para-cymene
Notes:
lemon enhancer.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene (Click)
CAS Number: 99-87-6
ECHA EC Number:202-796-7
FDA UNII:1G1C8T1N7Q
Beilstein Number: 1903377
MDL: MFCD00008893
FEMA Number: 2356
CoE Number: 620
XlogP3: 4.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 134.22158000
Formula: C10 H14
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1325  p-cymene
Flavis Number: 01.002 (Old)
EU SANCO Food Flavourings: 01.002  1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzene

FEMA Number: 2356  p-cymene
FDA Mainterm: P-CYMENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.85300 to 0.85500 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.098 to  7.114
Refractive Index: 1.48900 to 1.49100 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 176.00 to  178.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 91.00 to  92.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 1.460000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 4.62 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 117.00 °F. TCC ( 47.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.100
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: terpenic
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
Odor Description:
at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
fresh citrus terpene woody spice
Substantivity: < 2 hour(s) at 100.00 %
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
None found
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
  R 10 - Flammable.
R 20/21/22 - Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 27 - Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
Human Experience: 4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rat LD50  4750 mg/kg
SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: CHROMODACYRORREA: EYE GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA" BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

Dermal Toxicity:
  Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
  Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 926.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 472.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Recommendation for para-cymene usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Recommendation for para-cymene flavor usage levels up to:
  250.0000 ppm in the finished product.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 18 (FGE.18): Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic saturated and unsaturated tertiary alcohols, aromatic tertiary alcohols and their esters from chemical group 6
page or pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 18, Revision 1 (FGE. 18 Rev1)[1] : Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic saturated and unsaturated tertiary alcohols, aromatic tertiary alcohols and their esters from chemical groups 6 and 8
page or pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 90 (FGE.90): Consideration of Aliphatic, acyclic and alicyclic terpenoid tertiary alcohols and structurally related substances evaluated by JECFA (68th meeting)FGE.18Rev1 (2009)
page or pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
page or pdf
Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
page or pdf
Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance terpenoid blend QRD-460
page or pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
page or pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
page or pdf
EPI System: View
Chemicalize.org: Calculate predicted properties
ECHA Data Sheet: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 99-87-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 2046
WGK Germany:2
 1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
DTP/NCI: 4162
Chemidplus: 0000099876
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS: 99-87-6
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 99-87-6
Pubchem (cid): 7463
Pubchem (sid): 134972062
Flavornet: 99-87-6
Pherobase Floral: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
HMDB (Comprehensive Metabolomic Database): Search
Export Tariff Code: 2902.90.0090
Haz-Map: View
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
•grade: technical cymene •grades of purity: 95+%
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 armoise oilFR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
 cardamom seed oilFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cypress oilFR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 eucalyptus citriodora oilFR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 juniper berry oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 litsea cubeba oilFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 myrceneFL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
 pepper tree berry oilFL/FR
 peppermint oil idahoFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 tea tree oilFR
10-undecen-1-al (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
10-undecen-1-olFL/FR
 verbena oil franceFL
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 basilFL/FR
 berryFR
 blackberryFR
 blueberryFR
 boldus 
 butterFR
 camphorFL/FR
 carawayFL/FR
 carrotFL
 cascarillaFL/FR
 celeryFL/FR
 cilantroFL/FR
 cinnamonFR
 corianderFL/FR
 cranberryFR
 cuminFL/FR
 currant blackFR
 cypressFR
 eucalyptusFL/FR
 grapefruitFR
 guavaFR
 lemonFR
 mandarinFR
 nutmegFR
 orangeFR
 oreganoFL/FR
 papayaFR
 pineappleFR
 tangerineFR
 thymeFL/FR
 tomatoFL
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Natural Occurrence in: note
 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 5.40%
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 agathosma crenulata oil @ 0.41%
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 ajowan
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 ajowan seed oil turkey @ 15.57%
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 alpinia galanga oil @ 0.80%
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 amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia @ 1.50%
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 angelica
GRIN Trop Picture
 angelica root oil @ 6.39%
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 angelica seed oil @ 1.10%
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 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.80%
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 anise seed oil star china @ 0.29%
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 anise star anise
GRIN Trop Picture
 apricot
GRIN Trop Picture
 armoise oil morocco @ 0.1%
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 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 0.10%
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 artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran @ 1.20%
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 artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran @ 1.00%
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 artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran @ 2.80%
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 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ 0.40%
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 ayou wood oil @ trace%
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 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.02%
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 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ trace%
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 bay leaf oil @ <0.01-0.97%
