BT

Typical G.C. analysis

achillea millefolium oil hungary
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.30  borneol
100.80  bornyl acetate
141.00gamma- cadinene
1111.90beta- caryophyllene
1521.20  caryophyllenol I
1612.50  chamazulene
41.701,8- cineole
70.20  citronellol
122.50alpha- humulene
94.40  lavandulyl acetate
31.60  limonene
81.30  linalyl acetate
137.40gamma- muurolene
14.10alpha- pinene
220.80beta- pinene
60.30alpha- terpineol

E. Lemberkovics and G. Verzar-Petri, Gas chromatographic characterization of frequently occurring sesquiterpenes in essential oils. J. Chromatogr., 318, 125-131 (1985).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

acorus calamus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
301.61  acolamone
363.62iso acolamone
284.09  acoragermacrone
396.57(1,10)- aristolen-2-one
340.21beta- bisabolene
100.11  borneol
140.25  bornyl acetate
170.05beta- bourbonene
294.07delta- cadinene
310.30alpha- calacorene
420.58iso calamendiol
410.10  calamenene
400.72  calamusenone
90.08  camphor
204.13beta- caryophyllene
160.04alpha- copaene
230.32beta- cubebene
351.81isoepi-cubenol
40.04para- cymene
430.40  dibutyl phthalate
180.79beta- elemene
150.21delta- elemene
320.73  elemol
270.80beta- guaiene
240.96beta- gurjurene
210.07alpha- humulene
52.61  limonene
83.10  linalool
130.11  linalyl acetate
470.02  linoleic acid
30.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
480.04  methyl 9,12,15-octadecatrienoate
190.86  methyl eugenol
263.37(E)- methyl isoeugenol
2236.40(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
372.60alpha- muurolol
383.17epi-alpha- muurolol
20.09  myrcene
450.041- octadecene
440.06  palmitic acid
460.11  phytol
10.21  sabinene
253.19  shyobunone
330.64iso shyobunone
110.21  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
60.05gamma- terpinene
120.31alpha- terpineol
490.10  tricosane

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

asarum canadense root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20  aristolene
290.90  aristolone
150.40(E)-beta- bergamotene
410.10  borneol
91.50  bornyl acetate
240.20delta- cadinene
160.30  camphene
170.301,8- cineole
360.10  copaene
180.30para- cymene
81.70  elemicin
300.90(E)-iso elemicin
340.60  eugenol
230.20(E)-beta- farnesene
111.30  geraniol
53.90  geranyl acetate
200.30gamma- guaiene
370.10beta- gurjunene
101.40  junenol
280.90  limonene
214.90  linalool
44.00  linalyl acetate
390.10  methyl chavicol
141.80  methyl eugenol
190.30(E)- methyl isoeugenol
42trace  methyl thymol
400.10alpha- muurolene
71.70  myrcene
121.20  nerol
62.40  neryl acetate
140.40(E)-ocimene
320.60(Z)- ocimene
130.90alpha- pinene
270.90beta- pinene
250.10  sabinene
220.20  seychellene
330.60  terpinen-4-ol
260.10alpha- terpinene
310.80gamma- terpinene
35.90alpha- terpineol
350.40  terpinolene
380.10 vetiselinene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 11, No. 6, 39, (1986)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.36(E)-alpha- bergamotene
 trace(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
 0.6beta- bisabolene
 tracealpha- bisabolol
 tracebeta- bisabolol
 trace  camphorenone
 0.09  carvone
 0.2beta- caryophyllene
 0.02  citronellal
 0.02  citronellyl acetate
 trace  coumarin
 3.5para- cymene
 0.03  decyl acetate
 trace8,9-didehydronootkatone
 trace dihydrojasmone
 0.04beta- farnesene
 trace  farnesol
 0.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
 0.6  geraniol
 0.8  geranyl acetate
 0.02  germacrene D
 trace guaienol
 0.04alpha- humulene
 trace  indole
 trace(Z)- jasmone
 trace lanceal
 26.0(+)- limonene
 16.0  linalool
 34.0  linalyl acetate
 trace  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
 1.3  myrcene
 0.6 neral + geranial
 0.08  nerol
 0.02  nerolidol
 1.2  neryl acetate
 0.08  nonanal
 trace  nootkatone
 0.07  octanal
 0.02  octanol
 trace5- octen-2-one
 0.15  octyl acetate
 0.1beta- phellandrene
 2.2alpha- pinene
 10.0beta- pinene
 1.0  sabinene
 trace2-santalene hydrates
 tracebeta- sinensal
 trace  spathulenol
 0.06  terpinen-4-ol
 3.2alpha- terpinene
 11.0gamma- terpinene
 0.3alpha- terpineol
 1.0  terpinolene
cardamomum officinale seed oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
527.001,8- cineole
100.40  geraniol
120.60  geranyl acetate
42.30  limonene
63.90  linalool
91.50  linalyl acetate
131.50  nerolidol
10.70alpha- pinene
24.30beta- pinene
32.80  sabinene
72.00  terpinen-4-ol
85.90alpha- terpineol
1140.90alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. Gopalakishnan, Studies on the storage quality of CO2 extracted cardamom and clove bud oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 796-798 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

citrus aurantifolia swingle leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
70.40delta-3- carene
260.70beta- caryophyllene
200.50  citronellal
13tracepara- cymene
210.20  decanal
19tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
2940.00  geranial
330.60  geraniol
300.50  geranyl acetate
15trace  hexanol
10trace(E)-2- hexenal
17trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
824.70  limonene
220.80  linalool
23trace  linalyl acetate
61.00  myrcene
2823.80  neral
320.20  nerol
18trace  nonanal
121.40(E)-beta- ocimene
90.10beta- phellandrene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
240.10iso pulegol
52.30  sabinene
310.10beta- selinene
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
270.20alpha- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI. Composition of leaf oil from ten Citrus taxa and some intrageneric hybrids Bull. Brew. Sci., 18, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus aurantium subsp. junos leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
260.39-0.55beta- caryophyllene
160.28-0.30  citronellal
90.71-1.09para- cymene
190.07-0.12  decanal
250.19-0.39beta- elemene
310.03-0.04  elemol
320.15-0.21beta- eudesmol
290.05alpha- farnesene
230.14-0.17  geranyl acetate
270.13-0.14alpha- humulene
1015.14-18.98  limonene
150.19-0.21  linalool
200.07-0.08  linalyl acetate
2445.36-58.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
280.11-0.15gamma- muurolene
60.55-0.82  myrcene
300.23-0.28  nerolidol
220.07-0.14  neryl acetate
113.42-5.14(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace-0.03  octanol
70.27-0.36alpha- phellandrene
20.68-1.62alpha- pinene
50.86-1.56beta- pinene
40.24-0.33  sabinene
170.05-0.06  terpinen-4-ol
80.08-0.12alpha- terpinene
1213.62-18.46gamma- terpinene
180.05-0.06alpha- terpineol
140.42-0.52  terpinolene
10.25-0.63alpha- thujene
210.07-0.08  undecanal

Y-Z. Huang, Y-H. Cao, Q-Y. Chen and Y-L. Wu, Studies on the chemical components of essential oil from the leaves of Citrus junos (Sieb) Tan cv. louhancherg Hort. Chemistry Industry Forest Prod., 13, 165-168 (1993).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus aurantium var. amara absolute morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
173.6-15.4  farnesol
120.0-2.0  geraniol
100.0-1.3  geranyl acetate
182.6-9.9  indole
30.0-3.6  limonene
534.0-48.0  linalool
614.0-21.0  linalyl acetate
161.0-4.3  methyl anthranilate
20.0-0.5  myrcene
110.0-1.1  nerol
154.9-8.9  nerolidol
90.0-0.7  neryl acetate
40.0-2.2(E)-beta- ocimene
130.0-2.12- phenethyl alcohol
10.0-2.7beta- pinene
70.0-0.8  terpinen-4-ol + beta-caryophyllene
81.5-3.7alpha- terpineol

M. J. Prager and M. A. Miskiewicz, Gas chromatographic/mass Spectrometric analysis identification and detection of adulteration of perfumery products from bitter orange. trees. J. Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chem., 64, 131-136 (1981).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus aurantium var. amara flower water absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.0-1.9  farnesol
123.8-7.6  geraniol
100.0-1.1  geranyl acetate
180.0-3.2  indole
20.0-2.2  limonene
540.0-53.0  linalool
31.0-3.7(E)- linalool oxide
40.6-2.3(Z)- linalool oxide
60-2.4  linalyl acetate
162.0-11.4  methyl anthranilate
111.7-2.7  nerol
150.0-1.5  nerolidol
90.0-0.6  neryl acetate
130.9-3.92- phenethyl alcohol
10.0-1.1beta- pinene
70.6-2.0 terpinen-4-ol + beta-caryophyllene
813.0-22.0alpha- terpineol

M. J. Prager and M. A. Miskiewicz, Gas chromatographic/mass Spectrometric analysis identification and detection of adulteration of perfumery products from bitter orange. trees. J. Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chem., 64, 131-136 (1981).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus aurantium var. bergamia wright et arn. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02  borneol
70.641,8- cineole
110.02  citronellal
233.27  citronellol
150.42  citronellyl acetate
213.15  geranial
252.77  geraniol
220.08  geranyl acetate
190.90alpha- humulene
51.21  limonene
1222.39  linalool
1351.64  linalyl acetate
100.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.63  myrcene
160.07  neral
241.21  nerol
200.27  neryl acetate
81.54beta- ocimene
60.04beta- phellandrene
10.09alpha- pinene
21.00beta- pinene
30.15  sabinene
142.53  terpinen-4-ol
174.21alpha- terpineol
90.31  terpinolene

Y. S. Cheng and C. S. Lee, Composition of leaf essential oils from ten Citrus species. Proc. Natl Sci. Count. B. ROC, 5, 278-283(1981).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus bigaradia oil
An oil produced from the flowers of the bitter orange tree was analyzed by a combination of GC/MS and retention indices (Lin et al., 1986). The oil was found to possess the following composition.
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.02  camphene
250.13beta- caryophyllene
29trace  farnesol
170.04  geranial
15trace  geraniol
232.15  geranyl acetate
26tracealpha- humulene
69.13  limonene
950.46  linalool
80.15(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.09(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
210.07(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
1618.39  linalyl acetate
19trace  methyl anthranilate
27tracegamma- muurolene
56.26  myrcene
140.50  neral
13trace  nerol
301.09(E)- nerolidol
280.64(Z)- nerolidol
221.09  neryl acetate
24trace  nonanal
73.91beta- ocimene
20.28alpha- pinene
40.53beta- pinene
12tracetrans- pinocarveol
100.11  terpinen-4-ol
114.75alpha- terpineol
20tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

Z-K. Lin, Y-F. Hua and Y-H. Gu, The chemical constituents of the essential oil from the flowers, leaves and peels of Citrus aurantium. Zhiwu Xuebao, 28, 635-640 (1966).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus bigaradia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
80.04para- cymene
350.44(E,Z)- farnesol
220.40  geraniol
271.17  geranyl acetate
140.04  hexyl acetate
310.45  indole
280.15(Z)- jasmone
911.50  limonene
1734.60  linalool
160.16(E)- linalool oxide
150.22(Z)- linalool oxide
2323.60  linalyl acetate
320.98  methyl anthranilate
290.03(Z)- methyl jasmonate
61.11  myrcene
210.23  nerol
341.21(E)- nerolidol
260.79  neryl acetate
114.54(E)-beta- ocimene
100.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
240.182- phenethyl acetate
180.642- phenethyl alcohol
20.46alpha- pinene
58.79beta- pinene
41.10  sabinene
190.14  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
120.06gamma- terpinene
201.13alpha- terpineol
130.16  terpinolene
250.14alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

M. H. Boelens and H. Boelens, Differences in chemical and sensory properties of orange flower and rose oils obtained from hydrodistillation and from supercritical CO, extraction. Perfum, Flavor., 22(3), 31-35 (1997).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus junos sieb var. tanaka peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.80-1.52  bicycloelemene
25tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
210.01-0.02  carvone
150.13-0.17beta- caryophyllene
56.15-8.251,8- cineole
24tracear- curcumene
70.21-0.40para- cymene
12trace  decanal
19trace  dodecanal
110.01-0.02delta- elemene
171.21-1.96beta- farnesene
27trace  juniper camphor
460.41-71.29  limonene
131.64-2.00  linalool
14trace  linalyl acetate
31.41-1.43  myrcene
10trace  nonanal
9trace  octanal
230.01-0.02  perillaldehyde
10.95-1.11alpha- pinene
20.32-0.35beta- pinene
20trace  piperitone
16trace-0.02  terpinen-4-ol
67.59-7.78gamma- terpinene
180.10-0.25alpha- terpineol
80.23-0.51  terpinolene
280.12-0.21  thymol

