estragon absolute
artemisia dracunculus absolute
 
Notes:
tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. artemisia dracunculus, compositae.
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Name: artemisia dracunculus l. absolute
CAS Number: 8016-88-4 
Category: fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 alcohol
Insoluble in:
 water
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: anise
Odor Strength: medium
 sweet  anise  spicy  woody  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet anise spice woody
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
A. Fakhry
Tarragon Absolute
Robertet
Tarragon Absolute (for fragrance)
Robertet
TARRAGON
Pure & Nat
White Lotus Aromatics
Tarragon Absolute
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Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 40/22 - Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect, harmful if swallowed.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  1900 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 709, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5 mL/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 709, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: fragrance agents
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
7-methoxycoumarin Max. Found: ≥5.00 % and Reason: Sentitization / Photo Sensitization
estragol Max. Found: <80.00 % and Reason: Carcinogenicity
 
Recommendation for estragon absolute flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8016-88-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 artemisia dracunculus l. absolute
Chemidplus: 0008016884
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References:
 artemisia dracunculus l. absolute
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8016-88-4
Pubchem (sid): 135358337
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Other Information:
Export Tariff Code: 3301.90.5000
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 tarragon essenceFL/FR
amber
 amber caraneFR
animal
 musk indenofuranFR
anise
 anise oleoresinFL/FR
 anise seed oilFL/FR
star anise seed oil chinaFL/FR
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
star anise seed oil terpenelessFL/FR
sweet fennel absoluteFL/FR
sweet fennel oleoresinFL/FR
anisic
ortho-acetanisoleFL/FR
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
 amyl furoateFL/FR
para-anisyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl propanalFR
 dihydroanetholFL/FR
 estragoleFL/FR
 ethyl para-anisateFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oilFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil egyptFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil americaFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil indiaFL/FR
 sassafras acetateFL/FR
balsamic
 croton glabellus bark extractFL/FR
 frankincense absoluteFL/FR
 guaiyl acetateFL/FR
 khella oilFR
 myrrh resinoidFR
 opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
 valeriana wallichii root oilFR
earthy
3-octanolFL/FR
floral
 anise indeneFR
 anisyl propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 autumn carboxylateFR
 cassis specialtyFR
 dictamnus hispanicus oilFR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 hawthorn acetateFR
 mimosa absoluteFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 mimosa absolute indiaFL/FR
 rose concrete (rosa centifolia)FR
fruity
para-anisyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 berry hexanoateFR
1,4-diethyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octaneFR
(E,E)-ethyl sorbateFL/FR
green
 octanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 tiglaldehydeFL/FR
herbal
 acorus calamus rhizome oilFR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 artemisia dracunculus herb extractFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
 calamintha clinopodium oilFR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 dill seed oilFL/FR
 dill seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
american elder flower absoluteFR
 floral nitrileFR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 nonisyl acetateFR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
common tansy flower oilFR
common tansy flower oil dutchFR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
licorice
(E)-anetholFL/FR
sweet basil oleoresinFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil polandFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil vietnamFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oilFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil terpenelessFL/FR
musk
 musk indanoneFR
orris
 eugenyl formateFL/FR
para-isopropyl acetophenoneFL/FR
peppery
 asarum europaeum oilFR
phenolic
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
saffron
 saffron stigmates absoluteFR
spicy
 allspice berry absoluteFL/FR
 anona squamosa leaf oilFR
 artemisia dracunculus herb oilFL/FR
 atractylis root oilFR
 ayou wood oilFR
 carvacrolFL/FR
 caryophylleneFL/FR
beta-caryophylleneFL/FR
