turpentine oil
This oil is used to some extent in perfumery, in the compounding of artificial pine needle oils, pine fragrances and air fresheners. tsca definition 2008: any of the volatile predominantly terpenic fractions or distillates resulting from the solvent extraction of, gum, collection from, or pulping of softwoods. composed primarily of c10h16 terpene hydrocarbons: alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene, 3-carene, camphene. may contain other acyclic, monocyclic, or bicyclic terpenes, oxygenated terpenes, and anethole. exact composition varies with refining methods and the age, location, and species of the softwood source. the concrete oleoresin obtained from pinus palustris mill. (pinaceae) and other species of pinus. it contains a volatile oil, to which its properties are due, and to which form it is generally used. (dorland, 28th ed) turpentine is used as a solvent and an experimental irritant in biomedical research. turpentine toxicity is of medical interest.
  • Berjé
    • Berjé Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      turpentine, rectified
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
  • Penta International
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      PerfumersWorld Skype Skype
      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      7KQ00453 Turpentine Oil
  • SAFC Global
    • SAFC
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
      W308900 L-Turpentine Kosher
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      The Yipppeee! Team
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
      US Fax: 570-476-1110
      Products List: View
      501347 Turpentine Oil Rectified
      504263 Turpentine Oil USP/NF
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Fragrance Demo Formulas
CAS Number: 8006-64-2 8052-40-2
ECHA EC Number: 232-350-7
Formula: unspecified
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
FEMA Number: 3089  turpentine oil
FDA Regulation:
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.85000 to 0.87000 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.073 to  7.239
Refractive Index: 1.46000 to 1.48000 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -55.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 153.00 to  175.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 4.000000 mm/Hg @ -6.70 °C.
Vapor Density: 4.84 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 86.00 °F. TCC ( 30.00 °C. )
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: terpenic
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
fresh balsam woody terpene
Luebke, William tgsc, (1981)
Odor sample from: Berjé Inc.
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
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Arizona Chemical
Odor: characteristic
Use: SYLVABLEND® SF75 is a natural source of terpene oil and low-boiling tall oil fatty acid. It is used in the fuels market.
Arizona Chemical
Odor: characteristic
Use: SYLVABLEND® SFC is a natural source of terpene oil and low-boiling tall oil fatty acid. It is used in the fuels market.
Camphor & Allied Products
Distilled Turpentine
turpentine, rectified
Indukern F&F
Kunshan Sainty
Turpentine Oil
Lluch Essence
Mentha & Allied Products
Double Distilled Turpentine Oil
Mentha & Allied Products
Turpentine Oil
Alpha Pinene 18 - 24%, Delta 3 Carene 45 - 55%
Penta International
Penta International
Penta International
Penta International
Turpentine Oil
Odor: fresh balsam woody fresh-terpene turpentine coniferous warm-balsamic fresh warm-balsamic
Crude Sulfate Turpentine Lights
Odor: sulfurous
Use: Crude Sulfate Turpentine and derivatives with a high concentration of sulfur. High sulfur terpene based biofuel from renewable sources, used as a substitute for fossil fuels in steam generating.
SAFC Global
Odor: balsam
SRS Aromatics
The John D. Walsh Company
Ungerer & Company
Turpentine Oil Rectified
Vigon International
Turpentine Oil Rectified
Vigon International
Turpentine Oil USP/NF
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 20/21/22 - Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 51/53 - Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  5760 mg/kg
Pharmazie. Vol. 14, Pg. 435, 1959.

intravenous-mouse LD50  1180 ug/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 6, Pg. 360, 1964.

unreported-human LDLo  1777 mg/kg
Forensic Science International. Vol. 65, Pg. 47, 1994.

oral-man LDLo  2857 uL/kg
Forensic Science International. Vol. 65, Pg. 47, 1994.

oral-man LDLo  3 mg/kg
British Medical Journal. Vol. 2, Pg. 77, 1931.

unreported-man LDLo  441 mg/kg
"Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970Vol. 2, Pg. 73, 1970.

intravenous-man TDLo  71 uL/kg
American Journal of Emergency Medicine. Vol. 4, Pg. 543, 1986.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LDLo 5010 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0545856

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-guinea pig LCLo 16000 mg/m3/1H
"Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 119, 1982.

inhalation-human TCLo 175 ppm
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 25, Pg. 282, 1943.

