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acorus calamus rhizome oil
essential oil obtained from the rhizomes of the calamus, acorus calamus l., araceae

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Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:acorus calamus l. rhizome oil
CAS Number: 8015-79-0
FDA UNII:5F9K5X640P
CoE Number:13
Also Contains:acorus calamus root extract
Category:fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2227
FDA Mainterm: CALAMUS OIL--PROHIBITED
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 189 -- SUBSTANCES PROHIBITED FROM USE IN HUMAN FOOD
Subpart C--Substances Generally Prohibited From Direct Addition or Use as Human Food
Sec. 189.110 Calamus and its derivatives.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Optical Rotation:+9.00 to +31.00
Acid Value: 4.00 max. KOH/g
Saponification Value:4.70 to 7.50
Soluble in:
 alcohol
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 lipstick
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
Similar Items:note
acorus calamus extract hydrogenated
acorus calamus l. leaf oil
acorus calamus l. root extract
acorus calamus l. root oil
acorus calamus l. root oil mongolia
acorus calamus l. root powder
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:108 hour(s) at 100.00 %
fresh sweet citrus herbal spicy woody
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. fresh sweet citrus herbal
Luebke, William tgsc, (1986)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Aromatic and Allied Chemicals
Calamus Oil
Berjé
Calamus Oil
Happening at Berje
CG Herbals
Calamus Oil
Charabot
Calamus oil
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Warm, bitter, woody, spicy, camphory, aromatic
Diffusions Aromatiques
CALAMUS INDE HUILE ESSENTIELLE
Global Essence
Calamus Oil
Hermitage Oils
Sweet Flag Essential Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Adam Michael has this to say “The aroma is quite a unique experience, immensely butter sweet, with fresh earthy rhizome character, and delicate sweet spice nuances. Produced by steam distilling the rhizomes and leaves.
The Vault
Indenta Group
Calamus Oil
Indukern F&F
CALAMUS OIL
Odor: STRONG, EARTHY, SWEET
Jiangyin Healthway
Calamus
New functional food ingredients
Kanta Enterprises
Calamus Oil
Lluch Essence
CALAMUS OIL
Moellhausen
CALAMUS EO
Odor: aromatic, herbaceous, creamy
Flavor: bitter, herbaceous, milk
Noble Molecular Research
For experimental / research use only.
Calamus Oil
Payand Betrand
Calamus Oil Korea, (azarone < 5%)
Payand Betrand
Calamus Oil France
Penta International
CALAMUS OIL, NATURAL, Kosher
Plant Lipids
Calamus Oil
Reincke & Fichtner
Calamus Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Calamus Oil
Robertet
Calamus oil
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Warm, bitter, woody, spicy, camphory, aromatic
Synthite Industries
Calamus Oil
E-books and Brochures
Ultra International
Calamus Oil
Crop Calendar
Zanos
Calamus Oil
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 777 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 221 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 15, Pg. 623, 1977.

intravenous-mouse LD50 1138 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Dissertationes Pharmaceuticae. Vol. 16, Pg. 447, 1964.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 177 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. Vol. 11, Pg. 163, 1959.

intraperitoneal-guinea pig LD50 297 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: TETANY BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY STIMULATION
Antibiotics and Chemotherapy Vol. 7, Pg. 378, 1957.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-guinea pig LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 15, Pg. 623, 1977.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: fragrance agents
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 cis- and trans-Asarone as such should not be used as fragrance ingredients; essential oils containing cis- or trans-asarone (e.g. calamus oils) should not be used at a level such that the total concentration of cis- and trans-asarone exceeds 0.01% in consumer products.
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
methyl eugenol Max. Found: <0.62 % and Reason: Potential carcinogenic activity in animals
Recommendation for acorus calamus rhizome oil usage levels up to:
  4.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -3.80000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 5.0000015.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.50000
fruit ices: -1.50000
gelatins / puddings: -0.02000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -3.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8015-79-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
acorus calamus l. rhizome oil
Chemidplus:0008015790
 
