BT

Typical G.C. analysis

abies balsamea needle oil canada
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.31-2.07  borneol
194.89-16.22  bornyl acetate
250.02-0.21delta- cadinene
53.49-9.72  camphene
180.04-0.56  camphor
80.00-27.27delta-3- carene
200.00-0.27alpha- cedrene
150.03-0.16para- cymene
220.06-0.60alpha- humulene
121.83-15.63  limonene
100.71-2.28  myrcene
170.00-0.691- octen-1-yl acetate
90.03-0.19alpha- phellandrene
134.39-12.64beta- phellandrene
46.18-14.29alpha- pinene
628.10-56.10beta- pinene
70.02-0.23  sabinene
10.30-1.41  santene
210.06-0.29  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.11alpha- terpinene
140.06-0.31gamma- terpinene
230.56-4.48alpha- terpineol
160.17-1.68  terpinolene
30.00-0.21alpha- thujene
260.00-2.89  thymol
20.56-1.69  tricyclene

J. M. Regimbal and G. Collin, Essential Oil Analysis of Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 229-238 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

achillea millefolium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.70  bicyclogermacrene
264.00  bornyl acetate
30.40  camphene
164.90  camphor
24trace  carvone
250.40(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
924.501,8- cineole
231.00  cuminaldehyde
82.80para- cymene
270.60beta- elemene
287.20  germacrene D
100.80  limonene
150.70(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
200.60  myrtenal
221.60  myrtenol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
51.10beta- pinene
170.50trans- pinocarveol
181.10  pinocarvone
45.40  sabinene
1210.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
144.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
195.60  terpinen-4-ol
71.10alpha- terpinene
111.80gamma- terpinene
211.20alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from leaves and flowers of Achilea millefolium L. ssp. millefolium. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 219-222 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

acorus calamus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
301.61  acolamone
363.62iso acolamone
284.09  acoragermacrone
396.57(1,10)- aristolen-2-one
340.21beta- bisabolene
100.11  borneol
140.25  bornyl acetate
170.05beta- bourbonene
294.07delta- cadinene
310.30alpha- calacorene
420.58iso calamendiol
410.10  calamenene
400.72  calamusenone
90.08  camphor
204.13beta- caryophyllene
160.04alpha- copaene
230.32beta- cubebene
351.81isoepi-cubenol
40.04para- cymene
430.40  dibutyl phthalate
180.79beta- elemene
150.21delta- elemene
320.73  elemol
270.80beta- guaiene
240.96beta- gurjurene
210.07alpha- humulene
52.61  limonene
83.10  linalool
130.11  linalyl acetate
470.02  linoleic acid
30.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
480.04  methyl 9,12,15-octadecatrienoate
190.86  methyl eugenol
263.37(E)- methyl isoeugenol
2236.40(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
372.60alpha- muurolol
383.17epi-alpha- muurolol
20.09  myrcene
450.041- octadecene
440.06  palmitic acid
460.11  phytol
10.21  sabinene
253.19  shyobunone
330.64iso shyobunone
110.21  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
60.05gamma- terpinene
120.31alpha- terpineol
490.10  tricosane

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus root oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
2714.40  acorenone
320.90  acorone
315.70iso acorone
131.00alpha- bergamotene
204.60  bornyl acetate
171.30delta- cadinene
280.70alpha- cadinol
301.40  calamendiol
2512.10preiso calamendiol
290.50  calamusenone
20.50  camphene
181.50  camphor
81.101,8- cineole
120.30alpha- copaene
140.50beta- elemene
110.50delta- elemene
151.00(E)-beta- farnesene
71.10  limonene
191.30  linalool
260.80(E)- methyl isoeugenol
50.70  myrcene
100.80(E)-beta- ocimene
90.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.20alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.90beta- pinene
160.70alpha- selinene
230.50  shyobunone
223.706-epi-shyobunone
2413.10iso shyobunone
211.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.40alpha- terpinene

M. N. Todorova, I. V. Ognyanov and S. Shatar, Chemical composition of essential oil from Mongolian Acorus calamus L. rhizomes. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 191-193 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

agathosma betulina leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.23(E)-2-acetoxyisomenthone
340.21(E)-2-acetoxymenthone
26trace  carvone
84.431,8- cineole
110.16para- cymene
200.12(E)- dihydrocarvone
190.21(Z)- dihydrocarvone
3022.30  diosphenol
2718.584-diosphenol
350.671-hydroxy-4-diosphenol
360.404-hydroxydiosphenol
240.46(E)-2-hydroxymenthone
290.37(Z)-2-hydroxymenthone
280.128-hydroxymenthone
611.64  limonene
150.50  linalool
139.82  menthone
1419.91iso menthone
310.53(E)-8- mercapto-para-menthan-3-one ((E)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol)
322.33(Z)-8- mercapto-para-menthan-3-one ((Z)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol)
40.61  myrcene
100.25(E)-beta- ocimene
70.08beta- phellandrene
10.37alpha- pinene
20.29beta- pinene
250.06  piperitone
210.94  pulegone
160.54(E)-iso pulegone
170.40(Z)-iso pulegone
30.15  sabinene
180.90  terpinen-4-ol
50.13alpha- terpinene
90.34gamma- terpinene
230.28alpha- terpineol
220.23delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
M. A. Posthumus, T. A. van Beek, N. F. Collins and E. H. Graven, Chemical composition of the essential oils of Agathosma betulina, A. crenulata and an A. betulina x crenulata hybrid (buchu), J. Essent, Oil Res., 8, 223-228 (1996). P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)
agathosma crenulata oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 6.83(E)-8-acetyl thio-para-menthan-3-one ((E)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol acetate)
 0.37(Z)-8-acetyl thio-para-menthan-3-one ((Z)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol acetate)
 0.22  carvone
 1.191,8- cineole
 0.41para- cymene
 0.18(E)- dihydrocarvone
 0.21(Z)- dihydrocarvone
 1.038-hydroxy-para-menth-4-en-3-one
 trace(Z)-2-hydroxyisomenthone
 4.678-hydroxymenthone
 11.70  limonene
 0.76  linalool
 trace  menthofuran
 2.91  menthone
 3.58iso menthone
 1.01  myrcene
 0.06(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.07beta- phellandrene
 0.73alpha- pinene
 0.44beta- pinene
 trace  piperitone
 53.75  pulegone
 2.77(E)-iso pulegone
 2.78(Z)-iso pulegone
 trace  sabinene
 0.77  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05alpha- terpinene
 0.09gamma- terpinene
 0.43alpha- terpineol
 0.08delta- terpineol

M. A. Posthumus, T. A. van Beek, N. F. Collins and E. H. Graven, Chemical composition of the essential oils of Agathosma betulina, A. crenulata and an A. betulina x crenulata hybrid (buchu), J. Essent, Oil Res., 8, 223-228 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

aloysia triphylla oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.54  aromadendrene
350.10epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene
480.15beta- bisabolene
310.56beta- bourbonene
520.24delta- cadinene
530.26gamma- cadinene
660.97T- cadinol
290.05alpha- campholenic aldehyde
570.36trans- carveol
590.12cis- carveol
500.50  carvone
373.49beta- caryophyllene
614.87  caryophyllene oxide
340.43alpha- cedrene
1110.071,8- cineole
260.17  citronellal
280.58alpha- copaene
544.93ar- curcumene
160.11para- cymene
420.11(E)-beta- farnesene
4911.93  geranial
580.04  geraniol
560.21  geranyl propionate
461.50  germacrene D
120.17(E)-2- hexenal
180.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
430.51alpha- humulene
1018.59  limonene
240.22(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
230.47(Z)-1,2-limonene epoxide + 1-octen-3-ol
320.38  linalool
220.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
400.41(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
10.35  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
620.08  methyl eugenol
40.102- methyl-3-buten-2-ol
190.016- methyl-3-heptanol
360.086- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
171.406- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
670.19T- muurolol
70.40  myrcene
445.99  neral
550.12  nerol
630.73  nerolidol
510.72  neryl acetate
151.41(E)-beta- ocimene
130.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
200.06  perillene
300.40(E,E)-photocitral
270.22(Z,Z)- photocitral
210.14  photocitral B
21.42alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
600.07  piperitenone
390.31  rosefuran epoxide
62.83  sabinene
250.80(E)- sabinene hydrate
330.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
654.30  spathulenol
380.31  terpinen-4-ol
80.08alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
452.00alpha- terpineol
30.20alpha- thujene
90.051,3,3-trimethyl bicyclo(2,2,2)oct-5-ene
640.08  viridiflorol
470.27  zingiberene

T. Ozek, N. Kirimer, K. H. C. Baser and G. Tiimen, Composition of the essential oil of Aloysia triphylla (l’Herit,) Britton grown in Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8,581-563 (1896).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

alpinia galanga oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2410.70alpha- bergamotene
3016.20beta- bisabolene
12trace  borneol
172.50  bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
230.90  caryophyllene
332.50  caryophyllene oxide
160.20  chavicol
191.00  chavicyl acetate
75.501,8- cineole
201.60  citronellyl acetate
220.70  copaene
281.90ar- curcumene
14tracepara- cymen-8-ol
60.80para- cymene
291.50  eugenyl acetate
2618.20(E)-beta- farnesene
215.10  geranyl acetate
250.60alpha- humulene
81.60  limonene
11trace  linalool
50.70  myrcene
311.90  pentadecane
321.60beta-sesqui phellandrene
110.20alpha- pinene
41.60beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
270.80 santalene
130.30  terpinen-4-ol
9tracealpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
18trace  tridecane

H. L. De Pooter, M. Nor Omar, B. A. Coolsaet and N. M. Schamp, The Essential Oil of Greater Galanga (Alpinia galanga) from Malaysia, Phytochem.,24, 93-96 (1985).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

anethum graveolens herb oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
1614.50  carvone
19tracealpha- cubebene
814.38para- cymene
150.99(E)- dihydrocarvone
120.29(Z)- dihydrocarvone
1114.85  dill ether
210.31  dillapiole
100.18alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
20trace  elemicin
140.343,9-epoxy-para-cymene
611.92  limonene
41.56  myrcene
220.20  myristicin
524.88alpha- phellandrene
78.21beta- phellandrene
33.17alpha- pinene
170.40iso piperitenone
130.50  sabinol
90.34alpha- terpinene
21.06alpha- thujene
180.16  thymol
1trace  toluene

J. A. Pino, E. Roncal, A. Rosado and I. Goire, Herb oil of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 219-220 (1995).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

anethum graveolens herb oil reunion
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10  bornyl acetate
350.08gamma- cadinene
5trace  camphene
230.10  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
290.40  carvone
300.10  carvotan acetone
123.80para- cymene
26trace(Z)- dihydrocarvone
340.10 dihydrolimonen-10-ol
2420.80  dill ether
360.20  docosene
330.10  eugenol
1310.90  limonene
19trace  linalool
220.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
210.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
80.60  myrcene
180.10  nonanal
15trace(E)-beta- ocimene
14trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
2trace  octane
956.50alpha- phellandrene
41.70alpha- pinene
7tracebeta- pinene
250.10(E)- piperitol
280.10(Z)- piperitol
60.10  sabinene
11tracealpha- terpinene
16tracegamma- terpinene
270.20alpha- terpineol
170.20  terpinolene
30.30alpha- thujene
32trace  thymol
10.20  toluene
20trace  undecane

R. R. Vera and J. Chane-Ming, Chemical composition of essential oil of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) growing in Reunion Island. J. Essent. Oil Res., 10, 539-542 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

angelica archangelica root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
500.03gamma-atlantone
350.19  borneol
271.78  bornyl acetate
80.48iso butyl benzene
400.07delta- cadinene
620.06alpha- cadinol
610.04T- cadinol
51.88  camphene
90.20delta-2- carene
1016.24delta-3- carene
420.21  carvyl acetate
480.04  caryophyllene oxide
54tracealpha- copaen-11-ol
560.24alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.57alpha- copaene
280.16beta- copaene
520.04  copaenol
430.03  cuparene
640.85  cyclopentadecanolide
460.23meta- cymen-8-ol
450.65para- cymen-8-ol
196.39para- cymene
360.42delta- elemene
440.06gamma- elemene
630.05  elemol
330.41  eucarvone
600.49beta- eudesmol
40.05alpha- fenchene
370.64  germacrene D
650.37  heptadecanolide
320.54alpha- humulene
510.39  humulene oxide
490.09  humulenol
146.56  limonene
250.14  linalool
230.07  longicyclene
300.09(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
201.57para-mentha-2,8-diene
220.08  menthone
55trace methyl tridecanolide
380.10alpha- muurolene
580.08alpha- muurolol
590.03T- muurolol
125.28  myrcene
18trace(E)-beta- ocimene
160.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
470.10  perillyl alcohol
112.02alpha- phellandrene
151.26beta- phellandrene
232.19alpha- pinene
61.54beta- pinene
390.28(E)- piperitol
70.46  sabinene
410.15  sabinyl acetate
570.14  spathulenol
290.08  terpinen-4-ol
130.26alpha- terpinene
173.07gamma- terpinene
340.40alpha- terpineol
210.87  terpinolene
30.13alpha- thujene
10.04  tricyclene
530.56 tridecanolide
310.39  verbenyl acetate

J. C. Chalchat and R. P. Garry, Essential oil of Angelica roots (Angelica archangelica L.). Optimization of distillation, location in plant and chemical composition. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 311-319 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

apium graveolens leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
226.20  butyl phthalide
210.90  butylidene phthalide
3trace  camphene
110.50para- cymene
243.203a,4-dehydroisobutylidene phthalide
171.40beta-elemene + caryophyllene
18tracealpha- humulene
230.20  ligustilide
826.30  limonene
10.103- methyl-4-ethyl hexane
633.60  myrcene
914.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.30allo- ocimene
15trace  pentyl benzene
131.00 pentyl cyclohexadiene
20.20alpha- pinene
40.10beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
203.70beta- selinene
160.10  terpinen-4-ol
7tracealpha- terpinene
102.20gamma-terpinene + (E)-beta-ocimene
190.30alpha- terpineol
120.20  terpinolene

D. Fehr, Untersuchung uber Aromastoffe von Sellerie (Apium graoeolens L.). Pharmazie, 36, 374-376 (1979).

P&F 10, No. 5, 93, (1985)

artemisia absinthium herb oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
2623.02  bornyl acetate
390.17alpha- cadinol
42.02  camphene
320.10cis- carvyl acetate
330.66beta- caryophyllene
380.67  caryophyllene oxide
400.26  chamazulene
105.101,8- cineole
250.93  cuminaldehyde
91.55para- cymene
160.06alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
150.06  eucarvone
310.07  eugenol
360.26(E)-beta- farnesene
340.11(Z)-beta- farnesene
350.08alpha- humulene
182.00  linalool
300.14para- menth-1(7)-en-9-ol
240.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-7-ol
280.24para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
71.08  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
110.06(Z)-beta- ocimene
270.20  perillyl acetate
31.24alpha- pinene
60.69beta- pinene
54.61  sabinene
140.29(Z)- sabinene hydrate
200.59  safranal
218.15  terpinen-4-ol
81.55alpha- terpinene
132.08gamma- terpinene
224.80alpha- terpineol
170.75  terpinolene
290.09alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
190.29beta- thujone
10.10  tricyclene
232.47  verbenone
370.41  viridiflorene

