Typical G.C. analysis

aydendron barbeyana mez. wood oil
413.70  benzyl benzoate
421.60  benzyl salicylate
192.50(E)-beta-bergamotene + beta-curcumene
230.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
408.30beta- bisabolol
112.80  borneol
390.60  cadalene
251.80gamma- cadinene
275.80gamma-cadinene + furopelargone A
284.00alpha-calacorene + (E)-sequisabinene hydrate
33.20  camphene
100.10  camphor
180.60beta- caryophyllene
311.10  caryophyllene oxide
170.10alpha- cedrene
242.90sesquicineole + beta-bisabolene
162.20alpha- copaene
8tracepara- cresol
151.40alpha- cubebene
220.90epi- cubebol
262.10 cubebol + (E)-calamenene
382.10  cubenol
352.701-epi- cubenol
6tracepara- cymene
331.101,10- di-epi-cubenol
216.601,11-oxidocalamenene + ar-curcumene
374.90beta-eudesmol + alpha-cadinol
323.40  guaiol
201.20alpha-humulene + beta-farnesene
70.70 limonene + 1,8-cineole
9trace  linalool
296.50(E)- nerolidol
22.80alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
302.00(Z)-sequi sabinene hydrate
140.50  safrole
361.30  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
120.10  terpinen-4-ol
130.10alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall-Weyerstahl and C. Christiansen, Constituents of Ayou essential oil (Aydendron barbeyana Mez.). Flav. Fragr. J., 4, 93-98 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil CO2 extract
20.02-0.03  benzaldehyde
230.78-1.63  benzyl benzoate
40.02-0.10  camphene
100.71-2.221,8- cineole
1777.24-81.47  cinnamaldehyde
215.27-6.58 cinnamyl acetate + beta-caryophyllene
90.36-0.78para- cymene
201.82-2.31  eugenol
221.51-2.02  eugenyl acetate
180.00-0.12  geraniol
110.17-0.42  limonene
140.84-1.61  linalool
70.00-0.02  myrcene
30.06-0.21alpha- pinene
60.03-0.11beta- pinene
50.02-0.03  sabinene
190.00-0.02  safrole
80.04-0.23  salicylaldehyde
150.14-0.19  terpinen-4-ol
120.01-0.03gamma- terpinene
160.19-0.35alpha- terpineol
130.01-0.04  terpinolene
10.01-0.08alpha- thujene

F. Tateo and F. Chizzini, The Composition and Quality of Supercntical CO2 Extracted Cinnamon. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 165-168 ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 3, 59, (1994)

citrus hystrix leaf oil
38tracedelta- cadinene
40trace  calamenene
4tracedelta-3- carene
310.16beta- caryophyllene
27traceiso caryophyllene
2281.49  citronellal
530.10  citronellic acid
438.22  citronellol
340.90  citronellyl acetate
240.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cubenol
47traceepi- cubenol
39tracear- curcumene
12tracepara- cymene
33trace2,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
150.132,6- dimethyl-5-heptenol
30tracebeta- elemene
51trace  elemol
23trace4,8- epoxyterpinolene
440.31  geraniol
420.09  geranyl acetate
35trace  germacrene D
32tracealpha- humulene
52trace  indole
80.03  limonene
253.69  linalool
20trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
48tracepara- menthan-1,8-diol
17trace  menthone
18traceiso menthone
14trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
36tracealpha- muurolene
50.43  myrcene
41trace  neral
500.18(E)- nerolidol
45trace  neryl acetone
100.23beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
90.05beta- phellandrene
54trace  phytol
55traceiso phytol
10.06alpha- pinene
20.24beta- pinene
280.32iso pulegol
16trace rose oxide
31.57  sabinene
210.14(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.13(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.24  safrole
290.20  terpinen-4-ol
70.03alpha- terpinene
110.07gamma- terpinene
130.05  terpinolene

