BT

Typical G.C. analysis

abies balsamea needle oil canada
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.31-2.07  borneol
194.89-16.22  bornyl acetate
250.02-0.21delta- cadinene
53.49-9.72  camphene
180.04-0.56  camphor
80.00-27.27delta-3- carene
200.00-0.27alpha- cedrene
150.03-0.16para- cymene
220.06-0.60alpha- humulene
121.83-15.63  limonene
100.71-2.28  myrcene
170.00-0.691- octen-1-yl acetate
90.03-0.19alpha- phellandrene
134.39-12.64beta- phellandrene
46.18-14.29alpha- pinene
628.10-56.10beta- pinene
70.02-0.23  sabinene
10.30-1.41  santene
210.06-0.29  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.11alpha- terpinene
140.06-0.31gamma- terpinene
230.56-4.48alpha- terpineol
160.17-1.68  terpinolene
30.00-0.21alpha- thujene
260.00-2.89  thymol
20.56-1.69  tricyclene

J. M. Regimbal and G. Collin, Essential Oil Analysis of Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 229-238 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

achillea millefolium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.70  bicyclogermacrene
264.00  bornyl acetate
30.40  camphene
164.90  camphor
24trace  carvone
250.40(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
924.501,8- cineole
231.00  cuminaldehyde
82.80para- cymene
270.60beta- elemene
287.20  germacrene D
100.80  limonene
150.70(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
200.60  myrtenal
221.60  myrtenol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
51.10beta- pinene
170.50trans- pinocarveol
181.10  pinocarvone
45.40  sabinene
1210.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
144.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
195.60  terpinen-4-ol
71.10alpha- terpinene
111.80gamma- terpinene
211.20alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from leaves and flowers of Achilea millefolium L. ssp. millefolium. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 219-222 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
121.00  artemisyl ketone
170.50  borneol
63.10  camphene
1636.90  camphor
200.30trans- carveol
22trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
114.301,8-cineole + limonene
105.40para- cymene
240.10  germacrene D
10.20  hexanal
30.10  hexanol
20.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
152.70(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
91.70alpha- phellandrene
57.70alpha- pinene
81.10beta- pinene
212.60  piperitone
71.20  sabinene
230.10ana streptene
181.60  terpinen-4-ol
130.20gamma- terpinene
192.00alpha- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
40.20  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 723, (2000)
acorus calamus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
301.61  acolamone
363.62iso acolamone
284.09  acoragermacrone
396.57(1,10)- aristolen-2-one
340.21beta- bisabolene
100.11  borneol
140.25  bornyl acetate
170.05beta- bourbonene
294.07delta- cadinene
310.30alpha- calacorene
420.58iso calamendiol
410.10  calamenene
400.72  calamusenone
90.08  camphor
204.13beta- caryophyllene
160.04alpha- copaene
230.32beta- cubebene
351.81isoepi-cubenol
40.04para- cymene
430.40  dibutyl phthalate
180.79beta- elemene
150.21delta- elemene
320.73  elemol
270.80beta- guaiene
240.96beta- gurjurene
210.07alpha- humulene
52.61  limonene
83.10  linalool
130.11  linalyl acetate
470.02  linoleic acid
30.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
480.04  methyl 9,12,15-octadecatrienoate
190.86  methyl eugenol
263.37(E)- methyl isoeugenol
2236.40(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
372.60alpha- muurolol
383.17epi-alpha- muurolol
20.09  myrcene
450.041- octadecene
440.06  palmitic acid
460.11  phytol
10.21  sabinene
253.19  shyobunone
330.64iso shyobunone
110.21  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
60.05gamma- terpinene
120.31alpha- terpineol
490.10  tricosane

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
193.09  acolamone
253.25iso acolamone
177.38  acoragermacrone
330.24  acorenone
262.85beta- asarone
30.11  borneol
352.46  cadala-1,4,9-triene
183.72delta- cadinene
201.30alpha- calacorene
230.30beta- calacorene
370.86  calamendiol
368.37iso calamendiol
3114.70  calamenene
380.60  calamenone
300.73  calamusenone
20.24  camphor
90.33beta- caryophyllene
60.07alpha- copaene
120.14beta- cubebene
320.231,4- dihydro-1,1,4,4-tetramethyl-2,3-naphthalene dione
70.48beta- elemene
210.60  elemol
160.90beta- guaiene
130.12beta- gurjunene
100.31beta- gurjurene
292.488-hydroxy-delta-cadinene
340.808-hydroxy-gamma-cadinene
10.21  linalool
80.58  methyl eugenol
150.29(E)- methyl isoeugenol
1117.70(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
271.18alpha- muurolol
281.70epi-alpha- muurolol
145.03  shyobunone
240.82epi- shyobunone
220.08iso shyobunone
40.22  terpinen-4-ol
50.14alpha- terpineol

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.33  acolamone
190.35  acoradiene
240.50  acoragermacrone
361.09  acorenone
301.68beta- asarone
30.04  borneol
60.04  bornyl acetate
370.64  cadala-1,4,9-triene
251.57beta- cadinene
120.44delta- cadinene
132.11gamma- cadinene
270.68alpha- calacorene
290.91preiso calamendiol
343.15  calamenene
399.62  calamenone
20.03  camphor
141.43  cascarilladiene
100.61alpha- cedrene
90.05alpha- copaene
200.74ar- curcumene
420.097-desmethyl-2-methoxycadalene
400.15  dibutyl phthalate
350.591,4- dihydro-1,1,4,4-tetramethyl-2,3-naphthalene dione
330.451,6- dimethyl-4-isopropyl naphthalene
110.29beta- elemene
220.30(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
161.12(E)-beta- farnesene
210.11beta- guaiene
157.66beta- gurjurene
10.24  linalool
172.85(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
230.96alpha- muurolene
310.69alpha- muurolol
320.24epi-alpha- muurolol
410.05  palmitic acid
380.352-isoproponyl-6-isopropyl methyl-3-vinyl cyclohexanol
80.01alpha-sabinene
2818.70epi- shyobunone
40.08  terpinen-4-ol
50.05alpha- terpineol
70.133,3,7,9-tetramethyl tricyclo(5.4.0.0)undecene
180.162,6,10,10-tetramethyl tricyclo(7.2.0.0)undecene

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus root oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
2714.40  acorenone
320.90  acorone
315.70iso acorone
131.00alpha- bergamotene
204.60  bornyl acetate
171.30delta- cadinene
280.70alpha- cadinol
301.40  calamendiol
2512.10preiso calamendiol
290.50  calamusenone
20.50  camphene
181.50  camphor
81.101,8- cineole
120.30alpha- copaene
140.50beta- elemene
110.50delta- elemene
151.00(E)-beta- farnesene
71.10  limonene
191.30  linalool
260.80(E)- methyl isoeugenol
50.70  myrcene
100.80(E)-beta- ocimene
90.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.20alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.90beta- pinene
160.70alpha- selinene
230.50  shyobunone
223.706-epi-shyobunone
2413.10iso shyobunone
211.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.40alpha- terpinene

M. N. Todorova, I. V. Ognyanov and S. Shatar, Chemical composition of essential oil from Mongolian Acorus calamus L. rhizomes. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 191-193 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

alpinia officinarum root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
390.10alpha- amorphene
370.03  benzyl acetone
271.60(E)-alpha- bergamotene
410.21beta- bisabolene
260.50  bornyl acetate
440.02  butyl benzoate
50.21iso butyl isovalerate
332.50delta- cadinene
342.10gamma- cadinene
360.11  calacorene
350.21  calamenene
44.60  camphene
231.00  camphor
310.40  caryophyllene
460.15  caryophyllene oxide
949.601,8- cineole
220.41  copaene
130.01beta- copaene
200.04alpha- cubebene
111.60para- cymene
290.30beta- elemene
150.08gamma- elemene
160.75(E)-beta- farnesene
210.51alpha- fenchyl acetate
280.72alpha- guaiene
400.22delta- guaiene
180.11alpha- humulene
84.00  limonene
240.32  linalool
3trace  methyl isovalerate
320.92gamma- muurolene
70.62  myrcene
380.04  nerolidol
450.342- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.022- phenethyl isobutyrate
25.80alpha- pinene
66.60beta- pinene
250.10alpha- santalene
140.48beta- santalene
420.08alpha- selinene
301.90  terpinen-4-ol
100.22gamma- terpinene
195.00alpha- terpineol
170.10delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
10.09alpha- thujene

B. M. Lawrence, J. W. Hogg and S. J. Terhune, Essential Oils and Their Constituents. Part II. The Oil of Alpinia officinarum Hance. Perfum. Essent, Oil Rec., 60, 89-96 (1969).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.20  camphene
100.40  camphor
712.701,8- cineole
61.50para- cymene
160.30  dihydrocarvone
910.50  fenchone
40.30  myrcene
1312.70  myrtenal
1516.10  myrtenol
170.30  perillaldehyde
181.70  perillyl alcohol
50.40alpha- phellandrene
13.20alpha- pinene
315.90beta- pinene
1110.90trans- pinocarveol
120.70  terpinen-4-ol
80.20gamma- terpinene
143.00alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 86, (2001)
anethum graveolens herb oil reunion
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10  bornyl acetate
350.08gamma- cadinene
5trace  camphene
230.10  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
290.40  carvone
300.10  carvotan acetone
123.80para- cymene
26trace(Z)- dihydrocarvone
340.10 dihydrolimonen-10-ol
2420.80  dill ether
360.20  docosene
330.10  eugenol
1310.90  limonene
19trace  linalool
220.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
210.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
80.60  myrcene
180.10  nonanal
15trace(E)-beta- ocimene
14trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
2trace  octane
956.50alpha- phellandrene
41.70alpha- pinene
7tracebeta- pinene
250.10(E)- piperitol
280.10(Z)- piperitol
60.10  sabinene
11tracealpha- terpinene
16tracegamma- terpinene
270.20alpha- terpineol
170.20  terpinolene
30.30alpha- thujene
32trace  thymol
10.20  toluene
20trace  undecane

R. R. Vera and J. Chane-Ming, Chemical composition of essential oil of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) growing in Reunion Island. J. Essent. Oil Res., 10, 539-542 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.48iso amyl 3-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
60.93iso amyl acetate
270.07  amyl angelate
2517.54iso amyl angelate
123.13iso amyl isobutyrate
181.53iso amyl methacrylate
110.06iso amyl propionate
320.02  benzaldehyde
440.10  benzyl isobutyrate
400.20  borneol
430.08isobutyl 2-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
20.02iso butyl acetate
230.37  butyl angelate
194.03iso butyl angelate
70.04iso butyl butyrate
50.75iso butyl isobutyrate
90.33iso butyl methacrylate
340.03iso butyric acid
40.39  camphene
330.02  camphor
130.121,8- cineole
42tracear- curcumene
460.05para- cymen-8-ol
500.01  decanoic acid
80.08 ethyl angelate
1trace  ethyl isobutyrate
370.10beta- farnesene
300.172-methyl butyl tiglate
220.193- methyl pentanol
480.663-methyl pentyl 3-hydroxy-2-methylene butyrate
140.943- methyl pentyl acetate
3122.693- methyl pentyl angelate
2112.543- methyl pentyl isobutyrate
260.042-methyl pentyl isovalerate
200.102- methyl pentyl propionate
170.152- methyl-2-butenyl isobutyrate
2413.142- methyl-2-propenyl angelate
100.882- methyl-2-propenyl isobutyrate
160.812- methyl-2-propenyl methacrylate
290.802- methyl-2-propenyl tiglate
360.67  myrtenal
450.38  myrtenol
410.05  myrtenyl isobutyrate
490.04  nonanoic acid
280.051- octen-3-ol
31.05alpha- pinene
384.36trans- pinocarveol
352.37  pinocarvone
151.04  propyl angelate
390.03alpha- terpineol

E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammnerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Flower scent of some traditional medical plants. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 282-296. ACS Symposium Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
160.4(Z)-thuj-2-en-4-ol
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia annua flower oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.06allo- aromadendrene
92.10  artemisyl alcohol
756.00  artemisyl ketone
200.61  benzyl 3-methyl butyrate
270.37beta- cadinene
82.09  camphene hydrate
1110.50  camphor
233.30beta- caryophyllene
293.26  caryophyllene oxide
67.701,8- cineole
210.31alpha- copaene
220.94beta- cubebene
260.11gamma- elemene
170.02para-ethyl camene
180.03iso eugenol
252.60beta- farnesene
240.01alpha- humulene
190.10 longipinene
140.40  myrtenal
160.14  myrtenol
30.24alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
120.23  sabinaketone
42.60  sabinene
100.72  sabinol
10.16  santolinatriene
131.10  terpinen-4-ol
150.09alpha- terpineol
20.13alpha- thujene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, M. Gorunovic and D. Stosic, A contribution to chemotaxonomy of Artemisia annua L., Asteraceae Acta Pharm. Jugoslav., 41, 233-236 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.00-11.05  artemisyl alcohol
2111.91-55.02  artemisyl ketone
250.00-0.07  artemisyl acetate
140.00-0.152-oxabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-6-ene
490.16-1.28  bicyclogermacrene
450.00-0.16  borneol
40.00-0.29  bornylene
100.00-0.14  butyl isovalerate
510.00-1.05delta- cadinene
61.20-7.28  camphene
270.00-0.66alpha- campholenic aldehyde
291.58-11.52  camphor
590.10-1.10  carvacrol
361.63-10.87beta- caryophyllene
540.10-1.64  caryophyllene oxide
530.04-0.39iso caryophyllene oxide
570.00-trace  cedrol
165.07-11.651,8- cineole
280.00-1.33alpha- copaene
330.09-2.17beta- cubebene
19trace-1.23para- cymene
520.08-0.676,6- dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-2-en-2-methanol
500.00-0.41(E)-(3,3-dimethyl) cyclohexylidene acetaldehyde
50.00-0.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
440.00-1.00(E)-beta- farnesene
430.00-1.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
471.99-18.54  germacrene D
482.24-14.73alpha- guaiene
310.00-trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
41trace-0.97alpha- himachalene
420.00-0.74alpha- humulene
150.09-0.57  limonene
90.00-trace3-methyl bicyclo(3.1.2)oct-2-ene
220.00-0.313- methyl-3-buten-1-yl isovalerate
120.00-3.34  myrcene
38trace-0.42  myrtenal
560.00-0.82  nootkatone
180.00-0.27(E)-beta- ocimene
110.00-tracealpha- phellandrene
24.20-15.66alpha- pinene
70.93-3.35beta- pinene
320.00-0.32  pinocamphone
400.35-1.81trans- pinocarveol
350.24-2.19  pinocarvone
80.43-2.80  sabinene
260.00-0.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.11-0.83(Z)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.22  santolina alcohol
550.00-0.49  spathulenol
370.13-0.38  terpinen-4-ol
130.00-0.18alpha- terpinene
170.07-0.34gamma- terpinene
460.00-0.65alpha- terpineol
200.00-0.33  terpinolene
390.00-2.163- thujen-2-ol
30.00-0.90alpha- thujene
580.00-0.83  thymol
10.01-0.35  tricyclene
240.06-0.64  yomogi alcohol

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 261-268 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua herb oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.67  artemisyl alcohol
84.42  artemisyl ketone
190.63delta- cadinene
21.78  camphene
1123.75  camphor
176.29beta- caryophyllene
715.441,8- cineole
160.97alpha- cubebene
205.59beta- cubebene
64.08para- cymene
189.59beta- farnesene
151.01  geranyl acetate
102.93  limonene oxide
90.46  linalool
122.91para-mentha-1(7),8-2-ol
54.38  myrcene
10.74alpha- pinene
40.44beta- pinene
31.10  sabinene
142.27  terpinen-4-ol

N. X. Dung, P. A. Leclercq, D. H. Kiet and N. M. Tu, Chemical composition of Vietnamese Artemisia annua L. essential oil. Tap Chi Duoc Hoc, (2) 11-13 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

artemisia annua leaf oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
312.02-8.45allo- aromadendrene
110.72-1.90  artemisyl alcohol
926.85-35.60  artemisyl ketone
230.90-0.36  benzyl 3-methyl butyrate
300.18-0.50beta- cadinene
100.14-2.31  camphene hydrate
140.00-20.48  camphor
265.00-5.60beta- caryophyllene
320.95-1.75  caryophyllene oxide
88.70-28.101,8- cineole
241.10-1.55alpha- copaene
251.80-4.43beta- cubebene
290.40-0.66gamma- elemene
200.04-0.33para-ethyl camene
210.04-0.11iso eugenol
280.84-3.80beta- farnesene
270.03-0.71alpha- humulene
220.15 longipinene
60.71-0.94(E)-6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
170.20-0.50  myrtenal
190.10  myrtenol
30.40-0.50alpha- pinene
50.80-1.40beta- pinene
150.14-0.55  sabinaketone
41.10-3.80  sabinene
120.28-0.33(Z)- sabinene hydrate
130.00-1.70  sabinol
10.04-0.20  santolinatriene
160.14-1.84  terpinen-4-ol
70.22-0.40alpha- terpinene
180.08-0.12alpha- terpineol
20.01-0.10alpha- thujene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, M. Gorunovic and D. Stosic, A contribution to chemotaxonomy of Artemisia annua L., Asteraceae Acta Pharm. Jugoslav., 41, 233-236 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
21trace  aromadendrene
2714.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.90 bisabolene endoperoxide
397.00alpha- bisabolol
421.70alpha-bisabolol oxide
220.10iso borneol
30tracedelta- cadinene
440.50alpha- cadinol
320.20  calamenene
2trace  camphene
18trace  camphor
430.90  carvacrol
340.30  caryophyllene oxide
371.00  cedrol
70.201,8- cineole
170.40alpha- copaene
310.20ar- curcumene
110.10para- cymene
285.00(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
241.50(E)-beta- farnesene
290.10  geranyl acetate
268.00  germacrene D
401.00  globulol
230.40beta- guaiene
140.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
251.40alpha- humulene
63.00  limonene
353.70  methyl eugenol
450.40T- muurolol
511.20  myrcene
200.40  myrtenal
360.80(E)- nerolidol
82.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
130.10allo- ocimene
105.40(E)-beta- ocimene
12.60alpha- pinene
319.00beta- pinene
40.30  sabinene
410.90  spathulenol
190.90  terpinen-4-ol
90.40gamma- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene
15tracealpha- thujone
16tracebeta- thujone
380.90  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.50  borneol
130.80  bornyl acetate
11.00  camphene
615.70  camphor
311.801,8- cineole
21.20para- cymene
177.50  davanone
161.00  geranyl acetate
50.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
70.90(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
111.40  piperitol
1251.80  piperitone
40.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
141.40(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
90.40  terpinen-4-ol
102.00alpha- terpineol
150.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 30, (2001)
artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.50  borneol
102.00  bornyl acetate
24.60  camphene
757.50  camphor
47.501,8- cineole
31.00para- cymene
50.80iso phorone
10.40alpha- pinene
96.50  piperitone
613.00  verbenone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 30, (2001)
artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
82.60  borneol
124.30  bornyl acetate
10.70  camphene
63.50  camphor
140.30  caryophyllene oxide
110.80(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
336.501,8- cineole
22.80para- cymene
130.70(Z)- jasmone
93.10  terpinen-4-ol
100.70alpha- terpineol
70.50delta- terpineol
48.90alpha- thujone
528.40beta- thujone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 330, (2000)
artemisia herba-alba herb oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.1  artemisyl alcohol
90.7  borneol
160.1  bornyl acetate
27tracedelta- cadinene
28tracegamma- cadinene
31.8  camphene
2110.3  camphor
12trace  carvacrol
230.8beta- caryophyllene
224.2  chrysanthenone
17trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1414.01,8- cineole
40.1para- cymene
261.7beta- elemene
243.1alpha- guaiene
25tracealpha- humulene
10trace  myrtenol
18trace  myrtenyl acetate
11.5alpha- pinene
20.8beta- pinene
50.2alpha- terpinene
71.5gamma- terpinene
85.3alpha- terpineol
150.1alpha- terpinyl acetate
60.1alpha- thujene
1923.9alpha- thujone
2020.1beta- thujone
11trace  thymol

