Typical G.C. analysis

achillea millefolium oil greece
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil poland
In 1993, Kalemba et al. compared the composition of oils obtained from Artemisia absinthum (absinthe) grown in Poland, using GC and GC/MS as their method of analysis. Oils produced from plants harvested at the pre-flowering stage, in full bloom and after flowering were found to possess quantitative differences in their compositions as shown in Table XI. In addition, the authors found that the oil was strongly toxic to Rhizopertha dominca (lesser grain boror), mildly toxic to Tribolium confusum (darkling grain beetle) and Sitophilus granarius (grain weevil). Also, it was repellent to S. granarius. Only the full-flowering analysis will be shown here.
210.74alpha- bisabolol
10.95  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
112.74beta- caryophyllene
136.95  chrysanthenyl acetate
612.661,8- cineole
70.77para- cymene
166.31 dihydrocarvyl acetate + alpha-terpineol
18trace  geranyl acetate
120.91  linalool
20trace  nerol
170.56  neryl acetate
190.52  neryl propionate
80.12beta- phellandrene
23.23alpha- pinene
30.39beta- pinene
45.67 sabinene + myrcene
1520.13  sabinyl acetate
141.73  terpinen-4-ol
98.03alpha- thujone
1016.91beta- thujone

D. Kalemba, J. Gora, A. Kurowska, T. Majda and Z. Mielnizuk, Analysis of essential oils in respects of their influence to insects. Zeszyty Nauk. Politechnik. Lodz., No. 589, 5-14 (1993).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy
21trace  aromadendrene
2714.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.90 bisabolene endoperoxide
397.00alpha- bisabolol
421.70alpha-bisabolol oxide
220.10iso borneol
30tracedelta- cadinene
440.50alpha- cadinol
320.20  calamenene
2trace  camphene
18trace  camphor
430.90  carvacrol
340.30  caryophyllene oxide
371.00  cedrol
70.201,8- cineole
170.40alpha- copaene
310.20ar- curcumene
110.10para- cymene
285.00(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
241.50(E)-beta- farnesene
290.10  geranyl acetate
268.00  germacrene D
401.00  globulol
230.40beta- guaiene
140.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
251.40alpha- humulene
63.00  limonene
353.70  methyl eugenol
450.40T- muurolol
511.20  myrcene
200.40  myrtenal
360.80(E)- nerolidol
82.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
130.10allo- ocimene
105.40(E)-beta- ocimene
12.60alpha- pinene
319.00beta- pinene
40.30  sabinene
410.90  spathulenol
190.90  terpinen-4-ol
90.40gamma- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene
15tracealpha- thujone
16tracebeta- thujone
380.90  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
artemisia variabilis flower oil italy
380.40  acenaphthalene
240.70  bicyclogermacrene
331.00alpha- bisabolol
26tracedelta- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
2trace  camphene
16trace  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
27tracear- curcumene
120.40para- cymene
280.501,4- dimethyl naphthalene
250.10  geranyl acetate
230.30  germacrene D
340.20  globulol
20tracebeta- guaiene
15trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
210.10alpha- humulene
400.102- hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxyacetophenone
71.00  limonene
17trace  linalool
29trace  methyl eugenol
50.20  myrcene
19trace  myrtenal
310.30(E)- nerolidol
95.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
14traceallo- ocimene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.80alpha- pinene
33.60beta- pinene
40.10  sabinene
351.00  spathulenol
180.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.10alpha- terpinene
103.20gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
13trace  terpinolene
360.80  thymol
320.20  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
bergamot oil
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

