BT

Typical G.C. analysis

abies balsamea needle oil canada
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.31-2.07  borneol
194.89-16.22  bornyl acetate
250.02-0.21delta- cadinene
53.49-9.72  camphene
180.04-0.56  camphor
80.00-27.27delta-3- carene
200.00-0.27alpha- cedrene
150.03-0.16para- cymene
220.06-0.60alpha- humulene
121.83-15.63  limonene
100.71-2.28  myrcene
170.00-0.691- octen-1-yl acetate
90.03-0.19alpha- phellandrene
134.39-12.64beta- phellandrene
46.18-14.29alpha- pinene
628.10-56.10beta- pinene
70.02-0.23  sabinene
10.30-1.41  santene
210.06-0.29  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.11alpha- terpinene
140.06-0.31gamma- terpinene
230.56-4.48alpha- terpineol
160.17-1.68  terpinolene
30.00-0.21alpha- thujene
260.00-2.89  thymol
20.56-1.69  tricyclene

J. M. Regimbal and G. Collin, Essential Oil Analysis of Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 229-238 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

achillea millefolium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
290.70  bicyclogermacrene
264.00  bornyl acetate
30.40  camphene
164.90  camphor
24trace  carvone
250.40(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
924.501,8- cineole
231.00  cuminaldehyde
82.80para- cymene
270.60beta- elemene
287.20  germacrene D
100.80  limonene
150.70(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
200.60  myrtenal
221.60  myrtenol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
51.10beta- pinene
170.50trans- pinocarveol
181.10  pinocarvone
45.40  sabinene
1210.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
144.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
195.60  terpinen-4-ol
71.10alpha- terpinene
111.80gamma- terpinene
211.20alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from leaves and flowers of Achilea millefolium L. ssp. millefolium. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 219-222 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
121.00  artemisyl ketone
170.50  borneol
63.10  camphene
1636.90  camphor
200.30trans- carveol
22trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
114.301,8-cineole + limonene
105.40para- cymene
240.10  germacrene D
10.20  hexanal
30.10  hexanol
20.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
152.70(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
91.70alpha- phellandrene
57.70alpha- pinene
81.10beta- pinene
212.60  piperitone
71.20  sabinene
230.10ana streptene
181.60  terpinen-4-ol
130.20gamma- terpinene
192.00alpha- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
40.20  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 723, (2000)
acorus calamus root oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
2714.40  acorenone
320.90  acorone
315.70iso acorone
131.00alpha- bergamotene
204.60  bornyl acetate
171.30delta- cadinene
280.70alpha- cadinol
301.40  calamendiol
2512.10preiso calamendiol
290.50  calamusenone
20.50  camphene
181.50  camphor
81.101,8- cineole
120.30alpha- copaene
140.50beta- elemene
110.50delta- elemene
151.00(E)-beta- farnesene
71.10  limonene
191.30  linalool
260.80(E)- methyl isoeugenol
50.70  myrcene
100.80(E)-beta- ocimene
90.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.20alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.90beta- pinene
160.70alpha- selinene
230.50  shyobunone
223.706-epi-shyobunone
2413.10iso shyobunone
211.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.40alpha- terpinene

M. N. Todorova, I. V. Ognyanov and S. Shatar, Chemical composition of essential oil from Mongolian Acorus calamus L. rhizomes. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 191-193 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.20  camphene
100.40  camphor
712.701,8- cineole
61.50para- cymene
160.30  dihydrocarvone
910.50  fenchone
40.30  myrcene
1312.70  myrtenal
1516.10  myrtenol
170.30  perillaldehyde
181.70  perillyl alcohol
50.40alpha- phellandrene
13.20alpha- pinene
315.90beta- pinene
1110.90trans- pinocarveol
120.70  terpinen-4-ol
80.20gamma- terpinene
143.00alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 86, (2001)
anethum graveolens herb oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
1614.50  carvone
19tracealpha- cubebene
814.38para- cymene
150.99(E)- dihydrocarvone
120.29(Z)- dihydrocarvone
1114.85  dill ether
210.31  dillapiole
100.18alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
20trace  elemicin
140.343,9-epoxy-para-cymene
611.92  limonene
41.56  myrcene
220.20  myristicin
524.88alpha- phellandrene
78.21beta- phellandrene
33.17alpha- pinene
170.40iso piperitenone
130.50  sabinol
90.34alpha- terpinene
21.06alpha- thujene
180.16  thymol
1trace  toluene

J. A. Pino, E. Roncal, A. Rosado and I. Goire, Herb oil of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 219-220 (1995).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

anethum graveolens herb oil reunion
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10  bornyl acetate
350.08gamma- cadinene
5trace  camphene
230.10  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
290.40  carvone
300.10  carvotan acetone
123.80para- cymene
26trace(Z)- dihydrocarvone
340.10 dihydrolimonen-10-ol
2420.80  dill ether
360.20  docosene
330.10  eugenol
1310.90  limonene
19trace  linalool
220.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
210.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
80.60  myrcene
180.10  nonanal
15trace(E)-beta- ocimene
14trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
2trace  octane
956.50alpha- phellandrene
41.70alpha- pinene
7tracebeta- pinene
250.10(E)- piperitol
280.10(Z)- piperitol
60.10  sabinene
11tracealpha- terpinene
16tracegamma- terpinene
270.20alpha- terpineol
170.20  terpinolene
30.30alpha- thujene
32trace  thymol
10.20  toluene
20trace  undecane

R. R. Vera and J. Chane-Ming, Chemical composition of essential oil of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) growing in Reunion Island. J. Essent. Oil Res., 10, 539-542 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

angelica archangelica root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
500.03gamma-atlantone
350.19  borneol
271.78  bornyl acetate
80.48iso butyl benzene
400.07delta- cadinene
620.06alpha- cadinol
610.04T- cadinol
51.88  camphene
90.20delta-2- carene
1016.24delta-3- carene
420.21  carvyl acetate
480.04  caryophyllene oxide
54tracealpha- copaen-11-ol
560.24alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.57alpha- copaene
280.16beta- copaene
520.04  copaenol
430.03  cuparene
640.85  cyclopentadecanolide
460.23meta- cymen-8-ol
450.65para- cymen-8-ol
196.39para- cymene
360.42delta- elemene
440.06gamma- elemene
630.05  elemol
330.41  eucarvone
600.49beta- eudesmol
40.05alpha- fenchene
370.64  germacrene D
650.37  heptadecanolide
320.54alpha- humulene
510.39  humulene oxide
490.09  humulenol
146.56  limonene
250.14  linalool
230.07  longicyclene
300.09(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
201.57para-mentha-2,8-diene
220.08  menthone
55trace methyl tridecanolide
380.10alpha- muurolene
580.08alpha- muurolol
590.03T- muurolol
125.28  myrcene
18trace(E)-beta- ocimene
160.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
470.10  perillyl alcohol
112.02alpha- phellandrene
151.26beta- phellandrene
232.19alpha- pinene
61.54beta- pinene
390.28(E)- piperitol
70.46  sabinene
410.15  sabinyl acetate
570.14  spathulenol
290.08  terpinen-4-ol
130.26alpha- terpinene
173.07gamma- terpinene
340.40alpha- terpineol
210.87  terpinolene
30.13alpha- thujene
10.04  tricyclene
530.56 tridecanolide
310.39  verbenyl acetate

J. C. Chalchat and R. P. Garry, Essential oil of Angelica roots (Angelica archangelica L.). Optimization of distillation, location in plant and chemical composition. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 311-319 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

angelica archangelica seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.30ortho-allyl methyl phenol
140.30  bornyl acetate
30.30  camphene
152.30alpha- copaene
81.10para- cymene
161.30alpha- humulene
180.50alpha- muurolene
170.90gamma- muurolene
62.10  myrcene
100.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.302- penten-1-ol
72.00alpha- phellandrene
961.00beta- phellandrene
25.20alpha- pinene
50.50beta- pinene
40.60  sabinene
120.30  sabinol
190.70  spathulenol
111.204,4,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one

S. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gaset, Etude des proprietes bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles preamblement analysees. Rivista Ital., EPPOS, No. 16, 3-12 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

angelica archangelica seed oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.60  bicyclogermacrene
35tracebeta- bisabolene
151.80  bornyl acetate
360.30gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
61.70delta-3- carene
280.50beta- caryophyllene
292.00iso caryophyllene
26tracebeta- cedrene
460.50  cedrol
16trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
172.30  chrysanthenyl acetate
390.40alpha- copaen-11-ol
401.10alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.20alpha- copaene
23tracealpha- cubebene
210.40  cumin alcohol
38trace  cuparene
22tracepara- cymen-8-ol
130.80para- cymene
490.70(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
441.30  dihydroeudesmol
500.60(E,E)-2,4- dodecadien-1-al
27tracebeta- elemene
251.30gamma- elemene
413.60  elemol
451.50beta- eudesmol
310.30(Z)-beta- farnesene
321.70  germacrene D
601.60  heptadecanyl acetate
590.60  hexadecanol
470.70  hexanal
91.70  limonene
561.1012-methyl-13-tridecanolide
33tracegamma- muurolene
81.20  myrcene
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
610.90  octadecanol
540.90  pentadecanol
587.7015- pentadecanolide
191.40  phellandral
70.50alpha- phellandrene
1016.70beta- phellandrene
211.80alpha- pinene
40.90beta- pinene
430.60  rosifoliol
59.10  sabinene
303.50beta- selinene
420.30  spathulenol
110.20gamma- terpinene
14trace  terpinolene
510.40  tetradecanal
532.60  tetradecanol
570.50  tetradecanyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
200.20(Z)- thujenol
370.60  thujopsene
520.50  tridecanal
550.4013-tridecanolide
180.304,4,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one
48trace5- undecen-3-yne

K. M. Kerrola and H. P. Kallio, Extraction of volatile compounds of Angelica (Angelica archangelica L.) root by liquid carbon dioxide. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 2234-2245 (1994).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
160.4(Z)-thuj-2-en-4-ol
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia afra oil kenya
#%LeftshiftComponents
375.09  borneol
260.23  bornyl acetate
50tracealpha- cadinol
10.12  camphene
450.58beta- caryophyllene oxide
967.371,8- cineole
40trace  cuminaldehyde
43tracepara- cymen-8-ol
122.30para- cymene
60.06  dihydro-1,8-cineole
17tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
38trace  germacrene D
80.27  limonene
23trace  linalool
21trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
18trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.76(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
300.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42trace(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
44trace(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
132.003- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
15trace3- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
7trace3- methyl butyl isobutyrate
470.243- methyl butyl phenyl acetate
29trace  myrtenal
41trace  myrtenol
48trace(E)- nerolidol
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
191.141- octen-3-ol
4tracealpha- phellandrene
46trace2- phenethyl butyrate
20.16beta- pinene
31tracetrans- pinocarveol
24trace  pinocarvone
340.32(E)- piperitol
30.09  sabinene
200.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.63(Z)- sabinene hydrate
16trace7-alpha- silphiperfol-5-ene
490.09  spathulenol
276.50  terpinen-4-ol
28trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
50.62alpha- terpinene
111.64gamma- terpinene
36tracealpha- terpineol
33tracedelta- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
350.94alpha- terpinyl acetate
341.07(E)- verbenol
32trace(Z)- verbenol

J. W. Mwangi, K. J. Achola, K.A. Sinei, W. Lwande and R. Laurent, Essential Oil Constituents of Artemisia afra Willd. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 97-99 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

artemisia annua herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.00-11.05  artemisyl alcohol
2111.91-55.02  artemisyl ketone
250.00-0.07  artemisyl acetate
140.00-0.152-oxabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-6-ene
490.16-1.28  bicyclogermacrene
450.00-0.16  borneol
40.00-0.29  bornylene
100.00-0.14  butyl isovalerate
510.00-1.05delta- cadinene
61.20-7.28  camphene
270.00-0.66alpha- campholenic aldehyde
291.58-11.52  camphor
590.10-1.10  carvacrol
361.63-10.87beta- caryophyllene
540.10-1.64  caryophyllene oxide
530.04-0.39iso caryophyllene oxide
570.00-trace  cedrol
165.07-11.651,8- cineole
280.00-1.33alpha- copaene
330.09-2.17beta- cubebene
19trace-1.23para- cymene
520.08-0.676,6- dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-2-en-2-methanol
500.00-0.41(E)-(3,3-dimethyl) cyclohexylidene acetaldehyde
50.00-0.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
440.00-1.00(E)-beta- farnesene
430.00-1.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
471.99-18.54  germacrene D
482.24-14.73alpha- guaiene
310.00-trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
41trace-0.97alpha- himachalene
420.00-0.74alpha- humulene
150.09-0.57  limonene
90.00-trace3-methyl bicyclo(3.1.2)oct-2-ene
220.00-0.313- methyl-3-buten-1-yl isovalerate
120.00-3.34  myrcene
38trace-0.42  myrtenal
560.00-0.82  nootkatone
180.00-0.27(E)-beta- ocimene
110.00-tracealpha- phellandrene
24.20-15.66alpha- pinene
70.93-3.35beta- pinene
320.00-0.32  pinocamphone
400.35-1.81trans- pinocarveol
350.24-2.19  pinocarvone
80.43-2.80  sabinene
260.00-0.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.11-0.83(Z)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.22  santolina alcohol
550.00-0.49  spathulenol
370.13-0.38  terpinen-4-ol
130.00-0.18alpha- terpinene
170.07-0.34gamma- terpinene
460.00-0.65alpha- terpineol
200.00-0.33  terpinolene
390.00-2.163- thujen-2-ol
30.00-0.90alpha- thujene
580.00-0.83  thymol
10.01-0.35  tricyclene
240.06-0.64  yomogi alcohol

