ethyl levulinate
ethyl 4-oxovalerate
 
Notes:
Flavouring ingredient
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Sustainability
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      244200 ETHYL LEVULINATE Natural Kosher
       
  • Bedoukian Research
    • Bedoukian Research, Inc.
      Constantly Improving
      Working closely with our customers to meet their requirements.
      Paul Bedoukian founded the company to fill a niche as a supplier of high quality specialty aroma and flavor ingredients. In 1975 the company began manufacturing insect pheromones which are chemically similar to flavor and fragrance ingredients. Today, Bedoukian Research offers more than 450 Aroma Chemicals and 50 Insect Pheromones, while also providing custom manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and specialty chemical industries.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: 1-203-830-4000
      US Fax: 1-203-830-4010
      News
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      545 ETHYL LEVULINATE ≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
      SDS
      Blends well with beta-coronal and cashmeran. Good for melon, pear and smoky notes.
      Can be used in grape, apple, pineapple, fruit, rum, smoked-meat and gravy flavors.
       
       
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
      News
      Product(s):
      10627 Ethyl Levulinate
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      Ethyl Levulinate
       
  • CTC Organics
    • CTC Organics
      For More Than 40 Year
      Your source for rare aroma chemicals for the flavor and fragrance industy.
      “The world is run by middle men.” The number of times I have heard Dr. Liu utter those words are innumerable. He loved reciting and recording famous quotes and had many of his own. Among his many talents, Dr. Liu had a unique genius in the area of chemistry. He had an uncanny understanding of the pulse of the chemical industry and was a superb salesman.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: (404) 524-6744
      US Fax: (404) 577-1651
      Resources
      History
      Product(s):
      W0530 ethyl levulinate
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL SocietÓ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
      Linkedin
      Youtube
      RSS Feed
      ECSA Trade
      Company Profile
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      Ethyl Levulinate
       
  • Elan Inc.
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      Ethyl Levulinate Natural
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      ethyl levulinate natural
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      ETHYL LEVULINATE
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      A0363 ETHYL LEVULINATE, Kosher
      N0210 NAT. ETHYL LEVULINATE
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      05-45400 ETHYL LEVULINATE FCC, Kosher
      05-45402 ETHYL LEVULINATE, NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      PerfumersWorld Skype Skype
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Google+
      Youtube
      Resources
      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      Product(s):
      3FH04104 Ethyl Levulinate
       
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Global Reach
      Product(s):
      Ethyl Levulinate Natural
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Instagram
      Linkedin
      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W244220 Ethyl levulinate, natural, ≥98%, FG
      SDS
       