bergamot oil
 0.36(E)-alpha- bergamotene
 trace(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
 0.6beta- bisabolene
 tracealpha- bisabolol
 tracebeta- bisabolol
 trace  camphorenone
 0.09  carvone
 0.2beta- caryophyllene
 0.02  citronellal
 0.02  citronellyl acetate
 trace  coumarin
 3.5para- cymene
 0.03  decyl acetate
 trace dihydrojasmone
 0.04beta- farnesene
 trace  farnesol
 0.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
 0.6  geraniol
 0.8  geranyl acetate
 0.02  germacrene D
 trace guaienol
 0.04alpha- humulene
 trace  indole
 trace(Z)- jasmone
 trace lanceal
 26.0(+)- limonene
 16.0  linalool
 34.0  linalyl acetate
 trace  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
 1.3  myrcene
 0.6 neral + geranial
 0.08  nerol
 0.02  nerolidol
 1.2  neryl acetate
 0.08  nonanal
 trace  nootkatone
 0.07  octanal
 0.02  octanol
 trace5- octen-2-one
 0.15  octyl acetate
 0.1beta- phellandrene
 2.2alpha- pinene
 10.0beta- pinene
 1.0  sabinene
 trace2-santalene hydrates
 tracebeta- sinensal
 trace  spathulenol
 0.06  terpinen-4-ol
 3.2alpha- terpinene
 11.0gamma- terpinene
 0.3alpha- terpineol
 1.0  terpinolene
campomanesia aurea leaf oil brazil
211.00  dehydroaromadendrane
2513.60  bicyclogermacrene
514.2alpha- bisabolol
91.20  borneol
270.40gamma- cadinene
292.10delta- cadinene
441.10T- cadinol
480.50alpha- cadinol
301.50alpha- calacorene
281.90(Z)- calamenene
493.00 calamenenol
500.70 calamenenol
170.30beta- caryophyllene
166.20iso caryophyllene
331.90  caryophyllene alcohol
3529.00  caryophyllene oxide
380.90  copaen-4-alpha-ol
141.40alpha- copaene
420.601-epi- cubenol
150.90beta- elemene
181.10gamma- elemene
472.40beta- eudesmol
410.3010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
431.50gamma- eudesmol
80.50alpha- fenchol
120.40  geranial
364.10  globulol
371.80epi- globulol
190.70beta- gurjunene
201.30alpha- humulene
394.00  humulene oxide I
401.70  humulene oxide II
321.00  ledol
30.50  limonene
50.60para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
225.00gamma- muurolene
260.60alpha- muurolene
460.60alpha- muurolol
310.80(E)- nerolidol
536.70(E)- nerolidol acetate
43.30(E)-beta- ocimene
116.50alpha- pinene
26.10beta- pinene
235.20beta- selinene
240.40alpha- selinene
344.90  spathulenol
100.50  terpinen-4-ol
111.40alpha- terpineol
60.40  terpinolene
130.70alpha- ylangene
cananga odorata flower oil CO2 extract
451.46alpha- amorphene
280.17(E)- anethole
620.02(Z)- asarone
40.59  benzaldehyde
186.15  benzyl acetate
120.04  benzyl alcohol
6411.97  benzyl benzoate
710.04  benzyl cinnamate
673.66  benzyl salicylate
520.02  bisabolene
590.61alpha- bisabolol
470.133- buten-2-yl benzoate
530.19delta- cadinene
540.01gamma- cadinene
423.96beta- caryophyllene
430.21alpha- cedrene
600.02  cedrol
92.731,8- cineole
300.02  cinnamic alcohol
260.21  cinnamic aldehyde
412.28  cinnamyl acetate
370.93alpha- copaene
140.53para- cresol
82.00para- cresyl methyl ether
400.60beta- cubebene
230.101,4- dimethoxybenzene
210.043,4- dimethoxytoluene
690.02  eicosane
380.02delta- elemene
550.02  elemol
190.02  ethyl benzoate
340.03  eugenol
440.54iso eugenol
5114.63(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
631.39(E,E)- farnesol
662.00  farnesyl acetate
351.00  geranyl acetate
4920.03  germacrene D
720.04  hexacosane
700.23  hexadecanoic acid
10.113- hexen-1-ol
70.013- hexen-1-yl acetate
570.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
460.99alpha- humulene
310.13  indole
110.04  limonene
1616.47  linalool
200.012- methoxy-4-methyl phenol
290.04  methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
330.02  methyl anthranilate
250.074- methyl benzaldoxime
152.42  methyl benzoate
480.14  methyl eugenol
220.04  methyl salicylate
20.182- methyl-3-butenol
560.03alpha- muurolene
500.02gamma- muurolene
610.06alpha- muurolol
60.05  myrcene
580.02  nerolidol
130.02(E)-beta- ocimene
240.162- phenethyl acetate
680.022- phenethyl benzoate
100.03  phenyl acetaldehyde
270.102- phenyl-1-nitroethane
30.19alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
320.024-(2- propenyl) phenol
650.01  tetradecanal
390.53  tetradecane
360.02alpha- ylangene

E. E. Stashenko, W. Torres and J. R. Martinez Morales, A study of the compositional variation of the essential oil of ylang ylang (Cananga odorata Hook. fil. et Thomson, forma genuina) during flower development. J. High Resol. Chromatogr., 18, 101-104 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

carrot seed oil
360.08(E)- anethole
210.73(E)-alpha- bergamotene
201.08(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
380.23beta- bisabolene
430.21alpha- bisabolol
420.273- butyl phthalide
20.44  camphene
395.68  carotol
350.23  carvomenthone
153.56beta- caryophyllene
371.09  caryophyllene oxide
400.29 cedrene oxide
140.17alpha- copaene
100.41para- cymene
130.39  daucene
410.14  daucol
180.42alpha- farnesene
230.60beta- farnesene
310.89  geranial
3234.17  geranyl acetate
301.13alpha- humulene
70.48  limonene
120.11  linalool
191.24  longifolene
250.18para- mentha-1,3-dien-7-ol
51.87  myrcene
290.53  neral
331.01  nerol
81.92(E)-alpha- ocimene
19.09alpha- pinene
34.49beta- pinene
49.44  sabinene
340.14  sabinene hydrate
170.40alpha- santalene
220.67beta- santalene
440.13  sedanenolide
450.40  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
280.44alpha- selinene
270.23beta- selinene
160.31  terpinen-4-ol
60.96alpha- terpinene
90.36gamma- terpinene
241.65alpha- terpineol
110.28  terpinolene
262.34  verbenol

F. Perineau, L. Ganou and A. Gaset, Etude de la production d’huile essentielle de fruit de carotte. Ind. Aliment. Agric., 108, 357-366 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)

cedarwood oil china
270.30 abietadiene
70.60alpha- acoradiene
80.30beta- acoradiene
192.60alpha- alaskene
130.10beta- alaskene
180.40beta- bisabolene
240.80alpha- bisabolol
226.40alpha- cedrene
39.20beta- cedrene
219.60  cedrol
250.10  cedryl acetate
260.10  cembrene
161.40alpha- chamigrene
92.20beta- chamigrene
173.40  cuparene
110.40ar- curcumene
100.20gamma- curcumene
200.10(E)-beta- farnesene
60.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.20alpha- himachalene
151.40beta- himachalene
10.70  methyl chavicol
143.10alpha- selinene
120.20beta- selinene
429.90  thujopsene
229.50  widdrol

R. P. Adams, Cedarwood oil- analyses and properties. In Modern methods of plant analysis new series. Vol. 12. Essential Oils and Waxes. Edits., H. F. Linskens and J. F. Jackson, pp. 159-173, Springer Verlag. New York (1991).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

cedarwood oil texas
70.70alpha- acoradiene
80.60beta- acoradiene
190.70alpha- alaskene
140.20beta- alaskene
250.40alpha- bisabolol
10.20  camphor
260.908- cedren-13-ol
230.70alpha- cedrene
35.50beta- cedrene
2019.10  cedrol
171.20alpha- chamigrene
91.10beta- chamigrene
230.20  cubenol
181.70  cuparene
120.10ar- curcumene
110.10gamma- curcumene
50.50alpha- himachalene
161.40beta- himachalene
100.10gamma- himachalene
151.50alpha- selinene
60.10  thujopsadiene
425.00  thujopsene
130.10  valencene
211.60  widdrol

