Typical G.C. analysis

achillea millefolium herb oil
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil greece
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

acorus calamus root oil mongolia
2714.40  acorenone
320.90  acorone
315.70iso acorone
131.00alpha- bergamotene
204.60  bornyl acetate
171.30delta- cadinene
280.70alpha- cadinol
301.40  calamendiol
2512.10preiso calamendiol
290.50  calamusenone
20.50  camphene
181.50  camphor
81.101,8- cineole
120.30alpha- copaene
140.50beta- elemene
110.50delta- elemene
151.00(E)-beta- farnesene
71.10  limonene
191.30  linalool
260.80(E)- methyl isoeugenol
50.70  myrcene
100.80(E)-beta- ocimene
90.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.20alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.90beta- pinene
160.70alpha- selinene
230.50  shyobunone
2413.10iso shyobunone
211.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.40alpha- terpinene

M. N. Todorova, I. V. Ognyanov and S. Shatar, Chemical composition of essential oil from Mongolian Acorus calamus L. rhizomes. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 191-193 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

angelica archangelica root oil
350.19  borneol
271.78  bornyl acetate
80.48iso butyl benzene
400.07delta- cadinene
620.06alpha- cadinol
610.04T- cadinol
51.88  camphene
90.20delta-2- carene
1016.24delta-3- carene
420.21  carvyl acetate
480.04  caryophyllene oxide
54tracealpha- copaen-11-ol
560.24alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.57alpha- copaene
280.16beta- copaene
520.04  copaenol
430.03  cuparene
640.85  cyclopentadecanolide
460.23meta- cymen-8-ol
450.65para- cymen-8-ol
196.39para- cymene
360.42delta- elemene
440.06gamma- elemene
630.05  elemol
330.41  eucarvone
600.49beta- eudesmol
40.05alpha- fenchene
370.64  germacrene D
650.37  heptadecanolide
320.54alpha- humulene
510.39  humulene oxide
490.09  humulenol
146.56  limonene
250.14  linalool
230.07  longicyclene
300.09(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
220.08  menthone
55trace methyl tridecanolide
380.10alpha- muurolene
580.08alpha- muurolol
590.03T- muurolol
125.28  myrcene
18trace(E)-beta- ocimene
160.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
470.10  perillyl alcohol
112.02alpha- phellandrene
151.26beta- phellandrene
232.19alpha- pinene
61.54beta- pinene
390.28(E)- piperitol
70.46  sabinene
410.15  sabinyl acetate
570.14  spathulenol
290.08  terpinen-4-ol
130.26alpha- terpinene
173.07gamma- terpinene
340.40alpha- terpineol
210.87  terpinolene
30.13alpha- thujene
10.04  tricyclene
530.56 tridecanolide
310.39  verbenyl acetate

J. C. Chalchat and R. P. Garry, Essential oil of Angelica roots (Angelica archangelica L.). Optimization of distillation, location in plant and chemical composition. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 311-319 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

artemisia absinthium herb oil cuba
2623.02  bornyl acetate
390.17alpha- cadinol
42.02  camphene
320.10cis- carvyl acetate
330.66beta- caryophyllene
380.67  caryophyllene oxide
400.26  chamazulene
105.101,8- cineole
250.93  cuminaldehyde
91.55para- cymene
160.06alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
150.06  eucarvone
310.07  eugenol
360.26(E)-beta- farnesene
340.11(Z)-beta- farnesene
350.08alpha- humulene
182.00  linalool
300.14para- menth-1(7)-en-9-ol
240.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-7-ol
280.24para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
71.08  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
110.06(Z)-beta- ocimene
270.20  perillyl acetate
31.24alpha- pinene
60.69beta- pinene
54.61  sabinene
140.29(Z)- sabinene hydrate
200.59  safranal
218.15  terpinen-4-ol
81.55alpha- terpinene
132.08gamma- terpinene
224.80alpha- terpineol
170.75  terpinolene
290.09alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
190.29beta- thujone
10.10  tricyclene
232.47  verbenone
370.41  viridiflorene

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Artemista obsinthum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 87-89 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia afra oil kenya
375.09  borneol
260.23  bornyl acetate
50tracealpha- cadinol
10.12  camphene
450.58beta- caryophyllene oxide
967.371,8- cineole
40trace  cuminaldehyde
43tracepara- cymen-8-ol
122.30para- cymene
60.06  dihydro-1,8-cineole
17tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
38trace  germacrene D
80.27  limonene
23trace  linalool
21trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
18trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.76(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
300.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42trace(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
44trace(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
132.003- methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
15trace3- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
7trace3- methyl butyl isobutyrate
470.243- methyl butyl phenyl acetate
29trace  myrtenal
41trace  myrtenol
48trace(E)- nerolidol
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
191.141- octen-3-ol
4tracealpha- phellandrene
46trace2- phenethyl butyrate
20.16beta- pinene
31tracetrans- pinocarveol
24trace  pinocarvone
340.32(E)- piperitol
30.09  sabinene
200.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.63(Z)- sabinene hydrate
16trace7-alpha- silphiperfol-5-ene
490.09  spathulenol
276.50  terpinen-4-ol
28trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
50.62alpha- terpinene
111.64gamma- terpinene
36tracealpha- terpineol
33tracedelta- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
350.94alpha- terpinyl acetate
341.07(E)- verbenol
32trace(Z)- verbenol

J. W. Mwangi, K. J. Achola, K.A. Sinei, W. Lwande and R. Laurent, Essential Oil Constituents of Artemisia afra Willd. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 97-99 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy
21trace  aromadendrene
2714.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.90 bisabolene endoperoxide
397.00alpha- bisabolol
421.70alpha-bisabolol oxide
220.10iso borneol
30tracedelta- cadinene
440.50alpha- cadinol
320.20  calamenene
2trace  camphene
18trace  camphor
430.90  carvacrol
340.30  caryophyllene oxide
371.00  cedrol
70.201,8- cineole
170.40alpha- copaene
310.20ar- curcumene
110.10para- cymene
285.00(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
241.50(E)-beta- farnesene
290.10  geranyl acetate
268.00  germacrene D
401.00  globulol
230.40beta- guaiene
140.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
251.40alpha- humulene
63.00  limonene
353.70  methyl eugenol
450.40T- muurolol
511.20  myrcene
200.40  myrtenal
360.80(E)- nerolidol
82.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
130.10allo- ocimene
105.40(E)-beta- ocimene
12.60alpha- pinene
319.00beta- pinene
40.30  sabinene
410.90  spathulenol
190.90  terpinen-4-ol
90.40gamma- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene
15tracealpha- thujone
16tracebeta- thujone
380.90  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
artemisia variabilis flower oil italy
380.40  acenaphthalene
240.70  bicyclogermacrene
331.00alpha- bisabolol
26tracedelta- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
2trace  camphene
16trace  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
27tracear- curcumene
120.40para- cymene
280.501,4- dimethyl naphthalene
250.10  geranyl acetate
230.30  germacrene D
340.20  globulol
20tracebeta- guaiene
15trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
210.10alpha- humulene
400.102- hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxyacetophenone
71.00  limonene
17trace  linalool
29trace  methyl eugenol
50.20  myrcene
19trace  myrtenal
310.30(E)- nerolidol
95.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
14traceallo- ocimene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.80alpha- pinene
33.60beta- pinene
40.10  sabinene
351.00  spathulenol
180.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.10alpha- terpinene
103.20gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
13trace  terpinolene
360.80  thymol
320.20  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
baccharis dracunculifolia oil brazil
100.20  acetophenone
26<0.01(E)-anethole + safrol
443.30  aromadendrene
491.10allo- aromadendrene
940.20(E,E)-isobicyclogermacra-1(10),4-dien-5-al + (Z)-3-hexenyl 3-phenyl propionate
573.10  bicyclogermacrene
530.20isobutyl 3-phenyl propionate + sec-butyl 3-phenyl propionate + 10,11-epoxycadina-4,9-diene
430.30  cabreuva oxide A
471.30  cabreuva oxide B
480.10  cabreuva oxide C
510.40  cabreuva oxide D
635.60delta- cadinene
611.30gamma- cadinene
881.60alpha- cadinol
861.30T-cadinol + T-muurolol
670.90alpha-calacorene + (Z)-dracunculifoliol + exo-1,5-epoxysavial-4(15)-ene
640.50(E)- calamenene
561.00(Z)- calamenene
60.10delta-3- carene
20<0.01trans- carveol
210.10cis-carveol + citronellol + nerol
416.20beta- caryophyllene
760.60  caryophyllene oxide
360.70alpha-copaene + methyl eugenol
870.30  cubenol
220.10 cuminaldehyde + carvone + neral + (Z)-4,8-dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
80.10para- cymene
350.20(E)-beta-damascenone + isopropyl 3-phenyl propionate
39<0.01beta- damascone
840.104(15)- dehydroglobulol
150.40(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
140.10(Z)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
250.10(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
420.402,2-dimethyl-6-vinyl chromene + gamma-elemene
381.60beta- elemene
320.40delta- elemene
791.805,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene + epi-junenol
550.3010,11- epoxycalamenene
310.10  ethyl 3-phenyl propionate
370.20  ethyl decanoate
240.10 geranial + methyl 3-phenyl propionate + methyl citronellate
230.10  geraniol
340.10  geranyl acetate
900.30 germacra-4(15),5,10(14)-trien-1b-ol
543.60  germacrene D
801.40 globulol + (E)-dracunculifoliol + salvia-4(15)-en-1-one
28<0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
600.10iso humbertiol A + isohumbertiol C
650.30iso humbertiol B + isohumbertiol D
461.90alpha- humulene
830.10  humulene oxide II
500.07(E)-beta- ionone
850.40  junenol
583.60  ledene
820.70  ledol
98.40  limonene
130.40  linalool
740.30  maaliol
16<0.01para- methyl acetophenone
770.402- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
780.403- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
590.90alpha- muurolene
522.10gamma- muurolene
51.00  myrcene
190.10 myrtenol + ethyl octanoate
7015.00(E)- nerolidol
330.20  neryl acetate
890.10 opposita-4(14),11(12)-dien-1b-ol
660.60  pacifigorgiol
730.60  palustrol
22.90alpha- pinene
45.90beta- pinene
400.70  propyl 3-phenyl propionate
30.10  sabinene
753.50  spathulenol
170.10 terpinen-4-ol + para-cymen-8-ol + safranal
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
180.60alpha-terpineol + myrtenal
120.20  terpinolene
29<0.01  theaspirane A
30<0.01 theaspirane B + methyl geranate
10.10alpha- thujene
910.60(E,E)-3,7,11-trimethyl dodeca-1,6,9-trien-3,11-diol
811.00 viridiflorol + beta-oplopenone
27<0.01 vitispirane A + vitispirane B
710.30 waitziacuminone

P. Weyerstahl, C. Christiansen and H. Mosandl, Constituents of Brazilian Vassoura oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 15-23 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

bombycilaena erecta oil greece
220.50  arteannuic alcohol
69.10  artemisyl alcohol
1010.70  artemisyl acetate
260.30beta- bisabolol
140.70iso bornyl acetate
250.40alpha- cadinol
33.60  camphene
818.80  camphor
92.60trans- carveol
110.30cis- carveol
120.40  carvotan acetone
150.90cis- carvyl acetate
191.00beta- caryophyllene
210.20  caryophyllene oxide
1312.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
200.30gamma- curcumene
270.407- ethyl-1,4-dimethyl azulene
242.00alpha- eudesmol
230.20  guaiol
290.80  hexadecanoic acid
171.50  italicene
161.20beta- maaliene
70.20  nonanal
20.40alpha- pinene
40.10beta- pinene
280.30  tetradecanoic acid
10.90  tricyclene
514.90  yomogi alcohol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 360, (2000)
cajuput leaf oil vietnam
49trace  bulnesol
370.4  cadina-1,4-diene
35tracedelta- cadinene
34tracegamma- cadinene
47tracealpha- cadinol
44traceT- cadinol
38trace  calamenene
2trace  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
232.5beta- caryophyllene
410.3  caryophyllene oxide
1041.11,8- cineole
20tracealpha- copaene
270.5gamma- curcumene
156.8para- cymene
170.2para- cymenene
220.3beta- elemene
18tracedelta- elemene
25tracegamma- elemene
42trace  elemol
480.7beta- eudesmol
450.6gamma- eudesmol
310.3alpha- farnesene
390.4  geraniol
290.3beta- guaiene
431.2  guaiol
281.6alpha- humulene
94.1  limonene
213.6  linalool
40tracealpha- maaliene
46tracealpha- muurolol
60.1  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.5alpha- phellandrene
110.2beta- phellandrene
36tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
13.2alpha- pinene
30.8beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
331.5alpha- selinene
321.5beta- selinene
241.5  terpinen-4-ol
80.6alpha- terpinene
134.6gamma- terpinene
308.7alpha- terpineol
165.9  terpinolene
26trace  thujopsene
190.3alpha- ylangene

