diphenyl oxide
Present in muscat grapes, green tea, vanilla, lemon balm, buckwheat, potato chips and grilled beef. Flavouring ingredient Diphenyl ether is a starting material in the production of phenoxathiin via the Ferrario reaction. Phenoxathiin is used in polyamide and polyimide production.; Involving similar reactions, diphenyl ether is a significant side product in the high-pressure hydrolysis of chlorobenzene in the production of phenol.; Several polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are useful flame retardants. Of penta-, octa-, and decaBDE, the three most common PBDEs, only decaBDE is still in widespread use since its ban in the European Union in 2003. DecaBDE, also known as decabromodiphenyl oxide, is a high-volume industrial chemical with over 450,000 kilograms produced annually in the United States. Decabromodiphenyl oxide is sold under the trade name Saytex 102 as a flame retardant in the manufacture of paints and reinforced plastics.
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Diphenyl Oxide
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Diphenyl Oxide
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL Società con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
      RSS Feed
      ECSA Trade
      Company Profile
      Products List: View
      Diphenyl Oxide
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lansdowne Chemicals
    • Lansdowne Chemicals
      With a focus on providing the highest level of service
      Lansdowne Chemicals has established itself at the forefront of the global chemical industry.
      Headquarters are in Carterton, Oxfordshire encompassing all of Lansdowne's Business Units. Our Regulatory Team and Quality Control Departments are based out of Carterton. Lansdowne Aromatic's state of the art warehouse facilities are located in Cricklade, covering 12,000 square ft. We are able to offer just-in-time deliveries for our full range of products, in a variety of pack sizes. Bonded facilities are available for goods going outside of the EU.
      Email: Contact Us:
      US Email: Dean Matienzo - Sales Manager
      Voice: +44 1993 843081
      Fax: +44 1993 841261
      US Voice: +1 973 886 3778
      US Fax: +1 973 346 1106
      Whats New
      Global Distribution
      Diphenyl Oxide
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      A0047 DIPHENYL OXIDE, Kosher
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      128250 DIPHENYL OXIDE
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home. If you’re looking for something even more exclusive our bespoke fragrance design service could be what you’re looking for: we design custom fragrances for individuals, other perfume brands, hotels, corporations and organisations.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 1630 652546
      Mobile+44 7792 580511
      Diphenyl Oxide
      This material melts at 28 Centigrade. Arctander suggests these uses: “… It is not confined exclusively to Geranium and Rose types, since Fougeres, New Mown Hay and Hyacinth, to mention a few, can benefit from this chemical. Like many other low-cost perfume chemicals, it is often an interesting tool in the hands of a skilled perfumer with audacity and imagination and an urge to use materials in an ‘unconventional’ way.”
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      04-81000 DIPHENYL OXIDE, Kosher
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      PerfumersWorld Skype Skype
      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      2RB00163 Diphenyl Oxide
      Blends-well-with - +Terpineol +Citral +Nerol +Citral +Geranyl Acetate NewMownHay
      5RB09235 Diphenyl oxide 10% in DPG
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Global Reach
      Diphenyl Oxide
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      Made in Grasse
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
      Email: Info:
      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
      Fax: (33) 4 22 13 07 38
      New Catalog
      Products List: View
      PHENYL OXIDE > 99
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
      Certified Food Grade Products
      W366706 Diphenyl ether, ≥99%, FG
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
  • Sunaux International
    • Sunaux International
      Buy With Confidence
      We have industry leading processes and procedures to ensure nothing but the most reliable product.
      Sunaux International was founded in 2012 by the owner Mr.John Felton after spending 18 years involved in developing global business in the aromatic chemicals, fragrance and flavour compounds business.
      Email: John Felton
      Email: Stephen Zhou (Sales)
      Voice: 0512-57995626
      Fax: 0512-57570299
      A0049 Diphenyl Oxide
  • Symrise
    • Symrise AG
      Always Insiring More
      Symrise aroma molecules & cosmetic ingredients for unique and innovative fragrances, flavors and cosmetics.