alpha-caryophyllene alcoholFL/FR
 cascarilla oil replacerFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cassia leaf oilFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oilFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) indiaFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon oleoresin ceylonFL/FR
 clove bud absoluteFL/FR
 clove bud oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 croton eluteria bark oilFL/FR
 eugenyl acetateFL/FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 grains of paradise oilFL/FR
 green oxaneFR
 mace absoluteFL/FR
 mace oilFL/FR
 machilus kusanoi leaf oilFR
 machilus kusanoi wood oilFR
 maja fragranceFR
 methyl heptadienoneFL/FR
 myristica fragrans fruit extractFL/FR
 myristica fragrans seed tinctureFL/FR
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
black pepper absoluteFL/FR
 pepper hexanoneFR
black pepper oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 pepper tree berry absoluteFL/FR
 pepper tree berry oilFL/FR
 piper longum fruit oilFL/FR
 piper longum fruit oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 solidago odora oilFR
 spicy carbonateFR
 sugandha kokila berry oilFR
 tarragon essenceFL/FR
 tarragon oil replacerFL/FR
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
 turmeric root absoluteFL/FR
 zingiber officinale root extractFL/FR
 zingiber officinale root tinctureFL/FR
terpenic
para-cymeneFL/FR
 juniper branch oilFR
 pine needle oil dwarfFL/FR
thujonic
common tansy oil canadaFR
vanilla
 vanilla cresolFR
 vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
woody
 caryophyllene alcohol acetateFR
 caryophyllene formateFL/FR
beta-caryophyllene oxideFL/FR
atlas cedarwood oilFR
 curcuma zedoaria bark extractFL/FR
 dacrydium franklinii wood oilFR
 frankincense resinoidFL/FR
(E)-germacrene DFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oil 20% in gurjun balsam oilFR
 guaiacyl acetateFL/FR
 hedychium spicatum root oilFR
 jatamansi root oilFR
 juniper berry oleoresinFL/FR
 methyl methylene tricyclodecanolFR
 patchouli absoluteFR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
4-isopropyl phenolFL/FR
 rhubarb oxiraneFR
 sabineneFL/FR
 santal penten-2-olFR
 spicy pentanoneFL/FR
 spikenard oilFL/FR
 spikenard oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 zedoary bark oilFL/FR
 zedoary root oilFL/FR
 zedoary root oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 amyl furoateFL/FR
para-anisyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-caryophyllene alcoholFL/FR
 caryophyllene formateFL/FR
 croton glabellus bark extractFL/FR
 eugenyl acetateFL/FR
 eugenyl formateFL/FR
(E)-germacrene DFL/FR
 grains of paradise oilFL/FR
 guaiyl acetateFL/FR
 piper longum fruit oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 sassafras acetateFL/FR
 spikenard oilFL/FR
 spikenard oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 tarragon oil replacerFL/FR
 tarragon essenceFL/FR
anise
(E)-anetholFL/FR
 anise oleoresinFL/FR
 anise seed oilFL/FR
star anise seed oil chinaFL/FR
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
star anise seed oil terpenelessFL/FR
 ethyl para-anisateFL/FR
sweet fennel absoluteFL/FR
sweet fennel oleoresinFL/FR
anisic
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil egyptFL/FR
balsamic
 opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
brown
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
burnt
4-isopropyl phenolFL/FR
cooling
 theaspiraneFL/FR
floral
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
fruity
(E,E)-ethyl sorbateFL/FR
 spicy pentanoneFL/FR
 tiglaldehydeFL/FR
green
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 methyl heptadienoneFL/FR
 octanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
herbal
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 artemisia dracunculus herb extractFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 dihydroanetholFL/FR
 dill seed oilFL/FR
 dill seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oilFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil americaFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil indiaFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
licorice
sweet basil oleoresinFL/FR
 estragoleFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil polandFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum herb oil vietnamFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oilFL/FR
 ocimum basilicum leaf oil terpenelessFL/FR
medicinal
 frankincense absoluteFL/FR
musty
3-octanolFL/FR
phenolic
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
pine
 pine needle oil dwarfFL/FR
powdery
ortho-acetanisoleFL/FR
spicy
 allspice berry absoluteFL/FR
para-anisyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 artemisia dracunculus herb oilFL/FR
 carvacrolFL/FR
beta-caryophylleneFL/FR
 caryophylleneFL/FR
 cascarilla oil replacerFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cassia leaf oilFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oilFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) indiaFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon oleoresin ceylonFL/FR