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
      Twitter
      Linkedin
      News
      Product(s):
      ETHYL LEVULINATE
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      Ethyl Levulinate
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
ethyl 4-oxopentanoate (Click)
CAS Number: 539-88-8Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 208-728-2
FDA UNII: 7BU24CSS2G
Nikkaji Web: J1.595D
Beilstein Number: 0507641
MDL: MFCD00009209
CoE Number: 373
XlogP3-AA: 0.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 144.17024000
Formula: C7 H12 O3
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 607  ethyl levulinate
Flavis Number: 09.435 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 09.435  ethyl 4-oxovalerate
FEMA Number: 2442  ethyl levulinate
FDA Mainterm: ETHYL LEVULINATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Boiling Point: 93.00 to  94.00 °C. @ 18.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 105.00 °C. @ 24.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 2.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.249000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: >1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 195.00 °F. TCC ( 90.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): 0.400 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.566e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 paraffin oil
Similar Items: note
allyl levulinate
isoamyl levulinate
benzyl levulinate
butyl levulinate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl levulinate
methyl levulinate
propyl levulinate
isopropyl levulinate
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength: medium
 sweet  fruity  floral  berry  green  pineapple  rhubarb  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet fruity floral berry green pineapple rhubarb
Luebke, William tgsc, (1995)
 fruity  green  melon  waxy  
Odor Description:
Fruity, green, melon-like with waxy notes
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 1, 19, (1990)
 fruity  green  waxy  melon  
Taste Description:
at 40.00 ppm.  
Fruity, green, waxy and melon
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 1, 19, (1990)
Substantivity: 4 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
ETHYL LEVULINATE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Apple, Pineapple, Rhubarb
Apple Flavor & Fragrance
Ethyl levulinate
Aurochemicals
ETHYL LEVULINATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
ETHYL LEVULINATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bedoukian Research
ETHYL LEVULINATE
≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
Odor: An ethereal fruity odor with savory backnotes
Use: Blends well with beta-coronal and cashmeran. Good for melon, pear and smoky notes.
Flavor: fruity
Can be used in grape, apple, pineapple, fruit, rum, smoked-meat and gravy flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Ethyl Levulinate
Berjé
Ethyl Levulinate
Happening at Berje
CTC Organics
ethyl levulinate
ECSA Chemicals
Ethyl Levulinate
Company Profile
Elan Inc.
ETHYL LEVULINATE
(natural), Kosher
Elan Inc.
ETHYL LEVULINATE
FCC, Kosher
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Levulinate
Ernesto Ventós
ETHYL LEVULINATE
Odor: FRUITY, COGNAC, GREEN, MELON
Excellentia International
Ethyl Levulinate Natural
Fleurchem
ethyl levulinate natural
Global Essence
Ethyl Levulinate
Grau Aromatics
ETHYL-LEVULINATE
NI, Kosher
Indukern F&F
ETHYL LEVULINATE
Odor: FRESH, FRUITY, APPLE
CROP CALENDAR
Kun Shan P&A
Ethyl Levulinate
Lluch Essence
ETHYL LEVULINATE
M&U International
NAT. ETHYL LEVULINATE
M&U International
ETHYL LEVULINATE, Kosher
PCAS
Ethyl Levulinate, Kosher
Pearlchem Corporation
Ethyl Levulinate
Penta International
ETHYL LEVULINATE FCC, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL LEVULINATE, NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Ethyl Levulinate
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Ethyl Levulinate Natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Levulinate
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Levulinate
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl levulinate, natural, ≥98%, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Levulinate 99%
SRS Aromatics
ETHYL LEVULINATE
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Levulinate >98.0%(GC)
Treatt
Ethyl Levulinate
Vigon International
Ethyl Levulinate FCC
Vigon International
Ethyl Levulinate Natural
WEN International
ETHYL LEVULINATE Natural
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1978f)

oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 679, 1982.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 679, 1982.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for ethyl levulinate usage levels up to:
  6.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 470.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -12.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -5.80000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -11.00000
fruit ices: -11.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -12.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to - Flavouring Group Evaluation 10: Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 1 (FGE10 Rev1)[1] - Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 2 (FGE.10Rev2): Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 539-88-8
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 10883
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
Chemidplus: 0000539888
RTECS: OI1700000 for cas# 539-88-8
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 539-88-8
Pubchem (cid): 10883
Pubchem (sid): 134978625
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB40433
FooDB: FDB020166
Export Tariff Code: 2918.30.9000
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
FAO: Ethyl levulinate
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
(E)-5-nonen-2-oneFL/FR
(E)-tiglaldehydeFL/FR
aldehydic
 lily pentanalFR
2-methyl undecanal dimethyl acetalFR
alliaceous
 methyl furfuryl disulfideFL/FR
amber
 ambrette seed absoluteFL/FR
balsamic
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
caramellic
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
citrus
2-heptanolFL/FR
creamy
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
earthy
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
ethereal
 propyl formateFL/FR
fatty
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
 hexyl pivalateFR
 methyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
fermented
3-methyl-1-pentanolFL/FR
 valeraldehydeFL/FR
floral
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetalFR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 coranol (Firmenich)FR
gamma-damasconeFR
alpha-damasconeFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
6,8-dimethyl-2-nonanolFR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
beta-iononeFL/FR
 jasmin cyclopentanolFR
 lily propanolFR
 linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 methoxycitronellalFR
 papaya isobutyrateFL/FR
 rose carboxylateFR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fresh
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
fruity
 acetaldehyde dihexyl acetalFL/FR
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
3-benzyl-4-heptanoneFL/FR
 berry hexanoateFR
 berry pentadienoateFL/FR
 butyl hexanoateFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobutyl propionateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
2-cyclopentyl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 diethyl sebacateFL/FR
 dimethyl succinateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-cyclohexyl propionateFR
 ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-octenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoateFR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 geranyl isovalerateFL/FR
 grape butyrateFL/FR
 heliotropyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 heptanal cyclic ethylene acetalFR
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
2-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-pentenoateFR
(E)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl (E)-tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 hexyl propionateFL/FR
beta-ionone epoxideFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-methyl valerateFL/FR
 methyl 3-nonenoateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl heptanoateFL/FR
 methyl valerateFL/FR
 nerolidyl isobutyrateFR
3-nonen-2-oneFL/FR
(Z)-3-octen-1-olFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
2-pentyl furanFL/FR
4-phenyl-2-butyl acetateFL/FR
 pineapple pentenoateFL/FR
 prenyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropenyl acetateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 rhubarb undecaneFR
 solanoneFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrateFL/FR
 tropical indeneFR
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
green
 acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetalFL/FR
 acetaldehyde methyl hexyl acetalFR
isoamyl formateFL/FR
 butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 cognac heptanoneFL/FR
alpha-decalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
 green dioxolaneFR
 heptyl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl pyruvateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
2-hexenyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl octanoateFL/FR
 hexyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
 melon acetalFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
2-methyl valeraldehydeFL/FR
 neryl butyrateFL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-nonadien-1-yl acetateFL/FR
3,6-nonadien-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-5-octen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-pentenalFL/FR
 phenoxyethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde ethylene glycol acetalFR
alpha-isopropyl phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 propylene acetalFL/FR
 thiogeraniolFL/FR
 violet dienyneFR
herbal
 tricyclodecyl acetateFR
melon
 melon carboxaldehydeFR
(Z)-6-nonen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
mentholic
 menthyl acetate racemicFL/FR
minty
beta-cyclocitralFL/FR
soapy
 ambrettolideFL/FR
sulfurous
 blackberry thiophenoneFL/FR
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
vegetable
1-furfuryl pyrroleFL/FR
waxy
9-decenoic acidFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-dodecadien-1-ol 
 methyl butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-methyl geranateFL/FR
2,4-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-nonen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
woody
 verdoxanFR
 woody acetateFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetalFL/FR
 acetaldehyde dihexyl acetalFL/FR
 allyl tiglateFL
 blackberry thiophenoneFL/FR
 butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
beta-cyclocitralFL/FR
2-cyclopentyl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
alpha-decalactoneFL/FR
 diethyl sebacateFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-dodecadien-1-ol 
 ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 heliotropyl isobutyrateFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-heptadien-1-olFL
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
2-hexenalFL
2-hexenal diethyl acetalFL
2-hexenyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL
 hexyl propionateFL/FR
beta-ionone epoxideFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 melon acetalFL/FR
 menthyl acetate racemicFL/FR
 methyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 4-pentenoateFL
(E)-methyl geranateFL/FR
(E)-2-methyl-2-octenalFL
2-methyl-2-octenalFL
3-methyl-3-pentanolFL
(Z)-3-nonen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-5-nonen-2-oneFL/FR
(E,E)-3,5-octadien-2-oneFL
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-4-olFL
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