A. Ouyabya, R. Negre, J. Viano, Y. F. Lozano and E. M. Gaydou, Essential oils from Moroccan Artemisia negrei, A. mesatlantica and A. herba-alba, Lebensmitt. Wiss u Technol., 23, 528-530 (1990).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

artemisia santolina schrenk oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
130.90  camphor
120.30  chrysanthenone
415.901,8- cineole
210.60  geranyl acetate
1537.20  lavandulol
199.50  lavandulyl acetate
1113.60  linalool
90.10  linalool oxide
50.20  myrcene
181.80  nerol
140.30  nerol oxide
202.80  neryl acetate
20.70alpha- pinene
40.20beta- pinene
162.90  terpinen-4-ol
80.90gamma- terpinene
61.76alpha-terpinene + para-cymene
172.10alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 330, (2000)
artemisia variabilis flower oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.40  acenaphthalene
240.70  bicyclogermacrene
331.00alpha- bisabolol
26tracedelta- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
2trace  camphene
16trace  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
27tracear- curcumene
300.101H-cyclobutano(de)naphthalene
120.40para- cymene
3977.301,2-dihydroacenaphthlene
280.501,4- dimethyl naphthalene
250.10  geranyl acetate
230.30  germacrene D
340.20  globulol
20tracebeta- guaiene
15trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
210.10alpha- humulene
400.102- hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxyacetophenone
71.00  limonene
17trace  linalool
29trace  methyl eugenol
50.20  myrcene
19trace  myrtenal
310.30(E)- nerolidol
95.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
14traceallo- ocimene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.80alpha- pinene
33.60beta- pinene
40.10  sabinene
351.00  spathulenol
180.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.10alpha- terpinene
103.20gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
13trace  terpinolene
360.80  thymol
320.20  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
aydendron barbeyana mez. wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
413.70  benzyl benzoate
421.60  benzyl salicylate
192.50(E)-beta-bergamotene + beta-curcumene
230.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
340.704-epi-beta-bisabolol
408.30beta- bisabolol
112.80  borneol
390.60  cadalene
251.80gamma- cadinene
275.80gamma-cadinene + furopelargone A
284.00alpha-calacorene + (E)-sequisabinene hydrate
33.20  camphene
100.10  camphor
180.60beta- caryophyllene
311.10  caryophyllene oxide
170.10alpha- cedrene
242.90sesquicineole + beta-bisabolene
162.20alpha- copaene
8tracepara- cresol
151.40alpha- cubebene
220.90epi- cubebol
262.10 cubebol + (E)-calamenene
382.10  cubenol
352.701-epi- cubenol
6tracepara- cymene
331.101,10- di-epi-cubenol
216.601,11-oxidocalamenene + ar-curcumene
374.90beta-eudesmol + alpha-cadinol
323.40  guaiol
201.20alpha-humulene + beta-farnesene
70.70 limonene + 1,8-cineole
9trace  linalool
296.50(E)- nerolidol
22.80alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
302.00(Z)-sequi sabinene hydrate
140.50  safrole
361.30  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
120.10  terpinen-4-ol
130.10alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall-Weyerstahl and C. Christiansen, Constituents of Ayou essential oil (Aydendron barbeyana Mez.). Flav. Fragr. J., 4, 93-98 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

bois de rose leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.62-0.79  benzyl benzoate
11trace  camphor
190.80-0.95  caryophyllene oxide
40.03-0.041,8- cineole
101.40-2.70  cyclosativene
7trace-0.03para- cymene
164.50-6.00  eremophilene
140.40-0.54  hotrienol
30.10-0.15  limonene
1273.00-78.00  linalool
91.00-1.54(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
81.20-1.80(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.04(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
170.13-0.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
20.06-0.10  myrcene
60.03-0.05(E)-beta- ocimene
5trace-0.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
1trace-0.03beta- pinene
150.10-0.50gamma- selinene
200.35-0.62  spathulenol
130.14-0.53  terpinen-4-ol

S. T. Ohashi, L. dos S. Rosa, J. A. Santana and C. L. Green, Brazilian rosewood oil: sustainable production and oil quality management. Perfum. Flav., 22(2), 1-5 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

boldea fragrans leaf oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3538.63  ascaridole
50.38  camphene
240.06  camphor
90.25delta-3- carene
390.01  carvacrol
400.08trans- carvyl acetate
100.921,4- cineole
1438.631,8- cineole
330.18  cuminaldehyde
129.51para- cymene
40.02alpha- fenchene
150.01  fenchone
320.06alpha- fenchyl acetate
200.40alpha- fenchyl alcohol
340.09  geraniol
10.062- heptanone
420.32  ledol
130.07  limonene
18trace  linalool
70.02  myrcene
28trace  myrtenal
300.36  myrtenol
310.07  nerol
19trace2- nonanol
160.102- nonanone
80.04alpha- phellandrene
30.02alpha- pinene
221.20trans- pinocarveol
290.78  sabinaketone
60.04  sabinene
384.28  sabinyl acetate
261.37  terpinen-4-ol
170.03  terpinen-4-yl acetate
110.04alpha- terpinene
270.25alpha- terpineol
250.13beta- terpineol
20.06alpha- thujene
21tracebeta- thujone
370.07  thymol
410.03  thymyl acetate
23trace(Z)- verbenol
360.14cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

bombycilaena erecta oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.50  arteannuic alcohol
69.10  artemisyl alcohol
1010.70  artemisyl acetate
260.30beta- bisabolol
140.70iso bornyl acetate
250.40alpha- cadinol
33.60  camphene
818.80  camphor
92.60trans- carveol
110.30cis- carveol
120.40  carvotan acetone
150.90cis- carvyl acetate
191.00beta- caryophyllene
210.20  caryophyllene oxide
1312.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
183.80isocomene
200.30gamma- curcumene
270.407- ethyl-1,4-dimethyl azulene
242.00alpha- eudesmol
230.20  guaiol
290.80  hexadecanoic acid
171.50  italicene
161.20beta- maaliene
70.20  nonanal
20.40alpha- pinene
40.10beta- pinene
280.30  tetradecanoic acid
10.90  tricyclene
514.90  yomogi alcohol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 360, (2000)
cassia leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.54  benzaldehyde
 1.82  benzyl benzoate
 1.58  camphene
 2.60  camphor
 2.90delta-3- carene
 6.24beta- caryophyllene
 46.52(E)- cinnamaldehyde
 2.64(E)- cinnamyl acetate
 1.40alpha- copaene
 4.18para- cymene
 3.63  eugenol
 0.30  eugenyl acetate
 0.85alpha- humulene
 2.98  linalool
 0.79ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
 0.07  myrcene
 9.16beta-phellandrene + limonene
 3.47alpha- pinene
 1.02beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- terpineol

L.-F. Zhu, Y.-H. Li, B.-L. Li, B.-Y. Lu and N.-H. Xia, Aromatic Plants and Essential Constituents. South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publish. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co. Ltd., Hong Kong (1993).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

cedarwood oil texas
#%LeftshiftComponents
70.70alpha- acoradiene
80.60beta- acoradiene
190.70alpha- alaskene
140.20beta- alaskene
250.40alpha- bisabolol
10.20  camphor
260.908- cedren-13-ol
230.70alpha- cedrene
35.50beta- cedrene
2019.10  cedrol
220.406-isocedrol
171.20alpha- chamigrene
91.10beta- chamigrene
230.20  cubenol
181.70  cuparene
120.10ar- curcumene
110.10gamma- curcumene
50.50alpha- himachalene
161.40beta- himachalene
100.10gamma- himachalene
151.50alpha- selinene
60.10  thujopsadiene
240.80(E)-3-thujopsanone
425.00  thujopsene
130.10  valencene
211.60  widdrol

R. P. Adams, Cedarwood oil- analyses and properties. In Modern methods of plant analysis new series. Vol. 12. Essential Oils and Waxes. Edits., H. F. Linskens and J. F. Jackson, pp. 159-173, Springer Verlag. New York (1991).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

cedrus libanensis wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.80 atlantone
382.80(E)-alpha- atlantone
340.60(E)-gamma- atlantone
370.30(Z)-alpha- atlantone
360.60(Z)-beta-atlantone
330.40(Z)-gamma- atlantone
220.40(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
27>0.10alpha- calacorene
1>0.10  camphene
14>0.10  camphor
3>0.10delta-3- carene
170.20alpha- cedrene
211.40 chamigrene
7>0.10para- cymene
240.80alpha- dehydro-ar-himachalene
261.40gamma- dehydro-ar-himachalene
280.60oxido himachalene
9>0.10  fenchone
320.10  guaiazulene
10>0.10alpha- gurjunene
13>0.10beta- gurjunene
1814.20alpha- himachalene
2031.30beta- himachalene
196.90gamma- himachalene
300.50 himachalene oxide
292.20beta- himachalene oxide
5>0.10  limonene
310.80  longiborneol
160.50  longifolene
110.10alpha- longipinene
395.60  manool
2>0.104- methyl-3-penten-2-one
230.80 occidentalol acetate
150.10  sativene
4>0.10alpha- terpinene
6>0.10gamma- terpinene
8>0.10  terpinolene
250.40beta- vetivenene
12>0.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 763, (2000)
chenopodium ambrosioides oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.04  allyl levulinate
 0.02allo- aromadendrene
 0.22iso borneol
 0.20iso bornyl acetate
 0.02nor bornyl acetate
 0.06iso bornyl propionate
 0.08delta- cadinene
 0.84  camphor
 2.28trans- carveol
 4.91cis- carveol
 2.07  carvone
 0.16  carvone oxide
 2.09beta- caryophyllene
 0.04beta- copaene
 0.03para- cymene
 0.71  dihydrocarveol
 5.00  geranial
 0.04  geranic acid
 4.30  geraniol
 0.24alpha- guaiene
 0.02  lavandulyl acetate
 32.50  limonene
 0.07  linalool
 0.21(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 4.00(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
 1.64  menthol
 0.03 methyl undecanal
 0.03  myrcene
 0.41  nerol
 0.01  neryl acetate
 0.02  neryl formate
 0.15  perillyl alcohol
 0.01alpha- phellandrene
 0.09alpha- pinene
 0.06beta- pinene
 26.70trans- pinocarveol
 3.54iso pulegol
 0.08iso pulegyl acetate
 0.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.83alpha- terpinene
 0.03gamma- terpinene
 0.26alpha- thujene
 0.14  undecanal
 1.21(E)- verbenol
cinnamomum angustifolium rafin. oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
273.00  bicyclogermacrene
290.30delta- cadinene
40.10  camphene
180.10  camphor
71.80delta-3- carene
390.10  carvacrol
206.20beta- caryophyllene
331.00  caryophyllene oxide
129.701,8- cineole
340.20(E)- cinnamaldehyde
280.90(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
380.40(E)- cinnamyl acetate
320.30para- cymen-8-ol
1617.60para- cymene
30.30alpha- fenchene
300.30  geranyl acetate
261.80  germacrene D
360.40  guaiol
220.20alpha- humulene
111.80  limonene
193.30  linalool
310.20para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
92.60  myrcene
350.40(E)- nerolidol
151.10(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
823.40alpha- phellandrene
14.80alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.00  sabinene
230.20  salicylaldehyde
371.40  spathulenol
210.70  terpinen-4-ol
100.30alpha- terpinene
140.50gamma- terpinene
252.10alpha- terpineol
170.30  terpinolene
21.90alpha- thujene
240.40  viridiflorene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum cassia bark oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.54  benzaldehyde
201.82  benzyl benzoate
31.58  camphene
102.60  camphor
62.90delta-3- carene
166.24beta- caryophyllene
1246.52(E)- cinnamaldehyde
152.64(E)- cinnamyl acetate
141.40alpha- copaene
74.18para- cymene
133.63  eugenol
180.30  eugenyl acetate
170.85alpha- humulene
92.98  linalool
190.79ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
40.07  myrcene
89.16beta-phellandrene + limonene
23.47alpha- pinene
51.02beta- pinene
110.07alpha- terpineol

N. Bouzid, K. Toulgouate, G. Villarem and A. Gaset, Analyse quantitative des fractions d’huile essentielle pouvant co-exister lors d’hydrodistillation & plants aromatiques. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (April), 15-25 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cinnamon bark oil ceylon
Using GC (retention indices) Bouzid et al. (1997) analyzed an oil of cinnamon bark. The compounds identified were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.54  benzaldehyde
201.82  benzyl benzoate
31.58  camphene
102.60  camphor
62.90delta-3- carene
166.24beta- caryophyllene
1246.52(E)- cinnamaldehyde
152.64(E)- cinnamyl acetate
141.40alpha- copaene
74.18para- cymene
133.63  eugenol
180.30  eugenyl acetate
170.85alpha- humulene
92.98  linalool
190.79ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
40.07  myrcene
89.16beta-phellandrene + limonene
23.47alpha- pinene
51.02beta- pinene
110.07alpha- terpineol

N. Bouzid, K. Toulgouate, G. Villarem and A. Gaset, Analyse quantitative des fractions d'huile essentielle pouvant co-exister lors d'hydrodistillation de plants aromatiques. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (April), 15-25 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cistus ladaniferus oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.80alpha- amorphene
470.97allo- aromadendrene
231.45  borneol
352.40  bornyl acetate
523.00delta- cadinene
591.32alpha- cadinol
580.81T- cadinol
530.31alpha- calacorene
540.37beta- calacorene
210.74  camphene hydrate
12trace  camphenilone
170.78alpha- campholenic aldehyde
202.92  camphor
360.21  carvacrol
311.22cis- carveol
330.31  carvone
45tracebeta- caryophyllene
7trace1,8- cineole
410.79alpha- copaene
380.30alpha- cubebene
420.19beta- cubebene
571.71  cubenol
320.77  cuminaldehyde
250.19para- cymen-8-ol
40.30ortho- cymene
130.43para- cymene
160.572,6- dimethyl cyclohexanol
2trace3,5- dimethyl phenol
30tracealpha- fenchyl acetate
340.35  geraniol
440.42alpha- gurjunene
460.19beta- gurjunene
43traceiso italicene
500.45  ledene
550.42  ledol
5trace  limonene
110.15(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
510.62alpha- muurolene
480.18gamma- muurolene
28trace  myrtanol
271.35  myrtenal
60.25beta- phellandrene
370.06 phenyl propionic acid
10.37alpha- pinene
150.23alpha- pinene oxide
192.47trans- pinocarveol
221.11  pinocarvone
180.16(E)- rose oxide
240.70  terpinen-4-ol
3tracealpha- terpinene
90.35gamma- terpinene
260.30alpha- terpineol
140.43  terpinolene
100.353,5,5- trimethyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
80.752,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
490.16  valencene
290.19  verbenone
5612.81  viridiflorol
390.80alpha- ylangene