inhalation-human TCLo 6000 mg/m3/3H
Archiv fuer Hygiene. Vol. 83, Pg. 239, 1914.

inhalation-man TCLo 449 mg/m3/2H
Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Vol. 53, Pg. 100, 1996.

inhalation-mouse LC50 29 mg/m3/2H
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 6, Pg. 360, 1964.

inhalation-rat LC50 12000 mg/m3/6H
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 10, Pg. 8, 1967.

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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA Other Specification: < 10 mmoles / L of peroxides
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Essential oils (e.g. turpentine oil) and isolates (e.g. delta-3-carene) derived from the Pinacea family, including Pinus and Abies genera, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practicable level, for instance by adding antioxidants at the time of production. Such products should have a peroxide value of less than 10 millimoles peroxide per liter, determined according to the FMA method, which can be downloaded from the IFRA website (see Analytical Methods).
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for turpentine oil usage levels up to:
  0.6000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 10.0000020.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -7.10000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -11.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
ECHA Data Sheet: View
Daily Med: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NIOSH Pocket Guide: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
National Toxicology Program: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8006-64-2
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WISER: UN 1299
WGK Germany: 2
DTP/NCI: 135804
Chemidplus: 0008006642
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 8006-64-2
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Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8006-64-2
Pubchem (sid): 135278041
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
Wikipedia: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Natural Occurrence in: note
 natural product
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 turpentine ess
 turpentine food grade
crude sulfate turpentine lights
 turpentine natural grade
 turpentine oil rectified
 turpentine pharmaceutical grade
laevo-turpentine rectified
 turpentine spirits
 turpentine technical grade
 turpentine, rectified
 wood turpentine
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PubMed: Cytochrome P450s from the Chinese white pine beetle, Dendroctonus armandi (Curculionidae: Scolytinae): Expression profiles of different stages and responses to host allelochemicals.
PubMed: Therapeutic effect of umbelliferon-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(2(I)→1(II))-α-D-glucopyranoside on adjuvant-induced arthritic rats.
PubMed: Paederia foetida Linn. inhibits adjuvant induced arthritis by suppression of PGE(2) and COX-2 expression via nuclear factor-κB.
PubMed: Potential of sustainable hierarchical zeolites in the valorization of α-pinene.
PubMed: Elimination Half-Lives of Acute Phase Proteins in Rats and Beagle Dogs During Acute Inflammation.
PubMed: Clinical efficacy of polyherbal formulation Eezpain spray for muscular pain relief.
PubMed: Serum paraoxonase type-1 activity in pigs: assay validation and evolution after an induced experimental inflammation.
PubMed: Development and evaluation of 99mTc-tricarbonyl-caspofungin as potential diagnostic agent of fungal infections.
PubMed: Labelling of ceftriaxone with (99m) Tc and its bio-evaluation as an infection imaging agent.
PubMed: Assessment of blood flow with (68)Ga-DOTA PET in experimental inflammation: a validation study using (15)O-water.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory effects of Allium schoenoprasum L. leaves.
PubMed: Exuberant Oral Myiasis Caused by Musca domestica (Housefly).
PubMed: Longitudinal PET imaging of muscular inflammation using 18F-DPA-714 and 18F-Alfatide II and differentiation with tumors.
PubMed: Screw-worm myiasis of prolapsed rectum.
PubMed: Preclinical evaluation of 68Ga-labeled 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid-ubiquicidin as a radioligand for PET infection imaging.
PubMed: Oral myiasis: a case report.
PubMed: Turpentine oil induced inflammation decreases absorption and increases distribution of phenacetin without altering its elimination process in rats.
PubMed: Ophthalmomyiasis externa by Musca domestica in a case of orbital metastasis.
PubMed: Oral myiasis in a maxillofacial trauma patient.
PubMed: Comparison of α2-macroglobulin synthesis by juvenile vs. mature rats after identical inflammatory stimulation.
PubMed: Change in serum ferritin concentration in experimentally induced anemia of chronic inflammation in dogs.
PubMed: Is it Lucio Phenomenon or Necrotic Erythema Nodosum Leprosum?
PubMed: Formulation study of topically applied lotion: in vitro and in vivo evaluation.
PubMed: Oral myiasis--a case report.
PubMed: Oral myiasis in an adult associated with filariasis and Hansen's disease.
