EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

canarium luzonicum gum
elemi gum

Supplier Sponsors

Name:canarium spp. oil
CAS Number: 8023-89-0
FDA UNII:C13XI009KO
MDL:MFCD01771924
Name:canarium spp. resin
CAS Number: 9000-75-3
ECHA EC Number:232-557-2
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2407 elemi gum
2408 elemi gum
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):9000-75-3 ; ELEMI, GUM
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow semi-solid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 28.00 to 30.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Soluble in:
 water, 0.0001025 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:20 hour(s) at 50.00 %
fresh terpenic peppery lemon woody balsamic dill
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. fresh terpene peppery lemony woody balsam dill
Luebke, William tgsc, (1993)
Odor sample from: Industrial Aromatics
Flavor Type: green
elemi
Taste Description: elemi
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Hermitage Oils
Dammar Black Resin
Odor: characteristic
Use: Adam Michael has this to say ”A very large tree growing up to 1700 m and found in many evergreen forests on the Western coast of India. Black dammar is certainly not sought out for its aroma which is as good as non-existent. Used within incense (melts easily on charcoal disks), religious and magical preparations and of use as an ingredient for making black sealing wax.”
The Vault
Hermitage Oils
Madagascar Elemi Resin
Odor: characteristic
Use: Adam Michael has this to say “We are fortunate to be working with someone now who is forever in and out of Madagascar and is kindly obtaining resins for us. This wild crafted elemi resin from Madagascar is not overly aromatic if you smell it neat, maybe bitter and terpenic at best. However added to the oil burner** the aroma exudes a melody of fresh, lemony sweet, balsamic, and somewhat woody qualities. Within the opening I also detect nuances of bitter almond along with mint and in the heart fleeting trace notes of a musky and incense character.
Indukern F&F
ELEMI GUM
Odor: FRESH, SPICY, LEMON
Lluch Essence
ELEMI GUM
P.L. Thomas
elemi resin
Odor: Balsam Elemi
Use: Manila elemi is the oleoresin which exudes from the bark of Canarium trees when they are tapped or wounded. The essential oil, distilled from Manila Elemi, is mainly used for fragrance applications (such as soap and perfumes) and as a base for liniment. Manila Elemi still finds occasional use as an ingredient in lacquers and varnishes, where it gives toughness and elasticity to the dried film.
Pangaea Sciences
Elemi
Penta International
ELEMI RESIN 50% IN ISOPROPYL MYRISTATE
Penta International
ELEMI RESIN
PerfumersWorld
Elemi Gum
Odor: fresh terpene lemon peppery citrus dill slightly woody balsamic
Prodasynth
ELEMI GUM
Odor: ELEMI, LEMON LIKE, BALSAMIC, PEPPER
Reincke & Fichtner
Elemi Gum
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 3370 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 755, 1976.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 755, 1976.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for canarium luzonicum gum usage levels up to:
  0.8000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -0.25000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.13000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.25000
fruit ices: -0.25000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -0.25000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8023-89-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
canarium spp. oil
Chemidplus:0008023890
RTECS:JX8730000 for cas# 8023-89-0
canarium spp. resin
Chemidplus:0009000753
 
References:
 canarium spp. oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8023-89-0
Pubchem (sid):135329634
 canarium spp. resin
Canada Domestic Sub. List:9000-75-3
Pubchem (sid):135347724
 