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Artemista obsinthum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 87-89 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
160.4(Z)-thuj-2-en-4-ol
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia afra oil kenya
#%LeftshiftComponents
375.09  borneol
260.23  bornyl acetate
50tracealpha- cadinol
10.12  camphene
450.58beta- caryophyllene oxide
967.371,8- cineole
40trace  cuminaldehyde
43tracepara- cymen-8-ol
122.30para- cymene
60.06  dihydro-1,8-cineole
17tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
38trace  germacrene D
80.27  limonene
23trace  linalool
21trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
18trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.76(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
300.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42trace(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
44trace(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
132.003- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
15trace3- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
7trace3- methyl butyl isobutyrate
470.243- methyl butyl phenyl acetate
29trace  myrtenal
41trace  myrtenol
48trace(E)- nerolidol
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
191.141- octen-3-ol
4tracealpha- phellandrene
46trace2- phenethyl butyrate
20.16beta- pinene
31tracetrans- pinocarveol
24trace  pinocarvone
340.32(E)- piperitol
30.09  sabinene
200.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.63(Z)- sabinene hydrate
16trace7-alpha- silphiperfol-5-ene
490.09  spathulenol
276.50  terpinen-4-ol
28trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
50.62alpha- terpinene
111.64gamma- terpinene
36tracealpha- terpineol
33tracedelta- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
350.94alpha- terpinyl acetate
341.07(E)- verbenol
32trace(Z)- verbenol

J. W. Mwangi, K. J. Achola, K.A. Sinei, W. Lwande and R. Laurent, Essential Oil Constituents of Artemisia afra Willd. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 97-99 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

artemisia afra oil wild zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
22trace-0.30  artemisyl alcohol
166.30-14.90  artemisyl ketone
19trace-0.10  artemisyl acetate
330.20-0.50  bicyclogermacrene
310.60-3.40  borneol
260.30-1.50  bornyl acetate
350.50-0.80delta- cadinene
380.10-0.90  calamenene
40.30-3.90  camphene
238.50-27.10 camphor + alpha-copaene
270.50-2.30beta- caryophyllene
39trace-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
110.10-27.901,8- cineole
36trace-0.50  cuminaldehyde
140.30-2.00para- cymene
90.10-0.20  dihydro-1,8-cineole
30.20-1.00alpha- fenchene
42trace-0.40  intermedeol
100.10-0.50  limonene
290.20-0.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
250.20-0.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
40trace-0.10  methyl linolenate
41trace-0.50T- muurolol
70.10-1.10  myrcene
37trace-0.10  myrtenol
120.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
50.10-0.70beta- pinene
20.40-1.10alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
340.10-0.70(E)- piperitol
60.10-2.60  sabinene
241.80-4.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.20-0.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
173.10-10.10  santolina alcohol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.10-1.10alpha- terpinene
130.30-1.90gamma- terpinene
320.10-0.70alpha- terpineol
300.10-2.50delta- terpineol
150.10-0.50  terpinolene
181.00-2.90alpha- thujone
20tracebeta- thujone
10.10-0.20  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia afra oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.1  artemisyl ketone
252.8  borneol
220.5  bornyl acetate
280.2delta- cadinene
310.1  calamenene
48.0  camphene
1950.3 camphor + alpha-copaene
320.1cis- carveol
231.2beta- caryophyllene
330.1  caryophyllene oxide
1110.71,8- cineole
290.2  cuminaldehyde
350.1para- cymen-8-ol
140.8para- cymene
90.1  dihydro-1,8-cineole
31.4alpha- fenchene
340.1  germacrene D-4-ol
370.1  intermedeol
100.9  limonene
210.8(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
360.5T- muurolol
71.6  myrcene
300.3  myrtenol
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
50.4beta- pinene
20.3alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
271.8(E)- piperitol
60.2  sabinene
203.5(E)- sabinene hydrate
180.4(Z)- sabinene hydrate
80.3alpha- terpinene
130.7gamma- terpinene
260.4alpha- terpineol
240.7delta- terpineol
150.3  terpinolene
170.7alpha- thujone
1trace  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia annua herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.00-11.05  artemisyl alcohol
2111.91-55.02  artemisyl ketone
250.00-0.07  artemisyl acetate
140.00-0.152-oxabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-6-ene
490.16-1.28  bicyclogermacrene
450.00-0.16  borneol
40.00-0.29  bornylene
100.00-0.14  butyl isovalerate
510.00-1.05delta- cadinene
61.20-7.28  camphene
270.00-0.66alpha- campholenic aldehyde
291.58-11.52  camphor
590.10-1.10  carvacrol
361.63-10.87beta- caryophyllene
540.10-1.64  caryophyllene oxide
530.04-0.39iso caryophyllene oxide
570.00-trace  cedrol
165.07-11.651,8- cineole
280.00-1.33alpha- copaene
330.09-2.17beta- cubebene
19trace-1.23para- cymene
520.08-0.676,6- dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-2-en-2-methanol
500.00-0.41(E)-(3,3-dimethyl) cyclohexylidene acetaldehyde
50.00-0.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
440.00-1.00(E)-beta- farnesene
430.00-1.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
471.99-18.54  germacrene D
482.24-14.73alpha- guaiene
310.00-trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
41trace-0.97alpha- himachalene
420.00-0.74alpha- humulene
150.09-0.57  limonene
90.00-trace3-methyl bicyclo(3.1.2)oct-2-ene
220.00-0.313- methyl-3-buten-1-yl isovalerate
120.00-3.34  myrcene
38trace-0.42  myrtenal
560.00-0.82  nootkatone
180.00-0.27(E)-beta- ocimene
110.00-tracealpha- phellandrene
24.20-15.66alpha- pinene
70.93-3.35beta- pinene
320.00-0.32  pinocamphone
400.35-1.81trans- pinocarveol
350.24-2.19  pinocarvone
80.43-2.80  sabinene
260.00-0.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.11-0.83(Z)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.22  santolina alcohol
550.00-0.49  spathulenol
370.13-0.38  terpinen-4-ol
130.00-0.18alpha- terpinene
170.07-0.34gamma- terpinene
460.00-0.65alpha- terpineol
200.00-0.33  terpinolene
390.00-2.163- thujen-2-ol
30.00-0.90alpha- thujene
580.00-0.83  thymol
10.01-0.35  tricyclene
240.06-0.64  yomogi alcohol

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 261-268 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua leaf oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
312.02-8.45allo- aromadendrene
110.72-1.90  artemisyl alcohol
926.85-35.60  artemisyl ketone
230.90-0.36  benzyl 3-methyl butyrate
300.18-0.50beta- cadinene
100.14-2.31  camphene hydrate
140.00-20.48  camphor
265.00-5.60beta- caryophyllene
320.95-1.75  caryophyllene oxide
88.70-28.101,8- cineole
241.10-1.55alpha- copaene
251.80-4.43beta- cubebene
290.40-0.66gamma- elemene
200.04-0.33para-ethyl camene
210.04-0.11iso eugenol
280.84-3.80beta- farnesene
270.03-0.71alpha- humulene
220.15 longipinene
60.71-0.94(E)-6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
170.20-0.50  myrtenal
190.10  myrtenol
30.40-0.50alpha- pinene
50.80-1.40beta- pinene
150.14-0.55  sabinaketone
41.10-3.80  sabinene
120.28-0.33(Z)- sabinene hydrate
130.00-1.70  sabinol
10.04-0.20  santolinatriene
160.14-1.84  terpinen-4-ol
70.22-0.40alpha- terpinene
180.08-0.12alpha- terpineol
20.01-0.10alpha- thujene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, M. Gorunovic and D. Stosic, A contribution to chemotaxonomy of Artemisia annua L., Asteraceae Acta Pharm. Jugoslav., 41, 233-236 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia dracunculus herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
8trace1,8- cineole
11tracepara- cymene
21trace  elemicin
192.1  eugenol
17trace  geraniol
70.8  limonene
13trace  linalool
1586.4  methyl chavicol
180.8  methyl eugenol
20trace  methyl isoeugenol
50.1  myrcene
160.1  nerol
93.2(Z)-beta- ocimene
103.3(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
1tracealpha- pinene
3tracebeta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
14trace  terpinen-4-ol
6tracealpha- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene

E. Werker, E. Putievsky, U. Ravid, N. Dudai and I. Katzir, Glandular hairs, secretoy cavities and essential oils in leaves of tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L.), J. Herbs, Spices Med. Plants, 2(3), 19-32 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

artemisia herba-alba herb oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.1  artemisyl alcohol
90.7  borneol
160.1  bornyl acetate
27tracedelta- cadinene
28tracegamma- cadinene
31.8  camphene
2110.3  camphor
12trace  carvacrol
230.8beta- caryophyllene
224.2  chrysanthenone
17trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1414.01,8- cineole
40.1para- cymene
261.7beta- elemene
243.1alpha- guaiene
25tracealpha- humulene
10trace  myrtenol
18trace  myrtenyl acetate
11.5alpha- pinene
20.8beta- pinene
50.2alpha- terpinene
71.5gamma- terpinene
85.3alpha- terpineol
150.1alpha- terpinyl acetate
60.1alpha- thujene
1923.9alpha- thujone
2020.1beta- thujone
11trace  thymol

A. Ouyabya, R. Negre, J. Viano, Y. F. Lozano and E. M. Gaydou, Essential oils from Moroccan Artemisia negrei, A. mesatlantica and A. herba-alba, Lebensmitt. Wiss u Technol., 23, 528-530 (1990).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

artemisia variabilis flower oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.40  acenaphthalene
240.70  bicyclogermacrene
331.00alpha- bisabolol
26tracedelta- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
2trace  camphene
16trace  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
27tracear- curcumene
300.101H-cyclobutano(de)naphthalene
120.40para- cymene
3977.301,2-dihydroacenaphthlene
280.501,4- dimethyl naphthalene
250.10  geranyl acetate
230.30  germacrene D
340.20  globulol
20tracebeta- guaiene
15trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
210.10alpha- humulene
400.102- hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxyacetophenone
71.00  limonene
17trace  linalool
29trace  methyl eugenol
50.20  myrcene
19trace  myrtenal
310.30(E)- nerolidol
95.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
14traceallo- ocimene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.80alpha- pinene
33.60beta- pinene
40.10  sabinene
351.00  spathulenol
180.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.10alpha- terpinene
103.20gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
13trace  terpinolene
360.80  thymol
320.20  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
artemisia vestita wall. flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1110.80  aromadendrene
126.00  cadinene
131.40  chamazulene
36.401,8- cineole
89.80  citral
71.60  citronellal
92.20  citronellol
106.20  geraniol
18.60  hexanal
215.60alpha- phellandrene
47.00alpha- terpinene
51.50beta- thujone
63.20  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
910.70  aromadendrene
106.00  cadinene
111.30  chamazulene
34.001,8- cineole
713.30  citral
88.00  geraniol
18.70  hexanal
217.40alpha- phellandrene
45.30alpha- terpinene
52.70beta- thujone
62.00  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

asarum canadense root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20  aristolene
290.90  aristolone
150.40(E)-beta- bergamotene
410.10  borneol
91.50  bornyl acetate
240.20delta- cadinene
160.30  camphene
170.301,8- cineole
360.10  copaene
180.30para- cymene
81.70  elemicin
300.90(E)-iso elemicin
340.60  eugenol
230.20(E)-beta- farnesene
111.30  geraniol
53.90  geranyl acetate
200.30gamma- guaiene
370.10beta- gurjunene
101.40  junenol
280.90  limonene
214.90  linalool
44.00  linalyl acetate
390.10  methyl chavicol
141.80  methyl eugenol
190.30(E)- methyl isoeugenol
42trace  methyl thymol
400.10alpha- muurolene
71.70  myrcene
121.20  nerol
62.40  neryl acetate
140.40(E)-ocimene
320.60(Z)- ocimene
130.90alpha- pinene
270.90beta- pinene
250.10  sabinene
220.20  seychellene
330.60  terpinen-4-ol
260.10alpha- terpinene
310.80gamma- terpinene
35.90alpha- terpineol
350.40  terpinolene
380.10 vetiselinene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 11, No. 6, 39, (1986)

baccharis dracunculifolia oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.20  acetophenone
26<0.01(E)-anethole + safrol
443.30  aromadendrene
491.10allo- aromadendrene
940.20(E,E)-isobicyclogermacra-1(10),4-dien-5-al + (Z)-3-hexenyl 3-phenyl propionate
573.10  bicyclogermacrene
530.20isobutyl 3-phenyl propionate + sec-butyl 3-phenyl propionate + 10,11-epoxycadina-4,9-diene
430.30  cabreuva oxide A
471.30  cabreuva oxide B
480.10  cabreuva oxide C
510.40  cabreuva oxide D
635.60delta- cadinene
611.30gamma- cadinene
881.60alpha- cadinol
861.30T-cadinol + T-muurolol
670.90alpha-calacorene + (Z)-dracunculifoliol + exo-1,5-epoxysavial-4(15)-ene
640.50(E)- calamenene
561.00(Z)- calamenene
60.10delta-3- carene
20<0.01trans- carveol
210.10cis-carveol + citronellol + nerol
416.20beta- caryophyllene
760.60  caryophyllene oxide
360.70alpha-copaene + methyl eugenol
870.30  cubenol
220.10 cuminaldehyde + carvone + neral + (Z)-4,8-dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
80.10para- cymene
350.20(E)-beta-damascenone + isopropyl 3-phenyl propionate
39<0.01beta- damascone
840.104(15)- dehydroglobulol
150.40(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
140.10(Z)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
250.10(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
420.402,2-dimethyl-6-vinyl chromene + gamma-elemene
381.60beta- elemene
320.40delta- elemene
791.805,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene + epi-junenol
550.3010,11- epoxycalamenene
620.201,6-epoxyeudesm-4(15)-ene
690.10endo-1,5-epoxysalvial-4(15)-ene
310.10  ethyl 3-phenyl propionate
370.20  ethyl decanoate
240.10 geranial + methyl 3-phenyl propionate + methyl citronellate
230.10  geraniol
340.10  geranyl acetate
900.30 germacra-4(15),5,10(14)-trien-1b-ol
543.60  germacrene D
720.2010-epi-globulol
801.40 globulol + (E)-dracunculifoliol + salvia-4(15)-en-1-one
28<0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
600.10iso humbertiol A + isohumbertiol C
650.30iso humbertiol B + isohumbertiol D
461.90alpha- humulene
830.10  humulene oxide II
930.20(E)-5-hydroxynerolidol
500.07(E)-beta- ionone
850.40  junenol
583.60  ledene
820.70  ledol
98.40  limonene
130.40  linalool
740.30  maaliol
680.204-epi-maaliol
16<0.01para- methyl acetophenone
770.402- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
780.403- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
920.104-methyl-6-isopropyl-1-tetralone
590.90alpha- muurolene
522.10gamma- muurolene
51.00  myrcene
190.10 myrtenol + ethyl octanoate
7015.00(E)- nerolidol
330.20  neryl acetate
890.10 opposita-4(14),11(12)-dien-1b-ol
660.60  pacifigorgiol
730.60  palustrol
22.90alpha- pinene
45.90beta- pinene
400.70  propyl 3-phenyl propionate
30.10  sabinene
753.50  spathulenol
170.10 terpinen-4-ol + para-cymen-8-ol + safranal
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
180.60alpha-terpineol + myrtenal
120.20  terpinolene
29<0.01  theaspirane A
30<0.01 theaspirane B + methyl geranate
10.10alpha- thujene
910.60(E,E)-3,7,11-trimethyl dodeca-1,6,9-trien-3,11-diol
811.00 viridiflorol + beta-oplopenone
27<0.01 vitispirane A + vitispirane B
710.30 waitziacuminone