 clove bud absoluteFL/FR
 clove bud oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 croton eluteria bark oilFL/FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 mace absoluteFL/FR
 mace oilFL/FR
 myristica fragrans fruit extractFL/FR
 myristica fragrans seed tinctureFL/FR
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
black pepper absoluteFL/FR
black pepper oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 pepper tree berry absoluteFL/FR
 pepper tree berry oilFL/FR
 piper longum fruit oilFL/FR
para-isopropyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 tarragon essenceFL/FR
 turmeric root absoluteFL/FR
 zingiber officinale root extractFL/FR
 zingiber officinale root tinctureFL/FR
terpenic
para-cymeneFL/FR
vanilla
 vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
waxy
 mimosa absoluteFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 mimosa absolute indiaFL/FR
woody
beta-caryophyllene oxideFL/FR
 curcuma zedoaria bark extractFL/FR
 frankincense resinoidFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 guaiacyl acetateFL/FR
 juniper berry oleoresinFL/FR
 sabineneFL/FR
 zedoary bark oilFL/FR
 zedoary root oilFL/FR
 zedoary root oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
 aniseFR
 herbalFR
 spiceFR
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 tarragon
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 artemisia aromatica absolute
 artemisia dracunculina absolute
 artemisia dracunculoides absolute
 artemisia dracunculoides var. dracunculina absolute
 artemisia dracunculus absolute
 artemisia dracunculus subsp. dracunculina absolute
 artemisia glauca absolute
 artemisia glauca var. megacephala absolute
 oligosporus dracunculus absolute
 tarragon absolute
 tarragon absolute (for fragrance) (Robertet)
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Articles:
PubMed: Artemisia dracunculus L. extract ameliorates insulin sensitivity by attenuating inflammatory signalling in human skeletal muscle culture.
PubMed: Chemical characterization by GC-MS and in vitro activity against Candida albicans of volatile fractions prepared from Artemisia dracunculus, Artemisia abrotanum, Artemisia absinthium and Artemisia vulgaris.
PubMed: Antinociceptive effect of the essential oil of tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus).
PubMed: An extract of Artemisia dracunculus L. inhibits ubiquitin-proteasome activity and preserves skeletal muscle mass in a murine model of diabetes.
PubMed: Toxicological and mutagenic analysis of Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon) extract.
PubMed: LC-PDA-ESI/MS identification of the phenolic components of three compositae spices: chamomile, tarragon, and Mexican arnica.
PubMed: Essential oil of tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) antibacterial activity on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli in culture media and Iranian white cheese.
PubMed: Effective cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibitors isolated from tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus).
PubMed: Proteomic analysis reveals cellular pathways regulating carbohydrate metabolism that are modulated in primary human skeletal muscle culture due to treatment with bioactives from Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Bioactives of Artemisia dracunculus L. mitigate the role of ceramides in attenuating insulin signaling in rat skeletal muscle cells.
PubMed: Comparative evaluation of two different Artemisia dracunculus L. cultivars for blood sugar lowering effects in rats.
PubMed: Artemisia dracunculus L. (tarragon): a critical review of its traditional use, chemical composition, pharmacology, and safety.
PubMed: Melanin biosynthesis inhibitors from Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Qualitative variation of anti-diabetic compounds in different tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L.) cytotypes.
PubMed: Evaluation of PMI-5011, an ethanolic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L., on peripheral neuropathy in streptozotocin-diabetic mice.
PubMed: Chemical composition of bioactive pressurized extracts of Romanian aromatic plants.
PubMed: Survey of artemisinin production by diverse Artemisia species in northern Pakistan.
PubMed: An extract of Artemisia dracunculus L. enhances insulin receptor signaling and modulates gene expression in skeletal muscle in KK-A(y) mice.
PubMed: Carotenoid content of commonly consumed herbs and assessment of their bioaccessibility using an in vitro digestion model.
PubMed: High-fat diet-induced neuropathy of prediabetes and obesity: effect of PMI-5011, an ethanolic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Nematicidal activity of essential oils and volatiles derived from Portuguese aromatic flora against the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus.