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
Export Tariff Code:1301.90.0000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Wikipedia:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
eremophila mitchelli wood oil australia
FR
cymbopogon citratus dc. stapf. oil cuba
FR
(E)-
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
amber
amber
amber carane
FR
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
bitter
fennel seed oil spain
FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
balsam fir oleoresin
FL/FR
siam
benzoin absolute
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resin
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
1-
benzoyl acetone
FL/FR
betula pubescens bud oil
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
brachyleana hutchinsii wood oil
FR
callitropsis araucarioides wood oil
FR
cistus leaf oil
FR
conifer acetate
FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
copaifera reticulata extract
FL/FR
cotinus coggygria branch/leaf oil
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute (abies balsamea)
FR
fir needle oil canada
FL/FR
fir needle oil terpeneless canada
FL/FR
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
guaiyl butyrate
FR
gurjun balsam
FR
hemlock western oil (tsuga heterophylla) canada
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl cinnamate
FR
juniper absolute
FL/FR
juniper berry absolute
FL/FR
juniper berry oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
methyl hydrogenated rosinate
FR
myrrh absolute
FL/FR
myrrh gum
FL/FR
myrrh resin
FL/FR
myrrh resinoid
FR
opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
opoponax absolute (commiphora erythraea var. glabrescens engle)
FL/FR
opoponax resinoid (commiphora erythraea var. glabrescens engle)
FR
peru balsam absolute
FL/FR
scotch
pine wood/needles resinoid
FR
pistacia lentiscus gum water
FR
styrax speciality
FR
tolu balsam absolute
FL/FR
tolu balsam oil
FL/FR
tolu balsam resin
FL/FR
tolu balsam resinoid
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
valeriana wallichii root oil
FR
caramellic
mesitene lactone
FR
citrus
acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetal
FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
cedrat peel oil
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
citronellyl nitrile
FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetate
FL/FR
elemi oil replacer
FR
homo
geranyl nitrile
FR
geranyl nitrile
CS
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lemon oil italy
FL/FR
lemon oil terpeneless
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil guatemala
FL/FR
lemongrass oil morocco
FL/FR
lime oil fractions
FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
litsea cubeba oil terpeneless
FL/FR
neroli ketone
FR
ocimenol
FL/FR
petitgrain combava oil
FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
trimethyl cyclohexene
FR
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
earthy
3-
octanol
FL/FR
fir needle
abies amabilis oil canada
FR
floral
benzyl nonanoate
FL/FR
alpha-
bisabolol
FL/FR
cananga oil
FL/FR
cananga oil china
FL/FR
cyclohexyl salicylate
FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
eucalyptus macarthurii oil
FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
lemon oil distilled
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
(Z,E)-
phytol
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa centifolia) morocco
FL/FR
sweet pea absolute
FR
fruity
fruity butanate
FR
green
citral / diisotridecyl acetal
FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
elemi specialty
FR
galbanum absolute
FL/FR
galbanum oleoresin
FL/FR
galbanum resinoid
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract china
FL/FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil
FR
calendula officinalis flower oil CO2 extract
FR
cananga fruit oil
FR
canarium commune extract
FR
canarium commune gum
FL/FR
canarium commune oil
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
marigold pot flower oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
rosemary absolute
FL/FR
rosemary oil
FL/FR
rosemary oil africa
FL/FR
rosemary oil morocco
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
rosemary oil tunisia
FL/FR
common
tansy flower oil
FR
common
tansy flower oil dutch
FR
green
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil china
FL/FR
nutty
sesame absolute
FL/FR
sesame absolute CO2 extract
FL/FR
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
pine
abies sibirica needle extract
FR
white
pine bark oil
FL/FR
pine specialty
FR
smoky
boswellia serrata wood tar oil
FR
spicy
agarospirol
FR
allspice berry absolute
FL/FR
angelica seed absolute
FL/FR
atractylis root oil
FR
cananga leaf oil
FR
carvacrol
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
alpha-
caryophyllene alcohol
FL/FR
cinnamomum culilawan bark oil
FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon leaf oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
cubeb oil CO2 extract (piper cubeba)
FL/FR
elemi oil fractions
FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil guatemala
FL/FR
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
mace oil
FL/FR
methyl heptadienone
FL/FR
myrcene
FR
myristica fragrans fruit extract
FL/FR
myristica fragrans seed tincture
FL/FR
myristicin
FR
nutmeg absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
pepper hexanone
FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
spicy carbonate
FR
(E)-
tiglic acid
FL/FR
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
zvoulimba leaf oil
FR
terpenic
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
para-
cymene
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
turpentine oil
FL/FR
thujonic
common
tansy leaf oil dutch
FR
common
tansy oil canada
FR
tonka
tonka undecanone
FR
vanilla
vanillin propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
woody
agarwood oil
FR
agarwood oil CO2 extract
FR
agarwood specialty
FR
bulnesia sarmienti extract
FR
iso
caryophyllene
CS
caryophyllene alcohol acetate
FR
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
atlas
cedarwood oil
FR
cedarwood oil texas fractions
FR
cistus twig/leaf absolute
FR
copaiba balsam
FL/FR
dacrydium franklinii wood oil
FR
frankincense resinoid
FL/FR
(E)-
germacrene D
