arabinogalactan
Notes:
Larch Turpentine or Venetian Turpentine is a turpentine type of a natural oleoresin. It occurs as a physiological secretion in the larch tree, Larix Decidua, a conifer. The tree is quite common in Central and Southern Europe, Austria, Italy, Greece, Yugoslavia, etc. Larch Turpentine is a very viscous liquid, just pourable at room temperature. It is of light amber or pale yellow color and possesses a soft, balsamic terpenic odor, reminiscent of fresh conifer resins and cones. Larch Turpentine is used in Europe, when and where it is available, as a fixative for pine or fir needle fragrances, low cost fougeres and industrial perfumes. It is an very good fixative. polysaccharide in cell wall of nocardia asteroides; also found in plants.
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      01-40750 ARABINOGALACTAN, Kosher
       
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Name:larix decidua gum
CAS Number: 9036-66-2 113956-37-9
ECHA EC Number:232-910-0
FDA UNII:SL4SX1O487
MDL:MFCD00062638
CoE Number:10175
XlogP3-AA:-4.20 (est)
Formula:unspecified
Category:carrier solvents, encapsulating agent for food additives, flavorings, stabilizers and absorbents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
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Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/EU SANCO Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
GRN 17 Arabinogalactan View-notice PDF
GRN 84 Arabinogalactan from Eastern Larch (Larix laricina) View-notice PDF
FEMA Number:3254  arabinogalactan
FDA Mainterm: ARABINOGALACTAN
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart C--Coatings, Films and Related Substances
Sec. 172.230 Microcapsules for flavoring substances.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart G--Gums, Chewing Gum Bases and Related Substances
Sec. 172.610 Arabinogalactan.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance:white powder (est)
Assay: 78.00 to  98.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed:No
Melting Point: 200.00 to  204.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type:balsamic
Odor Strength:low
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
very mild balsam pine resin
Luebke, William tgsc, (1992)
Odor sample from:SAFC
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: film formers
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Suppliers:
Aceto
Arabinogalactan
CTC Organics
arabinogalactan
Parchem
arabinogalactan
Penta International
ARABINOGALACTAN, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
Larch Gum
SAFC Global
(+)-Arabinogalactan
TRI-K Industries
TRIspire Enhance
Odor: characteristic
Use: Extracted from the Larch tree harvested in North America, TRIspire Enhance is a highly functional polysaccharide. It is a natural, mild, non-irritating and water soluble polymer which enhances emulsion stability, reduces transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and provides moisture control in formulations. This product also promotes AHA exfoliation on skin without irritaiton, improves superficial fine lines, provides film forming and skin tightening and improves the uniformity and spreadability of cosmetic formulations.
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Safety Information:
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
  Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
  Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category:carrier solvents, encapsulating agent for food additives, flavorings, stabilizers and absorbents
Recommendation for arabinogalactan usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for arabinogalactan flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):9036-66-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
 larix decidua gum
Chemidplus:0009036662
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References:
 larix decidua gum
Pubchem (cid):24847856
Pubchem (sid):135283020
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Other Information:
Dietary Supplements Labels Database: Search
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3505.10.0090
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Wikipedia: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
sumatra benzoin absoluteFL/FR
sumatra benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 cotinus coggygria branch/leaf oilFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
 mastic absoluteFL/FR
 myrtenolFL/FR
(Z)-pinaneFR
 pine needle oil dwarfFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 pinus nigra oilFR
red spruce oilFR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
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Potential Uses:
 balsamFR
 candy 
 fern fougereFR
 film formers 
 fir balsamFR
 fir needle 
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Natural Occurrence in: note
 larch wood
GRIN Trop Picture
 monterrey pine
 pine jack pine
 pine white
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Synonyms:
 arabino galactan
(+)-arabinogalactan
 arabinogalactan from larix occidentalis
D-galacto-L-arabinan
 galacto-L-arabinan, L-
dextro-galacto-laevo-arabinan
 galactoarabinan
 larch gum
 larch gum (larix decidua)
 larix decidua gum
 polyarabinogalactan
larch turpentine
venetian turpentine
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Articles:
PubMed:Structure-specificity relationships in Abp, a GH27 β-L-arabinopyranosidase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus T6.
