EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

ethyl levulinate
ethyl 4-oxovalerate

Sponsors

Name:ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
CAS Number: 539-88-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:208-728-2
FDA UNII:7BU24CSS2G
Nikkaji Web:J1.595D
Beilstein Number:0507641
MDL:MFCD00009209
CoE Number:373
XlogP3-AA:0.10 (est)
Molecular Weight:144.17024000
Formula:C7 H12 O3
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:607 ethyl levulinate
FLAVIS Number:09.435 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.435 ethyl 4-oxovalerate
FEMA Number:2442 ethyl levulinate
FDA Mainterm: ETHYL LEVULINATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Boiling Point: 93.00 to 94.00 °C. @ 18.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 105.00 °C. @ 24.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 2.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.249000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:>1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 195.00 °F. TCC ( 90.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): 0.400 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.566e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 paraffin oil
Similar Items:note
allyl levulinate
isoamyl levulinate
benzyl levulinate
butyl levulinate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl levulinate
methyl levulinate
propyl levulinate
isopropyl levulinate
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sweet fruity floral berry green pineapple rhubarb
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. sweet fruity floral berry green pineapple rhubarb
Luebke, William tgsc, (1995)
Odor sample from: J. Manheimer, Inc.
fruity green melon waxy
Odor Description:Fruity, green, melon-like with waxy notes
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 1, 19, (1990)
Flavor Type: fruity
fruity green waxy melon
Taste Description: at 40.00 ppm. Fruity, green, waxy and melon
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 1, 19, (1990)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
ETHYL LEVULINATE ≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
Odor Description:An ethereal fruity odor with savory backnotes
Blends well with beta-coronal and cashmeran. Good for melon, pear and smoky notes.
Taste Description:fruity
Can be used in grape, apple, pineapple, fruit, rum, smoked-meat and gravy flavors.
Indukern F&F
ETHYL LEVULINATE
Odor Description:FRESH, FRUITY, APPLE
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
ETHYL LEVULINATE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Apple, Pineapple, Rhubarb
Apple Flavor & Fragrance
Ethyl levulinate
Aurochemicals
ETHYL LEVULINATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
ETHYL LEVULINATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bedoukian Research
ETHYL LEVULINATE
≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
Odor: An ethereal fruity odor with savory backnotes
Use: Blends well with beta-coronal and cashmeran. Good for melon, pear and smoky notes.
Flavor: fruity
Can be used in grape, apple, pineapple, fruit, rum, smoked-meat and gravy flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Ethyl Levulinate
Berjé
Ethyl Levulinate
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
ETHYL LEVULINATE FCC 98.0%
ECSA Chemicals
Ethyl Levulinate
Company Profile
Elan Inc.
ETHYL LEVULINATE
(natural), Kosher
Elan Inc.
ETHYL LEVULINATE
FCC, Kosher
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Levulinate
Ernesto Ventós
ETHYL LEVULINATE
Odor: FRUITY, COGNAC, GREEN, MELON
Excellentia International
Ethyl Levulinate Natural
Fleurchem
ethyl levulinate natural
Global Essence
Ethyl Levulinate
Grau Aromatics
ETHYL-LEVULINATE
NI, Kosher
Indukern F&F
ETHYL LEVULINATE
Odor: FRESH, FRUITY, APPLE
Kun Shan P&A
Ethyl Levulinate
Lluch Essence
ETHYL LEVULINATE
M&U International
NAT. ETHYL LEVULINATE
M&U International
ETHYL LEVULINATE, Kosher
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Ethyl Levulinate
Natural
Odor: Sweet fruity floral berry green pineapple rhubarb, melon-like with waxy notes
PCAS
Ethyl Levulinate, Kosher
Pearlchem Corporation
Ethyl Levulinate
Penta International
ETHYL LEVULINATE FCC, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL LEVULINATE, NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Ethyl Levulinate
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Ethyl Levulinate Natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Levulinate
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Levulinate
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl levulinate, natural, ≥98%, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Levulinate 99%
SRS Aromatics
ETHYL LEVULINATE
Synerzine
Ethyl Levulinate
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Levulinate >98.0%(GC)
Treatt
Ethyl Levulinate
Vigon International
Ethyl Levulinate FCC
Vigon International
Ethyl Levulinate Natural
WEN International
ETHYL LEVULINATE Natural
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1978f)

oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 679, 1982.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 679, 1982.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for ethyl levulinate usage levels up to:
  6.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 470.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -12.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -5.80000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -11.00000
fruit ices: -11.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -12.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to - Flavouring Group Evaluation 10: Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 1 (FGE10 Rev1)[1] - Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 2 (FGE.10Rev2): Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):539-88-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :10883
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
Chemidplus:0000539888
RTECS:OI1700000 for cas# 539-88-8
 
References:
 ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:539-88-8
Pubchem (cid):10883
Pubchem (sid):134978625
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB40433
FooDB:FDB020166
Export Tariff Code:2918.30.9000
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
FAO:Ethyl levulinate
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
(E)-5-
nonen-2-one
FL/FR
(E)-
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
lily pentanal
FR
2-
methyl undecanal dimethyl acetal
FR
alliaceous
methyl furfuryl disulfide
FL/FR
amber
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
animal
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
fir carboxylate
FR
hexyl cinnamate
FR
brown
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
caramellic
maltyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
chemical
propyl propionate
FL/FR
citrus
(R)-
citronellyl nitrile
FR
citrus specialty
FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
creamy
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
earthy
methyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
hexyl pivalate
FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
2-
nonenal
FL/FR
fermented
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetal
FR
boronia absolute
FL/FR
cassis cyclohexene
FR
citronellol
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
coranol (Firmenich)
FR
cuminyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
gamma-
damascone
FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
(±)-2,3-
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
6,8-
dimethyl-2-nonanol
FR
3,6-
dimethyl-3-octanol
FL/FR
ethyl linalool
FR
ethyl linalyl acetal
FR
ethyl linalyl acetate
FR
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
geranyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
hexyl lactate
FL/FR
hexyl nonanoate
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
jasmin cyclopentanol
FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
lily propanol
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(2-
methoxy-1-methyl propyl) benzene
FR
methoxycitronellal
FR
methoxymelonal
FL/FR
para-
methyl benzyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
rose carboxylate
FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
tilia cordata flower oil CO2 extract
FR
fruity
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
allyl cyclohexyl acetate
FL/FR
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
3-
allyl oxy-1,4-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
berry hexanoate
FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
bisabolene
FL/FR
butyl 2-decenoate
FL/FR
3-
butyl bicyclo[3.2.1]-6-octen-2-one
FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
cinnamyl hexanoate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
1,4-
dibutyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
diethyl sebacate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-cyclohexyl propionate
FR
ethyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoate
FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
endo-
ethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)-5-heptene-2-carboxylate
FR
ethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)-5-heptene-2-carboxylate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
ethyl sorbate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
fig crotonate
FR
fruity butanate
FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
heliotropyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
heptanal cyclic ethylene acetal
FR
2-
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
heptyl valerate
FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-pentenoate
FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl propionate
FL/FR
hexyl valerate
FL/FR
linalyl hexanoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl valerate
FL/FR
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
methyl nonanoate
FL/FR
methyl octadienoate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
nerolidyl isobutyrate
FR
neryl isobutyrate
FL/FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
2-
nonanone
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-al dimethyl acetal
FR
3-
nonen-2-one
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl hexanoate
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-2-butyl acetate
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenol
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
propenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl 2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
rhubarb undecane
FR
solanone
FL/FR
(E,E)-
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
styralyl butyrate
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
tropical indene
FR
tropical specialty
FR
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
tropical trithiane
FL/FR
vanilla carboxylate
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetal
FL/FR
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
actinidia chinensis fruit water
FR
actinidia chinensis seed extract
CS
allyl phenethyl ether
FR
iso
amyl formate
FL/FR
butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
carrot leaf oil (daucus carota ssp.maximus)
FR
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
cognac heptanone
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute replacer
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
galbanum specialty
FR
green dioxolane
FR
green note propionate
FL/FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
heptyl formate
FL/FR
herbal cyclohexane
FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl pyruvate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
3-
hexenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenyl methyl ether
FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
melon acetal
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
neogall
FR
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-3-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde ethylene glycol acetal
FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
alpha-iso
propyl phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
propylene acetal
FL/FR
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
1-[(3aS,7aR)-3a,4,7,7a-
tetrahydro-1H-inden-6-yl]ethanone
FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
violet dienyne
FR
violet leaf absolute
FL/FR
herbal
hexanol
FL/FR
6-
methoxy-2,6-dimethyl octanal
FR
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl acetate
FL/FR
tagete oil india
FL/FR
tricyclodecyl acetate
FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
honey
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
melon
melon carboxaldehyde
FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonenal
FL/FR
mentholic
menthyl acetate racemic
FL/FR
minty
carvyl acetate
FL/FR
soapy
ambrettolide
FL/FR
spicy
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
2,5-
dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate + 1,4-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate
FR
sulfurous
blackberry thiophenone
FL/FR
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
4-
methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solution
FL/FR
terpenic
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
psidium guajava fruit extract
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
winey
methyl 3-acetoxyoctanoate
FL/FR
woody
verdoxan
FR
woody acetate
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetal
FL/FR
actinidia chinensis fruit juice
FL
allyl levulinate
FL
allyl tiglate
FL
blackberry thiophenone
FL/FR
butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl octanoate
FL/FR
cinnamyl hexanoate
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
2,5-
diethyl-4-propyl thiazole
FL
(±)-2,3-
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
ethyl 2-(methyl thio) acetate
FL
ethyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)-5-heptene-2-carboxylate
FL/FR
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
geranyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
heptadien-1-ol
FL
2-
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
hexenal
FL
(E)-3-
hexenal
FL
2-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL
(E)-2-
hexenal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL
hexyl nonanoate
FL/FR
hexyl propionate
FL/FR
hexyl valerate
FL/FR
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
linalyl hexanoate
FL/FR
menthyl acetate racemic
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 3-acetoxyoctanoate
FL/FR
methyl 3-hydroxybutyrate
FL
4-
methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solution
FL/FR
methyl 4-pentenoate
FL
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
methyl octadienoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
methyl-2-octenal
FL
2-
methyl-2-octenal
FL
2-
methyl-3-heptanone
FL
3-
methyl-3-pentanol
FL
(E)-3-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-5-
nonen-2-one
FL/FR
(E,E)-3,5-
octadien-2-one
FL
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-4-ol
FL
3-
octyl butyrate
FL
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-2-butyl acetate
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
alpha-iso
propyl phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
propylene acetal
FL/FR
solanone
FL/FR
(E,E)-
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E)-
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
alliaceous
alliaceous
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
berry
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
2-
nonanone
FL/FR
chemical
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
citrus
bisabolene
FL/FR
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde
FL/FR
cognac heptanone
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
coconut
(R)-
massoia lactone
FL
coffee
methyl furfuryl disulfide
FL/FR
cooling
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
creamy
2,4-
heptadienal
FL
massoia lactone
FL
dairy
2-
pentyl acetate
FL/FR
earthy
1-
hexen-3-yl acetate
FL
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
propenyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
heptyl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadienal
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
nonadienal
FL
2-
nonenal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenoic acid
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
undecadienal
FL
floral
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl acetate
FL/FR
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
iso
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
boronia absolute
FL/FR
butyl 2-decenoate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute replacer
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
diethyl sebacate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL
ethyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-oxohexanoate
FL
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
ethyl sorbate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
furfuryl isovalerate
FL
furfuryl propionate
FL
2-
furyl pentyl ketone
FL
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
heliotropyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hexyl lactate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
kiwi distillates
FL
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
methoxymelonal
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-nonenoate
FL
methyl 2-methyl valerate
FL/FR
methyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
para-
methyl benzyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
neryl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl hexanoate
FL/FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenol
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
styralyl butyrate
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
tropical trithiane
FL/FR
vanilla carboxylate
FL/FR
green
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl formate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
cucumber distillates
FL
cuminyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyraldehyde
FL
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
green note propionate
FL/FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadienal
FL
hexanol
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl pyruvate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
3-
hexenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
melon acetal
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-undecynoate
FL
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
3-(5-
methyl-2-furyl) butanal
FL
4-
methyl-2-pentenal
FL
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonenal
FL/FR
2,4-
octadienal
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
octadienal
FL
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
phorone
FL
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
violet leaf absolute
FL/FR
herbal
3,6-
dimethyl-3-octanol
FL/FR
tagete oil india
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
jammy
maltyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
leafy
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
melon
propyl 2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
minty
carvyl acetate
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
oily
3-
nonen-2-one
FL/FR
pungent
acetaldehyde
FL
rummy
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
soapy
ambrettolide
FL/FR
sour
3-
methyl valeric acid
FL
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
1-
methyl thio-2-propanone
FL
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
guava distillates
FL
propyl propionate
FL/FR
psidium guajava fruit
FL
psidium guajava fruit extract
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
whiskey
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
winey
methyl nonanoate
FL/FR
valeraldehyde
FL/FR
woody
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRapple
FRgrape
FRgreen
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe
 olive
FRpear
FRpineapple
FRrhubarb
FRsaffron
FLsmoke
 waxy
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 bread white bread
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 cocoa
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 garlic
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 onion roasted onion
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 vanilla
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 wine
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Synonyms:
 ethyl 3-acetyl propionate
 ethyl 4-ketovalerate
 ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
 ethyl 4-oxovalerate
 ethyl acetyl propanoate
 ethyl acetylpropanoate
 ethyl ketovalerate
 ethyl laevulate
 ethyl levulate
 ethyl levulinate FCC
 ethyl levulinate natural
 ethyl-4-oxovalerate
 ethyl-levulinate
 laevulic acid ethyl ester
 levulinic acid ethyl ester
4-oxo-pentanoic acid ethyl ester
 pentanoic acid, 4-oxo-, ethyl ester
4-ketovaleric acid ethyl ester
4-oxovaleric acid ethyl ester
 