O. Motl, J. Hodacova and K. Ubik, Composition of Vietnamese cajuput essential oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 39-42 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

campomanesia aurea leaf oil brazil
211.00  dehydroaromadendrane
2513.60  bicyclogermacrene
514.2alpha- bisabolol
91.20  borneol
270.40gamma- cadinene
292.10delta- cadinene
441.10T- cadinol
480.50alpha- cadinol
301.50alpha- calacorene
281.90(Z)- calamenene
493.00 calamenenol
500.70 calamenenol
170.30beta- caryophyllene
166.20iso caryophyllene
331.90  caryophyllene alcohol
3529.00  caryophyllene oxide
380.90  copaen-4-alpha-ol
141.40alpha- copaene
420.601-epi- cubenol
150.90beta- elemene
181.10gamma- elemene
472.40beta- eudesmol
410.3010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
431.50gamma- eudesmol
80.50alpha- fenchol
120.40  geranial
364.10  globulol
371.80epi- globulol
190.70beta- gurjunene
201.30alpha- humulene
394.00  humulene oxide I
401.70  humulene oxide II
321.00  ledol
30.50  limonene
50.60para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
225.00gamma- muurolene
260.60alpha- muurolene
460.60alpha- muurolol
310.80(E)- nerolidol
536.70(E)- nerolidol acetate
43.30(E)-beta- ocimene
116.50alpha- pinene
26.10beta- pinene
235.20beta- selinene
240.40alpha- selinene
344.90  spathulenol
100.50  terpinen-4-ol
111.40alpha- terpineol
60.40  terpinolene
130.70alpha- ylangene
cananga odorata leaf oil
210.4alpha- amorphene
250.6  bicyclogermacrene
273.0delta- cadinene
260.8gamma- cadinene
300.8alpha- cadinol
290.9T- cadinol
2026.3beta- caryophyllene
280.6  caryophyllene oxide
9trace1,8- cineole
172.9alpha- copaene
180.7beta- cubebene
191.4beta- elemene
151.1delta- elemene
2311.7  germacrene D
410.2  hexanol
12.0(E)-2- hexenal
30.2(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
23.1(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
226.3alpha- humulene
80.4  limonene
121.9  linalool
241.1alpha- muurolene
70.6  myrcene
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
514.0alpha- pinene
64.5beta- pinene
13trace  terpinen-4-ol
140.3alpha- terpineol
11trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- ylangene

F. Fekam Boyom, P. H. Amvam Zollo, C. Menut, G. Lamaty and J. M. Bessière, Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXVII. Comparative study of the volatile constituents of five Annonaceae species growing in Cameroon. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 333-338 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

chamaecyparis obtusa root oil
120.54  borneol
170.65  bornyl acetate
321.18 cadin-1(10)-en-4alpha-ol
384.95 cadin-1(10)-en-4beta-ol
273.82delta- cadinene
282.12gamma- cadinene
395.28alpha- cadinol
355.88T- cadinol
291.55  calamenene
20.50  camphene
421.26  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
180.55(Z)- caryophyllene
190.52beta- caryophyllene
302.61beta- caryophyllene alcohol
160.40  copaene
80.53para- cymene
210.44alpha- elemene
90.71alpha- fenchol
250.39alpha- guaiene
220.39alpha- humulene
50.55  limonene
4019.73 longi-alpha-nojigiku alcohol
338.43 longi-beta-camphenilan aldehyde
110.65  longicyclene
414.84 longicyclenyl aclohol
140.64  longifolene
362.15 longiisohomocamphenilone
100.48alpha- longipinene
311.27 longiverbanol
346.23 longiverbanone
261.71alpha- muurolene
230.84gamma- muurolene
374.53T- muurolol
10.73alpha- pinene
30.61beta- pinene
40.41alpha- terpinene
60.45gamma- terpinene
133.53alpha- terpineol
70.50  terpinolene
240.79alpha- terpinyl acetate
152.44  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

chamaecyparis obtusa wood oil
120.33  borneol
170.40  bornyl acetate
310.97 cadin-1(10)-en-4alpha-ol
346.76 cadin-1(10)-en-4beta-ol
2710.82delta- cadinene
2812.47gamma- cadinene
3520.51alpha- cadinol
3210.61T- cadinol
290.03  calamenene
20.18  camphene
370.83  caryophylla-3,8(13)-dien-5alpha-ol
180.12(Z)- caryophyllene
190.05beta- caryophyllene
301.49beta- caryophyllene alcohol
160.06  copaene
80.22para- cymene
210.04alpha- elemene
90.42alpha- fenchol
250.12alpha- guaiene
220.03alpha- humulene
50.21  limonene
110.05  longicyclene
360.94 longicyclenyl aclohol
140.61  longifolene
100.10alpha- longipinene
265.78alpha- muurolene
231.65gamma- muurolene
3316.44T- muurolol
10.44alpha- pinene
30.21beta- pinene
40.15alpha- terpinene
60.15gamma- terpinene
130.14alpha- terpineol
70.19  terpinolene
240.19alpha- terpinyl acetate
150.29  verbenone

B. Shieh, Y. Lizuka and Y. Matsubara, Monoterpenoid and sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oil of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc. ) Endl.). Agric. Biol. Chem. (Japan), 45, 1497-1499 (1981).

P&F 8, No. 1, 61, (1983)

cinnamomum zeylanicum fruit oil india
In 1997, Jayaprakasha et al. analyzed two oils of the fruit of C. zeylanicum by GC and GC/MS. Although the oils were produced from fruit harvested in two different locations in India, Karnataka and Kerala, the oil compositions were similar as can be seen from the following analytical results:
322.7-2.8  benzyl benzoate
80.3-0.4  borneol
212.3-3.0delta- cadinene
201.2-1.6gamma- cadinene
311.0-1.5alpha- cadinol
302.7-3.4T- cadinol
159.2-13.7beta- caryophyllene
240.9-1.1  caryophyllene oxide
100.6-4.3(E)- cinnamaldehyde
70.2-0.3(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
1642.4-54.2(E)- cinnamyl acetate
112.0-2.2(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
141.8-3.1alpha- copaene
290.5-0.8  cubenol
270.4-0.510-epi-gamma- eudesmol
120.2-0.3  eugenol
191.7-2.0  germacrene B
180.7-0.8  germacrene D
260.3  germacrene D-4-ol
250.5-0.6  globulol
220.4beta- guaiene
172.8-3.1alpha- humulene
340.0-0.3  methyl oleate
330.0-0.3  methyl palmitate
280.3alpha- muurolol
30.0-0.2  myrcene
230.2-0.4  nerolidol
60.2-0.5(E)-beta- ocimene
40.1-0.7alpha- phellandrene
50.4-1.6beta- phellandrene
132.9-4.33- phenyl propyl acetate
10.1-1.6alpha- pinene
20.1-0.6beta- pinene
90.3alpha- terpineol

G. K. Jayaprakasha, L. Jaganmohan Rao and K. K. Sakariah, Chemical composition of the folatile oil from the fruits of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume. Flav. Fragr. J., 12, 331-333 (1997)

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cistus ladaniferus oil morocco
400.80alpha- amorphene
470.97allo- aromadendrene
231.45  borneol
352.40  bornyl acetate
523.00delta- cadinene
591.32alpha- cadinol
580.81T- cadinol
530.31alpha- calacorene
540.37beta- calacorene
210.74  camphene hydrate
12trace  camphenilone
170.78alpha- campholenic aldehyde
202.92  camphor
360.21  carvacrol
311.22cis- carveol
330.31  carvone
45tracebeta- caryophyllene
7trace1,8- cineole
410.79alpha- copaene
380.30alpha- cubebene
420.19beta- cubebene
571.71  cubenol
320.77  cuminaldehyde
250.19para- cymen-8-ol
40.30ortho- cymene
130.43para- cymene
160.572,6- dimethyl cyclohexanol
2trace3,5- dimethyl phenol
30tracealpha- fenchyl acetate
340.35  geraniol
440.42alpha- gurjunene
460.19beta- gurjunene
43traceiso italicene
500.45  ledene
550.42  ledol
5trace  limonene
110.15(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
510.62alpha- muurolene
480.18gamma- muurolene
28trace  myrtanol
271.35  myrtenal
60.25beta- phellandrene
370.06 phenyl propionic acid
10.37alpha- pinene
150.23alpha- pinene oxide
192.47trans- pinocarveol
221.11  pinocarvone
180.16(E)- rose oxide
240.70  terpinen-4-ol
3tracealpha- terpinene
90.35gamma- terpinene
260.30alpha- terpineol
140.43  terpinolene
100.353,5,5- trimethyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
80.752,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
490.16  valencene
290.19  verbenone
5612.81  viridiflorol
390.80alpha- ylangene

