BT

Typical G.C. analysis

abies balsamea needle oil canada
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.31-2.07  borneol
194.89-16.22  bornyl acetate
250.02-0.21delta- cadinene
53.49-9.72  camphene
180.04-0.56  camphor
80.00-27.27delta-3- carene
200.00-0.27alpha- cedrene
150.03-0.16para- cymene
220.06-0.60alpha- humulene
121.83-15.63  limonene
100.71-2.28  myrcene
170.00-0.691- octen-1-yl acetate
90.03-0.19alpha- phellandrene
134.39-12.64beta- phellandrene
46.18-14.29alpha- pinene
628.10-56.10beta- pinene
70.02-0.23  sabinene
10.30-1.41  santene
210.06-0.29  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.11alpha- terpinene
140.06-0.31gamma- terpinene
230.56-4.48alpha- terpineol
160.17-1.68  terpinolene
30.00-0.21alpha- thujene
260.00-2.89  thymol
20.56-1.69  tricyclene

J. M. Regimbal and G. Collin, Essential Oil Analysis of Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 229-238 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

achillea millefolium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil hungary
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.30  borneol
100.80  bornyl acetate
141.00gamma- cadinene
1111.90beta- caryophyllene
1521.20  caryophyllenol I
1612.50  chamazulene
41.701,8- cineole
70.20  citronellol
122.50alpha- humulene
94.40  lavandulyl acetate
31.60  limonene
81.30  linalyl acetate
137.40gamma- muurolene
14.10alpha- pinene
220.80beta- pinene
60.30alpha- terpineol

E. Lemberkovics and G. Verzar-Petri, Gas chromatographic characterization of frequently occurring sesquiterpenes in essential oils. J. Chromatogr., 318, 125-131 (1985).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
121.00  artemisyl ketone
170.50  borneol
63.10  camphene
1636.90  camphor
200.30trans- carveol
22trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
114.301,8-cineole + limonene
105.40para- cymene
240.10  germacrene D
10.20  hexanal
30.10  hexanol
20.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
152.70(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
91.70alpha- phellandrene
57.70alpha- pinene
81.10beta- pinene
212.60  piperitone
71.20  sabinene
230.10ana streptene
181.60  terpinen-4-ol
130.20gamma- terpinene
192.00alpha- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
40.20  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 723, (2000)
acorus calamus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
301.61  acolamone
363.62iso acolamone
284.09  acoragermacrone
396.57(1,10)- aristolen-2-one
340.21beta- bisabolene
100.11  borneol
140.25  bornyl acetate
170.05beta- bourbonene
294.07delta- cadinene
310.30alpha- calacorene
420.58iso calamendiol
410.10  calamenene
400.72  calamusenone
90.08  camphor
204.13beta- caryophyllene
160.04alpha- copaene
230.32beta- cubebene
351.81isoepi-cubenol
40.04para- cymene
430.40  dibutyl phthalate
180.79beta- elemene
150.21delta- elemene
320.73  elemol
270.80beta- guaiene
240.96beta- gurjurene
210.07alpha- humulene
52.61  limonene
83.10  linalool
130.11  linalyl acetate
470.02  linoleic acid
30.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
480.04  methyl 9,12,15-octadecatrienoate
190.86  methyl eugenol
263.37(E)- methyl isoeugenol
2236.40(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
372.60alpha- muurolol
383.17epi-alpha- muurolol
20.09  myrcene
450.041- octadecene
440.06  palmitic acid
460.11  phytol
10.21  sabinene
253.19  shyobunone
330.64iso shyobunone
110.21  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
60.05gamma- terpinene
120.31alpha- terpineol
490.10  tricosane

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
193.09  acolamone
253.25iso acolamone
177.38  acoragermacrone
330.24  acorenone
262.85beta- asarone
30.11  borneol
352.46  cadala-1,4,9-triene
183.72delta- cadinene
201.30alpha- calacorene
230.30beta- calacorene
370.86  calamendiol
368.37iso calamendiol
3114.70  calamenene
380.60  calamenone
300.73  calamusenone
20.24  camphor
90.33beta- caryophyllene
60.07alpha- copaene
120.14beta- cubebene
320.231,4- dihydro-1,1,4,4-tetramethyl-2,3-naphthalene dione
70.48beta- elemene
210.60  elemol
160.90beta- guaiene
130.12beta- gurjunene
100.31beta- gurjurene
292.488-hydroxy-delta-cadinene
340.808-hydroxy-gamma-cadinene
10.21  linalool
80.58  methyl eugenol
150.29(E)- methyl isoeugenol
1117.70(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
271.18alpha- muurolol
281.70epi-alpha- muurolol
145.03  shyobunone
240.82epi- shyobunone
220.08iso shyobunone
40.22  terpinen-4-ol
50.14alpha- terpineol

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.33  acolamone
190.35  acoradiene
240.50  acoragermacrone
361.09  acorenone
301.68beta- asarone
30.04  borneol
60.04  bornyl acetate
370.64  cadala-1,4,9-triene
251.57beta- cadinene
120.44delta- cadinene
132.11gamma- cadinene
270.68alpha- calacorene
290.91preiso calamendiol
343.15  calamenene
399.62  calamenone
20.03  camphor
141.43  cascarilladiene
100.61alpha- cedrene
90.05alpha- copaene
200.74ar- curcumene
420.097-desmethyl-2-methoxycadalene
400.15  dibutyl phthalate
350.591,4- dihydro-1,1,4,4-tetramethyl-2,3-naphthalene dione
330.451,6- dimethyl-4-isopropyl naphthalene
110.29beta- elemene
220.30(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
161.12(E)-beta- farnesene
210.11beta- guaiene
157.66beta- gurjurene
10.24  linalool
172.85(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
230.96alpha- muurolene
310.69alpha- muurolol
320.24epi-alpha- muurolol
410.05  palmitic acid
380.352-isoproponyl-6-isopropyl methyl-3-vinyl cyclohexanol
80.01alpha-sabinene
2818.70epi- shyobunone
40.08  terpinen-4-ol
50.05alpha- terpineol
70.133,3,7,9-tetramethyl tricyclo(5.4.0.0)undecene
180.162,6,10,10-tetramethyl tricyclo(7.2.0.0)undecene

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

alpinia galanga oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2410.70alpha- bergamotene
3016.20beta- bisabolene
12trace  borneol
172.50  bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
230.90  caryophyllene
332.50  caryophyllene oxide
160.20  chavicol
191.00  chavicyl acetate
75.501,8- cineole
201.60  citronellyl acetate
220.70  copaene
281.90ar- curcumene
14tracepara- cymen-8-ol
60.80para- cymene
291.50  eugenyl acetate
2618.20(E)-beta- farnesene
215.10  geranyl acetate
250.60alpha- humulene
81.60  limonene
11trace  linalool
50.70  myrcene
311.90  pentadecane
321.60beta-sesqui phellandrene
110.20alpha- pinene
41.60beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
270.80 santalene
130.30  terpinen-4-ol
9tracealpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
18trace  tridecane

H. L. De Pooter, M. Nor Omar, B. A. Coolsaet and N. M. Schamp, The Essential Oil of Greater Galanga (Alpinia galanga) from Malaysia, Phytochem.,24, 93-96 (1985).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

angelica archangelica root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
500.03gamma-atlantone
350.19  borneol
271.78  bornyl acetate
80.48iso butyl benzene
400.07delta- cadinene
620.06alpha- cadinol
610.04T- cadinol
51.88  camphene
90.20delta-2- carene
1016.24delta-3- carene
420.21  carvyl acetate
480.04  caryophyllene oxide
54tracealpha- copaen-11-ol
560.24alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.57alpha- copaene
280.16beta- copaene
520.04  copaenol
430.03  cuparene
640.85  cyclopentadecanolide
460.23meta- cymen-8-ol
450.65para- cymen-8-ol
196.39para- cymene
360.42delta- elemene
440.06gamma- elemene
630.05  elemol
330.41  eucarvone
600.49beta- eudesmol
40.05alpha- fenchene
370.64  germacrene D
650.37  heptadecanolide
320.54alpha- humulene
510.39  humulene oxide
490.09  humulenol
146.56  limonene
250.14  linalool
230.07  longicyclene
300.09(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
201.57para-mentha-2,8-diene
220.08  menthone
55trace methyl tridecanolide
380.10alpha- muurolene
580.08alpha- muurolol
590.03T- muurolol
125.28  myrcene
18trace(E)-beta- ocimene
160.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
470.10  perillyl alcohol
112.02alpha- phellandrene
151.26beta- phellandrene
232.19alpha- pinene
61.54beta- pinene
390.28(E)- piperitol
70.46  sabinene
410.15  sabinyl acetate
570.14  spathulenol
290.08  terpinen-4-ol
130.26alpha- terpinene
173.07gamma- terpinene
340.40alpha- terpineol
210.87  terpinolene
30.13alpha- thujene
10.04  tricyclene
530.56 tridecanolide
310.39  verbenyl acetate

J. C. Chalchat and R. P. Garry, Essential oil of Angelica roots (Angelica archangelica L.). Optimization of distillation, location in plant and chemical composition. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 311-319 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.48iso amyl 3-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
60.93iso amyl acetate
270.07  amyl angelate
2517.54iso amyl angelate
123.13iso amyl isobutyrate
181.53iso amyl methacrylate
110.06iso amyl propionate
320.02  benzaldehyde
440.10  benzyl isobutyrate
400.20  borneol
430.08isobutyl 2-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
20.02iso butyl acetate
230.37  butyl angelate
194.03iso butyl angelate
70.04iso butyl butyrate
50.75iso butyl isobutyrate
90.33iso butyl methacrylate
340.03iso butyric acid
40.39  camphene
330.02  camphor
130.121,8- cineole
42tracear- curcumene
460.05para- cymen-8-ol
500.01  decanoic acid
80.08 ethyl angelate
1trace  ethyl isobutyrate
370.10beta- farnesene
300.172-methyl butyl tiglate
220.193- methyl pentanol
480.663-methyl pentyl 3-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
140.943- methyl pentyl acetate
3122.693- methyl pentyl angelate
2112.543- methyl pentyl isobutyrate
260.042-methyl pentyl isovalerate
200.102- methyl pentyl propionate
170.152- methyl-2-butenyl isobutyrate
2413.142- methyl-2-propenyl angelate
100.882- methyl-2-propenyl isobutyrate
160.812- methyl-2-propenyl methacrylate
290.802- methyl-2-propenyl tiglate
360.67  myrtenal
450.38  myrtenol
410.05  myrtenyl isobutyrate
490.04  nonanoic acid
280.051- octen-3-ol
31.05alpha- pinene
384.36trans- pinocarveol
352.37  pinocarvone
151.04  propyl angelate
390.03alpha- terpineol

E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammnerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Flower scent of some traditional medical plants. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 282-296. ACS Symposium Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
160.4(Z)-thuj-2-en-4-ol
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia afra oil kenya
#%LeftshiftComponents
375.09  borneol
260.23  bornyl acetate
50tracealpha- cadinol
10.12  camphene
450.58beta- caryophyllene oxide
967.371,8- cineole
40trace  cuminaldehyde
43tracepara- cymen-8-ol
122.30para- cymene
60.06  dihydro-1,8-cineole
17tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
38trace  germacrene D
80.27  limonene
23trace  linalool
21trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
18trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.76(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
300.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42trace(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
44trace(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
132.003- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
15trace3- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
7trace3- methyl butyl isobutyrate
470.243- methyl butyl phenyl acetate
29trace  myrtenal
41trace  myrtenol
48trace(E)- nerolidol
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
191.141- octen-3-ol
4tracealpha- phellandrene
46trace2- phenethyl butyrate
20.16beta- pinene
31tracetrans- pinocarveol
24trace  pinocarvone
340.32(E)- piperitol
30.09  sabinene
200.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.63(Z)- sabinene hydrate
16trace7-alpha- silphiperfol-5-ene
490.09  spathulenol
276.50  terpinen-4-ol
28trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
50.62alpha- terpinene
111.64gamma- terpinene
36tracealpha- terpineol
33tracedelta- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
350.94alpha- terpinyl acetate
341.07(E)- verbenol
32trace(Z)- verbenol

J. W. Mwangi, K. J. Achola, K.A. Sinei, W. Lwande and R. Laurent, Essential Oil Constituents of Artemisia afra Willd. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 97-99 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

artemisia afra oil wild zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
22trace-0.30  artemisyl alcohol
166.30-14.90  artemisyl ketone
19trace-0.10  artemisyl acetate
330.20-0.50  bicyclogermacrene
310.60-3.40  borneol
260.30-1.50  bornyl acetate
350.50-0.80delta- cadinene
380.10-0.90  calamenene
40.30-3.90  camphene
238.50-27.10 camphor + alpha-copaene
270.50-2.30beta- caryophyllene
39trace-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
110.10-27.901,8- cineole
36trace-0.50  cuminaldehyde
140.30-2.00para- cymene
90.10-0.20  dihydro-1,8-cineole
30.20-1.00alpha- fenchene
42trace-0.40  intermedeol
100.10-0.50  limonene
290.20-0.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
250.20-0.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
40trace-0.10  methyl linolenate
41trace-0.50T- muurolol
70.10-1.10  myrcene
37trace-0.10  myrtenol
120.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
50.10-0.70beta- pinene
20.40-1.10alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
340.10-0.70(E)- piperitol
60.10-2.60  sabinene
241.80-4.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.20-0.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
173.10-10.10  santolina alcohol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.10-1.10alpha- terpinene
130.30-1.90gamma- terpinene
320.10-0.70alpha- terpineol
300.10-2.50delta- terpineol
150.10-0.50  terpinolene
181.00-2.90alpha- thujone
20tracebeta- thujone
10.10-0.20  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia afra oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.1  artemisyl ketone
252.8  borneol
220.5  bornyl acetate
280.2delta- cadinene
310.1  calamenene
48.0  camphene
1950.3 camphor + alpha-copaene
320.1cis- carveol
231.2beta- caryophyllene
330.1  caryophyllene oxide
1110.71,8- cineole
290.2  cuminaldehyde
350.1para- cymen-8-ol
140.8para- cymene
90.1  dihydro-1,8-cineole
31.4alpha- fenchene
340.1  germacrene D-4-ol
370.1  intermedeol
100.9  limonene
210.8(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
360.5T- muurolol
71.6  myrcene
300.3  myrtenol
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
50.4beta- pinene
20.3alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
271.8(E)- piperitol
60.2  sabinene
203.5(E)- sabinene hydrate
180.4(Z)- sabinene hydrate
80.3alpha- terpinene
130.7gamma- terpinene
260.4alpha- terpineol
240.7delta- terpineol
150.3  terpinolene
170.7alpha- thujone
1trace  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia annua herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.00-11.05  artemisyl alcohol
2111.91-55.02  artemisyl ketone
250.00-0.07  artemisyl acetate
140.00-0.152-oxabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-6-ene
490.16-1.28  bicyclogermacrene
450.00-0.16  borneol
40.00-0.29  bornylene
100.00-0.14  butyl isovalerate
510.00-1.05delta- cadinene
61.20-7.28  camphene
270.00-0.66alpha- campholenic aldehyde
291.58-11.52  camphor
590.10-1.10  carvacrol
361.63-10.87beta- caryophyllene
540.10-1.64  caryophyllene oxide
530.04-0.39iso caryophyllene oxide
570.00-trace  cedrol
165.07-11.651,8- cineole
280.00-1.33alpha- copaene
330.09-2.17beta- cubebene
19trace-1.23para- cymene
520.08-0.676,6- dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-2-en-2-methanol
500.00-0.41(E)-(3,3-dimethyl) cyclohexylidene acetaldehyde
50.00-0.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
440.00-1.00(E)-beta- farnesene
430.00-1.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
471.99-18.54  germacrene D
482.24-14.73alpha- guaiene
310.00-trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
41trace-0.97alpha- himachalene
420.00-0.74alpha- humulene
150.09-0.57  limonene
90.00-trace3-methyl bicyclo(3.1.2)oct-2-ene
220.00-0.313- methyl-3-buten-1-yl isovalerate
120.00-3.34  myrcene
38trace-0.42  myrtenal
560.00-0.82  nootkatone
180.00-0.27(E)-beta- ocimene
110.00-tracealpha- phellandrene
24.20-15.66alpha- pinene
70.93-3.35beta- pinene
320.00-0.32  pinocamphone
400.35-1.81trans- pinocarveol
350.24-2.19  pinocarvone
80.43-2.80  sabinene
260.00-0.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.11-0.83(Z)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.22  santolina alcohol
550.00-0.49  spathulenol
370.13-0.38  terpinen-4-ol
130.00-0.18alpha- terpinene
170.07-0.34gamma- terpinene
460.00-0.65alpha- terpineol
200.00-0.33  terpinolene
390.00-2.163- thujen-2-ol
30.00-0.90alpha- thujene
580.00-0.83  thymol
10.01-0.35  tricyclene
240.06-0.64  yomogi alcohol

