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grains of paradise oil
ammomum melegueta oil

Sponsors

Name:aframomum melegueta rosc. oil
CAS Number: 90320-21-1
ECHA EC Number:291-045-7
Category:spices, other natural seasonings and flavorings
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow to brown liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 alcohol
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength:medium
spicy woody sweet peppery cardamom
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. spicy woody sweet peppery cardamom
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Blue Marble Biomaterials
GRAINS OF PARADISE SUPERCRITICAL EXTRACT >98.0%
Odor: Sweet, tropical, fruity, woody
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: spices, other natural seasonings and flavorings
 
 
Safety References:
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
aframomum melegueta rosc. oil
Chemidplus:0090320211
 
References:
 aframomum melegueta rosc. oil
Pubchem (sid):135362093
 
Other Information:
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.6000
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
agrumen nitrile
FR
amber
amber carane
FR
amber naphthofuran
FL/FR
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
animal
musk indenofuran
FR
anise
estragon absolute
FR
anisic
bitter
fennel seed oil spain
FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
brachyleana hutchinsii wood oil
FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
hemlock western oil (tsuga heterophylla) canada
FR
khella oil
FR
myrrh resinoid
FR
opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
tolu balsam oil
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
valeriana wallichii root oil
FR
earthy
(Z)-
linalool oxide (furanoid)
FL/FR
3-
octanol
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
bisabolol
FL/FR
cassis specialty
FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
2-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower concrete morocco
FR
rose concrete (rosa centifolia)
FR
fruity
(R)-gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
menthyl isovalerate
FL/FR
green
iso
green methanoindene
FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
herbal
acorus calamus rhizome oil
FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
calamintha clinopodium oil
FR
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
delta-
elemene
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
nonisyl acetate
FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
common
tansy flower oil
FR
common
tansy flower oil dutch
FR
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
mentholic
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
musk
acetyl ethyl tetramethyl tetralin replacer
FR
musk decanolide
FR
musk indanone
FR
musty
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
opoponax
opoponax resinoid replacer
FR
orris
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
peppery
asarum europaeum oil
FR
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
saffron
saffron stigmates absolute
FR
spicy
agarospirol
FR
allspice berry absolute
FL/FR
anona squamosa leaf oil
FR
artemisia dracunculus herb oil
FL/FR
atractylis root oil
FR
ayou wood oil
FR
carvacrol
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
alpha-
caryophyllene alcohol
FL/FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cassia leaf oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon leaf oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
2,5-
dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate + 1,4-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate
FR
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
green oxane
FR
mace absolute
FL/FR
mace oil
FL/FR
machilus kusanoi leaf oil
FR
machilus kusanoi wood oil
FR
maja fragrance
FR
methyl heptadienone
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
myristica fragrans fruit extract
FL/FR
myristica fragrans seed tincture
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
pepper hexanone
FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
pepper tree berry absolute
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
safrole
CS
spicy carbonate
FR
sugandha kokila berry oil
FR
(E)-
tiglic acid
FL/FR
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root extract
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root tincture
FL/FR
zvoulimba leaf oil
FR
terpenic
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
para-
cymene
FL/FR
juniper branch oil
FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
thujonic
common
tansy oil canada
FR
vanilla
vanilla cresol
FR
vanillin propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
woody
agarwood oil (aetoxylon sympetalum)
FR
cabreuva wood oil
FR
iso
caryophyllene
CS
caryophyllene alcohol acetate
FR
caryophyllene formate
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
atlas
cedarwood oil
FR
curcuma zedoaria bark extract
FL/FR
dacrydium franklinii wood oil
FR
frankincense resinoid
FL/FR
(E)-
germacrene D
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil 20% in gurjun balsam oil
FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
guaiene
FL/FR
gurjun balsam oil
FR
hedychium spicatum root oil
FR
homalomena rubescens root oil
FR
jatamansi root oil
FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
methyl methylene tricyclodecanol
FR
methyl vetivate
FR
patchouli absolute
FR
4-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
rhubarb oxirane
FR
sabinene
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
santal penten-2-ol
FR
spicy pentanone
FL/FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sugi wood oil
FR
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
alpha-
bisabolol
FL/FR
alpha-
caryophyllene alcohol
FL/FR
caryophyllene formate
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
(R)-gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
delta-
elemene
FL/FR
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-
germacrene D
FL/FR
alpha-
guaiene
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-
linalool oxide (furanoid)
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
amber
amber
amber naphthofuran
FL/FR
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
tolu balsam oil
FL/FR
brown
(E)-
tiglic acid
FL/FR
burnt
4-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
camphoreous
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
citrus
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
cooling
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
floral
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
menthyl isovalerate
FL/FR
spicy pentanone
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
green
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
methyl heptadienone
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
phorone
FL
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
herbal
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
medicinal
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
musty
3-
octanol
FL/FR
oily
2-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
pine
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
smoky
prosopis juliflora wood extract
FL
dextro-
xylose
FL
solvent
methyl phenyl sulfide
FL
spicy
allspice berry absolute
FL/FR
artemisia dracunculus herb oil
FL/FR
carvacrol
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cassia leaf oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon leaf oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
cubeb oleoresin
FL
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
mace absolute
FL/FR
mace oil
FL/FR
myristica fragrans fruit extract
FL/FR
myristica fragrans seed tincture
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
white
pepper oleoresin
FL
pepper tree berry absolute
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
turmeric oleoresin
FL
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root extract
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root tincture
FL/FR
tea
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
vanilla
vanillin propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
waxy
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
curcuma zedoaria bark extract
FL/FR
frankincense resinoid
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 balsam
 incense
 pepper
FLspice
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 grains of paradise seed
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 aframomum melegueta rosc. k. schum. oil
 aframomum melegueta rosc. oil
 aframomum meleguetella oil
 ammomum melegueta oil
 amomum graum paridisi oil
 amomum melegueta oil
 guinea grains oil
 maniguette seed oil
 melagueta pepper oil
alligator pepper oil
 semente do paraiso oil
 