R. P. Adams, Cedarwood oil- analyses and properties. In Modern methods of plant analysis new series. Vol. 12. Essential Oils and Waxes. Edits., H. F. Linskens and J. F. Jackson, pp. 159-173, Springer Verlag. New York (1991).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

cedarwood oil virginia
[8000-27-9] Page 298 RI 1.506 d .952 Fp 224#F Merck Index 11,6708 FTNMR 1,316C Safety 1,707B RTECS# FJ1520050 Disp. A Harmony 1515.90.4000 IRRITANT LIGHT-SENSITIVE KEEP TIGHTLY CLOSED
60.20alpha- acoradiene
70.30beta- acoradiene
180.90alpha- alaskene
130.10beta- alaskene
230.60alpha- bisabolol
121.10alpha- cedrene
28.20beta- cedrene
1922.20  cedrol
161.60alpha- chamigrene
81.80beta- chamigrene
220.10  cubebol
171.60  cuparene
100.10ar- curcumene
90.10gamma- curcumene
50.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
40.20alpha- himachalene
152.10beta- himachalene
143.00alpha- selinene
110.10beta- selinene
321.30  thujopsene
120.10  valencene
202.30  widdrol

R. P. Adams, Cedarwood oil- analyses and properties. In Modern methods of plant analysis new series. Vol. 12. Essential Oils and Waxes. Edits., H. F. Linskens and J. F. Jackson, pp. 159-173, Springer Verlag. New York (1991).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

chamaecyparis thyoides wood oil
 0.30alpha- bisabolol
 20.50alpha- cedrene
 5.00beta- cedrene
 10.40  cedrol
 1.50beta- chamigrene
 3.50  cuparene
 0.20beta- himachalene
 0.80beta- selinene
 31.70  thujopsene
 1.40  widdrol
citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus limon peel oil c.p. california
300.03(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
320.38(E)-alpha-bergamotene + citronellyl propionate
360.55beta- bisabolene
520.04alpha- bisabolol
160.01  borneol
30.06  camphene
510.03  campherenol
460.008  camphor
310.22beta- caryophyllene
230.08  citronellal
190.06 citronellol + nerol
380.03  citronellyl acetate
90.14para- cymene
240.05  decanal
470.01exo-(Z)-4,7-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-3-en-6-one
500.032,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
290.01 dodecanal + decyl acetate
330.03(E)-beta- farnesene
261.18  geranial
200.03  geraniol
400.52  geranyl acetate
420.01  geranyl propionate
340.02alpha- humulene
1065.65 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
440.007(E)- limonene 1,2-oxide
450.006(Z)- limonene 1,2-oxide
370.007  methyl geranate
61.58  myrcene
250.74  neral
490.004  nerolidol
390.60  neryl acetate
410.007  neryl propionate
220.12  nonanal
110.09(E)-beta- ocimene
210.08  octanal
270.03  perillaldehyde
70.04alpha- phellandrene
21.75alpha- pinene
511.13beta- pinene
480.004  piperitone
41.85  sabinene
150.13(Z)-sabinene hydrate + linalool
140.01(E)-sabinene hydrate + octanol
350.01beta- santalene
170.11  terpinen-4-ol
80.16alpha- terpinene
128.32gamma- terpinene
180.16alpha- terpineol
130.34  terpinolene
10.38alpha- thujene
280.03  undecanal
430.009  undecyl acetate

T. S. Chamblee, B. C. Clark. G. B. Brewster, T. Radford and G. A. Iacobucci, Quantitative analysis of the volatile constituents of lemon peel oil. Effects of silica gel chromatography on the imposition of its hydrocarbon and oxygenated fractions. J. Agric, Food Chem., 39, 162-169 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 1, 45, (1992)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

conyza canadensis (l.) cronq. oil
56trace  anthracene
55trace  benzyl benzoate
327.00(E)-alpha- bergamotene
29trace(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
440.20beta- bisabolene
530.40alpha- bisabolol
450.10delta- cadinene
2trace  camphene
210.80trans- carveol
230.30cis- carveol
241.10  carvone
26tracetrans- carvyl acetate
300.20beta- caryophyllene
490.70  caryophyllene oxide
270.10alpha- copaene
280.10beta- cubebene
362.20ar- curcumene
20trace  decanal
180.20  dihydrocarveol
16trace(E)- dihydrocarvone
390.90(E)-beta- farnesene
330.60(Z)-beta- farnesene
430.20alpha- farnesene
31trace  geranyl acetone
380.70  germacrene D
52trace  gossonorol
340.10alpha- humulene
35trace(E)-beta- ionone
370.30(Z)- lachnophyllum ester
670.00  limonene
120.30(E)- limonene oxide
90.10  linalool
402.40(Z,Z)- matricaria ester
150.20(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
220.10(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
100.60(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
13tracepara- methyl acetophenone
500.40  mint ketone (salvial-4(14)-en-1-one)
420.10alpha- muurolene
51.20  myrcene
460.30(E)- nerolidol
8trace  nonanal
140.10  nonanol
71.30(E)-beta- ocimene
540.20  octadecanal
250.10  perillaldehyde
10.20alpha- pinene
40.80beta- pinene
190.40(Z)- piperitol
3trace  sabinene
480.20  spathulenol
17tracealpha- terpineol
410.20  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 781, (2000)
croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
croton eluteria bark oil
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

