BT

Typical G.C. analysis

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

cistus oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
60.1  acetophenone
1410.26- acetoxy-11-nor-drim-7-en-9-one
720.27- acetyl-2,2,6-trimethyl bicyclo(4.2.0)octane
1190.16-acetyl-5,8,8-trimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)octan-2,3-dione
1490.213-nor- ambreinolide
1480.18-epi-13-nor- ambreinolide
780.2alpha- ambrinol
1371.4  ambrox
1440.16-oxo-isoambrox
810.9  aromadendr-1-ene
1350.3  aromadendr-1(10)-en-9-one
911.41,5-(Z)-aromadendr-9-ene
1320.11,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
1300.15-epi-1,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
861.5allo- aromadendrene
b30.4  benzoic acid
272.0  borneol
551.7  bornyl acetate
b210.93-iso butenyl-5-methyl-5-vinyl butyrolactone
1260.5  cadalene
980.4delta- cadinene
1250.6alpha- cadinol
1000.6alpha- calacorene
990.6(E)- calamenene
900.5(Z)- calamenene
b91.4gamma-campholenic acid
150.3alpha- campholenic aldehyde
100.3gamma- campholenic aldehyde
b70.3alpha-campholytic acid
b40.2gamma-campholytic acid
b52.4 camphonanic acid
b122.1alpha-camphoneic acid
180.1  camphor
600.8  carvacrol
480.2  carvenone
410.2trans- carveol
430.1cis- carveol
460.5  carvone
1380.1sesqui chamaenol
1171.8  copaborneol
1270.6  copabornyl acetate
741.1alpha- copaene
820.7  cubeb-11-ene
1134.1  cubeban-11-ol
1210.41-epi- cubenol
440.1  cuminaldehyde
b111.0beta- cyclogeranic acid
b80.9gamma-cyclogeranic acid
530.3para- cymen-7-ol
30.4para- cymene
b130.7 davanic acid
390.2  decanal
b203.8  decanoic acid
1060.21,2- dehydroglobulol
1180.33,4- dehydroglobulol
1100.21-epi-3,4- dehydroviridiflorol
1041.41,2- dehydroviridiflorol
1460.214,15- di-nor-8,13-epoxylabd-12-ene
790.1  dihydro-beta-ionene
940.2  dihydroactinidiolide
370.5neo dihydrocarveol
b156.5  dihydrocinnamic acid
b241.7 dimethyl (Z)-2-hexyl-3-methyl butendioic acid
490.22,4- dimethyl acetophenone
91.0alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
970.24,7- dimethyl tetral-1-one
b141.22,6- dimethyl-5-oxoheptanoic acid
770.2  dodecanal
700.111-nor- drim-7-ene
1390.1  drim-8-en-7-one
690.211-nor- drim-8-ene
1010.311-nor- driman-8-ol
1020.2beta- elemol
351.3  elsholtzia ketone
1360.25,11- epoxycadin-1(10)-en-9-ol
1080.85,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene
80.86,8- epoxymenth-1-ene
640.1  ethyl dihydrocinnamate
1240.4beta- eudesmol
1220.2gamma- eudesmol
651.6  eugenol
450.2alpha- fenchyl acetate
760.11-( fur-2-yl methyl)-2-formyl pyrrole
b192.4  geranic acid
510.2  geraniol
800.1  geranyl acetone
1090.5  gleenol
1110.2  globulol
b20.5  heptanoic acid
b10.7  hexanoic acid
1330.1(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl dihydrocinnamate
1340.3  hexyl dihydrocinnamate
590.1(2E,4E)-6-hydroxy-2,6-dimethyl hepta-2,4-dienal
32trace2- hydroxy-3-methyl benzaldehyde
660.22- hydroxy-4-isopropenyl toluene
680.2(E)-5-hydroxy-para-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
710.3(Z)-5-hydroxy-para-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
1400.110- hydroxycalamene-8,9-epoxide
1310.19- hydroxyladanifer-10-one(9(10(1))-abeo-9-hydroxyaromadendran-10-one)
500.42- hydroxypinan-3-one
870.2(E)-beta- ionone
1420.615-nor-labd-1(17)-ene
1530.4  labd-7-en-15-ol
1450.515-nor- labd-7-ene
b316.3 labd-7-enoic acid
1540.3  labd-8-en-15-ol
1430.515-nor-labd-8-ene
b324.0 labd-8-enoic acid
1520.4  labd-8(17)-en-15-ol
b305.1 labd-8(17)-enoic acid
1470.715-nor-labdan-8-ol
b232.5  lauric acid
929.3  ledene
730.2iso ledene
1161.3  ledol
120.2  linalool
70.4(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.2(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
b281.0  linoleic acid
1500.3  manoyl oxide
1510.313-epi- manoyl oxide
850.1  massoia lactone
400.3(Z)-para- menth-4(8)-en-2-ol
620.12- methoxy-6-methyl acetophenone
290.3para- methyl acetophenone
521.0  methyl dihydrocinnamate
750.4  methyl eugenol
10.25- methyl furfural
20.16- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1200.3  muurola-4,10(14)-dien-1-ol
1230.3alpha- muurolol
b252.7  myristic acid
330.9  myrtenal
b186.0  myrtenic acid
361.5  myrtenol
581.1  naginata ketone
220.2  nerol oxide
1030.2(E)- nerolidol
130.1  nonanal
b101.6  nonanoic acid
170.7(E)-3- nonen-2-one
b63.7  octanoic acid
b271.2  oleic acid
1150.1beta- oplopenone
b265.1  palmitic acid
1051.2  palustrol
1290.1  pentadecanal
420.13- phenyl propanol
231.5  pinocamphone
280.7iso pinocamphone
191.8trans- pinocarveol
240.3  pinocarvone
630.4trans- pinocarvyl acetate
470.8  piperitone
250.1  propiophenone
1280.24-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
160.1(E)- rose oxide
140.2(Z)- rose oxide
200.1(E)- sabinol
b290.8  stearic acid
210.2(E)- tagetone
260.2(Z)- tagetone
310.8  terpinen-4-ol
340.5alpha- terpineol
1140.1  tetradecanal
890.61,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
950.21,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene
540.2  thymol
1070.26-para-tolyl heptan-2-one
880.1  tridecanal
b160.71,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid A
b171.91,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid B
50.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohex-2-enone
41.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
930.21-(1,2,2- trimethyl cyclopent-1-yl) pentan-1,4-dione
960.26,6,10-trimethyl decan-2-one
300.52,2,5- trimethyl oxepan-4-one
670.21,1,6- trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
830.14,4,7a- trimethyl-1,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-2H-inden-2-one
840.1  tuberolactone
610.2  undecanal
b220.3  undecanoic acid
380.3  verbenone
1124.3  viridiflorol
560.2  vitispirane A
570.1  vitispirane B

