BT

Typical G.C. analysis

achillea millefolium oil hungary
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.30  borneol
100.80  bornyl acetate
141.00gamma- cadinene
1111.90beta- caryophyllene
1521.20  caryophyllenol I
1612.50  chamazulene
41.701,8- cineole
70.20  citronellol
122.50alpha- humulene
94.40  lavandulyl acetate
31.60  limonene
81.30  linalyl acetate
137.40gamma- muurolene
14.10alpha- pinene
220.80beta- pinene
60.30alpha- terpineol

E. Lemberkovics and G. Verzar-Petri, Gas chromatographic characterization of frequently occurring sesquiterpenes in essential oils. J. Chromatogr., 318, 125-131 (1985).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

artemisia vestita wall. flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1110.80  aromadendrene
126.00  cadinene
131.40  chamazulene
36.401,8- cineole
89.80  citral
71.60  citronellal
92.20  citronellol
106.20  geraniol
18.60  hexanal
215.60alpha- phellandrene
47.00alpha- terpinene
51.50beta- thujone
63.20  thujyl alcohol

G. K. Sinha and K. K. Baslas, Essential Oil from the Leaves of Artemisia vestita Wall., Flav. Ind., 2, 539-543 (1971).

P&F 12, No. 5, 54, (1987)

carum carvi fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20trace-0.05delta-3-carene epoxide
240.01-1.15trans- carveol
250.00-0.40cis- carveol
1852.30-54.40  carvone
300.00-0.15 carvone epoxide
270.00-0.05  caryophyllene oxide
6trace1,8- cineole
22trace  citronellol
7trace-0.01para- cymene
130.05-0.10(E)- dihydrocarvone
140.05-0.10(Z)- dihydrocarvone
230.05-0.254-hydroxy-para-menth-1-en-6-one
17trace-0.10  limonen-4-ol
536.90-44.60  limonene
110.25(E)-1,2,8,9-limonene diepoxide
100.05-0.30(Z)-1,2,8,9-limonene diepoxide
90.05-1.00(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
80.05-1.50(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
120.05  linalool
290.00-0.20para- menth-1-en-8,9-diol
280.00-0.15para- menth-8-en-1,2-diol 2 isomers
190.01-0.15para-menth-8-en-7-al
2tracecis-para- menth-8-ene
260.00-0.05para-mentha-1(7),8-dien-6-ol
150.05-0.60para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
160.05-0.55para-mentha-2,8-dien-6-ol
40.05-0.30  myrcene
210.10  perillyl alcohol
10.05alpha- pinene
30.05  sabinene

J. C. Chalchat, R. Ph. Garry, A. Michet and M. Gorunovic, Huiles essentielles Carum carvide Yougoslavie. Rivisita Ital. EPPOS, (Special Issue), 466-470 (1991).

citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citronella oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
480.65T-amorphol + bulnesol
200.05  borneol
350.10beta- bourbonene
441.17delta- cadinene
421.74gamma- cadinene
40.04  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
370.22beta- caryophyllene
1834.79  citronellal
260.13  citronellic acid
2411.19  citronellol
281.88  citronellyl acetate
340.08alpha- copaene
392.25beta- cubebene
230.10  decanal
361.96beta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
433.16  elemol
460.1710-epi-gamma- eudesmol
292.45  eugenol
490.08(E)-alpha-farnesol
450.10(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2523.18  geraniol
325.07  geranyl acetate
10.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
380.13alpha- humulene
122.81  limonene
170.72  linalool
140.09  melonal
330.09  methyl eugenol
60.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
400.46alpha- muurolene
410.67gamma- muurolene
470.53T- muurolol
80.09  myrcene
300.04  neryl acetate
150.19(E)-beta- ocimene
130.37(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.07beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
30.05alpha- pinene
70.01beta- pinene
190.22iso(iso) pulegol
50.07  sabinene
210.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.01alpha- terpinene
220.05alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
270.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.01  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus aurantium peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
430.10delta- cadinene
42tracegamma- cadinene
280.02  carvacrol
200.05  carveol
220.03  carvone
380.03beta- caryophyllene
150.01  citronellal
210.07  citronellol
360.05alpha- copaene
33tracealpha- cubebene
400.36beta- cubebene
60.52para- cymene
190.10  decanal
340.03  decanoic acid
37tracebeta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
410.04gamma- elemene
44trace  elemol
25trace  geranial
35trace  geranyl acetate
390.02alpha- humulene
786.36  limonene
131.91  linalool
100.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.08(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
51.83  myrcene
16trace  naphthalene
230.04  nerol
450.02  nerolidol
320.03  neryl acetate
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
260.01  perillaldehyde
290.01  perillyl alcohol
21.17alpha- pinene
40.63beta- pinene
240.02iso piperitenone
30.07  sabinene
170.20  terpinen-4-ol
94.25gamma- terpinene
180.24alpha- terpineol
140.02beta- terpineol
120.21  terpinolene
10.22alpha- thujene
270.12  thymol
30trace  undecanal

M-B. Huang, D-X. Zhang, C-T. Yan and S-B. Yang, Identification and determination of the constituents of essential oil extracted from Fructus Citri aurantii by GC and GC/MS. Sepu, 8, 321-325 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus aurantium var. bergamia wright et arn. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02  borneol
70.641,8- cineole
110.02  citronellal
233.27  citronellol
150.42  citronellyl acetate
213.15  geranial
252.77  geraniol
220.08  geranyl acetate
190.90alpha- humulene
51.21  limonene
1222.39  linalool
1351.64  linalyl acetate
100.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.63  myrcene
160.07  neral
241.21  nerol
200.27  neryl acetate
81.54beta- ocimene
60.04beta- phellandrene
10.09alpha- pinene
21.00beta- pinene
30.15  sabinene
142.53  terpinen-4-ol
174.21alpha- terpineol
90.31  terpinolene

Y. S. Cheng and C. S. Lee, Composition of leaf essential oils from ten Citrus species. Proc. Natl Sci. Count. B. ROC, 5, 278-283(1981).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus grandis peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.19delta- cadinene
24tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
120.35beta- caryophyllene
360.11  citronellal
220.04  citronellol
480.03  citronellyl acetate
100.11alpha- copaene
110.11beta- copaene
340.53  decanal
470.02  decyl acetate
350.07  dodecanal
420.02  dodecanoic acid
130.03beta- elemene
280.09  elemol
290.12  farnesol
380.17  geranial
250.02  geraniol
490.19  geranyl acetate
150.13  germacrene D
440.11  hexadecanoic acid
300.01  hexanal
310.03(E)-2- hexenal
45trace  hexyl butyrate
140.10alpha- humulene
500.02  limonen-10-yl acetate
591.12  limonene
520.02(E)- limonene oxide
51trace(Z)- limonene oxide
180.25  linalool
41.78  myrcene
370.08  neral
230.01  nerol
270.03  nerolidol
330.06  nonanal
400.60  nootkatone
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
70.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
320.26  octanal
410.02  octanoic acid
170.13  octanol
460.11  octyl acetate
390.05  perillaldehyde
60.27beta- phellandrene
10.45alpha- pinene
20.09beta- pinene
30.93  sabinene
190.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.02  terpinen-4-ol
210.12alpha- terpineol
9trace  terpinolene
430.03  tetradecanoic acid

H. Gotou and T. Fukumoto, Flavor constituents of pummelos (Citrus grandis Osbeck). Koryo, 183, 95-105 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus hystrix leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38tracedelta- cadinene
40trace  calamenene
4tracedelta-3- carene
310.16beta- caryophyllene
27traceiso caryophyllene
2281.49  citronellal
530.10  citronellic acid
438.22  citronellol
340.90  citronellyl acetate
240.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cubenol
47traceepi- cubenol
39tracear- curcumene
12tracepara- cymene
33trace2,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
150.132,6- dimethyl-5-heptenol
30tracebeta- elemene
51trace  elemol
23trace4,8- epoxyterpinolene
37trace(Z)-alpha-farnesene
440.31  geraniol
420.09  geranyl acetate
35trace  germacrene D
32tracealpha- humulene
52trace  indole
80.03  limonene
253.69  linalool
20trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
48tracepara- menthan-1,8-diol
17trace  menthone
18traceiso menthone
14trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
36tracealpha- muurolene
50.43  myrcene
41trace  neral
500.18(E)- nerolidol
45trace  neryl acetone
100.23beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
90.05beta- phellandrene
54trace  phytol
55traceiso phytol
10.06alpha- pinene
20.24beta- pinene
280.32iso pulegol
16trace rose oxide
31.57  sabinene
210.14(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.13(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.24  safrole
290.20  terpinen-4-ol
70.03alpha- terpinene
110.07gamma- terpinene
130.05  terpinolene

