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.015  undecanal
490.101  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. ovale c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.040  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.155delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.048  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.263  decanal
430.014  decyl acetate
420.040  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.010(E)-beta- farnesene
310.122  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1194.376  limonene
210.010(E)- limonene oxide
200.017(Z)- limonene oxide
180.861  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.881  myrcene
290.083  neral
280.007  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.043  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.023(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.276  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.013  perillaldehyde
70.049alpha- phellandrene
20.471alpha- pinene
50.044beta- pinene
40.523  sabinene
150.019(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.007  terpinen-4-ol
100.005alpha- terpinene
140.017gamma- terpinene
240.067alpha- terpineol
170.030  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.038  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. sanguinello oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.013  bornyl acetate
530.026delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.104delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.026beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.271  decanal
430.026  decyl acetate
420.043  dodecanal
510.016(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.008  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.451  limonene
210.017(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.558  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.017gamma- muurolene
61.973  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.016  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.042  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.036  nootkatone
130.024(E)-beta- ocimene
120.007(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.173  octanal
160.011  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.502alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.487  sabinene
150.012(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.018alpha- sinensal
570.021beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.004alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.048alpha- terpineol
170.025  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.004  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.309  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. tarocco oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.015  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.065delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.027  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.162  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.026  dodecanal
510.014(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.073  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1195.496  limonene
210.011(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.428  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.011gamma- muurolene
61.818  myrcene
290.048  neral
280.008  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.038  nonanal
350.003  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.022(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.180  octanal
160.016  octanol
260.004  octyl acetate
320.008  perillaldehyde
70.075alpha- phellandrene
20.478alpha- pinene
50.023beta- pinene
40.377  sabinene
150.009(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.023beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.003gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.002  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.009  undecanal
490.093  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. valencia late c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.026  bornyl acetate
530.025delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.060delta-3- carene
270.007cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.058  citronellal
370.003  citronellyl acetate
390.019alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.400  decanal
430.016  decyl acetate
420.063  dodecanal
510.015(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.013(E)-beta- farnesene
310.127  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.006  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.276  limonene
210.012(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.524  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.006gamma- muurolene
62.052  myrcene
290.080  neral
280.019  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.061  nonanal
350.008  nonyl acetate
590.013  nootkatone
130.019(E)-beta- ocimene
120.003(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.416  octanal
160.022  octanol
260.009  octyl acetate
320.014  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.534alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.336  sabinene
150.010(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.028alpha- sinensal
570.050beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.060alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.014  undecanal
490.046  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. washington navel c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.014  bornyl acetate
530.023delta- cadinene
520.012gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.204delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.022beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.020alpha- copaene
410.026beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.264  decanal
430.012  decyl acetate
420.037  dodecanal
510.009(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.005(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.011  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.984  limonene
210.016(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.325  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.825  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.014  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.009  neryl acetate
190.040  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.029  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.257  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.045alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.431  sabinene
150.011(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.014alpha- sinensal
570.017beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.011alpha- terpinene
140.005gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.023  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.005  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.174  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus x bergamia peel oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.28alpha- bergamotene
310.33delta- cadinene
20.02  camphene
240.05  citronellyl acetate
140.35para- cymene
200.04  decanal
301.432,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol + beta-bisabolene
260.07(Z)-beta- farnesene
340.04  geraniol
320.24  geranyl acetate
30.02  hexanal
100.01(E)-2- hexenal
832.28  limonene
2116.27  linalool
2237.39  linalyl acetate
170.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
280.05gamma- muurolene
60.78  myrcene
250.36  neral
330.03  nerol
290.02  neryl acetate
180.02  nonanal
130.14(E)-beta- ocimene
110.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
160.03  octanal
190.09  octyl acetate
90.15beta- phellandrene
10.81alpha- pinene
43.02beta- pinene
50.55  sabinene
70.07alpha- terpinene
124.12gamma- terpinene
270.18alpha-terpineol + alpha-terpinyl acetate
150.18  terpinolene

K. H. C. Baser, T. Ozek and M. Tutas, Composition of cold-pressed bergamot oil from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 341-342 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.30  borneol
30.20  camphene
138.90  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
72.60para- cymene
182.30  geraniol
191.70  geranyl acetate
91.40  limonene
1267.50  linalool
150.30(E)- linalool oxide
110.30(Z)- linalool oxide
50.6  myrcene
170.10  nerol
21.80alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
6<0.10alpha- terpinene
104.50gamma- terpinene
160.40alpha- terpineol
1<0.10alpha- thujene
F. Chialva, G. Gabri, P. A. P. Liddle and F. Ulian, Quantitative evaluation of aromatic herbs by direct headspace (GC)2 analysis Application of the method and composition with the traditional analysis of essential oils, In: Aromatic plants, basic and applied aspects, Edits., N. Margaris, A. Koedam and D. Vokou, pp. 183-195, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague (1982). P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)
coriandrum sativum fruit oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.07  borneol
11.20  camphene
90.30beta- caryophyllene
40.301,8- cineole
71.20  decanal
140.40  geraniol
34.70  limonene
860.10 linalool + camphor
100.70  menthol
61.00  menthone
130.06  nerol
21.10beta- pinene
520.05gamma-terpinene + alpha-terpinene
110.23alpha- terpineol

A. S. Reis Machado, E. Gomes de Azevedo, M. Nunes da Ponte and R. M. A. Sardinha, High pressure carbon dioxide extraction from coriander plants. Headspace analysis. J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 645-649 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.04  bicyclogermacrene
161.55  borneol
20.21  camphene
155.83  camphor
280.16beta- caryophyllene
211.23 citronellol + nerol
70.90para- cymene
200.15  decanal
310.45  dillapiole
270.20  dodecanal
230.13  geranial
226.97  geraniol
264.96  geranyl acetate
335.82  hexadecanoic acid
81.55  limonene
1454.57  linalool
120.18(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
50.65  myrcene
190.16  myrtenal
250.19  neryl acetate
100.09(E)-beta- ocimene
340.20 octadecenoic acid
90.04beta- phellandrene
11.14alpha- pinene
40.21beta- pinene
30.14  sabinene
171.38  terpinen-4-ol
60.02alpha- terpinene
114.08gamma- terpinene
182.32alpha- terpineol
130.53  terpinolene
290.18  tetradecanal
320.57  tetradecanoic acid
240.10  undecanal

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of seed oil of Coriandrum sativum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 97-98 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
croton eluteria bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
1211.78beta-cedren-10-ol
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
1300.513,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-isopropyl-1(2H)-naphthalenone
79trace2,5-dimethoxy-meta-cymene
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
980.04para-menth-2-en-1-ol
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
830.15(Z)-5-tridecen-2-one
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.30allo- aromadendrene
241.20  borneol
320.20  bornyl acetate
280.50  bornyl formate
390.30beta- bourbonene
511.20delta- cadinene
41.70  camphene
220.30  camphene hydrate
19tracealpha- campholenal
20trace  camphor
449.30iso caryophyllene
110.101,8- cineole
380.60alpha- copaene
360.20alpha- cubebene
487.90ar- curcumene
101.70para- cymene
420.50  cyperene
270.102- decanone
430.202,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
40trace2- dodecanone
410.80beta- elemene
350.30delta- elemene
490.30  germacrene D
450.80alpha- gurjunene
461.50alpha- humulene
121.30  limonene
180.40  linalool
16trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.20  longicyclene
8trace4- methyl anisole
300.10  methyl carvacrol
29trace  methyl thymol
70.60  myrcene
520.40(E)- nerolidol
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.50alpha- phellandrene
316.00alpha- pinene
60.70beta- pinene
21.020trans- pinocarveol
230.10  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
534.50  spathulenol
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.20gamma- terpinene
260.10alpha- terpineol
17trace  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
34trace  thymol
10.20  tricyclene
500.302- tridecanone
330.502- undecanone
310.60trans- verbenyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 667, (2000)
curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.20alpha- bergamotene
250.50beta- bisabolol
181.30  borneol
164.50iso borneol
21.70  camphene
911.20  camphor
140.20beta- caryophyllene
230.50  caryophyllene oxide
66.001,8- cineole
2111.20beta- curcumene
2228.10ar- curcumene
267.10  curzerenone
132.80beta- elemene
80.20delta- elemene
240.30  germacrone
50.40  limonene
100.40  linalool
40.20  myrcene
70.102- nonanone
10.40alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
190.60beta- selinene
200.50alpha- selinene
280.30  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
170.80alpha- terpineol
270.20  zerumbone
111.40  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 63, (2001)
curcuma longa root oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
81.40alpha- bergamotene
91.08  borneol
25.50  camphene
132.12  carvone
71.63beta- caryophyllene
54.05  citronellal
202.94  citronellyl valerate
32.16 cubebene
174.23ar- curcumene
41.15para- cymene
151.02  germacrene D
141.01  linalool
61.99  menthofuran
181.53  nerol
163.17beta-sesqui phellandrene
191.84  phellandrol
11.25alpha- pinene
120.96alpha- terpineol
1116.12 turmerone
1042.00ar- turmerone
211.14  xanthorrhizol

