camphene
2,2-dimethyl-3-methylidenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name: 6,6-dimethyl-5-methylidenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
CAS Number: 79-92-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other: 565-00-4
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 201-234-8
FDA UNII: G3VG94Z26E
Nikkaji Web: J39.020H
MDL: MFCD00066603
CoE Number: 2227
XlogP3-AA: 3.30 (est)
Molecular Weight: 136.23752000
Formula: C10 H16
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains: (-)-camphene
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
EFSA conclusion: additional data required (EFSA, 2009j). Racemate. The JECFA: Min. assay value is 80 % and sec. comp. "C15H24 terpene hydrocarbons (Valencene); Min assay may incl traces of limonene, myrcene, alpha and beta-pinene and other common C10H16 terp". Composition of mixture to be specified. Racemate. At least 80% camphene; secondary components 10-12 % Fenchene; 4-5 % limonene and trace amounts of pinene, myrcene and other terpene hydrocarbons.
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1323 camphene
Flavis Number: 01.009 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 01.009 camphene
FEMA Number: 2229 camphene
FDA Mainterm: CAMPHENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to light yellow crystalline solid (est)
Assay: 80.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 51.20 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 159.00 to 160.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 78.00 to 79.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point: 45.00 °C.
Vapor Pressure: 3.000000 mm/Hg @ 20.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 4.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 95.00 °F. TCC ( 35.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.350
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 dipropylene glycol
 fixed oils
 water, 4.6 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity: < 1 hour(s) at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol
 woody herbal fir needle
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol.
woody herbal fir needle
Luebke, William tgsc, (1997)
 camphoreous cooling pine woody terpenic citrus green minty green spicy
Odor Description:
at 10.00 %.
Camphoraceous, cooling, piney woody with terpy nuances. It has citrus and green minty and green spicy notes
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Flavor Type: camphoreous
 camphoreous cooling minty citrus green spicy
Taste Description:
at 50.00 - 100.00 ppm.
Camphoraceous, cooling, minty, with citrus and green spicy nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Takasago
Camphene ≥85%
Odor Description: Oily-camphoraceous
Widely used in pine, lavender, and citrus fragrances as well as in many household applications.
Moellhausen
CAMPHENE
Odor Description: harsh, camphoraceous, coniferous
Taste Description: harsh, fresh camphoraceous, terpene-like
Pell Wall Perfumes
Camphene
Odor Description: Camphoraceous, cooling, pine-woody, citrus, green-minty, spicy
Arctander tells us that it is quite widely used in flavourings as well as perfumes. He describes the odour as “Mild, oily-camphoraceous odor, with little or no ‘warm-cold-feel’ as one can observe with Camphor.” and also mentions that it has a “Terpeney-camphoraceous taste, remotely resembling that of Celluloid (if the reader has ever tasted that !).” We can’t confirm that, nor recommend testing his assertion: neither celluloid nor our camphene are suitable for human or animal consumption…
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
 
Suppliers:
Augustus Oils
Camphene
Services
Berjé
Camphene 46%
Happening at Berje
Berjé
Camphene 94%
Camphor & Allied Products
Camphene
CG Herbals
Camphene
Citrus and Allied Essences
Camphene Perfumery 95/97%
Market Report
Diffusions Aromatiques
CAMPHENE
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Camphene
Ernesto Ventós
CAMPHENE
Odor: TERPENE, CAMPHOR
Flavor: CAMPHORACEOUS
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Camphene (GC) ≥90%
Foreverest Resources
Camphene 96%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Camphene, colorless and crystalline solid, is found in minute quantities in Turpentine. The odor similar as Camphor, nearly insoluble in water, but well soluble in common organic solvents. It is a minor constituent of many essential oils such as Turpentine, Cypress oil, Camphor oil, Citronella oil, Neroli, Ginger oil and Valerian. Camphene is used chiefly as materials of Synthetic Borneol, Sandalwood fragrance, Synthetic camphor, Synthetic perfumes, IBOA, Toxaphene perfume, medicines and other synthetic organic chemicals. And also as a food additive for flavoring.
Foreverest Resources
Camphene 97%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Camphene is obtained by the isomerization of alpha pinene, it is mainly composed of camphene, tricyclene and alpha fenchene. It is nearly insoluble in water, but well soluble in common organic solvents. It volatilizes readily at room temperature and has a pungent smell. It is a minor constituent of many essential oils such as turpentine, cypress oil, camphor oil, citronella oil, neroli, ginger oil, and valerian. Camphene is used in the preparation of fragrances, synthetic camphor, synthetic perfumes, sandal 208, IBOA, toxaphene perfume and pesticides, medicines and other synthetic organic chemicals. and as a food additive for flavoring.
Fuzhou Farwell
Camphene
Indenta Group
Camphene
Indukern F&F
L-CAMPHENE 96%
Odor: POWERFUL, CAMPHORATED, CONIFEROUS
Indukern F&F
L-CAMPHENE
Odor: POWERFUL, CAMPHORATED, CONIFEROUS
Lluch Essence
CAMPHENE
M&U International
CAMPHENE
Moellhausen
CAMPHENE
Odor: harsh, camphoraceous, coniferous
Flavor: harsh, fresh camphoraceous, terpene-like
Pell Wall Perfumes
Camphene
Odor: Camphoraceous, cooling, pine-woody, citrus, green-minty, spicy
Use: Arctander tells us that it is quite widely used in flavourings as well as perfumes. He describes the odour as “Mild, oily-camphoraceous odor, with little or no ‘warm-cold-feel’ as one can observe with Camphor.” and also mentions that it has a “Terpeney-camphoraceous taste, remotely resembling that of Celluloid (if the reader has ever tasted that !).” We can’t confirm that, nor recommend testing his assertion: neither celluloid nor our camphene are suitable for human or animal consumption…
Penta International
CAMPHENE FCC, Kosher
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Camphene FCC
Prodasynth
CAMPHENE > 80
Reincke & Fichtner
Camphene
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Camphene
SRS Aromatics
CAMPHENE P&F FCC
Odor: Woody, Herbal, Fir Needle
SRS Aromatics
CAMPHENE
Odor: Woody, Herbal, Fir Needle
Synerzine
Camphene
Takasago
Camphene
≥85%
Odor: Oily-camphoraceous
Use: Widely used in pine, lavender, and citrus fragrances as well as in many household applications.
The Fragrance Museum
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
(+/-)-Camphene (contains ca. 20% Tricyclene) >78.0%(GC)
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
Camphene
The Good Scents Company
camphene
Odor: woody herbal fir needle
The John D. Walsh Company
Camphene
The Lermond Company
Camphene
Treatt
Camphene
Vigon International
CAMPHENE NATURAL
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi N - Irritant, Dangerous for the environment.
R 36 - Irritating to eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H400
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H410
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramflame.jpgexclamation-mark.jpgenvironment.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H228 - Flammable solid
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life
H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P391 - Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
One dose tested.
(Moreno, 1974m)

intraperitoneal-mouse LD > 500 mg/kg
"Summary Tables of Biological Tests," National Research Council Chemical-Biological Coordination Center. Vol. 4, Pg. 376, 1952.

oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 735, 1975.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 2500 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 735, 1975.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for camphene usage levels up to:
  9.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 13.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 28.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -27.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 40.0000090.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -20.00000
fruit ices: -20.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -160.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of aliphatic and aromatic terpene hydrocarbons used as flavour ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Statement on List of Representative Substances for Testing. The current Statement lays down a list of substances in sub-groups with representative substances for which additional data are required prior to their evaluation through the Procedure (Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000).
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of eight compounds belonging to chemical group 31 (aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons) when used as flavourings for all animal species and categories
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 79-92-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 6616
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 1325
WGK Germany: 2
 6,6-dimethyl-5-methylidenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
Chemidplus: 0000079925
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 79-92-5
 
References:
 6,6-dimethyl-5-methylidenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 79-92-5
Pubchem (cid): 6616
Pubchem (sid): 134971689
Flavornet: 79-92-5
Pherobase: View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C06076
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB59839
FooDB: FDB009065
Export Tariff Code: 2902.19.0050
Haz-Map: View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
•commercial product may contain approx 20% tricyclene. •toxaphene is described as the mixed isomers of chlorinated camphene containing 67 to 69 percent chlorine. •grades of purity: commercial, 75% or greater •technical
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
amber
angelica archangelica root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
animal
1-oxa
spiro-4,7-dodecane
FR
anise
anise seed oil
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-iso
borneol
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cedar forest fragrance
FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
clover nitrile
FR
conifer acetate
FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
dextro-
fenchone
FL/FR
fenchyl acetate
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
mastic oil
FL/FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
camphoreous
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
fenchol
FL/FR
laevo-
fenchone
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
neroli ketone
FR
earthy
(-)-alpha-
fenchol
FL/FR
2-
octanone
FL/FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
bigarade oxide
FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
floral pyranol
FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
heliotropyl diethyl acetal
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hyacinth ether
FR
karo karounde absolute
FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
leerall
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
sambucus nigra flower oil CO2 extract
FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
5-
tricyclodecenyl acetate
FR
fresh
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
para-
anisyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
alpha,alpha-
dimethyl benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
green
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
dicyclopentadiene propionate
FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FR
hexyl tiglate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
hay
hay absolute
FR
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
herbal
1-
allyl-2,2,7,7-tetramethyl cycloheptanol
FR
angelica archangelica seed extract
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil
FR
bornyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
bornyl butyrate
FL/FR
calamintha clinopodium oil
FR
cardamom liquid resin
FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
1,4-
cineole
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
freesia heptanol
FL/FR
herbal undecanone
FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
lavandin water absolute
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
spike
lavender oil
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
myrtenol
FL/FR
myrtle oil
FL/FR
nopyl acetate
FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
marine
marine pyridine
FR
mentholic
cornmint oil china
FL/FR
laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
(±)-iso
menthone
FL/FR
peppermint cyclohexanone
FL/FR
minty
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil fractions
FL/FR
peppermint absolute
FL/FR
iso
pulegol
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
treemoss absolute
FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
musk
angelica root absolute
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
orris
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice oil
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
angelica oil
FL/FR
bayberry fragrance
FR
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
cubeb oil CO2 extract (piper cubeba)
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oil terpenes
FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
laurus nobilis leaf oil
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
myrtenal
FL/FR
nutmeg oleoresin
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
white
pepper oil
FL/FR
terpeneless black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
4-iso
propyl-2-cyclohexenone
FL/FR
tea tree oil
FR
terpenic
cypress leaf oil
FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
(R)-(-)-alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
thujonic
armoise oil
FR
cedarleaf oil western red
FR
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
common
tansy flower oil argentina
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
woody ketone
FL/FR
tonka
flouve absolute
FR
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decyl acetate
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
woody
angelica archangelica root extract
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root tincture
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root water
FL/FR
cadinene
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
cedrela wood oil
FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
cypress essence
FR
dalbergia sissoo leaf oil
FR
dihydro-alpha-terpinyl acetate
FR
fougere woody fragrance
FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
laitone
FR
manevoro oil
FR
marine formate
FR
melaleuca bracteata leaf oil
FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
cis-2-
pinanol
FR
polylimonene
FL/FR
santall
FR
santol pentenol
FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
tetrahydromugol
FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
woody acetate
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
woody propanol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root extract
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root tincture
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root water
FL/FR
bornyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
bornyl butyrate
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
laurus nobilis leaf oil
FL/FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
1-
methyl pyrrole
FL
(R)-(-)-alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
polylimonene
FL/FR
4-iso
propyl-2-cyclohexenone
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
woody ketone
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
mastic oil
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
camphoreous
dextro,laevo-iso
borneol
FL/FR
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
fenchol
FL/FR
(-)-alpha-
fenchol
FL/FR
laevo-
fenchone
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
freesia heptanol
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
cooling
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
1,4-
cineole
FL/FR
dextro-
fenchone
FL/FR
spike
lavender oil
FL/FR
laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
WS-3
FL
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
dairy
2-
octanone
FL/FR
fatty
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
alpha,alpha-
dimethyl benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
grassy
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
greasy
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl tiglate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
angelica archangelica seed extract
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavandin water absolute
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
medicinal
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
mentholic
peppermint cyclohexanone
FL/FR
minty
cornmint oil china
FL/FR
(±)-iso
menthone
FL/FR
myrtenal
FL/FR
(1R)-(-)-
myrtenal
FL
myrtenol
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil fractions
FL/FR
peppermint absolute
FL/FR
iso
pulegol
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
musk
angelica root absolute
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice oil
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
angelica oil
FL/FR
para-
anisyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
cubeb oil CO2 extract (piper cubeba)
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
myrtle oil
FL/FR
nutmeg oleoresin
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
terpeneless black
pepper oil
FL/FR
white
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
terpenic
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
thujonic
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
common
tansy flower oil argentina
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecenal
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
cadinene
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
fenchyl acetate
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 agate 
 agrumen 
 alpine bouquet 
 amaryllis 
 armoiseFR
 ash mountain ash 
 balsamFR
 bayberryFR
 blue grass 
 bouquetFR
 boxwood 
 boxwood blossom 
 boxwoodberry 
 cajuputFL/FR
 calamusFR
 camphorFL/FR
 cardamomFL/FR
 carrotFL
 cedarFR
 cedar forestFR
 cedarleafFL/FR
 chamomileFR
 christmas blendsFR
 chrysanthemum chrysanthemeFR
 citronellaFL/FR
 coronillaFR
 cypressFR
 earth humusFR
 eucalyptusFL/FR
 evergreenFR
 fern fougereFR
 figFR
 fir 
 fir balsamFR
 fir needle pine needleFL/FR
 forest pine forestFR
 galbanumFL/FR
 gingerFR
 ginger whiteFR
 grass sweetFR
 greenFR
 herbalFR
 hollyberryFR
 hyssopFL/FR
 incenseFR
 ivyFR
 juniper berryFR
 lavandinFL/FR
 lavenderFR
 lavender spikeFL/FR
 lemonFR
 limeFR
 liverwort 
 mangoFR
 marjoramFL/FR
 meadow countryFR
 mintFR
 myrtleFL/FR
 niaouliFR
 nutmegFR
 oakmoss mousse de chene mossFR
 orange bitterFL/FR
 oreganoFL/FR
 outdoors natural outdoors 
 parsleyFL/FR
 patchouliFR
 pennyroyalFL/FR
 pepper 
 petitgrain lemonFL/FR
 pineFR
 pineappleFR
 pinon coneFR
 privet blossom 
 rainFR
 reseda mignonetteFR
 rosemaryFR
 sageFL/FR
 sandalwoodFR
 spruceFL/FR
 thymeFL/FR
 vetiverFR
 woodyFR
 wormwood absinthiumFL/FR
 yewFR
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 abies holophylla
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 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 3.10%
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 ajowan seed oil turkey @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 alpinia galanga oil @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 angelica root oil @ 1.88%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 angelica seed oil @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise oil
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 anise seed
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 anise seed oil star china @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise star anise fruit
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 armoise oil morocco @ 1.8%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran @ 1.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran @ 4.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia santolina schrenk oil iran @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ayou wood oil @ 3.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil flower oil sweet @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil leaf oil
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 basil leaf oil sweet (ocimum basilicum) @ 0.35%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil oil
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 basil oil sweet poland @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil plant
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 basil shoot oil
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 bay laurel leaf
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 bay laurel leaf oil
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 bay leaf oil @ 0.00-0.14%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.019-0.053%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil turkey @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot plant wild