P. Weyerstahl, C. Christiansen and H. Mosandl, Constituents of Brazilian Vassoura oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 15-23 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.36(E)-alpha- bergamotene
 trace(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
 0.6beta- bisabolene
 tracealpha- bisabolol
 tracebeta- bisabolol
 trace  camphorenone
 0.09  carvone
 0.2beta- caryophyllene
 0.02  citronellal
 0.02  citronellyl acetate
 trace  coumarin
 3.5para- cymene
 0.03  decyl acetate
 trace8,9-didehydronootkatone
 trace dihydrojasmone
 0.04beta- farnesene
 trace  farnesol
 0.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
 0.6  geraniol
 0.8  geranyl acetate
 0.02  germacrene D
 trace guaienol
 0.04alpha- humulene
 trace  indole
 trace(Z)- jasmone
 trace lanceal
 26.0(+)- limonene
 16.0  linalool
 34.0  linalyl acetate
 trace  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
 1.3  myrcene
 0.6 neral + geranial
 0.08  nerol
 0.02  nerolidol
 1.2  neryl acetate
 0.08  nonanal
 trace  nootkatone
 0.07  octanal
 0.02  octanol
 trace5- octen-2-one
 0.15  octyl acetate
 0.1beta- phellandrene
 2.2alpha- pinene
 10.0beta- pinene
 1.0  sabinene
 trace2-santalene hydrates
 tracebeta- sinensal
 trace  spathulenol
 0.06  terpinen-4-ol
 3.2alpha- terpinene
 11.0gamma- terpinene
 0.3alpha- terpineol
 1.0  terpinolene
boldea fragrans leaf oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3538.63  ascaridole
50.38  camphene
240.06  camphor
90.25delta-3- carene
390.01  carvacrol
400.08trans- carvyl acetate
100.921,4- cineole
1438.631,8- cineole
330.18  cuminaldehyde
129.51para- cymene
40.02alpha- fenchene
150.01  fenchone
320.06alpha- fenchyl acetate
200.40alpha- fenchyl alcohol
340.09  geraniol
10.062- heptanone
420.32  ledol
130.07  limonene
18trace  linalool
70.02  myrcene
28trace  myrtenal
300.36  myrtenol
310.07  nerol
19trace2- nonanol
160.102- nonanone
80.04alpha- phellandrene
30.02alpha- pinene
221.20trans- pinocarveol
290.78  sabinaketone
60.04  sabinene
384.28  sabinyl acetate
261.37  terpinen-4-ol
170.03  terpinen-4-yl acetate
110.04alpha- terpinene
270.25alpha- terpineol
250.13beta- terpineol
20.06alpha- thujene
21tracebeta- thujone
370.07  thymol
410.03  thymyl acetate
23trace(Z)- verbenol
360.14cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

cajuput leaf oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
49trace  bulnesol
370.4  cadina-1,4-diene
35tracedelta- cadinene
34tracegamma- cadinene
47tracealpha- cadinol
44traceT- cadinol
38trace  calamenene
2trace  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
232.5beta- caryophyllene
410.3  caryophyllene oxide
1041.11,8- cineole
20tracealpha- copaene
270.5gamma- curcumene
156.8para- cymene
170.2para- cymenene
220.3beta- elemene
18tracedelta- elemene
25tracegamma- elemene
42trace  elemol
480.7beta- eudesmol
450.6gamma- eudesmol
310.3alpha- farnesene
390.4  geraniol
290.3beta- guaiene
431.2  guaiol
281.6alpha- humulene
94.1  limonene
213.6  linalool
40tracealpha- maaliene
46tracealpha- muurolol
60.1  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.5alpha- phellandrene
110.2beta- phellandrene
36tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
13.2alpha- pinene
30.8beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
331.5alpha- selinene
321.5beta- selinene
241.5  terpinen-4-ol
80.6alpha- terpinene
134.6gamma- terpinene
308.7alpha- terpineol
165.9  terpinolene
26trace  thujopsene
190.3alpha- ylangene

O. Motl, J. Hodacova and K. Ubik, Composition of Vietnamese cajuput essential oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 39-42 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

cananga odorata fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.2beta- caryophyllene
90.71,8- cineole
17tracealpha- humulene
80.9  limonene
180.2gamma- muurolene
524.7  myrcene
110.3(E)-beta- ocimene
102.0(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.2alpha- phellandrene
211.1alpha- pinene
43.4beta- pinene
334.3  sabinene
148.0  terpinen-4-ol
73.7alpha- terpinene
125.6gamma- terpinene
15tracealpha- terpineol
130.8  terpinolene
12.8alpha- thujene

F. Fekam Boyom, P. H. Amvam Zollo, C. Menut, G. Lamaty and J. M. Bessière, Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXVII. Comparative study of the volatile constituents of five Annonaceae species growing in Cameroon. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 333-338 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cananga odorata oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
 10.84  benzyl acetate
 0.35  benzyl alcohol
 3.82  benzyl benzoate
 0.03  benzyl salicylate
 6.66delta-cadinene + nerol
 35.18beta-caryophyllene + methyl benzoate
 0.03  cinnamic alcohol
 1.21meta-cresol + para-cresol + cinnamaldehyde
 8.94para-cresyl acetate + meta-cresyl acetate
 2.14para- cresyl methyl ether
 1.29  eugenol
 1.24  farnesol
 0.44  farnesyl acetate
 1.58  geraniol
 9.74alpha- humulene
 1.84  linalool
 1.55  methyl anthranilate
 0.43  methyl eugenol
 0.17  myrcene
 0.15  nerolidol
 0.06alpha- pinene
 0.02beta- pinene
 0.03alpha- terpinene
 0.07gamma- terpinene
 7.76alpha-terpineol + unknown
carrot seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.08(E)- anethole
210.73(E)-alpha- bergamotene
201.08(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
380.23beta- bisabolene
430.21alpha- bisabolol
420.273- butyl phthalide
20.44  camphene
395.68  carotol
350.23  carvomenthone
153.56beta- caryophyllene
371.09  caryophyllene oxide
400.29 cedrene oxide
140.17alpha- copaene
100.41para- cymene
130.39  daucene
410.14  daucol
180.42alpha- farnesene
230.60beta- farnesene
310.89  geranial
3234.17  geranyl acetate
301.13alpha- humulene
70.48  limonene
120.11  linalool
191.24  longifolene
250.18para- mentha-1,3-dien-7-ol
51.87  myrcene
290.53  neral
331.01  nerol
81.92(E)-alpha- ocimene
19.09alpha- pinene
34.49beta- pinene
49.44  sabinene
340.14  sabinene hydrate
170.40alpha- santalene
220.67beta- santalene
440.13  sedanenolide
450.40  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
280.44alpha- selinene
270.23beta- selinene
160.31  terpinen-4-ol
60.96alpha- terpinene
90.36gamma- terpinene
241.65alpha- terpineol
110.28  terpinolene
262.34  verbenol

F. Perineau, L. Ganou and A. Gaset, Etude de la production d’huile essentielle de fruit de carotte. Ind. Aliment. Agric., 108, 357-366 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)

carum petroselinum herb oil
This same year, a sample of Egyptian parsley herb oil was subjected to analysis by CC and CC/MS (El-Nikeety et al. 1998). This oil was found to contain:
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20 apiole
170.21beta- bisabolene
20.06  camphene
150.05beta- caryophyllene
130.82para- cymene
145.35alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
190.15  elemicin
160.53alpha- humulene
65.36  limonene
106.20para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
220.404- methyl pyridine amine
1123.75  myrcene
208.79  myristicin
51.46alpha- phellandrene
719.47beta- phellandrene
16.94alpha- pinene
34.57beta- pinene
40.63  sabinene
80.17alpha- terpinene
180.13alpha- terpineol
92.78  terpinolene
120.065- undec-5-yne

M. M. A. El-Nikeety, A. T. M. El-Alek, M. M. I. A. El-Hady and A. Z. M. Badei, Changes in physical properties and chemical constituents of parsley herb volatile oil during storage, Egypt. J. Food Sci., 26-28 (1998).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

cedrus libanensis wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.80 atlantone
382.80(E)-alpha- atlantone
340.60(E)-gamma- atlantone
370.30(Z)-alpha- atlantone
360.60(Z)-beta-atlantone
330.40(Z)-gamma- atlantone
220.40(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
27>0.10alpha- calacorene
1>0.10  camphene
14>0.10  camphor
3>0.10delta-3- carene
170.20alpha- cedrene
211.40 chamigrene
7>0.10para- cymene
240.80alpha- dehydro-ar-himachalene
261.40gamma- dehydro-ar-himachalene
280.60oxido himachalene
9>0.10  fenchone
320.10  guaiazulene
10>0.10alpha- gurjunene
13>0.10beta- gurjunene
1814.20alpha- himachalene
2031.30beta- himachalene
196.90gamma- himachalene
300.50 himachalene oxide
292.20beta- himachalene oxide
5>0.10  limonene
310.80  longiborneol
160.50  longifolene
110.10alpha- longipinene
395.60  manool
2>0.104- methyl-3-penten-2-one
230.80 occidentalol acetate
150.10  sativene
4>0.10alpha- terpinene
6>0.10gamma- terpinene
8>0.10  terpinolene
250.40beta- vetivenene
12>0.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 763, (2000)
chamaecyparis obtusa leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
131.23  borneol
177.15  bornyl acetate
361.70 cadin-10(15)-4-ol
272.76delta- cadinene
280.53gamma- cadinene
204.71beta-cadrene
300.41  calamenene
20.23  camphene
380.65  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
181.65(Z)- caryophyllene
190.28beta- caryophyllene
320.93  cedrol
250.48beta- cubebene
90.82para- cymene
211.47alpha- elemene
290.39gamma- elemene
3114.78  elemol
345.39alpha- eudesmol
356.54beta- eudesmol
338.28gamma- eudesmol
102.09alpha- fenchol
240.30beta- guaiene
63.05  limonene
120.41  longicyclene
370.73 longicyclenyl aclohol
150.72  longifolene
110.37alpha- longipinene
263.81alpha- muurolene
225.71gamma- muurolene
11.01alpha- pinene
42.77beta- pinene
31.61  sabinene
51.11alpha- terpinene
71.77gamma- terpinene
141.11alpha- terpineol
81.00  terpinolene
239.09alpha- terpinyl acetate
160.89  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

chamaecyparis obtusa root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.54  borneol
170.65  bornyl acetate
321.18 cadin-1(10)-en-4alpha-ol
384.95 cadin-1(10)-en-4beta-ol
273.82delta- cadinene
282.12gamma- cadinene
395.28alpha- cadinol
355.88T- cadinol
200.68beta-cadrene
291.55  calamenene
20.50  camphene
421.26  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
180.55(Z)- caryophyllene
190.52beta- caryophyllene
302.61beta- caryophyllene alcohol
160.40  copaene
80.53para- cymene
210.44alpha- elemene
90.71alpha- fenchol
250.39alpha- guaiene
220.39alpha- humulene
50.55  limonene
4019.73 longi-alpha-nojigiku alcohol
338.43 longi-beta-camphenilan aldehyde
110.65  longicyclene
414.84 longicyclenyl aclohol
140.64  longifolene
362.15 longiisohomocamphenilone
100.48alpha- longipinene
311.27 longiverbanol
346.23 longiverbanone
261.71alpha- muurolene
230.84gamma- muurolene
374.53T- muurolol
10.73alpha- pinene
30.61beta- pinene
40.41alpha- terpinene
60.45gamma- terpinene
133.53alpha- terpineol
70.50  terpinolene
240.79alpha- terpinyl acetate
152.44  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

chamaecyparis obtusa wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.33  borneol
170.40  bornyl acetate
310.97 cadin-1(10)-en-4alpha-ol
346.76 cadin-1(10)-en-4beta-ol
2710.82delta- cadinene
2812.47gamma- cadinene
3520.51alpha- cadinol
3210.61T- cadinol
200.07beta-cadrene
290.03  calamenene
20.18  camphene
370.83  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
180.12(Z)- caryophyllene
190.05beta- caryophyllene
301.49beta- caryophyllene alcohol
160.06  copaene
80.22para- cymene
210.04alpha- elemene
90.42alpha- fenchol
250.12alpha- guaiene
220.03alpha- humulene
50.21  limonene
110.05  longicyclene
360.94 longicyclenyl aclohol
140.61  longifolene
100.10alpha- longipinene
265.78alpha- muurolene
231.65gamma- muurolene
3316.44T- muurolol
10.44alpha- pinene
30.21beta- pinene
40.15alpha- terpinene
60.15gamma- terpinene
130.14alpha- terpineol
70.19  terpinolene
240.19alpha- terpinyl acetate
150.29  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

chenopodium ambrosioides oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.04  allyl levulinate
 0.02allo- aromadendrene
 0.22iso borneol
 0.20iso bornyl acetate
 0.02nor bornyl acetate
 0.06iso bornyl propionate
 0.08delta- cadinene
 0.84  camphor
 2.28trans- carveol
 4.91cis- carveol
 2.07  carvone
 0.16  carvone oxide
 2.09beta- caryophyllene
 0.04beta- copaene
 0.03para- cymene
 0.71  dihydrocarveol
 5.00  geranial
 0.04  geranic acid
 4.30  geraniol
 0.24alpha- guaiene
 0.02  lavandulyl acetate
 32.50  limonene
 0.07  linalool
 0.21(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 4.00(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
 1.64  menthol
 0.03 methyl undecanal
 0.03  myrcene
 0.41  nerol
 0.01  neryl acetate
 0.02  neryl formate
 0.15  perillyl alcohol
 0.01alpha- phellandrene
 0.09alpha- pinene
 0.06beta- pinene
 26.70trans- pinocarveol
 3.54iso pulegol
 0.08iso pulegyl acetate
 0.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.83alpha- terpinene
 0.03gamma- terpinene
 0.26alpha- thujene
 0.14  undecanal
 1.21(E)- verbenol
chenopodium ambrosioldes var. anthelminthicum oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
211.98  ascaridole
50.14  camphene
80.03delta-3- carene
230.04  carvacrol
191.06trans- carveol
200.25cis- carveol
182.28  carvone
158.09para- cymene
170.09(E)- dihydrocarvone
10.01  dimethyl sulfide
40.02alpha- fenchene
1242.32  limonene
160.09(E)- limonene oxide
90.01  myrcene
100.01alpha- phellandrene
130.09beta- phellandrene
30.82alpha- pinene
60.18beta- pinene
70.01  sabinene
1117.54alpha- terpinene
140.58gamma- terpinene
220.02  thymol
20.22  tricyclene