B. Gopalan, M. Goto, A. Kodama and T. Hirose, Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Turmeric (Curcuma longa). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2189-2192 (2000).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cymbopogon martini var. sofia oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.08iso amyl alcohol
90.08iso amyl butyrate
280.47iso amyl hexanoate
360.45iso amyl octanoate
30.06  camphene
170.07  camphor
253.05trans- carveol
230.68cis- carveol
293.20  carvone
380.04  caryophyllene oxide
110.13para- cresol
40.05 dehydro-1,8-cineole
210.28(E)- dihydrocarvone
340.10  eucarvone
300.04  geraniol
350.03  geranyl acetate
390.04  humulene oxide
830.09  limonene
160.16(Z)- limonene oxide
130.03  linalool
240.04para- menth-1-en-9-al
330.55para- menth-8-ene-1,2-diol
120.58para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
51.14para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
71.64para-mentha-1(7),2,8-triene
2712.14(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
1913.01(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
156.84(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
1411.09(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
262.63para- menthadienol
225.34para- menthadienol
201.70para-menthatrienol
180.076-methyl bicyclo(3.3.0)oct-2-en-7-one
400.03alpha- muurolol
370.09  nerolidol
100.02  octanol
320.21  perillaldehyde
20.02alpha- pinene
310.11iso piperitenone
60.02alpha- terpinene

M. H. Boelens, Sensory and chemical evaluation of tropical grass oils. Perfum. Flavor, 19(2), 29-45 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

cymbopogon nardus rendle oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.90  borneol
180.54  bornyl acetate
70.225-tert-butyl-1,3-cyclopentadiene
324.13delta- cadinene
240.33gamma- cadinene
20.28  camphene
80.56  camphor
221.65beta- caryophyllene
91.02  citronellal
131.65  citronellol
190.87  citronellyl propionate
330.48alpha- copaene
120.33  decanol
41.182,7- dimethyl-(4Z)-octen-2,7-diol
211.28  elemene
290.56  eudesmol
340.49beta- eudesmol
272.38  fenchone
160.91  geranial
1529.47  geraniol
208.79  geranyl formate
263.44  hedycaryol
351.26beta- himachalene
230.43alpha- humulene
28traceiso limonene
63.26  linalool
301.21 methanoazulene
250.89alpha- muurolene
31.45  myrcene
140.29  neral
50.35(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.32alpha- pinene
310.47delta- selinene
110.62alpha- terpineol
362.12  tetracosane
170.254- undecanone

J. O. Moody, S. A. Adeleye, M. G. Gundidza, G. Wyllie and O. Ajayi-Obe, Analysis of the essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle growing in Zimbabwe. Pharmazie, 50, 74-75 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

cypress leaf oil algetian
#%LeftshiftComponents
32trace  borneol
24trace-0.13  bornyl acetate
25traceiso bornyl acetate
360.20-0.76delta-cadinene + gamma-cadinene
44tracealpha- cadinol
45tracedelta- cadinol
40trace(Z)-alpha-calacorene
40.20-0.50  camphene
20trace  camphor
719.35-21.13delta-3- carene
38trace-0.08trans-carveol + (Z)-calamenene
260.14-0.35beta- caryophyllene
41trace  caryophyllene oxide
23trace-0.19alpha- cedrene
432.03-3.92  cedrol
19trace-0.06alpha- copaene
180.07-0.15alpha- cubebene
42trace  cubenol
39tracepara- cymen-8-ol
150.21-0.24para- cymene
480.10-0.28  dehydroabietane
30.73-0.81alpha- fenchene
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
30trace-0.23alpha- humulene
102.28-3.31  limonene
210.07-0.33  linalool
220.11-0.16  linalyl acetate
470.12-0.20  manoyl oxide
35trace-0.10alpha- muurolene
34trace-0.32gamma- muurolene
83.11-3.48 myrcene + alpha-phellandrene
28trace  myrtenal
37trace  myrtenol
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.43-0.54beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
247.00-52.76alpha- pinene
51.10-1.37beta- pinene
29tracetrans- pinocarveol
60.74-0.93  sabinene
460.26-0.95  sandracopimaradiene
270.35-1.01  terpinen-4-ol
90.22-0.26alpha- terpinene
140.41-0.51gamma- terpinene
16trace  terpinolene
334.10-6.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
310.42-1.03alpha- terpinyl formate
10.09-0.11  tricyclene
N. Chanegriha, A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Melklati, J. Favre-Bonvin and S. Alamercey, Chemical composition of Algetian cypress essential oil, J, Essent, Oil, Res., 5(6), 671-674 (1993). P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)
daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil. seed oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
34trace-1.38alpha- acoradiene
21trace-0.35  borneol
390.07-0.16gamma- cadinene
430.10-0.90alpha- cadinol
30.04-0.08  camphene
310.44-1.39beta- caryophyllene
410.18-1.01  caryophyllene oxide
30trace-0.32alpha- copaene
110.06-2.48para- cymene
440.74-1.37  eudesm-11-en-4-ol
380.04-0.30(E)-beta- farnesene
250.14-0.32  geranial
240.61-2.33  geraniol
2951.74-76.95  geranyl acetate
35trace-0.16beta- gurjunene
320.24-0.61alpha- humulene
33trace-0.50beta- ionone
120.70-1.18  limonene
183.97-5.18  linalool
170.05-0.13(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.20-1.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
80.02-0.03para-mentha-1(7),3,8-triene
4trace-0.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
42trace-1.37T- muurolol
70.52-0.81  myrcene
400.04-0.09  nerolidol
280.08-0.73  neryl acetate
14trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
9trace-0.02alpha- phellandrene
20.50-1.73alpha- pinene
60.16-1.66beta- pinene
54.42-11.13  sabinene
200.03-0.62(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.02-0.23(Z)- sabinene hydrate
370.16-0.66alpha- selinene
360.25-1.99beta- selinene
220.93-8.17  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-0.29alpha- terpinene
150.02-0.52gamma- terpinene
230.16-0.69alpha- terpineol
270.03-0.08alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.03-0.12alpha- thujene
26trace-0.35  thymol