A. Sato, K. Asano and T. Sato, The chemical composition of Citrus hystrix DC (Swangi), J. Essent. oil Res., 2, 179-163 ( 1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

ho leaf oil
190.16  borneol
160.18  bornyl acetate
130.47  camphor
171.99beta- caryophyllene
80.211,8- cineole
230.25  citronellol
150.11alpha- copaene
110.01para- cymene
300.11beta- eudesmol
240.03  geranyl acetate
310.02  guaiol
210.17alpha- humulene
70.01  limonene
1490.57  linalool
270.11  methyl eugenol
290.05  methyl isoeugenol
50.08  myrcene
250.19  nerol
280.46(Z)- nerolidol
90.09beta- ocimene
60.05alpha- phellandrene
20.12alpha- pinene
30.05beta- pinene
40.05  sabinene
260.88  safrole
180.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.30gamma- terpinene
200.53alpha- terpineol
120.02  terpinolene
220.18alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.07alpha- thujene

W-Y. Shi, W. He, G-Y. Wen, D-H. Guo, G-Y. Long and Y-G. Liu, Essential oil of Cinnamomum camphora: composition and classification of types. Zhiwu Xuebao, 31, 209-214 (1989).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

illicium verum fruit oil china
2387.89(E)- anethole
210.20(Z)- anethole
220.28para- anisaldehyde
250.06  anise ketone
340.16allo- aromadendrene
310.14beta- bergamotene
350.22beta- bisabolene
160.04  borneol
150.05iso borneol
20.03  camphene
140.02  camphor
70.58delta-3- carene
290.35beta- caryophyllene
280.31iso caryophyllene
100.201,8- cineole
260.10alpha- copaene
80.29para- cymene
270.04beta- elemene
300.50gamma- elemene
390.05  elemol
330.42(E)-beta- farnesene
380.03  farnesol
360.89  foeniculin
92.38  limonene
130.73  linalool
190.57  methyl chavicol
320.32  methyl isoeugenol
50.41  myrcene
370.12  nerolidol
60.39alpha- phellandrene
120.03beta- phellandrene
10.49alpha- pinene
40.03beta- pinene
240.194-iso propyl tropolone
30.03  sabinene
200.14  safrole
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
180.28alpha- terpineol

L-F. Sun, Studies on the Chemical constituents of the volatile oil of Illicium verum Hook. f grown in Shangyou. Youji Huaxue, 10, 183-186 (1990).

P&F 17, No. 2, 39, (1992)