      We are globally recognized as a leading provider of fragrances, flavors and active ingredients as well as aroma chemicals for the perfume, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries. We combine our knowledge about consumers’ ever- changing needs with creativity and ground-breaking technologies. In doing so, we concentrate on the development of solutions that provide our customers with added value. We ensure sustained value creation by allowing our employees and shareholders to share our Company’s success.
      US Email: Life Essentials
      Email: Aroma Molecules
      Voice: +49 5531 90 0
      RSS Feed
      130273 Diphenyl oxide

      Useful in: savory vegetable, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others.
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 27,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Email: Global Business
      Voice: +81-3-5640-8878
      Fax: +81-3-5640-8902
      US Voice: 800-423-8616
      US Fax: 888-520-1075
      Tokyo Tel:03-5640-8851
      Tokyo Fax:03-5640-8865
      P0177 Diphenyl Oxide >99.0%(GC)
  • The Good Scents Company
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      Diphenyl Oxide
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
      Diphenyl Oxide
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      Diphenyl Oxide
  • Ernesto Ventós
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
phenoxybenzene (Click)
CAS Number: 101-84-8Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 202-981-2
Nikkaji Web: J3.598J
Beilstein Number: 1364620
MDL: MFCD00003034
CoE Number: 2201
XlogP3: 4.20 (est)
Molecular Weight: 170.21090000
Formula: C12 H10 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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JECFA Food Flavoring: 1255  diphenyl ether
Flavis Number: 04.035 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 04.035  diphenyl ether
FEMA Number: 3667  diphenyl ether
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless solid (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 1.07100 to 1.07500 @  30.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.912 to  8.945
Refractive Index: 1.57800 to 1.58300 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 26.80 to  30.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 258.00 to  259.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.022000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 5.9 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 240.00 °F. TCC ( 115.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.210
Shelf Life: 36.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 paraffin oil
 water, 18 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: green
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 geranium  leafy  green  phenolic  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
geranium leaf green phenolic
Luebke, William tgsc, (1983)
 rose  geranium  floral  
Taste Description:
rosy, geranium-like, floral
Substantivity: 156 Hour(s)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Diphenyl Ether
Allan Chemical
Diphenyl Oxide
Augustus Oils
Diphenyl Oxide
Diphenyl Oxide
Happening at Berje
CG Herbals
Di Phenyl Oxide
Odor: Pelargonia Leaves
Eastman Chemical
Diphenyl Oxide
Odor: characteristic
Use: Applications for diphenyl oxide process fluid include process media, raw materials, or solvents in many industries, including chemicals, fragrances, and petrochemicals.
ECSA Chemicals
Diphenyl Oxide
Company Profile
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Diphenyl Oxide
Ernesto Ventós
Global Essence
Diphenyl oxide
Indenta Group
Diphenyl Oxide
Indukern F&F
Kunshan Sainty
Diphenyl Oxide, Kosher
Lansdowne Chemicals
Diphenyl Oxide
Lluch Essence
M&U International
Odor: floreal, rose
Flavor: floreal, rose, geranium
Pearlchem Corporation
Diphenyl Oxide
Pell Wall Perfumes
Diphenyl Oxide
Odor: Geranium, green-leaf, floral-rose, slightly harsh-phenolic, metalic, camphoraceous
Use: This material melts at 28 Centigrade. Arctander suggests these uses: “… It is not confined exclusively to Geranium and Rose types, since Fougeres, New Mown Hay and Hyacinth, to mention a few, can benefit from this chemical. Like many other low-cost perfume chemicals, it is often an interesting tool in the hands of a skilled perfumer with audacity and imagination and an urge to use materials in an ‘unconventional’ way.”