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 261-268 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.50  borneol
130.80  bornyl acetate
11.00  camphene
615.70  camphor
311.801,8- cineole
21.20para- cymene
177.50  davanone
161.00  geranyl acetate
50.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
70.90(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
111.40  piperitol
1251.80  piperitone
40.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
141.40(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
90.40  terpinen-4-ol
102.00alpha- terpineol
150.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 30, (2001)
artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.50  borneol
102.00  bornyl acetate
24.60  camphene
757.50  camphor
47.501,8- cineole
31.00para- cymene
50.80iso phorone
10.40alpha- pinene
96.50  piperitone
613.00  verbenone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 30, (2001)
artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
82.60  borneol
124.30  bornyl acetate
10.70  camphene
63.50  camphor
140.30  caryophyllene oxide
110.80(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
336.501,8- cineole
22.80para- cymene
130.70(Z)- jasmone
93.10  terpinen-4-ol
100.70alpha- terpineol
70.50delta- terpineol
48.90alpha- thujone
528.40beta- thujone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 330, (2000)
artemisia herba-alba herb oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.1  artemisyl alcohol
90.7  borneol
160.1  bornyl acetate
27tracedelta- cadinene
28tracegamma- cadinene
31.8  camphene
2110.3  camphor
12trace  carvacrol
230.8beta- caryophyllene
224.2  chrysanthenone
17trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1414.01,8- cineole
40.1para- cymene
261.7beta- elemene
243.1alpha- guaiene
25tracealpha- humulene
10trace  myrtenol
18trace  myrtenyl acetate
11.5alpha- pinene
20.8beta- pinene
50.2alpha- terpinene
71.5gamma- terpinene
85.3alpha- terpineol
150.1alpha- terpinyl acetate
60.1alpha- thujene
1923.9alpha- thujone
2020.1beta- thujone
11trace  thymol

A. Ouyabya, R. Negre, J. Viano, Y. F. Lozano and E. M. Gaydou, Essential oils from Moroccan Artemisia negrei, A. mesatlantica and A. herba-alba, Lebensmitt. Wiss u Technol., 23, 528-530 (1990).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

artemisia pallens wall. herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
231.5 artemone
70.5  borneol
260.8gamma- cadinene
1trace  camphene
322.0  cinnamyl cinnamate
30.8para- cymene
191.5  davana ether
15tracenor-davana ether
211.0(E)- davana furan
220.5(Z)- davana furan
342.5 davanic acid
200.8  davanol
135.0(E)-davanone
1438.0(Z)-davanone
123.0iso davanone
81.5nor- davanone
242.0nor-diterpenoid furan
100.7 ethyl davanate
270.5  farnesol
175.0  geraniol
332.011-hydroxy-8-oxo-9,10-dehydro-10,11-dihydronerolidol
292.0(E)- hydroxydavanone
303.0(Z)-hydroxydavanone
250.5 hydroxydihydrorose furan
180.5 lilac alcohol
90.5  lilac aldehyde
40.5  linalool
110.5  linalool oxide
51.52alpha-(3-methyl but-2-enyl)-4-methyl-2,5-dihydrofuran
61.02beta-(3-methyl but-2-enyl)-4-methyl-2,5-dihydrofuran
1610.0  nerol
310.58-oxonerolidol
2trace  sabinene
281.5a sesquiterpene alcohol furan

L. N. Misra, A. Chandra and R. S. Thakur, Fragrant components of oil from Artemisia pallens. Phytochemistry, 30, 549-552 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

asarum canadense root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20  aristolene
290.90  aristolone
150.40(E)-beta- bergamotene
410.10  borneol
91.50  bornyl acetate
240.20delta- cadinene
160.30  camphene
170.301,8- cineole
360.10  copaene
180.30para- cymene
81.70  elemicin
300.90(E)-iso elemicin
340.60  eugenol
230.20(E)-beta- farnesene
111.30  geraniol
53.90  geranyl acetate
200.30gamma- guaiene
370.10beta- gurjunene
101.40  junenol
280.90  limonene
214.90  linalool
44.00  linalyl acetate
390.10  methyl chavicol
141.80  methyl eugenol
190.30(E)- methyl isoeugenol
42trace  methyl thymol
400.10alpha- muurolene
71.70  myrcene
121.20  nerol
62.40  neryl acetate
140.40(E)-ocimene
320.60(Z)- ocimene
130.90alpha- pinene
270.90beta- pinene
250.10  sabinene
220.20  seychellene
330.60  terpinen-4-ol
260.10alpha- terpinene
310.80gamma- terpinene
35.90alpha- terpineol
350.40  terpinolene
380.10 vetiselinene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 11, No. 6, 39, (1986)

aydendron barbeyana mez. wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
413.70  benzyl benzoate
421.60  benzyl salicylate
192.50(E)-beta-bergamotene + beta-curcumene
230.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
340.704-epi-beta-bisabolol
408.30beta- bisabolol
112.80  borneol
390.60  cadalene
251.80gamma- cadinene
275.80gamma-cadinene + furopelargone A
284.00alpha-calacorene + (E)-sequisabinene hydrate
33.20  camphene
100.10  camphor
180.60beta- caryophyllene
311.10  caryophyllene oxide
170.10alpha- cedrene
242.90sesquicineole + beta-bisabolene
162.20alpha- copaene
8tracepara- cresol
151.40alpha- cubebene
220.90epi- cubebol
262.10 cubebol + (E)-calamenene
382.10  cubenol
352.701-epi- cubenol
6tracepara- cymene
331.101,10- di-epi-cubenol
216.601,11-oxidocalamenene + ar-curcumene
374.90beta-eudesmol + alpha-cadinol
323.40  guaiol
201.20alpha-humulene + beta-farnesene
70.70 limonene + 1,8-cineole
9trace  linalool
296.50(E)- nerolidol
22.80alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
302.00(Z)-sequi sabinene hydrate
140.50  safrole
361.30  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
120.10  terpinen-4-ol
130.10alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall-Weyerstahl and C. Christiansen, Constituents of Ayou essential oil (Aydendron barbeyana Mez.). Flav. Fragr. J., 4, 93-98 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

camomile sauvage oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.30  artemisyl alcohol
282.50  bisabolene
191.00  borneol
202.20  bornyl acetate
261.30  bornyl butyrate
230.30iso bornyl propionate
300.80delta- cadinene
3340.50 cadinol
40.40  camphene
330.70  caryophylladienol
271.50beta- caryophyllene
320.80  caryophyllene oxide
90.501,8- cineole
240.30alpha- cubebene
160.302,7-dimethyl octa-3,6-dien-2-ol
220.70delta- elemene
295.00 germacrene
210.20  hexyl tiglate
100.80  limonene
150.30  linalool
71.00  myrcene
310.30  nerolidol
60.101- octen-3-ol
315.00alpha- pinene
173.00trans- pinocarveol
180.50  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
113.20  santolina alcohol
10.40  santolinatriene
250.30beta- selinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
140.25  terpinolene
20.04  tricyclene
82.40  yomogi alcohol

B. Toulemonde and D. Beauverd, Contribution a l’etude d’une camomille sauvage du Maroc: L’huile essentielle d’Ormenis mixta. Parfium, Cosmet. Aromes, 60, 65-67 (1984).

P&F 11, No. 2, 75, (1986)

campomanesia aurea leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
211.00  dehydroaromadendrane
2513.60  bicyclogermacrene
521.90epi-alpha-bisabolol
514.2alpha- bisabolol
91.20  borneol
270.40gamma- cadinene
292.10delta- cadinene
441.10T- cadinol
480.50alpha- cadinol
301.50alpha- calacorene
281.90(Z)- calamenene
493.00 calamenenol
500.70 calamenenol
170.30beta- caryophyllene
166.20iso caryophyllene
331.90  caryophyllene alcohol
3529.00  caryophyllene oxide
380.90  copaen-4-alpha-ol
141.40alpha- copaene
420.601-epi- cubenol
150.90beta- elemene
181.10gamma- elemene
472.40beta- eudesmol
410.3010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
431.50gamma- eudesmol
80.50alpha- fenchol
120.40  geranial
364.10  globulol
371.80epi- globulol
190.70beta- gurjunene
201.30alpha- humulene
394.00  humulene oxide I
401.70  humulene oxide II
321.00  ledol
30.50  limonene
50.60para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
225.00gamma- muurolene
260.60alpha- muurolene
460.60alpha- muurolol
310.80(E)- nerolidol
536.70(E)- nerolidol acetate
43.30(E)-beta- ocimene
116.50alpha- pinene
26.10beta- pinene
235.20beta- selinene
240.40alpha- selinene
344.90  spathulenol
100.50  terpinen-4-ol
111.40alpha- terpineol
60.40  terpinolene
130.70alpha- ylangene
chamaecyparis obtusa leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
131.23  borneol
177.15  bornyl acetate
361.70 cadin-10(15)-4-ol
272.76delta- cadinene
280.53gamma- cadinene
204.71beta-cadrene
300.41  calamenene
20.23  camphene
380.65  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
181.65(Z)- caryophyllene
190.28beta- caryophyllene
320.93  cedrol
250.48beta- cubebene
90.82para- cymene
211.47alpha- elemene
290.39gamma- elemene
3114.78  elemol
345.39alpha- eudesmol
356.54beta- eudesmol
338.28gamma- eudesmol
102.09alpha- fenchol
240.30beta- guaiene
63.05  limonene
120.41  longicyclene
370.73 longicyclenyl aclohol
150.72  longifolene
110.37alpha- longipinene
263.81alpha- muurolene
225.71gamma- muurolene
11.01alpha- pinene
42.77beta- pinene
31.61  sabinene
51.11alpha- terpinene
71.77gamma- terpinene
141.11alpha- terpineol
81.00  terpinolene
239.09alpha- terpinyl acetate
160.89  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

chamaecyparis obtusa root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.54  borneol
170.65  bornyl acetate
321.18 cadin-1(10)-en-4alpha-ol
384.95 cadin-1(10)-en-4beta-ol
273.82delta- cadinene
282.12gamma- cadinene
395.28alpha- cadinol
355.88T- cadinol
200.68beta-cadrene
291.55  calamenene
20.50  camphene
421.26  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
180.55(Z)- caryophyllene
190.52beta- caryophyllene
302.61beta- caryophyllene alcohol
160.40  copaene
80.53para- cymene
210.44alpha- elemene
90.71alpha- fenchol
250.39alpha- guaiene
220.39alpha- humulene
50.55  limonene
4019.73 longi-alpha-nojigiku alcohol
338.43 longi-beta-camphenilan aldehyde
110.65  longicyclene
414.84 longicyclenyl aclohol
140.64  longifolene
362.15 longiisohomocamphenilone
100.48alpha- longipinene
311.27 longiverbanol
346.23 longiverbanone
261.71alpha- muurolene
230.84gamma- muurolene
374.53T- muurolol
10.73alpha- pinene
30.61beta- pinene
40.41alpha- terpinene
60.45gamma- terpinene
133.53alpha- terpineol
70.50  terpinolene
240.79alpha- terpinyl acetate
152.44  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

chamaecyparis obtusa wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.33  borneol
170.40  bornyl acetate
310.97 cadin-1(10)-en-4alpha-ol
346.76 cadin-1(10)-en-4beta-ol
2710.82delta- cadinene
2812.47gamma- cadinene
3520.51alpha- cadinol
3210.61T- cadinol
200.07beta-cadrene
290.03  calamenene
20.18  camphene
370.83  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
180.12(Z)- caryophyllene
190.05beta- caryophyllene
301.49beta- caryophyllene alcohol
160.06  copaene
80.22para- cymene
210.04alpha- elemene
90.42alpha- fenchol
250.12alpha- guaiene
220.03alpha- humulene
50.21  limonene
110.05  longicyclene
360.94 longicyclenyl aclohol
140.61  longifolene
100.10alpha- longipinene
265.78alpha- muurolene
231.65gamma- muurolene
3316.44T- muurolol
10.44alpha- pinene
30.21beta- pinene
40.15alpha- terpinene
60.15gamma- terpinene
130.14alpha- terpineol
70.19  terpinolene
240.19alpha- terpinyl acetate
150.29  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-cadina-1,4-diene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
cinnamomum zeylanicum fruit oil india
In 1997, Jayaprakasha et al. analyzed two oils of the fruit of C. zeylanicum by GC and GC/MS. Although the oils were produced from fruit harvested in two different locations in India, Karnataka and Kerala, the oil compositions were similar as can be seen from the following analytical results:
#%LeftshiftComponents
322.7-2.8  benzyl benzoate
80.3-0.4  borneol
212.3-3.0delta- cadinene
201.2-1.6gamma- cadinene
311.0-1.5alpha- cadinol
302.7-3.4T- cadinol
159.2-13.7beta- caryophyllene
240.9-1.1  caryophyllene oxide
100.6-4.3(E)- cinnamaldehyde
70.2-0.3(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
1642.4-54.2(E)- cinnamyl acetate
112.0-2.2(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
141.8-3.1alpha- copaene
290.5-0.8  cubenol
270.4-0.510-epi-gamma- eudesmol
120.2-0.3  eugenol
191.7-2.0  germacrene B
180.7-0.8  germacrene D
260.3  germacrene D-4-ol
250.5-0.6  globulol
220.4beta- guaiene
172.8-3.1alpha- humulene
340.0-0.3  methyl oleate
330.0-0.3  methyl palmitate
280.3alpha- muurolol
30.0-0.2  myrcene
230.2-0.4  nerolidol
60.2-0.5(E)-beta- ocimene
40.1-0.7alpha- phellandrene
50.4-1.6beta- phellandrene
132.9-4.33- phenyl propyl acetate
10.1-1.6alpha- pinene
20.1-0.6beta- pinene
90.3alpha- terpineol

G. K. Jayaprakasha, L. Jaganmohan Rao and K. K. Sakariah, Chemical composition of the folatile oil from the fruits of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume. Flav. Fragr. J., 12, 331-333 (1997)

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cistus ladaniferus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.20  acetophenone
45trace15-acetoxylabdan-8-ol
211.90allo- aromadendrene
290.80  borneol
260.20iso borneol
183.10  bornyl acetate
340.80delta- cadinene
350.40gamma- cadinene
22.10  camphene
140.80alpha- campholenic aldehyde
38tracetrans- carveol
330.30  carvone
390.40  caryophyllene oxide
130.80alpha- copaene
120.70  cyclosativene
91.70para- cymene
440.50beta- eudesmol
24trace(E)-beta- farnesene
360.30  geranyl acetate
410.30  globulol
150.30alpha- gurjunene
25tracealpha- humulene
310.90  ledene
403.30  ledol
61.70  limonene
270.40gamma- muurolene
200.50  myrtenal
370.40  myrtenol
280.40  myrtenyl acetate
70.40beta- phellandrene
139.00alpha- pinene
30.50beta- pinene
160.50iso pinocamphone
221.90trans- pinocarveol
170.90  pinocarvone
40.80  sabinene
430.50  spathulenol
191.10  terpinen-4-ol
50.10alpha- terpinene
80.40gamma- terpinene
300.50alpha- terpineol
100.20  terpinolene
110.902,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
320.30  verbenone
4211.80  viridiflorol

J. P. Mariotti, F. Tomi, J. Cassanova, J. Costa and A. F. Bernadini, Composition of the essential oil of Cistus ladaniferus L. cultivated in Corsica (France). Flav. Fragr. J., 12, 147-151 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cistus ladaniferus oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.80alpha- amorphene
470.97allo- aromadendrene
231.45  borneol
352.40  bornyl acetate
523.00delta- cadinene
591.32alpha- cadinol
580.81T- cadinol
530.31alpha- calacorene
540.37beta- calacorene
210.74  camphene hydrate
12trace  camphenilone
170.78alpha- campholenic aldehyde
202.92  camphor
360.21  carvacrol
311.22cis- carveol
330.31  carvone
45tracebeta- caryophyllene
7trace1,8- cineole
410.79alpha- copaene
380.30alpha- cubebene
420.19beta- cubebene
571.71  cubenol
320.77  cuminaldehyde
250.19para- cymen-8-ol
40.30ortho- cymene
130.43para- cymene
160.572,6- dimethyl cyclohexanol
2trace3,5- dimethyl phenol
30tracealpha- fenchyl acetate
340.35  geraniol
440.42alpha- gurjunene
460.19beta- gurjunene
43traceiso italicene
500.45  ledene
550.42  ledol
5trace  limonene
110.15(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
510.62alpha- muurolene
480.18gamma- muurolene
28trace  myrtanol
271.35  myrtenal
60.25beta- phellandrene
370.06 phenyl propionic acid
10.37alpha- pinene
150.23alpha- pinene oxide
192.47trans- pinocarveol
221.11  pinocarvone
180.16(E)- rose oxide
240.70  terpinen-4-ol
3tracealpha- terpinene
90.35gamma- terpinene
260.30alpha- terpineol
140.43  terpinolene
100.353,5,5- trimethyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
80.752,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
490.16  valencene
290.19  verbenone
5612.81  viridiflorol
390.80alpha- ylangene

