benzophenone
 
Notes:
None found
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Fragrance Demo Formulas
diphenylmethanone (Click)
CAS Number: 119-61-9Picture of molecule
Other: 852361-03-6
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 204-337-6
FDA UNII:701M4TTV9O
Nikkaji Web: J2.481C
Beilstein Number: 1238185
MDL: MFCD00003076
FEMA Number: 2134
CoE Number: 166
XlogP3: 3.40 (est)
Molecular Weight: 182.22190000
Formula: C13 H10 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
JECFA Food Flavoring: 831  benzophenone
Flavis Number: 07.032 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 07.032  benzophenone
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: benzophenone
FEMA Number: 2134  benzophenone
FDA Mainterm: BENZOPHENONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2600 Rubber articles intended for repeated use.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: 47.00 to  51.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 305.00 to  307.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 170.00 to  171.00 °C. @ 15.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point: 47.20 °C.
Vapor Pressure: 0.001000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 6.3 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: > 212.00 °F. TCC ( > 100.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.180
Shelf Life: 36.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 paraffin oil
 water, 137 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 glycerin
Stability:
 bath foam
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
 shampoo
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: balsamic
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
balsam rose metallic powdery geranium
Substantivity: 394 hour(s) at 100.00 %
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
uv absorbers
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xi N - Irritant, Dangerous for the environment.
  R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 51/53 - Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
Human Experience: 6 % solution: non-sensitising.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rat LD50  > 10000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 873, 1973.

oral-mouse LD50  2895 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
European Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Hygiene. Vol. 9, Pg. 99, 1976.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  727 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
European Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Hygiene. Vol. 9, Pg. 99, 1976.

Dermal Toxicity:
  skin-rabbit LD50 3535 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 873, 1973.

Inhalation Toxicity:
  Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for benzophenone usage levels up to:
  6.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 23.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 11.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -2.40000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.50000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.61000
fruit ices: -0.61000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -1.70000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of aromatic substituted secondary alcohols, ketones, and related esters used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 69, (FGE.69)[1] - Consideration of aromatic substituted secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to aromatic ketones from chemical group 21 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.16 (2006) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Toxicological evaluation of benzophenone
View page or View pdf
Report of ESCO WG on non-plastic Food Contact Materials
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 119-61-9
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 3102
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 3077
WGK Germany:2
 diphenylmethanone
Chemidplus: 0000119619
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS: 119-61-9
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References:
 diphenylmethanone
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 119-61-9
Pubchem (cid): 3102
Pubchem (sid): 134974554
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C06354
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB32049
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB02308
Export Tariff Code: 2914.39.9000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status: View
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
free from chlorine; also food chemicals codex
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 atractylis absoluteFR
aldehydic
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
amber
 ambroxanFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
animal
 costus valerolactoneFR
anisic
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
 ambrette seed oilFL/FR
balsamic
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
isobutyl benzoateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 peru balsam oilFL/FR
 phenethyl cinnamateFL/FR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
coconut
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
fatty
 decanolFL/FR
floral
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
laevo-citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetoneFL/FR
 dihydrorose oxideFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 floral pyranFR
 floral pyranolFR
 floral undecenoneFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium nitrileFR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 geranyl hexanoateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hyacinth etherFR
 lilyallFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 rhodinyl propionateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
green
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
herbal
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
 geranium cyclohexaneFR
mossy
 veramoss (IFF)FR
naphthyl
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
spicy
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
terpenic
 frankincense oilFL/FR
tonka
 tonka bean absoluteFR
vanilla
 vanillinFL/FR
waxy
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
woody
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 gurjun balsam oilFR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 santallFR
 woody acetateFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 ambrette seed oilFL/FR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
laevo-citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 geranyl hexanoateFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 phenethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
aldehydic
 decanolFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
anisic
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 peru balsam oilFL/FR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
creamy
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
fatty
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
fruity
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
isobutyl benzoateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 rhodinyl propionateFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
herbal
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
honey
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
powdery
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
soapy
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
spicy
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
vanilla
 vanillinFL/FR
waxy
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
woody
 ambroxanFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 agate 
 amberFR
 apricotFR
 baby powderFR
 balsamFR
 bayberryFR
 berryFR
 bouquetFR
 butterscotchFR
 cedar forestFR
 christmas blendsFR
 clean 
 fir balsamFR
 fixer 
 floralFR
 freesiaFR
 fruitFR
 geraniumFR
 ginger whiteFR
 heatherFR
 herbalFR
 hollyberryFR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 juniper berryFR
 lavenderFR
 mimosaFR
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 muskFR
 new car 
 nutFL
 oakmoss mousse de chene mossFR
 orientalFR
 patchouliFR
 peachFR
 pineFR
 pomegranateFR
 rainFR
 roseFR
 rose whiteFR
 sweet peaFR
 tea greenFR
 tide 
 vanillaFR
 woodyFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Natural Occurrence in: note
 arisaema ciliatum
GRIN Trop Picture
 arisaema tortuosum
GRIN Trop Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 adjutan 6016
 benzene, benzoyl-
 benzophenone cryst.
