EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

methyl ethyl ketone
2-butanone

Sponsors

Name:butan-2-one
CAS Number: 78-93-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:135311-02-3
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:201-159-0
FDA UNII:6PT9KLV9IO
Nikkaji Web:J1.960G
Beilstein Number:0741880
MDL:MFCD00011648
CoE Number:753
XlogP3:0.30 (est)
Molecular Weight:72.10696000
Formula:C4 H8 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:extraction solvents, flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:278 2-butanone
JECFA Food Additive: Ethyl Methyl Ketone
FLAVIS Number:07.053 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:07.053 butan-2-one
FEMA Number:2170 2-butanone
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: 2-BUTANONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.859 Sucrose fatty acid esters.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.320 Resinous and polymeric coatings for polyolefin films.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1200 Cellophane.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 99.50 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.80100 to 0.80300 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.665 to 6.682
Refractive Index:1.37700 to 1.38000 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -85.00 to -87.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 78.60 to 80.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 2.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:90.600000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density:2.49 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 26.00 °F. TCC ( -3.33 °C. )
logP (o/w): 0.290
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 2.23E+05 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: ethereal
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
acetone ethereal fruity camphoreous
Odor Description:at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. acetone-like ethereal fruity camphor
ethereal fruity camphoreous
Odor Description:Etherial, diffusive and slightly fruity with a camphoreous nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 20, No. 1, 31, (1995)
Flavor Type: chemical
chemical fruity green
Taste Description: at 5.00 ppm. Chemical-like and slightly fruity green
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 20, No. 1, 31, (1995)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
solvents
 
Suppliers:
Alfrebro
METHYL ETHYL KETONE NATURAL (2-BUTANONE)
Odor: Ethereal
Axxence Aromatic
METHYL ETHYL KETONE, Natural, Kosher
Sustainability
Charkit Chemical
FST 510
Covalent Chemical
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
Excellentia International
2-Butanone (Methyl Ethyl Ketone) Natural
Exxon Mobil
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
Odor: characteristic
Use: ExxonMobil™ methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) oxygenated fluids offer strong solvency and fast evaporative properties. They are not listed as a hazardous air pollutant under U.S. EPA regulations.
Indenta Group
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
Lluch Essence
METHYL ETHYL KETONE NATURAL
Lluch Essence
METHYL ETHYL KETONE
Penta International
METHYL ETHYL KETONE REAGENT ACS GRADE, Kosher
Penta International
METHYL ETHYL KETONE, Kosher
Penta International
METHYL ETHYL KETONE, NATURAL, Kosher
Rainbow Chemical
Methyl Ethyl Ketone 99.9
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Butanone, ≥99.5%, FCC, FG
Odor: ethereal
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Butanone, natural, ≥99%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
2-Butanone ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Silver Fern Chemical
Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK)
Odor: characteristic
Use: MEK is used for solutions of coating, adhesive and ink resins (polyurethane, polyester, acrylic, cellulose, polychloroprene), and for paint stripper formulations. MEK's fast evaporation properties make it a good solvent. It is a key fluid in formulating polychloroprene adhesives, especially as a replacement for toluene, and is a component of many gravure printing inks.
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
2-Butanone [for Spectrophotometry] >99.0%(GC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 11 - Highly flammable.
R 36 - Irritating to eyes.
R 66 - Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
R 67 - Vapours may cause frowsiness and dizziness.
S 09 - Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 [sex: M] 5490 mg/kg
(Smyth et al., 1962)

oral-rat LD50 2730 mg/kg
(Kimura et al., 1971a)

oral-rat LD50 3980 mg/kg
(Union Carbide Corp., 1956)

oral-rat LD50 [sex: F] 5525 mg/kg
(Pozzani et al., 1959)

oral-mouse LD50 [sex: M] 3137 mg/kg
(Zakhari et al., 1977)

oral-mouse LD50 [sex: M] 4050 mg/kg
(Tanii et al., 1986)

intraperitoneal-guinea pig LDLo 2000 mg/kg
LIVER: OTHER CHANGES
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 15, Pg. 627, 1977.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 616 mg/kg
Shell Chemical Company. Unpublished Report. Vol. -, Pg. 6, 1961.

oral-mouse LD50 4050 mg/kg
Toxicology Letters. Vol. 30, Pg. 13, 1986.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 607 mg/kg
Environmental Research. Vol. 40, Pg. 411, 1986.

oral-rat LD50 2737 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 19, Pg. 699, 1971.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 6480 mg/kg
Shell Chemical Company. Vol. MSDS-5390-4

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-muskrat LC50 32 gm/M3/4hour
CUTOEX
1,47,1993

inhalation-human TCLo 100 ppm/5M
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: CONJUNCTIVE IRRITATION: EYE SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 25, Pg. 282, 1943.

inhalation-mammal (species unspecified) LC50 38000 mg/m3
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(5), Pg. 61, 1986.

inhalation-mouse LC50 32000 mg/m3/4H
Current Toxicology. Vol. 1, Pg. 47, 1993.

inhalation-rat LC50 23500 mg/m3/8H
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 20, Pg. 364, 1959.