A. Sato, K. Asano and T. Sato, The chemical composition of Citrus hystrix DC (Swangi), J. Essent. oil Res., 2, 179-163 ( 1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus paradisi leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
76.10delta-3- carene
280.90beta- caryophyllene
223.10  citronellal
351.40  citronellol
141.40para- cymene
230.10  decanal
21tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
32trace  dodecanal
26tracebeta- elemene
290.70beta- farnesene
340.60  geranial
380.30  geraniol
17trace  hexanol
110.30(E)-2- hexenal
19trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
180.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.50alpha- humulene
96.40  limonene
244.40  linalool
64.90  myrcene
311.20  neral
370.30  nerol
20trace  nonanal
134.60(E)-beta- ocimene
16trace(Z)-2- penten-1-ol
102.30beta- phellandrene
12.40alpha- pinene
43.10beta- pinene
250.60iso pulegol
518.50  sabinene
361.20beta- selinene
270.80  terpinen-4-ol
810.70alpha- terpinene
1212.00gamma- terpinene
300.30alpha- terpineol
152.20  terpinolene
24.00alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI Composition of leaf oils from ten Citrus taxa and some intragenetic hybrids, Bull. Brew, Sci., 16, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus reticulata blanco var. mandarin oil japan
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.10  citronellal
17trace  citronellol
60.10para- cymene
100.10  decanal
15trace  geranial
16trace  geranyl acetate
489.90  limonene
110.60  linalool
31.80  myrcene
13trace  neral
18trace  nerol
80.20  octanal
12trace  octanol
11.20alpha- pinene
20.30beta- pinene
54.60gamma- terpinene
140.10alpha- terpineol
70.20  terpinolene

M. Sawamura, S. H. Sun, K. Ozaki, J. Ishikawa and H. Ueda, Inhibitory effects of Citrus essential oils and their components on the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine. J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 4868-4872 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
65trace  bicyclogermacrene
66tracealpha- bulnesene
690.04-0.05delta- cadinene
3trace  camphene
90.17-0.19delta-3- carene
320.01-0.02trans- carveol
35tracecis- carveol
370.02-0.07  carvone
570.01beta- caryophyllene
250.01  citronellal
34trace-0.01  citronellol
49trace  citronellyl acetate
510.02-0.03alpha- copaene
530.01beta- cubebene
68trace  cubebol
460.03(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
43trace(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
300.30-0.32  decanal
390.01(E)-2- decenal
560.01  decyl acetate
290.01-0.03  dihydrocarveol
44traceneo dihydrocarvyl acetate
550.06-0.07  dodecanal
620.01-0.02(E)-2- dodecenal
540.01beta- elemene
470.01delta- elemene
700.01-0.02  elemol
670.02-0.03(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
61trace-0.01(E)-beta- farnesene
38trace  geranial
400.04-0.06  geraniol
52trace  geranyl acetate
710.01  germacrene B
640.09-0.11  germacrene D
73trace-0.01  germacrene D-4-ol
59tracealpha- guaiene
580.01beta- gurjunene
600.02alpha- humulene
1193.10-94.20  limonene
230.01-0.04(E)- limonene oxide
220.01-0.05(Z)- limonene oxide
200.67-0.88  linalool
17tracepara- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
63tracegamma- muurolene
61.93-1.98  myrcene
240.01-0.02(E)- myroxide
360.01-0.03  neral
33trace-0.01  nerol
72trace(E)- nerolidol
50trace-0.01  neryl acetate
210.05  nonanal
770.01  nootkatone
130.38-0.44(E)-beta- ocimene
120.01-0.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.16-0.17  octanal
16trace-0.04  octanol
31trace  octyl acetate
410.02-0.04  perillaldehyde
420.02-0.03  perillyl alcohol
70.03-0.04alpha- phellandrene
20.48-0.50alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.01-0.02iso pinocamphone
40.34-0.35  sabinene
19trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
15trace-0.02(Z)- sabinene hydrate
760.02-0.04alpha- sinensal
750.01-0.02beta- sinensal
27trace-0.01  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
140.01-0.02gamma- terpinene
280.06-0.08alpha- terpineol
180.03  terpinolene
48tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
74trace-0.01  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
450.02  undecanal

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, A. Cotroneo, D. Lorenzo and E. Dellacassa, Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2903-2909 (2000).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus reticulata var. ponkan oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.37  carvacrol
130.20  carvone
191.86  cedrenol
112.24  citronellol
30.28para- cymene
100.36  decanal
150.74  geranial
140.30  geraniol
461.77  limonene
717.84  linalool
10.49  myrcene
120.33  neral
21.40  octanal
60.45  pentyl cyclopropane
180.53  perillaldehyde
170.18(Z)- terpine hydrate
81.49  terpinen-4-ol
52.62alpha- terpinene
93.81alpha- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and N-H. Xia, Aromatic plants and essential constituents, South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publish, Co. Distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1993).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus sinensis oil terpeneless
#%LeftshiftComponents
62.60  citronellal
91.40  citronellol
811.50  decanal
152.00  dodecanal
160.60  elemol
125.60  geranial
101.60  geraniol
20.80  limonene
527.90  linalool
114.50  neral
41.40  nonanal
191.40  nootkatone
14.80  octanal
32.90  octanol
130.80  perillaldehyde
180.80alpha- sinensal
171.30beta- sinensal
73.40alpha- terpineol
140.90  undecanal

A. Fleisher, G. Biza, N. Secord and J. Dono, Ultra-Tech Citrus Concentrates—A New Series of Deterpenified Citrus Oils. Perfum. Flav., 12(2), 57-61 (1987).

P&F 15, No. 6, 45, (1990)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.02-0.04beta- caryophyllene
130.03-0.04 citronellal + octyl acetate
27trace-0.03  citronellol
21trace  citronellyl acetate
10trace-0.04para- cymene
140.29-0.33  decanal
24trace-0.04  dodecanal
260.04-0.16  geranial
290-trace  geranyl acetate
791.98-93.43  limonene
150.45-0.60  linalool
17trace-0.06  linalyl acetate
43.03-3.31  myrcene
220.06-0.07  neral
300.02-0.05  nerol
250.03-0.06  neryl acetate
120.05-0.06  nonanal
200.04-0.07  nonanol
160.08-0.11  octanol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
8tracebeta- phellandrene
10.89-0.95alpha- pinene
2tracebeta- pinene
30.45-0.71  sabinene
6tracealpha- terpinene
9trace-0.02gamma- terpinene
230.08-0.09alpha- terpineol
110.21-0.23 terpinolene + octanal
180.02-0.04  undecanal
280.13-0.27  valencene

M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Donaliso, Oleos Essenciais de frutos citricos cultivadas no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol. Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 pp (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus unshiu peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
54trace  bornyl acetate
230.012- butanol
200.86delta- cadinene
65trace  carvacrol
32tracetrans- carveol
34tracecis- carveol
49trace  carvone
120.07  caryophyllene
71trace1,8- cineole
440.03  citronellal
310.02  citronellol
370.03  citronellyl acetate
110.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cuminaldehyde
33tracepara- cymen-8-ol
80.22para- cymene
400.08  decanal
43trace(E)-2- decenal
380.01  decyl acetate
48trace  dihydrocarvone
420.03  dodecanal
62trace  dodecyl acetate
13tracebeta- elemene
10tracedelta- elemene
360.01beta- elemol
220.02  ethanol
51trace  ethyl propionate
180.53(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
570.11  geranyl acetate
60trace  geranyl propionate
150.46  germacrene D
52trace  heptyl acetate
140.10alpha- humulene
72trace  indole
290.01  limonen-4-ol
688.39  limonene
70trace(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
69trace(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
270.82  linalool
67trace(E)- linalool oxide
68trace(Z)- linalool oxide
59tracepara- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
610.03para-menth-1,8(10)-dien-9-yl acetate
350.01para- mentha-1,8(10)-dien-9-ol
47trace  methyl heptenone
41.00  myrcene
560.03  neryl acetate
39trace  nonanal
550.01  nonyl acetate
500.03  nootkatone
19trace  octanal
530.03  octyl acetate
26trace  pentanol
250.012- pentanol
24trace3- pentanol
45trace  perillaldehyde
630.01  perillyl acetate
66trace  phenol
10.64alpha- pinene
20.16beta- pinene
30.24  sabinene
17tracealpha- selinene
16tracebeta- selinene
280.03  terpinen-4-ol
50.41alpha- terpinene
74.80gamma- terpinene
300.21alpha- terpineol
90.13  terpinolene
64trace  thymol
410.01  undecanal
21trace  undecane
58trace  undecyl acetate