M. Sawamura, T. Kuriyama, Z-F. Li and H. Kusunose, Composition of peel oil components of yuzu (Citrus junos Tanaka) extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide and those of traditional ones. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gaikkaishi, 36, 34-38 (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus junos sieb var. tanaka peel oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.90-1.65  bicycloelemene
25trace-0.01trans- carveol
26trace-0.01cis- carveol
210.01  carvone
150.02-0.19beta- caryophyllene
53.70-5.801,8- cineole
24tracear- curcumene
70.11-0.48para- cymene
12trace-0.03  decanal
19trace-0.02  dodecanal
110.01-0.02delta- elemene
171.41-3.49beta- farnesene
27trace-0.05  juniper camphor
461.91-75.74  limonene
131.19-7.94  linalool
14trace  linalyl acetate
31.05-1.63  myrcene
10trace-0.04  nonanal
9trace  octanal
23trace-0.05  perillaldehyde
10.64-0.90alpha- pinene
20.28-0.37beta- pinene
20trace-0.07  piperitone
160.01-0.33  terpinen-4-ol
67.43-10.49gamma- terpinene
180.16-0.84alpha- terpineol
80.17-0.34  terpinolene
280.24-1.10  thymol

M. Sawamura, T. Kuriyama, Z-F. Li and H. Kusunose, Composition of peel oil components of yuzu (Citrus junos Tanaka) extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide and those of traditional ones. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gaikkaishi, 36, 34-38 (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.02-0.04beta- caryophyllene
130.03-0.04 citronellal + octyl acetate
27trace-0.03  citronellol
21trace  citronellyl acetate
10trace-0.04para- cymene
140.29-0.33  decanal
24trace-0.04  dodecanal
260.04-0.16  geranial
290-trace  geranyl acetate
791.98-93.43  limonene
150.45-0.60  linalool
17trace-0.06  linalyl acetate
43.03-3.31  myrcene
220.06-0.07  neral
300.02-0.05  nerol
250.03-0.06  neryl acetate
120.05-0.06  nonanal
200.04-0.07  nonanol
160.08-0.11  octanol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
8tracebeta- phellandrene
10.89-0.95alpha- pinene
2tracebeta- pinene
30.45-0.71  sabinene
6tracealpha- terpinene
9trace-0.02gamma- terpinene
230.08-0.09alpha- terpineol
110.21-0.23 terpinolene + octanal
180.02-0.04  undecanal
280.13-0.27  valencene

M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Donaliso, Oleos Essenciais de frutos citricos cultivadas no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol. Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 pp (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
51.94para- cymene
92.87  geranial
100.68  geraniol
378.36  limonene
64.51  linalool
72.09  linalyl acetate
110.24  methyl anthranilate
22.23  myrcene
81.26  neral
10.68alpha- pinene
40.12alpha- terpinene

E. A. Omer, A. A. Youseff, E. N. Abo-Zied and A. M. Sharaby, Biochemical studies on the essential oils of Balady orange and mandarin. Egypt. J. Hort., 24, 207-218 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus x bergamia peel oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.28alpha- bergamotene
310.33delta- cadinene
20.02  camphene
240.05  citronellyl acetate
140.35para- cymene
200.04  decanal
301.432,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol + beta-bisabolene
260.07(Z)-beta- farnesene
340.04  geraniol
320.24  geranyl acetate
30.02  hexanal
100.01(E)-2- hexenal
832.28  limonene
2116.27  linalool
2237.39  linalyl acetate
170.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
280.05gamma- muurolene
60.78  myrcene
250.36  neral
330.03  nerol
290.02  neryl acetate
180.02  nonanal
130.14(E)-beta- ocimene
110.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
160.03  octanal
190.09  octyl acetate
90.15beta- phellandrene
10.81alpha- pinene
43.02beta- pinene
50.55  sabinene
70.07alpha- terpinene
124.12gamma- terpinene
270.18alpha-terpineol + alpha-terpinyl acetate
150.18  terpinolene

K. H. C. Baser, T. Ozek and M. Tutas, Composition of cold-pressed bergamot oil from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 341-342 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
croton eluteria bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
1211.78beta-cedren-10-ol
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
1300.513,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-isopropyl-1(2H)-naphthalenone
79trace2,5-dimethoxy-meta-cymene
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
980.04para-menth-2-en-1-ol
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
830.15(Z)-5-tridecen-2-one
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.59  cadinene
80.79  citronellal
1443.56  geranial
153.20  geranyl acetate
57.20  limonene
90.16  linalool
100.82  linalyl acetate
31.46  myrcene
1331.96  neral
40.05alpha- phellandrene
70.70beta- phellandrene
10.73alpha- pinene
20.10beta- pinene
60.30  terpinene
121.38  terpineol

Z. Y. Daw, G. E. El-Baroty and A. M. Ebtesam, Inhibition od Aspergillus parasiticus growth and aflatoxin production by some essential oils. Chem. Mikrobiol.Technol. Lebensmitti., 16(5/6), 129-135 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cypress leaf oil algetian
#%LeftshiftComponents
32trace  borneol
24trace-0.13  bornyl acetate
25traceiso bornyl acetate
360.20-0.76delta-cadinene + gamma-cadinene
44tracealpha- cadinol
45tracedelta- cadinol
40trace(Z)-alpha-calacorene
40.20-0.50  camphene
20trace  camphor
719.35-21.13delta-3- carene
38trace-0.08trans-carveol + (Z)-calamenene
260.14-0.35beta- caryophyllene
41trace  caryophyllene oxide
23trace-0.19alpha- cedrene
432.03-3.92  cedrol
19trace-0.06alpha- copaene
180.07-0.15alpha- cubebene
42trace  cubenol
39tracepara- cymen-8-ol
150.21-0.24para- cymene
480.10-0.28  dehydroabietane
30.73-0.81alpha- fenchene
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
30trace-0.23alpha- humulene
102.28-3.31  limonene
210.07-0.33  linalool
220.11-0.16  linalyl acetate
470.12-0.20  manoyl oxide
35trace-0.10alpha- muurolene
34trace-0.32gamma- muurolene
83.11-3.48 myrcene + alpha-phellandrene
28trace  myrtenal
37trace  myrtenol
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.43-0.54beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
247.00-52.76alpha- pinene
51.10-1.37beta- pinene
29tracetrans- pinocarveol
60.74-0.93  sabinene
460.26-0.95  sandracopimaradiene
270.35-1.01  terpinen-4-ol
90.22-0.26alpha- terpinene
140.41-0.51gamma- terpinene
16trace  terpinolene
334.10-6.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
310.42-1.03alpha- terpinyl formate
10.09-0.11  tricyclene
N. Chanegriha, A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Melklati, J. Favre-Bonvin and S. Alamercey, Chemical composition of Algetian cypress essential oil, J, Essent, Oil, Res., 5(6), 671-674 (1993). P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)
daucus carota sativa leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
267.38  bisabolene
30.11  bornylene
151.99  camphor
289.85  carotol
238.77  carvone
80.301,8- cineole
253.50  daucene
165.92alpha- dihydro-alpha-terpineol
93.00  elemol
120.76alpha- fenchol
133.08beta- fenchol
110.61  fenchone
212.00  geraniol
242.00alpha- humulene
61.60  limonene
1414.90  linalool
188.35  linalyl acetate
240.69  methyl cinnamate
101.336- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
57.49  myrcene
174.022- nonenal
70.65beta- phellandrene
21.42alpha- pinene
410.93  sabinene
191.60  terpinen-4-ol
201.08alpha- terpineol
225.33alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.06alpha- thujene

R. K. Khanna, O. S. Sharma and A. Singh, The essential oil from the leaves of Daucus carota Linn var. sativa. In: Proceedings of 11th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, New Delhi, Nov. 1989. Edits. S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, Vol. 4, 173-176, Oxford & IBH Publ. Co., New Delhi (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

elettaria cardamomum seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
538.801,8- cineole
100.20  geraniol
120.80  geranyl acetate
44.00  limonene
65.70  linalool
91.00  linalyl acetate
13trace  nerolidol
12.30alpha- pinene
26.20beta- pinene
34.20  sabinene
72.00  terpinen-4-ol
83.40alpha- terpineol
1124.60alpha- terpinyl acetate

N. Gopalakishnan, Studies on the storage quality of CO2 extracted cardamom and clove bud oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 796-798 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan
Saeed and Sabir (1997) screened eucalyptus oil for their antimicrobial characteristics. As part of their study, the authors reported that a pakistani e. globulus oil contained the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.20  borneol
30.40  camphene
1616.70beta- caryophyllene
723.601,8- cineole
1013.60  citronellol
118.60  cryptone
170.10beta- cubebene
1trace  cumene
60.60para- cymene
181.90  linalool oxide
131.80  linalyl acetate
150.60alpha- phellandrene
193.60beta- phellandrene
20.30alpha- pinene
40.40beta- pinene
140.20iso pulegol
51.20gamma- terpinene
92.90alpha- terpineol
120.50  terpinolene

M. A. Saeed and A. W. Sabir, Antimicrobial studies of the constituents of Pakistani Eucalyptus oils. J. Fac. Pharm. Gazi, 12(2), 129-140 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

jasmine absolute sambac
#%LeftshiftComponents
521.20  benzyl acetate
71.05  benzyl alcohol
241.50  benzyl benzoate
282.43(E)- cinnamyl benzoate
270.16(Z)- cinnamyl benzoate
170.08para- cresol
180.08  eugenol
1212.40alpha- farnesene
221.30(E,E)- farnesol
200.50(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
60.08  geraniol
10.14(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
82.50(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
160.45(Z)- jasmone
37.40  linalool
2trace  linalyl acetate
194.90  methyl anthranilate
40.30  methyl benzoate
114.30  methyl linolenate
90.95  methyl palmitate
102.00 methyl stearate + methyl oleate + methyl acetyl anthranilate
132.352- phenethyl acetate
142.152- phenethyl alcohol
261.262- phenethyl benzoate
250.34  phytol
210.35iso phytol
232.55 phytyl acetate + geranyl linalool

A. Chaput, C. Gardou, D. Huddadi, R. Jullien, E. Moustafa Kamel and Y. Saint-Jaim, Etude sur les composants de l’absolue de ‘foll” Egyptian, In Proceedings VIIIth International Essential Oil Congress, Cannes, pp210-214, FEDAROM, Grass (1982).

P&F 19, No. 2, 63, (1994)

juniperus communis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40  bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
200.60beta- caryophyllene
94.001,4- cineole
113.60para- cymene
13<0.10  limonene oxide
14<0.10  linalool
16<0.10  linalyl acetate
30.10para- menthane
65.50  myrcene
21<0.10  nerol
220.30  neryl acetate
71.30alpha- phellandrene
103.30beta- phellandrene
133.70alpha- pinene
41.10beta- pinene
527.60  sabinene
154.60  terpinen-4-ol
81.90alpha- terpinene
123.00gamma- terpinene
180.20alpha- terpineol
19<0.10alpha- terpinyl acetate

H. Horster, C. Csedo and G. Racz, Gas chromatographic analysis of the volatile oil from juniper leaves (Juniperus communis L. ) harvsted in Romania, Orvosi Szemle. 20, 78-62 (1974); Revista Medicula, 20, 79-83 (1974).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

lavandin absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
41.50  borneol
21.70  camphor
82.40beta-caryophyllene + alpha-humulene
77.70  coumarin
92.60  herniarin
61.80  lavandulyl acetate
110.10  linalool
528.40  linalyl acetate
31.10  terpinen-4-ol