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: extraction solvents, flavoring agents
Recommendation for methyl ethyl ketone usage levels up to:
  0.5000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 96.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -100.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -70.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -270.00000
fruit ices: -270.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -100.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 7 (FGE.07): Saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters of secondary alcohols and saturated linear or branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical group 5
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 63 (FGE.63): Consideration of aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) structurally related to saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters of secondary alcohols and saturated linear or branched-chain carboxylic acids evaluated by EFSA in FGE.07 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 7, Revision 1 (FGE.07Rev1): Saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters of secondary alcohols and saturated linear or branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical group 5 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Scientific opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 7, Revision 2 (FGE.07Rev2) : Saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters of secondary alcohols and saturated linear or branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical group 5
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters with esters containing secondary alcohols belonging to chemical group 5 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA-Iris:IRIS
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):78-93-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :6569
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1193
WGK Germany:1
butan-2-one
Chemidplus:0000078933
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:78-93-3
 
References:
 butan-2-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:78-93-3
Pubchem (cid):6569
Pubchem (sid):134971088
Flavornet:78-93-3
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C02845
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB00474
FooDB:FDB003383
Export Tariff Code:2914.12.00.00
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•usepaopp pesticide code 044103; trade names: meetco. •grades of purity: 99.5+% •grade: technical
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
animal
animal
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
brown
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
chemical
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
propyl propionate
FL/FR
citrus
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
creamy
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
earthy
methyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
methyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
iso
propyl acetate
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
fatty
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
floral
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
cuminyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
bisabolene
FL/FR
butyl 2-decenoate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-cyclohexyl propionate
FR
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoate
FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
heptanal cyclic ethylene acetal
FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
nerolidyl isobutyrate
FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
2-
nonanone
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenol
FL/FR
prenyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
rhubarb undecane
FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
tropical indene
FR
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
green
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
iso
amyl formate
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenyl methyl ether
FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
penten-1-ol
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
propylene acetal
FL/FR
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
violet dienyne
FR
herbal
hexanol
FL/FR
minty
cyclohexanone
FR
terpenic
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
psidium guajava fruit extract
FL/FR
waxy
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
woody
verdoxan
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoate
FL/FR
2-
hexenal
FL
2-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL
hexyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
methyl-2-octenal
FL
2-
methyl-2-octenal
FL
3-
methyl-3-pentanol
FL
(E,E)-3,5-
octadien-2-one
FL
prenyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
propylene acetal
FL/FR
alliaceous
alliaceous
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
nonanone
FL/FR
citrus
bisabolene
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
cocoa
2-
methyl furan
FL
coconut
(R)-
massoia lactone
FL
cooling
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
creamy
massoia lactone
FL
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
propyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
fishy
3-
penten-2-one
FL
floral
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
butyl 2-decenoate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
furfuryl propionate
FL
2-
furyl pentyl ketone
FL
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
kiwi distillates
FL
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-nonenoate
FL
methyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenol
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
green
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl formate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cuminyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyraldehyde
FL
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
hexanol
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-undecynoate
FL
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
3-(5-
methyl-2-furyl) butanal
FL
4-
methyl-2-pentenal
FL
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
2,4-
octadienal
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
octadienal
FL
(Z)-2-
penten-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
phorone
FL
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
pungent
acetaldehyde
FL
rummy
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
ethyl pyruvate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
guava distillates
FL
propyl propionate
FL/FR
psidium guajava fruit
FL
psidium guajava fruit extract
FL/FR
vegetable
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
woody
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FLbanana
 bread white bread
FLcarrot
FLcheese cheddar cheese
FLcheese swiss cheese
FLcoffee
FLcream
FLdairy
FLfish
FLgrape
 solvents
FLtea black tea
FLtomato
FLyogurt
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple fruit
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 apple fruit juice
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 bread white bread
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 butter
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 cabbage leaf
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 carrot
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 cheese cheddar cheese
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 cheese swiss cheese
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 coffee
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 currant black currant fruit
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 fish
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 guava fruit
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 pear plant
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 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 peppermint oil
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 plum fruit
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 potato chip
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 tea black tea
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 tea leaf
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 tomato fruit
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 truffle
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 yogurt
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Synonyms:
 acetylethane
 butan-2-one
2-oxobutane
2-butanone
2-butanone (methyl ethyl ketone) natural
 ethyl methyl cetone
 ethyl methyl ketone
 ethylmethyl ketone
 ethylmethylketone
 ketone C-4
 ketone, ethyl methyl
 MEK
 methyl acetone
 methyl ethyl cetone
 methyl ethyl ketone, natural
 methyl propanal
 methyl-ethyl-ketone
 methylacetone
 methylethyl ketone
 methylethylketone
 