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 261-268 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia vestita wall. flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1110.80  aromadendrene
126.00  cadinene
131.40  chamazulene
36.401,8- cineole
89.80  citral
71.60  citronellal
92.20  citronellol
106.20  geraniol
18.60  hexanal
215.60alpha- phellandrene
47.00alpha- terpinene
51.50beta- thujone
63.20  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
910.70  aromadendrene
106.00  cadinene
111.30  chamazulene
34.001,8- cineole
713.30  citral
88.00  geraniol
18.70  hexanal
217.40alpha- phellandrene
45.30alpha- terpinene
52.70beta- thujone
62.00  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

boldea fragrans leaf oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3538.63  ascaridole
50.38  camphene
240.06  camphor
90.25delta-3- carene
390.01  carvacrol
400.08trans- carvyl acetate
100.921,4- cineole
1438.631,8- cineole
330.18  cuminaldehyde
129.51para- cymene
40.02alpha- fenchene
150.01  fenchone
320.06alpha- fenchyl acetate
200.40alpha- fenchyl alcohol
340.09  geraniol
10.062- heptanone
420.32  ledol
130.07  limonene
18trace  linalool
70.02  myrcene
28trace  myrtenal
300.36  myrtenol
310.07  nerol
19trace2- nonanol
160.102- nonanone
80.04alpha- phellandrene
30.02alpha- pinene
221.20trans- pinocarveol
290.78  sabinaketone
60.04  sabinene
384.28  sabinyl acetate
261.37  terpinen-4-ol
170.03  terpinen-4-yl acetate
110.04alpha- terpinene
270.25alpha- terpineol
250.13beta- terpineol
20.06alpha- thujene
21tracebeta- thujone
370.07  thymol
410.03  thymyl acetate
23trace(Z)- verbenol
360.14cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

cajuput leaf oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
49trace  bulnesol
370.4  cadina-1,4-diene
35tracedelta- cadinene
34tracegamma- cadinene
47tracealpha- cadinol
44traceT- cadinol
38trace  calamenene
2trace  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
232.5beta- caryophyllene
410.3  caryophyllene oxide
1041.11,8- cineole
20tracealpha- copaene
270.5gamma- curcumene
156.8para- cymene
170.2para- cymenene
220.3beta- elemene
18tracedelta- elemene
25tracegamma- elemene
42trace  elemol
480.7beta- eudesmol
450.6gamma- eudesmol
310.3alpha- farnesene
390.4  geraniol
290.3beta- guaiene
431.2  guaiol
281.6alpha- humulene
94.1  limonene
213.6  linalool
40tracealpha- maaliene
46tracealpha- muurolol
60.1  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.5alpha- phellandrene
110.2beta- phellandrene
36tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
13.2alpha- pinene
30.8beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
331.5alpha- selinene
321.5beta- selinene
241.5  terpinen-4-ol
80.6alpha- terpinene
134.6gamma- terpinene
308.7alpha- terpineol
165.9  terpinolene
26trace  thujopsene
190.3alpha- ylangene

O. Motl, J. Hodacova and K. Ubik, Composition of Vietnamese cajuput essential oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 39-42 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

cananga odorata fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.2beta- caryophyllene
90.71,8- cineole
17tracealpha- humulene
80.9  limonene
180.2gamma- muurolene
524.7  myrcene
110.3(E)-beta- ocimene
102.0(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.2alpha- phellandrene
211.1alpha- pinene
43.4beta- pinene
334.3  sabinene
148.0  terpinen-4-ol
73.7alpha- terpinene
125.6gamma- terpinene
15tracealpha- terpineol
130.8  terpinolene
12.8alpha- thujene

F. Fekam Boyom, P. H. Amvam Zollo, C. Menut, G. Lamaty and J. M. Bessière, Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXVII. Comparative study of the volatile constituents of five Annonaceae species growing in Cameroon. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 333-338 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

carum graveolens seed oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.61  anethole
180.12alpha- bisabolene
190.123- butyl hexahydrophthalide
200.38  butyl phthalide
100.40  carvone
131.54beta- caryophyllene
150.18beta- farnesene
140.13alpha- humulene
458.53  limonene
60.10  linalool
90.48para- methoxyacetophenone
33.12  myrcene
73.27 pentyl cyclohexadiene
50.10alpha- phellandrene
10.14alpha- pinene
21.29beta- pinene
2117.28  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
171.37alpha- selinene
168.10beta- selinene
80.28alpha- terpineol
120.15  umbellulone

A. F. Halim, M. M. Mashaly, O. salama, A. F. Ali and P. Sandra, Analysis of celery fruit oil and investigation on the effect of storage, Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci., 31, 107-113 (1990).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

carum petroselinum herb oil
This same year, a sample of Egyptian parsley herb oil was subjected to analysis by CC and CC/MS (El-Nikeety et al. 1998). This oil was found to contain:
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20 apiole
170.21beta- bisabolene
20.06  camphene
150.05beta- caryophyllene
130.82para- cymene
145.35alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
190.15  elemicin
160.53alpha- humulene
65.36  limonene
106.20para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
220.404- methyl pyridine amine
1123.75  myrcene
208.79  myristicin
51.46alpha- phellandrene
719.47beta- phellandrene
16.94alpha- pinene
34.57beta- pinene
40.63  sabinene
80.17alpha- terpinene
180.13alpha- terpineol
92.78  terpinolene
120.065- undec-5-yne

M. M. A. El-Nikeety, A. T. M. El-Alek, M. M. I. A. El-Hady and A. Z. M. Badei, Changes in physical properties and chemical constituents of parsley herb volatile oil during storage, Egypt. J. Food Sci., 26-28 (1998).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

chenopodium ambrosioides oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.04  allyl levulinate
 0.02allo- aromadendrene
 0.22iso borneol
 0.20iso bornyl acetate
 0.02nor bornyl acetate
 0.06iso bornyl propionate
 0.08delta- cadinene
 0.84  camphor
 2.28trans- carveol
 4.91cis- carveol
 2.07  carvone
 0.16  carvone oxide
 2.09beta- caryophyllene
 0.04beta- copaene
 0.03para- cymene
 0.71  dihydrocarveol
 5.00  geranial
 0.04  geranic acid
 4.30  geraniol
 0.24alpha- guaiene
 0.02  lavandulyl acetate
 32.50  limonene
 0.07  linalool
 0.21(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 4.00(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
 1.64  menthol
 0.03 methyl undecanal
 0.03  myrcene
 0.41  nerol
 0.01  neryl acetate
 0.02  neryl formate
 0.15  perillyl alcohol
 0.01alpha- phellandrene
 0.09alpha- pinene
 0.06beta- pinene
 26.70trans- pinocarveol
 3.54iso pulegol
 0.08iso pulegyl acetate
 0.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.83alpha- terpinene
 0.03gamma- terpinene
 0.26alpha- thujene
 0.14  undecanal
 1.21(E)- verbenol
chenopodium ambrosioldes var. anthelminthicum oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
211.98  ascaridole
50.14  camphene
80.03delta-3- carene
230.04  carvacrol
191.06trans- carveol
200.25cis- carveol
182.28  carvone
158.09para- cymene
170.09(E)- dihydrocarvone
10.01  dimethyl sulfide
40.02alpha- fenchene
1242.32  limonene
160.09(E)- limonene oxide
90.01  myrcene
100.01alpha- phellandrene
130.09beta- phellandrene
30.82alpha- pinene
60.18beta- pinene
70.01  sabinene
1117.54alpha- terpinene
140.58gamma- terpinene
220.02  thymol
20.22  tricyclene

A. O. Tucker and M. J. Maciarello, Some toxic culinary herbs in North America. In: Food Flavors, Formation, Analysis and Packaging Influences. Edits., E. T. Contis, C-T. Ho, C. J. Mussinan, T. H. Parliament, F. Shahidi and A. M. Spanier, 401-414, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1998).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

cinnamomum angustifolium rafin. oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
273.00  bicyclogermacrene
290.30delta- cadinene
40.10  camphene
180.10  camphor
71.80delta-3- carene
390.10  carvacrol
206.20beta- caryophyllene
331.00  caryophyllene oxide
129.701,8- cineole
340.20(E)- cinnamaldehyde
280.90(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
380.40(E)- cinnamyl acetate
320.30para- cymen-8-ol
1617.60para- cymene
30.30alpha- fenchene
300.30  geranyl acetate
261.80  germacrene D
360.40  guaiol
220.20alpha- humulene
111.80  limonene
193.30  linalool
310.20para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
92.60  myrcene
350.40(E)- nerolidol
151.10(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
823.40alpha- phellandrene
14.80alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.00  sabinene
230.20  salicylaldehyde
371.40  spathulenol
210.70  terpinen-4-ol
100.30alpha- terpinene
140.50gamma- terpinene
252.10alpha- terpineol
170.30  terpinolene
21.90alpha- thujene
240.40  viridiflorene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-cadina-1,4-diene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
270.20beta- bisabolene
281.60delta- cadinene
290.70  calamenene
30.10  camphene
1912.70beta- caryophyllene
301.20  caryophyllene oxide
1028.101,8- cineole
150.40alpha- copaene
32traceepi- cubebol
132.40para- cymene
18tracebeta- elemene
23trace(E)-beta- farnesene
225.20(Z)-beta- farnesene
251.30  germacrene D
210.90alpha- humulene
96.30  limonene
162.20  linalool
260.20alpha- muurolene
330.10epi-alpha- muurolol
72.40  myrcene
310.70(E)- nerolidol
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
18.00alpha- pinene
49.70beta- pinene
55.60  sabinene
201.40  terpinen-4-ol
81.20alpha- terpinene
112.20gamma- terpinene
241.00alpha- terpineol
140.60  terpinolene
21.00alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum zeylanicum fruit oil india
In 1997, Jayaprakasha et al. analyzed two oils of the fruit of C. zeylanicum by GC and GC/MS. Although the oils were produced from fruit harvested in two different locations in India, Karnataka and Kerala, the oil compositions were similar as can be seen from the following analytical results:
#%LeftshiftComponents
322.7-2.8  benzyl benzoate
80.3-0.4  borneol
212.3-3.0delta- cadinene
201.2-1.6gamma- cadinene
311.0-1.5alpha- cadinol
302.7-3.4T- cadinol
159.2-13.7beta- caryophyllene
240.9-1.1  caryophyllene oxide
100.6-4.3(E)- cinnamaldehyde
70.2-0.3(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
1642.4-54.2(E)- cinnamyl acetate
112.0-2.2(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
141.8-3.1alpha- copaene
290.5-0.8  cubenol
270.4-0.510-epi-gamma- eudesmol
120.2-0.3  eugenol
191.7-2.0  germacrene B
180.7-0.8  germacrene D
260.3  germacrene D-4-ol
250.5-0.6  globulol
220.4beta- guaiene
172.8-3.1alpha- humulene
340.0-0.3  methyl oleate
330.0-0.3  methyl palmitate
280.3alpha- muurolol
30.0-0.2  myrcene
230.2-0.4  nerolidol
60.2-0.5(E)-beta- ocimene
40.1-0.7alpha- phellandrene
50.4-1.6beta- phellandrene
132.9-4.33- phenyl propyl acetate
10.1-1.6alpha- pinene
20.1-0.6beta- pinene
90.3alpha- terpineol

G. K. Jayaprakasha, L. Jaganmohan Rao and K. K. Sakariah, Chemical composition of the folatile oil from the fruits of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume. Flav. Fragr. J., 12, 331-333 (1997)

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cinnamomum zeylanicum leaf oil
The seasonal variation in the composition of cinnamon leaf oil produced from leaves harvested at different times of the year was studied by Kaul et al. (1996). They found that oil produced from leaves harvested either in the summer or in the winter possessed comparable chemical compositions, whereas an oil produced from leaves harvested in the rainy season had a reduced level of eugenol and an increased level of eugenyl acetate (Table VIII). Note: this page will only include the summer harvest.
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.43  benzyl benzoate
200.06delta- cadinene
30.12  camphene
170.48beta- caryophyllene
210.26  caryophyllene oxide
130.17(E)- cinnamaldehyde
160.19(E)- cinnamyl acetate
90.07  citronellal
60.36para- cymene
150.34beta- elemene
1493.94  eugenol
191.07  eugenyl acetate
180.12alpha- humulene
70.31 limonene + 1,8-cineole
80.86  linalool
50.23alpha- phellandrene
20.33alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
120.07  piperitone
100.09  terpinen-4-ol
110.10alpha- terpineol
10.03alpha- thujene

P. N. Kaul, A. K. Battacharya and B. R. Rajeswara Rae, Seasonal variation in the composition of the essential oil of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume) leaves. Indian Perfum., 40(2), 36-38 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
#%LeftshiftComponents
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
1010.06epi-alpha-bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
400.034,8-epoxy-para-menth-1-ene
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
840.181,1,3a,7-tetramethyl-1H-1a,2,2,3a,4,5,6,7b-octahydrocyclopropa(a)naphthalene
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantium peel oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
340.05beta- cubebene
210.11  decanal
280.05  decanol
320.02  decyl acetate
310.01  dodecanal
350.01beta- elemene
270.11  geranial
250.11  geraniol
1094.27  limonene
180.78  linalool
160.05(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.88  myrcene
240.03  neral
230.06  nerol
360.07(E)- nerolidol
300.04  neryl acetate
120.23(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.08  octanal
140.33  octanol
220.05  octyl acetate
260.03  perillaldehyde
80.02alpha- phellandrene
20.40alpha- pinene
50.33beta- pinene
40.08  sabinene
190.06  terpinen-4-ol
130.02gamma- terpinene
200.26alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
290.03alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus aurantium subsp. junos leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
260.39-0.55beta- caryophyllene
160.28-0.30  citronellal
90.71-1.09para- cymene
190.07-0.12  decanal
250.19-0.39beta- elemene
310.03-0.04  elemol
320.15-0.21beta- eudesmol
290.05alpha- farnesene
230.14-0.17  geranyl acetate
270.13-0.14alpha- humulene
1015.14-18.98  limonene
150.19-0.21  linalool
200.07-0.08  linalyl acetate
2445.36-58.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
280.11-0.15gamma- muurolene
60.55-0.82  myrcene
300.23-0.28  nerolidol
220.07-0.14  neryl acetate
113.42-5.14(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace-0.03  octanol
70.27-0.36alpha- phellandrene
20.68-1.62alpha- pinene
50.86-1.56beta- pinene
40.24-0.33  sabinene
170.05-0.06  terpinen-4-ol
80.08-0.12alpha- terpinene
1213.62-18.46gamma- terpinene
180.05-0.06alpha- terpineol
140.42-0.52  terpinolene
10.25-0.63alpha- thujene
210.07-0.08  undecanal

