ethyl levulinate
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Products List: View
      244200 ETHYL LEVULINATE Natural Kosher
  • Bedoukian Research
    • Bedoukian Research, Inc.
      Constantly Improving
      Working closely with our customers to meet their requirements.
      Paul Bedoukian founded the company to fill a niche as a supplier of high quality specialty aroma and flavor ingredients. In 1975 the company began manufacturing insect pheromones which are chemically similar to flavor and fragrance ingredients. Today, Bedoukian Research offers more than 450 Aroma Chemicals and 50 Insect Pheromones, while also providing custom manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and specialty chemical industries.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: 1-203-830-4000
      US Fax: 1-203-830-4010
      Products List: View
      545 ETHYL LEVULINATE ≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
      Blends well with beta-coronal and cashmeran. Good for melon, pear and smoky notes.
      Can be used in grape, apple, pineapple, fruit, rum, smoked-meat and gravy flavors.
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
      10627 Ethyl Levulinate
  • Berjé
    • Berjé Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Ethyl Levulinate
  • CTC Organics
    • CTC Organics
      For More Than 40 Year
      Your source for rare aroma chemicals for the flavor and fragrance industy.
      “The world is run by middle men.” The number of times I have heard Dr. Liu utter those words are innumerable. He loved reciting and recording famous quotes and had many of his own. Among his many talents, Dr. Liu had a unique genius in the area of chemistry. He had an uncanny understanding of the pulse of the chemical industry and was a superb salesman.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: (404) 524-6744
      US Fax: (404) 577-1651
      W0530 ethyl levulinate
  • Elan Inc.
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      ethyl levulinate natural
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      A0363 ETHYL LEVULINATE, Kosher
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      05-45400 ETHYL LEVULINATE FCC, Kosher
      05-45402 ETHYL LEVULINATE, NATURAL, Kosher
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      PerfumersWorld Skype Skype
      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      3FH04104 Ethyl Levulinate
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Ethyl Levulinate Natural
  • SAFC Global
    • SAFC
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
      W244201 Ethyl levulinate ≥98%, FCC, FG
      W244203 Ethyl levulinate 98+%, natural, US, FCC
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Full Range of Naturals
      World-leading, independent ingredients supplier to the flavour and fragrance industries.
      We are proud of our heritage in trading essential oils. Our founder Richard Court Treatt's charismatic and personable approach still embodies the spirit of Treatt today.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      Ethyl Levulinate
  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      The Yipppeee! Team
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
      US Fax: 570-476-1110
      Products List: View
      500143 Ethyl Levulinate FCC
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
ethyl 4-oxopentanoate (Click)
CAS Number: 539-88-8
ECHA EC Number: 208-728-2
Beilstein Number: 0507641
MDL: MFCD00009209
FEMA Number: 2442
CoE Number: 373
XlogP3-AA: 0.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 144.17024000
Formula: C7 H12 O3
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
JECFA Food Flavoring: 607  ethyl levulinate
Flavis Number: 09.435 (Old)
EU SANCO Food Flavourings: 09.435  ethyl 4-oxovalerate

FEMA Number: 2442  ethyl levulinate
FDA Regulation:
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Boiling Point: 93.00 to  94.00 °C. @ 18.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 105.00 °C. @ 24.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 2.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.249000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: >1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 195.00 °F. TCC ( 90.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): 0.400 (est)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength: medium
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet fruity floral berry green pineapple rhubarb
Luebke, William tgsc, (1995)
Odor sample from: J. Manheimer, Inc.
Odor Description:
Fruity, green, melon-like with waxy notes
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 1, 19, (1990)
Taste Description:
at 40.00 ppm.  
Fruity, green, waxy and melon
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 1, 19, (1990)
Substantivity: 4 Hour(s)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Advanced Biotech
98% min.
Odor: Apple, Pineapple, Rhubarb
Apple Flavor & Fragrance
Ethyl levulinate
Axxence Aromatic
Bedoukian Research
≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
Odor: An ethereal fruity odor with savory backnotes
Use: Blends well with beta-coronal and cashmeran. Good for melon, pear and smoky notes.