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 betel leaf oil @ 0.35%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.003%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.003%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.003%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boldo leaf oil italy @ 0.38%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boldus leaf oil chile @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bombycilaena erecta oil greece @ 3.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cajuput oil vietnam @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamus root oil mongolia @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 caraway plant
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 caraway seed
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 cardamom fruit
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 cardamom seed oil
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 carqueja oil @ 2.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed
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 carrot seed oil @ 0.44%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.04-0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia bark oil china @ 1.58%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia leaf oil china @ 1.58%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia plant
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 cassis bud oil @ trace-2.41%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cedarleaf oil canada @ 0.35-0.82%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cedarwood oil lebanon @ >0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery leaf oil
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 celery leaf oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery seed
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 celery seed oil
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 chamomile garden chamomile plant
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 chamomile oil @ 0.39%
Data GC Search Picture
 chamomile oil morocco @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 chenopodium ambrosioides oil @ 0.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 0.04-0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 1.58%
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
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 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.12%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon oil CO2 extract @ 0.02-0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil ceylon @ 6.97%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil java @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil zimbabwe @ 0.28%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil france @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil greece @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil spain @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coriander fruit
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 coriander oil
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 coriander seed oil
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 coriander seed oil @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil CO2 extract @ 1.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil cuba @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cornmint plant
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 costmary oil @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cotton plant
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 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 1.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cumin seed oil
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 cumin seed oil egypt @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil india @ 1.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 currant black currant fruit
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 curry fruit oil india @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curry leaf oil india @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cypress oil @ 0.20-0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 davana oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 dill plant
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 dill weed oil reunion @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 elyonurus muticus (sprengel) o.kuntze leaf oil brazil @ 11.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 erigeron graveolens l. oil iran @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus dalrympleana maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 1.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus delegatensis r. baker leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus grandis w. hill ex maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus tereticornis smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ 6.46%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fennel
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 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fennel seed
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 fennel seed oil
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 fennel seed oil bitter spain @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fennel seed oil sweet @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ferula cupularis flower oil @ 2.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ferula cupularis leaf oil @ 2.69%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 feverfew flower oil @ 0.7%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ 5.4%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fir korean fir
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 fir needle oil canada @ 3.49-9.72%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fir needle oil siberia @ 24.27%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fleabane oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 frankincense oil somalia @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 galangal root oil @ 4.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger
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 ginger oil
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 ginger root oil brazil @ 5.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger root oil china @ 3.88%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger root oil CO2 extract australia @ 3.71%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 gingergrass oil @ 0.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava pericarp oil
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 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ <0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hinoki leaf oil @ 0.23%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hinoki root oil @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hinoki wood oil @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 horsemint shoot
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 hyacinthus orientalis absolute @ 0.01-0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ 6.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ trace-0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hyssop leaf
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 hyssop oil
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 hyssop oil CO2 extract @ 0.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hyssop shoot
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 juniper berry oil @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 juniper branch oil @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 juniper needle oil @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 kachur oil @ 4.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 kewda oil @ 0.14-0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 labdanum leaf oil @ 2.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 laurel bark oil @ 0.3%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 laurel berry oil @ 0.7%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 laurel leaf oil @ 0.8%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 laurel stem oil @ 0.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 laurel wood oil @ 0.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.55%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavandin oil china @ 1.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.33%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavandin water (lavandula hydrida) @ 0.09%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavandula officinalis flower oil @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil
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 lavender oil @ 0.76%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil CO2 extract france @ 0.22%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil france @ 0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil greece @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil spike @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil spike france @ 1.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.56%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender water bulgaria @ 0.09%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 layana oil kenya @ 0.12%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ 0.30-3.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 layana oil zimbabwe @ 8.0%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon leaf oil
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 lemon oil
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 lemon oil california @ 0.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon oil expressed italy @ 0.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon petiole
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 lemongrass oil @ 10.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 levisticum officinale flower oil @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 levisticum officinale seed oil @ 0.25%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime fruit
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 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 0.37%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.53%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 litsea cubeba oil china @ 0.42%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lovage flower oil @ 0.22%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lovage leaf oil @ 0.27%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lovage root
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 lovage root oil @ 0.07%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lovage seed oil @ 0.75%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mace oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin oil @ 0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin oil avana @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin oil avana @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin oil italy @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin oil italy @ 0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 marjoram
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 marjoram oil @ 2.45%
Data GC Search Picture
 marjoram oil spain @ 0.40%
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 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 0.81%
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 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 0.50-0.80%
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 marjoram oil sweet iran @ trace%
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 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.21-0.25%
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 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.05--0.56%
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 marsypianthes chamaedrys (vahl) kuntze oil brazil @ 0.30%
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 mastic fruit oil @ 0.03%
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 mastic leaf oil @ 0.07%
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 mastic oil @ 0.69%
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 mayur pankh fruit oil himalaya @ 2.20%
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 melissa oil @ 0.12%
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 michelia alba flower absolute @ 0.05%
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 microstrobos fitzgeraldii leaf oil australia @ 0.30%
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 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia @ 0.90%
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 myristica fragrans fruit oil @ 0.30%
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 myrtle oil @ 0.07%
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 nepeta denudata benth. oil iran @ 0.40%
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 neroli bigarde oil france @ 0.02%
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 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.04%
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 niaouli oil egypt @ 0.10%
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 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 0.10%
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 nutmeg flower oil @ 0.49%
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 nutmeg leaf oil
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 nutmeg leaf oil @ 0.00-0.57%
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 nutmeg oil
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 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 0.3%
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 nutmeg oil india @ 0.37%
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 nutmeg seed
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 nutmeg seed oil
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 ocimum gratissimum l. oil brazil @ 0.14%
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 orange bigarade oil @ 0.10%
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 orange fruit