Y-Z. Huang, Y-H. Cao, Q-Y. Chen and Y-L. Wu, Studies on the chemical components of essential oil from the leaves of Citrus junos (Sieb) Tan cv. louhancherg Hort. Chemistry Industry Forest Prod., 13, 165-168 (1993).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus hystrix leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38tracedelta- cadinene
40trace  calamenene
4tracedelta-3- carene
310.16beta- caryophyllene
27traceiso caryophyllene
2281.49  citronellal
530.10  citronellic acid
438.22  citronellol
340.90  citronellyl acetate
240.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cubenol
47traceepi- cubenol
39tracear- curcumene
12tracepara- cymene
33trace2,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
150.132,6- dimethyl-5-heptenol
30tracebeta- elemene
51trace  elemol
23trace4,8- epoxyterpinolene
37trace(Z)-alpha-farnesene
440.31  geraniol
420.09  geranyl acetate
35trace  germacrene D
32tracealpha- humulene
52trace  indole
80.03  limonene
253.69  linalool
20trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
48tracepara- menthan-1,8-diol
17trace  menthone
18traceiso menthone
14trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
36tracealpha- muurolene
50.43  myrcene
41trace  neral
500.18(E)- nerolidol
45trace  neryl acetone
100.23beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
90.05beta- phellandrene
54trace  phytol
55traceiso phytol
10.06alpha- pinene
20.24beta- pinene
280.32iso pulegol
16trace rose oxide
31.57  sabinene
210.14(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.13(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.24  safrole
290.20  terpinen-4-ol
70.03alpha- terpinene
110.07gamma- terpinene
130.05  terpinolene

A. Sato, K. Asano and T. Sato, The chemical composition of Citrus hystrix DC (Swangi), J. Essent. oil Res., 2, 179-163 ( 1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus limon peel oil c.p. california
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.03(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
320.38(E)-alpha-bergamotene + citronellyl propionate
360.55beta- bisabolene
520.04alpha- bisabolol
160.01  borneol
30.06  camphene
510.03  campherenol
460.008  camphor
310.22beta- caryophyllene
230.08  citronellal
190.06 citronellol + nerol
380.03  citronellyl acetate
90.14para- cymene
240.05  decanal
470.01exo-(Z)-4,7-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-3-en-6-one
500.032,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
290.01 dodecanal + decyl acetate
330.03(E)-beta- farnesene
261.18  geranial
200.03  geraniol
400.52  geranyl acetate
420.01  geranyl propionate
340.02alpha- humulene
1065.65 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
440.007(E)- limonene 1,2-oxide
450.006(Z)- limonene 1,2-oxide
370.007  methyl geranate
61.58  myrcene
250.74  neral
490.004  nerolidol
390.60  neryl acetate
410.007  neryl propionate
220.12  nonanal
110.09(E)-beta- ocimene
210.08  octanal
270.03  perillaldehyde
70.04alpha- phellandrene
21.75alpha- pinene
511.13beta- pinene
480.004  piperitone
41.85  sabinene
150.13(Z)-sabinene hydrate + linalool
140.01(E)-sabinene hydrate + octanol
350.01beta- santalene
170.11  terpinen-4-ol
80.16alpha- terpinene
128.32gamma- terpinene
180.16alpha- terpineol
130.34  terpinolene
10.38alpha- thujene
280.03  undecanal
430.009  undecyl acetate

T. S. Chamblee, B. C. Clark. G. B. Brewster, T. Radford and G. A. Iacobucci, Quantitative analysis of the volatile constituents of lemon peel oil. Effects of silica gel chromatography on the imposition of its hydrocarbon and oxygenated fractions. J. Agric, Food Chem., 39, 162-169 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 1, 45, (1992)

citrus limon peel oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
1924.50(E)-alpha- bergamotene
172.70(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
280.40(E)-gamma- bisabolene
260.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
2537.10beta- bisabolene
40.06  camphene
9tracedelta-3- carene
1813.80beta- caryophyllene
230.70gamma- curcumene
110.27para- cymene
270.40(E)-beta- farnesene
211.60(Z)-beta- farnesene
201.20alpha- humulene
1269.93  limonene
71.51  myrcene
140.16(E)-beta- ocimene
130.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.04alpha- phellandrene
31.90alpha- pinene
612.40beta- pinene
51.99  sabinene
221.30(Z)-beta-santalene
100.21alpha- terpinene
1510.56gamma- terpinene
160.43  terpinolene
20.43alpha- thujene
10.01  tricyclene
241.70 valencene + unknown

GC profile belongs to sesquiterpene hydrocarbon fraction of lemon oil.

L. Mondello, P. Dugo, K. D. Bartle, G. Dugo and A. Cotroneo, Automated HPLC/HBGC: A Powerful Method for Essential Oil Analysis Part V. Identification of Terpene Hydrocarbons of Bergamot, Lemon, Mandarin, Sweet Orange, Bitter Orange, Grapefruit, Clementine and Mexican Lime Oil by Coupled HPLC-HRGC-MS (lTD). Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 33-42 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus paradisi var. duncan oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.10  carveol
350.31beta- caryophyllene
330.06alpha- copaene
230.22  decanal
220.03  decanol
34trace  dodecanal
37trace2- dodecenal
290.08  geranial
28trace  geraniol
320.08  geranyl acetate
360.03alpha- humulene
993.05  limonene
190.45  linalool
180.66  linalool oxide
61.76  myrcene
270.06  neral
260.03  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.07  nonanal
160.02  nonanol
380.54  nootkatone
110.24(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.23  octanal
130.07  octanol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
20.42alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
200.04iso pulegol
41.20  sabinene
210.09  terpinen-4-ol
80.01alpha- terpinene
120.02gamma- terpinene
240.20alpha- terpineol
15trace  terpinolene
300.04alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

G. Ruberto, D. Biondi, P. Rapisarda, A. Renda and A. Starrantino, Essential oil of cami, an new Citrus hybrid. J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 3206-3210 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. duncan oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.13delta- cadinene
260.41beta- caryophyllene
150.04  citronellal
220.04  citronellyl acetate
280.05beta- copaene
80.08para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
180.22  decanal
250.12  decyl acetate
210.09  geranial
240.12  geranyl acetate
320.02  geranyl butyrate
330.01  hexadecane
270.02alpha- humulene
987.19  limonene
140.19  linalool
120.02  linalool oxide
30.01(Z)- linalool oxide
62.91  myrcene
200.06  neral
230.02  neryl acetate
340.18  nootkatone
100.61(E)-beta- ocimene
350.02  octadecane
190.03  octyl acetate
300.05  pentadecane
70.06alpha- phellandrene
20.78alpha- pinene
50.15beta- pinene
41.50  sabinene
160.08  terpinen-4-ol
110.10gamma- terpinene
170.06alpha- terpineol
130.09  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
290.06  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. foster oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.14delta- cadinene
250.48beta- caryophyllene
140.06  citronellal
210.05  citronellyl acetate
270.05beta- copaene
70.10para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
170.29  decanal
240.14  decyl acetate
200.08  geranial
230.08  geranyl acetate
310.01  geranyl butyrate
260.08alpha- humulene
888.09  limonene
130.19  linalool
110.02  linalool oxide
52.99  myrcene
190.07  neral
220.02  neryl acetate
320.10  nootkatone
90.72(E)-beta- ocimene
330.02  octadecane
180.08  octyl acetate
290.04  pentadecane
60.08alpha- phellandrene
20.74alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
31.41  sabinene
150.09  terpinen-4-ol
100.12gamma- terpinene
160.04alpha- terpineol
120.13  terpinolene
10.02alpha- thujene
280.06  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. jubilee oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.38delta- cadinene
280.20beta- caryophyllene
160.04  citronellal
240.03  citronellyl acetate
300.05beta- copaene
91.09para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
190.79  decanal
270.59  decyl acetate
220.02  geranial
260.06  geranyl acetate
340.02  geranyl butyrate
350.01  hexadecane
290.75alpha- humulene
1067.60  limonene
150.12  linalool
130.02  linalool oxide
40.03(Z)- linalool oxide
72.43  myrcene
210.03  neral
250.01  neryl acetate
10.01  nonane
360.35  nootkatone
111.12(E)-beta- ocimene
370.04  octadecane
200.06  octyl acetate
320.32  pentadecane
80.06alpha- phellandrene
31.76alpha- pinene
61.57beta- pinene
50.26  sabinene
170.06  terpinen-4-ol
1215.41gamma- terpinene
180.03alpha- terpineol
140.84  terpinolene
20.59alpha- thujene
230.02  undecanal
310.13  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
240.05  carveol
360.18beta- caryophyllene
330.04alpha- copaene
230.26  decanal
290.01  decanol
35trace  decyl acetate
340.02  dodecanal
380.032- dodecenal
280.10  geranial
270.01  geraniol
320.05  geranyl acetate
370.02alpha- humulene
1093.59  limonene
180.25  linalool
150.23(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.81  myrcene
260.06  neral
250.02  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.06  nonanal
20trace  nonanol
390.13  nootkatone
120.29(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.58  octanal
140.14  octanol
80.05alpha- phellandrene
20.51alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
190.06iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
210.17  terpinen-4-ol
90.24alpha- terpinene
130.07gamma- terpinene
220.14alpha- terpineol
160.02  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.19delta- cadinene
260.53beta- caryophyllene
150.06  citronellal
220.05  citronellyl acetate
280.05beta- copaene
80.11para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
180.27  decanal
250.15  decyl acetate
210.08  geranial
240.14  geranyl acetate
320.01  geranyl butyrate
270.05alpha- humulene
985.09  limonene
140.20  linalool
120.04  linalool oxide
30.01(Z)- linalool oxide
63.01  myrcene
200.06  neral
230.01  neryl acetate
330.18  nootkatone
100.63(E)-beta- ocimene
340.03  octadecane
190.07  octyl acetate
300.07  pentadecane
70.08alpha- phellandrene
20.74alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
41.64  sabinene
160.12  terpinen-4-ol
110.16gamma- terpinene
170.06alpha- terpineol
130.10  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
290.08  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. red blush oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.05  carveol
370.17beta- caryophyllene
340.04alpha- copaene
110.18para- cymene
240.26  decanal
300.02  decanol
36trace  decyl acetate
350.02  dodecanal
390.022- dodecenal
290.07  geranial
280.02  geraniol
330.06  geranyl acetate
380.02alpha- humulene
1293.70  limonene
190.20  linalool
160.21(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.86  myrcene
270.05  neral
260.03  nerol
320.01  neryl acetate
180.05  nonanal
21trace  nonanol
400.07  nootkatone
130.21(E)-beta- ocimene
60.34  octanal
150.14  octanol
80.07alpha- phellandrene
100.18beta- phellandrene
20.52alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
200.05iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
220.18  terpinen-4-ol
90.04alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
230.15alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
31tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
65trace  bicyclogermacrene
66tracealpha- bulnesene
690.04-0.05delta- cadinene
3trace  camphene
90.17-0.19delta-3- carene
320.01-0.02trans- carveol
35tracecis- carveol
370.02-0.07  carvone
570.01beta- caryophyllene
250.01  citronellal
34trace-0.01  citronellol
49trace  citronellyl acetate
510.02-0.03alpha- copaene
530.01beta- cubebene
68trace  cubebol
460.03(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
43trace(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
300.30-0.32  decanal
390.01(E)-2- decenal
560.01  decyl acetate
290.01-0.03  dihydrocarveol
44traceneo dihydrocarvyl acetate
550.06-0.07  dodecanal
620.01-0.02(E)-2- dodecenal
540.01beta- elemene
470.01delta- elemene
700.01-0.02  elemol
670.02-0.03(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
61trace-0.01(E)-beta- farnesene
38trace  geranial
400.04-0.06  geraniol
52trace  geranyl acetate
710.01  germacrene B
640.09-0.11  germacrene D
73trace-0.01  germacrene D-4-ol
59tracealpha- guaiene
580.01beta- gurjunene
600.02alpha- humulene
1193.10-94.20  limonene
230.01-0.04(E)- limonene oxide
220.01-0.05(Z)- limonene oxide
200.67-0.88  linalool
17tracepara- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
63tracegamma- muurolene
61.93-1.98  myrcene
240.01-0.02(E)- myroxide
360.01-0.03  neral
33trace-0.01  nerol
72trace(E)- nerolidol
50trace-0.01  neryl acetate
210.05  nonanal
770.01  nootkatone
130.38-0.44(E)-beta- ocimene
120.01-0.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.16-0.17  octanal
16trace-0.04  octanol
31trace  octyl acetate
410.02-0.04  perillaldehyde
420.02-0.03  perillyl alcohol
70.03-0.04alpha- phellandrene
20.48-0.50alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.01-0.02iso pinocamphone
40.34-0.35  sabinene
19trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
15trace-0.02(Z)- sabinene hydrate
760.02-0.04alpha- sinensal
750.01-0.02beta- sinensal
27trace-0.01  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
140.01-0.02gamma- terpinene
280.06-0.08alpha- terpineol
180.03  terpinolene
48tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
74trace-0.01  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
450.02  undecanal

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, A. Cotroneo, D. Lorenzo and E. Dellacassa, Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2903-2909 (2000).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.02-0.04beta- caryophyllene
130.03-0.04 citronellal + octyl acetate
27trace-0.03  citronellol
21trace  citronellyl acetate
10trace-0.04para- cymene
140.29-0.33  decanal
24trace-0.04  dodecanal
260.04-0.16  geranial
290-trace  geranyl acetate
791.98-93.43  limonene
150.45-0.60  linalool
17trace-0.06  linalyl acetate
43.03-3.31  myrcene
220.06-0.07  neral
300.02-0.05  nerol
250.03-0.06  neryl acetate
120.05-0.06  nonanal
200.04-0.07  nonanol
160.08-0.11  octanol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
8tracebeta- phellandrene
10.89-0.95alpha- pinene
2tracebeta- pinene
30.45-0.71  sabinene
6tracealpha- terpinene
9trace-0.02gamma- terpinene
230.08-0.09alpha- terpineol
110.21-0.23 terpinolene + octanal
180.02-0.04  undecanal
280.13-0.27  valencene