guava fruit oil reunion
170.40allo- aromadendrene
120.20  benzaldehyde
290.10(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
260.60alpha- bisabolene
250.50beta- bisabolene
510.70alpha- bisabolol
301.20  cadina-1,4-diene
282.40delta- cadinene
531.40alpha- cadinol
320.30alpha- calacorene
340.00beta- calacorene
311.40  calamenene
140.109-epi-beta- caryophyllene
1524.60beta- caryophyllene
420.40alpha- caryophyllene alcohol
365.10  caryophyllene oxide
472.60  cinnamyl acetate
112.80alpha- copaene
100.10alpha- cubebene
441.801-epi- cubenol
431.201,10- di-epi-cubenol
571.702,6- dimethyl-1-3-6-heptatriene
10.10  ethyl butyrate
450.1010-epi-gamma- eudesmol
520.20beta- eudesmol
481.90gamma- eudesmol
270.20(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
580.40  farnesol
390.70  gleenol
130.10alpha- gurjunene
220.30gamma- gurjunene
20.10  hexanal
90.30  hexanol
40.10(E)-2- hexenal
80.50(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
460.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
70.10  hexyl acetate
200.10gamma- himachalene
183.20alpha- humulene
381.40  ledol
210.10para- menth-1-en-9-ol
350.10para- menth-1(7)-en-9-ol
370.20  methyl eugenol
30.10  methyl hexanoate
160.10  muurola-4(14),5-diene
240.40alpha- muurolene
190.60gamma- muurolene
502.90alpha- muurolol
491.40epi-alpha- muurolol
4118.00  nerolidol
60.60(E)-beta- ocimene
52.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
335.403- phenyl-1-propyl acetate
400.102- propenyl-2-phenol
540.50  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
230.20alpha- selinene
564.10 tricyclo-3-3-13.7-decane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 153, (2000)
guava leaf oil cuba
11trace  acetophenone
350.20alpha- acoradiene
48tracebeta- acorenol
34traceallo- aromadendrene
30.20  benzaldehyde
410.40beta- bisabolene
420.20(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
523.20beta- bisabolol
533.20alpha- bisabolol
430.10alpha- calacorene
17trace  camphor
25trace  carvacrol
3021.60beta- caryophyllene
45trace  caryophyllene alcohol
468.20  caryophyllene oxide
497.90  cedr-8(15)-en-9-alpha-ol
290.20alpha- cedrene
31tracebeta- cedrene
270.20alpha- copaene
371.40ar- curcumene
7tracepara- cymene
36trace  drima-7,9(11)-diene
26tracedelta- elemene
32trace(Z)-beta- farnesene
540.20(E,E)- farnesol
55trace(Z,E)- farnesyl acetate
10.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
2trace(Z)-2- hexen-1-ol
20trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
28trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl hexanoate
333.10alpha- humulene
470.20  humulene oxide II
8trace  limonene
16trace  linalool
15trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
14trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
22trace2- methyl-2-nonen-4-one
5trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-ol
4trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
500.50alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
23trace  myrtenyl acetate
4419.20(E)- nerolidol
9trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
18traceallo- ocimene
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace  octanol
56trace  phytol
5113.40  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
398.30alpha- selinene
19trace  terpinen-4-ol
12tracegamma- terpinene
21tracealpha- terpineol
240.10  thymol
388.80  viridiflorene
400.70  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 61, (2001)
juniperus communis branch oil
350.20alpha- bisabolol
180.15  bornyl acetate
302.60delta- cadinene
30.20  camphene
80.60delta-3- carene
310.20  caryophyllene oxide
330.10  cedranone
340.40  cedranone
243.00beta-cedrene + beta-caryophyllene
232.70alpha-cedrene + unknown
322.60  cedrol
210.30alpha- copaene
200.50alpha- cubebene
295.20  cuparene
100.90para- cymene
140.15alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
280.70  germacrene D
261.00alpha- humulene
112.00  limonene
220.50iso longifolene
61.80  myrcene
12<0.10(E)-beta- ocimene
70.30alpha- phellandrene
218.70alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
45.00  sabinene
162.00  terpinen-4-ol
91.10alpha- terpinene
131.80gamma- terpinene
170.20alpha- terpineol
151.00  terpinolene
190.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
11.30alpha- thujene
2525.30  thujopsene
271.20alpha- ylangene

J. P. Bats, J. J. Moulines, G. Bourgeois, C. Vacchiano, D. Coutiere and J. F. Armudo, Chemical composition of an industrial essential oil from Juniper branches (Junipmus communis L.). Proceedings 11th Intl, Congress of Essential Oils, Fragances and Flavors, Edits., S. C. Bhattacharyya, N. Sen and K. L. Sethi, vol. 4,37-41, Oxford and IBTT Publ. Co., New Delhi ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 1, 31, (1994)

lavandula angustifolia oil CO2 extract
331.02  aromadendrene
310.19  bergamotene
362.09alpha- bisabolol
192.30  borneol
40.22  camphene
187.90  camphor
301.86beta- caryophyllene
115.831,8- cineole
100.14ortho- cymene
273.083,7- dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl acetate
322.23(Z)-beta- farnesene
25trace  geraniol
290.71  geranyl acetate
90.15  hexyl acetate
230.35  hexyl butyrate
200.31  lavandulol
1725.29  linalool
160.91(E)- linalool oxide
150.83(Z)- linalool oxide
2634.69  linalyl acetate
10.722- methyl cyclopentanol
340.84gamma- muurolene
350.54alpha- muurolol
81.19  myrcene
24trace  nerol
280.33  neryl acetate
130.72(E)-beta- ocimene
120.58(Z)-beta- ocimene
6trace1- octen-3-ol
30.27alpha- pinene
70.21beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
213.79  terpinen-4-ol
220.46alpha- terpineol
2tracealpha- thujene

