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rosa damascena flower oil
volatile oil obtained from the flowers of the damask rose, rosa damascena, rosaceae

Sponsors

Name:rosa damascena mill. flower oil
CAS Number: 8007-01-0
MDL:MFCD00217815
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2989 rose oil (rosa damascena)
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: ROSE, OIL (ROSA SPP.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow liquid to solid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.84800 to 0.86800 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.056 to 7.223
Refractive Index:1.45900 to 1.47200 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-4.00 to +2.00
Melting Point: 85.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 139.00 °F. TCC ( 59.44 °C. )
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 255.8 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:168 hour(s) at 100.00 %
floral sweet spicy winey rose
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. floral sweet spicy wine rose
Flavor Type: floral
rose
Taste Description: rose
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Firmenich
ROSE DISTILLED
Odor Description:A specialty combining the traditional top note of the Essential Oil and the remanence of the Absolute
Firmenich
ROSE EO
Odor Description:Typical Rose Oil note
Taste Description:Geranium, earthy
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
A. Fakhry
Damascus Rose Oil
Anhui Haibei
Rose oil damascus
Arora Aromatics
Rose Indian
Associate Allied Chemicals
Rose Oil
About
Augustus Oils
Rose Oils
Services
Azelis UK
Rose EO
Services
Berjé
Organic Rose Oil
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Rose oil imitation
Bristol Botanicals
Rose otto essential oil Rosa damascena
Excellentia International
Rose Oil
Fine Fragrances Pvt Ltd
Rose Essential LMR
Fine Fragrances Pvt Ltd
Rose Essential low ME LMR
Firmenich
ROSE DISTILLED
Odor: A specialty combining the traditional top note of the Essential Oil and the remanence of the Absolute
Firmenich
ROSE EO
Odor: Typical Rose Oil note
Flavor: Geranium, earthy
Frutarom
ROSE OIL TYPE
Global Essence
Rose Oil
Hermitage Oils
Pink Rose Musk Otto
Odor: characteristic
Use: My initial impressions of Moldovan Rose Otto, based on smelling from the bottle where not positive as I thought it was too shy and timid, displaying a rose accord that took too long to get going and when it did, evoked feelings of sadness instead of instant emphatic effervescent joy that I experience with Turkish, Bulgarian, Iranian or Syrian Rose Otto.
The Vault
Hermitage Oils
Rose Petals Persian Otto
Odor: characteristic
Use: Eleonora Scalseggi has this to say “Although we do indeed already offer a Persian Rose Otto material, after sampling this particular batch from an artisan producer we felt we needed to offer it alongside the existing one because of its impeccable and perfectly balanced aroma profile.
Indenta Group
Rose Oil
India Essential Oils
Rose Oil (damascena)
Indo World Trading
Rose Flower Oil
Kanta Enterprises
Rose Iran Double Distilled Oil
Kanta Enterprises
Rose Iran Single Distilled Oil
Noble Molecular Research
For experimental / research use only.
Otto Rose Oil
Penta International
ROSE OIL OTTO NATURAL & SYNTHETIC, Kosher
Penta International
ROSE OIL OTTO, Kosher
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Rose Oil
Reincke & Fichtner
Rose Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Rose Oil
Symrise
Extrapone® Rose Milk N
Odor: characteristic
Use: Extrapone® Rose Milk N contains the essential oil of Rosa damascena Mill. and milk powder prepared in glycerin and water. Rose blossoms used for our Extrapone® are mainly harvested from plants cultivated in Turkey and Bulgaria. The blossoms are harvested, if necessary comminuted and the essential oil is obtained by steam distillation. Milk powder is the spray-dried concentrated nonfat milk from cows living in Ireland. The essential oil and the milk powder are prepared in a mixture of glycerin, water, solubilizer and preservatives. 1 kg Extrapone® Rose Milk N contains the lipophilic ingredients of approx. 100 g fresh blossoms and the constituents of approx. 200 g nonfat milk. Fresh plant material - Extrapone® Rose Milk N - ratio: 0.1 : 1 Milk - Extrapone® Rose Milk N - ratio: 0.2 : 1
Symrise
Rose CL forte
Life Essentials - Botanicals
Odor: characteristic
Use: Rose CL Forte contains the essential oil of Rosa damascena Mill. blossoms prepared in water and glycerin. Rose blossoms used for our product are harvested from rose bushes mainly cultivated in Turkey and Bulgaria. The blossoms are harvested, if necessary comminuted and the essential oil is obtained by steam distillation. The rose oil is prepared in a mixture of water, glycerin, solubilizer and preservatives and clear filtrated after an individual ripening time. 1 kg Rose CL Forte contains the lipophilic ingredients of approx. 2850 g fresh blossoms. Fresh plant material - Rose CL Forte - ratio: 2.85 : 1
Treatt
Organic Rose Oil
Treatt
Rose Otto Oil
Kosher
Ultra International
Rose Oil
Crop Calendar
Vevy Europe
HYDROESSENTIAL FLORES ROSAE
Odor: characteristic
Use: fractions of natural oils obtained by molecular distillation, water-soluble without solubilisers or alcohols; having the same aroma and intensity as the original essential oils permitting the preparation of hydrolates (tonics, lotions, aromatic waters, collyries, etc.), entirely natural, with no additives. Exclusive Hydroessentials are available on request.
Zanos
Rose Oil
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 2975 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: COMA SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: PTOSIS: EYE LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS
MBI, Mediko Biologicheskaya Informatsiya. Medical-Biological Information. Vol. (3), Pg. 8, 1988.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 2500 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 979, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for rosa damascena flower oil usage levels up to:
  4.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -1.20000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.51000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -15.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.68000
fruit ices: -0.68000
gelatins / puddings: 0.010000.50000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -2.60000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: -0.05000
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8007-01-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1993
WGK Germany:2
rosa damascena mill. flower oil
Chemidplus:0008007010
 
