EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

alpha-damascone
1-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohex-2-enyl)but-3-en-1-one

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
CAS Number: 43052-87-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
% from:98.00% to 100.00%
FDA UNII:UP5JTZ982I
Beilstein Number:2208705
MDL:MFCD00673214
CoE Number:11053
XlogP3-AA:3.20 (est)
Molecular Weight:192.30160000
Formula:C13 H20 O
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains:(E)-alpha-damascone 92.00% to 99.00%
 (Z)-alpha-damascone 4.00% to 8.00%
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:385 alpha-damascone
FLAVIS Number:07.134 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:07.134 alpha-damascone
FEMA Number:3659 alpha-damascone
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: ALPHA-DAMASCONE
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.92800 to 0.93800 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.722 to 7.805
Refractive Index:1.49200 to 1.49900 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 267.13 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.008000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point:> 200.00 °F. TCC ( > 93.33 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.436 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 dipropylene glycol
 water, 10.31 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 alcoholic solution
 antiperspirant
 cream
 deodorant spray
 hair spray
 shampoo
 soap
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:66 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sweet floral metallic fruity apple spicy plum minty
Odor Description:at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. sweet floral metallic fruity apple spicy plum minty
Luebke, William tgsc, (1994)
Odor sample from: Ungerer & Company, Inc.
sweet fruity floral woody green berry
Odor Description:Sweet, fruity, floral woody with a green berry nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 2, 49, (1991)
Flavor Type: fruity
sweet fruity woody green seedy
Taste Description: at 30.00 ppm. Sweet, fruity, woody with a green seedy background
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 2, 49, (1991)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
 
Suppliers:
Associate Allied Chemicals
Damascone Alpha
About
Berjé
Damascone Alpha
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
alpha-Damascone
Lluch Essence
alpha-DAMASCONE 98%
M&U International
alpha-DAMASCONE
Moellhausen
alpha-DAMASCONE
Odor: natural, diffusive, fruity, floral, not as pronounced rosy as damascenone or beta-damascone.
PCW France
Damascone Alpha
Steps to a fragranced product
Penta International
DAMASCONE (ALPHA), Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Alpha-Damascone 10% in DPG
PerfumersWorld
Alpha-Damascone
Odor: natural diffusive fruity floral woody
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
alpha-Damascone
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
a-Damascone analytical standard
Tengzhou Jitian Aroma Chemiclal
4-(2.6.6-Trimethyl cyclohex-2-enyl)-but-2-en-4-one
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
1-(2,6,6-Trimethyl-cyclohex-2-enyl)-but-2-en-1-one
Treatt
alpha-Damascone
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24 - Avoid contact with skin.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302
Skin sensitisation (Category 1), H317
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H302 - Harmful if swallowed
H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction
Precautionary statement(s)
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P272 - Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301 + P312 - IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician IF you feel unwell.
P302 + P352 - IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P330 - Rinse mouth.
P333 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P363 - Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Should not be used as fragrance ingredients such that the total level in finished cosmetic products exceeds 0.02%, individually or in combination. Based on test data showing sensitising potential for these materials and on evidence of cross-reactivity. (IFRA guidelines)
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:
See Note (1)
0.003 % (1)
Category 2:  0.02 %
Category 3:  0.02 %
Category 4:  0.02 %
Category 5:  0.02 %
Category 6:  0.07 % (1)
Category 7:  0.008 %
Category 8:  0.02 %
Category 9:  0.02 %
Category 10:  0.02 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

For this material, for pragmatic reasons, restrictive levels allowed by the QRA for certain categories but actually being higher than those already in place before applying the QRA, will temporarily not be implemented until the end of a 5 year monitoring phase. At the end of the 5 years the position will be reevaluated again.

 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

use level in formulae for use in cosmetics:
  0.1200 %
Dermal Systemic Exposure in Cosmetic Products:
 0.0031 mg/kg/day (IFRA, 2002, 2003)
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 6.90 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 0.40 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 13
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.50000
beverages(alcoholic): -0.50000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -0.50000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: -0.50000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: -0.50000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -0.50000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: -0.50000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