A. O. Tucker and M. J. Maciarello, Some toxic culinary herbs in North America. In: Food Flavors, Formation, Analysis and Packaging Influences. Edits., E. T. Contis, C-T. Ho, C. J. Mussinan, T. H. Parliament, F. Shahidi and A. M. Spanier, 401-414, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1998).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

cinnamomum angustifolium rafin. oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
273.00  bicyclogermacrene
290.30delta- cadinene
40.10  camphene
180.10  camphor
71.80delta-3- carene
390.10  carvacrol
206.20beta- caryophyllene
331.00  caryophyllene oxide
129.701,8- cineole
340.20(E)- cinnamaldehyde
280.90(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
380.40(E)- cinnamyl acetate
320.30para- cymen-8-ol
1617.60para- cymene
30.30alpha- fenchene
300.30  geranyl acetate
261.80  germacrene D
360.40  guaiol
220.20alpha- humulene
111.80  limonene
193.30  linalool
310.20para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
92.60  myrcene
350.40(E)- nerolidol
151.10(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
823.40alpha- phellandrene
14.80alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.00  sabinene
230.20  salicylaldehyde
371.40  spathulenol
210.70  terpinen-4-ol
100.30alpha- terpinene
140.50gamma- terpinene
252.10alpha- terpineol
170.30  terpinolene
21.90alpha- thujene
240.40  viridiflorene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-cadina-1,4-diene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
270.20beta- bisabolene
281.60delta- cadinene
290.70  calamenene
30.10  camphene
1912.70beta- caryophyllene
301.20  caryophyllene oxide
1028.101,8- cineole
150.40alpha- copaene
32traceepi- cubebol
132.40para- cymene
18tracebeta- elemene
23trace(E)-beta- farnesene
225.20(Z)-beta- farnesene
251.30  germacrene D
210.90alpha- humulene
96.30  limonene
162.20  linalool
260.20alpha- muurolene
330.10epi-alpha- muurolol
72.40  myrcene
310.70(E)- nerolidol
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
18.00alpha- pinene
49.70beta- pinene
55.60  sabinene
201.40  terpinen-4-ol
81.20alpha- terpinene
112.20gamma- terpinene
241.00alpha- terpineol
140.60  terpinolene
21.00alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cistus ladaniferus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.20  acetophenone
45trace15-acetoxylabdan-8-ol
211.90allo- aromadendrene
290.80  borneol
260.20iso borneol
183.10  bornyl acetate
340.80delta- cadinene
350.40gamma- cadinene
22.10  camphene
140.80alpha- campholenic aldehyde
38tracetrans- carveol
330.30  carvone
390.40  caryophyllene oxide
130.80alpha- copaene
120.70  cyclosativene
91.70para- cymene
440.50beta- eudesmol
24trace(E)-beta- farnesene
360.30  geranyl acetate
410.30  globulol
150.30alpha- gurjunene
25tracealpha- humulene
310.90  ledene
403.30  ledol
61.70  limonene
270.40gamma- muurolene
200.50  myrtenal
370.40  myrtenol
280.40  myrtenyl acetate
70.40beta- phellandrene
139.00alpha- pinene
30.50beta- pinene
160.50iso pinocamphone
221.90trans- pinocarveol
170.90  pinocarvone
40.80  sabinene
430.50  spathulenol
191.10  terpinen-4-ol
50.10alpha- terpinene
80.40gamma- terpinene
300.50alpha- terpineol
100.20  terpinolene
110.902,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
320.30  verbenone
4211.80  viridiflorol

J. P. Mariotti, F. Tomi, J. Cassanova, J. Costa and A. F. Bernadini, Composition of the essential oil of Cistus ladaniferus L. cultivated in Corsica (France). Flav. Fragr. J., 12, 147-151 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cistus ladaniferus oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.80alpha- amorphene
470.97allo- aromadendrene
231.45  borneol
352.40  bornyl acetate
523.00delta- cadinene
591.32alpha- cadinol
580.81T- cadinol
530.31alpha- calacorene
540.37beta- calacorene
210.74  camphene hydrate
12trace  camphenilone
170.78alpha- campholenic aldehyde
202.92  camphor
360.21  carvacrol
311.22cis- carveol
330.31  carvone
45tracebeta- caryophyllene
7trace1,8- cineole
410.79alpha- copaene
380.30alpha- cubebene
420.19beta- cubebene
571.71  cubenol
320.77  cuminaldehyde
250.19para- cymen-8-ol
40.30ortho- cymene
130.43para- cymene
160.572,6- dimethyl cyclohexanol
2trace3,5- dimethyl phenol
30tracealpha- fenchyl acetate
340.35  geraniol
440.42alpha- gurjunene
460.19beta- gurjunene
43traceiso italicene
500.45  ledene
550.42  ledol
5trace  limonene
110.15(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
510.62alpha- muurolene
480.18gamma- muurolene
28trace  myrtanol
271.35  myrtenal
60.25beta- phellandrene
370.06 phenyl propionic acid
10.37alpha- pinene
150.23alpha- pinene oxide
192.47trans- pinocarveol
221.11  pinocarvone
180.16(E)- rose oxide
240.70  terpinen-4-ol
3tracealpha- terpinene
90.35gamma- terpinene
260.30alpha- terpineol
140.43  terpinolene
100.353,5,5- trimethyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
80.752,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
490.16  valencene
290.19  verbenone
5612.81  viridiflorol
390.80alpha- ylangene

N. Mrabet, S. Zrira, M. M. Ismaili-Alaoui, H. Lahloa and B. Benjilali, Essential oils and resin gum from Moroccan Cistus, “Cistus ladaniferus L." Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 622-630 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citronella oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
480.65T-amorphol + bulnesol
200.05  borneol
350.10beta- bourbonene
441.17delta- cadinene
421.74gamma- cadinene
40.04  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
370.22beta- caryophyllene
1834.79  citronellal
260.13  citronellic acid
2411.19  citronellol
281.88  citronellyl acetate
340.08alpha- copaene
392.25beta- cubebene
230.10  decanal
361.96beta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
433.16  elemol
460.1710-epi-gamma- eudesmol
292.45  eugenol
490.08(E)-alpha-farnesol
450.10(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2523.18  geraniol
325.07  geranyl acetate
10.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
380.13alpha- humulene
122.81  limonene
170.72  linalool
140.09  melonal
330.09  methyl eugenol
60.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
400.46alpha- muurolene
410.67gamma- muurolene
470.53T- muurolol
80.09  myrcene
300.04  neryl acetate
150.19(E)-beta- ocimene
130.37(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.07beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
30.05alpha- pinene
70.01beta- pinene
190.22iso(iso) pulegol
50.07  sabinene
210.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.01alpha- terpinene
220.05alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
270.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.01  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
#%LeftshiftComponents
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
1010.06epi-alpha-bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
400.034,8-epoxy-para-menth-1-ene
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
840.181,1,3a,7-tetramethyl-1H-1a,2,2,3a,4,5,6,7b-octahydrocyclopropa(a)naphthalene
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantium subsp. junos leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
260.39-0.55beta- caryophyllene
160.28-0.30  citronellal
90.71-1.09para- cymene
190.07-0.12  decanal
250.19-0.39beta- elemene
310.03-0.04  elemol
320.15-0.21beta- eudesmol
290.05alpha- farnesene
230.14-0.17  geranyl acetate
270.13-0.14alpha- humulene
1015.14-18.98  limonene
150.19-0.21  linalool
200.07-0.08  linalyl acetate
2445.36-58.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
280.11-0.15gamma- muurolene
60.55-0.82  myrcene
300.23-0.28  nerolidol
220.07-0.14  neryl acetate
113.42-5.14(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace-0.03  octanol
70.27-0.36alpha- phellandrene
20.68-1.62alpha- pinene
50.86-1.56beta- pinene
40.24-0.33  sabinene
170.05-0.06  terpinen-4-ol
80.08-0.12alpha- terpinene
1213.62-18.46gamma- terpinene
180.05-0.06alpha- terpineol
140.42-0.52  terpinolene
10.25-0.63alpha- thujene
210.07-0.08  undecanal

Y-Z. Huang, Y-H. Cao, Q-Y. Chen and Y-L. Wu, Studies on the chemical components of essential oil from the leaves of Citrus junos (Sieb) Tan cv. louhancherg Hort. Chemistry Industry Forest Prod., 13, 165-168 (1993).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus bigaradia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
80.04para- cymene
350.44(E,Z)- farnesol
220.40  geraniol
271.17  geranyl acetate
140.04  hexyl acetate
310.45  indole
280.15(Z)- jasmone
911.50  limonene
1734.60  linalool
160.16(E)- linalool oxide
150.22(Z)- linalool oxide
2323.60  linalyl acetate
320.98  methyl anthranilate
290.03(Z)- methyl jasmonate
61.11  myrcene
210.23  nerol
341.21(E)- nerolidol
260.79  neryl acetate
114.54(E)-beta- ocimene
100.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
240.182- phenethyl acetate
180.642- phenethyl alcohol
20.46alpha- pinene
58.79beta- pinene
41.10  sabinene
190.14  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
120.06gamma- terpinene
201.13alpha- terpineol
130.16  terpinolene
250.14alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

M. H. Boelens and H. Boelens, Differences in chemical and sensory properties of orange flower and rose oils obtained from hydrodistillation and from supercritical CO, extraction. Perfum, Flavor., 22(3), 31-35 (1997).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus hystrix leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38tracedelta- cadinene
40trace  calamenene
4tracedelta-3- carene
310.16beta- caryophyllene
27traceiso caryophyllene
2281.49  citronellal
530.10  citronellic acid
438.22  citronellol
340.90  citronellyl acetate
240.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cubenol
47traceepi- cubenol
39tracear- curcumene
12tracepara- cymene
33trace2,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
150.132,6- dimethyl-5-heptenol
30tracebeta- elemene
51trace  elemol
23trace4,8- epoxyterpinolene
37trace(Z)-alpha-farnesene
440.31  geraniol
420.09  geranyl acetate
35trace  germacrene D
32tracealpha- humulene
52trace  indole
80.03  limonene
253.69  linalool
20trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
48tracepara- menthan-1,8-diol
17trace  menthone
18traceiso menthone
14trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
36tracealpha- muurolene
50.43  myrcene
41trace  neral
500.18(E)- nerolidol
45trace  neryl acetone
100.23beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
90.05beta- phellandrene
54trace  phytol
55traceiso phytol
10.06alpha- pinene
20.24beta- pinene
280.32iso pulegol
16trace rose oxide
31.57  sabinene
210.14(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.13(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.24  safrole
290.20  terpinen-4-ol
70.03alpha- terpinene
110.07gamma- terpinene
130.05  terpinolene

A. Sato, K. Asano and T. Sato, The chemical composition of Citrus hystrix DC (Swangi), J. Essent. oil Res., 2, 179-163 ( 1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus limon peel oil c.p. california
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.03(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
320.38(E)-alpha-bergamotene + citronellyl propionate
360.55beta- bisabolene
520.04alpha- bisabolol
160.01  borneol
30.06  camphene
510.03  campherenol
460.008  camphor
310.22beta- caryophyllene
230.08  citronellal
190.06 citronellol + nerol
380.03  citronellyl acetate
90.14para- cymene
240.05  decanal
470.01exo-(Z)-4,7-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-3-en-6-one
500.032,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
290.01 dodecanal + decyl acetate
330.03(E)-beta- farnesene
261.18  geranial
200.03  geraniol
400.52  geranyl acetate
420.01  geranyl propionate
340.02alpha- humulene
1065.65 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
440.007(E)- limonene 1,2-oxide
450.006(Z)- limonene 1,2-oxide
370.007  methyl geranate
61.58  myrcene
250.74  neral
490.004  nerolidol
390.60  neryl acetate
410.007  neryl propionate
220.12  nonanal
110.09(E)-beta- ocimene
210.08  octanal
270.03  perillaldehyde
70.04alpha- phellandrene
21.75alpha- pinene
511.13beta- pinene
480.004  piperitone
41.85  sabinene
150.13(Z)-sabinene hydrate + linalool
140.01(E)-sabinene hydrate + octanol
350.01beta- santalene
170.11  terpinen-4-ol
80.16alpha- terpinene
128.32gamma- terpinene
180.16alpha- terpineol
130.34  terpinolene
10.38alpha- thujene
280.03  undecanal
430.009  undecyl acetate

T. S. Chamblee, B. C. Clark. G. B. Brewster, T. Radford and G. A. Iacobucci, Quantitative analysis of the volatile constituents of lemon peel oil. Effects of silica gel chromatography on the imposition of its hydrocarbon and oxygenated fractions. J. Agric, Food Chem., 39, 162-169 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 1, 45, (1992)

citrus limon peel oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
1924.50(E)-alpha- bergamotene
172.70(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
280.40(E)-gamma- bisabolene
260.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
2537.10beta- bisabolene
40.06  camphene
9tracedelta-3- carene
1813.80beta- caryophyllene
230.70gamma- curcumene
110.27para- cymene
270.40(E)-beta- farnesene
211.60(Z)-beta- farnesene
201.20alpha- humulene
1269.93  limonene
71.51  myrcene
140.16(E)-beta- ocimene
130.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.04alpha- phellandrene
31.90alpha- pinene
612.40beta- pinene
51.99  sabinene
221.30(Z)-beta-santalene
100.21alpha- terpinene
1510.56gamma- terpinene
160.43  terpinolene
20.43alpha- thujene
10.01  tricyclene
241.70 valencene + unknown

GC profile belongs to sesquiterpene hydrocarbon fraction of lemon oil.