I. Yajima, T. Yanai, M. Nakamum, H. Sakakibara and K. Hayashi, Composition of the Volatiles of Peel Oil and Juice from Citrus unshiu, Agric. BioI. Chem., 43, 259-264 (1979).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil ivory coast
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.60-0.80(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
12trace-0.10  bornyl acetate
160.40-0.60gamma- cadinene
270.30-0.40alpha- cadinol
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
9trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
210.20-0.70  elemol
250.10alpha- eudesmol
260.10-0.20beta- eudesmol
70.40 geigerene
1530.50-34.00  geranial
206.20-7.70  geraniol
172.10-3.50  geranyl acetate
220.10-0.20  germacrene D-4-ol
3trace  limonene
101.20-1.30  linalool
82.40-2.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.10-0.20T- muurolol
230.10alpha- muurolol
218.10-22.60  myrcene
1423.60-26.30  neral
190.10  nerol
50.30-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.20-0.30  sabinene
111.10-1.20  verbenone
cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.10-0.30(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
11trace-0.30  bornyl acetate
150.10-0.30gamma- cadinene
16trace-0.10delta- cadinene
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
8trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
1445.30-56.20  geranial
203.00-5.60  geraniol
170.20-0.40  geranyl acetate
30.10-0.20  limonene
90.60-0.90  linalool
71.20-2.306- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
26.20-9.10  myrcene
1321.30-32.50  neral
190.20-0.40  nerol
50.20-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
1trace-0.10  sabinene
100.70-1.90  verbenone
cymbopogon citratus dc. stapf. oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
240.50beta- bisabolenol
200.10beta- caryophyllene
230.10  caryophyllene oxide
12<0.10  citronellol
180.30alpha-cyclogeraniol
80.302,2- dimethyl-3,4-octadienal
260.30(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
250.20(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
1519.50  geranial
90.10  geraniol
170.40  geranyl formate
71.50  linalool
6<0.10(E)- linalool oxide
5<0.10(Z)- linalool oxide
21.806- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
31.70  myrcene
1338.20  neral
190.70  neryl acetate
4<0.10iso phorone
10.10alpha- pinene
14<0.10  piperitone
100.20alpha- thujone
110.20beta- thujone
220.402- tridecanone
160.502- undecanone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 301, (2000)
cymbopogon citratus leaf oil cameroon
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.10  citronellol
745.90  geranial
82.50  geraniol
90.20  geranyl acetate
20.30  limonene
31.20  linalool
40.806- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
112.80  myrcene
633.50  neral

J-C. Chalchat, R-P. Garry, C. Menut, G. Lamaty, R. Malhuret and J. Chopineau, Correlation between chemical composition and antimicrobial activity V1 activity of some African essential oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 67-75 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
240.40trans- carveol
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
51.001,8- cineole
210.50  citronellol
300.10ar- curcumene
14trace(Z)- dihydrocarvone
330.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
280.10alpha- fenchol
1839.80  geranial
261.40  geranic acid
253.30  geraniol
200.70  geranyl acetate
230.20  geranyl isobutyrate
40.20  limonene
101.30  linalool
80.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
70.20(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.20  menthone
170.60  methyl geranate
62.206- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.80  myrcene
130.30  myrtenyl acetate
1632.00  neral
270.10  neric acid
190.50  neryl acetate
11trace  octanal
9trace3- octanol
10.40alpha- pinene
290.30iso pulegol
150.90  pulegone
30.10alpha- terpinene
220.402- undecanone

A. Il. Idrissi, J. Bellakhbar, S. Canigueral, J. Iglesias and R. Vila, Composition de L'huile essentielle de la citronelle (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf.) acclimatee et Maroc. Plant. Medicin Phytother., 26, 274-277 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

cymbopogon citratus leaf oil rwanda
#%LeftshiftComponents
41.271,8- cineole
80.97  citronellol
30.06para- cymene
1150.48  geranial
104.37  geraniol
130.96  geranyl acetate
120.60  lavandulyl acetate
51.48  linalool
60.35iso menthone
10.426- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
22.34  myrcene
932.17  neral
70.60alpha- terpineol
140.322- tridecanone
P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)
cymbopogon nardus rendle oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.90  borneol
180.54  bornyl acetate
70.225-tert-butyl-1,3-cyclopentadiene
324.13delta- cadinene
240.33gamma- cadinene
20.28  camphene
80.56  camphor
221.65beta- caryophyllene
91.02  citronellal
131.65  citronellol
190.87  citronellyl propionate
330.48alpha- copaene
120.33  decanol
41.182,7- dimethyl-(4Z)-octen-2,7-diol
211.28  elemene
290.56  eudesmol
340.49beta- eudesmol
272.38  fenchone
160.91  geranial
1529.47  geraniol
208.79  geranyl formate
263.44  hedycaryol
351.26beta- himachalene
230.43alpha- humulene
28traceiso limonene
63.26  linalool
301.21 methanoazulene
250.89alpha- muurolene
31.45  myrcene
140.29  neral
50.35(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.32alpha- pinene
310.47delta- selinene
110.62alpha- terpineol
362.12  tetracosane
170.254- undecanone

J. O. Moody, S. A. Adeleye, M. G. Gundidza, G. Wyllie and O. Ajayi-Obe, Analysis of the essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle growing in Zimbabwe. Pharmazie, 50, 74-75 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 3, 63, (1998)

cymbopogon winterianus oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
451.37T-amorphol + bulnesol
180.06  borneol
320.12beta- bourbonene
410.66delta- cadinene
391.87gamma- cadinene
60.01delta-3- carene
340.08beta- caryophyllene
1635.27  citronellal
240.17  citronellic acid
229.92  citronellol
261.01  citronellyl acetate
310.13alpha- copaene
361.76beta- cubebene
80.01para- cymene
210.10  decanal
130.013,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
332.80beta- elemene
290.01delta- elemene
405.58  elemol
430.5910-epi-gamma- eudesmol
272.29  eugenol
460.19(E)-alpha-farnesol
420.20(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2323.13  geraniol
303.78  geranyl acetate
10.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
350.12alpha- humulene
102.62  limonene
150.77  linalool
110.09  melonal
40.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.52alpha- muurolene
380.56gamma- muurolene
440.82T- muurolol
50.07  myrcene
280.03  neryl acetate
120.02(E)-beta- ocimene
90.05beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
20.01alpha- pinene
170.29iso(iso) pulegol
30.07  sabinene
190.04  terpinen-4-ol
70.01alpha- terpinene
200.06alpha- terpineol
140.05  terpinolene
250.23alpha- terpinyl acetate

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

echinophora cinerea oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.10beta- caryophyllene
120.10  citronellal
150.80  citronellol
76.10para- cymene
160.10beta- elemene
180.10alpha- humulene
113.40  linalool
51.20  myrcene
192.20  myristicin
661.40alpha- phellandrene
810.70beta- phellandrene
29.60alpha- pinene
40.50beta- pinene
31.20  sabinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
130.70alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
140.10  verbenone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 82, (2001)
eucalyptus citriodora oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.39beta- caryophyllene
5trace1,8- cineole
980.10  citronellal
164.18  citronellol
140.02  citronellyl acetate
6tracepara- cymene
80.08alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
17trace  geraniol
18trace  globulol
4trace  limonene
100.66  linalool
3trace  myrcene
10.14alpha- pinene
20.36beta- pinene
113.41iso pulegol
128.51iso(iso) pulegol
200.10  spathulenol
150.02alpha- terpineol
7trace  terpinolene
19trace  viridiflorol

D. J. Boland, J. J. Brophy and A. P. N. House, Eucalyptus leaf oils. Use, chemisty, distillation and marketing. Inkata Press, Melbourne (1991).

P&F 21, No. 6, 55, (1996)

eucalyptus dalrympleana maiden leaf oil ethiopia
#%LeftshiftComponents
97.40iso borneol
21.50  camphene
74.00alpha- campholenic aldehyde
519.301,8- cineole
87.60  citronellal
110.40  citronellol
63.10alpha- fenchyl alcohol
46.00  limonene
126.20alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
1012.10alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 467, (2000)
eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan
Saeed and Sabir (1997) screened eucalyptus oil for their antimicrobial characteristics. As part of their study, the authors reported that a pakistani e. globulus oil contained the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
80.20  borneol
30.40  camphene
1616.70beta- caryophyllene
723.601,8- cineole
1013.60  citronellol
118.60  cryptone
170.10beta- cubebene
1trace  cumene
60.60para- cymene
181.90  linalool oxide
131.80  linalyl acetate
150.60alpha- phellandrene
193.60beta- phellandrene
20.30alpha- pinene
40.40beta- pinene
140.20iso pulegol
51.20gamma- terpinene
92.90alpha- terpineol
120.50  terpinolene