N. Mrabet, S. Zrira, M. M. Ismaili-Alaoui, H. Lahloa and B. Benjilali, Essential oils and resin gum from Moroccan Cistus, “Cistus ladaniferus L." Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 622-630 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cistus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
60.1  acetophenone
1410.26- acetoxy-11-nor-drim-7-en-9-one
720.27- acetyl-2,2,6-trimethyl bicyclo(4.2.0)octane
1190.16-acetyl-5,8,8-trimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)octan-2,3-dione
1490.213-nor- ambreinolide
1480.18-epi-13-nor- ambreinolide
780.2alpha- ambrinol
1371.4  ambrox
1440.16-oxo-isoambrox
810.9  aromadendr-1-ene
1350.3  aromadendr-1(10)-en-9-one
911.41,5-(Z)-aromadendr-9-ene
1320.11,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
1300.15-epi-1,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
861.5allo- aromadendrene
b30.4  benzoic acid
272.0  borneol
551.7  bornyl acetate
b210.93-iso butenyl-5-methyl-5-vinyl butyrolactone
1260.5  cadalene
980.4delta- cadinene
1250.6alpha- cadinol
1000.6alpha- calacorene
990.6(E)- calamenene
900.5(Z)- calamenene
b91.4gamma-campholenic acid
150.3alpha- campholenic aldehyde
100.3gamma- campholenic aldehyde
b70.3alpha-campholytic acid
b40.2gamma-campholytic acid
b52.4 camphonanic acid
b122.1alpha-camphoneic acid
180.1  camphor
600.8  carvacrol
480.2  carvenone
410.2trans- carveol
430.1cis- carveol
460.5  carvone
1380.1sesqui chamaenol
1171.8  copaborneol
1270.6  copabornyl acetate
741.1alpha- copaene
820.7  cubeb-11-ene
1134.1  cubeban-11-ol
1210.41-epi- cubenol
440.1  cuminaldehyde
b111.0beta- cyclogeranic acid
b80.9gamma-cyclogeranic acid
530.3para- cymen-7-ol
30.4para- cymene
b130.7 davanic acid
390.2  decanal
b203.8  decanoic acid
1060.21,2- dehydroglobulol
1180.33,4- dehydroglobulol
1100.21-epi-3,4- dehydroviridiflorol
1041.41,2- dehydroviridiflorol
1460.214,15- di-nor-8,13-epoxylabd-12-ene
790.1  dihydro-beta-ionene
940.2  dihydroactinidiolide
370.5neo dihydrocarveol
b156.5  dihydrocinnamic acid
b241.7 dimethyl (Z)-2-hexyl-3-methyl butendioic acid
490.22,4- dimethyl acetophenone
91.0alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
970.24,7- dimethyl tetral-1-one
b141.22,6- dimethyl-5-oxoheptanoic acid
770.2  dodecanal
700.111-nor- drim-7-ene
1390.1  drim-8-en-7-one
690.211-nor- drim-8-ene
1010.311-nor- driman-8-ol
1020.2beta- elemol
351.3  elsholtzia ketone
1360.25,11- epoxycadin-1(10)-en-9-ol
1080.85,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene
80.86,8- epoxymenth-1-ene
640.1  ethyl dihydrocinnamate
1240.4beta- eudesmol
1220.2gamma- eudesmol
651.6  eugenol
450.2alpha- fenchyl acetate
760.11-( fur-2-yl methyl)-2-formyl pyrrole
b192.4  geranic acid
510.2  geraniol
800.1  geranyl acetone
1090.5  gleenol
1110.2  globulol
b20.5  heptanoic acid
b10.7  hexanoic acid
1330.1(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl dihydrocinnamate
1340.3  hexyl dihydrocinnamate
590.1(2E,4E)-6-hydroxy-2,6-dimethyl hepta-2,4-dienal
32trace2- hydroxy-3-methyl benzaldehyde
660.22- hydroxy-4-isopropenyl toluene
680.2(E)-5-hydroxy-para-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
710.3(Z)-5-hydroxy-para-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
1400.110- hydroxycalamene-8,9-epoxide
1310.19- hydroxyladanifer-10-one(9(10(1))-abeo-9-hydroxyaromadendran-10-one)
500.42- hydroxypinan-3-one
870.2(E)-beta- ionone
1420.615-nor-labd-1(17)-ene
1530.4  labd-7-en-15-ol
1450.515-nor- labd-7-ene
b316.3 labd-7-enoic acid
1540.3  labd-8-en-15-ol
1430.515-nor-labd-8-ene
b324.0 labd-8-enoic acid
1520.4  labd-8(17)-en-15-ol
b305.1 labd-8(17)-enoic acid
1470.715-nor-labdan-8-ol
b232.5  lauric acid
929.3  ledene
730.2iso ledene
1161.3  ledol
120.2  linalool
70.4(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.2(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
b281.0  linoleic acid
1500.3  manoyl oxide
1510.313-epi- manoyl oxide
850.1  massoia lactone
400.3(Z)-para- menth-4(8)-en-2-ol
620.12- methoxy-6-methyl acetophenone
290.3para- methyl acetophenone
521.0  methyl dihydrocinnamate
750.4  methyl eugenol
10.25- methyl furfural
20.16- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1200.3  muurola-4,10(14)-dien-1-ol
1230.3alpha- muurolol
b252.7  myristic acid
330.9  myrtenal
b186.0  myrtenic acid
361.5  myrtenol
581.1  naginata ketone
220.2  nerol oxide
1030.2(E)- nerolidol
130.1  nonanal
b101.6  nonanoic acid
170.7(E)-3- nonen-2-one
b63.7  octanoic acid
b271.2  oleic acid
1150.1beta- oplopenone
b265.1  palmitic acid
1051.2  palustrol
1290.1  pentadecanal
420.13- phenyl propanol
231.5  pinocamphone
280.7iso pinocamphone
191.8trans- pinocarveol
240.3  pinocarvone
630.4trans- pinocarvyl acetate
470.8  piperitone
250.1  propiophenone
1280.24-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
160.1(E)- rose oxide
140.2(Z)- rose oxide
200.1(E)- sabinol
b290.8  stearic acid
210.2(E)- tagetone
260.2(Z)- tagetone
310.8  terpinen-4-ol
340.5alpha- terpineol
1140.1  tetradecanal
890.61,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
950.21,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene
540.2  thymol
1070.26-para-tolyl heptan-2-one
880.1  tridecanal
b160.71,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid A
b171.91,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid B
50.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohex-2-enone
41.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
930.21-(1,2,2- trimethyl cyclopent-1-yl) pentan-1,4-dione
960.26,6,10-trimethyl decan-2-one
300.52,2,5- trimethyl oxepan-4-one
670.21,1,6- trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
830.14,4,7a- trimethyl-1,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-2H-inden-2-one
840.1  tuberolactone
610.2  undecanal
b220.3  undecanoic acid
380.3  verbenone
1124.3  viridiflorol
560.2  vitispirane A
570.1  vitispirane B

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall, M. Weirauch, K. Thefeld and H. Surburg, Constituents of commercial labdanum oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 295-318 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citronella oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
480.65T-amorphol + bulnesol
200.05  borneol
350.10beta- bourbonene
441.17delta- cadinene
421.74gamma- cadinene
40.04  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
370.22beta- caryophyllene
1834.79  citronellal
260.13  citronellic acid
2411.19  citronellol
281.88  citronellyl acetate
340.08alpha- copaene
392.25beta- cubebene
230.10  decanal
361.96beta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
433.16  elemol
460.1710-epi-gamma- eudesmol
292.45  eugenol
490.08(E)-alpha-farnesol
450.10(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2523.18  geraniol
325.07  geranyl acetate
10.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
380.13alpha- humulene
122.81  limonene
170.72  linalool
140.09  melonal
330.09  methyl eugenol
60.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
400.46alpha- muurolene
410.67gamma- muurolene
470.53T- muurolol
80.09  myrcene
300.04  neryl acetate
150.19(E)-beta- ocimene
130.37(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.07beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
30.05alpha- pinene
70.01beta- pinene
190.22iso(iso) pulegol
50.07  sabinene
210.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.01alpha- terpinene
220.05alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
270.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.01  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil CO2 extract mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.18  aromadendrene
351.91(E)-alpha- bergamotene
213.25  borneol
50.37  camphene
90.57delta-2- carene
341.46beta- caryophyllene
390.40beta- chamigrene
103.361,4- cineole
24tracepara- cymen-8-ol
113.07para- cymene
262.80  dihydrocarveol
320.13beta- elemene
40.03alpha- fenchene
27trace  geranial
31trace  geranyl acetate
450.21  germacrene B
380.45gamma- gurjunene
33trace(Z)- jasmone
1215.97  limonene
182.30  linalool
400.26gamma- muurolene
80.34  myrcene
290.52  nerol
300.17  neryl acetate
140.08(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.03alpha- pinene
70.17beta- pinene
60.28  sabinene
10.02alpha- santalene
370.35epi-beta- santalene
440.39alpha- selinene
413.15beta- selinene
225.31  terpinen-1-ol
235.72  terpinen-4-ol
162.46gamma- terpinene
204.52(E)-beta- terpineol
194.59(Z)-beta- terpineol
2527.66alpha- terpineol
175.28  terpinolene
150.15alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
420.10  valencene
280.60  verbenone
430.29  viridiflorene

G. Della Porta, E. Reverchon, D. Chouchi and D. Barth, Mandarin and lime peel oil processing by supercritical CO2 desorption : deterpenation and high molecular weight compound elimination. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 515-522 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
#%LeftshiftComponents
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
1010.06epi-alpha-bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
400.034,8-epoxy-para-menth-1-ene
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
840.181,1,3a,7-tetramethyl-1H-1a,2,2,3a,4,5,6,7b-octahydrocyclopropa(a)naphthalene
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantium var. bergamia wright et arn. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02  borneol
70.641,8- cineole
110.02  citronellal
233.27  citronellol
150.42  citronellyl acetate
213.15  geranial
252.77  geraniol
220.08  geranyl acetate
190.90alpha- humulene
51.21  limonene
1222.39  linalool
1351.64  linalyl acetate
100.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.63  myrcene
160.07  neral
241.21  nerol
200.27  neryl acetate
81.54beta- ocimene
60.04beta- phellandrene
10.09alpha- pinene
21.00beta- pinene
30.15  sabinene
142.53  terpinen-4-ol
174.21alpha- terpineol
90.31  terpinolene

Y. S. Cheng and C. S. Lee, Composition of leaf essential oils from ten Citrus species. Proc. Natl Sci. Count. B. ROC, 5, 278-283(1981).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus limon peel oil c.p. california
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.03(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
320.38(E)-alpha-bergamotene + citronellyl propionate
360.55beta- bisabolene
520.04alpha- bisabolol
160.01  borneol
30.06  camphene
510.03  campherenol
460.008  camphor
310.22beta- caryophyllene
230.08  citronellal
190.06 citronellol + nerol
380.03  citronellyl acetate
90.14para- cymene
240.05  decanal
470.01exo-(Z)-4,7-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-3-en-6-one
500.032,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
290.01 dodecanal + decyl acetate
330.03(E)-beta- farnesene
261.18  geranial
200.03  geraniol
400.52  geranyl acetate
420.01  geranyl propionate
340.02alpha- humulene
1065.65 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
440.007(E)- limonene 1,2-oxide
450.006(Z)- limonene 1,2-oxide
370.007  methyl geranate
61.58  myrcene
250.74  neral
490.004  nerolidol
390.60  neryl acetate
410.007  neryl propionate
220.12  nonanal
110.09(E)-beta- ocimene
210.08  octanal
270.03  perillaldehyde
70.04alpha- phellandrene
21.75alpha- pinene
511.13beta- pinene
480.004  piperitone
41.85  sabinene
150.13(Z)-sabinene hydrate + linalool
140.01(E)-sabinene hydrate + octanol
350.01beta- santalene
170.11  terpinen-4-ol
80.16alpha- terpinene
128.32gamma- terpinene
180.16alpha- terpineol
130.34  terpinolene
10.38alpha- thujene
280.03  undecanal
430.009  undecyl acetate

T. S. Chamblee, B. C. Clark. G. B. Brewster, T. Radford and G. A. Iacobucci, Quantitative analysis of the volatile constituents of lemon peel oil. Effects of silica gel chromatography on the imposition of its hydrocarbon and oxygenated fractions. J. Agric, Food Chem., 39, 162-169 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 1, 45, (1992)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.30  borneol
30.20  camphene
138.90  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
72.60para- cymene
182.30  geraniol
191.70  geranyl acetate
91.40  limonene
1267.50  linalool
150.30(E)- linalool oxide
110.30(Z)- linalool oxide
50.6  myrcene
170.10  nerol
21.80alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
6<0.10alpha- terpinene
104.50gamma- terpinene
160.40alpha- terpineol
1<0.10alpha- thujene
F. Chialva, G. Gabri, P. A. P. Liddle and F. Ulian, Quantitative evaluation of aromatic herbs by direct headspace (GC)2 analysis Application of the method and composition with the traditional analysis of essential oils, In: Aromatic plants, basic and applied aspects, Edits., N. Margaris, A. Koedam and D. Vokou, pp. 183-195, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague (1982). P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)
coriandrum sativum fruit oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.07  borneol
11.20  camphene
90.30beta- caryophyllene
40.301,8- cineole
71.20  decanal
140.40  geraniol
34.70  limonene
860.10 linalool + camphor
100.70  menthol
61.00  menthone
130.06  nerol
21.10beta- pinene
520.05gamma-terpinene + alpha-terpinene
110.23alpha- terpineol

A. S. Reis Machado, E. Gomes de Azevedo, M. Nunes da Ponte and R. M. A. Sardinha, High pressure carbon dioxide extraction from coriander plants. Headspace analysis. J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 645-649 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.04  bicyclogermacrene
161.55  borneol
20.21  camphene
155.83  camphor
280.16beta- caryophyllene
211.23 citronellol + nerol
70.90para- cymene
200.15  decanal
310.45  dillapiole
270.20  dodecanal
230.13  geranial
226.97  geraniol
264.96  geranyl acetate
335.82  hexadecanoic acid
81.55  limonene
1454.57  linalool
120.18(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
50.65  myrcene
190.16  myrtenal
250.19  neryl acetate
100.09(E)-beta- ocimene
340.20 octadecenoic acid
90.04beta- phellandrene
11.14alpha- pinene
40.21beta- pinene
30.14  sabinene
171.38  terpinen-4-ol
60.02alpha- terpinene
114.08gamma- terpinene
182.32alpha- terpineol
130.53  terpinolene
290.18  tetradecanal
320.57  tetradecanoic acid
240.10  undecanal

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of seed oil of Coriandrum sativum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 97-98 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
croton eluteria bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
1211.78beta-cedren-10-ol
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
1300.513,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-isopropyl-1(2H)-naphthalenone
79trace2,5-dimethoxy-meta-cymene
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
980.04para-menth-2-en-1-ol
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
830.15(Z)-5-tridecen-2-one
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.30allo- aromadendrene
241.20  borneol
320.20  bornyl acetate
280.50  bornyl formate
390.30beta- bourbonene
511.20delta- cadinene
41.70  camphene
220.30  camphene hydrate
19tracealpha- campholenal
20trace  camphor
449.30iso caryophyllene
110.101,8- cineole
380.60alpha- copaene
360.20alpha- cubebene
487.90ar- curcumene
101.70para- cymene
420.50  cyperene
270.102- decanone
430.202,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
40trace2- dodecanone
410.80beta- elemene
350.30delta- elemene
490.30  germacrene D
450.80alpha- gurjunene
461.50alpha- humulene
121.30  limonene
180.40  linalool
16trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.20  longicyclene
8trace4- methyl anisole
300.10  methyl carvacrol
29trace  methyl thymol
70.60  myrcene
520.40(E)- nerolidol
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.50alpha- phellandrene
316.00alpha- pinene
60.70beta- pinene
21.020trans- pinocarveol
230.10  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
534.50  spathulenol
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.20gamma- terpinene
260.10alpha- terpineol
17trace  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
34trace  thymol
10.20  tricyclene
500.302- tridecanone
330.502- undecanone
310.60trans- verbenyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 667, (2000)
cupressus sempervirens cone oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.3  borneol
370.4  bornyl acetate
200.2delta- cadinene
250.2alpha- cadinol
240.2T- cadinol
819.0delta-3- carene
340.3  carveol
35trace  carvone
410.2beta- caryophyllene
210.1  caryophyllene oxide
400.2alpha- cedrene
223.3  cedrol
230.16-isocedrol
39tracealpha- copaene
460.1para- cymen-8-ol
450.1ortho- cymene
100.4para-cymenel
140.6alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
31.8alpha- fenchene
160.2alpha- fenchyl alcohol
44trace  germacrene D
420.1alpha- humulene
122.5  limonene
360.2  methyl carvacrol
63.0  myrcene
300.1  myrtenal
320.1  myrtenol
7tracealpha- phellandrene
110.4beta- phellandrene
248.2alpha- pinene
51.4beta- pinene
180.1  pinocamphone
170.6trans- pinocarveol
190.3  pinocarvone
4trace  sabinene
43tracebeta- selinene
291.6  terpinen-4-ol
90.4alpha- terpinene
130.8gamma- terpinene
312.2alpha- terpineol
270.3delta- terpineol
153.9  terpinolene
382.2alpha- terpinyl acetate
470.6delta- terpinyl acetate
10.1  tricyclene
260.1  umbellulone
330.9  verbenone