Penta International
Diphenyl oxide 10% in DPG
Diphenyl Oxide
Odor: strong geranium phenolic aromatic floral rose geranium harsh chemical mettalic floral-green
Use: Blends-well-with - +Terpineol +Citral +Nerol +Citral +Geranyl Acetate NewMownHay
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Diphenyl Oxide
Diphenyl Oxide
Reincke & Fichtner
Diphenyl Ether
Diphenyl ether, ≥99%, FG
Odor: geranium; green
Certified Food Grade Products
Silverline Chemicals
Diphenyl Oxide
SRS Aromatics
Sunaux International
Diphenyl Oxide
Diphenyl oxide
Odor: strong like pelargonia leaves, harsh-sweetish, slightly phenolic, reminiscent of camphor and anethole
Flavor: rosy, geranium-like, floral
Useful in: savory vegetable, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others.
For experimental / research use only.
Diphenyl Oxide >99.0%(GC)
The Good Scents Company
diphenyl oxide
Odor: geranium leaf green phenolic
The John D. Walsh Company
Diphenyl Oxide
The Lermond Company
Diphenyl Oxide
The Perfumers Apprentice
Diphenyl Oxide (crystalline solid)
Odor: dilute to 10%, green note
Diphenyl Oxide
Ungerer & Company
Diphenyl Oxide
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi N - Irritant, Dangerous for the environment.
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
R 51/53 - Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24 - Avoid contact with skin.
S 60 - This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H401
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H411
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H401 - Toxic to aquatic life
H411 - Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statement(s)
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P391 - Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  2450 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. 0TS0518143

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 7940 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. 0TS0518143

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for diphenyl oxide usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 12.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 5.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: III
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 13
Click here to view publication 13
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.50000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: -7.50000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 59 (FGE.59): Consideration of aliphatic and aromatic ethers evaluated by JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic ethers including anisole derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.23 (2006) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 59, Revision 1 (FGE.59Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and aromatic ethers evaluated by JECFA (61st meeting and 63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic ethers including anisole derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.23 Rev2 (2010)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aromatic ethers including anisole derivatives (chemical group 26) when used as feed additives for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NIOSH Pocket Guide: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
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Canada Domestic Sub. List: 101-84-8
Pubchem (cid): 7583
Pubchem (sid): 134971155
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Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
•grades: technical; perfume; industrial •technical and refined grades •usual concns in final products: soap, 0.05%; detergent, 0.005%; creams, lotions, 0.05%; perfume, 0.15% •eutectic heat-transfer mixture composed of 73.5% diphenyl oxide and 26.5% biphenyl...marketed under product names dowtherm a (dow chemical), therminol vp-1 (monsanto), thermex (imperial chem), therm s-300 (nippon steel chemical), diphyl (bayer), and gilotherm (progil)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
isobutyl quinolineFR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
 citronellyl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-citronellyl tiglateFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl propanolFR
 dihydrorose oxideFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranium pyranFR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hyacinth etherFR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 methyl nerate 
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 orris pyridine 25% IPMFR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dicitronellyl acetalFR
 rhodinyl formateFL/FR
 rhodinyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 verdyl acetateFR
 violet methyl carbonateFR
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
 green acetateFR
 neryl propionateFL/FR
 acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetalFL/FR
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
para-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl heptine carbonateFL/FR
 methyl octine carbonateFL/FR
 narcissus flower absoluteFR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
 hay absoluteFR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
curled parsley leaf oilFL/FR
green algae absoluteFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 veramoss (IFF)FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
green algae absoluteFL/FR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
 methyl nerate 
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
para-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 citronellyl butyrateFL/FR
 rhodinyl formateFL/FR
 acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetalFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl heptine carbonateFL/FR
 methyl octine carbonateFL/FR
 neryl propionateFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
curled parsley leaf oilFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
(E)-citronellyl tiglateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
 benzylidene acetoneFL
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 rhodinyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 ash mountain ash 
 boxwood blossom 
 carrot seedFL/FR
 cassis black currant budFL/FR
 champaca champakFR
 chrysanthemum chrysanthemeFR
 clover trefle le'trefle incarnatFR
 daffodil narcissusFR
 earth humusFR
 fern fougereFR
 fir balsamFR
 flouve blossom 
 forest pine forestFR
 fresh & cleanFR
 fungus mushroomFR
 ginger whiteFR
 hay new mown hay foin coupeFR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 narcissus narcisseFR
 oakmoss mousse de chene mossFR
 ocean sea 
 pear prickly pear 
 privet blossom 
 reseda mignonetteFR
 rose geraniumFR
 rose tea roseFR
 sweet peaFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
 benzene, 1,1'-oxybis-
 benzene, phenoxy-
 biphenyl oxide
 di phenyl oxide
 diphenyl ether
 diphenyl oxide
 ether, diphenyl
 geranium crystals
 phenyl ether
 phenyl oxide
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
PubMed: Assessment of neurotoxic effects and brain region distribution in rat offspring prenatally co-exposed to low doses of BDE-99 and methylmercury.