M. A. Saeed and A. W. Sabir, Antimicrobial studies of the constituents of Pakistani Eucalyptus oils. J. Fac. Pharm. Gazi, 12(2), 129-140 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

geranium oil africa
#%LeftshiftComponents
622.90  citronellol
91.14  citronellyl butyrate
87.57  citronellyl formate
717.10  geraniol
111.08  geranyl acetate
131.65  geranyl butyrate
105.90  geranyl formate
122.55  geranyl tiglate
50.18  guaia-6,9-diene
45.26  linalool
20.88  menthone
35.38iso menthone
140.762- phenethyl tiglate
10.37(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil bourbon
#%LeftshiftComponents
621.38  citronellol
91.26  citronellyl butyrate
88.37  citronellyl formate
717.45  geraniol
110.39  geranyl acetate
131.04  geranyl butyrate
107.55  geranyl formate
121.34  geranyl tiglate
53.90  guaia-6,9-diene
412.90  linalool
21.50  menthone
37.20iso menthone
140.432- phenethyl tiglate
10.21(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil bourbon
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.18  furopelargone B
 1.42  citronellyl tiglate
 0.43beta- bourbonene
 0.39beta- caryophyllene
 21.56  citronellol
 0.14  citronellyl acetate
 0.31  citronellyl butyrate
 4.81  citronellyl formate
 0.12alpha- copaene
 0.05para- cymene
 6.0110-epi-gamma- eudesmol
 25.47  geraniol
 0.23  geranyl acetate
 0.22  geranyl butyrate
 2.15  geranyl formate
 0.13  geranyl propionate
 1.25  geranyl tiglate
 0.09  germacrene D
 0.08  guaia-6,9-diene
 0.07(E)-2- hexenal
 0.80(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
 0.42alpha- humulene
 0.43  limonene
 13.07  linalool
 0.13(E)- linalool oxide
 0.23(Z)- linalool oxide
 6.79iso menthone
 0.13  menthone
 2.27  myrcene
 1.09  neral
 0.88(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.59(Z)-beta- ocimene
 0.12alpha- phellandrene
 0.772- phenethyl tiglate
 0.24alpha- pinene
 0.29  piperitone
 0.31(Z)- rose oxide
 0.13(E)- rose oxide
 0.21  sabinene
 0.79alpha- terpineol
 0.08  terpinolene
 0.05alpha- ylangene
geranium oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
640.23  citronellol
90.52  citronellyl butyrate
811.35  citronellyl formate
76.45  geraniol
110.10  geranyl acetate
131.32  geranyl butyrate
101.92  geranyl formate
120.98  geranyl tiglate
54.40  guaia-6,9-diene
43.96  linalool
21.41  menthone
35.70iso menthone
140.62- phenethyl tiglate
10.64(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
627.40  citronellol
90.75  citronellyl butyrate
86.74  citronellyl formate
718.00  geraniol
110.61  geranyl acetate
131.09  geranyl butyrate
104.75  geranyl formate
121.48  geranyl tiglate
50.27  guaia-6,9-diene
49.47  linalool
21.31  menthone
35.39iso menthone
140.652- phenethyl tiglate
10.34(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
619.30  citronellol
91.07  citronellyl butyrate
86.02  citronellyl formate
718.40  geraniol
111.06  geranyl acetate
132.44  geranyl butyrate
106.55  geranyl formate
122.24  geranyl tiglate
50.15  guaia-6,9-diene
46.8  linalool
20.78  menthone
35.20iso menthone
141.042- phenethyl tiglate
10.38(E)- rose oxide

L. Ntezurubanza and F-X. Ayobangia, Perspectives de valorisation de plantes médicinales et arômatiques au Rwanda. In: 3e colloque produits naturels d’origine végétale, Edits., G. Collin and F-X. Garneau, pp. 37-52, Actes du colloque de Saint-Jean-sur-Richeliu, 18-24 Oct. 1995, Univ. Chicoutimi, Quebec (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium oil rwanda
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.10iso borneol
220.54beta- bourbonene
310.24delta- cadinene
290.21gamma- cadinene
390.35T- cadinol
240.39beta- caryophyllene
50.401,8- cineole
1511.41  citronellol
320.18  citronellyl butyrate
190.10  citronellyl formate
270.39  citronellyl propionate
410.14  citronellyl tiglate
210.39alpha- copaene
30.10para- cymene
383.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
350.10 furopelargone
182.17  geranial
1750.56  geraniol
430.56 geranyl 3-methyl valerate
230.33  geranyl acetate
330.64  geranyl butyrate
200.20  geranyl formate
300.35  geranyl isobutyrate
370.20  geranyl isovalerate
281.03  geranyl propionate
422.49  geranyl tiglate
400.18  geranyl valerate
263.31  guaia-6,9-diene
250.45alpha- guaiene
40.15  limonene
73.36  linalool
120.29iso menthol
90.23  menthone
117.49iso menthone
160.87  neral
140.22  nerol
60.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.05alpha- phellandrene
361.152- phenethyl tiglate
10.03alpha- pinene
80.11(E)- rose oxide
340.22  spathulenol
130.15alpha- terpineol

L. Ntezurubanza, G. Collin, F. X. Avobangria, H. Deslauriers and J-B. Nizeyimana, Composition chemique de L’huile essentielle de Pelargonium graveolens, Mentha sacchalinensis, Cymbopogon citratus et de Ocimum canum cultivés au Rwanda. In: Valorisation de la Biomasse végétale par les produits naturals. Actes du colloque de Chicoutimi 22-25 Aug. 1993, Edits., F-X Garneau and G. J. Collin, pp. 317-320, Centre Recherches pour le Developpment International, Ottawa (1995).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

ho leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.16  borneol
160.18  bornyl acetate
130.47  camphor
171.99beta- caryophyllene
80.211,8- cineole
230.25  citronellol
150.11alpha- copaene
110.01para- cymene
300.11beta- eudesmol
240.03  geranyl acetate
310.02  guaiol
210.17alpha- humulene
70.01  limonene
1490.57  linalool
270.11  methyl eugenol
290.05  methyl isoeugenol
50.08  myrcene
250.19  nerol
280.46(Z)- nerolidol
90.09beta- ocimene
60.05alpha- phellandrene
20.12alpha- pinene
30.05beta- pinene
40.05  sabinene
260.88  safrole
180.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.30gamma- terpinene
200.53alpha- terpineol
120.02  terpinolene
220.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.07alpha- thujene

W-Y. Shi, W. He, G-Y. Wen, D-H. Guo, G-Y. Long and Y-G. Liu, Essential oil of Cinnamomum camphora: composition and classification of types. Zhiwu Xuebao, 31, 209-214 (1989).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

juniperus sabina oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.10  cadinene
30.10  camphene
100.201,8- cineole
190.20  citronellol
130.20para- cymene
200.20  elemol
81.50  limonene
53.40  myrcene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
90.20beta- phellandrene
11.60alpha- pinene
423.50  sabinene
170.30(Z)- sabinol
1645.50(Z)- sabinyl acetate
153.10  terpinen-4-ol
70.50alpha- terpinene
111.30gamma- terpinene
120.80  terpinolene
20.90alpha- thujene
141.10beta- thujone

G. Fournier, N. Pages, C. Fournier and G. Callen, Contribution to the study of the essential oil of various cultivars of ]uniperus sabina. Planta Med., 57, 392-393 (1991).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

lemongrass oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10  camphene
100.40beta- caryophyllene
80.80  citronellal
140.60  citronellol
1222.70  geranial
152.20  geraniol
133.40  geranyl acetate
58.30  limonene
92.10  linalool
73.206- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
410.30  myrcene
1118.50  neral
6trace4- nonanone
25.40alpha- pinene
12.80alpha- thujene

C-K. Shu and B. M. Lawrence, Reasons for the variation in composition of some commercial oils. In: Spices, Flavor chemistry and antioxidant Properties. Edits., S. J. Risch and C-T. Ho, pp. 183-195, Amer. Chem. Soc. Symposium Series 660, A.C.S., Washington (1997).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

lemongrass oil guatemala
#%LeftshiftComponents
62.20beta- caryophyllene
40.90  citronellal
100.40  citronellol
837.30  geranial
114.60  geraniol
91.70  geranyl acetate
112.30  limonene
51.80  linalool
33.006- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
730.50  neral
21.804- nonanone

C-K. Shu and B. M. Lawrence, Reasons for the variation in composition of some commercial oils. In: Spices, Flavor chemistry and antioxidant Properties. Edits., S. J. Risch and C-T. Ho, pp. 183-195, Amer. Chem. Soc. Symposium Series 660, A.C.S., Washington (1997).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