Articles:

Info:HEPTAN-2-ONE
PubMed:Milk volatile organic compounds and fatty acid profile in cows fed timothy as hay, pasture, or silage.
PubMed:Headspace volatile components of Canadian grown low-tannin faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes.
PubMed:Chemical characterization of commercial liquid smoke products.
PubMed:Transcriptome profiling of heat-resistant strain Bacillus licheniformis CGMCC3962 producing Maotai flavor.
PubMed:Scientific assessment of the use of sugars as cigarette tobacco ingredients: a review of published and other publicly available studies.
PubMed:Volatile flavor compounds in yogurt: a review.
PubMed:Ewe's diet (pasture vs grain-based feed) affects volatile profile of cooked meat from light lamb.
PubMed:Chemical and biochemical study of industrially produced San Simón da Costa smoked semi-hard cow's milk cheeses: Effects of storage under vacuum and different modified atmospheres.
PubMed:High-yield fermentative preparation of tetramethylpyrazine by Bacillus sp. using an endogenous precursor approach.
PubMed:Solid-phase microextraction for the determination of volatile compounds in the spoilage of raw ground beef.
PubMed:Prediction of sensory properties of Brazilian Arabica roasted coffees by headspace solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography and partial least squares.
PubMed:Relationships between sensory descriptors, consumer acceptability and volatile flavor compounds of American dry-cured ham.
PubMed:Effect of enhancement and ageing on flavor and volatile compounds in various beef muscles.
PubMed:Instrumental and sensory characterization of heat-induced odorants in aseptically packaged soy milk.
PubMed:Characterization of aroma-active compounds in raw and cooked pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.).
PubMed:Aroma extract dilution analysis of cv. Meeker (Rubus idaeus L.) red raspberries from Oregon and Washington.
PubMed:Proteolysis, volatile compounds, and sensory evaluation in Hispánico cheese manufactured with the addition of a thermophilic adjunct culture, nisin, and calcium alginate-nisin microparticles.
PubMed:Modification of fatty acids changes the flavor volatiles in tomato leaves.
PubMed:Significance of volatile compounds produced by spoilage bacteria in vacuum-packed cold-smoked salmon (Salmo salar) analyzed by GC-MS and multivariate regression.
PubMed:Generation of odorous acyloins by yeast pyruvate decarboxylases and their occurrence in sherry and soy sauce.
PubMed:Volatile flavor components of rice cakes.
PubMed:Characterization of volatile compounds from the reaction of 3-hydroxy-2-butanone and ammonium sulfide model system.
PubMed:Flavor and texture characteristics of low fat ground beef patties formulated with whey protein concentrate.
PubMed:[The quantitative composition of natural and technologically changed aromas of plants. II. Aroma compounds in oranges and their changes during juice processing (author's transl)].
 
Notes:
solvent; colorless synthetic resins, smokeless powders; may be irritating to eyes, mucous membranes; may be toxic in high concentrations. Isol. from hop oil (Humulus lupulus) white clover (Trifolium repens), tea, tomatoes, various fruits and other vegetable sources. Used in the refining and extraction of fats and oils. Flavouring agent Butanone is an irritant, but serious health effects in animals have been seen only at very high levels. When inhaled, these effects included birth defects.; Butanone occurs as a natural product. It is made by some trees and found in some fruits and vegetables in small amounts. It is also released to the air from car and truck exhausts. The known health effects to people from exposure to butanone are irritation of the nose, throat, skin, and eyes. (wikipedia); Butanone, better known as methyl ethyl ketone or MEK, is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2CH3. This colorless liquid ketone has a sharp, sweet odor reminiscent of butterscotch and acetone. It is produced industrially on a large scale, and also occurs in trace amounts in nature.
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