List of apha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones representative of FGE.19 substances for Genotoxicity Testing [1] - Statement of the Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 210: alpha,beta-Unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.4 of FGE.19[1]
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 210 Revision 2 (FGE.210Rev2): Consideration of genotoxic potential for a,-unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.4 of FGE.19
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :62002
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WGK Germany:1
1-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohex-2-enyl)but-3-en-1-one
Chemidplus:0043052875
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 1-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohex-2-enyl)but-3-en-1-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:43052-87-5
Pubchem (cid):62002
Pubchem (sid):135019827
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB36027
FooDB:FDB014845
Export Tariff Code:2914.29.0000
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
prunus serotina bark extract
FL/FR
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
9-
decenal
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
alliaceous
ferula assa-foetida gum oil
FL/FR
amber
angelica root oil
FL/FR
animal
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
2-
acetyl furan
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
buttery
apple butter fragrance
FR
caramellic
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
maltol
FL/FR
strawberry furanone
FL/FR
citrus
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
grapefruit pentanol
FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
fatty
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
fermented
hexanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
gamma-
damascone
FR
(Z)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
ethyl hexyl salicylate
FR
floral pyranol
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hyacinth ether
FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
alpha-
irone
FL/FR
leerall
FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
methyl citronellate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
muguet octadienol
FR
nerol
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
peony alcohol
FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
violet methyl carbonate
FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
fruity
acetaldehyde hexyl isoamyl acetal
FL/FR
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
allyl heptanoate
FL/FR
allyl propionate
FL/FR
amyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
amyl valerate
FL/FR
apple ketal
FL/FR
benzyl isovalerate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl butyrate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl carboxylic acid
FL/FR
cyclohexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
decen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
eriocephalus punctulatus flower oil
FR
ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-methyl valerate
FL/FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
ethyl valerate
FL/FR
fruity ketal
FL/FR
geranyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl formate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
nonyl isovalerate
FL/FR
propyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
propyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
propyl isovalerate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
(E,E)-5,6,7,7-
tetramethyl-2,5-octadien-4-one
FR
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
green
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
galbascone (IFF)
FR
green note propionate
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl tiglate
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
pineapple heptadienone 10%
FR
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
violet leaf absolute
FL/FR
herbal
buchu mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
methyl ortho-anisate
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
melon
melon heptenal
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonenal
FL/FR
watermelon ketone
FR
mossy
veramoss (IFF)
FR
naphthyl
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
apple spice fragrance
FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
sulfurous
ethyl methyl mercaptopropionate
FL/FR
mango thiol
FL/FR
4-
methoxy-2-methyl butane thiol
FL/FR
4-
methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solution
FL/FR
terpenic
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tobacco
para-
cresyl isovalerate
FL/FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
woody
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
marine formate
FR
lariciu
pine needle oil
FR
santall
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde hexyl isoamyl acetal
FL/FR
amyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
cyclohexyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
9-
decenal
FL/FR
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
ethyl 3-methyl valerate
FL/FR
geranyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
heptyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL
hexanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexenal
FL
(Z)-3-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal dimethyl acetal
FL
(E)-2-
hexenal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
hexyl acetate
FL
4-
methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solution
FL/FR
methyl ortho-anisate
FL/FR
nonyl isovalerate
FL/FR
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
propyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
propyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
propyl isovalerate
FL/FR
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
beta-
damascone
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
alliaceous
allyl propionate
FL/FR
ferula assa-foetida gum oil
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
apple
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
aromatic
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
camphoreous
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
caramellic
caramel furanone
FL
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
maltol
FL/FR
strawberry furanone
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
cooling
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
fatty
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
methyl citronellate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
allyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl valerate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
apple ketal
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl isovalerate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
buchu mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl carboxylic acid
FL/FR
cyclohexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
decen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
ethyl valerate
FL/FR
fruity ketal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
phenethyl isovalerate
FL/FR
prunus serotina bark extract
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
fusel
methyl butyrate
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
green note propionate
FL/FR
hexanal (aldehyde C-6)
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenal
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl formate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl tiglate
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
melon heptenal
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonenal
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
violet leaf absolute
FL/FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl furan
FL/FR
phenolic
para-
cresyl isovalerate
FL/FR
powdery
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
spicy
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
sulfurous
ethyl methyl mercaptopropionate
FL/FR
mango thiol
FL/FR
4-
methoxy-2-methyl butane thiol
FL/FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
furfuryl octanoate
FL
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
propyl heptanoate
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
alpha-
irone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRagrumen aldehyde
FRaldehydic
FRamber
 anais anais
FL/FRangelica
FRanimal
FRapple
FRapple blossom
 apple brandy
 apple crabapple
FRapple green apple
FRapple red apple
FRapricot
 ash mountain ash berry
 azzaro
 bark
FRberry
FRberry jam
 blossom tropical blossom
 boxwood
 bramble arctic bramble blackberry
FRcedar forest
FRchamomile
 cheese ghee cheese
FRcherry black cherry
FRchristmas
FRchrysanthemum
FL/FRcistus
FRcitrus
 cloudberry bakeapple
FRcrabapple blossom
FRcranberry
FRcurrant black currant
FL/FRcurrant bud absolute replacer
FRdate
 de bagatelle
 drakkar
 drakkar noir
FReglantine
FRelder berry
FRfig
FRfloral
FRfruit
 fruit dried fruit
 fruit tropical fruit
FLginger ale
FRgooseberry
FRgrape
FLgrape white grape
FRguava
FRherbal
FRhibiscus
FRhoney
FRhoneysuckle
 hugonia
FL/FRimmortelle
 jardins de bagatelle
FRkiwi
 kiwi blossom
FLlicorice red licorice
FRlychee
FRmango
FRmaple
FL/FRmarigold
FL/FRmarjoram
FRmelon
 montana
 nahema
FLnecterine
FRpansy
 paris
FRpassion blossom
FRpassion fruit
FRpear
FLpear bartlett pear
FRpear blossom
 pear emperor pear
FRpineapple
FRplum
FLplum greengage plum
FRplum mirabelle plum
 poison
FRpomegranate
FRprune
FRraisin
FRraspberry
 redwood
FRrose
FRrose tea rose
 rose wild rose
FL/FRrue
 saint laurent
FRstephanotis
FRtangerine
FLtea
FRtea green tea
FRtobacco
FRtoffee
FLtropical
 watercress nasturtium
 white linen
FRwine
FRwoody
FRwormwood oil replacer
FL/FRyerba mate
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 rose
Search PMC Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop Picture
 tobacco
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
2-buten-1-one, 1-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-
 damarose alpha
 damascone (alpha)
 dihydro floriffone A
1-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohex-2-enyl)but-3-en-1-one
1-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2-butenone
4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-but-2-en-4-one
1-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexenyl)-2-buten-1-one
4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexenyl)-2-buten-4-one
4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexenyl)-2-butene-4-one
1-(2,6,6-trimethyl-cyclohex-2-enyl)-but-2-en-1-one
1-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-yl)but-2-en-1-one
 