mace oil
 0.00 hydrodistilled oil
11.30alpha- thujene
21.30alpha- pinene
3trace  camphene
423.50  sabinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.80  myrcene
71.60alpha- phellandrene
82.50delta-3- carene
93.90alpha- terpinene
100.20para- cymene
113.90  limonene
122.201,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
146.60gamma- terpinene
150.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
160.10alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
173.30  terpinolene
180.70  linalool
19trace(Z)- sabinene hydrate
200.90(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
210.60(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
2223.60  terpinen-4-ol
231.30alpha- terpineol
240.20(Z)- piperitol
250.30(E)- piperitol
26trace  nerol
27trace  geraniol
280.70  safrole
290.70  bornyl acetate
30trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
310.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
320.10  eugenol
330.10  geranyl acetate
343.70  methyl eugenol
35tracebeta- cubebene
360.10beta- caryophyllene
370.20(E)- methyl isoeugenol
38trace  germacrene D
392.30  myristicin
4010.50  elemicin
41trace(Z)-iso elemicin
420.50(E)-iso elemicin
G. R. Mallavarapu and S. Ramesh, Composition of essential oils of nutmeg and mace. J. Med. Arom. Plant Sci., 20, 746-748 (1998). P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)
michelia champaca concrete
520.05iso amyl benzoate
360.035-amyl-3,4-dimethyl isoxazole
370.023-amyl-4,5-dimethyl isoxazole
244trace(E)- anethole
1400.03  benzaldehyde
730.10(E+Z)- benzaldoxime
1590.20  benzoic acid
2160.01 benzyl (Z)-3-hexenoate
212trace  benzyl 2-methyl butyrate
250.60  benzyl acetate
382.00  benzyl alcohol
901.00  benzyl benzoate
211trace  benzyl butyrate
210.10  benzyl formate
2130.03  benzyl isovalerate
240trace  benzyl methyl ether
2170.20  benzyl phenyl acetate
2180.10 benzyl phenyl propionate
209trace  benzyl propionate
2150.02  benzyl tiglate
2140.04  benzyl valerate
1220.10  borneol
2030.03  bornyl acetate
1680.01  bovolide
210trace  butyl benzoate
1010.03beta- caryophyllene
640.20  caryophyllene oxide
40.031,8- cineole
750.30  cinnamic alcohol
1430.02  cinnamic aldehyde
2510.01  cinnamic aldehyde oxime
256trace  cinnamonitrile
710.10(E)- cinnamyl acetate
2310.05  cinnamyl benzoate
2280.01  cinnamyl formate
2290.01  cinnamyl isovalerate
2300.05  cinnamyl tiglate
1720.01  coumarin
1340.02  creosol
133tracepara- cresol
570.04  cubenol
530.02epi- cubenol
139tracebeta- cyclocitral
169trace  decan-5-olide
1180.05  decanol
170trace(Z)-7- decen-5-olide
1540.10  dehydro-beta-ionone
155trace dehydro-beta-ionone 5,6-epoxide
910.053-oxo- dihydro-alpha-ionol
450.01  dihydro-alpha-ionone
870.103-oxo- dihydro-alpha-ionone
820.20(E+Z)-dihydro-alpha-ionone oxime
600.40  dihydro-beta-ionol
930.203-oxo- dihydro-beta-ionol
1290.01 dihydro-beta-ionol 5,6-epoxide
460.30  dihydro-beta-ionone
830.40(E+Z)-dihydro-beta-ionone oxime
500.02 dihydro-beta-ionyl formate
1710.03  dihydroactinidiolide
740.02  dihydrobovolide
610.037-oxo-dihydrotheaspirane a1
670.037-oxo-dihydrotheaspirane a2
620.027-oxo-dihydrotheaspirane b1
680.027-oxo-dihydrotheaspirane b2
120trace(E)-6,10- dimethyl-5,9-undecadien-2-ol
153trace2,3- epoxy-2,6,6-trimethyl cyclohexan-1,4-dione
1840.01  ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerate
178trace  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
179trace  ethyl 3-methyl butyrate
220.50  ethyl benzoate
1770.01  ethyl butyrate
181trace  ethyl caproate
196trace  ethyl caprylate
233trace  ethyl cinnamate
2380.03  ethyl nicotinate
183trace  ethyl tiglate
690.30  eugenol
770.10iso eugenol
430.80(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
1250.20(E,E)- farnesol
1380.01  geranial
1580.10  geranic acid
1240.02  geraniol
207trace  geranyl acetate
480.04(E)- geranyl acetone
206trace  geranyl formate
1270.30  geranyl linalool
1030.10  germacrene D
1490.012- heptadecanone
1070.01  heptanol
252trace  heptanonitrile
255trace  hexadecanonitrile
90.02  hexanol
106trace(E)-2- hexenal
100.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
70.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
192trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
1910.05(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
189trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
188trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl formate
1900.02(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
186trace  hexyl acetate
1870.05  hexyl benzoate