PubMed: Synthesis and biological evaluation of some novel thieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine derivatives as potential anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents.
PubMed: Ferritin L and Ferritin H are differentially located within hepatic and extra hepatic organs under physiological and acute phase conditions.
PubMed: Antiarthritic effects of Ajuga bracteosa Wall ex Benth. in acute and chronic models of arthritis in albino rats.
PubMed: Time-dependent effects of localized inflammation on peripheral clock gene expression in rats.
PubMed: Ferritin L is the sole serum ferritin constituent and a positive hepatic acute-phase protein.
PubMed: New anti-inflammatory thiazolyl-carbonyl-thiosemicarbazides and thiazolyl-azoles with antioxidant properties as potential iNOS inhibitors.
PubMed: Involvement of the essential metal transporter Zip14 in hepatic Cd accumulation during inflammation.
PubMed: Tulsi oil as a potential penetration enhancer for celecoxib transdermal gel formulations.
PubMed: Phenotypic characterization of mononuclear inflammatory cells following equine hydroxyapatite/collagen block grafting in rats.
PubMed: Design, synthesis and molecular docking study of some substituted 4,5- dihydro-2H-indazole derivatives as potential anti-inflammatory agents.
PubMed: Oral myiasis in a maxillofacial trauma patient.
PubMed: An unusual cause of factitious arthritis.
PubMed: Impairment of α(2)-macroglobulin synthesis in experimental hepatopathic rats treated with turpentine oil.
PubMed: Inflammation-induced effects on iron-related proteins in splenic macrophages and the liver in mice.
PubMed: Ferroportin-1 is a 'nuclear'-negative acute-phase protein in rat liver: a comparison with other iron-transport proteins.
PubMed: Antipyretic activity of N-acetylcysteine.
PubMed: LIPOCALIN-2 is a major acute-phase protein in a rat and mouse model of sterile abscess.
PubMed: Formulation, and physical, in vitro and ex vivo evaluation of transdermal ibuprofen hydrogels containing turpentine oil as penetration enhancer.
PubMed: Melanocortin receptors in rat liver cells: change of gene expression and intracellular localization during acute-phase response.
PubMed: The acute phase response of cod (Gadus morhua L.): expression of immune response genes.
PubMed: Leptin and interleukin-6 alter the function of mesolimbic dopamine neurons in a rodent model of prenatal inflammation.
PubMed: Flies blown disease--oral myiasis.
PubMed: Antiarthritic activity of majoon suranjan (a polyherbal Unani formulation) in rat.
PubMed: Changes of hepatic lactoferrin gene expression in two mouse models of the acute phase reaction.
PubMed: Specific PET imaging of xC- transporter activity using a ¹⁸F-labeled glutamate derivative reveals a dominant pathway in tumor metabolism.
PubMed: Relationship between production of acute-phase proteins and strength of inflammatory stimulation in rats.
PubMed: Comparison of changes in gene expression of transferrin receptor-1 and other iron-regulatory proteins in rat liver and brain during acute-phase response.
PubMed: The acute phase response of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua): humoral and cellular response.
PubMed: Transdermal drug delivery of labetalol hydrochloride: Feasibility and effect of penetration enhancers.
PubMed: The effects of interleukin-6 and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 on α₂-macroglobulin production in rats.
PubMed: Changes in gene expression of DOR and other thyroid hormone receptors in rat liver during acute-phase response.
PubMed: Inflammatory imaging with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide.
PubMed: Trafficking macrophage migration using reporter gene imaging with human sodium iodide symporter in animal models of inflammation.
PubMed: [Inhibitory effect of turpentine oil on Aedes aegypti (Diptera:Culicidae) larvae growth].
PubMed: Primary oral myiasis due to Chrysomya bezziana treated with Ivermectin. A case report.
PubMed: PET imaging of inflammation and adenocarcinoma xenografts using vascular adhesion protein 1 targeting peptide 68Ga-DOTAVAP-P1: comparison with 18F-FDG.
PubMed: Contact dermatitis to Vicks VapoRub.
PubMed: Cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating the hepatic erythropoietin expression during acute-phase response: a role for IL-6.
PubMed: Chemical vapor deposited carbon nanotubes for aqueous H2-Cl2 fuel cells.