M. Gil Pinilla, M. J. Pérez-Alonso and A. Velasco-Negueruela, Volatile constituents from fruits of Daucus carota L. gummifer Hook. fil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 433-435 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

dittrichia graveolens (l.) greuter oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.80allo- aromadendrene
560.70  borneol
66.80  bornyl acetate
120.50delta- cadinene
111.50gamma- cadinene
145.20T- cadinol
20.10  camphene
40.30  camphene hydrate
30.20  camphor
78.30beta- caryophyllene
134.30  caryophyllene oxide
80.60alpha- humulene
10.20alpha- pinene
101.60beta- selinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 507, (2000)
elyonurus muticus (sprengel) o.kuntze leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
311.50  camphene
717.90beta- caryophyllene
122.80 cedren-8-en-9alpha-ol
84.50(Z)-beta- farnesene
94.00alpha- humulene
50.20  limonene
44.50  myrcene
1326.8 not identified
20.90alpha- pinene
114..80(E)-sesqui sabinene hydrate
1018.60  spathulenol
10.50alpha- thujene
63.00(Z)- trimenal ((Z)-2,5,9-trimethyl-4,9-decadien-1-al)
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 298, (2000)
eucalyptus dalrympleana maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
97.40iso borneol
21.50  camphene
74.00alpha- campholenic aldehyde
519.301,8- cineole
87.60  citronellal
110.40  citronellol
63.10alpha- fenchyl alcohol
46.00  limonene
126.20alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
1012.10alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus delegatensis r. baker leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
134.10iso borneol
20.70  camphene
120.40alpha- campholenic aldehyde
160.40  carvacrol
726.401,8- cineole
110.80alpha- fenchyl alcohol
55.00  limonene
100.60  linalool
60.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.40alpha- phellandrene
128.30alpha- pinene
30.50beta- pinene
818.00gamma- terpinene
148.30alpha- terpineol
91.60  terpinolene
150.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan
Saeed and Sabir (1997) screened eucalyptus oil for their antimicrobial characteristics. As part of their study, the authors reported that a pakistani e. globulus oil contained the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.20  borneol
30.40  camphene
1616.70beta- caryophyllene
723.601,8- cineole
1013.60  citronellol
118.60  cryptone
170.10beta- cubebene
1trace  cumene
60.60para- cymene
181.90  linalool oxide
131.80  linalyl acetate
150.60alpha- phellandrene
193.60beta- phellandrene
20.30alpha- pinene
40.40beta- pinene
140.20iso pulegol
51.20gamma- terpinene
92.90alpha- terpineol
120.50  terpinolene

M. A. Saeed and A. W. Sabir, Antimicrobial studies of the constituents of Pakistani Eucalyptus oils. J. Fac. Pharm. Gazi, 12(2), 129-140 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda
Also in 1997, Chalchat et al. (1997) examined the com position of a lab-distilled oil of E. globulus leaves produced from trees found in Rwanda using CC/MS. The composition of the oil was found to be as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.10allo- aromadendrene
40.04  camphene
310.03trans- carveol
240.03beta- caryophyllene
1171.201,8- cineole
190.03alpha- cubebene
320.07para- cymen-8-ol
158.23para- cymene
180.05alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
390.05alpha- eudesmol
400.11beta- eudesmol
370.01gamma- eudesmol
30.01alpha- fenchene
350.11  globulol
340.04epi- globulol
200.02alpha- gurjunene
230.06beta- gurjunene
120.13(E)-2- hexenal
170.18(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
103.10  limonene
22trace  linalool
300.05(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
330.03(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
80.09  myrcene
130.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.01alpha- phellandrene
16.23alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
270.20trans- pinocarveol
210.04  pinocarvone
60.02  sabinene
251.46  terpinen-4-ol
90.02alpha- terpinene
143.20gamma- terpinene
280.11alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
293.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.03alpha- thujene
38trace  thymol
360.03  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, A. Muhayimana, J. B. Habimana and J. L. Chabard, Aromatic plants of Rwanda II. Chemical composition of essential oils of ten Eucalpytus species growing in Ruhande Arboretum Butare, Rwanda. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 159-165 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus grandis w. hill ex maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.70allo- aromadendrene
20.80  camphene
62.701,8- cineole
90.60alpha- fenchyl alcohol
142.10  globulol
45.60  limonene
50.20beta- phellandrene
144.70alpha- pinene
330.50beta- pinene
130.50  spathulenol
100.90  terpinen-4-ol
70.30gamma- terpinene
115.40alpha- terpineol
80.80  terpinolene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus tereticornis smith leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.50  camphene
742.701,8- cineole
57.30  limonene
43.80alpha- phellandrene
61.10beta- phellandrene
124.40alpha- pinene
33.50beta- pinene
122.30  spathulenol
94.00  terpinen-4-ol
81.00gamma- terpinene
106.30alpha- terpineol
111.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
131.20iso borneol
150.20iso bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
171.10beta- caryophyllene
190.20  caryophyllene oxide
834.501,8- cineole
120.70alpha- fenchyl alcohol
200.50  globulol
59.80  limonene
110.20  linalool
76.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.60alpha- phellandrene
60.20beta- phellandrene
113.30alpha- pinene
39.10beta- pinene
180.50  spathulenol
90.20gamma- terpinene
145.60alpha- terpineol
100.50  terpinolene
1611.60alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
ferula cupularis flower oil
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
1294.24  bornyl acetate
1510.04gamma- cadinene
1002.60  camphene
1035.21delta-3- carene
10015.81delta-2- carene
1350.09  citronellyl acetate
1040.05ortho- cymene
1055.21meta- cymene
1250.53endo- fenchyl acetate
1480.27  germacrene D
10725.04DL- limonene
1151.85L- linalool
1242.75para- menth-1-en-9-ol
1230.27para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
1024.47beta- myrcene
1091.72(Z)-beta- ocimene
1190.91allo- ocimene
1036.89beta- phellandrene
1270.21alpha- phellandrene epoxide
1012.20beta- pinene
1017.96  sabinene
1160.48(E)- sabinene hydrate
1120.22(Z)- sabinene hydrate
1030.71alpha- terpinene
1112.19gamma- terpinene
1145.61a- terpinolene
9401.22alpha- thujene
1210.09(E)- verbenol
1210.70(Z)- verbenol
1280.03cis- verbenyl acetate
Ziba Alipour, Poroshat Taheri, and Nasrin Samadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, 2Department of Chemistry, School of Art & Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United State, and 3Department of Drug and Food Control, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
ferula cupularis leaf oil
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
1630.37  bicyclogermacrene
1536.55  bornyl angelate
1640.31delta- cadinene
1062.69  camphene
1002.90delta-2- carene
1600.17  caryophyllene oxide
1512.63  citronellyl butyrate
1082.37  decane
1305.02  dihydrolinalool acetate
1340.13trans-dimethoxycitral
1701.66beta- eudesmol
1571.87  eugenyl acetate
1610.11  geranyl butyrate
1680.21  guaiol
1155.78trans-isolimonene
1390.20para- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
1134.05para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
9930.22beta- myrcene
1230.14  neral
1166.08allo- ocimene
1049.05beta- ocimene
1172.68neo-allo-ocimene
1361.65  octadecanal
1310.773- octen-1-yl acetate
2140.72  osthol
1092.36alpha- phellandrene
1104.18beta- phellandrene
10713.87beta- pinene
1220.62(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
1651.13  spathulenol
1203.45  terpinen-4-ol
1111.25alpha- terpinene
1463.70alpha- terpinyl isobutyrate
1190.363-thujenol
1411.39neo-iso- verbenyl acetate
Ziba Alipour, Poroshat Taheri, and Nasrin Samadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, 2Department of Chemistry, School of Art & Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United State, and 3Department of Drug and Food Control, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
fir needle oil siberian
#%LeftshiftComponents
171.66  borneol
1830.96  bornyl acetate
424.27  camphene
160.05  camphor
812.23delta-3- carene
200.59beta- caryophyllene
100.15para- cymene
190.17  geranyl acetate
210.33alpha- humulene
124.08  limonene
60.69  myrcene
70.12alpha- phellandrene
112.47beta- phellandrene
313.74alpha- pinene
51.57beta- pinene
12.52  santene
150.14  terpinen-4-ol
90.10alpha- terpinene
130.14gamma- terpinene
141.12  terpinolene
22.38  tricyclene