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall, M. Weirauch, K. Thefeld and H. Surburg, Constituents of commercial labdanum oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 295-318 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
#%LeftshiftComponents
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
1010.06epi-alpha-bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
400.034,8-epoxy-para-menth-1-ene
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
840.181,1,3a,7-tetramethyl-1H-1a,2,2,3a,4,5,6,7b-octahydrocyclopropa(a)naphthalene
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantium peel oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
340.05beta- cubebene
210.11  decanal
280.05  decanol
320.02  decyl acetate
310.01  dodecanal
350.01beta- elemene
270.11  geranial
250.11  geraniol
1094.27  limonene
180.78  linalool
160.05(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.88  myrcene
240.03  neral
230.06  nerol
360.07(E)- nerolidol
300.04  neryl acetate
120.23(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.08  octanal
140.33  octanol
220.05  octyl acetate
260.03  perillaldehyde
80.02alpha- phellandrene
20.40alpha- pinene
50.33beta- pinene
40.08  sabinene
190.06  terpinen-4-ol
130.02gamma- terpinene
200.26alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
290.03alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus grandis peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.19delta- cadinene
24tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
120.35beta- caryophyllene
360.11  citronellal
220.04  citronellol
480.03  citronellyl acetate
100.11alpha- copaene
110.11beta- copaene
340.53  decanal
470.02  decyl acetate
350.07  dodecanal
420.02  dodecanoic acid
130.03beta- elemene
280.09  elemol
290.12  farnesol
380.17  geranial
250.02  geraniol
490.19  geranyl acetate
150.13  germacrene D
440.11  hexadecanoic acid
300.01  hexanal
310.03(E)-2- hexenal
45trace  hexyl butyrate
140.10alpha- humulene
500.02  limonen-10-yl acetate
591.12  limonene
520.02(E)- limonene oxide
51trace(Z)- limonene oxide
180.25  linalool
41.78  myrcene
370.08  neral
230.01  nerol
270.03  nerolidol
330.06  nonanal
400.60  nootkatone
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
70.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
320.26  octanal
410.02  octanoic acid
170.13  octanol
460.11  octyl acetate
390.05  perillaldehyde
60.27beta- phellandrene
10.45alpha- pinene
20.09beta- pinene
30.93  sabinene
190.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.02  terpinen-4-ol
210.12alpha- terpineol
9trace  terpinolene
430.03  tetradecanoic acid

H. Gotou and T. Fukumoto, Flavor constituents of pummelos (Citrus grandis Osbeck). Koryo, 183, 95-105 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus junos sieb var. tanaka peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.80-1.52  bicycloelemene
25tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
210.01-0.02  carvone
150.13-0.17beta- caryophyllene
56.15-8.251,8- cineole
24tracear- curcumene
70.21-0.40para- cymene
12trace  decanal
19trace  dodecanal
110.01-0.02delta- elemene
171.21-1.96beta- farnesene
27trace  juniper camphor
460.41-71.29  limonene
131.64-2.00  linalool
14trace  linalyl acetate
31.41-1.43  myrcene
10trace  nonanal
9trace  octanal
230.01-0.02  perillaldehyde
10.95-1.11alpha- pinene
20.32-0.35beta- pinene
20trace  piperitone
16trace-0.02  terpinen-4-ol
67.59-7.78gamma- terpinene
180.10-0.25alpha- terpineol
80.23-0.51  terpinolene
280.12-0.21  thymol

M. Sawamura, T. Kuriyama, Z-F. Li and H. Kusunose, Composition of peel oil components of yuzu (Citrus junos Tanaka) extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide and those of traditional ones. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gaikkaishi, 36, 34-38 (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus junos sieb var. tanaka peel oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.90-1.65  bicycloelemene
25trace-0.01trans- carveol
26trace-0.01cis- carveol
210.01  carvone
150.02-0.19beta- caryophyllene
53.70-5.801,8- cineole
24tracear- curcumene
70.11-0.48para- cymene
12trace-0.03  decanal
19trace-0.02  dodecanal
110.01-0.02delta- elemene
171.41-3.49beta- farnesene
27trace-0.05  juniper camphor
461.91-75.74  limonene
131.19-7.94  linalool
14trace  linalyl acetate
31.05-1.63  myrcene
10trace-0.04  nonanal
9trace  octanal
23trace-0.05  perillaldehyde
10.64-0.90alpha- pinene
20.28-0.37beta- pinene
20trace-0.07  piperitone
160.01-0.33  terpinen-4-ol
67.43-10.49gamma- terpinene
180.16-0.84alpha- terpineol
80.17-0.34  terpinolene
280.24-1.10  thymol

M. Sawamura, T. Kuriyama, Z-F. Li and H. Kusunose, Composition of peel oil components of yuzu (Citrus junos Tanaka) extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide and those of traditional ones. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gaikkaishi, 36, 34-38 (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus paradisi leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
76.10delta-3- carene
280.90beta- caryophyllene
223.10  citronellal
351.40  citronellol
141.40para- cymene
230.10  decanal
21tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
32trace  dodecanal
26tracebeta- elemene
290.70beta- farnesene
340.60  geranial
380.30  geraniol
17trace  hexanol
110.30(E)-2- hexenal
19trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
180.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.50alpha- humulene
96.40  limonene
244.40  linalool
64.90  myrcene
311.20  neral
370.30  nerol
20trace  nonanal
134.60(E)-beta- ocimene
16trace(Z)-2- penten-1-ol
102.30beta- phellandrene
12.40alpha- pinene
43.10beta- pinene
250.60iso pulegol
518.50  sabinene
361.20beta- selinene
270.80  terpinen-4-ol
810.70alpha- terpinene
1212.00gamma- terpinene
300.30alpha- terpineol
152.20  terpinolene
24.00alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI Composition of leaf oils from ten Citrus taxa and some intragenetic hybrids, Bull. Brew, Sci., 16, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus paradisi var. CO2 extract falvedo
co2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.07alpha- bergamotene
430.52delta- cadinene
30.02  camphene
230.03  carveol
371.42beta- caryophyllene
180.12  citronellal
310.04  citronellyl acetate
330.34alpha- copaene
350.36beta- cubebene
210.63  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.11  elemol
420.09alpha- farnesene
400.40beta- farnesene
470.08(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.15  geranial
260.18  geraniol
340.26  geranyl acetate
410.11  germacrene D
390.31alpha- humulene
984.06 limonene + para-cymene
160.43  linalool
61.40  myrcene
250.15  neral
240.05  nerol
450.15(E)- nerolidol
320.05  neryl acetate
170.05  nonanal
485.19  nootkatone
110.28(E)-beta- ocimene
100.09(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.47 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.11  octanol
220.09  octyl acetate
280.05  perillaldehyde
20.21alpha- pinene
50.06beta- pinene
40.17  sabinene
130.01(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.31beta- sinensal
190.07  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.74gamma- terpinene
200.32alpha- terpineol
150.06  terpinolene
300.02alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.02alpha- thujene
290.09  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. duncan oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.10  carveol
350.31beta- caryophyllene
330.06alpha- copaene
230.22  decanal
220.03  decanol
34trace  dodecanal
37trace2- dodecenal
290.08  geranial
28trace  geraniol
320.08  geranyl acetate
360.03alpha- humulene
993.05  limonene
190.45  linalool
180.66  linalool oxide
61.76  myrcene
270.06  neral
260.03  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.07  nonanal
160.02  nonanol
380.54  nootkatone
110.24(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.23  octanal
130.07  octanol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
20.42alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
200.04iso pulegol
41.20  sabinene
210.09  terpinen-4-ol
80.01alpha- terpinene
120.02gamma- terpinene
240.20alpha- terpineol
15trace  terpinolene
300.04alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