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 bay leaf oil anise @ 0.1%
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 bay leaf oil clove @ 0.3%
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 bay leaf oil lemon @ 0.5%
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 bergamot mint oil @ 0.0-0.1%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.010-0.893%
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 bergamot oil turkey @ 0.35%
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 bergamot plant wild
GRIN Trop Picture
 blackberry
 blueberry
 bois de rose leaf oil brazil @ trace-0.03%
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 bois de rose oil brazil @ trace-0.03%
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 boldo leaf
GRIN Trop Picture
 boldo leaf oil italy @ 9.51%
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 boldus leaf oil chile @ 8.63%
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 buchu leaf oil @ 0.16%
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 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 9.10%
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 cajuput oil @ 0.6%
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 cajuput oil vietnam @ 6.8%
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 calamus leaf oil @ 0.04%
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 camel grass oil @ 0.10%
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 caraway seed oil @ trace-0.01%
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 carrot seed oil @ 0.41%
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 carrot seed oil @ trace%
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 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.06-2.48%
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 cascarilla bark oil @ 9.91%
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 cassia bark oil china @ 4.18%
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 cassia leaf oil china @ 4.18%
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 cassis bud oil @ trace-0.48%
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 cedarleaf oil canada @ 0.32-0.59%
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 cedarwood oil lebanon @ >0.10%
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 celery
GRIN Trop Picture
 celery leaf oil @ 0.50%
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 chamomile flower oil germany @ 0.07%
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 champaca concrete @ 0.33%
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 17.60%
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 2.40%
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 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 0.25-0.35%
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 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 4.18%
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 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.36%
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 cinnamon oil CO2 extract @ 0.36-0.78%
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 cistus oil @ 0.4%
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 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.10%
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 citronella oil china @ 0.01%
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 clary sage oil france @ trace%
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 clary sage oil sardinia @ 0.10%
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 clove bud oil @ 0.07%
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 clove leaf oil @ 0.05%
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 clove stem oil india @ 0.05%
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 coriander
GRIN Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil @ 2.60%
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 coriander seed oil cuba @ 0.90%
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 cornmint oil india @ 0.02%
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 costmary oil @ 0.11%
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 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 5.30%
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 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 0.20%
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 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 1.70%
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 cubeb oil @ 0.59%
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 cumin
GRIN Trop Picture
 cumin seed oil egypt @ 4.91%
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 cumin seed oil turkey @ 25.2%
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 currant black currant
GRIN Trop Picture
 curry fruit oil india @ 0.10%
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 curry leaf oil india @ 0.10%
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 curry wood leaf oil australia @ trace%
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 cypress oil @ 0.21-0.24%
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 davana oil @ 0.8%
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 dill weed oil cuba @ 14.38%
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 dill weed oil reunion @ 3.80%
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 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 6.10%
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 elemi oil @ 7.70%
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 eriocephalus punctulatus oil @ 8.00%
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 estragon oil @ trace%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 24.20%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 17.80%
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 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ trace%
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 eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil @ 0.27%
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 eucalyptus globulus bud oil @ 8.04%
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 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ 6.44%
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 eucalyptus globulus maidenii f. muell oil @ 0.35%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil @ 0.86%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 0.80%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 0.60%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 8.23%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil zambia @ 0.80%
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 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 1.60%
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 featherfew leaf oil @ 0.63%
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 fennel absolute sweet @ trace%
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 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 1.21%
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 fennel seed oil bitter spain @ trace%
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 fennel seed oil sweet @ 0.12%
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 feverfew flower oil @ 0.5%
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 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ 3.1%
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 fir needle oil canada @ 0.03-0.16%