E. Reverchon, G. Della Ports and F. Senatore, Supercritical CO2 extraction and fractionation of lavender essential oil and waxes. J, Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1654-1658 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

lavandula latifolia herb oil spain
In 1996, Guillen et a!. analyzed an oil of spike lavender produced from plants cultivated in northeastern Spain. The components identified in this oil on using GC and GC/ MS as the analytical procedures were as follows:
400.11  bergamotene
390.13  bergamotene
430.22  bergamotene
500.24beta- bisabolene
560.23alpha- bisabolol
550.02alpha-bisabolol oxide
171.13  borneol
300.10  bornyl acetate
260.11  bornyl formate
350.17iso bornyl isovalerate
370.19beta- bourbonene
420.01beta- cadinene
510.12gamma- cadinene
540.08T- cadinol
50.56  camphene
1513.60  camphor
410.47beta- caryophyllene
521.59  caryophyllene oxide
1031.311,8- cineole
380.02beta- cubebene
490.01ar- curcumene
190.07  epoxylinalool
450.03  farnesene
470.06  farnesene
460.11  farnesene
530.03  farnesol
480.08  germacrene A
250.05 hexen-1-yl butyrate
270.42  hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
240.37  hexyl butyrate
330.03  hexyl hexanoate
230.15  hexyl isobutyrate
320.10  hexyl tiglate
280.19  hexyl valerate
440.30alpha- humulene
1436.94  linalool
130.05(E)- linalool oxide
120.77(Z)- linalool oxide
290.10  linalyl acetate
340.03  linalyl butyrate
70.15  myrcene
310.02  neryl acetate
31.11alpha- pinene
41.48beta- pinene
160.04  pinocamphone
60.47  sabinene
110.61(Z)- sabinene hydrate
180.19  terpinen-4-ol
80.33alpha- terpinene
210.79alpha- terpineol
90.69  terpinolene
20.02alpha- thujene
10.05  tricyclene
200.241,1,3- trimethyl-2-oxobicyclo(2.2.2)octan-5-one
220.12  verbenone
360.02alpha- ylangene

M. D. Guillen, N. Cabo and J. Burillo, Characterization of the essential oils of some cultivated aromatic plants of industrial interest. J. Sci. Food Agric., 70, 359-363 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 3, 66, (2001)

lime oil distilled mexico
610.70(E)-alpha- bergamotene
590.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
750.01(E)-gamma- bisabolene
730.04(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
721.04beta- bisabolene
850.06alpha- bisabolol
340.08iso borneol
370.69 borneol + nonanol
20.02  bornylene
830.04alpha- cadinol
820.02T-cadinol + T-muurolol
70.53  camphene
840.04  campherenol
140.01delta-3- carene
43tracetrans- carveol
460.01  carvone
600.60beta- caryophyllene
790.07  caryophyllene alcohol
152.321,4- cineole
440.02  citronellol
171.89para- cymene
420.20  decanal
540.04 decanoic acid + neryl acetate
490.09 decanol + geranial
200.682,2-dimethyl-5(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran + (E)-beta-ocimene
580.08  dodecanal
650.04  dodecanol
57tracebeta- elemene
530.06delta- elemene
810.05gamma- eudesmol
710.68(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
60.21alpha- fenchene
270.79alpha- fenchol
470.02  geraniol
560.10  geranyl acetate
770.03  germacrene B
630.09alpha- humulene
1846.86 limonene + 1,8-cineole
250.19 linalool + undecane
230.02(Z)- linalool oxide
248.43(E)-linalool oxide + terpinolene + unknown
290.02(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
31trace(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
390.13para-methyl acetophenone + para-cymen-8-ol
670.03alpha- muurolene
111.34 myrcene + dihydro-1,8-cineole
280.08  myrcenol
450.02  neral
780.01(E)- nerolidol
260.03  nonanal
10.03  nonane
190.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
120.04  octanal
220.02  octanol
500.02  perillaldehyde
130.46alpha- phellandrene
51.02alpha- pinene
101.34beta- pinene
480.01  piperitone
90.02  sabinene
510.01  sabinyl acetate
640.04beta- santalene
860.01  selin-7(11)-en-4-ol
760.05  selina-3,7(11)-diene
660.13  selina-4,11-diene
680.01beta- selinene
690.20delta- selinene
700.17alpha-selinene + (Z)-alpha-bisabolene
740.05epi-alpha-selinene + delta-cadinene
301.20  terpinen-1-ol
380.97  terpinen-4-ol
162.84alpha- terpinene
2111.02gamma- terpinene
320.81(E)-beta- terpineol
360.22(Z)-beta- terpineol
407.90alpha- terpineol
411.21gamma- terpineol
800.02  tetradecanal
40.01alpha- thujene
30.02  tricyclene
80.222,6,6- trimethyl-2-vinyl tetrahydropyran
520.03  undecanal
550.03  undecanol

T. S. Chamblee and B. C. Clark, Lemon and lime citrus essential oils. Analysis and organoleptic evaluation. In: Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttery and H. Sugisawa, pp. 88-102, ACS Symp. Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

matricaria chamomilla flower oil
160.39  artemisyl alcohol
130.51  artemisyl ketone
220.64  bicyclogermacrene
250.51alpha- bisabolol
2757.68  bisabolol oxide A
234.35  bisabolol oxide B
244.10  bisabolone oxide A
180.09beta- caryophyllene
2623.35  chamazulene
70.341,8- cineole
100.07para- cymene
20.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
192.92(E)-beta- farnesene
201.48  germacrene D
150.10(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
140.51(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
11trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
6trace  limonene
12trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
5trace  myrcene
90.70(E)-beta- ocimene
80.08(Z)-beta- ocimene
1tracealpha- pinene
4trace  propyl 2-methyl butyrate
30.22  sabinene
21tracebeta- selinene
17trace  terpinen-4-ol

E. J. Brunke, F. J. Hammerschmidt and G. Schmaus, Flower scent of some traditional medicinal plants. In: Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants, Edits., R. Teranishi, R. G. Buttey and H. Sugisawa, pp. 282-296, ACS Symposium Series No. 525, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington (1993).

