BT

Typical G.C. analysis

allamanda cathartica flower oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
118.70  benzyl isothiocyanate
180.30  bicyclogermacrene
190.10delta- cadinene
1515.70beta- caryophyllene
120.30alpha- copaene
100.10alpha- cubebene
130.60beta- cubebene
9trace  cumin alcohol
2120.20  dendrolasin
140.50beta- elemene
80.10  geraniol
171.70  germacrene D
160.90alpha- humulene
439.30  linalool
30.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
20.10(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
7trace  nerol
200.10(E)- nerolidol
10.30  phenyl acetaldehyde
60.10alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 322, (2000)
alpinia officinarum root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
390.10alpha- amorphene
370.03  benzyl acetone
271.60(E)-alpha- bergamotene
410.21beta- bisabolene
260.50  bornyl acetate
440.02  butyl benzoate
50.21iso butyl isovalerate
332.50delta- cadinene
342.10gamma- cadinene
360.11  calacorene
350.21  calamenene
44.60  camphene
231.00  camphor
310.40  caryophyllene
460.15  caryophyllene oxide
949.601,8- cineole
220.41  copaene
130.01beta- copaene
200.04alpha- cubebene
111.60para- cymene
290.30beta- elemene
150.08gamma- elemene
160.75(E)-beta- farnesene
210.51alpha- fenchyl acetate
280.72alpha- guaiene
400.22delta- guaiene
180.11alpha- humulene
84.00  limonene
240.32  linalool
3trace  methyl isovalerate
320.92gamma- muurolene
70.62  myrcene
380.04  nerolidol
450.342- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.022- phenethyl isobutyrate
25.80alpha- pinene
66.60beta- pinene
250.10alpha- santalene
140.48beta- santalene
420.08alpha- selinene
301.90  terpinen-4-ol
100.22gamma- terpinene
195.00alpha- terpineol
170.10delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
10.09alpha- thujene

B. M. Lawrence, J. W. Hogg and S. J. Terhune, Essential Oils and Their Constituents. Part II. The Oil of Alpinia officinarum Hance. Perfum. Essent, Oil Rec., 60, 89-96 (1969).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

anethum graveolens herb oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
1614.50  carvone
19tracealpha- cubebene
814.38para- cymene
150.99(E)- dihydrocarvone
120.29(Z)- dihydrocarvone
1114.85  dill ether
210.31  dillapiole
100.18alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
20trace  elemicin
140.343,9-epoxy-para-cymene
611.92  limonene
41.56  myrcene
220.20  myristicin
524.88alpha- phellandrene
78.21beta- phellandrene
33.17alpha- pinene
170.40iso piperitenone
130.50  sabinol
90.34alpha- terpinene
21.06alpha- thujene
180.16  thymol
1trace  toluene

J. A. Pino, E. Roncal, A. Rosado and I. Goire, Herb oil of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 219-220 (1995).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

angelica archangelica seed oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.60  bicyclogermacrene
35tracebeta- bisabolene
151.80  bornyl acetate
360.30gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
61.70delta-3- carene
280.50beta- caryophyllene
292.00iso caryophyllene
26tracebeta- cedrene
460.50  cedrol
16trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
172.30  chrysanthenyl acetate
390.40alpha- copaen-11-ol
401.10alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.20alpha- copaene
23tracealpha- cubebene
210.40  cumin alcohol
38trace  cuparene
22tracepara- cymen-8-ol
130.80para- cymene
490.70(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
441.30  dihydroeudesmol
500.60(E,E)-2,4- dodecadien-1-al
27tracebeta- elemene
251.30gamma- elemene
413.60  elemol
451.50beta- eudesmol
310.30(Z)-beta- farnesene
321.70  germacrene D
601.60  heptadecanyl acetate
590.60  hexadecanol
470.70  hexanal
91.70  limonene
561.1012-methyl-13-tridecanolide
33tracegamma- muurolene
81.20  myrcene
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
610.90  octadecanol
540.90  pentadecanol
587.7015- pentadecanolide
191.40  phellandral
70.50alpha- phellandrene
1016.70beta- phellandrene
211.80alpha- pinene
40.90beta- pinene
430.60  rosifoliol
59.10  sabinene
303.50beta- selinene
420.30  spathulenol
110.20gamma- terpinene
14trace  terpinolene
510.40  tetradecanal
532.60  tetradecanol
570.50  tetradecanyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
200.20(Z)- thujenol
370.60  thujopsene
520.50  tridecanal
550.4013-tridecanolide
180.304,4,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one
48trace5- undecen-3-yne

K. M. Kerrola and H. P. Kallio, Extraction of volatile compounds of Angelica (Angelica archangelica L.) root by liquid carbon dioxide. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 2234-2245 (1994).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

artemisia annua herb oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.67  artemisyl alcohol
84.42  artemisyl ketone
190.63delta- cadinene
21.78  camphene
1123.75  camphor
176.29beta- caryophyllene
715.441,8- cineole
160.97alpha- cubebene
205.59beta- cubebene
64.08para- cymene
189.59beta- farnesene
151.01  geranyl acetate
102.93  limonene oxide
90.46  linalool
122.91para-mentha-1(7),8-2-ol
54.38  myrcene
10.74alpha- pinene
40.44beta- pinene
31.10  sabinene
142.27  terpinen-4-ol

N. X. Dung, P. A. Leclercq, D. H. Kiet and N. M. Tu, Chemical composition of Vietnamese Artemisia annua L. essential oil. Tap Chi Duoc Hoc, (2) 11-13 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

aydendron barbeyana mez. wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
413.70  benzyl benzoate
421.60  benzyl salicylate
192.50(E)-beta-bergamotene + beta-curcumene
230.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
340.704-epi-beta-bisabolol
408.30beta- bisabolol
112.80  borneol
390.60  cadalene
251.80gamma- cadinene
275.80gamma-cadinene + furopelargone A
284.00alpha-calacorene + (E)-sequisabinene hydrate
33.20  camphene
100.10  camphor
180.60beta- caryophyllene
311.10  caryophyllene oxide
170.10alpha- cedrene
242.90sesquicineole + beta-bisabolene
162.20alpha- copaene
8tracepara- cresol
151.40alpha- cubebene
220.90epi- cubebol
262.10 cubebol + (E)-calamenene
382.10  cubenol
352.701-epi- cubenol
6tracepara- cymene
331.101,10- di-epi-cubenol
216.601,11-oxidocalamenene + ar-curcumene
374.90beta-eudesmol + alpha-cadinol
323.40  guaiol
201.20alpha-humulene + beta-farnesene
70.70 limonene + 1,8-cineole
9trace  linalool
296.50(E)- nerolidol
22.80alpha- pinene
50.90beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
302.00(Z)-sequi sabinene hydrate
140.50  safrole
361.30  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
120.10  terpinen-4-ol
130.10alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene

P. Weyerstahl, H. Marschall-Weyerstahl and C. Christiansen, Constituents of Ayou essential oil (Aydendron barbeyana Mez.). Flav. Fragr. J., 4, 93-98 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

camomile sauvage oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.30  artemisyl alcohol
282.50  bisabolene
191.00  borneol
202.20  bornyl acetate
261.30  bornyl butyrate
230.30iso bornyl propionate
300.80delta- cadinene
3340.50 cadinol
40.40  camphene
330.70  caryophylladienol
271.50beta- caryophyllene
320.80  caryophyllene oxide
90.501,8- cineole
240.30alpha- cubebene
160.302,7-dimethyl octa-3,6-dien-2-ol
220.70delta- elemene
295.00 germacrene
210.20  hexyl tiglate
100.80  limonene
150.30  linalool
71.00  myrcene
310.30  nerolidol
60.101- octen-3-ol
315.00alpha- pinene
173.00trans- pinocarveol
180.50  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
113.20  santolina alcohol
10.40  santolinatriene
250.30beta- selinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
140.25  terpinolene
20.04  tricyclene
82.40  yomogi alcohol

B. Toulemonde and D. Beauverd, Contribution a l’etude d’une camomille sauvage du Maroc: L’huile essentielle d’Ormenis mixta. Parfium, Cosmet. Aromes, 60, 65-67 (1984).

P&F 11, No. 2, 75, (1986)

cedrela odorata wood oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.57allo- aromadendrene
230.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.53beta- bisabolol
270.04 brachyl oxide
121.30  cadina-1,4-diene
130.16alpha- cadinene
911.70delta- cadinene
100.20gamma- cadinene
260.12alpha- calacorene
240.70  calamenene
143.40  calarene
151.20  caryophyllene
415.60alpha- copaene
18.00alpha- cubebene
63.20beta- cubebene
300.96  cubenol
311.40epi- cubenol
86.80beta- curcumene
70.10beta- elemene
20.44delta- elemene
160.12gamma- elemene
181.80beta- farnesene
250.05  geranyl acetone
212.60  germacrene D
50.45alpha- gurjunene
192.10alpha- humulene
200.55  ledene
221.00alpha- muurolene
298.00(E)- nerolidol
280.09  palustrol
111.00sesquiphellandrene + ar-curcumene
320.08  spathulenol
30.38alpha- ylangene

E. J. Brunke, E. J. Hammerschmidt and F. H. Koster, Essential Oil of Cedrela odorata L. (Meliaceae) from Brazil-Revised List of Constituents. in Progress in Essential Oil Research. E. J. Brunke, ed. pp. 117-122, Walter de