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 fir needle oil siberia @ 0.15%
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 foeniculum vulgare piperitum oil @ 7.20%
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 frankincense oil somalia @ 0.50%
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 galangal root oil @ 1.60%
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 geranium leaf oil india @ 0.08%
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 geranium oil rwanda @ 0.10%
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 geranium petiole oil india @ 0.06%
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 geranium stem oil india @ 0.08%
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 ginger root oil brazil @ 0.20%
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 ginger root oil china @ 0.13%
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 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india @ 2.90%
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 grapefruit
GRIN Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.18%
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 guava
GRIN Trop Picture
 guava leaf oil cuba @ trace%
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 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 0.13%
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 heracleum candolleanum rhizome oil india @ 9.00%
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 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ 0.20%
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 hinoki leaf oil @ 0.82%
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 hinoki root oil @ 0.53%
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 hinoki wood oil @ 0.22%
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 ho leaf oil @ 0.01%
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 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ 0.60%
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 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ 0.20-0.30%
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 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 0.30-1.30%
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 hyssop oil @ 0.1%
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 juniper berry oil @ 0.20%
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 juniper berry oil CO2 extract @ 1.20%
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 juniper branch oil @ 0.90%
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 juniper needle oil @ 3.60%
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 kachur oil @ 0.10%
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 kewda oil @ 1.08-1.42%
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 labdanum leaf oil @ 1.70%
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 labdanum oil @ 0.43%
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 laurel bark oil @ 0.5%
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 laurel berry oil @ 1.4%
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 laurel leaf oil @ 3.8%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 1.50%
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 laurel stem oil @ 0.4%
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 laurel wood oil @ 0.1%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.22%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.16%
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 lavender oil @ 1.06%
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 lavender oil france @ 0.33%
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 lavender oil greece @ 0.09%
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 lavender oil spike france @ 1.39%
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 lavender water bulgaria @ 0.13%
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 layana oil kenya @ 2.30%
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 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ 0.30-2.00%
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 layana oil zimbabwe @ 0.8%
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 lemon
 lemon oil california @ 0.14%
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 lemon oil expressed italy @ 0.27%
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 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 0.2%
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 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.11%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.05%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.22%
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 lemongrass oil rwanda @ 0.06%
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 lime
 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 3.07%
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 lime oil distilled mexico @ 1.89%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 2.30%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.1%
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 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 14.50%
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 litsea cubeba oil china @ 0.11%
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 lovage flower oil @ 2.33%
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 lovage leaf oil @ 7.11%
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 lovage root oil @ 0.86%
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 lovage seed oil @ 3.50%
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 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.80%
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 mandarin
 mandarin oil @ 0.28%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 4.25%
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 mandarin oil japan @ 0.10%
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 mangrove bark red oil cuba @ 0.30%
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 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ trace%
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 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ 2.30%
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 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 0.16%
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 marjoram oil spain @ 0.30%
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 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 4.98%
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 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 1.00-4.20%
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 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 5.70%
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 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 8.07%
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 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 4.31-4.68%
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 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 4.93-24.90%
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 mastic fruit oil @ 0.33%
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 mastic leaf oil @ 0.11%
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 mastic oil @ 0.22%
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 melissa oil @ 0.83%
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 microstrobos fitzgeraldii leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