PubMed: Therapeutic effect of Linum usitatissimum (flaxseed/linseed) fixed oil on acute and chronic arthritic models in albino rats.
PubMed: Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel pyrazolyl-2,4-thiazolidinediones as anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective agents.
PubMed: STAT3 signaling within hepatocytes is required for anemia of inflammation in vivo.
PubMed: Human myiasis in anal carcinomatous ulcer--a case report.
PubMed: Kinetics of {alpha}2-macroglobulin and {alpha}1-acid glycoprotein in rats subjected to repeated acute inflammatory stimulation.
PubMed: Hepatic changes of erythropoietin gene expression in a rat model of acute-phase response.
PubMed: Effect of excessive acute-phase response on liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy in rats.
PubMed: In vivo role(s) of the iron regulatory proteins (IRP) 1 and 2 in aseptic local inflammation.
PubMed: Limited access dressing and maggots.
PubMed: Kinetic analysis of experimental rabbit tumour and inflammation model with 18F-FDG PET/CT.
PubMed: Biodistribution, pharmacokinetics and PET imaging of [(18)F]FMISO, [(18)F]FDG and [(18)F]FAc in a sarcoma- and inflammation-bearing mouse model.
PubMed: Isolongifolenone: a novel sesquiterpene repellent of ticks and mosquitoes.
PubMed: Design and synthesis of some thiazolyl and thiadiazolyl derivatives of antipyrine as potential non-acidic anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antimicrobial agents.
PubMed: Primary oral myiasis: a case report.
PubMed: Acute phase protein response in goats.
PubMed: Temporal and spatial expression of IGF-I and IGFBP-1 during acute-phase response induced by localized inflammation in rats.
PubMed: A study on the modification of anti-inflammatory and analgesic action of aspirin by nifedipine.
PubMed: Improvement in bioavailability of transdermally applied flurbiprofen using tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) and turpentine oil.
PubMed: Effects of Ocimum basilicum L. extract on experimental acute inflammation.
PubMed: Radioiodine labeled anti-MIF McAb: a potential agent for inflammation imaging.
PubMed: Myiasis infestation in postoperative mastoid cavity.
PubMed: Fluorine-18-labeled 5-fluorouracil is a useful radiotracer for differentiation of malignant tumors from inflammatory lesions.
PubMed: Protein metabolism in slow- and fast-twitch skeletal muscle during turpentine-induced inflammation.
PubMed: Effect of sulfur concentration on the morphology of carbon nanofibers produced from a botanical hydrocarbon.
PubMed: Usefulness of 11C-methionine for differentiating tumors from granulomas in experimental rat models: a comparison with 18F-FDG and 18F-FLT.
PubMed: Fibrinogen-like protein 1, a hepatocyte derived protein is an acute phase reactant.
PubMed: Noninvasive scintigraphic detection of tumor with 99mTc-DTPA-deoxyglucose: an experimental study.
PubMed: Facial pain induces the alteration of transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 expression in rat trigeminal ganglion.
PubMed: Biological activities of Ocimum sanctum L. fixed oil--an overview.
PubMed: Effects of glutamine supplementation on gut barrier, glutathione content and acute phase response in malnourished rats during inflammatory shock.
PubMed: Attenuated fever in rats during late pregnancy is linked to suppressed interleukin-6 production after localized inflammation with turpentine.
PubMed: Changes of gene expression of iron regulatory proteins during turpentine oil-induced acute-phase response in the rat.
PubMed: Reproducible and time-dependent modification of serum protein binding in Wistar Kyoto rats.
PubMed: Comparison of dynamic FDG-microPET study in a rabbit turpentine-induced inflammatory model and in a rabbit VX2 tumor model.
PubMed: Identification of an inflammation-inducible serum protein recognized by anti-disialic acid antibodies as carbonic anhydrase II.
PubMed: A time-resolved immunofluorometric assay for porcine C-reactive protein quantification in whole blood.
PubMed: New woody and ambery notes from cedarwood and turpentine oil.
PubMed: Comparison of 18F-fluoromethylcholine and 2-deoxy-D-glucose in the distribution of tumor and inflammation.
PubMed: [An iron regulator hepcidin is affected by EPO].
PubMed: Expression of AFP and Rev-Erb A/Rev-Erb B and N-CoR in fetal rat liver, liver injury and liver regeneration.