M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Donaliso, Oleos Essenciais de frutos citricos cultivadas no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol. Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 pp (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed florida
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02beta- caryophyllene
90.04  citronellal
190.01beta- copaene
110.18  decanal
170.06  dodecanal
200.01beta- farnesene
130.08  geranial
595.37  limonene
80.17  linalool
31.81 myrcene + octanal
120.05  neral
70.02  nonanal
240.01  nootkatone
60.03  octanol
150.01  octyl acetate
140.01  perillaldehyde
40.05alpha- phellandrene
10.43alpha- pinene
20.34  sabinene
230.01alpha- sinensal
220.02beta- sinensal
100.03alpha- terpineol
160.01  undecanal
210.05  valencene

J. D. Vora, R. F. Matthews, P. G. Crandall and R. cook, Preparation and chemical composition of orange oil concentrates. J. Food Sci., 48, 1197-1199 (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed valencia
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02beta- caryophyllene
90.05  citronellal
190.02beta- copaene
110.28  decanal
170.07  dodecanal
200.02beta- farnesene
130.10  geranial
595.17  limonene
80.25  linalool
31.86 myrcene + octanal
120.07  neral
70.02  nonanal
240.01  nootkatone
60.03  octanol
150.01  octyl acetate
140.01  perillaldehyde
40.05alpha- phellandrene
10.42alpha- pinene
20.24  sabinene
230.02alpha- sinensal
220.03beta- sinensal
100.03alpha- terpineol
160.02  undecanal
210.05  valencene

J. D. Vora, R. F. Matthews, P. G. Crandall and R. cook, Preparation and chemical composition of orange oil concentrates. J. Food Sci., 48, 1197-1199 (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis var. biondo comune c.p. blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.028delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.039delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.016beta- caryophyllene
220.035  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.023alpha- copaene
410.027beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.321  decanal
430.004  decyl acetate
420.050  dodecanal
510.025(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.026(E)-beta- farnesene
310.133  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.010  limonene
210.019(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.653  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.826  myrcene
290.088  neral
280.021  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.070  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.011  nootkatone
130.044(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.329  octanal
160.023  octanol
260.006  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.058alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.046beta- pinene
40.928  sabinene
150.022(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.042alpha- sinensal
570.044beta- sinensal
230.008  terpinen-4-ol
100.003alpha- terpinene
140.004gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.014  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.016  undecanal
490.067  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. moro oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.030delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.147delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.038  citronellal
370.006  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.031beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.161  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.031  dodecanal
510.021(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.022(E)-beta- farnesene
310.085  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.019  geranyl acetate
480.023  germacrene D
450.008alpha- humulene
1194.772  limonene
210.014(E)- limonene oxide
200.009(Z)- limonene oxide
180.542  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.008gamma- muurolene
61.859  myrcene
290.055  neral
280.024  nerol
550.006(E)- nerolidol
380.010  neryl acetate
190.035  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.022  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.008(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.142  octanal
160.027  octanol
260.005  octyl acetate
320.010  perillaldehyde
70.060alpha- phellandrene
20.480alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.596  sabinene
150.016(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.031alpha- sinensal
570.036beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.055alpha- terpineol
170.033  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.177  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. navelina c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.012  bornyl acetate
530.022delta- cadinene
520.007gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.407delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.060  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.018alpha- copaene
410.022beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.431  decanal
430.007  decyl acetate
420.062  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.006(E)-beta- farnesene
310.134  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.012  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1193.713  limonene
210.013(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.369  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.865  myrcene
290.089  neral
280.022  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.013  neryl acetate
190.064  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.018  nootkatone
130.033(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.517  octanal
160.026  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.091alpha- phellandrene
20.482alpha- pinene
50.038beta- pinene
40.785  sabinene
150.027(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.023alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.077  terpinolene
360.002alpha- terpinyl acetate
56trace  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.015  undecanal
490.101  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. ovale c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.040  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.155delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.048  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.263  decanal
430.014  decyl acetate
420.040  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.010(E)-beta- farnesene
310.122  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1194.376  limonene
210.010(E)- limonene oxide
200.017(Z)- limonene oxide
180.861  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.881  myrcene
290.083  neral
280.007  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.043  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.023(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.276  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.013  perillaldehyde
70.049alpha- phellandrene
20.471alpha- pinene
50.044beta- pinene
40.523  sabinene
150.019(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.007  terpinen-4-ol
100.005alpha- terpinene
140.017gamma- terpinene
240.067alpha- terpineol
170.030  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.038  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. sanguinello oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.013  bornyl acetate
530.026delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.104delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.026beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.271  decanal
430.026  decyl acetate
420.043  dodecanal
510.016(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.008  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.451  limonene
210.017(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.558  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.017gamma- muurolene
61.973  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.016  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.042  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.036  nootkatone
130.024(E)-beta- ocimene
120.007(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.173  octanal
160.011  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.502alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.487  sabinene
150.012(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.018alpha- sinensal
570.021beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.004alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.048alpha- terpineol
170.025  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.004  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.309  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. tarocco oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.015  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.065delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.027  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.162  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.026  dodecanal
510.014(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.073  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1195.496  limonene
210.011(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.428  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.011gamma- muurolene
61.818  myrcene
290.048  neral
280.008  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.038  nonanal
350.003  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.022(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.180  octanal
160.016  octanol
260.004  octyl acetate
320.008  perillaldehyde
70.075alpha- phellandrene
20.478alpha- pinene
50.023beta- pinene
40.377  sabinene
150.009(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.023beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.003gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.002  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.009  undecanal
490.093  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. valencia late c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.026  bornyl acetate
530.025delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.060delta-3- carene
270.007cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.058  citronellal
370.003  citronellyl acetate
390.019alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.400  decanal
430.016  decyl acetate
420.063  dodecanal
510.015(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.013(E)-beta- farnesene
310.127  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.006  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.276  limonene
210.012(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.524  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.006gamma- muurolene
62.052  myrcene
290.080  neral
280.019  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.061  nonanal
350.008  nonyl acetate
590.013  nootkatone
130.019(E)-beta- ocimene
120.003(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.416  octanal
160.022  octanol
260.009  octyl acetate
320.014  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.534alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.336  sabinene
150.010(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.028alpha- sinensal
570.050beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.060alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.014  undecanal
490.046  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. washington navel c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.014  bornyl acetate
530.023delta- cadinene
520.012gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.204delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.022beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.020alpha- copaene
410.026beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.264  decanal
430.012  decyl acetate
420.037  dodecanal
510.009(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.005(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.011  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.984  limonene
210.016(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.325  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.825  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.014  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.009  neryl acetate
190.040  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.029  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.257  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.045alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.431  sabinene
150.011(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.014alpha- sinensal
570.017beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.011alpha- terpinene
140.005gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.023  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.005  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.174  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

croton eluteria bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
1211.78beta-cedren-10-ol
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
1300.513,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-isopropyl-1(2H)-naphthalenone
79trace2,5-dimethoxy-meta-cymene
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
980.04para-menth-2-en-1-ol
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
830.15(Z)-5-tridecen-2-one
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.30allo- aromadendrene
241.20  borneol
320.20  bornyl acetate
280.50  bornyl formate
390.30beta- bourbonene
511.20delta- cadinene
41.70  camphene
220.30  camphene hydrate
19tracealpha- campholenal
20trace  camphor
449.30iso caryophyllene
110.101,8- cineole
380.60alpha- copaene
360.20alpha- cubebene
487.90ar- curcumene
101.70para- cymene
420.50  cyperene
270.102- decanone
430.202,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
40trace2- dodecanone
410.80beta- elemene
350.30delta- elemene
490.30  germacrene D
450.80alpha- gurjunene
461.50alpha- humulene
121.30  limonene
180.40  linalool
16trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.20  longicyclene
8trace4- methyl anisole
300.10  methyl carvacrol
29trace  methyl thymol
70.60  myrcene
520.40(E)- nerolidol
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.50alpha- phellandrene
316.00alpha- pinene
60.70beta- pinene
21.020trans- pinocarveol
230.10  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
534.50  spathulenol
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.20gamma- terpinene
260.10alpha- terpineol
17trace  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
34trace  thymol
10.20  tricyclene
500.302- tridecanone
330.502- undecanone
310.60trans- verbenyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 667, (2000)
cuminum cyminum fruit oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.31(E)-alpha- bergamotene
3trace  camphene
190.20beta- caryophyllene
1625.01  cuminaldehyde
84.91para- cymene
100.37  limonene
143.83para- menth-3-en-7-al
185.84para- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
1717.36para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-al
60.92  myrcene
70.63alpha- phellandrene
90.30beta- phellandrene
20.78alpha- pinene
514.64beta- pinene
40.40  sabinene
130.16  terpinen-4-ol
1119.12gamma- terpinene
150.05alpha- terpineol
120.11  terpinolene
10.28alpha- thujene

N. A. Shaath and N. R. Azzo, Essential oils of Egypt, In Food Flavors, Ingredients and Compositlon. Edit., G. Charalambous, pp 591-603, Elsevier Sci, Publ. BV, Amsterdam (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

cuminum cyminum fruit oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  benzyl cinnamate
100.2  bornyl acetate
110.1beta- caryophyllene
50.41,8- cineole
1518.7  cuminaldehyde
825.2para- cymene
60.3  limonene
9trace  linalool
13trace  methyl chavicol
31.5  myrcene
162.4  perillaldehyde
40.2alpha- phellandrene
11.2alpha- pinene
219.9beta- pinene
12trace  terpinen-4-ol
729.1gamma- terpinene
14tracealpha- terpineol

P. Borges and J. Pino, The isolation of volatile oil from cumin seeds by steam distillation. Nahrung, 2, 123-126 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

cupressus sempervirens cone oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.3  borneol
370.4  bornyl acetate
200.2delta- cadinene
250.2alpha- cadinol
240.2T- cadinol
819.0delta-3- carene
340.3  carveol
35trace  carvone
410.2beta- caryophyllene
210.1  caryophyllene oxide
400.2alpha- cedrene
223.3  cedrol
230.16-isocedrol
39tracealpha- copaene
460.1para- cymen-8-ol
450.1ortho- cymene
100.4para-cymenel
140.6alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
31.8alpha- fenchene
160.2alpha- fenchyl alcohol
44trace  germacrene D
420.1alpha- humulene
122.5  limonene
360.2  methyl carvacrol
63.0  myrcene
300.1  myrtenal
320.1  myrtenol
7tracealpha- phellandrene
110.4beta- phellandrene
248.2alpha- pinene
51.4beta- pinene
180.1  pinocamphone
170.6trans- pinocarveol
190.3  pinocarvone
4trace  sabinene
43tracebeta- selinene
291.6  terpinen-4-ol
90.4alpha- terpinene
130.8gamma- terpinene
312.2alpha- terpineol
270.3delta- terpineol
153.9  terpinolene
382.2alpha- terpinyl acetate
470.6delta- terpinyl acetate
10.1  tricyclene
260.1  umbellulone
330.9  verbenone

F. F. Kassem, F. M. Harmz, N. A. El-Sebakhy, H. L. DePooter, N. M. Schamp and H, About-Shleib. Composition of the essential oil of Egyptian Cupressus sempervirens L. cones. Flav. Frag J., 6, 205-207 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.59  cadinene
80.79  citronellal
1443.56  geranial
153.20  geranyl acetate
57.20  limonene
90.16  linalool
100.82  linalyl acetate
31.46  myrcene
1331.96  neral
40.05alpha- phellandrene
70.70beta- phellandrene
10.73alpha- pinene
20.10beta- pinene
60.30  terpinene
121.38  terpineol

Z. Y. Daw, G. E. El-Baroty and A. M. Ebtesam, Inhibition od Aspergillus parasiticus growth and aflatoxin production by some essential oils. Chem. Mikrobiol.Technol. Lebensmitti., 16(5/6), 129-135 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cymbopogon khasianus x c. pendulus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.37beta- bisabolol
290.09delta- cadinene
130.53  camphor
270.36beta- caryophyllene
311.60  caryophyllene oxide
150.38  citronellal
250.08alpha- copaene
60.22para- cymene
190.26  decanal
260.13beta- elemene
300.14  elemol
2349.64  geranial
222.59  geraniol
242.81  geranyl acetate
10.08(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.19alpha- humulene
73.79  limonene
120.79  linalool
30.876- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.40  myrcene
2034.93  neral
90.13(E)-beta- ocimene
80.07(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.27alpha- phellandrene
20.06alpha- pinene
210.06  piperitone
161.23iso pulegol
170.15  terpinen-4-ol
100.04gamma- terpinene
180.06alpha- terpineol
140.17beta- terpineol
110.09  terpinolene
cymbopogon pendulus praman oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.08beta- bisabolene
130.05  borneol
240.44alpha- cadinol
100.09  camphor
200.18beta- caryophyllene
230.09  caryophyllene oxide
110.10  citronellal
170.10  citronellyl acetate
40.05para- cymene
190.15beta- elemene
1680.21  geraniol
184.60  geranyl acetate
210.18alpha- humulene
50.06  limonene
91.42  linalool
10.486- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.13  myrcene
1535.25  neral
70.08(E)-beta- ocimene
60.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.05alpha- phellandrene
120.26iso pulegol
140.48  terpinen-4-ol
80.05  terpinolene
daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil. seed oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
34trace-1.38alpha- acoradiene
21trace-0.35  borneol
390.07-0.16gamma- cadinene
430.10-0.90alpha- cadinol
30.04-0.08  camphene
310.44-1.39beta- caryophyllene
410.18-1.01  caryophyllene oxide
30trace-0.32alpha- copaene
110.06-2.48para- cymene
440.74-1.37  eudesm-11-en-4-ol
380.04-0.30(E)-beta- farnesene
250.14-0.32  geranial
240.61-2.33  geraniol
2951.74-76.95  geranyl acetate
35trace-0.16beta- gurjunene
320.24-0.61alpha- humulene
33trace-0.50beta- ionone
120.70-1.18  limonene
183.97-5.18  linalool
170.05-0.13(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.20-1.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
80.02-0.03para-mentha-1(7),3,8-triene
4trace-0.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
42trace-1.37T- muurolol
70.52-0.81  myrcene
400.04-0.09  nerolidol
280.08-0.73  neryl acetate
14trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
9trace-0.02alpha- phellandrene
20.50-1.73alpha- pinene
60.16-1.66beta- pinene
54.42-11.13  sabinene
200.03-0.62(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.02-0.23(Z)- sabinene hydrate
370.16-0.66alpha- selinene
360.25-1.99beta- selinene
220.93-8.17  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-0.29alpha- terpinene
150.02-0.52gamma- terpinene
230.16-0.69alpha- terpineol
270.03-0.08alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.03-0.12alpha- thujene
26trace-0.35  thymol