Gruyter, Berlin (1986).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-cadina-1,4-diene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
cistus ladaniferus oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
400.80alpha- amorphene
470.97allo- aromadendrene
231.45  borneol
352.40  bornyl acetate
523.00delta- cadinene
591.32alpha- cadinol
580.81T- cadinol
530.31alpha- calacorene
540.37beta- calacorene
210.74  camphene hydrate
12trace  camphenilone
170.78alpha- campholenic aldehyde
202.92  camphor
360.21  carvacrol
311.22cis- carveol
330.31  carvone
45tracebeta- caryophyllene
7trace1,8- cineole
410.79alpha- copaene
380.30alpha- cubebene
420.19beta- cubebene
571.71  cubenol
320.77  cuminaldehyde
250.19para- cymen-8-ol
40.30ortho- cymene
130.43para- cymene
160.572,6- dimethyl cyclohexanol
2trace3,5- dimethyl phenol
30tracealpha- fenchyl acetate
340.35  geraniol
440.42alpha- gurjunene
460.19beta- gurjunene
43traceiso italicene
500.45  ledene
550.42  ledol
5trace  limonene
110.15(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
510.62alpha- muurolene
480.18gamma- muurolene
28trace  myrtanol
271.35  myrtenal
60.25beta- phellandrene
370.06 phenyl propionic acid
10.37alpha- pinene
150.23alpha- pinene oxide
192.47trans- pinocarveol
221.11  pinocarvone
180.16(E)- rose oxide
240.70  terpinen-4-ol
3tracealpha- terpinene
90.35gamma- terpinene
260.30alpha- terpineol
140.43  terpinolene
100.353,5,5- trimethyl cyclohex-2-en-1-one
80.752,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
490.16  valencene
290.19  verbenone
5612.81  viridiflorol
390.80alpha- ylangene

N. Mrabet, S. Zrira, M. M. Ismaili-Alaoui, H. Lahloa and B. Benjilali, Essential oils and resin gum from Moroccan Cistus, “Cistus ladaniferus L." Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (Numero Speciale), 622-630 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

citrus aurantium peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
430.10delta- cadinene
42tracegamma- cadinene
280.02  carvacrol
200.05  carveol
220.03  carvone
380.03beta- caryophyllene
150.01  citronellal
210.07  citronellol
360.05alpha- copaene
33tracealpha- cubebene
400.36beta- cubebene
60.52para- cymene
190.10  decanal
340.03  decanoic acid
37tracebeta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
410.04gamma- elemene
44trace  elemol
25trace  geranial
35trace  geranyl acetate
390.02alpha- humulene
786.36  limonene
131.91  linalool
100.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.08(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
51.83  myrcene
16trace  naphthalene
230.04  nerol
450.02  nerolidol
320.03  neryl acetate
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
260.01  perillaldehyde
290.01  perillyl alcohol
21.17alpha- pinene
40.63beta- pinene
240.02iso piperitenone
30.07  sabinene
170.20  terpinen-4-ol
94.25gamma- terpinene
180.24alpha- terpineol
140.02beta- terpineol
120.21  terpinolene
10.22alpha- thujene
270.12  thymol
30trace  undecanal

M-B. Huang, D-X. Zhang, C-T. Yan and S-B. Yang, Identification and determination of the constituents of essential oil extracted from Fructus Citri aurantii by GC and GC/MS. Sepu, 8, 321-325 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

clove bud oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
261.08  asarone
90.07  benzaldehyde
160.52  benzyl alcohol
180.54delta- cadinene
170.34gamma- cadinene
146.18beta- caryophyllene
190.14 caryophyllene isomer
130.84alpha-copaene + alpha-terpineol
120.66alpha- cubebene
60.07para- cymene
2077.13  eugenol
211.08iso eugenol
225.04  eugenyl acetate
241.08(E,E)- farnesol
230.77(Z,E)- farnesol
70.032- heptanol
40.052-heptanone + 1,8-cineole
30.052- hexanone
151.06alpha- humulene
80.052- nonanol
10.02alpha- pinene
20.03beta- pinene
110.02  terpinen-4-ol
50.02alpha-terpinene + limonene
100.07(E)-beta- terpineol
250.92  vanillin

M. Copalakrishnan, C. S. Narayman and A. G. Mathew, Chemical composition of Indian clove bud, stem and leaf oils. Indian Perfum., 32(3), 229-235 (1988).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

clove leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.45  asarone
80.07  benzaldehyde
141.39  benzyl alcohol
16tracedelta- cadinene
150.55gamma- cadinene
126.42beta- caryophyllene
110.37alpha-copaene + alpha-terpineol
100.08alpha- cubebene
60.05para- cymene
1780.97  eugenol
18traceiso eugenol
19trace  eugenyl acetate
210.61(E,E)- farnesol
200.61(Z,E)- farnesol
40.062-heptanone + 1,8-cineole
30.032- hexanone
131.39alpha- humulene
70.032- nonanol
10.03alpha- pinene
20.03beta- pinene
50.01alpha-terpinene + limonene
90.13(E)-beta- terpineol

M. Copalakrishnan, C. S. Narayman and A. G. Mathew, Chemical composition of Indian clove bud, stem and leaf oils. Indian Perfum., 32(3), 229-235 (1988).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

clove stem oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.50  asarone
90.03  benzaldehyde
151.53  benzyl alcohol
170.63delta- cadinene
160.35gamma- cadinene
136.57beta- caryophyllene
120.77alpha-copaene + alpha-terpineol
110.49alpha- cubebene
60.05para- cymene
1880.19  eugenol
190.42iso eugenol
200.44  eugenyl acetate
220.69(E,E)- farnesol
210.47(Z,E)- farnesol
70.012- heptanol
40.042-heptanone + 1,8-cineole
30.052- hexanone
141.53alpha- humulene
80.062- nonanol
10.03alpha- pinene
20.06beta- pinene
50.02alpha-terpinene + limonene
100.12(E)-beta- terpineol
230.73  vanillin

M. Copalakrishnan, C. S. Narayman and A. G. Mathew, Chemical composition of Indian clove bud, stem and leaf oils. Indian Perfum., 32(3), 229-235 (1988).

P&F 19, No. 5, 83, (1994)

croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
croton eluteria bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
1211.78beta-cedren-10-ol
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
1300.513,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-isopropyl-1(2H)-naphthalenone
79trace2,5-dimethoxy-meta-cymene
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
980.04para-menth-2-en-1-ol
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
830.15(Z)-5-tridecen-2-one
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.30allo- aromadendrene
241.20  borneol
320.20  bornyl acetate
280.50  bornyl formate
390.30beta- bourbonene
511.20delta- cadinene
41.70  camphene
220.30  camphene hydrate
19tracealpha- campholenal
20trace  camphor
449.30iso caryophyllene
110.101,8- cineole
380.60alpha- copaene
360.20alpha- cubebene
487.90ar- curcumene
101.70para- cymene
420.50  cyperene
270.102- decanone
430.202,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
40trace2- dodecanone
410.80beta- elemene
350.30delta- elemene
490.30  germacrene D
450.80alpha- gurjunene
461.50alpha- humulene
121.30  limonene
180.40  linalool
16trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.20  longicyclene
8trace4- methyl anisole
300.10  methyl carvacrol
29trace  methyl thymol
70.60  myrcene
520.40(E)- nerolidol
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.50alpha- phellandrene
316.00alpha- pinene
60.70beta- pinene
21.020trans- pinocarveol
230.10  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
534.50  spathulenol
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.20gamma- terpinene
260.10alpha- terpineol
17trace  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
34trace  thymol
10.20  tricyclene
500.302- tridecanone
330.502- undecanone
310.60trans- verbenyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 667, (2000)
cypress leaf oil algetian
#%LeftshiftComponents
32trace  borneol
24trace-0.13  bornyl acetate
25traceiso bornyl acetate
360.20-0.76delta-cadinene + gamma-cadinene
44tracealpha- cadinol
45tracedelta- cadinol
40trace(Z)-alpha-calacorene
40.20-0.50  camphene
20trace  camphor
719.35-21.13delta-3- carene
38trace-0.08trans-carveol + (Z)-calamenene
260.14-0.35beta- caryophyllene
41trace  caryophyllene oxide
23trace-0.19alpha- cedrene
432.03-3.92  cedrol
19trace-0.06alpha- copaene
180.07-0.15alpha- cubebene
42trace  cubenol
39tracepara- cymen-8-ol
150.21-0.24para- cymene
480.10-0.28  dehydroabietane
30.73-0.81alpha- fenchene
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
30trace-0.23alpha- humulene
102.28-3.31  limonene
210.07-0.33  linalool
220.11-0.16  linalyl acetate
470.12-0.20  manoyl oxide
35trace-0.10alpha- muurolene
34trace-0.32gamma- muurolene
83.11-3.48 myrcene + alpha-phellandrene
28trace  myrtenal
37trace  myrtenol
13trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.43-0.54beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
247.00-52.76alpha- pinene
51.10-1.37beta- pinene
29tracetrans- pinocarveol
60.74-0.93  sabinene
460.26-0.95  sandracopimaradiene
270.35-1.01  terpinen-4-ol
90.22-0.26alpha- terpinene
140.41-0.51gamma- terpinene
16trace  terpinolene
334.10-6.47alpha- terpinyl acetate
310.42-1.03alpha- terpinyl formate
10.09-0.11  tricyclene
N. Chanegriha, A. Baaliouamer, B. Y. Melklati, J. Favre-Bonvin and S. Alamercey, Chemical composition of Algetian cypress essential oil, J, Essent, Oil, Res., 5(6), 671-674 (1993). P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)
eucalyptus globulus bud oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.05iso amyl isovalerate
1816.57  aromadendrene
201.88allo- aromadendrene
151.57beta- bourbonene
190.34 bulnesene
310.10delta- cadinene
300.26gamma- cadinene
340.08trans- carveol
736.951,8- cineole
130.10alpha- copaene
210.11  cryptone
120.27alpha- cubebene
350.37para- cymen-7-ol
98.04para- cymene
410.18beta- eudesmol
37tracegamma- eudesmol
393.05  globulol
380.12epi- globulol
280.29alpha- guaiene
14tracealpha- gurjunene
17tracebeta- gurjunene
22tracegamma- gurjunene
23tracealpha- humulene
430.045-epi-neointermedeol
250.10  ledene
63.10  limonene
330.10cis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
50.07  myrcene
32trace  nerol
360.07  palustrol
40.01alpha- phellandrene
20.30beta- pinene
160.10  pinocarvone
27trace  piperitone
30.54  sabinene
290.29alpha- selinene
8tracegamma- terpinene
264.66alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
111.95alpha- thujene
420.14  thymol
240.36  viridiflorene
400.53  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.46iso amyl isovalerate
2123.33  aromadendrene
233.32allo- aromadendrene
172.40beta- bourbonene
220.44 bulnesene
410.62delta- cadinene
40tracegamma- cadinene
580.20alpha- cadinol
550.28T- cadinol
18trace  carvenone
270.16  carvotan acetone
715.311,8- cineole
150.08alpha- copaene
240.13  cryptone
140.34alpha- cubebene
19tracebeta- cubebene
44tracepara- cymen-7-ol
116.44para- cymene
520.84beta- eudesmol
470.55gamma- eudesmol
36trace  germacrene D
5014.98  globulol
493.10epi- globulol
340.39alpha- guaiene
16tracealpha- gurjunene
200.47beta- gurjunene
260.20gamma- gurjunene
28tracealpha- humulene
590.225-epi-neointermedeol
313.63  ledene
46trace  ledol
61.10  limonene
43tracecis-para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
38tracegamma- muurolene
540.12T- muurolol
40.21  myrcene
420.10  nerol
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
450.16  palustrol
32.11alpha- phellandrene
80.50beta- phellandrene
48trace2- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
13.61alpha- pinene
20.10beta- pinene
25tracetrans- pinocarveol
33trace  piperitone
350.30alpha- selinene
37tracedelta- selinene
39tracegamma- selinene
530.20  spathulenol
57traceiso spathulenol
50.22alpha- terpinene
90.18gamma- terpinene
322.27alpha- terpineol
120.20  terpinolene
560.28  thymol
29tracebeta- vetivene
300.66  viridiflorene
512.17  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, J. L. Cabard, M. S. Gorunovic, V. Djermanovic and V. Bulatovic, Chemical composition of Eucalyptus globulus oils from the Montenegro coast and east coast of spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 147-152 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