L. Mondello, P. Dugo, K. D. Bartle, G. Dugo and A. Cotroneo, Automated HPLC/HBGC: A Powerful Method for Essential Oil Analysis Part V. Identification of Terpene Hydrocarbons of Bergamot, Lemon, Mandarin, Sweet Orange, Bitter Orange, Grapefruit, Clementine and Mexican Lime Oil by Coupled HPLC-HRGC-MS (lTD). Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 33-42 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus paradisi leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
76.10delta-3- carene
280.90beta- caryophyllene
223.10  citronellal
351.40  citronellol
141.40para- cymene
230.10  decanal
21tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
32trace  dodecanal
26tracebeta- elemene
290.70beta- farnesene
340.60  geranial
380.30  geraniol
17trace  hexanol
110.30(E)-2- hexenal
19trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
180.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.50alpha- humulene
96.40  limonene
244.40  linalool
64.90  myrcene
311.20  neral
370.30  nerol
20trace  nonanal
134.60(E)-beta- ocimene
16trace(Z)-2- penten-1-ol
102.30beta- phellandrene
12.40alpha- pinene
43.10beta- pinene
250.60iso pulegol
518.50  sabinene
361.20beta- selinene
270.80  terpinen-4-ol
810.70alpha- terpinene
1212.00gamma- terpinene
300.30alpha- terpineol
152.20  terpinolene
24.00alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI Composition of leaf oils from ten Citrus taxa and some intragenetic hybrids, Bull. Brew, Sci., 16, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus paradisi var. CO2 extract falvedo
co2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.07alpha- bergamotene
430.52delta- cadinene
30.02  camphene
230.03  carveol
371.42beta- caryophyllene
180.12  citronellal
310.04  citronellyl acetate
330.34alpha- copaene
350.36beta- cubebene
210.63  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.11  elemol
420.09alpha- farnesene
400.40beta- farnesene
470.08(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.15  geranial
260.18  geraniol
340.26  geranyl acetate
410.11  germacrene D
390.31alpha- humulene
984.06 limonene + para-cymene
160.43  linalool
61.40  myrcene
250.15  neral
240.05  nerol
450.15(E)- nerolidol
320.05  neryl acetate
170.05  nonanal
485.19  nootkatone
110.28(E)-beta- ocimene
100.09(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.47 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.11  octanol
220.09  octyl acetate
280.05  perillaldehyde
20.21alpha- pinene
50.06beta- pinene
40.17  sabinene
130.01(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.31beta- sinensal
190.07  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.74gamma- terpinene
200.32alpha- terpineol
150.06  terpinolene
300.02alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.02alpha- thujene
290.09  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. duncan oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.10  carveol
350.31beta- caryophyllene
330.06alpha- copaene
230.22  decanal
220.03  decanol
34trace  dodecanal
37trace2- dodecenal
290.08  geranial
28trace  geraniol
320.08  geranyl acetate
360.03alpha- humulene
993.05  limonene
190.45  linalool
180.66  linalool oxide
61.76  myrcene
270.06  neral
260.03  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.07  nonanal
160.02  nonanol
380.54  nootkatone
110.24(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.23  octanal
130.07  octanol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
20.42alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
200.04iso pulegol
41.20  sabinene
210.09  terpinen-4-ol
80.01alpha- terpinene
120.02gamma- terpinene
240.20alpha- terpineol
15trace  terpinolene
300.04alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

G. Ruberto, D. Biondi, P. Rapisarda, A. Renda and A. Starrantino, Essential oil of cami, an new Citrus hybrid. J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 3206-3210 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. falvedo oil
hydrodistilled
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.01alpha- bergamotene
430.02delta- cadinene
30.01  camphene
230.05  carveol
370.13beta- caryophyllene
180.03  citronellal
310.01  citronellyl acetate
330.13alpha- copaene
350.04beta- cubebene
210.19  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.01  elemol
42tracealpha- farnesene
400.02beta- farnesene
470.01(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.04  geranial
260.02  geraniol
340.08  geranyl acetate
41trace  germacrene D
390.03alpha- humulene
994.98 limonene + para-cymene
160.16  linalool
61.65  myrcene
250.05  neral
240.04  nerol
450.02(E)- nerolidol
320.12  neryl acetate
170.03  nonanal
480.26  nootkatone
110.13(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.03 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.16  octanol
220.03  octyl acetate
280.03  perillaldehyde
20.50alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
40.24  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.04beta- sinensal
190.05  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.01gamma- terpinene
200.07alpha- terpineol
150.04  terpinolene
30tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
290.10  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
240.05  carveol
360.18beta- caryophyllene
330.04alpha- copaene
230.26  decanal
290.01  decanol
35trace  decyl acetate
340.02  dodecanal
380.032- dodecenal
280.10  geranial
270.01  geraniol
320.05  geranyl acetate
370.02alpha- humulene
1093.59  limonene
180.25  linalool
150.23(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.81  myrcene
260.06  neral
250.02  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.06  nonanal
20trace  nonanol
390.13  nootkatone
120.29(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.58  octanal
140.14  octanol
80.05alpha- phellandrene
20.51alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
190.06iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
210.17  terpinen-4-ol
90.24alpha- terpinene
130.07gamma- terpinene
220.14alpha- terpineol
160.02  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. red blush oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.05  carveol
370.17beta- caryophyllene
340.04alpha- copaene
110.18para- cymene
240.26  decanal
300.02  decanol
36trace  decyl acetate
350.02  dodecanal
390.022- dodecenal
290.07  geranial
280.02  geraniol
330.06  geranyl acetate
380.02alpha- humulene
1293.70  limonene
190.20  linalool
160.21(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.86  myrcene
270.05  neral
260.03  nerol
320.01  neryl acetate
180.05  nonanal
21trace  nonanol
400.07  nootkatone
130.21(E)-beta- ocimene
60.34  octanal
150.14  octanol
80.07alpha- phellandrene
100.18beta- phellandrene
20.52alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
200.05iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
220.18  terpinen-4-ol
90.04alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
230.15alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
31tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
65trace  bicyclogermacrene
66tracealpha- bulnesene
690.04-0.05delta- cadinene
3trace  camphene
90.17-0.19delta-3- carene
320.01-0.02trans- carveol
35tracecis- carveol
370.02-0.07  carvone
570.01beta- caryophyllene
250.01  citronellal
34trace-0.01  citronellol
49trace  citronellyl acetate
510.02-0.03alpha- copaene
530.01beta- cubebene
68trace  cubebol
460.03(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
43trace(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
300.30-0.32  decanal
390.01(E)-2- decenal
560.01  decyl acetate
290.01-0.03  dihydrocarveol
44traceneo dihydrocarvyl acetate
550.06-0.07  dodecanal
620.01-0.02(E)-2- dodecenal
540.01beta- elemene
470.01delta- elemene
700.01-0.02  elemol
670.02-0.03(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
61trace-0.01(E)-beta- farnesene
38trace  geranial
400.04-0.06  geraniol
52trace  geranyl acetate
710.01  germacrene B
640.09-0.11  germacrene D
73trace-0.01  germacrene D-4-ol
59tracealpha- guaiene
580.01beta- gurjunene
600.02alpha- humulene
1193.10-94.20  limonene
230.01-0.04(E)- limonene oxide
220.01-0.05(Z)- limonene oxide
200.67-0.88  linalool
17tracepara- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
63tracegamma- muurolene
61.93-1.98  myrcene
240.01-0.02(E)- myroxide
360.01-0.03  neral
33trace-0.01  nerol
72trace(E)- nerolidol
50trace-0.01  neryl acetate
210.05  nonanal
770.01  nootkatone
130.38-0.44(E)-beta- ocimene
120.01-0.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.16-0.17  octanal
16trace-0.04  octanol
31trace  octyl acetate
410.02-0.04  perillaldehyde
420.02-0.03  perillyl alcohol
70.03-0.04alpha- phellandrene
20.48-0.50alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.01-0.02iso pinocamphone
40.34-0.35  sabinene
19trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
15trace-0.02(Z)- sabinene hydrate
760.02-0.04alpha- sinensal
750.01-0.02beta- sinensal
27trace-0.01  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
140.01-0.02gamma- terpinene
280.06-0.08alpha- terpineol
180.03  terpinolene
48tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
74trace-0.01  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
450.02  undecanal

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, A. Cotroneo, D. Lorenzo and E. Dellacassa, Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2903-2909 (2000).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus reticulata var. ponkan oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.37  carvacrol
130.20  carvone
191.86  cedrenol
112.24  citronellol
30.28para- cymene
100.36  decanal
150.74  geranial
140.30  geraniol
461.77  limonene
717.84  linalool
10.49  myrcene
120.33  neral
21.40  octanal
60.45  pentyl cyclopropane
180.53  perillaldehyde
170.18(Z)- terpine hydrate
81.49  terpinen-4-ol
52.62alpha- terpinene
93.81alpha- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and N-H. Xia, Aromatic plants and essential constituents, South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publish, Co. Distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1993).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.02-0.04beta- caryophyllene
130.03-0.04 citronellal + octyl acetate
27trace-0.03  citronellol
21trace  citronellyl acetate
10trace-0.04para- cymene
140.29-0.33  decanal
24trace-0.04  dodecanal
260.04-0.16  geranial
290-trace  geranyl acetate
791.98-93.43  limonene
150.45-0.60  linalool
17trace-0.06  linalyl acetate
43.03-3.31  myrcene
220.06-0.07  neral
300.02-0.05  nerol
250.03-0.06  neryl acetate
120.05-0.06  nonanal
200.04-0.07  nonanol
160.08-0.11  octanol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
8tracebeta- phellandrene
10.89-0.95alpha- pinene
2tracebeta- pinene
30.45-0.71  sabinene
6tracealpha- terpinene
9trace-0.02gamma- terpinene
230.08-0.09alpha- terpineol
110.21-0.23 terpinolene + octanal
180.02-0.04  undecanal
280.13-0.27  valencene

M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Donaliso, Oleos Essenciais de frutos citricos cultivadas no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol. Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 pp (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
51.94para- cymene
92.87  geranial
100.68  geraniol
378.36  limonene
64.51  linalool
72.09  linalyl acetate
110.24  methyl anthranilate
22.23  myrcene
81.26  neral
10.68alpha- pinene
40.12alpha- terpinene

E. A. Omer, A. A. Youseff, E. N. Abo-Zied and A. M. Sharaby, Biochemical studies on the essential oils of Balady orange and mandarin. Egypt. J. Hort., 24, 207-218 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. biondo comune c.p. blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.028delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.039delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.016beta- caryophyllene
220.035  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.023alpha- copaene
410.027beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.321  decanal
430.004  decyl acetate
420.050  dodecanal
510.025(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.026(E)-beta- farnesene
310.133  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.010  limonene
210.019(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.653  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.826  myrcene
290.088  neral
280.021  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.070  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.011  nootkatone
130.044(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.329  octanal
160.023  octanol
260.006  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.058alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.046beta- pinene
40.928  sabinene
150.022(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.042alpha- sinensal
570.044beta- sinensal
230.008  terpinen-4-ol
100.003alpha- terpinene
140.004gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.014  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.016  undecanal
490.067  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. moro oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.030delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.147delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.038  citronellal
370.006  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.031beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.161  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.031  dodecanal
510.021(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.022(E)-beta- farnesene
310.085  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.019  geranyl acetate
480.023  germacrene D
450.008alpha- humulene
1194.772  limonene
210.014(E)- limonene oxide
200.009(Z)- limonene oxide
180.542  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.008gamma- muurolene
61.859  myrcene
290.055  neral
280.024  nerol
550.006(E)- nerolidol
380.010  neryl acetate
190.035  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.022  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.008(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.142  octanal
160.027  octanol
260.005  octyl acetate
320.010  perillaldehyde
70.060alpha- phellandrene
20.480alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.596  sabinene
150.016(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.031alpha- sinensal
570.036beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.055alpha- terpineol
170.033  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.177  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. navelina c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.012  bornyl acetate
530.022delta- cadinene
520.007gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.407delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.060  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.018alpha- copaene
410.022beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.431  decanal
430.007  decyl acetate
420.062  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.006(E)-beta- farnesene
310.134  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.012  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1193.713  limonene
210.013(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.369  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.865  myrcene
290.089  neral
280.022  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.013  neryl acetate
190.064  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.018  nootkatone
130.033(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.517  octanal
160.026  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.091alpha- phellandrene
20.482alpha- pinene
50.038beta- pinene
40.785  sabinene
150.027(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.023alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.077  terpinolene
360.002alpha- terpinyl acetate
56trace  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.015  undecanal
490.101  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. ovale c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.040  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.155delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.048  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.263  decanal
430.014  decyl acetate
420.040  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.010(E)-beta- farnesene
310.122  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1194.376  limonene
210.010(E)- limonene oxide
200.017(Z)- limonene oxide
180.861  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.881  myrcene
290.083  neral
280.007  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.043  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.023(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.276  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.013  perillaldehyde
70.049alpha- phellandrene
20.471alpha- pinene
50.044beta- pinene
40.523  sabinene
150.019(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.007  terpinen-4-ol
100.005alpha- terpinene
140.017gamma- terpinene
240.067alpha- terpineol
170.030  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.038  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. sanguinello oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.013  bornyl acetate
530.026delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.104delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.026beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.271  decanal
430.026  decyl acetate
420.043  dodecanal
510.016(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.008  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.451  limonene
210.017(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.558  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.017gamma- muurolene
61.973  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.016  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.042  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.036  nootkatone
130.024(E)-beta- ocimene
120.007(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.173  octanal
160.011  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.502alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.487  sabinene
150.012(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.018alpha- sinensal
570.021beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.004alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.048alpha- terpineol
170.025  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.004  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.309  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. tarocco oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.015  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.065delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.027  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.162  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.026  dodecanal
510.014(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.073  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1195.496  limonene
210.011(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.428  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.011gamma- muurolene
61.818  myrcene
290.048  neral
280.008  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.038  nonanal
350.003  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.022(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.180  octanal
160.016  octanol
260.004  octyl acetate
320.008  perillaldehyde
70.075alpha- phellandrene
20.478alpha- pinene
50.023beta- pinene
40.377  sabinene
150.009(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.023beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.003gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.002  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.009  undecanal
490.093  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. valencia late c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.026  bornyl acetate
530.025delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.060delta-3- carene
270.007cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.058  citronellal
370.003  citronellyl acetate
390.019alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.400  decanal
430.016  decyl acetate
420.063  dodecanal
510.015(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.013(E)-beta- farnesene
310.127  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.006  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.276  limonene
210.012(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.524  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.006gamma- muurolene
62.052  myrcene
290.080  neral
280.019  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.061  nonanal
350.008  nonyl acetate
590.013  nootkatone
130.019(E)-beta- ocimene
120.003(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.416  octanal
160.022  octanol
260.009  octyl acetate
320.014  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.534alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.336  sabinene
150.010(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.028alpha- sinensal
570.050beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.060alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.014  undecanal
490.046  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. washington navel c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.014  bornyl acetate
530.023delta- cadinene
520.012gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.204delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.022beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.020alpha- copaene
410.026beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.264  decanal
430.012  decyl acetate
420.037  dodecanal
510.009(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.005(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.011  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.984  limonene
210.016(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.325  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.825  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.014  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.009  neryl acetate
190.040  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.029  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.257  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.045alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.431  sabinene
150.011(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.014alpha- sinensal
570.017beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.011alpha- terpinene
140.005gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.023  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.005  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.174  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus unshiu peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
54trace  bornyl acetate
230.012- butanol
200.86delta- cadinene
65trace  carvacrol
32tracetrans- carveol
34tracecis- carveol
49trace  carvone
120.07  caryophyllene
71trace1,8- cineole
440.03  citronellal
310.02  citronellol
370.03  citronellyl acetate
110.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cuminaldehyde
33tracepara- cymen-8-ol
80.22para- cymene
400.08  decanal
43trace(E)-2- decenal
380.01  decyl acetate
48trace  dihydrocarvone
420.03  dodecanal
62trace  dodecyl acetate
13tracebeta- elemene
10tracedelta- elemene
360.01beta- elemol
220.02  ethanol
51trace  ethyl propionate
180.53(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
570.11  geranyl acetate
60trace  geranyl propionate
150.46  germacrene D
52trace  heptyl acetate
140.10alpha- humulene
72trace  indole
290.01  limonen-4-ol
688.39  limonene
70trace(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
69trace(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
270.82  linalool
67trace(E)- linalool oxide
68trace(Z)- linalool oxide
59tracepara- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
610.03para-menth-1,8(10)-dien-9-yl acetate
350.01para- mentha-1,8(10)-dien-9-ol
47trace  methyl heptenone
41.00  myrcene
560.03  neryl acetate
39trace  nonanal
550.01  nonyl acetate
500.03  nootkatone
19trace  octanal
530.03  octyl acetate
26trace  pentanol
250.012- pentanol
24trace3- pentanol
45trace  perillaldehyde
630.01  perillyl acetate
66trace  phenol
10.64alpha- pinene
20.16beta- pinene
30.24  sabinene
17tracealpha- selinene
16tracebeta- selinene
280.03  terpinen-4-ol
50.41alpha- terpinene
74.80gamma- terpinene
300.21alpha- terpineol
90.13  terpinolene
64trace  thymol
410.01  undecanal
21trace  undecane
58trace  undecyl acetate