Articles:

PubMed:Production of ethyl levulinate by direct conversion of wheat straw in ethanol media.
PubMed:Conversion of mono- and disaccharides to ethyl levulinate and ethyl pyranoside with sulfonic acid-functionalized ionic liquids.
PubMed:Conversion of furfuryl alcohol into ethyl levulinate using solid acid catalysts.
PubMed:Sulfonated graphene oxide as effective catalyst for conversion of 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural into biofuels.
PubMed:RANEY® Ni catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of levulinate esters to γ-valerolactone at room temperature.
PubMed:Efficient catalytic system for the conversion of fructose into 5-ethoxymethylfurfural.
PubMed:Acid-catalyzed conversion of mono- and poly-sugars into platform chemicals: effects of molecular structure of sugar substrate.
PubMed:A chemo-enzymatic route to synthesize (S)-╬│-valerolactone from levulinic acid.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of sulfated TiO2 nanorods and ZrO2/TiO2 nanocomposites for the esterification of biobased organic acid.
PubMed:Production of ethyl levulinate by direct conversion of wheat straw in ethanol media.
PubMed:A multifunctional 5-aminolevulinic acid derivative induces erythroid differentiation of K562 human erythroleukemic cells.
PubMed:Conversion of mono- and disaccharides to ethyl levulinate and ethyl pyranoside with sulfonic acid-functionalized ionic liquids.
PubMed:Comment on processes for the direct conversion of cellulose or cellulosic biomass into levulinate esters.
PubMed:A three-step synthetic approach to asymmetrically functionalized 4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b']dithiophenes.
PubMed:Conversion of furfuryl alcohol into ethyl levulinate using solid acid catalysts.
PubMed:Research on heterocyclic compounds, XXIX. Synthesis and antiinflammatory activity of imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazine derivatives.
PubMed:Synthesis of a spin-labeled phospholipid for studying membrane dynamics in intact mammalian cells.
PubMed:Polymer-linked 6-azauridine 5'-monophosphate, a resin of high bioaffinity to orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase.
PubMed:Substrate- and product-affinity resins for adenosine deaminase obtained by immobilisation of adenosine and inosine via 2',3'-cyclic acetal derivatives.
 
Notes:
Flavouring ingredient
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