eucalyptus globulus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
1512.31  aromadendrene
182.90allo- aromadendrene
220.06  borneol
160.40alpha- bulnesene
260.42delta- cadinene
100.11alpha- campholenic aldehyde
540.721,8- cineole
120.06alpha- copaene
90.25alpha- cubebene
300.15para- cymen-8-ol
70.86para- cymene
380.26alpha- eudesmol
390.40beta- eudesmol
370.09gamma- eudesmol
344.37  globulol
110.44alpha- gurjunene
140.84beta- gurjunene
44.24  limonene
170.07(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
290.12(E)-para- mentha-1,8-dien-6-ol
280.18(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
310.24(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
240.18alpha- muurolene
30.16  myrcene
270.23  myrtenol
200.30  neral
320.18  palustrol
330.172- phenethyl propionate
112.49alpha- pinene
20.36beta- pinene
190.66trans- pinocarveol
130.34  pinocarvone
250.14(E)- piperitol
230.19beta- selinene
360.52  spathulenol
60.17gamma- terpinene
213.65alpha- terpineol
80.15  terpinolene
400.23  torquatone
351.12  viridiflorol

C. M. Bignell, P. J. Dunlap, J. J. Brophy and J. F. Jackson, Volatile leaf oils of some southwestern and southern Australian species of the genus Eucalyptus Part XII. A. Subgenus Eudesmia: B. Subgenus sumphyomyrtus: (a) section Exsertaria; (b) series globulares. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 145-151 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda
Also in 1997, Chalchat et al. (1997) examined the com position of a lab-distilled oil of E. globulus leaves produced from trees found in Rwanda using CC/MS. The composition of the oil was found to be as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.10allo- aromadendrene
40.04  camphene
310.03trans- carveol
240.03beta- caryophyllene
1171.201,8- cineole
190.03alpha- cubebene
320.07para- cymen-8-ol
158.23para- cymene
180.05alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
390.05alpha- eudesmol
400.11beta- eudesmol
370.01gamma- eudesmol
30.01alpha- fenchene
350.11  globulol
340.04epi- globulol
200.02alpha- gurjunene
230.06beta- gurjunene
120.13(E)-2- hexenal
170.18(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
103.10  limonene
22trace  linalool
300.05(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
330.03(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
80.09  myrcene
130.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.01alpha- phellandrene
16.23alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
270.20trans- pinocarveol
210.04  pinocarvone
60.02  sabinene
251.46  terpinen-4-ol
90.02alpha- terpinene
143.20gamma- terpinene
280.11alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
293.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.03alpha- thujene
38trace  thymol
360.03  viridiflorol

J-C. Chalchat, A. Muhayimana, J. B. Habimana and J. L. Chabard, Aromatic plants of Rwanda II. Chemical composition of essential oils of ten Eucalpytus species growing in Ruhande Arboretum Butare, Rwanda. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 159-165 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

geranium petiole oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.08beta- bourbonene
360.15gamma- cadinene
370.06  calamenene
300.11beta- caryophyllene
1630.87 citronellol + nerol
231.27  citronellyl acetate
201.85  citronellyl formate
310.05  citronellyl propionate
453.93  citronellyl tiglate
250.10alpha- cubebene
40.06para- cymene
427.8810-epi-gamma- eudesmol
440.23beta- eudesmol
400.06  furopelargone B
193.31  geranial
1824.16  geraniol
260.48  geranyl acetate
380.08  geranyl butyrate
211.76  geranyl formate
480.19  geranyl heptanoate
470.22  geranyl hexanoate
410.22  geranyl isovalerate
320.06  geranyl propionate
464.05  geranyl tiglate
430.37  geranyl valerate
330.30alpha- humulene
50.11  limonene
92.04  linalool
80.07(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
70.12(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
131.27  menthone
140.72iso menthone
350.34alpha- muurolene
30.09  myrcene
240.15  neryl acetate
60.13(E)-beta- ocimene
220.092- phenethyl acetate
110.102- phenethyl alcohol
290.142- phenethyl butyrate
391.452- phenethyl tiglate
10.13alpha- pinene
170.08  piperitone
120.08(E)- rose oxide
100.10(Z)- rose oxide
20.07  sabinene
340.12alpha- selinene
150.29alpha- terpineol
270.05alpha- ylangene

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

geranium stem oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.15beta- bourbonene
430.35  calamenene
370.07beta- caryophyllene
2225.87 citronellol + nerol
302.81  citronellyl acetate
264.92  citronellyl formate
380.09  citronellyl propionate
511.88  citronellyl tiglate
340.29alpha- copaene
310.29alpha- cubebene
90.08para- cymene
482.4610-epi-gamma- eudesmol
500.39beta- eudesmol
460.31  furopelargone B
253.41  geranial
249.51  geraniol
320.29  geranyl acetate
440.07  geranyl butyrate
282.31  geranyl formate
540.21  geranyl heptanoate
530.10  geranyl hexanoate
470.08  geranyl isovalerate
550.54  geranyl octanoate
521.84  geranyl tiglate
490.11  geranyl valerate
390.09  guaia-6,9-diene
10.05(E)-2- hexenal
20.32(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
400.30alpha- humulene
100.13  limonene
1413.25  linalool
130.98(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
120.13(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
181.32  menthone
197.33iso menthone
420.08alpha- muurolene
60.76  myrcene
270.10  neryl formate
110.16(E)-beta- ocimene
70.09alpha- phellandrene
290.252- phenethyl acetate
160.262- phenethyl alcohol
360.102- phenethyl butyrate
451.092- phenethyl tiglate
30.10alpha- pinene
50.09beta- pinene
230.10  piperitone
170.11(E)- rose oxide
150.16(Z)- rose oxide
40.15  sabinene
410.09alpha- selinene
200.12  terpinen-4-ol
80.11alpha- terpinene
212.42alpha- terpineol
330.23alpha- ylangene

G. R. Mallavarapu, B. R. Rajeswara Rao, P. N. Kaul and S. Ramesh, Contribution of the essential oils of leaf, petiole and stem of scented geranium to the odour of geranium oil. J. Medicin. Arom. Plant Sci., 19, 1020-1023 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