lime oil distilled mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
610.70(E)-alpha- bergamotene
590.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
750.01(E)-gamma- bisabolene
730.04(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
721.04beta- bisabolene
850.06alpha- bisabolol
340.08iso borneol
370.69 borneol + nonanol
20.02  bornylene
830.04alpha- cadinol
820.02T-cadinol + T-muurolol
70.53  camphene
840.04  campherenol
140.01delta-3- carene
43tracetrans- carveol
460.01  carvone
600.60beta- caryophyllene
790.07  caryophyllene alcohol
152.321,4- cineole
440.02  citronellol
171.89para- cymene
420.20  decanal
540.04 decanoic acid + neryl acetate
490.09 decanol + geranial
200.682,2-dimethyl-5(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran + (E)-beta-ocimene
580.08  dodecanal
650.04  dodecanol
57tracebeta- elemene
530.06delta- elemene
810.05gamma- eudesmol
710.68(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
60.21alpha- fenchene
270.79alpha- fenchol
470.02  geraniol
560.10  geranyl acetate
770.03  germacrene B
630.09alpha- humulene
1846.86 limonene + 1,8-cineole
250.19 linalool + undecane
230.02(Z)- linalool oxide
248.43(E)-linalool oxide + terpinolene + unknown
290.02(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
31trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
390.13para-methyl acetophenone + para-cymen-8-ol
670.03alpha- muurolene
111.34 myrcene + dihydro-1,8-cineole
280.08  myrcenol
450.02  neral
780.01(E)- nerolidol
260.03  nonanal
10.03  nonane
190.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
350.06(E)-beta-ocimenol
330.09(Z)-beta-ocimenol
120.04  octanal
220.02  octanol
500.02  perillaldehyde
130.46alpha- phellandrene
51.02alpha- pinene
101.34beta- pinene
480.01  piperitone
90.02  sabinene
510.01  sabinyl acetate
640.04beta- santalene
860.01  selin-7(11)-en-4-ol
760.05  selina-3,7(11)-diene
660.13  selina-4,11-diene
680.01beta- selinene
690.20delta- selinene
700.17alpha-selinene + (Z)-alpha-bisabolene
740.05epi-alpha-selinene + delta-cadinene
301.20  terpinen-1-ol
380.97  terpinen-4-ol
162.84alpha- terpinene
2111.02gamma- terpinene
320.81(E)-beta- terpineol
360.22(Z)-beta- terpineol
407.90alpha- terpineol
411.21gamma- terpineol
800.02  tetradecanal
40.01alpha- thujene
30.02  tricyclene
80.222,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl tetrahydropyran
520.03  undecanal
550.03  undecanol

T. S. Chamblee and B. C. Clark, Lemon and lime citrus essential oils. Analysis and organoleptic evaluation. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 88-102, ACS Symp. Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

mandarin oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.91alpha- thujene
22.29alpha- pinene
30.05  camphene
41.88beta- pinene
51.73  myrcene
60.02delta-2- carene
70.48alpha- phellandrene
84.25para- cymene
966.41  limonene
100.03(E)-beta- ocimene
110.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
1219.17gamma- terpinene
131.38  terpinolene
14tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
150.01gamma- terpineol
16trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.13  linalool
18trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
19trace(Z)-beta- terpineol
20traceiso pulegol
21trace(E)-beta- terpineol
220.04  terpinen-4-ol
230.12alpha- terpineol
24trace  citronellol
250.02  hexanol
260.123- octanol
270.03  decanol
280.02  benzaldehyde
29trace3- methyl benzaldehyde
30trace  nonanal
31trace  geranial
32trace  perillaldehyde
330.10  terpinen-4-yl acetate
340.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
35trace  thymol
360.08beta- caryophyllene
37tracealpha- humulene
38tracebeta- selinene
390.30alpha- farnesene
40tracedelta- cadinene

G. Della Porta, E. Reverchon, D. Chouchi and D. Barth, Mandarin and lime peel oil processing by supercritical CO2 desorption:deterpenation and high molecular weight compounds elimination. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 519-522 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

mandarin oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.02  benzaldehyde
40tracedelta- cadinene
30.05  camphene
60.02delta-2- carene
360.08beta- caryophyllene
24trace  citronellol
84.25para- cymene
270.03  decanol
390.30alpha- farnesene
31trace  geranial
250.02  hexanol
37tracealpha- humulene
966.41  limonene
170.13  linalool
16trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
14tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
29trace3- methyl benzaldehyde
340.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
51.73  myrcene
30trace  nonanal
100.03(E)-beta- ocimene
110.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
260.123- octanol
32trace  perillaldehyde
70.48alpha- phellandrene
22.29alpha- pinene
41.88beta- pinene
20traceiso pulegol
18trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
38tracebeta- selinene
220.04  terpinen-4-ol
330.10  terpinen-4-yl acetate
1219.17gamma- terpinene
21trace(E)-beta- terpineol
19trace(Z)-beta- terpineol
230.12alpha- terpineol
150.01gamma- terpineol
131.38  terpinolene
10.91alpha- thujene
35trace  thymol

G. Della Porta, E. Reverchon, D. Chouchi and D. Barth, Mandarin and lime peel oil processing by supercritical CO2 desorption:deterpenation and high molecular weight compounds elimination. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 519-522 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

marjoram oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
26trace  borneol
37tracealpha- cadinol
30.40  camphene
18trace  camphor
36trace  carvacrol
210.40beta- caryophyllene
310.30  caryophyllene oxide
942.601,8- cineole
290.10  citronellol
130.30para- cymene
330.30  elemol
270.40  geranial
300.10  geraniol
280.20  geranyl acetate
82.10  limonene
1932.80  linalool
170.80(E)- linalool oxide
150.80(Z)- linalool oxide
200.50  linalyl acetate
61.40  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.00alpha- pinene
42.60beta- pinene
52.20  sabinene
160.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.20  spathulenol
220.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
253.00alpha- terpineol
241.10gamma- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
1tracealpha- thujene
35trace  thymol
230.10(Z)- verbenol
320.35  viridiflorol

M. C. Soriano, J. A. Sotomayor, E. Correal, P. Sanchez Gomez and C. Garcia-Vallejo, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Thymus x arundanas Willk. and its parents T. mastichina L. and T. baeticus Boiss ex Lacaita. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 593-594 (1997).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

mentha arvensis leaf oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.02  acetic acid
400.05  carvone
490.29  caryophyllene oxide
160.251,8- cineole
350.10  citronellol
290.03para- cymen-8-ol
140.02para- cymene
420.03  decanol
40.03(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
360.28(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl 3-methyl butyrate
110.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
370.03  hexyl 3-methyl butyrate
150.39  limonene
200.03  linalool
460.03para- menth-8-ene-1,2-diol
2774.51  menthol
280.05iso menthol
300.12neo menthol
248.30  menthone
264.59iso menthone
446.11  menthyl acetate
380.23iso menthyl acetate
450.12neo menthyl acetate
430.16neoiso menthyl acetate
20.083- methyl butanol
210.033- methyl butyl 3-methyl butyrate
6trace3- methyl cyclohexanol
7trace3- methyl cyclohexanone
130.02  methyl octyl ether
30.023- methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one
330.04 myrtenal + myrtenol
480.02  nerolidol
250.09  nonanol
190.043- nonanol
170.06  octanol
100.963- octanol
320.11  octyl acetate
220.043- octyl acetate
120.02alpha- phellandrene
50.15alpha- pinene
90.24beta-pinene + 3-octanone
410.45  piperitone
390.13  pulegone
80.06  sabinene
180.02  sabinene hydrate
470.06 terpin hydrate
310.07alpha- terpineol
230.01beta- terpineol
340.03  verbenone

M. H. Boelens, Chemical characterization of cornmint oil, Perf. & Flav., 18(5), 27-32 (1993).

P&F 19, No. 6, 57, (1994)

mentha citrata herb oil
Lawrence (1978) used a combination of column chromatography, preparative and analytical GC and infrared spectroscopy to analyze the oils from three different strains of Menta citrata. The compounds identified in the oils were:
#%LeftshiftComponents
270.1-0.3 bicyclogermacrene + carvone
29<0.1-0.1delta- cadinene
22<0.1-2.1beta- caryophyllene
60.9-4.11,8- cineole
30<0.1-0.8  citronellol
90.0-0.1para- cymene
200.0-0.3beta- elemene
320.0-1.3  elemol
230.0-0.5(E)-beta- farnesene
31<0.1-1.0  geraniol
280.2-0.5  geranyl acetate
260.2-0.7  germacrene D
190.0-<0.1alpha- gurjunene
210.0-1.4  lavandulyl acetate
5<0.1-0.4  limonene
1710.3-38.1  linalool
1842.0-78.4  linalyl acetate
140.0-<0.1  menthofuran
130.0-0.4  menthone
150.0-0.2iso menthone
40.5-1.3  myrcene
250.7-1.1  neryl acetate
70.2-0.5(Z)-beta- ocimene
8<0.1-0.6(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
120.2-1.53- octanol
11<0.1-1.83- octyl acetate
10.0-0.1alpha- pinene
20.0-0.3beta- pinene
160.0-0.2iso pinocamphone
30.0-0.2  sabinene
240.6-7.3alpha- terpineol
100.0-0.1  terpinolene
33<0.1-3.0  viridiflorol

