butyl levulinate
butyl 4-oxovalerate
 
Notes:
Flavouring agent
  • Bedoukian Research
    • Bedoukian Research, Inc.
      Constantly Improving
      Working closely with our customers to meet their requirements.
      Paul Bedoukian founded the company to fill a niche as a supplier of high quality specialty aroma and flavor ingredients. In 1975 the company began manufacturing insect pheromones which are chemically similar to flavor and fragrance ingredients. Today, Bedoukian Research offers more than 450 Aroma Chemicals and 50 Insect Pheromones, while also providing custom manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and specialty chemical industries.
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      Product(s):
      546 BUTYL LEVULINATE ≥97.0%, Kosher
      SDS
      For a smoky savory note in heavier fragrances.
      Used in herb, butter, bacon, chocolate, smoke flavors. Fruit applications include banana, melon, honeydew and cherry flavors.
       
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      02-63600 BUTYL LEVULINATE, Kosher
       
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 27,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
      Email: Sales
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      Product(s):
      L0138 Butyl Levulinate >98.0%(GC)
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
butyl 4-oxopentanoate (Click)
CAS Number: 2052-15-5Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 218-143-4
FDA UNII: OI56208RTB
Nikkaji Web: J95.002E
Beilstein Number: 1768453
MDL: MFCD00009449
CoE Number: 374
XlogP3-AA: 1.00 (est)
Molecular Weight: 172.22412000
Formula: C9 H16 O3
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 608  butyl levulinate
Flavis Number: 09.436 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 09.436  butyl 4-oxovalerate
FEMA Number: 2207  butyl levulinate
FDA Mainterm: BUTYL LEVULINATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 106.00 to  108.00 °C. @ 5.50 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 237.50 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 2.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.038000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 198.00 °F. TCC ( 92.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.457 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 oils
 water, 4940 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Similar Items: note
allyl levulinate
isoamyl levulinate
benzyl levulinate
ethyl levulinate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl levulinate
methyl levulinate
propyl levulinate
isopropyl levulinate
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength: medium
 fruity  herbal  waxy  caramellic  savory  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
fruity herbal waxy caramel savory
 herbal  
Taste Description:
herbal
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Bedoukian Research
BUTYL LEVULINATE
≥97.0%, Kosher
Odor: An herbaceous, waxy, fatty odor with savory applications
Use: For a smoky savory note in heavier fragrances.
Flavor: herbal
Used in herb, butter, bacon, chocolate, smoke flavors. Fruit applications include banana, melon, honeydew and cherry flavors.
Inoue Perfumery
BUTYL LEVULINATE
Penta International
BUTYL LEVULINATE, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Butyl Levulinate ≥97%
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Butyl Levulinate 98%
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Butyl Levulinate >98.0%(GC)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 21, Pg. 655, 1983.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 21, Pg. 655, 1983.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for butyl levulinate usage levels up to:
  4.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): ND (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -4.60000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 0.200001.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -2.10000
fruit ices: -2.10000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -4.60000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to - Flavouring Group Evaluation 10: Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 1 (FGE10 Rev1)[1] - Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 10, Revision 2 (FGE.10Rev2): Aliphatic primary and secondary saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acetals, carboxylic acids and esters containing an additional oxygenated functional group and lactones from chemical groups 9, 13 and 30
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 2052-15-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 16331
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 butyl 4-oxopentanoate
Chemidplus: 0002052155
RTECS: OI1695000 for cas# 2052-15-5
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 butyl 4-oxopentanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 2052-15-5
Pubchem (cid): 16331
Pubchem (sid): 134983317
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB40165
FooDB: FDB019874
Export Tariff Code: 2918.30.9000
ChemSpider: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
FAO: Butyl levulinate
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
aldehydic