References:
 rosa damascena mill. flower oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8007-01-0
Pubchem (sid):135303715
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.6000
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
nonanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
TMH aldehyde
FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
balsamic
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
opoponax resinoid (balsamodendron kafal)
FR
terpinyl cinnamate
FL/FR
caramellic
maltyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
earthy
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
ethereal
iso
amyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
fatty
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
fermented
methyl decanoate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl undecylenate
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
butyl benzyl ether
FL/FR
cassis buteneone
FR
citronellal
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
(Z)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
gamma-
damascone
FR
9-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
floral pyran
FR
floral pyranol
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl linalool
FL/FR
geranyl propionate
FL/FR
hawthorn ethanol
FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
2-
methyl octanal
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
musk acetate
FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute morocco
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
2-
phenethyl valerate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde digeranyl acetal
FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
rhodinyl butyrate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
tuberose absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
fruity
allyl isononylate
FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
diethyl sebacate
FL/FR
ethyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoate
FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
farnesyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl nonanoate
FL/FR
octyl formate
FL/FR
osmanthus flower absolute
FL/FR
2-
pentanone
FL/FR
propyl heptanoate
FL/FR
propyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
heptyl tetrahydrofuran
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
narcissus flower absolute
FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
violet leaf absolute
FL/FR
hay
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
hay absolute
FR
herbal
iso
amyl tiglate
FL/FR
clary sage concrete
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
ethyl chrysanthemate
FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
phenethyl senecioate
FL/FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
honey
methyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
roasted
2-
methyl-1-butanol
FL/FR
spicy
carnation absolute
FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
cassis pentanone
FL/FR
passiflora acetate
FL/FR
tonka
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl nonanoate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FR
waxy acetate
FR
winey
butyl angelate
FL/FR
2-
hexanol
FL/FR
woody
santall
FR
santalyl butyrate
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl tiglate
FL/FR
iso
amyl undecylenate
FL/FR
2-
amyl-5 or 6-keto-1,4-dioxane
FL
butyl angelate
FL/FR
butyl benzyl ether
FL/FR
iso
butyraldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL
(Z)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl aconitate
FL
farnesyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl linalool
FL/FR
2-
hexanol
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
methyl hydrocinnamate
FL/FR
2-
methyl octanal
FL/FR
2-
methyl-1-butanol
FL/FR
nonanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
phenethyl senecioate
FL/FR
2-
phenethyl valerate
FL/FR
santalyl butyrate
FL/FR
sorbyl propionate
FL
2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
balsamic
opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
brown
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
fatty
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
methyl decanoate
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellal
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
(S)-
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
farnesyl acetate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute morocco
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenyl acetic acid
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
rhodinyl butyrate
FL/FR
laevo-
rose oxide
FL/FR
tuberose absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
diethyl sebacate
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
osmanthus flower absolute
FL/FR
2-
pentanone
FL/FR
phenethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
propyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 2
FL/FR
terpinyl cinnamate
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
cassis pentanone
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
heptanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
octyl formate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
violet leaf absolute
FL/FR
herbal
clary sage concrete
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
honey
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
jammy
maltyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
medicinal
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
musty
propionaldehyde
FL
spicy
clove bud oil
FL/FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
methyl 2-(methyl thio) butyrate
FL
methyl thiomethyl butyrate
FL
tropical
passiflora acetate
FL/FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
9-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
ethyl nonanoate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
geranyl propionate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
propyl heptanoate
FL/FR
whiskey
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
winey
methyl nonanoate
FL/FR
woody
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRabronia
FRacacia
FRamber
FRapple blossom
FRbouquet
FLbrandy
 buckingham flowers
FRcarnation
FRchypre
 couronne de fleurs
 dahlia
FRdaisy
FRdaphne
FRfagonia
 fleurs des champs
FRfloral
FRfreesia
FRgeranium
FRhoney
FRhoneysuckle
 hovenia
 hugonia
 huile de mille fleurs
FL/FRimmortelle
FRjonquil
FRkewda
FRlilac
FRlily
FRlily of the valley
FRmango flower
 millefleurs
FRnarcissus
FRopoponax
FRorange blossom
FRpatchouli
FRpeony
FRpetunia
 poppy
FRrose
FRrose absolute replacer
FRrose dog rose
FRrose moss rose
FRrose red rose
FRrose tea rose
FRrose white rose
FRscented stock
FRspring rain
FRsweet pea
FLtea
FRtuberose
FRwallflower
FRwisteria
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 rosa damascena flower
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 hydroessential flores rosae (Vevy)
 rose CL forte (Symrise)
 rose essential LMR (IFF)
extrapone rose milk N (Symrise)
 rose oil (rosa damascena)
 volatile oil obtained from the flowers of the damask rose, rosa damascena, rosaceae
 