PubMed: Bioaccumulation, distribution and metabolism of BDE-153 in the freshwater fish Carassius auratus after dietary exposure.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) concentrations in plasma of pregnant women from Western Australia.
PubMed: Assimilation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers from microplastics by the marine amphipod, allorchestes compressa.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) exposure in children: possible associations with cardiovascular and psychological functions.
PubMed: Distribution and Uptake of Key Polychlorinated Biphenyl and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether Congeners in Benthic Infauna Relative to Sediment Organic Enrichment.
PubMed: Machine learning approaches to investigate the impact of PCBs on the transcriptome of the common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus).
PubMed: Comparing plasma concentrations of persistent organic pollutants and metals in primiparous women from northern and southern Canada.
PubMed: Persistent organic pollutants exposure during pregnancy, maternal gestational weight gain, and birth outcomes in the mother-child cohort in Crete, Greece (RHEA study).
PubMed: Seasonal variability of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) congener profiles in butter in Poland: dietary risk evaluation.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and multiple stressors influence the reproduction of free-ranging tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) nesting at wastewater treatment plants.
PubMed: Correlation of gene expression and contaminant concentrations in wild largescale suckers: a field-based study.
PubMed: Structure-activity relationships of 44 halogenated compounds for iodotyrosine deiodinase-inhibitory activity.
PubMed: Detection of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in culture media and protein sources used for human in vitro fertilization.
PubMed: Ecological and spatial factors drive intra- and interspecific variation in exposure of subarctic predatory bird nestlings to persistent organic pollutants.
PubMed: Heterologous expression and biochemical characterization of an endo-β-1,4-glucanase from Thermobifida fusca.
PubMed: Lactation exposure to BDE-153 damages learning and memory, disrupts spontaneous behavior and induces hippocampus neuron death in adult rats.
PubMed: UV-induced formation of bromophenols from polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
PubMed: The flame-retardant BDE-99 dose-dependently affects viral replication in CVB3-infected mice.
PubMed: Tissue accumulation and species-specific metabolism of technical pentabrominated diphenyl ether (DE-71) in two predator fish.
PubMed: Dietary assessment of human exposure to PBDEs in South Korea.
PubMed: Dietary intake of PBDEs of residents at two major electronic waste recycling sites in China.
PubMed: Bioaccumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in flounder (Platichthys flesus) in the southern Baltic Sea.
PubMed: Microbial degradation of fomesafen by a newly isolated strain Pseudomonas zeshuii BY-1 and the biochemical degradation pathway.
PubMed: Detection of Dechlorane Plus and brominated flame retardants in marketed fish in Japan.
PubMed: Food web accumulation of cyclic siloxanes in Lake Mjøsa, Norway.
PubMed: Heating of BDE-209 and BDE-47 in plant oil in presence of o,p'-DDT or iron(III) chloride can produce monochloro-polybromo diphenyl ethers.