M. Gil Pinilla, M. J. Pérez-Alonso and A. Velasco-Negueruela, Volatile constituents from fruits of Daucus carota L. gummifer Hook. fil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 433-435 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

echinophora cinerea oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.10beta- caryophyllene
120.10  citronellal
150.80  citronellol
76.10para- cymene
160.10beta- elemene
180.10alpha- humulene
113.40  linalool
51.20  myrcene
192.20  myristicin
661.40alpha- phellandrene
810.70beta- phellandrene
29.60alpha- pinene
40.50beta- pinene
31.20  sabinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
130.70alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
140.10  verbenone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 82, (2001)
elemi oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
67.70para- cymene
1010.60  elemicin
917.30  elemol
426.90  limonene
71.00  myrcene
84.30alpha- phellandrene
51.60beta- phellandrene
15.40alpha- pinene
21.00beta- pinene
31.30  sabinene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 9, No. 4, 35, (1984)

eucalyptus camaldulensis leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40beta- caryophyllene
191.80  caryophyllene oxide
1415.50  cryptone
154.60  cuminaldehyde
131.10para- cymen-8-ol
817.80para- cymene
61.10  limonene
30.60  myrcene
47.70alpha- phellandrene
718.90beta- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
180.70  spathulenol
124.70  terpinen-4-ol
50.50alpha- terpinene
90.60gamma- terpinene
100.40  terpinolene
1612.20alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.50alpha- thujene
110.60beta- thujone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus camaldulensis leaf oil jerusalem
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.80allo- aromadendrene
233.80  borneol
270.60delta- cadinene
390.90alpha- cadinol
324.50  caryophyllene oxide
93.701,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
206.90  cryptone
283.90  cuminaldehyde
300.60para- cymen-8-ol
1124.20para- cymene
210.10  deshydroaromadendrene
330.80 eicosane + humulene epoxide
160.20alpha- fenchol
340.20  globulol
350.10epi- globulol
81.10  limonene
141.30  linalool
151.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
181.80(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
130.30  menthone
60.40  myrcene
310.30  nonadecane
290.10  octadecane
243.80  phellandral
50.40alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
260.10  piperitol
251.30  piperitone
40.20  sabinene
3617.50  spathulenol
370.20iso spathulenol
174.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.60alpha- terpinene
101.30gamma- terpinene
220.70alpha- terpineol
120.40  terpinolene
21.30alpha- thujene
380.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 105, (2001)
eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.80  carvacrol
941.601,8- cineole
1517.60  cryptone
175.00  cuminaldehyde
141.20para- cymen-8-ol
70.90  limonene
40.50  myrcene
55.60alpha- phellandrene
813.00beta- phellandrene
20.90alpha- pinene
30.50beta- pinene
132.50  terpinen-4-ol
60.30alpha- terpinene
102.10gamma- terpinene
160.80alpha- terpineol
110.20  terpinolene
10.30alpha- thujene
120.10beta- thujone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus delegatensis r. baker leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
134.10iso borneol
20.70  camphene
120.40alpha- campholenic aldehyde
160.40  carvacrol
726.401,8- cineole
110.80alpha- fenchyl alcohol
55.00  limonene
100.60  linalool
60.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.40alpha- phellandrene
128.30alpha- pinene
30.50beta- pinene
818.00gamma- terpinene
148.30alpha- terpineol
91.60  terpinolene
150.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus globulus bud oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.05iso amyl isovalerate
1816.57  aromadendrene
201.88allo- aromadendrene
151.57beta- bourbonene
190.34 bulnesene
310.10delta- cadinene
300.26gamma- cadinene
340.08trans- carveol
736.951,8- cineole
130.10alpha- copaene
210.11  cryptone
120.27alpha- cubebene
350.37para- cymen-7-ol
98.04para- cymene
410.18beta- eudesmol
37tracegamma- eudesmol
393.05  globulol
380.12epi- globulol
280.29alpha- guaiene
14tracealpha- gurjunene
17tracebeta- gurjunene
22tracegamma- gurjunene
23tracealpha- humulene
430.045-epi-neointermedeol
250.10  ledene
63.10  limonene
330.10cis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
50.07  myrcene
32trace  nerol
360.07  palustrol
40.01alpha- phellandrene
20.30beta- pinene
160.10  pinocarvone
27trace  piperitone
30.54  sabinene
290.29alpha- selinene
8tracegamma- terpinene
264.66alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
111.95alpha- thujene
420.14  thymol
240.36  viridiflorene
400.53  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.46iso amyl isovalerate
2123.33  aromadendrene
233.32allo- aromadendrene
172.40beta- bourbonene
220.44 bulnesene
410.62delta- cadinene
40tracegamma- cadinene
580.20alpha- cadinol
550.28T- cadinol
18trace  carvenone
270.16  carvotan acetone
715.311,8- cineole
150.08alpha- copaene
240.13  cryptone
140.34alpha- cubebene
19tracebeta- cubebene
44tracepara- cymen-7-ol
116.44para- cymene
520.84beta- eudesmol
470.55gamma- eudesmol
36trace  germacrene D
5014.98  globulol
493.10epi- globulol
340.39alpha- guaiene
16tracealpha- gurjunene
200.47beta- gurjunene
260.20gamma- gurjunene
28tracealpha- humulene
590.225-epi-neointermedeol
313.63  ledene
46trace  ledol
61.10  limonene
43tracecis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
38tracegamma- muurolene
540.12T- muurolol
40.21  myrcene
420.10  nerol
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
450.16  palustrol
32.11alpha- phellandrene
80.50beta- phellandrene
48trace2- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
13.61alpha- pinene
20.10beta- pinene
25tracetrans- pinocarveol
33trace  piperitone
350.30alpha- selinene
37tracedelta- selinene
39tracegamma- selinene
530.20  spathulenol
57traceiso spathulenol
50.22alpha- terpinene
90.18gamma- terpinene
322.27alpha- terpineol
120.20  terpinolene
560.28  thymol
29tracebeta- vetivene
300.66  viridiflorene
512.17  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil burundia
In 1994, Dethier et al. screened the leaf oils ofBururidian Eucalyptus species for their compositions using both CC and CC/MS. The components characterized in the oil of E. globulus were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
173.60  aromadendrene
180.80allo- aromadendrene
120.20  borneol
200.10gamma- cadinene
210.30  caryophyllene oxide
663.801,8- cineole
150.20alpha- copaene
50.80para- cymene
251.70alpha- eudesmol
241.30beta- eudesmol
230.60gamma- eudesmol
221.30  globulol
160.60alpha- gurjunene
73.90  limonene
110.20  linalool
30.30  myrcene
80.10(E)-beta- ocimene
40.10alpha- phellandrene
18.80alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
190.20alpha- selinene
130.80  terpinen-4-ol
90.10alpha- terpinene
145.80alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene

M. Dethier, A. Nduwimanna, Y. Cordier, C. Menut and G. Lamaty, Aromatic plants of tropical Africa. XVI. Studies on essential oils of five Eucalyptus species grown in Burundi. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 469-473 (1994).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan
Saeed and Sabir (1997) screened eucalyptus oil for their antimicrobial characteristics. As part of their study, the authors reported that a pakistani e. globulus oil contained the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.20  borneol
30.40  camphene
1616.70beta- caryophyllene
723.601,8- cineole
1013.60  citronellol
118.60  cryptone
170.10beta- cubebene
1trace  cumene
60.60para- cymene
181.90  linalool oxide
131.80  linalyl acetate
150.60alpha- phellandrene
193.60beta- phellandrene
20.30alpha- pinene
40.40beta- pinene
140.20iso pulegol
51.20gamma- terpinene
92.90alpha- terpineol
120.50  terpinolene

M. A. Saeed and A. W. Sabir, Antimicrobial studies of the constituents of Pakistani Eucalyptus oils. J. Fac. Pharm. Gazi, 12(2), 129-140 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda
Also in 1997, Chalchat et al. (1997) examined the com position of a lab-distilled oil of E. globulus leaves produced from trees found in Rwanda using CC/MS. The composition of the oil was found to be as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.10allo- aromadendrene
40.04  camphene
310.03trans- carveol
240.03beta- caryophyllene
1171.201,8- cineole
190.03alpha- cubebene
320.07para- cymen-8-ol
158.23para- cymene
180.05alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
390.05alpha- eudesmol
400.11beta- eudesmol
370.01gamma- eudesmol
30.01alpha- fenchene
350.11  globulol
340.04epi- globulol
200.02alpha- gurjunene
230.06beta- gurjunene
120.13(E)-2- hexenal
170.18(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
103.10  limonene
22trace  linalool
300.05(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
330.03(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
80.09  myrcene
130.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.01alpha- phellandrene
16.23alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
270.20trans- pinocarveol
210.04  pinocarvone
60.02  sabinene
251.46  terpinen-4-ol
90.02alpha- terpinene
143.20gamma- terpinene
280.11alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
293.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.03alpha- thujene
38trace  thymol
360.03  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, A. Muhayimana, J. B. Habimana and J. L. Chabard, Aromatic plants of Rwanda II. Chemical composition of essential oils of ten Eucalpytus species growing in Ruhande Arboretum Butare, Rwanda. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 159-165 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus nitens (deane et maiden) maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.70allo- aromadendrene
1054.701,8- cineole
74.30  limonene
40.60  myrcene
90.70(Z)-beta- ocimene
52.50alpha- phellandrene
80.30beta- phellandrene
221.70alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
60.20alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
129.40alpha- terpineol
13.00alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus saligna smith leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.70  carvacrol
610.601,8- cineole
94.10  cryptone
130.70  globulol
43.30  limonene
21.40  myrcene
35.00alpha- phellandrene
512.20beta- phellandrene
138.50alpha- pinene
129.20  spathulenol
83.60  terpinen-4-ol
70.90gamma- terpinene
102.70alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus tereticornis smith leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.50  camphene
742.701,8- cineole
57.30  limonene
43.80alpha- phellandrene
61.10beta- phellandrene
124.40alpha- pinene
33.50beta- pinene
122.30  spathulenol
94.00  terpinen-4-ol
81.00gamma- terpinene
106.30alpha- terpineol
111.30alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
131.20iso borneol
150.20iso bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
171.10beta- caryophyllene
190.20  caryophyllene oxide
834.501,8- cineole
120.70alpha- fenchyl alcohol
200.50  globulol
59.80  limonene
110.20  linalool
76.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.60alpha- phellandrene
60.20beta- phellandrene
113.30alpha- pinene
39.10beta- pinene
180.50  spathulenol
90.20gamma- terpinene
145.60alpha- terpineol
100.50  terpinolene
1611.60alpha- terpinyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
ferula cupularis leaf oil
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
1630.37  bicyclogermacrene
1536.55  bornyl angelate
1640.31delta- cadinene
1062.69  camphene
1002.90delta-2- carene
1600.17  caryophyllene oxide
1512.63  citronellyl butyrate
1082.37  decane
1305.02  dihydrolinalool acetate
1340.13trans-dimethoxycitral
1701.66beta- eudesmol
1571.87  eugenyl acetate
1610.11  geranyl butyrate
1680.21  guaiol
1155.78trans-isolimonene
1390.20para- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
1134.05para- mentha-1,5,8-triene
9930.22beta- myrcene
1230.14  neral
1166.08allo- ocimene
1049.05beta- ocimene
1172.68neo-allo-ocimene
1361.65  octadecanal
1310.773- octen-1-yl acetate
2140.72  osthol
1092.36alpha- phellandrene
1104.18beta- phellandrene
10713.87beta- pinene
1220.62(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
1651.13  spathulenol
1203.45  terpinen-4-ol
1111.25alpha- terpinene
1463.70alpha- terpinyl isobutyrate
1190.363-thujenol
1411.39neo-iso- verbenyl acetate
Ziba Alipour, Poroshat Taheri, and Nasrin Samadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, 2Department of Chemistry, School of Art & Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United State, and 3Department of Drug and Food Control, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
fir needle oil siberian
#%LeftshiftComponents
171.66  borneol
1830.96  bornyl acetate
424.27  camphene
160.05  camphor
812.23delta-3- carene
200.59beta- caryophyllene
100.15para- cymene
190.17  geranyl acetate
210.33alpha- humulene
124.08  limonene
60.69  myrcene
70.12alpha- phellandrene
112.47beta- phellandrene
313.74alpha- pinene
51.57beta- pinene
12.52  santene
150.14  terpinen-4-ol
90.10alpha- terpinene
130.14gamma- terpinene
141.12  terpinolene
22.38  tricyclene

A. Orav, K. Kuningas and T. Kailas, Computerized capillary gas chromatographic identification and determination of Siberian fir oil constituents. J. Chromatogr., A, 697, 495-499 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

foeniculum vulgare mill. var. dulce d.c. absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
 4.70(E)- anethole
 0.80  camphor
 tracepara- cymene
 16.90  fenchone
 trace  hexadecanoic acid
 0.07  limonene
 0.70  linalool
 0.401-(4- methoxyphenyl)-1-propanone
 65.30  methyl chavicol
 0.10  methyl hexadecanoate
 trace  methyl octadecanoate
 1.10  methyl petroselinate
 0.20  myrcene
 5.80  petroselinic acid
 tracealpha- phellandrene
 0.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.20  squalene
 0.20gamma- terpinene
foeniculum vulgare mill. var. dulce d.c. oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
1987.08(E)- anethole
183.47(Z)- anethole
2trace  camphene
140.04  camphor
90.371,8- cineole
70.12para- cymene
122.12  fenchone
84.70  limonene
13trace  linalool
16trace  menthol
15trace  menthone
50.17  myrcene
11trace(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
10.25alpha- pinene
4tracebeta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
17trace  terpinen-4-ol

R. Piccaglia and M. Marotti, Characterization of several aromatic plants grown in Northern Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 8, 115-122 (1993).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. flower oil lithuania
#%LeftshiftComponents
1752.65(E)- anethole
160.29para- anisaldehyde
190.15beta- bisabolene
200.12delta- cadinene
20.13  camphene
140.21  camphor
71.21para- cymene
1215.59  fenchone
180.33  germacrene D
910.31  limonene
152.73  methyl chavicol
51.25  myrcene
100.77(Z)-beta- ocimene
66.15alpha- phellandrene
80.82beta- phellandrene
14.08alpha- pinene
40.33beta- pinene
30.22  sabinene
110.81gamma- terpinene
130.10  terpinolene