G. Ruberto, D. Biondi, P. Rapisarda, A. Renda and A. Starrantino, Essential oil of cami, an new Citrus hybrid. J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 3206-3210 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. falvedo oil
hydrodistilled
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.01alpha- bergamotene
430.02delta- cadinene
30.01  camphene
230.05  carveol
370.13beta- caryophyllene
180.03  citronellal
310.01  citronellyl acetate
330.13alpha- copaene
350.04beta- cubebene
210.19  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.01  elemol
42tracealpha- farnesene
400.02beta- farnesene
470.01(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.04  geranial
260.02  geraniol
340.08  geranyl acetate
41trace  germacrene D
390.03alpha- humulene
994.98 limonene + para-cymene
160.16  linalool
61.65  myrcene
250.05  neral
240.04  nerol
450.02(E)- nerolidol
320.12  neryl acetate
170.03  nonanal
480.26  nootkatone
110.13(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.03 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.16  octanol
220.03  octyl acetate
280.03  perillaldehyde
20.50alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
40.24  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.04beta- sinensal
190.05  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.01gamma- terpinene
200.07alpha- terpineol
150.04  terpinolene
30tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
290.10  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
240.05  carveol
360.18beta- caryophyllene
330.04alpha- copaene
230.26  decanal
290.01  decanol
35trace  decyl acetate
340.02  dodecanal
380.032- dodecenal
280.10  geranial
270.01  geraniol
320.05  geranyl acetate
370.02alpha- humulene
1093.59  limonene
180.25  linalool
150.23(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.81  myrcene
260.06  neral
250.02  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.06  nonanal
20trace  nonanol
390.13  nootkatone
120.29(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.58  octanal
140.14  octanol
80.05alpha- phellandrene
20.51alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
190.06iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
210.17  terpinen-4-ol
90.24alpha- terpinene
130.07gamma- terpinene
220.14alpha- terpineol
160.02  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. red blush oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.05  carveol
370.17beta- caryophyllene
340.04alpha- copaene
110.18para- cymene
240.26  decanal
300.02  decanol
36trace  decyl acetate
350.02  dodecanal
390.022- dodecenal
290.07  geranial
280.02  geraniol
330.06  geranyl acetate
380.02alpha- humulene
1293.70  limonene
190.20  linalool
160.21(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.86  myrcene
270.05  neral
260.03  nerol
320.01  neryl acetate
180.05  nonanal
21trace  nonanol
400.07  nootkatone
130.21(E)-beta- ocimene
60.34  octanal
150.14  octanol
80.07alpha- phellandrene
100.18beta- phellandrene
20.52alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
200.05iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
220.18  terpinen-4-ol
90.04alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
230.15alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
31tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
65trace  bicyclogermacrene
66tracealpha- bulnesene
690.04-0.05delta- cadinene
3trace  camphene
90.17-0.19delta-3- carene
320.01-0.02trans- carveol
35tracecis- carveol
370.02-0.07  carvone
570.01beta- caryophyllene
250.01  citronellal
34trace-0.01  citronellol
49trace  citronellyl acetate
510.02-0.03alpha- copaene
530.01beta- cubebene
68trace  cubebol
460.03(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
43trace(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
300.30-0.32  decanal
390.01(E)-2- decenal
560.01  decyl acetate
290.01-0.03  dihydrocarveol
44traceneo dihydrocarvyl acetate
550.06-0.07  dodecanal
620.01-0.02(E)-2- dodecenal
540.01beta- elemene
470.01delta- elemene
700.01-0.02  elemol
670.02-0.03(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
61trace-0.01(E)-beta- farnesene
38trace  geranial
400.04-0.06  geraniol
52trace  geranyl acetate
710.01  germacrene B
640.09-0.11  germacrene D
73trace-0.01  germacrene D-4-ol
59tracealpha- guaiene
580.01beta- gurjunene
600.02alpha- humulene
1193.10-94.20  limonene
230.01-0.04(E)- limonene oxide
220.01-0.05(Z)- limonene oxide
200.67-0.88  linalool
17tracepara- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
63tracegamma- muurolene
61.93-1.98  myrcene
240.01-0.02(E)- myroxide
360.01-0.03  neral
33trace-0.01  nerol
72trace(E)- nerolidol
50trace-0.01  neryl acetate
210.05  nonanal
770.01  nootkatone
130.38-0.44(E)-beta- ocimene
120.01-0.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.16-0.17  octanal
16trace-0.04  octanol
31trace  octyl acetate
410.02-0.04  perillaldehyde
420.02-0.03  perillyl alcohol
70.03-0.04alpha- phellandrene
20.48-0.50alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.01-0.02iso pinocamphone
40.34-0.35  sabinene
19trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
15trace-0.02(Z)- sabinene hydrate
760.02-0.04alpha- sinensal
750.01-0.02beta- sinensal
27trace-0.01  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
140.01-0.02gamma- terpinene
280.06-0.08alpha- terpineol
180.03  terpinolene
48tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
74trace-0.01  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
450.02  undecanal

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, A. Cotroneo, D. Lorenzo and E. Dellacassa, Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2903-2909 (2000).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus sinensis oil terpeneless
#%LeftshiftComponents
62.60  citronellal
91.40  citronellol
811.50  decanal
152.00  dodecanal
160.60  elemol
125.60  geranial
101.60  geraniol
20.80  limonene
527.90  linalool
114.50  neral
41.40  nonanal
191.40  nootkatone
14.80  octanal
32.90  octanol
130.80  perillaldehyde
180.80alpha- sinensal
171.30beta- sinensal
73.40alpha- terpineol
140.90  undecanal

A. Fleisher, G. Biza, N. Secord and J. Dono, Ultra-Tech Citrus Concentrates—A New Series of Deterpenified Citrus Oils. Perfum. Flav., 12(2), 57-61 (1987).

