Typical G.C. analysis

thymus zygis gracillis herb oil spain
Variations in the chemical composition of the essential oils of T. sygis L. ssp. sylvestris (Hoffm. et Link) Brot. ex. Coutinho and T. sygis L. ssp. gracilis (boiss.) R. Morales from southeastern Spain were determined by Saez (1995). In this study, oils from four collections of each subspecies were examined by GC and GC/MS. A summary of the data obtained from these analyses (Table IV) shows that different chemotypes of each of the subspecies can be found. Of these, only the thymol chemotypes of T. zygis ssp. gracilis is typical of the red thyme oil in commerce. Only the chemotype thymol will be shown here:
191.63  borneol
141.17iso bornyl acetate
290.05alpha- cadinol
20.30  camphene
110.56  camphor
283.34  carvacrol
160.12beta- caryophyllene
230.07  caryophyllene oxide
71.021,8- cineole
210.08  citronellol
92.95para- cymene
250.08  elemol
220.14  geraniol
200.09  geranyl acetate
60.09  limonene
127.89  linalool
130.06  linalyl acetate
40.06  myrcene
10.04alpha- pinene
30.04beta- pinene
100.36(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.28  spathulenol
151.60  terpinen-4-ol
50.02alpha- terpinene
80.36gamma- terpinene
180.08alpha- terpineol
170.11delta- terpineol
2771.84  thymol
240.08  viridiflorol

F. Saez, Essential oil variability of Thymus zygis growing wild in southeastern Spain. Phytochemistry, 40, 819-825 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

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