|Appearance: ||pale yellow to dark yellow clear liquid (est)|
|Heavey Metals: ||<0.004%|
|Food Chemicals Codex Listed: ||No|
|Specific Gravity: ||0.84900 to 0.85500 @ 25.00 °C.
|Pounds per Gallon - (est).: || 7.065 to 7.114
|Refractive Index: ||1.47200 to 1.47400 @ 20.00 °C.
|Optical Rotation: ||+57.00 to +65.50
|Boiling Point: || 176.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
|Vapor Pressure: ||0.950000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.|
|Flash Point: || 115.00 °F. TCC ( 46.11 °C. )
|Shelf Life: || 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.|
|Storage: ||store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light. store under nitrogen.|
|Storage: ||store under nitrogen.|
|Odor Type: ||citrus|
|Odor Strength: ||medium|
| ||fresh lemon peel sweet citrus aldehydic |
|Odor Description: |
at 100.00 %.
|fresh lemon peel sweet citrus aldehydic|
Luebke, William tgsc, (1983)
| ||citrus lemon |
|Taste Description: ||citrus lemon|
|Substantivity: ||4 Hour(s)|
| || |
|Preferred SDS: View|
|European information : |
|Most important hazard(s): |
|Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.|
R 10 - Flammable.|
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
| Classification of the substance or mixture|
|GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)|
|Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226|
| GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements|
|Signal word || Warning|
|H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour|
|P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.|
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
|Oral/Parenteral Toxicity: |
oral-rat LD50 2840 mg/kg|
Pharmazie. Vol. 14, Pg. 435, 1959.
|Dermal Toxicity: |
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg|
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 725, 1974.
|Inhalation Toxicity: |
Safety in Use Information:
|Category: ||flavor and fragrance agents|
|IFRA Critical Effect: || Phototoxicity|
|IFRA Other Specification: || < 20 mmoles / L of peroxides|
|IFRA fragrance material specification: |
| ||Where the bergapten (5-methoxypsoralen) content of all relevant oils present in a compound has been determined, it is recommended that for applications on areas of skin exposed to sunshine, excluding bath preparations, soaps and other products which are washed off the skin, the total level of bergapten in the consumer products should not exceed 0.0015% (15 ppm). This is equivalent to 0.0075% (75 ppm) in a fragrance compound used at 20% in the consumer product.
Where the level of bergapten has not been determined by appropriate methods, the limits specified in the guidelines on individual oils should apply.
In those cases, where such oils are used in combination with other phototoxic ingredients, the additive effect has to be taken into consideration and the use levels have to be reduced accordingly. The sum of the concentrations of all phototoxic fragrance ingredients, expressed in % of their recommended maximum level in the consumer product, shall not exceed 100.|
|contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)|
|geraniol|| Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization|
|citral|| Max. Found: <3.00 % and Reason: Sensitization|
|citronellol|| Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization|
|IFRA: ||View Standard|
|limits in the finished product for - "leave on the skin contact": |
| || 2.0000 % Restriction.
|Recommendation for lemon oil c.p. california usage levels up to: |
| || 10.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
|Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).|
|The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library|
|publication number: 3|
|Click here to view publication 3|
| ||average usual ppm||average maximum ppm|
|baked goods: ||-||580.00000|
|breakfast cereal: ||-||140.00000|
|chewing gum: ||-||1900.00000|
|condiments / relishes: ||10.00000||80.00000|
|confectionery froastings: ||65.00000||600.00000|
|egg products: ||-||-|
|fats / oils: ||-||-|
|fish products: ||-||-|
|frozen dairy: ||-||380.00000|
|fruit ices: ||-||380.00000|
|gelatins / puddings: ||-||340.00000|
|granulated sugar: ||-||-|
|hard candy: ||-||1100.00000|
|imitation dairy: ||-||-|
|instant coffee / tea: ||-||-|
|jams / jellies: ||-||-|
|meat products: ||25.00000||40.00000|
|milk products: ||-||-|
|nut products: ||-||-|
|other grains: ||-||-|
|processed fruits: ||-||-|
|processed vegetables: ||-||-|
|reconstituted vegetables: ||-||-|
|seasonings / flavors: ||-||-|
|snack foods: ||-||-|
|soft candy: ||-||-|
|sugar substitutes: ||-||-|
|sweet sauces: ||-||-|
| ||citrus limon l. burm. f. peel oil c.p.|
|Canada Domestic Sub. List: ||8008-56-8|
|Pubchem (sid): ||135328486|
Potential Blenders and core components note
Natural Occurrence in: note
| ||citrus limon peel oil c.p. california|
| ||citrus medica limonum peel oil c.p. california|
| ||lemon oil c.p. california|
| ||lemon oil calif. type star brand FCC|
| ||lemon oil california|
| ||lemon oil california type|
| ||lemon oil californian|
| ||lemon oil cold pressed california type FCC|
| ||oil lemon california c.p. FCC (italian type)|
| ||oil lemon california c.p. WONF|
| ||oil lemon california type c.p. citressence FCC|
| ||oil lemon california type c.p. extra FCC|
| ||oil lemon california type c.p. FCC (from inland fruit)|
| ||volatile oil obtained from the fresh peel of the lemon, citrus limon (l.), rutaceae california|
|Soluble in: |
| ||fixed oils|
| ||paraffin oil|
| ||water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)|
| ||non-discoloring in most media|