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 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ trace%
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 orange peel oil bitter italy @ trace%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.002%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.002%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.003%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.003%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.003%
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 oregano oil
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 oregano oil mexico @ 0.34%
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 oregano plant
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 oregano plant
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 oregano shoot
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 oregano shoot oil
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 origanum oil greece @ 0.08%
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 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
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 otanthus maritimus (l.) hoffmans oil greece @ 2.00%
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 parsley
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 parsley fruit
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 parsley fruit oil
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 parsley leaf
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 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 0.06%
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 parsley seed
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 parsley seed oil
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 parsley seed oil @ 0.13%
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 parsnip root
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 patchouli oil china @ trace%
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 pennyroyal oil spain @ 0.10%
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 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit oil
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 pepper black pepper seed oil
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 pepper oil black india @ 0.20%
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 pepper tree leaf oil @ trace%
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 peppermint leaf
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 peppermint oil america @ 0.01%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 0.20%
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 petitgrain lemon oil @ 0.36%
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 petitgrain lime oil @ trace%
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 peucedanum petiolare (dc) boiss oil iran @ 0.50%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.03%
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 pine needle oil
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 pine needle oil dwarf @ 5.24%
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 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 5.3-7.0%
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 pinus laricio poiret branch oil italy @ 1.60%
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 pinus laricio poiret cone oil italy @ 1.40%
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 pinus laricio poiret leaf oil italy @ 0.90%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 3.40%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 3.60%
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 piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil @ 5.30%
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 pittosporum spp. fruit oil malaysia @ 0.10%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.30%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 1.33%%
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 rosemary leaf
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 rosemary leaf oil
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 rosemary oil
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 rosemary oil china @ 2.21%
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 3.11%
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 rosemary oil corsica @ 6.30%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 1.63%
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 rosemary oil france @ 5.86-8.35%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 3.21-3.98%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 2.8%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 3.81%
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 rosemary plant
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 rosemary shoot oil
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 sage leaf
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil
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 sage oil albania @ 2.80%
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 sage oil cuba @ 2.48%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.50%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 5.80%
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 sage oil england @ 6.60%
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 sage oil france @ 0.50%
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 sage oil germany @ 4.94%
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 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 9.10%
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 sage oil lithuania @ 5.14%
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 sage oil reunion @ 2.80%
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 sage oil sardinia @ 5.80%
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 sage oil spain @ 4.6-10.6%
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 sage oil spain @ 5.7%
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 sage oil spain @ 6.20%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil @ 0.40%
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 salvia officinalis oil cuba @ 2.48%
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 santolina oil @ trace%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ trace%
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 savin oil @ 0.10%
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 savin oil @ trace%
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 savory oil summer @ 0.08-0.12%
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 savory oil winter @ 5.80%
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 savory oleoresin winter @ 5.80%
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 savory summer savory plant
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 savory winter savory oil
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 savory winter savory plant
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 snake root oil canada @ 0.30%
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 spearmint leaf
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 spearmint oil
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 spearmint oil america @ 0.05-0.08%
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 spikenard oil @ trace%
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 0.10%
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 sunflower oil
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 tagete flower oil rwanda @ trace%
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 tagete oil rwanda @ trace%
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 tanacetum annum l. oil marocco @ 1.80%
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 tangerine oil america @ trace%
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 tansy flower oil canada @ 3.31%
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 tansy flower oil dutch @ 1.30%
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 tansy leaf oil dutch @ 1.40%
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 tansy oil canada @ 0.60%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 0.50%
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 tarragon leaf oil
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 tarragon oil
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 tarragon oil @ trace%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard branch oil italy @ 2.20%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard cone oil italy @ 0.70%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard leaf oil italy @ 2.10%
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 tejpat oil @ 0.10%
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 thyme oil
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 thyme oil portuguese @ 0.6%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 0.04%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 0.18-0.46%
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 thyme oil spain @ 0.30%
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 thyme oil spain @ 1.76%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping canada @ 0.30%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 3.70%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.04%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.20%
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 thyme plant
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 turmeric rhizome
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 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 5.50%
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 turmeric tuber
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 valerian root oil @ 0.1-6.4%
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 valerian root oil china @ 23.50%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 2.81%
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 water mint shoot
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 wormseed oil america @ 0.14%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 1.20-7.28%
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 wormwood oil annus vietnam @ 1.78%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 2.02%
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 wormwood oil italy @ trace%
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 wormwood oil poland @ 0.95%
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 yarrow leaf oil @ 0.40%
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 yarrow oil @ 2.50%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 0.90%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ trace%
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 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ 0.50%
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 zanthoxylum ovalifolium l. leaf oil australia @ 0.50%
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Synonyms:
 bicyclo 2.2.1 heptane, 2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene-
 bicyclo(2.2.1)heptane, 2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene-
 bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene-
DL-camphene
dextro,laevo-camphene
 camphene FCC
 camphene P&F
 camphene perfumery 95/97%
3,3-dimethyl-2-methylene norbornane
3,3-dimethyl-2-methylene norcamphane
3,3-dimethyl-2-methylenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
3,3-dimethyl-2-methylenenorbornane
3,3-dimethyl-2-methylenenorcamphane
(+/-)-2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene bicyclo(2.2.1)heptane
(±)-2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene bicyclo(2.2.1)heptane
(1)-2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene bicyclo(2.2.1)heptane
2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene bicyclo(2.2.1)heptane
2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene norbornane
2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
2,2-dimethyl-3-methylenebicyclo(2.2.1)heptane
2,2-dimethyl-3-methylenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
2,2-dimethyl-3-methylenenorbornane
2,2-dimethyl-3-methylidenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
6,6-dimethyl-5-methylidenebicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
 

Articles:

PubMed: A Breath Fungal Secondary Metabolite Signature to Diagnose Invasive Aspergillosis.
PubMed: Fumigant toxicity of basil oil compounds and related compounds to Thrips palmi and Orius strigicollis.
PubMed: Electronic Circular Dichroism of Chiral Alkenes: B3LYP and CAM-B3LYP Calculations.
PubMed: Study on cinnamomum oils: compositional pattern of seven species grown in Vietnam.
PubMed: Chemical analysis of volatile oils from West Himalayan Pindrow Fir Abies pindrow.
PubMed: Facile Synthesis of Hierarchical Porous TiO2 Ceramics with Enhanced Photocatalytic Performance for Micropolluted Pesticide Degradation.
PubMed: The effect of resin and monoterpenes on spore germination and growth in Fusarium circinatum.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of Psammogetoncanescens.
PubMed: Essential-oil diversity of Salvia tomentosa Mill. in Greece.
PubMed: Hydrodistillation extraction time effect on essential oil yield, composition, and bioactivity of coriander oil.
PubMed: Herbivory and climate interact serially to control monoterpene emissions from pinyon pine forests.
PubMed: Essential oil composition and antimicrobial activities of two closely related species, Alpinia mutica Roxb. and Alpinia latilabris Ridl., from Peninsular Malaysia.
PubMed: Essential-oil composition of the needles collected from natural populations of Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce Griseb.) from the Scardo-Pindic mountain system.
PubMed: The volatome of Aspergillus fumigatus.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities of essential oils of plants from burkina faso.
PubMed: Safety Evaluation of Chrysanthemum indicum L. Flower Oil by Assessing Acute Oral Toxicity, Micronucleus Abnormalities, and Mutagenicity.