Flavor: fruity
Can be used in grape, apple, pineapple, fruit, rum, smoked-meat and gravy flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Ethyl Levulinate
Ethyl Levulinate
CTC Organics
ethyl levulinate
ECSA Chemicals
Ethyl Levulinate
Elan Inc.
(natural), Kosher
Elan Inc.
FCC, Kosher
Ernesto Ventós
ethyl levulinate natural
Global Essence
Ethyl Levulinate
Grau Aromatics
NI, Kosher
Indukern F&F
Kun Shan P&A
Ethyl Levulinate
Lluch Essence
Lluch Essence
M&U International
Ethyl Levulinate, Kosher
Pearlchem Corporation
Ethyl Levulinate
Penta International
Penta International
Ethyl Levulinate
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Ethyl Levulinate Natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Levulinate
SAFC Global
Ethyl levulinate
≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: apple; ethereal; pineapple; sweet; green
SAFC Global
Ethyl levulinate
98+%, natural, US, FCC
Odor: apple; ethereal; pineapple; sweet; green
SRS Aromatics
Ethyl Levulinate
Vigon International
Ethyl Levulinate FCC
WEN International
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1978f)

oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 679, 1982.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 679, 1982.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for ethyl levulinate usage levels up to:
  6.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 470.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -12.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -5.80000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -11.00000
fruit ices: -11.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -12.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to - Flavouring Group Evaluation 10: Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 1 (FGE10 Rev1)[1] - Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 2 (FGE.10Rev2): Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View Calculate predicted properties
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 539-88-8
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
DTP/NCI: 8863
Chemidplus: 0000539888
RTECS: OI1700000 for cas# 539-88-8
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
 ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 539-88-8
Pubchem (cid): 10883
Pubchem (sid): 134978625
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB40433
Export Tariff Code: 2918.30.0000
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
FAO: Ethyl levulinate
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetalFL/FR
 acetaldehyde dihexyl acetalFL/FR
 acetaldehyde methyl hexyl acetalFR
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl acetateFL/FR
 allyl tiglateFL
 ambrette seed absoluteFL/FR
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetalFR
isoamyl formateFL/FR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
 berry hexanoateFR
 berry pentadienoateFL/FR
 blackberry thiophenoneFL/FR
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
 butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 butyl hexanoateFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobutyl propionateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 cognac heptanoneFL/FR
 cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
2-cyclopentyl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
9-decenoic acidFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 diethyl sebacateFL/FR
 dimethyl succinateFL/FR
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-octenoateFL
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-cyclohexyl propionateFR
 ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-octenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-oxohexanoateFL
 ethyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoateFR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 furfuryl isovalerateFL
 furfuryl propionateFL
1-furfuryl pyrroleFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 geranyl isovalerateFL/FR
 grape butyrateFL/FR
 green dioxolaneFR
 heliotropyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 heptanal cyclic ethylene acetalFR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
 heptyl formateFL/FR
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
(E)-2-hexenal diethyl acetalFL
2-hexenal diethyl acetalFL
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-pentenoateFR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
2-hexenyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isobutyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl pyruvateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
1-hexen-3-yl acetateFL
 hexyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL
 hexyl (E)-tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 hexyl octanoateFL/FR
 hexyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl pivalateFR
 hexyl propionateFL/FR
beta-ionone epoxideFL/FR
 jasmin cyclopentanolFR
 lily pentanalFR
 lily propanolFR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 melon acetalFL/FR