N. Mrabet, S. Zrira, M. M. Ismaili-Alaoui, H. Lahloa and B. Benjilali, Essential oils and resin gum from Moroccan Cistus, “Cistus ladaniferus L." Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 622-630 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cistus oil
60.1  acetophenone
1410.26- acetoxy-11-nor-drim-7-en-9-one
720.27- acetyl-2,2,6-trimethyl bicyclo(4.2.0)octane
1190.16-acetyl-5,8,8-trimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)octan-2,3-dione
1490.213-nor- ambreinolide
1480.18-epi-13-nor- ambreinolide
780.2alpha- ambrinol
1371.4  ambrox
810.9  aromadendr-1-ene
1350.3  aromadendr-1(10)-en-9-one
1320.11,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
1300.15-epi-1,10-seco- aromadendran-1,10-dione
861.5allo- aromadendrene
b30.4  benzoic acid
272.0  borneol
551.7  bornyl acetate
b210.93-iso butenyl-5-methyl-5-vinyl butyrolactone
1260.5  cadalene
980.4delta- cadinene
1250.6alpha- cadinol
1000.6alpha- calacorene
990.6(E)- calamenene
900.5(Z)- calamenene
b91.4gamma-campholenic acid
150.3alpha- campholenic aldehyde
100.3gamma- campholenic aldehyde
b70.3alpha-campholytic acid
b40.2gamma-campholytic acid
b52.4 camphonanic acid
b122.1alpha-camphoneic acid
180.1  camphor
600.8  carvacrol
480.2  carvenone
410.2trans- carveol
430.1cis- carveol
460.5  carvone
1380.1sesqui chamaenol
1171.8  copaborneol
1270.6  copabornyl acetate
741.1alpha- copaene
820.7  cubeb-11-ene
1134.1  cubeban-11-ol
1210.41-epi- cubenol
440.1  cuminaldehyde
b111.0beta- cyclogeranic acid
b80.9gamma-cyclogeranic acid
530.3para- cymen-7-ol
30.4para- cymene
b130.7 davanic acid
390.2  decanal
b203.8  decanoic acid
1060.21,2- dehydroglobulol
1180.33,4- dehydroglobulol
1100.21-epi-3,4- dehydroviridiflorol
1041.41,2- dehydroviridiflorol
1460.214,15- di-nor-8,13-epoxylabd-12-ene
790.1  dihydro-beta-ionene
940.2  dihydroactinidiolide
370.5neo dihydrocarveol
b156.5  dihydrocinnamic acid
b241.7 dimethyl (Z)-2-hexyl-3-methyl butendioic acid
490.22,4- dimethyl acetophenone
91.0alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
970.24,7- dimethyl tetral-1-one
b141.22,6- dimethyl-5-oxoheptanoic acid
770.2  dodecanal
700.111-nor- drim-7-ene
1390.1  drim-8-en-7-one
690.211-nor- drim-8-ene
1010.311-nor- driman-8-ol
1020.2beta- elemol
351.3  elsholtzia ketone
1360.25,11- epoxycadin-1(10)-en-9-ol
80.86,8- epoxymenth-1-ene
640.1  ethyl dihydrocinnamate
1240.4beta- eudesmol
1220.2gamma- eudesmol
651.6  eugenol
450.2alpha- fenchyl acetate
760.11-( fur-2-yl methyl)-2-formyl pyrrole
b192.4  geranic acid
510.2  geraniol
800.1  geranyl acetone
1090.5  gleenol
1110.2  globulol
b20.5  heptanoic acid
b10.7  hexanoic acid
1330.1(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl dihydrocinnamate
1340.3  hexyl dihydrocinnamate
590.1(2E,4E)-6-hydroxy-2,6-dimethyl hepta-2,4-dienal
32trace2- hydroxy-3-methyl benzaldehyde
660.22- hydroxy-4-isopropenyl toluene
1400.110- hydroxycalamene-8,9-epoxide
1310.19- hydroxyladanifer-10-one(9(10(1))-abeo-9-hydroxyaromadendran-10-one)
500.42- hydroxypinan-3-one
870.2(E)-beta- ionone
1530.4  labd-7-en-15-ol
1450.515-nor- labd-7-ene
b316.3 labd-7-enoic acid
1540.3  labd-8-en-15-ol
b324.0 labd-8-enoic acid
1520.4  labd-8(17)-en-15-ol
b305.1 labd-8(17)-enoic acid
b232.5  lauric acid
929.3  ledene
730.2iso ledene
1161.3  ledol
120.2  linalool
70.4(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.2(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
b281.0  linoleic acid
1500.3  manoyl oxide
1510.313-epi- manoyl oxide
850.1  massoia lactone
400.3(Z)-para- menth-4(8)-en-2-ol
620.12- methoxy-6-methyl acetophenone
290.3para- methyl acetophenone
521.0  methyl dihydrocinnamate
750.4  methyl eugenol
10.25- methyl furfural
20.16- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1200.3  muurola-4,10(14)-dien-1-ol
1230.3alpha- muurolol
b252.7  myristic acid
330.9  myrtenal
b186.0  myrtenic acid
361.5  myrtenol
581.1  naginata ketone
220.2  nerol oxide
1030.2(E)- nerolidol
130.1  nonanal
b101.6  nonanoic acid
170.7(E)-3- nonen-2-one
b63.7  octanoic acid
b271.2  oleic acid
1150.1beta- oplopenone
b265.1  palmitic acid
1051.2  palustrol
1290.1  pentadecanal
420.13- phenyl propanol
231.5  pinocamphone
280.7iso pinocamphone
191.8trans- pinocarveol
240.3  pinocarvone
630.4trans- pinocarvyl acetate
470.8  piperitone
250.1  propiophenone
1280.24-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
160.1(E)- rose oxide
140.2(Z)- rose oxide
200.1(E)- sabinol
b290.8  stearic acid
210.2(E)- tagetone
260.2(Z)- tagetone
310.8  terpinen-4-ol
340.5alpha- terpineol
1140.1  tetradecanal
890.61,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
950.21,1,5,6- tetramethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene
540.2  thymol
1070.26-para-tolyl heptan-2-one
880.1  tridecanal
b160.71,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid A
b171.91,5,5-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)heptan-7-carboxylic acid B
50.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohex-2-enone
41.32,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
930.21-(1,2,2- trimethyl cyclopent-1-yl) pentan-1,4-dione
960.26,6,10-trimethyl decan-2-one
300.52,2,5- trimethyl oxepan-4-one
670.21,1,6- trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
830.14,4,7a- trimethyl-1,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-2H-inden-2-one
840.1  tuberolactone
610.2  undecanal
b220.3  undecanoic acid
380.3  verbenone
1124.3  viridiflorol
560.2  vitispirane A
570.1  vitispirane B

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall, M. Weirauch, K. Thefeld and H. Surburg, Constituents of commercial labdanum oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 295-318 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

cupressus sempervirens cone oil egypt
280.3  borneol
370.4  bornyl acetate
200.2delta- cadinene
250.2alpha- cadinol
240.2T- cadinol
819.0delta-3- carene
340.3  carveol
35trace  carvone
410.2beta- caryophyllene
210.1  caryophyllene oxide
400.2alpha- cedrene
223.3  cedrol
39tracealpha- copaene
460.1para- cymen-8-ol
450.1ortho- cymene
140.6alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
31.8alpha- fenchene
160.2alpha- fenchyl alcohol
44trace  germacrene D
420.1alpha- humulene
122.5  limonene
360.2  methyl carvacrol
63.0  myrcene
300.1  myrtenal
320.1  myrtenol
7tracealpha- phellandrene
110.4beta- phellandrene
248.2alpha- pinene
51.4beta- pinene
180.1  pinocamphone
170.6trans- pinocarveol
190.3  pinocarvone
4trace  sabinene
43tracebeta- selinene
291.6  terpinen-4-ol
90.4alpha- terpinene
130.8gamma- terpinene
312.2alpha- terpineol
270.3delta- terpineol
153.9  terpinolene
382.2alpha- terpinyl acetate
470.6delta- terpinyl acetate
10.1  tricyclene
260.1  umbellulone
330.9  verbenone

F. F. Kassem, F. M. Harmz, N. A. El-Sebakhy, H. L. DePooter, N. M. Schamp and H, About-Shleib. Composition of the essential oil of Egyptian Cupressus sempervirens L. cones. Flav. Frag J., 6, 205-207 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil ivory coast
130.60-0.80(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
12trace-0.10  bornyl acetate
160.40-0.60gamma- cadinene
270.30-0.40alpha- cadinol
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
9trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
210.20-0.70  elemol
250.10alpha- eudesmol
260.10-0.20beta- eudesmol
70.40 geigerene
1530.50-34.00  geranial
206.20-7.70  geraniol
172.10-3.50  geranyl acetate
220.10-0.20  germacrene D-4-ol
3trace  limonene
101.20-1.30  linalool
82.40-2.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.10-0.20T- muurolol
230.10alpha- muurolol
218.10-22.60  myrcene
1423.60-26.30  neral
190.10  nerol
50.30-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.20-0.30  sabinene
111.10-1.20  verbenone
cymbopogon pendulus praman oil
220.08beta- bisabolene
130.05  borneol
240.44alpha- cadinol
100.09  camphor
200.18beta- caryophyllene
230.09  caryophyllene oxide
110.10  citronellal
170.10  citronellyl acetate
40.05para- cymene
190.15beta- elemene
1680.21  geraniol
184.60  geranyl acetate
210.18alpha- humulene
50.06  limonene
91.42  linalool
10.486- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.13  myrcene
1535.25  neral
70.08(E)-beta- ocimene
60.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.05alpha- phellandrene
120.26iso pulegol
140.48  terpinen-4-ol
80.05  terpinolene
cypress leaf oil algetian
32trace  borneol
24trace-0.13  bornyl acetate
25traceiso bornyl acetate
360.20-0.76delta-cadinene + gamma-cadinene
44tracealpha- cadinol
45tracedelta- cadinol
40.20-0.50  camphene
20trace  camphor
719.35-21.13delta-3- carene
38trace-0.08trans-carveol + (Z)-calamenene
260.14-0.35beta- caryophyllene
41trace  caryophyllene oxide
23trace-0.19alpha- cedrene
432.03-3.92  cedrol
19trace-0.06alpha- copaene
180.07-0.15alpha- cubebene
42trace  cubenol
39tracepara- cymen-8-ol
150.21-0.24para- cymene
480.10-0.28  dehydroabietane
30.73-0.81alpha- fenchene
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
30trace-0.23alpha- humulene
102.28-3.31  limonene
210.07-0.33  linalool
220.11-0.16  linalyl acetate
470.12-0.20  manoyl oxide
35trace-0.10alpha- muurolene
34trace-0.32gamma- muurolene
83.11-3.48 myrcene + alpha-phellandrene
28trace  myrtenal
37trace  myrtenol
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.43-0.54beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
247.00-52.76alpha- pinene
51.10-1.37beta- pinene
29tracetrans- pinocarveol
60.74-0.93  sabinene
460.26-0.95  sandracopimaradiene
270.35-1.01  terpinen-4-ol
90.22-0.26alpha- terpinene
140.41-0.51gamma- terpinene
16trace  terpinolene
334.10-6.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
310.42-1.03alpha- terpinyl formate
10.09-0.11  tricyclene
N. Chanegriha, A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Melklati, J. Favre-Bonvin and S. Alamercey, Chemical composition of Algetian cypress essential oil, J, Essent, Oil, Res., 5(6), 671-674 (1993). P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)
daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil. seed oil spain
34trace-1.38alpha- acoradiene
21trace-0.35  borneol
390.07-0.16gamma- cadinene
430.10-0.90alpha- cadinol
30.04-0.08  camphene
310.44-1.39beta- caryophyllene
410.18-1.01  caryophyllene oxide
30trace-0.32alpha- copaene
110.06-2.48para- cymene
440.74-1.37  eudesm-11-en-4-ol
380.04-0.30(E)-beta- farnesene
250.14-0.32  geranial
240.61-2.33  geraniol
2951.74-76.95  geranyl acetate
35trace-0.16beta- gurjunene
320.24-0.61alpha- humulene
33trace-0.50beta- ionone
120.70-1.18  limonene
183.97-5.18  linalool
170.05-0.13(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
160.20-1.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
4trace-0.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
42trace-1.37T- muurolol
70.52-0.81  myrcene
400.04-0.09  nerolidol
280.08-0.73  neryl acetate
14trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
9trace-0.02alpha- phellandrene
20.50-1.73alpha- pinene
60.16-1.66beta- pinene
54.42-11.13  sabinene
200.03-0.62(E)- sabinene hydrate
190.02-0.23(Z)- sabinene hydrate
370.16-0.66alpha- selinene
360.25-1.99beta- selinene
220.93-8.17  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-0.29alpha- terpinene
150.02-0.52gamma- terpinene
230.16-0.69alpha- terpineol
270.03-0.08alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.03-0.12alpha- thujene
26trace-0.35  thymol