PubMed: Chemotype diversity of indigenous Dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis L.) populations in Montenegro.
PubMed: Lavender (Lavandula stoechas L.) essential oils attenuate hyperglycemia and protect against oxidative stress in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed: Assessment of Volatile Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Jatropha ribifolia (Pohl) Baill by HS-SPME-GC-MS Using Different Fibers.
PubMed: Identification of wood between Phoebe zhennan and Machilus pingii using the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry direct injection technique.
PubMed: Chemical analysis and antioxidant activity of the essential oils of three Piperaceae species growing in the central region of Cuba.
PubMed: The Volatile Compounds and Bioactivity of Achillea sieheana Stapf. (Asteraceae).
PubMed: Cryotrap/SPME/GC/MS method for profiling of monoterpenes in cheese and their clustering according to geographic origin.
PubMed: A floating macro/mesoporous crystalline anatase TiO2 ceramic with enhanced photocatalytic performance for recalcitrant wastewater degradation.
PubMed: CYP345E2, an antenna-specific cytochrome P450 from the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, catalyses the oxidation of pine host monoterpene volatiles.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil and fatty acids of the flowers of Rhanterium adpressum.
PubMed: Study on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry fingerprint of Acanthopanax brachypus.
PubMed: Volatile organic compounds obtained by in vitro callus cultivation of Plectranthus ornatus Codd. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Chemical composition, larvicidal action, and adult repellency of Thymus magnus against Aedes albopictus.
PubMed: Dietary camphene attenuates hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in mice.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of three essential oils from Curcuma wenyujin.
PubMed: Antinociceptive Activity and Redox Profile of the Monoterpenes (+)-Camphene, p-Cymene, and Geranyl Acetate in Experimental Models.
PubMed: Participation of citral in the bronchodilatory effect of ginger oil and possible mechanism of action.
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oils and in vitro antioxidant activity of fresh and dry leaves crude extracts of medicinal plant of Lactuca Sativa L. native to Sultanate of Oman.
PubMed: Stability assessment of gas mixtures containing monoterpenes in varying cylinder materials and treatments.
PubMed: Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential oil of Amomum biflorum.
PubMed: Terpene compound drug as medical expulsive therapy for ureterolithiasis: a meta-analysis.
PubMed: Seasonal variations in the composition of the essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, Lamiaceae).
PubMed: An in-depth review on the medicinal flora Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Reaction of olefins with nitriles under solvent-free conditions using molecular iodine as a catalyst in the presence of water.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oil of Zingiber zerumbet var. darcyi.
PubMed: Essential oil variation in the populations of Artemisia spicigera from northwest of Iran: chemical composition and antibacterial activity.
PubMed: Electrostatically guided dynamics--the root of fidelity in a promiscuous terpene synthase?
PubMed: High diversity of indigenous populations of dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis L.) in essential-oil composition.
PubMed: Workplace concentrations and exposure assessment of monoterpenes in rosemary- and lavender-growing greenhouses.
PubMed: Interactions with β-cyclodextrin as a way for encapsulation and separation of camphene and fenchene.
PubMed: Thermochemical analysis and kinetics aspects for a chemical model for camphene ozonolysis.
PubMed: Distillation time alters essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant activity of male Juniperus scopulorum trees.
PubMed: Study on the volatile oil contents of Annona glabra L., Annona squamosa L., Annona muricata L. and Annona reticulata L., from Vietnam.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of essential oils of Plectranthus cylindraceus and Meriandra benghalensis from Yemen.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of different parts of Seseli rigidum.
PubMed: Mycotoxicogenic fungal inhibition by innovative cheese cover with aromatic plants.
PubMed: Antiulcerogenic and antibacterial activities of Apium graveolens essential oil and extract.
PubMed: Chemical differentiation of Boswellia sacra and Boswellia carterii essential oils by gas chromatography and chiral gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Three-dimensional porous bioscaffolds for bone tissue regeneration: fabrication via adaptive foam reticulation and freeze casting techniques, characterization, and cell study.
PubMed: Larvicidal activity of ajowan ( Trachyspermum ammi ) and Peru balsam ( Myroxylon pereira ) oils and blends of their constituents against mosquito, Aedes aegypti , acute toxicity on water flea, Daphnia magna , and aqueous residue.
PubMed: Evaluation of the antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and gastric antiulcer activities of the essential oil from Piper aleyreanum C.DC in rodents.
PubMed: Natural terpenes prevent mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and release of apoptotic proteins during nimesulide-hepatotoxicity in rats.
PubMed: Reverse freeze casting: a new method for fabricating highly porous titanium scaffolds with aligned large pores.
PubMed: In vitro control of post-harvest fruit rot fungi by some plant essential oil components.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Artemisia nilagirica essential oil growing in northern hilly areas of India.
PubMed: Essential oil of Pinus koraiensis leaves exerts antihyperlipidemic effects via up-regulation of low-density lipoprotein receptor and inhibition of acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase.
PubMed: Essential oil of three Uvaria species from Ivory Coast.
PubMed: The effect of harvest periods on the chemical compositions of essential oils of sage (Salvia aucheri L.) leaves.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils from Thymus satureioides and Thymus pallidus.
PubMed: Multidimensional enantio gas chromtography/mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-combustion-isotopic ratio mass spectrometry for the authenticity assessment of lime essential oils (C. aurantifolia Swingle and C. latifolia Tanaka).
PubMed: Camphene, a plant-derived monoterpene, reduces plasma cholesterol and triglycerides in hyperlipidemic rats independently of HMG-CoA reductase activity.
PubMed: Theoretical calculations on carbocations involved in the biosynthesis of bergamotenes and related terpenes--the same and not the same.
PubMed: Resolving overlaps in diffusion encoded spectra using band-selective pulses in a 3D BEST-DOSY experiment.
PubMed: Contact toxicity, feeding reduction, and repellency of essential oils from three plants from the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and their major components against Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum.
PubMed: Porous and strong bioactive glass (13-93) scaffolds prepared by unidirectional freezing of camphene-based suspensions.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea L. berries.
PubMed: Activity of Schinus areira (Anacardiaceae) essential oils against the grain storage pest Tribolium castaneum.
PubMed: Cloning and characterization of Pfl_1841, a 2-methylenebornane synthase in Pseudomonas fluorescens PfO-1.
PubMed: Measuring gas-liquid partition coefficients of aroma compounds by solid phase microextraction, sampling either headspace or liquid.
PubMed: Synthesis of spherical hydroxyapatite granules with interconnected pore channels using camphene emulsion.
PubMed: Performance of novel nanofibrous biopolymer membrane for guided bone regeneration within rat mandibular defect.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity of essential oils of Tanacetum parthenium in different developmental stages.
PubMed: Chemical study and antimalarial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities of Melaleuca armillaris (Sol Ex Gateau) Sm essential oil.
PubMed: Effect of a hay-based diet or different upland grazing systems on milk volatile compounds.
PubMed: α-Pinene- and β-myrcene-rich volatile fruit oil of Cupressus arizonica Greene from northwest Iran.
PubMed: Comparative volatile oil composition of four Ocimum species from northern India.