P&F 15, No. 6, 45, (1990)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.02-0.04beta- caryophyllene
130.03-0.04 citronellal + octyl acetate
27trace-0.03  citronellol
21trace  citronellyl acetate
10trace-0.04para- cymene
140.29-0.33  decanal
24trace-0.04  dodecanal
260.04-0.16  geranial
290-trace  geranyl acetate
791.98-93.43  limonene
150.45-0.60  linalool
17trace-0.06  linalyl acetate
43.03-3.31  myrcene
220.06-0.07  neral
300.02-0.05  nerol
250.03-0.06  neryl acetate
120.05-0.06  nonanal
200.04-0.07  nonanol
160.08-0.11  octanol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
8tracebeta- phellandrene
10.89-0.95alpha- pinene
2tracebeta- pinene
30.45-0.71  sabinene
6tracealpha- terpinene
9trace-0.02gamma- terpinene
230.08-0.09alpha- terpineol
110.21-0.23 terpinolene + octanal
180.02-0.04  undecanal
280.13-0.27  valencene

M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Donaliso, Oleos Essenciais de frutos citricos cultivadas no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol. Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 pp (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed florida
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02beta- caryophyllene
90.04  citronellal
190.01beta- copaene
110.18  decanal
170.06  dodecanal
200.01beta- farnesene
130.08  geranial
595.37  limonene
80.17  linalool
31.81 myrcene + octanal
120.05  neral
70.02  nonanal
240.01  nootkatone
60.03  octanol
150.01  octyl acetate
140.01  perillaldehyde
40.05alpha- phellandrene
10.43alpha- pinene
20.34  sabinene
230.01alpha- sinensal
220.02beta- sinensal
100.03alpha- terpineol
160.01  undecanal
210.05  valencene

J. D. Vora, R. F. Matthews, P. G. Crandall and R. cook, Preparation and chemical composition of orange oil concentrates. J. Food Sci., 48, 1197-1199 (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed valencia
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02beta- caryophyllene
90.05  citronellal
190.02beta- copaene
110.28  decanal
170.07  dodecanal
200.02beta- farnesene
130.10  geranial
595.17  limonene
80.25  linalool
31.86 myrcene + octanal
120.07  neral
70.02  nonanal
240.01  nootkatone
60.03  octanol
150.01  octyl acetate
140.01  perillaldehyde
40.05alpha- phellandrene
10.42alpha- pinene
20.24  sabinene
230.02alpha- sinensal
220.03beta- sinensal
100.03alpha- terpineol
160.02  undecanal
210.05  valencene

J. D. Vora, R. F. Matthews, P. G. Crandall and R. cook, Preparation and chemical composition of orange oil concentrates. J. Food Sci., 48, 1197-1199 (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis var. biondo comune c.p. blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.028delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.039delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.016beta- caryophyllene
220.035  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.023alpha- copaene
410.027beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.321  decanal
430.004  decyl acetate
420.050  dodecanal
510.025(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.026(E)-beta- farnesene
310.133  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.010  limonene
210.019(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.653  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.826  myrcene
290.088  neral
280.021  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.070  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.011  nootkatone
130.044(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.329  octanal
160.023  octanol
260.006  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.058alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.046beta- pinene
40.928  sabinene
150.022(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.042alpha- sinensal
570.044beta- sinensal
230.008  terpinen-4-ol
100.003alpha- terpinene
140.004gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.014  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.016  undecanal
490.067  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. moro oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.030delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.147delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.038  citronellal
370.006  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.031beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.161  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.031  dodecanal
510.021(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.022(E)-beta- farnesene
310.085  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.019  geranyl acetate
480.023  germacrene D
450.008alpha- humulene
1194.772  limonene
210.014(E)- limonene oxide
200.009(Z)- limonene oxide
180.542  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.008gamma- muurolene
61.859  myrcene
290.055  neral
280.024  nerol
550.006(E)- nerolidol
380.010  neryl acetate
190.035  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.022  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.008(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.142  octanal
160.027  octanol
260.005  octyl acetate
320.010  perillaldehyde
70.060alpha- phellandrene
20.480alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.596  sabinene
150.016(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.031alpha- sinensal
570.036beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.055alpha- terpineol
170.033  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.177  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. navelina c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.012  bornyl acetate
530.022delta- cadinene
520.007gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.407delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.060  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.018alpha- copaene
410.022beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.431  decanal
430.007  decyl acetate
420.062  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.006(E)-beta- farnesene
310.134  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.012  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1193.713  limonene
210.013(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.369  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.865  myrcene
290.089  neral
280.022  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.013  neryl acetate
190.064  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.018  nootkatone
130.033(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.517  octanal
160.026  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.091alpha- phellandrene
20.482alpha- pinene
50.038beta- pinene
40.785  sabinene
150.027(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.023alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.077  terpinolene
360.002alpha- terpinyl acetate
56trace  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.015  undecanal
490.101  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. ovale c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.040  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.155delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.048  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.263  decanal
430.014  decyl acetate
420.040  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.010(E)-beta- farnesene
310.122  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1194.376  limonene
210.010(E)- limonene oxide
200.017(Z)- limonene oxide
180.861  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.881  myrcene
290.083  neral
280.007  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.043  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.023(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.276  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.013  perillaldehyde
70.049alpha- phellandrene
20.471alpha- pinene
50.044beta- pinene
40.523  sabinene
150.019(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.007  terpinen-4-ol
100.005alpha- terpinene
140.017gamma- terpinene
240.067alpha- terpineol
170.030  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.038  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. sanguinello oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.013  bornyl acetate
530.026delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.104delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.026beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.271  decanal
430.026  decyl acetate
420.043  dodecanal
510.016(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.008  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.451  limonene
210.017(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.558  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.017gamma- muurolene
61.973  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.016  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.042  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.036  nootkatone
130.024(E)-beta- ocimene
120.007(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.173  octanal
160.011  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.502alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.487  sabinene
150.012(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.018alpha- sinensal
570.021beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.004alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.048alpha- terpineol
170.025  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.004  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.309  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. tarocco oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.015  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.065delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.027  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.162  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.026  dodecanal
510.014(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.073  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1195.496  limonene
210.011(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.428  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.011gamma- muurolene
61.818  myrcene
290.048  neral
280.008  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.038  nonanal
350.003  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.022(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.180  octanal
160.016  octanol
260.004  octyl acetate
320.008  perillaldehyde
70.075alpha- phellandrene
20.478alpha- pinene
50.023beta- pinene
40.377  sabinene
150.009(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.023beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.003gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.002  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.009  undecanal
490.093  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. valencia late c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.026  bornyl acetate
530.025delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.060delta-3- carene
270.007cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.058  citronellal
370.003  citronellyl acetate
390.019alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.400  decanal
430.016  decyl acetate
420.063  dodecanal
510.015(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.013(E)-beta- farnesene
310.127  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.006  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.276  limonene
210.012(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.524  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.006gamma- muurolene
62.052  myrcene
290.080  neral
280.019  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.061  nonanal
350.008  nonyl acetate
590.013  nootkatone
130.019(E)-beta- ocimene
120.003(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.416  octanal
160.022  octanol
260.009  octyl acetate
320.014  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.534alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.336  sabinene
150.010(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.028alpha- sinensal
570.050beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.060alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.014  undecanal
490.046  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. washington navel c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.014  bornyl acetate
530.023delta- cadinene
520.012gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.204delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.022beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.020alpha- copaene
410.026beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.264  decanal
430.012  decyl acetate
420.037  dodecanal
510.009(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.005(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.011  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.984  limonene
210.016(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.325  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.825  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.014  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.009  neryl acetate
190.040  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.029  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.257  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.045alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.431  sabinene
150.011(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.014alpha- sinensal
570.017beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.011alpha- terpinene
140.005gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.023  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.005  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.174  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus unshiu peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
54trace  bornyl acetate
230.012- butanol
200.86delta- cadinene
65trace  carvacrol
32tracetrans- carveol
34tracecis- carveol
49trace  carvone
120.07  caryophyllene
71trace1,8- cineole
440.03  citronellal
310.02  citronellol
370.03  citronellyl acetate
110.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cuminaldehyde
33tracepara- cymen-8-ol
80.22para- cymene
400.08  decanal
43trace(E)-2- decenal
380.01  decyl acetate
48trace  dihydrocarvone
420.03  dodecanal
62trace  dodecyl acetate
13tracebeta- elemene
10tracedelta- elemene
360.01beta- elemol
220.02  ethanol
51trace  ethyl propionate
180.53(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
570.11  geranyl acetate
60trace  geranyl propionate
150.46  germacrene D
52trace  heptyl acetate
140.10alpha- humulene
72trace  indole
290.01  limonen-4-ol
688.39  limonene
70trace(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
69trace(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
270.82  linalool
67trace(E)- linalool oxide
68trace(Z)- linalool oxide
59tracepara- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
610.03para-menth-1,8(10)-dien-9-yl acetate
350.01para- mentha-1,8(10)-dien-9-ol
47trace  methyl heptenone
41.00  myrcene
560.03  neryl acetate
39trace  nonanal
550.01  nonyl acetate
500.03  nootkatone
19trace  octanal
530.03  octyl acetate
26trace  pentanol
250.012- pentanol
24trace3- pentanol
45trace  perillaldehyde
630.01  perillyl acetate
66trace  phenol
10.64alpha- pinene
20.16beta- pinene
30.24  sabinene
17tracealpha- selinene
16tracebeta- selinene
280.03  terpinen-4-ol
50.41alpha- terpinene
74.80gamma- terpinene
300.21alpha- terpineol
90.13  terpinolene
64trace  thymol
410.01  undecanal
21trace  undecane
58trace  undecyl acetate