A. Orav, K. Kuningas and T. Kailas, Computerized capillary gas chromatographic identification and determination of Siberian fir oil constituents. J. Chromatogr., A, 697, 495-499 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. flower oil lithuania
#%LeftshiftComponents
1752.65(E)- anethole
160.29para- anisaldehyde
190.15beta- bisabolene
200.12delta- cadinene
20.13  camphene
140.21  camphor
71.21para- cymene
1215.59  fenchone
180.33  germacrene D
910.31  limonene
152.73  methyl chavicol
51.25  myrcene
100.77(Z)-beta- ocimene
66.15alpha- phellandrene
80.82beta- phellandrene
14.08alpha- pinene
40.33beta- pinene
30.22  sabinene
110.81gamma- terpinene
130.10  terpinolene

P. R. Venskutonis, A. Dapkevicius and T. A. van Beek, Essential oils of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill,) from Lithuania. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 211-213 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

frankincense oil somalia
#%LeftshiftComponents
221.10  bornyl acetate
30.70  camphene
301.40  cembrene
291.80iso cembrene
111.601,8- cineole
23trace  citronellyl acetate
90.50para- cymene
180.40  decanol
270.30  decyl acetate
250.30  geranyl acetate
80.10  hexyl acetate
260.10  hexyl hexanoate
280.20  hexyl octanoate
322.70 incensol
310.80isoincensol
101.70  limonene
172.00  linalool
60.20  myrcene
24trace  neryl acetate
131.30(E)-beta- ocimene
120.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
1412.70  octanol
2160.00  octyl acetate
23.50alpha- pinene
50.40beta- pinene
40.30  sabinene
190.20  terpinen-4-ol
7tracealpha- terpinene
160.10gamma- terpinene
200.10alpha- terpineol
150.10  terpinolene
11.40alpha- thujene

S. M. Abdel Wahab, E. A. Aboutabl, S. M. El-Zalabani, H. A. Fouad, H. L. De Pooter and B. El-Fallaba, The essential oil of olibanum. Planta Med., 382-384 (1987).

P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)

heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
582.50(E)- anethole
870.10  angelicin
54<0.10para- anisaldehyde
860.10para-anisyl 2-methyl butyrate
91<0.10para- anisyl hexanoate
70<0.10 benzyl 2-methyl butyrate + phenethyl isobutyrate
88<0.10  benzyl benzoate
65<0.10  benzyl butyrate
830.10  benzyl hexanoate
59<0.10  benzyl isobutyrate
93<0.10  bergapten
300.20  butyl 2-methyl butyrate
190.102- butyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.30iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
310.10  butyl 3-methyl butyrate
230.10iso butyl 3-methyl butyrate
200.20  butyl butyrate
130.20iso butyl butyrate
48<0.10iso butyl hexanoate
120.20  butyl isobutyrate
90.20iso butyl isobutyrate
44<0.10  butyl senecioate
36<0.10iso butyl senecioate
14<0.10  camphene
62<0.01  carvacrol
27<0.101,8- cineole
260.20para- cymene
520.90  decanal
490.20(Z)-4- decenal
740.20  decyl acetate
73<0.10  dodecanal
89<0.10  geranyl hexanoate
67<0.10  heptyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.10  heptyl acetate
61<0.10  heptyl butyrate
81<0.10  heptyl octanoate
2<0.10  hexanal
6<0.10  hexanol
553.20  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
560.60 hexyl 3-methyl butyrate + (Z)-anethole
241.30  hexyl acetate
5017.00  hexyl butyrate
715.20  hexyl hexanoate
472.40  hexyl isobutyrate
60<0.10 hexyl pentanoate + (Z)-4-octen-1-yl propionate
400.40  hexyl propionate
28<0.10  limonene
390.40  linalool
410.102- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
42<0.012- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
32<0.103- methyl butyl butyrate
330.402-methyl butyl butyrate + (Z)-4-octen-1-ol
570.102- methyl butyl hexanoate
250.102- methyl butyl isobutyrate
16<0.102- methyl butyl propionate
45<0.01  methyl octanoate
820.10  myristicin
38<0.10  nonanal
64<0.10  nonyl acetate
211.00  octanal
350.30  octanol
750.20(Z)-4-octen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrate
760.10(Z)-4-octen-1-yl 3-methyl butyrate + phenethyl butyate
515.60(Z)-4- octen-1-yl acetate
690.60(Z)-4-octen-1-yl butyrate
840.50(Z)-4-octen-1-yl hexanoate
660.10(Z)-4-octen-1-yl isobutyrate
90<0.10(Z)-4-octen-1-yl octanoate
790.30(Z)-4-octen-1-yl pentanoate
772.20  octyl 2-methyl butyrate
780.20  octyl 3-methyl butyrate
5331.50  octyl acetate
723.20  octyl butyrate
46<0.01  octyl formate
8510.20  octyl hexanoate
681.30  octyl isobutyrate
920.10  octyl octanoate
630.20  octyl propionate
800.202- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
100.10alpha- pinene
18<0.10beta- pinene
1<0.10  prenol
37<0.10  prenyl butyrate
70.50iso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
11<0.10  propyl 3-methyl butyrate
80.40iso propyl 3-methyl butyrate
4<0.10iso propyl butyrate
29<0.01iso propyl hexanoate
5<0.10  propyl isobutyrate
30.20iso propyl isobutyrate
150.10isopropyl senecioate
17<0.10  sabinene
340.30gamma- terpinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 385, (2000)
hyacinthus orientalis absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.21-0.27  benzaldehyde
4736..84-44.24  benzyl acetate
521.78-1.95  benzyl alcohol
732.94-3.06  benzyl benzoate
630.80-0.13  benzyl tiglate
33trace2-sec- butyl-3-methoxypyrazine
35trace2-iso butyl-3-methoxypyrazine
20.01-0.05  camphene
390.02beta- caryophyllene
110.011,8- cineole
59trace  cinnamaldehyde
650.21-0.32  cinnamyl acetate
703.46-4.04(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
67trace(Z)- cinnamyl alcohol
560.02-0.04  creosol
170.05-0.56para- cymene
320.01-0.02  decanal
680.29-0.32  elemicin
440.05-0.09  ethyl benzoate
661.57-1.68  eugenol
420.00-trace(E)-beta- farnesene
46trace-0.03(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
30.02  hexanal
230.03-0.04  hexanol
250.76-2.66(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.02(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
240.03-0.08(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
210.02-0.05(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
64trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
310.00-0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
150.04-0.19(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl formate
430.32-0.48(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
16trace-0.01  hexyl acetate
483.80-3.94 hydroquinone dimethyl ether + (E,E)-alpha-farnesene
720.05-0.08  indole
90.53-1.00  limonene
360.03  linalool
710.00-trace2-(4- methoxyphenyl) ethyl alcohol
40.012- methyl (E)-2-butenal
600.01-0.10  methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
270.01-0.024- methyl anisole
690.02-0.03  methyl anthranilate
400.09-0.10  methyl benzoate
571.12-1.40  methyl eugenol
62trace  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
490.04-0.07  methyl salicylate
220.01-0.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
71.80-2.05  myrcene
260.01-0.03  nonanal
1313.72-14.93(E)-beta- ocimene
120.75-1.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
190.02-0.05  octanal
370.04  octanol
140.02-0.033- octanone
300.66-1.301- octen-3-ol
200.011- octen-3-one
60.01-0.021- penten-3-ol
8trace-0.01alpha- phellandrene
100.01beta- phellandrene
511.62-2.482- phenethyl acetate
538.96-16.392- phenethyl alcohol
740.40-0.532- phenethyl benzoate
50trace2- phenethyl formate
410.02-0.05  phenyl acetaldehyde
550.05-0.063- phenyl propyl acetate
580.81-0.863- phenyl propyl alcohol
10.08-0.16alpha- picoline
50.05-0.06gamma-picoline
29trace2-iso propyl-3-methoxypyrazine
450.00-0.04alpha- terpineol
180.01  terpinolene
611.12-1.261,2,4- trimethoxybenzene
380.16-0.172- undecanone
E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Head-space analysis of hyacinth flowers Fla.. Fragr J., 9, 56-69 (1994). P&F 20, No. 6, 35, (1995)
hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.70beta- bisabolenol
190.70  borneol
56.60  camphene
17tracealpha- campholenal
231.40 cedren-13-ol acetate
100.60para- cymene
160.70alpha- fenchol
1112.10  limonene
150.80  linalool
13trace  linalool oxide
70.40  myrcene
21trace  myrtenol
22.80  nonane
8tracealpha- phellandrene
434.70alpha- pinene
632.10beta- pinene
18tracetrans- pinocarveol
90.20alpha- terpinene
120.60gamma- terpinene
200.70alpha- terpineol
141.60  terpinolene
3trace  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 43, (2001)
hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
12trace-0.10  amyl 2-methyl butyrate
25trace-0.10  aromadendrene
200.10-0.20beta- bourbonene
3trace-0.10  camphene
190.10-0.20 campholenol
35trace-0.10trans- carveol
2323.50-27.20beta- caryophyllene
360.10-0.20iso caryophyllene oxide
373.80-6.30  caryophyllene oxide
93.90-6.201,8- cineole
18trace-0.20beta- cubebene
380.10-0.201-epi- cubenol
110.20-0.30para- cymene
340.10-0.20beta- elemene
26trace-0.30gamma- elemene
390.10-0.20  elemol
310.10-0.20  geranial
323.00-3.80  germacrene D
14trace-0.103- hexen-1-ol
81.70-3.00  limonene
13trace-0.10  limonene oxide
22trace-0.20  linalool
21trace-0.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.10-0.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
330.10-0.20para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
30trace-0.10(E)-para-mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
60.10-0.40  myrcene
240.20-0.60  myrtenol
283.00-3.40  neral
160.20-0.403- octen-1-ol
15trace-0.203- octanol
16.00-14.00alpha- pinene
46.70-13.40beta- pinene
270.10-0.30  pinocarveol
51.90-4.70  sabinene
400.20-0.50  spathulenol
70.30-0.40alpha- terpinene
10trace-0.20gamma- terpinene
290.20-0.40alpha- terpineol
20.10-0.20alpha- thujene
hyssopus officinalis oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.1allo- aromadendrene
235.8  bicyclogermacrene
320.4T- cadinol
30.1  camphene
174.2beta- caryophyllene
242.5iso caryophyllene
260.11-(1,4- dimethyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl) ethanone
2216.0  germacrene D
131.2alpha- gurjunene
292.3  hedycaryol
270.5  ledol
70.1  limonene
150.3  linalool
210.5  methyl chavicol
280.4  methyl eugenol
200.4  methyl myrtenate
60.2  myrcene
253.2  myrtenol
90.7  myrtenyl methyl ether
80.7beta- phellandrene
2tracealpha- pinene
42.2beta- pinene
1212.0  pinocamphone
1416.5iso pinocamphone
191.0trans- pinocarveol
1620.3  pinocarvone
50.2  sabinene
300.1beta- selinenol
314.7  spathulenol
1tracealpha- thujene
100.1alpha- thujone
11tracebeta- thujone