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 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
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 mikan peel oil @ 0.22%
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 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 0.40%
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 myrtle oil @ 0.65%
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 narcissus absolute @ 1.27%
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 narcissus absolute @ 8.53%
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 nepeta cephalotes boiss. oil iran @ 2.30%
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 nepeta denudata benth. oil iran @ 4.20%
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 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.04%
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 niaouli oil egypt @ 0.20%
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 nutmeg
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 nutmeg extract co2 west indian @ 0.80%
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 nutmeg flower oil @ 4.55%
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 nutmeg leaf oil @ 2.49-4.78%
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 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 0.7%
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 nutmeg oil india @ 1.87%
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 olibanum
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 orange
 orange oil c.p. brazil @ trace-0.04%
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 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ trace%
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 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.52%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. egypt @ 1.94%
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 oregano oil mexico @ 8.12%
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 origanum
 origanum oil greece @ 6.58%
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 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam @ 0.20%
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 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
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 palmarosa oil @ trace%
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 papaya
 parsley leaf oil @ 1.46%
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 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.03%
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 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 0.82%
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 parsley seed oil @ 0.11%
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 pennyroyal oil cuba @ 0.08%
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 pennyroyal oil spain @ 0.10%
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 pepper tree berry oil @ 2.93%
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 pepper tree leaf oil @ 0.59%
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 peppermint oil america @ 0.24%
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 peppermint oil mongolia @ 0.22%
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 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ trace%
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 petitgrain bigarade oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain combava oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 1.40%
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 petitgrain lemon oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain lime oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.32%
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 petitgrain oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain sweet oil @ 3.17%
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 peucedanum petiolare (dc) boiss oil iran @ 0.10%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.38%
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 pimenta leaf oil @ 1.87%
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 pimento berry oil @ 0.2%
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 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ trace%
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 pine needle oil dwarf @ 0.09%
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 pineapple
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.10%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 0.20%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.40%
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 10.90%
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 prangos uloptera dc. oil iran @ 1.00%
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 prangos uloptera dc. seed oil iran @ trace%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil @ 1.10%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil @ 6.00%
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 pteronia oil @ 11.30%
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 rose oil otto bulgaria @ 0.09%
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 rosemary oil china @ 1.00%
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 1.81%
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 rosemary oil corsica @ 1.20%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 1.77%
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 rosemary oil france @ 1.39-1.54%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.99-1.40%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 1.8%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 10.50%
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 rue oil china @ 0.02%
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 rue oil cuba @ 0.01%
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 sage
 sage oil albania @ 0.20%
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 sage oil cuba @ 0.35%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.30%
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 sage oil england @ 0.20%
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 sage oil germany @ 1.29%
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 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 1.50%
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 sage oil lithuania @ 0.60%
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 sage oil reunion @ 0.40%
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 sage oil sardinia @ 0.90%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.4-2.1%
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 sage oil spain @ 1.1%
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 sage oil spain @ 2.00%
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 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 39.60%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ trace%
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 savin oil @ 0.14%
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 savin oil @ 0.20%
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 savory
 savory oil summer @ 3.31-8.60%
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 savory oil winter @ 24.70%
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 savory oleoresin winter @ 24.70%
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 snake root oil canada @ 0.30%
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 spearmint oil america @ trace-0.04%