F. F. Kassem, F. M. Harmz, N. A. El-Sebakhy, H. L. DePooter, N. M. Schamp and H, About-Shleib. Composition of the essential oil of Egyptian Cupressus sempervirens L. cones. Flav. Frag J., 6, 205-207 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.20alpha- bergamotene
250.50beta- bisabolol
181.30  borneol
164.50iso borneol
21.70  camphene
911.20  camphor
140.20beta- caryophyllene
230.50  caryophyllene oxide
66.001,8- cineole
2111.20beta- curcumene
2228.10ar- curcumene
267.10  curzerenone
132.80beta- elemene
80.20delta- elemene
240.30  germacrone
50.40  limonene
100.40  linalool
40.20  myrcene
70.102- nonanone
10.40alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
190.60beta- selinene
200.50alpha- selinene
280.30  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
170.80alpha- terpineol
270.20  zerumbone
111.40  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 63, (2001)
curcuma longa rhizome oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
70.02  borneol
80.06  camphor
1611.58 cardione
42.921,8- cineole
1012.17ar-curcumene + gamma-curcumene
171.19 curzerendioine
122.13 curzerenol
132.04  curzerenone
90.21  eugenol
30.20  limonene
60.16  linalool
10.53alpha- pinene
20.27beta- pinene
52.72gamma- terpinene
1424.07 turmerone
1518.38ar- turmerone
118.14  zingiberene

Y-H. Chen, J-G. Yu and H. J. Fang, Studies on Chinese curcuma III. Comparison of the volatile oil and phenolic constituents from the rhizome and tuber of Curcumalonga. Zhongyao Tongbao, 81, 27-29 (1983).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

curcuma longa root oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
81.40alpha- bergamotene
91.08  borneol
25.50  camphene
132.12  carvone
71.63beta- caryophyllene
54.05  citronellal
202.94  citronellyl valerate
32.16 cubebene
174.23ar- curcumene
41.15para- cymene
151.02  germacrene D
141.01  linalool
61.99  menthofuran
181.53  nerol
163.17beta-sesqui phellandrene
191.84  phellandrol
11.25alpha- pinene
120.96alpha- terpineol
1116.12 turmerone
1042.00ar- turmerone
211.14  xanthorrhizol

B. Gopalan, M. Goto, A. Kodama and T. Hirose, Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Turmeric (Curcuma longa). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2189-2192 (2000).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cymbopogon nardus rendle oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.90  borneol
180.54  bornyl acetate
70.225-tert-butyl-1,3-cyclopentadiene
324.13delta- cadinene
240.33gamma- cadinene
20.28  camphene
80.56  camphor
221.65beta- caryophyllene
91.02  citronellal
131.65  citronellol
190.87  citronellyl propionate
330.48alpha- copaene
120.33  decanol
41.182,7- dimethyl-(4Z)-octen-2,7-diol
211.28  elemene
290.56  eudesmol
340.49beta- eudesmol
272.38  fenchone
160.91  geranial
1529.47  geraniol
208.79  geranyl formate
263.44  hedycaryol
351.26beta- himachalene
230.43alpha- humulene
28traceiso limonene
63.26  linalool
301.21 methanoazulene
250.89alpha- muurolene
31.45  myrcene
140.29  neral
50.35(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.32alpha- pinene
310.47delta- selinene
110.62alpha- terpineol
362.12  tetracosane
170.254- undecanone

J. O. Moody, S. A. Adeleye, M. G. Gundidza, G. Wyllie and O. Ajayi-Obe, Analysis of the essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle growing in Zimbabwe. Pharmazie, 50, 74-75 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

cymbopogon pendulus praman oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.08beta- bisabolene
130.05  borneol
240.44alpha- cadinol
100.09  camphor
200.18beta- caryophyllene
230.09  caryophyllene oxide
110.10  citronellal
170.10  citronellyl acetate
40.05para- cymene
190.15beta- elemene
1680.21  geraniol
184.60  geranyl acetate
210.18alpha- humulene
50.06  limonene
91.42  linalool
10.486- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.13  myrcene
1535.25  neral
70.08(E)-beta- ocimene
60.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.05alpha- phellandrene
120.26iso pulegol
140.48  terpinen-4-ol
80.05  terpinolene
cymbopogon winterianus oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
451.37T-amorphol + bulnesol
180.06  borneol
320.12beta- bourbonene
410.66delta- cadinene
391.87gamma- cadinene
60.01delta-3- carene
340.08beta- caryophyllene
1635.27  citronellal
240.17  citronellic acid
229.92  citronellol
261.01  citronellyl acetate
310.13alpha- copaene
361.76beta- cubebene
80.01para- cymene
210.10  decanal
130.013,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
332.80beta- elemene
290.01delta- elemene
405.58  elemol
430.5910-epi-gamma- eudesmol
272.29  eugenol
460.19(E)-alpha-farnesol
420.20(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2323.13  geraniol
303.78  geranyl acetate
10.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
350.12alpha- humulene
102.62  limonene
150.77  linalool
110.09  melonal
40.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.52alpha- muurolene
380.56gamma- muurolene
440.82T- muurolol
50.07  myrcene
280.03  neryl acetate
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
90.05beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
20.01alpha- pinene
170.29iso(iso) pulegol
30.07  sabinene
190.04  terpinen-4-ol
70.01alpha- terpinene
200.06alpha- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
250.23alpha- terpinyl acetate

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

cypress leaf oil algetian
#%LeftshiftComponents
32trace  borneol
24trace-0.13  bornyl acetate
25traceiso bornyl acetate
360.20-0.76delta-cadinene + gamma-cadinene
44tracealpha- cadinol
45tracedelta- cadinol
40trace(Z)-alpha-calacorene
40.20-0.50  camphene
20trace  camphor
719.35-21.13delta-3- carene
38trace-0.08trans-carveol + (Z)-calamenene
260.14-0.35beta- caryophyllene
41trace  caryophyllene oxide
23trace-0.19alpha- cedrene
432.03-3.92  cedrol
19trace-0.06alpha- copaene
180.07-0.15alpha- cubebene
42trace  cubenol
39tracepara- cymen-8-ol
150.21-0.24para- cymene
480.10-0.28  dehydroabietane
30.73-0.81alpha- fenchene
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
30trace-0.23alpha- humulene
102.28-3.31  limonene
210.07-0.33  linalool
220.11-0.16  linalyl acetate
470.12-0.20  manoyl oxide
35trace-0.10alpha- muurolene
34trace-0.32gamma- muurolene
83.11-3.48 myrcene + alpha-phellandrene
28trace  myrtenal
37trace  myrtenol
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.43-0.54beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
247.00-52.76alpha- pinene
51.10-1.37beta- pinene
29tracetrans- pinocarveol
60.74-0.93  sabinene
460.26-0.95  sandracopimaradiene
270.35-1.01  terpinen-4-ol
90.22-0.26alpha- terpinene
140.41-0.51gamma- terpinene
16trace  terpinolene
334.10-6.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
310.42-1.03alpha- terpinyl formate
10.09-0.11  tricyclene
N. Chanegriha, A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Melklati, J. Favre-Bonvin and S. Alamercey, Chemical composition of Algetian cypress essential oil, J, Essent, Oil, Res., 5(6), 671-674 (1993). P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)
darwinia citriodora (endl.) benth. leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.10allo- aromadendrene
180.20  aromadendrene
201.30  bicyclogermacrene
70.10  borneol
170.40beta- caryophyllene
110.30  geranial
100.10  geraniol
220.60  globulol
20.80  limonene
61.70  linalool
1537.40  methyl geranate
1441.00  methyl myrtenate
90.30  neral
210.60(E)- nerolidol
30.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
42.00(E)-beta- ocimene
17.80alpha- pinene
50.30gamma- terpinene
80.30alpha- terpineol
120.20 unknown a
130.30 unknown b
160.20 unknown c
232.30  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 58, (2001)
daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil. seed oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
34trace-1.38alpha- acoradiene
21trace-0.35  borneol
390.07-0.16gamma- cadinene
430.10-0.90alpha- cadinol
30.04-0.08  camphene
310.44-1.39beta- caryophyllene
410.18-1.01  caryophyllene oxide
30trace-0.32alpha- copaene
110.06-2.48para- cymene
440.74-1.37  eudesm-11-en-4-ol
380.04-0.30(E)-beta- farnesene
250.14-0.32  geranial
240.61-2.33  geraniol
2951.74-76.95  geranyl acetate
35trace-0.16beta- gurjunene
320.24-0.61alpha- humulene
33trace-0.50beta- ionone
120.70-1.18  limonene
183.97-5.18  linalool
170.05-0.13(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.20-1.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
80.02-0.03para-mentha-1(7),3,8-triene
4trace-0.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
42trace-1.37T- muurolol
70.52-0.81  myrcene
400.04-0.09  nerolidol
280.08-0.73  neryl acetate
14trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
9trace-0.02alpha- phellandrene
20.50-1.73alpha- pinene
60.16-1.66beta- pinene
54.42-11.13  sabinene
200.03-0.62(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.02-0.23(Z)- sabinene hydrate
370.16-0.66alpha- selinene
360.25-1.99beta- selinene
220.93-8.17  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-0.29alpha- terpinene
150.02-0.52gamma- terpinene
230.16-0.69alpha- terpineol
270.03-0.08alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.03-0.12alpha- thujene
26trace-0.35  thymol

M. Gil Pinilla, M. J. Pérez-Alonso and A. Velasco-Negueruela, Volatile constituents from fruits of Daucus carota L. gummifer Hook. fil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 433-435 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

dittrichia graveolens (l.) greuter oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.80allo- aromadendrene
560.70  borneol
66.80  bornyl acetate
120.50delta- cadinene
111.50gamma- cadinene
145.20T- cadinol
20.10  camphene
40.30  camphene hydrate
30.20  camphor
78.30beta- caryophyllene
134.30  caryophyllene oxide
80.60alpha- humulene
10.20alpha- pinene
101.60beta- selinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 507, (2000)
eucalyptus camaldulensis leaf oil jerusalem
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.80allo- aromadendrene
233.80  borneol
270.60delta- cadinene
390.90alpha- cadinol
324.50  caryophyllene oxide
93.701,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
206.90  cryptone
283.90  cuminaldehyde
300.60para- cymen-8-ol
1124.20para- cymene
210.10  deshydroaromadendrene
330.80 eicosane + humulene epoxide
160.20alpha- fenchol
340.20  globulol
350.10epi- globulol
81.10  limonene
141.30  linalool
151.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
181.80(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
130.30  menthone
60.40  myrcene
310.30  nonadecane
290.10  octadecane
243.80  phellandral
50.40alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
260.10  piperitol
251.30  piperitone
40.20  sabinene
3617.50  spathulenol
370.20iso spathulenol
174.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.60alpha- terpinene
101.30gamma- terpinene
220.70alpha- terpineol
120.40  terpinolene
21.30alpha- thujene
380.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 105, (2001)
eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
95.57  aromadendrene
121.56allo- aromadendrene
160.09  borneol
100.22alpha- bulnesene
200.17delta- cadinene
180.16  carvone
368.821,8- cineole
230.09para- cymen-8-ol
50.27para- cymene
310.12alpha- eudesmol
320.26beta- eudesmol
282.75  globulol
80.55beta- gurjunene
21.57  limonene
110.11(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
220.25(E)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
240.08(Z)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
210.97(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
250.24(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
170.51alpha- muurolene
151.62  neral
260.12  palustrol
270.212- phenethyl propionate
11.90alpha- pinene
132.14trans- pinocarveol
70.92  pinocarvone
190.07(E)- piperitol
300.13  spathulenol
40.15gamma- terpinene
140.17delta- terpineol
60.98  terpinolene
330.25  torquatone
290.73  viridiflorol

C. M. Bignell, P. J. Dunlap, J. J. Brophy and J. F. Jackson, Volatile leaf oils of some southwestern and southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus Part XII. A. Subgenus Eudesmia: B. Subgenus sumphyomyrtus: (a) section Exsertaria; (b) series globulares. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 145-151 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

eucalyptus globulus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1512.31  aromadendrene
182.90allo- aromadendrene
220.06  borneol
160.40alpha- bulnesene
260.42delta- cadinene
100.11alpha- campholenic aldehyde
540.721,8- cineole
120.06alpha- copaene
90.25alpha- cubebene
300.15para- cymen-8-ol
70.86para- cymene
380.26alpha- eudesmol
390.40beta- eudesmol
370.09gamma- eudesmol
344.37  globulol
110.44alpha- gurjunene
140.84beta- gurjunene
44.24  limonene
170.07(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
290.12(E)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
280.18(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
310.24(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
240.18alpha- muurolene
30.16  myrcene
270.23  myrtenol
200.30  neral
320.18  palustrol
330.172- phenethyl propionate
112.49alpha- pinene
20.36beta- pinene
190.66trans- pinocarveol
130.34  pinocarvone
250.14(E)- piperitol
230.19beta- selinene
360.52  spathulenol
60.17gamma- terpinene
213.65alpha- terpineol
80.15  terpinolene
400.23  torquatone
351.12  viridiflorol

C. M. Bignell, P. J. Dunlap, J. J. Brophy and J. F. Jackson, Volatile leaf oils of some southwestern and southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus Part XII. A. Subgenus Eudesmia: B. Subgenus sumphyomyrtus: (a) section Exsertaria; (b) series globulares. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 145-151 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

eucalyptus globulus oil burundia
In 1994, Dethier et al. screened the leaf oils ofBururidian Eucalyptus species for their compositions using both CC and CC/MS. The components characterized in the oil of E. globulus were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
173.60  aromadendrene
180.80allo- aromadendrene
120.20  borneol
200.10gamma- cadinene
210.30  caryophyllene oxide
663.801,8- cineole
150.20alpha- copaene
50.80para- cymene
251.70alpha- eudesmol
241.30beta- eudesmol
230.60gamma- eudesmol
221.30  globulol
160.60alpha- gurjunene
73.90  limonene
110.20  linalool
30.30  myrcene
80.10(E)-beta- ocimene
40.10alpha- phellandrene
18.80alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
190.20alpha- selinene
130.80  terpinen-4-ol
90.10alpha- terpinene
145.80alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene

M. Dethier, A. Nduwimanna, Y. Cordier, C. Menut and G. Lamaty, Aromatic plants of tropical Africa. XVI. Studies on essential oils of five Eucalyptus species grown in Burundi. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 469-473 (1994).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan
Saeed and Sabir (1997) screened eucalyptus oil for their antimicrobial characteristics. As part of their study, the authors reported that a pakistani e. globulus oil contained the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.20  borneol
30.40  camphene
1616.70beta- caryophyllene
723.601,8- cineole
1013.60  citronellol
118.60  cryptone
170.10beta- cubebene
1trace  cumene
60.60para- cymene
181.90  linalool oxide
131.80  linalyl acetate
150.60alpha- phellandrene
193.60beta- phellandrene
20.30alpha- pinene
40.40beta- pinene
140.20iso pulegol
51.20gamma- terpinene
92.90alpha- terpineol
120.50  terpinolene

M. A. Saeed and A. W. Sabir, Antimicrobial studies of the constituents of Pakistani Eucalyptus oils. J. Fac. Pharm. Gazi, 12(2), 129-140 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus subsp. pseudoglobulus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
131.16  aromadendrene
160.28allo- aromadendrene
220.07  borneol
270.25delta- cadinene
280.13gamma- cadinene
80.17alpha- campholenic aldehyde
260.31  carvone
120.99beta- caryophyllene
350.13  caryophyllene oxide
452.411,8- cineole
90.09alpha- copaene
320.16para- cymen-8-ol
61.60para- cymene
70.09alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
410.95alpha- eudesmol
428.65beta- eudesmol
400.73gamma- eudesmol
110.10alpha- fenchol
370.36  globulol
190.55alpha- humulene
32.33  limonene
140.13(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
310.45(E)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
330.07(Z)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
300.59(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
340.64(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
150.11  myrtenal
290.11  myrtenol
50.08(E)-beta- ocimene
360.082- phenethyl propionate
112.27alpha- pinene
20.33beta- pinene
172.73trans- pinocarveol
102.84  pinocarvone
200.07(Z)- piperitol
250.31alpha- selinene
240.28beta- selinene
390.13  spathulenol
210.84alpha- terpineol
180.22delta- terpineol
430.12  torquatone
230.18  verbenone
380.13  viridiflorol