PubMed: Assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in serum from the Korean general population.
PubMed: Early exposure to 2,2',4,4',5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99) affects mating behavior of zebra finches.
PubMed: Comparisons of polybrominated diphenyl ether and hexabromocyclododecane concentrations in dust collected with two sampling methods and matched breast milk samples.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in blood of children in Baden-Württemberg between 2002/03 and 2008/09.
PubMed: House crickets can accumulate polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) directly from polyurethane foam common in consumer products.
PubMed: Synthesis and herbicidal activity of diphenyl ether derivatives containing unsaturated carboxylates.
PubMed: Dietary intake of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from fish and meat by residents of Nanjing, China.
PubMed: Trophic level determines levels of brominated flame-retardants in coastal herring gulls.
PubMed: Exposure of the Irish population to PBDEs in food: consideration of parameter uncertainty and variability for risk assessment.
PubMed: Effects of river flooding on polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) levels in cows' milk, soil, and grass.
PubMed: Accumulation and debromination of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) in juvenile fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) induces thyroid disruption and liver alterations.
PubMed: Toxicologic and immunologic effects of perinatal exposure to the brominated diphenyl ether (BDE) mixture DE-71 in the Sprague-Dawley rat.
PubMed: Bottlenose dolphins as indicators of persistent organic pollutants in the western North Atlantic Ocean and northern Gulf of Mexico.
PubMed: Neurobehavioral and physiological effects of low doses of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE)-99 in male adult rats.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in U.S. Meat and poultry from two statistically designed surveys showing trends and levels from 2002 to 2008.
PubMed: Bioaccumulation kinetics of polybrominated diphenyl ethers from estuarine sediments to the marine polychaete, Nereis virens.
PubMed: A dynamic multimedia environmental and bioaccumulation model for brominated flame retardants in Lake Huron and Lake Erie, USA.
PubMed: [Occurrence and relevance to health of persistent organic substances and phthalates in breast milk].
PubMed: Regional contamination versus regional dietary differences: understanding geographic variation in brominated and chlorinated contaminant levels in polar bears.
PubMed: Contamination of U.S. butter with polybrominated diphenyl ethers from wrapping paper.
PubMed: Changes in plasma retinol of American kestrels (Falco sparverius) in response to dietary or in ovo exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of a penta-brominated diphenyl ether mixture, DE-71.
PubMed: Dietary exposure of juvenile common sole (Solea solea L.) to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs): Part 1. Bioaccumulation and elimination kinetics of individual congeners and their debrominated metabolites.
PubMed: Accumulation and DNA damage in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) exposed to 2 brominated flame-retardant mixtures, Firemaster 550 and Firemaster BZ-54.
PubMed: Chronic, dietary polybrominated diphenyl ether exposure affects survival, growth, and development of Rana pipiens tadpoles.
PubMed: Biotransformation of the diphenyl ether herbicide lactofen and purification of a lactofen esterase from Brevundimonas sp. LY-2.
PubMed: Trophodynamics of hexabromocyclododecanes and several other non-PBDE brominated flame retardants in a freshwater food web.
PubMed: A global review of polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardant contamination in birds.
PubMed: Brominated diphenyl ether (BDE) levels in liver, adipose, and milk from adult and juvenile rats exposed by gavage to the DE-71 technical mixture.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) levels in peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) eggs from California correlate with diet and human population density.
PubMed: Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers Orally Administration to Mice Were Tansferred to Offspring during Gestation and Lactation with Disruptions on the Immune System.
PubMed: Prey species as possible sources of PBDE exposures for peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) nesting in major California cities.
PubMed: Effects of BDE-99 on hormone homeostasis and biochemical parameters in adult male rats.
PubMed: Chronic exposure of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-47) alters locomotion behavior in juvenile zebrafish (Danio rerio).
PubMed: Photolytical transformation rates of individual polybrominated diphenyl ethers in technical octabromo diphenyl ether (DE-79).