PubMed:Improved starch recovery from potatoes by enzymes and reduced water holding of the residual fibres.
PubMed:Healing efficiency of oligosaccharides generated from almond gum (Prunus amygdalus) on dermal wounds of adult rats.
PubMed:Honeybee apisimin and plant arabinogalactans in honey costimulate monocytes.
PubMed:Characterisation and immunomodulating activities of exo-polysaccharides from submerged cultivation of Hypsizigus marmoreus.
PubMed:Crystal structure and characterization of the glycoside hydrolase family 62 α-L-arabinofuranosidase from Streptomyces coelicolor.
PubMed:Structurally characterized arabinogalactan from Anoectochilus formosanus as an immuno-modulator against CT26 colon cancer in BALB/c mice.
PubMed:Composition and physicochemical properties of Zedo gum exudates from Amygdalus scoparia.
PubMed:Thermal stability of spent coffee ground polysaccharides: galactomannans and arabinogalactans.
PubMed:A Type II Arabinogalactan from Anoectochilus formosanus for G-CSF Production in Macrophages and Leukopenia Improvement in CT26-Bearing Mice Treated with 5-Fluorouracil.
PubMed:Polysaccharides from prunes: gastroprotective activity and structural elucidation of bioactive pectins.
PubMed:Differences between easy- and difficult-to-mill chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. Part III: free sugar and non-starch polysaccharide composition.
PubMed:Characterisation of cell wall polysaccharides from rapeseed (Brassica napus) meal.
PubMed:Phase separation induced molecular fractionation of gum arabic--sugar beet pectin systems.
PubMed:Characterization of a Yariv precipitated arabinogalactan-protein from fruits of rye (Secale cereale L.).
PubMed:A review of the occurrence of Grain softness protein-1 genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).
PubMed:Microwave superheated water extraction of polysaccharides from spent coffee grounds.
PubMed:Roasting-induced changes in arabinotriose, a model of coffee arabinogalactan side chains.
PubMed:Polysaccharides from peach pulp: structure and effects on mouse peritoneal macrophages.
PubMed:Structural analysis of a pectic polysaccharide from boat-fruited sterculia seeds.
PubMed:Characterization of an α-L-Rhamnosidase from Streptomyces avermitilis.
PubMed:Functional characterization of the galactan utilization system of Geobacillus stearothermophilus.
PubMed:Structure of arabinogalactan-protein from Acacia gum: from porous ellipsoids to supramolecular architectures.
PubMed:Structural characterization of an arabinogalactan-protein from the fruits of Lycium ruthenicum.
PubMed:Insight into the mechanism of coffee melanoidin formation using modified "in bean" models.
PubMed:Tissue-specific and developmental modifications of grape cell walls influence the adsorption of proanthocyanidins.
PubMed:Characterization and prebiotic activity of aqueous extract and indigestible polysaccharide from Anoectochilus formosanus.
PubMed:The abp gene in Geobacillus stearothermophilus T-6 encodes a GH27 β-L-arabinopyranosidase.
PubMed:The Cell Walls of Green Algae: A Journey through Evolution and Diversity.
PubMed:Isolation and structural characterisation of okara polysaccharides.
PubMed:Arabinogalactan proteins contribute to the immunostimulatory properties of New Zealand honeys.
PubMed:Ethambutol-mediated cell wall modification in recombinant Corynebacterium glutamicum increases the biotransformation rates of cyclohexanone derivatives.
PubMed:Foamability and foam stability of molecular reconstituted model sparkling wines.
PubMed:Investigation of a His-rich arabinogalactan-protein for micronutrient biofortification of cereal grain.
PubMed:Effects of cooking on the cell walls (dietary fiber) of 'Scarlet Warren' winter squash ( Cucurbita maxima ) studied by polysaccharide linkage analysis and solid-state (13)C NMR.
PubMed:[Gummi armeniacae collected from apricot trees in armenia - perspective source of arabinogalactan].
PubMed:Arabinoxylans and arabinogalactans: a comprehensive treatise.