M. Gil Pinilla, M. J. Pérez-Alonso and A. Velasco-Negueruela, Volatile constituents from fruits of Daucus carota L. gummifer Hook. fil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 433-435 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

eucalyptus camaldulensis leaf oil jerusalem
190.80allo- aromadendrene
233.80  borneol
270.60delta- cadinene
390.90alpha- cadinol
324.50  caryophyllene oxide
93.701,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
206.90  cryptone
283.90  cuminaldehyde
300.60para- cymen-8-ol
1124.20para- cymene
210.10  deshydroaromadendrene
330.80 eicosane + humulene epoxide
160.20alpha- fenchol
340.20  globulol
350.10epi- globulol
81.10  limonene
141.30  linalool
151.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
181.80(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
130.30  menthone
60.40  myrcene
310.30  nonadecane
290.10  octadecane
243.80  phellandral
50.40alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
260.10  piperitol
251.30  piperitone
40.20  sabinene
3617.50  spathulenol
370.20iso spathulenol
174.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.60alpha- terpinene
101.30gamma- terpinene
220.70alpha- terpineol
120.40  terpinolene
21.30alpha- thujene
380.40  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 105, (2001)
eucalyptus globulus fruit oil
130.46iso amyl isovalerate
2123.33  aromadendrene
233.32allo- aromadendrene
172.40beta- bourbonene
220.44 bulnesene
410.62delta- cadinene
40tracegamma- cadinene
580.20alpha- cadinol
550.28T- cadinol
18trace  carvenone
270.16  carvotan acetone
715.311,8- cineole
150.08alpha- copaene
240.13  cryptone
140.34alpha- cubebene
19tracebeta- cubebene
44tracepara- cymen-7-ol
116.44para- cymene
520.84beta- eudesmol
470.55gamma- eudesmol
36trace  germacrene D
5014.98  globulol
493.10epi- globulol
340.39alpha- guaiene
16tracealpha- gurjunene
200.47beta- gurjunene
260.20gamma- gurjunene
28tracealpha- humulene
313.63  ledene
46trace  ledol
61.10  limonene
43tracecis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
38tracegamma- muurolene
540.12T- muurolol
40.21  myrcene
420.10  nerol
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
450.16  palustrol
32.11alpha- phellandrene
80.50beta- phellandrene
48trace2- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
13.61alpha- pinene
20.10beta- pinene
25tracetrans- pinocarveol
33trace  piperitone
350.30alpha- selinene
37tracedelta- selinene
39tracegamma- selinene
530.20  spathulenol
57traceiso spathulenol
50.22alpha- terpinene
90.18gamma- terpinene
322.27alpha- terpineol
120.20  terpinolene
560.28  thymol
29tracebeta- vetivene
300.66  viridiflorene
512.17  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) bark oil india
140.50alpha- cadinol
50.20alpha- copaene
120.201-epi- cubenol
60.202- dodecanone
160.60  ethenyl dodecanoate
210.30  ethyl hexadecanoate
90.20  globulol
204.70  hexadecanoic acid
130.20T- muurolol
220.50  oleic acid
190.20  pentadecanoic acid
170.202- pentadecanone
10.20  terpinen-4-ol
110.20  tetradecanal
180.70  tetradecanoic acid
80.502- tridecanol
728.102- tridecanone
40.30  undecanol
32.302- undecanol
252.102- undecanone
100.20  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 471, (2000)
guava fruit oil reunion
170.40allo- aromadendrene
120.20  benzaldehyde
290.10(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
260.60alpha- bisabolene
250.50beta- bisabolene
510.70alpha- bisabolol
301.20  cadina-1,4-diene
282.40delta- cadinene
531.40alpha- cadinol
320.30alpha- calacorene
340.00beta- calacorene
311.40  calamenene
140.109-epi-beta- caryophyllene
1524.60beta- caryophyllene
420.40alpha- caryophyllene alcohol
365.10  caryophyllene oxide
472.60  cinnamyl acetate
112.80alpha- copaene
100.10alpha- cubebene
441.801-epi- cubenol
431.201,10- di-epi-cubenol
571.702,6- dimethyl-1-3-6-heptatriene
10.10  ethyl butyrate
450.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
520.20beta- eudesmol
481.90gamma- eudesmol
270.20(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
580.40  farnesol
390.70  gleenol
130.10alpha- gurjunene
220.30gamma- gurjunene
20.10  hexanal
90.30  hexanol
40.10(E)-2- hexenal
80.50(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
460.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
70.10  hexyl acetate
200.10gamma- himachalene
183.20alpha- humulene
381.40  ledol
210.10para- menth-1-en-9-ol
350.10para- menth-1(7)-en-9-ol
370.20  methyl eugenol
30.10  methyl hexanoate
160.10  muurola-4(14),5-diene
240.40alpha- muurolene
190.60gamma- muurolene
502.90alpha- muurolol
491.40epi-alpha- muurolol
4118.00  nerolidol
60.60(E)-beta- ocimene
52.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
335.403- phenyl-1-propyl acetate
400.102- propenyl-2-phenol
540.50  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
230.20alpha- selinene
564.10 tricyclo-3-3-13.7-decane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 153, (2000)
hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali
482.20-4.00ar- abietatriene
39trace-0.20  aromadendrene oxide
2612.00-18.80(E)-alpha-bergamotene + beta-caryophyllene
471.80-3.00(E)-alpha- bergamotol
34trace-0.60delta- cadinene
450.30-0.70alpha- cadinol
50.10-0.30delta-3- carene
370.10-0.30iso caryophyllene oxide
380.90-1.90  caryophyllene oxide
90.50-0.801,8- cineole
21trace-0.10alpha- cubebene
22trace-0.20beta- cubebene
350.20-0.40para- cymen-8-ol
140.30-1.30para- cymene
180.10-0.40para- cymenene
40trace-0.10  elemol
25trace-0.20beta- fenchol
330.10-0.90  geranial
360.10-0.30  geraniol
16trace-0.10  hexanol
170.10-0.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.70-1.80alpha- humulene
82.00-4.90  limonene
240.10-0.20  linalool
10trace-0.10para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
320.20-0.50alpha- muurolene
43trace-0.10T- muurolol
420.10-0.30alpha- muurolol
60.20-0.50  myrcene
290.20-1.00  neral
13trace-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
11trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
190.30-0.901- octen-3-ol
11.80-2.60alpha- pinene
33.70-6.00beta- pinene
430.40-37.10  sabinene
20trace-0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
410.30-0.70  spathulenol
272.10-5.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.60-0.90alpha- terpinene
121.00-2.10gamma- terpinene
300.10-0.30alpha- terpineol
154.00-7.20  terpinolene
2trace-0.10alpha- thujene
310.60-1.00  valencene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 55, (2001)
juniperus communis fruit oil
240.60  aromadendrene
170.40  bornyl acetate
272.50alpha- cadinene
260.80gamma- cadinene
290.80alpha- cadinol
30.30  camphene
130.20  campholenic aldehyde
202.70  caryophyllene
300.40alpha- copaene
180.90alpha- cubebene
90.20para- cymene
191.10beta- elemene
282.90gamma- elemene
2210.50beta- farnesene
212.20alpha- humulene
103.10  limonene
2310.50alpha- muurolene
251.60gamma- muurolene
611.00  myrcene
233.60alpha- pinene
42.50beta- pinene
47.60  sabinene
110.90  sabinene hydrate
142.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.50alpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
121.00  terpinolene
10.70alpha- thujene
160.20  valeranone

G. Bonaga and G. C. Galletti, Analysis of volatile components in juniper oil by high resolution gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography / mass spectrometry, Ann. Chimica, 75, 131-136 (1985).

P&F 12, No. 6, 59, (1987)

laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
840.10(E)- anethole
1390.20  anhydrooplopanone
16trace  benzaldehyde
1230.10  bicyclogermacrene
1290.20alpha- bisabolene
550.30  borneol
830.70  bornyl acetate
1010.10 bourbonene
23<0.10iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
9traceiso butyl isobutyrate
1520.10  cadalene
128trace  cadina-1,4-diene
1250.30gamma- cadinene
1260.40delta- cadinene
146traceT- cadinol
1500.10alpha- cadinol
1300.10alpha- calacorene
1330.10beta- calacorene
1270.10  calamenene
150.70  camphene
47<0.10alpha- campholenic aldehyde
25<0.10delta-3- carene
890.10  carvacrol
710.20trans- carveol
740.10cis- carveol
780.10  carvone
950.10cis- carvyl acetate
1450.603(15),7(14)- caryophylladien-6-ol
1060.40beta- caryophyllene
1360.90  caryophyllene oxide
2921.801,8- cineole
920.401,8-cineole-2-yl acetate
1080.70  cinnamyl acetate
100<0.10alpha- copaene
770.10  cuminaldehyde
105<0.10  cuminyl acetate
870.10  cuminyl alcohol
600.20para- cymen-8-ol
271.50para- cymene
38<0.10para- cymenene
1140.30(E)-3-decen-1-yl acetate
1540.20  dehydrocostus lactone
75<0.102,3- dimethoxytoluene
96trace2- dodecanone
1020.60beta- elemene
1310.30  elemicin
1470.30(E)-iso elemicin
1550.10  eremanthin
2trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
3trace  ethyl isovalerate
1490.30alpha- eudesmol
1481.10beta- eudesmol
142<0.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
144tracegamma- eudesmol
942.90  eugenol
1110.20(E)-iso eugenol
118<0.10(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
153<0.10  farnesyl acetone
14<0.10alpha- fenchene
110trace  geranyl acetone
1150.10  germacrene D
109<0.10  guaia-6,9-diene
1070.10alpha- guaiene
104<0.10alpha- gurjunene
22trace2,4- heptadienal
1<0.10  hexanal
7<0.10  hexanol
4<0.10(E)-2- hexenal
6trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
50.10(E)-3- hexen-1-ol
410.10  hotrienol
1130.10alpha- humulene
1400.10  humulene oxide
1510.30  intermedeol
510.10  ipsdienol
1380.30  ledol
281.50  limonene
392.00  linalool
36<0.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
35<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
490.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
460.20(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
910.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
570.20para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
640.20para- mentha-1(7),2-dien-8-ol
610.30(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
730.30(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
450.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
42<0.10para- menthatriene
67<0.10  methyl chavicol
1033.50  methyl eugenol
1200.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
65trace  methyl salicylate
19<0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
1210.10gamma- muurolene
124tracealpha- muurolene
200.60  myrcene
680.40  myrtenal
720.10  nerol
520.10  nerol oxide
1320.10(E)- nerolidol
99<0.10  neryl acetate
31trace2- nonanone
30<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
134trace  palustrol
810.10  phellandral
240.20alpha- phellandrene
970.103- phenyl propyl acetate
124.60alpha- pinene
184.00beta- pinene
500.10trans- pinocarveol
540.20  pinocarvone
880.10  pinocarvyl acetate
34<0.10  pinol
66<0.10(Z)- piperitol
690.10(E)- piperitol
79trace  piperitone
8traceiso propyl 2-methyl butyrate
62trace4-iso propyl-2-cyclohexenone
530.10  sabinaketone
175.30  sabinene
33<0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
40trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
76trace  sabinol
860.10  sabinyl acetate
112trace  selina-4(15),5-diene
1190.30beta- selinene
1220.30alpha- selinene
116tracegamma- selinene
1350.80  spathulenol
594.30  terpinen-4-ol
261.30alpha- terpinene
321.80gamma- terpinene
633.10alpha- terpineol
560.60delta- terpineol
370.70  terpinolene
900.90delta- terpinyl acetate
939.80alpha- terpinyl acetate
130.102,4(10)- thujadiene
800.504- thujen-2-alpha-yl acetate
110.60alpha- thujene
44tracebeta- thujone
82trace  thymol
10<0.10  tricyclene
1170.102- tridecanone
58trace  umbellulone
850.202- undecanone
1430.20  valerianol
70<0.10  verbenone
1370.30  viridiflorol
980.10alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 95, (2001)
lime oil distilled mexico
610.70(E)-alpha- bergamotene
590.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
750.01(E)-gamma- bisabolene
730.04(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
721.04beta- bisabolene
850.06alpha- bisabolol
340.08iso borneol
370.69 borneol + nonanol
20.02  bornylene
830.04alpha- cadinol
820.02T-cadinol + T-muurolol
70.53  camphene
840.04  campherenol
140.01delta-3- carene
43tracetrans- carveol
460.01  carvone
600.60beta- caryophyllene
790.07  caryophyllene alcohol
152.321,4- cineole
440.02  citronellol
171.89para- cymene
420.20  decanal
540.04 decanoic acid + neryl acetate
490.09 decanol + geranial
200.682,2-dimethyl-5(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran + (E)-beta-ocimene
580.08  dodecanal
650.04  dodecanol
57tracebeta- elemene
530.06delta- elemene
810.05gamma- eudesmol
710.68(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
60.21alpha- fenchene
270.79alpha- fenchol
470.02  geraniol
560.10  geranyl acetate
770.03  germacrene B
630.09alpha- humulene
1846.86 limonene + 1,8-cineole
250.19 linalool + undecane
230.02(Z)- linalool oxide
248.43(E)-linalool oxide + terpinolene + unknown
290.02(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
31trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
390.13para-methyl acetophenone + para-cymen-8-ol
670.03alpha- muurolene
111.34 myrcene + dihydro-1,8-cineole
280.08  myrcenol
450.02  neral
780.01(E)- nerolidol
260.03  nonanal
10.03  nonane
190.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
120.04  octanal
220.02  octanol
500.02  perillaldehyde
130.46alpha- phellandrene
51.02alpha- pinene
101.34beta- pinene
480.01  piperitone
90.02  sabinene
510.01  sabinyl acetate
640.04beta- santalene
860.01  selin-7(11)-en-4-ol
760.05  selina-3,7(11)-diene
660.13  selina-4,11-diene
680.01beta- selinene
690.20delta- selinene
700.17alpha-selinene + (Z)-alpha-bisabolene
740.05epi-alpha-selinene + delta-cadinene
301.20  terpinen-1-ol
380.97  terpinen-4-ol
162.84alpha- terpinene
2111.02gamma- terpinene
320.81(E)-beta- terpineol
360.22(Z)-beta- terpineol
407.90alpha- terpineol
411.21gamma- terpineol
800.02  tetradecanal
40.01alpha- thujene
30.02  tricyclene
80.222,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl tetrahydropyran
520.03  undecanal
550.03  undecanol