K. Kerrola B. Galambosi and H. Kallio, Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.). J. Agric. Focal Chem., 42, 776-781(1994).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

illicium verum fruit oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
2387.89(E)- anethole
210.20(Z)- anethole
220.28para- anisaldehyde
250.06  anise ketone
340.16allo- aromadendrene
310.14beta- bergamotene
350.22beta- bisabolene
160.04  borneol
150.05iso borneol
20.03  camphene
140.02  camphor
70.58delta-3- carene
290.35beta- caryophyllene
280.31iso caryophyllene
100.201,8- cineole
260.10alpha- copaene
80.29para- cymene
270.04beta- elemene
300.50gamma- elemene
390.05  elemol
330.42(E)-beta- farnesene
380.03  farnesol
360.89  foeniculin
92.38  limonene
130.73  linalool
190.57  methyl chavicol
320.32  methyl isoeugenol
50.41  myrcene
370.12  nerolidol
60.39alpha- phellandrene
120.03beta- phellandrene
10.49alpha- pinene
40.03beta- pinene
240.194-iso propyl tropolone
30.03  sabinene
200.14  safrole
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
180.28alpha- terpineol

L-F. Sun, Studies on the Chemical constituents of the volatile oil of Illicium verum Hook. f grown in Shangyou. Youji Huaxue, 10, 183-186 (1990).

P&F 17, No. 2, 39, (1992)

juniperus communis branch oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.20alpha- bisabolol
180.15  bornyl acetate
302.60delta- cadinene
30.20  camphene
80.60delta-3- carene
310.20  caryophyllene oxide
330.10  cedranone
340.40  cedranone
243.00beta-cedrene + beta-caryophyllene
232.70alpha-cedrene + unknown
322.60  cedrol
210.30alpha- copaene
200.50alpha- cubebene
295.20  cuparene
100.90para- cymene
140.15alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
280.70  germacrene D
261.00alpha- humulene
112.00  limonene
220.50iso longifolene
61.80  myrcene
12<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
70.30alpha- phellandrene
218.70alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
45.00  sabinene
162.00  terpinen-4-ol
91.10alpha- terpinene
131.80gamma- terpinene
170.20alpha- terpineol
151.00  terpinolene
190.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.30alpha- thujene
2525.30  thujopsene
271.20alpha- ylangene

J. P. Bats, J. J. Moulines, G. Bourgeois, C. Vacchiano, D. Coutiere and J. F. Armudo, Chemical composition of an industrial essential oil from Juniper branches (Junipmus communis L.). Proceedings 11th Intl, Congress of Essential Oils, Fragances and Flavors, Edits., S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, vol. 4,37-41, Oxford and IBTT Publ. Co., New Delhi ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

juniperus communis fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.60  aromadendrene
170.40  bornyl acetate
272.50alpha- cadinene
260.80gamma- cadinene
290.80alpha- cadinol
30.30  camphene
130.20  campholenic aldehyde
70.10delta-4-carene
202.70  caryophyllene
300.40alpha- copaene
180.90alpha- cubebene
90.20para- cymene
191.10beta- elemene
282.90gamma- elemene
2210.50beta- farnesene
212.20alpha- humulene
103.10  limonene
2310.50alpha- muurolene
251.60gamma- muurolene
611.00  myrcene
233.60alpha- pinene
42.50beta- pinene
47.60  sabinene
110.90  sabinene hydrate
142.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.50alpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
121.00  terpinolene
10.70alpha- thujene
160.20  valeranone

G. Bonaga and G. C. Galletti, Analysis of volatile components in juniper oil by high resolution gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography / mass spectrometry, Ann. Chimica, 75, 131-136 (1985).