References:
 acorus calamus l. rhizome oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8015-79-0
Pubchem (sid):135326359
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.6000
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
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For Odor
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acorus calamus root oil
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acorus calamus root oil mongolia
FR
calamintha clinopodium oil
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For Flavor
 
Potential Uses:
 amberFR
 antimicrobial agents 
 castoreumFR
 citrusFR
 fern fougereFR
 fresh & cleanFR
 herbalFR
 huile de mille fleurs 
 leatherFR
 orientalFR
 patchouliFR
 spiceFR
 warm 
 woodyFR
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 calamus rhizome
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 acorus americanus rhizome oil
 acorus angustatus rhizome oil
 acorus angustifolius rhizome oil
 acorus asiaticus rhizome oil
 acorus calamus var. americanus rhizome oil
 acorus calamus var. angustatus rhizome oil
 acorus calamus var. angustifolius rhizome oil
 acorus calamus var. spurius rhizome oil
 acorus calamus var. verus rhizome oil
 acorus calamus var. vulgaris rhizome oil
 acorus cochinchinensis rhizome oil
 acorus griffithii rhizome oil
 acorus spurius rhizome oil
 acorus triqueter rhizome oil
 acorus verus rhizome oil
 calamus EO
 calamus oil
 calamus oil korea, (azarone < 100ppm)
 calamus oil korea, (azarone < 5%)
 calamus rhizome oil
 calamus rhizome oil (acorus calamus)
 calamus root essential oil
sweet cane rhizome oil (acorus calamus)
 cane sweet rhizome oil (acorus calamus)
sweet cinnamon rhizome oil (acorus calamus)
 cinnamon sweet rhizome oil (acorus calamus)
 essential oil obtained from the rhizomes of the calamus, acorus calamus l., araceae
sweet flag rhizome oil (acorus calamus)
 flag sweet rhizome oil (acorus calamus)
sweet myrtle rhizome oil (acorus calamus)
 myrtle sweet rhizome oil (acorus calamus)
 orontium cochinchinense rhizome oil
 

Articles:

PubMed:A comparison on the phytoremediation ability of triazophos by different macrophytes.
PubMed:Spatio-temporal patterns in rhizosphere oxygen profiles in the emergent plant species Acorus calamus.
PubMed:Roles of root porosity, radial oxygen loss, Fe plaque formation on nutrient removal and tolerance of wetland plants to domestic wastewater.
PubMed:Effects of perchlorate on growth of four wetland plants and its accumulation in plant tissues.
PubMed:Consumer and farmer safety evaluation of application of botanical pesticides in black pepper crop protection.
PubMed:Terpenoid composition and antifungal activity of three commercially important essential oils against Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus niger.
PubMed:Diurnal fluctuations in oxygen release from roots of Acorus calamus Linn in a modeled constructed wetland.
PubMed:Antimycobacterial screening of traditional medicinal plants using the microplate resazurin assay.
PubMed:Asarone inhibits adipogenesis and stimulates lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
PubMed:Antimutagenic activity of methanolic extracts of four ayurvedic medicinal plants.
PubMed:Atrazine degradation by aerobic microorganisms isolated from the rhizosphere of sweet flag (Acorus calamus L.).
PubMed:Evaluation of anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) activity and synergy of some bioactive plant extracts.
PubMed:Developmental anatomy of the root cortex of the basal monocotyledon, Acorus calamus (Acorales, Acoraceae).
PubMed:Study of antidiarrhoeal activity of four medicinal plants in castor-oil induced diarrhoea.
PubMed:Getting to the root (Acorus calamus) of the problem.
 
Notes:
Steam distilled from the rhizomes of Acorus Calamus grown in Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, USSR, India, Holland, U.S.A and Japan. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. acorus calamus, araceae.
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