4-phenyl-2-butyl acetateFL/FR
 prenyl hexanoateFL/FR
alpha-isopropyl phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 propylene acetalFL/FR
 solanoneFL/FR
(E)-tiglaldehydeFL/FR
alliaceous
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
berry
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
caramellic
 maltyl isobutyrateFL/FR
cinnamon
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
citrus
 cognac heptanoneFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
coffee
 methyl furfuryl disulfideFL/FR
cooling
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
earthy
1-hexen-3-yl acetateFL
estery
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
ethereal
isopropenyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
 heptyl formateFL/FR
2,4-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-octen-1-olFL/FR
floral
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 papaya isobutyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
3-benzyl-4-heptanoneFL/FR
 berry pentadienoateFL/FR
 butyl hexanoateFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobutyl propionateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
alpha-damasconeFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 dimethyl succinateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-octenoateFL
 ethyl 2-octenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-oxohexanoateFL
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 furfuryl isovalerateFL
 furfuryl propionateFL
2-heptanolFL/FR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
 hexanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
2-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isobutyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexenal diethyl acetalFL
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl (E)-3-nonenoateFL
 methyl 2-methyl valerateFL/FR
 methyl 3-nonenoateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl heptanoateFL/FR
 methyl valerateFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 pineapple pentenoateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl formateFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrateFL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
green
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl formateFL/FR
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 geranyl isovalerateFL/FR
 grape butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl pyruvateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
 hexyl (E)-tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 hexyl octanoateFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-undecynoateFL
2-methyl valeraldehydeFL/FR
 neryl butyrateFL/FR
3,6-nonadien-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-nonadien-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
(Z)-5-octen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-pentenalFL/FR
2-pentyl furanFL/FR
 phenoxyethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
herbal
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
juicy
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
leafy
 methyl butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
minty
 thiogeraniolFL/FR
oily
3-nonen-2-oneFL/FR
rummy
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
soapy
 ambrettolideFL/FR
sour
3-methyl valeric acidFL
sulfurous
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
1-methyl thio-2-propanoneFL
vegetable
1-furfuryl pyrroleFL/FR
waxy
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
9-decenoic acidFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
whiskey
3-methyl-1-pentanolFL/FR
winey
 valeraldehydeFL/FR
woody
 ambrette seed absoluteFL/FR
beta-iononeFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 appleFR
 grapeFR
 greenFR
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe 
 olive 
 pearFR
 pineappleFR
 rhubarbFR
 saffronFR
 smokeFL
 waxy 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 bread white bread
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 cocoa
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 garlic
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 onion roasted onion
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 vanilla
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 wine
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Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 ethyl 3-acetyl propionate
 ethyl 4-ketovalerate
 ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
 ethyl 4-oxovalerate
 ethyl acetyl propanoate
 ethyl acetylpropanoate
 ethyl ketovalerate
 ethyl laevulate
 ethyl levulate
 ethyl levulinate FCC
 ethyl levulinate natural
 ethyl-4-oxovalerate
 ethyl-levulinate
 laevulic acid ethyl ester
 levulinic acid ethyl ester
4-oxo-pentanoic acid ethyl ester
 pentanoic acid, 4-oxo-, ethyl ester
4-ketovaleric acid ethyl ester
4-oxovaleric acid ethyl ester
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Production of ethyl levulinate by direct conversion of wheat straw in ethanol media.
PubMed: Conversion of mono- and disaccharides to ethyl levulinate and ethyl pyranoside with sulfonic acid-functionalized ionic liquids.
PubMed: Conversion of furfuryl alcohol into ethyl levulinate using solid acid catalysts.
PubMed: Sulfonated graphene oxide as effective catalyst for conversion of 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural into biofuels.
PubMed: RANEY® Ni catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of levulinate esters to γ-valerolactone at room temperature.
PubMed: Efficient catalytic system for the conversion of fructose into 5-ethoxymethylfurfural.
PubMed: Acid-catalyzed conversion of mono- and poly-sugars into platform chemicals: effects of molecular structure of sugar substrate.
PubMed: A chemo-enzymatic route to synthesize (S)-╬│-valerolactone from levulinic acid.
PubMed: Synthesis and characterization of sulfated TiO2 nanorods and ZrO2/TiO2 nanocomposites for the esterification of biobased organic acid.
PubMed: Production of ethyl levulinate by direct conversion of wheat straw in ethanol media.
PubMed: A multifunctional 5-aminolevulinic acid derivative induces erythroid differentiation of K562 human erythroleukemic cells.
PubMed: Conversion of mono- and disaccharides to ethyl levulinate and ethyl pyranoside with sulfonic acid-functionalized ionic liquids.
PubMed: Comment on processes for the direct conversion of cellulose or cellulosic biomass into levulinate esters.
PubMed: A three-step synthetic approach to asymmetrically functionalized 4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b']dithiophenes.
PubMed: Conversion of furfuryl alcohol into ethyl levulinate using solid acid catalysts.
PubMed: Research on heterocyclic compounds, XXIX. Synthesis and antiinflammatory activity of imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazine derivatives.
PubMed: Synthesis of a spin-labeled phospholipid for studying membrane dynamics in intact mammalian cells.
PubMed: Polymer-linked 6-azauridine 5'-monophosphate, a resin of high bioaffinity to orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase.
PubMed: Substrate- and product-affinity resins for adenosine deaminase obtained by immobilisation of adenosine and inosine via 2',3'-cyclic acetal derivatives.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
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