EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

white pepper oil
white piper nigrum fruit oil

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:piper nigrum l. fruit oil white
CAS Number: 8006-82-4
ECHA EC Number:284-524-7
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
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US Patents:Search
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PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2851 white pepper oil
FDA Mainterm: PEPPER, WHITE, OIL (PIPER NIGRUM L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength:medium
peppery
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. peppery
Flavor Type: spicy
">peppery
Taste Description: peppery
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Firmenich
PEPPER WHITE OIL COLORLESS
Odor Description:Volatiles from the Essential Oil
Taste Description:Spicy, peppery, fruity, terpenic, not hot
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Bristol Botanicals
White Pepper essential oil Piper nigrum, India
Firmenich
PEPPER WHITE OIL COLORLESS
Odor: Volatiles from the Essential Oil
Flavor: Spicy, peppery, fruity, terpenic, not hot
Lluch Essence
PEPPER WHITE INDIA OIL
Plant Lipids
white Pepper Oil
Synthite Industries
White Pepper Oil
E-books and Brochures
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -0.60000
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8006-82-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
piper nigrum l. fruit oil white
Chemidplus:0008006824
 
References:
 piper nigrum l. fruit oil white
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8006-82-4
Pubchem (sid):135333140
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.6000
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
arnica montana flower extract
FL/FR
red
pepper
CS
black
pepper distillates
FL/FR
piper longum distillate
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
agrumen nitrile
FR
amber
angelica archangelica root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
animal
1-oxa
spiro-4,7-dodecane
FR
anise
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
bitter
fennel seed oil spain
FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-iso
borneol
FL/FR
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
cedar forest fragrance
FR
conifer acetate
FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
hemlock western oil (tsuga heterophylla) canada
FR
methyl hydrogenated rosinate
FR
tolu balsam oil
FL/FR
camphoreous
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
citrus
neroli ketone
FR
earthy
cabralea cangerana root bark oil
FR
2-
octanone
FL/FR
3-
octen-2-one
FL/FR
fatty
perillaldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
floral
bigarade oxide
FR
alpha-
bisabolol
FL/FR
cassie absolute replacer
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
karo karounde absolute
FR
allo
ocimene
FL/FR
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
sambucus nigra flower oil CO2 extract
FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
5-
tricyclodecenyl acetate
FR
fruity
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
1,4-
diethyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
green acetate
FR
herbanate (Givaudan)
FR
2-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
green
2-sec-
butyl-3-methoxypyrazine
FL/FR
sec-
butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioate
FL/FR
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
dicyclopentadiene propionate
FR
2,5-
dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-2-ene
FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
privet dioxane
FR
valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract china
FL/FR
hay
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
herbal
agate fragrance
FR
1-
allyl-2,2,7,7-tetramethyl cycloheptanol
FR
angelica archangelica seed extract
FL/FR
artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil
FR
bornyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
bornyl butyrate
FL/FR
calamintha clinopodium oil
FR
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
cardamom liquid resin
FR
carrot seed oil (daucus carota ssp. maximus (desf.) ball)
FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
carvacryl methyl ether
FL/FR
celery ketone
FL/FR
coriander seed concrete
FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
elder flower absolute (sambucus canadensis and s. nigra)
FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
herbal acetal
FR
herbal undecanone
FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
lavandin water absolute
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
1-para-
menthen-9-yl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
T-
muurolol
FL/FR
3-
nonanol
FL/FR
3-
octanon-1-ol
FL/FR
curled
parsley leaf oil
FL/FR
pepperwood
FR
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil china
FL/FR
gamma-
valerolactone
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
bitter
fennel seed oil CO2 extract
FR
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
musk
angelica root absolute
FL/FR
orris
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
peppery
asarum europaeum oil
FR
spicy
agarospirol
FR
angelica seed absolute
FL/FR
atractylis root oil
FR
bayberry fragrance
FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
carvacryl ethyl ether
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
cubeb oil CO2 extract (piper cubeba)
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
cumin seed oil
FL/FR
cuminyl alcohol
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
elemi oil fractions
FR
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
hollyberry fragrance
FR
methyl eugenol
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
ocimum gratissimum herb oil india
FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
3-
octyl tiglate
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
outdoors specialty
FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
pepper hexanone
FR
terpeneless black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
white
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
black
pepper oil madagascar
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
pepper specialty
FR
pepper tree berry absolute
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
black
piper nigrum fruit extract
FL/FR
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
4-iso
propyl-2-cyclohexenone
FL/FR
saffron oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
zvoulimba leaf oil
FR
sulfurous
2-
methyl 5-(methyl thio) furan
FL/FR
terpenic