I. Yajima, T. Yanai, M. Nakamum, H. Sakakibara and K. Hayashi, Composition of the Volatiles of Peel Oil and Juice from Citrus unshiu, Agric. BioI. Chem., 43, 259-264 (1979).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

cochlospermum planchonii oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20beta- bisabolene
10.10  dodecanal
20.70  dodecanol
84.70  dodecyl acetate
110.203- hexadecanone
132.503-hexadecenone
161.00  hexadecyl acetate
120.401-hydroxy-3-tetradecanone
100.20  methyl myristate
150.103-octadecenone
72.00  tetradecanal
91.00  tetradecanol
669.803- tetradecanone
50.703- tetradecenone
1414.40  tetradecyl acetate
40.402- tridecanone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 65, (2001)
cochlospermum tinctorium oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.50  dodecanal
20.70  dodecanol
64.60  dodecyl acetate
110.30  hexadecanol
95.603- hexadecanone
142.70  hexadecyl acetate
131.303- octadecanone
122.003-octadecenone
80.602- pentadecanone
70.40  tetradecanol
564.603- tetradecanone
43.403- tetradecenone
1011.70  tetradecyl acetate
31.002- tridecanone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 65, (2001)
coriandrum sativum fruit oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.04  bicyclogermacrene
161.55  borneol
20.21  camphene
155.83  camphor
280.16beta- caryophyllene
211.23 citronellol + nerol
70.90para- cymene
200.15  decanal
310.45  dillapiole
270.20  dodecanal
230.13  geranial
226.97  geraniol
264.96  geranyl acetate
335.82  hexadecanoic acid
81.55  limonene
1454.57  linalool
120.18(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
50.65  myrcene
190.16  myrtenal
250.19  neryl acetate
100.09(E)-beta- ocimene
340.20 octadecenoic acid
90.04beta- phellandrene
11.14alpha- pinene
40.21beta- pinene
30.14  sabinene
171.38  terpinen-4-ol
60.02alpha- terpinene
114.08gamma- terpinene
182.32alpha- terpineol
130.53  terpinolene
290.18  tetradecanal
320.57  tetradecanoic acid
240.10  undecanal

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of seed oil of Coriandrum sativum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 97-98 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

coriandrum sativum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
119.25-9.45  decanal
150.89-2.09  decanol
140.03-8.182- decanol
130.87-12.10(E)-2- decenal
90.03-0.16(E)-4- decenal
100.03-0.46(E)-9-decenal
120.03-0.682- decenal
39<0.03-0.25  diallyl fumerate
521.38-2.41  docosanol
254.96-10.30  dodecanal
300.09-0.18  dodecanol
270.47-0.51 dodecenal
240.31-0.34 dodecenal
230.08-0.13 dodecenal
2815.60-21.60(E)-2- dodecenal
290.58-0.822- dodecen-1-ol
510.40-1.48  eicosanol
260.10-0.18  germacrene B
460.05-0.10  hexadecanal
47<0.03 hexadecenal
480.94-1.58(E)-2- hexadecenal
50.03-0.19  limonene
500.06-0.13  methyl stearate
20.06-0.075- methyl tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
80.07-0.27  nonanal
10.36-1.28  nonane
4<0.03-0.47  octanal
430.47-0.61  pentadecanal
440.07-0.10 pentadecenal
454.77-5.12(E)-2- pentadecenal
42<0.03-0.09 pentadecen-1-ol
60.03-0.17  phenyl acetaldehyde
492.79-3.46  phytol
530.35-0.42  tetracosanol
381.69-2.22  tetradecanal
370.26-0.27 tetradecenal
360.07-0.09 tetradecenal
400.36-0.37 tetradecenal
4112.70-20.20(E)-2- tetradecenal
311.43-1.44  tridecanal
320.05-0.09  tridecenal
330.05-0.08  tridecenal
341.83-2.53(E)-2- tridecenal
350.03-0.042- tridecen-1-ol
30.10-0.122,4,6- trimethyl heptane
192.14-2.31  undecanal
70.04-0.06  undecane
220.03-0.07  undecanol
210.03-0.212- undecanol
180.03-0.10  undecenal
170.03-0.06  undecenal
160.09-1.93  undecenal
201.18-5.32(E)-2- undecenal