P. R. Venskutonis, A. Dapkevicius and T. A. van Beek, Essential oils of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill,) from Lithuania. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 211-213 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

foeniculum vulgare mill. var. vulgare (mill.) thell. seed oil lithuania
#%LeftshiftComponents
1150.10(E)- anethole
97.20  fenchone
120.20  germacrene D
53.70 limonene + beta-phellandrene
101.70  methyl chavicol
7trace(E)-beta- ocimene
60.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
34.10alpha- phellandrene
119.50alpha- pinene
2trace  sabinene
41.90alpha- terpinene
8trace  terpinolene

J. Bernath, E. Nemeth, A. Kattaa and E. Hethelyi, Morphological and chemical evaluation of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) populations of different origin. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 247-253 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

foeniculum vulgare var. piperitum fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.30(E)- anethole
 0.10  camphor
 7.20para- cymene
 0.30  fenchone
 56.60  limonene
 0.80  myrcene
 0.40alpha- phellandrene
 0.60alpha- pinene
 0.80  piperitenone
 14.10  piperitenone oxide
 0.20  sabinene
 5.10gamma- terpinene
 9.20  terpinolene
geranium oil bourbon
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.18  furopelargone B
 1.42  citronellyl tiglate
 0.43beta- bourbonene
 0.39beta- caryophyllene
 21.56  citronellol
 0.14  citronellyl acetate
 0.31  citronellyl butyrate
 4.81  citronellyl formate
 0.12alpha- copaene
 0.05para- cymene
 6.0110-epi-gamma- eudesmol
 25.47  geraniol
 0.23  geranyl acetate
 0.22  geranyl butyrate
 2.15  geranyl formate
 0.13  geranyl propionate
 1.25  geranyl tiglate
 0.09  germacrene D
 0.08  guaia-6,9-diene
 0.07(E)-2- hexenal
 0.80(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
 0.42alpha- humulene
 0.43  limonene
 13.07  linalool
 0.13(E)- linalool oxide
 0.23(Z)- linalool oxide
 6.79iso menthone
 0.13  menthone
 2.27  myrcene
 1.09  neral
 0.88(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.59(Z)-beta- ocimene
 0.12alpha- phellandrene
 0.772- phenethyl tiglate
 0.24alpha- pinene
 0.29  piperitone
 0.31(Z)- rose oxide
 0.13(E)- rose oxide
 0.21  sabinene
 0.79alpha- terpineol
 0.08  terpinolene
 0.05alpha- ylangene
geranium oil rwanda
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.10iso borneol
220.54beta- bourbonene
310.24delta- cadinene
290.21gamma- cadinene
390.35T- cadinol
240.39beta- caryophyllene
50.401,8- cineole
1511.41  citronellol
320.18  citronellyl butyrate
190.10  citronellyl formate
270.39  citronellyl propionate
410.14  citronellyl tiglate
210.39alpha- copaene
30.10para- cymene
383.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
350.10 furopelargone
182.17  geranial
1750.56  geraniol
430.56 geranyl 3-methyl valerate
230.33  geranyl acetate
330.64  geranyl butyrate
200.20  geranyl formate
300.35  geranyl isobutyrate
370.20  geranyl isovalerate
281.03  geranyl propionate
422.49  geranyl tiglate
400.18  geranyl valerate
263.31  guaia-6,9-diene
250.45alpha- guaiene
40.15  limonene
73.36  linalool
120.29iso menthol
90.23  menthone
117.49iso menthone
160.87  neral
140.22  nerol
60.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.05alpha- phellandrene
361.152- phenethyl tiglate
10.03alpha- pinene
80.11(E)- rose oxide
340.22  spathulenol
130.15alpha- terpineol

L. Ntezurubanza, G. Collin, F. X. Avobangria, H. Deslauriers and J-B. Nizeyimana, Composition chemique de L’huile essentielle de Pelargonium graveolens, Mentha sacchalinensis, Cymbopogon citratus et de Ocimum canum cultivés au Rwanda. In: Valorisation de la Biomasse végétale par les produits naturals. Actes du colloque de Chicoutimi 22-25 Aug. 1993, Edits., F-X Garneau and G. J. Collin, pp. 317-320, Centre Recherches pour le Developpment International, Ottawa (1995).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium stem oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.15beta- bourbonene
430.35  calamenene
370.07beta- caryophyllene
2225.87 citronellol + nerol
302.81  citronellyl acetate
264.92  citronellyl formate
380.09  citronellyl propionate
511.88  citronellyl tiglate
340.29alpha- copaene
310.29alpha- cubebene
90.08para- cymene
482.4610-epi-gamma- eudesmol
500.39beta- eudesmol
460.31  furopelargone B
253.41  geranial
249.51  geraniol
320.29  geranyl acetate
440.07  geranyl butyrate
282.31  geranyl formate
540.21  geranyl heptanoate
530.10  geranyl hexanoate
470.08  geranyl isovalerate
550.54  geranyl octanoate
521.84  geranyl tiglate
490.11  geranyl valerate
390.09  guaia-6,9-diene
10.05(E)-2- hexenal
20.32(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
400.30alpha- humulene
100.13  limonene
1413.25  linalool
130.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.13(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
181.32  menthone
197.33iso menthone
420.08alpha- muurolene
60.76  myrcene
270.10  neryl formate
110.16(E)-beta- ocimene
70.09alpha- phellandrene
290.252- phenethyl acetate
160.262- phenethyl alcohol
360.102- phenethyl butyrate
451.092- phenethyl tiglate
30.10alpha- pinene
50.09beta- pinene
230.10  piperitone
170.11(E)- rose oxide
150.16(Z)- rose oxide
40.15  sabinene
410.09alpha- selinene
200.12  terpinen-4-ol
80.11alpha- terpinene
212.42alpha- terpineol
330.23alpha- ylangene

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

ho leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.16  borneol
160.18  bornyl acetate
130.47  camphor
171.99beta- caryophyllene
80.211,8- cineole
230.25  citronellol
150.11alpha- copaene
110.01para- cymene
300.11beta- eudesmol
240.03  geranyl acetate
310.02  guaiol
210.17alpha- humulene
70.01  limonene
1490.57  linalool
270.11  methyl eugenol
290.05  methyl isoeugenol
50.08  myrcene
250.19  nerol
280.46(Z)- nerolidol
90.09beta- ocimene
60.05alpha- phellandrene
20.12alpha- pinene
30.05beta- pinene
40.05  sabinene
260.88  safrole
180.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.30gamma- terpinene
200.53alpha- terpineol
120.02  terpinolene
220.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.07alpha- thujene

W-Y. Shi, W. He, G-Y. Wen, D-H. Guo, G-Y. Long and Y-G. Liu, Essential oil of Cinnamomum camphora: composition and classification of types. Zhiwu Xuebao, 31, 209-214 (1989).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

hyacinthus orientalis absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.21-0.27  benzaldehyde
4736..84-44.24  benzyl acetate
521.78-1.95  benzyl alcohol
732.94-3.06  benzyl benzoate
630.80-0.13  benzyl tiglate
33trace2-sec- butyl-3-methoxypyrazine
35trace2-iso butyl-3-methoxypyrazine
20.01-0.05  camphene
390.02beta- caryophyllene
110.011,8- cineole
59trace  cinnamaldehyde
650.21-0.32  cinnamyl acetate
703.46-4.04(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
67trace(Z)- cinnamyl alcohol
560.02-0.04  creosol
170.05-0.56para- cymene
320.01-0.02  decanal
680.29-0.32  elemicin
440.05-0.09  ethyl benzoate
661.57-1.68  eugenol
420.00-trace(E)-beta- farnesene
46trace-0.03(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
30.02  hexanal
230.03-0.04  hexanol
250.76-2.66(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.02(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
240.03-0.08(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
210.02-0.05(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
64trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
310.00-0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
150.04-0.19(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl formate
430.32-0.48(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
16trace-0.01  hexyl acetate
483.80-3.94 hydroquinone dimethyl ether + (E,E)-alpha-farnesene
720.05-0.08  indole
90.53-1.00  limonene
360.03  linalool
710.00-trace2-(4- methoxyphenyl) ethyl alcohol
40.012- methyl (E)-2-butenal
600.01-0.10  methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
270.01-0.024- methyl anisole
690.02-0.03  methyl anthranilate
400.09-0.10  methyl benzoate
571.12-1.40  methyl eugenol
62trace  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
490.04-0.07  methyl salicylate
220.01-0.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
71.80-2.05  myrcene
260.01-0.03  nonanal
1313.72-14.93(E)-beta- ocimene
120.75-1.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
190.02-0.05  octanal
370.04  octanol
140.02-0.033- octanone
300.66-1.301- octen-3-ol
200.011- octen-3-one
60.01-0.021- penten-3-ol
8trace-0.01alpha- phellandrene
100.01beta- phellandrene
511.62-2.482- phenethyl acetate
538.96-16.392- phenethyl alcohol
740.40-0.532- phenethyl benzoate
50trace2- phenethyl formate
410.02-0.05  phenyl acetaldehyde
550.05-0.063- phenyl propyl acetate
580.81-0.863- phenyl propyl alcohol
10.08-0.16alpha- picoline
50.05-0.06gamma-picoline
29trace2-iso propyl-3-methoxypyrazine
450.00-0.04alpha- terpineol
180.01  terpinolene
611.12-1.261,2,4- trimethoxybenzene
380.16-0.172- undecanone
E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Head-space analysis of hyacinth flowers Fla.. Fragr J., 9, 56-69 (1994). P&F 20, No. 6, 35, (1995)
hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.70beta- bisabolenol
190.70  borneol
56.60  camphene
17tracealpha- campholenal
231.40 cedren-13-ol acetate
100.60para- cymene
160.70alpha- fenchol
1112.10  limonene
150.80  linalool
13trace  linalool oxide
70.40  myrcene
21trace  myrtenol
22.80  nonane
8tracealpha- phellandrene
434.70alpha- pinene
632.10beta- pinene
18tracetrans- pinocarveol
90.20alpha- terpinene
120.60gamma- terpinene
200.70alpha- terpineol
141.60  terpinolene
3trace  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 43, (2001)
illicium verum fruit oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
2387.89(E)- anethole
210.20(Z)- anethole
220.28para- anisaldehyde
250.06  anise ketone
340.16allo- aromadendrene
310.14beta- bergamotene
350.22beta- bisabolene
160.04  borneol
150.05iso borneol
20.03  camphene
140.02  camphor
70.58delta-3- carene
290.35beta- caryophyllene
280.31iso caryophyllene
100.201,8- cineole
260.10alpha- copaene
80.29para- cymene
270.04beta- elemene
300.50gamma- elemene
390.05  elemol
330.42(E)-beta- farnesene
380.03  farnesol
360.89  foeniculin
92.38  limonene
130.73  linalool
190.57  methyl chavicol
320.32  methyl isoeugenol
50.41  myrcene
370.12  nerolidol
60.39alpha- phellandrene
120.03beta- phellandrene
10.49alpha- pinene
40.03beta- pinene
240.194-iso propyl tropolone
30.03  sabinene
200.14  safrole
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
180.28alpha- terpineol

L-F. Sun, Studies on the Chemical constituents of the volatile oil of Illicium verum Hook. f grown in Shangyou. Youji Huaxue, 10, 183-186 (1990).

P&F 17, No. 2, 39, (1992)

juniperus communis branch oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.20alpha- bisabolol
180.15  bornyl acetate
302.60delta- cadinene
30.20  camphene
80.60delta-3- carene
310.20  caryophyllene oxide
330.10  cedranone
340.40  cedranone
243.00beta-cedrene + beta-caryophyllene
232.70alpha-cedrene + unknown
322.60  cedrol
210.30alpha- copaene
200.50alpha- cubebene
295.20  cuparene
100.90para- cymene
140.15alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
280.70  germacrene D
261.00alpha- humulene
112.00  limonene
220.50iso longifolene
61.80  myrcene
12<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
70.30alpha- phellandrene
218.70alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
45.00  sabinene
162.00  terpinen-4-ol
91.10alpha- terpinene
131.80gamma- terpinene
170.20alpha- terpineol
151.00  terpinolene
190.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.30alpha- thujene
2525.30  thujopsene
271.20alpha- ylangene

J. P. Bats, J. J. Moulines, G. Bourgeois, C. Vacchiano, D. Coutiere and J. F. Armudo, Chemical composition of an industrial essential oil from Juniper branches (Junipmus communis L.). Proceedings 11th Intl, Congress of Essential Oils, Fragances and Flavors, Edits., S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, vol. 4,37-41, Oxford and IBTT Publ. Co., New Delhi ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

juniperus communis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40  bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
200.60beta- caryophyllene
94.001,4- cineole
113.60para- cymene
13<0.10  limonene oxide
14<0.10  linalool
16<0.10  linalyl acetate
30.10para- menthane
65.50  myrcene
21<0.10  nerol
220.30  neryl acetate
71.30alpha- phellandrene
103.30beta- phellandrene
133.70alpha- pinene
41.10beta- pinene
527.60  sabinene
154.60  terpinen-4-ol
81.90alpha- terpinene
123.00gamma- terpinene
180.20alpha- terpineol
19<0.10alpha- terpinyl acetate

H. Horster, C. Csedo and G. Racz, Gas chromatographic analysis of the volatile oil from juniper leaves (Juniperus communis L. ) harvsted in Romania, Orvosi Szemle. 20, 78-62 (1974); Revista Medicula, 20, 79-83 (1974).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

juniperus sabina oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.10  cadinene
30.10  camphene
100.201,8- cineole
190.20  citronellol
130.20para- cymene
200.20  elemol
81.50  limonene
53.40  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
90.20beta- phellandrene
11.60alpha- pinene
423.50  sabinene
170.30(Z)- sabinol
1645.50(Z)- sabinyl acetate
153.10  terpinen-4-ol
70.50alpha- terpinene
111.30gamma- terpinene
120.80  terpinolene
20.90alpha- thujene
141.10beta- thujone