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
thujonic
cedarleaf oil western red
FR
common
tansy flower oil argentina
FL/FR
woody ketone
FL/FR
woody
angelica archangelica root extract
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root tincture
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root water
FL/FR
cadinene
FL/FR
camphene
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
caryophyllene formate
FL/FR
cedarwood oil himalaya
FR
cedarwood oil western red
FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
cypress essence
FR
dalbergia sissoo leaf oil
FR
dihydro-alpha-terpinyl acetate
FR
(3S,5R,8S)-3,8-
dimethyl-5-prop-1-en-2-yl-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2H-azulen-1-one
FL/FR
fougere woody fragrance
FR
guaiacwood oil 20% in gurjun balsam oil
FR
alpha-
guaiene
FL/FR
laitone
FR
manevoro oil
FR
marine formate
FR
melaleuca bracteata leaf oil
FR
methyl vetivate
FR
patchouli absolute
FR
polylimonene
FL/FR
rhubarb oxirane
FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
santol pentenol
FR
sugi wood oil
FR
tetrahydromugol
FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiveria zizanioides root oil
FL/FR
xanthoxylum alatum roxb. oil
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
angelica archangelica root extract
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root tincture
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root water
FL/FR
arnica montana flower extract
FL/FR
alpha-
bisabolol
FL/FR
bornyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
bornyl butyrate
FL/FR
sec-
butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioate
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
carvacryl ethyl ether
FL/FR
carvacryl methyl ether
FL/FR
caryophyllene formate
FL/FR
cassie absolute replacer
FL/FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
(±)-(cis+trans)-1,2-
dihydroperillaldehyde
FL
(3S,5R,8S)-3,8-
dimethyl-5-prop-1-en-2-yl-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2H-azulen-1-one
FL/FR
fleabane oil (erigeron canadensis)
FL
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
alpha-
guaiene
FL/FR
2-
heptyl cyclopropane carboxylic acid
FL
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
1-
methyl pyrrole
FL
T-
muurolol
FL/FR
3-
nonanol
FL/FR
3-
octanon-1-ol
FL/FR
3-
octyl tiglate
FL/FR
perillaldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
polylimonene
FL/FR
4-iso
propyl-2-cyclohexenone
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
woody ketone
FL/FR
hexyl 3-mercaptobutanoate
FL
amber
amber
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
anise
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
tolu balsam oil
FL/FR
buttery
bovolide
FL
camphoreous
dextro,laevo-iso
borneol
FL/FR
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
camphene
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
citrus
allo
ocimene
FL/FR
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
cooling
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
creamy
3-
octen-2-one
FL/FR
dairy
2-
octanone
FL/FR
fruity
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
1-para-
menthen-9-yl acetate
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil china
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract china
FL/FR
grassy
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
green
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
celery ketone
FL/FR
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
herbal
angelica archangelica seed extract
FL/FR
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
lavandin water absolute
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
curled
parsley leaf oil
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
medicinal
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
musk
angelica root absolute
FL/FR
musty
2-
methyl 5-(methyl thio) furan
FL/FR
peppery
cubeb distillates
FL
black
pepper flavor
FL
black
pepper marinade
FL
pine
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
spicy
angelica seed absolute
FL/FR
sweet
bay oleoresin
FL
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
cayenne pepper flavor
FL
chipotle
chili flavor
FL
guajillo
chili flavor
FL
pasilla
chili flavor
FL
ancho
chili flavor
FL
scotch bonnet
chili flavor
FL
cascabel
chili flavor
FL
arbol
chili flavor
FL
sweet
chili flavor
FL
chipotle chili distillates
FL
chipotle chili oleoresin
FL
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
cubeb oil CO2 extract (piper cubeba)
FL/FR
cubeb oleoresin
FL
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
cucumber ranch peppercorn flavor
FL
cumin seed oil
FL/FR
cuminyl alcohol
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
chinese
five spice flavor
FL
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
jalapeno oleoresin
FL
methyl eugenol
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
origanum majorana oleoresin
FL
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper distillates
FL/FR
white
pepper flavor
FL
poblano
pepper flavor
FL
serrano
pepper flavor
FL
pepperoncini
pepper flavor
FL
jamaican
pepper flavor
FL
tabasco
pepper flavor
FL
fresno
pepper flavor
FL
hot
pepper flavor
FL
mountain
pepper flavor
FL
jalapeno
pepper flavor
FL
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
terpeneless black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
white
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
black
pepper oil madagascar
FL/FR
white
pepper oleoresin
FL
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
pepper tree berry absolute
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
green
peppercorn flavor
FL
peppercorn flavor
FL
2-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
piper longum distillate
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oleoresin
FL
black
piper nigrum fruit extract
FL/FR
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
saffron oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
szechuan
spice flavor
FL
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
terpenic
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
thujonic
common
tansy flower oil argentina
FL/FR
tonka
gamma-
valerolactone
FL/FR
vegetable
2-sec-
butyl-3-methoxypyrazine
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
cadinene
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiveria zizanioides root oil
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRherbal
 pepper
FRspice
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 pepper black pepper seed
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
white piper nigrum fruit oil
 

Articles:

Perfumer & Flavorist:Progress in Essential Oils
PubMed:The effect of olfactory stimuli on the balance ability of stroke patients.
PubMed:Antifungal activity and computational study of constituents from Piper divaricatum essential oil against Fusarium infection in black pepper.
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive activity of an essential oil recipe consisting of the supercritical fluid CO2 extract of white pepper, long pepper, cinnamon, saffron and myrrh in vivo.
PubMed:The effectiveness of essential oils for patients with neck pain: a randomized controlled study.
PubMed:Essential Oils in Ginger, Hops, Cloves, and Pepper Flavored Beverages-A Review.
PubMed:Anti-biofilm, anti-hemolysis, and anti-virulence activities of black pepper, cananga, myrrh oils, and nerolidol against Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Combined effects of gamma-irradiation and modified atmosphere packaging on quality of some spices.
PubMed:Isolation, characterization and identification of pericarp-degrading bacteria for the production of off-odour-free white pepper from fresh berries of Piper nigrum L.
PubMed:Antioxidative properties and inhibition of key enzymes relevant to type-2 diabetes and hypertension by essential oils from black pepper.
PubMed:An overview of the evidences of herbals for smoking cessation.
PubMed:[Dietary risk factors of undifferenced nasopharyngeal carcinoma : a case-control study].
PubMed:Black pepper and health claims: a comprehensive treatise.
PubMed:The effects of aromatherapy on nicotine craving on a U.S. campus: a small comparison study.
PubMed:Development of a stable isotope dilution LC-MS/MS method for the Alternaria toxins tentoxin, dihydrotentoxin, and isotentoxin.
PubMed:Efficacy of methyl nonyl ketone as an in-soil repellent for common voles (Microtus arvalis).
PubMed:The repelling effect of plant secondary metabolites on water voles, Arvicola amphibius.
PubMed:Black pepper essential oil to enhance intravenous catheter insertion in patients with poor vein visibility: a controlled study.
PubMed:Spice up the hypertension diet - curcumin and piperine prevent remodeling of aorta in experimental L-NAME induced hypertension.
PubMed:Ghrelin, leptin and adiponectin as possible predictors of the hedonic value of odors.
PubMed:Piperine, active substance of black pepper, alleviates hypertension induced by NO synthase inhibition.
PubMed:[Antioxidant properties of essential oils].
PubMed:[Acupoint sticking therapy for treatment of bronchial asthma: a multicenter controlled randomized clinical trial].
PubMed:Chemistry and in vitro antioxidant activity of volatile oil and oleoresins of black pepper (Piper nigrum).
PubMed:Olfactory stimuli and enhanced postural stability in older adults.
PubMed:Growth inhibition of pathogenic bacteria and some yeasts by selected essential oils and survival of L. monocytogenes and C. albicans in apple-carrot juice.
PubMed:Repellence of plant essential oils to Dermanyssus gallinae and toxicity to the non-target invertebrate Tenebrio molitor.
PubMed:Toxicity of botanical formulations to nursery-infesting white grubs (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae).
PubMed:Olfactory stimulation using black pepper oil facilitates oral feeding in pediatric patients receiving long-term enteral nutrition.
PubMed:Antioxidant activity of commonly consumed plant foods of India: contribution of their phenolic content.
PubMed:A randomized trial of olfactory stimulation using black pepper oil in older people with swallowing dysfunction.
PubMed:Persistency of larvicidal effects of plant oil extracts under different storage conditions.
PubMed:Effects of flavorings, storage conditions, and storage time on survival of Staphylococcus aureus in Sürk cheese.
PubMed:Characterization of peppercorn, pepper oil, and pepper oleoresin by vibrational spectroscopy methods.
PubMed:Antioxidant efficacy of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and piperine in rats with high fat diet induced oxidative stress.
PubMed:Effect of storage on the essential oil composition of Piper nigrum L. fruits of different ripening states.
PubMed:Effect of piperine, the active ingredient of black pepper, on intestinal secretion in mice.
PubMed:[Penetrating intraocular injuries caused by foreign bodies of organic origin] ].
PubMed:Effect of cinnamon, clove and some of their constituents on the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity and alanine absorption in the rat jejunum.
PubMed:Effect of various essential oils on Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae).
PubMed:Degradation of the natural mutagenic compound safrole in spices by cooking and irradiation.
PubMed:Production of aflatoxin byAspergillus parasiticus and its control.
PubMed:Labial food challenge in children with food allergy.
PubMed:Inhalation of vapor from black pepper extract reduces smoking withdrawal symptoms.
PubMed:Modulatory effects of essential oils from spices on the formation of DNA adduct by aflatoxin B1 in vitro.
PubMed:Aflatoxin contamination in foods and foodstuffs in Tokyo: 1986-1990.
PubMed:Diet, living conditions and nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Tunisia--a case-control study.
PubMed:Organochlorine pesticide residues in different Indian cereals, pulses, spices, vegetables, fruits, milk, butter, Deshi ghee, and edible oils.
PubMed:Tumour reducing and anticarcinogenic activity of selected spices.
PubMed:Relaxant effects on tracheal and ileal smooth muscles of the guinea pig.
PubMed:Aspergillus parasiticus growth and aflatoxin production on black and white pepper and the inhibitory action of their chemical constituents.
PubMed:Collaborative study of a modified method for the extraction of light filth from ground white pepper, cardamon, celery seed, coriander, and ginger.
PubMed:Constituents of peppers: IV. The hydrocarbons of pepper essential oil.
 
Notes:
tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. piper nigrum, labiatae.
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