PubMed: Mini-review: polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants as potential autism risk factors.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclodecane (HBCD) in composite U.S. food samples.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in selected fish species from the southern Baltic Sea.
PubMed: Species-specific accumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in birds of prey from the Chesapeake Bay region, USA.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether levels in foodstuffs collected from three locations from the United States.
PubMed: Technical pentabromodiphenyl ether and hexabromocyclododecane as activators of the pregnane-X-receptor (PXR).
PubMed: Persistent organic pollutant residues in human fetal liver and placenta from Greater Montreal, Quebec: a longitudinal study from 1998 through 2006.
PubMed: Bioconcentration and biomagnification of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) through lower-trophic-level coastal marine food web.
PubMed: An assessment of sources and pathways of human exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers in the United States.
PubMed: A newly recognized occupational hazard for US electronic recycling facility workers: polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants: environmental contamination, human body burden and potential adverse health effects.
PubMed: Biochemical tracers reveal intra-specific differences in the food webs utilized by individual seabirds.
PubMed: Biomagnification of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls in a highly contaminated freshwater food web from South China.
PubMed: Brominated and chlorinated flame retardants in Lake Ontario, Canada, lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) between 1979 and 2004 and possible influences of food-web changes.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether exposure suppresses cytokines important in the defence to coxsackievirus B3 infection in mice.
PubMed: Higher accumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in infants than in adults.
PubMed: Persistent organohalogen contaminant burdens in Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) from the eastern Antarctic sector: a baseline study.
PubMed: Assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ether exposures and health risks associated with consumption of southern Mississippi catfish.
PubMed: Metabolism of nitrodiphenyl ether herbicides by dioxin-degrading bacterium Sphingomonas wittichii RW1.
PubMed: Exploratory assessment of sportfish consumption and polybrominated diphenyl ether exposure in New York State anglers.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether congener patterns, hexabromocyclododecane, and brominated biphenyl 153 in eggs of peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) breeding in Sweden.
PubMed: Determination of polybromodiphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in milk cream by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Enantioselective bioaccumulation of hexabromocyclododecane and congener-specific accumulation of brominated diphenyl ethers in an eastern Canadian Arctic marine food web.
PubMed: Development of a magnetic particle immunoassay for polybrominated diphenyl ethers and application to environmental and food matrices.
PubMed: Brominated flame retardants as possible endocrine disrupters.
PubMed: [Tissue distribution of PBDEs in Mandarin fish].
PubMed: Determination of brominated flame retardants and brominated dioxins in fish collected from three regions of Japan.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers as endocrine disruptors of adipocyte metabolism.
PubMed: Temporal trends of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and hexabromocyclododecane in milk from Stockholm mothers, 1980-2004.
PubMed: Consumption of fish from a contaminated lake strongly affects the concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and hexabromocyclododecane in serum.
PubMed: Probabilistic intake assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and omega-3 fatty acids through fish consumption.
PubMed: Effects of settling organic matter on the bioaccumulation of cadmium and BDE-99 by Baltic Sea benthic invertebrates.
PubMed: Changes in reproductive courtship behaviors of adult American kestrels (Falco sparverius) exposed to environmentally relevant levels of the polybrominated diphenyl ether mixture, DE-71.
PubMed: Dietary intake and risk evaluation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in The Netherlands.
PubMed: Brominated flame retardants in US food.
PubMed: Spatial trends of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in avian species: utilization of stored samples in the Environmental Specimen Bank of Ehime University (es-Bank).
PubMed: Viral infection and PBDE exposure interact on CYP gene expression and enzyme activities in the mouse liver.
PubMed: Coxsackievirus B3 infection and PBDE exposure causes organ-specific effects on CYP-gene expression in the mouse.
PubMed: Plasma concentrations of selected organobromine compounds and polychlorinated biphenyls in postmenopausal women of Québec, Canada.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in seafood products of south China.