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 stachys recta l. oil serbia @ trace%
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 star fruit oil cuba @ trace%
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 3.60%
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 tagete flower oil rwanda @ 0.30%
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 tagete oil CO2 extract @ 1.12%
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 tagete oil rwanda @ trace%
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 tangerine
 tangerine oil america @ 0.48%
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 tansy flower oil canada @ 0.37%
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 tansy flower oil dutch @ 0.40%
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 tansy leaf oil dutch @ 0.40%
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 tansy oil argentina @ 0.32%
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 tansy oil canada @ 0.80%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 2.20%
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 tea tree oil australia @ 4.96%
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 tejpat oil @ 3.20%
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 thyme
 thyme absolute @ 0.95%
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 thyme oil portuguese @ 19.9%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 2.55%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 14.3%
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 thyme oil red india @ 7.9%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 18.60-25.34%
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 thyme oil spain @ 2.95%
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 thyme oil spain @ 27.63%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping canada @ 0.70%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 1.10%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.16%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 9.54%
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 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 2.10%
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 tomato
 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 1.30%
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 tsauri grass oil @ 0.30%
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 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 1.15%
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 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 1.09%
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 turmeric root oil vietnam @ 0.05%
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 valerian root oil @ 0.1-1.5%
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 valerian root oil china @ 0.40%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.02%
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 vassoura oil @ 0.10%
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 wormseed oil america @ 8.09%
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 wormseed oil spain @ 0.03%
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 wormseed oil spain @ 0.2%
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 wormwood oil america @ 0.28%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ trace-1.23%
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 wormwood oil annus vietnam @ 4.08%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 1.55%
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 wormwood oil italy @ 1.0%
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 wormwood oil poland @ 0.77%
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 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.10%
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 yarrow leaf oil @ 2.80%
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 yarrow oil @ 0.60%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 7.40%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.71-1.09%
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 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ 0.21-0.40%
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 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 0.11-0.48%
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 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 0.97%%
Data  GC 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 benzene, 1-isopropyl-4-methyl-
 benzene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-
 camphogen
 cumene, p-methyl-
p-cumidine
4-cymene
p-cymene
para-cymene 70% (non citrus) natural
p-cymene FCC
p-cymene natural
para-cymene P & F
 cymene para FCC
para-cymene PF
 cymene, p-
p-cymol
para-cymol
 dolcymene
p-mentha-1,3,5-triene
p-methyl cumene
para-methyl cumene
4-methyl isopropyl benzene
4-methyl isopropylbenzene
4-methyl-1-(methylethyl)benzene
4-methyl-1-(propan-2-yl)benzene
4-methyl-1-isopropyl benzene
4-methyl-1-isopropylbenzene
1-methyl-4-(1-methyl ethyl) benzene
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-benzene
 methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)benzene
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)benzene
1-methyl-4-(propan-2-yl)benzene
1-methyl-4-isopropyl benzene
1-methyl-4-isopropylbenzene
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
p-methyl-cumene
p-methylcumene
para-methylcumene
4-methylisopropylbenzene
p-methylisopropylbenzene
 paracymene
 paracymol
p-isopropyl methyl benzene
para-isopropyl methyl benzene
4-isopropyl toluene
p-isopropyl toluene
para-isopropyl toluene
4-isopropyl-1-methylbenzene
1-isopropyl-4-methyl benzene
1-isopropyl-4-methyl-benzene
1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzene
1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzol
p-isopropylmethylbenzene
para-isopropylmethylbenzene
4-isopropyltoluene
p-isopropyltoluene
para-isopropyltoluene
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Satureja horvatii essential oil: in vitro antimicrobial and antiradical properties and in situ control of Listeria monocytogenes in pork meat.
PubMed: Volatile compounds of black cumin seeds (Nigella sativa L.) from microwave-heating and conventional roasting.
PubMed: Volatile aroma components and antioxidant activities of the flavedo peel extract of unripe Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata).
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Satureja kitaibelii essential oil against pathogenic microbial strains.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Chemical and physical stability of citral and limonene in sodium dodecyl sulfate-chitosan and gum arabic-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed: Flavor components of monoterpenes in citrus essential oils enhance the release of monoamines from rat brain slices.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol toward Bacillus cereus on rice.
PubMed: Analysis of the essential oil components from different Carum copticum L. samples from Iran.
PubMed: Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography for determination of the terpenes profile of blue honeysuckle berries.
PubMed: Stabilization of sunflower oil with Carum copticum Benth & Hook essential oil.
PubMed: Identification and Characterization of Dimeric Oxidation Products of p-Cymene-2,3-diol Isolated from Thymus vulgaris L.
PubMed: Satureja horvatii essential oil: in vitro antimicrobial and antiradical properties and in situ control of Listeria monocytogenes in pork meat.