T. Potter, Essential oil compositlon of cilantro. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1624-1826 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

hamamelis virginiana leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.01  benzyl benzoate
 trace  butyl benzoate
 0.05  cadalene
 0.04delta- cadinene
 0.21beta- caryophyllene
 0.07  cyclosativene
 trace(E)-beta- damascenone
 0.03  decanal
30.01  decane
 0.28  docosanal
181.27  docosane
 0.21  docosanol
 0.20  dodecanal
40.03  dodecane
 0.69  dotriacontane
 trace  eicosanal
150.60  eicosane
 0.02  eicosanol
 0.16  ethyl hexadecanoate
 0.09  ethyl linoleate
 0.05  ethyl linolenate
 0.06  ethyl oleate
 0.09 ethyl tetracosane
 0.01  ethyl tetradecanoate
 0.05alpha- eudesmol
 0.02gamma- eudesmol
 1.47(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
 0.08alpha- farnesene
 1.74  geraniol
 0.07  geranyl acetone
 0.01  geranyl formate
 0.47  geranyl linalool
 1.14 henitriacontane
 16.12  heptacosane
120.31  heptadecane
 0.052- heptadecanone
 0.91  hexacosanal
 2.27  hexacosane
 0.15  hexadecanal
100.07  hexadecane
 1.62  hexadecanoic acid
 0.10  hexadecanol
110.161- hexadecyne
 0.13  hexanol
 0.19(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
 0.02(E)-2-hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
 trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
 0.15(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-or-3-methyl butyrate
 0.06(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl angelate or tiglate
 0.30(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
 0.14(E)-2- hexen-1-yl butyrate
 trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
 0.03(E)-2- hexen-1-yl hexanoate
 0.23(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl hexanoate
 trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl octanoate
 0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl salicylate
 trace  hexyl tiglate
 trace  hotrienol
 0.05alpha- humulene
 trace hydroxyedulan-1
 0.08beta- ionone
 0.02  kaurene
 3.74  linalool
 0.12(E)- linalool oxide
 0.31(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.10  manool
 0.03  manoyl oxide
190.022- methyl docosane
 0.11  methyl docosanoate
 0.04  methyl eicosanoate
160.022- methyl heneicosane
170.013- methyl heneicosane
 0.06 methyl henitriacontane
 0.083- methyl heptacosane
 0.05 methyl hexacosane
 0.222-methyl hexacosane
 0.043- methyl hexacosane
 0.33  methyl hexadecanoate
 0.09  methyl linoleate
 0.47  methyl linolenate
 0.21 methyl nonacosane
 0.03 methyl octacosane
 0.072- methyl octacosane
 0.083- methyl octacosane
 0.13  methyl oleate
 0.182- methyl pentacosane
 0.153- methyl pentacosane
 0.054- methyl pentacosane
 0.03 methyl tetracosane
 0.024- methyl tetracosane
 0.15  methyl tetracosanoate
70.273- methyl tetradecane
 0.03  methyl tetradecanoate
 0.132- methyl triacontane
 0.043- methyl triacontane
 0.04  myrcenol
 0.03  nerol
 0.09  nerol oxide
 0.17(E)- nerolidol
 7.12  nonacosane
 0.03  nonadecanal
140.78  nonadecane
 0.62  nonanal
20.01  nonane
 0.11  nonanoic acid
 0.09  nonanol
 0.28  octacosanal
 1.75  octacosane
130.12  octadecane
 trace  octadecanol
 0.03  octanal
10.59  octane
 trace  octanol
 0.031- octen-3-ol
 10.99  pentacosane
 0.13  pentadecanal
80.10  pentadecane
 0.042- pentadecanone
 9.79(E)- phytol
 0.68iso phytol
 0.07iso propyl tetradecanoate
 trace  riesling acetal
 0.03beta- santalene
 0.09  squalene
 1.06alpha- terpineol
 0.39  tetracosanal
 2.59  tetracosane
 0.081- tetracosene
 0.05  tetradecanal
60.23  tetradecane
 0.30  tetratriacontane
 1.14  triacontane
 0.68  tritriacontane
2010.38  tricosane
 0.24  tridecanal
50.54  tridecane
 0.042- tridecanone
 0.211,1,6- trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
 0.011,1,6- trimethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene
90.234,8,12- trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene
 0.706,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
 0.80ar- turmerone
 0.42  undecanal
 0.03(E)-2- undecenal
 0.21  viridiflorol
 0.09  vitispirane

R. Engel, M. Gutmann, C. Harisch, H. Koloclziej and A. Nahstedt, Study on the composition of the volatile fraction of Hamamelis virginiana. Planta Med., 64, 251-258 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