PubMed: Accumulation and transfer of contaminants in killer whales (Orcinus orca) from Norway: indications for contaminant metabolism.
PubMed: Current-use flame retardants in the eggs of herring gulls (Larus argentatus) from the Laurentian Great Lakes.
PubMed: Evolution of toxicity upon hydrolysis of fenoxaprop-p-ethyl.
PubMed: Immunotoxicity of the commercial polybrominated diphenyl ether mixture DE-71 in ranch mink (Mustela vison).
PubMed: Developmental delays and locomotor activity in the C57BL6/J mouse following neonatal exposure to the fully-brominated PBDE, decabromodiphenyl ether.
PubMed: Stable carbon isotope ratios of POPs--a tracer that can lead to the origins of pollution.
PubMed: Improved quality control in gas chromatography interfaced to stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry by application of derivative chromatography.
PubMed: Plasma PBDE and thyroxine levels in rats exposed to Bromkal or BDE-47.
PubMed: Survey of polybrominated diphenyl ether levels in Spanish commercial foodstuffs.
PubMed: Partitioning and bioaccumulation of PBDEs and PCBs in Lake Michigan.
PubMed: Quantification of flavor-related compounds in the unburned contents of bidi and clove cigarettes.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) levels in an expanded market basket survey of U.S. food and estimated PBDE dietary intake by age and sex.
PubMed: Biomagnification of polybrominated diphenyl ether and hexabromocyclododecane flame retardants in the polar bear food chain in Svalbard, Norway.
PubMed: Dietary PBDE intake: a market-basket study in Belgium.
PubMed: Environmental contaminants in arctic foxes (Alopex lagopus) in Svalbard: relationships with feeding ecology and body condition.
PubMed: Bioaccumulation and trophic transfer of some brominated flame retardants in a Lake Winnipeg (Canada) food web.
PubMed: Natural and man-made organobromine compounds in marine biota from Central Norway.
PubMed: Changes in the growth, but not the survival, of American kestrels (Falco sparverius) exposed to environmentally relevant polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polychlorinated biphenyls in commercially wild caught and farm-raised fish fillets in the United States.
PubMed: Are organohalogen contaminants a cofactor in the development of renal lesions in east Greenland polar bears (Ursus maritimus)?
PubMed: Anaerobic transformation of a technical brominated diphenyl ether mixture by super-reduced vitamin B12 and dicyanocobinamide.
PubMed: Inhibition of metamorphosis in tadpoles of Xenopus laevis exposed to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).
PubMed: HPLC isolation and NMR structure elucidation of the most prominent octabromo isomer in technical octabromo diphenyl ether.
PubMed: Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, biphenyls, naphthalenes and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in the edible fish caught from the Baltic Sea and lakes in Finland.
PubMed: Use of carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios to assess the effects of environmental contaminants on aquatic food webs.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether trends in eggs of marine and freshwater birds from British Columbia, Canada, 1979-2002.
PubMed: Effects of fomesafen, alone and in combination with an adjuvant, on plankton communities in freshwater outdoor pond mesocosms.
PubMed: Is house dust the missing exposure pathway for PBDEs? An analysis of the urban fate and human exposure to PBDEs.
PubMed: Assessment of human exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in Japan using archived samples from the early 1980s and mid-1990s.
PubMed: Secular trends and geographical variations in the dietary intake of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) using archived samples from the early 1980s and mid 1990s in Japan.
PubMed: Tissue localisation of tetra- and pentabromodiphenyl ether congeners (BDE-47, -85 and -99) in perinatal and adult C57BL mice.
PubMed: Hapten syntheses and antibody generation for the development of a polybrominated flame retardant ELISA.
PubMed: Common viral infection affects pentabrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) distribution and metabolic and hormonal activities in mice.
PubMed: Bioavailability of polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in biosolids and spiked sediment to the aquatic oligochaete, Lumbriculus variegatus.