I. Yajima, T. Yanai, M. Nakamum, H. Sakakibara and K. Hayashi, Composition of the Volatiles of Peel Oil and Juice from Citrus unshiu, Agric. BioI. Chem., 43, 259-264 (1979).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

citrus x bergamia peel oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.28alpha- bergamotene
310.33delta- cadinene
20.02  camphene
240.05  citronellyl acetate
140.35para- cymene
200.04  decanal
301.432,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol + beta-bisabolene
260.07(Z)-beta- farnesene
340.04  geraniol
320.24  geranyl acetate
30.02  hexanal
100.01(E)-2- hexenal
832.28  limonene
2116.27  linalool
2237.39  linalyl acetate
170.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
280.05gamma- muurolene
60.78  myrcene
250.36  neral
330.03  nerol
290.02  neryl acetate
180.02  nonanal
130.14(E)-beta- ocimene
110.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
160.03  octanal
190.09  octyl acetate
90.15beta- phellandrene
10.81alpha- pinene
43.02beta- pinene
50.55  sabinene
70.07alpha- terpinene
124.12gamma- terpinene
270.18alpha-terpineol + alpha-terpinyl acetate
150.18  terpinolene

K. H. C. Baser, T. Ozek and M. Tutas, Composition of cold-pressed bergamot oil from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 341-342 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

coriandrum sativum fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.30  borneol
30.20  camphene
138.90  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
72.60para- cymene
182.30  geraniol
191.70  geranyl acetate
91.40  limonene
1267.50  linalool
150.30(E)- linalool oxide
110.30(Z)- linalool oxide
50.6  myrcene
170.10  nerol
21.80alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
6<0.10alpha- terpinene
104.50gamma- terpinene
160.40alpha- terpineol
1<0.10alpha- thujene
F. Chialva, G. Gabri, P. A. P. Liddle and F. Ulian, Quantitative evaluation of aromatic herbs by direct headspace (GC)2 analysis Application of the method and composition with the traditional analysis of essential oils, In: Aromatic plants, basic and applied aspects, Edits., N. Margaris, A. Koedam and D. Vokou, pp. 183-195, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague (1982). P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)
coriandrum sativum fruit oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.04  bicyclogermacrene
161.55  borneol
20.21  camphene
155.83  camphor
280.16beta- caryophyllene
211.23 citronellol + nerol
70.90para- cymene
200.15  decanal
310.45  dillapiole
270.20  dodecanal
230.13  geranial
226.97  geraniol
264.96  geranyl acetate
335.82  hexadecanoic acid
81.55  limonene
1454.57  linalool
120.18(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
50.65  myrcene
190.16  myrtenal
250.19  neryl acetate
100.09(E)-beta- ocimene
340.20 octadecenoic acid
90.04beta- phellandrene
11.14alpha- pinene
40.21beta- pinene
30.14  sabinene
171.38  terpinen-4-ol
60.02alpha- terpinene
114.08gamma- terpinene
182.32alpha- terpineol
130.53  terpinolene
290.18  tetradecanal
320.57  tetradecanoic acid
240.10  undecanal

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of seed oil of Coriandrum sativum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 97-98 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

crithmum maritimum oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
53<0.10(E)-alpha- bergamotol
26<0.10  bornyl formate
5<0.10delta-3- carene
540.10  carvacrol
45<0.10trans- carveol
57<0.10 caryophylla-2(12),6(13)-dien-5a-ol
46<0.10para- cymen-8-ol
125.30para- cymene
44<0.10beta- damascenone
320.10(E)-2- decenal
41<0.10neo dihydrocarveol
58<0.10  dillapiole
16<0.10alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
550.10  elemicin
400.10(Z)-1,2-epoxyterpinen-4-ol
19<0.104,8- epoxyterpinolene
36<0.10  limonen-4-ol
824.20  limonene
17<0.10(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
21<0.10  linalool
240.70(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
310.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
50<0.10(Z)-para-menth-3-en-1,2-diol
48<0.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
33<0.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
520.20para- methoxypropiophenone
29<0.10  methyl carvacrol
343.40  methyl chavicol
47<0.10  methyl eugenol
250.30  methyl isothymol
270.30  methyl thymol
30<0.102- methyl-6-methylene-3,7-octadien-2-ol
61.60  myrcene
56<0.10  myristicin
370.10  myrtenyl acetate
15<0.10  nonanal
200.10(E)-2- nonenal
100.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
14<0.10  octanal
23<0.10  octanol
90.30beta- phellandrene
59<0.10  phytol
10.70alpha- pinene
30.20beta- pinene
350.20(E)- piperitol
430.40(Z)- piperitol
42<0.10  piperitone
426.90  sabinene
180.90(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.30  spathulenol
289.00  terpinen-4-ol
71.40alpha- terpinene
1119.30gamma- terpinene
380.40alpha- terpineol
130.70  terpinolene
39<0.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.30alpha- thujene
51<0.10  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 424, (2000)
cupressus sempervirens cone oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.3  borneol
370.4  bornyl acetate
200.2delta- cadinene
250.2alpha- cadinol
240.2T- cadinol
819.0delta-3- carene
340.3  carveol
35trace  carvone
410.2beta- caryophyllene
210.1  caryophyllene oxide
400.2alpha- cedrene
223.3  cedrol
230.16-isocedrol
39tracealpha- copaene
460.1para- cymen-8-ol
450.1ortho- cymene
100.4para-cymenel
140.6alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
31.8alpha- fenchene
160.2alpha- fenchyl alcohol
44trace  germacrene D
420.1alpha- humulene
122.5  limonene
360.2  methyl carvacrol
63.0  myrcene
300.1  myrtenal
320.1  myrtenol
7tracealpha- phellandrene
110.4beta- phellandrene
248.2alpha- pinene
51.4beta- pinene
180.1  pinocamphone
170.6trans- pinocarveol
190.3  pinocarvone
4trace  sabinene
43tracebeta- selinene
291.6  terpinen-4-ol
90.4alpha- terpinene
130.8gamma- terpinene
312.2alpha- terpineol
270.3delta- terpineol
153.9  terpinolene
382.2alpha- terpinyl acetate
470.6delta- terpinyl acetate
10.1  tricyclene
260.1  umbellulone
330.9  verbenone

F. F. Kassem, F. M. Harmz, N. A. El-Sebakhy, H. L. DePooter, N. M. Schamp and H, About-Shleib. Composition of the essential oil of Egyptian Cupressus sempervirens L. cones. Flav. Frag J., 6, 205-207 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

curcuma longa rhizome oil
hydrodistillation
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.25alpha- pinene
 0.02beta- pinene
 0.21  sabinene
 0.26  myrcene
 0.20alpha- terpinene
 2.72  limonene
 1.09para- cymene
 0.55iso caryophyllene
 0.50beta- caryophyllene
 0.96beta- farnesene
 0.16  linalool
 0.36ar- curcumene
 0.17  perillyl alcohol
 1.54  neral
 1.13  geraniol
 1.08  eugenol
 0.81beta- ionone
 1.37iso eugenol
 3.63 turmerone
 59.69ar-turmerone
 1.92  methyl isoeugenol
 0.14  farnesol
curcuma longa root oil hydrodistilled
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.50beta- caryophyllene
80.55iso caryophyllene
120.36ar- curcumene
71.09para- cymene
161.08  eugenol
181.37iso eugenol
100.96beta- farnesene
220.14  farnesol
151.13  geraniol
170.81beta- ionone
62.72  limonene
110.16  linalool
211.92  methyl isoeugenol
40.26  myrcene
141.54  neral
130.17  perillyl alcohol
10.25alpha- pinene
20.02beta- pinene
30.21  sabinene
50.20alpha- terpinene
193.63 turmerone
2059.69ar- turmerone

M. C. Nigam and A. Ahmed, Curcuma longa: terpenoid composition of its essential oil. Indian Perfum., 3, 255-257 (1991)

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
240.40trans- carveol
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
51.001,8- cineole
210.50  citronellol
300.10ar- curcumene
14trace(Z)- dihydrocarvone
330.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
280.10alpha- fenchol
1839.80  geranial
261.40  geranic acid
253.30  geraniol
200.70  geranyl acetate
230.20  geranyl isobutyrate
40.20  limonene
101.30  linalool
80.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
70.20(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.20  menthone
170.60  methyl geranate
62.206- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.80  myrcene
130.30  myrtenyl acetate
1632.00  neral
270.10  neric acid
190.50  neryl acetate
11trace  octanal
9trace3- octanol
10.40alpha- pinene
290.30iso pulegol
150.90  pulegone
30.10alpha- terpinene
220.402- undecanone

A. Il. Idrissi, J. Bellakhbar, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R. Vila, Composition de L'huile essentielle de la citronelle (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf.) acclimatee et Maroc. Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 274-277 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cymbopogon martini var. sofia oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.08iso amyl alcohol
90.08iso amyl butyrate
280.47iso amyl hexanoate
360.45iso amyl octanoate
30.06  camphene
170.07  camphor
253.05trans- carveol
230.68cis- carveol
293.20  carvone
380.04  caryophyllene oxide
110.13para- cresol
40.05 dehydro-1,8-cineole
210.28(E)- dihydrocarvone
340.10  eucarvone
300.04  geraniol
350.03  geranyl acetate
390.04  humulene oxide
830.09  limonene
160.16(Z)- limonene oxide
130.03  linalool
240.04para- menth-1-en-9-al
330.55para- menth-8-ene-1,2-diol
120.58para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
51.14para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
71.64para-mentha-1(7),2,8-triene
2712.14(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
1913.01(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
156.84(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
1411.09(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
262.63para- menthadienol
225.34para- menthadienol
201.70para-menthatrienol
180.076-methyl bicyclo(3.3.0)oct-2-en-7-one
400.03alpha- muurolol
370.09  nerolidol
100.02  octanol
320.21  perillaldehyde
20.02alpha- pinene
310.11iso piperitenone
60.02alpha- terpinene

M. H. Boelens, Sensory and chemical evaluation of tropical grass oils. Perfum. Flavor, 19(2), 29-45 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

cymbopogon winterianus oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
451.37T-amorphol + bulnesol
180.06  borneol
320.12beta- bourbonene
410.66delta- cadinene
391.87gamma- cadinene
60.01delta-3- carene
340.08beta- caryophyllene
1635.27  citronellal
240.17  citronellic acid
229.92  citronellol
261.01  citronellyl acetate
310.13alpha- copaene
361.76beta- cubebene
80.01para- cymene
210.10  decanal
130.013,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
332.80beta- elemene
290.01delta- elemene
405.58  elemol
430.5910-epi-gamma- eudesmol
272.29  eugenol
460.19(E)-alpha-farnesol
420.20(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2323.13  geraniol
303.78  geranyl acetate
10.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
350.12alpha- humulene
102.62  limonene
150.77  linalool
110.09  melonal
40.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.52alpha- muurolene
380.56gamma- muurolene
440.82T- muurolol
50.07  myrcene
280.03  neryl acetate
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
90.05beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
20.01alpha- pinene
170.29iso(iso) pulegol
30.07  sabinene
190.04  terpinen-4-ol
70.01alpha- terpinene
200.06alpha- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
250.23alpha- terpinyl acetate

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

cypress leaf oil algetian
#%LeftshiftComponents
32trace  borneol
24trace-0.13  bornyl acetate
25traceiso bornyl acetate
360.20-0.76delta-cadinene + gamma-cadinene
44tracealpha- cadinol
45tracedelta- cadinol
40trace(Z)-alpha-calacorene
40.20-0.50  camphene
20trace  camphor
719.35-21.13delta-3- carene
38trace-0.08trans-carveol + (Z)-calamenene
260.14-0.35beta- caryophyllene
41trace  caryophyllene oxide
23trace-0.19alpha- cedrene
432.03-3.92  cedrol
19trace-0.06alpha- copaene
180.07-0.15alpha- cubebene
42trace  cubenol
39tracepara- cymen-8-ol
150.21-0.24para- cymene
480.10-0.28  dehydroabietane
30.73-0.81alpha- fenchene
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
30trace-0.23alpha- humulene
102.28-3.31  limonene
210.07-0.33  linalool
220.11-0.16  linalyl acetate
470.12-0.20  manoyl oxide
35trace-0.10alpha- muurolene
34trace-0.32gamma- muurolene
83.11-3.48 myrcene + alpha-phellandrene
28trace  myrtenal
37trace  myrtenol
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.43-0.54beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
247.00-52.76alpha- pinene
51.10-1.37beta- pinene
29tracetrans- pinocarveol
60.74-0.93  sabinene
460.26-0.95  sandracopimaradiene
270.35-1.01  terpinen-4-ol
90.22-0.26alpha- terpinene
140.41-0.51gamma- terpinene
16trace  terpinolene
334.10-6.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
310.42-1.03alpha- terpinyl formate
10.09-0.11  tricyclene
N. Chanegriha, A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Melklati, J. Favre-Bonvin and S. Alamercey, Chemical composition of Algetian cypress essential oil, J, Essent, Oil, Res., 5(6), 671-674 (1993). P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)
daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil. seed oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
34trace-1.38alpha- acoradiene
21trace-0.35  borneol
390.07-0.16gamma- cadinene
430.10-0.90alpha- cadinol
30.04-0.08  camphene
310.44-1.39beta- caryophyllene
410.18-1.01  caryophyllene oxide
30trace-0.32alpha- copaene
110.06-2.48para- cymene
440.74-1.37  eudesm-11-en-4-ol
380.04-0.30(E)-beta- farnesene
250.14-0.32  geranial
240.61-2.33  geraniol
2951.74-76.95  geranyl acetate
35trace-0.16beta- gurjunene
320.24-0.61alpha- humulene
33trace-0.50beta- ionone
120.70-1.18  limonene
183.97-5.18  linalool
170.05-0.13(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.20-1.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
80.02-0.03para-mentha-1(7),3,8-triene
4trace-0.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
42trace-1.37T- muurolol
70.52-0.81  myrcene
400.04-0.09  nerolidol
280.08-0.73  neryl acetate
14trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
9trace-0.02alpha- phellandrene
20.50-1.73alpha- pinene
60.16-1.66beta- pinene
54.42-11.13  sabinene
200.03-0.62(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.02-0.23(Z)- sabinene hydrate
370.16-0.66alpha- selinene
360.25-1.99beta- selinene
220.93-8.17  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-0.29alpha- terpinene
150.02-0.52gamma- terpinene
230.16-0.69alpha- terpineol
270.03-0.08alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.03-0.12alpha- thujene
26trace-0.35  thymol