P&F 21, No. 3, 55, (1996)

nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey
121.30  bicyclogermacrene
310.20alpha- bisabolol
32.90beta- bourbonene
200.60nor bourbonone
330.10alpha- cadinol
301.00  carvacrol
385.10 caryophylenol II
370.30 caryophylla-2(12),6-dien-5-ol
360.40 caryophylla-2(12),6(13)-dien-5a-ol
52.70beta- caryophyllene
184.30iso caryophyllene oxide
1939.20  caryophyllene oxide
10.301,8- cineole
20.40alpha- copaene
270.303,4- dimethyl-5-pentylidene-2(5H)-furanone
320.30alpha- eudesmol
80.50(Z)-beta- farnesene
150.20(E)- geranyl acetone
113.80  germacrene D
410.40  heptacosane
420.50  hexadecanoic acid
240.90  hexahydrofanesyl acetone
260.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
100.50alpha- humulene
70.30iso humulene
163.00isohumulene oxide
224.70  humulene oxide II
230.10  humulene oxide III
170.50beta- ionone
60.20  myrtenal
140.20  myrtenol
130.20  naphthalene
210.10(E)- nerolidol
390.70  pentacosane
401.40  phytol
40.10  pinocarvone
259.70  spathulenol
291.20  thymol
350.70  tricosane
90.10(E)- verbenol
phoebe porosa mez. oil brazil
310.661,10- aristolene
350.11  aromadendrene
392.67allo- aromadendrene
332.54(E)-alpha- bergamotene
280.51(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
703.33alpha- bisabolol
692.50beta- bisabolol
150.01  borneol
490.11  cadina-1(10),4-diene
483.28delta- cadinene
461.20gamma- cadinene
501.06alpha- calacorene
591.20alpha-calacorene epoxide
471.47  calamenene
30.03  camphene
80.20delta-3- carene
301.15beta- caryophyllene
541.09beta- caryophyllene oxide
290.11alpha- cedrene
110.451,8- cineole
256.25alpha- copaene
210.42alpha- cubebene
412.49beta- curcumene
230.33  cyclosativene
90.38para- cymene
270.44beta- elemene
200.06delta- elemene
510.59  elemol
608.78  eremoligenol
612.55 eremophil-9,10-en-11-ol
582.1210-epi-gamma- eudesmol
672.37alpha- eudesmol
656.86beta- eudesmol
620.12gamma- eudesmol
371.28(E)-beta- farnesene
340.63(Z)-beta-farnesene + alpha-amorphene
180.15  geraniol
220.05  geranyl acetate
360.23  guaia-3,7-diene
320.50gamma- gurjunene
633.25  hinesol
381.36alpha- humulene
561.08  humulene oxide I
570.70  ledol
100.10  limonene
140.11  linalool
450.10alpha- muurolene
400.22gamma- muurolene
60.04  myrcene
520.74(E)- nerolidol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
21.29alpha- pinene
50.34beta- pinene
40.03  sabinene
190.70  safrole
431.07alpha- selinene
421.15beta- selinene
530.66  spathulenol
160.29  terpinen-4-ol
120.03gamma- terpinene
170.07alpha- terpineol
130.01  terpinolene
10.04alpha- thujene
261.95sesqui thujene
640.78  torreyol
667.55  valerianol
440.77  viridiflorene
551.19  viridiflorol
240.44alpha- ylangene

T. Reynolds and G. Kite, Volatile constituents of Phoebe pomsa Mez. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 415-418 (1995).

P&F 20, No. 6, 35, (1995)

pinus mugo turra var. pumilio (haenke) zenari oil
36trace  bisabolol
230.43  bornyl acetate
200.13beta- bourbonene
3111.89delta-cadinene + geranyl acetate
375.82alpha- cadinol
342.17T- cadinol
320.13  calamenene
45.24  camphene
711.77delta-3- carene
260.40beta- caryophyllene
190.62alpha- copaene
180.33alpha- cubebene
140.09para- cymene
254.81beta- elemene
297.62  germacrene D
17trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
270.86alpha- humulene
109.13  limonene
210.07  linalool
220.10  linalyl acetate
150.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
301.87alpha- muurolene
351.51alpha- muurolol
81.52  myrcene
130.33beta- ocimene
110.42beta- phellandrene
39.95alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
60.30  sabinene
10.17  santene
330.24  spathulenol
240.39  terpinen-4-ol
90.13alpha- terpinene
120.23gamma- terpinene
280.10alpha- terpineol
162.15  terpinolene
20.38  tricyclene

M. Yatagai and T. Sato, Terpenes of leaf oils from conifers. Biochem. System. Ecol., 14, 469-478 (1986).

P&F 24, No. 3, 47, (1999)

piper cubeba fruit oil
291.67allo- aromadendrene
521.39(E)- asarone
480.37  bisabolol
37tracedelta- cadinene
39trace  calamenene
150.04  camphor
20trace  carvone
271.69beta- caryophyllene
254.01alpha- copaene
231.65alpha- cubebene
264.39beta- cubebene
3815.18  cubebol
490.56  cubenol
190.01  cuminaldehyde
31tracegamma- curcumene
70.59para- cymene
470.16  dillapiole
220.10delta- elemene
41trace  elemicin
500.39(E)-iso elemicin
400.32  elemol
36tracealpha- farnesene
53trace  farnesol
322.89  germacrene D
440.77  germacrene D-4-ol
461.76  globulol
510.06  guaiol
280.45alpha- humulene
420.20  ledol
84.41  limonene
143.22  linalool
33trace  methyl isoeugenol
350.62alpha- muurolene
304.20gamma- muurolene
31.15  myrcene
34trace  myristicin
18trace  myrtenol
431.45(E)- nerolidol
90.07(E)-beta- ocimene
50.81(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.58alpha- phellandrene
60.76beta- phellandrene
15.44alpha- pinene
228.09  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
112.73(Z)- sabinene hydrate
210.08  safrole
45trace  spathulenol
162.69  terpinen-4-ol
101.14gamma- terpinene
170.30alpha- terpineol
120.31  terpinolene
240.07alpha- ylangene

N. B. Shankaracharya, L. Jaganmohan Reo, S. Nagalakshmi and J. Puranaik, Studies on the chemical composition of cubeb (Piper cubeba Linn.). PAFAI J., 17(1), 33-39 (1995).