C. M. Bignell, P. J. Dunlap, J. J. Brophy and J. F. Jackson, Volatile leaf oils of some southwestern and southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus Part XII. A. Subgenus Eudesmia: B. Subgenus sumphyomyrtus: (a) section Exsertaria; (b) series globulares. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 145-151 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

fir needle oil siberian
#%LeftshiftComponents
171.66  borneol
1830.96  bornyl acetate
424.27  camphene
160.05  camphor
812.23delta-3- carene
200.59beta- caryophyllene
100.15para- cymene
190.17  geranyl acetate
210.33alpha- humulene
124.08  limonene
60.69  myrcene
70.12alpha- phellandrene
112.47beta- phellandrene
313.74alpha- pinene
51.57beta- pinene
12.52  santene
150.14  terpinen-4-ol
90.10alpha- terpinene
130.14gamma- terpinene
141.12  terpinolene
22.38  tricyclene

A. Orav, K. Kuningas and T. Kailas, Computerized capillary gas chromatographic identification and determination of Siberian fir oil constituents. J. Chromatogr., A, 697, 495-499 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40  borneol
70.401,8- cineole
62.90para- cymene
231.60  decanal
245.003,7-dimethyl-1-octene-3,7-diol
210.403,7- dimethyl-1,5-octadiene-3,7-diol
260.50  geraniol
91.20  limonene
1424.50  linalool
120.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
130.80(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.40(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
190.50(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
160.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
15trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
271.1para-menthane-1,8-diol hydrate
50.40  myrcene
250.40  nerol
41.20  octanal
111.00  octanol
80.20beta- phellandrene
12.10alpha- pinene
36.00beta- pinene
23.80  sabinene
2019.20  terpinen-4-ol
100.60gamma- terpinene
224.20alpha- terpineol
287.001,2,4- trihydroxy-para-menthane
290.601,2,4- trihydroxy-para-menthane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 471, (2000)
guava fruit headspace reunion
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.50  borneol
177.60gamma- butyrolactone
160.70beta- caryophyllene
140.10alpha- copaene
240.30  cumin alcohol
20.50  ethyl butyrate
150.405- ethyl dihydro-2(5H)-furanone
90.40  ethyl hexanoate
190.105- ethyl-2(5H)-furanone
132.20(E,E)-2,4- hexadien-1-al
365.90  hexanal
110.50  hexanol
87.40(E)-2- hexenal
71.00(Z)-2- hexenal
42.00(Z)-3- hexenal
120.70(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
101.30(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
10.10  methyl butyrate
60.20  methyl hexanoate
210.303- methyl-4-octanone
50.30  myrcene
221.60  phenol
230.105-phenyl propanol
200.303- phenyl-1-propyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 153, (2000)
ho leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.16  borneol
160.18  bornyl acetate
130.47  camphor
171.99beta- caryophyllene
80.211,8- cineole
230.25  citronellol
150.11alpha- copaene
110.01para- cymene
300.11beta- eudesmol
240.03  geranyl acetate
310.02  guaiol
210.17alpha- humulene
70.01  limonene
1490.57  linalool
270.11  methyl eugenol
290.05  methyl isoeugenol
50.08  myrcene
250.19  nerol
280.46(Z)- nerolidol
90.09beta- ocimene
60.05alpha- phellandrene
20.12alpha- pinene
30.05beta- pinene
40.05  sabinene
260.88  safrole
180.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.30gamma- terpinene
200.53alpha- terpineol
120.02  terpinolene
220.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.07alpha- thujene

W-Y. Shi, W. He, G-Y. Wen, D-H. Guo, G-Y. Long and Y-G. Liu, Essential oil of Cinnamomum camphora: composition and classification of types. Zhiwu Xuebao, 31, 209-214 (1989).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.70beta- bisabolenol
190.70  borneol
56.60  camphene
17tracealpha- campholenal
231.40 cedren-13-ol acetate
100.60para- cymene
160.70alpha- fenchol
1112.10  limonene
150.80  linalool
13trace  linalool oxide
70.40  myrcene
21trace  myrtenol
22.80  nonane
8tracealpha- phellandrene
434.70alpha- pinene
632.10beta- pinene
18tracetrans- pinocarveol
90.20alpha- terpinene
120.60gamma- terpinene
200.70alpha- terpineol
141.60  terpinolene
3trace  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 43, (2001)
illicium verum fruit oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
2387.89(E)- anethole
210.20(Z)- anethole
220.28para- anisaldehyde
250.06  anise ketone
340.16allo- aromadendrene
310.14beta- bergamotene
350.22beta- bisabolene
160.04  borneol
150.05iso borneol
20.03  camphene
140.02  camphor
70.58delta-3- carene
290.35beta- caryophyllene
280.31iso caryophyllene
100.201,8- cineole
260.10alpha- copaene
80.29para- cymene
270.04beta- elemene
300.50gamma- elemene
390.05  elemol
330.42(E)-beta- farnesene
380.03  farnesol
360.89  foeniculin
92.38  limonene
130.73  linalool
190.57  methyl chavicol
320.32  methyl isoeugenol
50.41  myrcene
370.12  nerolidol
60.39alpha- phellandrene
120.03beta- phellandrene
10.49alpha- pinene
40.03beta- pinene
240.194-iso propyl tropolone
30.03  sabinene
200.14  safrole
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
180.28alpha- terpineol

L-F. Sun, Studies on the Chemical constituents of the volatile oil of Illicium verum Hook. f grown in Shangyou. Youji Huaxue, 10, 183-186 (1990).

P&F 17, No. 2, 39, (1992)

laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
210.201,8-epoxy-2-para-menthene
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1410.20laevo-junenol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
480.10(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
430.10isopinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
lavandin absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
41.50  borneol
21.70  camphor
82.40beta-caryophyllene + alpha-humulene
77.70  coumarin
92.60  herniarin
61.80  lavandulyl acetate
110.10  linalool
528.40  linalyl acetate
31.10  terpinen-4-ol

P. Pellerin, Supercritical extraction of natural raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry. Perf. & FIav., 16(4), 37-39 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin grosso oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1trace  acetone
46tracebeta- bergamotene
620.10  bisabolene
780.40beta- bisabolol
592.89  borneol
490.24  bornyl acetate
180.04  butyl butyrate
100.01  butyl isobutyrate
350.10  butyl tiglate
660.25gamma- cadinene
770.20T- cadinol
70.33  camphene
4312.16  camphor
110.05delta-3- carene
64trace  carvone
522.73beta- caryophyllene
750.12beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1710.221,8- cineole
76trace  cubenol
680.02  cuminaldehyde
710.02para- cymen-8-ol
250.16para- cymene
690.03  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.12beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.08iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
700.23  geraniol
631.19  geranyl acetate
601.06  germacrene D
300.02  hexanol
19trace2- hexenal
380.05  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.17  hexyl acetate
340.28  hexyl butyrate
290.04  hexyl isobutyrate
280.02  hexyl propionate
530.13  hexyl tiglate
560.17alpha- humulene
550.84  lavandulol
502.27  lavandulyl acetate
730.02  lavandulyl butyrate
74trace lavandulyl epoxide
160.93  limonene
4422.53  linalool
410.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.16(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
65trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4526.18  linalyl acetate
72trace  linalyl hexanoate
20.05  methoxyhexane
150.145- methyl-3-heptanone
121.50  myrcene
670.05  nerol
610.13  neryl acetate
220.52(E)-beta- ocimene
201.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
27trace  octanal
230.043- octanone
360.121- octen-3-ol
310.261- octen-3-yl acetate
42trace  octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.61alpha- pinene
80.44beta- pinene
480.19  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
90.14  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.21alpha- santalene
513.34  terpinen-4-ol
140.05alpha- terpinene
210.40gamma- terpinene
571.18alpha- terpineol
580.43gamma- terpineol
260.26  terpinolene
50.12alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil abrialis
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetone
460.39beta- bergamotene
620.05  bisabolene
740.24beta- bisabolol
593.65  borneol
170.03  butyl butyrate
10trace  butyl isobutyrate
350.15  butyl tiglate
650.30gamma- cadinene
730.21T- cadinol
70.55  camphene
42trace  camphenilone
4312.20  camphor
110.13delta-3- carene
506.03beta- caryophyllene
710.11beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1610.281,8- cineole
570.05  cryptone
72trace  cubebol
690.05para- cymen-8-ol
230.22para- cymene
670.09  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.09beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.09iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
680.10  geraniol
631.22  geranyl acetate
601.20  germacrene D
290.05  hexanol
380.12  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.24  hexyl acetate
340.30  hexyl butyrate
280.14  hexyl isobutyrate
270.06  hexyl propionate
510.19  hexyl tiglate
70trace  hotrienol
560.43alpha- humulene
550.55  lavandulol
482.64  lavandulyl acetate
151.50  limonene
4419.59  linalool
410.11(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
640.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4518.58  linalyl acetate
20.06  methoxyhexane
121.24  myrcene
66trace  nerol
610.20  neryl acetate
204.22(E)-beta- ocimene
182.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
25trace  octanal
31trace3- octanol
210.143- octanone
360.331- octen-3-ol
300.491- octen-3-yl acetate
26trace3- octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.89alpha- pinene
80.87beta- pinene
90.38  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.67alpha- santalene
52tracebeta- santalene
491.23  terpinen-4-ol
140.09alpha- terpinene
190.26gamma- terpinene
580.98alpha- terpineol
240.48  terpinolene
50.07alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene
530.135,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.13  benzaldehyde
191.94  benzyl benzoate
120.89  borneol
21.04  camphene
102.39  camphor
160.12  carvone
180.25  geranyl acetate
70.10  hexyl acetate
85.55  linalool
179.15  linalyl acetate
90.29para- menth-3-en-1-ol
1133.79iso nonyl acetate
61.182- octanone
17.91alpha- pinene
50.67beta- pinene
40.28  sabinene
140.10  terpinen-4-ol
159.09alpha- terpineol
130.45beta- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang. Aromatic plants and essential constituents (Supplement 1). South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science, Hai Feng Publ. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

lavandula angustifolia flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.20  borneol
 0.20  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 1.15  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.14  caryophyllene oxide
 3.951,8- cineole
 0.19  coumarin
 0.13para- cymene
 0.68  ethyl amyl ketone
 1.92(E)-beta- farnesene
 4.55  geraniol
 0.08  geranyl acetate
 0.07  hexanol
 2.87  lavandulol
 1.28  limonene
 58.86  linalool
 0.61(E)- linalool oxide
 0.76(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.11  linalyl acetate
 0.07  myrcene
 1.44  nerol
 0.20  neryl acetate
 0.313- octanol
 0.25beta- pinene
 0.06alpha- santalene
 6.68  terpinen-4-ol
 6.06alpha- terpineol
 0.05  terpinolene
lavandula angustifolia herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.15(E)- anethole
181.85  borneol
20.76  camphene
123.67  camphor
50.11delta-3- carene
162.67beta- caryophyllene
84.311,8- cineole
101.06para- cymene
200.44  geraniol
72.06  limonene
1344.44  linalool
1422.04  linalyl acetate
60.29  myrcene
110.48(E)-beta- ocimene
91.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.68beta- pinene
40.13  sabinene
155.39  terpinen-4-ol
171.22alpha- terpineol
11.53alpha- thujene

T. Bernard, F. Perineau, M. Delmas and A. Gaset, Extraction of essential oils. Part III. Two-stoge production of the oil of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 261.267 (1989).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

lavandula angustifolia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
331.02  aromadendrene
310.19  bergamotene
362.09alpha- bisabolol
192.30  borneol
40.22  camphene
187.90  camphor
301.86beta- caryophyllene
115.831,8- cineole
100.14ortho- cymene
273.083,7- dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl acetate
322.23(Z)-beta- farnesene
25trace  geraniol
290.71  geranyl acetate
90.15  hexyl acetate
230.35  hexyl butyrate
200.31  lavandulol
1725.29  linalool
160.91(E)- linalool oxide
150.83(Z)- linalool oxide
2634.69  linalyl acetate
140.30para-menth-2-en-1-ol
10.722- methyl cyclopentanol
340.84gamma- muurolene
350.54alpha- muurolol
81.19  myrcene
24trace  nerol
280.33  neryl acetate
130.72(E)-beta- ocimene
120.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
6trace1- octen-3-ol
30.27alpha- pinene
70.21beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
213.79  terpinen-4-ol
220.46alpha- terpineol
2tracealpha- thujene

E. Reverchon, G. Della Ports and F. Senatore, Supercritical CO2 extraction and fractionation of lavender essential oil and waxes. J, Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1654-1658 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

lavandula hydrida flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.35  borneol
 0.09  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 0.81  camphor
 0.10  caryophyllene
 1.571,8- cineole
 0.08  coumarin
 0.10  cryptone
 0.10(Z)-ortho-cymene
 0.08  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.17(E)-beta- farnesene
 5.25  geraniol
 0.10  geranyl acetate
 0.10  hexanol
 1.36  lavandulol
 0.57  limonene
 68.49  linalool
 0.64(E)- linalool oxide
 0.80(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.12  linalyl acetate
 0.09  myrcene
 1.69  nerol
 0.06  neryl acetate
 0.063- octanol
 0.10beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- santalene
 4.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05gamma- terpinene
 8.98alpha- terpineol
lavandula latifolia herb oil spain
In 1996, Guillen et a!. analyzed an oil of spike lavender produced from plants cultivated in northeastern Spain. The components identified in this oil on using GC and GC/ MS as the analytical procedures were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.11  bergamotene
390.13  bergamotene
430.22  bergamotene
500.24beta- bisabolene
560.23alpha- bisabolol
550.02alpha-bisabolol oxide
171.13  borneol
300.10  bornyl acetate
260.11  bornyl formate
350.17iso bornyl isovalerate
370.19beta- bourbonene
420.01beta- cadinene
510.12gamma- cadinene
540.08T- cadinol
50.56  camphene
1513.60  camphor
410.47beta- caryophyllene
521.59  caryophyllene oxide
1031.311,8- cineole
380.02beta- cubebene
490.01ar- curcumene
190.07  epoxylinalool
450.03  farnesene
470.06  farnesene
460.11  farnesene
530.03  farnesol
480.08  germacrene A
250.05 hexen-1-yl butyrate
270.42  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.37  hexyl butyrate
330.03  hexyl hexanoate
230.15  hexyl isobutyrate
320.10  hexyl tiglate
280.19  hexyl valerate
440.30alpha- humulene
1436.94  linalool
130.05(E)- linalool oxide
120.77(Z)- linalool oxide
290.10  linalyl acetate
340.03  linalyl butyrate
70.15  myrcene
310.02  neryl acetate
31.11alpha- pinene
41.48beta- pinene
160.04  pinocamphone
60.47  sabinene
110.61(Z)- sabinene hydrate
180.19  terpinen-4-ol
80.33alpha- terpinene
210.79alpha- terpineol
90.69  terpinolene
20.02alpha- thujene
10.05  tricyclene
200.241,1,3- trimethyl-2-oxobicyclo(2.2.2)octan-5-one
220.12  verbenone
360.02alpha- ylangene