B. M. Lawrence, A study of the monoterpene interrelationships in the genus Mentha with special reference to the origin of pulegone and menthofuran. PhD thesis, Rijksuniversiteit, Groningen, Netherlands (1978).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

microstrobos fitzgeraldii leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
13traceallo- aromadendrene
12trace  aromadendrene
30.30  camphene
180.50  citronellol
160.20  citronellyl acetate
170.10ar- curcumene
190.20para- cymen-8-ol
100.10para- cymene
250.30alpha- eudesmol
260.50beta- eudesmol
240.40gamma- eudesmol
2327.00  hibaene
271.5015- kaurene
306.3016- kaurene
73.20  limonene
624.10  myrcene
200.40(E)- nerolidol
80.60beta- phellandrene
222.70alpha- pinene
40.50beta- pinene
140.10trans- pinocarveol
50.50  sabinene
213.30  spathulenol
90.20gamma- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
110.10  terpinolene
10.20  tricyclene
222.70 unknown a
280.10 unknown b
290.10 unknown c
310.20 unknown d
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 108, (2001)
microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
161.00  bicyclogermacrene
170.60delta- cadinene
240.70T- cadinol
272.10alpha- cadinol
40.90  camphene
180.60  citronellol
200.20epi- cubenol
190.30  cubenol
120.10para- cymene
3trace fenchene
150.30  germacrene D
210.40  globulol
930.50  limonene
250.80T- muurolol
260.30alpha- muurolol
720.80  myrcene
100.70beta- phellandrene
226.90alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
60.80  sabinene
233.60  spathulenol
80.50alpha- terpinene
110.70gamma- terpinene
140.40alpha- terpineol
130.50  terpinolene
10.80  tricyclene
220.30  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 108, (2001)
ocimum basilicum herb oil poland
#%LeftshiftComponents
212.18alpha- bergamolene
310.13  bicyclogermacrene
200.67  bornyl acetate
180.70beta- bourbonene
390.52delta- cadinol
2trace  camphene
50.11delta-3- carene
251.42beta- caryophyllene
90.721,8- cineole
350.11  citronellol
170.37alpha- copaene
340.04ar- curcumene
120.02para- cymene
220.86beta- elemene
380.62  eugenol
360.02  geraniol
330.05  geranyl acetate
305.07  germacrene D
270.78alpha- humulene
80.11  limonene
1954.06  linalool
230.06  linalyl acetate
150.30para-menthene
261.44  menthol
160.32iso menthone
288.68  methyl chavicol
371.02  methyl eugenol
60.08  myrcene
100.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.11allo- ocimene
10.83alpha- pinene
30.08beta- pinene
40.09  sabinene
240.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.06alpha- terpinene
110.15gamma- terpinene
290.91alpha- terpineol
130.03  terpinolene
320.85alpha- terpinyl acetate

E. Kostrzewa and K. Karwowska, Chemical composition of the essential oil from sweet basil grown in Poland. Prace Inst. Lab. Bad. Przem Spoz., 44, 97-107(1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

orange bigarade oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.10  camphene
 4.14  camphor
 2.481,8- cineole
 0.47  citronellol
 0.28para- cymen-8-ol
 1.01para- cymene
 0.32  decyl acetate
 0.36  dodecane
 0.31beta- elemene
 1.71  geranyl acetate
 0.42  geranyl formate
 0.42alpha- guaiene
 20.69  linalool
 1.02(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
 0.81(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 30.72  linalyl acetate
 0.106- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
 0.20  myrcene
 4.12  neryl acetate
 11.73iso nonyl acetate
 0.62  nonyl acetate
 0.36  nopol
 0.11alpha- pinene
 0.50beta- pinene
 0.10  terpinen-4-ol
 3.75alpha- terpineol
 3.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
 1.363,5,5- trimethyl hexanol
orange peel oil bitter brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
220.10beta- caryophyllene
170.06 citronellal + octyl acetate
28trace  citronellol
24trace  citronellyl acetate
10tracepara- cymene
180.12  decanal
120.03  dodecanal
130.06  geranial
16trace  geranyl acetate
792.29  limonene
190.21  linalool
200.37  linalyl acetate
53.10  myrcene
250.05  neral
270.05  neryl acetate
150.02  nonanal
230.03  nonanol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
8tracebeta- phellandrene
10.89alpha- pinene
31.17beta- pinene
40.23  sabinene
210.03  terpinen-4-ol
90.07gamma- terpinene
260.07alpha- terpineol
110.07 terpinolene + octanal
140.29  valencene

M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Domaliso, Oleos Essenciais de Frutos Citricos Cultivados no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol. Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 (1983).

P&F 16, No. 4, 49, (1991)

origanum majorana oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
102.70  citronellol
120.20  elemol
39.32  limonene
722.38  linalyl acetate
92.56  methyl chavicol
11.45  myrcene
130.15  nerolidol
112.07  patchoulene
24.84alpha- phellandrene
56.83beta- phellandrene
47.81  terpinene
826.85alpha- terpineol
64.59  terpinolene

Z. Y. Daw, G. E. El-Baroty and A. M. Ebtesam, Inhibition of Aspergillus parasiticus grown and aflatoxin production by some essential oils. Chem. Mikrobiol. Technol. Lebensmitt., 16(516), 129-135 (1994).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

osmanthus fragrans flower absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
960.04  amyl benzoate
320.03  amyl butyrate
360.008  amyl isovalerate
104trace  amyl salicylate
800.06  anethole
1070.003  anisyl acetate
510.19  benzaldehyde
700.08  benzyl acetate
870.19  benzyl alcohol
86trace  benzyl butyrate
500.02  benzyl formate
590.16  bornyl acetate
15trace  butanal
31trace  butyl benzene
210.02  butyl butyrate
950.12  butyl phenyl acetate
62trace  butyric acid
8trace  camphene
52trace  camphor
16tracedelta-3- carene
119trace  carvacrol
71trace  carvone
200.301,8- cineole
75trace  citronellol
103tracemeta- cresol
102tracepara- cresol
26tracepara- cymene
113tracedelta- decalactone
10611.70gamma- decalactone
29trace  decanal
1170.05  decanoic acid
749.20  decanol
660.08  decyl acetate
1300.39  dibutyl phthalate
84trace  dihydrojasmone
890.282,6- dimethyl phenol
1110.03  docosane
1240.21gamma- dodecalactone
490.05  dodecanal
970.04  eicosane
20.06  ethyl acetate
130.02  ethyl benzene
430.03  ethyl decanoate
220.004  ethyl hexanoate
101trace  ethyl myristate
77trace  ethyl salicylate
1081.90  eugenol
1210.02(E)-iso eugenol
1140.02(Z)-iso eugenol
1200.18  farnesol
45trace  furfural
72trace  geranial
830.07  geraniol
73trace  geranyl acetate
680.08 geranyl formate + dodecanal
105trace  heneicosane
17trace  heptanal
94trace  heptanoic acid
90.022-heptanol + hexanal
38trace  heptyl acetate
330.01  heptyl formate
88trace  heptyl isovalerate
370.01  hexanal
810.05  hexanoic acid
390.12(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
42trace  hexyl butyrate
35trace  hexyl propionate
1100.007  hexyl salicylate
53trace  hexyl valerate
820.86alpha- ionone
925.85beta- ionone
116trace  jasmolactone
930.02(Z)- jasmone
1280.02  lauric acid
18trace  limonene
552.36  linalool
4414.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
4621.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
56trace  linalyl acetate
910.07 methyl alpha-ionone + quinoline
190.053- methyl butanol
60trace  methyl decanoate
118trace  methyl dihydrojasmonate
780.03  methyl dodecanoate
58trace5- methyl furfural
480.09  methyl nonanoate
1270.16  methyl oleate
1120.07  methyl palmitate
340.022- methyl-2-hepten-6-one
4trace4-methyl-2-pentenol
14trace4- methyl-3-penten-2-one
1310.03  myristic acid
990.21  nerolidol
980.04gamma- nonalactone
400.11  nonanal
630.70  nonanol
1000.11  octanoic acid
570.02  octanol
28trace2- octanone
47trace  octyl acetate
690.02  octyl valerate
1320.71  palmitic acid
30.003  pentanal
24trace pentenal
79trace2- phenethyl acetate
900.192-phenethyl alcohol + nonadecane
760.012- phenethyl formate
65trace  phenyl acetaldehyde
5tracealpha- pinene
11tracebeta- pinene
1trace  propanal
70.01  propanol
540.02  propionic acid
12trace  sabinene
850.02  safrole
1220.03alpha- santalol
1260.02beta- santalol
25trace  styrene
610.06  terpinen-4-ol
230.20gamma- terpinene
670.07alpha- terpineol
270.06  terpinolene
1250.02  tetracosane
41trace  tetradecane
1090.23  thymol
6trace  toluene
30trace  tridecane
115tracegamma- undecalactone
100.008  undecane
1233.10  undecanoic acid
64traceiso valeric acid
1290.08  vanillin
V. T. Cogiya, L. G. Kharebava, R. V. Gogiya and E. B. Gvatua, Composition of the volatile compounds in flowers of Osrnanthus fragrans (Thumb) Lour. Rastit. Resur., 22, 243-248 (1986). P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)
pelargonium capitatum l. l'hér. ex aiton oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.10  borneol
150.80beta- bourbonene
282.40alpha- bulnesene
471.00  cadalene
290.10gamma- cadinene
322.60delta- cadinene
450.20alpha- cadinol
340.30alpha- calacorene
350.10beta- calacorene
310.20(Z)- calamenene
183.20beta- caryophyllene
3814.70  caryophyllene oxide
825.60  citronellol
120.10  citronellyl acetate
102.50  citronellyl formate
140.20alpha- copaene
130.10alpha- cubebene
300.60  cubebol
430.60  cubenol
160.70beta- elemene
530.80  ethyl hexadecanoate
203.00(Z)-beta- farnesene
490.40(Z,E)- farnesol
510.20(E,E)- farnesol
520.40(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
91.90  geraniol
360.10  geranyl butyrate
230.30  geranyl propionate
251.80  germacrene D
390.10  gleenol
197.20alpha- guaiene
270.20(Z)-beta- guaiene
210.70alpha- humulene
401.80  humulene oxide II
460.5014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
410.40(E)-sesqui lavandulol
10.10  linalool
170.10  longifolene
40.30iso menthone
240.10gamma- muurolene
420.40epi-alpha- muurolol
500.40(E)- nerolidol acetate
480.90(Z)- nerolidyl acetate
220.60alpha- patchoulene
25.50(Z)- rose oxide
34.50(E)- rose oxide
440.40  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
260.30beta- selinene
372.00  spathulenol
60.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.20alpha- terpineol
110.10  thymol
333.60 unknown MW 218
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 21, (2001)
petitgrain mandarin oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.03(E)- anethole
15trace  benzaldehyde
180.03(E)-beta- bergamotene
280.03  bicyclogermacrene
310.06gamma- cadinene
210.30beta- caryophyllene
160.25  citronellal
300.06  citronellol
23trace  citronellyl formate
140.02alpha- copaene
37tracepara- cymen-8-ol
90.32para- cymene
191.28beta- elemene
24trace  ethyl decanoate
440.08  ethyl heptadecanoate
360.06  ethyl laurate
470.60  ethyl linoleate
483.33  ethyl linolenate
410.06  ethyl myristate
120.04  ethyl octanoate
433.36  ethyl palmitate
330.06  ethyl phenyl acetate
460.16  ethyl stearate
290.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
250.02(E)-beta- farnesene
350.10  geraniol
110.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
26tracealpha- humulene
72.88  limonene
1724.80  linalool
32trace  methyl salicylate
42.00  myrcene
39trace  myrtenol
400.02  nerolidol
84.16(Z)-beta- ocimene
50.01alpha- phellandrene
380.032- phenethyl alcohol
490.74  phytol
10.98alpha- pinene
20.62beta- pinene
327.20  sabinene
132.54(E)- sabinene hydrate
450.48alpha- sinensal
421.60beta- sinensal
22trace  terpinen-1-ol
202.21  terpinen-4-ol
60.26alpha- terpinene
271.28alpha- terpineol
100.32  terpinolene