P&F 12, No. 6, 59, (1987)

juniperus communis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40  bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
200.60beta- caryophyllene
94.001,4- cineole
113.60para- cymene
13<0.10  limonene oxide
14<0.10  linalool
16<0.10  linalyl acetate
30.10para- menthane
65.50  myrcene
21<0.10  nerol
220.30  neryl acetate
71.30alpha- phellandrene
103.30beta- phellandrene
133.70alpha- pinene
41.10beta- pinene
527.60  sabinene
154.60  terpinen-4-ol
81.90alpha- terpinene
123.00gamma- terpinene
180.20alpha- terpineol
19<0.10alpha- terpinyl acetate

H. Horster, C. Csedo and G. Racz, Gas chromatographic analysis of the volatile oil from juniper leaves (Juniperus communis L. ) harvsted in Romania, Orvosi Szemle. 20, 78-62 (1974); Revista Medicula, 20, 79-83 (1974).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

juniperus sabina oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.10  cadinene
30.10  camphene
100.201,8- cineole
190.20  citronellol
130.20para- cymene
200.20  elemol
81.50  limonene
53.40  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
90.20beta- phellandrene
11.60alpha- pinene
423.50  sabinene
170.30(Z)- sabinol
1645.50(Z)- sabinyl acetate
153.10  terpinen-4-ol
70.50alpha- terpinene
111.30gamma- terpinene
120.80  terpinolene
20.90alpha- thujene
141.10beta- thujone

G. Fournier, N. Pages, C. Fournier and G. Callen, Contribution to the study of the essential oil of various cultivars of ]uniperus sabina. Planta Med., 57, 392-393 (1991).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

laurus nobilis bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.3  camphene
150.7beta- caryophyllene
937.71,8- cineole
110.5para- cymene
191.7  eugenol
71.8  limonene
136.6  linalool
183.1  methyl eugenol
51.0  myrcene
60.2alpha- phellandrene
80.6beta- phellandrene
14.0alpha- pinene
34.3beta- pinene
47.6  sabinene
146.8  terpinen-4-ol
100.3gamma- terpinene
160.3alpha- terpineol
120.2  terpinolene
1717.3alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. A. Kekelidze, Essential oils of the bark, wood and stem of Laurus nobilis. Khim, Prir. Soedin., (3), 457-459 (1987).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.7  camphene
818.51,8- cineole
101.4para- cymene
71.4  limonene
114.0  linalool
142.1  methyl eugenol
60.7  myrcene
22.1alpha- pinene
43.4beta- pinene
53.4  sabinene
1226.8  terpinen-4-ol
90.8gamma- terpinene
1318.2alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.3alpha- thujene

W. G. Pruidze, S. G. Tukvadze and N. A. Kekelidze, The change in essential oil composition on storage of the leaves of Laurus nobilis. Tr. Gruz. Nauch-Issled. Inst. Pishch. Prom., (5), 151-155 (1971).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.8  camphene
932.71,8- cineole
103.8para- cymene
152.6  eugenol
72.0  limonene
114.9  linalool
143.8  methyl eugenol
51.8  myrcene
60.5alpha- phellandrene
80.9beta- phellandrene
15.8alpha- pinene
35.4beta- pinene
48.8  sabinene
125.7  terpinen-4-ol
1316.8alpha- terpinyl acetate

W. G. Pruidze, S. G. Tukvadze and N. A. Kekelidze, The change in essential oil composition on storage of the leaves of Laurus nobilis. Tr. Gruz. Nauch-Issled. Inst. Pishch. Prom., (5), 151-155 (1971).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
210.201,8-epoxy-2-para-menthene
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1410.20laevo-junenol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
480.10(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
430.10isopinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
laurus nobilis stem oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.2  camphene
150.4beta- caryophyllene
932.81,8- cineole
110.4para- cymene
192.2  eugenol
71.5  limonene
136.6  linalool
183.2  methyl eugenol
50.8  myrcene
60.1alpha- phellandrene
80.4beta- phellandrene
13.5alpha- pinene
33.6beta- pinene
48.7  sabinene
147.0  terpinen-4-ol
100.2gamma- terpinene
160.5alpha- terpineol
120.1  terpinolene
1720.5alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. A. Kekelidze, Production of Laurus nobilis leaf oil from fresh material. Maslo-Zhir. Prom., (10), 28 (1985).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.1  camphene
150.7beta- caryophyllene
97.91,8- cineole
110.1para- cymene
195.0  eugenol
70.1  limonene
136.2  linalool
183.8  methyl eugenol
50.2  myrcene
60.1alpha- phellandrene
80.1beta- phellandrene
11.0alpha- pinene
30.3beta- pinene
415.3  sabinene
148.4  terpinen-4-ol
100.1gamma- terpinene
161.9alpha- terpineol
120.1  terpinolene
1744.8alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. A. Kekelidze, Production of Laurus nobilis leaf oil from fresh material. Maslo-Zhir. Prom., (10), 28 (1985).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

lavandin grosso oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1trace  acetone
46tracebeta- bergamotene
620.10  bisabolene
780.40beta- bisabolol
592.89  borneol
490.24  bornyl acetate
180.04  butyl butyrate
100.01  butyl isobutyrate
350.10  butyl tiglate
660.25gamma- cadinene
770.20T- cadinol
70.33  camphene
4312.16  camphor
110.05delta-3- carene
64trace  carvone
522.73beta- caryophyllene
750.12beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1710.221,8- cineole
76trace  cubenol
680.02  cuminaldehyde
710.02para- cymen-8-ol
250.16para- cymene
690.03  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.12beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.08iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
700.23  geraniol
631.19  geranyl acetate
601.06  germacrene D
300.02  hexanol
19trace2- hexenal
380.05  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.17  hexyl acetate
340.28  hexyl butyrate
290.04  hexyl isobutyrate
280.02  hexyl propionate
530.13  hexyl tiglate
560.17alpha- humulene
550.84  lavandulol
502.27  lavandulyl acetate
730.02  lavandulyl butyrate
74trace lavandulyl epoxide
160.93  limonene
4422.53  linalool
410.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.16(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
65trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4526.18  linalyl acetate
72trace  linalyl hexanoate
20.05  methoxyhexane
150.145- methyl-3-heptanone
121.50  myrcene
670.05  nerol
610.13  neryl acetate
220.52(E)-beta- ocimene
201.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
27trace  octanal
230.043- octanone
360.121- octen-3-ol
310.261- octen-3-yl acetate
42trace  octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.61alpha- pinene
80.44beta- pinene
480.19  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
90.14  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.21alpha- santalene
513.34  terpinen-4-ol
140.05alpha- terpinene
210.40gamma- terpinene
571.18alpha- terpineol
580.43gamma- terpineol
260.26  terpinolene
50.12alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil abrialis
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetone
460.39beta- bergamotene
620.05  bisabolene
740.24beta- bisabolol
593.65  borneol
170.03  butyl butyrate
10trace  butyl isobutyrate
350.15  butyl tiglate
650.30gamma- cadinene
730.21T- cadinol
70.55  camphene
42trace  camphenilone
4312.20  camphor
110.13delta-3- carene
506.03beta- caryophyllene
710.11beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1610.281,8- cineole
570.05  cryptone
72trace  cubebol
690.05para- cymen-8-ol
230.22para- cymene
670.09  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.09beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.09iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
680.10  geraniol
631.22  geranyl acetate
601.20  germacrene D
290.05  hexanol
380.12  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.24  hexyl acetate
340.30  hexyl butyrate
280.14  hexyl isobutyrate
270.06  hexyl propionate
510.19  hexyl tiglate
70trace  hotrienol
560.43alpha- humulene
550.55  lavandulol
482.64  lavandulyl acetate
151.50  limonene
4419.59  linalool
410.11(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
640.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4518.58  linalyl acetate
20.06  methoxyhexane
121.24  myrcene
66trace  nerol
610.20  neryl acetate
204.22(E)-beta- ocimene
182.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
25trace  octanal
31trace3- octanol
210.143- octanone
360.331- octen-3-ol
300.491- octen-3-yl acetate
26trace3- octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.89alpha- pinene
80.87beta- pinene
90.38  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.67alpha- santalene
52tracebeta- santalene
491.23  terpinen-4-ol
140.09alpha- terpinene
190.26gamma- terpinene
580.98alpha- terpineol
240.48  terpinolene
50.07alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene
530.135,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.13  benzaldehyde
191.94  benzyl benzoate
120.89  borneol
21.04  camphene
102.39  camphor
160.12  carvone
180.25  geranyl acetate
70.10  hexyl acetate
85.55  linalool
179.15  linalyl acetate
90.29para- menth-3-en-1-ol
1133.79iso nonyl acetate
61.182- octanone
17.91alpha- pinene
50.67beta- pinene
40.28  sabinene
140.10  terpinen-4-ol
159.09alpha- terpineol
130.45beta- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang. Aromatic plants and essential constituents (Supplement 1). South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science, Hai Feng Publ. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