M. D. Guillen, N. Cabo and J. Burillo, Characterization of the essential oils of some cultivated aromatic plants of industrial interest. J. Sci. Food Agric., 70, 359-363 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

lavandula latifolia herb water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.26  borneol
 0.06  bornyl acetate
 32.29  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.03  caryophyllene oxide
 29.131,4- cineole
 0.06  coumarin
 0.05  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.79(E)-beta- farnesene
 1.80  geraniol
 0.05  geranyl acetate
 0.03  hexanol
 0.05  lavandulol
 22.65  linalool
 0.08(E)- linalool oxide
 0.13(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.08  linalyl acetate
 0.06  myrcene
 0.56  nerol
 0.02  neryl acetate
 0.32beta- pinene
 0.71  terpinen-4-ol
 0.02gamma- terpinene
 4.95alpha- terpineol
 0.03  terpinolene
lavandula officinalis flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.80alpha- pinene
20.30  camphene
30.301- octen-3-ol
40.40beta- pinene
50.70  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
75.201,8- cineole
82.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.40(E)-beta-ocimene
1029.50  linalool
110.901- octen-3-yl acetate
123.50  camphor
131.60  borneol
142.90  terpinen-4-ol
152.50alpha- terpineol
1641.50  linalyl acetate
172.00  lavandulyl acetate
180.20  neryl acetate
190.30  geranyl acetate
202.40beta- caryophyllene
211.20beta- farnesene
220.40  germacrene D
G. Milhau, A. Valentin, F. Benoit, M. Mallié, J-M. Baslide, V. Pellissier and J-M. Bessière, In vitro antimalarial activity of eight essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 329-333 (1997).
lavender oil spike
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.11  acetone
490.02beta- bisabolol
381.69  borneol
430.18gamma- cadinene
480.06T- cadinol
41.08  camphene
282.17beta- caryophyllene
470.20  caryophyllene oxide
1022.901,8- cineole
350.07  cryptone
460.09para- cymen-8-ol
151.39para- cymene
310.31beta- farnesene
450.35  geraniol
390.20  germacrene D
180.01  hexanol
19trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
210.06  hexyl 3-methyl butyrate
200.02  hexyl butyrate
17trace  hexyl isobutyrate
290.02  hexyl tiglate
340.16alpha- humulene
330.50  lavandulol
93.18  limonene
230.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
420.18(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
41trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
25trace6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
70.80  myrcene
320.07  myrtenol
440.69  nerol
400.88  neryl acetate
130.08(E)-beta- ocimene
110.47(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.053- octanone
220.091- octen-3-ol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
34.77alpha- pinene
54.10beta- pinene
26trace  plinol (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
240.37  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
60.37  sabinene
270.36  terpinen-4-ol
120.15gamma- terpinene
362.67alpha- terpineol
370.53gamma- terpineol
160.07  terpinolene
2trace  tricyclene
300.475,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavender-Lavandin-A Composition. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 364-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

lavender oil spike
An oil of L. latifolia produced in France was found by Canaud and Martineau (1996) to possess the following composition:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.80alpha- pinene
 2.00beta- pinene
 0.80  camphene
 0.60  sabinene
 0.60  myrcene
 0.30  limonene
 25.501,8- cineole
 18.50  camphor
 27.30  linalool
 2.90  linalyl acetate
 0.30  lavandulyl acetate
 0.70  terpinen-4-ol
 1.60beta- caryophyllene
 0.30  lavandulol
 1.00alpha- terpineol
 2.50  borneol
lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.50  aromadendrene
201.60  bicyclogermacrene
100.50  borneol
210.10delta- cadinene
1438.40  carvacrol
165.00beta- caryophyllene
230.80  caryophyllene oxide
62.101,8- cineole
514.50para- cymene
180.50alpha- humulene
191.403-hydroxymethyl carvacrol
70.40  limonene
91.20  linalool
126.00  methyl thymol
32.30  myrcene
20.60alpha- pinene
220.80  spathulenol
110.80  terpinen-4-ol
41.90alpha- terpinene
810.60gamma- terpinene
11.30alpha- thujene
138.00  thymol
150.40  thymyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 295, (2000)
lippia graveolens oil mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.84  aromadendrene
190.20beta- bisabolene
260.09  borneol
200.08delta- cadinene
210.16gamma- cadinene
220.06  calamenene
30.34  camphene
3116.50  carvacrol
143.40beta- caryophyllene
280.33  caryophyllene oxide
231.841,8- cineole
130.06alpha- copaene
98.12para- cymene
120.08alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
180.34  eremophilene
162.10alpha- humulene
290.12  humulene oxide
80.70  limonene
240.41  linalool
170.12gamma- muurolene
51.10  myrcene
60.56alpha- phellandrene
20.56alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
250.33  terpinen-4-ol
70.34alpha- terpinene
100.54gamma- terpinene
270.48alpha-terpineol + methyl thymol
110.08  terpinolene
10.08alpha- thujene
3046.30  thymol

J. Pino, A. Rosado, R. Baluja and P. Borges, Analysis of the Essential oil of Mexican Oregano (Lippia graveolens HBK). Nahrung, 3, 289-295 (1989).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

mace oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.16  borneol
160.09  bornyl acetate
230.15delta- cadinene
40.67delta-3- carene
210.07beta-caryophyllene + (E)-isoeugenol
66.971,8-cineole + limonene
253.14  elemicin
200.45(Z)-iso eugenol
180.15 eugenol + alpha-terpinyl acetate
140.22  geraniol
190.16 geranyl acetate + alpha-copaene
220.03alpha- humulene
90.42 linalool + terpinolene
170.22  methyl eugenol
260.01  myristic acid
245.92  myristicin
33.17alpha- phellandrene
72.80beta- phellandrene
115.24alpha- pinene
245.52beta-pinene + sabinene
150.67 safrole + para-cymen-8-ol
124.59  terpinen-4-ol
81.83gamma- terpinene
53.53alpha-terpinene + para-cymene
100.32beta- terpineol
130.94alpha-terpineol + piperitol
270.05 triglyceryl myristate

M. Gopalakrishnan, Chemical composition of nutmeg and mace. J. Spices Aromat. Crops, 1, 49-54 (1992).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

marjoram oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
12.63alpha- pinene
22.45  camphene
32.70beta- pinene
41.92  myrcene
51.35  limonene
639.901,8- cineole
72.20gamma- terpinene
81.37  camphor
919.41  linalool
100.43beta- caryophyllene
114.04alpha- terpineol
120.52  borneol
130.71  geraniol
140.51  thymol
15trace  carvacrol
marjoram oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
26trace  borneol
37tracealpha- cadinol
30.40  camphene
18trace  camphor
36trace  carvacrol
210.40beta- caryophyllene
310.30  caryophyllene oxide
942.601,8- cineole
290.10  citronellol
130.30para- cymene
330.30  elemol
270.40  geranial
300.10  geraniol
280.20  geranyl acetate
82.10  limonene
1932.80  linalool
170.80(E)- linalool oxide
150.80(Z)- linalool oxide
200.50  linalyl acetate
61.40  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.00alpha- pinene
42.60beta- pinene
52.20  sabinene
160.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.20  spathulenol
220.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
241.10gamma- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene
35trace  thymol
230.10(Z)- verbenol
320.35  viridiflorol

M. C. Soriano, J. A. Sotomayor, E. Correal, P. Sanchez Gomez and C. Garcia-Vallejo, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Thymus x arundanas Willk. and its parents T. mastichina L. and T. baeticus Boiss ex Lacaita. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 593-594 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

mentha x piperita oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.05  borneol
160.31beta-bourbonene + benzaldehyde
330.16delta- cadinene
170.42  camphor
320.16  carvone
32.471,8- cineole
40.22para- cymene
340.05  geraniol
300.05  germacrene D
130.06(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
270.18alpha- humulene
350.04(Z)- jasmone
20.38  limonene
180.28  linalool
10trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
140.07  menthofuran
2535.07  menthol
213.74neo menthol
240.39neoiso menthol
1132.22  menthone
155.43iso menthone
209.39  menthyl acetate
50.072- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
60.082- methyl butyl isovalerate
360.06(Z)- nerolidol
80.213- octanol
90.301- octen-3-ol
70.073- octyl acetate
10.04beta- pinene
311.32  piperitone
260.22  pulegone
230.05  rosefuran oxide
12trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.24(Z)- sabinene hydrate
220.07  terpinen-4-ol
280.06alpha- terpineol
370.09  viridiflorol

D. Karasawa, S. Shatar, A. Erdenechimeg, Y. Okamoto, H. Tateha and S, Shimizu, A study on Mongolian mints. A new chemotype from Mentha asiatia Borriss and constituents of M. arvensis L. and M. piperita L. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 7, 255-260 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

michelia champaca concrete
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.05iso amyl benzoate
360.035-amyl-3,4-dimethyl isoxazole
370.023-amyl-4,5-dimethyl isoxazole
244trace(E)- anethole
1400.03  benzaldehyde
730.10(E+Z)- benzaldoxime
1590.20  benzoic acid
2160.01 benzyl (Z)-3-hexenoate
212trace  benzyl 2-methyl butyrate
250.60  benzyl acetate
382.00  benzyl alcohol
901.00  benzyl benzoate
211trace  benzyl butyrate
210.10  benzyl formate
2130.03  benzyl isovalerate
240trace  benzyl methyl ether
2170.20  benzyl phenyl acetate
2180.10 benzyl phenyl propionate
209trace  benzyl propionate
2150.02  benzyl tiglate
2140.04  benzyl valerate
1220.10  borneol
2030.03  bornyl acetate
1680.01  bovolide
210trace  butyl benzoate
1010.03beta- caryophyllene
640.20  caryophyllene oxide
40.031,8- cineole
750.30  cinnamic alcohol
1430.02  cinnamic aldehyde
2510.01  cinnamic aldehyde oxime
256trace  cinnamonitrile
710.10(E)- cinnamyl acetate
2310.05  cinnamyl benzoate
2280.01  cinnamyl formate
2290.01  cinnamyl isovalerate
2300.05  cinnamyl tiglate
1720.01  coumarin
1340.02  creosol
133tracepara- cresol
570.04  cubenol
530.02epi- cubenol
139tracebeta- cyclocitral
169trace  decan-5-olide
1180.05  decanol
170trace(Z)-7- decen-5-olide
1540.10  dehydro-beta-ionone
155trace dehydro-beta-ionone 5,6-epoxide
910.053-oxo- dihydro-alpha-ionol
450.01  dihydro-alpha-ionone
870.103-oxo- dihydro-alpha-ionone
820.20(E+Z)-dihydro-alpha-ionone oxime
600.40  dihydro-beta-ionol
930.203-oxo- dihydro-beta-ionol
1290.01 dihydro-beta-ionol 5,6-epoxide
460.30  dihydro-beta-ionone
1570.054-oxo-dihydro-beta-ionone
830.40(E+Z)-dihydro-beta-ionone oxime
500.02 dihydro-beta-ionyl formate
1710.03  dihydroactinidiolide
740.02  dihydrobovolide
610.037-oxo-dihydrotheaspirane a1
670.037-oxo-dihydrotheaspirane a2
620.027-oxo-dihydrotheaspirane b1
680.027-oxo-dihydrotheaspirane b2
1670.022,3-dimethyl-2-nonen-4-olide
120trace(E)-6,10- dimethyl-5,9-undecadien-2-ol
130trace5,8-epidioxy-6-megastigmen-9-ol
153trace2,3- epoxy-2,6,6-trimethyl cyclohexan-1,4-dione
1840.01  ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerate
178trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
179trace  ethyl 3-methyl butyrate
220.50  ethyl benzoate
1770.01  ethyl butyrate
181trace  ethyl caproate
196trace  ethyl caprylate
233trace  ethyl cinnamate
2380.03  ethyl nicotinate
183trace  ethyl tiglate
690.30  eugenol
770.10iso eugenol
430.80(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
1250.20(E,E)- farnesol
1380.01  geranial
1580.10  geranic acid
1240.02  geraniol
207trace  geranyl acetate
480.04(E)- geranyl acetone
206trace  geranyl formate
1270.30  geranyl linalool
1030.10  germacrene D
1490.012- heptadecanone
1070.01  heptanol
252trace  heptanonitrile
255trace  hexadecanonitrile
90.02  hexanol
106trace(E)-2- hexenal
100.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
70.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
192trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
1910.05(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
189trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
188trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl formate
1900.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
186trace  hexyl acetate
1870.05  hexyl benzoate
185trace  hexyl formate
102tracealpha- humulene
136tracepara- hydroxyanisole
784.00  indole
550.03(E)-beta- ionol
1560.054-oxo-beta- ionol
510.10alpha- ionol
128tracebeta- ionol 5,6-epoxide
470.03(E)-alpha- ionone
540.20(E)-beta- ionone
560.10beta-ionone 5,7-epoxide
860.50(E)-alpha-ionone oxime
890.90(E)-beta-ionone oxime
850.20(Z)-alpha-ionone oxime
880.30(Z)-beta-ionone oxime
208tracebeta-ionyl formate
490.05(Z)- jasmone
2490.02 jasmone oxime
3trace  limonene
160.80  linalool
120.20(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
350.20(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
312.50(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
1631.00  linoleic acid
1640.50  linolenic acid
193trace  methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
260.02 methyl (E)-3-methyl-4-decenoate
800.14 methyl (E)-jasmonate
194trace  methyl (Z)-3-hexenoate
2010.01 methyl (Z)-3-methyl-4-decenoate
2000.02  methyl (Z)-4-decenoate
790.06  methyl (Z)-jasmonate
110.01  methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl butyrate
130.02 methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerate
1750.01  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
1760.01  methyl 3-methyl butyrate
2340.02  methyl 5-phenyl valerate
239trace4- methyl anisole
729.00  methyl anthranilate
175.00  methyl benzoate
1040.012- methyl butanol
105trace3- methyl butanol
140.02(E+Z)-2- methyl butyraldoxime
150.02(E+Z)-3- methyl butyraldoxime
174trace  methyl butyrate
1trace2- methyl butyronitrile
199trace  methyl caprinate
180trace  methyl caproate
1950.02  methyl caprylate
2320.05  methyl cinnamate
2420.10  methyl eugenol
2040.05  methyl geranate
173trace  methyl isobutyrate
2430.20  methyl isoeugenol
2500.02(Z)-methyl jasmonate oxime
2020.15  methyl laurate
942.01  methyl linoleate
960.50  methyl linolenate
2360.10  methyl N-acetyl anthranilate
650.02  methyl N-ethyl anthranilate
2370.10  methyl N-formyl anthranilate
630.05  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
280.15  methyl nicotinate
810.20  methyl palmitate
320.10  methyl phenyl acetate
340.15  methyl salicylate
920.20  methyl stearate
182trace  methyl tiglate
2350.01  methyl vanillate
5trace2- methyl-1-nitrobutane
146trace(E)-3- methyl-2-nonen-4-one
1190.02(E)-3- methyl-4-decen-1-ol
410.02(E)-3- methyl-4-decen-1-ol
580.043- methyl-5-(2,6,6-trimethyl cyclohex-1-en-1-yl) isoxazole
80.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.03(E+Z)-6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one oxime
99trace  myrcene
137trace  neral
1230.01  nerol
700.40(E)- nerolidol
205trace  neryl formate
590.101- nitro-2-phenethane
165trace  nonan-4-olide
1140.03  nonanol
1450.022- nonanone
2470.012- nonanone oxime
1170.02(Z,Z)-3,6- nonen-1-ol
115trace(Z)-3- nonen-1-ol
116trace(Z)-6- nonen-1-ol
1980.01(Z)-6- nonen-1-yl acetate
166trace2- nonen-4-olide
60.20(E)-beta- ocimene
1000.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
113trace(E,E)-2,4- octadien-1-ol
1120.01(Z,Z)-2,5-octadien-1-ol
1080.05  octanol
1440.013- octanone
246trace3- octanone oxime
253trace  octanonitrile
110trace(E)-2- octen-1-ol
109trace(Z)-2- octen-1-ol
1110.01(Z)-5- octen-1-ol
1970.05(Z)-5- octen-1-yl acetate
1610.20  palmitic acid
1480.012- pentadecanone
390.302- phenethyl acetate
4230.002- phenethyl alcohol
950.502- phenethyl benzoate
2200.012- phenethyl butyrate
2230.052- phenethyl caproate
2240.052- phenethyl caprylate
330.302- phenethyl formate
219trace2- phenethyl isobutyrate
2210.022- phenethyl isovalerate
241trace2- phenethyl methyl ether
2250.202- phenethyl phenyl acetate
2220.022- phenethyl tiglate
132trace  phenol
1410.02  phenyl acetaldehyde
761.00(E+Z)- phenyl acetaldoxime
230.01(E+Z)-phenyl acetaldoxime-O-methyl ether
1600.20  phenyl acetic acid
142trace  phenyl propionaldehyde
2270.053- phenyl propyl acetate
1310.023- phenyl propyl alcohol
2260.053- phenyl propyl formate
1260.30  phytol
97tracealpha- pinene
20.01beta- pinene
98trace  sabinene
245trace  safrole
1620.50  stearic acid
1210.03  terpinen-4-ol
270.10alpha- terpineol
254trace  tetradecanonitrile
840.054,4a,5,6-tetrahydro-4,4,7-trimethyl-2(3H)-naphthalenone
190.021,2,5,5-tetramethyl octahydroquinoline
660.031,3,7,7-tetramethyl-2-oxabicyclo(4.4.0)decan-9-one
290.202,5,5,8a- tetramethyl-6,7,8,8a-tetrahydro-1(5H)-1-benzopyran
180.02  theaspirane A
200.02  theaspirane B
1470.022- tridecanone
1520.012,6,6- trimethyl cyclohexan-1,4-dione
1500.206,10,14- trimethyl pentadecan-2-one
2480.056,10,14-trimethyl pentadecan-2-one oxime
1510.052,6,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1,4-dione
300.012,5,5-trimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinoline
240.012- undecanone
135tracepara- vinyl phenol

R. Kaiser, New volatile constituents of the flower concrete of Michelia champaca L. In: Proceedings of 11th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavours. Edits., S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, p. 1-13, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi (1989).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

myristica fragrans flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.14  borneol
160.31 bornyl acetate + alpha-fenchyl acetate
20.49  camphene
200.10beta- caryophyllene
64.55para- cymene
278.76  elemicin
220.71  eugenol
250.56(E)-iso eugenol
230.63(Z)-iso eugenol
190.31  geranyl acetate
74.40  limonene
103.95  linalool
210.58  methyl eugenol
44.42 myrcene + alpha-phellandrene
263.79  myristicin
240.96  nerolidol
81.46-4.41beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
19.51alpha- pinene
314.05 sabinene + beta-pinene
1411.63  terpinen-4-ol
170.46  terpinen-4-yl acetate
53.67alpha- terpinene
94.63gamma- terpinene
155.88alpha- terpineol
120.36beta- terpineol
110.48  terpinolene
180.64alpha- terpinyl acetate