PubMed: Essential oil composition and antibacterial activity of Origanum vulgare subsp. glandulosum Desf. at different phenological stages.
PubMed: Comparative investigation of Umbellularia californica and Laurus nobilis leaf essential oils and identification of constituents active against Aedes aegypti.
PubMed: Disruption of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling cascade and induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells by an essential oil from Monarda citriodora.
PubMed: Headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination of volatile compounds in different varieties of African star apple fruit (Chrysophillum albidum).
PubMed: Isolation of volatiles from Nigella sativa seeds using microwave-assisted extraction: effect of whole extracts on canine and murine CYP1A.
PubMed: Enhanced inhibition of Aspergillus niger on sedge (Lepironia articulata) treated with heat-cured lime oil.
PubMed: Efficacy of plant essential oils on postharvest control of rots caused by fungi on different stone fruits in vivo.
PubMed: Comparison between supercritical CO2 extraction and hydrodistillation for two species of eucalyptus: yield, chemical composition, and antioxidant activity.
PubMed: Coupled extruder-headspace, a new method for analysis of the essential oil components of Coriandrum sativum fruits.
PubMed: A herbal antifungal formulation of Thymus serpillum, Origanum vulgare and Rosmarinus officinalis for treating ovine dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
PubMed: Effect of essential oil from fresh leaves of Ocimum gratissimum L. on mycoflora during storage of peanuts in Benin.
PubMed: Evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oils from Carum copticum seed and Ferula assafoetida latex.
PubMed: Synergistic combinations of high hydrostatic pressure and essential oils or their constituents and their use in preservation of fruit juices.
PubMed: Relation between chemical composition or antioxidant activity and antihypertensive activity for six essential oils.
PubMed: The effects of thyme (Thymus vulgaris) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) essential oils on Brochothrix thermosphacta and on the shelf life of beef packaged in high-oxygen modified atmosphere.
PubMed: Insecticidal and acetylcholine esterase inhibition activity of Apiaceae plant essential oils and their constituents against adults of German cockroach (Blattella germanica).
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of Zataria multiflora essential oil and its main components on nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide production in glucose-stimulated human monocyte.
PubMed: Volatile aroma components and antioxidant activities of the flavedo peel extract of unripe Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata).
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Satureja kitaibelii essential oil against pathogenic microbial strains.
PubMed: Effect of gamma-irradiation on some chemical characteristics and volatile content of linseed.
PubMed: Oregano: chemical analysis and evaluation of its antimalarial, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activities.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial and spasmolytic properties of Poliomintha longiflora and Lippia graveolens essential oils.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oil from Gnaphlium affine.
PubMed: Composition of the essential oil of Bidens tripartita L. roots and its antibacterial and antifungal activities.
PubMed: Chemoprevention by essential oil of turmeric leaves (Curcuma longa L.) on the growth of Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin production.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oil from Cicuta virosa L. var. latisecta Celak.
PubMed: Chemical and genetic diversity of Zataria multiflora Boiss. accessions growing wild in Iran.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of Satureja montana L. essential oil against Clostridium perfringens type A inoculated in mortadella-type sausages formulated with different levels of sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Essential oil of Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link. from Matmata, Tunisia: gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activities of Lippia multiflora Moldenke, Mentha x piperita L. and Ocimum basilicum L. essential oils and their major monoterpene alcohols alone and in combination.
PubMed: Fatty Acids, Essential Oil, And Phenolics Modifications of Black Cumin Fruit under NaCl Stress Conditions.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Satureja wiedemanniana against Bacillus species isolated from chicken meat.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of cumin oil (Cuminum cyminum, Apiaceae).
PubMed: Screening of the constituents, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of endemic Origanum hypericifolium O. Schwartz & P.H. Davis.
PubMed: Chemical composition and anticancer and antioxidant activities of Schinus molle L. and Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi berries essential oils.
PubMed: Assessment of factors influencing antimicrobial activity of carvacrol and cymene against Vibrio cholerae in food.