N. Mrabet, S. Zrira, M. M. Ismaili-Alaoui, H. Lahloa and B. Benjilali, Essential oils and resin gum from Moroccan Cistus, “Cistus ladaniferus L." Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 622-630 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cistus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
60.1  acetophenone
1410.26- acetoxy-11-nor-drim-7-en-9-one
720.27- acetyl-2,2,6-trimethyl bicyclo(4.2.0)octane
1190.16-acetyl-5,8,8-trimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)octan-2,3-dione
1490.213-nor- ambreinolide
1480.18-epi-13-nor- ambreinolide
780.2alpha- ambrinol
1371.4  ambrox
1440.16-oxo-isoambrox
810.9  aromadendr-1-ene
1350.3  aromadendr-1(10)-en-9-one
911.41,5-(Z)-aromadendr-9-ene
1320.11,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
1300.15-epi-1,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
861.5allo- aromadendrene
b30.4  benzoic acid
272.0  borneol
551.7  bornyl acetate
b210.93-iso butenyl-5-methyl-5-vinyl butyrolactone
1260.5  cadalene
980.4delta- cadinene
1250.6alpha- cadinol
1000.6alpha- calacorene
990.6(E)- calamenene
900.5(Z)- calamenene
b91.4gamma-campholenic acid
150.3alpha- campholenic aldehyde
100.3gamma- campholenic aldehyde
b70.3alpha-campholytic acid
b40.2gamma-campholytic acid
b52.4 camphonanic acid
b122.1alpha-camphoneic acid
180.1  camphor
600.8  carvacrol
480.2  carvenone
410.2trans- carveol
430.1cis- carveol
460.5  carvone
1380.1sesqui chamaenol
1171.8  copaborneol
1270.6  copabornyl acetate
741.1alpha- copaene
820.7  cubeb-11-ene
1134.1  cubeban-11-ol
1210.41-epi- cubenol
440.1  cuminaldehyde
b111.0beta- cyclogeranic acid
b80.9gamma-cyclogeranic acid
530.3para- cymen-7-ol
30.4para- cymene
b130.7 davanic acid
390.2  decanal
b203.8  decanoic acid
1060.21,2- dehydroglobulol
1180.33,4- dehydroglobulol
1100.21-epi-3,4- dehydroviridiflorol
1041.41,2- dehydroviridiflorol
1460.214,15- di-nor-8,13-epoxylabd-12-ene
790.1  dihydro-beta-ionene
940.2  dihydroactinidiolide
370.5neo dihydrocarveol
b156.5  dihydrocinnamic acid
b241.7 dimethyl (Z)-2-hexyl-3-methyl butendioic acid
490.22,4- dimethyl acetophenone
91.0alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
970.24,7- dimethyl tetral-1-one
b141.22,6- dimethyl-5-oxoheptanoic acid
770.2  dodecanal
700.111-nor- drim-7-ene
1390.1  drim-8-en-7-one
690.211-nor- drim-8-ene
1010.311-nor- driman-8-ol
1020.2beta- elemol
351.3  elsholtzia ketone
1360.25,11- epoxycadin-1(10)-en-9-ol
1080.85,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene
80.86,8- epoxymenth-1-ene
640.1  ethyl dihydrocinnamate
1240.4beta- eudesmol
1220.2gamma- eudesmol
651.6  eugenol
450.2alpha- fenchyl acetate
760.11-( fur-2-yl methyl)-2-formyl pyrrole
b192.4  geranic acid
510.2  geraniol
800.1  geranyl acetone
1090.5  gleenol
1110.2  globulol
b20.5  heptanoic acid
b10.7  hexanoic acid
1330.1(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl dihydrocinnamate
1340.3  hexyl dihydrocinnamate
590.1(2E,4E)-6-hydroxy-2,6-dimethyl hepta-2,4-dienal
32trace2- hydroxy-3-methyl benzaldehyde
660.22- hydroxy-4-isopropenyl toluene
680.2(E)-5-hydroxy-para-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
710.3(Z)-5-hydroxy-para-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
1400.110- hydroxycalamene-8,9-epoxide
1310.19- hydroxyladanifer-10-one(9(10(1))-abeo-9-hydroxyaromadendran-10-one)
500.42- hydroxypinan-3-one
870.2(E)-beta- ionone
1420.615-nor-labd-1(17)-ene
1530.4  labd-7-en-15-ol
1450.515-nor- labd-7-ene
b316.3 labd-7-enoic acid
1540.3  labd-8-en-15-ol
1430.515-nor-labd-8-ene
b324.0 labd-8-enoic acid
1520.4  labd-8(17)-en-15-ol
b305.1 labd-8(17)-enoic acid
1470.715-nor-labdan-8-ol
b232.5  lauric acid
929.3  ledene
730.2iso ledene
1161.3  ledol
120.2  linalool
70.4(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.2(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
b281.0  linoleic acid
1500.3  manoyl oxide
1510.313-epi- manoyl oxide
850.1  massoia lactone
400.3(Z)-para- menth-4(8)-en-2-ol
620.12- methoxy-6-methyl acetophenone
290.3para- methyl acetophenone
521.0  methyl dihydrocinnamate
750.4  methyl eugenol
10.25- methyl furfural
20.16- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1200.3  muurola-4,10(14)-dien-1-ol
1230.3alpha- muurolol
b252.7  myristic acid
330.9  myrtenal
b186.0  myrtenic acid
361.5  myrtenol
581.1  naginata ketone
220.2  nerol oxide
1030.2(E)- nerolidol
130.1  nonanal
b101.6  nonanoic acid
170.7(E)-3- nonen-2-one
b63.7  octanoic acid
b271.2  oleic acid
1150.1beta- oplopenone
b265.1  palmitic acid
1051.2  palustrol
1290.1  pentadecanal
420.13- phenyl propanol
231.5  pinocamphone
280.7iso pinocamphone
191.8trans- pinocarveol
240.3  pinocarvone
630.4trans- pinocarvyl acetate
470.8  piperitone
250.1  propiophenone
1280.24-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
160.1(E)- rose oxide
140.2(Z)- rose oxide
200.1(E)- sabinol
b290.8  stearic acid
210.2(E)- tagetone
260.2(Z)- tagetone
310.8  terpinen-4-ol
340.5alpha- terpineol
1140.1  tetradecanal
890.61,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
950.21,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene
540.2  thymol
1070.26-para-tolyl heptan-2-one
880.1  tridecanal
b160.71,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid A
b171.91,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid B
50.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohex-2-enone
41.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
930.21-(1,2,2- trimethyl cyclopent-1-yl) pentan-1,4-dione
960.26,6,10-trimethyl decan-2-one
300.52,2,5- trimethyl oxepan-4-one
670.21,1,6- trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
830.14,4,7a- trimethyl-1,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-2H-inden-2-one
840.1  tuberolactone
610.2  undecanal
b220.3  undecanoic acid
380.3  verbenone
1124.3  viridiflorol
560.2  vitispirane A
570.1  vitispirane B

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall, M. Weirauch, K. Thefeld and H. Surburg, Constituents of commercial labdanum oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 295-318 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

citrus limon peel oil c.p. california
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.03(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
320.38(E)-alpha-bergamotene + citronellyl propionate
360.55beta- bisabolene
520.04alpha- bisabolol
160.01  borneol
30.06  camphene
510.03  campherenol
460.008  camphor
310.22beta- caryophyllene
230.08  citronellal
190.06 citronellol + nerol
380.03  citronellyl acetate
90.14para- cymene
240.05  decanal
470.01exo-(Z)-4,7-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-3-en-6-one
500.032,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
290.01 dodecanal + decyl acetate
330.03(E)-beta- farnesene
261.18  geranial
200.03  geraniol
400.52  geranyl acetate
420.01  geranyl propionate
340.02alpha- humulene
1065.65 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
440.007(E)- limonene 1,2-oxide
450.006(Z)- limonene 1,2-oxide
370.007  methyl geranate
61.58  myrcene
250.74  neral
490.004  nerolidol
390.60  neryl acetate
410.007  neryl propionate
220.12  nonanal
110.09(E)-beta- ocimene
210.08  octanal
270.03  perillaldehyde
70.04alpha- phellandrene
21.75alpha- pinene
511.13beta- pinene
480.004  piperitone
41.85  sabinene
150.13(Z)-sabinene hydrate + linalool
140.01(E)-sabinene hydrate + octanol
350.01beta- santalene
170.11  terpinen-4-ol
80.16alpha- terpinene
128.32gamma- terpinene
180.16alpha- terpineol
130.34  terpinolene
10.38alpha- thujene
280.03  undecanal
430.009  undecyl acetate

T. S. Chamblee, B. C. Clark. G. B. Brewster, T. Radford and G. A. Iacobucci, Quantitative analysis of the volatile constituents of lemon peel oil. Effects of silica gel chromatography on the imposition of its hydrocarbon and oxygenated fractions. J. Agric, Food Chem., 39, 162-169 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 1, 45, (1992)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.30  borneol
30.20  camphene
138.90  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
72.60para- cymene
182.30  geraniol
191.70  geranyl acetate
91.40  limonene
1267.50  linalool
150.30(E)- linalool oxide
110.30(Z)- linalool oxide
50.6  myrcene
170.10  nerol
21.80alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
6<0.10alpha- terpinene
104.50gamma- terpinene
160.40alpha- terpineol
1<0.10alpha- thujene
F. Chialva, G. Gabri, P. A. P. Liddle and F. Ulian, Quantitative evaluation of aromatic herbs by direct headspace (GC)2 analysis Application of the method and composition with the traditional analysis of essential oils, In: Aromatic plants, basic and applied aspects, Edits., N. Margaris, A. Koedam and D. Vokou, pp. 183-195, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague (1982). P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)
coriandrum sativum fruit oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.04  bicyclogermacrene
161.55  borneol
20.21  camphene
155.83  camphor
280.16beta- caryophyllene
211.23 citronellol + nerol
70.90para- cymene
200.15  decanal
310.45  dillapiole
270.20  dodecanal
230.13  geranial
226.97  geraniol
264.96  geranyl acetate
335.82  hexadecanoic acid
81.55  limonene
1454.57  linalool
120.18(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
50.65  myrcene
190.16  myrtenal
250.19  neryl acetate
100.09(E)-beta- ocimene
340.20 octadecenoic acid
90.04beta- phellandrene
11.14alpha- pinene
40.21beta- pinene
30.14  sabinene
171.38  terpinen-4-ol
60.02alpha- terpinene
114.08gamma- terpinene
182.32alpha- terpineol
130.53  terpinolene
290.18  tetradecanal
320.57  tetradecanoic acid
240.10  undecanal

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of seed oil of Coriandrum sativum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 97-98 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

croton eluteria bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
1211.78beta-cedren-10-ol
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
1300.513,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-isopropyl-1(2H)-naphthalenone
79trace2,5-dimethoxy-meta-cymene
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
980.04para-menth-2-en-1-ol
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
830.15(Z)-5-tridecen-2-one
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.30allo- aromadendrene
241.20  borneol
320.20  bornyl acetate
280.50  bornyl formate
390.30beta- bourbonene
511.20delta- cadinene
41.70  camphene
220.30  camphene hydrate
19tracealpha- campholenal
20trace  camphor
449.30iso caryophyllene
110.101,8- cineole
380.60alpha- copaene
360.20alpha- cubebene
487.90ar- curcumene
101.70para- cymene
420.50  cyperene
270.102- decanone
430.202,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
40trace2- dodecanone
410.80beta- elemene
350.30delta- elemene
490.30  germacrene D
450.80alpha- gurjunene
461.50alpha- humulene
121.30  limonene
180.40  linalool
16trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.20  longicyclene
8trace4- methyl anisole
300.10  methyl carvacrol
29trace  methyl thymol
70.60  myrcene
520.40(E)- nerolidol
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.50alpha- phellandrene
316.00alpha- pinene
60.70beta- pinene
21.020trans- pinocarveol
230.10  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
534.50  spathulenol
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.20gamma- terpinene
260.10alpha- terpineol
17trace  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
34trace  thymol
10.20  tricyclene
500.302- tridecanone
330.502- undecanone
310.60trans- verbenyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 667, (2000)
curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.20alpha- bergamotene
250.50beta- bisabolol
181.30  borneol
164.50iso borneol
21.70  camphene
911.20  camphor
140.20beta- caryophyllene
230.50  caryophyllene oxide
66.001,8- cineole
2111.20beta- curcumene
2228.10ar- curcumene
267.10  curzerenone
132.80beta- elemene
80.20delta- elemene
240.30  germacrone
50.40  limonene
100.40  linalool
40.20  myrcene
70.102- nonanone
10.40alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
190.60beta- selinene
200.50alpha- selinene
280.30  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
170.80alpha- terpineol
270.20  zerumbone
111.40  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 63, (2001)
curcuma longa rhizome oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
70.02  borneol
80.06  camphor
1611.58 cardione
42.921,8- cineole
1012.17ar-curcumene + gamma-curcumene
171.19 curzerendioine
122.13 curzerenol
132.04  curzerenone
90.21  eugenol
30.20  limonene
60.16  linalool
10.53alpha- pinene
20.27beta- pinene
52.72gamma- terpinene
1424.07 turmerone
1518.38ar- turmerone
118.14  zingiberene

Y-H. Chen, J-G. Yu and H. J. Fang, Studies on Chinese curcuma III. Comparison of the volatile oil and phenolic constituents from the rhizome and tuber of Curcumalonga. Zhongyao Tongbao, 81, 27-29 (1983).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cymbopogon khasianus x c. pendulus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.37beta- bisabolol
290.09delta- cadinene
130.53  camphor
270.36beta- caryophyllene
311.60  caryophyllene oxide
150.38  citronellal
250.08alpha- copaene
60.22para- cymene
190.26  decanal
260.13beta- elemene
300.14  elemol
2349.64  geranial
222.59  geraniol
242.81  geranyl acetate
10.08(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.19alpha- humulene
73.79  limonene
120.79  linalool
30.876- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.40  myrcene
2034.93  neral
90.13(E)-beta- ocimene
80.07(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.27alpha- phellandrene
20.06alpha- pinene
210.06  piperitone
161.23iso pulegol
170.15  terpinen-4-ol
100.04gamma- terpinene
180.06alpha- terpineol
140.17beta- terpineol
110.09  terpinolene
cymbopogon martini var. sofia oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.08iso amyl alcohol
90.08iso amyl butyrate
280.47iso amyl hexanoate
360.45iso amyl octanoate
30.06  camphene
170.07  camphor
253.05trans- carveol
230.68cis- carveol
293.20  carvone
380.04  caryophyllene oxide
110.13para- cresol
40.05 dehydro-1,8-cineole
210.28(E)- dihydrocarvone
340.10  eucarvone
300.04  geraniol
350.03  geranyl acetate
390.04  humulene oxide
830.09  limonene
160.16(Z)- limonene oxide
130.03  linalool
240.04para- menth-1-en-9-al
330.55para- menth-8-ene-1,2-diol
120.58para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
51.14para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
71.64para-mentha-1(7),2,8-triene
2712.14(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
1913.01(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
156.84(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
1411.09(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
262.63para- menthadienol
225.34para- menthadienol
201.70para-menthatrienol
180.076-methyl bicyclo(3.3.0)oct-2-en-7-one
400.03alpha- muurolol
370.09  nerolidol
100.02  octanol
320.21  perillaldehyde
20.02alpha- pinene
310.11iso piperitenone
60.02alpha- terpinene

M. H. Boelens, Sensory and chemical evaluation of tropical grass oils. Perfum. Flavor, 19(2), 29-45 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

cymbopogon nardus rendle oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.90  borneol
180.54  bornyl acetate
70.225-tert-butyl-1,3-cyclopentadiene
324.13delta- cadinene
240.33gamma- cadinene
20.28  camphene
80.56  camphor
221.65beta- caryophyllene
91.02  citronellal
131.65  citronellol
190.87  citronellyl propionate
330.48alpha- copaene
120.33  decanol
41.182,7- dimethyl-(4Z)-octen-2,7-diol
211.28  elemene
290.56  eudesmol
340.49beta- eudesmol
272.38  fenchone
160.91  geranial
1529.47  geraniol
208.79  geranyl formate
263.44  hedycaryol
351.26beta- himachalene
230.43alpha- humulene
28traceiso limonene
63.26  linalool
301.21 methanoazulene
250.89alpha- muurolene
31.45  myrcene
140.29  neral
50.35(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.32alpha- pinene
310.47delta- selinene
110.62alpha- terpineol
362.12  tetracosane
170.254- undecanone

J. O. Moody, S. A. Adeleye, M. G. Gundidza, G. Wyllie and O. Ajayi-Obe, Analysis of the essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle growing in Zimbabwe. Pharmazie, 50, 74-75 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

cymbopogon pendulus praman oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.08beta- bisabolene
130.05  borneol
240.44alpha- cadinol
100.09  camphor
200.18beta- caryophyllene
230.09  caryophyllene oxide
110.10  citronellal
170.10  citronellyl acetate
40.05para- cymene
190.15beta- elemene
1680.21  geraniol
184.60  geranyl acetate
210.18alpha- humulene
50.06  limonene
91.42  linalool
10.486- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.13  myrcene
1535.25  neral
70.08(E)-beta- ocimene
60.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.05alpha- phellandrene
120.26iso pulegol
140.48  terpinen-4-ol
80.05  terpinolene
cypress leaf oil algetian
#%LeftshiftComponents
32trace  borneol
24trace-0.13  bornyl acetate
25traceiso bornyl acetate
360.20-0.76delta-cadinene + gamma-cadinene
44tracealpha- cadinol
45tracedelta- cadinol
40trace(Z)-alpha-calacorene
40.20-0.50  camphene
20trace  camphor
719.35-21.13delta-3- carene
38trace-0.08trans-carveol + (Z)-calamenene
260.14-0.35beta- caryophyllene
41trace  caryophyllene oxide
23trace-0.19alpha- cedrene
432.03-3.92  cedrol
19trace-0.06alpha- copaene
180.07-0.15alpha- cubebene
42trace  cubenol
39tracepara- cymen-8-ol
150.21-0.24para- cymene
480.10-0.28  dehydroabietane
30.73-0.81alpha- fenchene
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
30trace-0.23alpha- humulene
102.28-3.31  limonene
210.07-0.33  linalool
220.11-0.16  linalyl acetate
470.12-0.20  manoyl oxide
35trace-0.10alpha- muurolene
34trace-0.32gamma- muurolene
83.11-3.48 myrcene + alpha-phellandrene
28trace  myrtenal
37trace  myrtenol
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.43-0.54beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
247.00-52.76alpha- pinene
51.10-1.37beta- pinene
29tracetrans- pinocarveol
60.74-0.93  sabinene
460.26-0.95  sandracopimaradiene
270.35-1.01  terpinen-4-ol
90.22-0.26alpha- terpinene
140.41-0.51gamma- terpinene
16trace  terpinolene
334.10-6.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
310.42-1.03alpha- terpinyl formate
10.09-0.11  tricyclene
N. Chanegriha, A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Melklati, J. Favre-Bonvin and S. Alamercey, Chemical composition of Algetian cypress essential oil, J, Essent, Oil, Res., 5(6), 671-674 (1993). P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)
daucus carota sativa leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
267.38  bisabolene
30.11  bornylene
151.99  camphor
289.85  carotol
238.77  carvone
80.301,8- cineole
253.50  daucene
165.92alpha- dihydro-alpha-terpineol
93.00  elemol
120.76alpha- fenchol
133.08beta- fenchol
110.61  fenchone
212.00  geraniol
242.00alpha- humulene
61.60  limonene
1414.90  linalool
188.35  linalyl acetate
240.69  methyl cinnamate
101.336- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
57.49  myrcene
174.022- nonenal
70.65beta- phellandrene
21.42alpha- pinene
410.93  sabinene
191.60  terpinen-4-ol
201.08alpha- terpineol
225.33alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.06alpha- thujene

