EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

(E)-2-tetradecenal
(E)-tetradec-2-enal

Sponsors

Name:(E)-tetradec-2-enal
CAS Number: 64461-99-0Picture of molecule3D/inchi
FDA UNII:USP752EG6P
Nikkaji Web:J498.766G
XlogP3-AA:5.90 (est)
Molecular Weight:210.36042000
Formula:C14 H26 O
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
FEMA Number:4209 (E)-tetradec-2-enal
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: TETRADEC-2-ENAL
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 299.00 to 300.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 5.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.001000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 230.00 °F. TCC ( 110.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 5.866 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.7586 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength:medium
citrus waxy green peppery
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. citrus waxy green pepper
Luebke, William tgsc, (1985)
Odor sample from: Bedoukian Research, Inc.
waxy green soapy fatty cilantro chicken cucumber herbal citrus lemon
Odor Description:at 1.00 %. waxy, slight green, soapy and fatty with cilantro and chicken like notes and nuances of cucumber, herbs and citrus lemon
Mosciano, Gerard, (2009)
Flavor Type: waxy
waxy green leafy vegetable beefy chicken fat
Taste Description: at 5.00 ppm. Waxy, green, leafy vegetative with oxidized and reheated beef and chicken fat
Mosciano, Gerard, (2009)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Alfrebro
trans-2-TETRADECENAL NATURAL 10% IN ETOAC
Odor: Citrus, Waxy, Vegetable, Cilantro
Alfrebro
trans-2-TETRADECENAL NATURAL 10% IN MTCG
Odor: Citrus, Waxy, Vegetable, Cilantro
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
2-TETRADECENAL (HIGH TRANS) 96.0% (sum of isomers)
Penta International
trans-2-TETRADECENAL, Kosher
Treatt
trans-2-Tetradecenal Natural
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for (E)-2-tetradecenal usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 22
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 10.0000050.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 5.0000025.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: 5.0000025.00000
cheese: 3.0000015.00000
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: 5.0000025.00000
confectionery froastings: 10.0000050.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: 2.0000010.00000
fish products: 2.0000010.00000
frozen dairy: 3.0000015.00000
fruit ices: 3.0000015.00000
gelatins / puddings: 5.0000025.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 15.0000075.00000
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: 3.0000015.00000
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: 5.0000025.00000
meat products: 2.0000010.00000
milk products: 3.0000015.00000
nut products: --
other grains: 5.0000025.00000
poultry: 2.0000010.00000
processed fruits: 2.0000010.00000
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: 5.0000025.00000
snack foods: 10.0000050.00000
soft candy: --
soups: 5.0000025.00000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: 5.0000025.00000
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):64461-99-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5283366
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
(E)-tetradec-2-enal
Chemidplus:0064461990
 