PubMed: Development of a sampling method for the simultaneous monitoring of straight-chain alkanes, straight-chain saturated carbonyl compounds and monoterpenes in remote areas.
PubMed: Combined analysis by GC (RI), GC-MS and 13C NMR of the supercritical fluid extract of Abies alba twigs.
PubMed: Transcriptional response of marine medaka (Oryzias javanicus) on exposure to toxaphene.
PubMed: J-modulation effects in DOSY experiments and their suppression: the Oneshot45 experiment.
PubMed: [Analysis of the chemical constituents of volatile oil from Asarum insigne by GC-MS].
PubMed: Microdistillation and analysis of volatiles from eight ornamental Salvia taxa.
PubMed: Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil: antiproliferative, antioxidant and antibacterial activities.
PubMed: Juice components and antioxidant capacity of four Tunisian Citrus varieties.
PubMed: Oriented bioactive glass (13-93) scaffolds with controllable pore size by unidirectional freezing of camphene-based suspensions: Microstructure and mechanical response.
PubMed: Development and validation by accuracy profile of a method for the analysis of monoterpenes in indoor air by active sampling and thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Quantum chemical dissection of the classic terpinyl/pinyl/bornyl/camphyl cation conundrum-the role of pyrophosphate in manipulating pathways to monoterpenes.
PubMed: Stability assessment of gas mixtures containing terpenes at nominal 5 nmol/mol contained in treated aluminum gas cylinders.
PubMed: Successful computational modeling of isobornyl chloride ion-pair mechanisms.
PubMed: Biological activity of the essential oil of Kadsura longipedunculata (Schisandraceae) and its major components.
PubMed: A comparative study on chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum).
PubMed: [Comparison of volatile oils of cultivated Houttaynia cordata populations with wild].
PubMed: Composition and immunotoxicity activity of essential oils from leaves of Zingiber officinale Roscoe against Aedes aegypti L.
PubMed: Composition and biological properties of the volatile oil of Artemisia gorgonum Webb.
PubMed: MSU-S mesoporous materials: an efficient catalyst for isomerization of alpha-pinene.
PubMed: Acaricidal and quantitative structure activity relationship of monoterpenes against the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae.
PubMed: Compositional variability in essential oil from different parts of Alpinia speciosa from India.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity and the variation of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz Bip. essential oils from Turkey.
PubMed: Essential oil composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the aerial parts of Salvia eremophila Boiss. from Iran.
PubMed: Chemotypes of Pistacia atlantica leaf essential oils from Algeria.
PubMed: Comparative chemical composition and antiproliferative activity of aerial parts of Salvia leriifolia Benth. and Salvia acetabulosa L. essential oils against human tumor cell in vitro models.
PubMed: Rosmarinus officinalis L.: chemical modifications of the essential oil and evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: Cannabinoid receptor 1 binding activity and quantitative analysis of Cannabis sativa L. smoke and vapor.
PubMed: Chemical composition of hydrodistilled essential oil of Artemisia incana (L.) Druce and antimicrobial activity against foodborne microorganisms.
PubMed: Influence of growth phase and geographic origin on the essential oil composition of Pituranthos chloranthus from Tunisia.
PubMed: Fingerprint of selected Salvia species by HS-GC-MS analysis of their volatile fraction.
PubMed: Multiple ultrafast, broadband 2D NMR spectra of hyperpolarized natural products.
PubMed: Composition and seasonal variation of the essential oil from Abies sachalinensis from Hokkaido, Japan.
PubMed: In vitro biological activity of Salvia leriifolia benth essential oil relevant to the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
PubMed: Biological effects of some natural and chemical compounds on the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella Zell. (Lepidoptera:Gelechiidae).
PubMed: Temperature-dependent release of volatile organic compounds of eucalypts by direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Terpenoid emissions from Quercus robur. A case study of Galicia (NW Spain).
PubMed: Effects of a thiosemicarbazide camphene derivative on Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
PubMed: Radical Scavenging Activity of the Essential Oil of Silver Fir (Abies alba).
PubMed: Comparative analysis of chemical compositions and antimicrobial activities of essential oils from Abies holophylla and Abies koreana activities of essential oils from Abies holophylla and Abies koreana.
PubMed: Fumigant and contact toxicities of monoterpenes to Sitophilus oryzae (L.) and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and their inhibitory effects on acetylcholinesterase activity.
PubMed: Composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of Artemisia fragrans Willd. leaves and roots from Iran.
PubMed: Formation and stability of secondary ozonides from monoterpenes studied by mass spectrometry.
PubMed: [Analysis of volatile oil in pre and post processed pieces of Eriobotrya japonica by GC-MS].
PubMed: Essential oil variability in natural populations of Picea omorika, a rare European conifer.
PubMed: Tissue engineering polymeric microcarriers with macroporous morphology and bone-bioactive surface.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Antinociceptive effect and GC/MS analysis of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil from its aerial parts.
PubMed: [Characterization of chemical components of essential oil from flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium produced in Anhui province].
PubMed: Preparation of porous bioactive ceramic microspheres and in vitro osteoblastic culturing for tissue engineering application.
PubMed: Plant derived antioxidants - Geraniol and camphene protect rat alveolar macrophages against t-BHP induced oxidative stress.
PubMed: Fabrication of HA/TCP scaffolds with a graded and porous structure using a camphene-based freeze-casting method.
PubMed: Activity of essential oils and individual components against acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase.
PubMed: Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus peuce from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed: Anti-inflammation activity of fruit essential oil from Cinnamomum insularimontanum Hayata.
PubMed: Speedy component resolution: an improved tool for processing diffusion-ordered spectroscopy data.
PubMed: Mass propagation and essential oil analysis of Artemisia vulgaris.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil from cones of Pinus koraiensis.
PubMed: The essential oil qualitative and quantitative composition in the needles of Pinus sylvestris L. growing along industrial transects.
PubMed: Characterization of volatile components in dry chrysanthemum flowers using headspace-liquid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography.
PubMed: Effects of cis-beta-ocimene, cis-sabinene hydrate, and monoterpene and sesquiterpene mixtures on alfalfa pellet intake by lambs.
PubMed: 2-exo,5-endo,8,8,10-Penta-chloro-bornane.
PubMed: GC/MS of terpenes in walnut-tree leaves after accelerated solvent extraction.
PubMed: Bimolecular and unimolecular contributions to the disparate self-chemical ionizations of alpha-pinene and camphene isomers.
PubMed: Volatile chemical constituents of Piper aduncum L and Piper gibbilimbum C. DC (Piperaceae) from Papua New Guinea.
PubMed: Baseline isotopic data of polyhalogenated compounds.
PubMed: Chemical compositions of the essential oils of stems, leaves and flowers of Prangos acaulis (Dc) Bornm.
PubMed: Selective ring expansion alkylation of formyl[2.2.1]bicyclic carbinols with C-nucleophiles: a unique route to cyclopentane derivatives.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of terminal branches, cones and roots of Tetraclinis articulata from Tunisia.
PubMed: Cloning and functional characterization of three terpene synthases from lavender (Lavandula angustifolia).