T. S. Chamblee and B. C. Clark, Lemon and lime citrus essential oils. Analysis and organoleptic evaluation. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 88-102, ACS Symp. Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

marjoram oil spain
26trace  borneol
37tracealpha- cadinol
30.40  camphene
18trace  camphor
36trace  carvacrol
210.40beta- caryophyllene
310.30  caryophyllene oxide
942.601,8- cineole
290.10  citronellol
130.30para- cymene
330.30  elemol
270.40  geranial
300.10  geraniol
280.20  geranyl acetate
82.10  limonene
1932.80  linalool
170.80(E)- linalool oxide
150.80(Z)- linalool oxide
200.50  linalyl acetate
61.40  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.00alpha- pinene
42.60beta- pinene
52.20  sabinene
160.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.20  spathulenol
220.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
241.10gamma- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene
35trace  thymol
230.10(Z)- verbenol
320.35  viridiflorol

M. C. Soriano, J. A. Sotomayor, E. Correal, P. Sanchez Gomez and C. Garcia-Vallejo, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Thymus x arundanas Willk. and its parents T. mastichina L. and T. baeticus Boiss ex Lacaita. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 593-594 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia
161.00  bicyclogermacrene
170.60delta- cadinene
240.70T- cadinol
272.10alpha- cadinol
40.90  camphene
180.60  citronellol
200.20epi- cubenol
190.30  cubenol
120.10para- cymene
3trace fenchene
150.30  germacrene D
210.40  globulol
930.50  limonene
250.80T- muurolol
260.30alpha- muurolol
720.80  myrcene
100.70beta- phellandrene
226.90alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
60.80  sabinene
233.60  spathulenol
80.50alpha- terpinene
110.70gamma- terpinene
140.40alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
10.80  tricyclene
220.30  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 108, (2001)
mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france
240.40  aromadendrene
290.80  bicyclogermacrene
330.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
190.80beta- bourbonene
470.60 cadinadienol
341.10gamma- cadinene
372.60delta- cadinene
440.10T- cadinol
461.60alpha- cadinol
360.20(Z)- calamenene
2211.80beta- caryophyllene
410.90  caryophyllene oxide
182.00alpha- copaene
230.40beta- copaene
110.10  cryptone
150.10alpha- cubebene
350.20  cubebol
300.101-epi- cubenol
160.60  cyclosativene
70.40para- cymene
212.10beta- elemene
140.50delta- elemene
280.50(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
321.30  germacrene A
381.40  germacrene B
2721.60  germacrene D
400.30  germacrene D-4-ol
256.10alpha- humulene
422.70  humulene oxide II
91.10  limonene
100.50  linalool
261.10gamma- muurolene
311.10alpha- muurolene
390.70(E)- nerolidol
50.902- pentyl furan
80.80beta- phellandrene
60.10  phenyl acetaldehyde
29.60alpha- pinene
45.20beta- pinene
31.30  sabinene
201.40  sativene
120.50  terpinen-4-ol
130.50alpha- terpineol
11.30alpha- thujene
430.10  widdrol
170.90alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 31, (2001)
nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey
121.30  bicyclogermacrene
310.20alpha- bisabolol
32.90beta- bourbonene
200.60nor bourbonone
330.10alpha- cadinol
301.00  carvacrol
385.10 caryophylenol II
370.30 caryophylla-2(12),6-dien-5-ol
360.40 caryophylla-2(12),6(13)-dien-5a-ol
52.70beta- caryophyllene
184.30iso caryophyllene oxide
1939.20  caryophyllene oxide
10.301,8- cineole
20.40alpha- copaene
270.303,4- dimethyl-5-pentylidene-2(5H)-furanone
320.30alpha- eudesmol
80.50(Z)-beta- farnesene
150.20(E)- geranyl acetone
113.80  germacrene D
410.40  heptacosane
420.50  hexadecanoic acid
240.90  hexahydrofanesyl acetone
260.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
100.50alpha- humulene
70.30iso humulene
163.00isohumulene oxide
224.70  humulene oxide II
230.10  humulene oxide III
170.50beta- ionone
60.20  myrtenal
140.20  myrtenol
130.20  naphthalene
210.10(E)- nerolidol
390.70  pentacosane
401.40  phytol
40.10  pinocarvone
259.70  spathulenol
291.20  thymol
350.70  tricosane
90.10(E)- verbenol
origanum majorana oil cuba
353.27  bicyclogermacrene
36tracebeta- bisabolene
270.49  bornyl acetate
310.10beta- bourbonene
37tracedelta- cadinene
41tracealpha- cadinol
30.81  camphene
213.43  camphor
290.46  carvacrol
323.11beta- caryophyllene
390.70  caryophyllene oxide
94.98para- cymene
30tracedelta- elemene
341.24  germacrene D
400.09  globulol
330.27alpha- humulene
102.12  limonene
1716.41  linalool
150.17(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
260.25  linalyl acetate
200.40(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
191.22(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
61.21  myrcene
120.22(E)-beta- ocimene
111.84(Z)-beta- ocimene
4trace1- octen-3-ol
182.081- octen-3-yl acetate
70.11alpha- phellandrene
20.64alpha- pinene
54.60beta- pinene
250.11(E)- piperitol
240.22(Z)- piperitol
142.26(Z)- sabinene hydrate
381.07  spathulenol
2217.67  terpinen-4-ol
83.32alpha- terpinene
138.34gamma- terpinene
233.19alpha- terpineol
161.52  terpinolene
10.33alpha- thujene
2811.55  thymol

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado, M. Estarrón and V. Fuentes, Essential oil of majoram (Origanum majorana L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res. 9, 479-480 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

origanum vulgare ssp. vulgare oil himalaya
75.30delta- cadinene
62.80gamma- cadinene
111.40alpha- cadinol
82.60(E)- calamenene
102.50  caryophyllene oxide
95.90  elemol
20.60  geraniol
562.00gamma- muurolene
11.00  sabinene
41.10(E)- sabinyl acetate
31.30neoisothujyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 441, (2000)
pelargonium capitatum l. l'hér. ex aiton oil cuba
50.10  borneol
150.80beta- bourbonene
282.40alpha- bulnesene
471.00  cadalene
290.10gamma- cadinene
322.60delta- cadinene
450.20alpha- cadinol
340.30alpha- calacorene
350.10beta- calacorene
310.20(Z)- calamenene
183.20beta- caryophyllene
3814.70  caryophyllene oxide
825.60  citronellol
120.10  citronellyl acetate
102.50  citronellyl formate
140.20alpha- copaene
130.10alpha- cubebene
300.60  cubebol
430.60  cubenol
160.70beta- elemene
530.80  ethyl hexadecanoate
203.00(Z)-beta- farnesene
490.40(Z,E)- farnesol
510.20(E,E)- farnesol
520.40(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
91.90  geraniol
360.10  geranyl butyrate
230.30  geranyl propionate
251.80  germacrene D
390.10  gleenol
197.20alpha- guaiene
270.20(Z)-beta- guaiene
210.70alpha- humulene
401.80  humulene oxide II
460.5014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
410.40(E)-sesqui lavandulol
10.10  linalool
170.10  longifolene
40.30iso menthone
240.10gamma- muurolene
420.40epi-alpha- muurolol
500.40(E)- nerolidol acetate
480.90(Z)- nerolidyl acetate
220.60alpha- patchoulene
25.50(Z)- rose oxide
34.50(E)- rose oxide
440.40  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
260.30beta- selinene
372.00  spathulenol
60.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.20alpha- terpineol
110.10  thymol
333.60 unknown MW 218
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 21, (2001)
phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece
240.40beta- bisabolene
2512.60gamma- bisabolene
323.50beta- bisabolol
132.60beta- bourbonene
261.80delta- cadinene
311.10alpha- cadinol
168.70beta- caryophyllene
281.90  caryophyllene oxide
291.00epi- cedrol
121.20alpha- copaene
101.90alpha- cubebene
140.80beta- cubebene
230.30  cuparene
80.30  decanal
150.30beta- elemene
90.20delta- elemene
191.20(E)-beta- farnesene
170.80(Z)-beta- farnesene
270.90  germacrene B
2017.80  germacrene D
360.60  heneicosane
353.60  hexadecanoic acid
181.20alpha- humulene
40.40  limonene
60.70  linalool
220.30alpha- muurolene
301.00epi-alpha- muurolol
340.30  nonadecane
70.50  nonanal
50.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
28.90alpha- pinene
30.20beta- pinene
10.40alpha- thujene
372.30  tricosane
333.106,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
111.70alpha- ylangene
210.80  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 355, (2000)
pimenta dioica leaf oil
182.77alpha- amorphene
172.13allo- aromadendrene
220.49  cadina-1,4-diene
215.49delta- cadinene
284.94alpha- cadinol
276.64T- cadinol
231.23alpha- calacorene
2011.12 calamenene + gamma-cadinene
131.00  carvacrol
110.10  carvone
151.00beta- caryophyllene
242.69  caryophyllene oxide
514.501,8- cineole
41.87para- cymene
250.52alpha- eudesmol
260.82beta- eudesmol
1428.04  eugenol
1610.12alpha- humulene
60.10  limonene
90.56  menthol
100.09  methyl chavocol
191.76alpha- muurolene
20.19  myrcene
31.12alpha- phellandrene
10.56alpha- pinene
70.56gamma- terpinene
81.38  terpinolene
121.00  thymol

J. A. Pino, J. Garcia and M. A. Martinez, Solvent extraction and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Pimenta dioica Merrill leaf. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 689-691 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil
In 1991, Tucker et al. analyzed the chemical composition of two commercial samples of the leaf oil of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore var. racemosa using both GC and GC/MS. The components that were identified were as follows:
370.00-0.39alpha- amorphene
380.00-0.09  aromadendrene
400.00-0.28allo- aromadendrene
410.00-<0.01beta- cadinene
490.28-1.03delta- cadinene
470.05-0.15gamma- cadinene
550.00-0.30alpha- cadinol
530.00-<0.01gamma- cadinol
48<0.01-0.07(Z)- calamenene
30.00-0.14  camphene
210.00-<0.01  camphor
360.64-7.24beta- caryophyllene
420.00-0.17beta- chamigrene
26<0.01-15.51  chavicol
141.38-1.391,8- cineole
270.00-0.11(E)- cinnamaldehyde
320.32-0.41alpha- copaene
300.00-<0.01alpha- cubebene
230.00-<0.01para- cymen-8-ol
19<0.01-0.97para- cymene
120.00-0.30alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
330.00-0.20beta- elemene
3144.41-68.93  eugenol
500.00-0.51  eugenyl acetate
460.00-0.59alpha- farnesene
290.00-0.22  geranial
280.00-0.12  geraniol
520.00-0.36  globulol
350.00-0.13alpha- gurjunene
390.15-1.31alpha- humulene
132.07-3.90  limonene
200.13-3.63  linalool
250.03-0.05  methyl chavicol
340-11.88  methyl eugenol
450.00-0.05alpha- muurolene
80.10-16.17  myrcene
160.08-1.42(E)-beta- ocimene
150.08-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.00-0.843- octanol
70.00-1.103- octanone
50.00-1.741- octen-3-ol
100.07-0.45alpha- phellandrene
20.46-0.47alpha- pinene
60.00-0.09beta- pinene
40.00-<0.1  sabinene
440.00-0.63alpha- selinene
430.00-0.33beta- selinene
510.00-0.12  spathulenol
220.05-0.90  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.19alpha- terpinene
17<0.01-0.16gamma- terpinene
240.14-0.52alpha- terpineol
180.09-0.24  terpinolene
10.0-<0.1alpha- thujene