PubMed: Cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 is released by the noninjured liver in a rat acute-phase model.
PubMed: Turpentine oil inhalation leading to lung necrosis and empyema in a toddler.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antiplasmid activities of essential oils.
PubMed: Pelvic organ myiasis.
PubMed: An experimental study on O-[18F]fluoromethyl-L-tyrosine for differentiation between tumor and inflammatory tissues.
PubMed: Inflammation and infection: imaging properties of 18F-FDG-labeled white blood cells versus 18F-FDG.
PubMed: Interaction between neurotransmitter antagonists and effects of sacral neuromodulation in rats with chronically hyperactive bladder.
PubMed: Influence of estradiol on micturition thresholds in the rat: involvement of the hypogastric nerve.
PubMed: Identification of genes specific to "oval cells" in the rat 2-acetylaminofluorene/partial hepatectomy model.
PubMed: Thrombopoietin production in wild-type and interleukin-6 knockout mice with acute inflammation.
PubMed: (99m)Tc human IgG radiolabelled by HYNIC. Biodistribution and scintigraphy of experimentally induced inflammatory lesions in animal model.
PubMed: Acute phase protein induction by experimental inflammation in the salivary gland.
PubMed: Immune-regulation of the apolipoprotein A-I/C-III/A-IV gene cluster in experimental inflammation.
PubMed: Inflammation-dependent changes in alpha2,3-, alpha2,6-, and alpha2,8-sialic acid glycotopes on serum glycoproteins in mice.
PubMed: Upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 gene by turpentine oil-induced localized inflammation: involvement of interleukin-6.
PubMed: Nonlinear pharmacokinetics of aprindine in guinea pigs.
PubMed: Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein directly affects the pharmacokinetics and the analgesic effect of methadone in the rat beyond protein binding.
PubMed: Effect of rolipram on relative 14C-deoxyglucose uptake in inflammatory lesions and skeletal muscle.
PubMed: [Solvents for the removal of gutta-percha from root canals. 1. Efficacy].
PubMed: Effect of turpentine oil on C-reactive protein (CRP) production in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
PubMed: 99mTc-labeled antimicrobial peptide ubiquicidin (29-41) accumulates less in Escherichia coli infection than in Staphlococcus aureus infection.
PubMed: Hepatic clearance of tissue-type plasminogen activator and plasma kallikrein in experimental liver fibrosis.
PubMed: The roles of soluble osteopontin using osteopontin-transgenic mice in vivo: proliferation of CD4+ T lymphocytes and the enhancement of cell-mediated immune responses.
PubMed: The radioprotective activities of turpentine-induced inflammation and alpha2-macroglobulin: the effect of dexamethasone on the radioprotective efficacy of the inflammation.
PubMed: Genetic Models in Applied Physiology. Differential role of nitric oxide synthase isoforms in fever of different etiologies: studies using Nos gene-deficient mice.
PubMed: Mouse soluble CD14 truncated at amino acid 71 in transgenic mice: preventive effect on endotoxin-mediated toxic shock.
PubMed: Enzyme release from injured, preserved, and ex vivo reperfused liver does not indicate malfunction.
PubMed: CD156 transgenic mice. Different responses between inflammatory types.
PubMed: Transplacental transport of alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M) and induction of alpha 2M in maternal and neonatal rats with acute inflammation.
PubMed: Modified immunoglobulin G glycosylation pattern during turpentine-induced acute inflammation in rats.
PubMed: Fluorodeoxyglucose uptake and glucose transporter expression in experimental inflammatory lesions and malignant tumours: effects of insulin and glucose loading.
PubMed: Serum alpha2-macroglobulin and cytokine measurements in an acute inflammation model in rats.
PubMed: Glucocorticoids suppress the inflammation-mediated tolerance to acute toxicity of cadmium in mice.
PubMed: Differential contributions of NMDA and non-NMDA receptors to spinal Fos expression evoked by superficial tissue and muscle inflammation in the rat.
PubMed: alpha-Terpineol from hydration of crude sulfate turpentine oil.
PubMed: The responses of rat liver glucocorticoid receptors and genes for tyrosine aminotransferase, alpha-2-macroglobulin and gamma-fibrinogen to adrenalectomy-, dexamethasone- and inflammation-induced changes in the levels of glucocorticoids and proinflammatory cytokines.