PubMed: Essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. subsp. glandulosum (Desf.) Ietswaart from Tunisia: chemical composition and antioxidant activity.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant, antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Thymus marschallianus Will. and Thymus proximus Serg.
PubMed: Essential oil composition and antioxidant activity of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis var. longicaulis.
PubMed: The influence of harvest time on essential oil composition, phenolic constituents and antioxidant properties of Turkish oregano (Origanum onites L.).
PubMed: Antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria.
PubMed: Synergistic antimicrobial effect of nisin and p-cymene on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi in vitro and on ready-to-eat food.
PubMed: Chemical composition and inhibitory activity against Helicobacter pylori of the essential oil of Apium nodiflorum (Apiaceae).
PubMed: In vitro screening of essential oil from young and mature leaves of Artemisia scoparia compared to its major constituents for free radical scavenging activity.
PubMed: Lippia origanoides chemotype differentiation based on essential oil GC-MS and principal component analysis.
PubMed: Comparison of volatile profiles of nine litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) cultivars from Southern China.
PubMed: Influence of growth regulators in biomass production and volatile profile of in vitro plantlets of Thymus vulgaris L.
PubMed: Comparison of chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Nigella sativa seed essential oils obtained by different extraction methods.
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oils of Thymus and Mentha species and their antifungal activities.
PubMed: Bioactivity-guided fractionation and GC/MS fingerprinting of Angelica sinensis and Angelica archangelica root components for antifungal and mosquito deterrent activity.
PubMed: Processing and storage effects on orange juice aroma: a review.
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oil and headspace-solid microextracts from fruits of Myrica gale L. and antifungal activity.
PubMed: Composition and antifungal activity of the essential oil of the Brazilian Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) oil from Turkey.
PubMed: Tunisian Salvia officinalis L. and Schinus molle L. essential oils: their chemical compositions and their preservative effects against Salmonella inoculated in minced beef meat.
PubMed: Increasing antioxidant activity and reducing decay of blueberries by essential oils.
PubMed: Effect of maturation on the composition and biological activity of the essential oil of a commercially important Satureja species from Turkey: Satureja cuneifolia Ten. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Antimycotoxigenic characteristics of Rosmarinus officinalis and Trachyspermum copticum L. essential oils.
PubMed: Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of Laurus nobilis essential oil composition of northern Cyprus.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of Escherichia coli mutants exhibiting altered response to thymol.
PubMed: Characterization of the volatile constituents in the essential oil of Pistacia lentiscus L. from different origins and its antifungal and antioxidant activity.
PubMed: Interaction of four monoterpenes contained in essential oils with model membranes: implications for their antibacterial activity.
PubMed: Chemical and physical stability of citral and limonene in sodium dodecyl sulfate-chitosan and gum arabic-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed: Conflicting demands on detoxification pathways influence how common brushtail possums choose their diets.
PubMed: Composition of the essential oils of Thymus and Origanum species from Algeria and their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.
PubMed: Critical components of odors in evaluating the performance of food waste composting plants.
PubMed: Lipolytic effects of citrus peel oils and their components.
PubMed: Structural requirements for the antimicrobial activity of carvacrol.
PubMed: Estimation of aroma glycosides of nutmeg and their changes during radiation processing.
PubMed: Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of essential oils isolated from Thymbra capitata L. (Cav.) andOriganum vulgare L.
PubMed: Identification of characteristic aroma-active compounds from water dropwort (Oenanthe javanica DC.).
PubMed: Volatile components and key odorants of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) oil extracts obtained by simultaneous distillation-extraction and supercritical fluid extraction.
PubMed: Carvacrol and p-cymene inactivate Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice.
PubMed: Increase in activity of essential oil components carvacrol and thymol against Escherichia coli O157:H7 by addition of food stabilizers.
PubMed: Application of artificial neural network on mono- and sesquiterpenes compounds determined by headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the Piedmont ricotta cheese traceability.