M. Gil Pinilla, M. J. Pérez-Alonso and A. Velasco-Negueruela, Volatile constituents from fruits of Daucus carota L. gummifer Hook. fil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 433-435 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

eucalyptus camaldulensis leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40beta- caryophyllene
191.80  caryophyllene oxide
1415.50  cryptone
154.60  cuminaldehyde
131.10para- cymen-8-ol
817.80para- cymene
61.10  limonene
30.60  myrcene
47.70alpha- phellandrene
718.90beta- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
180.70  spathulenol
124.70  terpinen-4-ol
50.50alpha- terpinene
90.60gamma- terpinene
100.40  terpinolene
1612.20alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.50alpha- thujene
110.60beta- thujone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus camaldulensis leaf oil jerusalem
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.80allo- aromadendrene
233.80  borneol
270.60delta- cadinene
390.90alpha- cadinol
324.50  caryophyllene oxide
93.701,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
206.90  cryptone
283.90  cuminaldehyde
300.60para- cymen-8-ol
1124.20para- cymene
210.10  deshydroaromadendrene
330.80 eicosane + humulene epoxide
160.20alpha- fenchol
340.20  globulol
350.10epi- globulol
81.10  limonene
141.30  linalool
151.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
181.80(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
130.30  menthone
60.40  myrcene
310.30  nonadecane
290.10  octadecane
243.80  phellandral
50.40alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
260.10  piperitol
251.30  piperitone
40.20  sabinene
3617.50  spathulenol
370.20iso spathulenol
174.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.60alpha- terpinene
101.30gamma- terpinene
220.70alpha- terpineol
120.40  terpinolene
21.30alpha- thujene
380.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 105, (2001)
eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.80  carvacrol
941.601,8- cineole
1517.60  cryptone
175.00  cuminaldehyde
141.20para- cymen-8-ol
70.90  limonene
40.50  myrcene
55.60alpha- phellandrene
813.00beta- phellandrene
20.90alpha- pinene
30.50beta- pinene
132.50  terpinen-4-ol
60.30alpha- terpinene
102.10gamma- terpinene
160.80alpha- terpineol
110.20  terpinolene
10.30alpha- thujene
120.10beta- thujone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus globulus fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.46iso amyl isovalerate
2123.33  aromadendrene
233.32allo- aromadendrene
172.40beta- bourbonene
220.44 bulnesene
410.62delta- cadinene
40tracegamma- cadinene
580.20alpha- cadinol
550.28T- cadinol
18trace  carvenone
270.16  carvotan acetone
715.311,8- cineole
150.08alpha- copaene
240.13  cryptone
140.34alpha- cubebene
19tracebeta- cubebene
44tracepara- cymen-7-ol
116.44para- cymene
520.84beta- eudesmol
470.55gamma- eudesmol
36trace  germacrene D
5014.98  globulol
493.10epi- globulol
340.39alpha- guaiene
16tracealpha- gurjunene
200.47beta- gurjunene
260.20gamma- gurjunene
28tracealpha- humulene
590.225-epi-neointermedeol
313.63  ledene
46trace  ledol
61.10  limonene
43tracecis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
38tracegamma- muurolene
540.12T- muurolol
40.21  myrcene
420.10  nerol
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
450.16  palustrol
32.11alpha- phellandrene
80.50beta- phellandrene
48trace2- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
13.61alpha- pinene
20.10beta- pinene
25tracetrans- pinocarveol
33trace  piperitone
350.30alpha- selinene
37tracedelta- selinene
39tracegamma- selinene
530.20  spathulenol
57traceiso spathulenol
50.22alpha- terpinene
90.18gamma- terpinene
322.27alpha- terpineol
120.20  terpinolene
560.28  thymol
29tracebeta- vetivene
300.66  viridiflorene
512.17  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil burundia
In 1994, Dethier et al. screened the leaf oils ofBururidian Eucalyptus species for their compositions using both CC and CC/MS. The components characterized in the oil of E. globulus were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
173.60  aromadendrene
180.80allo- aromadendrene
120.20  borneol
200.10gamma- cadinene
210.30  caryophyllene oxide
663.801,8- cineole
150.20alpha- copaene
50.80para- cymene
251.70alpha- eudesmol
241.30beta- eudesmol
230.60gamma- eudesmol
221.30  globulol
160.60alpha- gurjunene
73.90  limonene
110.20  linalool
30.30  myrcene
80.10(E)-beta- ocimene
40.10alpha- phellandrene
18.80alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
190.20alpha- selinene
130.80  terpinen-4-ol
90.10alpha- terpinene
145.80alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene

M. Dethier, A. Nduwimanna, Y. Cordier, C. Menut and G. Lamaty, Aromatic plants of tropical Africa. XVI. Studies on essential oils of five Eucalyptus species grown in Burundi. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 469-473 (1994).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda
Also in 1997, Chalchat et al. (1997) examined the com position of a lab-distilled oil of E. globulus leaves produced from trees found in Rwanda using CC/MS. The composition of the oil was found to be as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.10allo- aromadendrene
40.04  camphene
310.03trans- carveol
240.03beta- caryophyllene
1171.201,8- cineole
190.03alpha- cubebene
320.07para- cymen-8-ol
158.23para- cymene
180.05alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
390.05alpha- eudesmol
400.11beta- eudesmol
370.01gamma- eudesmol
30.01alpha- fenchene
350.11  globulol
340.04epi- globulol
200.02alpha- gurjunene
230.06beta- gurjunene
120.13(E)-2- hexenal
170.18(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
103.10  limonene
22trace  linalool
300.05(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
330.03(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
80.09  myrcene
130.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.01alpha- phellandrene
16.23alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
270.20trans- pinocarveol
210.04  pinocarvone
60.02  sabinene
251.46  terpinen-4-ol
90.02alpha- terpinene
143.20gamma- terpinene
280.11alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
293.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.03alpha- thujene
38trace  thymol
360.03  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, A. Muhayimana, J. B. Habimana and J. L. Chabard, Aromatic plants of Rwanda II. Chemical composition of essential oils of ten Eucalpytus species growing in Ruhande Arboretum Butare, Rwanda. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 159-165 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil zambia
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.60  aromadendrene
770.101,8- cineole
110.80para- cymene
260.20alpha- eudesmol
270.40beta- eudesmol
250.10gamma- eudesmol
220.10  geranial
230.30  geraniol
14trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
13trace hexen-1-yl acetate
65.70  limonene
16trace  linalool
40.70  myrcene
20trace  neral
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
8trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
214.00alpha- pinene
30.70beta- pinene
190.30trans- pinocarveol
15trace  pinocarvone
180.40  terpinen-4-ol
5tracealpha- terpinene
90.50gamma- terpinene
211.90alpha- terpineol
12trace  terpinolene
10.60iso valeraldehyde
240.50  viridiflorol

E. Chisowa, Chemical composition of essential oils of three Eucalyptus species grown in Zambia. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 653--655 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus nitens (deane et maiden) maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.70allo- aromadendrene
1054.701,8- cineole
74.30  limonene
40.60  myrcene
90.70(Z)-beta- ocimene
52.50alpha- phellandrene
80.30beta- phellandrene
221.70alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
60.20alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
129.40alpha- terpineol
13.00alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
ferula cupularis flower oil
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
1294.24  bornyl acetate
1510.04gamma- cadinene
1002.60  camphene
1035.21delta-3- carene
10015.81delta-2- carene
1350.09  citronellyl acetate
1040.05ortho- cymene
1055.21meta- cymene
1250.53endo- fenchyl acetate
1480.27  germacrene D
10725.04DL- limonene
1151.85L- linalool
1242.75para- menth-1-en-9-ol
1230.27para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
1024.47beta- myrcene
1091.72(Z)-beta- ocimene
1190.91allo- ocimene
1036.89beta- phellandrene
1270.21alpha- phellandrene epoxide
1012.20beta- pinene
1017.96  sabinene
1160.48(E)- sabinene hydrate
1120.22(Z)- sabinene hydrate
1030.71alpha- terpinene
1112.19gamma- terpinene
1145.61a- terpinolene
9401.22alpha- thujene
1210.09(E)- verbenol
1210.70(Z)- verbenol
1280.03cis- verbenyl acetate
Ziba Alipour, Poroshat Taheri, and Nasrin Samadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, 2Department of Chemistry, School of Art & Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United State, and 3Department of Drug and Food Control, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
ferula cupularis leaf oil
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
1630.37  bicyclogermacrene
1536.55  bornyl angelate
1640.31delta- cadinene
1062.69  camphene
1002.90delta-2- carene
1600.17  caryophyllene oxide
1512.63  citronellyl butyrate
1082.37  decane
1305.02  dihydrolinalool acetate
1340.13trans-dimethoxycitral
1701.66beta- eudesmol
1571.87  eugenyl acetate
1610.11  geranyl butyrate
1680.21  guaiol
1155.78trans-isolimonene
1390.20para- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
1134.05para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
9930.22beta- myrcene
1230.14  neral
1166.08allo- ocimene
1049.05beta- ocimene
1172.68neo-allo-ocimene
1361.65  octadecanal
1310.773- octen-1-yl acetate
2140.72  osthol
1092.36alpha- phellandrene
1104.18beta- phellandrene
10713.87beta- pinene
1220.62(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
1651.13  spathulenol
1203.45  terpinen-4-ol
1111.25alpha- terpinene
1463.70alpha- terpinyl isobutyrate
1190.363-thujenol
1411.39neo-iso- verbenyl acetate
Ziba Alipour, Poroshat Taheri, and Nasrin Samadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, 2Department of Chemistry, School of Art & Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United State, and 3Department of Drug and Food Control, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
fir needle oil siberian
#%LeftshiftComponents
171.66  borneol
1830.96  bornyl acetate
424.27  camphene
160.05  camphor
812.23delta-3- carene
200.59beta- caryophyllene
100.15para- cymene
190.17  geranyl acetate
210.33alpha- humulene
124.08  limonene
60.69  myrcene
70.12alpha- phellandrene
112.47beta- phellandrene
313.74alpha- pinene
51.57beta- pinene
12.52  santene
150.14  terpinen-4-ol
90.10alpha- terpinene
130.14gamma- terpinene
141.12  terpinolene
22.38  tricyclene

A. Orav, K. Kuningas and T. Kailas, Computerized capillary gas chromatographic identification and determination of Siberian fir oil constituents. J. Chromatogr., A, 697, 495-499 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. seed oil lithuania
#%LeftshiftComponents
1150.10(E)- anethole
97.20  fenchone
120.20  germacrene D
53.70 limonene + beta-phellandrene
101.70  methyl chavicol
7trace(E)-beta- ocimene
60.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
34.10alpha- phellandrene
119.50alpha- pinene
2trace  sabinene
41.90alpha- terpinene
8trace  terpinolene

J. Bernath, E. Nemeth, A. Kattaa and E. Hethelyi, Morphological and chemical evaluation of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) populations of different origin. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 247-253 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

frankincense oil somalia
#%LeftshiftComponents
221.10  bornyl acetate
30.70  camphene
301.40  cembrene
291.80iso cembrene
111.601,8- cineole
23trace  citronellyl acetate
90.50para- cymene
180.40  decanol
270.30  decyl acetate
250.30  geranyl acetate
80.10  hexyl acetate
260.10  hexyl hexanoate
280.20  hexyl octanoate
322.70 incensol
310.80isoincensol
101.70  limonene
172.00  linalool
60.20  myrcene
24trace  neryl acetate
131.30(E)-beta- ocimene
120.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
1412.70  octanol
2160.00  octyl acetate
23.50alpha- pinene
50.40beta- pinene
40.30  sabinene
190.20  terpinen-4-ol
7tracealpha- terpinene
160.10gamma- terpinene
200.10alpha- terpineol
150.10  terpinolene
11.40alpha- thujene

S. M. Abdel Wahab, E. A. Aboutabl, S. M. El-Zalabani, H. A. Fouad, H. L. De Pooter and B. El-Fallaba, The essential oil of olibanum. Planta Med., 382-384 (1987).