guava fruit oil reunion
#%LeftshiftComponents
170.40allo- aromadendrene
120.20  benzaldehyde
290.10(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
260.60alpha- bisabolene
250.50beta- bisabolene
510.70alpha- bisabolol
550.80epi-alpha-bisabolol
301.20  cadina-1,4-diene
282.40delta- cadinene
531.40alpha- cadinol
320.30alpha- calacorene
340.00beta- calacorene
311.40  calamenene
140.109-epi-beta- caryophyllene
1524.60beta- caryophyllene
420.40alpha- caryophyllene alcohol
365.10  caryophyllene oxide
472.60  cinnamyl acetate
112.80alpha- copaene
100.10alpha- cubebene
441.801-epi- cubenol
431.201,10- di-epi-cubenol
571.702,6- dimethyl-1-3-6-heptatriene
10.10  ethyl butyrate
450.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
520.20beta- eudesmol
481.90gamma- eudesmol
270.20(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
580.40  farnesol
390.70  gleenol
130.10alpha- gurjunene
220.30gamma- gurjunene
20.10  hexanal
90.30  hexanol
40.10(E)-2- hexenal
80.50(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
460.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
70.10  hexyl acetate
200.10gamma- himachalene
183.20alpha- humulene
381.40  ledol
210.10para- menth-1-en-9-ol
350.10para- menth-1(7)-en-9-ol
370.20  methyl eugenol
30.10  methyl hexanoate
160.10  muurola-4(14),5-diene
240.40alpha- muurolene
190.60gamma- muurolene
502.90alpha- muurolol
491.40epi-alpha- muurolol
4118.00  nerolidol
60.60(E)-beta- ocimene
52.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
335.403- phenyl-1-propyl acetate
400.102- propenyl-2-phenol
540.50  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
230.20alpha- selinene
564.10 tricyclo-3-3-13.7-decane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 153, (2000)
hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali
#%LeftshiftComponents
482.20-4.00ar- abietatriene
39trace-0.20  aromadendrene oxide
2612.00-18.80(E)-alpha-bergamotene + beta-caryophyllene
461.60-2.50(Z)-alpha-bergamotol
471.80-3.00(E)-alpha- bergamotol
34trace-0.60delta- cadinene
450.30-0.70alpha- cadinol
50.10-0.30delta-3- carene
370.10-0.30iso caryophyllene oxide
380.90-1.90  caryophyllene oxide
90.50-0.801,8- cineole
21trace-0.10alpha- cubebene
22trace-0.20beta- cubebene
350.20-0.40para- cymen-8-ol
140.30-1.30para- cymene
180.10-0.40para- cymenene
40trace-0.10  elemol
25trace-0.20beta- fenchol
330.10-0.90  geranial
360.10-0.30  geraniol
16trace-0.10  hexanol
170.10-0.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
280.70-1.80alpha- humulene
82.00-4.90  limonene
240.10-0.20  linalool
10trace-0.10para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
320.20-0.50alpha- muurolene
43trace-0.10T- muurolol
420.10-0.30alpha- muurolol
60.20-0.50  myrcene
290.20-1.00  neral
13trace-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
11trace-0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
190.30-0.901- octen-3-ol
11.80-2.60alpha- pinene
33.70-6.00beta- pinene
430.40-37.10  sabinene
20trace-0.10(E)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
410.30-0.70  spathulenol
440.10-0.30epi-spathulenol
272.10-5.30  terpinen-4-ol
70.60-0.90alpha- terpinene
121.00-2.10gamma- terpinene
300.10-0.30alpha- terpineol
154.00-7.20  terpinolene
2trace-0.10alpha- thujene
310.60-1.00  valencene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 55, (2001)
juniperus communis branch oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
350.20alpha- bisabolol
180.15  bornyl acetate
302.60delta- cadinene
30.20  camphene
80.60delta-3- carene
310.20  caryophyllene oxide
330.10  cedranone
340.40  cedranone
243.00beta-cedrene + beta-caryophyllene
232.70alpha-cedrene + unknown
322.60  cedrol
210.30alpha- copaene
200.50alpha- cubebene
295.20  cuparene
100.90para- cymene
140.15alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
280.70  germacrene D
261.00alpha- humulene
112.00  limonene
220.50iso longifolene
61.80  myrcene
12<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
70.30alpha- phellandrene
218.70alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
45.00  sabinene
162.00  terpinen-4-ol
91.10alpha- terpinene
131.80gamma- terpinene
170.20alpha- terpineol
151.00  terpinolene
190.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.30alpha- thujene
2525.30  thujopsene
271.20alpha- ylangene

J. P. Bats, J. J. Moulines, G. Bourgeois, C. Vacchiano, D. Coutiere and J. F. Armudo, Chemical composition of an industrial essential oil from Juniper branches (Junipmus communis L.). Proceedings 11th Intl, Congress of Essential Oils, Fragances and Flavors, Edits., S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, vol. 4,37-41, Oxford and IBTT Publ. Co., New Delhi ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

juniperus communis fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.60  aromadendrene
170.40  bornyl acetate
272.50alpha- cadinene
260.80gamma- cadinene
290.80alpha- cadinol
30.30  camphene
130.20  campholenic aldehyde
70.10delta-4-carene
202.70  caryophyllene
300.40alpha- copaene
180.90alpha- cubebene
90.20para- cymene
191.10beta- elemene
282.90gamma- elemene
2210.50beta- farnesene
212.20alpha- humulene
103.10  limonene
2310.50alpha- muurolene
251.60gamma- muurolene
611.00  myrcene
233.60alpha- pinene
42.50beta- pinene
47.60  sabinene
110.90  sabinene hydrate
142.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.50alpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
121.00  terpinolene
10.70alpha- thujene
160.20  valeranone

G. Bonaga and G. C. Galletti, Analysis of volatile components in juniper oil by high resolution gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography / mass spectrometry, Ann. Chimica, 75, 131-136 (1985).

P&F 12, No. 6, 59, (1987)

leptospermum scoparium branch/leaf oil new zealand
Porter and Wilkins (1998) reported the results of a GC and CC/MS analysis of manuka oil produced in New Zealand. The components identified in this somewhat uncommon oil were found to be:
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.33alpha- amorphene
293.81gamma- amorphene
110.05iso amyl 2-methyl butyrate
120.13iso amyl isovalerate
170.09iso amyl tiglate
252.09  aromadendrene
280.80allo- aromadendrene
385.94  cadina-1,4-diene
264.88  cadina-3,5-diene
366.02gamma- cadinene
3514.42  calamenene
242.63beta- caryophyllene
410.25  caryophyllene oxide
60.221,8- cineole
215.86alpha- copaene
270.37beta- copaene
193.95alpha- cubebene
50.16para- cymene
220.55beta- elemene
340.84alpha- farnesene
374.91  flavesone
231.02alpha- gurjunene
430.23  ledol
4515.54  leptospermone
444.62iso leptospermone
70.10  limonene
100.10  linalool
130.052- methyl butyl isovalerate
330.77alpha- muurolene
40.24  myrcene
390.24(E)- nerolidol
21.31alpha- pinene
30.12beta- pinene
140.24iso prenyl isovalerate
180.03isoprenyl tiglate
313.67beta- selinene
324.35alpha-selinene + viridiflorene
400.52  spathulenol
150.04  terpinen-4-ol
80.16gamma- terpinene
160.09alpha- terpineol
90.05  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
420.46  viridiflorol
200.32alpha- ylangene

N. G. Porter, P. E. Smale, M. A. Nelson, A. J. Hay, J. W. van Klink and C. M. Dean, Variability in essential oil chemistry and plant morphology within a Leptospermum population. New Zealand J. Bot., 36, 125-133 (1998).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

mandarin oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.89alpha- thujene
 2.36alpha- pinene
 0.02  camphene
 0.26  sabinene
 1.68beta- pinene
 1.70  myrcene
 0.21 octanol + alpha-phellandrene
 0.44alpha- terpinene
 0.33para- cymene
 69.51  limonene
 trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
 0.02(E)-beta-ocimene
 19.85gamma- terpinene
 0.03(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 trace  octanol
 0.87  terpinolene
 0.04(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.11  linalool
 0.03  nonanal
 0.03  citronellal
 0.04  terpinen-4-ol
 0.14alpha- terpineol
 0.09  decanal
 0.02  nerol
 0.01  neral
 trace  geraniol
 0.05  geranial
 0.05  thymol
 0.01  undecanal
 trace  neryl acetate
 tracealpha- copaene
 trace  geranyl acetate
 tracealpha- cubebene
 0.45  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
 0.10beta- caryophyllene
 0.01alpha- humulene
 tracebeta- cubebene
 0.15  farnesene
marsypianthes chamaedrys (vahl) kuntze oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
151.50(E)-alpha- bergamotene
197.20  bicyclogermacrene
60.30  bornyl acetate
101.40beta- bourbonene
210.50gamma- cadinene
232.50delta- cadinene
20.30  camphene
1315.10beta- caryophyllene
262.60  caryophyllene oxide
140.20beta- cedrene
95.30alpha- copaene
80.20alpha- cubebene
110.50beta- cubebene
122.50beta- elemene
72.50delta- elemene
170.40(E)-beta- farnesene
203.10  germacrene A
250.30  germacrene B
221.80  germacrene C
1835.60  germacrene D
164.40alpha- humulene
40.40  limonene
51.80(E)-beta- ocimene
10.70alpha- pinene
32.90  sabinene
240.40  selina-3,7(11)-diene
270.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 45, (2001)
melaleuca alternifolia leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
390.29alpha- amorphene
331.61  aromadendrene
350.69allo- aromadendrene
400.13  bicyclogermacrene
360.511-epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene
320.19alpha- bulnesene
440.30  cadina-1,4-diene
421.86delta- cadinene
430.27  calamenene
310.44beta- caryophyllene
11trace1,4- cineole
163.041,8- cineole
250.17alpha- copaene
260.09alpha- cubebene
490.52  cubenol
27tracepara- cymen-8-ol
94.96para- cymene
170.17alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
480.80  globulol
460.18epi- globulol
280.45alpha- gurjunene
29tracebeta- gurjunene
340.15gamma- gurjunene
8trace(-)- limonene
100.51(+)- limonene
18trace(-)- linalool
19trace(+)- linalool
30tracebeta- maaliene
38trace  methyl eugenol
370.26alpha- muurolene
40.46  myrcene
450.06  palustrol
5trace(-)-alpha- phellandrene
120.22(-)-beta- phellandrene
6trace(+)-alpha- phellandrene
130.36(+)-beta-phellandrene
20.18(-)-alpha- pinene
31.68(+)-alpha- pinene
20trace  sabinene hydrate
470.15  spathulenol
2213.13(-)- terpinen-4-ol
2124.73(+)- terpinen-4-ol
79.90alpha- terpinene
1421.15gamma- terpinene
230.69(-)-alpha- terpineol
242.03(+)-alpha- terpineol
153.18  terpinolene
10.44alpha- thujene
411.75  viridiflorene
500.58  viridiflorol