PubMed:Arabinogalactan present in the mountain celery seed extract potentiated hypolipidemic bioactivity of coexisting polyphenols in hamsters.
PubMed:Galactoglucomannan Oligosaccharides (GGMO) from a molasses byproduct of pine ( Pinus taeda ) fiberboard production.
PubMed:Structural characterization and hypoglycemic effects of arabinogalactan-protein from the tuberous cortex of the white-skinned sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.).
PubMed:First characterization of bioactive components in soybean tempe that protect human and animal intestinal cells against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection.
PubMed:In vitro modulation of the human gastrointestinal microbial community by plant-derived polysaccharide-rich dietary supplements.
PubMed:Characterization of a pectic polysaccharide from the leaves of Diospyros kaki and its modulating activity on lymphocyte proliferation.
PubMed:Structural investigations on arabinogalactan-protein from wheat, isolated with Yariv reagent.
PubMed:Arabinogalactan-folic acid-drug conjugate for targeted delivery and target-activated release of anticancer drugs to folate receptor-overexpressing cells.
PubMed:Oxidation of polysaccharides by galactose oxidase.
PubMed:Inhibition of binding of the AB5-type enterotoxins LT-I and cholera toxin to ganglioside GM1 by galactose-rich dietary components.
PubMed:Modulation of immunoresponse in BALB/c mice by oral administration of Fag e 1-glucomannan conjugate.
PubMed:A beta-l-Arabinopyranosidase from Streptomyces avermitilis is a novel member of glycoside hydrolase family 27.
PubMed:FT-IR methodology for quality control of arabinogalactan protein (AGP) extracted from green tea (Camellia sinensis ).
PubMed:Quantitative prediction of cell wall polysaccharide composition in grape (Vitis vinifera L.) and apple (Malus domestica) skins from acid hydrolysis monosaccharide profiles.
PubMed:Content and molecular-weight distribution of dietary fiber components in whole-grain rye flour and bread.
PubMed:Inhibition of pathogen adhesion to host cells by polysaccharides from Panax ginseng.
PubMed:Yield and quality of pectins extractable from the peels of thai mango cultivars depending on fruit ripeness.
PubMed:Nonstarch polysaccharides in wheat flour wire-cut cookie making.
PubMed:New insights into the structural characteristics of the arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) fraction of gum arabic.
PubMed:Novel plant and fungal AGP-like proteins in the Medicago truncatula-Glomus intraradices arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis.
PubMed:Roasting effects on formation mechanisms of coffee brew melanoidins.
PubMed:Characterization of a modular enzyme of exo-1,5-alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase and arabinan binding module from Streptomyces avermitilis NBRC14893.
PubMed:Electron spin resonance (ESR) studies on the formation of roasting-induced antioxidative structures in coffee brews at different degrees of roast.
PubMed:Characterization of an endo-beta-1,6-Galactanase from Streptomyces avermitilis NBRC14893.
PubMed:Coffee dietary fiber contents and structural characteristics as influenced by coffee type and technological and brewing procedures.
PubMed:Bifidobacterium carbohydrases-their role in breakdown and synthesis of (potential) prebiotics.
PubMed:Polysaccharide profile and content during the vinification and aging of Tempranillo red wines.
PubMed:Cereal non-cellulosic polysaccharides: structure and function relationship - an overview.
PubMed:Effects of soluble tea polysaccharides on hyperglycemia in alloxan-diabetic mice.
PubMed:Inhibition of galectin-3 mediated cellular interactions by pectic polysaccharides from dietary sources.
PubMed:Melanoidins from coffee infusions. Fractionation, chemical characterization, and effect of the degree of roast.
PubMed:An impression of coffee carbohydrates.
PubMed:Arabinogalactan proteins are incorporated in negatively charged coffee brew melanoidins.
PubMed:Characterization of an exo-beta-1,3-D-galactanase from Streptomyces avermitilis NBRC14893 acting on arabinogalactan-proteins.
PubMed:Influence of wine pectic polysaccharides on the interactions between condensed tannins and salivary proteins.
PubMed:High molecular weight melanoidins from coffee brew.
PubMed:Effects of cell wall components on the functionality of wheat gluten.