PubMed: Regulation of insulin action by an extract of Artemisia dracunculus L. in primary human skeletal muscle culture: a proteomics approach.
PubMed: Efficient synthesis of flavanone glucuronides.
PubMed: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity and chemical composition of commercial essential oils.
PubMed: Improved absorption and bioactivity of active compounds from an anti-diabetic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Heavy metals in selected edible vegetables and estimation of their daily intake in Sanandaj, Iran.
PubMed: Bioactives of Artemisia dracunculus L enhance cellular insulin signaling in primary human skeletal muscle culture.
PubMed: Efficacy of dietary supplementation with botanicals on carbohydrate metabolism in humans.
PubMed: Screening of chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Artemisia essential oils.
PubMed: Botanicals and the metabolic syndrome.
PubMed: Comparative effects of Artemisia dracunculus, Satureja hortensis and Origanum majorana on inhibition of blood platelet adhesion, aggregation and secretion.
PubMed: Inhibition of blood platelet adhesion, aggregation and secretion by Artemisia dracunculus leaves extracts.
PubMed: Polyphenolic compounds from Artemisia dracunculus L. inhibit PEPCK gene expression and gluconeogenesis in an H4IIE hepatoma cell line.
PubMed: A source of almost pure methyl chavicol: volatile oil from the aerial parts of Tagetes lucida (Asteraceae) cultivated in Costa Rica.
PubMed: A TLC bioautographic assay for the detection of nitrofurantoin resistance reversal compound.
PubMed: Composition of the volatile fraction of Ocotea bofo Kunth (Lauraceae) calyces by GC-MS and NMR fingerprinting and its antimicrobial and antioxidant activity.
PubMed: Screening antimicrobial activity of various extracts of Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Antihyperglycemic activity of Tarralin, an ethanolic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L.
PubMed: Bioassay-guided isolation of aldose reductase inhibitors from Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Determination of the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus and of the antifungal and antibacterial activities of Turkish Artemisia absinthium, A. dracunculus, Artemisia santonicum, and Artemisia spicigera essential oils.
PubMed: [Occupational allergy to mugwort].
PubMed: Comparative screening of plant essential oils: phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity.
PubMed: [Studies on the chemical constituents of the essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus].
PubMed: Anticonvulsant activity and chemical composition of Artemisia dracunculus L. essential oil.
PubMed: Toxicological evaluation of the ethanolic extract of Artemisia dracunculus L. for use as a dietary supplement and in functional foods.
PubMed: Antifungal 3-butylisocoumarins from Asteraceae-Anthemideae.
PubMed: Antifungal constituents of the essential oil fraction of Artemisia dracunculus L. Var. dracunculus.
PubMed: Alkamides from Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Evidence for an NIH shift as the origin of the apparently anomalous distribution of deuterium in estragole from Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Identification of benzodiazepines in Artemisia dracunculus and Solanum tuberosum rationalizing their endogenous formation in plant tissue.
PubMed: Acetylenes and Other Constituents from Artemisia dracunculus.
PubMed: Studies on the genotoxic properties of essential oils with Bacillus subtilis rec-assay and Salmonella/microsome reversion assay.
PubMed: Evaluation of traditional plant treatments for diabetes: studies in streptozotocin diabetic mice.
PubMed: Natural inhibitors of complement. III. Inactivation of the complement cascade in vitro by vegetal spices (Ocimum basilicum, Artemisia dracunculus and Thymus vulgaris).
PubMed: A study of four medicinal plant complexes of Mexico and adjacent United States.
PubMed: [Studies on the accumulation and composition of the volatile oils of Satureja hortensis L., Satureja montana L. and Artemisia dracunculus L. during ontogenesis. 2. Changes in the content and composition of the volatile oil].
PubMed: [Studies on the accumulation and composition of volatile oils in Satureja hortensis L., Satureja montana L. and Artemisia dracunculus L. during ontogenesis. 1. Review of literature, thin-layer and gas-chromatographic studies].
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