EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

sweet orange peel oil c.p. valencia
citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed valencia

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:citrus sinensis l. osbeck peel oil cold pressed
CAS Number: 8008-57-9
ECHA EC Number:232-433-8
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2825 sweet orange peel oil c.p. valencia
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: ORANGE PEEL, SWEET, OIL (CITRUS SINENSIS (L.) OSBECK)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart C--Coatings, Films and Related Substances
Sec. 172.230 Microcapsules for flavoring substances.


FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:yellow orange to deep orange clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.84200 to 0.84700 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.006 to 7.048
Refractive Index:1.47200 to 1.47400 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:+94.00 to +99.00
Flash Point: 114.00 °F. TCC ( 45.56 °C. )
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:140 hour(s) at 100.00 %
orange peel orange fresh juicy sweet
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. orange fresh juicy sweet
Flavor Type: citrus
">orange orange peel
Taste Description: orange
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Artiste
Orange Oil Florida: Early/mid-season, Valencia
Astral Extracts
Orange (Mid Season Orange, Valencia Orange)
Berjé
Orange Oil Valencia
Happening at Berje
Citrus and Allied Essences
Oil Orange C.P. Valencia FCC
Market Report
Excellentia International
Orange Oil Sweet Cold-Pressed Valencia
Fleurchem
orange oil c.p. valencia
Florida Chemical
Valencia orange oil
Frutarom
ORANGE OIL CP VALENCIA
George Uhe Company
sweet Orange Oil Valencia
Available in FCC
Penta International
ORANGE OIL VALENCIA FCC, Kosher
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Orange Oil Valencia
Treatt
Orange Oil Valencia
Halal, Kosher
Ultra International
Orange Oil - Pera I Valencia Brazilian
Crop Calendar
Ungerer & Company
Orange Oil Cp Valencia FCC
Vigon International
Orange Oil Valencia
Odor: CHARACTERISTIC ODOR OF THE OUTER PART OF FRESH, SWEET ORANGE PEEL
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24 - Avoid contact with skin.
S 37 - Wear suitable gloves.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 733, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 733, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Phototoxicity
IFRA Other Specification: < 20 mmoles / L of peroxides
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 d-, l-and dl-Limonene and natural products containing substantial amounts of it, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practical level, for instance by adding antioxidants at the time of production. Such products should have a peroxide value of less than 20 millimoles peroxides per liter, determined according to the FMA method, which can be downloaded from the IFRA website (see Analytical Methods).
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
citral Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
limits in the finished product for - "leave on the skin contact":
  2.0000 % Restriction.
Recommendation for sweet orange peel oil c.p. valencia usage levels up to:
  10.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -430.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -210.00000
beverages(alcoholic): -5.00000
breakfast cereal: -49.00000
cheese: --
chewing gum: -4200.00000
condiments / relishes: -32.00000
confectionery froastings: -190.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -330.00000
fruit ices: -330.00000
gelatins / puddings: -1300.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -1000.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf

Outcome of the consultation with Member States, the applicant and EFSA on the pesticide risk assessment for orange oil in light of confirmatory data
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8008-57-9
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1993
WGK Germany:2
citrus sinensis l. osbeck peel oil cold pressed
Chemidplus:0008008579
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:RI8600000 for cas# 8008-57-9
 