 melon carboxaldehydeFR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 menthyl acetate racemicFL/FR
 methyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl (E)-3-nonenoateFL
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-methyl valerateFL/FR
 methyl 2-undecynoateFL
 methyl 3-nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl 4-pentenoateFL
2-methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl furfuryl disulfideFL/FR
(E)-methyl geranateFL/FR
 methyl heptanoateFL/FR
1-methyl thio-2-propanoneFL
2-methyl undecanal dimethyl acetalFR
2-methyl valeraldehydeFL/FR
 methyl valerateFL/FR
3-methyl valeric acidFL
 nerolidyl isobutyrateFR
 neryl butyrateFL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-nonadien-1-yl acetateFL/FR
3,6-nonadien-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 papaya isobutyrateFL/FR
2-pentyl furanFL/FR
 phenoxyethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde ethylene glycol acetalFR
4-phenyl-2-butyl acetateFL/FR
 pineapple pentenoateFL/FR
 prenyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropenyl acetateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl formateFL/FR
alpha-isopropyl phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 propylene acetalFL/FR
 rhubarb undecaneFR
 rose carboxylateFR
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrateFL/FR
 tricyclodecyl acetateFR
 tropical indeneFR
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
 violet dienyneFR
 woody acetateFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Natural Occurrence in: note
 bread white bread
GRIN Trop Picture
GRIN Trop Picture
 onion roasted onion
GRIN Trop Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
 ethyl 3-acetyl propionate
 ethyl 4-ketovalerate
 ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
 ethyl 4-oxovalerate
 ethyl acetyl propanoate
 ethyl acetylpropanoate
 ethyl ketovalerate
 ethyl laevulate
 ethyl levulate
 ethyl levulinate FCC
 ethyl levulinate natural
 laevulic acid ethyl ester
 levulinic acid ethyl ester
4-oxo-pentanoic acid ethyl ester
 pentanoic acid, 4-oxo-, ethyl ester
4-ketovaleric acid ethyl ester
4-oxovaleric acid ethyl ester
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
PubMed: Production of ethyl levulinate by direct conversion of wheat straw in ethanol media.
PubMed: Conversion of mono- and disaccharides to ethyl levulinate and ethyl pyranoside with sulfonic acid-functionalized ionic liquids.
PubMed: Conversion of furfuryl alcohol into ethyl levulinate using solid acid catalysts.
PubMed: Sulfonated graphene oxide as effective catalyst for conversion of 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural into biofuels.
PubMed: RANEY® Ni catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of levulinate esters to γ-valerolactone at room temperature.
PubMed: Efficient catalytic system for the conversion of fructose into 5-ethoxymethylfurfural.
PubMed: Acid-catalyzed conversion of mono- and poly-sugars into platform chemicals: effects of molecular structure of sugar substrate.
PubMed: A chemo-enzymatic route to synthesize (S)-γ-valerolactone from levulinic acid.
PubMed: Synthesis and characterization of sulfated TiO2 nanorods and ZrO2/TiO2 nanocomposites for the esterification of biobased organic acid.
PubMed: Production of ethyl levulinate by direct conversion of wheat straw in ethanol media.
PubMed: A multifunctional 5-aminolevulinic acid derivative induces erythroid differentiation of K562 human erythroleukemic cells.
PubMed: Conversion of mono- and disaccharides to ethyl levulinate and ethyl pyranoside with sulfonic acid-functionalized ionic liquids.
PubMed: Comment on processes for the direct conversion of cellulose or cellulosic biomass into levulinate esters.
PubMed: A three-step synthetic approach to asymmetrically functionalized 4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b']dithiophenes.
PubMed: Conversion of furfuryl alcohol into ethyl levulinate using solid acid catalysts.
PubMed: Research on heterocyclic compounds, XXIX. Synthesis and antiinflammatory activity of imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazine derivatives.
PubMed: Synthesis of a spin-labeled phospholipid for studying membrane dynamics in intact mammalian cells.
PubMed: Polymer-linked 6-azauridine 5'-monophosphate, a resin of high bioaffinity to orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase.
PubMed: Substrate- and product-affinity resins for adenosine deaminase obtained by immobilisation of adenosine and inosine via 2',3'-cyclic acetal derivatives.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
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Picture of molecule
Similar Items: note
allyl levulinate
isoamyl levulinate
benzyl levulinate
butyl levulinate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl levulinate
methyl levulinate
propyl levulinate
isopropyl levulinate
Soluble in:
 water, 4.566e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 paraffin oil
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