PubMed: Effect of solution conductivity on the volatile constituents of Origanum dictamnus L. in nutrient film culture.
PubMed: Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of citrus essences on Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of plant extracts on the inhibition of citral off-odor formation.
PubMed: Formation mechanism of p-methylacetophenone from citral via a tert-alkoxy radical intermediate.
PubMed: Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods--a review.
PubMed: Chemical constituents, antifungal and antioxidative effects of ajwain essential oil and its acetone extract.
PubMed: In vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils and various extracts of Thymus eigii M. Zohary et P.H. Davis.
PubMed: Investigation of the Origanum onites L. essential oil using the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay.
PubMed: Influence of nitrogen fertilizers on the yield and composition of thyme (Thymus vulgaris).
PubMed: Seasonal and phenological variations of the essential oil from the narrow endemic species Artemisia molinieri and its biological activities.
PubMed: Unexpected superoxide dismutase antioxidant activity of ferric chloride in acetonitrile.
PubMed: In vitro analysis of the properties of Beiqishen tea.
PubMed: Isolation of volatile oil from thyme (Thymbra spicata) by steam distillation.
PubMed: Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro evaluation of antioxidant effect of free volatile compounds from Satureja montana L.
PubMed: In vitro antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extracts of herbal parts and callus cultures of Satureja hortensis L.
PubMed: Mechanism of inhibition of lipid peroxidation by gamma-terpinene, an unusual and potentially useful hydrocarbon antioxidant.
PubMed: Bacterial susceptibility to and chemical composition of essential oils from Thymus kotschyanus and Thymus persicus.
PubMed: Analysis of volatile compounds of tapereb√° (Spondias mombin L.) and caj√° (Spondias mombin L.) by simultaneous distillation and extraction (SDE) and solid phase microextraction (SPME).
PubMed: Characterization of Citrus unshiu (C. unshiu Marcov. forma Miyagawa-wase) blossom aroma by solid-phase microextraction in conjunction with an electronic nose.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Thymus pectinatus Fisch. et Mey. Var. pectinatus (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: SPME applied to the study of volatile organic compounds emitted by three species of Eucalyptus in situ. Solid-phase micro extraction.
PubMed: Effect of phosphorus concentration of the nutrient solution on the volatile constituents of leaves and bracts of Origanum dictamnus.
PubMed: Determination of monoterpene hydrocarbons and alcohols in Majorana hortensis Moench by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatographic.
PubMed: Effects of storage conditions on the composition of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (hyuganatsu) essential oil.
PubMed: Modeling the partition of volatile aroma compounds from a cloud emulsion.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum) form Turkey.
PubMed: Attractiveness of 79 compounds and mixtures to wild Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in field trials.
PubMed: Quantitative analysis of aroma compounds in carrot (Daucus carota L.) cultivars by capillary gas chromatography using large-volume injection technique.
PubMed: Correlation between the chemical and genetic relationships among commercial thyme cultivars.
PubMed: Fungitoxic activity of 12 essential oils against four postharvest citrus pathogens: chemical analysis of thymus capitatus oil and its effect in subatmospheric pressure conditions.
PubMed: In vivo measurement of flavour release from mixed phase gels.
PubMed: Comparison of eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. oils from Mozambique as obtained by hydrodistillation and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed: Inhibition of oxidation of human low-density lipoproteins by phenolic substances in different essential oils varieties.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol toward Bacillus cereus on rice.
PubMed: Orbital cortex neuronal responses during an odor-based conditioned associative task in rats.
PubMed: Airborne Compositae dermatitis: monoterpenes and no parthenolide are released from flowering Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) plants.
PubMed: Four weeks' inhalation exposure of rats to p-cymene affects regional and synaptosomal neurochemistry.
PubMed: Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method to characterise the transfer of dietary odorous compounds into plasma and milk.
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Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 27.88 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 23.4 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
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