heracleum candolleanum rhizome oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
218.60  bornylene
150.20trans- carveol
121.20  citronellyl acetate
160.40para- cymen-8-ol
49.00para- cymene
63.00  decanal
133.20  dodecanal
147.90  heptyl hexanoate
70.30  heptyl isobutyrate
100.40  hexyl hexanoate
80.70  linalool
110.70  menthol
94.40  octanol
511.90  octyl acetate
118.90alpha- pinene
34.60gamma- terpinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 80, (2001)
heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
582.50(E)- anethole
870.10  angelicin
54<0.10para- anisaldehyde
860.10para-anisyl 2-methyl butyrate
91<0.10para- anisyl hexanoate
70<0.10 benzyl 2-methyl butyrate + phenethyl isobutyrate
88<0.10  benzyl benzoate
65<0.10  benzyl butyrate
830.10  benzyl hexanoate
59<0.10  benzyl isobutyrate
93<0.10  bergapten
300.20  butyl 2-methyl butyrate
190.102- butyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.30iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
310.10  butyl 3-methyl butyrate
230.10iso butyl 3-methyl butyrate
200.20  butyl butyrate
130.20iso butyl butyrate
48<0.10iso butyl hexanoate
120.20  butyl isobutyrate
90.20iso butyl isobutyrate
44<0.10  butyl senecioate
36<0.10iso butyl senecioate
14<0.10  camphene
62<0.01  carvacrol
27<0.101,8- cineole
260.20para- cymene
520.90  decanal
490.20(Z)-4- decenal
740.20  decyl acetate
73<0.10  dodecanal
89<0.10  geranyl hexanoate
67<0.10  heptyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.10  heptyl acetate
61<0.10  heptyl butyrate
81<0.10  heptyl octanoate
2<0.10  hexanal
6<0.10  hexanol
553.20  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
560.60 hexyl 3-methyl butyrate + (Z)-anethole
241.30  hexyl acetate
5017.00  hexyl butyrate
715.20  hexyl hexanoate
472.40  hexyl isobutyrate
60<0.10 hexyl pentanoate + (Z)-4-octen-1-yl propionate
400.40  hexyl propionate
28<0.10  limonene
390.40  linalool
410.102- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
42<0.012- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
32<0.103- methyl butyl butyrate
330.402-methyl butyl butyrate + (Z)-4-octen-1-ol
570.102- methyl butyl hexanoate
250.102- methyl butyl isobutyrate
16<0.102- methyl butyl propionate
45<0.01  methyl octanoate
820.10  myristicin
38<0.10  nonanal
64<0.10  nonyl acetate
211.00  octanal
350.30  octanol
750.20(Z)-4-octen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrate
760.10(Z)-4-octen-1-yl 3-methyl butyrate + phenethyl butyate
515.60(Z)-4- octen-1-yl acetate
690.60(Z)-4-octen-1-yl butyrate
840.50(Z)-4-octen-1-yl hexanoate
660.10(Z)-4-octen-1-yl isobutyrate
90<0.10(Z)-4-octen-1-yl octanoate
790.30(Z)-4-octen-1-yl pentanoate
772.20  octyl 2-methyl butyrate
780.20  octyl 3-methyl butyrate
5331.50  octyl acetate
723.20  octyl butyrate
46<0.01  octyl formate
8510.20  octyl hexanoate
681.30  octyl isobutyrate
920.10  octyl octanoate
630.20  octyl propionate
800.202- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
100.10alpha- pinene
18<0.10beta- pinene
1<0.10  prenol
37<0.10  prenyl butyrate
70.50iso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
11<0.10  propyl 3-methyl butyrate
80.40iso propyl 3-methyl butyrate
4<0.10iso propyl butyrate
29<0.01iso propyl hexanoate
5<0.10  propyl isobutyrate
30.20iso propyl isobutyrate
150.10isopropyl senecioate
17<0.10  sabinene
340.30gamma- terpinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 385, (2000)
herniaria incana lam. oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
490.20  abietatriene
40.40  benzaldehyde
241.00delta- cadinene
100.20  camphor
280.60  caryophyllene oxide
130.40beta- cyclocitral
172.30(E)-beta- damascenone
160.40(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
120.40  decanal
140.30(Z)-2- decenal
601.3010- demethyl squalene
530.20  docosane
180.40  dodecanal
480.30  eicosane
250.50  eugenyl acetate
200.30(E)-beta- farnesene
350.80(E,Z)- farnesol
340.30(Z,Z)- farnesol
441.90(E,E)- farnesyl acetone
191.50  geranyl acetone
220.30(Z)-beta- guaiene
511.10  heneicosane
581.10  heptacosane
330.40  heptadecane
420.602- heptadecanone
50.20(E,E)-2- heptadienal
570.30  hexacosane
290.30  hexadecane
474.00  hexadecanoic acid
10.40  hexanal
22.20(E)-2- hexenal
270.70(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
211.60(Z)-beta- ionone
450.30  methyl hexadecanoate
460.30 methyl octadecane
310.90T- muurolol
611.10  nonacosane
430.10  nonadecane
410.40(E)-nonadecene
91.90  nonanal
591.70  octacosane
360.30  octadecane
500.20  octadecanol
80.30  octanol
561.60  pentacosane
400.30  pentadecanoic acid
60.20  phenyl acetaldehyde
372.20neo phytadiene
522.60(E)- phytol
3tracealpha- pinene
260.30  selina-3,7(11)-diene
11trace  terpinen-4-ol
7tracegamma- terpinene
550.20  tetracosane
300.30  tetradecanal
320.40  tetradecanol
620.90  triacontane
540.80  tricosane
235.80  tridecanal
392.506,10,14- trimethyl pentadecan-2-ol
3837.606,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
150.90  undecanal
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 435, (2000)
lime oil distilled mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
610.70(E)-alpha- bergamotene
590.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
750.01(E)-gamma- bisabolene
730.04(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
721.04beta- bisabolene
850.06alpha- bisabolol
340.08iso borneol
370.69 borneol + nonanol
20.02  bornylene
830.04alpha- cadinol
820.02T-cadinol + T-muurolol
70.53  camphene
840.04  campherenol
140.01delta-3- carene
43tracetrans- carveol
460.01  carvone
600.60beta- caryophyllene
790.07  caryophyllene alcohol
152.321,4- cineole
440.02  citronellol
171.89para- cymene
420.20  decanal
540.04 decanoic acid + neryl acetate
490.09 decanol + geranial
200.682,2-dimethyl-5(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran + (E)-beta-ocimene
580.08  dodecanal
650.04  dodecanol
57tracebeta- elemene
530.06delta- elemene
810.05gamma- eudesmol
710.68(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
60.21alpha- fenchene
270.79alpha- fenchol
470.02  geraniol
560.10  geranyl acetate
770.03  germacrene B
630.09alpha- humulene
1846.86 limonene + 1,8-cineole
250.19 linalool + undecane
230.02(Z)- linalool oxide
248.43(E)-linalool oxide + terpinolene + unknown
290.02(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
31trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
390.13para-methyl acetophenone + para-cymen-8-ol
670.03alpha- muurolene
111.34 myrcene + dihydro-1,8-cineole
280.08  myrcenol
450.02  neral
780.01(E)- nerolidol
260.03  nonanal
10.03  nonane
190.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
350.06(E)-beta-ocimenol
330.09(Z)-beta-ocimenol
120.04  octanal
220.02  octanol
500.02  perillaldehyde
130.46alpha- phellandrene
51.02alpha- pinene
101.34beta- pinene
480.01  piperitone
90.02  sabinene
510.01  sabinyl acetate
640.04beta- santalene
860.01  selin-7(11)-en-4-ol
760.05  selina-3,7(11)-diene
660.13  selina-4,11-diene
680.01beta- selinene
690.20delta- selinene
700.17alpha-selinene + (Z)-alpha-bisabolene
740.05epi-alpha-selinene + delta-cadinene
301.20  terpinen-1-ol
380.97  terpinen-4-ol
162.84alpha- terpinene
2111.02gamma- terpinene
320.81(E)-beta- terpineol
360.22(Z)-beta- terpineol
407.90alpha- terpineol
411.21gamma- terpineol
800.02  tetradecanal
40.01alpha- thujene
30.02  tricyclene
80.222,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl tetrahydropyran
520.03  undecanal
550.03  undecanol

T. S. Chamblee and B. C. Clark, Lemon and lime citrus essential oils. Analysis and organoleptic evaluation. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 88-102, ACS Symp. Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

orange peel oil bitter brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
220.10beta- caryophyllene
170.06 citronellal + octyl acetate
28trace  citronellol
24trace  citronellyl acetate
10tracepara- cymene
180.12  decanal
120.03  dodecanal
130.06  geranial
16trace  geranyl acetate
792.29  limonene
190.21  linalool
200.37  linalyl acetate
53.10  myrcene
250.05  neral
270.05  neryl acetate
150.02  nonanal
230.03  nonanol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
8tracebeta- phellandrene
10.89alpha- pinene
31.17beta- pinene
40.23  sabinene
210.03  terpinen-4-ol
90.07gamma- terpinene
260.07alpha- terpineol
110.07 terpinolene + octanal
140.29  valencene

M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Domaliso, Oleos Essenciais de Frutos Citricos Cultivados no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol. Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 (1983).