P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)

geranium stem oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.15beta- bourbonene
430.35  calamenene
370.07beta- caryophyllene
2225.87 citronellol + nerol
302.81  citronellyl acetate
264.92  citronellyl formate
380.09  citronellyl propionate
511.88  citronellyl tiglate
340.29alpha- copaene
310.29alpha- cubebene
90.08para- cymene
482.4610-epi-gamma- eudesmol
500.39beta- eudesmol
460.31  furopelargone B
253.41  geranial
249.51  geraniol
320.29  geranyl acetate
440.07  geranyl butyrate
282.31  geranyl formate
540.21  geranyl heptanoate
530.10  geranyl hexanoate
470.08  geranyl isovalerate
550.54  geranyl octanoate
521.84  geranyl tiglate
490.11  geranyl valerate
390.09  guaia-6,9-diene
10.05(E)-2- hexenal
20.32(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
400.30alpha- humulene
100.13  limonene
1413.25  linalool
130.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.13(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
181.32  menthone
197.33iso menthone
420.08alpha- muurolene
60.76  myrcene
270.10  neryl formate
110.16(E)-beta- ocimene
70.09alpha- phellandrene
290.252- phenethyl acetate
160.262- phenethyl alcohol
360.102- phenethyl butyrate
451.092- phenethyl tiglate
30.10alpha- pinene
50.09beta- pinene
230.10  piperitone
170.11(E)- rose oxide
150.16(Z)- rose oxide
40.15  sabinene
410.09alpha- selinene
200.12  terpinen-4-ol
80.11alpha- terpinene
212.42alpha- terpineol
330.23alpha- ylangene

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

helichrysum italicum flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
142.01(E)-alpha- bergamotene
150.87(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
170.03(E)-alpha- bisabolene
240.19(E)-gamma- bisabolene
230.07(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
210.25beta- bisabolene
340.81  bulnesol
161.85beta- caryophyllene
300.08  caryophyllene oxide
251.08ar- curcumene
1915.98gamma- curcumene
80.13para- cymene
330.1110-epi-gamma- eudesmol
350.20alpha- eudesmol
360.41beta- eudesmol
290.45  geranyl isovalerate
321.65  guaiol
100.05(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
180.06alpha- humulene
131.84  italicene
41.09  limonene
121.04  linalool
110.136- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
220.37alpha- muurolene
20.17  myrcene
274.47  nerol
310.20(Z)- nerolidol
2016.60  neryl acetate
280.18  neryl isovalerate
266.53  neryl propionate
60.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.40(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
50.09beta- phellandrene
13.41alpha- pinene
30.22alpha- terpinene
90.39  terpinolene
A. 0, Tucker, M. J. Maciarello, D, J. Charles and J, E, Simon, Volatile leaf oil of the curry plant (Helichtysurn italicurn (Roth) G. Don subsp. italicum) and dwarf curry plant (subsp, microphyllum (Willd.) Nyman) in the North American herb trade, J. Essent. Oil, Res,, 9,583-565 (1997). P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)
hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.70beta- bisabolenol
190.70  borneol
56.60  camphene
17tracealpha- campholenal
231.40 cedren-13-ol acetate
100.60para- cymene
160.70alpha- fenchol
1112.10  limonene
150.80  linalool
13trace  linalool oxide
70.40  myrcene
21trace  myrtenol
22.80  nonane
8tracealpha- phellandrene
434.70alpha- pinene
632.10beta- pinene
18tracetrans- pinocarveol
90.20alpha- terpinene
120.60gamma- terpinene
200.70alpha- terpineol
141.60  terpinolene
3trace  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 43, (2001)
hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
12trace-0.10  amyl 2-methyl butyrate
25trace-0.10  aromadendrene
200.10-0.20beta- bourbonene
3trace-0.10  camphene
190.10-0.20 campholenol
35trace-0.10trans- carveol
2323.50-27.20beta- caryophyllene
360.10-0.20iso caryophyllene oxide
373.80-6.30  caryophyllene oxide
93.90-6.201,8- cineole
18trace-0.20beta- cubebene
380.10-0.201-epi- cubenol
110.20-0.30para- cymene
340.10-0.20beta- elemene
26trace-0.30gamma- elemene
390.10-0.20  elemol
310.10-0.20  geranial
323.00-3.80  germacrene D
14trace-0.103- hexen-1-ol
81.70-3.00  limonene
13trace-0.10  limonene oxide
22trace-0.20  linalool
21trace-0.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.10-0.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
330.10-0.20para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
30trace-0.10(E)-para-mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
60.10-0.40  myrcene
240.20-0.60  myrtenol
283.00-3.40  neral
160.20-0.403- octen-1-ol
15trace-0.203- octanol
16.00-14.00alpha- pinene
46.70-13.40beta- pinene
270.10-0.30  pinocarveol
51.90-4.70  sabinene
400.20-0.50  spathulenol
70.30-0.40alpha- terpinene
10trace-0.20gamma- terpinene
290.20-0.40alpha- terpineol
20.10-0.20alpha- thujene
hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
482.20-4.00ar- abietatriene
39trace-0.20  aromadendrene oxide
2612.00-18.80(E)-alpha-bergamotene + beta-caryophyllene
461.60-2.50(Z)-alpha-bergamotol
471.80-3.00(E)-alpha- bergamotol
34trace-0.60delta- cadinene
450.30-0.70alpha- cadinol
50.10-0.30delta-3- carene
370.10-0.30iso caryophyllene oxide
380.90-1.90  caryophyllene oxide
90.50-0.801,8- cineole
21trace-0.10alpha- cubebene
22trace-0.20beta- cubebene
350.20-0.40para- cymen-8-ol
140.30-1.30para- cymene
180.10-0.40para- cymenene
40trace-0.10  elemol
25trace-0.20beta- fenchol
330.10-0.90  geranial
360.10-0.30  geraniol
16trace-0.10  hexanol
170.10-0.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.70-1.80alpha- humulene
82.00-4.90  limonene
240.10-0.20  linalool
10trace-0.10para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
320.20-0.50alpha- muurolene
43trace-0.10T- muurolol
420.10-0.30alpha- muurolol
60.20-0.50  myrcene
290.20-1.00  neral
13trace-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
11trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
190.30-0.901- octen-3-ol
11.80-2.60alpha- pinene
33.70-6.00beta- pinene
430.40-37.10  sabinene
20trace-0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
410.30-0.70  spathulenol
440.10-0.30epi-spathulenol
272.10-5.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.60-0.90alpha- terpinene
121.00-2.10gamma- terpinene
300.10-0.30alpha- terpineol
154.00-7.20  terpinolene
2trace-0.10alpha- thujene
310.60-1.00  valencene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 55, (2001)
juniperus communis branch oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.20alpha- bisabolol
180.15  bornyl acetate
302.60delta- cadinene
30.20  camphene
80.60delta-3- carene
310.20  caryophyllene oxide
330.10  cedranone
340.40  cedranone
243.00beta-cedrene + beta-caryophyllene
232.70alpha-cedrene + unknown
322.60  cedrol
210.30alpha- copaene
200.50alpha- cubebene
295.20  cuparene
100.90para- cymene
140.15alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
280.70  germacrene D
261.00alpha- humulene
112.00  limonene
220.50iso longifolene
61.80  myrcene
12<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
70.30alpha- phellandrene
218.70alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
45.00  sabinene
162.00  terpinen-4-ol
91.10alpha- terpinene
131.80gamma- terpinene
170.20alpha- terpineol
151.00  terpinolene
190.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.30alpha- thujene
2525.30  thujopsene
271.20alpha- ylangene

J. P. Bats, J. J. Moulines, G. Bourgeois, C. Vacchiano, D. Coutiere and J. F. Armudo, Chemical composition of an industrial essential oil from Juniper branches (Junipmus communis L.). Proceedings 11th Intl, Congress of Essential Oils, Fragances and Flavors, Edits., S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, vol. 4,37-41, Oxford and IBTT Publ. Co., New Delhi ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

juniperus communis fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.60  aromadendrene
170.40  bornyl acetate
272.50alpha- cadinene
260.80gamma- cadinene
290.80alpha- cadinol
30.30  camphene
130.20  campholenic aldehyde
70.10delta-4-carene
202.70  caryophyllene
300.40alpha- copaene
180.90alpha- cubebene
90.20para- cymene
191.10beta- elemene
282.90gamma- elemene
2210.50beta- farnesene
212.20alpha- humulene
103.10  limonene
2310.50alpha- muurolene
251.60gamma- muurolene
611.00  myrcene
233.60alpha- pinene
42.50beta- pinene
47.60  sabinene
110.90  sabinene hydrate
142.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.50alpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
121.00  terpinolene
10.70alpha- thujene
160.20  valeranone

G. Bonaga and G. C. Galletti, Analysis of volatile components in juniper oil by high resolution gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography / mass spectrometry, Ann. Chimica, 75, 131-136 (1985).

P&F 12, No. 6, 59, (1987)

juniperus communis fruit oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
101.20para- cymene
73.90  limonene
53.90  myrcene
81.00beta- phellandrene
114.10alpha- pinene
30.80beta- pinene
432.20  sabinene
120.50(E)- sabinene hydrate
1316.30  terpinen-4-ol
64.10alpha- terpinene
96.90gamma- terpinene
141.10alpha- terpineol
113.00  terpinolene
23.60alpha- thujene

F. Tomi, P. Bradesi, A. Bighelli and J. Casanova, Computer-aided Identification of Individual Components of Essential Oils Using Carbon-13-NMR Spectroscopy. J. Magnet Res. Anal., 25-34

(1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

juniperus communis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40  bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
200.60beta- caryophyllene
94.001,4- cineole
113.60para- cymene
13<0.10  limonene oxide
14<0.10  linalool
16<0.10  linalyl acetate
30.10para- menthane
65.50  myrcene
21<0.10  nerol
220.30  neryl acetate
71.30alpha- phellandrene
103.30beta- phellandrene
133.70alpha- pinene
41.10beta- pinene
527.60  sabinene
154.60  terpinen-4-ol
81.90alpha- terpinene
123.00gamma- terpinene
180.20alpha- terpineol
19<0.10alpha- terpinyl acetate

H. Horster, C. Csedo and G. Racz, Gas chromatographic analysis of the volatile oil from juniper leaves (Juniperus communis L. ) harvsted in Romania, Orvosi Szemle. 20, 78-62 (1974); Revista Medicula, 20, 79-83 (1974).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

juniperus sabina oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.10  cadinene
30.10  camphene
100.201,8- cineole
190.20  citronellol
130.20para- cymene
200.20  elemol
81.50  limonene
53.40  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
90.20beta- phellandrene
11.60alpha- pinene
423.50  sabinene
170.30(Z)- sabinol
1645.50(Z)- sabinyl acetate
153.10  terpinen-4-ol
70.50alpha- terpinene
111.30gamma- terpinene
120.80  terpinolene
20.90alpha- thujene
141.10beta- thujone

G. Fournier, N. Pages, C. Fournier and G. Callen, Contribution to the study of the essential oil of various cultivars of ]uniperus sabina. Planta Med., 57, 392-393 (1991).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
210.201,8-epoxy-2-para-menthene
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1410.20laevo-junenol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
480.10(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
430.10isopinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
lavandin grosso oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1trace  acetone
46tracebeta- bergamotene
620.10  bisabolene
780.40beta- bisabolol
592.89  borneol
490.24  bornyl acetate
180.04  butyl butyrate
100.01  butyl isobutyrate
350.10  butyl tiglate
660.25gamma- cadinene
770.20T- cadinol
70.33  camphene
4312.16  camphor
110.05delta-3- carene
64trace  carvone
522.73beta- caryophyllene
750.12beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1710.221,8- cineole
76trace  cubenol
680.02  cuminaldehyde
710.02para- cymen-8-ol
250.16para- cymene
690.03  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.12beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.08iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
700.23  geraniol
631.19  geranyl acetate
601.06  germacrene D
300.02  hexanol
19trace2- hexenal
380.05  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.17  hexyl acetate
340.28  hexyl butyrate
290.04  hexyl isobutyrate
280.02  hexyl propionate
530.13  hexyl tiglate
560.17alpha- humulene
550.84  lavandulol
502.27  lavandulyl acetate
730.02  lavandulyl butyrate
74trace lavandulyl epoxide
160.93  limonene
4422.53  linalool
410.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.16(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
65trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4526.18  linalyl acetate
72trace  linalyl hexanoate
20.05  methoxyhexane
150.145- methyl-3-heptanone
121.50  myrcene
670.05  nerol
610.13  neryl acetate
220.52(E)-beta- ocimene
201.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
27trace  octanal
230.043- octanone
360.121- octen-3-ol
310.261- octen-3-yl acetate
42trace  octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.61alpha- pinene
80.44beta- pinene
480.19  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
90.14  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.21alpha- santalene
513.34  terpinen-4-ol
140.05alpha- terpinene
210.40gamma- terpinene
571.18alpha- terpineol
580.43gamma- terpineol
260.26  terpinolene
50.12alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil abrialis
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetone
460.39beta- bergamotene
620.05  bisabolene
740.24beta- bisabolol
593.65  borneol
170.03  butyl butyrate
10trace  butyl isobutyrate
350.15  butyl tiglate
650.30gamma- cadinene
730.21T- cadinol
70.55  camphene
42trace  camphenilone
4312.20  camphor
110.13delta-3- carene
506.03beta- caryophyllene
710.11beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1610.281,8- cineole
570.05  cryptone
72trace  cubebol
690.05para- cymen-8-ol
230.22para- cymene
670.09  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.09beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.09iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
680.10  geraniol
631.22  geranyl acetate
601.20  germacrene D
290.05  hexanol
380.12  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.24  hexyl acetate
340.30  hexyl butyrate
280.14  hexyl isobutyrate
270.06  hexyl propionate
510.19  hexyl tiglate
70trace  hotrienol
560.43alpha- humulene
550.55  lavandulol
482.64  lavandulyl acetate
151.50  limonene
4419.59  linalool
410.11(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
640.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4518.58  linalyl acetate
20.06  methoxyhexane
121.24  myrcene
66trace  nerol
610.20  neryl acetate
204.22(E)-beta- ocimene
182.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
25trace  octanal
31trace3- octanol
210.143- octanone
360.331- octen-3-ol
300.491- octen-3-yl acetate
26trace3- octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.89alpha- pinene
80.87beta- pinene
90.38  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.67alpha- santalene
52tracebeta- santalene
491.23  terpinen-4-ol
140.09alpha- terpinene
190.26gamma- terpinene
580.98alpha- terpineol
240.48  terpinolene
50.07alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene
530.135,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandula latifolia herb oil spain
In 1996, Guillen et a!. analyzed an oil of spike lavender produced from plants cultivated in northeastern Spain. The components identified in this oil on using GC and GC/ MS as the analytical procedures were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.11  bergamotene
390.13  bergamotene
430.22  bergamotene
500.24beta- bisabolene
560.23alpha- bisabolol
550.02alpha-bisabolol oxide
171.13  borneol
300.10  bornyl acetate
260.11  bornyl formate
350.17iso bornyl isovalerate
370.19beta- bourbonene
420.01beta- cadinene
510.12gamma- cadinene
540.08T- cadinol
50.56  camphene
1513.60  camphor
410.47beta- caryophyllene
521.59  caryophyllene oxide
1031.311,8- cineole
380.02beta- cubebene
490.01ar- curcumene
190.07  epoxylinalool
450.03  farnesene
470.06  farnesene
460.11  farnesene
530.03  farnesol
480.08  germacrene A
250.05 hexen-1-yl butyrate
270.42  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.37  hexyl butyrate
330.03  hexyl hexanoate
230.15  hexyl isobutyrate
320.10  hexyl tiglate
280.19  hexyl valerate
440.30alpha- humulene
1436.94  linalool
130.05(E)- linalool oxide
120.77(Z)- linalool oxide
290.10  linalyl acetate
340.03  linalyl butyrate
70.15  myrcene
310.02  neryl acetate
31.11alpha- pinene
41.48beta- pinene
160.04  pinocamphone
60.47  sabinene
110.61(Z)- sabinene hydrate
180.19  terpinen-4-ol
80.33alpha- terpinene
210.79alpha- terpineol
90.69  terpinolene
20.02alpha- thujene
10.05  tricyclene
200.241,1,3- trimethyl-2-oxobicyclo(2.2.2)octan-5-one
220.12  verbenone
360.02alpha- ylangene

M. D. Guillen, N. Cabo and J. Burillo, Characterization of the essential oils of some cultivated aromatic plants of industrial interest. J. Sci. Food Agric., 70, 359-363 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

leptospermum scoparium var. eximium oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20trace  aromadendrene
220.30allo- aromadendrene
280.80  bicyclogermacrene
21tracealpha- bulnesene
290.90gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
181.70beta- caryophyllene
320.30