185trace  hexyl formate
102tracealpha- humulene
136tracepara- hydroxyanisole
784.00  indole
550.03(E)-beta- ionol
1560.054-oxo-beta- ionol
510.10alpha- ionol
128tracebeta- ionol 5,6-epoxide
470.03(E)-alpha- ionone
540.20(E)-beta- ionone
560.10beta-ionone 5,7-epoxide
860.50(E)-alpha-ionone oxime
890.90(E)-beta-ionone oxime
850.20(Z)-alpha-ionone oxime
880.30(Z)-beta-ionone oxime
208tracebeta-ionyl formate
490.05(Z)- jasmone
2490.02 jasmone oxime
3trace  limonene
160.80  linalool
120.20(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
350.20(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
312.50(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
1631.00  linoleic acid
1640.50  linolenic acid
193trace  methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
260.02 methyl (E)-3-methyl-4-decenoate
800.14 methyl (E)-jasmonate
194trace  methyl (Z)-3-hexenoate
2010.01 methyl (Z)-3-methyl-4-decenoate
2000.02  methyl (Z)-4-decenoate
790.06  methyl (Z)-jasmonate
110.01  methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl butyrate
130.02 methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methyl valerate
1750.01  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
1760.01  methyl 3-methyl butyrate
2340.02  methyl 5-phenyl valerate
239trace4- methyl anisole
729.00  methyl anthranilate
175.00  methyl benzoate
1040.012- methyl butanol
105trace3- methyl butanol
140.02(E+Z)-2- methyl butyraldoxime
150.02(E+Z)-3- methyl butyraldoxime
174trace  methyl butyrate
1trace2- methyl butyronitrile
199trace  methyl caprinate
180trace  methyl caproate
1950.02  methyl caprylate
2320.05  methyl cinnamate
2420.10  methyl eugenol
2040.05  methyl geranate
173trace  methyl isobutyrate
2430.20  methyl isoeugenol
2500.02(Z)-methyl jasmonate oxime
2020.15  methyl laurate
942.01  methyl linoleate
960.50  methyl linolenate
2360.10  methyl N-acetyl anthranilate
650.02  methyl N-ethyl anthranilate
2370.10  methyl N-formyl anthranilate
630.05  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
280.15  methyl nicotinate
810.20  methyl palmitate
320.10  methyl phenyl acetate
340.15  methyl salicylate
920.20  methyl stearate
182trace  methyl tiglate
2350.01  methyl vanillate
5trace2- methyl-1-nitrobutane
146trace(E)-3- methyl-2-nonen-4-one
1190.02(E)-3- methyl-4-decen-1-ol
410.02(E)-3- methyl-4-decen-1-ol
580.043- methyl-5-(2,6,6-trimethyl cyclohex-1-en-1-yl) isoxazole
80.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.03(E+Z)-6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one oxime
99trace  myrcene
137trace  neral
1230.01  nerol
700.40(E)- nerolidol
205trace  neryl formate
590.101- nitro-2-phenethane
165trace  nonan-4-olide
1140.03  nonanol
1450.022- nonanone
2470.012- nonanone oxime
1170.02(Z,Z)-3,6- nonen-1-ol
115trace(Z)-3- nonen-1-ol
116trace(Z)-6- nonen-1-ol
1980.01(Z)-6- nonen-1-yl acetate
166trace2- nonen-4-olide
60.20(E)-beta- ocimene
1000.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
113trace(E,E)-2,4- octadien-1-ol
1080.05  octanol
1440.013- octanone
246trace3- octanone oxime
253trace  octanonitrile
110trace(E)-2- octen-1-ol
109trace(Z)-2- octen-1-ol
1110.01(Z)-5- octen-1-ol
1970.05(Z)-5- octen-1-yl acetate
1610.20  palmitic acid
1480.012- pentadecanone
390.302- phenethyl acetate
4230.002- phenethyl alcohol
950.502- phenethyl benzoate
2200.012- phenethyl butyrate
2230.052- phenethyl caproate
2240.052- phenethyl caprylate
330.302- phenethyl formate
219trace2- phenethyl isobutyrate
2210.022- phenethyl isovalerate
241trace2- phenethyl methyl ether
2250.202- phenethyl phenyl acetate
2220.022- phenethyl tiglate
132trace  phenol
1410.02  phenyl acetaldehyde
761.00(E+Z)- phenyl acetaldoxime
230.01(E+Z)-phenyl acetaldoxime-O-methyl ether
1600.20  phenyl acetic acid
142trace  phenyl propionaldehyde
2270.053- phenyl propyl acetate
1310.023- phenyl propyl alcohol
2260.053- phenyl propyl formate
1260.30  phytol
97tracealpha- pinene
20.01beta- pinene
98trace  sabinene
245trace  safrole
1620.50  stearic acid
1210.03  terpinen-4-ol
270.10alpha- terpineol
254trace  tetradecanonitrile
190.021,2,5,5-tetramethyl octahydroquinoline
290.202,5,5,8a- tetramethyl-6,7,8,8a-tetrahydro-1(5H)-1-benzopyran
180.02  theaspirane A
200.02  theaspirane B
1470.022- tridecanone
1520.012,6,6- trimethyl cyclohexan-1,4-dione
1500.206,10,14- trimethyl pentadecan-2-one
2480.056,10,14-trimethyl pentadecan-2-one oxime
1510.052,6,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1,4-dione
240.012- undecanone
135tracepara- vinyl phenol