P. Pellerin, Supercritical extraction of natural raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry. Perf. & FIav., 16(4), 37-39 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin grosso oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1trace  acetone
46tracebeta- bergamotene
620.10  bisabolene
780.40beta- bisabolol
592.89  borneol
490.24  bornyl acetate
180.04  butyl butyrate
100.01  butyl isobutyrate
350.10  butyl tiglate
660.25gamma- cadinene
770.20T- cadinol
70.33  camphene
4312.16  camphor
110.05delta-3- carene
64trace  carvone
522.73beta- caryophyllene
750.12beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1710.221,8- cineole
76trace  cubenol
680.02  cuminaldehyde
710.02para- cymen-8-ol
250.16para- cymene
690.03  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.12beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.08iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
700.23  geraniol
631.19  geranyl acetate
601.06  germacrene D
300.02  hexanol
19trace2- hexenal
380.05  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.17  hexyl acetate
340.28  hexyl butyrate
290.04  hexyl isobutyrate
280.02  hexyl propionate
530.13  hexyl tiglate
560.17alpha- humulene
550.84  lavandulol
502.27  lavandulyl acetate
730.02  lavandulyl butyrate
74trace lavandulyl epoxide
160.93  limonene
4422.53  linalool
410.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.16(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
65trace(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4526.18  linalyl acetate
72trace  linalyl hexanoate
20.05  methoxyhexane
150.145- methyl-3-heptanone
121.50  myrcene
670.05  nerol
610.13  neryl acetate
220.52(E)-beta- ocimene
201.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
27trace  octanal
230.043- octanone
360.121- octen-3-ol
310.261- octen-3-yl acetate
42trace  octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.61alpha- pinene
80.44beta- pinene
480.19  plinol isomer (2-dimethyl-3-methyl ethenyl cyclopentanol)
90.14  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.21alpha- santalene
513.34  terpinen-4-ol
140.05alpha- terpinene
210.40gamma- terpinene
571.18alpha- terpineol
580.43gamma- terpineol
260.26  terpinolene
50.12alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil abrialis
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetone
460.39beta- bergamotene
620.05  bisabolene
740.24beta- bisabolol
593.65  borneol
170.03  butyl butyrate
10trace  butyl isobutyrate
350.15  butyl tiglate
650.30gamma- cadinene
730.21T- cadinol
70.55  camphene
42trace  camphenilone
4312.20  camphor
110.13delta-3- carene
506.03beta- caryophyllene
710.11beta- caryophyllene epoxide
1610.281,8- cineole
570.05  cryptone
72trace  cubebol
690.05para- cymen-8-ol
230.22para- cymene
670.09  epoxylinalyl acetate (2 isomers)
541.09beta- farnesene
6trace fenchene
330.01  fenchone
390.09iso fenchone
32trace  galbanolene (1,3(E),5(Z)-undecatriene)
680.10  geraniol
631.22  geranyl acetate
601.20  germacrene D
290.05  hexanol
380.12  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
220.24  hexyl acetate
340.30  hexyl butyrate
280.14  hexyl isobutyrate
270.06  hexyl propionate
510.19  hexyl tiglate
70trace  hotrienol
560.43alpha- humulene
550.55  lavandulol
482.64  lavandulyl acetate
151.50  limonene
4419.59  linalool
410.11(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.11(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
640.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
4518.58  linalyl acetate
20.06  methoxyhexane
121.24  myrcene
66trace  nerol
610.20  neryl acetate
204.22(E)-beta- ocimene
182.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
25trace  octanal
31trace3- octanol
210.143- octanone
360.331- octen-3-ol
300.491- octen-3-yl acetate
26trace3- octyl acetate
130.07alpha- phellandrene
40.89alpha- pinene
80.87beta- pinene
90.38  sabinene
400.24  sabinene hydrate
470.67alpha- santalene
52tracebeta- santalene
491.23  terpinen-4-ol
140.09alpha- terpinene
190.26gamma- terpinene
580.98alpha- terpineol
240.48  terpinolene
50.07alpha- thujene
30.01  tricyclene
530.135,5,6- trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one

R. Naef and A. F. Morris, Lavande-Lavandin. Une analyse comparative.. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numnero Speciale), 365-377 (1992).

P&F 18, No. 2, 43, (1993)

lavandin oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.13  benzaldehyde
191.94  benzyl benzoate
120.89  borneol
21.04  camphene
102.39  camphor
160.12  carvone
180.25  geranyl acetate
70.10  hexyl acetate
85.55  linalool
179.15  linalyl acetate
90.29para- menth-3-en-1-ol
1133.79iso nonyl acetate
61.182- octanone
17.91alpha- pinene
50.67beta- pinene
40.28  sabinene
140.10  terpinen-4-ol
159.09alpha- terpineol
130.45beta- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang. Aromatic plants and essential constituents (Supplement 1). South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science, Hai Feng Publ. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

lavandula angustifolia flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
111.08beta- caryophyllene
123.74  caryophyllene oxide
23.321,8- cineole
101.95  geranyl acetate
95.49  lavandulyl acetate
520.98  linalool
41.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
32.44(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
62.76 linalool oxide pyranoid + borneol
826.54  linalyl acetate
11.08  myrcene
74.34alpha-terpineol + methyl chavicol

P. R. Venskutonis, Essential oil composition of some herbs cultivated in Lithuania. In: Flavours, fragrances and essential oils. Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of Flavours, Fragrances and Essential Oils, Istanbul, Turkey, October 1995, Edit., K. H. C. Baser, Vol. 2, pp. 108-123, Anadolu Univ. Press, Eskisehir, Turkey (1995).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.20  borneol
 0.20  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 1.15  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.14  caryophyllene oxide
 3.951,8- cineole
 0.19  coumarin
 0.13para- cymene
 0.68  ethyl amyl ketone
 1.92(E)-beta- farnesene
 4.55  geraniol
 0.08  geranyl acetate
 0.07  hexanol
 2.87  lavandulol
 1.28  limonene
 58.86  linalool
 0.61(E)- linalool oxide
 0.76(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.11  linalyl acetate
 0.07  myrcene
 1.44  nerol
 0.20  neryl acetate
 0.313- octanol
 0.25beta- pinene
 0.06alpha- santalene
 6.68  terpinen-4-ol
 6.06alpha- terpineol
 0.05  terpinolene
lavandula angustifolia herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.15(E)- anethole
181.85  borneol
20.76  camphene
123.67  camphor
50.11delta-3- carene
162.67beta- caryophyllene
84.311,8- cineole
101.06para- cymene
200.44  geraniol
72.06  limonene
1344.44  linalool
1422.04  linalyl acetate
60.29  myrcene
110.48(E)-beta- ocimene
91.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.68beta- pinene
40.13  sabinene
155.39  terpinen-4-ol
171.22alpha- terpineol
11.53alpha- thujene

T. Bernard, F. Perineau, M. Delmas and A. Gaset, Extraction of essential oils. Part III. Two-stoge production of the oil of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 261.267 (1989).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

lavandula angustifolia herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
50trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
292.76 borneol + linalool oxide pyranoid
380.06  bornyl acetate
70.18  butyl isobutyrate
59trace  cadalene
530.56gamma- cadinene
580.99T- cadinol
40.13  camphene
260.59  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
491.08beta- caryophyllene
563.74  caryophyllene oxide
480.05alpha- cedrene
123.321,8- cineole
430.22  citronellyl acetate
46tracealpha- copaene
110.33para- cymene
19tracepara- cymenene
42tracedelta- elemene
510.97(Z)-beta- farnesene
60trace(Z,E)- farnesol
36trace  geraniol
451.95  geranyl acetate
520.14  germacrene D
570.10  hexadecane
91.96  hexyl acetate
320.25  hexyl butyrate
280.12 hexyl isobutyrate + pinocarvone
405.46  lavandulyl acetate
130.59  limonene
2220.98  linalool
201.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
182.44(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
3726.54  linalyl acetate
410.12  linalyl propionate
35trace  methyl thymol
81.08  myrcene
341.02 nerol + citronellol + carvone
550.08(E)- nerolidol
54trace(Z)- nerolidol
441.02  neryl acetate
151.15(E)-beta- ocimene
140.86(Z)-beta- ocimene
61trace  octadecane
250.093- octen-1-yl acetate
231.341- octen-3-yl acetate
330.12  octyl acetate
30.14alpha- pinene
60.51beta-pinene + 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.07cis- pinene hydrate
270.16trans- pinocarveol
50.05  sabinene
170.11(E)- sabinene hydrate
301.52  terpinen-4-ol
160.07gamma- terpinene
314.34alpha- terpineol
210.29  terpinolene
47trace  tetradecane
2tracealpha- thujene
39trace  thymol
1trace  tricyclene

P. R. Venskutonis, A. Dapkevicies and M. Baranauskiene, Composition of the essential oil of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) from Lithuania. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 107-110 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia herb oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
195.50  camphor
60.04delta-3- carene
242.15beta- caryophyllene
310.15  caryophyllene oxide
913.101,8- cineole
130.09para- cymene
300.45  geranyl acetate
280.80  germacrene D
260.25alpha- humulene
253.09  lavandulol
2316.01  lavandulyl acetate
80.25  limonene
2020.18  linalool
180.06(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2118.60  linalyl acetate
70.45  myrcene
290.87  neryl acetate
122.84(E)-beta- ocimene
103.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
150.083- octanol
170.531- octen-3-ol
20.58alpha- pinene
40.25beta- pinene
50.08  sabinene
221.05  terpinen-4-ol
110.07gamma- terpinene
271.29alpha-terpineol + borneol
140.09  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene

K. Adam, A. Sivropoulou, S. Kokkini, T. Lanaras and M. Arsenakis, Antifungal activities of Origanum vulgare subsp. hiritum, Mentha spicata, Lavandula angustifolia and Salvia fruticosa essential oils against human pathogenic fungi. J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1739-1745 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

lavandula angustifolia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
331.02  aromadendrene
310.19  bergamotene
362.09alpha- bisabolol
192.30  borneol
40.22  camphene
187.90  camphor
301.86beta- caryophyllene
115.831,8- cineole
100.14ortho- cymene
273.083,7- dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl acetate
322.23(Z)-beta- farnesene
25trace  geraniol
290.71  geranyl acetate
90.15  hexyl acetate
230.35  hexyl butyrate
200.31  lavandulol
1725.29  linalool
160.91(E)- linalool oxide
150.83(Z)- linalool oxide
2634.69  linalyl acetate
140.30para-menth-2-en-1-ol
10.722- methyl cyclopentanol
340.84gamma- muurolene
350.54alpha- muurolol
81.19  myrcene
24trace  nerol
280.33  neryl acetate
130.72(E)-beta- ocimene
120.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
6trace1- octen-3-ol
30.27alpha- pinene
70.21beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
213.79  terpinen-4-ol
220.46alpha- terpineol
2tracealpha- thujene

E. Reverchon, G. Della Ports and F. Senatore, Supercritical CO2 extraction and fractionation of lavender essential oil and waxes. J, Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1654-1658 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

lavandula angustifolia stem oil lithuania
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.15beta- caryophyllene
 3.73  caryophyllene oxide
 9.311,8- cineole
 1.45  geranyl acetate
 4.10  lavandulyl acetate
 26.45  linalool
 1.49(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
 1.93(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 3.37 linalool oxide pyranoid + borneol
 7.07  linalyl acetate
 0.97  myrcene
 5.76alpha-terpineol + methyl chavicol
P. R. Venskutonis, Essential oil composition of some herbs cultivated in Lithuania. In: Flavours, fragrances and essential oils. Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of Flavours, Fragrances and Essential Oils, Istanbul, Turkey, October 1995, Edit., K. H. C. Baser, Vol. 2, pp. 108-123, Anadolu Univ. Press, Eskisehir, Turkey (1995). P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)
lavandula hydrida flower water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.35  borneol
 0.09  bornyl acetate
 0.09  camphene
 0.81  camphor
 0.10  caryophyllene
 1.571,8- cineole
 0.08  coumarin
 0.10  cryptone
 0.10(Z)-ortho-cymene
 0.08  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.17(E)-beta- farnesene
 5.25  geraniol
 0.10  geranyl acetate
 0.10  hexanol
 1.36  lavandulol
 0.57  limonene
 68.49  linalool
 0.64(E)- linalool oxide
 0.80(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.12  linalyl acetate
 0.09  myrcene
 1.69  nerol
 0.06  neryl acetate
 0.063- octanol
 0.10beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- santalene
 4.39  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05gamma- terpinene
 8.98alpha- terpineol
lavandula latifolia herb oil spain
In 1996, Guillen et a!. analyzed an oil of spike lavender produced from plants cultivated in northeastern Spain. The components identified in this oil on using GC and GC/ MS as the analytical procedures were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.11  bergamotene
390.13  bergamotene
430.22  bergamotene
500.24beta- bisabolene
560.23alpha- bisabolol
550.02alpha-bisabolol oxide
171.13  borneol
300.10  bornyl acetate
260.11  bornyl formate
350.17iso bornyl isovalerate
370.19beta- bourbonene
420.01beta- cadinene
510.12gamma- cadinene
540.08T- cadinol
50.56  camphene
1513.60  camphor
410.47beta- caryophyllene
521.59  caryophyllene oxide
1031.311,8- cineole
380.02beta- cubebene
490.01ar- curcumene
190.07  epoxylinalool
450.03  farnesene
470.06  farnesene
460.11  farnesene
530.03  farnesol
480.08  germacrene A
250.05 hexen-1-yl butyrate
270.42  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.37  hexyl butyrate
330.03  hexyl hexanoate
230.15  hexyl isobutyrate
320.10  hexyl tiglate
280.19  hexyl valerate
440.30alpha- humulene
1436.94  linalool
130.05(E)- linalool oxide
120.77(Z)- linalool oxide
290.10  linalyl acetate
340.03  linalyl butyrate
70.15  myrcene
310.02  neryl acetate
31.11alpha- pinene
41.48beta- pinene
160.04  pinocamphone
60.47  sabinene
110.61(Z)- sabinene hydrate
180.19  terpinen-4-ol
80.33alpha- terpinene
210.79alpha- terpineol
90.69  terpinolene
20.02alpha- thujene
10.05  tricyclene
200.241,1,3- trimethyl-2-oxobicyclo(2.2.2)octan-5-one
220.12  verbenone
360.02alpha- ylangene