D. N. Leach, S. G. Wyllie, J. G. Hall and I. Kyratzis, Enantiomeric composition of the principal components of the oil of Melaleuca alternifolia. J. Agric. Food Sci., 41, 1627-1632 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

melissa officinalis var. citra oil slovak republic
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.06beta- bourbonene
294.20beta- caryophyllene
388.35  caryophyllene oxide
80.141,8- cineole
2211.31  citronellal
230.67alpha- copaene
200.26alpha- cubebene
20.082,5- diethyl tetrahydrofuran
3433.60  geranial
391.05  geranic acid
375.89  geranyl acetate
42trace  heptacosane
30.05 hexenal
310.13alpha- humulene
70.11  limonene
250.08  linalool
170.24  linalool oxide
300.12  menthol
180.60  menthone
210.42iso menthone
280.27  menthyl acetate
330.36  methyl geranate
130.316- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
360.14alpha- muurolene
350.26gamma- muurolene
60.12  myrcene
400.80  myristic acid
3222.18  neral
100.26  ocimene
12trace2,3- octane dione
160.123- octanol
90.123- octanone
4trace1,3,5- octatriene
190.251- octen-3-ol
110.184- octen-3-one
411.01  palmitic acid
10.15alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.07isopulegol 1
270.06isopulegol 2
140.12 rose oxide 1
150.07 rose oxide 2

M. Holla, E. Svajdlenka, J. Tekel, S. Vaverkova and E. Havranek, Composition of the essential oil from Melissa officinalis L. cultivated in Slovak Republic. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 481-484 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

mentha x piperita oil CO2 extract
Reverchon et al. (1994) compared the composition of a supercritical CO2 extract (SFE) of peppermint under two separate sets of conditions with a sample of peppermint oil produced by hydrodistillation. The results of the GC/MS analyses of the volatile concentrates of peppermint oil and peppermint produced by SFE can be seen in Table VIII. Note: Only the SFE-2 (T:40C, P:120 bar) will be shown as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.20  bornyl acetate
220.70beta- bourbonene
295.00gamma- cadinene
330.60T- cadinol
310.40(E)- calamenene
244.30beta- caryophyllene
320.20  caryophyllene oxide
63.601,8- cineole
21tracealpha- cubebene
50.10  decane
130.20  dihydrocarveol
230.90beta- elemene
300.40gamma- elemene
270.60beta- farnesene
250.20beta- gurjunene
26tracealpha- humulene
160.60  linalyl acetate
80.40para-menth-2-en-1-ol
1123.80  menthol
120.20iso menthol
936.10  menthone
107.50iso menthone
1911.70  menthyl acetate
200.20iso menthyl acetate
170.20neo menthyl acetate
28tracegamma- muurolene
30.20  myrcene
70.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.103- octanol
10.20alpha- pinene
20.50beta- pinene
150.60  piperitone
140.30  pulegone

E. Reverchon, A. Ambruosi and F. Senatore, Isolation of peppermint oil using ssupercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 9, 19-23 (1994).

P&F 22, No. 4, 57, (1997)

mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.40  aromadendrene
290.80  bicyclogermacrene
330.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
190.80beta- bourbonene
470.60 cadinadienol
341.10gamma- cadinene
372.60delta- cadinene
440.10T- cadinol
461.60alpha- cadinol
360.20(Z)- calamenene
450.10(Z)-calamenenol
2211.80beta- caryophyllene
410.90  caryophyllene oxide
182.00alpha- copaene
230.40beta- copaene
110.10  cryptone
150.10alpha- cubebene
350.20  cubebol
300.101-epi- cubenol
160.60  cyclosativene
70.40para- cymene
212.10beta- elemene
140.50delta- elemene
280.50(Z,E)-alpha- farnesene
321.30  germacrene A
381.40  germacrene B
2721.60  germacrene D
400.30  germacrene D-4-ol
256.10alpha- humulene
422.70  humulene oxide II
91.10  limonene
100.50  linalool
261.10gamma- muurolene
311.10alpha- muurolene
390.70(E)- nerolidol
50.902- pentyl furan
80.80beta- phellandrene
60.10  phenyl acetaldehyde
29.60alpha- pinene
45.20beta- pinene
31.30  sabinene
201.40  sativene
120.50  terpinen-4-ol
130.50alpha- terpineol
11.30alpha- thujene
430.10  widdrol
170.90alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 31, (2001)
ocimum basilicum flower oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
250.01(E)- anethole
20.10  camphene
310.01  cedrol
73.301,8- cineole
170.01beta- copaene
220.77alpha- cubebene
270.02  dibutyl octane dioate
180.73beta- elemene
320.06beta- eudesmol
23trace  germacrene B
240.05beta- gurjunene
9trace  hexanol
100.033- hexen-1-ol
280.11beta- himachalene
50.01  limonene
161.48  linalool
1985.52  methyl chavicol
260.56  methyl eugenol
120.086- methyl-3-heptanone
40.05  myrcene
150.01(Z)-allo-ocimene
82.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.023- octanol
300.79beta- patchoulene
60.03alpha- phellandrene
10.04alpha- pinene
30.12  sabinene
130.01  sabinene hydrate
202.51beta- selinene
210.72alpha- terpineol
140.08  terpinolene
290.02  viridiflorol

S.-J. Tsai and L.-Y. Sheen, Essential oil of Ocimum basllicum L cultivated in Taiwan. In: Trends in Food Science. Edits., L W. Sze and F. C. Woo, pp 66-70, Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Food Science and Technology, Singapore Institute of Food Science and Technology, Singapore (1987).

P&F 17, No. 4, 39, (1992)

ocimum basilicum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
250.01(E)- anethole
20.35  camphene
300.02  cedrol
75.471,8- cineole
170.01beta- copaene
220.66alpha- cubebene
180.90beta- elemene
310.08beta- eudesmol
230.01  germacrene B
240.08beta- gurjunene
9trace  hexanol
100.033- hexen-1-ol
270.13beta- himachalene
50.02  limonene
160.37  linalool
1984.69  methyl chavicol
262.44  methyl eugenol
120.176- methyl-3-heptanone
40.13  myrcene
150.02(Z)-allo-ocimene
81.33(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.023- octanol
290.90beta- patchoulene
60.08alpha- phellandrene
10.13alpha- pinene
30.22  sabinene
130.01  sabinene hydrate
200.54beta- selinene
210.90alpha- terpineol
14trace  terpinolene
280.02  viridiflorol

S.-J. Tsai and L.-Y. Sheen, Essential oil of Ocimum basllicum L cultivated in Taiwan. In: Trends in Food Science. Edits., L W. Sze and F. C. Woo, pp 66-70, Proceedings of the 7th World Congress of Food Science and Technology, Singapore Institute of Food Science and Technology, Singapore (1987).

P&F 17, No. 4, 39, (1992)

pelargonium capitatum l. l'hér. ex aiton oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
50.10  borneol
150.80beta- bourbonene
282.40alpha- bulnesene
471.00  cadalene
290.10gamma- cadinene
322.60delta- cadinene
450.20alpha- cadinol
340.30alpha- calacorene
350.10beta- calacorene
310.20(Z)- calamenene
183.20beta- caryophyllene
3814.70  caryophyllene oxide
825.60  citronellol
120.10  citronellyl acetate
102.50  citronellyl formate
140.20alpha- copaene
130.10alpha- cubebene
300.60  cubebol
430.60  cubenol
160.70beta- elemene
530.80  ethyl hexadecanoate
203.00(Z)-beta- farnesene
490.40(Z,E)- farnesol
510.20(E,E)- farnesol
520.40(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
91.90  geraniol
360.10  geranyl butyrate
230.30  geranyl propionate
251.80  germacrene D
390.10  gleenol
197.20alpha- guaiene
270.20(Z)-beta- guaiene
210.70alpha- humulene
401.80  humulene oxide II
460.5014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
410.40(E)-sesqui lavandulol
10.10  linalool
170.10  longifolene
40.30iso menthone
240.10gamma- muurolene
420.40epi-alpha- muurolol
500.40(E)- nerolidol acetate
480.90(Z)- nerolidyl acetate
220.60alpha- patchoulene
25.50(Z)- rose oxide
34.50(E)- rose oxide
440.40  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
260.30beta- selinene
372.00  spathulenol
60.40  terpinen-4-ol
70.20alpha- terpineol
110.10  thymol
333.60 unknown MW 218
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 21, (2001)
phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.40beta- bisabolene
2512.60gamma- bisabolene
323.50beta- bisabolol
132.60beta- bourbonene
261.80delta- cadinene
311.10alpha- cadinol
168.70beta- caryophyllene
281.90  caryophyllene oxide
291.00epi- cedrol
121.20alpha- copaene
101.90alpha- cubebene
140.80beta- cubebene
230.30  cuparene
80.30  decanal
150.30beta- elemene
90.20delta- elemene
191.20(E)-beta- farnesene
170.80(Z)-beta- farnesene
270.90  germacrene B
2017.80  germacrene D
360.60  heneicosane
353.60  hexadecanoic acid
181.20alpha- humulene
40.40  limonene
60.70  linalool
220.30alpha- muurolene
301.00epi-alpha- muurolol
340.30  nonadecane
70.50  nonanal
50.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
28.90alpha- pinene
30.20beta- pinene
10.40alpha- thujene
372.30  tricosane
333.106,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
111.70alpha- ylangene
210.80  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 355, (2000)
phoebe porosa mez. oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.661,10- aristolene
350.11  aromadendrene
392.67allo- aromadendrene
332.54(E)-alpha- bergamotene
280.51(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
703.33alpha- bisabolol
692.50beta- bisabolol
150.01  borneol
490.11  cadina-1(10),4-diene
483.28delta- cadinene
461.20gamma- cadinene
501.06alpha- calacorene
591.20alpha-calacorene epoxide
471.47  calamenene
30.03  camphene
80.20delta-3- carene
301.15beta- caryophyllene
541.09beta- caryophyllene oxide
290.11alpha- cedrene
110.451,8- cineole
256.25alpha- copaene
210.42alpha- cubebene
412.49beta- curcumene
230.33  cyclosativene
90.38para- cymene
270.44beta- elemene
200.06delta- elemene
510.59  elemol
608.78  eremoligenol
612.55 eremophil-9,10-en-11-ol
582.1210-epi-gamma- eudesmol
682.367-epi-delta-eudesmol
672.37alpha- eudesmol
656.86beta- eudesmol
620.12gamma- eudesmol
371.28(E)-beta- farnesene
340.63(Z)-beta-farnesene + alpha-amorphene
180.15  geraniol
220.05  geranyl acetate
360.23  guaia-3,7-diene
320.50gamma- gurjunene
633.25  hinesol
381.36alpha- humulene
561.08  humulene oxide I
570.70  ledol
100.10  limonene
140.11  linalool
450.10alpha- muurolene
400.22gamma- muurolene
60.04  myrcene
520.74(E)- nerolidol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
21.29alpha- pinene
50.34beta- pinene
40.03  sabinene
190.70  safrole
431.07alpha- selinene
421.15beta- selinene
530.66  spathulenol
160.29  terpinen-4-ol
120.03gamma- terpinene
170.07alpha- terpineol
130.01  terpinolene
10.04alpha- thujene
261.95sesqui thujene
640.78  torreyol
667.55  valerianol
440.77  viridiflorene
551.19  viridiflorol
240.44alpha- ylangene

T. Reynolds and G. Kite, Volatile constituents of Phoebe pomsa Mez. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 415-418 (1995).