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
alpha-
guaiene
FL/FR
gurjun balsam oil
FR
alpha-
gurjunene
FR
4-
hydroxybenzaldehyde
FL/FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
kaempferia galanga rhizome oil
FL/FR
methyl vetivate
FR
patchouli absolute
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
rhubarb oxirane
FR
sandal cyclohexanol
FR
(R)-
sandal hexanol
FR
sandal hexanol
FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sandalwood oil west australia
FL/FR
sandalwood oil west australia (santalum spicatum)
FR
santall
FR
santalum paniculatum wood oil
FR
santalyl butyrate
FL/FR
siam wood oil
FR
spicy pentanone
FL/FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
sugi wood oil
FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
vetiver oil bourbon
FL/FR
vetiver oil brazil
FL/FR
vetiver oil china
FL/FR
vetiver oil india
FL/FR
vetiverol
FL/FR
woody acetate
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
balsam fir oleoresin
FL/FR
1-
benzoyl acetone
FL/FR
benzyl nonanoate
FL/FR
betula pubescens bud oil
FL/FR
alpha-
bisabolol
FL/FR
alpha-
caryophyllene alcohol
FL/FR
cedrat peel oil
FL/FR
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
cotinus coggygria branch/leaf oil
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetate
FL/FR
fir needle oil canada
FL/FR
(E)-
germacrene D
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
alpha-
guaiene
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
juniper absolute
FL/FR
marigold pot flower oil
FL/FR
ocimenol
FL/FR
white
pine bark oil
FL/FR
(E)-
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
sandalwood oil west australia
FL/FR
santalyl butyrate
FL/FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
turpentine oil
FL/FR
amber
amber
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resin
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
copaifera reticulata extract
FL/FR
fir needle oil terpeneless canada
FL/FR
juniper berry absolute
FL/FR
juniper berry oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
myrrh absolute
FL/FR
myrrh gum
FL/FR
myrrh resin
FL/FR
opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
opoponax absolute (commiphora erythraea var. glabrescens engle)
FL/FR
peru balsam absolute
FL/FR
(Z,E)-
phytol
FL/FR
tolu balsam absolute
FL/FR
tolu balsam oil
FL/FR
tolu balsam resin
FL/FR
tolu balsam resinoid
FL/FR
brown
(E)-
tiglic acid
FL/FR
camphoreous
kaempferia galanga rhizome oil
FL/FR
rosemary oil tunisia
FL/FR
citrus
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lemon oil distilled
FL/FR
lemon oil italy
FL/FR
lemon oil terpeneless
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil guatemala
FL/FR
lemongrass oil morocco
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
cooling
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
creamy
4-
hydroxybenzaldehyde
FL/FR
floral
cananga oil
FL/FR
cananga oil china
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
beta-
ionol
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa centifolia) morocco
FL/FR
fruity
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
spicy pentanone
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil china
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract china
FL/FR
green
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
galbanum absolute
FL/FR
galbanum oleoresin
FL/FR
galbanum resinoid
FL/FR
methyl heptadienone
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
canarium commune gum
FL/FR
canarium commune oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
rosemary absolute
FL/FR
rosemary oil
FL/FR
rosemary oil africa
FL/FR
rosemary oil morocco
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
lemon
litsea cubeba oil terpeneless
FL/FR
medicinal
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
musty
3-
octanol
FL/FR
nutty
sesame absolute
FL/FR
sesame absolute CO2 extract
FL/FR
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
pine
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
solvent
methyl phenyl sulfide
FL
spicy
allspice berry absolute
FL/FR
angelica seed absolute
FL/FR
siam
benzoin absolute
FL/FR
carvacrol
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon leaf oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
cubeb oil CO2 extract (piper cubeba)
FL/FR
cubeb oleoresin
FL
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil guatemala
FL/FR
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
galangal root oleoresin
FL
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
mace oil
FL/FR
myristica fragrans fruit extract
FL/FR
myristica fragrans seed tincture
FL/FR
nutmeg absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
white
pepper oleoresin
FL
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
turmeric oleoresin
FL
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
tea
green
tea leaf absolute
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
vanilla
vanillin propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
waxy
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
copaiba balsam
FL/FR
frankincense resinoid
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
vetiver oil bourbon
FL/FR
vetiver oil brazil
FL/FR
vetiver oil china
FL/FR
vetiver oil india
FL/FR
vetiverol
FL/FR
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRbalsam
FRbergamot
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 canarium spp.
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 canarium indicum gum
 canarium spp. gum
 elemi gum
 elemi gum / lemon terpenes
 elemi resin
 extract obtained from the resin exudate of the elemi, canarium luzonicum syn. c. commune, burseraceae
 
 
Notes:
Elemi gum is a natural oleoresin in the subgroup of turpentines. It consists almost entirely of resin and essential oil. The term gum is thus a misnomer. Elemi is an exudation of a pathological product from the tree, Canarium Commune and other species of Canarium which grow wild and, to a lesser degree, cultivated in the Philippine islands. The tree belongs to the same family as do those which yield myrrh, olibanum, opopanax and Indian linaloe. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. canarium commune, burseraceae.
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