R. Kaiser, New volatile constituents of the flower concrete of Michelia champaca L. In: Proceedings of 11th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavours. Edits., S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, p. 1-13, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi (1989).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

michelia champaca flower absolute
10.85  ethyl acetate
20.162- methyl pentene
31.022- methyl hexane
40.221,8- cineole
50.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
60.10(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
75.04  linalool
83.152- phenethyl alcohol
917.07  heptanal
100.51  safrole
117.20  indole
125.15  methyl anthranilate
140.20alpha- ionone
150.454,7- dimethyl undecane
161.18  nerolidol
175.05  methyl myristate
180.81 ethyl 2-methyl-2-phenyl propionate
1914.18  methyl linoleate
myristica fragrans fruit oil
 2.20alpha- thujene
 13.60alpha- pinene
 0.30  camphene
 32.10  sabinene
 12.90beta- pinene
 2.20  myrcene
 0.70alpha- phellandrene
 0.80delta-3- carene
 2.20alpha- terpinene
 0.70para- cymene
 4.00  limonene
 2.301,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
 3.90gamma- terpinene
 0.50(E)- sabinene hydrate
 1.20  terpinolene
 0.80  linalool
 0.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 7.20  terpinen-4-ol
 0.60alpha- terpineol
 2.80  safrole
 0.40  eugenol
 1.60  methyl eugenol
 0.10beta- cubebene
 0.20beta- caryophyllene
 0.10(E)-alpha- bergamotene
 0.20(E)- methyl isoeugenol
 0.10  germacrene D
 2.60  myristicin
 2.40  elemicin
myristica fragrans oil CO2 extract
30tracealpha- bergamotene
20trace  borneol
320.10delta- cadinene
30.10  camphene
80.40delta-3- carene
290.20beta- caryophyllene
270.60alpha- copaene
100.80para- cymene
333.10  elemicin
28trace(E)-iso eugenol
250.20  geranyl acetate
122.80  limonene
160.60  linalool
230.20  linalyl acetate
3540.00 lipids
190.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
180.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.10  methyl eugenol
61.40  myrcene
344.00  myristic acid
311.30  myristicin
70.30alpha- phellandrene
111.10beta- phellandrene
26.40alpha- pinene
55.50beta- pinene
420.70  sabinene
141.00(E)- sabinene hydrate
170.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
240.10  safrole
211.40  terpinen-4-ol
90.40alpha- terpinene
130.80gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
11.10alpha- thujene

D. A. Moyler, R. M. Bowing and M. A. Stevens, CO2 extraction of essential oils: Part V. Nutmeg and mace oils. In: Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Edit. G. Charalambous, 145-170, Elsevier Sci., B. V. Amsterdam (1994).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

myristica fragrans oil CO2 extract (mace)
310.10alpha- bergamotene
330.10delta- cadinene
30.10  camphene
80.60delta-3- carene
300.20beta- caryophyllene
280.40alpha- copaene
100.80para- cymene
344.20  elemicin
24trace  eugenol
290.10(E)-iso eugenol
260.20  geranyl acetate
123.20  limonene
161.10  linalool
220.20  linalyl acetate
3650.00 lipids
19trace(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
18trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
270.10  methyl eugenol
61.40  myrcene
350.20  myristic acid
321.90  myristicin
70.40alpha- phellandrene
111.20beta- phellandrene
26.60alpha- pinene
57.50beta- pinene
413.20  sabinene
140.90(E)- sabinene hydrate
170.40(Z)- sabinene hydrate
230.20  safrole
200.70  terpinen-4-ol
90.70alpha- terpinene
131.20gamma- terpinene
210.10alpha- terpineol
150.40  terpinolene
250.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
12.40alpha- thujene