R. K. Khanna, O. S. Sharma and A. Singh, The essential oil from the leaves of Daucus carota Linn var. sativa. In: Proceedings of 11th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, New Delhi, Nov. 1989. Edits. S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, Vol. 4, 173-176, Oxford & IBH Publ. Co., New Delhi (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

dittrichia graveolens (l.) greuter oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.80allo- aromadendrene
560.70  borneol
66.80  bornyl acetate
120.50delta- cadinene
111.50gamma- cadinene
145.20T- cadinol
20.10  camphene
40.30  camphene hydrate
30.20  camphor
78.30beta- caryophyllene
134.30  caryophyllene oxide
80.60alpha- humulene
10.20alpha- pinene
101.60beta- selinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 507, (2000)
ferula cupularis stem oil
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
1647.45  bornyl angelate
1501.421-endo- bourbonanol
1422.70beta- bourbonene
1203.03  camphor
1128.38delta-3- carene
1710.43  caryophyllene acetate
1582.57  citronellyl butyrate
1600.49  cuparene
1321.89(Z)-dihydro-alpha-terpinyl acetate
1690.62  dihydroeugenyl acetate
1781.75gamma- eudesmol acetate
1821.6614- hydroxy-alpha-humulene
1131.89  limonene oxide
1383.41  linalyl isobutyrate
1392.65para- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
1182.39  myrcenone
1280.38(E)- ocimenone
2135.96  osthol
1161.57trans- pinene hydrate
1156.87(E)- sabinol
1332.19(E)- sabinyl acetate
1220.86alpha- terpineol
1371.23alpha- terpinyl acetate
1255.19  terpinyl acetate
1538.69alpha- terpinyl isobutyrate
1101.43cis-thujone
1300.523-thujul acetate
1140.30(Z)- verbenol
1475.20  verbenyl acetate
1462.18iso verbenyl acetate
1245.53para- cymen-9-ol
Ziba Alipour, Poroshat Taheri, and Nasrin Samadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, 2Department of Chemistry, School of Art & Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United State, and 3Department of Drug and Food Control, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
fir needle oil siberian
#%LeftshiftComponents
171.66  borneol
1830.96  bornyl acetate
424.27  camphene
160.05  camphor
812.23delta-3- carene
200.59beta- caryophyllene
100.15para- cymene
190.17  geranyl acetate
210.33alpha- humulene
124.08  limonene
60.69  myrcene
70.12alpha- phellandrene
112.47beta- phellandrene
313.74alpha- pinene
51.57beta- pinene
12.52  santene
150.14  terpinen-4-ol
90.10alpha- terpinene
130.14gamma- terpinene
141.12  terpinolene
22.38  tricyclene

A. Orav, K. Kuningas and T. Kailas, Computerized capillary gas chromatographic identification and determination of Siberian fir oil constituents. J. Chromatogr., A, 697, 495-499 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

foeniculum vulgare mill. var. dulce d.c. absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
 4.70(E)- anethole
 0.80  camphor
 tracepara- cymene
 16.90  fenchone
 trace  hexadecanoic acid
 0.07  limonene
 0.70  linalool
 0.401-(4- methoxyphenyl)-1-propanone
 65.30  methyl chavicol
 0.10  methyl hexadecanoate
 trace  methyl octadecanoate
 1.10  methyl petroselinate
 0.20  myrcene
 5.80  petroselinic acid
 tracealpha- phellandrene
 0.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.20  squalene
 0.20gamma- terpinene
foeniculum vulgare mill. var. dulce d.c. oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
1987.08(E)- anethole
183.47(Z)- anethole
2trace  camphene
140.04  camphor
90.371,8- cineole
70.12para- cymene
122.12  fenchone
84.70  limonene
13trace  linalool
16trace  menthol
15trace  menthone
50.17  myrcene
11trace(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
10.25alpha- pinene
4tracebeta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
17trace  terpinen-4-ol

R. Piccaglia and M. Marotti, Characterization of several aromatic plants grown in Northern Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 8, 115-122 (1993).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. flower oil lithuania
#%LeftshiftComponents
1752.65(E)- anethole
160.29para- anisaldehyde
190.15beta- bisabolene
200.12delta- cadinene
20.13  camphene
140.21  camphor
71.21para- cymene
1215.59  fenchone
180.33  germacrene D
910.31  limonene
152.73  methyl chavicol
51.25  myrcene
100.77(Z)-beta- ocimene
66.15alpha- phellandrene
80.82beta- phellandrene
14.08alpha- pinene
40.33beta- pinene
30.22  sabinene
110.81gamma- terpinene
130.10  terpinolene

P. R. Venskutonis, A. Dapkevicius and T. A. van Beek, Essential oils of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill,) from Lithuania. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 211-213 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. seed oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
1428.80(E)- anethole
13trace(Z)- anethole
2trace  camphene
110.60  camphor
5tracepara- cymene
918.60  fenchone
61.70  limonene
10trace  linalool
1248.60  methyl chavicol
40.30  myrcene
10.20alpha- pinene
30.10  sabinene
8trace  sabinene hydrate
70.40gamma- terpinene

M. D. Guillen and M. J. Manzanos, A study of several parts of the plant Foeniculum vulgare as a source of compounds with industrial interest. Food Res. International, 29, 85-88 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

foeniculum vulgare var. piperitum fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.30(E)- anethole
 0.10  camphor
 7.20para- cymene
 0.30  fenchone
 56.60  limonene
 0.80  myrcene
 0.40alpha- phellandrene
 0.60alpha- pinene
 0.80  piperitenone
 14.10  piperitenone oxide
 0.20  sabinene
 5.10gamma- terpinene
 9.20  terpinolene
guava leaf oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
11trace  acetophenone
350.20alpha- acoradiene
48tracebeta- acorenol
34traceallo- aromadendrene
30.20  benzaldehyde
410.40beta- bisabolene
420.20(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
523.20beta- bisabolol
533.20alpha- bisabolol
430.10alpha- calacorene
17trace  camphor
25trace  carvacrol
3021.60beta- caryophyllene
45trace  caryophyllene alcohol
468.20  caryophyllene oxide
497.90  cedr-8(15)-en-9-alpha-ol
290.20alpha- cedrene
31tracebeta- cedrene
270.20alpha- copaene
371.40ar- curcumene
7tracepara- cymene
36trace  drima-7,9(11)-diene
26tracedelta- elemene
32trace(Z)-beta- farnesene
540.20(E,E)- farnesol
55trace(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
10.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
2trace(Z)-2- hexen-1-ol
20trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
28trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl hexanoate
333.10alpha- humulene
470.20  humulene oxide II
8trace  limonene
16trace  linalool
15trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
14trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
22trace2- methyl-2-nonen-4-one
5trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-ol
4trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
500.50alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
23trace  myrtenyl acetate
4419.20(E)- nerolidol
9trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
18traceallo- ocimene
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace  octanol
56trace  phytol
5113.40  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
398.30alpha- selinene
19trace  terpinen-4-ol
12tracegamma- terpinene
21tracealpha- terpineol
240.10  thymol
388.80  viridiflorene
400.70  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 61, (2001)
herniaria incana lam. oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
490.20  abietatriene
40.40  benzaldehyde
241.00delta- cadinene
100.20  camphor
280.60  caryophyllene oxide
130.40beta- cyclocitral
172.30(E)-beta- damascenone
160.40(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
120.40  decanal
140.30(Z)-2- decenal
601.3010- demethyl squalene
530.20  docosane
180.40  dodecanal
480.30  eicosane
250.50  eugenyl acetate
200.30(E)-beta- farnesene
350.80(E,Z)- farnesol
340.30(Z,Z)- farnesol
441.90(E,E)- farnesyl acetone
191.50  geranyl acetone
220.30(Z)-beta- guaiene
511.10  heneicosane
581.10  heptacosane
330.40  heptadecane
420.602- heptadecanone
50.20(E,E)-2- heptadienal
570.30  hexacosane
290.30  hexadecane
474.00  hexadecanoic acid
10.40  hexanal
22.20(E)-2- hexenal
270.70(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
211.60(Z)-beta- ionone
450.30  methyl hexadecanoate
460.30 methyl octadecane
310.90T- muurolol
611.10  nonacosane
430.10  nonadecane
410.40(E)-nonadecene
91.90  nonanal
591.70  octacosane
360.30  octadecane
500.20  octadecanol
80.30  octanol
561.60  pentacosane
400.30  pentadecanoic acid
60.20  phenyl acetaldehyde
372.20neo phytadiene
522.60(E)- phytol
3tracealpha- pinene
260.30  selina-3,7(11)-diene
11trace  terpinen-4-ol
7tracegamma- terpinene
550.20  tetracosane
300.30  tetradecanal
320.40  tetradecanol
620.90  triacontane
540.80  tricosane
235.80  tridecanal
392.506,10,14- trimethyl pentadecan-2-ol
3837.606,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
150.90  undecanal
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 435, (2000)
ho leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.16  borneol
160.18  bornyl acetate
130.47  camphor
171.99beta- caryophyllene
80.211,8- cineole
230.25  citronellol
150.11alpha- copaene
110.01para- cymene
300.11beta- eudesmol
240.03  geranyl acetate
310.02  guaiol
210.17alpha- humulene
70.01  limonene
1490.57  linalool
270.11  methyl eugenol
290.05  methyl isoeugenol
50.08  myrcene
250.19  nerol
280.46(Z)- nerolidol
90.09beta- ocimene
60.05alpha- phellandrene
20.12alpha- pinene
30.05beta- pinene
40.05  sabinene
260.88  safrole
180.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.30gamma- terpinene
200.53alpha- terpineol
120.02  terpinolene
220.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.07alpha- thujene

W-Y. Shi, W. He, G-Y. Wen, D-H. Guo, G-Y. Long and Y-G. Liu, Essential oil of Cinnamomum camphora: composition and classification of types. Zhiwu Xuebao, 31, 209-214 (1989).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

illicium verum fruit oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
2387.89(E)- anethole
210.20(Z)- anethole
220.28para- anisaldehyde
250.06  anise ketone
340.16allo- aromadendrene
310.14beta- bergamotene
350.22beta- bisabolene
160.04  borneol
150.05iso borneol
20.03  camphene
140.02  camphor
70.58delta-3- carene
290.35beta- caryophyllene
280.31iso caryophyllene
100.201,8- cineole
260.10alpha- copaene
80.29para- cymene
270.04beta- elemene
300.50gamma- elemene
390.05  elemol
330.42(E)-beta- farnesene
380.03  farnesol
360.89  foeniculin
92.38  limonene
130.73  linalool
190.57  methyl chavicol
320.32  methyl isoeugenol
50.41  myrcene
370.12  nerolidol
60.39alpha- phellandrene
120.03beta- phellandrene
10.49alpha- pinene
40.03beta- pinene
240.194-iso propyl tropolone
30.03  sabinene
200.14  safrole
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
180.28alpha- terpineol

L-F. Sun, Studies on the Chemical constituents of the volatile oil of Illicium verum Hook. f grown in Shangyou. Youji Huaxue, 10, 183-186 (1990).

P&F 17, No. 2, 39, (1992)

lavandin absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
41.50  borneol
21.70  camphor
82.40beta-caryophyllene + alpha-humulene
77.70  coumarin
92.60  herniarin
61.80  lavandulyl acetate
110.10  linalool
528.40  linalyl acetate
31.10  terpinen-4-ol

P. Pellerin, Supercritical extraction of natural raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry. Perf. & FIav., 16(4), 37-39 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin grosso oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1trace  acetone
46tracebeta- bergamotene
620.10  bisabolene
780.40beta- bisabolol
592.89  borneol
490.24  bornyl acetate
180.04  butyl butyrate
100.01  butyl isobutyrate
350.10  butyl tiglate
660.25gamma- cadinene
770.20T- cadinol
70.33  camphene
4312.16  camphor
110.05delta-3- carene
64trace  carvone
522.73beta- caryophyllene
750.12beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1710.221,8- cineole
76trace  cubenol
680.02  cuminaldehyde
710.02para- cymen-8-ol
250.16para- cymene
690.03  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.12beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.08iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
700.23  geraniol
631.19  geranyl acetate
601.06  germacrene D
300.02  hexanol
19trace2- hexenal
380.05  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.17  hexyl acetate
340.28  hexyl butyrate
290.04  hexyl isobutyrate
280.02  hexyl propionate
530.13  hexyl tiglate
560.17alpha- humulene
550.84  lavandulol
502.27  lavandulyl acetate
730.02  lavandulyl butyrate
74trace lavandulyl epoxide
160.93  limonene
4422.53  linalool
410.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.16(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
65trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4526.18  linalyl acetate
72trace  linalyl hexanoate
20.05  methoxyhexane
150.145- methyl-3-heptanone
121.50  myrcene
670.05  nerol
610.13  neryl acetate
220.52(E)-beta- ocimene
201.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
27trace  octanal
230.043- octanone
360.121- octen-3-ol
310.261- octen-3-yl acetate
42trace  octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.61alpha- pinene
80.44beta- pinene
480.19  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
90.14  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.21alpha- santalene
513.34  terpinen-4-ol
140.05alpha- terpinene
210.40gamma- terpinene
571.18alpha- terpineol
580.43gamma- terpineol
260.26  terpinolene
50.12alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil abrialis
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetone
460.39beta- bergamotene
620.05  bisabolene
740.24beta- bisabolol
593.65  borneol
170.03  butyl butyrate
10trace  butyl isobutyrate
350.15  butyl tiglate
650.30gamma- cadinene
730.21T- cadinol
70.55  camphene
42trace  camphenilone
4312.20  camphor
110.13delta-3- carene
506.03beta- caryophyllene
710.11beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1610.281,8- cineole
570.05  cryptone
72trace  cubebol
690.05para- cymen-8-ol
230.22para- cymene
670.09  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.09beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.09iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
680.10  geraniol
631.22  geranyl acetate
601.20  germacrene D
290.05  hexanol
380.12  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.24  hexyl acetate
340.30  hexyl butyrate
280.14  hexyl isobutyrate
270.06  hexyl propionate
510.19  hexyl tiglate
70trace  hotrienol
560.43alpha- humulene
550.55  lavandulol
482.64  lavandulyl acetate
151.50  limonene
4419.59  linalool
410.11(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
640.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4518.58  linalyl acetate
20.06  methoxyhexane
121.24  myrcene
66trace  nerol
610.20  neryl acetate
204.22(E)-beta- ocimene
182.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
25trace  octanal
31trace3- octanol
210.143- octanone
360.331- octen-3-ol
300.491- octen-3-yl acetate
26trace3- octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.89alpha- pinene
80.87beta- pinene
90.38  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.67alpha- santalene
52tracebeta- santalene
491.23  terpinen-4-ol
140.09alpha- terpinene
190.26gamma- terpinene
580.98alpha- terpineol
240.48  terpinolene
50.07alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene
530.135,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.13  benzaldehyde
191.94  benzyl benzoate
120.89  borneol
21.04  camphene
102.39  camphor
160.12  carvone
180.25  geranyl acetate
70.10  hexyl acetate
85.55  linalool
179.15  linalyl acetate
90.29para- menth-3-en-1-ol
1133.79iso nonyl acetate
61.182- octanone
17.91alpha- pinene
50.67beta- pinene
40.28  sabinene
140.10  terpinen-4-ol
159.09alpha- terpineol
130.45beta- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang. Aromatic plants and essential constituents (Supplement 1). South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science, Hai Feng Publ. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

lavandula angustifolia flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.20  borneol
 0.20  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 1.15  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.14  caryophyllene oxide
 3.951,8- cineole
 0.19  coumarin
 0.13para- cymene
 0.68  ethyl amyl ketone
 1.92(E)-beta- farnesene
 4.55  geraniol
 0.08  geranyl acetate
 0.07  hexanol
 2.87  lavandulol
 1.28  limonene
 58.86  linalool
 0.61(E)- linalool oxide
 0.76(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.11  linalyl acetate
 0.07  myrcene
 1.44  nerol
 0.20  neryl acetate
 0.313- octanol
 0.25beta- pinene
 0.06alpha- santalene
 6.68  terpinen-4-ol
 6.06alpha- terpineol
 0.05  terpinolene
lavandula angustifolia herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.15(E)- anethole
181.85  borneol
20.76  camphene
123.67  camphor
50.11delta-3- carene
162.67beta- caryophyllene
84.311,8- cineole
101.06para- cymene
200.44  geraniol
72.06  limonene
1344.44  linalool
1422.04  linalyl acetate
60.29  myrcene
110.48(E)-beta- ocimene
91.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.68beta- pinene
40.13  sabinene
155.39  terpinen-4-ol
171.22alpha- terpineol
11.53alpha- thujene

T. Bernard, F. Perineau, M. Delmas and A. Gaset, Extraction of essential oils. Part III. Two-stoge production of the oil of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 261.267 (1989).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

lavandula angustifolia herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
50trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
292.76 borneol + linalool oxide pyranoid
380.06  bornyl acetate
70.18  butyl isobutyrate
59trace  cadalene
530.56gamma- cadinene
580.99T- cadinol
40.13  camphene
260.59  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
491.08beta- caryophyllene
563.74  caryophyllene oxide
480.05alpha- cedrene
123.321,8- cineole
430.22  citronellyl acetate
46tracealpha- copaene
110.33para- cymene
19tracepara- cymenene
42tracedelta- elemene
510.97(Z)-beta- farnesene
60trace(Z,E)- farnesol
36trace  geraniol
451.95  geranyl acetate
520.14  germacrene D
570.10  hexadecane
91.96  hexyl acetate
320.25  hexyl butyrate
280.12 hexyl isobutyrate + pinocarvone
405.46  lavandulyl acetate
130.59  limonene
2220.98  linalool
201.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
182.44(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
3726.54  linalyl acetate
410.12  linalyl propionate
35trace  methyl thymol
81.08  myrcene
341.02 nerol + citronellol + carvone
550.08(E)- nerolidol
54trace(Z)- nerolidol
441.02  neryl acetate
151.15(E)-beta- ocimene
140.86(Z)-beta- ocimene
61trace  octadecane
250.093- octen-1-yl acetate
231.341- octen-3-yl acetate
330.12  octyl acetate
30.14alpha- pinene
60.51beta-pinene + 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.07cis- pinene hydrate
270.16trans- pinocarveol
50.05  sabinene
170.11(E)- sabinene hydrate
301.52  terpinen-4-ol
160.07gamma- terpinene
314.34alpha- terpineol
210.29  terpinolene
47trace  tetradecane
2tracealpha- thujene
39trace  thymol
1trace  tricyclene