Articles:

PubMed:Protective Effect of Aframomum melegueta phenolics Against CCl4-Induced Rat Hepatocytes Damage; Role of Apoptosis and Pro-inflammatory Cytokines inhibition.
PubMed:Evaluation of the In Vitro and In Vivo Antioxidant Potentials of Aframomum melegueta Methanolic Seed Extract.
PubMed:Daily ingestion of grains of paradise (Aframomum melegueta) extract increases whole-body energy expenditure and decreases visceral fat in humans.
PubMed:In vitro bactericidal activity of diterpenoids isolated from Aframomum melegueta K.Schum against strains of Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Acute toxicity, biochemical and haematological study of Aframomum melegueta seed oil in male Wistar albino rats.
PubMed:Antioxidant extracts of African medicinal plants induce cell cycle arrest and differentiation in B16F10 melanoma cells.
PubMed:In situ morphometric characterization of Aframomum melegueta accessions in Ghana.
PubMed:Characterization of the spectrum of insecticidal activity of a double-stranded RNA with targeted activity against Western Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte).
PubMed:Grains of paradise (Aframomum melegueta) extract activates brown adipose tissue and increases whole-body energy expenditure in men.
PubMed:Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity, antioxidant properties and phenolic composition of two Aframomum species.
PubMed:Ethnobotanical study of plants used in treating hypertension in Edo State of Nigeria.
PubMed:Putative mycobacterial efflux inhibitors from the seeds of Aframomum melegueta.
PubMed:Inhibition of key enzymes linked to type 2 diabetes and sodium nitroprusside-induced lipid peroxidation in rat pancreas by water extractable phytochemicals from some tropical spices.
PubMed:Damnacanthal from the Congolese medicinal plant Garcinia huillensis has a potent preferential cytotoxicity against human pancreatic cancer PANC-1 cells.
PubMed:Ghana's herbal market.
PubMed:Spasmolytic effects of aqueous extract of mixture from Aframomumum melegueta (K Schum) - Citrus aurantifolia (Christm and Panzer) on isolated trachea from rat.
PubMed:Hepatoprotective effect of aqueous extract of Aframomum melegueta on ethanol-induced toxicity in rats.
PubMed:Screening for estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities of plants growing in Egypt and Thailand.
PubMed:Effects of the aqueous extract of dry seeds of Aframomum melegueta on some parameters of the reproductive function of mature male rats.
PubMed:Extract of grains of paradise and its active principle 6-paradol trigger thermogenesis of brown adipose tissue in rats.
PubMed:Effect of aqueous extract of alligator pepper (Zingiberaceae aframomum melegueta) on gestational weight gain.
PubMed:Effect of alligator pepper (Zingiberaceae aframomum melegueta) on first trimester pregnancy in Sprague Dawley rats.
PubMed:In vitro inhibitory effect of West African medicinal and food plants on human cytochrome P450 3A subfamily.
PubMed:Toxicological evaluation of grains of paradise (Aframomum melegueta) [Roscoe] K. Schum.
PubMed:Behavioural responses of the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais, to host (stored-grain) and non-host plant volatiles.
PubMed:Repellent activity of alligator pepper, Aframomum melegueta, and ginger, Zingiber officinale, against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais.
PubMed:Traditional management of tuberculosis in Ogun State of Nigeria: the practice and ethnobotanical survey.
PubMed:Further pharmacological studies on aqueous seed extract of Aframomum melegueta in rats.
PubMed:Some Nigerian plants of dermatologic importance.
PubMed:Further studies on the antinociceptive action of aqueous seed extract of Aframomum melegueta.
PubMed:Food of paradise: Tahitian breadfruit and the autocritique of European consumption.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants from Ghana.
PubMed:Effects of Aframomum melegueta and Piper guineense on sexual behaviour of male rats.
PubMed:Medicinal and ethnoveterinary remedies of hunters in Trinidad.
 
Notes:
None found
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