P&F 26, No. 4, 68, (2001)

prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey
331.90  bicyclogermacrene
402.10alpha- bisabolol
351.70delta- cadinene
391.30alpha- cadinol
71.00delta-3- carene
270.70beta- caryophyllene
381.40  caryophyllene oxide
230.30alpha- copaene
141.40meta- cresol
170.10para- cresyl acetate
210.60  cryptone
320.20ar- curcumene
200.60meta- cymen-8-ol
910.90para- cymene
240.30  daucene
290.30(E)-beta- farnesene
361.50  germacrene B
311.10  germacrene D
280.60alpha- humulene
160.10para- mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol
262.20  methyl eugenol
340.30alpha- muurolene
300.30gamma- muurolene
51.40  myrcene
123.20(E)-beta- ocimene
114.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
66.30alpha- phellandrene
107.80beta- phellandrene
26.10alpha- pinene
43.20beta- pinene
34.80  sabinene
371.80  spathulenol
192.00  terpinen-4-ol
80.50alpha- terpinene
137.00gamma- terpinene
151.10  terpinolene
10.30alpha- thujene
223.50  thymol
183.90 unknown a
251.20 unknown b
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 183, (2000)
pteronia incana oil
301.20  bicyclogermacrene
500.70alpha- bisabolol
350.30alpha- cadinene
312.30delta- cadinene
510.50alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
430.70alpha- calacorene
490.50  carvacrol
370.30trans- carveol
400.20cis- carveol
203.20beta- caryophyllene
440.10  caryophyllene oxide
89.001,8- cineole
330.50  cuminaldehyde
322.10ar- curcumene
380.80para- cymen-8-ol
1011.30para- cymene
180.10alpha- fenchyl alcohol
390.30  geranyl acetone
521.50epi- globulol
241.20alpha- humulene
283.10  ledene
77.00  limonene
150.90  linalool
120.30  methyl caproate
140.20  methyl caprylate
457.20  methyl eugenol
291.10  muurolene
480.80T- muurolol
410.30  myrcene
210.50  myrtenal
340.70  myrtenol
250.10  myrtenyl acetate
460.80(E)- nerolidol
50.40alpha- phellandrene
118.60alpha- pinene
232.50beta- pinene
221.30trans- pinocarveol
170.10iso pulegol
160.10neoiso pulegol
13trace  pyronene
37.40  sabinene
420.10(E)- sabinol
360.30(Z)- sabinol
531.40iso spathulenol
195.30  terpinen-4-ol
60.20alpha- terpinene
261.30alpha- terpineol
230.40delta- terpineol
110.10  terpinolene
270.80alpha- terpinyl acetate

K. Bruns and M. Meiertoberens, Volatile Constituents of Pteronia incana (Compositae). Flav. Frag. J., 2, 157-162 (1987).

P&F 14, No. 1, 29, (1989)

rosmarinus officinalis leaf oil france
380.00-tracebeta- bisabolene
480.00-0.27alpha- bisabolol
353.24-6.53  borneol
251.19-14.32  bornyl acetate
390.00-0.08alpha- cadinene
400.00-0.07delta- cadinene
450.00-0.12T- cadinol
45.86-8.35  camphene
203.01-7.50  camphor
80.19-1.19delta-3- carene
470.00-0.14  carvacrol
260.00-2.19beta- caryophyllene
440.00-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
125.30-24.791,8- cineole
161.39-1.54para- cymene
310.00-0.19beta- farnesene
430.00-trace  geraniol
280.33-0.68  geranyl acetate
360.00-trace  germacrene D
290.00-0.94alpha- humulene
320.00-0.06  lavandulol
30trace-0.54  lavandulyl acetate
113.02-3.96  limonene
221.46-9.41  linalool
230.00-5.52  linalyl acetate
370.00-tracegamma- muurolene
91.55-2.12  myrcene
410.00-0.05  nerol
150.02-0.53(E)-beta- ocimene
130.00-0.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
219.91-35.08alpha- pinene
52.08-4.35beta- pinene
210.06-0.58iso pinocamphone
60.21-1.36  sabinene
180.09-0.12(E)- sabinene hydrate
240.00-tracealpha- santalene
270.00-1.21  terpinen-4-ol
100.39-0.46alpha- terpinene
140.28-1.28gamma- terpinene
340.00-0.09alpha- terpineol
170.51-0.78  terpinolene
30.00-0.08alpha- thujene
460.00-0.18  thymol
10.24-0.41  tricyclene
331.03-5.08  verbenone
190.06-0.15  viridiflorene

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry, A. Michet, B. Benjilali and J. L. Chabart, Essential oils of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.). The chemical composition of the oils of various origins (Morocco, Spain, France). J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 613-618 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

sandalwood oil east indian
30.12(E)-alpha- bergamotene
70.07beta- bisabolene
160.26alpha- bisabolol
130.64beta- bisabolol
100.26ar- curcumene
80.13beta- curcumene
60.04gamma- curcumene
180.38 dihydro-alpha-santalol
251.70(Z)- lanceol
120.06(E)- nerolidol
261.10(Z)- nuciferol
20.82alpha- santalene
51.40beta- santalene
40.97epi-beta- santalene
210.56(E)-alpha- santalol
241.50(E)-beta- santalol
1950.00(Z)-alpha- santalol
2320.90(Z)-beta- santalol
10.01  santene
271.20  spirosantalol

E. J. Brunke and F. J. Hammerschmidt, Constituents of East Indian Sandalwood Oil—An Eighty Year Long “Stability Test.” Dragoco Rept., (4) 107-113 (1988).