L. Madhavan, M. Gopalakrishnan and C. S. Narayanan, Chemical composition of nutmeg leaf and flower oils Indian Perfum.,35(3), 161-163 (1991).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

myristica fragrans fruit oil indonesian
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.25  borneol
190.11  bornyl acetate
30.37  camphene
80.89delta-3- carene
101.87para- cymene
200.35  eugenol
180.13  geraniol
113.87  limonene
140.47  linalool
230.58  methyl eugenol
250.28  methyl myristate
61.89  myrcene
249.43  myristicin
220.15  neryl acetate
70.67alpha- phellandrene
222.00alpha- pinene
521.50beta- pinene
415.40  sabinene
165.72  terpinen-4-ol
91.24alpha- terpinene
121.80gamma- terpinene
170.73alpha- terpineol
130.97  terpinolene
210.14alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.16alpha- thujene

H. J. D. Dorman, P. Surai and S. G. Deans, In vitro antioxidant activity of a number of plant essential oils and phytoconstituents. J. Essent. Oil Res., 12, 241-248 (2000).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

myristica fragrans leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.00-0.09  borneol
180.00-0.59 bornyl acetate + alpha-fenchyl acetate
20.00-0.57  camphene
50.70-2.08delta-3- carene
220.00-0.07beta- caryophyllene
72.49-4.78para- cymene
290.19-3.51  elemicin
240.10-2.16  eugenol
270.00-0.40(E)-iso eugenol
250.14-1.00(Z)-iso eugenol
170.02-0.08  geraniol
210.51-1.42  geranyl acetate
84.17-8.96  limonene
110.95-2.17  linalool
230.17-0.48  methyl eugenol
42.92-7.55 myrcene + alpha-phellandrene
280.44-1.85  myristicin
260.00-1.86  nerolidol
91.79-4.59beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
18.62-34.64alpha- pinene
325.95-38.90 sabinene + beta-pinene
151.89-6.78  terpinen-4-ol
190.32-2.82  terpinen-4-yl acetate
62.51-6.48alpha- terpinene
101.80-5.96gamma- terpinene
160.35-1.74alpha- terpineol
130.00-0.21beta- terpineol
120.00-0.28  terpinolene
200.02-0.47alpha- terpinyl acetate

L. Madhavan, M. Gopalakrishnan and C. S. Narayanan, Chemical composition of nutmeg leaf and flower oils Indian Perfum.,35(3), 161-163 (1991).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

myristica fragrans oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
30tracealpha- bergamotene
20trace  borneol
320.10delta- cadinene
30.10  camphene
80.40delta-3- carene
290.20beta- caryophyllene
270.60alpha- copaene
100.80para- cymene
333.10  elemicin
28trace(E)-iso eugenol
250.20  geranyl acetate
122.80  limonene
160.60  linalool
230.20  linalyl acetate
3540.00 lipids
190.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
180.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.10  methyl eugenol
61.40  myrcene
344.00  myristic acid
311.30  myristicin
70.30alpha- phellandrene
111.10beta- phellandrene
26.40alpha- pinene
55.50beta- pinene
420.70  sabinene
141.00(E)- sabinene hydrate
170.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
240.10  safrole
211.40  terpinen-4-ol
90.40alpha- terpinene
130.80gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
11.10alpha- thujene

D. A. Moyler, R. M. Bowing and M. A. Stevens, CO2 extraction of essential oils: Part V. Nutmeg and mace oils. In: Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Edit. G. Charalambous, 145-170, Elsevier Sci., B. V. Amsterdam (1994).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

ocimum basilicum absolute egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
121.30(E)-alpha- bergamotene
160.32alpha- bisabolene
60.20  borneol
50.45  camphor
110.21beta- caryophyllene
22.281,8- cineole
100.48beta- elemene
826.49  eugenol
141.26  germacrene D
150.20alpha- guaiene
10.23(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
130.22alpha- humulene
433.00  linalool
711.23  methyl chavicol
90.48  methyl eugenol
30.31(E)-beta- ocimene

N. A. Shaath and N. R. Azzo, Essential oils of Egypt. In Food Flavors, Ingredients and Composition. Edit., G. Charalambous, pp. 591-603, Elsevier Sci. Publ. B. V., Amsterdam (1993).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

oregano oil (thymus capitatus hoffmanns & link) greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  borneol
20trace  bornyl acetate
30.08  camphene
16trace  camphor
90.10delta-3- carene
2266.69  carvacrol
234.79beta- caryophyllene
240.70  caryophyllene oxide
116.58para- cymene
120.80  limonene
150.40  linalool
61.58  myrcene
70.303- octanol
40.391- octen-3-ol
80.08alpha- phellandrene
20.69alpha- pinene
50.11beta- pinene
180.46  terpinen-4-ol
100.03alpha- terpinene
136.43gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
140.41  terpinolene
10.65alpha- thujene
210.25  thymol

F. Tateo, M. Mariotti and M. Bononi, Essential oil composition and enantiomeric distribution of some monoterpenoid components of Coridothymus capitatus (L.) Reichenb. fil. grown on island of Kos (Greece). Rivista Sci. Aliment., 25(2), 103-107 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

origanum majorana herb oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.01-0.05(E)- anethole
290.00-0.64  borneol
30.21-0.25  camphene
60.07-0.08delta-3- carene
3778.27-79.46  carvacrol
300.15-0.17  carvone
340.11-0.12  caryophyllene oxide
100.21-0.351,8- cineole
330.02-0.07para- cymen-8-ol
154.31-4.68para- cymene
260.04-0.08(Z)- dihydrocarvone
250.65-0.75(E)-dihydrocarvone + methyl carvacrol
310.03-0.04delta- elemene
270.00-0.02alpha- humulene
90.20-0.26  limonene
230.21-0.69  linalool
180.00-0.02(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
210.01-0.03  methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl pentanoate
10.00-0.12  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
170.04-0.096- methyl-3-heptanol
71.59-1.93  myrcene
140.00-0.04(E)-beta- ocimene
120.13-0.17(Z)-beta- ocimene
190.18-0.281- octen-3-ol
110.19-0.24beta- phellandrene
21.66-1.76alpha- pinene
40.16-0.19beta- pinene
50.03-0.04  sabinene
200.51-0.70(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.17-0.21(Z)- sabinene hydrate
350.09-0.11  spathulenol
240.22-0.29  terpinen-4-ol
80.95-1.27alpha- terpinene
133.72-4.84gamma- terpinene
280.56-1.35alpha- terpineol
160.12-0.13  terpinolene
360.48-1.53  thymol

K. H. C. Baser, N. Kirimer and G. Tumen, Composition of the essential oil of Origanum majorana L. from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 577-579 (1993).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

pandanus odoratissimus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
5trace  benzaldehyde
260.17-0.20  borneol
36trace-0.46  bornyl acetate
37tracedelta- cadinene
40.14-0.20  camphene
25trace-0.11  camphene hydrate
24trace-0.11  camphor
33trace  carvone
140.56-0.951,8- cineole
290.20-0.21para- cymen-8-ol
111.08-1.42para- cymene
42trace-0.16  docosane
350.10-0.16  geraniol
41trace  heneicosane
120.20-0.40  limonene
200.25-0.30  linalool
190.12-0.13(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.07-0.20(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
40trace-0.17  manoyl oxide
230.35(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
220.47-0.48(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
80.10-0.13  myrcene
38trace(E)- nerolidol
90.6-0.08alpha- phellandrene
130.16-0.35beta- phellandrene
210.05-0.132- phenethyl alcohol
1766.35-67.912- phenethyl methyl ether
30.30-0.40alpha- pinene
70.05-0.07beta- pinene
320.16-0.18(E)- piperitol
31trace-0.11(Z)- piperitol
340.21-0.25  piperitone
60.20-0.31  sabinene
39trace-0.21alpha- santalol
2818.07-20.88  terpinen-4-ol
100.09-0.22alpha- terpinene
150.28-0.76gamma- terpinene
301.89-2.05alpha- terpineol
180.24-0.28  terpinolene
44trace  tetracosane
20.10-0.33alpha- thujene
430.21-0.22  tricosane
1trace-0.02  tricyclene
270.07-0.08  umbellulone

M. Bisht, S, Sharma, C. S. Mathela and M. L, Maheshwari, Composition of the essential oil from the flowers of kewda (Pandanus odoratissimus L.). Indian Perfum., 41(2), 69-72 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

pelargonium capitatum l. l'hér. ex aiton oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.10  borneol
150.80beta- bourbonene
282.40alpha- bulnesene
471.00  cadalene
290.10gamma- cadinene
322.60delta- cadinene
450.20alpha- cadinol
340.30alpha- calacorene
350.10beta- calacorene
310.20(Z)- calamenene
183.20beta- caryophyllene
3814.70  caryophyllene oxide
825.60  citronellol
120.10  citronellyl acetate
102.50  citronellyl formate
140.20alpha- copaene
130.10alpha- cubebene
300.60  cubebol
430.60  cubenol
160.70beta- elemene
530.80  ethyl hexadecanoate
203.00(Z)-beta- farnesene
490.40(Z,E)- farnesol
510.20(E,E)- farnesol
520.40(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
91.90  geraniol
360.10  geranyl butyrate
230.30  geranyl propionate
251.80  germacrene D
390.10  gleenol
197.20alpha- guaiene
270.20(Z)-beta- guaiene
210.70alpha- humulene
401.80  humulene oxide II
460.5014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
410.40(E)-sesqui lavandulol
10.10  linalool
170.10  longifolene
40.30iso menthone
240.10gamma- muurolene
420.40epi-alpha- muurolol
500.40(E)- nerolidol acetate
480.90(Z)- nerolidyl acetate
220.60alpha- patchoulene
25.50(Z)- rose oxide
34.50(E)- rose oxide
440.40  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
260.30beta- selinene
372.00  spathulenol
60.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.20alpha- terpineol
110.10  thymol
333.60 unknown MW 218
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 21, (2001)
phoebe porosa mez. oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.661,10- aristolene
350.11  aromadendrene
392.67allo- aromadendrene
332.54(E)-alpha- bergamotene
280.51(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
703.33alpha- bisabolol
692.50beta- bisabolol
150.01  borneol
490.11  cadina-1(10),4-diene
483.28delta- cadinene
461.20gamma- cadinene
501.06alpha- calacorene
591.20alpha-calacorene epoxide
471.47  calamenene
30.03  camphene
80.20delta-3- carene
301.15beta- caryophyllene
541.09beta- caryophyllene oxide
290.11alpha- cedrene
110.451,8- cineole
256.25alpha- copaene
210.42alpha- cubebene
412.49beta- curcumene
230.33  cyclosativene
90.38para- cymene
270.44beta- elemene
200.06delta- elemene
510.59  elemol
608.78  eremoligenol
612.55 eremophil-9,10-en-11-ol
582.1210-epi-gamma- eudesmol
682.367-epi-delta-eudesmol
672.37alpha- eudesmol
656.86beta- eudesmol
620.12gamma- eudesmol
371.28(E)-beta- farnesene
340.63(Z)-beta-farnesene + alpha-amorphene
180.15  geraniol
220.05  geranyl acetate
360.23  guaia-3,7-diene
320.50gamma- gurjunene
633.25  hinesol
381.36alpha- humulene
561.08  humulene oxide I
570.70  ledol
100.10  limonene
140.11  linalool
450.10alpha- muurolene
400.22gamma- muurolene
60.04  myrcene
520.74(E)- nerolidol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
21.29alpha- pinene
50.34beta- pinene
40.03  sabinene
190.70  safrole
431.07alpha- selinene
421.15beta- selinene
530.66  spathulenol
160.29  terpinen-4-ol
120.03gamma- terpinene
170.07alpha- terpineol
130.01  terpinolene
10.04alpha- thujene
261.95sesqui thujene
640.78  torreyol
667.55  valerianol
440.77  viridiflorene
551.19  viridiflorol
240.44alpha- ylangene

T. Reynolds and G. Kite, Volatile constituents of Phoebe pomsa Mez. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 415-418 (1995).

P&F 20, No. 6, 35, (1995)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil
Also in 1995, Stepen compared the composition of Pinus syIvestris oil produced in Siberia from needles harvested in July and September. He found that the oil varied as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.2-1.2beta- bisabolene
250.4-0.7  borneol
241.8-2.2iso borneol
261.1-3.2  bornyl acetate
45.3-7.0  camphene
212.1-2.9  camphor
73.4-11.6delta-3- carene
130.4-0.9beta- caryophyllene
200.1-0.2alpha- fenchol
181.6-1.9  fenchone
190.5iso fenchone
150.1-0.4alpha- humulene
86.1-8.7  limonene
120.3-0.9  longifolene
170.3-1.4alpha- muurolene
140.1-0.7epsilon- muurolene
64.6-5.9  myrcene
93.5-4.3beta- phellandrene
329.2-36.6alpha- pinene
52.2-4.2beta- pinene
11.8-3.4  santene
231.2-1.6  terpinen-4-ol
100.9-1.2gamma- terpinene
222.0-2.4alpha- terpineol
110.1-0.2  terpinolene
270.3-0.5alpha- terpinyl acetate
21.6-3.1  tricyclene

R. A. Stepen, The composition of essential oil and volatile terpenoids of Pinus sylvestris L. shoots in middle siberia. Rast. Resur., 31, 63-70 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
The following year, Orav et al. (1996) analyzed an oil of Estonian P sylvestris needle oil. Using a combination of CC and CC/MS they determined that the oil was coin prised of the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.20  bicyclogermacrene
150.30  borneol
241.80  bornyl acetate
410.10beta- bourbonene
380.10a cadinene
364.80delta- cadinene
341.20gamma- cadinene
482.70alpha- cadinol
330.20  calamenene
63.40  camphene
13trace  camphor
1623.70delta-3- carene
432.90beta- caryophyllene
424.90  caryophyllene oxide
21trace  citronellol
350.10alpha- copaene
450.10beta- copaene
200.10para- cymene
390.30beta- elemene
310.80alpha- farnesene
400.20beta- farnesene
22trace  geraniol
32trace geranyl acetate + alpha-ylangene
230.10alpha- guaiene
470.50alpha- humulene
50.80  limonene
370.10  longifolene
302.80alpha- muurolene
272.00gamma- muurolene
250.30epsilon-muurolene + beta-guaiene
461.00T- muurolol
440.70alpha-muurolol + T-cadinol
122.10  myrcene
29trace neryl acetate + alpha-cubebene
71.50(E)-beta- ocimene
140.20alpha- phellandrene
21.00beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
428.10alpha- pinene
102.10beta- pinene
81.00  sabinene
170.40  terpinen-4-ol
180.20alpha- terpinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
112.60  terpinolene
260.60alpha-terpinyl acetate + delta-elemene
30.20alpha- thujene
10.70  tricyclene

A. Orav, T. Kalias and M. Liiv, Analysis of terpenoic composition of conifer needle oils by steam distillation/extraction gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Chromatographia, 43, 215-219 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil yugoslavia
Scots pine needle oil of Yugoslavian origin was deter mined by Ruzic et al. (1999) to contain the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.10  borneol
33.60  camphene
71.10delta-3- carene
181.20beta- caryophyllene
160.10  citronellol
90.20para- cymene
190.40  germacrene D
1023.90 limonene + beta-phellandrene
170.10  longifolene
150.90 longipinene
64.80  myrcene
240.30alpha- pinene
515.70beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
80.20alpha- terpinene
110.20gamma- terpinene
140.40alpha- terpineol
120.60  terpinolene
10.70  tricyclene

N. J. Ruzic, S. S. Petrovic, T. Stevanovic-Janezic and S. D. Petrovic, Optimization of the preparation of the essential oil from technical foliage of white pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) by steam distillation, Hem. Innd., 53, 231-234 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

pistacia lentiscus fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
370.17alpha- amorphene
120.58iso amyl butyrate
210.41iso amyl hexanoate
320.06iso amyl octanoate
420.02(E)- anethole
31trace  aromadendrene
351.44  borneol
400.62delta- cadinene
503.89delta- cadinol
440.41  calamenene
20.03  camphene
430.33cis- carveol
391.32  carvone
275.10beta- caryophyllene
475.16  caryophyllene oxide
80.251,8- cineole
220.07alpha- copaene
41trace  cumin alcohol
130.33para- cymene
300.05  ethyl decanoate
528.35  ethyl hexadecanoate
11trace  ethyl hexanoate
530.51  ethyl linoleate
540.32  ethyl linolenate
20trace  ethyl octanoate
250.58alpha- fenchyl alcohol
150.04  furfural
17trace2- heptanol
160.03(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
180.31(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.93alpha- humulene
490.41  humulene oxide
72.33  limonene
230.06  linalool
480.79  methyl eugenol
510.08  methyl isoeugenol
360.16  muurolene
40.24  myrcene
190.142- nonanone
100.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.06alpha- phellandrene
10.21alpha- pinene
30.09beta- pinene
240.02cis- pinene hydrate
462.30  piperitenone
452.21iso piperitenone
383.75  piperitone
290.85  terpinen-1-ol
2813.07  terpinen-4-ol
60.04alpha- terpinene
90.02gamma- terpinene
3413.62alpha- terpineol
140.07  terpinolene
262.162- undecanone