PubMed: Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus heldreichii from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed: Volatile organic compounds of Angelica gigas Nakai, Korean medicinal herb.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oil of Pelargonium quercetorum Agnew. of Iran.
PubMed: Composition, antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity of essential oils from Aristolochia mollissima.
PubMed: Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of essential oil from seeds and aerial parts of Ferulago angulata (Schlecht.) Boiss gathered in Nevakoh and Shahoo, Zagross mountain, West of Iran.
PubMed: Temperature dependence of the optical rotation in six bicyclic organic molecules calculated by vibrational averaging.
PubMed: Assessment and implications of intraspecific and phenological variability in monoterpenes of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) foliage.
PubMed: Analysis of leaf volatiles of Zanthoxylum gillettii used in folk medicine of Cameroon.
PubMed: The essential oil of Solvia cabulica.
PubMed: Plant coexistence alters terpene emission and content of Mediterranean species.
PubMed: Biotransformation of terpenoids by mammals, microorganisms, and plant-cultured cells.
PubMed: Anticonflict effects of lavender oil and identification of its active constituents.
PubMed: Synthesis of low and high chlorinated toxaphene and comparison of their toxicity by zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryo test.
PubMed: The formation of ultra-fine particles during ozone-initiated oxidations with terpenes emitted from natural paint.
PubMed: [Analysis of volatile constituents in leaves of three cypress species by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry].
PubMed: Difference in the volatile composition of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) according to their grades.
PubMed: Maternal food provisioning in relation to condition-dependent offspring odours in burrower bugs (Sehirus cinctus).
PubMed: Defensive secretion components of the host Parastizopus armaticeps as kairomones for the cleptoparasite Eremostibes opacus.
PubMed: Synthesis of two major toxaphene components and their photostabilities.
PubMed: Establishing a chromium-reactor design for measuring delta2H values of solid polyhalogenated compounds using direct elemental analysis and stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oil from the leaves of Sesuvium portulacastrum.
PubMed: Improving pulse sequences for 3D DOSY: convection compensation.
PubMed: Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) emissions from Abies alba in a French forest.
PubMed: Allelopathic effects of volatile monoterpenoids produced by Salvia leucophylla: Inhibition of cell proliferation and DNA synthesis in the root apical meristem of Brassica campestris seedlings.
PubMed: Analysis of aroma and phenolic components of selected Achillea species.
PubMed: Mutational analysis of a monoterpene synthase reaction: altered catalysis through directed mutagenesis of (-)-pinene synthase from Abies grandis.
PubMed: How rainfall, relative humidity and temperature influence volatile emissions from apple trees in situ.
PubMed: Changes in anatomy and terpene chemistry in roots of Douglas-fir seedlings following treatment with methyl jasmonate.
PubMed: Characterization of four terpene synthase cDNAs from methyl jasmonate-induced Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii.
PubMed: Measurements of biogenic hydrocarbons and carbonyl compounds emitted by trees from temperate warm Atlantic rainforest, Brazil.
PubMed: Application of artificial neural network on mono- and sesquiterpenes compounds determined by headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the Piedmont ricotta cheese traceability.
PubMed: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry study of the essential oils of Schinus longifolia (Lindl.) speg., Schinus fasciculata (Griseb.) I. M. Johnst., and Schinus areira L.
PubMed: Main compounds responsible for off-odour of strawberries infected by Phytophthora cactorum.
PubMed: Characteristic odor components of kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle) peel oil.
PubMed: Identification of an EcoRI restriction site for a rapid and precise determination of beta-asarone-free Acorus calamus cytotypes.
PubMed: The effect of selected monoterpenoids on the cellular slime mold, Dictyostelium discoideum NC4.
PubMed: (M)VOC and composting facilities. Part 2: (M)VOC dispersal in the environment.
PubMed: Full-scale chamber investigation and simulation of air freshener emissions in the presence of ozone.
PubMed: Essential oil of Valeriana officinalis L. cultivars and their antimicrobial activity as influenced by harvesting time under commercial organic cultivation.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from the gum of Turkish pistachio (Pistacia vera L.).
PubMed: chemical composition, plant genetic differences, antimicrobial and antifungal activity investigation of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L.
PubMed: Ion exchange resins as catalyst for the isomerization of alpha-pinene to camphene.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil of Artemisia iwayomogi.
PubMed: Effect of the volatile constituents isolated from Thymus albicans, Th. mastichina, Th. carnosus and Thymbra capitata in sunflower oil.
PubMed: Antioxidative properties of the essential oil from Pinus mugo.
PubMed: Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of essential oils from Perovskia atriplicifolia Benth.
PubMed: Processing DOSY spectra using the regularized resolvent transform.
PubMed: Attempt to unravel the composition of toxaphene by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with selective detection.
PubMed: Evaluation of different formulation studies on air-filled polymeric microcapsules by multivariate analysis.
PubMed: Essential oils produced by in vitro shoots of sage (Salvia officinalis L.).
PubMed: [GC-MS analysis of essential oil components of Alpinia oxphylla].
PubMed: [Chemical constituents of the essential oil from the fruits of Lindera glauca and its antifungal activities].
PubMed: Effects of four mono- and sesquiterpenes on the consumption of alfalfa pellets by sheep.
PubMed: Volatile emissions of eastern hemlock, Tsuga canadensis, and the influence of hemlock woolly adelgid.
PubMed: Altered host plant volatiles are proxies for sex pheromones in the gall wasp Antistrophus rufus.
PubMed: Wet effluent diffusion denuder technique and the determination of volatile organic compounds in air. II. Monoterpenes.
PubMed: Radiocarbon content of synthetic and natural semi-volatile halogenated organic compounds.
PubMed: Sensitive indoor air monitoring of monoterpenes using different adsorbents and thermal desorption gas chromatography with mass-selective detection.
PubMed: Identification of odoriferous compounds from adults of a swallowtail butterfly, Papilio machaon (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).
PubMed: [Effects of volatiles from different trophic level on foraging behavior of Aphidius avenae].
PubMed: Age and space distributions of monoterpenes in fresh needles of Picea abies (L) Karst. Determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: A DFT Study of the Camphene Hydrochloride Rearrangement.
PubMed: [Chemical constituents of essential oil from roots and rhizomes of Valeriana alernifolia Bunge].
PubMed: [Analysis of essential oil from rhizoma Zingiberis by GC-MS].
PubMed: Foliar and cortex oleoresin variability of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in Albania.
PubMed: Correspondence of soldier defense secretion mixtures with cuticular hydrocarbon phenotypes for chemotaxonomy of the termite genus Reticulitermes in North America.
PubMed: Seasonal changes in the composition of the essential oil extract of East Mediterranean sage (Salvia libanotica) and its toxicity in mice.
PubMed: Organ- and season-dependent variation in the essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L. cultivated at two different sites.
PubMed: Seasonal variation of monoterpene emission from Malus domestica and Prunus avium.
PubMed: Air-filled polymeric microcapsules from emulsions containing different organic phases.
PubMed: Volatile sulfur production by pig cecal bacteria in batch culture and screening inhibitors of sulfate reducing bacteria.
PubMed: Variation in volatile compounds from tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.) related to genetic and morphological differences of genotypes.
PubMed: Inter-population differences in the essential oils of Pinus caribaea needles.