Z. Fleisher and A. Fleisher, Aromatic plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai, Part III. Mandarin leaf oil (Citrus recticulata Blanco). J. Essent, Oil Res., 2, 331-334 (1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

petitgrain sweet oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
61.66delta-3- carene
470.20trans- carveol
490.21cis- carveol
500.10  caryophyllene oxide
221.52  citronellal
421.30  citronellol
300.70  citronellyl acetate
440.60  cuminaldehyde
480.50para- cymen-8-ol
80.09ortho- cymene
143.17para- cymene
170.082,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
390.312- dodecanone
260.03beta- elemene
310.17(E)-beta- farnesene
381.72  geranial
410.32  geranyl acetate
360.31  geranyl formate
109.76  limonene
2412.09  linalool
210.89(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
201.07(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
250.30  linalyl acetate
510.29para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
120.12ortho- mentha-1(7),5,8-triene
430.09para- methyl acetophenone
340.20  methyl geranate
160.476- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.40  myrcene
290.50  myrtenal
450.07  myrtenol
321.01  neral
460.66  nerol
370.08  neryl acetate
180.753- octanol
190.16  perillene
110.01beta- phellandrene
10.95alpha- pinene
41.76beta- pinene
520.46para-iso propyl anisole
280.51iso pulegol
522.32  sabinene
230.61  sabinene hydrate
273.33  terpinen-4-ol
130.11gamma- terpinene
90.08alpha-terpinene + heptanal + 2-methyl-2-butenal
331.09alpha- terpineol
150.02  terpinolene
350.12alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
30.08  toluene
400.392,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl-5-hydroxytetrahydropyran

A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Meklati, D. Fraisse and C. Scharff, Analysis of leaf oils from four varieties of sweet orange by combined gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Flav. Fragr. J., 3, 47-52 ( 1988).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
The following year, Orav et al. (1996) analyzed an oil of Estonian P sylvestris needle oil. Using a combination of CC and CC/MS they determined that the oil was coin prised of the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.20  bicyclogermacrene
150.30  borneol
241.80  bornyl acetate
410.10beta- bourbonene
380.10a cadinene
364.80delta- cadinene
341.20gamma- cadinene
482.70alpha- cadinol
330.20  calamenene
63.40  camphene
13trace  camphor
1623.70delta-3- carene
432.90beta- caryophyllene
424.90  caryophyllene oxide
21trace  citronellol
350.10alpha- copaene
450.10beta- copaene
200.10para- cymene
390.30beta- elemene
310.80alpha- farnesene
400.20beta- farnesene
22trace  geraniol
32trace geranyl acetate + alpha-ylangene
230.10alpha- guaiene
470.50alpha- humulene
50.80  limonene
370.10  longifolene
302.80alpha- muurolene
272.00gamma- muurolene
250.30epsilon-muurolene + beta-guaiene
461.00T- muurolol
440.70alpha-muurolol + T-cadinol
122.10  myrcene
29trace neryl acetate + alpha-cubebene
71.50(E)-beta- ocimene
140.20alpha- phellandrene
21.00beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
428.10alpha- pinene
102.10beta- pinene
81.00  sabinene
170.40  terpinen-4-ol
180.20alpha- terpinene
90.30gamma- terpinene
190.10alpha- terpineol
112.60  terpinolene
260.60alpha-terpinyl acetate + delta-elemene
30.20alpha- thujene
10.70  tricyclene

A. Orav, T. Kalias and M. Liiv, Analysis of terpenoic composition of conifer needle oils by steam distillation/extraction gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Chromatographia, 43, 215-219 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

pinus sylvestris leaf oil yugoslavia
Scots pine needle oil of Yugoslavian origin was deter mined by Ruzic et al. (1999) to contain the following constituents:
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.10  borneol
33.60  camphene
71.10delta-3- carene
181.20beta- caryophyllene
160.10  citronellol
90.20para- cymene
190.40  germacrene D
1023.90 limonene + beta-phellandrene
170.10  longifolene
150.90 longipinene
64.80  myrcene
240.30alpha- pinene
515.70beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
80.20alpha- terpinene
110.20gamma- terpinene
140.40alpha- terpineol
120.60  terpinolene
10.70  tricyclene

N. J. Ruzic, S. S. Petrovic, T. Stevanovic-Janezic and S. D. Petrovic, Optimization of the preparation of the essential oil from technical foliage of white pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) by steam distillation, Hem. Innd., 53, 231-234 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

ribes nigrum bud oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38trace-0.33allo- aromadendrene
400.00-1.51  bicyclogermacrene
300.00-2.00  bornyl acetate
41trace-0.15delta- cadinene
3trace-2.41  camphene
90.17-45.50delta-3- carene
7trace-0.55delta-4-carene
351.20-4.98beta- caryophyllene
44trace-1.48  caryophyllene oxide
280.00-0.18  citronellol
32trace-0.42  citronellyl acetate
26trace-0.66para- cymen-8-ol
11trace-0.17meta- cymene
12trace-0.48para- cymene
34trace-0.14beta- elemene
31trace-0.24delta- elemene
360.00-1.62gamma- elemene
220.00-0.20(Z)-1,2- epoxylimonene
420.00-1.12  germacrene B
390.00-1.51  germacrene D
37trace-2.00alpha- humulene
450.00-0.52  humulene oxide
130.17-14.12  limonene
29trace-0.12  linalyl acetate
210.00-0.18(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
230.00-0.18(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
24trace-0.66para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
62.89-3.61  myrcene
161.21-3.12(E)-beta- ocimene
150.00-5.63(Z)-beta- ocimene
8trace-1.58alpha- phellandrene
141.72-24.63beta- phellandrene
21.30-9.23alpha- pinene
50.17-10.22beta- pinene
4trace-69.00  sabinene
18trace-0.54(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.00-0.46(Z)- sabinene hydrate
43trace-2.70  spathulenol
460.00-0.18iso spathulenol
250.40-4.52  terpinen-4-ol
10trace-1.32alpha- terpinene
17trace-1.80gamma- terpinene
27trace-0.22alpha- terpineol
190.40-20.00  terpinolene
33trace-0.40alpha- terpinyl acetate
1trace-1.90alpha- thujene