D. A. Moyler, R. M. Bowing and M. A. Stevens, CO2 extraction of essential oils: Part V. Nutmeg and Mace oils. In: Spices, Herbs and Edible fungi., Edit., G. Charalambous, 145-170, Elsevier Sci. B.V., Amsterdam (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

myristica fragrans oil hydrodistilled india
260.1(E)-alpha- bergamotene
30.3  camphene
80.8delta-3- carene
250.2beta- caryophyllene
122.31,8-cineole + beta-phellandrene
240.1beta- cubebene
100.7para- cymene
302.4  elemicin
220.4  eugenol
280.1  germacrene D
114.0  limonene
160.8  linalool
180.3(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
170.4(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
231.6  methyl eugenol
270.2(E)- methyl isoeugenol
62.2  myrcene
292.6  myristicin
70.7alpha- phellandrene
213.6alpha- pinene
512.9beta- pinene
432.1  sabinene
140.5(E)- sabinene hydrate
212.8  safrole
197.2  terpinen-4-ol
92.2alpha- terpinene
133.9gamma- terpinene
200.6alpha- terpineol
151.2  terpinolene
12.2alpha- thujene

G. R. Mallavarapu and S. Ramesh, Composition of essential oils of nutmeg and mace. J. Med. Arom. Plant Sci., 20, 746-748 (1998).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