P&F 20, No. 6, 35, (1995)

pimenta racemosa leaf oil
In 1991, Tucker et al. analyzed the chemical composition of two commercial samples of the leaf oil of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore var. racemosa using both GC and GC/MS. The components that were identified were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
370.00-0.39alpha- amorphene
380.00-0.09  aromadendrene
400.00-0.28allo- aromadendrene
410.00-<0.01beta- cadinene
490.28-1.03delta- cadinene
470.05-0.15gamma- cadinene
550.00-0.30alpha- cadinol
530.00-<0.01gamma- cadinol
48<0.01-0.07(Z)- calamenene
30.00-0.14  camphene
210.00-<0.01  camphor
360.64-7.24beta- caryophyllene
420.00-0.17beta- chamigrene
26<0.01-15.51  chavicol
141.38-1.391,8- cineole
270.00-0.11(E)- cinnamaldehyde
320.32-0.41alpha- copaene
300.00-<0.01alpha- cubebene
230.00-<0.01para- cymen-8-ol
19<0.01-0.97para- cymene
120.00-0.30alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
330.00-0.20beta- elemene
3144.41-68.93  eugenol
500.00-0.51  eugenyl acetate
460.00-0.59alpha- farnesene
290.00-0.22  geranial
280.00-0.12  geraniol
520.00-0.36  globulol
350.00-0.13alpha- gurjunene
390.15-1.31alpha- humulene
132.07-3.90  limonene
200.13-3.63  linalool
250.03-0.05  methyl chavicol
340-11.88  methyl eugenol
450.00-0.05alpha- muurolene
540.00-<0.01gamma-muurolol
80.10-16.17  myrcene
160.08-1.42(E)-beta- ocimene
150.08-0.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.00-0.843- octanol
70.00-1.103- octanone
50.00-1.741- octen-3-ol
100.07-0.45alpha- phellandrene
20.46-0.47alpha- pinene
60.00-0.09beta- pinene
40.00-<0.1  sabinene
440.00-0.63alpha- selinene
430.00-0.33beta- selinene
510.00-0.12  spathulenol
220.05-0.90  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.19alpha- terpinene
17<0.01-0.16gamma- terpinene
240.14-0.52alpha- terpineol
180.09-0.24  terpinolene
10.0-<0.1alpha- thujene

A. Tucker, M. J. Macirarello, R. P. Adams, L. R. Landrum and T. A. Zanoni, Volatile leaf oils of Caribbean Myrtaceae 1. Three varieties of Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. Moore of the Dominican Republic and the commerciai bay oil. J. Essent. Oil Res., 3, 323-329 (1991).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

pinus mugo turra var. pumilio (haenke) zenari oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
36trace  bisabolol
230.43  bornyl acetate
200.13beta- bourbonene
3111.89delta-cadinene + geranyl acetate
375.82alpha- cadinol
342.17T- cadinol
320.13  calamenene
45.24  camphene
711.77delta-3- carene
260.40beta- caryophyllene
190.62alpha- copaene
180.33alpha- cubebene
140.09para- cymene
254.81beta- elemene
297.62  germacrene D
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
270.86alpha- humulene
109.13  limonene
210.07  linalool
220.10  linalyl acetate
150.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
301.87alpha- muurolene
351.51alpha- muurolol
81.52  myrcene
130.33beta- ocimene
110.42beta- phellandrene
39.95alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
60.30  sabinene
10.17  santene
330.24  spathulenol
240.39  terpinen-4-ol
90.13alpha- terpinene
120.23gamma- terpinene
280.10alpha- terpineol
162.15  terpinolene
20.38  tricyclene

M. Yatagai and T. Sato, Terpenes of leaf oils from conifers. Biochem. System. Ecol., 14, 469-478 (1986).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
191.60alpha- agarofuran
260.20  bulnesol
181.30delta- cadinene
242.40alpha- cadinol
25.30  camphene
60.40delta-3- carene
142.30beta- caryophyllene
120.20alpha- copaene
100.30alpha- cubebene
1732.30(Z)-dihydroagarofuran
130.60beta- elemene
90.20delta- elemene
206.70beta- elemol
217.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
231.60beta- eudesmol
221.00gamma- eudesmol
150.90alpha- humulene
70.70  limonene
80.30para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
162.90gamma- muurolene
50.50  myrcene
110.20alpha- pinene
47.40beta- pinene
33.50  sabinene
252.10  valerianol
110.90alpha- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 443, (2000)
piper cubeba fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
291.67allo- aromadendrene
521.39(E)- asarone
480.37  bisabolol
37tracedelta- cadinene
39trace  calamenene
150.04  camphor
20trace  carvone
271.69beta- caryophyllene
254.01alpha- copaene
231.65alpha- cubebene
264.39beta- cubebene
3815.18  cubebol
490.56  cubenol
190.01  cuminaldehyde
31tracegamma- curcumene
70.59para- cymene
470.16  dillapiole
220.10delta- elemene
41trace  elemicin
500.39(E)-iso elemicin
400.32  elemol
36tracealpha- farnesene
53trace  farnesol
322.89  germacrene D
440.77  germacrene D-4-ol
461.76  globulol
510.06  guaiol
280.45alpha- humulene
420.20  ledol
84.41  limonene
143.22  linalool
33trace  methyl isoeugenol
350.62alpha- muurolene
304.20gamma- muurolene
31.15  myrcene
34trace  myristicin
18trace  myrtenol
431.45(E)- nerolidol
90.07(E)-beta- ocimene
50.81(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.58alpha- phellandrene
60.76beta- phellandrene
15.44alpha- pinene
228.09  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
112.73(Z)- sabinene hydrate
210.08  safrole
45trace  spathulenol
162.69  terpinen-4-ol
101.14gamma- terpinene
170.30alpha- terpineol
120.31  terpinolene
240.07alpha- ylangene

N. B. Shankaracharya, L. Jaganmohan Reo, S. Nagalakshmi and J. Puranaik, Studies on the chemical composition of cubeb (Piper cubeba Linn.). PAFAI J., 17(1), 33-39 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 4, 68, (2001)

piper nigrum fruit oil black
#%LeftshiftComponents
261.00alpha- amorphene
321.20  bisabolene
420.20beta- bisabolol
330.50delta- cadinene
390.20 cadinol
30.20  camphene
62.00delta-3- carene
190.10  carvone oxide
245.30beta- caryophyllene
360.10  caryophyllene alcohol
37trace  caryophyllene oxide
160.10  citronellal
221.20alpha- copaene
210.10alpha- cubebene
23tracebeta- elemene
200.10delta- elemene
340.30  elemol
41tracealpha- eudesmol
40tracebeta- eudesmol
250.10  farnesene
280.10alpha- guaiene
38trace  guaiol
270.60alpha- humulene
924.00  limonene
140.30  linalool
130.60(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
150.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
300.10gamma- muurolene
353.00  nerolidol
100.50(E)-beta- ocimene
80.60beta- phellandrene
27.80alpha- pinene
515.70beta- pinene
417.90  sabinene
290.10beta- selinene
170.60  terpinen-4-ol
79.90alpha- terpinene
110.50gamma- terpinene
180.20alpha- terpineol
120.10  terpinolene
12.10alpha- thujene
31trace  valencene

N. Chacko, A. Jayalekshmy, M. Gopalakrishnan and C. S. Natarajan, Roasting studies on black pepper(Piper nigrum L.), Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 305-310 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

polyalthia australis (benth.) jessup leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.40allo- aromadendrene
110.20  aromadendrene
30.20  bicycloelemene
214.30  bicyclogermacrene
50.30beta- bourbonene
240.30  cadina-1,4-diene
230.50gamma- cadinene
221.20delta- cadinene
320.90T- cadinol
350.80alpha- cadinol
260.30  calacorene
250.30  calamenene
107.50beta- caryophyllene
279.50  caryophyllene oxide
42.70alpha- copaene
10.30alpha- cubebene
70.30beta- cubebene
91.00beta- elemene
20.40delta- elemene
186.80  germacrene D
291.50  globulol
6tracealpha- gurjunene
152.40alpha- humulene
331.10T- muurolol
340.60alpha- muurolol
191.50beta- selinene
201.10alpha- selinene
3118.60  spathulenol
121.10 unknown a
140.10 unknown b
160.90 unknown c
282.20 unknown d
170.60  viridiflorene
301.10  viridiflorol
80.30beta- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
polyalthia michaelii leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.20  bicycloelemene
234.00  bicyclogermacrene
110.20beta- bourbonene
250.40gamma- cadinene
240.80delta- cadinene
20.60delta-3- carene
151.70beta- caryophyllene
263.40  caryophyllene oxide
100.20alpha- copaene
70.20alpha- cubebene
120.20beta- cubebene
270.30  cubenol
5tracepara- cymene
140.60beta- elemene
80.40delta- elemene
160.10gamma- elemene
200.70  germacrene D
282.40  globulol
180.50alpha- humulene
40.10  limonene
3trace  myrcene
10.30alpha- pinene
210.40beta- selinene
220.40alpha- selinene
3042.20  spathulenol
6trace  terpinolene
130.20 unknown a
170.30 unknown b
190.90 unknown c
290.80  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 5, (2001)
rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
42trace  abietatriene
340.41beta- bisabolene
1515.56  borneol
234.94iso bornyl acetate
360.35delta- cadinene
350.26gamma- cadinene
250.19alpha- cadinol
370.15  calamenene
23.11  camphene
1215.33  camphor
40.39delta-3- carene
220.26  carvone
282.22beta- caryophyllene
390.37  caryophyllene oxide
400.20 cedrane diol
1020.021,8- cineole
260.43alpha- cubebene
311.28ar- curcumene
81.81para- cymene
200.39  dihydrocarveol
380.37  farnesene
300.38beta- gurjunene
90.51  limonene
113.53  linalool
210.48  linalyl acetate
270.12  methyl eugenol
330.20alpha- muurolene
60.35  myrcene
161.17  nonanol
41trace  octadecane
50.181- octen-3-ol
130.80 pinanone
18.30alpha- pinene
70.74beta- pinene
140.39  pinocarvone
30.32  sabinene
290.41alpha- santalene
320.16alpha- selinene
171.00  terpinen-4-ol
181.95alpha- terpineol
240.69  thymol
43trace  totarol
198.36  verbenone