A. Tucker, M. J. Macirarello, R. P. Adams, L. R. Landrum and T. A. Zanoni, Volatile leaf oils of Caribbean Myrtaceae 1. Three varieties of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore of the Dominican Republic and the commerciai bay oil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 3, 323-329 (1991).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil clove
250.8delta- cadinene
270.2alpha- cadinol
240.2  calamenene
200.6beta- caryophyllene
260.1  caryophyllene oxide
1517.1  chavicol
51.21,8- cineole
180.4alpha- copaene
100.1para- cymen-8-ol
40.3para- cymene
1756.1  eugenol
160.3  geranial
140.2  geraniol
220.3  germacrene D
210.2alpha- humulene
60.8  limonene
86.0  linalool
70.1(E)- linalool oxide
120.1  methyl chavicol
191.4  methyl eugenol
36.4  myrcene
130.1  neral
12.03- octanol
21.03- octanone
110.5alpha- terpineol
91.2  verbenol

J. Abaul, P. Bourgeois and J. M. Bessiere, Chemical composition of the essential oils of chemotypes of Pimenta racemosa var. racemosa (P. Miller) J. W. Moore (Bois d’ lnde) of Guadaloupe (F. W. I.). Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 319-321 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon
 0.02(E)-2- hexenal
 0.15(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
 0.05  hexanol
 0.02alpha- thujene
 0.19alpha- pinene
 1.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
 0.161- octen-3-ol
 0.31 dehydro-1,8-cineole
 4.60  myrcene
 0.14alpha- phellandrene
 0.02alpha- terpinene
 0.18para- cymene
 1.701,8-cineole + limonene
 0.04(Z)-beta- ocimene
 0.04gamma- terpinene
 0.06(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 0.07(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
 0.03  terpinolene
 3.40  linalool
 0.16 cyclocitral
 0.14  menthadienol
 0.04  citronellal
 1.10  verbenol
 0.12  menthadienol
 1.80  menthadienol
 0.15iso piperitenol
 0.06(E)-2-nonen-1-ol + (Z)-4-decen-1-al
 0.12  carveol
 31.70  neral
 7.50  geraniol
 41.30  geranial
 0.01  geranyl formate
 0.01  carvacrol
 0.08  citronellyl acetate
 0.10 neric acid
 0.75  eugenol
 0.09  neryl acetate
 0.07  geranic acid
 0.43  geranyl acetate
 0.02beta- caryophyllene
 0.01alpha- humulene
 0.05  germacrene D
 0.01  viridiflorene
 0.02gamma- muurolene
 0.01delta- cadinene
 0.03  caryophyllene oxide
 0.02alpha- cadinol
pinus mugo turra var. pumilio (haenke) zenari oil
36trace  bisabolol
230.43  bornyl acetate
200.13beta- bourbonene
3111.89delta-cadinene + geranyl acetate
375.82alpha- cadinol
342.17T- cadinol
320.13  calamenene
45.24  camphene
711.77delta-3- carene
260.40beta- caryophyllene
190.62alpha- copaene
180.33alpha- cubebene
140.09para- cymene
254.81beta- elemene
297.62  germacrene D
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
270.86alpha- humulene
109.13  limonene
210.07  linalool
220.10  linalyl acetate
150.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
301.87alpha- muurolene
351.51alpha- muurolol
81.52  myrcene
130.33beta- ocimene
110.42beta- phellandrene
39.95alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
60.30  sabinene
10.17  santene
330.24  spathulenol
240.39  terpinen-4-ol
90.13alpha- terpinene
120.23gamma- terpinene
280.10alpha- terpineol
162.15  terpinolene
20.38  tricyclene

M. Yatagai and T. Sato, Terpenes of leaf oils from conifers. Biochem. System. Ecol., 14, 469-478 (1986).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
The following year, Orav et al. (1996) analyzed an oil of Estonian P sylvestris needle oil. Using a combination of CC and CC/MS they determined that the oil was coin prised of the following constituents:
280.20  bicyclogermacrene
150.30  borneol
241.80  bornyl acetate
410.10beta- bourbonene
380.10a cadinene
364.80delta- cadinene
341.20gamma- cadinene
482.70alpha- cadinol
330.20  calamenene
63.40  camphene
13trace  camphor
1623.70delta-3- carene
432.90beta- caryophyllene
424.90  caryophyllene oxide
21trace  citronellol
350.10alpha- copaene
450.10beta- copaene
200.10para- cymene
390.30beta- elemene
310.80alpha- farnesene
400.20beta- farnesene
22trace  geraniol
32trace geranyl acetate + alpha-ylangene
230.10alpha- guaiene
470.50alpha- humulene
50.80  limonene
370.10  longifolene
302.80alpha- muurolene
272.00gamma- muurolene
250.30epsilon-muurolene + beta-guaiene
461.00T- muurolol
440.70alpha-muurolol + T-cadinol
122.10  myrcene
29trace neryl acetate + alpha-cubebene
71.50(E)-beta- ocimene
140.20alpha- phellandrene
21.00beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
428.10alpha- pinene
102.10beta- pinene
81.00  sabinene
170.40  terpinen-4-ol
180.20alpha- terpinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
112.60  terpinolene
260.60alpha-terpinyl acetate + delta-elemene
30.20alpha- thujene
10.70  tricyclene

A. Orav, T. Kalias and M. Liiv, Analysis of terpenoic composition of conifer needle oils by steam distillation/extraction gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Chromatographia, 43, 215-219 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil
191.60alpha- agarofuran
260.20  bulnesol
181.30delta- cadinene
242.40alpha- cadinol
25.30  camphene
60.40delta-3- carene
142.30beta- caryophyllene
120.20alpha- copaene
100.30alpha- cubebene
130.60beta- elemene
90.20delta- elemene
206.70beta- elemol
217.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
231.60beta- eudesmol
221.00gamma- eudesmol
150.90alpha- humulene
70.70  limonene
80.30para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
162.90gamma- muurolene
50.50  myrcene
110.20alpha- pinene
47.40beta- pinene
33.50  sabinene
252.10  valerianol
110.90alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 443, (2000)
polyalthia australis (benth.) jessup leaf oil australia
130.40allo- aromadendrene
110.20  aromadendrene
30.20  bicycloelemene
214.30  bicyclogermacrene
50.30beta- bourbonene
240.30  cadina-1,4-diene
230.50gamma- cadinene
221.20delta- cadinene
320.90T- cadinol
350.80alpha- cadinol
260.30  calacorene
250.30  calamenene
107.50beta- caryophyllene
279.50  caryophyllene oxide
42.70alpha- copaene
10.30alpha- cubebene
70.30beta- cubebene
91.00beta- elemene
20.40delta- elemene
186.80  germacrene D
291.50  globulol
6tracealpha- gurjunene
152.40alpha- humulene
331.10T- muurolol
340.60alpha- muurolol
191.50beta- selinene
201.10alpha- selinene
3118.60  spathulenol
121.10 unknown a
140.10 unknown b
160.90 unknown c
282.20 unknown d
170.60  viridiflorene
301.10  viridiflorol
80.30beta- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey
331.90  bicyclogermacrene
402.10alpha- bisabolol
351.70delta- cadinene
391.30alpha- cadinol
71.00delta-3- carene
270.70beta- caryophyllene
381.40  caryophyllene oxide
230.30alpha- copaene
141.40meta- cresol
170.10para- cresyl acetate
210.60  cryptone
320.20ar- curcumene
200.60meta- cymen-8-ol
910.90para- cymene
240.30  daucene
290.30(E)-beta- farnesene
361.50  germacrene B
311.10  germacrene D
280.60alpha- humulene
160.10para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
262.20  methyl eugenol
340.30alpha- muurolene
300.30gamma- muurolene
51.40  myrcene
123.20(E)-beta- ocimene
114.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
66.30alpha- phellandrene
107.80beta- phellandrene
26.10alpha- pinene
43.20beta- pinene
34.80  sabinene
371.80  spathulenol
192.00  terpinen-4-ol
80.50alpha- terpinene
137.00gamma- terpinene
151.10  terpinolene
10.30alpha- thujene
223.50  thymol
183.90 unknown a
251.20 unknown b
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 183, (2000)
pteronia incana oil
301.20  bicyclogermacrene
500.70alpha- bisabolol
350.30alpha- cadinene
312.30delta- cadinene
510.50alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
430.70alpha- calacorene
490.50  carvacrol
370.30trans- carveol
400.20cis- carveol
203.20beta- caryophyllene
440.10  caryophyllene oxide
89.001,8- cineole
330.50  cuminaldehyde
322.10ar- curcumene
380.80para- cymen-8-ol
1011.30para- cymene
180.10alpha- fenchyl alcohol
390.30  geranyl acetone
521.50epi- globulol
241.20alpha- humulene
283.10  ledene
77.00  limonene
150.90  linalool
120.30  methyl caproate
140.20  methyl caprylate
457.20  methyl eugenol
291.10  muurolene
480.80T- muurolol
410.30  myrcene
210.50  myrtenal
340.70  myrtenol
250.10  myrtenyl acetate
460.80(E)- nerolidol
50.40alpha- phellandrene
118.60alpha- pinene
232.50beta- pinene
221.30trans- pinocarveol
170.10iso pulegol
160.10neoiso pulegol
13trace  pyronene
37.40  sabinene
420.10(E)- sabinol
360.30(Z)- sabinol
531.40iso spathulenol
195.30  terpinen-4-ol
60.20alpha- terpinene
261.30alpha- terpineol
230.40delta- terpineol
110.10  terpinolene
270.80alpha- terpinyl acetate

K. Bruns and M. Meiertoberens, Volatile Constituents of Pteronia incana (Compositae). Flav. Frag. J., 2, 157-162 (1987).

P&F 14, No. 1, 29, (1989)

rhizophora mangle bark oil cuba
46trace(Z)- asarone
80.10  benzaldehyde
270.10  benzothiazole
21trace  borneol
480.20alpha- cadinol
410.10alpha- calacorene
390.10(E)- calamenene
180.10  camphor
28tracetrans- carveol
430.10  caryophyllene oxide
120.30para- cymene
150.10para- cymenene
330.10(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
20.10  dihydro-3,5-dimethyl-2(3H)-furanone
250.10(E)- dihydrocarvone
360.201,2- dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl) benzene
200.101,3- dimethoxybenzene
400.20  elemicin
410.00  ethyl acetate
5trace  ethyl benzene
440.10  ethyl laurate
300.10  ethyl salicylate
31trace  geranial
6trace  heptanal
30.20  hexanal
291.504- hydroxy-3-methyl benzaldehyde
370.10(E)-beta- ionone
541.10  kaurene
130.10  limonene
170.10  linalool
14trace(Z)- linalool oxide
5595.50  manool
512.1013-epi- manool
539.6013-epi- manoyl oxide
5229.90  manoyl oxide
19traceiso menthone
70.10  methoxybenzene
350.401-(4- methoxyphenyl)-2-propanone
240.20  methyl chavicol
90.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
500.406- methyl-8-(2,6,6-trimethyl cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-octen-2-one
470.10epi-alpha- muurolol
420.40(E)- nerolidol
160.10  nonanal
110.102- pentyl furan
10trace  phenol
492.20  phytol
1trace  pyridine
220.80  terpinen-4-ol
230.40alpha- terpineol
450.201,2,3,4- tetramethoxy-5-(2-propenyl)-benzene
320.70  thymol
568.60 unknown a
577.50 unknown b
5814.50 unknown c
26trace  verbenone
in mg/kg. J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 88, (2001)
rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil CO2 extract
42trace  abietatriene
340.41beta- bisabolene
1515.56  borneol
234.94iso bornyl acetate
360.35delta- cadinene
350.26gamma- cadinene
250.19alpha- cadinol
370.15  calamenene
23.11  camphene
1215.33  camphor
40.39delta-3- carene
220.26  carvone
282.22beta- caryophyllene
390.37  caryophyllene oxide
400.20 cedrane diol
1020.021,8- cineole
260.43alpha- cubebene
311.28ar- curcumene
81.81para- cymene
200.39  dihydrocarveol
380.37  farnesene
300.38beta- gurjunene
90.51  limonene
113.53  linalool
210.48  linalyl acetate
270.12  methyl eugenol
330.20alpha- muurolene
60.35  myrcene
161.17  nonanol
41trace  octadecane
50.181- octen-3-ol
130.80 pinanone
18.30alpha- pinene
70.74beta- pinene
140.39  pinocarvone
30.32  sabinene
290.41alpha- santalene
320.16alpha- selinene
171.00  terpinen-4-ol
181.95alpha- terpineol
240.69  thymol
43trace  totarol
198.36  verbenone

E. Reverchon and F. Senatore, Isolation of rosemary oil: Comparison between hydrodistillation and supercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 227-230 (1992).