P. R. Venskutonis, A. Dapkevicies and M. Baranauskiene, Composition of the essential oil of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) from Lithuania. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 107-110 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia herb oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
195.50  camphor
60.04delta-3- carene
242.15beta- caryophyllene
310.15  caryophyllene oxide
913.101,8- cineole
130.09para- cymene
300.45  geranyl acetate
280.80  germacrene D
260.25alpha- humulene
253.09  lavandulol
2316.01  lavandulyl acetate
80.25  limonene
2020.18  linalool
180.06(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2118.60  linalyl acetate
70.45  myrcene
290.87  neryl acetate
122.84(E)-beta- ocimene
103.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.083- octanol
170.531- octen-3-ol
20.58alpha- pinene
40.25beta- pinene
50.08  sabinene
221.05  terpinen-4-ol
110.07gamma- terpinene
271.29alpha-terpineol + borneol
140.09  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene

K. Adam, A. Sivropoulou, S. Kokkini, T. Lanaras and M. Arsenakis, Antifungal activities of Origanum vulgare subsp. hiritum, Mentha spicata, Lavandula angustifolia and Salvia fruticosa essential oils against human pathogenic fungi. J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1739-1745 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
331.02  aromadendrene
310.19  bergamotene
362.09alpha- bisabolol
192.30  borneol
40.22  camphene
187.90  camphor
301.86beta- caryophyllene
115.831,8- cineole
100.14ortho- cymene
273.083,7- dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl acetate
322.23(Z)-beta- farnesene
25trace  geraniol
290.71  geranyl acetate
90.15  hexyl acetate
230.35  hexyl butyrate
200.31  lavandulol
1725.29  linalool
160.91(E)- linalool oxide
150.83(Z)- linalool oxide
2634.69  linalyl acetate
140.30para-menth-2-en-1-ol
10.722- methyl cyclopentanol
340.84gamma- muurolene
350.54alpha- muurolol
81.19  myrcene
24trace  nerol
280.33  neryl acetate
130.72(E)-beta- ocimene
120.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
6trace1- octen-3-ol
30.27alpha- pinene
70.21beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
213.79  terpinen-4-ol
220.46alpha- terpineol
2tracealpha- thujene

E. Reverchon, G. Della Ports and F. Senatore, Supercritical CO2 extraction and fractionation of lavender essential oil and waxes. J, Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1654-1658 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

lavandula hydrida flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.35  borneol
 0.09  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 0.81  camphor
 0.10  caryophyllene
 1.571,8- cineole
 0.08  coumarin
 0.10  cryptone
 0.10(Z)-ortho-cymene
 0.08  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.17(E)-beta- farnesene
 5.25  geraniol
 0.10  geranyl acetate
 0.10  hexanol
 1.36  lavandulol
 0.57  limonene
 68.49  linalool
 0.64(E)- linalool oxide
 0.80(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.12  linalyl acetate
 0.09  myrcene
 1.69  nerol
 0.06  neryl acetate
 0.063- octanol
 0.10beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- santalene
 4.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05gamma- terpinene
 8.98alpha- terpineol
lavandula latifolia herb oil spain
In 1996, Guillen et a!. analyzed an oil of spike lavender produced from plants cultivated in northeastern Spain. The components identified in this oil on using GC and GC/ MS as the analytical procedures were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.11  bergamotene
390.13  bergamotene
430.22  bergamotene
500.24beta- bisabolene
560.23alpha- bisabolol
550.02alpha-bisabolol oxide
171.13  borneol
300.10  bornyl acetate
260.11  bornyl formate
350.17iso bornyl isovalerate
370.19beta- bourbonene
420.01beta- cadinene
510.12gamma- cadinene
540.08T- cadinol
50.56  camphene
1513.60  camphor
410.47beta- caryophyllene
521.59  caryophyllene oxide
1031.311,8- cineole
380.02beta- cubebene
490.01ar- curcumene
190.07  epoxylinalool
450.03  farnesene
470.06  farnesene
460.11  farnesene
530.03  farnesol
480.08  germacrene A
250.05 hexen-1-yl butyrate
270.42  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.37  hexyl butyrate
330.03  hexyl hexanoate
230.15  hexyl isobutyrate
320.10  hexyl tiglate
280.19  hexyl valerate
440.30alpha- humulene
1436.94  linalool
130.05(E)- linalool oxide
120.77(Z)- linalool oxide
290.10  linalyl acetate
340.03  linalyl butyrate
70.15  myrcene
310.02  neryl acetate
31.11alpha- pinene
41.48beta- pinene
160.04  pinocamphone
60.47  sabinene
110.61(Z)- sabinene hydrate
180.19  terpinen-4-ol
80.33alpha- terpinene
210.79alpha- terpineol
90.69  terpinolene
20.02alpha- thujene
10.05  tricyclene
200.241,1,3- trimethyl-2-oxobicyclo(2.2.2)octan-5-one
220.12  verbenone
360.02alpha- ylangene

M. D. Guillen, N. Cabo and J. Burillo, Characterization of the essential oils of some cultivated aromatic plants of industrial interest. J. Sci. Food Agric., 70, 359-363 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

lavandula latifolia herb water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.26  borneol
 0.06  bornyl acetate
 32.29  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.03  caryophyllene oxide
 29.131,4- cineole
 0.06  coumarin
 0.05  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.79(E)-beta- farnesene
 1.80  geraniol
 0.05  geranyl acetate
 0.03  hexanol
 0.05  lavandulol
 22.65  linalool
 0.08(E)- linalool oxide
 0.13(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.08  linalyl acetate
 0.06  myrcene
 0.56  nerol
 0.02  neryl acetate
 0.32beta- pinene
 0.71  terpinen-4-ol
 0.02gamma- terpinene
 4.95alpha- terpineol
 0.03  terpinolene
lavandula officinalis flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.80alpha- pinene
20.30  camphene
30.301- octen-3-ol
40.40beta- pinene
50.70  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
75.201,8- cineole
82.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.40(E)-beta-ocimene
1029.50  linalool
110.901- octen-3-yl acetate
123.50  camphor
131.60  borneol
142.90  terpinen-4-ol
152.50alpha- terpineol
1641.50  linalyl acetate
172.00  lavandulyl acetate
180.20  neryl acetate
190.30  geranyl acetate
202.40beta- caryophyllene
211.20beta- farnesene
220.40  germacrene D
G. Milhau, A. Valentin, F. Benoit, M. Mallié, J-M. Baslide, V. Pellissier and J-M. Bessière, In vitro antimalarial activity of eight essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 329-333 (1997).
lavender oil spike
An oil of L. latifolia produced in France was found by Canaud and Martineau (1996) to possess the following composition:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.80alpha- pinene
 2.00beta- pinene
 0.80  camphene
 0.60  sabinene
 0.60  myrcene
 0.30  limonene
 25.501,8- cineole
 18.50  camphor
 27.30  linalool
 2.90  linalyl acetate
 0.30  lavandulyl acetate
 0.70  terpinen-4-ol
 1.60beta- caryophyllene
 0.30  lavandulol
 1.00alpha- terpineol
 2.50  borneol
marjoram oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
12.63alpha- pinene
22.45  camphene
32.70beta- pinene
41.92  myrcene
51.35  limonene
639.901,8- cineole
72.20gamma- terpinene
81.37  camphor
919.41  linalool
100.43beta- caryophyllene
114.04alpha- terpineol
120.52  borneol
130.71  geraniol
140.51  thymol
15trace  carvacrol
marjoram oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
26trace  borneol
37tracealpha- cadinol
30.40  camphene
18trace  camphor
36trace  carvacrol
210.40beta- caryophyllene
310.30  caryophyllene oxide
942.601,8- cineole
290.10  citronellol
130.30para- cymene
330.30  elemol
270.40  geranial
300.10  geraniol
280.20  geranyl acetate
82.10  limonene
1932.80  linalool
170.80(E)- linalool oxide
150.80(Z)- linalool oxide
200.50  linalyl acetate
61.40  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.00alpha- pinene
42.60beta- pinene
52.20  sabinene
160.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.20  spathulenol
220.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
241.10gamma- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene
35trace  thymol
230.10(Z)- verbenol
320.35  viridiflorol

M. C. Soriano, J. A. Sotomayor, E. Correal, P. Sanchez Gomez and C. Garcia-Vallejo, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Thymus x arundanas Willk. and its parents T. mastichina L. and T. baeticus Boiss ex Lacaita. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 593-594 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

mentha x piperita oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.05  borneol
160.31beta-bourbonene + benzaldehyde
330.16delta- cadinene
170.42  camphor
320.16  carvone
32.471,8- cineole
40.22para- cymene
340.05  geraniol
300.05  germacrene D
130.06(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
270.18alpha- humulene
350.04(Z)- jasmone
20.38  limonene
180.28  linalool
10trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
140.07  menthofuran
2535.07  menthol
213.74neo menthol
240.39neoiso menthol
1132.22  menthone
155.43iso menthone
209.39  menthyl acetate
50.072- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
60.082- methyl butyl isovalerate
360.06(Z)- nerolidol
80.213- octanol
90.301- octen-3-ol
70.073- octyl acetate
10.04beta- pinene
311.32  piperitone
260.22  pulegone
230.05  rosefuran oxide
12trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.24(Z)- sabinene hydrate
220.07  terpinen-4-ol
280.06alpha- terpineol
370.09  viridiflorol

D. Karasawa, S. Shatar, A. Erdenechimeg, Y. Okamoto, H. Tateha and S, Shimizu, A study on Mongolian mints. A new chemotype from Mentha asiatia Borriss and constituents of M. arvensis L. and M. piperita L. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 7, 255-260 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

ocimum basilicum absolute egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
121.30(E)-alpha- bergamotene
160.32alpha- bisabolene
60.20  borneol
50.45  camphor
110.21beta- caryophyllene
22.281,8- cineole
100.48beta- elemene
826.49  eugenol
141.26  germacrene D
150.20alpha- guaiene
10.23(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
130.22alpha- humulene
433.00  linalool
711.23  methyl chavicol
90.48  methyl eugenol
30.31(E)-beta- ocimene

N. A. Shaath and N. R. Azzo, Essential oils of Egypt. In Food Flavors, Ingredients and Composition. Edit., G. Charalambous, pp. 591-603, Elsevier Sci. Publ. B. V., Amsterdam (1993).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

ocimum basilicum herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
186.76(E)-alpha- bergamotene
20trace  bisabolene
221.10(Z)-delta-bisabolene
211.15gamma- cadinene
2618.14T- cadinol
6trace  camphor
1748.70beta- caryophyllene
241.25  caryophyllene oxide
40.431,8- cineole
130.99alpha- copaene
252.46  cubenol
29trace  docosene
150.96beta- elemene
11tracedelta- elemene
124.00  eugenol
31trace henitriacontane
27trace  hexadecene
196.00alpha- humulene
90.55  lavandulyl acetate
51.55  linalool
80.68  methyl chavicol
142.50(E)- methyl cinnamate
10trace(Z)- methyl cinnamate
160.61  methyl eugenol
30trace  nonacosane
28trace  octadecene
10.16alpha- pinene
30.25beta- pinene
20.10  sabinene
231.50  spathulenol
70.16alpha- terpineol
32trace  tritriacotane

P. Pallado, G. Tassinato, M. D'AIpaos and P. Traldi, Gas chromatography/mass spectmetry in aroma chemistry: a comparison of essential oils and flavours extracted by classical and supercritical techniques. Rapid Commun, Mass Spectro., 11, 1335-3341 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

ocimum basilicum herb oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.48(E)-alpha- bergamotene
211.29alpha- bisabolene
90.23  camphor
161.05beta- caryophyllene
63.391,8- cineole
140.19alpha- copaene
150.11beta- elemene
110.29  eugenol
180.20(E)-beta- farnesene
200.72  germacrene D
190.22alpha- humulene
50.23  limonene
81.85  linalool
1081.10  methyl chavicol
120.15  methyl cinnamate
133.92  methyl eugenol
40.21  myrcene
70.76(E)-beta- ocimene
10.28alpha- pinene
30.35beta- pinene
20.13  sabinene

N. A. Shaath and N. R. Azzo, Essential oils of Egypt. In Food Flavors, Ingredients and Composition. Edit., G. Charalambous, pp. 591-603, Elsevier Sci. Publ. B. V., Amsterdam (1993).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
189.60(E)-alpha- bergamotene
20trace  bisabolene
22trace(Z)-delta-bisabolene
214.12gamma- cadinene
265.79T- cadinol
60.46  camphor
171.08beta- caryophyllene
24trace  caryophyllene oxide
44.801,8- cineole
139.68alpha- copaene
251.08  cubenol
29trace  docosene
15tracebeta- elemene
11tracedelta- elemene
1212.40  eugenol
31trace henitriacontane
27trace  hexadecene
190.62alpha- humulene
90.78  lavandulyl acetate
532.00  linalool
811.40  methyl chavicol
141.40(E)- methyl cinnamate
101.70(Z)- methyl cinnamate
161.40  methyl eugenol
30trace  nonacosane
28trace  octadecene
1tracealpha- pinene
30.14beta- pinene
2trace  sabinene
230.62  spathulenol
70.93alpha- terpineol
32trace  tritriacotane

P. Pallado, G. Tassinato, M. D'AIpaos and P. Traldi, Gas chromatography/mass spectmetry in aroma chemistry: a comparison of essential oils and flavours extracted by classical and supercritical techniques. Rapid Commun, Mass Spectro., 11, 1335-3341 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

ocimum basilicum var. glabratum oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
243.08(E)-alpha- bergamotene
191.08  bornyl acetate
291.51gamma- cadinene
313.06T- cadinol
30.10  camphene
160.58  camphor
230.17beta- caryophyllene
116.871,8- cineole
300.47  cubenol
9tracepara- cymene
220.30beta- elemene
280.24(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
271.00  germacrene D
250.46alpha- humulene
10trace  limonene
1543.73  linalool
140.60(E)- linalool oxide
130.39(Z)- linalool oxide
2127.28(E)- methyl cinnamate
204.63(Z)- methyl cinnamate
260.21gamma- muurolene
60.18  myrcene
7tracealpha- phellandrene
20.43alpha- pinene
50.53beta- pinene
40.14  sabinene
17trace  terpinen-4-ol
8tracealpha- terpinene
12tracegamma- terpinene
180.63alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene

M. J, Perez-Alomo, A, Velwco-Negueruela, M. D. Dwa, M. Harmanda and J. L. Estaben, Composition of the essential oils of Ocimum basilicum var. glabratum and Rosmarinus officinalis from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 73-75 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

ocimum gratissimum herb oil india
Khanna et al. (1988) reported that the main components of clocimum oil (a eugenol-rich selection of O. gratissimum grown in India) were:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.56  bornylene
 2.50  camphor
 4.32beta- caryophyllene
 77.60  eugenol
 2.35  linalool
 4.95  methyl chavicol
 5.81  methyl eugenol
 0.28  ocimene
 0.43alpha- terpinene
orange bigarade oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.10  camphene
 4.14  camphor
 2.481,8- cineole
 0.47  citronellol
 0.28para- cymen-8-ol
 1.01para- cymene
 0.32  decyl acetate
 0.36  dodecane
 0.31beta- elemene
 1.71  geranyl acetate
 0.42  geranyl formate
 0.42alpha- guaiene
 20.69  linalool
 1.02(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
 0.81(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 30.72  linalyl acetate
 0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
 0.20  myrcene
 4.12  neryl acetate
 11.73iso nonyl acetate
 0.62  nonyl acetate
 0.36  nopol
 0.11alpha- pinene
 0.50beta- pinene
 0.10  terpinen-4-ol
 3.75alpha- terpineol
 3.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
 1.363,5,5- trimethyl hexanol
oregano oil (thymus capitatus hoffmanns & link) greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  borneol
20trace  bornyl acetate
30.08  camphene
16trace  camphor
90.10delta-3- carene
2266.69  carvacrol
234.79beta- caryophyllene
240.70  caryophyllene oxide
116.58para- cymene
120.80  limonene
150.40  linalool
61.58  myrcene
70.303- octanol
40.391- octen-3-ol
80.08alpha- phellandrene
20.69alpha- pinene
50.11beta- pinene
180.46  terpinen-4-ol
100.03alpha- terpinene
136.43gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
140.41  terpinolene
10.65alpha- thujene
210.25  thymol

F. Tateo, M. Mariotti and M. Bononi, Essential oil composition and enantiomeric distribution of some monoterpenoid components of Coridothymus capitatus (L.) Reichenb. fil. grown on island of Kos (Greece). Rivista Sci. Aliment., 25(2), 103-107 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

origanum majorana herb oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
232.80beta- bisabolene
3trace  camphene
140.60  camphor
203.90beta- caryophyllene
85.70para- cymene
220.20  germacrene D
210.20alpha- humulene
1826.10  linalyl acetate
62.90  myrcene
94.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.20alpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
50.50beta- pinene
167.50(Z)- piperitol
170.30(E)- piperitol
412.00  sabinene
113.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
138.70(Z)- sabinene hydrate
190.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
240.20  spathulenol
108.80gamma- terpinene
156.50alpha- terpineol
122.00  terpinolene
10.60alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 76, (2001)
origanum majorana oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
353.27  bicyclogermacrene
36tracebeta- bisabolene
270.49  bornyl acetate
310.10beta- bourbonene
37tracedelta- cadinene
41tracealpha- cadinol
30.81  camphene
213.43  camphor
290.46  carvacrol
323.11beta- caryophyllene
390.70  caryophyllene oxide
94.98para- cymene
30tracedelta- elemene
341.24  germacrene D
400.09  globulol
330.27alpha- humulene
102.12  limonene
1716.41  linalool
150.17(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
260.25  linalyl acetate
200.40(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
191.22(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
61.21  myrcene
120.22(E)-beta- ocimene
111.84(Z)-beta- ocimene
4trace1- octen-3-ol
182.081- octen-3-yl acetate
70.11alpha- phellandrene
20.64alpha- pinene
54.60beta- pinene
250.11(E)- piperitol
240.22(Z)- piperitol
142.26(Z)- sabinene hydrate
381.07  spathulenol
2217.67  terpinen-4-ol
83.32alpha- terpinene
138.34gamma- terpinene
233.19alpha- terpineol
161.52  terpinolene
10.33alpha- thujene
2811.55  thymol