Articles:

PubMed:Comparison of aroma active and sulfur volatiles in three fragrant rice cultivars using GC-olfactometry and GC-PFPD.
PubMed:Influence of triterpenoids present in apple peel on inflammatory gene expression associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
PubMed:Analytical and sensory characterization of the aroma of "Langhe D.O.C. Nebbiolo" wines: influence of the prefermentative cold maceration with dry ice.
PubMed:Characterization of volatiles and aroma-active compounds in honeybush (Cyclopia subternata) by GC-MS and GC-O analysis.
PubMed:Aromatic aldols and 1,5-diketones as optimized fragrance photocages.
PubMed:[Isoprenoids and phenylpropanoids from Saussurea deltoidea].
PubMed:Characterization of the bound volatile extract from baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta).
PubMed:Structural Analysis of CYP101C1 from Novosphingobium aromaticivorans DSM12444.
PubMed:Influence of the backbone structure on the release of bioactive volatiles from maleic acid-based polymer conjugates.
PubMed:Insecticidal potency of novel compounds on multiple insect species of medical and veterinary importance.
PubMed:Volatile composition screening of Salix spp. nectar honey: benzenecarboxylic acids, norisoprenoids, terpenes, and others.
PubMed:Identification of 3-hydroxy-beta-damascone and related carotenoid-derived aroma compounds as novel potent inducers of Nrf2-mediated phase 2 response with concomitant anti-inflammatory activity.
PubMed:Substrate promiscuity of RdCCD1, a carotenoid cleavage oxygenase from Rosa damascena.
PubMed:[Retention of components in a mixture of volatile organic substances by maltodextrins].
PubMed:Synthetic applications of enantioselective protonation and case study for (S)-alpha-damascone.
PubMed:Characterization of the most odor-active compounds in an American Bourbon whisky by application of the aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on cis-beta-damascone.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on gamma-damascone.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on delta-damascone.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on alpha-damascone.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on trans-beta-damascone.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on cis-alpha-damascone.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on trans,trans-delta-damascone.
PubMed:[Investigation of the pyrolysis behavior of 4-oxo-beta-damascone by on-line pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Glycosidically bound volatiles and flavor precursors in Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed:A simple and efficient highly enantioselective synthesis of alpha-ionone and alpha-damascone.
PubMed:A novel biomimetic route to the 3-acyl-5-hydroxy-3-pyrrolin-2-one and 3-acyl-3,4-epoxy-5-hydroxypyrrolidin-2-one ring systems.
PubMed:Investigation of bound aroma constituents of yellow-fleshed nectarines (Prunus persica L. Cv. Springbright). changes in bound aroma profile during maturation.
PubMed:Aroma composition of Vitis vinifera Cv. tannat: the typical red wine from Uruguay.
PubMed:Identification of (3S, 9R)- and (3S, 9S)-megastigma-6,7-dien-3,5,9-triol 9-O-beta-D-glucopyranosides as damascenone progenitors in the flowers of Rosa damascena Mill.
PubMed:Principles and methodology for identification of fragrance allergens in consumer products.
PubMed:Character impact odorants of the apple cultivars Elstar and Cox Orange.
PubMed:Volatile compounds released by enzymatic hydrolysis of glycoconjugates of leaves and grape berries from Vitis vinifera Muscat of Alexandria and Shiraz cultivars.
PubMed:Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of alcohols and their beta-D-glucopyranosides.
PubMed:Identification of potent odorants in Japanese green tea (Sen-cha).
PubMed:C(13)-Norisoprenoid glucoconjugates from lulo (Solanum quitoense L.) leaves.
PubMed:Bioconversion of alpha-Damascone by Botrytis cinerea.
PubMed:Progress in synthesis of sensory important trace components of essential oils and natural flavours.
 
Notes:
used in skin testing for immune competence. Detected as minor constit. of black tea leaves (nearly racemic mixt.)
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