P&F 17, No. 6, 51, (1992)

salvia officinalis oil reunion
This same year, Vera et al. (1999) analyzed an oil of S. officinalis produced from plants grown in Reunion. In this oil they characterized the following components:
370.10  aromadendrene
310.40  bornyl acetate
43tracegamma- cadinene
49tracealpha- cadinol
52.80  camphene
2015.90  camphor
8tracedelta-3- carene
32trace  carvacrol
260.20trans- carveol
27tracecis- carveol
360.60beta- caryophyllene
450.20  caryophyllene oxide
115.801,8- cineole
100.40para- cymene
50tracealpha- eudesmol
48tracebeta- eudesmol
34trace  eugenol
29trace  geraniol
350.40  geranyl acetate
39trace  germacrene D
381.60alpha- humulene
470.30  humulene oxide
121.30  limonene
18trace  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
510.50  manool
400.10gamma- muurolene
24trace  myrtenol
28trace  neral
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
70.80alpha- phellandrene
35.40alpha- pinene
41.90beta- pinene
22trace(E)- piperitol
250.20(Z)- piperitol
60.20  sabinene
41tracebeta- selinene
44trace  spathulenol
210.90  terpinen-4-ol
9tracealpha- terpinene
140.30gamma- terpinene
230.60alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
33tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
20.20alpha- thujene
19traceiso thujol
1645.50alpha- thujone
178.40beta- thujone
10.10  tricyclene
42trace  viridiflorene
461.70  viridiflorol

R. R. Vera, J. Chane-Ming and D. Fraisse, Chemical composition of the essential oil of sage (Salvia officinalis L.) from Reunion Island. J. Essent. Oil Res., 11, 399-402 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
1470.47alpha- amorphene
1461.43allo- aromadendrene
1620.18  aromadendrene
1751.29  bicyclogermacrene
1740.72beta- bisabolene
1163.54  borneol
1590.16  bornyl acetate
1510.08gamma- cadinene
1510.53delta- cadinene
2180.15T- cadinol
 0.41alpha- cadinol
15313.08  camphor
1150.03delta-3- carene
1290.83  carvacrol
1610.19beta- caryophyllene
1570.16  caryophyllene oxide
1036.661,8- cineole
1490.01alpha- copaene
1490.34epi- cubebol
1180.17para- cymen-8-ol
1021.52para- cymene
1380.06beta- damascenone
1380.16beta- elemene
1330.07delta- elemene
 0.47beta- eudesmol
1350.83  eugenol
1500.24(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
1141.01 geigerene
1850.33  geraniol
1850.08  germacrene B
1721.18  germacrene D
8781.29  hexanol
1453.71alpha- humulene
1600.25  humulene oxide II
1550.68  linalool
1070.13(Z)- linalool oxide
1230.08  linalyl acetate
 2.2213-epi- manool
1400.18  methyl eugenol
1190.28  myrtanol
1190.55  myrtenal
1561.41(E)- nerolidol
9391.26alpha- pinene
1060.19(Z)- sabinene hydrate
1210.18(Z)- sabinol
1570.08  spathulenol
1170.09  terpinen-4-ol
1700.91alpha- terpineol
1182.42delta- terpineol
1701.81alpha- terpinyl acetate
1033.08alpha- thujene
11014.77alpha- thujone
1114.30beta- thujone
1290.37  thymol
1010.23  tricyclene
1100.48  undecane
1592.66  viridiflorol
1490.04alpha- ylangene
Overall, it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seeds. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
salvia plebeia oil
Chemical Composition of Salvia plebeian R.Br. Essential Oil and its Larvicidal Activity against Aedes aegypti L Shanliang Zhu, Xin Chao Liu, Zhi Long Liu* and Xiaofeng Xu
1060.21  acetophenone
1441.22  aromadendrene
1170.55  borneol
1280.50  bornyl acetate
1675.28  cadalene
1515.30gamma- cadinene
16410.21T- cadinol
1655.08alpha- cadinol
1542.75alpha- calacorene
1529.63  calamenene
1140.08  camphor
1400.91(Z)- caryophyllene
1420.88  caryophyllene
15815.54  caryophyllene oxide
1030.181,8- cineole
1375.70  copaene
1342.88alpha- cubebene
1380.62beta- cubebene
1530.88  cubenene
1360.11  cyclosativene
1541.16  elemol
16314.04gamma- eudesmol
1350.78  eugenol
1080.16  fenchone
1560.27  germacrene B
1565.14  ledol
1090.48  linalool
1070.19(Z)- linalool oxide
1471.84gamma- muurolene
1505.19alpha- muurolene
9910.11  myrcene
1570.21  spathulenol
1370.24  ylangene
salvia sclarea oil spain
6trace  amyl butyrate
390.52  bicyclogermacrene
150.12  borneol
241.11  bornyl acetate
300.27beta- bourbonene
350.14alpha- cadinene
420.22gamma- cadinene
511.10alpha- cadinol
45tracebeta- calacorene
440.77(Z)-calamenene + germacrene B
2trace  camphene
334.80beta- caryophyllene
470.99  caryophyllene oxide
320.14alpha- cedrene
70.831,8-cineole + limonene
260.36alpha- cubebene
480.16  cubenol
280.27beta- damascenone
180.11  dihydrocarveol
310.43beta- elemene
25tracedelta- elemene
500.73beta- eudesmol
410.27(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
360.14(Z)-beta- farnesene
220.93  geranial
201.12  geraniol
291.62  geranyl acetate
230.25  geranyl formate
377.57  germacrene D
340.14beta- gurjunene
1432.97  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2116.85  linalyl acetate
540.55  manool
52trace  manoyl oxide
531.1413-epi- manoyl oxide
400.40alpha- muurolene
490.42alpha- muurolol
51.61  myrcene
190.72  nerol
43trace(Z)- nerolidol
271.17  neryl acetate
90.94(E)-beta- ocimene
80.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.41beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
550.45  sclareol
460.12  spathulenol
16trace  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
175.63alpha- terpineol
130.37  terpinolene
382.84  valencene

M. E. Torres, A. Velasco-Negueruela, M. J. Perez-Alonso and M. G. Pinilla, Volatile constituents of two Salvia species grown wild in Spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 27-33 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

salvia sclarea seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
1460.06allo- aromadendrene
1494.29  bicyclogermacrene
1530.35beta- bourbonene
1770.24delta- cadinene
1640.52T- cadinol
1640.88alpha- cadinol
1540.10alpha- calacorene
1291.93  carvacrol
1410.24beta- caryophyllene
2003.18  caryophyllene oxide
1210.121,8- cineole
1374.08alpha- copaene
1342.86alpha- cubebene
1540.72beta- cubebene
1900.24epi- cubenol
1020.12para- cymene
1470.85delta- elemene
 1.72beta- eudesmol
1252.79  geraniol
1381.94  geranyl acetate
1551.29  germacrene B
1475.88  germacrene D
8520.03(E)-2- hexenal
1450.08alpha- humulene
1591.55  humulene oxide I
1030.17  limonene
10924.25  linalool
1236.90  linalyl acetate
 0.5913-epi- manool
1220.98  nerol
1730.36  neryl acetate
1030.03beta- phellandrene
9390.27alpha- pinene
2140.03  spathulenol
1610.37  terpinen-4-ol
1180.20alpha- terpineol
1180.20delta- terpineol
1350.29alpha- terpinyl acetate
9307.48alpha- thujene
2190.10  thymol
9270.08  tricyclene
1100.75  undecane
1370.24alpha- ylangene
Overall, it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seeds. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
satureja viminea oil costa rica
30tracebeta- bourbonene
360.60delta- cadinene
350.20gamma- cadinene
420.10alpha- cadinol
40traceT- cadinol
5trace  camphene
323.60beta- caryophyllene
130.101,8- cineole
290.30alpha- copaene
11tracepara- cymene
17tracepara- cymenene
31tracealpha- gurjunene
1trace(E)-2- hexenal
20.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
331.30alpha- humulene
121.00  limonene
180.50  linalool
1940.00para- menth-3-en-8-ol
155.20para- mentha-3,8-diene
200.10  menthofuran
340.60gamma- muurolene
410.10T- muurolol
8trace  myrcene
230.20  myrtenal
270.10  neral
370.20(E)- nerolidol
28trace  neryl acetate
9tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
70.50beta- pinene
260.70  piperitenone
2535.30  pulegone
210.60iso pulegone
60.20  sabinene
380.50  spathulenol
220.10  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
14tracegamma- terpinene
240.10alpha- terpineol
160.90  terpinolene
30.10alpha- thujene
39trace  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 279, (2000)
schinus molle leaf oil
211.71delta- cadinene
31tracealpha- cadinol
274.70T- cadinol
230.93  calamenene
2trace  camphene
160.47beta- caryophyllene
140.02alpha- copaene
130.01alpha- cubebene
100.59para- cymene
150.01beta- elemene
18tracegamma- elemene
2413.25  elemol
30tracealpha- eudesmol
263.24gamma- eudesmol
205.21  germacrene D
22tracebeta- guaiene
190.39alpha- humulene
89.27  limonene
12trace  methyl octanoate
29tracealpha- muurolol
28traceT- muurolol
5trace  myrcene
252.94  neryl hexanoate
630.24alpha- phellandrene
99.63beta- phellandrene
11.46alpha- pinene
30.10beta- pinene
40.67  sabinene
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
70.02alpha- terpinene
110.20  terpinolene

M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from Schinus molle berries and leaves. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 49 -52 (1990).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

sideritis montana oil bulgaria
1110.90  bicyclogermacrene
42.20alpha- bourbonene
121.20delta- cadinene
150.80alpha- cadinol
141.80T- cadinol
78.80beta- caryophyllene
60.50beta- cedrene
31.20alpha- copaene
52.00beta- elemene
15.60delta- elemene
88.30(Z)-beta- farnesene
1041.10  germacrene D
91.60alpha- humulene
130.80  nerolidol
21.10  neryl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 418, (2000)
sideritis scardica oil bulgaria
144.50  bicyclogermacrene
60.70alpha- bourbonene
153.50delta- cadinene
185.20alpha- cadinol
918.80beta- caryophyllene
81.50beta- cedrene
51.70alpha- copaene
134.40ar- curcumene
70.50beta- elemene
40.80delta- elemene
175.80  elemol
106.60(Z)-beta- farnesene
194.30  farnesol
126.60  germacrene D
112.20alpha- humulene
30.70  limonene
22.10  myrcene
1612.10  nerolidol
11.40alpha- pinene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 418, (2000)
stachys recta oil serbia
180.20allo- aromadendrene
16trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
132.90beta- bourbonene
210.10delta- cadinene
310.60alpha- cadinol
120.10  camphor
172.60beta- caryophyllene
264.60  caryophyllene oxide
40.501,8- cineole
150.10beta- cubebene
8tracepara- cymene
230.90(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
301.70  eugenol
241.30  geranyl acetate
90.70(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
273.80  humulene oxide
250.40beta- ionone
30.20  limonene
142.00  linalool
220.20  methyl salicylate
283.60  nerolidol
5trace(E)-beta- ocimene
70.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
100.60  octanol
1119.701- octen-3-ol
10.50alpha- pinene
21.30beta- pinene
200.10  piperitone
290.90  spathulenol
60.30gamma- terpinene
191.20alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 455, (2000)
thevetia peruviana (pers.) k. schum. flower oil brazil
75.30  benzofuran
182.80  bicyclogermacrene
192.30delta- cadinene
200.20alpha- cadinol
510.601,8- cineole
152.20alpha- copaene
160.50beta- elemene
210.10(E,E)- farnesol
260.30  heneicosane
310.60  heptacosane
300.10  hexacosane
1717.20(E)-beta- ionone
40.30  limonene
101.202- methyl benzaldehyde
240.20  methyl hexadecanoate
223.10  myristic acid
2522.90  palmitic acid
290.60  pentacosane
230.20  pentadecanoic acid
110.703- phenyl-2-propenal
10.50alpha- pinene
21.70  sabinene
90.60(E)- sabinene hydrate
126.50  terpinen-4-ol
31.20alpha- terpinene
62.00gamma- terpinene
132.00alpha- terpineol
80.50  terpinolene
280.10  tetracosane
271.30  tricosane
140.30alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 322, (2000)
thymus serpyllum oil canada
143.70beta- bisabolene
154.80delta- cadinene
175.90alpha- cadinol
161.00T- cadinol
10.30  camphene
107.00beta- caryophyllene
40.701,8- cineole
60.70para- cymene
133.70  geranyl acetate
31.80  limonene
825.20  linalool
98.30  linalyl acetate
20.50  myrcene
72.101- octen-3-ol
50.50gamma- terpinene
112.90alpha- terpineol
129.60alpha- terpinyl acetate
183.50  thymol