P&F 16, No. 6, 49, (1991)

tanacetum annum l. oil marocco
310.10allo- aromadendrene
470.30  benzyl benzoate
450.60alpha- bisabolol
212.10  borneol
80.40iso butyl 2-methyl butyrate
360.40gamma- cadinene
350.30(Z)- calamenene
30.50  camphene
209.60  camphor
10030delta-3- carene
270.20  carvacrol
250.30  carvone
291.20beta- caryophyllene
400.70  caryophyllene oxide
4628.00  chamazulene
141.001,8- cineole
122.20para- cymene
421.707,12- dehydro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrochamazulene
343.703,6- dihydrochamazulene
411.705,6- dihydrochamazulene
280.40beta- elemene
370.40  elemol
445.10beta- eudesmol
301.00(Z)-beta- farnesene
430.70  hinesol
390.30  ledol
131.30  limonene
170.10  linalool
64.40  myrcene
240.10  myrtenal
70.20  octanal
92.60alpha- phellandrene
320.102- phenethyl isovalerate
21.30alpha- pinene
53.10beta- pinene
190.10trans- pinocarveol
46.40  sabinene
380.20  spathulenol
221.80  terpinen-4-ol
110.40alpha- terpinene
150.40gamma- terpinene
230.40alpha- terpineol
160.10  terpinolene
10.10alpha- thujene
180.10alpha- thujone
261.20  thymol
330.50  valencene

H. Greche, M. Ismaili-Alaoui, N. Hajjaji, S. Zrira, A. Belanger and B. Benjilali, Composition of Tanacetum annuum L. oil from Morocco. J. Essent. Oil Res., 11, 343-348 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

ylang ylang flower oil
510.13alpha- amorphene
290.35(E)- anethole
50.94  benzaldehyde
2011.63  benzyl acetate
112.20  benzyl alcohol
636.19  benzyl benzoate
330.04  benzyl butyrate
651.37  benzyl salicylate
580.07alpha- bisabolol
470.713- buten-2-yl benzoate
360.08  butyl benzoate
530.16delta- cadinene
540.12gamma- cadinene
600.12 cadinol
610.12alpha- cadinol
421.69beta- caryophyllene
570.07  caryophyllene oxide
120.091,8- cineole
432.09(E)- cinnamyl acetate
300.26(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
380.13alpha- copaene
170.09para- cresol
100.34para- cresyl methyl ether
450.58beta- cubebene
260.131,4- dimethoxybenzene
250.173,4- dimethoxytoluene
211.46  ethyl benzoate
440.37(Z)-iso eugenol
522.34(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.84(E,E)- farnesol
640.61(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
371.96  geranyl acetate
495.55  germacrene D
30.28(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
90.16(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl acetate
550.19(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
460.74alpha- humulene
130.07  limonene
1835.49  linalool
220.072- methoxy-4-methyl phenol
150.172- methoxyphenol
390.114-methoxyphenyl methyl acetate
310.05  methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
350.06  methyl 4-methoxybenzoate
320.08  methyl anthranilate
166.50  methyl benzoate
480.86  methyl eugenol
230.29  methyl salicylate
20.063- methyl-2-butenol
40.333- methyl-2-butenyl acetate
10.072- methyl-3-butenol
500.14gamma- muurolene
590.11alpha- muurolol
80.16  myrcene
270.27  nerol
560.13(E)- nerolidol
140.14(E)-beta- ocimene
280.202- phenyl-1-nitroethane
61.87alpha- pinene
70.66beta- pinene
340.084-(2- propenyl) phenol
240.14alpha- terpineol
415.51  tetradecane
400.16alpha- ylangene

E. E. Stashenko, W. Torres and J. R. Martinez Morales, A study of the compositional variation of the essential oil of ylang ylang (Cananga odorata Hook. fil. et Thomson, forma genuina) during flower development. J. High Resol. Chromatogr., 18, 101-104 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

zingiber officinale oil CO2 extract australia
In 1994, Bartley and Foley analyzed the chemical composition of a supercritical fluid extract of Australian-grown ginger. The freshly harvested roots were peeled and chopped into 2 mm cubes before grinding under liquid nitrogen. The pulp was mixed with coarse granulated Celite (diatomaceous earth) and subjected to extraction by supercritical CO2. The analysis was preformed by a combination of capillary GC (for retention indices and quantitative data) and GC/MS (for component identification confirmation). The compounds identified were:
320.20 aromadendrenol
2310.83alpha- bergamolene
242.73beta- bisabolene
290.14alpha- bisabolol
110.60  borneol
160.10iso bornyl acetate
250.14gamma- cadinene
43.71  camphene
92.991,8- cineole
213.25ar- curcumene
120.11  decanal
280.22  dodecatrienol
190.20beta- elemene
180.23delta- elemene
270.25  elemol
200.18beta- farnesene
1525.06  geranial
140.66  geraniol
170.12  geranyl acetate
10.52  hexanal
70.43  limonene
100.46  linalool
20.113- methyl hexanol
60.53  myrcene
132.87  neral
350.086- paradol
340.20 pentenyl curcumene
81.63beta- phellandrene
268.18beta-sesqui phellandrene
50.08beta- pinene
300.22(Z)-sesqui sabinene hydrate
360.316- shogaol
30.93alpha- thujene
310.15 zingerenol
2225.87  zingiberene
330.64 zongerone

J. P. Bartley and P. Foley, Supercritical fluid extraction of Australian grown ginger (Zingibar officinale), J. Sci. Food Agric., 66, 365-371 (1994).

P&F 22, No. 5, 71, (1997)

zingiber officinale root oil china
293.00  agarospirol
410.06gamma- aminobutyric acid
400.26  aspartic acid
300.78alpha- bisabolol
270.20  borneol
248.72beta- cadinene
42tracedelta-3- carene
430.05  carveol
120.26  carvone
2513.12iso caryophyllene
200.19alpha- cedrene
61.101,8- cineole
160.52  citronellyl acetate
190.43alpha- copaene
2216.38ar- curcumene
310.84gamma- curcumene
100.40  decanal
340.34 dihydrogermacrene
150.16  elemene
370.65  eugenol
350.34  farnesol
280.15  geranial
170.60  geraniol
181.10  geranyl acetate
210.72  germacrene D
260.97  glycine
40.68  limonene
50.14  linalool
80.30  linalyl acetate
44trace  linalyl propionate
130.71  neral
90.30  nonanal
70.50  octanal
110.102- octyl acetate
30.92beta- phellandrene
390.12  phenyl alanine
10.69alpha- pinene
21.05beta- pinene
380.10  pipecolic acid
330.28  tetradecanoic acid
36trace turmerone
140.712- undecanone
321.55 zingerenol
2323.80  zingiberene
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