G. Fournier, N. Pages, C. Fournier and G. Callen, Contribution to the study of the essential oil of various cultivars of ]uniperus sabina. Planta Med., 57, 392-393 (1991).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

laurus nobilis bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.3  camphene
150.7beta- caryophyllene
937.71,8- cineole
110.5para- cymene
191.7  eugenol
71.8  limonene
136.6  linalool
183.1  methyl eugenol
51.0  myrcene
60.2alpha- phellandrene
80.6beta- phellandrene
14.0alpha- pinene
34.3beta- pinene
47.6  sabinene
146.8  terpinen-4-ol
100.3gamma- terpinene
160.3alpha- terpineol
120.2  terpinolene
1717.3alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. A. Kekelidze, Essential oils of the bark, wood and stem of Laurus nobilis. Khim, Prir. Soedin., (3), 457-459 (1987).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.8  camphene
932.71,8- cineole
103.8para- cymene
152.6  eugenol
72.0  limonene
114.9  linalool
143.8  methyl eugenol
51.8  myrcene
60.5alpha- phellandrene
80.9beta- phellandrene
15.8alpha- pinene
35.4beta- pinene
48.8  sabinene
125.7  terpinen-4-ol
1316.8alpha- terpinyl acetate

W. G. Pruidze, S. G. Tukvadze and N. A. Kekelidze, The change in essential oil composition on storage of the leaves of Laurus nobilis. Tr. Gruz. Nauch-Issled. Inst. Pishch. Prom., (5), 151-155 (1971).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
210.201,8-epoxy-2-para-menthene
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1410.20laevo-junenol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
480.10(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
430.10isopinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
laurus nobilis stem oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.2  camphene
150.4beta- caryophyllene
932.81,8- cineole
110.4para- cymene
192.2  eugenol
71.5  limonene
136.6  linalool
183.2  methyl eugenol
50.8  myrcene
60.1alpha- phellandrene
80.4beta- phellandrene
13.5alpha- pinene
33.6beta- pinene
48.7  sabinene
147.0  terpinen-4-ol
100.2gamma- terpinene
160.5alpha- terpineol
120.1  terpinolene
1720.5alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. A. Kekelidze, Production of Laurus nobilis leaf oil from fresh material. Maslo-Zhir. Prom., (10), 28 (1985).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

laurus nobilis wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.1  camphene
150.7beta- caryophyllene
97.91,8- cineole
110.1para- cymene
195.0  eugenol
70.1  limonene
136.2  linalool
183.8  methyl eugenol
50.2  myrcene
60.1alpha- phellandrene
80.1beta- phellandrene
11.0alpha- pinene
30.3beta- pinene
415.3  sabinene
148.4  terpinen-4-ol
100.1gamma- terpinene
161.9alpha- terpineol
120.1  terpinolene
1744.8alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. A. Kekelidze, Production of Laurus nobilis leaf oil from fresh material. Maslo-Zhir. Prom., (10), 28 (1985).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

lavandin grosso oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1trace  acetone
46tracebeta- bergamotene
620.10  bisabolene
780.40beta- bisabolol
592.89  borneol
490.24  bornyl acetate
180.04  butyl butyrate
100.01  butyl isobutyrate
350.10  butyl tiglate
660.25gamma- cadinene
770.20T- cadinol
70.33  camphene
4312.16  camphor
110.05delta-3- carene
64trace  carvone
522.73beta- caryophyllene
750.12beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1710.221,8- cineole
76trace  cubenol
680.02  cuminaldehyde
710.02para- cymen-8-ol
250.16para- cymene
690.03  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.12beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.08iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
700.23  geraniol
631.19  geranyl acetate
601.06  germacrene D
300.02  hexanol
19trace2- hexenal
380.05  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.17  hexyl acetate
340.28  hexyl butyrate
290.04  hexyl isobutyrate
280.02  hexyl propionate
530.13  hexyl tiglate
560.17alpha- humulene
550.84  lavandulol
502.27  lavandulyl acetate
730.02  lavandulyl butyrate
74trace lavandulyl epoxide
160.93  limonene
4422.53  linalool
410.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.16(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
65trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4526.18  linalyl acetate
72trace  linalyl hexanoate
20.05  methoxyhexane
150.145- methyl-3-heptanone
121.50  myrcene
670.05  nerol
610.13  neryl acetate
220.52(E)-beta- ocimene
201.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
27trace  octanal
230.043- octanone
360.121- octen-3-ol
310.261- octen-3-yl acetate
42trace  octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.61alpha- pinene
80.44beta- pinene
480.19  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
90.14  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.21alpha- santalene
513.34  terpinen-4-ol
140.05alpha- terpinene
210.40gamma- terpinene
571.18alpha- terpineol
580.43gamma- terpineol
260.26  terpinolene
50.12alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil abrialis
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetone
460.39beta- bergamotene
620.05  bisabolene
740.24beta- bisabolol
593.65  borneol
170.03  butyl butyrate
10trace  butyl isobutyrate
350.15  butyl tiglate
650.30gamma- cadinene
730.21T- cadinol
70.55  camphene
42trace  camphenilone
4312.20  camphor
110.13delta-3- carene
506.03beta- caryophyllene
710.11beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1610.281,8- cineole
570.05  cryptone
72trace  cubebol
690.05para- cymen-8-ol
230.22para- cymene
670.09  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.09beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.09iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
680.10  geraniol
631.22  geranyl acetate
601.20  germacrene D
290.05  hexanol
380.12  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.24  hexyl acetate
340.30  hexyl butyrate
280.14  hexyl isobutyrate
270.06  hexyl propionate
510.19  hexyl tiglate
70trace  hotrienol
560.43alpha- humulene
550.55  lavandulol
482.64  lavandulyl acetate
151.50  limonene
4419.59  linalool
410.11(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
640.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4518.58  linalyl acetate
20.06  methoxyhexane
121.24  myrcene
66trace  nerol
610.20  neryl acetate
204.22(E)-beta- ocimene
182.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
25trace  octanal
31trace3- octanol
210.143- octanone
360.331- octen-3-ol
300.491- octen-3-yl acetate
26trace3- octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.89alpha- pinene
80.87beta- pinene
90.38  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.67alpha- santalene
52tracebeta- santalene
491.23  terpinen-4-ol
140.09alpha- terpinene
190.26gamma- terpinene
580.98alpha- terpineol
240.48  terpinolene
50.07alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene
530.135,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandula officinalis flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.80alpha- pinene
20.30  camphene
30.301- octen-3-ol
40.40beta- pinene
50.70  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
75.201,8- cineole
82.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.40(E)-beta-ocimene
1029.50  linalool
110.901- octen-3-yl acetate
123.50  camphor
131.60  borneol
142.90  terpinen-4-ol
152.50alpha- terpineol
1641.50  linalyl acetate
172.00  lavandulyl acetate
180.20  neryl acetate
190.30  geranyl acetate
202.40beta- caryophyllene
211.20beta- farnesene
220.40  germacrene D
G. Milhau, A. Valentin, F. Benoit, M. Mallié, J-M. Baslide, V. Pellissier and J-M. Bessière, In vitro antimalarial activity of eight essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 329-333 (1997).
lavender oil spike
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.11  acetone
490.02beta- bisabolol
381.69  borneol
430.18gamma- cadinene
480.06T- cadinol
41.08  camphene
282.17beta- caryophyllene
470.20  caryophyllene oxide
1022.901,8- cineole
350.07  cryptone
460.09para- cymen-8-ol
151.39para- cymene
310.31beta- farnesene
450.35  geraniol
390.20  germacrene D
180.01  hexanol
19trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
210.06  hexyl 3-methyl butyrate
200.02  hexyl butyrate
17trace  hexyl isobutyrate
290.02  hexyl tiglate
340.16alpha- humulene
330.50  lavandulol
93.18  limonene
230.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
420.18(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
41trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
25trace6- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
70.80  myrcene
320.07  myrtenol
440.69  nerol
400.88  neryl acetate
130.08(E)-beta- ocimene
110.47(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.053- octanone
220.091- octen-3-ol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
34.77alpha- pinene
54.10beta- pinene
26trace  plinol (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
240.37  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
60.37  sabinene
270.36  terpinen-4-ol
120.15gamma- terpinene
362.67alpha- terpineol
370.53gamma- terpineol
160.07  terpinolene
2trace  tricyclene
300.475,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavender-Lavandin-A Composition. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 364-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

levisticum officinale flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.42  bornyl acetate
10.45  butanal
80.22  camphene
192.33para- cymene
145.60  limonene
3trace2- methyl butanal
4trace3- methyl butanal
20.222- methyl-2-propenal
124.30  myrcene
180.55(E)-beta- ocimene
160.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
220.40allo- ocimene
5trace  pentanal
230.48  pentyl benzene
210.56 pentyl cyclohexadiene
113.14alpha- phellandrene
1536.30beta- phellandrene
61.20alpha- pinene
90.26beta- pinene
100.73  sabinene
130.70alpha- terpinene
171.40gamma- terpinene
201.50  terpinolene
254.70alpha- terpinyl acetate
70.08alpha- thujene

E. Bylaite, A. Legger, J. P. Roozen and P. R. Venskutonis, Dynamic headspace gas chromatography of different botanical parts of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.). Spec. Publ. Royal Soc. Chem., 66-69 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

levisticum officinale flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
6trace  dihydro-1,8-cineole
250.14  bornyl acetate
340.51(Z)-3- butylidene phthalide
350.34(E)-3-butylidene phthalide
370.27(E)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
3616.01(Z)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
30.21  camphene
230.27  carvone
110.92para- cymene
260.79(Z)-dihydro-alpha-terpinyl acetate
300.13beta- farnesene
28trace  geranyl acetate
32trace  germacrene A
330.37  germacrene B
311.00  germacrene D
132.25  limonene
180.22  linalool
290.10  methyl eugenol
77.12  myrcene
150.24(E)-beta- ocimene
142.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.17  octanal
190.40 pentyl cyclohexadiene
240.15  phellandral
90.93alpha- phellandrene
1240.82beta- phellandrene
21.01alpha- pinene
50.31beta- pinene
200.444-iso propyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
41.00  sabinene
210.14  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
161.87gamma- terpinene
220.31alpha- terpineol
170.11  terpinolene
2716.27alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.11alpha- thujene
levisticum officinale leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.38  bornyl acetate
10.08  butanal
70.27  camphene
187.11para- cymene
133.00  limonene
2trace2- methyl butanal
3trace3- methyl butanal
113.30  myrcene
17trace(E)-beta- ocimene
151.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
210.32allo- ocimene
4trace  pentanal
220.30  pentyl benzene
20trace pentyl cyclohexadiene
102.37alpha- phellandrene
1438.30beta- phellandrene
50.70alpha- pinene
80.37beta- pinene
91.70  sabinene
120.80alpha- terpinene
162.60gamma- terpinene
19trace  terpinolene
242.60alpha- terpinyl acetate
60.20alpha- thujene

E. Bylaite, A. Legger, J. P. Roozen and P. R. Venskutonis, Dynamic headspace gas chromatography of different botanical parts of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.). Spec. Publ. Royal Soc. Chem., 66-69 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

levisticum officinale root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.26  bornyl acetate
251.33(E)-3- butylidene phthalide
242.24(Z)-3- butylidene phthalide
270.55(E)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
2661.79(Z)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
20.07  camphene
160.19alpha- copaene
170.87beta- cubebene
70.86para- cymene
90.18  limonene
202.79  linalool
50.45  myrcene
110.63(E)-beta- ocimene
100.22(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.47  pentyl benzene
150.13  pentyl cyclohexane
60.24alpha- phellandrene
80.07beta- phellandrene
10.65alpha- pinene
42.05beta- pinene
30.12  sabinene
195.92beta- selinene
181.58gamma- selinene
120.74gamma- terpinene
214.12alpha- terpineol
130.37  terpinolene
230.22alpha- terpinyl acetate
280.39(Z)-3-validene-3,4-dihydrophthalide

J-Q. Cu, F. Pu, Y. Shi, F. Perineau, M. Delmas and A. Gaset, The chemical composition of lovage headspace and essential oils produced by solvent extraction with various solvents. J. Essent. Oil. Res., 2, 53-59 (1990).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

levisticum officinale seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.70  bornyl acetate
10.35  butanal
40.75  camphene
153.50para- cymene
102.60  limonene
84.20  myrcene
140.98(E)-beta- ocimene
121.70(Z)-beta- ocimene
18traceallo- ocimene
190.26  pentyl benzene
171.66 pentyl cyclohexadiene
711.91alpha- phellandrene
1120.90beta- phellandrene
21.90alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
61.10  sabinene
94.80alpha- terpinene
132.11gamma- terpinene
160.86  terpinolene
210.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
30.24alpha- thujene