References:
 citrus sinensis l. osbeck peel oil cold pressed
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8008-57-9
Pubchem (sid):135333547
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.12.0000
Household Products:Search
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
citrus carbaldehyde
FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
formyl-3-isohexenyl-3-cyclohexene
FR
intreleven aldehyde (IFF)
FR
3-
methyl-4-heptyl oxybutyraldehyde
FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
abies alba cone oil
FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
terpinyl isovalerate
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil ivory coast
FL/FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel extract
FL/FR
citrus reticulata blanco var. tangerine oil
FL/FR
citrus sinensis peel extract
FL/FR
citrus sinensis valencia peel extract
FL/FR
cranberry orange spice fragrance
FR
curacao specialty
FR
4-
decenal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
dodecane nitrile
FR
2-
dodecanone
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
dextro-
limonene
FL/FR
clementine
mandarin fragrance
FR
mandarin oil
FL/FR
mandarin oil italy
FL/FR
methyl indole-1-carboxylate
FR
alpha-
methylene citronellal
FR
(+)-
nootkatone
FL/FR
octanal glycol acetal
FR
orange carbonyls
FL/FR
orange essence oil
FL/FR
orange essence oil folded
FL/FR
orange essence oil terpeneless
FL/FR
orange extract
FL/FR
orange fragrance
FR
orange fruit oil
FL/FR
sweet
orange infusions
FL/FR
orange nitrile
FR
blood
orange oil (citrus sinensis var. sanguinello) italy
FL/FR
blood
orange oil (citrus sinensis var. tarocco) italy
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
orange oil replacer
FR
sweet
orange peel oil
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. california
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. china
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. egypt
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. florida
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. french guinea
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. spain
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. temple florida
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. west indian
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil decolorized
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil distilled
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded california
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded florida
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded israel
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded temple
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded valencia
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
orange peel oil laraha
FR
bitter
orange peel oil rectified (furo coumarin reduced)
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
wild sweet
orange peel oil west indian
FL/FR
orange sherbet fragrance
FR
orange specialty
FR
beta-
sinensal
FL/FR
alpha-
sinensal
FL/FR
tangelo peel oil
FL/FR
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
tangerine oil california
FL/FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
valencene
FL/FR
earthy
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
ethereal
iso
propyl formate
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
fatty
coconut absolute
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
2-
decenal
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
dodecadienal
FL/FR
iso
octanol
FR
floral
butyl nonanoate
FL/FR
citronellal
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
3-
decanol
FL/FR
2-
decanone
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
alpha-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
2-
pentyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one
FR
petitgrain oil replacer
FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl propionate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl formate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
methyl dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
octyl formate
FL/FR
iso
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl isovalerate
FL/FR
2-
undecenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl formate
FL/FR
diphenyl methane
FL/FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
6-
methyl heptanal
FL/FR
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
2-
pentenal
FL/FR
perilla alcohol
FL/FR
herbal
cardamom liquid resin
FR
(E)-2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl acetate
FL/FR
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
rue oil
FL/FR
rue oil cuba
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
spicy
cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
turmeric root oil china
FL/FR
terpenic
frankincense oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
waxy
decanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
dodecyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
butyl nonanoate
FL/FR
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
3-
decanol
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
4-
decenal
FL/FR
methyl dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
6-
methyl heptanal
FL/FR
6-
methyl octanal
FL
alpha-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
pentenal
FL/FR
propyl isovalerate
FL/FR
beta-
sinensal
FL/FR
alpha-
sinensal
FL/FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
aromatic
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
berry
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
bitter
terpinyl isovalerate
FL/FR
brandy
orange
brandy flavor
FL
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil ivory coast
FL/FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
bergamot orange lime flavor
FL
butter lemon orange flavor
FL
citral
FL/FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
citrus enhancer
FL
citrus paradisi peel extract
FL/FR
citrus reticulata blanco var. tangerine oil
FL/FR
citrus sinensis peel extract
FL/FR
citrus sinensis valencia peel extract
