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verbena absolute france
aloysia triphylla absolute france

Sponsors

Name:lippia citriodora absolute
CAS Number: 8024-12-2
Name:aloysia citriodora extract
CAS Number: 85116-63-8
ECHA EC Number:285-215-0
Category:flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FDA Mainterm: LEMON VERBENA, OIL (LIPPIA CITRIODORA)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.
 
Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 84.71 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength:medium
green tea hay herbal sweet citrus
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. green tea hay herbal sweet citrus
green tea hay herbal sweet citrus
Odor Description:Green, tea-like, hay, herbal with a sweet citrus nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 6, 41, (1992)
Flavor Type: citrus
sweet lemon citrus spicy waxy hay
Taste Description: at 30.00 ppm. Sweet, lemon, citrus, spice, waxy, with a hay-like nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 6, 41, (1992)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
A. Fakhry
Verbena Absolute
Indukern F&F
VERBENA ABSOLUTE
Reincke & Fichtner
Verbena Absolute
Robertet
VERBENA
Pure & Nat
The Perfumers Apprentice
Verbena absolute (France) J.Steele
Odor: Rich green lemon notes
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 30, Pg. 137S, 1992.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 30, Pg. 137S, 1992.

skin-guinea pig LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 30, Pg. 137S, 1992.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Verbena absolute obtained from Lippia citriodora Kunth, should not be used as a fragrance ingredient at a level over 1% in fragrance compounds. This recommendation is based on test results of RIFM showing sensitization reaction at 12% and no sensitization reaction at 2%. There is no evidence of photoxicity at 100% on hairless mice (private communication to IFRA).
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
citral Max. Found: <5.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:
See Note (1)
0.05 % (1)
Category 2:  0.06 %
Category 3:  0.20 %
Category 4:  0.20 %
Category 5:  0.20 %
Category 6:  1.20 % (1)
Category 7:  0.12 %
Category 8:  0.20 %
Category 9:  0.20 %
Category 10:  0.20 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

For this material, for pragmatic reasons, restrictive levels allowed by the QRA for certain categories but actually being higher than those already in place before applying the QRA, will temporarily not be implemented until the end of a 5 year monitoring phase. At the end of the 5 years the position will be reevaluated again.

 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Recommendation for verbena absolute france flavor usage levels up to:
  30.0000 ppm in the finished product.
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8024-12-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WGK Germany:2
lippia citriodora absolute
Chemidplus:008024122
aloysia citriodora extract
Chemidplus:085116638
 
References:
 lippia citriodora absolute
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8024-12-2
Pubchem (sid):3730676
 aloysia citriodora extract
Canada Domestic Sub. List:85116-63-8
Pubchem (sid):3777682
 
Other Information:
Export Tariff Code:3301.90.5000
Wikipedia:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
verbena absolute spain
FL/FR
yerba mate leaf oil
FL/FR
balsamic
balsamic
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
fenchyl acetate
FL/FR
chocolate
iso
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
citrus
abronia fragrance
FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lime oil expressed florida
FL/FR
alpha-
methylene citronellal
FR
ocimum americanum leaf oil
FR
verbena fragrance
FR
verbena oil replacer
FR
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
verbena specialty
FR
coconut
coconut lime verbena fragrance
FR
earthy
(Z)-4-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
floral
citronellal
FL/FR
citronellyl benzoate
FL/FR
freesia acetate
FR
lavender oil
FL/FR
para-
methyl benzyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
phenyl amyl alcohol
FL/FR
rhodinyl propionate
FL/FR
rose undecene
FR
fruity
cinnamyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
fungal
hydroxymethyl hexyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
green
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
hay
woodruff absolute
FR
herbal
arnica flower oil
FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
lavender concrete
FL/FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
tilia cordata flower
CS
tilia cordata flower extract
FL/FR
honey
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
leathery
black
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
minty
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
spicy
caraway seed oleoresin
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
gingergrass oil
FR
hollyberry fragrance
FR
tea
camellia oleifera leaf extract
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
tobacco
2,6,6-
trimethyl-2-hydroxycyclohexanone
FL/FR
tonka
deertongue oleoresin
FR
flouve absolute
FR
woody
(E)-beta-
farnesene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
iso
bornyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
capsicum oleoresin CO2 extract
FL
citronellyl benzoate
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
farnesene
FL/FR
hydroxymethyl hexyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
phenyl amyl alcohol
FL/FR
2,6,6-
trimethyl-2-hydroxycyclohexanone
FL/FR
verbena absolute spain
FL/FR
yerba mate leaf oil
FL/FR
acidic
acidic
(E)-2-
hexenoic acid
FL
aromatic
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
styrax gum (liquidambar styraciflua)
FL
citrus
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
lemon verbena distillates
FL
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lime oil expressed florida
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
verbena oil france
FL
verbena oil morocco
FL
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
cocoa
iso
butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
cooling
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
floral
citronellal
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
cinnamyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
para-
methyl benzyl acetate
FL/FR
rhodinyl propionate
FL/FR
green
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
lavender concrete
FL/FR
lavender oil
FL/FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
tilia cordata flower extract
FL/FR
spicy
caraway seed oleoresin
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
tea
camellia oleifera leaf extract
FL/FR
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
black
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
tropical
coconut lime verbena flavor
FL
waxy
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
woody
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
fenchyl acetate
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FLcitrus
FRhay new mown hay
FLlemon
FLtea
FRtobacco
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 lippia citriodora
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 aloysia triphylla absolute france
 lippia citriodora absolute france
 

Articles:

PubMed:Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by people in Oriental Morocco to manage various ailments.
PubMed:Phenylpropanoids and their metabolites are the major compounds responsible for blood-cell protection against oxidative stress after administration of Lippia citriodora in rats.
PubMed:Comparative study on in vitro activities of citral, limonene and essential oils from Lippia citriodora and L. alba on yellow fever virus.
PubMed:Chromatographic and mass spectrometric characterization of essential oils and extracts from Lippia (Verbenaceae) aromatic plants.
PubMed:Evaluation of different extraction approaches for the determination of phenolic compounds and their metabolites in plasma by nanoLC-ESI-TOF-MS.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of food-compatible plant extracts and chitosan against naturally occurring micro-organisms in tomato juice.
PubMed:A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of the effect of a combination of lemon verbena extract and fish oil omega-3 fatty acid on joint management.
PubMed:Antihyperalgesic activity of verbascoside in two models of neuropathic pain.
PubMed:Phytoestrogens enhance antioxidant enzymes after swimming exercise and modulate sex hormone plasma levels in female swimmers.
PubMed:Antioxidant effect of lemon verbena extracts in lymphocytes of university students performing aerobic training program.
PubMed:Characterization of phenolic and other polar compounds in a lemon verbena extract by capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Preparation and physicochemical characterization of Ag nanoparticles biosynthesized by Lippia citriodora (Lemon Verbena).
PubMed:Virucidal activity of Colombian Lippia essential oils on dengue virus replication in vitro.
PubMed:Antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities and phytochemical screening of some yemeni medicinal plants.
PubMed:Authenticity control of essential oils containing citronellal and citral by chiral and stable-isotope gas-chromatographic analysis.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of essential oils against Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed:Studies on the antioxidant activity of Lippia citriodora infusion: scavenging effect on superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical and hypochlorous acid.
PubMed:Flavonoids from Lippia citriodora.
 
Notes:
Do not use on any part of the body because of sensitizing potential.tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. aloysia triphylla, verbenaceae.
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