PubMed: Altered disposition and effect of lerisetron in rats with elevated alpha 1-acid glycoprotein levels.
PubMed: Fever induced oxidative stress: the effect on thyroid status and the 5'-monodeiodinase activity, protective role of selenium and vitamin E.
PubMed: Induction of C-reactive protein, serum amyloid P component, and kininogens in the submandibular and lacrimal glands of rats with experimentally induced inflammation.
PubMed: Effects of insulin and glucose loading on FDG uptake in experimental malignant tumours and inflammatory lesions.
PubMed: A comparison of the concentrations of C-reactive protein and alpha1-acid glycoprotein in the serum of young and adult dogs with acute inflammation.
PubMed: Isolation, characterization, and cDNA cloning of chicken turpentine-induced protein, a new member of the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) family of proteins.
PubMed: Sensory fibers of the pelvic nerve innervating the Rat's urinary bladder.
PubMed: Effect of alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein on the pharmacokinetics of tamsulosin in rats treated with turpentine oil.
PubMed: Inflammation of the rat urinary bladder is associated with a referred thermal hyperalgesia which is nerve growth factor dependent.
PubMed: Heme and acute inflammation role in vivo of heme in the hepatic expression of positive acute-phase reactants in rats.
PubMed: cDNA sequencing of guinea pig alpha 2-HS glycoprotein, its expression in various tissues and acute phase expression.
PubMed: Changes of tissue factor activity on inflammatory stimulus and aging in rat.
PubMed: Nitric oxide synthase inhibition and the induction of cytochrome P-450 affect heme oxygenase-1 messenger RNA expression after partial hepatectomy and acute inflammation in rats.
PubMed: Development of monkey C-reactive protein (CRP) assay methods.
PubMed: Impaired Stat3 activation following localized inflammatory stimulus in IL-6-deficient mice.
PubMed: Involvement of interleukin-6 in activation of lysosomal cathepsin and atrophy of muscle fibers induced by intramuscular injection of turpentine oil in mice.
PubMed: Improvements are needed in the existing packaging of medicated oils containing methyl salicylate.
PubMed: Analysis of chromatin structure of rat alpha1-acid glycoprotein gene; changes in DNase I hypersensitive sites after thyroid hormone, glucocorticoid hormone and turpentine oil treatment.
PubMed: The influence of cervical sympathetic neurons on parathyroid hormone and calcitonin release in the rat: independence of pineal mediation.
PubMed: Using rectified turpentine oil in endodontic retreatment.
PubMed: Basal and touch-evoked fos-like immunoreactivity during experimental inflammation in the rat.
PubMed: Inhibition of liver RNA breakdown during acute inflammation in the rat.
PubMed: Clinical uses of rectified turpentine oil.
PubMed: Differential expression of cytokine genes in monocytes, peritoneal macrophages and liver following endotoxin- or turpentine-induced inflammation in rat.
PubMed: Time-course study of the Golgi-lysosome region of rat hepatocytes during early acute phase response to inflammation.
PubMed: Effect of glutathione depletion on metallothionein synthesis induced by paraquat in mice.
PubMed: Resistance to atracurium in rats with experimental inflammation: role of protein binding.
PubMed: Effect of stress and cyclosporine on ornithine decarboxylase activity in rat submaxillary lymph nodes.
PubMed: High accumulation of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose in turpentine-induced inflammatory tissue.
PubMed: Phenotypic characterization of mononuclear cells following anorganic bovine bone implantation in rats.
PubMed: Changes in serum concentration and mRNA level of rat C-reactive protein.
PubMed: Influence of pro-inflammatory treatments on experimental infection of rats with Fasciola hepatica: changes in serum levels of inflammatory markers during the early stages of fasciolosis.
PubMed: Canine acute phase response: relationship between serum cytokine activity and acute phase protein in dogs.
PubMed: Effect of temperature on rectified turpentine oil as a gutta-percha solvent.
PubMed: Turpentine poisoning: a case report.
PubMed: Effect of essential oils on the setting time of Kerr pulp canal sealer.
PubMed: Bioassay for interleukin-1, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-like activities in canine sera.
PubMed: [Difference of thallium-201 kinetics between VX-2 tumors and inflammatory lesions in rabbits].
PubMed: Use of rectified turpentine oil to soften gutta-percha.
PubMed: Influence of the autonomic nervous system on calcium homeostasis in the rat.