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado, M. Estarrón and V. Fuentes, Essential oil of majoram (Origanum majorana L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res. 9, 479-480 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

origanum majorana var. tenuifolium weston oil cyprus
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.10-0.50(E)- anethole
300.30-1.00beta- bisabolene
260.10-0.20iso borneol
210.10-0.90  bornyl acetate
310.10-0.30delta- cadinene
330.10-0.30  calamenene
20.50-0.80  camphene
17trace-1.80  camphor
360.50-6.00  carvacrol
290.00-0.70  carvone
221.10-2.00beta- caryophyllene
340.10-0.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.30-2.101,8- cineole
16trace-0.20alpha- copaene
111.00-4.20para- cymene
37trace-0.20delta- elemene
240.60-1.20  geraniol
250.20-0.60alpha- humulene
71.20-2.10  limonene
192.00-4.30  linalool
200.00-0.10  linalyl acetate
51.20-2.30  myrcene
130.00-0.103- octanol
140.00-trace1- octen-3-ol
90.00-0.10beta- phellandrene
11.00-1.90alpha- pinene
30.20-0.50beta- pinene
280.70-1.30  piperitone
41.10-5.50  sabinene
151.50-4.70(E)- sabinene hydrate
187.40-33.00(Z)- sabinene hydrate
2316.60-21.60  terpinen-4-ol
64.70-6.50alpha- terpinene
108.30-11.10gamma- terpinene
277.30-14.20alpha- terpineol
121.70-2.40  terpinolene
350.00-0.10  thymol

F. I. Jean, G. J. Collin and D. Lord, Essential oils and microwave extracts of cultivated plants. Perfum. Flavor., 17(3), 35-41 (1992).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

osmanthus fragrans flower absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
960.04  amyl benzoate
320.03  amyl butyrate
360.008  amyl isovalerate
104trace  amyl salicylate
800.06  anethole
1070.003  anisyl acetate
510.19  benzaldehyde
700.08  benzyl acetate
870.19  benzyl alcohol
86trace  benzyl butyrate
500.02  benzyl formate
590.16  bornyl acetate
15trace  butanal
31trace  butyl benzene
210.02  butyl butyrate
950.12  butyl phenyl acetate
62trace  butyric acid
8trace  camphene
52trace  camphor
16tracedelta-3- carene
119trace  carvacrol
71trace  carvone
200.301,8- cineole
75trace  citronellol
103tracemeta- cresol
102tracepara- cresol
26tracepara- cymene
113tracedelta- decalactone
10611.70gamma- decalactone
29trace  decanal
1170.05  decanoic acid
749.20  decanol
660.08  decyl acetate
1300.39  dibutyl phthalate
84trace  dihydrojasmone
890.282,6- dimethyl phenol
1110.03  docosane
1240.21gamma- dodecalactone
490.05  dodecanal
970.04  eicosane
20.06  ethyl acetate
130.02  ethyl benzene
430.03  ethyl decanoate
220.004  ethyl hexanoate
101trace  ethyl myristate
77trace  ethyl salicylate
1081.90  eugenol
1210.02(E)-iso eugenol
1140.02(Z)-iso eugenol
1200.18  farnesol
45trace  furfural
72trace  geranial
830.07  geraniol
73trace  geranyl acetate
680.08 geranyl formate + dodecanal
105trace  heneicosane
17trace  heptanal
94trace  heptanoic acid
90.022-heptanol + hexanal
38trace  heptyl acetate
330.01  heptyl formate
88trace  heptyl isovalerate
370.01  hexanal
810.05  hexanoic acid
390.12(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
42trace  hexyl butyrate
35trace  hexyl propionate
1100.007  hexyl salicylate
53trace  hexyl valerate
820.86alpha- ionone
925.85beta- ionone
116trace  jasmolactone
930.02(Z)- jasmone
1280.02  lauric acid
18trace  limonene
552.36  linalool
4414.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
4621.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
56trace  linalyl acetate
910.07 methyl alpha-ionone + quinoline
190.053- methyl butanol
60trace  methyl decanoate
118trace  methyl dihydrojasmonate
780.03  methyl dodecanoate
58trace5- methyl furfural
480.09  methyl nonanoate
1270.16  methyl oleate
1120.07  methyl palmitate
340.022- methyl-2-hepten-6-one
4trace4-methyl-2-pentenol
14trace4- methyl-3-penten-2-one
1310.03  myristic acid
990.21  nerolidol
980.04gamma- nonalactone
400.11  nonanal
630.70  nonanol
1000.11  octanoic acid
570.02  octanol
28trace2- octanone
47trace  octyl acetate
690.02  octyl valerate
1320.71  palmitic acid
30.003  pentanal
24trace pentenal
79trace2- phenethyl acetate
900.192-phenethyl alcohol + nonadecane
760.012- phenethyl formate
65trace  phenyl acetaldehyde
5tracealpha- pinene
11tracebeta- pinene
1trace  propanal
70.01  propanol
540.02  propionic acid
12trace  sabinene
850.02  safrole
1220.03alpha- santalol
1260.02beta- santalol
25trace  styrene
610.06  terpinen-4-ol
230.20gamma- terpinene
670.07alpha- terpineol
270.06  terpinolene
1250.02  tetracosane
41trace  tetradecane
1090.23  thymol
6trace  toluene
30trace  tridecane
115tracegamma- undecalactone
100.008  undecane
1233.10  undecanoic acid
64traceiso valeric acid
1290.08  vanillin
V. T. Cogiya, L. G. Kharebava, R. V. Gogiya and E. B. Gvatua, Composition of the volatile compounds in flowers of Osrnanthus fragrans (Thumb) Lour. Rastit. Resur., 22, 243-248 (1986). P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)
otanthus maritimus (l.) hoffmans oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
512.60  artemisyl alcohol
10.70  artemisia triene
810.50  artemisyl acetate
111.30  bornyl acetate
32.00  camphene
612.90  camphor
101.90trans-carvone oxide
130.60trans- carvyl acetate
72.70(Z)- chrysanthenol
930.40(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
419.101,8- cineole
150.50isocomene
170.807- ethyl-1,4-dimethyl azulene
161.10beta- eudesmol
120.50  lavandulyl acetate
14tracebeta- maaliene
20.20alpha- pinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 360, (2000)
pandanus odoratissimus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
5trace  benzaldehyde
260.17-0.20  borneol
36trace-0.46  bornyl acetate
37tracedelta- cadinene
40.14-0.20  camphene
25trace-0.11  camphene hydrate
24trace-0.11  camphor
33trace  carvone
140.56-0.951,8- cineole
290.20-0.21para- cymen-8-ol
111.08-1.42para- cymene
42trace-0.16  docosane
350.10-0.16  geraniol
41trace  heneicosane
120.20-0.40  limonene
200.25-0.30  linalool
190.12-0.13(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.07-0.20(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
40trace-0.17  manoyl oxide
230.35(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
220.47-0.48(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
80.10-0.13  myrcene
38trace(E)- nerolidol
90.6-0.08alpha- phellandrene
130.16-0.35beta- phellandrene
210.05-0.132- phenethyl alcohol
1766.35-67.912- phenethyl methyl ether
30.30-0.40alpha- pinene
70.05-0.07beta- pinene
320.16-0.18(E)- piperitol
31trace-0.11(Z)- piperitol
340.21-0.25  piperitone
60.20-0.31  sabinene
39trace-0.21alpha- santalol
2818.07-20.88  terpinen-4-ol
100.09-0.22alpha- terpinene
150.28-0.76gamma- terpinene
301.89-2.05alpha- terpineol
180.24-0.28  terpinolene
44trace  tetracosane
20.10-0.33alpha- thujene
430.21-0.22  tricosane
1trace-0.02  tricyclene
270.07-0.08  umbellulone

M. Bisht, S, Sharma, C. S. Mathela and M. L, Maheshwari, Composition of the essential oil from the flowers of kewda (Pandanus odoratissimus L.). Indian Perfum., 41(2), 69-72 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

peumus boldus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3321.25  ascaridole
50.21  camphene
230.01  camphor
80.14delta-3- carene
370.04trans- carvyl acetate
90.511,4- cineole
1321.101,8- cineole
310.10  cuminaldehyde
118.63para- cymene
40.01alpha- fenchene
14trace  fenchone
300.04alpha- fenchyl acetate
190.22alpha- fenchyl alcohol
320.10  geraniol
418.80  guaiazulene
10.032- heptanone
400.17  ledol
120.04  limonene
390.75  methyl eugenol
70.01  myrcene
280.20  myrtenol
290.04  nerol
17trace2- nonanol
150.042- nonanone
30.01alpha- pinene
210.66trans- pinocarveol
270.40  sabinaketone
60.01  sabinene
362.36  sabinyl acetate
250.75  terpinen-4-ol
160.02  terpinen-4-yl acetate
100.02alpha- terpinene
260.14alpha- terpineol
240.07beta- terpineol
20.03alpha- thujene
1814.30alpha- thujone
207.15beta- thujone
350.03  thymol
380.01  thymyl acetate
229.90(Z)- verbenol
340.08cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil
In 1991, Tucker et al. analyzed the chemical composition of two commercial samples of the leaf oil of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore var. racemosa using both GC and GC/MS. The components that were identified were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
370.00-0.39alpha- amorphene
380.00-0.09  aromadendrene
400.00-0.28allo- aromadendrene
410.00-<0.01beta- cadinene
490.28-1.03delta- cadinene
470.05-0.15gamma- cadinene
550.00-0.30alpha- cadinol
530.00-<0.01gamma- cadinol
48<0.01-0.07(Z)- calamenene
30.00-0.14  camphene
210.00-<0.01  camphor
360.64-7.24beta- caryophyllene
420.00-0.17beta- chamigrene
26<0.01-15.51  chavicol
141.38-1.391,8- cineole
270.00-0.11(E)- cinnamaldehyde
320.32-0.41alpha- copaene
300.00-<0.01alpha- cubebene
230.00-<0.01para- cymen-8-ol
19<0.01-0.97para- cymene
120.00-0.30alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
330.00-0.20beta- elemene
3144.41-68.93  eugenol
500.00-0.51  eugenyl acetate
460.00-0.59alpha- farnesene
290.00-0.22  geranial
280.00-0.12  geraniol
520.00-0.36  globulol
350.00-0.13alpha- gurjunene
390.15-1.31alpha- humulene
132.07-3.90  limonene
200.13-3.63  linalool
250.03-0.05  methyl chavicol
340-11.88  methyl eugenol
450.00-0.05alpha- muurolene
540.00-<0.01gamma-muurolol
80.10-16.17  myrcene
160.08-1.42(E)-beta- ocimene
150.08-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.00-0.843- octanol
70.00-1.103- octanone
50.00-1.741- octen-3-ol
100.07-0.45alpha- phellandrene
20.46-0.47alpha- pinene
60.00-0.09beta- pinene
40.00-<0.1  sabinene
440.00-0.63alpha- selinene
430.00-0.33beta- selinene
510.00-0.12  spathulenol
220.05-0.90  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.19alpha- terpinene
17<0.01-0.16gamma- terpinene
240.14-0.52alpha- terpineol
180.09-0.24  terpinolene
10.0-<0.1alpha- thujene

A. Tucker, M. J. Macirarello, R. P. Adams, L. R. Landrum and T. A. Zanoni, Volatile leaf oils of Caribbean Myrtaceae 1. Three varieties of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore of the Dominican Republic and the commerciai bay oil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 3, 323-329 (1991).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil anise
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.2(E)- anethole
141.5  camphor
180.8  chavicol
131.6  chrysanthenone
50.1para- cymene
201.0  eugenol
62.7  limonene
116.0  linalool
1732.8  methyl chavicol
2148.1  methyl eugenol
312.8  myrcene
80.4(E)-beta- ocimene
70.1(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.23- octanol
40.3alpha- phellandrene
10.2alpha- pinene
90.1gamma- terpinene
160.1alpha- terpineol
100.1  terpinolene
120.1alpha- thujone
150.4  verbenol

J. Abaul, P. Bourgeois and J. M. Bessiere, Chemical composition of the essential oils of chemotypes of Pimenta racemosa var. racemosa (P. Miller) J. W. Moore (Bois d’ lnde) of Guadaloupe (F. W. I.). Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 319-321 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

pimpinella anisum seed oil colombia
#%LeftshiftComponents
695.57(E)- anethole
40.11(Z)- anethole
50.17para- anisaldehyde
160.19  anisyl butyrate
18trace  anisyl heptanoate
17trace  anisyl hexanoate
111.06  anisyl propionate
20.05  camphor
10.04  limonene
150.144-methoxy-1-butyl benzyl alcohol
130.084-methoxy-1-ethyl benzyl alcohol
140.074-methoxy-1-pentyl benzyl alcohol
100.053- methoxyphenyl acetic acid
70.082-methoxyphenyl propanol
120.041-(4- methoxyphenyl)-1-propanone
90.041-(4- methoxyphenyl)-2-propanone
32.22  methyl chavicol
80.034-(1- methyl propyl)-1-methoxybenzene

E. Stashenko, C. R. Martinez, J. R. Martinez and T. Shibamoto, Catalytic transformation of anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) oil over zeolite Y. J. High Resol. Chromatogr., 18, 501-503 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

pinus laricio poiret branch oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
21.60  camphene
70.40  camphor
90.50alpha- cedrene
60.401,8- cineole
102.00  germacrene D
51.50  limonene
40.70  myrcene
189.20alpha- pinene
32.10beta- pinene
80.40alpha- terpineol
pinus laricio poiret cone oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
61.80  bornyl acetate
21.40  camphene
50.80  camphor
79.10beta- caryophyllene
81.80beta- farnesene
90.60  germacrene D
41.10  limonene
168.60alpha- pinene
32.40beta- pinene
pinus sylvestris leaf oil
Also in 1995, Stepen compared the composition of Pinus syIvestris oil produced in Siberia from needles harvested in July and September. He found that the oil varied as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.2-1.2beta- bisabolene
250.4-0.7  borneol
241.8-2.2iso borneol
261.1-3.2  bornyl acetate
45.3-7.0  camphene
212.1-2.9  camphor
73.4-11.6delta-3- carene
130.4-0.9beta- caryophyllene
200.1-0.2alpha- fenchol
181.6-1.9  fenchone
190.5iso fenchone
150.1-0.4alpha- humulene
86.1-8.7  limonene
120.3-0.9  longifolene
170.3-1.4alpha- muurolene
140.1-0.7epsilon- muurolene
64.6-5.9  myrcene
93.5-4.3beta- phellandrene
329.2-36.6alpha- pinene
52.2-4.2beta- pinene
11.8-3.4  santene
231.2-1.6  terpinen-4-ol
100.9-1.2gamma- terpinene
222.0-2.4alpha- terpineol
110.1-0.2  terpinolene
270.3-0.5alpha- terpinyl acetate
21.6-3.1  tricyclene

R. A. Stepen, The composition of essential oil and volatile terpenoids of Pinus sylvestris L. shoots in middle siberia. Rast. Resur., 31, 63-70 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
The following year, Orav et al. (1996) analyzed an oil of Estonian P sylvestris needle oil. Using a combination of CC and CC/MS they determined that the oil was coin prised of the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.20  bicyclogermacrene
150.30  borneol
241.80  bornyl acetate
410.10beta- bourbonene
380.10a cadinene
364.80delta- cadinene
341.20gamma- cadinene
482.70alpha- cadinol
330.20  calamenene
63.40  camphene
13trace  camphor
1623.70delta-3- carene
432.90beta- caryophyllene
424.90  caryophyllene oxide
21trace  citronellol
350.10alpha- copaene
450.10beta- copaene
200.10para- cymene
390.30beta- elemene
310.80alpha- farnesene
400.20beta- farnesene
22trace  geraniol
32trace geranyl acetate + alpha-ylangene
230.10alpha- guaiene
470.50alpha- humulene
50.80  limonene
370.10  longifolene
302.80alpha- muurolene
272.00gamma- muurolene
250.30epsilon-muurolene + beta-guaiene
461.00T- muurolol
440.70alpha-muurolol + T-cadinol
122.10  myrcene
29trace neryl acetate + alpha-cubebene
71.50(E)-beta- ocimene
140.20alpha- phellandrene
21.00beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
428.10alpha- pinene
102.10beta- pinene
81.00  sabinene
170.40  terpinen-4-ol
180.20alpha- terpinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
112.60  terpinolene
260.60alpha-terpinyl acetate + delta-elemene
30.20alpha- thujene
10.70  tricyclene

A. Orav, T. Kalias and M. Liiv, Analysis of terpenoic composition of conifer needle oils by steam distillation/extraction gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Chromatographia, 43, 215-219 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

piper cubeba fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
291.67allo- aromadendrene
521.39(E)- asarone
480.37  bisabolol
37tracedelta- cadinene
39trace  calamenene
150.04  camphor
20trace  carvone
271.69beta- caryophyllene
254.01alpha- copaene
231.65alpha- cubebene
264.39beta- cubebene
3815.18  cubebol
490.56  cubenol
190.01  cuminaldehyde
31tracegamma- curcumene
70.59para- cymene
470.16  dillapiole
220.10delta- elemene
41trace  elemicin
500.39(E)-iso elemicin
400.32  elemol
36tracealpha- farnesene
53trace  farnesol
322.89  germacrene D
440.77  germacrene D-4-ol
461.76  globulol
510.06  guaiol
280.45alpha- humulene
420.20  ledol
84.41  limonene
143.22  linalool
33trace  methyl isoeugenol
350.62alpha- muurolene
304.20gamma- muurolene
31.15  myrcene
34trace  myristicin
18trace  myrtenol
431.45(E)- nerolidol
90.07(E)-beta- ocimene
50.81(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.58alpha- phellandrene
60.76beta- phellandrene
15.44alpha- pinene
228.09  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
112.73(Z)- sabinene hydrate
210.08  safrole
45trace  spathulenol
162.69  terpinen-4-ol
101.14gamma- terpinene
170.30alpha- terpineol
120.31  terpinolene
240.07alpha- ylangene