M. D. Guillen, N. Cabo and J. Burillo, Characterization of the essential oils of some cultivated aromatic plants of industrial interest. J. Sci. Food Agric., 70, 359-363 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

lavandula latifolia herb water
#%LeftshiftComponents
 2.26  borneol
 0.06  bornyl acetate
 32.29  camphor
 0.07  caryophyllene
 0.03  caryophyllene oxide
 29.131,4- cineole
 0.06  coumarin
 0.05  ethyl amyl ketone
 0.79(E)-beta- farnesene
 1.80  geraniol
 0.05  geranyl acetate
 0.03  hexanol
 0.05  lavandulol
 22.65  linalool
 0.08(E)- linalool oxide
 0.13(Z)- linalool oxide
 0.08  linalyl acetate
 0.06  myrcene
 0.56  nerol
 0.02  neryl acetate
 0.32beta- pinene
 0.71  terpinen-4-ol
 0.02gamma- terpinene
 4.95alpha- terpineol
 0.03  terpinolene
lavandula officinalis flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.80alpha- pinene
20.30  camphene
30.301- octen-3-ol
40.40beta- pinene
50.70  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
75.201,8- cineole
82.80(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.40(E)-beta-ocimene
1029.50  linalool
110.901- octen-3-yl acetate
123.50  camphor
131.60  borneol
142.90  terpinen-4-ol
152.50alpha- terpineol
1641.50  linalyl acetate
172.00  lavandulyl acetate
180.20  neryl acetate
190.30  geranyl acetate
202.40beta- caryophyllene
211.20beta- farnesene
220.40  germacrene D
G. Milhau, A. Valentin, F. Benoit, M. Mallié, J-M. Baslide, V. Pellissier and J-M. Bessière, In vitro antimalarial activity of eight essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 329-333 (1997).
lavender oil spike
An oil of L. latifolia produced in France was found by Canaud and Martineau (1996) to possess the following composition:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 1.80alpha- pinene
 2.00beta- pinene
 0.80  camphene
 0.60  sabinene
 0.60  myrcene
 0.30  limonene
 25.501,8- cineole
 18.50  camphor
 27.30  linalool
 2.90  linalyl acetate
 0.30  lavandulyl acetate
 0.70  terpinen-4-ol
 1.60beta- caryophyllene
 0.30  lavandulol
 1.00alpha- terpineol
 2.50  borneol
marjoram oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
26trace  borneol
37tracealpha- cadinol
30.40  camphene
18trace  camphor
36trace  carvacrol
210.40beta- caryophyllene
310.30  caryophyllene oxide
942.601,8- cineole
290.10  citronellol
130.30para- cymene
330.30  elemol
270.40  geranial
300.10  geraniol
280.20  geranyl acetate
82.10  limonene
1932.80  linalool
170.80(E)- linalool oxide
150.80(Z)- linalool oxide
200.50  linalyl acetate
61.40  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.00alpha- pinene
42.60beta- pinene
52.20  sabinene
160.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.20  spathulenol
220.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
241.10gamma- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene
35trace  thymol
230.10(Z)- verbenol
320.35  viridiflorol

M. C. Soriano, J. A. Sotomayor, E. Correal, P. Sanchez Gomez and C. Garcia-Vallejo, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Thymus x arundanas Willk. and its parents T. mastichina L. and T. baeticus Boiss ex Lacaita. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 593-594 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

mentha citrata herb oil
Lawrence (1978) used a combination of column chromatography, preparative and analytical GC and infrared spectroscopy to analyze the oils from three different strains of Menta citrata. The compounds identified in the oils were:
#%LeftshiftComponents
270.1-0.3 bicyclogermacrene + carvone
29<0.1-0.1delta- cadinene
22<0.1-2.1beta- caryophyllene
60.9-4.11,8- cineole
30<0.1-0.8  citronellol
90.0-0.1para- cymene
200.0-0.3beta- elemene
320.0-1.3  elemol
230.0-0.5(E)-beta- farnesene
31<0.1-1.0  geraniol
280.2-0.5  geranyl acetate
260.2-0.7  germacrene D
190.0-<0.1alpha- gurjunene
210.0-1.4  lavandulyl acetate
5<0.1-0.4  limonene
1710.3-38.1  linalool
1842.0-78.4  linalyl acetate
140.0-<0.1  menthofuran
130.0-0.4  menthone
150.0-0.2iso menthone
40.5-1.3  myrcene
250.7-1.1  neryl acetate
70.2-0.5(Z)-beta- ocimene
8<0.1-0.6(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
120.2-1.53- octanol
11<0.1-1.83- octyl acetate
10.0-0.1alpha- pinene
20.0-0.3beta- pinene
160.0-0.2iso pinocamphone
30.0-0.2  sabinene
240.6-7.3alpha- terpineol
100.0-0.1  terpinolene
33<0.1-3.0  viridiflorol

B. M. Lawrence, A study of the monoterpene interrelationships in the genus Mentha with special reference to the origin of pulegone and menthofuran. PhD thesis, Rijksuniversiteit, Groningen, Netherlands (1978).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

mentha x piperita oil CO2 extract
Reverchon et al. (1994) compared the composition of a supercritical CO2 extract (SFE) of peppermint under two separate sets of conditions with a sample of peppermint oil produced by hydrodistillation. The results of the GC/MS analyses of the volatile concentrates of peppermint oil and peppermint produced by SFE can be seen in Table VIII. Note: Only the SFE-2 (T:40C, P:120 bar) will be shown as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.20  bornyl acetate
220.70beta- bourbonene
295.00gamma- cadinene
330.60T- cadinol
310.40(E)- calamenene
244.30beta- caryophyllene
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
63.601,8- cineole
21tracealpha- cubebene
50.10  decane
130.20  dihydrocarveol
230.90beta- elemene
300.40gamma- elemene
270.60beta- farnesene
250.20beta- gurjunene
26tracealpha- humulene
160.60  linalyl acetate
80.40para-menth-2-en-1-ol
1123.80  menthol
120.20iso menthol
936.10  menthone
107.50iso menthone
1911.70  menthyl acetate
200.20iso menthyl acetate
170.20neo menthyl acetate
28tracegamma- muurolene
30.20  myrcene
70.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.103- octanol
10.20alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
150.60  piperitone
140.30  pulegone

E. Reverchon, A. Ambruosi and F. Senatore, Isolation of peppermint oil using ssupercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 19-23 (1994).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

myristica fragrans oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
30tracealpha- bergamotene
20trace  borneol
320.10delta- cadinene
30.10  camphene
80.40delta-3- carene
290.20beta- caryophyllene
270.60alpha- copaene
100.80para- cymene
333.10  elemicin
28trace(E)-iso eugenol
250.20  geranyl acetate
122.80  limonene
160.60  linalool
230.20  linalyl acetate
3540.00 lipids
190.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
180.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.10  methyl eugenol
61.40  myrcene
344.00  myristic acid
311.30  myristicin
70.30alpha- phellandrene
111.10beta- phellandrene
26.40alpha- pinene
55.50beta- pinene
420.70  sabinene
141.00(E)- sabinene hydrate
170.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
240.10  safrole
211.40  terpinen-4-ol
90.40alpha- terpinene
130.80gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
11.10alpha- thujene

D. A. Moyler, R. M. Bowing and M. A. Stevens, CO2 extraction of essential oils: Part V. Nutmeg and mace oils. In: Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Edit. G. Charalambous, 145-170, Elsevier Sci., B. V. Amsterdam (1994).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

myristica fragrans oil CO2 extract (mace)
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10alpha- bergamotene
330.10delta- cadinene
30.10  camphene
80.60delta-3- carene
300.20beta- caryophyllene
280.40alpha- copaene
100.80para- cymene
344.20  elemicin
24trace  eugenol
290.10(E)-iso eugenol
260.20  geranyl acetate
123.20  limonene
161.10  linalool
220.20  linalyl acetate
3650.00 lipids
19trace(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
18trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
270.10  methyl eugenol
61.40  myrcene
350.20  myristic acid
321.90  myristicin
70.40alpha- phellandrene
111.20beta- phellandrene
26.60alpha- pinene
57.50beta- pinene
413.20  sabinene
140.90(E)- sabinene hydrate
170.40(Z)- sabinene hydrate
230.20  safrole
200.70  terpinen-4-ol
90.70alpha- terpinene
131.20gamma- terpinene
210.10alpha- terpineol
150.40  terpinolene
250.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
12.40alpha- thujene

D. A. Moyler, R. M. Bowing and M. A. Stevens, CO2 extraction of essential oils: Part V. Nutmeg and Mace oils. In: Spices, Herbs and Edible fungi., Edit., G. Charalambous, 145-170, Elsevier Sci. B.V., Amsterdam (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

myrtus communis leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.10 acetoxycyclohexane dione
420.02 acetoxycyclohexane dione
430.01 acetoxycyclohexane dione
10.53iso butyl isobutyrate
40.07  camphene
170.08alpha- campholenal
70.19delta-3- carene
230.10trans- carveol
240.06cis- carveol
260.08  carvone
340.15beta- caryophyllene
380.16  caryophyllene oxide
928.501,8- cineole
410.05 cyclohexane peroxide
360.19 cyclohexendione furan
80.65para- cymene
270.86  geraniol
320.46  geranyl acetate
350.11alpha- humulene
390.09  humulene oxide II
1011.00  limonene
168.74  linalool
130.16  linalool oxide
140.11  linalool oxide
282.05  linalyl acetate
330.95  methyl eugenol
290.27  methyl geranate
60.36  myrcene
250.13  nerol
310.30  neryl acetate
110.15(E)-beta- ocimene
335.20alpha- pinene
50.30beta- pinene
180.30trans- pinocarveol
190.09  pinocarvone
370.02  spathulenol
210.36  terpinen-4-ol
120.15gamma- terpinene
225.25alpha- terpineol
200.16delta- terpineol
150.10  terpinolene
301.37alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.17alpha- thujene

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall and A. Rustaiyan, Constituents of the essential oil of Myrtus commnuis L. from Iran. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 333-337 (1994).

P&F 21, No. 4, 57, (1996)

narcissus tazetta var. chinensis absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.04  acetic acid
18trace  benzaldehyde
2924.14  benzyl acetate
3521.00  benzyl alcohol
602.18  benzyl benzoate
620.17  benzyl salicylate
460.12  benzyl tiglate
50.511,8- cineole
370.05  cinnamic aldehyde
480.26  cinnamyl acetate
550.12  cinnamyl alcohol
320.11(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
310.03(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
240.05(E)-2- decenal
510.04  docosane
570.53gamma- dodecalactone
410.12  eicosane
340.04  geraniol
300.04  geranyl acetate
442.35  heneicosane
610.65  heptacosane
270.01  heptadecane
30.77  heptanal
220.03  hexadecane
10.08  hexanal
130.19  hexanol
110.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
586.30  indole
40.12  limonene
196.24  linalool
170.06(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
150.05(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
20trace  linalyl acetate
473.73ortho-methoxy-2-phenethyl acetate
520.41ortho-methoxy-2-phenethyl alcohol
530.76ortho-methoxy-3-phenyl propyl acetate
560.18ortho-methoxy-3-phenyl propyl alcohol
451.42ortho-methoxybenzyl acetate
490.25ortho- methoxybenzyl alcohol
43trace  methyl cinnamate
500.02  methyl isoeugenol
100.092- methyl-2-butenol
20.03  myrcene
120.44  nonanal
74.62(E)-beta- ocimene
60.18(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.09  octanal
210.14  octanol
140.02(E)-2- octen-1-ol
592.14  pentacosane
330.922- phenethyl acetate
360.572- phenethyl alcohol
40trace2- phenethyl butyrate
250.15  phenyl acetaldehyde
391.833- phenyl propyl acetate
421.523- phenyl propyl alcohol
282.23alpha- terpineol
260.06gamma- terpineol
8trace  terpinolene
540.84  tricosane
230.20  undecanal

T. Arai, Volatile compounds of Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis flowers. Koryo, (184), 105-111 (1994).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

ocimum basilicum herb oil poland
#%LeftshiftComponents
212.18alpha- bergamolene
310.13  bicyclogermacrene
200.67  bornyl acetate
180.70beta- bourbonene
390.52delta- cadinol
2trace  camphene
50.11delta-3- carene
251.42beta- caryophyllene
90.721,8- cineole
350.11  citronellol
170.37alpha- copaene
340.04ar- curcumene
120.02para- cymene
220.86beta- elemene
380.62  eugenol
360.02  geraniol
330.05  geranyl acetate
305.07  germacrene D
270.78alpha- humulene
80.11  limonene
1954.06  linalool
230.06  linalyl acetate
150.30para-menthene
261.44  menthol
160.32iso menthone
288.68  methyl chavicol
371.02  methyl eugenol
60.08  myrcene
100.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.11allo- ocimene
10.83alpha- pinene
30.08beta- pinene
40.09  sabinene
240.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.06alpha- terpinene
110.15gamma- terpinene
290.91alpha- terpineol
130.03  terpinolene
320.85alpha- terpinyl acetate

E. Kostrzewa and K. Karwowska, Chemical composition of the essential oil from sweet basil grown in Poland. Prace Inst. Lab. Bad. Przem Spoz., 44, 97-107(1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

orange bigarade oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.10  camphene
 4.14  camphor
 2.481,8- cineole
 0.47  citronellol
 0.28para- cymen-8-ol
 1.01para- cymene
 0.32  decyl acetate
 0.36  dodecane
 0.31beta- elemene
 1.71  geranyl acetate
 0.42  geranyl formate
 0.42alpha- guaiene
 20.69  linalool
 1.02(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
 0.81(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 30.72  linalyl acetate
 0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
 0.20  myrcene
 4.12  neryl acetate
 11.73iso nonyl acetate
 0.62  nonyl acetate
 0.36  nopol
 0.11alpha- pinene
 0.50beta- pinene
 0.10  terpinen-4-ol
 3.75alpha- terpineol
 3.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
 1.363,5,5- trimethyl hexanol
orange peel oil bitter brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
220.10beta- caryophyllene
170.06 citronellal + octyl acetate
28trace  citronellol
24trace  citronellyl acetate
10tracepara- cymene
180.12  decanal
120.03  dodecanal
130.06  geranial
16trace  geranyl acetate
792.29  limonene
190.21  linalool
200.37  linalyl acetate
53.10  myrcene
250.05  neral
270.05  neryl acetate
150.02  nonanal
230.03  nonanol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
8tracebeta- phellandrene
10.89alpha- pinene
31.17beta- pinene
40.23  sabinene
210.03  terpinen-4-ol
90.07gamma- terpinene
260.07alpha- terpineol
110.07 terpinolene + octanal
140.29  valencene

M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Domaliso, Oleos Essenciais de Frutos Citricos Cultivados no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol. Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 (1983).