B. M, Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

thymus serpyllum oil france
120.42allo- aromadendrene
190.05alpha- bisabolene
80.24beta- bourbonene
210.33delta- cadinene
302.90alpha- cadinol
283.40T- cadinol
240.33(Z)- calamenene
20.04  camphene
290.30  carvacrol
1113.80beta- caryophyllene
263.00isocaryophyllene oxide + caryophyllene oxide
50.401,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
60.16para- cymene
220.22(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
150.91(E)-beta- farnesene
321.92  farnesol
310.40  farnesyl acetate
170.47  geranial
2511.80  geraniol
2025.00  geranyl acetate
330.09  indole
40.51  limonene
91.60  linalool
162.00gamma- muurolene
130.50  neral
230.70  nerol
277.00  nerolidol
180.60  neryl acetate
100.05(E)-2- nonenal
10.08alpha- pinene
3tracebeta-pinene + sabinene
70.12 rose oxide
141.60alpha- terpineol

G. Vemin, C. Ghiglione and C. Parkanyi, GC-MS-SPECMA bank analysis of Thymus serpyllum (Opiz) Wollm. (wild thyme) from Hautes AIpes (France). In Spices, herbs and edible fungi. Edit., G, Charalambous, pp. 501-515, Developments in Food Science, 34, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1994).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

thymus vulgaris oil red spain
An oil of T. Vulgaris that was produced for two separate seasons in Casolavalsenio, Italy, was subjected to analysis by a combination of GC and GC/MS (Piccaglia and Marotti, 1993). The compounds that were characterized during this analysis were:
19trace  aromadendrene
340.44-0.45  borneol
400.04-0.07  bornyl acetate
16tracebeta- bourbonene
260.11-0.25delta- cadinene
250.06-0.15gamma- cadinene
29trace-0.05alpha- cadinol
28trace-0.09delta- cadinol
30.18-0.46  camphene
33trace-0.30  camphor
90.07-0.13delta-3- carene
420.61-1.72  carvacrol
172.38-4.28beta- caryophyllene
270.29-0.45  caryophyllene oxide
131.96-2.621,8- cineole
44tracealpha- copaene
43trace-0.08  cumin alcohol
36tracepara- cymen-8-ol
1118.60-25.34para- cymene
21trace-0.04(Z)-beta- farnesene
18trace-0.04beta- gurjunene
200.13-0.23alpha- humulene
120.17-0.30  limonene
302.42-2.82  linalool
381.43-1.52  methyl thymol
220.04-0.07alpha- muurolene
24trace-0.08gamma- muurolene
71.40-2.14  myrcene
60.41-0.671- octen-3-ol
80.15-0.19alpha- phellandrene
20.49-1.34alpha- pinene
50.17-0.41beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
350.98-1.10  terpinen-4-ol
101.67-2.34alpha- terpinene
1412.06-12.27gamma- terpinene
370.17-0.26alpha- terpineol
150.18-0.19  terpinolene
10.87-2.10alpha- thujene
310.00-0.51alpha- thujone
320.00-0.15beta- thujone
4116.55-38.24  thymol
39trace  thymoquinone
23trace-0.10  viridiflorene

R. Piccaglia, M. Marotti, E. Giovanelli, S. G. Deans and E. Eaglesham, Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of Mediterranean aromatic plants. Inust. Crops Products, (2), 47-50 (1993).

R. Piccaglia, M. Marotti, Characterization of several aromatic plants grown in northern Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 8, 115-122 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

thymus zygis gracillis herb oil spain
Variations in the chemical composition of the essential oils of T. sygis L. ssp. sylvestris (Hoffm. et Link) Brot. ex. Coutinho and T. sygis L. ssp. gracilis (boiss.) R. Morales from southeastern Spain were determined by Saez (1995). In this study, oils from four collections of each subspecies were examined by GC and GC/MS. A summary of the data obtained from these analyses (Table IV) shows that different chemotypes of each of the subspecies can be found. Of these, only the thymol chemotypes of T. zygis ssp. gracilis is typical of the red thyme oil in commerce. Only the chemotype thymol will be shown here:
191.63  borneol
141.17iso bornyl acetate
290.05alpha- cadinol
20.30  camphene
110.56  camphor
283.34  carvacrol
160.12beta- caryophyllene
230.07  caryophyllene oxide
71.021,8- cineole
210.08  citronellol
92.95para- cymene
250.08  elemol
220.14  geraniol
200.09  geranyl acetate
60.09  limonene
127.89  linalool
130.06  linalyl acetate
40.06  myrcene
10.04alpha- pinene
30.04beta- pinene
100.36(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.28  spathulenol
151.60  terpinen-4-ol
50.02alpha- terpinene
80.36gamma- terpinene
180.08alpha- terpineol
170.11delta- terpineol
2771.84  thymol
240.08  viridiflorol

F. Saez, Essential oil variability of Thymus zygis growing wild in southeastern Spain. Phytochemistry, 40, 819-825 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

thymus zygis spp. sylvestris herb oil spain
Variations in the chemical composition of the essential oils of T. sygis L. ssp. sylvestris (Hoffm. et Link) Brot. ex. Coutinho and T. sygis L. ssp. gracilis (boiss.) R. Morales from southeastern Spain were determined by Saez (1995). In this study, oils from four collections of each subspecies were examined by GC and GC/MS. A summary of the data obtained from these analyses (Table IV) shows that different chemotypes of each of the subspecies can be found. Of these, only the thymol chemotypes of T. zygis ssp. gracilis is typical of the red thyme oil in commerce. Only the chemotype thymol will be shown here:
234.06  borneol
181.04iso bornyl acetate
300.04alpha- cadinol
31.76  camphene
150.10  camphor
291.66  carvacrol
200.36beta- caryophyllene
270.63  caryophyllene oxide
91.541,8- cineole
250.06  citronellol
1227.63para- cymene
260.39  geraniol
240.24  geranyl acetate
80.13  limonene
165.10  linalool
170.40  linalyl acetate
60.09  myrcene
101.14(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.28alpha- pinene
40.29beta- pinene
50.06  sabinene
140.22(E)- sabinene hydrate
191.15  terpinen-4-ol
71.91alpha- terpinene
1110.95gamma- terpinene
220.04alpha- terpineol
210.03delta- terpineol
130.15  terpinolene
10.08alpha- thujene
2834.18  thymol

F. Saez, Essential oil variability of Thymus zygis growing wild in southeastern Spain. Phytochemistry, 40, 819-825 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

wulffia stenoglossa dc. flower oil brazil
190.20(E)-alpha- bergamotene
225.10  bicyclogermacrene
242.70beta- bisabolene
260.30delta- cadinene
250.10gamma- cadinene
360.40alpha- cadinol
178.80beta- caryophyllene
321.00  caryophyllene oxide
140.10alpha- copaene
152.40beta- copaene
120.60  decanal
310.50  dendrolasin
430.10  docosane
110.10  dodecane
130.30delta- elemene
180.10gamma- elemene
410.10  ethyl hexadecanoate
233.30  germacrene A
290.10  germacrene B
2113.00  germacrene D
330.10  globulol
420.10  heneicosane
470.10  heptacosane
460.10  hexacosane
202.10alpha- humulene
340.10  humulene oxide II
513.60  limonene
70.50  linalool
390.10  methyl hexadecanoate
350.40alpha- muurolol
411.80  myrcene
380.70  myristic acid
300.90(E)- nerolidol
80.20  nonanal
10.20  nonane
617.30(E)-beta- ocimene
404.00  palmitic acid
450.30  pentacosane
270.10beta-sesqui phellandrene
22.10alpha- pinene
31.00  sabinene
280.10(Z)-sesqui sabinene hydrate
90.10  terpinen-4-ol
100.10alpha- terpineol
160.10  tetradecane
440.20  tricosane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 415, (2000)
ylang ylang flower oil
510.13alpha- amorphene
290.35(E)- anethole
50.94  benzaldehyde
2011.63  benzyl acetate
112.20  benzyl alcohol
636.19  benzyl benzoate
330.04  benzyl butyrate
651.37  benzyl salicylate
580.07alpha- bisabolol
470.713- buten-2-yl benzoate
360.08  butyl benzoate
530.16delta- cadinene
540.12gamma- cadinene
600.12 cadinol
610.12alpha- cadinol
421.69beta- caryophyllene
570.07  caryophyllene oxide
120.091,8- cineole
432.09(E)- cinnamyl acetate
300.26(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
380.13alpha- copaene
170.09para- cresol
100.34para- cresyl methyl ether
450.58beta- cubebene
260.131,4- dimethoxybenzene
250.173,4- dimethoxytoluene
211.46  ethyl benzoate
440.37(Z)-iso eugenol
522.34(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.84(E,E)- farnesol
640.61(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
371.96  geranyl acetate
495.55  germacrene D
30.28(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
90.16(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
550.19(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
460.74alpha- humulene
130.07  limonene
1835.49  linalool
220.072- methoxy-4-methyl phenol
150.172- methoxyphenol
390.114-methoxyphenyl methyl acetate
310.05  methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
350.06  methyl 4-methoxybenzoate
320.08  methyl anthranilate
166.50  methyl benzoate
480.86  methyl eugenol
230.29  methyl salicylate
20.063- methyl-2-butenol
40.333- methyl-2-butenyl acetate
10.072- methyl-3-butenol
500.14gamma- muurolene
590.11alpha- muurolol
80.16  myrcene
270.27  nerol
560.13(E)- nerolidol
140.14(E)-beta- ocimene
280.202- phenyl-1-nitroethane
61.87alpha- pinene
70.66beta- pinene
340.084-(2- propenyl) phenol
240.14alpha- terpineol
415.51  tetradecane
400.16alpha- ylangene

E. E. Stashenko, W. Torres and J. R. Martinez Morales, A study of the compositional variation of the essential oil of ylang ylang (Cananga odorata Hook. fil. et Thomson, forma genuina) during flower development. J. High Resol. Chromatogr., 18, 101-104 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum leaf oil australia
180.20  aromadendrene
201.10allo- aromadendrene
2312.50  bicyclogermacrene
13tracebeta- bourbonene
190.10alpha- bulnesene
240.50delta- cadinene
250.60gamma- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
340.30T- cadinol
20.50  camphene
1714.00beta- caryophyllene
270.40  caryophyllene oxide
290.50  cubeban-11-ol
120.10para- cymene
160.10beta- elemene
226.10  germacrene D
300.60  globulol
320.10  guaiol
140.10alpha- gurjunene
211.60alpha- humulene
280.60  ledol
81.20  limonene
150.20  linalool
360.10alpha- muurolol
350.30T- muurolol
62.90  myrcene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
260.60  palustrol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
91.00beta- phellandrene
381.70  phytol
146.00alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
40.40  sabinene
330.20  spathulenol
7tracealpha- terpinene
100.10gamma- terpinene
310.50  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 285, (2000)
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