N. B. Shankaracharya, L. Jaganmohan Reo, S. Nagalakshmi and J. Puranaik, Studies on the chemical composition of cubeb (Piper cubeba Linn.). PAFAI J., 17(1), 33-39 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 4, 68, (2001)

plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.10(E)- anethole
290.50iso borneol
46tracebeta- bourbonene
70.30  camphene
270.70  camphor
111.50delta-3- carene
48tracebeta- caryophyllene
54trace  caryophyllene oxide
200.101,8- cineole
450.10alpha- copaene
313.60para- cymen-8-ol
130.40para- cymene
190.20para- cymenene
470.10beta- elemene
420.10  eugenol
490.20beta- farnesene
6tracealpha- fenchene
2230.80  fenchone
241.50alpha- fenchyl alcohol
521.40  germacrene D
510.10beta- gurjunene
30.10  hexanol
20.10(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
11.20(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
500.20alpha- humulene
550.10  humulene oxide
400.704- hydroxypiperitone
370.10(Z)-2-hydroxypiperitone
390.60(E)-2-hydroxypiperitone
143.20  limonene
23trace  linalool
250.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
530.10alpha- muurolene
92.20  myrcene
300.80  neral
570.20  nerolidol
160.60(E)-beta- ocimene
100.70alpha- phellandrene
150.20beta- phellandrene
58trace  phytol
50.60alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
411.30  piperitenone
4310.90  piperitenone oxide
34trace  piperitone
360.50(E)- piperitone oxide
353.00(Z)- piperitone oxide
441.80iso pulegone
21trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
560.10  spathulenol
280.10  terpinen-4-ol
120.80alpha- terpinene
170.20gamma- terpinene
320.30alpha- terpineol
1825.20  terpinolene
4tracealpha- thujene
380.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 73, (2001)
protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.30beta- bourbonene
130.30  camphor
70.30delta-2- carene
181.00beta- caryophyllene
96.00para- cymene
190.20  germacrene B
170.30alpha- gurjunene
150.40iso ledene
1016.90  limonene
60.30  myrcene
816.70alpha- phellandrene
310.50alpha- pinene
52.40beta- pinene
140.20  piperitone
42.90  sabinene
120.30(E)- sabinene hydrate
10.40(E)- salvene
1128.50  terpinolene
20.70alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 33, (2001)
rhizophora mangle bark oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
46trace(Z)- asarone
80.10  benzaldehyde
270.10  benzothiazole
21trace  borneol
480.20alpha- cadinol
410.10alpha- calacorene
390.10(E)- calamenene
180.10  camphor
28tracetrans- carveol
430.10  caryophyllene oxide
120.30para- cymene
150.10para- cymenene
330.10(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
20.10  dihydro-3,5-dimethyl-2(3H)-furanone
250.10(E)- dihydrocarvone
360.201,2- dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl) benzene
200.101,3- dimethoxybenzene
340.101-(1,3-dimethyl-3-butenyl)-4-methoxybenzene
400.20  elemicin
410.00  ethyl acetate
5trace  ethyl benzene
440.10  ethyl laurate
300.10  ethyl salicylate
31trace  geranial
6trace  heptanal
30.20  hexanal
291.504- hydroxy-3-methyl benzaldehyde
370.10(E)-beta- ionone
541.10  kaurene
130.10  limonene
170.10  linalool
14trace(Z)- linalool oxide
5595.50  manool
512.1013-epi- manool
539.6013-epi- manoyl oxide
5229.90  manoyl oxide
19traceiso menthone
70.10  methoxybenzene
350.401-(4- methoxyphenyl)-2-propanone
240.20  methyl chavicol
90.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
500.406- methyl-8-(2,6,6-trimethyl cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-octen-2-one
470.10epi-alpha- muurolol
420.40(E)- nerolidol
160.10  nonanal
110.102- pentyl furan
10trace  phenol
492.20  phytol
1trace  pyridine
220.80  terpinen-4-ol
230.40alpha- terpineol
450.201,2,3,4- tetramethoxy-5-(2-propenyl)-benzene
320.70  thymol
380.301-(2,3,6-trimethyl)-3-buten-2-one
568.60 unknown a
577.50 unknown b
5814.50 unknown c
26trace  verbenone
in mg/kg. J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 88, (2001)
rosewood oil brazillian
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.25-0.59  benzyl benzoate
110.03-0.09  camphor
190.10-0.15  caryophyllene oxide
4trace1,8- cineole
10trace-0.90  cyclosativene
7trace-0.03para- cymene
160.30-0.90  eremophilene
140.10-0.20  hotrienol
30.10-0.56  limonene
1287.00-92.00  linalool
90.90-1.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
81.00-1.68(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.03-0.27(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
170.10-0.27(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
20.04-0.04  myrcene
60.03-0.07(E)-beta- ocimene
50.03-0.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
1trace-0.10beta- pinene
150.20-0.37gamma- selinene
20trace  spathulenol
130.10-0.26  terpinen-4-ol

S. T. Ohashi, L. dos S. Rosa, J. A. Santana and C. L. Green, Brazilian rosewood oil: sustainable production and oil quality management. Perfum. Flav., 22(2), 1-5 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
91.71  borneol
120.83  bornyl acetate
22.21  camphene
87.25  camphor
131.69beta- caryophyllene
669.331,8- cineole
51.00para- cymene
140.18alpha- humulene
70.33  linalool
40.39  myrcene
18.53alpha- pinene
33.66beta- pinene
100.28  terpinen-4-ol
111.35alpha- terpineol

L-F, Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang, Arormatic plants and essential constituents. Supplement 1, p. 160, South China Institute Botany, Chinese Acad. Sciences, Hai Feng Publ. Co., Peace Book Co., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
42trace  abietatriene
340.41beta- bisabolene
1515.56  borneol
234.94iso bornyl acetate
360.35delta- cadinene
350.26gamma- cadinene
250.19alpha- cadinol
370.15  calamenene
23.11  camphene
1215.33  camphor
40.39delta-3- carene
220.26  carvone
282.22beta- caryophyllene
390.37  caryophyllene oxide
400.20 cedrane diol
1020.021,8- cineole
260.43alpha- cubebene
311.28ar- curcumene
81.81para- cymene
200.39  dihydrocarveol
380.37  farnesene
300.38beta- gurjunene
90.51  limonene
113.53  linalool
210.48  linalyl acetate
270.12  methyl eugenol
330.20alpha- muurolene
60.35  myrcene
161.17  nonanol
41trace  octadecane
50.181- octen-3-ol
130.80 pinanone
18.30alpha- pinene
70.74beta- pinene
140.39  pinocarvone
30.32  sabinene
290.41alpha- santalene
320.16alpha- selinene
171.00  terpinen-4-ol
181.95alpha- terpineol
240.69  thymol
43trace  totarol
198.36  verbenone

E. Reverchon and F. Senatore, Isolation of rosemary oil: Comparison between hydrodistillation and supercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 227-230 (1992).

P&F 17, No. 6, 51, (1992)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil corsica
#%LeftshiftComponents
193.20  borneol
158.70  bornyl acetate
26.30  camphene
1311.80  camphor
93.001,8- cineole
121.20para- cymene
210.50  geraniol
73.10  limonene
143.40  linalool
43.40  myrcene
101.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
51.30alpha- phellandrene
83.00beta- phellandrene
122.00alpha- pinene
33.90beta- pinene
170.90  pinocarveol
161.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.70alpha- terpinene
111.90gamma- terpinene
181.00alpha- terpineol
2010.70  verbenone

F. Tomi, P. Bradesi, A. Bigelli and J, Casanova, Computer aided identification of individual components of essential oils using carbon13-NMR spectroscopy. J. Magnet. Reson. Anal., 25-34 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.36allo- aromadendrene
430.20epi-alpha-bisabolol
211.69  borneol
257.59  bornyl acetate
400.61delta- cadinene
380.36gamma- cadinene
390.13(Z)- calamenene
21.63  camphene
1511.29  camphor
260.35  carvacrol
221.67  carvone
332.75beta- caryophyllene
411.31  caryophyllene oxide
310.14alpha- copaene
71.77para- cymene
100.052,5- dimethyl styrene
340.05beta- gurjunene
350.83alpha- humulene
87.08  limonene
126.60  linalool
320.33  methyl eugenol
370.17alpha- muurolene
420.08T- muurolol
40.48  myrcene
242.32(E)- myrtanol
231.19(Z)- myrtanol
50.46alpha- phellandrene
171.22(Z)-3- pinanone
12.46alpha- pinene
31.20beta- pinene
162.25trans- pinocarveol
280.27  piperitenone
140.03(Z)- sabinene hydrate
270.11  sabinyl acetate
182.88  terpinen-4-ol
110.89  terpinen-4-yl acetate
60.27alpha- terpinene
90.26gamma- terpinene
194.92alpha- terpineol
300.36alpha- terpinyl acetate
290.12neothujol
130.93beta- thujone
2012.33  verbenone

F. M. Soliman, E. A. El-Kashoury, M. M. Fathy and M. H. Gonaid, Analysis and biological activity of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L from Egypt. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 29-33 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.00-tracebeta- bisabolene
480.00-0.27alpha- bisabolol
353.24-6.53  borneol
251.19-14.32  bornyl acetate
390.00-0.08alpha- cadinene
400.00-0.07delta- cadinene
450.00-0.12T- cadinol
45.86-8.35  camphene
203.01-7.50  camphor
80.19-1.19delta-3- carene
470.00-0.14  carvacrol
260.00-2.19beta- caryophyllene
440.00-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
125.30-24.791,8- cineole
161.39-1.54para- cymene
70.07-0.786,6-dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-3-ene-2-butylene
310.00-0.19beta- farnesene
430.00-trace  geraniol
280.33-0.68  geranyl acetate
360.00-trace  germacrene D
290.00-0.94alpha- humulene
320.00-0.06  lavandulol
30trace-0.54  lavandulyl acetate
113.02-3.96  limonene
221.46-9.41  linalool
230.00-5.52  linalyl acetate
370.00-tracegamma- muurolene
91.55-2.12  myrcene
410.00-0.05  nerol
150.02-0.53(E)-beta- ocimene
130.00-0.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
219.91-35.08alpha- pinene
52.08-4.35beta- pinene
210.06-0.58iso pinocamphone
60.21-1.36  sabinene
180.09-0.12(E)- sabinene hydrate
240.00-tracealpha- santalene
270.00-1.21  terpinen-4-ol
100.39-0.46alpha- terpinene
140.28-1.28gamma- terpinene
340.00-0.09alpha- terpineol
170.51-0.78  terpinolene
30.00-0.08alpha- thujene
460.00-0.18  thymol
10.24-0.41  tricyclene
420.00-0.043,3,6-trimethyl(2.2.1)bicyclohept-1-en-7-ol
331.03-5.08  verbenone
190.06-0.15  viridiflorene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, B. Benjilali and J. L. Chabart, Essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.). The chemical composition of the oils of various origins (Morocco, Spain, France). J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 613-618 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.06-0.13beta- bisabolene
353.00-4.51  borneol
250.12-0.86  bornyl acetate
390.08-0.98alpha- cadinene
400.18-0.77delta- cadinene
440.00-0.11T- cadinol
43.21-3.98  camphene
207.42-10.80  camphor
80.15-0.20delta-3- carene
262.41-4.32beta- caryophyllene
430.00-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
1243.53-53.481,8- cineole
160.99-1.40para- cymene
70.00-trace6,6-dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-3-ene-2-butylene
310.37-0.51beta- farnesene
420.00-0.05  geraniol
280.00-0.07  geranyl acetate
360.00-0.13  germacrene D
290.27-5.43alpha- humulene
320.00-0.23  lavandulol
300.00-0.30  lavandulyl acetate
111.86-2.06  limonene
220.73-1.76  linalool
230.00-0.02  linalyl acetate
370.00-0.13gamma- muurolene
91.27-1.60  myrcene
410.00-0.10  nerol
150.00-0.06(E)-beta- ocimene
130.00-0.27(Z)-beta- ocimene
29.56-12.72alpha- pinene
55.53-7.83beta- pinene
210.04-0.13iso pinocamphone
60.14-0.21  sabinene
180.04-0.19(E)- sabinene hydrate
240.00-0.80alpha- santalene
270.69-0.91  terpinen-4-ol
100.52-0.66alpha- terpinene
140.93-1.19gamma- terpinene
340.00-2.46alpha- terpineol
170.29-0.36  terpinolene
30.00-tracealpha- thujene
10.10-0.23  tricyclene
330.00-0.46  verbenone
190.00-0.12  viridiflorene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, B. Benjilali and J. L. Chabart, Essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.). The chemical composition of the oils of various origins (Morocco, Spain, France). J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 613-618 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil spain
Using GC/MS, Bourrel et al. (1995) analyzed an oil of rosemary that was screened for its antimicrobial activity. The oil was found to contain:
#%LeftshiftComponents
129.0  borneol
161.4  bornyl acetate
22.8  camphene
1127.3  camphor
60.5delta-3- carene
170.2  carvacrol
181.7beta- caryophyllene
200.2  caryophyllene oxide
822.21,8- cineole
71.8para- cymene
210.3gamma- eudesmol
190.8alpha- humulene
101.3  linalool
53.2alpha- phellandrene
14.4alpha- pinene
40.3beta- pinene
31.0  sabinene
131.6  terpinen-4-ol
910.8gamma- terpinene
143.8alpha- terpineol
156.3  verbenone

C. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gase, Etude des proprietes bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles preamblement analysees. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (16), 3-12 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
1617.50  borneol
231.64  bornyl acetate
210.32  bornyl formate
33.81  camphene
147.63  camphor
251.73  carvacrol
261.22beta- caryophyllene
1136.911,8- cineole
910.50para- cymene
270.25alpha- humulene
100.82  limonene
60.38  myrcene
70.38alpha- phellandrene
20.44alpha- pinene
50.44beta- pinene
190.38(E)- piperitol
200.54(Z)- piperitol
220.76  piperitone
40.44  sabinene
151.44(E)- sabinene hydrate
131.93(Z)- sabinene hydrate
173.63  terpinen-4-ol
83.29alpha- terpinene
121.52gamma- terpinene
180.83alpha- terpineol
10.35alpha- thujene
240.90  thymol

M. J. Perez-Alonso, A, Velasio-Negueruela, M. Emin Duru, M. Harmandas and J. L. Esteban, Composition of the essential oils of Ocimum basilicum var. glabratum and Rosmarinus from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 7, 73-75 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

ruta graveolens oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.61(E)- amyl cinnamic alcohol
170.77(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
180.07delta- cadinene
60.37  camphor
140.22beta- caryophyllene
298.18  curcuphenol
20.01para- cymene
90.722- decanone
132.432- dodecanone
191.44  elemol
250.42alpha- eudesmol
240.56beta- eudesmol
230.33gamma- eudesmol
71.64  geijerene
315.68  hexadecanoic acid
300.362- hexadecanone
150.03alpha- humulene
30.16  limonene
10.01  myrcene
200.26(E)- nerolidol
50.622- nonanone
40.02(E)-beta- ocimene
322.38iso phytol
110.52 pregeijerene
100.10  pulegone
80.08  terpinen-4-ol
280.29  tetradecanoic acid
270.06  tetradecanol
210.202- tetradecanone
220.07  tridecanoic acid
163.722- tridecanone
1248.672- undecanone

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Leaf oils of Ruta graveolens L. grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 365-366 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 6, 53, (1998)

sage oil dalmatian
#%LeftshiftComponents
141.20  borneol
180.10  bornyl acetate
240.20gamma- cadinene
20.50  camphene
126.10  camphor
200.70beta- caryophyllene
260.50  caryophyllene oxide
72.201,8- cineole
60.30para- cymene
220.10alpha- guaiene
23tracedelta- guaiene
210.20alpha- humulene
271.20  humulene oxide II
50.40  myrcene
170.30  myrtenol
10.20alpha- pinene
40.90beta- pinene
130.60  pinocamphone
258.30  pogostol
30.10  sabinene
150.60  terpinen-4-ol
80.20gamma- terpinene
160.10alpha- terpineol
90.30beta- terpineol
1063.30alpha- thujone
116.40beta- thujone
190.20  thymol

C. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gaset, Etude des proprietes bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles preamblement analysees. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, No. 16, 3-12 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

sage oil dalmatian
As part of a study of the essential oils of Salvia species, Mathé et al. (1997) analyzed an oil of S. officinalis using GC and GC/MS. The components identified in this oil were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.95  borneol
 1.53  bornyl acetate
 5.80  camphene
 26.85  camphor
 4.59beta- caryophyllene
 0.34  caryophyllene oxide
 11.821,8- cineole
 0.90para- cymene
 2.64  limonene
 1.95  linalool
 0.69  myrcene
 3.69alpha- pinene
 1.58beta- pinene
 6.65  pinocarveol
 0.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.16gamma- terpinene
 0.11alpha- terpineol
 0.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
 0.11alpha- thujene
 23.00alpha- thujone
 3.80beta- thujone
sage oil giza egypt
Comparative percentage composition of Salvia offlcinalis oil produced from plants grown in two areas of Egypt, Giza oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.10  tricyclene
 0.17alpha- thujene
 3.81alpha- pinene
 3.70beta- pinene
 3.82  camphene
 3.85  sabinene
 3.38  myrcene
 0.85ortho- cymene
 0.76para- cymene
 9.381,8- cineole
 0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.10gamma- terpinene
 1.02  linalool
 0.68  terpinolene
 17.72alpha- thujone
 2.03beta- thujone
 0.05(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 13.29  camphor
 0.10(Z)-beta- terpineol
 0.68iso menthone
 0.43iso pinocamphone
 2.37  borneol
 1.10alpha- terpineol
 1.44  carvone
 0.08  bornyl acetate
 2.20iso bornyl acetate
 0.68  sabinene hydrate acetate
 0.68  thymol
 1.70beta- caryophyllene
 1.10 aromadendr-9-ene
 3.05alpha- humulene
 0.10allo aromadendr-9-ene
 1.44  germacrene B
 0.04gamma- cadinene
 0.60delta- cadinene
 0.85  spathulenol
 0.60  caryophyllene oxide
 3.30  globulol
 0.85 bergamotol acetate
F. M. Soliman, M. A. El-Sohly, M. M. Fathy and F. S. El-Salhawy, A comparitive study of the essential oils from Mentha and Salvia species grown in Egypt. Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci., 38, 553-564 (1997).
sage oil sinai egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.79alpha- pinene
 2.50beta- pinene
 3.60  camphene
 1.09  myrcene
 1.48para- cymene
 8.861,8- cineole
 0.31gamma- terpinene
 1.69  terpinolene
 18.87alpha- thujone
 7.45beta- thujone
 33.35  camphor
 3.65  borneol
 1.08  terpinen-4-ol
 0.46alpha- terpineol
 0.25  methyl chavocol
 0.41  carvone
 1.07  piperitone
 2.61  bornyl acetate
 0.43beta- caryophyllene
 0.46(E)- ethyl cinnamate
 3.04alpha- humulene
 0.07allo aromadendr-9-ene
 3.22  globulol
 0.38 bergamotol acetate
salvia lavandulifolia spp. vellerea oil spain
In 1993, Fournier et al. used GC and GC/MS to analyze eight commercial samples of Spanish sage oil. The components identified in seven of these oils were shown. The other oil, which probably originated from S. lavandulaefolia ssp. vellerea, was found to possess the following composition:
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.8  borneol
151.1  bornyl acetate
35.7  camphene
1233.1  camphor
160.8beta- caryophyllene
230.2  caryophyllene oxide
815.21,8- cineole
101.1para- cymene
220.2  geraniol
74.1  limonene
131.6  linalool
141.1  linalyl acetate
61.6  myrcene
24.5alpha- pinene
43.1beta- pinene
51.1  sabinene
1812.8(Z)- sabinyl acetate
170.5  terpinen-4-ol
90.1gamma- terpinene
190.4alpha- terpineol
110.1  terpinolene
215.8alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.1alpha- thujene

G. Fournier, N. Pages and I. Cosperic, Contribution to the study of Salvia Lavandulifolia essential oil: potential toxicity attributable to sabinyl acetate. Planta Med., 59, 96-97 (1993).