P&F 16, No. 4, 49, (1991)

origanum majorana herb oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
232.80beta- bisabolene
3trace  camphene
140.60  camphor
203.90beta- caryophyllene
85.70para- cymene
220.20  germacrene D
210.20alpha- humulene
1826.10  linalyl acetate
62.90  myrcene
94.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.20alpha- phellandrene
20.80alpha- pinene
50.50beta- pinene
167.50(Z)- piperitol
170.30(E)- piperitol
412.00  sabinene
113.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
138.70(Z)- sabinene hydrate
190.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate acetate
240.20  spathulenol
108.80gamma- terpinene
156.50alpha- terpineol
122.00  terpinolene
10.60alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 76, (2001)
origanum majorana oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
102.70  citronellol
120.20  elemol
39.32  limonene
722.38  linalyl acetate
92.56  methyl chavicol
11.45  myrcene
130.15  nerolidol
112.07  patchoulene
24.84alpha- phellandrene
56.83beta- phellandrene
47.81  terpinene
826.85alpha- terpineol
64.59  terpinolene

Z. Y. Daw, G. E. El-Baroty and A. M. Ebtesam, Inhibition of Aspergillus parasiticus grown and aflatoxin production by some essential oils. Chem. Mikrobiol. Technol. Lebensmitt., 16(516), 129-135 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

origanum majorana oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
353.27  bicyclogermacrene
36tracebeta- bisabolene
270.49  bornyl acetate
310.10beta- bourbonene
37tracedelta- cadinene
41tracealpha- cadinol
30.81  camphene
213.43  camphor
290.46  carvacrol
323.11beta- caryophyllene
390.70  caryophyllene oxide
94.98para- cymene
30tracedelta- elemene
341.24  germacrene D
400.09  globulol
330.27alpha- humulene
102.12  limonene
1716.41  linalool
150.17(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
260.25  linalyl acetate
200.40(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
191.22(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
61.21  myrcene
120.22(E)-beta- ocimene
111.84(Z)-beta- ocimene
4trace1- octen-3-ol
182.081- octen-3-yl acetate
70.11alpha- phellandrene
20.64alpha- pinene
54.60beta- pinene
250.11(E)- piperitol
240.22(Z)- piperitol
142.26(Z)- sabinene hydrate
381.07  spathulenol
2217.67  terpinen-4-ol
83.32alpha- terpinene
138.34gamma- terpinene
233.19alpha- terpineol
161.52  terpinolene
10.33alpha- thujene
2811.55  thymol

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado, M. Estarrón and V. Fuentes, Essential oil of majoram (Origanum majorana L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res. 9, 479-480 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

origanum majorana oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.33  aromadendrene
192.17  bornyl acetate
141.54alpha- campholenal
210.40  carvacrol
221.73beta- caryophyllene
78.07para- cymene
104.89  fenchone
131.68alpha- fenchyl alcohol
172.52  geraniol
240.64alpha- humulene
250.53  ledol
81.74  limonene
1232.68  linalool
180.99  linalyl acetate
51.87  myrcene
60.53alpha- phellandrene
20.39alpha- pinene
40.33beta- pinene
34.57  sabinene
1522.30  terpinen-4-ol
91.21gamma- terpinene
163.26alpha- terpineol
110.46  terpinolene
10.32alpha- thujene
200.56  thymol

M. Charai, M. Mosaddak and M. Faid, Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of two aromatic plants: Origanum majorana L. and O. compactum Benth. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 657-664 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

origanum majorana var. tenuifolium weston oil cyprus
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.10-0.50(E)- anethole
300.30-1.00beta- bisabolene
260.10-0.20iso borneol
210.10-0.90  bornyl acetate
310.10-0.30delta- cadinene
330.10-0.30  calamenene
20.50-0.80  camphene
17trace-1.80  camphor
360.50-6.00  carvacrol
290.00-0.70  carvone
221.10-2.00beta- caryophyllene
340.10-0.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.30-2.101,8- cineole
16trace-0.20alpha- copaene
111.00-4.20para- cymene
37trace-0.20delta- elemene
240.60-1.20  geraniol
250.20-0.60alpha- humulene
71.20-2.10  limonene
192.00-4.30  linalool
200.00-0.10  linalyl acetate
51.20-2.30  myrcene
130.00-0.103- octanol
140.00-trace1- octen-3-ol
90.00-0.10beta- phellandrene
11.00-1.90alpha- pinene
30.20-0.50beta- pinene
280.70-1.30  piperitone
41.10-5.50  sabinene
151.50-4.70(E)- sabinene hydrate
187.40-33.00(Z)- sabinene hydrate
2316.60-21.60  terpinen-4-ol
64.70-6.50alpha- terpinene
108.30-11.10gamma- terpinene
277.30-14.20alpha- terpineol
121.70-2.40  terpinolene
350.00-0.10  thymol

F. I. Jean, G. J. Collin and D. Lord, Essential oils and microwave extracts of cultivated plants. Perfum. Flavor., 17(3), 35-41 (1992).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
250.00-0.03alpha- bergamolene
330.17-1.03beta- bisabolene
340.00-0.19gamma- cadinene
410.00-0.12T- cadinol
360.00-0.03  calamenene
30.05--0.56  camphene
60.07-0.10delta-3- carene
4323.43-78.73  carvacrol
380.00-0.09  carvacryl acetate
350.00-0.04trans- carveol
260.62-2.32beta-caryophyllene + terpinen-4-ol
390.12-1.06  caryophyllene oxide
110.15-1.381,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
370.00-0.44para- cymen-8-ol
164.93-24.90para- cymene
280.04-3.53(Z)- dihydrocarvone
320.01-0.38gamma- elemene
300.00-0.19(Z)-beta- farnesene
310.00-0.18  heptadecane
120.00-0.08(Z)-2- hexenal
290.04-0.36alpha- humulene
100.02-0.41  limonene
230.03-0.46  linalool
240.02-0.06  linalyl acetate
10.03-0.11  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
270.35-1.71 methyl carvacrol + (E)-dihydrocarvone
180.00-0.066- methyl-3-heptanol
70.45-2.94  myrcene
190.00-0.01  nonanal
150.06-0.35(E)-beta- ocimene
130.00-0.07(Z)-beta- ocimene
200.16-0.931- octen-3-ol
80.00-0.01alpha- phellandrene
20.78-2.69alpha- pinene
40.09-0.28beta- pinene
5trace-0.31  sabinene
210.05-1.41(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.14-9.52(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.00-0.16  spathulenol
90.39-2.31alpha- terpinene
141.83-16.32gamma- terpinene
300.35-1.45alpha-terpineol + isoborneol
170.05-0.24  terpinolene
420.17-39.81  thymol

K. H. C. Baser, T. Ozek, G. Tumen and E. Sezik, Composition of the Essential Oils of Turkish Origanum Species with Commercial Importance, J, Essent. Oil Res., 5, 619-623 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

osmanthus fragrans flower absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
960.04  amyl benzoate
320.03  amyl butyrate
360.008  amyl isovalerate
104trace  amyl salicylate
800.06  anethole
1070.003  anisyl acetate
510.19  benzaldehyde
700.08  benzyl acetate
870.19  benzyl alcohol
86trace  benzyl butyrate
500.02  benzyl formate
590.16  bornyl acetate
15trace  butanal
31trace  butyl benzene
210.02  butyl butyrate
950.12  butyl phenyl acetate
62trace  butyric acid
8trace  camphene
52trace  camphor
16tracedelta-3- carene
119trace  carvacrol
71trace  carvone
200.301,8- cineole
75trace  citronellol
103tracemeta- cresol
102tracepara- cresol
26tracepara- cymene
113tracedelta- decalactone
10611.70gamma- decalactone
29trace  decanal
1170.05  decanoic acid
749.20  decanol
660.08  decyl acetate
1300.39  dibutyl phthalate
84trace  dihydrojasmone
890.282,6- dimethyl phenol
1110.03  docosane
1240.21gamma- dodecalactone
490.05  dodecanal
970.04  eicosane
20.06  ethyl acetate
130.02  ethyl benzene
430.03  ethyl decanoate
220.004  ethyl hexanoate
101trace  ethyl myristate
77trace  ethyl salicylate
1081.90  eugenol
1210.02(E)-iso eugenol
1140.02(Z)-iso eugenol
1200.18  farnesol
45trace  furfural
72trace  geranial
830.07  geraniol
73trace  geranyl acetate
680.08 geranyl formate + dodecanal
105trace  heneicosane
17trace  heptanal
94trace  heptanoic acid
90.022-heptanol + hexanal
38trace  heptyl acetate
330.01  heptyl formate
88trace  heptyl isovalerate
370.01  hexanal
810.05  hexanoic acid
390.12(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
42trace  hexyl butyrate
35trace  hexyl propionate
1100.007  hexyl salicylate
53trace  hexyl valerate
820.86alpha- ionone
925.85beta- ionone
116trace  jasmolactone
930.02(Z)- jasmone
1280.02  lauric acid
18trace  limonene
552.36  linalool
4414.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
4621.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
56trace  linalyl acetate
910.07 methyl alpha-ionone + quinoline
190.053- methyl butanol
60trace  methyl decanoate
118trace  methyl dihydrojasmonate
780.03  methyl dodecanoate
58trace5- methyl furfural
480.09  methyl nonanoate
1270.16  methyl oleate
1120.07  methyl palmitate
340.022- methyl-2-hepten-6-one
4trace4-methyl-2-pentenol
14trace4- methyl-3-penten-2-one
1310.03  myristic acid
990.21  nerolidol
980.04gamma- nonalactone
400.11  nonanal
630.70  nonanol
1000.11  octanoic acid
570.02  octanol
28trace2- octanone
47trace  octyl acetate
690.02  octyl valerate
1320.71  palmitic acid
30.003  pentanal
24trace pentenal
79trace2- phenethyl acetate
900.192-phenethyl alcohol + nonadecane
760.012- phenethyl formate
65trace  phenyl acetaldehyde
5tracealpha- pinene
11tracebeta- pinene
1trace  propanal
70.01  propanol
540.02  propionic acid
12trace  sabinene
850.02  safrole
1220.03alpha- santalol
1260.02beta- santalol
25trace  styrene
610.06  terpinen-4-ol
230.20gamma- terpinene
670.07alpha- terpineol
270.06  terpinolene
1250.02  tetracosane
41trace  tetradecane
1090.23  thymol
6trace  toluene
30trace  tridecane
115tracegamma- undecalactone
100.008  undecane
1233.10  undecanoic acid
64traceiso valeric acid
1290.08  vanillin
V. T. Cogiya, L. G. Kharebava, R. V. Gogiya and E. B. Gvatua, Composition of the volatile compounds in flowers of Osrnanthus fragrans (Thumb) Lour. Rastit. Resur., 22, 243-248 (1986). P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)
petitgrain bigarade oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.10  citronellyl acetate
40.10  cyclofenchene
70.50meta- cymene
9tracepara- cymene
16trace(E)-beta- farnesene
222.30  geraniol
203.20  geranyl acetate
19trace  germacrene B
170.10alpha- humulene
64.40  limonene
1317.00  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide
1456.80  linalyl acetate
23tracepara- menth-6-en-2-one
51.50  myrcene
210.80  nerol
240.10  nerolidol
10.20alpha- pinene
22.40beta- pinene
30.40  sabinene
81.60gamma- terpinene
183.70alpha- terpineol
100.20  terpinolene