P&F 16, No. 4, 49, (1991)

osmanthus fragrans flower absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
960.04  amyl benzoate
320.03  amyl butyrate
360.008  amyl isovalerate
104trace  amyl salicylate
800.06  anethole
1070.003  anisyl acetate
510.19  benzaldehyde
700.08  benzyl acetate
870.19  benzyl alcohol
86trace  benzyl butyrate
500.02  benzyl formate
590.16  bornyl acetate
15trace  butanal
31trace  butyl benzene
210.02  butyl butyrate
950.12  butyl phenyl acetate
62trace  butyric acid
8trace  camphene
52trace  camphor
16tracedelta-3- carene
119trace  carvacrol
71trace  carvone
200.301,8- cineole
75trace  citronellol
103tracemeta- cresol
102tracepara- cresol
26tracepara- cymene
113tracedelta- decalactone
10611.70gamma- decalactone
29trace  decanal
1170.05  decanoic acid
749.20  decanol
660.08  decyl acetate
1300.39  dibutyl phthalate
84trace  dihydrojasmone
890.282,6- dimethyl phenol
1110.03  docosane
1240.21gamma- dodecalactone
490.05  dodecanal
970.04  eicosane
20.06  ethyl acetate
130.02  ethyl benzene
430.03  ethyl decanoate
220.004  ethyl hexanoate
101trace  ethyl myristate
77trace  ethyl salicylate
1081.90  eugenol
1210.02(E)-iso eugenol
1140.02(Z)-iso eugenol
1200.18  farnesol
45trace  furfural
72trace  geranial
830.07  geraniol
73trace  geranyl acetate
680.08 geranyl formate + dodecanal
105trace  heneicosane
17trace  heptanal
94trace  heptanoic acid
90.022-heptanol + hexanal
38trace  heptyl acetate
330.01  heptyl formate
88trace  heptyl isovalerate
370.01  hexanal
810.05  hexanoic acid
390.12(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
42trace  hexyl butyrate
35trace  hexyl propionate
1100.007  hexyl salicylate
53trace  hexyl valerate
820.86alpha- ionone
925.85beta- ionone
116trace  jasmolactone
930.02(Z)- jasmone
1280.02  lauric acid
18trace  limonene
552.36  linalool
4414.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
4621.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
56trace  linalyl acetate
910.07 methyl alpha-ionone + quinoline
190.053- methyl butanol
60trace  methyl decanoate
118trace  methyl dihydrojasmonate
780.03  methyl dodecanoate
58trace5- methyl furfural
480.09  methyl nonanoate
1270.16  methyl oleate
1120.07  methyl palmitate
340.022- methyl-2-hepten-6-one
4trace4-methyl-2-pentenol
14trace4- methyl-3-penten-2-one
1310.03  myristic acid
990.21  nerolidol
980.04gamma- nonalactone
400.11  nonanal
630.70  nonanol
1000.11  octanoic acid
570.02  octanol
28trace2- octanone
47trace  octyl acetate
690.02  octyl valerate
1320.71  palmitic acid
30.003  pentanal
24trace pentenal
79trace2- phenethyl acetate
900.192-phenethyl alcohol + nonadecane
760.012- phenethyl formate
65trace  phenyl acetaldehyde
5tracealpha- pinene
11tracebeta- pinene
1trace  propanal
70.01  propanol
540.02  propionic acid
12trace  sabinene
850.02  safrole
1220.03alpha- santalol
1260.02beta- santalol
25trace  styrene
610.06  terpinen-4-ol
230.20gamma- terpinene
670.07alpha- terpineol
270.06  terpinolene
1250.02  tetracosane
41trace  tetradecane
1090.23  thymol
6trace  toluene
30trace  tridecane
115tracegamma- undecalactone
100.008  undecane
1233.10  undecanoic acid
64traceiso valeric acid
1290.08  vanillin
V. T. Cogiya, L. G. Kharebava, R. V. Gogiya and E. B. Gvatua, Composition of the volatile compounds in flowers of Osrnanthus fragrans (Thumb) Lour. Rastit. Resur., 22, 243-248 (1986). P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)
piper betle leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
101.18delta- cadinene
161.19delta- cadinol
20.35  camphene
220.66  caryophyllene oxide
150.36alpha- costol
192.87  decanal
204.23  dodecanal
110.89gamma- elemene
2333.22  eugenol
2410.59iso eugenol
182.46  geraniol
210.41  hexadecanoic acid
121.46  linalool
262.33  methyl benzoate
42.16  myrcene
60.70(E)-beta- ocimene
50.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.63allo- ocimene
36.13  sabinene
256.45  safrole
141.45  terpinen-1-ol
71.60gamma- terpinene
132.30alpha- terpineol
80.50  terpinolene
170.763,7,11,15- tetramethyl-2-hexadecen-1-ol
11.90alpha- thujene

A. K. S. Rawat, R. D. Tripathi, A. J. Khan and V. R. Balasubrahmanyam. Essential oil components as markers for identifiication of Piper betle L. cultivars. Biochem. Systemat. Ecol., 17, 35-38 (1989).

P&F 18, No. 3, 61, (1993)

tangerine oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
210.02beta- caryophyllene
140.02 citronellal + octyl acetate
280.02  citronellol
110.48para- cymene
150.12  decanal
250.04  dodecanal
270.03  geranial
29trace  geranyl acetate
890.75  limonene
161.17  linalool
18trace  linalyl acetate
52.28  myrcene
23trace  neral
26trace  neryl acetate
130.06  nonanal
22trace  nonanol
17trace  octanol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
9tracebeta- phellandrene
11.41alpha- pinene
30.58beta- pinene
40.23  sabinene
200.04  terpinen-4-ol
7tracealpha- terpinene
101.96gamma- terpinene
240.07alpha- terpineol
120.24 terpinolene + octanal
190.03  undecanal
M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Donaliso, Oleos Essenciais de frutos citricos cultivados no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 pp (1983). P&F 17, No. 4, 39, (1992)
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