lavandula angustifolia flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.20  borneol
 0.20  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 1.15  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.14  caryophyllene oxide
 3.951,8- cineole
 0.19  coumarin
 0.13para- cymene
 0.68  ethyl amyl ketone
 1.92(E)-beta- farnesene
 4.55  geraniol
 0.08  geranyl acetate
 0.07  hexanol
 2.87  lavandulol
 1.28  limonene
 58.86  linalool
 0.61(E)- linalool oxide
 0.76(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.11  linalyl acetate
 0.07  myrcene
 1.44  nerol
 0.20  neryl acetate
 0.313- octanol
 0.25beta- pinene
 0.06alpha- santalene
 6.68  terpinen-4-ol
 6.06alpha- terpineol
 0.05  terpinolene
lavandula angustifolia herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.15(E)- anethole
181.85  borneol
20.76  camphene
123.67  camphor
50.11delta-3- carene
162.67beta- caryophyllene
84.311,8- cineole
101.06para- cymene
200.44  geraniol
72.06  limonene
1344.44  linalool
1422.04  linalyl acetate
60.29  myrcene
110.48(E)-beta- ocimene
91.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.68beta- pinene
40.13  sabinene
155.39  terpinen-4-ol
171.22alpha- terpineol
11.53alpha- thujene

T. Bernard, F. Perineau, M. Delmas and A. Gaset, Extraction of essential oils. Part III. Two-stoge production of the oil of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 261.267 (1989).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

lavandula angustifolia herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
50trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
292.76 borneol + linalool oxide pyranoid
380.06  bornyl acetate
70.18  butyl isobutyrate
59trace  cadalene
530.56gamma- cadinene
580.99T- cadinol
40.13  camphene
260.59  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
491.08beta- caryophyllene
563.74  caryophyllene oxide
480.05alpha- cedrene
123.321,8- cineole
430.22  citronellyl acetate
46tracealpha- copaene
110.33para- cymene
19tracepara- cymenene
42tracedelta- elemene
510.97(Z)-beta- farnesene
60trace(Z,E)- farnesol
36trace  geraniol
451.95  geranyl acetate
520.14  germacrene D
570.10  hexadecane
91.96  hexyl acetate
320.25  hexyl butyrate
280.12 hexyl isobutyrate + pinocarvone
405.46  lavandulyl acetate
130.59  limonene
2220.98  linalool
201.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
182.44(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
3726.54  linalyl acetate
410.12  linalyl propionate
35trace  methyl thymol
81.08  myrcene
341.02 nerol + citronellol + carvone
550.08(E)- nerolidol
54trace(Z)- nerolidol
441.02  neryl acetate
151.15(E)-beta- ocimene
140.86(Z)-beta- ocimene
61trace  octadecane
250.093- octen-1-yl acetate
231.341- octen-3-yl acetate
330.12  octyl acetate
30.14alpha- pinene
60.51beta-pinene + 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.07cis- pinene hydrate
270.16trans- pinocarveol
50.05  sabinene
170.11(E)- sabinene hydrate
301.52  terpinen-4-ol
160.07gamma- terpinene
314.34alpha- terpineol
210.29  terpinolene
47trace  tetradecane
2tracealpha- thujene
39trace  thymol
1trace  tricyclene

P. R. Venskutonis, A. Dapkevicies and M. Baranauskiene, Composition of the essential oil of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) from Lithuania. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 107-110 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia herb oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
195.50  camphor
60.04delta-3- carene
242.15beta- caryophyllene
310.15  caryophyllene oxide
913.101,8- cineole
130.09para- cymene
300.45  geranyl acetate
280.80  germacrene D
260.25alpha- humulene
253.09  lavandulol
2316.01  lavandulyl acetate
80.25  limonene
2020.18  linalool
180.06(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2118.60  linalyl acetate
70.45  myrcene
290.87  neryl acetate
122.84(E)-beta- ocimene
103.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.083- octanol
170.531- octen-3-ol
20.58alpha- pinene
40.25beta- pinene
50.08  sabinene
221.05  terpinen-4-ol
110.07gamma- terpinene
271.29alpha-terpineol + borneol
140.09  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene

K. Adam, A. Sivropoulou, S. Kokkini, T. Lanaras and M. Arsenakis, Antifungal activities of Origanum vulgare subsp. hiritum, Mentha spicata, Lavandula angustifolia and Salvia fruticosa essential oils against human pathogenic fungi. J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1739-1745 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
331.02  aromadendrene
310.19  bergamotene
362.09alpha- bisabolol
192.30  borneol
40.22  camphene
187.90  camphor
301.86beta- caryophyllene
115.831,8- cineole
100.14ortho- cymene
273.083,7- dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl acetate
322.23(Z)-beta- farnesene
25trace  geraniol
290.71  geranyl acetate
90.15  hexyl acetate
230.35  hexyl butyrate
200.31  lavandulol
1725.29  linalool
160.91(E)- linalool oxide
150.83(Z)- linalool oxide
2634.69  linalyl acetate
140.30para-menth-2-en-1-ol
10.722- methyl cyclopentanol
340.84gamma- muurolene
350.54alpha- muurolol
81.19  myrcene
24trace  nerol
280.33  neryl acetate
130.72(E)-beta- ocimene
120.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
6trace1- octen-3-ol
30.27alpha- pinene
70.21beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
213.79  terpinen-4-ol
220.46alpha- terpineol
2tracealpha- thujene

E. Reverchon, G. Della Ports and F. Senatore, Supercritical CO2 extraction and fractionation of lavender essential oil and waxes. J, Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1654-1658 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

lavandula hydrida flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.35  borneol
 0.09  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 0.81  camphor
 0.10  caryophyllene
 1.571,8- cineole
 0.08  coumarin
 0.10  cryptone
 0.10(Z)-ortho-cymene
 0.08  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.17(E)-beta- farnesene
 5.25  geraniol
 0.10  geranyl acetate
 0.10  hexanol
 1.36  lavandulol
 0.57  limonene
 68.49  linalool
 0.64(E)- linalool oxide
 0.80(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.12  linalyl acetate
 0.09  myrcene
 1.69  nerol
 0.06  neryl acetate
 0.063- octanol
 0.10beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- santalene
 4.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05gamma- terpinene
 8.98alpha- terpineol
lavandula latifolia herb oil spain
In 1996, Guillen et a!. analyzed an oil of spike lavender produced from plants cultivated in northeastern Spain. The components identified in this oil on using GC and GC/ MS as the analytical procedures were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.11  bergamotene
390.13  bergamotene
430.22  bergamotene
500.24beta- bisabolene
560.23alpha- bisabolol
550.02alpha-bisabolol oxide
171.13  borneol
300.10  bornyl acetate
260.11  bornyl formate
350.17iso bornyl isovalerate
370.19beta- bourbonene
420.01beta- cadinene
510.12gamma- cadinene
540.08T- cadinol
50.56  camphene
1513.60  camphor
410.47beta- caryophyllene
521.59  caryophyllene oxide
1031.311,8- cineole
380.02beta- cubebene
490.01ar- curcumene
190.07  epoxylinalool
450.03  farnesene
470.06  farnesene
460.11  farnesene
530.03  farnesol
480.08  germacrene A
250.05 hexen-1-yl butyrate
270.42  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.37  hexyl butyrate
330.03  hexyl hexanoate
230.15  hexyl isobutyrate
320.10  hexyl tiglate
280.19  hexyl valerate
440.30alpha- humulene
1436.94  linalool
130.05(E)- linalool oxide
120.77(Z)- linalool oxide
290.10  linalyl acetate
340.03  linalyl butyrate
70.15  myrcene
310.02  neryl acetate
31.11alpha- pinene
41.48beta- pinene
160.04  pinocamphone
60.47  sabinene
110.61(Z)- sabinene hydrate
180.19  terpinen-4-ol
80.33alpha- terpinene
210.79alpha- terpineol
90.69  terpinolene
20.02alpha- thujene
10.05  tricyclene
200.241,1,3- trimethyl-2-oxobicyclo(2.2.2)octan-5-one
220.12  verbenone
360.02alpha- ylangene