E. Haubrage, G. Lognay, M. Marlier, P. Danhier, J. C. Gilson and Ch. Gaspar, Etude de la toxicite de cinq huiles essentielles extraites de Citrus sp. A L’egavd de Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Col., Curculiondae.), Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Col., Bostrychidae) et Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Col., Tenebrionidae). Med. Fac, Landbouw, Riksaniv, Gent, 54, 1083-1093 (1989).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

petitgrain oil paraguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.10(E+Z)- anhydrolinalool oxide furanoid
5tracedelta-3- carene
14tracepara- cymene
15tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
29trace  geranial
201.80  geraniol
244.20  geranyl acetate
84.00  limonene
1624.10  linalool
250.20(E+Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2145.50  linalyl acetate
62.50  myrcene
28trace  neral
190.80  nerol
232.20  neryl acetate
112.50(E)-beta- ocimene
100.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
27trace  perillene
9tracebeta- phellandrene
20.20alpha- pinene
42.50beta- pinene
30.40  sabinene
170.10  terpinen-4-ol
70.30alpha- terpinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
185.20alpha- terpineol
130.40  terpinolene
220.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

M. H. Boelens and A. Oporto, Natural isolates from Seville bitter orange tree. Perf. & Flav., 16(6), 1-7 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

petitgrain sweet oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
61.66delta-3- carene
470.20trans- carveol
490.21cis- carveol
500.10  caryophyllene oxide
221.52  citronellal
421.30  citronellol
300.70  citronellyl acetate
440.60  cuminaldehyde
480.50para- cymen-8-ol
80.09ortho- cymene
143.17para- cymene
170.082,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
390.312- dodecanone
260.03beta- elemene
310.17(E)-beta- farnesene
381.72  geranial
410.32  geranyl acetate
360.31  geranyl formate
109.76  limonene
2412.09  linalool
210.89(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
201.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.30  linalyl acetate
510.29para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
120.12ortho- mentha-1(7),5,8-triene
430.09para- methyl acetophenone
340.20  methyl geranate
160.476- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.40  myrcene
290.50  myrtenal
450.07  myrtenol
321.01  neral
460.66  nerol
370.08  neryl acetate
180.753- octanol
190.16  perillene
110.01beta- phellandrene
10.95alpha- pinene
41.76beta- pinene
520.46para-iso propyl anisole
280.51iso pulegol
522.32  sabinene
230.61  sabinene hydrate
273.33  terpinen-4-ol
130.11gamma- terpinene
90.08alpha-terpinene + heptanal + 2-methyl-2-butenal
331.09alpha- terpineol
150.02  terpinolene
350.12alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
30.08  toluene
400.392,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl-5-hydroxytetrahydropyran

A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Meklati, D. Fraisse and C. Scharff, Analysis of leaf oils from four varieties of sweet orange by combined gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Flav. Fragr. J., 3, 47-52 ( 1988).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

pinus mugo turra var. pumilio (haenke) zenari oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
36trace  bisabolol
230.43  bornyl acetate
200.13beta- bourbonene
3111.89delta-cadinene + geranyl acetate
375.82alpha- cadinol
342.17T- cadinol
320.13  calamenene
45.24  camphene
711.77delta-3- carene
260.40beta- caryophyllene
190.62alpha- copaene
180.33alpha- cubebene
140.09para- cymene
254.81beta- elemene
297.62  germacrene D
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
270.86alpha- humulene
109.13  limonene
210.07  linalool
220.10  linalyl acetate
150.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
301.87alpha- muurolene
351.51alpha- muurolol
81.52  myrcene
130.33beta- ocimene
110.42beta- phellandrene
39.95alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
60.30  sabinene
10.17  santene
330.24  spathulenol
240.39  terpinen-4-ol
90.13alpha- terpinene
120.23gamma- terpinene
280.10alpha- terpineol
162.15  terpinolene
20.38  tricyclene

M. Yatagai and T. Sato, Terpenes of leaf oils from conifers. Biochem. System. Ecol., 14, 469-478 (1986).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

ribes nigrum bud oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38trace-0.33allo- aromadendrene
400.00-1.51  bicyclogermacrene
300.00-2.00  bornyl acetate
41trace-0.15delta- cadinene
3trace-2.41  camphene
90.17-45.50delta-3- carene
7trace-0.55delta-4-carene
351.20-4.98beta- caryophyllene
44trace-1.48  caryophyllene oxide
280.00-0.18  citronellol
32trace-0.42  citronellyl acetate
26trace-0.66para- cymen-8-ol
11trace-0.17meta- cymene
12trace-0.48para- cymene
34trace-0.14beta- elemene
31trace-0.24delta- elemene
360.00-1.62gamma- elemene
220.00-0.20(Z)-1,2- epoxylimonene
420.00-1.12  germacrene B
390.00-1.51  germacrene D
37trace-2.00alpha- humulene
450.00-0.52  humulene oxide
130.17-14.12  limonene
29trace-0.12  linalyl acetate
210.00-0.18(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
230.00-0.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
24trace-0.66para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
62.89-3.61  myrcene
161.21-3.12(E)-beta- ocimene
150.00-5.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
8trace-1.58alpha- phellandrene
141.72-24.63beta- phellandrene
21.30-9.23alpha- pinene
50.17-10.22beta- pinene
4trace-69.00  sabinene
18trace-0.54(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.00-0.46(Z)- sabinene hydrate
43trace-2.70  spathulenol
460.00-0.18iso spathulenol
250.40-4.52  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-1.32alpha- terpinene
17trace-1.80gamma- terpinene
27trace-0.22alpha- terpineol
190.40-20.00  terpinolene
33trace-0.40alpha- terpinyl acetate
1trace-1.90alpha- thujene

J. L. Le Quere and A. Latrasse, Composition of the essential oils of Blackcurrant bud (Ribes nigram L.). J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 3-10 (1990).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
42trace  abietatriene
340.41beta- bisabolene
1515.56  borneol
234.94iso bornyl acetate
360.35delta- cadinene
350.26gamma- cadinene
250.19alpha- cadinol
370.15  calamenene
23.11  camphene
1215.33  camphor
40.39delta-3- carene
220.26  carvone
282.22beta- caryophyllene
390.37  caryophyllene oxide
400.20 cedrane diol
1020.021,8- cineole
260.43alpha- cubebene
311.28ar- curcumene
81.81para- cymene
200.39  dihydrocarveol
380.37  farnesene
300.38beta- gurjunene
90.51  limonene
113.53  linalool
210.48  linalyl acetate
270.12  methyl eugenol
330.20alpha- muurolene
60.35  myrcene
161.17  nonanol
41trace  octadecane
50.181- octen-3-ol
130.80 pinanone
18.30alpha- pinene
70.74beta- pinene
140.39  pinocarvone
30.32  sabinene
290.41alpha- santalene
320.16alpha- selinene
171.00  terpinen-4-ol
181.95alpha- terpineol
240.69  thymol
43trace  totarol
198.36  verbenone

E. Reverchon and F. Senatore, Isolation of rosemary oil: Comparison between hydrodistillation and supercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 227-230 (1992).

P&F 17, No. 6, 51, (1992)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.00-tracebeta- bisabolene
480.00-0.27alpha- bisabolol
353.24-6.53  borneol
251.19-14.32  bornyl acetate
390.00-0.08alpha- cadinene
400.00-0.07delta- cadinene
450.00-0.12T- cadinol
45.86-8.35  camphene
203.01-7.50  camphor
80.19-1.19delta-3- carene
470.00-0.14  carvacrol
260.00-2.19beta- caryophyllene
440.00-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
125.30-24.791,8- cineole
161.39-1.54para- cymene
70.07-0.786,6-dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-3-ene-2-butylene
310.00-0.19beta- farnesene
430.00-trace  geraniol
280.33-0.68  geranyl acetate
360.00-trace  germacrene D
290.00-0.94alpha- humulene
320.00-0.06  lavandulol
30trace-0.54  lavandulyl acetate
113.02-3.96  limonene
221.46-9.41  linalool
230.00-5.52  linalyl acetate
370.00-tracegamma- muurolene
91.55-2.12  myrcene
410.00-0.05  nerol
150.02-0.53(E)-beta- ocimene
130.00-0.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
219.91-35.08alpha- pinene
52.08-4.35beta- pinene
210.06-0.58iso pinocamphone
60.21-1.36  sabinene
180.09-0.12(E)- sabinene hydrate
240.00-tracealpha- santalene
270.00-1.21  terpinen-4-ol
100.39-0.46alpha- terpinene
140.28-1.28gamma- terpinene
340.00-0.09alpha- terpineol
170.51-0.78  terpinolene
30.00-0.08alpha- thujene
460.00-0.18  thymol
10.24-0.41  tricyclene
420.00-0.043,3,6-trimethyl(2.2.1)bicyclohept-1-en-7-ol
331.03-5.08  verbenone
190.06-0.15  viridiflorene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, B. Benjilali and J. L. Chabart, Essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.). The chemical composition of the oils of various origins (Morocco, Spain, France). J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 613-618 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.06-0.13beta- bisabolene
353.00-4.51  borneol
250.12-0.86  bornyl acetate
390.08-0.98alpha- cadinene
400.18-0.77delta- cadinene
440.00-0.11T- cadinol
43.21-3.98  camphene
207.42-10.80  camphor
80.15-0.20delta-3- carene
262.41-4.32beta- caryophyllene
430.00-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
1243.53-53.481,8- cineole
160.99-1.40para- cymene
70.00-trace6,6-dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-3-ene-2-butylene
310.37-0.51beta- farnesene
420.00-0.05  geraniol
280.00-0.07  geranyl acetate
360.00-0.13  germacrene D
290.27-5.43alpha- humulene
320.00-0.23  lavandulol
300.00-0.30  lavandulyl acetate
111.86-2.06  limonene
220.73-1.76  linalool
230.00-0.02  linalyl acetate
370.00-0.13gamma- muurolene
91.27-1.60  myrcene
410.00-0.10  nerol
150.00-0.06(E)-beta- ocimene
130.00-0.27(Z)-beta- ocimene
29.56-12.72alpha- pinene
55.53-7.83beta- pinene
210.04-0.13iso pinocamphone
60.14-0.21  sabinene
180.04-0.19(E)- sabinene hydrate
240.00-0.80alpha- santalene
270.69-0.91  terpinen-4-ol
100.52-0.66alpha- terpinene
140.93-1.19gamma- terpinene
340.00-2.46alpha- terpineol
170.29-0.36  terpinolene
30.00-tracealpha- thujene
10.10-0.23  tricyclene
330.00-0.46  verbenone
190.00-0.12  viridiflorene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, B. Benjilali and J. L. Chabart, Essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.). The chemical composition of the oils of various origins (Morocco, Spain, France). J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 613-618 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

salvia lavandulifolia spp. vellerea oil spain
In 1993, Fournier et al. used GC and GC/MS to analyze eight commercial samples of Spanish sage oil. The components identified in seven of these oils were shown. The other oil, which probably originated from S. lavandulaefolia ssp. vellerea, was found to possess the following composition:
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.8  borneol
151.1  bornyl acetate
35.7  camphene
1233.1  camphor
160.8beta- caryophyllene
230.2  caryophyllene oxide
815.21,8- cineole
101.1para- cymene
220.2  geraniol
74.1  limonene
131.6  linalool
141.1  linalyl acetate
61.6  myrcene
24.5alpha- pinene
43.1beta- pinene
51.1  sabinene
1812.8(Z)- sabinyl acetate
170.5  terpinen-4-ol
90.1gamma- terpinene
190.4alpha- terpineol
110.1  terpinolene
215.8alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.1alpha- thujene

G. Fournier, N. Pages and I. Cosperic, Contribution to the study of Salvia Lavandulifolia essential oil: potential toxicity attributable to sabinyl acetate. Planta Med., 59, 96-97 (1993).