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
anisic
 amyl furoateFL/FR
 diethyl malateFL/FR
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
5-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-oneFL/FR
citrus
2-tetradecenalFL/FR
creamy
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
earthy
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 spathulenol 
ethereal
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
fatty
 allyl octanoateFL/FR
isobutyl undecylenateFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
 decane nitrileFR
 decanolFL/FR
2-decen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-decen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-decenalFL/FR
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
 methyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
(Z)-2-nonenalCS
 octanoic acidFL/FR
(Z)-oleic acidFL/FR
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-tridecatrienalFL/FR
floral
isoamyl angelateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 butyl tiglateFR
 cassis cyclohexeneFR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 coranol (Firmenich)FR
 decanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
(±)-4-ethyl octanalFL/FR
 gelsone (IFF)FL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 geranyl hexanoateFL/FR
 geranyl tiglateFL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin concreteFR
 jasmin concrete moroccoFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 menthadienyl formateFR
 methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)FL/FR
 methyl citronellateFL/FR
 nonan-3-yl acetateFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
 octyl acetateFL/FR
 rose undeceneFR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 allyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
 allyl heptanoateFL/FR
isoamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 balsam specialtyFR
 decyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-decenoateFL/FR
 ethyl hexanoateFL/FR
3-hexanoneFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-pentenoateFR
para-menth-1-ene-9-olFL/FR
 methyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl isovalerateFL/FR
(E)-2-nonen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
sesquiphellandrene 
2-undecanoneFL/FR
green
 butyl heptanoateFL/FR
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 dicyclopentadiene propionateFR
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 herbal cyclohexaneFR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
 magnolia flower oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
herbal
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
 artemisia ludoviciana oilFR
 buchu mercaptan acetateFL/FR
 chamomile propionateFR
 chamomile valerateFR
 cuminyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl crotonateFL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
 methyl hexyl etherFL/FR
(1S,5R)-myrtenyl acetateFL/FR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
beta-sesquiphellandrene 
 rue flower oil colombia 
 rue oilFL/FR
 rue oil cubaFL/FR
 tagete oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 tagete oil egyptFL/FR
 tagete oil rwandaFL/FR
 tagete oil south africaFL/FR
 tagete oil turkeyFL/FR
 tagete oil zambiaFL/FR
 tricyclodecenyl isobutyrateFR
 tricyclodecenyl propionateFR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
musk
isoambrettolideFL/FR
oily
 amyl laurateFL/FR
orris
 orris capronateFL/FR
soapy
 benzyl laurateFL/FR
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
spicy
 cubeb oilFL/FR
tonka
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
vanilla
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
vegetable
1-furfuryl pyrroleFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
isoamyl laurateFL/FR
3-decanoneFL/FR
(Z)-4-decen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-5-decen-1-ol 
(E)-2-decen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 dihydrocitronellyl acetateFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-dodecadien-1-ol 
1-dodecanolFL/FR
 ethyl decanoateFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
 heptyl octanoateFL/FR
 methyl butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl myristateFL/FR
 methyl palmitateFL/FR
 methyl undecanoateFR
 myristic acidFL/FR
2,4-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 palmitic acidFR
 phytyl acetateFL/FR
 propyl decanoateFL/FR
 tetradecanalFL/FR
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
(E)-2-tridecen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
woody
2-decalinyl acetateFR
 patchouli absoluteFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 allyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
 allyl 2-furoateFL
isoamyl angelateFL/FR
 amyl furoateFL/FR
 amyl laurateFL/FR
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 benzyl laurateFL/FR
 benzyl methyl tiglateFL
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
isobutyl undecylenateFL/FR
 cuminyl acetateFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
3-decanoneFL/FR
(E)-2-decen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-5-decen-1-ol 
(Z)-4-decen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-decen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 diethyl malateFL/FR