M. D. Guillen, N. Cabo and J. Burillo, Characterization of the essential oils of some cultivated aromatic plants of industrial interest. J. Sci. Food Agric., 70, 359-363 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

lavandula officinalis flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.80alpha- pinene
20.30  camphene
30.301- octen-3-ol
40.40beta- pinene
50.70  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
75.201,8- cineole
82.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.40(E)-beta-ocimene
1029.50  linalool
110.901- octen-3-yl acetate
123.50  camphor
131.60  borneol
142.90  terpinen-4-ol
152.50alpha- terpineol
1641.50  linalyl acetate
172.00  lavandulyl acetate
180.20  neryl acetate
190.30  geranyl acetate
202.40beta- caryophyllene
211.20beta- farnesene
220.40  germacrene D
G. Milhau, A. Valentin, F. Benoit, M. Mallié, J-M. Baslide, V. Pellissier and J-M. Bessière, In vitro antimalarial activity of eight essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 329-333 (1997).
lavender oil spike
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.11  acetone
490.02beta- bisabolol
381.69  borneol
430.18gamma- cadinene
480.06T- cadinol
41.08  camphene
282.17beta- caryophyllene
470.20  caryophyllene oxide
1022.901,8- cineole
350.07  cryptone
460.09para- cymen-8-ol
151.39para- cymene
310.31beta- farnesene
450.35  geraniol
390.20  germacrene D
180.01  hexanol
19trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
210.06  hexyl 3-methyl butyrate
200.02  hexyl butyrate
17trace  hexyl isobutyrate
290.02  hexyl tiglate
340.16alpha- humulene
330.50  lavandulol
93.18  limonene
230.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
420.18(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
41trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
25trace6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
70.80  myrcene
320.07  myrtenol
440.69  nerol
400.88  neryl acetate
130.08(E)-beta- ocimene
110.47(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.053- octanone
220.091- octen-3-ol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
34.77alpha- pinene
54.10beta- pinene
26trace  plinol (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
240.37  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
60.37  sabinene
270.36  terpinen-4-ol
120.15gamma- terpinene
362.67alpha- terpineol
370.53gamma- terpineol
160.07  terpinolene
2trace  tricyclene
300.475,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavender-Lavandin-A Composition. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 364-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

lavender oil spike
An oil of L. latifolia produced in France was found by Canaud and Martineau (1996) to possess the following composition:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.80alpha- pinene
 2.00beta- pinene
 0.80  camphene
 0.60  sabinene
 0.60  myrcene
 0.30  limonene
 25.501,8- cineole
 18.50  camphor
 27.30  linalool
 2.90  linalyl acetate
 0.30  lavandulyl acetate
 0.70  terpinen-4-ol
 1.60beta- caryophyllene
 0.30  lavandulol
 1.00alpha- terpineol
 2.50  borneol
lemongrass oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10  camphene
100.40beta- caryophyllene
80.80  citronellal
140.60  citronellol
1222.70  geranial
152.20  geraniol
133.40  geranyl acetate
58.30  limonene
92.10  linalool
73.206- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
410.30  myrcene
1118.50  neral
6trace4- nonanone
25.40alpha- pinene
12.80alpha- thujene

C-K. Shu and B. M. Lawrence, Reasons for the variation in composition of some commercial oils. In: Spices, Flavor chemistry and antioxidant Properties. Edits., S. J. Risch and C-T. Ho, pp. 183-195, Amer. Chem. Soc. Symposium Series 660, A.C.S., Washington (1997).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

levisticum officinale flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.42  bornyl acetate
10.45  butanal
80.22  camphene
192.33para- cymene
145.60  limonene
3trace2- methyl butanal
4trace3- methyl butanal
20.222- methyl-2-propenal
124.30  myrcene
180.55(E)-beta- ocimene
160.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
220.40allo- ocimene
5trace  pentanal
230.48  pentyl benzene
210.56 pentyl cyclohexadiene
113.14alpha- phellandrene
1536.30beta- phellandrene
61.20alpha- pinene
90.26beta- pinene
100.73  sabinene
130.70alpha- terpinene
171.40gamma- terpinene
201.50  terpinolene
254.70alpha- terpinyl acetate
70.08alpha- thujene

E. Bylaite, A. Legger, J. P. Roozen and P. R. Venskutonis, Dynamic headspace gas chromatography of different botanical parts of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.). Spec. Publ. Royal Soc. Chem., 66-69 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

levisticum officinale flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
6trace  dihydro-1,8-cineole
250.14  bornyl acetate
340.51(Z)-3- butylidene phthalide
350.34(E)-3-butylidene phthalide
370.27(E)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
3616.01(Z)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
30.21  camphene
230.27  carvone
110.92para- cymene
260.79(Z)-dihydro-alpha-terpinyl acetate
300.13beta- farnesene
28trace  geranyl acetate
32trace  germacrene A
330.37  germacrene B
311.00  germacrene D
132.25  limonene
180.22  linalool
290.10  methyl eugenol
77.12  myrcene
150.24(E)-beta- ocimene
142.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.17  octanal
190.40 pentyl cyclohexadiene
240.15  phellandral
90.93alpha- phellandrene
1240.82beta- phellandrene
21.01alpha- pinene
50.31beta- pinene
200.444-iso propyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
41.00  sabinene
210.14  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
161.87gamma- terpinene
220.31alpha- terpineol
170.11  terpinolene
2716.27alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.11alpha- thujene
levisticum officinale leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.38  bornyl acetate
10.08  butanal
70.27  camphene
187.11para- cymene
133.00  limonene
2trace2- methyl butanal
3trace3- methyl butanal
113.30  myrcene
17trace(E)-beta- ocimene
151.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
210.32allo- ocimene
4trace  pentanal
220.30  pentyl benzene
20trace pentyl cyclohexadiene
102.37alpha- phellandrene
1438.30beta- phellandrene
50.70alpha- pinene
80.37beta- pinene
91.70  sabinene
120.80alpha- terpinene
162.60gamma- terpinene
19trace  terpinolene
242.60alpha- terpinyl acetate
60.20alpha- thujene

E. Bylaite, A. Legger, J. P. Roozen and P. R. Venskutonis, Dynamic headspace gas chromatography of different botanical parts of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.). Spec. Publ. Royal Soc. Chem., 66-69 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

levisticum officinale root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.26  bornyl acetate
251.33(E)-3- butylidene phthalide
242.24(Z)-3- butylidene phthalide
270.55(E)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
2661.79(Z)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
20.07  camphene
160.19alpha- copaene
170.87beta- cubebene
70.86para- cymene
90.18  limonene
202.79  linalool
50.45  myrcene
110.63(E)-beta- ocimene
100.22(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.47  pentyl benzene
150.13  pentyl cyclohexane
60.24alpha- phellandrene