PubMed: Effects of turpentine oil pretreatment on beta-blocker pharmacokinetic parameters in rats.
PubMed: Induction of type 2 cystatin in rat submandibular glands by systemically administered agents.
PubMed: Involvement of the cervical sympathetic nervous system in the changes of calcium homeostasis during turpentine oil-induced stress in rats.
PubMed: Receptive properties of myelinated primary afferents innervating the inflamed urinary bladder of the cat.
PubMed: Myiasis in children: the Indian perspective.
PubMed: Cytokines inhibit the development of liver schizonts of the malaria parasite Plasmodium berghei in vivo.
PubMed: Gross and histopathological observations on the effects of therapeutic ultrasound in experimental acute chemical arthritis in calves.
PubMed: Glucocorticoid inhibition of inflammation-induced metallothionein synthesis in mouse liver.
PubMed: A uniform alteration in serum lipid metabolism occurring during inflammation in mice.
PubMed: Isolation, characterization, and quantitative analysis of ceruloplasmin from horses.
PubMed: Induction of hepatic metallothionein by nonmetallic compounds associated with acute-phase response in inflammation.
PubMed: Evaluation of the ability of essential oils to dissolve gutta-percha.
PubMed: Ethnopharmacology of rhinoceros horn. II: Antipyretic effects of prescriptions containing rhinoceros horn or water buffalo horn.
PubMed: Evidence suggesting that the sympathetic nervous system mediates thyroidal depression in turpentine-induced nonthyroidal illness syndrome.
PubMed: Studies on 67Ga uptake by mouse granuloma tissues.
PubMed: Effect of prostaglandin F2 alpha on the contractile tissues of the respiratory system of the cat in experimental airway inflammation.
PubMed: Quantitative in vivo studies of hyperemia in the course of the tissue response to biomaterial implantation.
PubMed: Orbital myiasis--a case report.
PubMed: Isolation, characterization, and quantitative analysis of C-reactive protein from horses.
PubMed: Utilization of vitamin A in rats with inflammation.
PubMed: Activation of unmyelinated afferent fibres by mechanical stimuli and inflammation of the urinary bladder in the cat.
PubMed: 111In (III) uptake by inflammatory and normal tissues.
PubMed: [Complement-mediated solubilization of immune complexes in immune complex nephritis].
PubMed: Effect of gallium nitrate on the in vivo distribution of 67Ga in rats bearing inflammatory lesions.
PubMed: Effects of atropine, acetylsalicylic acid, FPL 55712, and phentolamine on increased histamine responsiveness of cat lung strips under conditions of airway inflammation.
PubMed: One-step purification of rat plasma alpha 1-acid glycoprotein by antibody affinity chromatography: application to normal and inflamed rat sera.
PubMed: C-reactive protein protects against preerythrocytic stages of malaria.
PubMed: Plasma kallikrein clearance by the liver of normal and injured rats.
PubMed: [Epidemiology of occupational dermatoses in the Potsdam district (V)].
PubMed: A novel type of unmyelinated chemosensitive nociceptor in the acutely inflamed urinary bladder.
PubMed: Effect of histamine on the airway smooth muscle of cats under control and inflammatory conditions.
PubMed: A study of pituitary thyrotropin, its subunits, and messenger ribonucleic acids in nonthyroidal illness.
PubMed: Alterations in thyroidal economy in a systemic illness induced by turpentine oil injection to the rat.
PubMed: Evidence against benefit from replacement doses of thyroid hormones in nonthyroidal illness (NTI): studies using turpentine oil-injected rat.
PubMed: Effect of inflammation and proadifen on the disposition of antipyrine, lignocaine and propranolol in rat isolated perfused liver.
PubMed: Activity of the oxidation products of oleum terebinthinae "Landes" on guinea pig airway smooth muscle in vivo and in vitro.
PubMed: The effect of free radicals on hepatic 5'-monodeiodination of thyroxine and 3,3',5'-triiodothyronine.
PubMed: Influence of experimentally induced airway inflammation on the reactivity of cat lung parenchymal strips to histamine and acetylcholine.
PubMed: Pharmacological analysis of reactivity changes in airways due to acute inflammation in cats.
PubMed: 67Ga accumulation in inflammatory lesion and its mechanism: comparison with malignant tumor.