osmanthus fragrans flower absolute
960.04  amyl benzoate
320.03  amyl butyrate
360.008  amyl isovalerate
104trace  amyl salicylate
800.06  anethole
1070.003  anisyl acetate
510.19  benzaldehyde
700.08  benzyl acetate
870.19  benzyl alcohol
86trace  benzyl butyrate
500.02  benzyl formate
590.16  bornyl acetate
15trace  butanal
31trace  butyl benzene
210.02  butyl butyrate
950.12  butyl phenyl acetate
62trace  butyric acid
8trace  camphene
52trace  camphor
16tracedelta-3- carene
119trace  carvacrol
71trace  carvone
200.301,8- cineole
75trace  citronellol
103tracemeta- cresol
102tracepara- cresol
26tracepara- cymene
113tracedelta- decalactone
10611.70gamma- decalactone
29trace  decanal
1170.05  decanoic acid
749.20  decanol
660.08  decyl acetate
1300.39  dibutyl phthalate
84trace  dihydrojasmone
890.282,6- dimethyl phenol
1110.03  docosane
1240.21gamma- dodecalactone
490.05  dodecanal
970.04  eicosane
20.06  ethyl acetate
130.02  ethyl benzene
430.03  ethyl decanoate
220.004  ethyl hexanoate
101trace  ethyl myristate
77trace  ethyl salicylate
1081.90  eugenol
1210.02(E)-iso eugenol
1140.02(Z)-iso eugenol
1200.18  farnesol
45trace  furfural
72trace  geranial
830.07  geraniol
73trace  geranyl acetate
680.08 geranyl formate + dodecanal
105trace  heneicosane
17trace  heptanal
94trace  heptanoic acid
90.022-heptanol + hexanal
38trace  heptyl acetate
330.01  heptyl formate
88trace  heptyl isovalerate
370.01  hexanal
810.05  hexanoic acid
390.12(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
42trace  hexyl butyrate
35trace  hexyl propionate
1100.007  hexyl salicylate
53trace  hexyl valerate
820.86alpha- ionone
925.85beta- ionone
116trace  jasmolactone
930.02(Z)- jasmone
1280.02  lauric acid
18trace  limonene
552.36  linalool
4414.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
4621.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
56trace  linalyl acetate
910.07 methyl alpha-ionone + quinoline
190.053- methyl butanol
60trace  methyl decanoate
118trace  methyl dihydrojasmonate
780.03  methyl dodecanoate
58trace5- methyl furfural
480.09  methyl nonanoate
1270.16  methyl oleate
1120.07  methyl palmitate
340.022- methyl-2-hepten-6-one
14trace4- methyl-3-penten-2-one
1310.03  myristic acid
990.21  nerolidol
980.04gamma- nonalactone
400.11  nonanal
630.70  nonanol
1000.11  octanoic acid
570.02  octanol
28trace2- octanone
47trace  octyl acetate
690.02  octyl valerate
1320.71  palmitic acid
30.003  pentanal
24trace pentenal
79trace2- phenethyl acetate
900.192-phenethyl alcohol + nonadecane
760.012- phenethyl formate
65trace  phenyl acetaldehyde
5tracealpha- pinene
11tracebeta- pinene
1trace  propanal
70.01  propanol
540.02  propionic acid
12trace  sabinene
850.02  safrole
1220.03alpha- santalol
1260.02beta- santalol
25trace  styrene
610.06  terpinen-4-ol
230.20gamma- terpinene
670.07alpha- terpineol
270.06  terpinolene
1250.02  tetracosane
41trace  tetradecane
1090.23  thymol
6trace  toluene
30trace  tridecane
115tracegamma- undecalactone
100.008  undecane
1233.10  undecanoic acid
64traceiso valeric acid
1290.08  vanillin
V. T. Cogiya, L. G. Kharebava, R. V. Gogiya and E. B. Gvatua, Composition of the volatile compounds in flowers of Osrnanthus fragrans (Thumb) Lour. Rastit. Resur., 22, 243-248 (1986). P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)
phoebe porosa mez. oil brazil
310.661,10- aristolene
350.11  aromadendrene
392.67allo- aromadendrene
332.54(E)-alpha- bergamotene
280.51(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
703.33alpha- bisabolol
692.50beta- bisabolol
150.01  borneol
490.11  cadina-1(10),4-diene
483.28delta- cadinene
461.20gamma- cadinene
501.06alpha- calacorene
591.20alpha-calacorene epoxide
471.47  calamenene
30.03  camphene
80.20delta-3- carene
301.15beta- caryophyllene
541.09beta- caryophyllene oxide
290.11alpha- cedrene
110.451,8- cineole
256.25alpha- copaene
210.42alpha- cubebene
412.49beta- curcumene
230.33  cyclosativene
90.38para- cymene
270.44beta- elemene
200.06delta- elemene
510.59  elemol
608.78  eremoligenol
612.55 eremophil-9,10-en-11-ol
582.1210-epi-gamma- eudesmol
672.37alpha- eudesmol
656.86beta- eudesmol
620.12gamma- eudesmol
371.28(E)-beta- farnesene
340.63(Z)-beta-farnesene + alpha-amorphene
180.15  geraniol
220.05  geranyl acetate
360.23  guaia-3,7-diene
320.50gamma- gurjunene
633.25  hinesol
381.36alpha- humulene
561.08  humulene oxide I
570.70  ledol
100.10  limonene
140.11  linalool
450.10alpha- muurolene
400.22gamma- muurolene
60.04  myrcene
520.74(E)- nerolidol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
21.29alpha- pinene
50.34beta- pinene
40.03  sabinene
190.70  safrole
431.07alpha- selinene
421.15beta- selinene
530.66  spathulenol
160.29  terpinen-4-ol
120.03gamma- terpinene
170.07alpha- terpineol
130.01  terpinolene
10.04alpha- thujene
261.95sesqui thujene
640.78  torreyol
667.55  valerianol
440.77  viridiflorene
551.19  viridiflorol
240.44alpha- ylangene

T. Reynolds and G. Kite, Volatile constituents of Phoebe pomsa Mez. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 415-418 (1995).