FL/FR
curacao flavor
FL
(Z)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
dextro-
limonene
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
clementine
mandarin flavor
FL
mandarin oil
FL/FR
mandarin oil italy
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
(+)-
nootkatone
FL/FR
orange carbonyls
FL/FR
bitter
orange distillates
FL
orange distillates
FL
orange essence oil
FL/FR
orange essence oil folded
FL/FR
orange essence oil terpeneless
FL/FR
orange extract
FL/FR
seville
orange flavor
FL
blood
orange flavor
FL
whipped
orange flavor
FL
valencia
orange flavor
FL
naval
orange flavor
FL
bitter
orange flavor
FL
orange flavor
FL
orange fractions
FL
orange fruit oil
FL/FR
sweet
orange infusions
FL/FR
orange juice
FL
orange juice flavor
FL
orange juice oil
FL
orange lemon lime flavor
FL
blood
orange oil (citrus sinensis var. sanguinello) italy
FL/FR
blood
orange oil (citrus sinensis var. tarocco) italy
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
orange peel flavor
FL
sweet
orange peel oil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. california
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. china
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. egypt
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. florida
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. french guinea
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. spain
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. temple florida
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. west indian
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil decolorized
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil distilled
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded california
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded florida
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded israel
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded temple
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil folded valencia
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil rectified (furo coumarin reduced)
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil sesquiterpeneless
FL
bitter
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
wild sweet
orange peel oil west indian
FL/FR
orange rind flavor
FL
orange sherbet flavor
FL
orange swirl flavor
FL
orange zest flavor
FL
tangelo flavor
FL
tangelo peel oil
FL/FR
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
tangerine oil california
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
valencene
FL/FR
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
dairy
2-
pentyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
coconut absolute
FL/FR
2,4-
decadienal
FL
2-
decenal
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
dodecadienal
FL
2-
dodecanone
FL/FR
2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
fermented
2-
decanone
FL/FR
floral
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
citronellal
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl propionate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
orange pineapple banana flavor
FL
orange pineapple passion fruit flavor
FL
orange strawberry kiwi flavor
FL
phenethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
pineapple orange banana flavor
FL
pineapple orange guava flavor
FL
pineapple orange strawberry flavor
FL
iso
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
iso
propyl formate
FL/FR
strawberry banana orange flavor
FL
green
iso
amyl formate
FL/FR
diphenyl methane
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
dodecadienal
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl formate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
herbal
rue oil
FL/FR
rue oil cuba
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
licorice
anise orange flavor
FL
pungent
acetaldehyde
FL
ripe
(E)-4-
decenal
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
spicy
cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
turmeric root oil china
FL/FR
sweet
orange vanilla cream flavor
FL
tropical
orange kiwi passion fruit flavor
FL
orange mango pineapple flavor
FL
waxy
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
dodecyl acetate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
2-
undecenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
woody
frankincense oil
FL/FR
perilla alcohol
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRacacia
FRaldehydic
FRamber
FRambrene
FRapricot
FRbalsam
FRbanana
FRbay rum
FRbergamot
FRbubble gum
 cabochard
FRcherry
FRcherry blossom
FRcitrus
FLcola
FRcologne
FRcolonia
FRfruit
FRgrape
 huile de mille fleurs
FRjasmin
 jicky
FRlemon
FRlime
FRlychee
FRmandarin
FRmelon
 millefleurs
FRmulberry
FRneroli
FRorange
FL/FRorange bitter orange peel
FRorange blossom
FRoriental
FRpapaya
FRpassion fruit
FRpeach
FRpineapple
FRplum
 presence
FRsassafras
 scandal
FRspice
FRspring rain
FRstrawberry
FRsweet pea
FL/FRvalerian
FRverbena
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 orange fruit
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed valencia
 oil orange c.p. valencia FCC
 orange (mid season orange, valencia orange)
 orange oil c.p. valencia
 orange oil c.p. valencia FCC
 orange oil florida valencia
 orange oil valencia
 orange oil valencia FCC
sweet orange peel oil c.p. valencia
 
 
Notes:
The tree seems to have originated in the Far East in the area between the Himalayas and southwestern China. It came to Europe in the early part of the l6th century and soon afterwards was brought to the Americas by the Spanish and Portuguese explorers. Seedlings of the tree were landed in West Africa by Portuguese, seafarers long before it was brought to Europe. Thus the Guinea trees are the descendants of the first shipment of orange trees outside Asia. Cinnamaldehyde adds natural sharpness and sweetness. Blends well with aldehydic bases. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. citrus aurantium, dulces, citrus. used in pharmaceuticals for fragrance and flavor.
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