References:
 (E)-tetradec-2-enal
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):5283366
Pubchem (sid):135071914
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB32525
Export Tariff Code:2912.19.9000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
tea leaf oil
CS
aldehydic
aldehydic
iso
butyraldehyde
FL/FR
6,7,8-
decen-1-ol
FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
mandarine undecenal
FL/FR
3-
methyl-4-(3-methly-3-methoxybutyl oxy) butyraldehyde
FR
3-
methyl-4-hexyl oxybutyraldehyde
FR
3-
methyl-4-octyl oxybutyraldehyde
FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
N-/i-
undecanal
FR
(Z)-8-
undecenal
FR
balsamic
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
citrus
aldenal C-10
FR
bergamot oil
FL/FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronellyl nitrile
FR
citrus floral green fragrance
FR
4-
decenal
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanyl acetate
FR
lime octadienal
FR
2-
methyl decanal (aldehyde C-11 MOA)
FL/FR
nonanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
waxy nitrile
FR
creamy
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
fatty
(E,E)-2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
decanoic acid
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
decenal
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
floral
acetaldehyde dibutyl acetal
FL/FR
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
anisyl propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
boronia concrete
FL/FR
alpha-
butyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
citronellal
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
coriander seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
cumin carbinol
FR
dictamnus hispanicus oil
FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
(±)-2,3-
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
dihydroisojasmonate methyl ester
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
6,8-
dimethyl-2-nonanol
FR
ethyl phenoxyacetate
FR
farnesol
FL/FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
floral butanal
FR
floral undecenone
FR
gardenia absolute
FR
gardenia acetal
FR
gardenia concrete
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil
FL/FR
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
geranyl nonanoate
CS
(Z)-4-
hepten-2-yl salicylate
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hexyl lactate
FL/FR
hyacinth oil
FR
hydrangea fragrance
FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
jasmin cyclopentanol
FR
jonquil absolute
FR
lilac absolute
FR
lily fragrance
FR
lily propanol
FR
linalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
lotus fragrance
FR
magnolia indene
FR
(2-
methoxy-1-methyl propyl) benzene
FR
(3-
methoxy-2-methyl propyl) benzene
FR
1-(2-
methyl allyl oxy)-2-methyl butane
FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
muguet nitrile
FR
nerol
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neroli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
nerolidyl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
ocean propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute tunisia
FL/FR
orchid specialty
FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dicitronellyl acetal
FR
phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde ethylene glycol acetal
FR
rhodinyl formate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
rose pyran
FR
styralyl formate
FL/FR
sweet pea absolute
FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
5-
tricyclodecenyl acetate
FR
(S,E)-3,7,11-
trimethyldodeca-6,10-dienal
FR
verdyl acetate
FR
violet methyl carbonate
FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
fresh
3-(3-
propen-2-yl phenyl) butanal
FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl crotonate
FR
cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl nonanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
peach pivalate
FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
fungal
jasmin nonane
FR
green
acetaldehyde dipropyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
amyl 3-(2-furan) propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
carrot leaf oil (daucus carota ssp.maximus)
FR
chrysanthemum oxide
FL/FR
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
earthy acetal
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
flower hexene
FR
green carbaldehyde
FR
green cyclopropionate
FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetoacetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl angelate
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl oxyacetaldehyde
FR
hexen-1-yl oxypropane nitrile
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal
FL/FR
3-
hexenal
FL/FR
hexyl (Z)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
hyacinth absolute
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
ivy dioxolane
FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
(2-
methoxy-1-methyl butyl) benzene
FR
[(4E,4Z)-5-
methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzene
FR
methyl cyclocitrone (IFF)
FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
4-
methyl-4-phenyl pentanone
FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
octyl oxyacetaldehyde
FR
pelargonium graveolens stem leaf extract
FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde solution
FL/FR
violet leaf absolute egypt
FL/FR
violet leaf oil (viola odorata)
FL/FR
herbal
chrysanthemum ketone
FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
dihexyl (E)-fumarate
FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FR
honey
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
medicinal
kunzea ericoides leaf oil
FR
minty
peppermint absolute
FL/FR
spicy
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
cyclogeraniol (IFF)
FR
spicy carbonate
FR
tea
camellia oleifera leaf extract
FL/FR
waxy
aldenal C-9
FR
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde dibutyl acetal
FL/FR
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
boronia concrete
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
4-
decenal
FL/FR
(±)-2,3-
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
earthy acetal
FL/FR
2,3-
epoxyoctanal
FL
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetoacetate
FL/FR
hexyl (Z)-tiglate
FL/FR
hyacinth absolute
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
linalyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
mandarine undecenal
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
nerolidyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde solution
FL/FR
styralyl formate
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
iso
amyl 3-(2-furan) propionate
FL/FR
alpha-
butyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
iso
butyraldehyde
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
amber
iso
butyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
aromatic
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
methyl decanal (aldehyde C-11 MOA)
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
fatty
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,4-
decadienal
FL
2-
decenal
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenoic acid
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
undecadienal
FL
floral
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
citronellal
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
farnesol
FL/FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil
FL/FR
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
pseudo
ionone
FL
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute morocco
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neroli oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute tunisia
FL/FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
benzyl methyl ether
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
2-
furyl pentyl ketone
FL
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
hexyl lactate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
rhodinyl formate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde dipropyl acetal
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
chrysanthemum oxide
FL/FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
3,4-
dimethoxystyrene
FL
dodecanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
2-
ethyl-5-methyl thiophene
FL
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadienal
FL
(E)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
3-
hexenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal
FL/FR
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-undecynoate
FL
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
nonanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
phorone
FL
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
violet leaf absolute egypt
FL/FR
violet leaf oil (viola odorata)
FL/FR
herbal
coriander seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
leafy
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
meaty
S-(2-
methyl-3-furyl) ethane thioate
FL
medicinal
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
melon
hydroxycitronellal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
metallic
2,5-
dihydroxy-1,4-dithiane
FL
minty
peppermint absolute
FL/FR
soapy
decanoic acid
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
spicy
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
tea
camellia oleifera leaf extract
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
winey
methyl nonanoate
FL/FR
woody
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRcitrus
FRfloral
FRgreen
FRlily of the valley
FRpepper
 waxy
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 coriander leaf oil @ 12.70-20.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eryngium foetidum
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
(2E)-tetradec-2-enal
(E)-tetradec-2-enal
(E)-2-tetradecen-1-al
trans-2-tetradecen-1-al
(2E)-2-tetradecenal
trans-2-tetradecenal
2-tetradecenal (high trans)
trans-2-tetradecenal natural
2-tetradecenal, (2E)-
2-tetradecenal, E
 

Articles:

PubMed:Effect of preprocessing and compressed propane extraction on quality of cilantro (Coriandrum sativum L.).
PubMed:Identification of character-impact odorants in coriander and wild coriander leaves using gas chromatography-olfactometry (GCO) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC x GC-TOFMS).
PubMed:The population explodes.
PubMed:The population explodes.
PubMed:Baby boom. American anti-abortion politics blocks family planning funding around the world.
 
Notes:
None found
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