P&F 20, No. 6, 35, (1995)

piper betle leaf oil
101.18delta- cadinene
161.19delta- cadinol
20.35  camphene
220.66  caryophyllene oxide
150.36alpha- costol
192.87  decanal
204.23  dodecanal
110.89gamma- elemene
2333.22  eugenol
2410.59iso eugenol
182.46  geraniol
210.41  hexadecanoic acid
121.46  linalool
262.33  methyl benzoate
42.16  myrcene
60.70(E)-beta- ocimene
50.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.63allo- ocimene
36.13  sabinene
256.45  safrole
141.45  terpinen-1-ol
71.60gamma- terpinene
132.30alpha- terpineol
80.50  terpinolene
170.763,7,11,15- tetramethyl-2-hexadecen-1-ol
11.90alpha- thujene

A. K. S. Rawat, R. D. Tripathi, A. J. Khan and V. R. Balasubrahmanyam. Essential oil components as markers for identifiication of Piper betle L. cultivars. Biochem. Systemat. Ecol., 17, 35-38 (1989).

P&F 18, No. 3, 61, (1993)

piper cubeba fruit oil
291.67allo- aromadendrene
521.39(E)- asarone
480.37  bisabolol
37tracedelta- cadinene
39trace  calamenene
150.04  camphor
20trace  carvone
271.69beta- caryophyllene
254.01alpha- copaene
231.65alpha- cubebene
264.39beta- cubebene
3815.18  cubebol
490.56  cubenol
190.01  cuminaldehyde
31tracegamma- curcumene
70.59para- cymene
470.16  dillapiole
220.10delta- elemene
41trace  elemicin
500.39(E)-iso elemicin
400.32  elemol
36tracealpha- farnesene
53trace  farnesol
322.89  germacrene D
440.77  germacrene D-4-ol
461.76  globulol
510.06  guaiol
280.45alpha- humulene
420.20  ledol
84.41  limonene
143.22  linalool
33trace  methyl isoeugenol
350.62alpha- muurolene
304.20gamma- muurolene
31.15  myrcene
34trace  myristicin
18trace  myrtenol
431.45(E)- nerolidol
90.07(E)-beta- ocimene
50.81(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.58alpha- phellandrene
60.76beta- phellandrene
15.44alpha- pinene
228.09  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
112.73(Z)- sabinene hydrate
210.08  safrole
45trace  spathulenol
162.69  terpinen-4-ol
101.14gamma- terpinene
170.30alpha- terpineol
120.31  terpinolene
240.07alpha- ylangene

N. B. Shankaracharya, L. Jaganmohan Reo, S. Nagalakshmi and J. Puranaik, Studies on the chemical composition of cubeb (Piper cubeba Linn.). PAFAI J., 17(1), 33-39 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 4, 68, (2001)

zanthoxylum ovalifolium leaf oil australia
140.50  aromadendrene
150.30allo- aromadendrene
90.20  bicycloelemene
198.20  bicyclogermacrene
200.50delta- cadinene
210.10gamma- cadinene
20.50  camphene
137.50beta- caryophyllene
230.50  caryophyllene oxide
100.30alpha- copaene
120.60beta- elemene
240.60  globulol
160.90alpha- humulene
61.30  limonene
110.20  linalool
180.20alpha- muurolene
519.80  myrcene
81.10(E)-beta- ocimene
70.70beta- phellandrene
131.60alpha- pinene
31.20beta- pinene
40.70  sabinene
221.20  safrole
264.40  spathulenol
170.80  viridiflorene
250.40  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 285, (2000)
zinnia elegans jacq. flower oil brazil
191.20  bicyclogermacrene
80.60  butyl hexanoate
210.20delta- cadinene
166.00beta- caryophyllene
231.10  caryophyllene oxide
130.20alpha- copaene
49.10para- cymene
282.40  docosane
90.30  dodecane
260.30  eicosane
141.70beta- elemene
203.00(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
240.50(E,E)- farnesol
221.40  germacrene B
1812.40  germacrene D
273.20  heneicosane
341.30  heptacosane
332.40  hexacosane
170.80alpha- humulene
53.50  limonene
71.30  linalool
100.202-methyl hexyl butyrate
350.70  octacosane
292.10  octadecanol acetate
250.60  palmitic acid
323.40  pentacosane
25.80alpha- phellandrene
10.90alpha- pinene
111.00  safrole
30.60alpha- terpinene
60.70  terpinolene
314.60  tetracosane
150.30  tetradecane
304.40  tricosane
120.30  undecanal
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 415, (2000)
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