 benzophenone crystals
 benzophenone extra pure
 benzophenone FCC
 benzophenone flake
 benzophenone flakes
 benzoyl benzene
 benzoylbenzene
 diphenyl ketone
alpha-oxodiphenyl methane
 diphenyl methanone
 diphenyl-methanone
 diphenylketone
a-oxodiphenylmethane
 diphenylmethanone
 kayacure BP
 ketone, diphenyl
 methanone, diphenyl-
a-oxoditane
alpha-oxoditane
 phenyl ketone
 speedcure BP
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: The FEMA GRAS assessment of aromatic substituted secondary alcohols, ketones, and related esters used as flavor ingredients.
PubMed: Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of benzophenone (CAS No. 119-61-9) in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice (feed studies).
PubMed: NTP technical report on the toxicity studies of benzophenone (CAS No. 119-61-9). Administered in feed to F344/N rats and B6C3F mice.
PubMed: Safety evaluation of benzophenone.
PubMed: Comparison between solid phase microextraction (SPME) and hollow fiber liquid phase microextraction (HFLPME) for determination of extractables from post-consumer recycled PET into food simulants.
PubMed: Post-harvest UV-B irradiation induces changes of phenol contents and corresponding biosynthetic gene expression in peaches and nectarines.
PubMed: Migration study of optical brighteners from polymer packing materials to jam squeeze and fruit drink by spectrofluorimetry and RP-HPLC methods.
PubMed: Molecular evolution and sequence divergence of plant chalcone synthase and chalcone synthase-Like genes.
PubMed: Model studies of migration from paper and board into fruit and vegetables and into Tenax™ as a food simulant.
PubMed: Printing ink compounds in foods: UK survey results.
PubMed: Measurement of urinary biomarkers of parabens, benzophenone-3, and phthalates in a Belgian population.
PubMed: Synthesis and carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes inhibitory effects of brominated diphenylmethanone and its derivatives.
PubMed: Iriflophenone-3-C-glucoside from Cyclopia genistoides: isolation and quantitative comparison of antioxidant capacity with mangiferin and isomangiferin using on-line HPLC antioxidant assays.
PubMed: Induction of p21(Waf1/Cip1) by garcinol via downregulation of p38-MAPK signaling in p53-independent H1299 lung cancer.
PubMed: Urinary concentrations of environmental phenols in pregnant women in a pilot study of the National Children's Study.
PubMed: Optimization of matrix solid-phase dispersion for the rapid determination of salicylate and benzophenone-type UV absorbing substances in marketed fish.
PubMed: Evaluation of the migration of 15 photo-initiators from cardboard packaging into Tenax(®) using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS).
PubMed: Optimisation of an analytical method and results from the inter-laboratory comparison of the migration of regulated substances from food packaging into the new mandatory European Union simulant for dry foodstuffs.
PubMed: Bio-based coatings as potential barriers to chemical contaminants from recycled paper and board for food packaging.
PubMed: Childhood exposure to DEHP, DBP and BBP under existing chemical management systems: a comparative study of sources of childhood exposure in Korea and in Denmark.
PubMed: Widespread occurrence of bisphenol A diglycidyl ethers, p-hydroxybenzoic acid esters (parabens), benzophenone type-UV filters, triclosan, and triclocarban in human urine from Athens, Greece.
PubMed: Solvent-assisted dispersive solid phase extraction.
PubMed: Survey on the occurrence of photo-initiators and amine synergists in cartonboard packaging on the German market and their migration into the packaged foodstuffs.
PubMed: Rapid screening method to study the reactivity of UV filter substances towards skin proteins by high-performance thin-layer chromatography.
PubMed: Regulation of lipid and glucose homeostasis by mango tree leaf extract is mediated by AMPK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways.