PubMed: Persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals in typical seafoods consumed in Singapore.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in retail fish and shellfish samples purchased from Canadian markets.
PubMed: [Polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in foodstuffs and human milk].
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers: human tissue levels and toxicology.
PubMed: Brominated organic contaminants in the liver and egg of the common cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) from Japan.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and organochlorine compounds in biota from the marine environment of East Greenland.
PubMed: Levels of organohalogenated persistent pollutants in human milk from KahramanmaraÅŸ region, Turkey.
PubMed: Debromination of polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners BDE 99 and BDE 183 in the intestinal tract of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio).
PubMed: Higher brominated diphenyl ethers and hexabromocyclododecane found in eggs of peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) breeding in Sweden.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in U.S. mothers' milk.
PubMed: Comparing polybrominated diphenyl ether and polychlorinated biphenyl bioaccumulation in a food web in Grand Traverse Bay, Lake Michigan.
PubMed: Time-trend (1973-2000) of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in Japanese mother's milk.
PubMed: Evaluation of brominated diphenyl ether-99 toxicity with Raphidocelis subcapitata and Daphnia magna.
PubMed: Rapidly increasing polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations in the Columbia River system from 1992 to 2000.
PubMed: Toxic effects of brominated flame retardants in man and in wildlife.
PubMed: A review on human exposure to brominated flame retardants--particularly polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
PubMed: Polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in the North American environment.
PubMed: Levels and trends of polybrominated diphenylethers and other brominated flame retardants in wildlife.
PubMed: Lessons from the polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs): precautionary principle, primary prevention, and the value of community-based body-burden monitoring using breast milk.
PubMed: Geographical distribution (2000) and temporal trends (1981-2000) of brominated diphenyl ethers in Great Lakes hewing gull eggs.
PubMed: Evaluation of the dermal subchronic toxicity of diphenyl ether in the rat.
PubMed: Levels of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants in animals representing different trophic levels of the North Sea food Web.
PubMed: Potential role of fire retardant-treated polyurethane foam as a source of brominated diphenyl ethers to the US environment.
PubMed: Photochemical degradation of acifluorfen in aqueous solution.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of the hemi- and monoterpene moieties of isoprenyl phenyl ethers from the liverwort Trichocolea tomentella.
PubMed: Tissue distribution of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromo[14C]diphenyl ether ([14C]-PBDE 47) in pike (Esox lucius) after dietary exposure--a time series study using whole body autoradiography.
PubMed: Liquid chromatographic detection of Dowtherm A contamination in oleochemicals and edible oils.
PubMed: Applications of High-Temperature Aqueous Media for Synthetic Organic Reactions.
PubMed: Lack of effects of some individual polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners on human lymphocyte functions in vitro.
PubMed: Prenatal risks deriving from environmental chemicals.
PubMed: Diphenyl ether cleavage of 3-phenoxybenzoic acid by chicken kidney microsomal preparations.
PubMed: Mechanistic studies: their role in the toxicological evaluation of pesticides.
PubMed: Survey of diphenyl ether herbicides in dietary foods by the total diet study in Osaka, Japan.
PubMed: Chlorinated compounds in tissues of chickens raised on pentachlorophenol-contaminated litter.
PubMed: Disposition of chlorinated diphenyl ethers isolated from technical pentachlorophenol in the rat.
PubMed: Diphenyl ether herbicides and related compounds: structure--activity relationships as bacterial mutagens.
PubMed: Diphenyl ether herbicides: mutagenic metabolites and photoproducts of nitrofen.
PubMed: Diphenyl ether herbicides remarkably elevate the content in Spinacia oleracea of (E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-N-[2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]-2 propenamide.
PubMed: New potent diphenyl ether herbicides.
PubMed: [Studies on antiseptics for foodstuff. LXXII. Studies on diphenyl ether derivatives, biphenyl derivatives and dibenzofuran derivatives as a preservative for sake].
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