N. Pages, G. Fournier, V. Velut and C. Imberk, Potential teratogenicity in mice of the essential oil of Salvia lavandulifolia Vahl., Study of a fraction rich in sabinyl acetate. Phytother. Res., 6(2), 80-83 (1992).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil
In 1983 Cordoba Rodriguez examined the chemical composition of Spanish sage oil produced from more than 30 collections of plants from different areas in Spain. She determined that the oils possessed the following compositional range:
#%LeftshiftComponents
420.0-0.2  aromadendrene
430.0-0.4allo- aromadendrene
380.0-0.8(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
450.0-0.2beta- bisabolene
231.5-6.4  borneol
240.2-1.9iso borneol
330.8-4.9  bornyl acetate
44.6-10.6  camphene
1912.9-36.1  camphor
200.0-0.3  carvone
400.2-3.7beta- caryophyllene
390.0-0.8iso caryophyllene
460.0-0.1  caryophyllene oxide
1812.0-40.31,8- cineole
360.0-0.1alpha- copaene
350.0-0.2alpha- cubebene
440.1-0.9ar- curcumene
100.4-2.1para- cymene
170.0-0.4alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
290.1-0.7  geraniol
320.1-0.2  geranyl acetate
370.0-0.2alpha- gurjunene
410.0-1.0alpha- humulene
112.4-5.0  limonene
220.2-11.2  linalool
300.1-5.8  linalyl acetate
71.0-4.9  myrcene
280.0-0.6  nerol
310.1  neryl acetate
130.0-0.4(E)-beta- ocimene
160.0-0.3(Z)-allo-ocimene
120.0-2.2(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.0-0.2alpha- phellandrene
34.7-10.9alpha- pinene
63.3-7.3beta- pinene
50.6-2.2  sabinene
210.1-0.6(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.1-6.6(Z)- sabinyl acetate
250.2-0.8  terpinen-4-ol
90.0-0.1alpha- terpinene
140.0-0.7gamma- terpinene
270.1-1.9alpha- terpineol
260.0-0.7delta- terpineol
150.0-0.3  terpinolene
20.2-0.5alpha- thujene
10.0-0.5  tricyclene

M. de los Angelos Cordoba Rodriguez, Contribucion al estudio del Aceite Esencial de Salvia Espanola (salvia lavandulaefolia Vahl.). PhD thesis, Univ. Complutense, Madrid, Spain (1983).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

salvia officinalis oil reunion
This same year, Vera et al. (1999) analyzed an oil of S. officinalis produced from plants grown in Reunion. In this oil they characterized the following components:
#%LeftshiftComponents
370.10  aromadendrene
310.40  bornyl acetate
43tracegamma- cadinene
49tracealpha- cadinol
52.80  camphene
2015.90  camphor
8tracedelta-3- carene
32trace  carvacrol
260.20trans- carveol
27tracecis- carveol
360.60beta- caryophyllene
450.20  caryophyllene oxide
115.801,8- cineole
100.40para- cymene
50tracealpha- eudesmol
48tracebeta- eudesmol
34trace  eugenol
29trace  geraniol
350.40  geranyl acetate
39trace  germacrene D
381.60alpha- humulene
470.30  humulene oxide
121.30  limonene
18trace  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
510.50  manool
400.10gamma- muurolene
24trace  myrtenol
28trace  neral
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
70.80alpha- phellandrene
35.40alpha- pinene
41.90beta- pinene
22trace(E)- piperitol
250.20(Z)- piperitol
60.20  sabinene
41tracebeta- selinene
44trace  spathulenol
210.90  terpinen-4-ol
9tracealpha- terpinene
140.30gamma- terpinene
230.60alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
33tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
20.20alpha- thujene
19traceiso thujol
1645.50alpha- thujone
178.40beta- thujone
10.10  tricyclene
42trace  viridiflorene
461.70  viridiflorol

R. R. Vera, J. Chane-Ming and D. Fraisse, Chemical composition of the essential oil of sage (Salvia officinalis L.) from Reunion Island. J. Essent. Oil Res., 11, 399-402 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia officinalis oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
242.10  borneol
251.40  bornyl acetate
66.20  camphene
2116.80  camphor
313.30beta- caryophyllene
1411.101,8- cineole
112.00para- cymene
305.00alpha- humulene
123.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
230.50  linalyl acetate
91.10  myrcene
150.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
100.10alpha- phellandrene
130.90beta- phellandrene
54.80alpha- pinene
82.30beta- pinene
70.20  sabinene
180.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
290.30  sabinyl acetate
20.10(E)- salvene
10.40(Z)- salvene
260.30  terpinen-4-ol
160.30gamma- terpinene
270.50alpha- terpineol
170.20  terpinolene
280.20alpha- terpinyl acetate
40.30alpha- thujene
1926.50alpha- thujone
204.30beta- thujone
30.20  tricyclene

M, de los Angelos Cordoba Rodriguez, Contribucion al estudio del aceite esencial de Salvia Espanola (Salvia lavandulaefolia Vahl.). Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Complutense, Madrid (1983).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
#%LeftshiftComponents
1470.47alpha- amorphene
1461.43allo- aromadendrene
1620.18  aromadendrene
1751.29  bicyclogermacrene
1740.72beta- bisabolene
1163.54  borneol
1590.16  bornyl acetate
1510.08gamma- cadinene
1510.53delta- cadinene
2180.15T- cadinol
 0.41alpha- cadinol
15313.08  camphor
1150.03delta-3- carene
1290.83  carvacrol
1610.19beta- caryophyllene
1570.16  caryophyllene oxide
1036.661,8- cineole
1490.01alpha- copaene
1490.34epi- cubebol
1180.17para- cymen-8-ol
1021.52para- cymene
1380.06beta- damascenone
1380.16beta- elemene
1330.07delta- elemene
 0.47beta- eudesmol
1350.83  eugenol
1500.24(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
1141.01 geigerene
1850.33  geraniol
1850.08  germacrene B
1721.18  germacrene D
8781.29  hexanol
1453.71alpha- humulene
1600.25  humulene oxide II
1550.68  linalool
1070.13(Z)- linalool oxide
1230.08  linalyl acetate
 2.2213-epi- manool
1400.18  methyl eugenol
1190.28  myrtanol
1190.55  myrtenal
1561.41(E)- nerolidol
1380.14(Z)-allo-ocimene
9391.26alpha- pinene
1060.19(Z)- sabinene hydrate
1210.18(Z)- sabinol
1570.08  spathulenol
1170.09  terpinen-4-ol
1700.91alpha- terpineol
1182.42delta- terpineol
1701.81alpha- terpinyl acetate
1033.08alpha- thujene
11014.77alpha- thujone
1114.30beta- thujone
1290.37  thymol
1010.23  tricyclene
1100.48  undecane
1592.66  viridiflorol
1490.04alpha- ylangene
Overall, it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seeds. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
salvia sclarea oil
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF SALVIA SCLAREA (LAMIACEAE) ESSENTIAL OIL ANA DŽAMIĆ, MARINA SOKOVIĆ, M. RISTIĆ, SLAVICA GRUJIĆ-JOVANOVIĆ, JELENA VUKOJEVIĆ, and P. D. MARIN
#%LeftshiftComponents
1500.17  bicyclogermacrene
1160.64  borneol
1280.83  bornyl acetate
1380.94beta- bourbonene
1520.13delta- cadinene
1140.30  camphor
1411.83beta- caryophyllene
1580.27  caryophyllene oxide
1032.291,8- cineole
1370.55alpha- copaene
1390.67beta- cubebene
1020.18para- cymene
1390.35beta- elemene
1480.84  germacrene D
1450.08alpha- humulene
1021.55  limonene
10918.18  linalool
12552.83  linalyl acetate
1210.14  linalyl formate
9911.01  myrcene
1230.26  nerol
1360.52  neryl acetate
1030.32(Z)-beta- ocimene
1050.66(E)-beta- ocimene
9394.57alpha- pinene
9790.90beta- pinene
2220.06  sclareol
2220.08  sclareol oxide
1570.13  spathulenol
1185.00alpha- terpineol
1161.19beta- terpineol
1190.90gamma- terpineol
1080.41iso terpinolene
1350.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
salvia sclarea oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
11trace(E)-anhydrolinalool oxide furanoid
9trace(Z)- anhydrolinalool oxide furanoid
27trace  bornyl acetate
24tracebeta- bourbonene
2trace  camphene
291.40-1.60beta- caryophyllene
370.30-0.60  caryophyllene oxide
230.10-0.20alpha- copaene
22tracealpha- cubebene
13tracepara- cymene
360.10-0.30  geraniol
340.30-0.50  geranyl acetate
321.60-2.00  germacrene D
16trace  hexanal
8trace(E)-2- hexenal
18trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
17trace-0.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
70.10-0.20  limonene
259.00-16.00  linalool
21trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2649.00-73.60  linalyl acetate
39trace  mint sulfide
50.10-0.20  myrcene
35trace-0.10  nerol
330.20-0.30  neryl acetate
120.10-0.20(E)-ocimene
15trace(Z,Z)-allo- ocimene
10trace(Z)- ocimene
20trace1- octen-3-ol
10.10-0.20alpha- pinene
30.10-0.30beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
400.10-0.20  sclareol
38trace  spathulenol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
6tracealpha- terpinene
300.20-0.60alpha- terpineol
14trace  terpinolene
31tracealpha- terpinyl acetate

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 15, No. 4, 63, (1990)

salvia sclarea oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
320.10  aromadendrene
57trace  benzyl tiglate
29trace  bornyl acetate
250.15beta- bourbonene
43tracedelta- cadinene
2trace  camphene
62trace  carvacrol
301.20beta- caryophyllene
501.50  caryophyllene oxide
6trace1,8- cineole
230.50alpha- copaene
260.10beta- cubebene
480.15para- cymen-8-ol
460.10beta- damascenone
691.25 deutenyl curcumene furanoid
45trace dihydro-para-cymen-8-ol
580.10  dodecahydro-3a-,6,6,9a-tetramethyl(2,1beta)furan
550.15  elemol
610.158,13- epoxy-15,16-dinorlabd-12-ene
56trace  eudesmol
54trace10-epi-gamma- eudesmol
630.20alpha- eudesmol
641.50beta- eudesmol
24trace formic acid + benzaldehyde
412.15  geranial
496.50  geraniol
447.50  geranyl acetate
401.25  geranyl formate
140.10  hexanol
170.102- hexanol
150.153- hexanol
70.152- hexenal
12trace hexen-1-yl acetate furanoid
350.10alpha- humulene
51trace  hydroxycitronellal
670.10endo-8-hydroxycycloisolongifolene furanoid
521.20 hydroxylinalool furanoid
370.10 lavandulol + beta-farnesene
50.15  limonene
2717.20  linalool
221.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
190.15(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2814.30  linalyl acetate
31trace  linalyl formate
712.50  manool
680.10  manoyl oxide
700.1513-epi- manoyl oxide
34trace  methyl chavicol
9trace2-methyl-2-vinyl-4-isopropenyl tetrahydrofuran
13trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
38trace  muurolene
66trace muurolol
40.25  myrcene
361.50  neral
475.50  nerol
21trace  nerol oxide
53trace  nerolidol
425.20  neryl acetate
16trace  nonanal
100.15(E)-beta- ocimene
80.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
180.10  perillene
10.10alpha- pinene
30.10beta- pinene
725.20  sclareol
590.20  spathulenol
330.20  terpinen-4-ol
3915.10alpha- terpineol
11trace  terpinolene
65trace  thymol
600.10  valerianol
200.10alpha-ylangene + 1-octen-3-ol

Ch. Souleles and N. Argyriadou, Constituents of the essential oil of Salvia sclarea growing wild in Greece. Internat. J. Pharmacog., 35, 218-220 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

salvia sclarea oil sardinia
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.50  camphor
142.90beta- caryophyllene
71.501,8- cineole
90.10para- cymene
220.60  geraniol
201.30  geranyl acetate
231.60  germacrene D
61.00  limonene
162.60  linalool
110.40(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
100.50(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
1312.70  linalyl acetate
180.10  methyl chavicol
50.10  myrcene
210.20  nerol
192.10  neryl acetate
40.60alpha- phellandrene
10.10alpha- pinene
20.40beta- pinene
30.20  sabinene
80.90gamma- terpinene
1747.40alpha- terpineol
1522.10alpha- terpinyl acetate

A. T. Peana, M. D. L. Moretti and C. Juliano, Chemical composition and antimicrobiol action of the essential oils of Salvia desoleana and S. scalrea. Planta Med., 65, 752-753 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

salvia sclarea oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
6trace  amyl butyrate
390.52  bicyclogermacrene
150.12  borneol
241.11  bornyl acetate
300.27beta- bourbonene
350.14alpha- cadinene
420.22gamma- cadinene
511.10alpha- cadinol
45tracebeta- calacorene
440.77(Z)-calamenene + germacrene B
2trace  camphene
334.80beta- caryophyllene
470.99  caryophyllene oxide
320.14alpha- cedrene
70.831,8-cineole + limonene
260.36alpha- cubebene
480.16  cubenol
280.27beta- damascenone
180.11  dihydrocarveol
310.43beta- elemene
25tracedelta- elemene
500.73beta- eudesmol
410.27(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
360.14(Z)-beta- farnesene
220.93  geranial
201.12  geraniol
291.62  geranyl acetate
230.25  geranyl formate
377.57  germacrene D
340.14beta- gurjunene
1432.97  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2116.85  linalyl acetate
540.55  manool
52trace  manoyl oxide
531.1413-epi- manoyl oxide
400.40alpha- muurolene
490.42alpha- muurolol
51.61  myrcene
190.72  nerol
43trace(Z)- nerolidol
271.17  neryl acetate
90.94(E)-beta- ocimene
80.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.41beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
550.45  sclareol
460.12  spathulenol
16trace  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
175.63alpha- terpineol
130.37  terpinolene
382.84  valencene