E. Reverchon and F. Senatore, Isolation of rosemary oil: Comparison between hydrodistillation and supercritical CO2 extraction. Flav. Fragr. J., 7, 227-230 (1992).

P&F 17, No. 6, 51, (1992)

salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil
In 1983 Cordoba Rodriguez examined the chemical composition of Spanish sage oil produced from more than 30 collections of plants from different areas in Spain. She determined that the oils possessed the following compositional range:
#%LeftshiftComponents
420.0-0.2  aromadendrene
430.0-0.4allo- aromadendrene
380.0-0.8(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
450.0-0.2beta- bisabolene
231.5-6.4  borneol
240.2-1.9iso borneol
330.8-4.9  bornyl acetate
44.6-10.6  camphene
1912.9-36.1  camphor
200.0-0.3  carvone
400.2-3.7beta- caryophyllene
390.0-0.8iso caryophyllene
460.0-0.1  caryophyllene oxide
1812.0-40.31,8- cineole
360.0-0.1alpha- copaene
350.0-0.2alpha- cubebene
440.1-0.9ar- curcumene
100.4-2.1para- cymene
170.0-0.4alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
290.1-0.7  geraniol
320.1-0.2  geranyl acetate
370.0-0.2alpha- gurjunene
410.0-1.0alpha- humulene
112.4-5.0  limonene
220.2-11.2  linalool
300.1-5.8  linalyl acetate
71.0-4.9  myrcene
280.0-0.6  nerol
310.1  neryl acetate
130.0-0.4(E)-beta- ocimene
160.0-0.3(Z)-allo-ocimene
120.0-2.2(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.0-0.2alpha- phellandrene
34.7-10.9alpha- pinene
63.3-7.3beta- pinene
50.6-2.2  sabinene
210.1-0.6(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.1-6.6(Z)- sabinyl acetate
250.2-0.8  terpinen-4-ol
90.0-0.1alpha- terpinene
140.0-0.7gamma- terpinene
270.1-1.9alpha- terpineol
260.0-0.7delta- terpineol
150.0-0.3  terpinolene
20.2-0.5alpha- thujene
10.0-0.5  tricyclene

M. de los Angelos Cordoba Rodriguez, Contribucion al estudio del Aceite Esencial de Salvia Espanola (salvia lavandulaefolia Vahl.). PhD thesis, Univ. Complutense, Madrid, Spain (1983).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil
Also in 1999, Guillén and Manzanos examined the composition of a methylene chloride extract of the aerial parts of S. lavandulaefolia using CC and CC/MS. The identified components are summarized as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.50alpha- pinene
 0.40  camphene
 0.10beta- pinene
 0.20  myrcene
 0.10alpha- terpinene
 0.10para- cymene
 0.30  limonene
 2.801,8- cineole
 0.10  linalool
 2.90  camphor
 1.50  borneol
 0.10  terpinen-4-ol
 0.80alpha- terpineol
 0.10  geraniol
 0.70  bornyl acetate
 0.10alpha- cubebene
 0.20alpha- copaene
 0.10alpha- gurjunene
 0.10  aromadendrene
 0.60alpha- humulene
 0.10allo- aromadendrene
 0.10ar- curcumene
 0.20beta- selinene
 0.10alpha- selinene
 0.10alpha- muurolene
 0.40gamma- cadinene
 0.60delta- cadinene
 0.10  cadina-1,4-diene
 0.10  spathulenol
 0.60 caryophyllenol II
 3.30  viridiflorol
 0.40beta-gurjunene epoxide
 0.10 caryophyllenol
 0.80beta- caryophyllene
 0.30 aristolenol
 0.10neo phytadiene
 0.106,10,14- trimethyl-2-pentadecanone
 0.10 pimara-8(9),15-diene
 0.20 abieta-8,11,13-trienal
 0.10 abieta-6,8,11,13-tetraen-12-ol
 0.80  ferruginol
 0.80 abieta-8,11,13-trien-19-ol
 6.50 abieta-8,11,13-trien-19-oic acid
 0.60  barbatusol
 0.7012-hydroxyabeita-8,11,13-trien-12-ol-20-al
 1.50  rosmadial
 13.90 dimethyl salvicanol
 2.70  carnosic acid
 0.20  squalene
 0.30  cirsimaritin
 1.20beta- sitosterol
 0.80beta- amyrin
 1.803,5- dihydroxy-6,7,8-trimethoxyflavone
 0.30  hexadecanoic acid
 0.10  oleic acid
 0.70  pentacosane
 0.30  heptacosane
 0.30  octacosane
 0.10 ethyl hexacosane
 2.30  nonacosane
 0.10 methyl octacosane
 0.20  triacontane
 0.30 ethyl octacosane
 0.10 methyl nonacosane
 2.70 henitriacontane
 0.10 ethyl nonacosane
 0.50 methyl triacontane
 1.00  dotriacontane
 0.80 ethyl triacontane
 0.20 methyl henitriacontane
 5.30  tritriacotane
 1.90 tetratriacotane
 0.30 ethyl dotriacotane
 0.60  pentatriacotane
salvia plebeia oil
Chemical Composition of Salvia plebeian R.Br. Essential Oil and its Larvicidal Activity against Aedes aegypti L Shanliang Zhu, Xin Chao Liu, Zhi Long Liu* and Xiaofeng Xu
#%LeftshiftComponents
1060.21  acetophenone
1441.22  aromadendrene
1170.55  borneol
1280.50  bornyl acetate
1675.28  cadalene
1515.30gamma- cadinene
16410.21T- cadinol
1655.08alpha- cadinol
1542.75alpha- calacorene
1529.63  calamenene
1140.08  camphor
1400.91(Z)- caryophyllene
1420.88  caryophyllene
15815.54  caryophyllene oxide
1030.181,8- cineole
1375.70  copaene
1342.88alpha- cubebene
1380.62beta- cubebene
1530.88  cubenene
1360.11  cyclosativene
1541.16  elemol
16314.04gamma- eudesmol
1350.78  eugenol
1080.16  fenchone
1560.27  germacrene B
1565.14  ledol
1090.48  linalool
1070.19(Z)- linalool oxide
1471.84gamma- muurolene
1505.19alpha- muurolene
9910.11  myrcene
1570.21  spathulenol
1370.24  ylangene
salvia sclarea oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
11trace(E)-anhydrolinalool oxide furanoid
9trace(Z)- anhydrolinalool oxide furanoid
27trace  bornyl acetate
24tracebeta- bourbonene
2trace  camphene
291.40-1.60beta- caryophyllene
370.30-0.60  caryophyllene oxide
230.10-0.20alpha- copaene
22tracealpha- cubebene
13tracepara- cymene
360.10-0.30  geraniol
340.30-0.50  geranyl acetate
321.60-2.00  germacrene D
16trace  hexanal
8trace(E)-2- hexenal
18trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
17trace-0.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
70.10-0.20  limonene
259.00-16.00  linalool
21trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2649.00-73.60  linalyl acetate
39trace  mint sulfide
50.10-0.20  myrcene
35trace-0.10  nerol
330.20-0.30  neryl acetate
120.10-0.20(E)-ocimene
15trace(Z,Z)-allo- ocimene
10trace(Z)- ocimene
20trace1- octen-3-ol
10.10-0.20alpha- pinene
30.10-0.30beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
400.10-0.20  sclareol
38trace  spathulenol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
6tracealpha- terpinene
300.20-0.60alpha- terpineol
14trace  terpinolene
31tracealpha- terpinyl acetate

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 15, No. 4, 63, (1990)

salvia sclarea oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
6trace  amyl butyrate
390.52  bicyclogermacrene
150.12  borneol
241.11  bornyl acetate
300.27beta- bourbonene
350.14alpha- cadinene
420.22gamma- cadinene
511.10alpha- cadinol
45tracebeta- calacorene
440.77(Z)-calamenene + germacrene B
2trace  camphene
334.80beta- caryophyllene
470.99  caryophyllene oxide
320.14alpha- cedrene
70.831,8-cineole + limonene
260.36alpha- cubebene
480.16  cubenol
280.27beta- damascenone
180.11  dihydrocarveol
310.43beta- elemene
25tracedelta- elemene
500.73beta- eudesmol
410.27(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
360.14(Z)-beta- farnesene
220.93  geranial
201.12  geraniol
291.62  geranyl acetate
230.25  geranyl formate
377.57  germacrene D
340.14beta- gurjunene
1432.97  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
2116.85  linalyl acetate
540.55  manool
52trace  manoyl oxide
531.1413-epi- manoyl oxide
400.40alpha- muurolene
490.42alpha- muurolol
51.61  myrcene
190.72  nerol
43trace(Z)- nerolidol
271.17  neryl acetate
90.94(E)-beta- ocimene
80.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.41beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
550.45  sclareol
460.12  spathulenol
16trace  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
175.63alpha- terpineol
130.37  terpinolene
382.84  valencene