PubMed: Preparation of polymeric microcapsules: formulation studies.
PubMed: Monoterpene synthase activities in leaves of Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Quercus ilex L.
PubMed: Relative retention times of chlorinated monoterpenes.
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oils from needles and twigs of balkan pine (Pinus peuce grisebach) grown in Northern Greece.
PubMed: Examination of the enantiomeric distribution of certain monoterpene hydrocarbons in selected essential oils by automated solid-phase microextraction-chiral gas chromatography-mass selective detection.
PubMed: Toxaphenes and chlorinated naphthalenes in adipose tissue of children.
PubMed: Application of gas chromatography-cryocondensation-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the identification of gas phase reaction products from the alpha-pinene/ozone reaction.
PubMed: Volatile components of roots, stems, leaves, and flowers of Echinacea species.
PubMed: Airborne Compositae dermatitis: monoterpenes and no parthenolide are released from flowering Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) plants.
PubMed: cDNA cloning, characterization, and functional expression of four new monoterpene synthase members of the Tpsd gene family from grand fir (Abies grandis).
PubMed: The effects of selected cotton-leaf volatiles on growth, development and aflatoxin production of Aspergillus parasiticus.
PubMed: Monoterpene synthases from common sage (Salvia officinalis). cDNA isolation, characterization, and functional expression of (+)-sabinene synthase, 1,8-cineole synthase, and (+)-bornyl diphosphate synthase.
PubMed: Congener specific PCB and polychlorinated camphene (toxaphene) levels in Svalbard ringed seals (Phoca hispida) in relation to sex, age, condition and cytochrome P450 enzyme activity.
PubMed: A three-dimensional DOSY-HMQC experiment for the high-resolution analysis of complex mixtures
PubMed: Coulter counting and light diffraction analysis applied to characterisation of oil-water emulsions.
PubMed: [Chemical constituents of fructus Amomi].
PubMed: Chemical and antibacterial studies of two Helichrysum species of Greek origin.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Piper angustifolium.
PubMed: Decomposition of Terpenes by Ozone during Sampling on Tenax.
PubMed: Effects of biotic and abiotic stress on induced accumulation of terpenes and phenolics in red pines inoculated with bark beetle-vectored fungus.
PubMed: Foliage constituents of douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco (Pinaceae)): Their seasonal variation and potential role in douglas fir resistance and silviculture management.
PubMed: Chromatographic studies of the enantiomeric composition of some therapeutic compositions applied in the treatment of liver and kidney diseases.
PubMed: Stereochemistry of the proton elimination in the formation of (+)- and (-)-alpha-pinene by monoterpene cyclases from sage (Salvia officinalis).
PubMed: Monoterpene biosynthesis: isotope effects associated with bicyclic olefin formation catalyzed by pinene synthases from sage (Salvia officinalis).
PubMed: Measurement of monoterpene hydrocarbon levels in vapor phase surrounding single-leaf pinyon (Pinus monophylla Torr. & Frem.: Pinaceae) understory litter.
PubMed: The Ca(2+)-transport-ATPase of human erythrocytes as an in vitro toxicity test system--acute effects of some chlorinated compounds.
PubMed: Technique for using microencapsulated terpenes in lepidopteran artificial diets.
PubMed: Composition of the Essential Oil of Cymbopogon travancorensis.
PubMed: Isolation of pheromone synergists of bark beetle,Pityogenes chalcographus, from complex insect-plant odors by fractionation and subtractive-combination bioassay.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of monoterpenes: stereochemistry of the coupled isomerization and cyclization of geranyl pyrophosphate to camphane and isocamphane monoterpenes.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of monoterpenes. Stereochemical implications of acyclic and monocyclic olefin formation by (+)- and (-)-pinene cyclases from sage.
PubMed: Field responses of certain forest Coleoptera to conifer monoterpenes and ethanol.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of monoterpenes. Enantioselectivity in the enzymatic cyclization of (+)- and (-)-linalyl pyrophosphate to (+)- and (-)-pinene and (+)- and (-)-camphene.
PubMed: Resolution of monoterpene enantiomers by gas chromatography.
PubMed: Olfactory responses of a specialist and a generalist grasshopper to volatiles ofArtemisia ludoviciana nutt. (Asteraceae).
PubMed: Electroantennogram responses by mountain pine beetles,Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, exposed to selected semiochemicals.
PubMed: Terpene cyclase catalysis in organic solvent/minimal water media: demonstration and optimization of (+)-alpha-pinene cyclase activity.
PubMed: Volatile Constituents of Artemisia nilagirica.
PubMed: Monoterpene oviposition stimulants ofDioryctria amatella in volatiles from fusiform rust galls and second-year loblolly pine cones.
PubMed: Olfactory discrimination of structurally related molecules: receptor cell responses to camphoraceous odorants.
PubMed: Pinene cyclases I and II. Two enzymes from sage (Salvia officinalis) which catalyze stereospecific cyclizations of geranyl pyrophosphate to monoterpene olefins of opposite configuration.
PubMed: Antennal olfactory responsiveness of Douglas-fir beetle,Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) to pheromones and host odors.
PubMed: Widespread occurrence of the pesticide toxaphene in Canadian east coast marine fish.
PubMed: [Percutaneous absorption of various terpenes - menthol, camphene, limonene, isoborneol-acetate, alpha-pinene - from foam baths (author's transl)].
PubMed: Effect of toxaphene, camphene, and cedar oil on methyl parathion residues on cotton.
PubMed: [Pharmacological studies with an ointment containing menthol, camphene and essential oils for broncholytic and secretolytic effects].
PubMed: Some effects of douglas fir terpenes on certain microorganisms.
PubMed: Terpenoid biotransformation in mammals. II: Biotransformation of dl-camphene in rabbits.
PubMed: Adenosine triphosphatase activities in brain, kidney and liver of mice treated with toxaphene.
PubMed: Synthesis of and allergic contact dermatitis to bicyclo-[2,2,1]-heptyl-alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactones derived from norbornene and camphene.
PubMed: Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of volatile organic compounds in an urban atmosphere.
PubMed: Microbiological transformations of terpenes: Part XXII--Enzymes involved in the degradation of camphene in the Pseudomonas camphene strain.
PubMed: Microbiological transformations of terpenes: Part XXI-growth & adaptation studies on the degradation of camphene by the Pseudomonas camphene strain.
PubMed: Microbiological transformations of terpenes. XX. Fermentation of camphene by a soil pseudomonad (Camphene strain).
PubMed: Application of the camphene technique in the examination of teeth by scanning electron microscopy.
PubMed: Nutmeg oil and camphene as inhaled expectorants.
PubMed: Nutmeg oil and camphene as inhaled expectorants.
PubMed: Effect of various essential oils isolated from Douglas fir needles upon sheep and deer rumen microbial activity.
PubMed: Scolytid beetles associated with douglas fir: response to terpenes.
PubMed: RESPIRATORY HAZARDS OF CHLORINATED CAMPHENE.
PubMed: [Study of some substances, derived from terpenes, capable of increasing the sensitivity of the indicators of syphilitic regains (camphene, isoborneol, thymol, menthol)].
PubMed: The Physiological Action of some Camphene Phosphonates of Sodium.
 
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