Z. Fleisher and A. Fleisher, Aromatic plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai Part X. Volatiles of the Mastic tree - Pistacia lentiscus L. J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 663-665 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 1, 53, (1993)

pistacia lentiscus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
362.74alpha- amorphene
121.12iso amyl butyrate
200.87iso amyl hexanoate
310.17iso amyl octanoate
40trace(E)- anethole
300.06  aromadendrene
340.10  borneol
384.34delta- cadinene
453.56delta- cadinol
20.07  camphene
262.30beta- caryophyllene
413.01  caryophyllene oxide
80.041,8- cineole
210.28alpha- copaene
39trace  cumin alcohol
130.11para- cymene
470.23  elemicin
150.07  ethyl (Z)-3-hexenoate
290.06  ethyl decanoate
4810.36  ethyl hexadecanoate
110.06  ethyl hexanoate
492.50  ethyl linoleate
5011.30  ethyl linolenate
190.18  ethyl octanoate
421.97  ethyl tetradecanoate
240.14alpha- fenchyl alcohol
160.052- heptanol
173.05(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
322.89alpha- humulene
44trace  humulene oxide
72.74  limonene
220.09  linalool
431.97  methyl eugenol
46trace  methyl isoeugenol
350.18  muurolene
40.06  myrcene
181.712- nonanone
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
5tracealpha- phellandrene
10.47alpha- pinene
30.24beta- pinene
230.03cis- pinene hydrate
370.06  piperitone
280.10  terpinen-1-ol
275.31  terpinen-4-ol
60.02alpha- terpinene
90.07gamma- terpinene
3313.02alpha- terpineol
140.06  terpinolene
254.752- undecanone

Z. Fleisher and A. Fleisher, Aromatic plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai Part X. Volatiles of the Mastic tree - Pistacia lentiscus L. J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 663-665 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 1, 53, (1993)

pistacia lentiscus resin oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.12  borneol
250.10  bornyl acetate
290.16delta- cadinene
50.69  camphene
110.01delta-3- carene
270.19beta- caryophyllene
300.30beta- caryophyllene oxide
200.341,8- cineole
130.22para- cymene
190.05alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
310.26 dimyrcene a
320.32 dimyrcene b
332.37 dimyrcene c
341.43 dimyrcene d
280.05alpha- humulene
141.63  limonene
210.03  linalool
93.16  myrcene
160.12(E)-beta- ocimene
100.13alpha- phellandrene
150.06beta- phellandrene
60.32 pinadiene
478.61alpha- pinene
83.33beta- pinene
70.77  sabinene
230.10  terpinen-4-ol
120.05alpha- terpinene
170.01gamma- terpinene
240.15alpha- terpineol
180.12  terpinolene
30.06alpha- thujene
20.16  tricyclene
10.142- undecanone
260.12  verbenone

M. H. Boelens and R. Jimenez, Chemical composition of the essential oils from the gum and from various parts of Pistacia lentiscus L. (Mastic gum tree), Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 271-275 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 1, 53, (1993)

rhizophora mangle bark oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
46trace(Z)- asarone
80.10  benzaldehyde
270.10  benzothiazole
21trace  borneol
480.20alpha- cadinol
410.10alpha- calacorene
390.10(E)- calamenene
180.10  camphor
28tracetrans- carveol
430.10  caryophyllene oxide
120.30para- cymene
150.10para- cymenene
330.10(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
20.10  dihydro-3,5-dimethyl-2(3H)-furanone
250.10(E)- dihydrocarvone
360.201,2- dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl) benzene
200.101,3- dimethoxybenzene
340.101-(1,3-dimethyl-3-butenyl)-4-methoxybenzene
400.20  elemicin
410.00  ethyl acetate
5trace  ethyl benzene
440.10  ethyl laurate
300.10  ethyl salicylate
31trace  geranial
6trace  heptanal
30.20  hexanal
291.504- hydroxy-3-methyl benzaldehyde
370.10(E)-beta- ionone
541.10  kaurene
130.10  limonene
170.10  linalool
14trace(Z)- linalool oxide
5595.50  manool
512.1013-epi- manool
539.6013-epi- manoyl oxide
5229.90  manoyl oxide
19traceiso menthone
70.10  methoxybenzene
350.401-(4- methoxyphenyl)-2-propanone
240.20  methyl chavicol
90.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
500.406- methyl-8-(2,6,6-trimethyl cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-octen-2-one
470.10epi-alpha- muurolol
420.40(E)- nerolidol
160.10  nonanal
110.102- pentyl furan
10trace  phenol
492.20  phytol
1trace  pyridine
220.80  terpinen-4-ol
230.40alpha- terpineol
450.201,2,3,4- tetramethoxy-5-(2-propenyl)-benzene
320.70  thymol
380.301-(2,3,6-trimethyl)-3-buten-2-one
568.60 unknown a
577.50 unknown b
5814.50 unknown c
26trace  verbenone
in mg/kg. J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 88, (2001)
rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
91.71  borneol
120.83  bornyl acetate
22.21  camphene
87.25  camphor
131.69beta- caryophyllene
669.331,8- cineole
51.00para- cymene
140.18alpha- humulene
70.33  linalool
40.39  myrcene
18.53alpha- pinene
33.66beta- pinene
100.28  terpinen-4-ol
111.35alpha- terpineol

L-F, Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang, Arormatic plants and essential constituents. Supplement 1, p. 160, South China Institute Botany, Chinese Acad. Sciences, Hai Feng Publ. Co., Peace Book Co., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
42trace  abietatriene
340.41beta- bisabolene
1515.56  borneol
234.94iso bornyl acetate
360.35delta- cadinene
350.26gamma- cadinene
250.19alpha- cadinol
370.15  calamenene
23.11  camphene
1215.33  camphor
40.39delta-3- carene
220.26  carvone
282.22beta- caryophyllene
390.37  caryophyllene oxide
400.20 cedrane diol
1020.021,8- cineole
260.43alpha- cubebene
311.28ar- curcumene
81.81para- cymene
200.39  dihydrocarveol
380.37  farnesene
300.38beta- gurjunene
90.51  limonene
113.53  linalool
210.48  linalyl acetate
270.12  methyl eugenol
330.20alpha- muurolene
60.35  myrcene
161.17  nonanol
41trace  octadecane
50.181- octen-3-ol
130.80 pinanone
18.30alpha- pinene
70.74beta- pinene
140.39  pinocarvone
30.32  sabinene
290.41alpha- santalene
320.16alpha- selinene
171.00  terpinen-4-ol
181.95alpha- terpineol
240.69  thymol
43trace  totarol
198.36  verbenone

E. Reverchon and F. Senatore, Isolation of rosemary oil: Comparison between hydrodistillation and supercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 227-230 (1992).

P&F 17, No. 6, 51, (1992)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil corsica
#%LeftshiftComponents
193.20  borneol
158.70  bornyl acetate
26.30  camphene
1311.80  camphor
93.001,8- cineole
121.20para- cymene
210.50  geraniol
73.10  limonene
143.40  linalool
43.40  myrcene
101.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
51.30alpha- phellandrene
83.00beta- phellandrene
122.00alpha- pinene
33.90beta- pinene
170.90  pinocarveol
161.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.70alpha- terpinene
111.90gamma- terpinene
181.00alpha- terpineol
2010.70  verbenone

F. Tomi, P. Bradesi, A. Bigelli and J, Casanova, Computer aided identification of individual components of essential oils using carbon13-NMR spectroscopy. J. Magnet. Reson. Anal., 25-34 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.36allo- aromadendrene
430.20epi-alpha-bisabolol
211.69  borneol
257.59  bornyl acetate
400.61delta- cadinene
380.36gamma- cadinene
390.13(Z)- calamenene
21.63  camphene
1511.29  camphor
260.35  carvacrol
221.67  carvone
332.75beta- caryophyllene
411.31  caryophyllene oxide
310.14alpha- copaene
71.77para- cymene
100.052,5- dimethyl styrene
340.05beta- gurjunene
350.83alpha- humulene
87.08  limonene
126.60  linalool
320.33  methyl eugenol
370.17alpha- muurolene
420.08T- muurolol
40.48  myrcene
242.32(E)- myrtanol
231.19(Z)- myrtanol
50.46alpha- phellandrene
171.22(Z)-3- pinanone
12.46alpha- pinene
31.20beta- pinene
162.25trans- pinocarveol
280.27  piperitenone
140.03(Z)- sabinene hydrate
270.11  sabinyl acetate
182.88  terpinen-4-ol
110.89  terpinen-4-yl acetate
60.27alpha- terpinene
90.26gamma- terpinene
194.92alpha- terpineol
300.36alpha- terpinyl acetate
290.12neothujol
130.93beta- thujone
2012.33  verbenone

F. M. Soliman, E. A. El-Kashoury, M. M. Fathy and M. H. Gonaid, Analysis and biological activity of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L from Egypt. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 29-33 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.00-tracebeta- bisabolene
480.00-0.27alpha- bisabolol
353.24-6.53  borneol
251.19-14.32  bornyl acetate
390.00-0.08alpha- cadinene
400.00-0.07delta- cadinene
450.00-0.12T- cadinol
45.86-8.35  camphene
203.01-7.50  camphor
80.19-1.19delta-3- carene
470.00-0.14  carvacrol
260.00-2.19beta- caryophyllene
440.00-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
125.30-24.791,8- cineole
161.39-1.54para- cymene
70.07-0.786,6-dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-3-ene-2-butylene
310.00-0.19beta- farnesene
430.00-trace  geraniol
280.33-0.68  geranyl acetate
360.00-trace  germacrene D
290.00-0.94alpha- humulene
320.00-0.06  lavandulol
30trace-0.54  lavandulyl acetate
113.02-3.96  limonene
221.46-9.41  linalool
230.00-5.52  linalyl acetate
370.00-tracegamma- muurolene
91.55-2.12  myrcene
410.00-0.05  nerol
150.02-0.53(E)-beta- ocimene
130.00-0.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
219.91-35.08alpha- pinene
52.08-4.35beta- pinene
210.06-0.58iso pinocamphone
60.21-1.36  sabinene
180.09-0.12(E)- sabinene hydrate
240.00-tracealpha- santalene
270.00-1.21  terpinen-4-ol
100.39-0.46alpha- terpinene
140.28-1.28gamma- terpinene
340.00-0.09alpha- terpineol
170.51-0.78  terpinolene
30.00-0.08alpha- thujene
460.00-0.18  thymol
10.24-0.41  tricyclene
420.00-0.043,3,6-trimethyl(2.2.1)bicyclohept-1-en-7-ol
331.03-5.08  verbenone
190.06-0.15  viridiflorene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, B. Benjilali and J. L. Chabart, Essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.). The chemical composition of the oils of various origins (Morocco, Spain, France). J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 613-618 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.06-0.13beta- bisabolene
353.00-4.51  borneol
250.12-0.86  bornyl acetate
390.08-0.98alpha- cadinene
400.18-0.77delta- cadinene
440.00-0.11T- cadinol
43.21-3.98  camphene
207.42-10.80  camphor
80.15-0.20delta-3- carene
262.41-4.32beta- caryophyllene
430.00-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
1243.53-53.481,8- cineole
160.99-1.40para- cymene
70.00-trace6,6-dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-3-ene-2-butylene
310.37-0.51beta- farnesene
420.00-0.05  geraniol
280.00-0.07  geranyl acetate
360.00-0.13  germacrene D
290.27-5.43alpha- humulene
320.00-0.23  lavandulol
300.00-0.30  lavandulyl acetate
111.86-2.06  limonene
220.73-1.76  linalool
230.00-0.02  linalyl acetate
370.00-0.13gamma- muurolene
91.27-1.60  myrcene
410.00-0.10  nerol
150.00-0.06(E)-beta- ocimene
130.00-0.27(Z)-beta- ocimene
29.56-12.72alpha- pinene
55.53-7.83beta- pinene
210.04-0.13iso pinocamphone
60.14-0.21  sabinene
180.04-0.19(E)- sabinene hydrate
240.00-0.80alpha- santalene
270.69-0.91  terpinen-4-ol
100.52-0.66alpha- terpinene
140.93-1.19gamma- terpinene
340.00-2.46alpha- terpineol
170.29-0.36  terpinolene
30.00-tracealpha- thujene
10.10-0.23  tricyclene
330.00-0.46  verbenone
190.00-0.12  viridiflorene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, B. Benjilali and J. L. Chabart, Essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.). The chemical composition of the oils of various origins (Morocco, Spain, France). J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 613-618 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil spain
Using GC/MS, Bourrel et al. (1995) analyzed an oil of rosemary that was screened for its antimicrobial activity. The oil was found to contain:
#%LeftshiftComponents
129.0  borneol
161.4  bornyl acetate
22.8  camphene
1127.3  camphor
60.5delta-3- carene
170.2  carvacrol
181.7beta- caryophyllene
200.2  caryophyllene oxide
822.21,8- cineole
71.8para- cymene
210.3gamma- eudesmol
190.8alpha- humulene
101.3  linalool
53.2alpha- phellandrene
14.4alpha- pinene
40.3beta- pinene
31.0  sabinene
131.6  terpinen-4-ol
910.8gamma- terpinene
143.8alpha- terpineol
156.3  verbenone

C. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gase, Etude des proprietes bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles preamblement analysees. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (16), 3-12 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
1617.50  borneol
231.64  bornyl acetate
210.32  bornyl formate
33.81  camphene
147.63  camphor
251.73  carvacrol
261.22beta- caryophyllene
1136.911,8- cineole
910.50para- cymene
270.25alpha- humulene
100.82  limonene
60.38  myrcene
70.38alpha- phellandrene
20.44alpha- pinene
50.44beta- pinene
190.38(E)- piperitol
200.54(Z)- piperitol
220.76  piperitone
40.44  sabinene
151.44(E)- sabinene hydrate
131.93(Z)- sabinene hydrate
173.63  terpinen-4-ol
83.29alpha- terpinene
121.52gamma- terpinene
180.83alpha- terpineol
10.35alpha- thujene
240.90  thymol

M. J. Perez-Alonso, A, Velasio-Negueruela, M. Emin Duru, M. Harmandas and J. L. Esteban, Composition of the essential oils of Ocimum basilicum var. glabratum and Rosmarinus from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 7, 73-75 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

sage oil dalmatian
#%LeftshiftComponents
141.20  borneol
180.10  bornyl acetate
240.20gamma- cadinene
20.50  camphene
126.10  camphor
200.70beta- caryophyllene
260.50  caryophyllene oxide
72.201,8- cineole
60.30para- cymene
220.10alpha- guaiene
23tracedelta- guaiene
210.20alpha- humulene
271.20  humulene oxide II
50.40  myrcene
170.30  myrtenol
10.20alpha- pinene
40.90beta- pinene
130.60  pinocamphone
258.30  pogostol
30.10  sabinene
150.60  terpinen-4-ol
80.20gamma- terpinene
160.10alpha- terpineol
90.30beta- terpineol
1063.30alpha- thujone
116.40beta- thujone
190.20  thymol

C. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gaset, Etude des proprietes bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles preamblement analysees. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, No. 16, 3-12 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

sage oil dalmatian
As part of a study of the essential oils of Salvia species, Mathé et al. (1997) analyzed an oil of S. officinalis using GC and GC/MS. The components identified in this oil were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.95  borneol
 1.53  bornyl acetate
 5.80  camphene
 26.85  camphor
 4.59beta- caryophyllene
 0.34  caryophyllene oxide
 11.821,8- cineole
 0.90para- cymene
 2.64  limonene
 1.95  linalool
 0.69  myrcene
 3.69alpha- pinene
 1.58beta- pinene
 6.65  pinocarveol
 0.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.16gamma- terpinene
 0.11alpha- terpineol
 0.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
 0.11alpha- thujene
 23.00alpha- thujone
 3.80beta- thujone
sage oil dalmatian
As part of a study of the essential oils of Salvia species, Mathé et al. (1997) analyzed an oil of S. officinalis using GC and GC/MS. The components identified in this oil were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.20alpha- thujene
 1.10alpha- pinene
 2.30beta- pinene
 0.90  myrcene
 0.20alpha- terpinene
 0.20para- cymene
 1.30  limonene
 3.501,8- cineole
 0.50gamma- terpinene
 0.40  terpinolene
 36.00alpha- thujone
 9.70beta- thujone
 9.60  camphor gum
 8.40  borneol
 0.50  terpinen-4-ol
 0.10alpha- terpineol
 4.90  bornyl acetate
 0.70beta- caryophyllene
 4.20alpha- humulene
 0.20  caryophyllene oxide
 4.60  viridiflorol
 0.80  humulene oxide
 0