M. E. Torres, A. Velasco-Negueruela, M. J. Perez-Alonso and M. G. Pinilla, Volatile constituents of two Salvia species grown wild in Spain. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 27-33 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 4, 55, (2000)

salvia sclarea seed oil tunisia
GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source Mouna Ben Taârit, Kamel Msaada, Karim Hosni, and Brahim Marzouk1 1Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives, Centre de Biotechnologie, Technopôle de Borj-Cédria, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia 2Laboratoire des Substances Naturelles, Institut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-Chimique (INRAP), Sidi Thabet, 2020 Ariana, Tunisia
#%LeftshiftComponents
1460.06allo- aromadendrene
1494.29  bicyclogermacrene
1530.35beta- bourbonene
1770.24delta- cadinene
1640.52T- cadinol
1640.88alpha- cadinol
1540.10alpha- calacorene
1291.93  carvacrol
1410.24beta- caryophyllene
2003.18  caryophyllene oxide
1210.121,8- cineole
1374.08alpha- copaene
1342.86alpha- cubebene
1540.72beta- cubebene
1900.24epi- cubenol
1020.12para- cymene
1470.85delta- elemene
 1.72beta- eudesmol
1252.79  geraniol
1381.94  geranyl acetate
1551.29  germacrene B
1475.88  germacrene D
8520.03(E)-2- hexenal
1450.08alpha- humulene
1591.55  humulene oxide I
1030.17  limonene
10924.25  linalool
1236.90  linalyl acetate
 0.5913-epi- manool
1220.98  nerol
1730.36  neryl acetate
1381.46(Z)-allo-ocimene
1030.03beta- phellandrene
9390.27alpha- pinene
2140.03  spathulenol
1610.37  terpinen-4-ol
1180.20alpha- terpineol
1180.20delta- terpineol
1350.29alpha- terpinyl acetate
9307.48alpha- thujene
2190.10  thymol
9270.08  tricyclene
1100.75  undecane
1370.24alpha- ylangene
Overall, it emerges that tricyclene and camphor were biochemical markers of the essential oil of S. verbenaca seeds. Being rich in camphor, seeds could be used as antimicrobial agent. Another point that should be highlighted is that S. officinalis seeds had the same a-thujone chemotype as leaves, whereas these two organs showed some quantitative differences leading to the safe use of seeds essential oil in food industry. From a qualitative standpoint, seeds of S. sclarea seemed to have the same enzymatic trend as flowers characterized by the prevalence of linalool. It is noteworthy to mention that linalool-producing seeds as S. sclarea were suitable for flavouring purposes and constitute potential anti-inflammatory agents.
santolina chamaecyparissus oil
Giner et al. (1993) used GC and GC/MS to determine the effect of season and vegetative growth stage of S. chamaecyparisus on the composition of the oil. Although these authors did not use a typical artemisia ketone-rich chemotype, their results showed that the composition of the oil is definitly affected by the date of plant harvesting. A summery of this somewhat incomplete data can be seen in Table VI. Note: this page will only include the June harvest.
#%LeftshiftComponents
260.91allo- aromadendrene
112.49  artemisyl ketone
194.78  borneol
231.65 bornyl + isobornyl acetates
330.41delta- cadinene
2trace  camphene
174.67  camphor
290.18iso caryophyllene
240.13alpha- copaene
270.66alpha- cubebene
221.83  cuminaldehyde
300.22ar- curcumene
95.80para-cymene + 1,8-cineole
132.14alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
141.13  fenchone
320.73  germacrene B
280.86beta- gurjunene
70.59  limonene
310.21alpha- muurolene
40.19  myrcene
183.82  myrtenal
80.16beta- phellandrene
55.00alpha-phellendrene + delta-3-carene
10.23alpha- pinene
31.59beta-pinene + sabinene
161.48(Z)- sabinene hydrate
200.91  terpinen-4-ol
60.65alpha- terpinene
101.35gamma- terpinene
210.65alpha- terpineol
121.05  terpinolene
150.15 thujone
3410.66 unknown sesqui alcohol 1
355.18 unknown sesqui alcohol 2
363.08 unknown sesqui alcohol 3
25tracealpha- ylangene

R. M. Giner, S. Manez and J. L. Rios, Seasonal variations in the essential oil of Santolina chamaecyparisus L. Sci. Pharm., 61, 169-173 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

schinus molle leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
211.71delta- cadinene
31tracealpha- cadinol
274.70T- cadinol
230.93  calamenene
2trace  camphene
160.47beta- caryophyllene
140.02alpha- copaene
130.01alpha- cubebene
100.59para- cymene
150.01beta- elemene
18tracegamma- elemene
2413.25  elemol
30tracealpha- eudesmol
263.24gamma- eudesmol
205.21  germacrene D
22tracebeta- guaiene
190.39alpha- humulene
89.27  limonene
12trace  methyl octanoate
29tracealpha- muurolol
28traceT- muurolol
5trace  myrcene
252.94  neryl hexanoate
630.24alpha- phellandrene
99.63beta- phellandrene
11.46alpha- pinene
30.10beta- pinene
40.67  sabinene
170.03  terpinen-4-ol
70.02alpha- terpinene
110.20  terpinolene

M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from Schinus molle berries and leaves. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 49 -52 (1990).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

schinus molle seed oil
Bernhard et al. (1983) analyzed an oil of S. molle fruit produced by the Likens-Nickerson apparatus using GC/MS. They found that the oil contained the following components:
#%LeftshiftComponents
129.11delta- cadinene
326.64 cadinol
271.39T- cadinol
230.26alpha- calacorene
160.15gamma- calacorene
140.28  calamenene
82.02beta- caryophyllene
210.12alpha- copaene
200.13alpha- cubebene
172.93para- cymene
70.52beta- elemene
241.32  elemol
300.90alpha- eudesmol
311.01beta- eudesmol
261.04gamma- eudesmol
150.34  geranyl butyrate
130.22beta- guaiene
220.71alpha- gurjunene
90.58alpha- humulene
57.23  limonene
190.95  methyl octanoate
111.48alpha- muurolene
100.48gamma- muurolene
290.69alpha- muurolol
282.32T- muurolol
320.41  myrcene
250.28  neryl hexanoate
417.34alpha- phellandrene
66.21beta- phellandrene
12.66alpha- pinene
20.17beta- pinene
180.10  terpinolene

R. A. Bernhard, T. Shibamoto, K. Yamaguchi and E. White, The volatile constituents of Schinus molle L. J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 463-466 (1983).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

sugandha kokila berry oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.40  aromadendrene
260.70alpha- bergamolene
421.10beta- bisabolene
452.90delta- cadinene
500.10alpha- calacorene
470.30  calamenene
30.10  camphene
221.50  camphor
601.30  capric acid
580.40  carvacrol
297.40beta- caryophyllene
520.70  caryophyllene oxide
1113.101,8- cineole
204.70alpha- copaene
190.70alpha- cubebene
490.10para- cymen-8-ol
163.60para- cymene
270.30beta- elemene
590.20  elemicin
440.50  geranial
480.20  geraniol
351.30alpha- humulene
622.70  lauric acid
90.50  limonene
232.80  linalool
240.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
320.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
570.20para-menth-5-en-1,2-ol
5413.70(E)- methyl cinnamate
510.20(Z)- methyl cinnamate
530.60  methyl eugenol
560.40(E)- methyl isoeugenol
460.20  methyl laurate
60.40  myrcene
612.50  myristicin
370.30  neral
410.30  neryl acetate
210.202- nonanol
181.902- nonanone
140.20(E)-beta- ocimene
120.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
71.50alpha- phellandrene
101.40beta- phellandrene
11.20alpha- pinene
41.90beta- pinene
50.80  sabinene
252.10alpha- santalene
340.80beta- santalene
330.10epi-beta- santalene
430.60alpha- selinene
401.00beta- selinene
550.50  spathulenol
150.10  styrene
304.00  terpinen-4-ol
80.40alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
386.60alpha- terpineol
360.40delta- terpineol
170.30  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
390.012- undecanol
283.602- undecanone

S. R. Adhikary, B. S. Tuladhar, A. Sheak, T. A. van Beek, M. A. Posthumus and G. P. Lelyveld, investigation of Nepalese essential oils. 1. The oil of Cinnamomum glaucescens (Sugandha kokila). J. Essent. Oil Res. 4, 151-159 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

sundacarpus amarus (blume) c.n. page leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
75.90  aromadendrene
90.20allo- aromadendrene
20.30  bicycloelemene
1310.40  bicyclogermacrene
80.10alpha- bulnesene
141.30delta- cadinene
152.60gamma- cadinene
61.00beta- caryophyllene
3tracealpha- copaene
200.10  cubeban-11-ol
1tracealpha- cubebene
40.10beta- cubebene
213.80  globulol
170.10epi- globulol
100.90alpha- humulene
180.10  ledol
160.10  palustrol
190.10iso propyl myristate
12tracealpha- selinene
1167.70beta- selinene
230.20  spathulenol
220.30  viridiflorol
50.10beta- ylangene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 421, (2000)
zanthoxylum nitidum leaf oil australia
#%LeftshiftComponents
1310.70 a 2-alkanone, mw 268
40.80  aromadendrene
90.60delta- cadinene
101.40gamma- cadinene
311.00beta- caryophyllene
125.30  caryophyllene oxide
10.70alpha- cubebene
22.00beta- elemene
60.70  germacrene D
57.20alpha- humulene
82.30alpha- selinene
73.80beta- selinene
117.702- tridecanone
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 285, (2000)
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