M. E. Torres, A. Velasco-Negueruela, M. J. Perez-Alonso and M. G. Pinilla, Volatile constituents of two Salvia species grown wild in Spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 27-33 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

salvia sclarea seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
#%LeftshiftComponents
1460.06allo- aromadendrene
1494.29  bicyclogermacrene
1530.35beta- bourbonene
1770.24delta- cadinene
1640.52T- cadinol
1640.88alpha- cadinol
1540.10alpha- calacorene
1291.93  carvacrol
1410.24beta- caryophyllene
2003.18  caryophyllene oxide
1210.121,8- cineole
1374.08alpha- copaene
1342.86alpha- cubebene
1540.72beta- cubebene
1900.24epi- cubenol
1020.12para- cymene
1470.85delta- elemene
 1.72beta- eudesmol
1252.79  geraniol
1381.94  geranyl acetate
1551.29  germacrene B
1475.88  germacrene D
8520.03(E)-2- hexenal
1450.08alpha- humulene
1591.55  humulene oxide I
1030.17  limonene
10924.25  linalool
1236.90  linalyl acetate
 0.5913-epi- manool
1220.98  nerol
1730.36  neryl acetate
1381.46(Z)-allo-ocimene
1030.03beta- phellandrene
9390.27alpha- pinene
2140.03  spathulenol
1610.37  terpinen-4-ol
1180.20alpha- terpineol
1180.20delta- terpineol
1350.29alpha- terpinyl acetate
9307.48alpha- thujene
2190.10  thymol
9270.08  tricyclene
1100.75  undecane
1370.24alpha- ylangene
Overall, it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seeds. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
salvia verbenaca seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
#%LeftshiftComponents
1661.29allo- aromadendrene
1430.66  aromadendrene
1501.10beta- bisabolene
1280.79  bornyl acetate
1381.73beta- bourbonene
11438.94  camphor
1010.50delta-3- carene
1410.27beta- caryophyllene
1577.28  caryophyllene oxide
1411.50beta- cubebene
1280.37para- cymene
1333.97delta- elemene
1643.76beta- eudesmol
1441.76(Z)-beta- farnesene
1080.26alpha- fenchone
8000.42  hexanal
1680.67alpha- humulene
1550.84  linalool
1451.05(E)- linalool oxide
1562.53  linalyl acetate
 5.6113-epi- manool
1470.05gamma- muurolene
1362.40  neryl acetate
1111.55(Z)-allo-ocimene
1030.44alpha- pinene
1170.88  terpinen-4-ol
1182.03alpha- terpineol
1680.49delta- terpineol
1354.77alpha- terpinyl acetate
1420.52alpha- thujone
9270.96  tricyclene
1102.65  undecane
it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seedsOverall,. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
skimmia laureola oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.6  elemol
150.5alpha- farnesene
220.7(E,E)- farnesol
211.5(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
85.0  geijerene
1112.3pregeijerene
181.9  geraniol
162.5  geranyl acetate
30.4  limonene
97.8  linalool
1055.6  linalyl acetate
40.4  myrcene
170.6  nerol
190.4  nerolidol
141.1  neryl acetate
70.7(E)-beta- ocimene
60.5(Z)-beta- ocimene
51.6beta- phellandrene
10.2alpha- pinene
20.1  sabinene
131.8alpha- terpineol
120.9alpha- terpinyl acetate

C. S. Mathela, A. B. Melkani and A. K. Pant, Reinvestigation of Skimmia laureola essential oil. Indian Perfum., 36(3), 217-222 (1992).

P&F 19, No. 3, 59, (1994)

tagetes minuta flower oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
543.56 alchenenotriol
309.98(E)- anethole
272.10para- anisaldehyde
410.33  aromadendrene
470.08beta- bisabolene
480.12gamma- cadinene
140.11  camphor
240.23cis- carveol
403.44beta- caryophyllene
230.61  citronellol
21.12para- cymene
311.51 dehydroelshotzia ketone
200.12(Z)- dihydrocarvone
65.19  dihydrotagetone
90.22alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
333.00delta- elemene
500.11gamma-elemene (furanoid)
210.15  elsholtzia ketone
490.15  eugenyl acetate
370.28  geranyl acetate
530.28  guaiol
422.14alpha- humulene
510.29  ledol
315.14  limonene
111.03  linalool
80.43(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
280.47  linalyl acetate
100.12(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
290.39  methyl citronellate
390.24  methyl eugenol
430.226-methyl-gamma-ionone
450.29alpha- muurolene
10.24  myrcene
340.19  neryl acetate
50.30(E)-beta- ocimene
419.33(Z)-beta- ocimene
360.10beta- patchoulene
460.13  pentadecane
170.30(Z)- pinanone
133.68(Z)- sabinene hydrate
350.32(E)-iso safrole
522.42  spathulenol
260.65(E)- tagetenone
2513.26(Z)- tagetenone
152.81(E)- tagetone
160.34(Z)- tagetone
180.46  terpinen-4-ol
70.26gamma- terpinene
190.50alpha- terpineol
380.16  tetradecane
120.24alpha- thujone
320.12  tridecane
440.57  valencene
220.05  verbenone

J. Daghero, M. Mattea, E. Reverchon, G. Della Porta and F. Senatore, Isolation of Tagetes minuta L. oil using supercritical CO2 extraction. In: Proceedings WOCMAP-2. Edits., V. Martino, A. Bandoni, G. Bleak and N. Capelle, Acta Hort., 503, 21-25 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

tangerine oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
210.02beta- caryophyllene
140.02 citronellal + octyl acetate
280.02  citronellol
110.48para- cymene
150.12  decanal
250.04  dodecanal
270.03  geranial
29trace  geranyl acetate
890.75  limonene
161.17  linalool
18trace  linalyl acetate
52.28  myrcene
23trace  neral
26trace  neryl acetate
130.06  nonanal
22trace  nonanol
17trace  octanol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
9tracebeta- phellandrene
11.41alpha- pinene
30.58beta- pinene
40.23  sabinene
200.04  terpinen-4-ol
7tracealpha- terpinene
101.96gamma- terpinene
240.07alpha- terpineol
120.24 terpinolene + octanal
190.03  undecanal
M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Donaliso, Oleos Essenciais de frutos citricos cultivados no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 pp (1983). P&F 17, No. 4, 39, (1992)
thymus serpyllum oil canada
#%LeftshiftComponents
143.70beta- bisabolene
154.80delta- cadinene
175.90alpha- cadinol
161.00T- cadinol
10.30  camphene
107.00beta- caryophyllene
40.701,8- cineole
60.70para- cymene
133.70  geranyl acetate
31.80  limonene
825.20  linalool
98.30  linalyl acetate
20.50  myrcene
72.101- octen-3-ol
50.50gamma- terpinene
112.90alpha- terpineol
129.60alpha- terpinyl acetate
183.50  thymol

B. M, Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

thymus vulgaris absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
216.96  carvacrol
17trace  carvone
23tracebeta- caryophyllene
12trace1,8- cineole
222.10alpha- copaene
100.95para- cymene
40.894,7- dimethyl-4-octanol
182.61  geraniol
11trace limonene + alpha-phellandrene
165.76  linalool
1923.17  linalyl acetate
51.446- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
6trace  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.923- octanol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
2tracealpha- pinene
3tracebeta- pinene
9tracealpha- terpinene
152.45gamma- terpinene
1tracealpha- thujene
2043.10  thymol

F. I. Jean, G. J. Collin and D. Lord, Essential oils and microwave extracts of cultivated plants. Perfum. Flavor, 17(3), 35-41 (1992).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

thymus zygis gracillis herb oil spain
Variations in the chemical composition of the essential oils of T. sygis L. ssp. sylvestris (Hoffm. et Link) Brot. ex. Coutinho and T. sygis L. ssp. gracilis (boiss.) R. Morales from southeastern Spain were determined by Saez (1995). In this study, oils from four collections of each subspecies were examined by GC and GC/MS. A summary of the data obtained from these analyses (Table IV) shows that different chemotypes of each of the subspecies can be found. Of these, only the thymol chemotypes of T. zygis ssp. gracilis is typical of the red thyme oil in commerce. Only the chemotype thymol will be shown here:
#%LeftshiftComponents
191.63  borneol
141.17iso bornyl acetate
290.05alpha- cadinol
20.30  camphene
110.56  camphor
283.34  carvacrol
160.12beta- caryophyllene
230.07  caryophyllene oxide
71.021,8- cineole
210.08  citronellol
92.95para- cymene
250.08  elemol
220.14  geraniol
200.09  geranyl acetate
60.09  limonene
127.89  linalool
130.06  linalyl acetate
40.06  myrcene
10.04alpha- pinene
30.04beta- pinene
100.36(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.28  spathulenol
151.60  terpinen-4-ol
50.02alpha- terpinene
80.36gamma- terpinene
180.08alpha- terpineol
170.11delta- terpineol
2771.84  thymol
240.08  viridiflorol

F. Saez, Essential oil variability of Thymus zygis growing wild in southeastern Spain. Phytochemistry, 40, 819-825 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

thymus zygis spp. sylvestris herb oil spain
Variations in the chemical composition of the essential oils of T. sygis L. ssp. sylvestris (Hoffm. et Link) Brot. ex. Coutinho and T. sygis L. ssp. gracilis (boiss.) R. Morales from southeastern Spain were determined by Saez (1995). In this study, oils from four collections of each subspecies were examined by GC and GC/MS. A summary of the data obtained from these analyses (Table IV) shows that different chemotypes of each of the subspecies can be found. Of these, only the thymol chemotypes of T. zygis ssp. gracilis is typical of the red thyme oil in commerce. Only the chemotype thymol will be shown here:
#%LeftshiftComponents
234.06  borneol
181.04iso bornyl acetate
300.04alpha- cadinol
31.76  camphene
150.10  camphor
291.66  carvacrol
200.36beta- caryophyllene
270.63  caryophyllene oxide
91.541,8- cineole
250.06  citronellol
1227.63para- cymene
260.39  geraniol
240.24  geranyl acetate
80.13  limonene
165.10  linalool
170.40  linalyl acetate
60.09  myrcene
101.14(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.28alpha- pinene
40.29beta- pinene
50.06  sabinene
140.22(E)- sabinene hydrate
191.15  terpinen-4-ol
71.91alpha- terpinene
1110.95gamma- terpinene
220.04alpha- terpineol
210.03delta- terpineol
130.15  terpinolene
10.08alpha- thujene
2834.18  thymol

F. Saez, Essential oil variability of Thymus zygis growing wild in southeastern Spain. Phytochemistry, 40, 819-825 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

zingiber officinale oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
113.53beta- bisabolene
201.82 bisabolyl acetate
30.60  borneol
70.31beta- caryophyllene
1trace1,8- cineole
910.87ar- curcumene
181.31  eudesmol
60.83  eugenol
1314.17beta- farnesene
160.88(E,E)- farnesol
15trace(Z,Z)- farnesol
226.02  gingerol
172.26  gingerone
210.54 lanceolyl acetate
2trace  linalool
50.80  linalyl acetate
192.21  nerolidyl acetate
80.64  neryl acetate
126.81beta-sesqui phellandrene
14tracebeta- selinene
2312.226- shogaol
42.51alpha- terpineol
1024.70  zingiberene

M. D’Alpaos, P. Traldi, G. Tassinato and P. Pallado, Extraction of essential oils and flavors with classic and supercritical techniques: a comparison. Rivista Ital. EPPOS (Numero Speciale – Agosto), 200-207 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

zingiber officinale root oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
293.00  agarospirol
410.06gamma- aminobutyric acid
400.26  aspartic acid
300.78alpha- bisabolol
270.20  borneol
248.72beta- cadinene
42tracedelta-3- carene
430.05  carveol
120.26  carvone
2513.12iso caryophyllene
200.19alpha- cedrene
61.101,8- cineole
160.52  citronellyl acetate
190.43alpha- copaene
2216.38ar- curcumene
310.84gamma- curcumene
100.40  decanal
340.34 dihydrogermacrene
150.16  elemene
370.65  eugenol
350.34  farnesol
280.15  geranial
170.60  geraniol
181.10  geranyl acetate
210.72  germacrene D
260.97  glycine
40.68  limonene
50.14  linalool
80.30  linalyl acetate
44trace  linalyl propionate
130.71  neral
90.30  nonanal
70.50  octanal
110.102- octyl acetate
30.92beta- phellandrene
390.12  phenyl alanine
10.69alpha- pinene
21.05beta- pinene
380.10  pipecolic acid
330.28  tetradecanoic acid
36trace turmerone
140.712- undecanone
321.55 zingerenol
2323.80  zingiberene
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