PubMed:Efficient digestion and structural characteristics of cell walls of coffee beans.
PubMed:Pectin isolated from white cabbage--structure and complement-fixing activity.
PubMed:Characterization of an exo-beta-1,3-galactanase from Clostridium thermocellum.
PubMed:Characterization of a thermostable endo-beta-1,4-D-galactanase from the hyperthermophile Thermotoga maritima.
PubMed:Immunomodulating activity of arabinogalactan and fucoidan in vitro.
PubMed:Water-soluble polysaccharides from Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels: Preparation, characterization and bioactivity.
PubMed:Type I arabinogalactan contains beta-D-Galp-(1-->3)-beta-D-Galp structural elements.
PubMed:Dietary fiber as a versatile food component: an industrial perspective.
PubMed:An exo-beta-1,3-galactanase having a novel beta-1,3-galactan-binding module from Phanerochaete chrysosporium.
PubMed:Beta-D-glucosyl and alpha-D-galactosyl Yariv reagents: syntheses from p-nitrophenyl-D-glycosides by transfer reduction using ammonium formate.
PubMed:Cytochemistry and immunolocalisation of polysaccharides and proteoglycans in the endosperm of green Arabica coffee beans.
PubMed:No long-term benefits of supplementation with arabinogalactan on serum lipids and glucose.
PubMed:Morphology of Western larch arabinogalactan.
PubMed:Chemical characterization of the high-molecular-weight material extracted with hot water from green and roasted robusta coffees as affected by the degree of roast.
PubMed:The beta-1,4-endogalactanase A gene from Aspergillus niger is specifically induced on arabinose and galacturonic acid and plays an important role in the degradation of pectic hairy regions.
PubMed:Modification of polysaccharides and plant cell wall by endo-1,4-beta-glucanase and cellulose-binding domains.
PubMed:Chemical characterization of galactomannans and arabinogalactans from two arabica coffee infusions as affected by the degree of roast.
PubMed:Effect of roasting on degradation and structural features of polysaccharides in Arabica coffee beans.
PubMed:Arabinogalactan-proteins: structure, expression and function.
PubMed:Effects of dietary arabinogalactan on gastrointestinal and blood parameters in healthy human subjects.
PubMed:Complexes of arabinogalactan of Pereskia aculeata and Co2+, Cu2+, Mn2+, and Ni2+.
PubMed:Behavior of Triticum durum Desf. arabinoxylans and arabinogalactan peptides during industrial pasta processing.
PubMed:The occurrence of internal (1 --> 5)-linked arabinofuranose and arabinopyranose residues in arabinogalactan side chains from soybean pectic substances.
PubMed:Larch arabinogalactan.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of a novel alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Pichia capsulata X91.
PubMed:Characterization of two Acacia gums and their fractions using a langmuir film balance.
PubMed:Fermentation of plant cell wall derived polysaccharides and their corresponding oligosaccharides by intestinal bacteria.
PubMed:Production of substrate for galactose oxidase by depolymerization of an arabinogalactan-peptide from wheat flour.
PubMed:Influence of wine structurally different polysaccharides on the volatility of aroma substances in a model system.
PubMed:Consequences of biofilm and sessile growth in the large intestine.
PubMed:A new arabinofuranohydrolase from Bifidobacterium adolescentis able to remove arabinosyl residues from double-substituted xylose units in arabinoxylan.
PubMed:A comparison of the physicochemical and immunological properties of the plant gum exudates of Acacia senegal (gum arabic) and Acacia seyal (gum tahla).
PubMed:Purification and properties of endo-beta-1,4-D-galactanase from Aspergillus niger.
PubMed:Degradation of complex carbohydrates by Bifidobacterium spp.
PubMed:[Isolation and characterization of colloidal soluble polysaccharides in raspberry juice].
PubMed:Antigens of the Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare complex.
PubMed:Digestion of larch arabinogalactan by a strain of human colonic Bacteroides growing in continuous culture.
PubMed:[Quantitative determination of some thickeners in dairy products (author's transl)].
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of arabinogalactan from black gram (Phaseolus mungo).
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Soluble in:
 water
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