bitter fennel seed oil lithuania
foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. seed oil lithuania
 
Notes:
tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. foeniculum vulgare, umbelliferae.
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Name: foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. seed oil
CAS Number: 8006-84-6 
Other: 8024-24-6
Category: information only not used for fragrances or flavors
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 98.68 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: minty
Odor Strength: medium
 licorice  fennel  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
licorice
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: emollients
skin conditioning
soothing agents
tonic
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Suppliers:
 None found
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-mouse LD50  3100 mg/kg
Tokishikoroji Foramu. Toxicology Forum. Vol. 8, Pg. 91, 1985.

oral-rat LD50  3120 mg/kg
Pharmazie. Vol. 14, Pg. 435, 1959.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-mouse LD50 1075 mg/kg
Veterinary Medical Journal Giza. Vol. 43, Pg. 167, 1995.

skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 879, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: information only not used for fragrances or flavors
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
estragol Max. Found: <3.00 % and Reason: Carcinogenicity
Recommendation for bitter fennel seed oil lithuania usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for bitter fennel seed oil lithuania flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8006-84-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. seed oil
Chemidplus: 0008006846
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References:
 foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. seed oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8006-84-6
Pubchem (cas): 8006-84-6
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Other Information:
 Typical G.C.
Wikipedia: View
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 fennel
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
bitter fennel seed oil lithuania
 foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. seed oil lithuania
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Articles:
PubMed: Assessment of Free Radical Scavenging Potential and Oxidative DNA Damage Preventive Activity of Trachyspermum ammi L. (Carom) and Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (Fennel) Seed Extracts.
PubMed: Effect of the aqueous extract of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) on the kidney in experimental PCOS female rats.
PubMed: Evaluation of antibacterial activity of crude protein extracts from seeds of six different medical plants against standard bacterial strains.
PubMed: Distillation time modifies essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant capacity of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill).
PubMed: Phytotoxicity and stimulatory impacts of nanosized and bulk titanium dioxide on fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill).
PubMed: Genetic diversity study of some medicinal plant accessions belong to Apiaceae family based on seed storage proteins patterns.
PubMed: Can estragole in fennel seed decoctions really be considered a danger for human health? A fennel safety update.
PubMed: Potent inhibitory effect of Foeniculum vulgare Miller extract on osteoclast differentiation and ovariectomy-induced bone loss.
PubMed: Assessment of fennel aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and their predators in fennel intercropped with cotton with colored fibers.
PubMed: Antioxidant and anticarcinogenic effects of methanolic extract and volatile oil of fennel seeds (Foeniculum vulgare).
PubMed: [Antioxidant properties of essential oils].
PubMed: Antibacterial and phytochemical screening of Anethum graveolens, Foeniculum vulgare and Trachyspermum ammi.
PubMed: Oculohypotensive effects of foeniculum vulgare in experimental models of glaucoma.
PubMed: Inhibition on human liver cytochrome P450 3A4 by constituents of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare): identification and characterization of a mechanism-based inactivator.
PubMed: Seed germination in response to chemicals: effect of nitrogen and pH in the media.
PubMed: Mechanism-based inhibition of CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 by Indonesian medicinal plants.
PubMed: Exchangeable sodium induced changes in yield, water relation and cation composition of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill).
PubMed: In vitro susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to botanical extracts used traditionally for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of Coriandrum sativum L. and Foeniculum vulgare Miller Var. vulgare (Miller) essential oils.
PubMed: Evaluation of nitric oxide scavenging activity of certain spices in vitro: a preliminary study.
PubMed: The effect of fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) seed oil emulsion in infantile colic: a randomized, placebo-controlled study.
PubMed: Effect of Foeniculum vulgare seed extracts on cervix & vagina of ovariectomised rats.
PubMed: Effect of foeniculum vulgare seed extract on mammary glands and oviducts of ovariectomised rats.
PubMed: Effect of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. seed extract on the genital organs of male and female rats.
PubMed: Effects of fungal metabolites on the germination of sweet fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) seeds.
PubMed: The effect of fertilizer treatments on yield of seed and volatile oil of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.).
PubMed: The effect of date of sowing and plant spacing on yield of seed and volatile oil of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.).
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