J. L. Le Quere and A. Latrasse, Composition of the essential oils of Blackcurrant bud (Ribes nigram L.). J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 3-10 (1990).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

rose oil otto bulgaria
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.02  amyl alcohol
10.01iso amyl alcohol
440.10  benzyl benzoate
350.17beta- bergamotene
310.77beta- caryophyllene
2038.22  citronellol
250.45  citronellyl acetate
230.13  citronellyl formate
110.09para- cymene
300.08beta- elemene
380.07  eudesmol
260.82  eugenol
280.20beta- farnesene
421.98(E,E)- farnesol
400.21(Z,Z)- farnesol
2214.41  geraniol
270.74  geranyl acetate
240.06  geranyl formate
320.50alpha- guaiene
410.19  heptadecane
60.09  heptanal
30.03  hexanal
50.26  hexanol
40.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.37alpha- humulene
120.13  limonene
133.14  linalool
291.71  methyl isoeugenol
90.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
370.08alpha- muurolene
390.17 nardostachyol
210.05  nerol
80.063- octanol
360.70  pentadecane
170.05  perillyl alcohol
160.132- phenethyl alcohol
70.38alpha- pinene
431.127-isopropyl-1,8-dimethyl naphthalenone
151.39(E)- rose oxide
140.32(Z)- rose oxide
100.18  sabinene
340.53beta- selinene
180.41  terpinen-4-ol
190.94alpha- terpineol

X-Y. Ma, H-P. Pan, F-X. Zhao, H-Q. Li and X-Z. Chen, Chemical constituents in essential oils from transplanted roses of European origin. Fenxi Cheshi Xuebao., 12(5), 1-6 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

tagetes minuta flower oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
543.56 alchenenotriol
309.98(E)- anethole
272.10para- anisaldehyde
410.33  aromadendrene
470.08beta- bisabolene
480.12gamma- cadinene
140.11  camphor
240.23cis- carveol
403.44beta- caryophyllene
230.61  citronellol
21.12para- cymene
311.51 dehydroelshotzia ketone
200.12(Z)- dihydrocarvone
65.19  dihydrotagetone
90.22alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
333.00delta- elemene
500.11gamma-elemene (furanoid)
210.15  elsholtzia ketone
490.15  eugenyl acetate
370.28  geranyl acetate
530.28  guaiol
422.14alpha- humulene
510.29  ledol
315.14  limonene
111.03  linalool
80.43(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
280.47  linalyl acetate
100.12(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
290.39  methyl citronellate
390.24  methyl eugenol
430.226-methyl-gamma-ionone
450.29alpha- muurolene
10.24  myrcene
340.19  neryl acetate
50.30(E)-beta- ocimene
419.33(Z)-beta- ocimene
360.10beta- patchoulene
460.13  pentadecane
170.30(Z)- pinanone
133.68(Z)- sabinene hydrate
350.32(E)-iso safrole
522.42  spathulenol
260.65(E)- tagetenone
2513.26(Z)- tagetenone
152.81(E)- tagetone
160.34(Z)- tagetone
180.46  terpinen-4-ol
70.26gamma- terpinene
190.50alpha- terpineol
380.16  tetradecane
120.24alpha- thujone
320.12  tridecane
440.57  valencene
220.05  verbenone

J. Daghero, M. Mattea, E. Reverchon, G. Della Porta and F. Senatore, Isolation of Tagetes minuta L. oil using supercritical CO2 extraction. In: Proceedings WOCMAP-2. Edits., V. Martino, A. Bandoni, G. Bleak and N. Capelle, Acta Hort., 503, 21-25 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

tangerine oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
210.02beta- caryophyllene
140.02 citronellal + octyl acetate
280.02  citronellol
110.48para- cymene
150.12  decanal
250.04  dodecanal
270.03  geranial
29trace  geranyl acetate
890.75  limonene
161.17  linalool
18trace  linalyl acetate
52.28  myrcene
23trace  neral
26trace  neryl acetate
130.06  nonanal
22trace  nonanol
17trace  octanol
6tracealpha- phellandrene
9tracebeta- phellandrene
11.41alpha- pinene
30.58beta- pinene
40.23  sabinene
200.04  terpinen-4-ol
7tracealpha- terpinene
101.96gamma- terpinene
240.07alpha- terpineol
120.24 terpinolene + octanal
190.03  undecanal
M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Donaliso, Oleos Essenciais de frutos citricos cultivados no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 pp (1983). P&F 17, No. 4, 39, (1992)
thymus zygis gracillis herb oil spain
Variations in the chemical composition of the essential oils of T. sygis L. ssp. sylvestris (Hoffm. et Link) Brot. ex. Coutinho and T. sygis L. ssp. gracilis (boiss.) R. Morales from southeastern Spain were determined by Saez (1995). In this study, oils from four collections of each subspecies were examined by GC and GC/MS. A summary of the data obtained from these analyses (Table IV) shows that different chemotypes of each of the subspecies can be found. Of these, only the thymol chemotypes of T. zygis ssp. gracilis is typical of the red thyme oil in commerce. Only the chemotype thymol will be shown here:
#%LeftshiftComponents
191.63  borneol
141.17iso bornyl acetate
290.05alpha- cadinol
20.30  camphene
110.56  camphor
283.34  carvacrol
160.12beta- caryophyllene
230.07  caryophyllene oxide
71.021,8- cineole
210.08  citronellol
92.95para- cymene
250.08  elemol
220.14  geraniol
200.09  geranyl acetate
60.09  limonene
127.89  linalool
130.06  linalyl acetate
40.06  myrcene
10.04alpha- pinene
30.04beta- pinene
100.36(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.28  spathulenol
151.60  terpinen-4-ol
50.02alpha- terpinene
80.36gamma- terpinene
180.08alpha- terpineol
170.11delta- terpineol
2771.84  thymol
240.08  viridiflorol

F. Saez, Essential oil variability of Thymus zygis growing wild in southeastern Spain. Phytochemistry, 40, 819-825 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

thymus zygis spp. sylvestris herb oil spain
Variations in the chemical composition of the essential oils of T. sygis L. ssp. sylvestris (Hoffm. et Link) Brot. ex. Coutinho and T. sygis L. ssp. gracilis (boiss.) R. Morales from southeastern Spain were determined by Saez (1995). In this study, oils from four collections of each subspecies were examined by GC and GC/MS. A summary of the data obtained from these analyses (Table IV) shows that different chemotypes of each of the subspecies can be found. Of these, only the thymol chemotypes of T. zygis ssp. gracilis is typical of the red thyme oil in commerce. Only the chemotype thymol will be shown here:
#%LeftshiftComponents
234.06  borneol
181.04iso bornyl acetate
300.04alpha- cadinol
31.76  camphene
150.10  camphor
291.66  carvacrol
200.36beta- caryophyllene
270.63  caryophyllene oxide
91.541,8- cineole
250.06  citronellol
1227.63para- cymene
260.39  geraniol
240.24  geranyl acetate
80.13  limonene
165.10  linalool
170.40  linalyl acetate
60.09  myrcene
101.14(Z)-beta- ocimene
22.28alpha- pinene
40.29beta- pinene
50.06  sabinene
140.22(E)- sabinene hydrate
191.15  terpinen-4-ol
71.91alpha- terpinene
1110.95gamma- terpinene
220.04alpha- terpineol
210.03delta- terpineol
130.15  terpinolene
10.08alpha- thujene
2834.18  thymol

F. Saez, Essential oil variability of Thymus zygis growing wild in southeastern Spain. Phytochemistry, 40, 819-825 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

zingiber officinale root oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
3113.49beta- bisabolene
120.48  borneol
190.23  bornyl acetate
304.51gamma- cadinene
33.88  camphene
110.10  camphor
260.44beta- caryophyllene
293.39alpha- cedrene
84.001,8- cineole
150.21  citronellol
220.29  citronellyl acetate
2826.31ar- curcumene
70.13para- cymene
240.81beta- elemene
210.10delta- elemene
182.93  geranial
170.30  geraniol
232.92  geranyl acetate
270.58beta- gurjunene
90.10  heptyl acetate
100.46  linalool
10.105- methyl-2-hexanol
50.376- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
60.12  myrcene
161.34  neral
320.92  nerolidol
21.04alpha- pinene
40.14beta- pinene
130.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.37alpha- terpineol
200.212- undecanone
250.28  zingiberene

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and W-L. Zhang, Aromatic plants and essential constituents (Supplement 1). South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publ. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1995).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

zingiber officinale var. gigante root oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.50  aromadendrene
254.70beta- bisabolene
150.70  borneol
35.70  camphene
140.30  citronellal
171.00  citronellol
190.50alpha- copaene
237.90ar- curcumene
80.20para- cymene
210.90beta- elemene
267.40alpha- farnesene
189.60 geraniol + geranial
200.50  geranyl acetate
10.402- heptanol
101.60  limonene
120.70  linalool
50.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
61.30  myrcene
165.40  neral
130.302- nonanol
70.60alpha- phellandrene
277.00beta-sesqui phellandrene
98.40beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
22.30alpha- pinene
40.40beta- pinene
110.50  terpinolene
2419.00  zingiberene

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

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