Articles:

PubMed:Inhibitory effect of Rosa damascena Mill flower essential oil, geraniol and citronellol on rat ileum contraction.
PubMed:Effect of Rosa damascena Mill. flower extract on rat ileum.
PubMed:Improved glycemic control, pancreas protective and hepatoprotective effect by traditional poly-herbal formulation "Qurs Tabasheer" in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats.
PubMed:Effect of Quercus infectoria and Rosa damascena on lipid profile and atherosclerotic plaque formation in rabbit model of hyperlipidemia.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of essential oil and rose water of damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) cultivars from North Indian hills.
PubMed:Effect of harvesting hour on some physical and mechanical properties of Rosa damascena Mill.
PubMed:Tocopherol, carotene, phenolic contents and antibacterial properties of rose essential oil, hydrosol and absolute.
PubMed:Substrate promiscuity of RdCCD1, a carotenoid cleavage oxygenase from Rosa damascena.
PubMed:Elucidation of the biochemical pathway of 2-phenylethanol from shikimic acid using isolated protoplasts of rose flowers.
PubMed:An in vitro evaluation of various Rosa damascena flower extracts as a natural antisolar agent.
PubMed:Rosa damascena decreased mortality in adult Drosophila.
PubMed:Rhythmic emission of floral volatiles from Rosa damascena semperflorens cv. 'Quatre Saisons'.
PubMed:Biogenesis of 2-phenylethanol in rose flowers: incorporation of [2H8]L-phenylalanine into 2-phenylethanol and its beta-D-glucopyranoside during the flower opening of Rosa 'Hoh-Jun' and Rosa damascena Mill.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of 2-phenylethyl disaccharide glycosides and mono glycosides from rose flowers, and their potential role in scent formation.
 
Notes:
None found
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