PubMed: Molecular design, synthesis and biological evaluation of BP-O-DAPY and O-DAPY derivatives as non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
PubMed: [Determination of the migration of seven photoinitiators in food packaging materials into aqueous solvent].
PubMed: Synthesis and characterization of polymerizable one-component photoinitiator based on sesamol.
PubMed: Targeted multidimensional gas chromatography using a heart-cutting device and cryogenic focusing for the determination of benzophenone derivatives in foodstuffs.
PubMed: Isolation, structural elucidation, MS profiling, and evaluation of triglyceride accumulation inhibitory effects of benzophenone C-glucosides from leaves of Mangifera indica L.
PubMed: Food ingredient extracts of Cyclopia subternata (Honeybush): variation in phenolic composition and antioxidant capacity.
PubMed: Effect of relative humidity on the migration of benzophenone from paperboard into the food simulant Tenax® and modelling hereof.
PubMed: An amperometric sensor for the determination of benzophenone in food packaging materials based on the electropolymerized molecularly imprinted poly-o-phenylenediamine film.
PubMed: Potential role of garcinol as an anticancer agent.
PubMed: Urinary levels of triclosan and parabens are associated with aeroallergen and food sensitization.
PubMed: Simultaneous analysis and monitoring of 16 UV filters in cosmetics by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: The power of hyphenated chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry in public health laboratories.
PubMed: Identification and quantification of the migration of chemicals from plastic baby bottles used as substitutes for polycarbonate.
PubMed: 7-epiclusianone, the natural prenylated benzophenone, inhibits superoxide anions in the neutrophil respiratory burst.
PubMed: Emerging pollutants in sewage, surface and drinking water in Galicia (NW Spain).
PubMed: Preventing false negatives with high-resolution mass spectrometry: the benzophenone case.
PubMed: Identification of benzophenone C-glucosides from mango tree leaves and their inhibitory effect on triglyceride accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
PubMed: [Determination of photoinitiators in printing inks used in food contact materials].
PubMed: [Safety verification for reuse of PET and glass bottles].
PubMed: Garcinol inhibits cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells.
PubMed: Metabolism of a new herbicide, [(14)c]pyribenzoxim, in rice.
PubMed: 4-Methylbenzophenone and benzophenone are inactive in the micronucleus assay.
PubMed: Garcinol promotes neurogenesis in rat cortical progenitor cells through the duration of extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling.
PubMed: Effect of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on early life-stage development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa at different temperatures and salinities.
PubMed: A new method for the determination of carbonyl compounds in wines by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Photoinduced reduction of divalent mercury in ice by organic matter.
PubMed: A rapid High Performance Liquid Chromatographic (HPLC) method for the simultaneous determination of seven UV filters found in sunscreen and cosmetics.
PubMed: Rapid multi-analyte quantification of benzophenone, 4-methylbenzophenone and related derivatives from paperboard food packaging.
PubMed: Analysis of benzophenone and 4-methylbenzophenone in breakfast cereals using ultrasonic extraction in combination with gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS(n)).
PubMed: Evaluation of sub-critical water as an extraction fluid for model contaminants from recycled PET for reuse as food packaging material.
PubMed: [Hazards for health related to migration of substances from packaging into food].
PubMed: Widespread occurrence of estrogenic UV-filters in aquatic ecosystems in Switzerland.
PubMed: Importance of prey and predator feeding behaviors for trophic transfer and secondary poisoning.
PubMed: Migration of photoinitiators by gas phase into dry foods.
PubMed: Study of the migration of photoinitiators used in printed food-packaging materials into food simulants.
PubMed: Determination of low-level ink photoinitiator residues in packaged milk by solid-phase extraction and LC-ESI/MS/MS using triple-quadrupole mass analyzer.
PubMed: Photostability and phytotoxicity of selected sunscreen agents and their degradation mixtures in water.
PubMed: Identification and determination butylmethoxydibenzoylmethane in the presence benzophenone-3 and ethylhexylmethoxycinnamate in suncare preparation.
PubMed: Synthesis and antifungal activity of 2-azetidinonyl-5-(2-benzoylphenoxy)methyl-1,3,4-oxadiazoles against seed-borne pathogens of Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.
PubMed: Bioassay and ultraperformance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry guided isolation of apoptosis-inducing benzophenones and xanthone from the pericarp of Garcinia yunnanensis Hu.
PubMed: Migration measurement and modelling from poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) into soft drinks and fruit juices in comparison with food simulants.
PubMed: Polyisoprenylated benzophenones and an unusual polyisoprenylated tetracyclic xanthone from the fruits of Garcinia cambogia.