PubMed: Facial myiasis: report of case.
PubMed: The effects of 17 alpha-ethynyloestradiol and of acute inflammation on the plasma concentration of rat alpha 1-acid glycoprotein and on the induction of its hepatic mRNA.
PubMed: Reactivity of cat tracheal smooth muscle to histamine under conditions of experimentally induced inflammation.
PubMed: Relation between 67Ga uptake and the stage of inflammation induced by turpentine oil in rats.
PubMed: Study of anti-inflammatory activity in the leaves of Nyctanthes arbor tristis Linn.--an Indian medicinal plant.
PubMed: [Contact dermatitis caused by bergamot oil].
PubMed: Studies on spermicidal activity of surfactants. I. Correlation between spermicidal effect and physicochemical properties of p-menthanylphenyl polyoxyethylene (8.8) ether and related surfactants.
PubMed: [Compartment syndrome in the lower leg following local injections of turpentine oil].
PubMed: Changes in the blood level and affinity to concanavalin A of rat plasma glycoproteins during acute inflammation and hepatoma growth.
PubMed: [Evolution of contact dermatitis factors in a population. Epidemiology 1975-1981 ].
PubMed: [Poisoning by spirits of turpentine or turpentine oil. Review of its treatment apropos of a personal case].
PubMed: Murine serum glycoprotein gp70 behaves as an acute phase reactant.
PubMed: Activity of some enzymes of energy metabolism during denervation and reflex atrophy in rat slow and fast muscles.
PubMed: Nasal hirudiniasis in Kumaon Hills, India.
PubMed: [Development tendencies of the contact allergy].
PubMed: [Persistance of epidermal sensitizations in occupational allergic contact eczemas (author's transl)].
PubMed: Turpentine-induced hypersensitivity to peppermint oil.
PubMed: Rat alpha1-acid glycoprotein. Purification and immunological estimation of its serum concentration.
PubMed: Do hormonal (stress) and vascular (ischaemia) factors contribute to reflex muscle atrophy induced by chronic nociceptive stimulation in rats?
PubMed: [Drug influence on the acute thrombophlebitic edema (author's transl)].
PubMed: Quantitation of beta 1c/1A globulin (C3) in inbred mice: variation dependent upon strain, age, sex and environment.
PubMed: Collagen and myofibroblasts of granulation tissue. A chemical, ultrastructural and immunologic study.
PubMed: Elevated 7S immunoglobulin and acute phase proteins in adjuvant-injected chickens.
PubMed: Chrysanthemum allergy. Pt. II: Experimental studies on the causative agents.
PubMed: [Haptoglobulin in domestic mammals. IV. Experimental influencing of the haptoglobulin level].
PubMed: [Anti-inflammatory activity of a new quinoid polyradical (FL-70)].
PubMed: [Turpentine oil allergy. 3].
PubMed: Respiratory reflex changes in the rat after toxic injury of the lungs with croton and turpentine oil.
PubMed: Influence of sterile turpentine-oil inflammation on concentration of serum glycoproteins in GF and SPF rats.
PubMed: [Studies on turpentine oil allergy 2].
PubMed: [On the knowledge of Rumanian turpentine oil].
PubMed: [Turpentine oil poisoning in workers of a shoe polish factory caused by d-alpha-pinene].
PubMed: [Studies on turpentine oil allergy. 1].
PubMed: Turpentine. (Wood turpentine, gum spirits of turpentine, oil of turpentine).
PubMed: [On the submicroscopic structure of the macrophages in turpentine oil granulomas of the rat].
PubMed: [Factory hygienic measures for the prevention of turpentine oil eczema].
PubMed: [Acute poisoning by turpentine oil in a 23-month-old infant].
PubMed: [The use of gas chromatography in toxicological analysis. (Paraldeyde and turpentine oil)].
PubMed: [Germination inhibiting action of the constituents of pine turpentine oil].
PubMed: Comparison of the effects of compound 48/80, protamine, and turpentine oil on mast cell degranulation.
PubMed: [Effect of terpene, turpentine oil, and of their oxidation products on the skin].
PubMed: [Experimental studies in animals on an ACTH effect of turpentine oil].
PubMed: On the carenes in Indian turpentine oil from Pinus longifolia Roxb.
PubMed: [Dermatitis due to turpentine oil].
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Soluble in:
 water, 5.875 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
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