N. Pages, G. Fournier, V. Velut and C. Imberk, Potential teratogenicity in mice of the essential oil of Salvia lavandulifolia Vahl., Study of a fraction rich in sabinyl acetate. Phytother. Res., 6(2), 80-83 (1992).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil
In 1983 Cordoba Rodriguez examined the chemical composition of Spanish sage oil produced from more than 30 collections of plants from different areas in Spain. She determined that the oils possessed the following compositional range:
#%LeftshiftComponents
420.0-0.2  aromadendrene
430.0-0.4allo- aromadendrene
380.0-0.8(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
450.0-0.2beta- bisabolene
231.5-6.4  borneol
240.2-1.9iso borneol
330.8-4.9  bornyl acetate
44.6-10.6  camphene
1912.9-36.1  camphor
200.0-0.3  carvone
400.2-3.7beta- caryophyllene
390.0-0.8iso caryophyllene
460.0-0.1  caryophyllene oxide
1812.0-40.31,8- cineole
360.0-0.1alpha- copaene
350.0-0.2alpha- cubebene
440.1-0.9ar- curcumene
100.4-2.1para- cymene
170.0-0.4alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
290.1-0.7  geraniol
320.1-0.2  geranyl acetate
370.0-0.2alpha- gurjunene
410.0-1.0alpha- humulene
112.4-5.0  limonene
220.2-11.2  linalool
300.1-5.8  linalyl acetate
71.0-4.9  myrcene
280.0-0.6  nerol
310.1  neryl acetate
130.0-0.4(E)-beta- ocimene
160.0-0.3(Z)-allo-ocimene
120.0-2.2(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.0-0.2alpha- phellandrene
34.7-10.9alpha- pinene
63.3-7.3beta- pinene
50.6-2.2  sabinene
210.1-0.6(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.1-6.6(Z)- sabinyl acetate
250.2-0.8  terpinen-4-ol
90.0-0.1alpha- terpinene
140.0-0.7gamma- terpinene
270.1-1.9alpha- terpineol
260.0-0.7delta- terpineol
150.0-0.3  terpinolene
20.2-0.5alpha- thujene
10.0-0.5  tricyclene

M. de los Angelos Cordoba Rodriguez, Contribucion al estudio del Aceite Esencial de Salvia Espanola (salvia lavandulaefolia Vahl.). PhD thesis, Univ. Complutense, Madrid, Spain (1983).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil
Also in 1999, Guillén and Manzanos examined the composition of a methylene chloride extract of the aerial parts of S. lavandulaefolia using CC and CC/MS. The identified components are summarized as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.50alpha- pinene
 0.40  camphene
 0.10beta- pinene
 0.20  myrcene
 0.10alpha- terpinene
 0.10para- cymene
 0.30  limonene
 2.801,8- cineole
 0.10  linalool
 2.90  camphor
 1.50  borneol
 0.10  terpinen-4-ol
 0.80alpha- terpineol
 0.10  geraniol
 0.70  bornyl acetate
 0.10alpha- cubebene
 0.20alpha- copaene
 0.10alpha- gurjunene
 0.10  aromadendrene
 0.60alpha- humulene
 0.10allo- aromadendrene
 0.10ar- curcumene
 0.20beta- selinene
 0.10alpha- selinene
 0.10alpha- muurolene
 0.40gamma- cadinene
 0.60delta- cadinene
 0.10  cadina-1,4-diene
 0.10  spathulenol
 0.60 caryophyllenol II
 3.30  viridiflorol
 0.40beta-gurjunene epoxide
 0.10 caryophyllenol
 0.80beta- caryophyllene
 0.30 aristolenol
 0.10neo phytadiene
 0.106,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
 0.10 pimara-8(9),15-diene
 0.20 abieta-8,11,13-trienal
 0.10 abieta-6,8,11,13-tetraen-12-ol
 0.80  ferruginol
 0.80 abieta-8,11,13-trien-19-ol
 6.50 abieta-8,11,13-trien-19-oic acid
 0.60  barbatusol
 0.7012-hydroxyabeita-8,11,13-trien-12-ol-20-al
 1.50  rosmadial
 13.90 dimethyl salvicanol
 2.70  carnosic acid
 0.20  squalene
 0.30  cirsimaritin
 1.20beta- sitosterol
 0.80beta- amyrin
 1.803,5- dihydroxy-6,7,8-trimethoxyflavone
 0.30  hexadecanoic acid
 0.10  oleic acid
 0.70  pentacosane
 0.30  heptacosane
 0.30  octacosane
 0.10 ethyl hexacosane
 2.30  nonacosane
 0.10 methyl octacosane
 0.20  triacontane
 0.30 ethyl octacosane
 0.10 methyl nonacosane
 2.70 henitriacontane
 0.10 ethyl nonacosane
 0.50 methyl triacontane
 1.00  dotriacontane
 0.80 ethyl triacontane
 0.20 methyl henitriacontane
 5.30  tritriacotane
 1.90 tetratriacotane
 0.30 ethyl dotriacotane
 0.60  pentatriacotane
salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil spain
Six years later, Mathé etal. (1997) used a combination of CC and CC/MS to analyze an oil of Salvia lavandulaefolia. It was found to contain the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.40alpha- thujene
 2.70alpha- pinene
 6.80beta- pinene
 5.80  myrcene
 0.40alpha- terpinene
 0.40para- cymene
 47.001,8- cineole
 1.10gamma- terpinene
 0.50  terpinolene
 12.60  camphor
 2.20  borneol
 0.70  terpinen-4-ol
 0.30alpha- terpineol
 0.60  bornyl acetate
 4.90beta- caryophyllene
 1.00alpha- humulene
 0.30  caryophyllene oxide
 4.50  viridiflorol
salvia officinalis oil albania
Dobos et al. (1997) analyzed an oil produced from S. officinalis grown in Albania. The oil, which was analyzed by a combination of CC and GC/MS was found to possess the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
208.70  borneol
235.00  bornyl acetate
26tracebeta- bourbonene
330.10delta- cadinene
42.80  camphene
199.70  camphor
280.70beta- caryophyllene
340.10  caryophyllene oxide
113.401,8- cineole
25tracealpha- copaene
90.20para- cymene
310.10  germacrene B
294.30alpha- humulene
360.70  humulene oxide
271.00  jasmone
101.30  limonene
300.10gamma- muurolene
60.90  myrcene
130.10(E)-beta- ocimene
120.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
71.00alpha- phellandrene
21.10alpha- pinene
32.30beta- pinene
50.30  sabinene
180.30(E)- sabinol
371.90  sclarene
210.50  terpinen-4-ol
80.20alpha- terpinene
140.50gamma- terpinene
220.10alpha- terpineol
150.40  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
1635.90alpha- thujone
179.70beta- thujone
240.30  thujyl acetate
320.10  valencene
354.60  viridiflorol

A. Dobos, G. Nagy, E. M. Genova, I. Mathe, V. Miklossy-Vary and G. Janicsak, Comparative analysis of Salvia officinalis and Salvia tomentosa essential oils.

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia officinalis oil cuba
Sage oil produced from S. officinalis grown in Cuba was analyzed by CC/MS. The constituents characterized in this oil by Pino et al. (1997) were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
213.81  borneol
22.48  camphene
1510.36  camphor
220.21  carvone
185.51beta- caryophyllene
230.96  caryophyllene oxide
71.811,8- cineole
100.35para- cymene
172.24alpha- fenchyl acetate
209.72alpha- humulene
242.21  humulene oxide I
61.69  limonene
160.26  linalool
2814.74  manool
140.11  menthone
270.06  methyl (Z)-9-hexadecenoate
260.26  methyl palmitate
290.11  methyl stearate
80.19(Z)-beta- ocimene
41.16alpha- phellandrene
10.81alpha- pinene
30.96beta- pinene
190.86  pulegone
50.12alpha- terpinene
90.29gamma- terpinene
110.22  terpinolene
1212.95alpha- thujone
1310.89beta- thujone
2513.46  viridiflorol

J. A. Pino, M. Estarron and V. Fuentes, Essential oil of sage (salvia officinalis L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 221-222 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia officinalis oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.11  methyl (E)-9-octadecenoate
213.81  borneol
22.48  camphene
1510.36  camphor
220.21  carvone
185.51beta- caryophyllene
230.96  caryophyllene oxide
71.811,8- cineole
100.35para- cymene
172.24alpha- fenchyl acetate
209.72alpha- humulene
242.21  humulene oxide I
61.69  limonene
160.26  linalool
2814.74  manool
140.11  menthone
270.06  methyl (Z)-9-hexadecenoate
260.26  methyl hexadecanoate
80.19(Z)-beta- ocimene
41.16alpha- phellandrene
10.81alpha- pinene
30.96beta- pinene
190.86  pulegone
50.12alpha- terpinene
90.29gamma- terpinene
110.22  terpinolene
1212.95alpha- thujone
1310.89beta- thujone
2513.46  viridiflorol
salvia officinalis oil england
A Sardinian oil of S. officinalis was analyzedbv Peana et al. (1999) using both CC and GC/MS. and it was found to possess the following composition:
#%LeftshiftComponents
254.10  borneol
311.30  bornyl acetate
56.60  camphene
2126.40  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
300.10  carvacrol
330.70beta- caryophyllene
350.20  caryophyllene oxide
139.601,8- cineole
120.20para- cymene
170.10para-alpha- dimethyl styrene
320.10  eugenol
363.30  guaiol
340.90alpha- humulene
370.40  humulene oxide
380.6014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
142.30  limonene
16trace(Z)- linalool oxide
390.10  lyral
90.90  myrcene
281.00  myrtanol
43.70alpha- pinene
80.40beta- pinene
231.10  pinocamphone
240.10iso pulegol
70.20  sabinene
10.30 salvene
400.30alpha- santalol
260.70  terpinen-4-ol
110.20alpha- terpinene
150.10gamma- terpinene
270.30alpha- terpineol
180.10  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
1924.70alpha- thujone
206.40beta- thujone
290.20  thymol
20.20  tricyclene
61.60  verbenene
220.70(Z)- verbenol

M. Tiziana Baratta, H. J. D. Dorman, S. G. Deans, D. M. Biondi and G. Ruberto. Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antiozidative activity of Laurel, sage, rosemary, oregano and coriander essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res. , 10, 618-627 (1998).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia officinalis oil france
Foray et al. (1999) reported that the main components of S. officinalis oil produced from plants cultivated in France were:
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.50  camphene
92.60  camphor
101.40beta- caryophyllene
611.701,8- cineole
110.30alpha- humulene
50.30  limonene
40.30  myrcene
10.70alpha- pinene
21.00beta- pinene
765.50alpha- thujone
815.40beta- thujone

L. Foray, C. Bertrand, F. Pinguet, M. Soulier, C. Astre, C. Marion, Y. Pelissier and J-M. Bessiere, In vitro cytotoxic activity of three essential oils from Salvia species. J. Essen. Oil Res., 11, 522-526 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia officinalis oil germany
An oil of sage obtained on the Cerman market, which was analyzed by Reichling et al. (1999) was found to possess the following composition:
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.12allo- aromadendrene
133.12  borneol
162.41  bornyl acetate
34.94  camphene
1219.76  camphor
175.57beta- caryophyllene
712.041,8- cineole
61.29para- cymene
185.73alpha- humulene
40.79  myrcene
14.08alpha- pinene
20.68beta- pinene
140.30  terpinen-4-ol
50.21alpha- terpinene
80.20gamma- terpinene
150.29alpha- terpineol
90.23  terpinolene
117.21alpha- thujone
1025.54beta- thujone

J. Reichling, M. Harkenthal and R. Saller, Wirkung ausgewahlter atherischer Ole. Erfahrungsheilkunde, 6, 357-366 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia officinalis oil hydrodistillation france
Six years later, Milhau et al. (1997) used GC/MS to examine an oil of S. officinalis produced by hydrodistillation of plants cultivated in France. The components identified in this study were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
121.90  borneol
152.00  bornyl acetate
29.10  camphene
112.00  camphor
162.60beta- caryophyllene
720.501,8- cineole
61.50para- cymene
172.90alpha- humulene
51.60  myrcene
15.90alpha- pinene
42.20beta- pinene
30.40  sabinene
130.30  terpinen-4-ol
80.20gamma- terpinene
140.70alpha- terpineol
922.80alpha- thujone
103.70beta- thujone
180.60  viridiflorol

G. Milhau, A. Valentin, F. Benoit, M. Mallie, J-M. Bastide, Y. Pelissier and J-M. Bessiere, In vitro antimalarial activity of eight essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 329-333 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia officinalis oil lithuania
#%LeftshiftComponents
142.04  borneol
161.34  bornyl acetate
35.14  camphene
1311.63  camphor
176.57beta- caryophyllene
1010.061,8- cineole
80.60para- cymene
185.24alpha- humulene
91.67  limonene
150.20  methyl chavicol
61.00  myrcene
26.05alpha- pinene
52.11beta- pinene
40.09  sabinene
70.24alpha- terpinene
10.15alpha- thujene
1119.58alpha- thujone
1213.43beta- thujone
194.58  viridiflorol

P. R. Venskutonis, Essential oil composition of some herbs cultivated in Lithuania. In: Flavours, Fragrances and Essential Oils. Proceedings of the 13th IInternational Congress of Flavours, Fragrances and Essential oils, Istanbul, Turkey, Oct. 1995, Edit., K. H. C. Baser, Vol.2, pp. 108-123, Anadolu Univ. Press, Eskisehir, Turkey (1995).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

salvia officinalis oil reunion
This same year, Vera et al. (1999) analyzed an oil of S. officinalis produced from plants grown in Reunion. In this oil they characterized the following components:
#%LeftshiftComponents
370.10  aromadendrene
310.40  bornyl acetate
43tracegamma- cadinene
49tracealpha- cadinol
52.80  camphene
2015.90  camphor
8tracedelta-3- carene
32trace  carvacrol
260.20trans- carveol
27tracecis- carveol
360.60beta- caryophyllene
450.20  caryophyllene oxide
115.801,8- cineole
100.40para- cymene
50tracealpha- eudesmol
48tracebeta- eudesmol
34trace  eugenol
29trace  geraniol
350.40  geranyl acetate
39trace  germacrene D
381.60alpha- humulene
470.30  humulene oxide
121.30  limonene
18trace  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
510.50  manool
400.10gamma- muurolene
24trace  myrtenol
28trace  neral
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
70.80alpha- phellandrene
35.40alpha- pinene
41.90beta- pinene
22trace(E)- piperitol
250.20(Z)- piperitol
60.20  sabinene
41tracebeta- selinene
44trace  spathulenol
210.90  terpinen-4-ol
9tracealpha- terpinene
140.30gamma- terpinene
230.60alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
33tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
20.20alpha- thujene
19traceiso thujol
1645.50alpha- thujone
178.40beta- thujone
10.10  tricyclene
42trace  viridiflorene
461.70  viridiflorol

R. R. Vera, J. Chane-Ming and D. Fraisse, Chemical composition of the essential oil of sage (Salvia officinalis L.) from Reunion Island. J. Essent. Oil Res., 11, 399-402 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia officinalis oil reunion
Comparative percentage composition of Salvia offlcinalis oil produced from plants grown in two areas of Egypt, Giza oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.87  borneol
 2.27  bornyl acetate
 20.18  camphor
 1.32beta- caryophyllene
 3.61alpha- humulene
 4.04  limonene
 trace  linalool
 0.197- methyl-3,4-octadiene
 0.14  myrtenol
 1.18beta- phellandrene
 2.71alpha- pinene
 0.72beta- pinene
 0.76  pinocamphone
 1.63  sabinene
 0.56  terpinen-4-ol
 0.32gamma- terpinene
 0.24alpha- terpineol
 0.30  terpinolene
 2.52alpha- thujene
 33.25alpha- thujone
 12.97beta- thujone
 0.13  tricyclene
 0.17  caryophyllene oxide
 2.71  manool
 3.77  viridiflorol
probably misidentification of cis-p-menth-2-en-1-ol probably 3-pinanone, also known as isopinocamphone
salvia officinalis oil sardinia
Also in 1998, Tiziana Baratta et al. used CC/MS to analyze an oil produced from sage leaves obtained in the U.K. spice market. They found that the oil contained the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
193.00  borneol
131.50  bornyl acetate
45.80