PubMed: Determination of ink photoinitiators in packaged beverages by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: SiOx layer as functional barrier in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles against potential contaminants from post-consumer recycled PET.
PubMed: Development of a method to study the migration of six photoinitiators into powdered milk.
PubMed: Development of a multimethod for the determination of photoinitiators in beverage packaging.
PubMed: Development of an analytical method for the determination of photoinitiators used for food packaging materials with potential to migrate into milk.
PubMed: In utero exposure to benzophenone-2 causes hypospadias through an estrogen receptor dependent mechanism.
PubMed: Migration of organic compounds from a multilayer plastic-paper material intended for food packaging.
PubMed: 1,3-diene probes for detection of triplet carbonyls in biological systems.
PubMed: Soil metabolism of a new herbicide, [14C]Pyribenzoxim, under flooded conditions.
PubMed: Carcinogenesis studies of benzophenone in rats and mice.
PubMed: The FEMA GRAS assessment of aromatic substituted secondary alcohols, ketones, and related esters used as flavor ingredients.
PubMed: [Migration of bisphenol A and benzophenones from paper and paperboard products used in contact with food].
PubMed: A two-generation reproductive toxicity study of benzophenone in rats.
PubMed: Application of Finite Element Analysis (FEA) for the simulation of release of additives from multilayer polymeric packaging structures.
PubMed: Migration of contaminants by gas phase transfer from carton board and corrugated board box secondary packaging into foods.
PubMed: Identification of rat urinary and fecal metabolites of a new herbicide, pyribenzoxim.
PubMed: [Estrogenic activity of ultraviolet absorbers and the related compounds].
PubMed: Estrogenic and antiandrogenic activities of 17 benzophenone derivatives used as UV stabilizers and sunscreens.
PubMed: Determination of sixteen UV filters in suncare formulations by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Characterization of gallotannins and benzophenone derivatives from mango (Mangifera indica L. cv. 'Tommy Atkins') peels, pulp and kernels by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Chemical analysis and genotoxicological safety assessment of paper and paperboard used for food packaging.
PubMed: Effectiveness of polypropylene film as a barrier to migration from recycled paperboard packaging to fatty and high-moisture food.
PubMed: Contaminants and levels of occurrence in washed and shredded poly(ethylene terephthalate) from curbside collection. Part 1: Extraction conditions.
PubMed: Benzophenone in cartonboard packaging materials and the factors that influence its migration into food.
PubMed: Migration of surrogate contaminants in paper and paperboard into water through polyethylene coating layer.
PubMed: [Determination of alkylphenols, bisphenol A, benzophenone and phthalates in containers of baby food, and migration into food simulants].
PubMed: Evaluating the potential for recycling all PET bottles into new food packaging.
PubMed: Induction of apoptosis by garcinol and curcumin through cytochrome c release and activation of caspases in human leukemia HL-60 cells.
PubMed: Analytical procedure for quantifying five compounds suspected as possible contaminants in recycled paper/paperboard for food packaging.
PubMed: Free radical scavenging activity and antiulcer activity of garcinol from Garcinia indica fruit rind.
PubMed: Antioxidative and anti-glycation activity of garcinol from Garcinia indica fruit rind.
PubMed: A polyisoprenylated benzophenone from Cuban propolis.
PubMed: Migration studies from paper and board food packaging materials. Part 2. Survey for residues of dialkylamino benzophenone UV-cure ink photoinitiators.
PubMed: Migration studies from paper and board food packaging materials. 1. Compositional analysis.
PubMed: Safety evaluation of benzophenone-3 after dermal administration in rats.
PubMed: Current research on food contact materials undertaken by the UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.
PubMed: Safety evaluation of benzophenone.
PubMed: Cysteine-374 of actin resides at the gelsolin contact site in the EGTA-resistant actin-gelsolin complex.
PubMed: In vivo percutaneous absorption of fragrance ingredients in rhesus monkeys and humans.
PubMed: Effect of food on absorption of 450191-S, a 1H-1,2,4-triazolyl benzophenone derivative from rat small intestine.
PubMed: [Pharmacological studies on drug dependence. (III): Intravenous self-administration of some CNS-affecting drugs and a new sleep-inducer, 1H-1, 2, 4-triazolyl benzophenone derivative (450191-S), in rats].
PubMed: U.v. absorbers in sun cosmetics 1978.
PubMed: [Migration of UV stabilizers, derivatives of benzophenone].
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