E. Bylaite, A. Legger, J. P. Roozen and P. R. Venskutonis, Dynamic headspace gas chromatography of different botanical parts of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.). Spec. Publ. Royal Soc. Chem., 66-69 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

levisticum officinale seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
250.13  bornyl acetate
330.69(Z)-3- butylidene phthalide
340.26(E)-3-butylidene phthalide
360.23(E)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
3514.18(Z)-3- butylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide
30.25  camphene
230.10  carvone
100.59para- cymene
261.35(Z)-dihydro-alpha-terpinyl acetate
290.78beta- farnesene
31trace  germacrene A
320.47  germacrene B
300.82  germacrene D
123.16  limonene
170.11  linalool
280.20  methyl eugenol
220.11  methyl salicylate
62.19  myrcene
140.39(E)-beta-ocimene
130.54(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.21  octanal
180.43 pentyl cyclohexadiene
240.10  phellandral
81.96alpha- phellandrene
1161.50beta- phellandrene
21.47alpha- pinene
50.35beta- pinene
190.804-iso propyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
40.54  sabinene
20trace  terpinen-4-ol
9tracealpha- terpinene
150.39gamma- terpinene
21tracealpha- terpineol
16trace  terpinolene
274.56alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
lime oil distilled mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
610.70(E)-alpha- bergamotene
590.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
750.01(E)-gamma- bisabolene
730.04(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
721.04beta- bisabolene
850.06alpha- bisabolol
340.08iso borneol
370.69 borneol + nonanol
20.02  bornylene
830.04alpha- cadinol
820.02T-cadinol + T-muurolol
70.53  camphene
840.04  campherenol
140.01delta-3- carene
43tracetrans- carveol
460.01  carvone
600.60beta- caryophyllene
790.07  caryophyllene alcohol
152.321,4- cineole
440.02  citronellol
171.89para- cymene
420.20  decanal
540.04 decanoic acid + neryl acetate
490.09 decanol + geranial
200.682,2-dimethyl-5(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran + (E)-beta-ocimene
580.08  dodecanal
650.04  dodecanol
57tracebeta- elemene
530.06delta- elemene
810.05gamma- eudesmol
710.68(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
60.21alpha- fenchene
270.79alpha- fenchol
470.02  geraniol
560.10  geranyl acetate
770.03  germacrene B
630.09alpha- humulene
1846.86 limonene + 1,8-cineole
250.19 linalool + undecane
230.02(Z)- linalool oxide
248.43(E)-linalool oxide + terpinolene + unknown
290.02(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
31trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
390.13para-methyl acetophenone + para-cymen-8-ol
670.03alpha- muurolene
111.34 myrcene + dihydro-1,8-cineole
280.08  myrcenol
450.02  neral
780.01(E)- nerolidol
260.03  nonanal
10.03  nonane
190.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
350.06(E)-beta-ocimenol
330.09(Z)-beta-ocimenol
120.04  octanal
220.02  octanol
500.02  perillaldehyde
130.46alpha- phellandrene
51.02alpha- pinene
101.34beta- pinene
480.01  piperitone
90.02  sabinene
510.01  sabinyl acetate
640.04beta- santalene
860.01  selin-7(11)-en-4-ol
760.05  selina-3,7(11)-diene
660.13  selina-4,11-diene
680.01beta- selinene
690.20delta- selinene
700.17alpha-selinene + (Z)-alpha-bisabolene
740.05epi-alpha-selinene + delta-cadinene
301.20  terpinen-1-ol
380.97  terpinen-4-ol
162.84alpha- terpinene
2111.02gamma- terpinene
320.81(E)-beta- terpineol
360.22(Z)-beta- terpineol
407.90alpha- terpineol
411.21gamma- terpineol
800.02  tetradecanal
40.01alpha- thujene
30.02  tricyclene
80.222,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl tetrahydropyran
520.03  undecanal
550.03  undecanol

T. S. Chamblee and B. C. Clark, Lemon and lime citrus essential oils. Analysis and organoleptic evaluation. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 88-102, ACS Symp. Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

lippia citriodora oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
460.5allo- aromadendrene
280.4  bornyl butyrate
430.8beta- bourbonene
480.1delta- cadinene
500.6gamma- cadinene
590.9T- cadinol
410.1  carvacrol
320.4trans- carveol
400.8  carvone
450.4beta- caryophyllene
52traceiso caryophyllene
555.5  caryophyllene oxide
581.0iso caryophyllene oxide
530.4alpha- cedrene
1412.41,8- cineole
420.6alpha- copaene
470.6beta- cubebene
51trace  cuparene
494.6ar- curcumene
70.2para- cymene
360.6  fenchone
269.9  geranial
350.7  geranic acid
330.5  geraniol
291.6  geranyl acetate
300.9  geranyl isobutyrate
310.3  geranyl propionate
440.1alpha- gurjunene
130.4(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
120.3  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
43.7  limonene
191.3  linalool
180.1(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
17trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
540.2  longifolene
240.7  methyl geranate
97.46- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
560.5alpha- muurolol
370.2  myrtenal
236.9  neral
571.2  nerolidol
270.6  neryl acetate
100.33- octanol
110.71- octen-3-ol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
11.4alpha- pinene
20.3beta- pinene
390.7trans- pinocarveol
210.7iso pulegol
15trace rose oxide
30.2  sabinene
380.6(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.3(Z)- sabinene hydrate
605.2  spathulenol
221.0  terpinen-4-ol
61.0gamma- terpinene
252.3alpha- terpineol
8trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- thujone
340.3  thymol
610.1  viridiflorol

J. Bellakhdar, A.IL. Idrissi, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R.Vila, Analysis de L'huile essentielle dela verveine odorante (Lippia citriodora H, B, and K). Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 269-273 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

lippia graveolens oil mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.84  aromadendrene
190.20beta- bisabolene
260.09  borneol
200.08delta- cadinene
210.16gamma- cadinene
220.06  calamenene
30.34  camphene
3116.50  carvacrol
143.40beta- caryophyllene
280.33  caryophyllene oxide
231.841,8- cineole
130.06alpha- copaene
98.12para- cymene
120.08alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
180.34  eremophilene
162.10alpha- humulene
290.12  humulene oxide
80.70  limonene
240.41  linalool
170.12gamma- muurolene
51.10  myrcene
60.56alpha- phellandrene
20.56alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
250.33  terpinen-4-ol
70.34alpha- terpinene
100.54gamma- terpinene
270.48alpha-terpineol + methyl thymol
110.08  terpinolene
10.08alpha- thujene
3046.30  thymol

J. Pino, A. Rosado, R. Baluja and P. Borges, Analysis of the Essential oil of Mexican Oregano (Lippia graveolens HBK). Nahrung, 3, 289-295 (1989).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

mace oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.16  borneol
160.09  bornyl acetate
230.15delta- cadinene
40.67delta-3- carene
210.07beta-caryophyllene + (E)-isoeugenol
66.971,8-cineole + limonene
253.14  elemicin
200.45(Z)-iso eugenol
180.15 eugenol + alpha-terpinyl acetate
140.22  geraniol
190.16 geranyl acetate + alpha-copaene
220.03alpha- humulene
90.42 linalool + terpinolene
170.22  methyl eugenol
260.01  myristic acid
245.92  myristicin
33.17alpha- phellandrene
72.80beta- phellandrene
115.24alpha- pinene
245.52beta-pinene + sabinene
150.67 safrole + para-cymen-8-ol
124.59  terpinen-4-ol
81.83gamma- terpinene
53.53alpha-terpinene + para-cymene
100.32beta- terpineol
130.94alpha-terpineol + piperitol
270.05 triglyceryl myristate

M. Gopalakrishnan, Chemical composition of nutmeg and mace. J. Spices Aromat. Crops, 1, 49-54 (1992).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

mace oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.00 hydrodistilled oil
11.30alpha- thujene
21.30alpha- pinene
3trace  camphene
423.50  sabinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.80  myrcene
71.60alpha- phellandrene
82.50delta-3- carene
93.90alpha- terpinene
100.20para- cymene
113.90  limonene
122.201,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
146.60gamma- terpinene
150.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
160.10alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
173.30  terpinolene
180.70  linalool
19trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
200.90(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
210.60(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
2223.60  terpinen-4-ol
231.30alpha- terpineol
240.20(Z)- piperitol
250.30(E)- piperitol
26trace  nerol
27trace  geraniol
280.70  safrole
290.70  bornyl acetate
30trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
310.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
320.10  eugenol
330.10  geranyl acetate
343.70  methyl eugenol
35tracebeta- cubebene
360.10beta- caryophyllene
370.20(E)- methyl isoeugenol
38trace  germacrene D
392.30  myristicin
4010.50  elemicin
41trace(Z)-iso elemicin
420.50(E)-iso elemicin
G. R. Mallavarapu and S. Ramesh, Composition of essential oils of nutmeg and mace. J. Med. Arom. Plant Sci., 20, 746-748 (1998). P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)
mandarin oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.91alpha- thujene
22.29alpha- pinene
30.05  camphene
41.88beta- pinene
51.73  myrcene
60.02delta-2- carene
70.48alpha- phellandrene
84.25para- cymene
966.41  limonene
100.03(E)-beta- ocimene
110.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
1219.17gamma- terpinene
131.38  terpinolene
14tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
150.01gamma- terpineol
16trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.13  linalool
18trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
19trace(Z)-beta- terpineol
20traceiso pulegol
21trace(E)-beta- terpineol
220.04  terpinen-4-ol
230.12alpha- terpineol
24trace  citronellol
250.02  hexanol
260.123- octanol
270.03  decanol
280.02  benzaldehyde
29trace3- methyl benzaldehyde
30trace  nonanal
31trace  geranial
32trace  perillaldehyde
330.10  terpinen-4-yl acetate
340.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
35trace  thymol
360.08beta- caryophyllene
37tracealpha- humulene
38tracebeta- selinene
390.30alpha- farnesene
40tracedelta- cadinene

G. Della Porta, E. Reverchon, D. Chouchi and D. Barth, Mandarin and lime peel oil processing by supercritical CO2 desorption:deterpenation and high molecular weight compounds elimination. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 519-522 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

mandarin oil avana
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.01  camphene
300.06beta- caryophyllene
160.04  citronellal
260.11  decanal
320.04  farnesene
220.07  geranial
210.03  geraniol
310.03alpha- humulene
1073.58  limonene
150.19  linalool
290.48  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
61.73  myrcene
20trace  neral
190.04  nerol
250.01  nonanal
28trace  nonanol
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
240.08  octanal
270.02  octanol
70.06alpha- phellandrene
90.39beta- phellandrene
21.79alpha- pinene
51.36beta- pinene
40.22  sabinene
330.14alpha- sinensal
170.20  terpinen-4-ol
80.40alpha- terpinene
1316.68gamma- terpinene
180.38alpha- terpineol
140.78  terpinolene
10.66alpha- thujene
230.11  thymol
G. Ruberto, D. Bondi, P. Rapisarda, A. Renda and A. Starrantino, Essential oil of cami, a new Citrus hybrid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 3206-3210 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

mandarin oil avana
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.64alpha- thujene
21.78alpha- pinene
30.02  camphene
40.17  sabinene
51.41beta- pinene
60.06  octanal
71.71  myrcene
80.07alpha- phellandrene
9tracedelta-3- carene
100.24alpha- terpinene
110.52beta- phellandrene
120.23para- cymene
1372.71  limonene
14trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.02(E)-beta- ocimene
1617.17gamma- terpinene
170.03  octanol
180.82  terpinolene
190.02  nonanal
200.16  linalool
210.02  citronellal
220.27  terpinen-4-ol
230.37alpha- terpineol
240.11  decanal
250.07  nerol
26trace  neral
270.03  geraniol
280.08  geranial
290.02  thymol
300.46  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
310.06beta- caryophyllene
320.02alpha- humulene
330.05(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
mandarin oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.02  benzaldehyde
40tracedelta- cadinene
30.05  camphene
60.02delta-2- carene
360.08beta- caryophyllene
24trace  citronellol
84.25para- cymene
270.03  decanol
390.30alpha- farnesene
31trace  geranial
250.02  hexanol
37tracealpha- humulene
966.41  limonene
170.13  linalool
16trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
14tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
29trace3- methyl benzaldehyde
340.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
51.73  myrcene
30trace  nonanal
100.03(E)-beta- ocimene
110.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
260.123- octanol
32trace  perillaldehyde
70.48alpha- phellandrene
22.29alpha- pinene
41.88beta- pinene
20traceiso pulegol
18trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
38tracebeta- selinene
220.04  terpinen-4-ol
330.10  terpinen-4-yl acetate
1219.17gamma- terpinene
21trace(E)-beta- terpineol
19trace(Z)-beta- terpineol
230.12alpha- terpineol
150.01gamma- terpineol
131.38  terpinolene
10.91alpha- thujene
35trace  thymol

G. Della Porta, E. Reverchon, D. Chouchi and D. Barth, Mandarin and lime peel oil processing by supercritical CO2 desorption:deterpenation and high molecular weight compounds elimination. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 519-522 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

melaleuca cajuputi oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.9  aromadendrene
220.6  bicyclogermacrene
141.1beta- caryophyllene
241.1  caryophyllene oxide
848.81,8- cineole
100.6para- cymene
170.1beta- farnesene
252.1  globulol
120.1alpha- gurjunene
160.4alpha- humulene
74.1  limonene
130.1  linalool
230.1  palustrol
50.5alpha- phellandrene
11.0alpha- pinene
31.1beta- pinene
40.1  sabinene
210.8alpha- selinene
200.9beta- selinene
278.3  spathulenol
60.1alpha- terpinene
90.2gamma- terpinene
195.5alpha- terpineol
110.1  terpinolene
20.2alpha- thujene
186.1  viridiflorene
261.3  viridiflorol

J. J. Brophy and J. C. Doran, Essential oils of tropical Asteromyrtus, Callistemon and Melaleuca species. ACIAR monograph, Australian Centre for International Agriculture, Canberra, Australia (1996).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

mentha arvensis leaf oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetic acid
400.05  carvone
490.29  caryophyllene oxide
160.251,8- cineole
350.10  citronellol
290.03para- cymen-8-ol
140.02para- cymene
420.03  decanol
40.03(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
360.28(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl 3-methyl butyrate
110.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
370.03  hexyl 3-methyl butyrate
150.39  limonene
200.03  linalool
460.03para- menth-8-ene-1,2-diol
2774.51  menthol
280.05iso menthol
300.12neo menthol
248.30  menthone
264.59iso menthone
446.11  menthyl acetate
380.23iso menthyl acetate
450.12neo menthyl acetate
430.16neoiso menthyl acetate
20.083- methyl butanol
210.033- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
6trace3- methyl cyclohexanol
7trace3- methyl cyclohexanone
130.02  methyl octyl ether
30.023- methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one
330.04 myrtenal + myrtenol
480.02  nerolidol
250.09  nonanol
190.043- nonanol
170.06  octanol
100.963- octanol
320.11  octyl acetate
220.043- octyl acetate
120.02alpha- phellandrene
50.15alpha- pinene
90.24beta-pinene + 3-octanone
410.45  piperitone
390.13  pulegone
80.06  sabinene
180.02  sabinene hydrate
470.06 terpin hydrate
310.07alpha- terpineol
230.01beta- terpineol
340.03  verbenone

M. H. Boelens, Chemical characterization of cornmint oil, Perf. & Flav., 18(5), 27-32 (1993).

P&F 19, No. 6, 57, (1994)

mentha pulegium oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.20-2.20  carvone
100.90-1.40beta- caryophyllene
5trace-0.101,8- cineole
40.20  limonene
110.50-3.60  menthol
91.60-4.20neo menthol
74.20-5.60  menthone
835.60-40.60iso menthone
60.20-1.503- octanol
3tracealpha- phellandrene
1trace-0.40alpha- pinene
2tracebeta- pinene
1226.8-41.10<