 dihydrocitronellyl acetateFL/FR
(±)-(cis+trans)-1,2-dihydroperillaldehydeFL
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl crotonateFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-dodecadien-1-ol 
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
(±)-4-ethyl octanalFL/FR
5-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-oneFL/FR
(Z)-3-hepten-1-olFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 magnolia flower oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 mango furanoneFL
 methyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)FL/FR
 methyl myristateFL/FR
 methyl palmitateFL/FR
4-methyl pentyl 4-methyl valerateFL
 nonan-3-yl acetateFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
(E)-2-nonen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl acetateFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
beta-sesquiphellandrene 
sesquiphellandrene 
 phytyl acetateFL/FR
 propyl decanoateFL/FR
 rue flower oil colombia 
 spathulenol 
2-tetradecenalFL/FR
(E)-2-tridecen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
 althaea officinalis root tinctureFL
2-decen-1-olFL/FR
 gelsone (IFF)FL/FR
acidic
(E)-2-hexenoic acidFL
bitter
 glyceryl tributyrateFL
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-tridecatrienalFL/FR
caramellic
5-ethyl-3,4,5,6-tetramethyl cyclohexen-2-oneFL
3-methyl butyl 2-furyl butyrateFL
citrus
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
coconut
isoambrettolideFL/FR
 butyl heptanoateFL/FR
(R)-massoia lactoneFL
cooling
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
creamy
 althaea officinalis root extractFL
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
ethereal
 methyl hexyl etherFL/FR
fatty
 allyl octanoateFL/FR
isoamyl laurateFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
2,4-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-octenoic acidFL
(Z)-oleic acidFL/FR
 tetradecanalFL/FR
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-undecadienalFL
floral
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 geranyl tiglateFL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 methyl citronellateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 allyl heptanoateFL/FR
isoamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 buchu mercaptan acetateFL/FR
 decyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-decenoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-octenoateFL
 ethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 geranyl hexanoateFL/FR
3-hexanoneFL/FR
 hexyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl isovalerateFL/FR
 tagete oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 tagete oil rwandaFL/FR
 tagete oil south africaFL/FR
 tagete oil turkeyFL/FR
 tagete oil zambiaFL/FR
green
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
(E)-3-hexenoic acidFL
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl 2-undecynoateFL
(E)-2-octen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
herbal
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
para-menth-1-ene-9-olFL/FR
 orris capronateFL/FR
 rue oilFL/FR
 rue oil cubaFL/FR
 tagete oil egyptFL/FR
leafy
 methyl butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
soapy
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
 octanoic acidFL/FR
spicy
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
vanilla
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
vegetable
1-furfuryl pyrroleFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
 decanolFL/FR
(E)-2-decenalFL/FR
 ethyl decanoateFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
 heptyl octanoateFL/FR
 methyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
 myristic acidFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
woody
(1S,5R)-myrtenyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 baconFL
 butterFR
 cherryFR
 chocolate cocoa 
 fruitFR
 herbalFR
 melon honeydewFR
 waxy 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 butyl 4-ketovalerate
 butyl 4-oxopentanoate
N-butyl 4-oxopentanoate
 butyl 4-oxovalerate
N-butyl acetopropionate
 butyl acetyl propionate
 butyl gamma-butyrolactone
 butyl laevulinate
N-butyl laevulinate
N-butyl levulinate
 levulinic acid butyl ester
 levulinic acid, butyl ester
4-ketopentanoic acid butyl ester
 pentanoic acid, 4-oxo-, butyl ester
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
Google Patents: Process for the manufacture of levulinic acid and esters
PubMed: Enhanced heterogeneous catalytic conversion of furfuryl alcohol into butyl levulinate.
PubMed: Conversion of biomass-derived levulinate and formate esters into γ-valerolactone over supported gold catalysts.
PubMed: Efficient conversion of furfuryl alcohol into alkyl levulinates catalyzed by an organic-inorganic hybrid solid acid catalyst.
PubMed: Influences of metal cations on the determination of the alpha-oxocarboxylates as the methyl esters of the O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)oximes by gas chromatography: the importance of accounting for matrix effects.
PubMed: Comparative methodology in the determination of alpha-oxocarboxylates in aqueous solution ion chromatography versus gas chromatography after oximation, extraction and esterification.
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